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Sample records for 5-yearly remuneration review

  1. COUNCIL DECISIONS ON THE 5-YEARLY REMUNERATION REVIEW, AJUSTMENTS FOR 2001 AND CHANGES TO THE STAFF RULES AND REGULATIONS

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    As announced by the Director-General in December last year, Council approved the package of measures concerning the 5-yearly remuneration review, recommended by the TREF Restricted Group, as well as the adjustments for 2001 related to salaries and pensions. These measures, as summarised below, enter into force on 1 January 2001, subject to later implementation of some items. Related changes to the Staff Rules and Regulations will be published as soon as possible in the mean time, changes which were annexed to the Council Resolution can be viewed on the HR Division Web site. 1. Scale of basic salaries (Annex R A 1 of the Staff Regulations) : increased by 4.32% resulting from the 5-yearly Review, and by 0.6% which corresponds to the salary adjustment for 2001. This includes the increases in social insurance contributions indicated below. 2. Scale of stipends of Fellows (Annex R A 2 of the Staff Regulations) : increased by 1.52% resulting from the 5-yearly Review, and by 0.6% which corresponds to the adjustment ...

  2. 75 FR 66724 - Endangered and Threatened Species; 5-Year Review

    2010-10-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of availability of a 5-year review for the U.S. Distinct Population... electronic message to Shelley.norton@noaa.gov . Electronic copies of the 5-year review are available...

  3. Circumcision: a refined technique and 5 year review.

    S. C. Tucker; Cerqueiro, J.; Sterne, G.D.; Bracka, A.

    2001-01-01

    The vast majority of circumcisions currently performed in the UK are for phimosis or balanitis and the patients are not looking for the denuded glans appearance of a ritual circumcision. We present a refinement of the sleeve technique of circumcision, which involves Horton's test to define the proximal incision margin, and bipolar electro-dissection. A review of all patients undergoing circumcision at the Wordsley Plastic Surgery Unit, in a 5-year period, has shown this technique to be safe w...

  4. Motivation and remuneration

    SOUKUP, Miloslav

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor work is analysis of remuneration and motivation in travel agencies and companies, where is established performance pay system for self-employed. Work consists of literature review and practical part. Literature review contains information about motivation and remuneration. Practical part includes information about analyzed companies, analysis remuneration and motivation, evaluation analyzed companies and conceiving performance pay system, in which are participants sel...

  5. Councillor Remuneration Bill 2016

    Butler, Graham; Richmond, Neale

    2016-01-01

    An Act to provide for an Independent Review Group on Councillor Remuneration to be established on a statutory basis, to report on the remuneration paid to members of local authorities throughout the State; to provide the Government and the Houses of the Oireachtas every twenty-four months with it...

  6. A 5-year Review of Malaria Surveillance in Kuching, Sarawak

    Kamaliah, MD; Haironi, Y and Kamaliah MD

    2010-01-01

    Malaria is endemic in Sarawak contributing to the highest incidence rate in Malaysia. Kuching division consists of three main areas, namely Kuching district, Lundu and Bau. This review aims to highlight the trends of malaria over the past five years in terms of demographic characteristics and vector control programmes and to identify factors that contribute to the difficulty in malaria control programme in this state. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive review of malaria cases based...

  7. Find out more about CERN's 5-yearly review

    HR Department

    2015-01-01

    Everything you have ever wanted to know about the Organization’s five-yearly review and how it impacts each and every one of us.   For the past two years, the mammoth task of the Organization’s five-yearly review has been under way, developing clear measures and proposals aimed at creating a positive and socially progressive work environment for all CERN contributors. At the end of November, the proposed measures received strong support from all delegates at the Tripartite Employment Conditions Forum (TREF) and they will be tabled for recommendation and approval at the Finance Committee and Council on 16 and 17 December. Preparation for the implementation of these measures is in full swing and detailed information will be made available in the admin e-guide and on the HR website as soon as all details are finalised. How does this affect each and every one of us at CERN? What are the implications? To answer your questions, the annual HR public meeting, to be held on 11 February 20...

  8. 77 FR 5491 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Initiation of 5-Year Review for Sei Whales

    2012-02-03

    ...; Initiation of 5-Year Review for Sei Whales AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic...; request for information. SUMMARY: NMFS announces a 5-year review of sei whales (Balaenoptera borealis... of any such information on sei whales that has become available since that has become available...

  9. Otologic surgeries in National Ear Care Centre, Kaduna, Nigeria: A 5 years review

    Grema Umar Sambo; Aminu Bakari; Musa Thomas Samdi; Garba Mohammed Mainasara; Joseph Yohanna; Abdullahi Musa Kirfi

    2015-01-01

    Background: Otologic surgeries that endure are based on a detailed knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the temporal bone. Ear surgeries are challenging to most otolaryngologists practicing in Nigeria. The aim was to present a 5 years review of indications, types, complications, success, and limitations of the ear surgeries at the study center. Materials and Methods: A 5 years retrospective review of all the otologic surgeries are done under general and local anesthesia from Jul...

  10. Otologic surgeries in National Ear Care Centre, Kaduna, Nigeria: A 5 years review

    Grema Umar Sambo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Otologic surgeries that endure are based on a detailed knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the temporal bone. Ear surgeries are challenging to most otolaryngologists practicing in Nigeria. The aim was to present a 5 years review of indications, types, complications, success, and limitations of the ear surgeries at the study center. Materials and Methods: A 5 years retrospective review of all the otologic surgeries are done under general and local anesthesia from July, 2009 to July, 2014. Results: There were 1067 patients who had ear, nose, and throat surgeries within the period under review, out of which 68 were ear surgeries. Prevalence was 6.37%, there were 25 (37% males and 43 (63% females, male: female 1:1.7. Age ranged from 1 to 58 years, mean age 21 ± 6 years. Chronic suppurative otitis media was the most common diagnosis 39 (57.4% and indication for tympanoplasty 31 (46.6%. Meatocanaloplasty was the least with 2 (2.9%, mastoidectomy 7 (10.3%, myringotomy and grommet insertion 11 (16.2%, excisional biopsy 7 (10.3%, foreign body removal 4 (5.90%, tympanomastoidectomy 3 (4.40%, and pinnaplasty 3 (4.40%. Forty-one (60.3% achieved resolution of symptoms while 8 (11.8% had persistence of symptoms. One (1.5% had revision surgery. The success rate is about 60.3% within the period under review. Postoperative complications (facial nerve paralysis, persistence discharge from the mastoid cavity, worsened deafness, postauricular fistula were seen in 14 (20.6%. While 4 (5.9% were lost to follow-up. Conclusion: Ear surgeries are still underdeveloped when compared to nose and throat surgeries in our center. Complication (chronic suppurative otitis media was the most common indication for ear surgery. Provision of adequate training facilities, especially in the field of otology and review of the training curriculum for otorhinolaryngology residency in Nigeria is indispensable.

  11. Clinical characteristics and outcome of patients diagnosed with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: a 5-year review.

    O'Sullivan, S S

    2012-02-03

    OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients diagnosed with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with PNES in a 5-year period. RESULTS: Fifty patients with PNES were identified, giving an estimated incidence of 0.91\\/100,000 per annum. Thirty-eight were included for review, 15 of whom were male (39%). Eighteen patients had been diagnosed with epilepsy as well as PNES (47%). We demonstrated a gender difference in our patients, with males having higher seizure frequencies, more antiepileptic drug use, and a longer interval before diagnosis of PNES. Females were diagnosed with other conversion disorders more often than males. Impaired social function was observed in PNES, as was resistance to psychological interventions with a subsequent poor response to treatments. CONCLUSIONS: PNES remains a difficult condition to treat, and may affect males in proportions higher than those described in previous studies.

  12. Employee Remuneration System

    Stejskalová, Lucie

    2014-01-01

    This master thesis deals with a system of employee remuneration, total rewards concept, specific theories of workforce motivation and describes a relationship between remuneration and motivation. The practical part introduces the company Automotive Lighting, s. r. o. It is also the analysis of the remuneration system according to the concept of total rewards. In the practical part are also presented results of a research focused on employee's satisfaction with the system of remuneration. The ...

  13. IRSN review 2011/2014. Openness to society - Review of actions, 5 years after the chart

    After having recalled the commitments defined by the Charter for Openness to Society adopted by the IRSN in 2009, this report proposes a review of undertaken and performed actions in terms of access to information, of openness to partnership (notably with local information commissions or CLIs, and also with other local actors), of influence of the openness on the Institute work orientation, and of internal culture of openness

  14. 77 FR 61573 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Initiation of 5-Year Review for Kemp's Ridley, Olive Ridley...

    2012-10-10

    ...; Initiation of 5-Year Review for Kemp's Ridley, Olive Ridley, Leatherback, and Hawksbill Sea Turtles AGENCY... reviews of Kemp's ridley (Lepidochelys kempii), olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea), leatherback... currently under active review. This notice announces our active review of the Kemp's ridley, olive...

  15. 77 FR 16538 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Initiation of 5-Year Review for the North Atlantic Right Whale...

    2012-03-21

    ...; Initiation of 5-Year Review for the North Atlantic Right Whale and the North Pacific Right Whale AGENCY... review of North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) and North Pacific right whale (Eubalaena... of any such information on these whales that has become available since the last status review...

  16. Insertion of Balloon Retained Gastrostomy Buttons: A 5-Year Retrospective Review of 260 Patients

    Power, Sarah, E-mail: sarahpower28@yahoo.co.uk; Kavanagh, Liam N.; Shields, Mary C.; Given, Mark F.; Keeling, Aoife N.; McGrath, Frank P.; Lee, Michael J., E-mail: mlee@rcsi.ie [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Radiology (Ireland)

    2013-04-15

    Radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is an established way of maintaining enteral nutrition in patients who cannot maintain nutrition orally. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of primary placement of a wide bore button gastrostomy in a large, varied patient population through retrospective review. All patients who underwent gastrostomy placement from January 1, 2004 to January 1, 2009 were identified. 18-Fr gastrostomy buttons (MIC-Key G) were inserted in the majority. Follow-up ranged from 6 months to 4.5 years. A total of 260 patients (M:F 140:120, average age 59.2 years) underwent gastrostomy during the study period. Overall success rate for RIG placement was 99.6 %, with success rate of 95.3 % for primary button insertion. Indications included neurological disorders (70 %), esophageal/head and neck malignancy (21 %), and other indications (9 %). Major and minor complication rates were 1.2 and 12.8 %, respectively. Thirty-day mortality rate was 6.8 %. One third of patients underwent gastrostomy reinsertion during the study period, the main indication for which was inadvertent catheter removal. Patency rate was high at 99.5 %. The maximum number of procedures in any patient was 8 (n = 2), and the average tube dwell time was 125 days. Primary radiological insertion of a wide bore button gastrostomy is a safe technique, with high success rate, high patency rate, and low major complication rate. We believe that it is feasible to attempt button gastrostomy placement in all patients, once tract length is within limits of tube length. If difficulty is encountered, then a standard tube may simply be placed instead.

  17. 75 FR 53272 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Initiation of 5-Year Review of the Eastern Distinct Population...

    2010-08-31

    ... requesting information related to that review (75 FR 37385). A notice correcting the email address and fax number to which comments and information should be sent was published July 7, 2010 (75 FR 38979). Written... of 5-Year Review of the Eastern Distinct Population Segment of the Steller Sea Lion AGENCY:...

  18. Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans: a 5-year review of the natural history using clinical and MRI evaluation

    Although MRI prognostic features for juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD) have been determined, the natural history of JOCD on serial MRI has not been fully documented. To document the natural history of JOCD on serial MRI and to correlate this with arthroscopy and clinical outcome over a 5-year follow-up. Twenty-one knees in 19 patients (15 boys, 4 girls; age range 5-15 years) with JOCD underwent MRI and clinical follow-up over 5 years. Lesions were classified as stable or unstable on MRI and compared with clinical and arthroscopic data. On 5-year follow-up, 17 of 19 patients were asymptomatic and 2 of 19 had minimal pain. Fourteen arthroscopies were performed on 11/21 knees. One of twenty-one had fragment fixation. On initial MRI, eight knees had marked fragmentation, high signal at the fragment/bone interface and incomplete defects in the hyaline cartilage (MRI stage III-stable), but no tear. Of these, five had arthroscopy, all confirming intact cartilage. One of twenty-one knees was unstable (MRI stage IVb) with a detached osteochondral fragment, requiring surgery. Despite extensive subchondral bone changes on MRI, all cases with intact cartilage (95%) improved with conservative treatment. Early MRI allows prompt diagnosis and institution of conservative treatment. This results in healing and avoidance of surgery in most patients. (orig.)

  19. 77 FR 13562 - Request for Comments on the 5-Year Review of NOAA's Policy on Partnerships in the Provision of...

    2012-03-07

    ... Administration publishes this notice to request comments on NOAA's Policy on Partnerships in the Provision of... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Request for Comments on the 5-Year Review of NOAA's Policy...), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce (DOC). ACTION: Notice...

  20. [Research review on apoplectic urinary incontinence treated with acupuncture-moxibustion in recent 5 years].

    Song, Feng-Jun; Zhang, Hong; Zheng, Shi-Li; Fang, Jun-Hui; Liu, Hai-Fei

    2011-10-01

    The relevant documents of apoplectic urinary incontinence treated with acupuncture-moxibustion in recent 5 years have been collated and analyzed in aspect of current situation of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment, acupoint selection, manipulation and problems. The result indicates that the main therapy for this disease is acupuncture-moxibustion combined with electroacupuncture or other methods, and the acupuncture-moxibustion therapy is superior to the medicine. The clinical research has made considerable progress and the great importance has been attached to the research method. The main problems are low credibility of total quality, inconsistent curative course, incomplete case of illness, missing of quality control, disordered standards of clinical diagnosis and curative effect evaluation, varied observation index and phatic discussion of mechanism. It is suggested to carry on scientific research, enhance research lever, expand mind, innovate ideas, and establish uniformed standards of diagnosis and curative effect evaluation and observation index. PMID:22043698

  1. Henoch schonlein purpura--a 5-year review and proposed pathway.

    Louise Watson

    Full Text Available Henoch Schonlein Purpura (HSP is the commonest systemic vasculitis of childhood typically presenting with a palpable purpuric rash and frequently involving the renal system. We are the first group to clinically assess, critically analyse and subsequently revise a nurse led monitoring pathway for this condition.A cohort of 102 children presenting with HSP to a secondary/tertiary level UK paediatric hospital over a five year period, were monitored using a nurse led care pathway. Using this cohort, the incidence (6.21 cases per 100,000 children per year and natural disease course of HSP nephritis (46% initial renal inflammation; 9% subsequent renal referral; 1% renal biopsy and immunosuppression was determined. Older patients were at higher risk of requiring a renal referral (renal referral 12.3 (8.4-13.5 years vs. normal outcome 6.0 (3.7-8.5 years; p<0.01. A normal urinalysis on day 7 had a 97% (confidence interval 90 to 99% negative predictive value in predicting a normal renal outcome.Using this data and existing literature base, The Alder Hey Henoch Schonlein Purpura Pathway was developed, a revised pathway for the screening of poor renal outcome in HSP. This is based on a six-month monitoring period for all patients presenting with HSP, which importantly prioritises patients according to the urine findings on day 7 and thus intensively monitors those at higher risk of developing nephritis. The pathway could be easily adapted for use in different settings and resources.The introduction of a standardised pathway for the monitoring of HSP will facilitate the implementation of disease registries to further our understanding of the condition and permit future clinical trials.

  2. A 5-Year Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Journal Article Publications of Pharmacy Practice Faculty Members

    Chisholm-Burns, Marie A.; Spivey, Christina; Martin, Jennifer R.; Wyles, Christina; Ehrman, Clara; Schlesselman, Lauren S.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate scholarship, as represented by peer-reviewed journal articles, among US pharmacy practice faculty members; contribute evidence that may better inform benchmarking by academic pharmacy practice departments; and examine factors that may be related to publication rates.

  3. Insertion of balloon retained gastrostomy buttons: a 5-year retrospective review of 260 patients.

    Power, Sarah

    2013-04-01

    Radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is an established way of maintaining enteral nutrition in patients who cannot maintain nutrition orally. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of primary placement of a wide bore button gastrostomy in a large, varied patient population through retrospective review.

  4. Light-footed clapper rail (Rallus longirostris levipes) 5-Year Review

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Service is required by section 4c2 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended Act to conduct a review of each listed...

  5. A 5-year Review of Darning Technique of Inguinal Hernia Repair

    Olasehinde, Olalekan O; Adisa, Adewale O.; Elugwaraonu A Agbakwuru; Amarachukwu C Etonyeaku; Kolawole, Oladapo A; Arinze O Mosanya

    2015-01-01

    Context: The Darning technique of inguinal hernia repair is a tissue-based technique with documented low recurrence rate in some parts of the world. Though practiced in our setting, little is documented on its outcome. Aims: The aim was to review the outcome of Darning technique of inguinal hernia repair in our setting. Study Design: A descriptive retrospective study. Patients and Methods: Clinical records of all patients who had inguinal hernia repair using the Darning technique between Janu...

  6. A 5-Year Retrospective Review of Fungal Keratitis at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia

    Fadzillah Mohd-Tahir; Norhayati, A.; Ishak Siti-Raihan; Ibrahim, M.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Corneal blindness from healed infected keratitis is one of the most preventable causes of monocular blindness in developing countries, including Malaysia. Our objectives were to identify the causative fungi, predisposing risk factors, the proportion of correct clinical diagnosis, and visual outcome of patients treated in our hospital. Methods. A retrospective review of medical and microbiology records was conducted for all patients who were treated for fungal keratitis at Hospit...

  7. A 5-Year Retrospective Review of Fungal Keratitis at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia

    Fadzillah Mohd-Tahir

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Corneal blindness from healed infected keratitis is one of the most preventable causes of monocular blindness in developing countries, including Malaysia. Our objectives were to identify the causative fungi, predisposing risk factors, the proportion of correct clinical diagnosis, and visual outcome of patients treated in our hospital. Methods. A retrospective review of medical and microbiology records was conducted for all patients who were treated for fungal keratitis at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia from January 2007 until December 2011. Results. Forty-seven patients (47/186, 25.27% were treated for fungal keratitis during the study period. This demonstrated that the incidence of fungal keratitis has increased each year from 2007 to 2011 by 12.50%, 17.65%, 21.21%, 26.83%, and 28.57%, respectively. The most common predisposing factors were injury to the eye followed by use of topical steroid, and preexisting ocular surface disease. Fusarium species were the most common fungal isolated, followed by Candida species. Clinical diagnosis of fungal keratitis was made in 26 of the 41 (63.41% cases of positive isolates. Of these, in eleven cases (23.40% patients required surgical intervention. Clinical outcome of healed scar was achieved in 34 (72.34% cases. Conclusions. The percentage of positive fungal isolated has steadily increased and the trend of common fungal isolated has changed. The latest review regarding fungal keratitis is important for us to improve patients' outcome in the future.

  8. A 5-year retrospective review of fungal keratitis at hospital universiti sains malaysia.

    Mohd-Tahir, Fadzillah; Norhayati, A; Siti-Raihan, Ishak; Ibrahim, M

    2012-01-01

    Background. Corneal blindness from healed infected keratitis is one of the most preventable causes of monocular blindness in developing countries, including Malaysia. Our objectives were to identify the causative fungi, predisposing risk factors, the proportion of correct clinical diagnosis, and visual outcome of patients treated in our hospital. Methods. A retrospective review of medical and microbiology records was conducted for all patients who were treated for fungal keratitis at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia from January 2007 until December 2011. Results. Forty-seven patients (47/186, 25.27%) were treated for fungal keratitis during the study period. This demonstrated that the incidence of fungal keratitis has increased each year from 2007 to 2011 by 12.50%, 17.65%, 21.21%, 26.83%, and 28.57%, respectively. The most common predisposing factors were injury to the eye followed by use of topical steroid, and preexisting ocular surface disease. Fusarium species were the most common fungal isolated, followed by Candida species. Clinical diagnosis of fungal keratitis was made in 26 of the 41 (63.41%) cases of positive isolates. Of these, in eleven cases (23.40%) patients required surgical intervention. Clinical outcome of healed scar was achieved in 34 (72.34%) cases. Conclusions. The percentage of positive fungal isolated has steadily increased and the trend of common fungal isolated has changed. The latest review regarding fungal keratitis is important for us to improve patients' outcome in the future. PMID:23304138

  9. A 5-year review of darning technique of inguinal hernia repair

    Olalekan O Olasehinde

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: The Darning technique of inguinal hernia repair is a tissue-based technique with documented low recurrence rate in some parts of the world. Though practiced in our setting, little is documented on its outcome. Aims: The aim was to review the outcome of Darning technique of inguinal hernia repair in our setting. Study Design: A descriptive retrospective study. Patients and Methods: Clinical records of all patients who had inguinal hernia repair using the Darning technique between January 2007 and December 2011 in our institution were obtained. Details of sociodemographic data, intraoperative findings and postoperative complications were reviewed. Statistical Analysis Used: simple frequencies, proportions and cross-tabulations. Results: A total of 132 patients whose ages ranged from 15 to 84 years (mean = 49.4 years with a male: female ratio of 12:1 were studied. Majority of the hernias were right sided (68.9%, mostly indirect (81.8%. The procedures were for emergencies in 17 (12.9% cases whereas the rest (87.1% were done electively. Most procedures, 110 (83.3% were performed under local anesthesia. Surgical site infection was the most common complication occurring in six patients (4.5%, while four patients (3% had chronic groin pain. At a mean follow-up period of 15 months there were two recurrences (1.5% both occurring in patients with bilateral hernias (P = 0.001. Conclusions: The Darning technique of inguinal hernia repair is a safe and effective method for inguinal hernia repair in our setting.

  10. Suicidal Drug Overdoses in New Mexico: A 5-year Retrospective Review.

    Szymanski, Linda J; Aurelius, Michelle B; Szymanski, Sarah A; Lathrop, Sarah L

    2016-05-01

    To better understand the changing toxicology trends in suicidal drug overdoses in the setting of an increased national trend of multidrug overdoses, a retrospective review of electronic records from New Mexico's Office of the Medical Investigator database was performed between 2008 and 2012 to assess the drug type and current risk factors in suicide deaths. Information on demographics, circumstances, suicide risk factors, toxicology findings, and death certificates was collected and analyzed. Three hundred and forty-two suicide cases of suicide overdoses were identified. Decedents were predominantly female (61.8%). Scene investigation revealed risk factors including suicide ideation (47.4%), previous suicide attempts (38%), and suicide note (38%). Psychiatric illness was present in 72% of cases, with depression being the most common illness. Chronic pain was seen in 27.2% of cases. Most deaths were attributed to multiple drugs (76%). Utilizing the toxicology information will assist in creating public awareness and provide a framework to support targeted efforts to attempt to prevent future suicides. PMID:27122402

  11. Remuneration in chosen enterprise

    Divišová, Lucie

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the bachelor work is the analysis of the current reward system of workers in chosen enterprise and based on discovered information make suggestion of changes to improve the management of remuneration. This work contains the basic information about enterprise, its history and its organization chart. Then work contains analysis of the reward system and analysis of the development of average wages in years 2006 - 2011. In the end of work are made suggestion of changes, which can help ...

  12. Iodine and Mental Development of Children 5 Years Old and Under: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Grace S. Marquis

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Several reviews and meta-analyses have examined the effects of iodine on mental development. None focused on young children, so they were incomplete in summarizing the effects on this important age group. The current systematic review therefore examined the relationship between iodine and mental development of children 5 years old and under. A systematic review of articles using Medline (1980–November 2011 was carried out. We organized studies according to four designs: (1 randomized controlled trial with iodine supplementation of mothers; (2 non-randomized trial with iodine supplementation of mothers and/or infants; (3 prospective cohort study stratified by pregnant women’s iodine status; (4 prospective cohort study stratified by newborn iodine status. Average effect sizes for these four designs were 0.68 (2 RCT studies, 0.46 (8 non-RCT studies, 0.52 (9 cohort stratified by mothers’ iodine status, and 0.54 (4 cohort stratified by infants’ iodine status. This translates into 6.9 to 10.2 IQ points lower in iodine deficient children compared with iodine replete children. Thus, regardless of study design, iodine deficiency had a substantial impact on mental development. Methodological concerns included weak study designs, the omission of important confounders, small sample sizes, the lack of cluster analyses, and the lack of separate analyses of verbal and non-verbal subtests. Quantifying more precisely the contribution of iodine deficiency to delayed mental development in young children requires more well-designed randomized controlled trials, including ones on the role of iodized salt.

  13. 75 FR 18233 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Status Reviews of 10 Southeastern Species

    2010-04-09

    ... review of three species that are currently listed as threatened: Gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus... Office (phone 601/321-1127, e-mail daniel_drennen@fws.gov ). For the gopher tortoise, contact...

  14. Congenital cystic lesions of lung in the paediatric population: A 5-year single institutional study with review of literature

    Shibsankar Barman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim was to evaluate the clinical presentation, investigation modalities, operative management, pathology, outcome (morbidity and mortality and short term follow-up of congenital cystic lesions of the lung. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study. Study period was 5 years (December 2008-November 2013 in the Department of paediatric surgery, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College. Study population: Total number = 10 patients. Age range: 2 days-7 years. (Neonate-4. Male and female ratio = 1:1. Result: Among 10 cases of lung cyst four having congenital lobar emphysema, four having congenital pulmonary airway malformation, one sequestration and one teratoma. All patients have undergone surgical excision in terms of lobectomy or excision of the lesion. Post-operative histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. Recovery was uneventful. Conclusion: Although our experience is limited, operative management of lung cysts seems to be safe with rewarding results. However we are yet to encounter many of the other varieties of the cysts found in the lung, which may be associated with other congenital anomalies and have an impact on prognosis.

  15. Spectrum of central nervous system tumours-a single center histopathological review of 761 cases over 5 years

    The incidence of central nervous system (CNS) tumours has rapidly increased over the past few years. There is no accurate nationwide CNS tumour epidemiology in Pakistan that makes policy making for tumour screening and early treatment difficult. The purpose of this study was to provide the spectrum of CNS tumours in a premier diagnostic and referral centre of Pakistan. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Histopathology Department, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology over a period of 5 years. A total of 761 cases patients who were diagnosed with CNS tumours on histopathology, both benign and malignant, belonging to both genders, between the ages of 1-85 years, from 11.2009 to 31.12.2013 were included in the study. Results: Seven CNS tumour categories were as follows; tumours of neuroepithelial tissue (56.0%), tumours of the meninges (28.3%), tumour of the sellar region (2.6%), germ cell tumour (0.1), tumour of cranial and paraspinal nerves (5.4%), lymphomas and haematopoietic neoplasm (2.4%), metastatic tumours (4.9%), where histological types by age and gender showed great variability. Astrocytic tumours were the commonest neuroepithelial tumours (69.4%). Glioblastoma multiform forming the largest subtype of neuroepithelial tumours (40.4%) with a mean age at diagnosis being 47.1 years. Overall, males exceeded females in number of most of the CNS tumour types, however meningeal tumours were more frequently noted in females. Conclusions: Neuroepithelial tumours are commonest tumour and comprise more than half of all operated CNS tumours in our setup, followed by meningeal tumours. Glioblastoma multiforme is largest subtype of neuroepithelial tumour, and comprising 40.4% of all. (author)

  16. Parental Influences on the Diets of 2-5-Year-Old Children: Systematic Review of Interventions

    Peters, Jacqueline; Sinn, Natalie; Campbell, Karen; Lynch, John

    2012-01-01

    During the early years, parents have a major influence on their children's diets, food choices and development of eating habits. However, research concerning the influence of parental feeding practices on young children's diets is limited. This paper presents a systematic review of intervention studies with parents of preschool children. The aim…

  17. 76 FR 76386 - Endangered and Threatened Species; 5-Year Reviews for 4 Distinct Population Segments of Steelhead...

    2011-12-07

    ... Pacific salmon ESUs and steelhead DPSs in California, Oregon, Washington, and Idaho (75 FR 13082). Both... Reviews for 4 Distinct Population Segments of Steelhead in California AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries... Viable Salmonid Population framework, which relies on evaluating four key population...

  18. TLC/HPTLC with Direct Mass Spectrometric Detection: A Review of the Progress Achieved in the Last 5 Years

    Schiller, Jurgen; Fuchs, Beate; Teuber, Kristin; Nimptsch, Ariane; Nimptsch, Kathrin; Süß, Rosmarie

    Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) is a widely used, fast and inexpensive method. Even minor constituents of complex mixtures can be often characterized. Unfortunately, the unambiguous assignment of the spots to defined compounds is often difficult because common staining methods normally reveal only (at best) a substance class, not a specific compound. For instance, in the case of phospholipids, the lipid class, but not the detailed fatty acyl composition, can be determined (normal phase TLC). Nowadays mass spectrometry (MS) seems to be the most suitable method for analyte characterization due to its high sensitivity and mass accuracy. This became possible by the invention of soft ionization methods such as matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) MS and electrospray ionization (ESI) although many further desorption techniques are available nowadays. This review summarizes the so far available knowledge about direct TLC/MS couplings and gives an overview about selected compounds that could be successfully analyzed.

  19. Moving forward monitoring of the social determinants of health in a country: lessons from England 5 years after the Marmot Review

    Peter O. Goldblatt

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: England has a long history of government-commissioned reviews of national inequalities. The latest review, the Marmot Review, was commissioned by a government headed by the same party (the Labour Party that had introduced the National Health Service in 1948, but the review was implemented by a coalition of different parties (Conservatives and Liberal Democrats. At the same time, a government reform of health services took place, and the monitoring of the existing inequality strategy was changed. Objectives: This paper examines the lessons that can be learned about indicators for monitoring social determinants of health inequalities from the Marmot Review and recent health inequality strategies in England. Design: The paper provides a narrative review of key findings on the collection, presentation, and analysis of routine data in England in the past 5 years, comparing what has been learned from the Marmot Review and other evaluations of the first health inequality strategy in England. Results: The emphasis on monitoring has progressively shifted from monitoring a small number of targets and supporting information to frameworks that monitor across a wide range of determinants of both the causes of ill-health and of health service performance. As these frameworks become ever larger, some consideration is being given to the key indicators. Conclusions: Although the frameworks used in England for monitoring health inequality strategies have developed considerably since the first strategy began, lessons continue to be learned about how monitoring could be improved. Many of these are applicable to countries initiating or reviewing their strategies.

  20. Chief executive pay and remuneration committee independence

    Gregory-Smith, I.

    2012-01-01

    This article tests the impact of remuneration committee independence on Chief Executive (CEO) pay. FTSE350 companies between 1996 and 2008 are used to assess whether remuneration committees facilitate optimal contracting or whether CEOs capture the pay-setting process and inflate their own remuneration. This panel has a number of advantages over prior samples and, in particular, contains a more comprehensive assessment of non-executive directors' independence. No evidence of a relationship be...

  1. Fukushima, 5 years after

    This publication proposes an overview of the situation in Fukushima (in the plant and in its region), 5 years after the accident. As far as the plant is concerned, several issues are addressed: the withdrawal of fuel from decay pools, the management of contaminated waters, and the situation of reactors 1, 2 and 3. The radiological impact for operators is discussed in terms of radioactivity level, of occurrence of leukaemia, and of storage of radioactive wastes. The next part comments the slow return of populations and the recovery of agriculture, notably with respect to decontamination advances, and to waste management. Current perspectives for the Japanese nuclear industry are then addressed: creation of a new and stronger safety authority, and situation of the various other reactors (some are planned to be restarted, some will be dismantled, and new reactors are still being built). The last part addresses the rehabilitation of areas devastated by the tsunami, with temporary housing, urban planning comprising possibilities for the population to quickly find a shelter, and works on the coast for a better protection against tsunamis

  2. The results of nucleic acid testing in remunerated and non-remunerated blood donors in Lithuania

    Kalibatas, Vytenis; Kalibatienė, Lina

    2014-01-01

    Background In Lithuania, governmentally covered remuneration for whole blood donations prevails. Donors may choose to accept or reject the remuneration. The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of nucleic acid testing (NAT) discriminatory-positive markers for human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in seronegative, first-time and repeat, remunerated and non-remunerated donations at the National Blood Centre in Lithuania during the period from 2005 to 2010. Materials and methods All seronegative whole blood and blood component donations were individually analysed by NAT for HIV-1, HBV and HCV. Only discriminatory-positive NAT were classified. The prevalence of discriminatory-positive NAT per 100,000 donations in the donor groups and the odds ratios comparing the remunerated and non-remunerated donations were determined. Results Significant differences were observed for HBV NAT results: 47.42 and 26.29 per 100,000 remunerated first-time and repeat donations, respectively, compared to 10.6 and 3.58 per 100,000 non-remunerated first-time and repeat, seronegative donations, respectively. The differences were also significant for HCV NAT results: 47.42 and 51.99 for remunerated first-time and repeat donations, respectively, compared to 2.12 and 0 per 100,000 non-remunerated first-time and repeat, seronegative donations, respectively. No seronegative, discriminatory-positive NAT HIV case was found. The odds of discriminatory HBV and HCV NAT positive results were statistically significantly higher for both first-time and repeat remunerated donations compared to first-time and repeat non-remunerated donations. Discussion First-time and repeat remunerated seronegative donations were associated with a statistically significantly higher prevalence and odds for discriminatory-positive HBV and HCV NAT results compared to first-time and repeat non-remunerated donations at the National Blood Centre in Lithuania. PMID

  3. Evaluation and remuneration of employees in organization

    Lelková, Martina

    2013-01-01

    Bachelor thesis "Evaluation and remuneration of employees in organization" is focused on evaluation and reward schemes in an specific enterprise. For description of a real system enterprise xyz was chosen. The task of this work was to find weaknesses in the systems and suggest ways of possible improvement. This thesis is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part provides basic concepts and definitions of evaluation and remuneration schemes. Practical part begins with a...

  4. A Review of the Literature on the Social and Environmental Factors Which Influence Children (Aged 3-5 Years) to Be Obese/Overweight and the Accuracy of Parental Perceptions

    McMullan, Julie; Keeney, Sinead

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This article aims to review the previously published literature on the social and environmental factors which influence children (aged 3-5 years) to be obese/overweight and the accuracy of parental perceptions. Obesity levels are on the increase in today's society and habits are being passed from parents to children, with family…

  5. The current status of community-acquired pneumonia management and prevention in children under 5 years of age in India: a review.

    Yadav, Krishna Kumar; Awasthi, Shally

    2016-06-01

    India has the highest number of global deaths of children under 5 years of age. In the year 2015, it was reported that there were 5.9 million deaths of children under 5 years of age globally, of which 1.2 million (20%) occurred in India alone. Currently, India has an under 5 mortality rate of 48 per 1000 live births. Community-acquired pneumonia contributes to about one sixth of this mortality. Fast breathing is the key symptom of community-acquired pneumonia. The World Health Organization recently categorized community-acquired pneumonia in children under 5 years of age into two, pneumonia, and severe pneumonia. Fast breathing with or without chest in-drawing is categorized as pneumonia and fast breathing with any of danger signs as severe pneumonia. Because effective vaccines against two of the common organisms causing community-acquired pneumonia, namely Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b, are available, there should be urgent and phased introduction into the Indian Universal Immunization Programme. Several preventable risk factors of community-acquired pneumonia such as lack of exclusive breast feeding for first 6 months of life, inappropriate complimentary feeding, iron deficiency anemia, malnutrition, and indoor air pollution should be adequately addressed. The community should be aware about the signs and symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia and its danger signs so that delay in qualified care seeking can be avoided. To achieve the sustainable development goal of ⩽25 under five deaths per 1000 live births by 2030, a multipronged approach is the need of the hour. PMID:27536353

  6. Review and comparison of content growth in word definition of Persian speaking children with 4.5 to 7.5 years of age

    Maryam Malekian; Tahereh Sima Shirazi; Talieh Zarifian; Pouria Rezasoltani

    2014-01-01

    Background and Aim: Word definition is one of the complicated language skills that require education and linguistic awareness. In this study , comparison was made in word definition ability of children between ages of 4.5 to 7.5 years.Methods: This study was cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical in nature . Participants included 107 girls and boys who where in age group 1 (54-65 months), age group 2 (66-77 months), and age group 3 (78-90 months). They were selected by multistage sampling...

  7. Developmental milestones record - 5 years

    ... view (but may not understand them) Has improved math skills Questions others, including parents Strongly identifies with ... milestones for children - 5 years References Feigelman S. The preschool years. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, ...

  8. T-condylar fracture delayed for 10 days in a 5-year-old boy: a case report and review of the literature

    Shashidhar B Kantharajanna; Vijay Goni; Pebam Sudesh; Nirmal Raj Gopinathan

    2013-01-01

    T-condylar fracture is rare in paediatric age group,especially in skeletally immature children less than 9 years old,with very few cases reported in available literature.We present such a case in a 5 year old child that was initially managed as a supracondylar fracture at another centre before referral to us,10 days after the injury.The child was diagnosed as having a displaced T-condylar fracture on plain radiograph.Open reduction and internal fixation with K-wires was performed.At 2 years follow-up,the child had good range of motion at elbow with 5°of cubitus varus.With this background we discuss the pertinent principles of management of T-condylar fractures in skeletally immature children.

  9. The remuneration system and motivation of employees

    MATEJOVÁ, Petra

    2013-01-01

    The remuneration system and motivation of employees are very important part of every company. It is very resisting in how the system is adjusted and if it works not only for company, but for employees as well. The remuneration system together with motivation of employees are better matching with all the processes in company, which are in progress in the company, the final result can be taken for the employees as bigger motivation for the work and they will be worked more effectively, which is...

  10. Remuneration in the Corporate Governance Systems from International Perspective

    Mettaoui, Mirjam Lanjri

    2010-01-01

    The following work is a contribution to the research in the field of remuneration and corporate governance. Main aim is to get answers on the question on the relationship between the disclosure of the remuneration system and the firm value. The first research question is, if there is a positive effect of the disclosure of remuneration information on the firm value. Second important research questions are how many companies have separate published remuneration reports and what the qualitative ...

  11. Review and comparison of content growth in word definition of Persian speaking children with 4.5 to 7.5 years of age

    Maryam Malekian

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Word definition is one of the complicated language skills that require education and linguistic awareness. In this study , comparison was made in word definition ability of children between ages of 4.5 to 7.5 years.Methods: This study was cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical in nature . Participants included 107 girls and boys who where in age group 1 (54-65 months, age group 2 (66-77 months, and age group 3 (78-90 months. They were selected by multistage sampling method and recruited from nurseries and primary schools in 1, 7, and 17 municipal districts of Tehran . Word definition task was performed on each subject. The reliability was assessed by two independent values and the validity was determined by the content. Kruskal- Wallis and Mann-Whitney U statistical methods were used for analysis.Results: Mean score of the content in word definition was significantly increased by age (p=0.001. In the second and third age groups there was no significant difference in the content of word definition. The most response that used in all ages was the functional response. With increasing age, error rate (p=0.002 and identical (p=0.003 responses significantly decreased; however, percentage use of combination II (p<0.001 responses significantly increased.Conclusion: By increasing age, quality of definitions in terms of content is improved and definitions change from functional and concrete responses to c ombination II definitions.

  12. Transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment of localized prostate cancer: Review of technical incidents and morbidity after 5 years of use

    RIPERT, Thomas; AZEMAR, Marie Dominique; MENARD, Johann; BAYOUD, Younes; Messaoudi, Rabah; Duval, François; Staerman, Frédéric

    2010-01-01

    Abstract OBJECTIVE To report on technical incidents, and early and late complications, occurring on high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment of patients with localized prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS We performed a retrospective review of patients who were treated by Ablatherm? in our centre. We recorded all technical incidents, treatment discontinuations, and early (< 1 month) and late complications. RESULTS A total of 74 HIFU procedures were perfor...

  13. Low birth weight, very low birth weight and extremely low birth weight in African children aged between 0 and 5 years old: a systematic review.

    Tchamo, M E; Prista, A; Leandro, C G

    2016-08-01

    Low birth weight (LBWAcademic Search Complete in the following databases: PubMed, Scopus and Scholar Google. Quantitatives studies that investigated the association between LBW, VLBW, ELBW with growth, neurodevelopmental outcome and mortality, published between 2008 and 2015 were included. African studies with humans were eligible for inclusion. From the total of 2205 articles, 12 articles were identified as relevant and were subsequently reviewed in full version. Significant associations were found between LBW, VLBW and ELBW with growth, neurodevelopmental outcome and mortality. Surviving VLBW and ELBW showed increased risk of death, growth retardation and delayed neurodevelopment. Post-neonatal interventions need to be carried out in order to minimize the short-term effects of VLBW and ELBW. PMID:27072315

  14. The role of scintigraphy and ultrasound in the imaging of neonatal hypothyroidism: 5-year retrospective review of single-centre experience

    Congenital hypothyroidism (CH), as indicated by an elevation of capillary thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) at newborn screening, is a preventable cause of mental retardation with varying aetiology; it can be transient or permanent. Radionuclide assessment is currently the gold standard for imaging CH. This study aimed to (i) review the different scintigraphic patterns and correlate them with TSH levels/patient outcomes, (ii) assess the role of sonography in neonates with apparent agenesis as indicated by scintigraphy and (iii) develop a diagnostic investigative algorithm. The technetium thyroid scans of 83 consecutive patients (49 females, average age 32 days) with CH scanned between 2005 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Two nuclear medicine physicians blinded to the clinical details interpreted the scans in consensus. Scintigram appearances were categorised into five groups. Patients scintigraphically diagnosed with thyroid agenesis were evaluated with ultrasound. TSH values and scintigraphic and sonographic findings were correlated with patients' final diagnosis. Based on scintigraphy, 14, 13 and 19 patients out of 83 were assessed as having normal thyroid sites with normal, increased and decreased uptake, respectively. Twenty-two of 83 patients had no uptake, and 15 of 83 patients had ectopic uptake. Higher median TSH levels were seen in no-uptake and ectopic uptake subgroups. Eighteen of 22 patients with no uptake were evaluated with ultrasound. Three of the 18 patients had a normal thyroid gland, and three of 18 patients had a hypoplastic thyroid. Scintigram findings in patients with congenital hypothyroidism fall into five major categories, which have therapeutic implications (lifelong thyroxine in agenesis versus trial of stopping thyroxine in other subgroups). Sonographic demonstration of thyroid tissue in patients scintigraphically diagnosed with thyroid agenesis has major management implications.

  15. French Corporate Governance and Executive Remuneration

    Cessey, Julien

    2012-01-01

    Since the beginning of the last decade, executive remuneration has been subject to comments and critics from scholars, but also, and for other reasons, from politicians and the wider public. The recent crisis has intensified these critics. This paper has two objectives: first it aims at filling a gap in knowledge about corporate governance in France. It investigates the structure of French Firms’ ownership and voting structures, and considers recent evolutions in legislation, as well as the f...

  16. International comparison of the remuneration system disclosure

    Simona FRANZONI

    2010-01-01

    This research is aimed at assessing whether rules and recommendations adopted in European Countries (France; Germany; Italy; Spain; United Kingdom) and non-European Countries (Canada; Japan; Russia; United States) enable companies to have a regulatory framework as a guarantee of information completeness, so that anyone can, on the one hand, assess if the company is transparency-oriented and, on the other, to facilitate the comparison of remuneration systems with other companies in other Europ...

  17. Disclosure of executive remuneration in large banks

    Schott, Max

    2008-01-01

    The first part of this thesis analyzes and quantifies the magnitude of executive remuneration disclosure of the world?s 245 largest exchange-listed banks, using annual reports as the primary source of information, and the diverse disclosure rules in the 31 countries in which these banks are domiciled. Descriptive statistics suggests that banks located in common law countries have higher (more than three times in terms of the quantifying proxy) disclosure compared to banks in civil law countri...

  18. Wages and remuneration in the company

    Jarešová, Lenka

    2012-01-01

    This diploma thesis is dedicated to the wage system and forms of remuneration in a particular company. The first section describes the theoretical information about the origin and termination of employment, wages and about the minimum guaranteed form of wage. The following are specified current information about social, health insurance and income tax and accounting. Through the basic characteristics of the wage system this thesis refers to the conditions of work, the employer must analyze in...

  19. Remuneration Programs : A Principal Agent Theory perspective of CEO Remuneration Programs

    Erixson, David; Folkesson, Emil; Hendeby, Elvira

    2007-01-01

    In the media today, remuneration programs to CEO’s are frequently discussed. Media are usually focusing on the large amounts paid out rather than why the companies use the programs. The purpose of this thesis is to examine whether the conflict of interest presented by the Principal Agent Theory is affected by a CEO remuneration program. To reach the purpose, an inductive method has been used. Questionnaires have been send out by e-mail and phone interviews have been carried out with two sampl...

  20. Executive Remuneration and Corporate Governance in the Contemporary UK Corporation.

    Pugla, Varun

    2007-01-01

    Executive remuneration has attracted much attention from investors, financial economists, regulators, the media and the public at large. For the past 20 years the subject of executive remuneration was dominated by stock based compensation. Annual bonuses as a component in executive remuneration were relatively neglected. In the current scenario stock based compensation has started loosing its importance due to complexities involved and slow progress in stock markets. Companies have now starte...

  1. The regulation of the determination of executive remuneration

    Ndzi, Ernestine

    2014-01-01

    Executive remuneration is a prominent issue of corporate governance in the UK. Executive pay packages are regarded as excessive with no apparent link to company performance. This study examines the regulation of the determination of executive remuneration, especially in quoted companies. The study considers the regulation of the determination of executive remuneration as an important foundation that can potentially link executive pay to company performance. The study considers the principles ...

  2. Vesicovaginal Fistula-A-5 Year Review

    Vineet Kaur

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A rctrospective analysis of 25 patients who underwent surgery for vesicovaginal fistula is herebyreported. The mean age ofpatients was 38.48 ± 10.72 years. Gynaecological surgery was the leadingfactor in etiology in 60% cases followed by obstetrical trauma in 32% and road traffic accident in8%. The primary presenting complaint was leaking of urine per vagina and the mean duration ofsymptoms was 41.81 months ± 9.90. Fistulas due to gynaecological surgical trauma were seen onthe vault. while anterior vaginal wall was involved in obstetrical trauma. 84% of patients had singlefistula, in remaining 16% two to three fistulas were demonstrated. In 20 patients. transvaginal repairwas done, remaining 5 patients underwent repair via abdominal route. Success rate of 80% wasreported in Ollr series.

  3. Remuneration disparities in Oceania: Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands.

    Marai, Leo; Kewibu, Vincent; Kinkin, Elly; Peter Peniop, John; Salini, Christian; Kofana, Genesis

    2010-10-01

    This paper explores the impact of remuneration differences on workers in the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea. In these countries remunerative differences are linked to government policy (in Papua New Guinea) and job contracts (in the Solomon Islands), and have impacted on industrial relations in both settings (strike action). A total of N = 350 professionals (n = 60 expatriates) from 54 organizations in aid, government, higher education and industry (mean response rate = 36%) responded to an organizational survey form. Remuneration ratios between international and local respondents based on the World Bank's index of purchasing power parity approached 9:1. In both sites staff compared pay and benefits (remuneration) packages: Internationally remunerated staff rated their ability higher than their local counterparts did; locally remunerated groups reported more injustice in remuneration, were more demotivated by the gaps, and were more likely to be thinking about leaving the organization. In-country workshops of N = 40 largely local stakeholders from aid and community organizations plus government ministries considered the survey's findings and recommended: in Solomon Islands, (a) introducing a policy of localization, (b) establishing a remuneration commission (already existent in Papua New Guinea), and (c) reducing the remunerative gap; in Papua New Guinea, (d) reversing the post-Independence "dual pay system" (currently official policy), (e) instituting pay-for-performance, and (f) ensuring the existent localization policy is applied to recruitment, selection, and staff career planning and management. PMID:22044056

  4. A Specialist Union and a Specialist Tribunal: The Victorian Colleges Staff Association and the Post-Secondary Education Remuneration Tribunal.

    Rodan, Paul

    1991-01-01

    The relationship between the Australian province of Victoria's nonacademic college staff union and the more specialized postsecondary education remuneration committee is examined and the history of both organizations reviewed. The current and potential influences of the two groups in Victorian higher education are discussed. (MSE)

  5. Pharmacists remuneration models in iran and selected countries: a comparative study.

    Hashemi-Meshkini, Amir; Keshavarz, Khosro; Nikfar, Shekoufeh; Vazirian, Iman; Kebriaeezadeh, Abbas

    2013-01-01

    Pharmacists are members of the healthcare teams that provide valuable services to society. Their incentive to deliver such services is influenced by remuneration methods. In this study, we aimed to review the remuneration models for pharmacists' services and the factors affecting the profitability of pharmacies in some selected countries, including France, Ireland, Canada and Turkey, and compared them to Iran. International data were collected by literature review on Google, Google scholar, PubMed and Scopus. In addition, domestic data were collected by contacting relevant organizations. There is no payment for pharmacists' cognitive services in Iran and in the countries investigated, except for some Canadian provinces. The dispensing fee system in Iran does not seem to be adequate, especially considering that most of the insurers do not cover these fees. The pricing method in Iran has resulted in a low price level, in comparison to the other countries, and this issue has dramatically affected the profitability of pharmacies in standard practice. It could be concluded that changing the current formulation for the dispensing fee to a more appropriate one, defining a remuneration system for non-owner pharmacists other than salary and implementing the new pricing method are necessary in order to improve the services provided by pharmacies. PMID:24523777

  6. Impact of Directors’ Remuneration on Financial Performance of a Firm

    Sania Khalid

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the possible association between financial performance of the firm and remuneration of its key management. It is also one of the very few examples, which attempts to test the pay-for-performance theory of agency conflict resolution in context of developing market(Pakistan. The present study examines the performance of firms in terms of profitability and its association with management remuneration for 70 Pakistani corporate firms listed in Karachi stock exchange for the period of 2007 to 2011 and attempts to explain the observed behaviour with the help of fixed effect model. The results consistently support the potential association between firm’s financial performance and management remuneration policy although the intensity of relationship differs across different measures of performance. We find evidence in support of the hypothesis that a positive association exists between remuneration and performance in terms of resource utilization and shareholder wealth.

  7. Executive Remuneration and Corporate Governance in the UK

    Zhang, Weiwei

    2006-01-01

    Executive remuneration and corporate governance is a broad topic which has drawn tremendous amount of research focus. This paper aims to provide an insightful and up-to-date complement to existing research particularly with respect to short-term executive remuneration and corporate governance practices in the United Kingdom. Drawing on the data from the 2005 financial reports of fifty largest pubic listed companies operating in the UK, the paper aims firstly to provide a snapshot on the gener...

  8. System of staff remuneration and motivation in specific subject

    Šebková, Klára

    2011-01-01

    This thesis deals with the remuneration and motivation, which is an important part of the HR activities of each company. The theoretical part, elaborated on the basis of the available literature in each chapter focuses on pay systems, individual components of pay, wages and the wage form, the creation of wage rates and structures, systems, job evaluation, employee benefits and problems of worker motivation. In the second part of this work deals with solving the system of remuneration and ...

  9. Assessment of the remuneration system for selected companies

    Schořová, Zdeňka

    2013-01-01

    This thesis "Assessment of remuneration system for selected companies" focuses on the analysis of labor relations, the establishment and termination of employment, payroll, compensation and the provision of wages. For the selected companies existing payroll system and employee satisfaction with the payroll system were analyzed. The first part of the thesis is focused on solutions in terms of available literature. It deals with employment, working hours and remuneration options and its form...

  10. Remuneration differences in the emerging economies of China and India.

    Zhou, Erhua Iris; Lu, Zhao; Li, Xiaoyan; Li, Tian; Papola, T S; Pais, Jesim; Sahu, Partha Pratim

    2010-10-01

    Emerging economies by definition tend to be less dependent on expatriate skills and labour than lower-income countries, yet remuneration (pay plus benefits) differences between expatriate and local workers persist in them to some degree. According to relative deprivation theory, economic development paradoxically elevates the salience of relatively small gaps in remuneration. We therefore expected workers to report injustice and demotivation regarding relative remuneration, despite the closing of remuneration gaps between expatriate and local workers due to the economic development of recent years. To explore that possibility, 482 skilled professionals from a variety of sectors and organizations in two emerging economies, India (n = 233, response rate = 54%) and China (n = 249, response rate = 58%), participated in the research. International salaries were greater than local salaries by a factor of 2.73:1 in India and 1.90:1 in China; these mean ratios bordered on intolerable in the India sample and were largely tolerable among the sample from China. In both countries, differently remunerated workers differed in their justice cognitions and their demotivation, with lowered motivation and fewer justice cognitions in the locally salaried, local workers. These differences were however more statistically significant between people working in India than in China. Insofar as the motivational and justice gaps persisted, the findings support relative deprivation theory. Insofar as the same gaps appear to be sharper in the country with the higher-not lower-mean remuneration differential, they do not. An in-country workshop with local experts who interpreted the findings (in India), and content analysis of the participants' recommendations (in China) jointly recommended linking remuneration to (i) workplace performance instead of (ii) economy-of-origin, to help promote (iii) fairness. PMID:22044057

  11. [Medical expert opinion--credibility, ethics, remuneration].

    Sahar, Avraham

    2007-07-01

    Israeli Law requires a Personal Injury Claim to be supported by an Expert Medical Opinion. Such evidence provides the Court with information essential for the evaluation of scientific material, which is beyond the Court's "judicial knowledge". Incongruent Expert Opinions are not necessarily the result of deceit. Experts are entitled to differences in their respective evaluation and interpretation of data and conflicting medical opinions may be legitimate. The Court's duty and prerogative is to select the "legally correct" opinion. The sole tool at the Court's disposal is precise and logical thinking, aided by principles set by the U.S. Supreme Court for the evaluation of scientific evidence, and adopted by the Israeli Court. The choice of the "correct" opinion centers on it's objectivity. A court-appointed expert is not necessarily an effective solution. Remuneration of the expert by the interested party increases the level of mistrust. The difficult questions concerning the credibility of an opinion arise as the result of insufficient specific expertise of the witness, presentation by a pretender to expertise or plain misrepresentation of data, excerpts of literature etc. Such transgressions are best exposed by the opposing party's expert and attorney. The court has effective means for the control of such behavior. The fraudulent expert witness is neither immune to criminal prosecution, nor to civil suit. IMA's Code of Ethics for Experts is adequate. Expert's fees should be consistent with the effort involved, as well as with the expert's rank and experience. Any linkage of fees to the outcome of the procedure should be prohibited, as well as the intervention of "contractors". Attempts to limit experts' fees, may result in the abstention of the most knowledgeable specialists from such duties. The blame for a false opinion does not lie with the paying party, it is mostly the witness who is responsible. PMID:17803167

  12. Remuneration Difference between Migrant Workers and Non-migrant Workers

    Changlin; DUAN; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    Through the survey of direct economic remuneration, indirect economic remuneration and non-economic remuneration of employees in flat panel furniture enterprises in Chengdu City, we conduct a comparative analysis of the problems and causes of remuneration difference between migrant workers and non-migrant workers. The results show that the wage difference between migrant workers and non-migrant workers is the biggest, and there is little difference in terms of interests safeguarding and non-economic factors. The reason for the above results lies in the difference of education level; gender, region, household registration and other issues have little impact on the above results. The following recommendations are put forward to improve the remuneration of migrant workers: increasing government’s policy advocacy efforts and eliminating subjective offense; establishing the administrative oversight bodies and effectively safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of migrant workers; strengthening vocational training for migrant workers, so that workers have more choices on positions; improving the working environment and developing good working atmosphere.

  13. Cost-covering remuneration - wind and solar energy skinned

    In this article, the details of Switzerland's cost-covering remuneration scheme for electrical energy from renewable resources are discussed. Several experts from the renewable energies area express their opinions on the scheme's tariffs for the remuneration of electrical energy fed into the public mains. Wind energy is quoted as being 'skinned', with a lower tariff than before and solar energy is quoted as being promoted 'with the hand brake still on'. Geothermal energy and power from biomass power stations is quoted as being 'undamaged' by the new remuneration system. In general, the opinion is expressed that small investors and producers have, once more, been put at a disadvantage. The situation in Switzerland is briefly compared with that in Germany, France, Spain and Italy. An overview of the tariffs is presented in tabular form

  14. The analysis of the remuneration system in the selected business entity

    Vlasák, Josef

    2013-01-01

    The diploma Thesis was named „Analysis of the remuneration system in the selected business entity”. The Theme of this thesis was to evaluate and review the functionality and effectiveness of system based on the analysis of employee benefit processes in Dachdecker I.n.c. and to provide the third party with proposal for improvement. The first part was held in theory of basic terms of focused dimension. The great interest was kept on the rightful benefit, the salary functionality, the systems of...

  15. 12 CFR 12.101 - National bank disclosure of remuneration for mutual fund transactions.

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false National bank disclosure of remuneration for... Interpretations § 12.101 National bank disclosure of remuneration for mutual fund transactions. A national bank may fulfill its obligation to disclose information on the source and amount of remuneration,...

  16. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(6)-1 - Remuneration for services of nonresident alien individuals.

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Remuneration for services of nonresident alien... services of nonresident alien individuals. (a) In general. All remuneration paid after December 31, 1966, for services performed by a nonresident alien individual, if such remuneration otherwise...

  17. 26 CFR 1.162-27 - Certain employee remuneration in excess of $1,000,000.

    2010-04-01

    ... capacity other than as a director. For this purpose, remuneration includes any payment in exchange for... received, directly or indirectly, by a director in each of the following circumstances: (A) If remuneration... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain employee remuneration in excess of...

  18. The first 5 years after the dissertation.

    Hodges, L C; Poteet, G W

    1992-01-01

    To succeed in academia, nursing faculty members must devote the first 5 years following the dissertation to achieving a standard to tenure characteristic of the profession. Most institutions in the country adhere to the American Association of University Professors' guidelines for tenure. These guidelines mandate excellence in teaching, scholarship, and service. A fourth characteristic, leadership, is increasingly considered in tenure decisions. The expectations of an academic career in nursing serve as the foundation for a framework to evaluate the likelihood of success in a particular setting. A detailed 5-year plan for achieving tenure is proposed. PMID:1634654

  19. Monitoring gender remuneration inequalities in academia using biplots

    IS Walters

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Gender remuneration inequalities at universities have been studied in various parts of the world. In South Africa, the responsibility largely rests with individual higher education institutions to establish levels of pay for male and female academic staff members. The multidimensional character of the gender wage gap includes gender differentials in research output, age, academic rank and qualifications. The aim in this paper is to demonstrate the use of modern biplot methodology for describing and monitoring changes in the gender remuneration gap over time. A biplot is considered as a multivariate extension of an ordinary scatterplot. Our case study includes the permanent fulltime academic staff at Stellenbosch University for the period 2002 to 2005. We constructed canonical variate analysis (CVA biplots with 90% alpha bags for the five-dimensional data collected for males and females in 2002 and 2005 aggregated over faculties as well as for each faculty separately. The biplots illustrate, for our case study, that rank, age, research output and qualifications are related to remuneration. The CVA biplots show narrowing, widening and constant gender remuneration gaps in different faculties.

  20. Corporate governance going astray: executive remuneration built to fail

    J. Winter

    2010-01-01

    Modern remuneration systems for executive directors include substantial elements of performance based pay. The idea behind this is that by rewarding executives for performance their interests become aligned with those of the company’s shareholders, thus bridging the principal-agent gap. Executive re

  1. Factors Driving Changes To Remuneration Policy And Outcomes

    Mark Bussin

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to develop an in-depth understanding of the relative importance of the factors driving change to remuneration policy decision making and the impact on organisations. Data from 148 organisations was analysed and subjected to rigorous statistical analysis. The results show that the most potent drivers of remuneration policy are retention of key staff, financial results and organisation strategy. The greatest changes to remuneration policy were in the areas of variable pay, merit/performance related pay, market position, total package and job evaluation/ broadbanding policy. A strong correlation was found between the extent of change in Remuneration policy and impact on the organisation. This suggests that the greater the change in Remuneration policy the greater the impact on the organisation. OpsommingDie doel van hierdie studie is om die relatiewe belangrikheid van die faktore wat verandering in die vergoeding besluitnemingsbeleid dryf asook die impak wat dit op organisasie het in diepte te verstaan. Data van 148 organisasies is geanaliseer onderworpe aan streng statisiese analises. Die resultaat wys dat die mees kritieke drywers vir vergoedingsbeleid die volgende is: retensie van sleutelpersoneel, finansiële resultate en organisasie strategie. Die grootste veranderinge in vergoedsbeleid was in die volgende areas: veranderlike betaling, meriete/prestasie verwante betaling, markposisie, totale pakket en rolevaluasie/‘broadband’ beleid? Sterk korrelasie is gevind tussen die vlak van verandering in die vergoedingsbeleid en die impak op die organisasie. Dit wys onder andere uit hoe groter die verandering in vergoedingsbeleid, hoe groter die impak op die organisasie.

  2. Soviet business chaos seen lasting 5 years

    This paper reports that companies seeking work in the collapsing Soviet Union can expect political uncertainty for another 5 years. PW discussed changes in the Soviet Union and offered advice on dealing with officials of the central government and Soviet republics at a recent meeting in Houston with executives of oil field service companies. That meeting preceded reports of the Russian federation, Ukraine, and Byelorussia agreeing to form a Slavic commonwealth

  3. Remuneration Committee, Board Independence and Top Executive Compensation

    Chii-Shyan Kuo; Shih-Ti Yu

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we examine whether the levels and structures of top executive compensation vary discernibly with different levels of board independence. We also examine how the newly mandated adoption of the remuneration committee (RC) in Taiwan affects the board independence-executive pay relation. The mandatory establishment of RC for Taiwanese public firms, starting in 2011, is intended to strengthen the reasonableness and effectiveness of the executive compensation structure; thus, it is t...

  4. Disclosure Factors of Executive Managers Remuneration: A Probit Model

    Themistokles Lazarides; Elektra Pitoska

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: The study contributes to the literature that argues that the convergence trend of corporate governance systems is either nominal or hasnt the impact that the advocates of this theory hypothesize. Approach: The objective of the study was to test this hypothesis the key issue of remuneration had been chosen to illustrate that the differences of corporate governance systems still exist and they have a substantial impact on business environment. Disclosure o...

  5. Diversity of human capital attributes and diversity of remunerating systems

    Suleman, Fatima; Paul, Jean-Jacques

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims at comparing the respective impact of the traditional Human Capital Variables (HCV) and of competences explicitly assessed on employees' remuneration. The data are derived from an original survey conducted in five large banking companies in Portugal. Six hundred clerks were interviewed regarding their individual characteristics (age, gender, education, experience in the labour market, experience in the company). Their respective supervisors were asked to assess their competenc...

  6. Motivation and remuneration of employees in small enterprises

    CHLADOVÁ, Lenka

    2010-01-01

    The motivation is very significant in all enterprises regardless how many employees they have. Well-motivated employees often work better, faithfully and they are more loyal. Therefore they make the basis of success and represent a competitive advantage of any enterprise. The aim of this bachelor work is to analyse and evaluate the current system of remuneration and motivation of employees in small enterprises and in case of finding defect to propose new improvement conception that will help ...

  7. Motivation and remuneration of human resources in the choice company

    ŠVARCOVÁ, Eva

    2008-01-01

    Purpose of my work was performed the current state analysis of motivation and remuneration of human resources in the choice company and proposed the appropriated changes leading to superior firm prosperity. I choose the company XY Inc form my work. This company is carried business in processing industry and is settled in south Bohemia. In the firm I focused on motivation of employees, who work in workshop. Primary resource of information, needed to getting the basic finding about motivation a...

  8. Influencing organisational culture by means of employee remuneration

    Katarína Stachová; Zdenko Stacho; Gabriela Bartáková

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to particularly define the possibilities of influencing organisational culture by means of employee remuneration. The paper will present the results of research conducted over 2010–2012. The respondent group included 340 organisations operating in the Slovak Republic. The research showed that even though 98% of the interviewed organisations realise the importance and meaning of dealing with the creation and maintenance of organisational culture, only 21–43% have defin...

  9. Executive Remuneration, Option Incentives--- An Empirical Study in China

    LUO, DAN

    2006-01-01

    Prior executive remuneration researches are mainly concentrated on the risk neutral valuation of stock options; or measuring the sensitivity of the pay for performance relationship based on data collected from US. However, this paper aims to investigate the scheme implementation in the biggest developing country: China. According to the first hand information collected from a survey of executive stock option scheme in Zhongguancun, we are able to depict the general picture of such equity-base...

  10. Executive Remuneration in the UK and its Relevance to Corporate Governance

    Korambayil, Felys

    2009-01-01

    Executive remuneration and its relevance to corporate governance is a broad topic which has drawn a remarkable amount of research focus. This paper aims to provide an insightful and up-to-date complement to existing literature particularly with respect to short-term executive remuneration and corporate governance practices specifically in the UK. This study initially provides an overview of the main theoretical concepts related to executive remuneration and then examines the pay-performance l...

  11. IMPORTANCE OF EQUAL REMUNERATION ACT 1976 FOR THE BENEFIT OF FEMALE EMPLOYED

    Ramakrishna Mohan Rao Munaga

    2015-01-01

    The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 aims to provide for the payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers and for the prevention of discrimination, on the ground of sex, against women in the matter of employment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. According to the Act, the term 'remuneration' means "the basic wage or salary and any additional emoluments whatsoever payable, either in cash or in kind, to a person employed in respect of employment or work done in suc...

  12. Director Remuneration Pay: Trends During and After the Financial Crisis of 2007 to 2009

    Syaiful Baharee Jaafar; Kieran James

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to examine the trends of director remuneration in Malaysia’s publicly listed companies. The proxies for executive pay are based on cash remuneration consisting of fees, salary, bonuses, and benefits to kin. Based on the data collected from 486 publicly listed companies in Bursa Malaysia from 2007 to 2009, we empirically tested findings that the trends for remuneration increased during and after the financial crisis. The study also reveals that the structure of r...

  13. Photovoltaic remuneration policies in the European Union

    The purpose of this paper is to study the development of photovoltaic (PV) systems in some countries of the European Union (EU). We establish the stage of development of each country, their short- and long-term degree of compliance and the trends of international investors favouring one market or another. EU countries employ four major types of programs to encourage PV use: (1) feed in tariffs (FIT), (2) green certificates with a quota system, (3) investment and tax incentives, and (4) bids on the quota system. The FIT is the most widely used program to create incentives for the use of PV systems. During the past two years, PV tariffs have been reduced in many European countries. Investments in PV are still attractive, in some cases even overly generous with respect to the financial landscape in the world. This paper shows, for each country, the type of incentive and the trends in and forecast for installed capacity and calculates the internal rate of return (IRR) for investment in grid-connected PV systems. - Highlights: ► This work shows the EU positioning on development of photovoltaic (PV) systems. ► The installed power and the internal rate of return have been used as reference. ► The existing programs in relation to pay and incentives have been reviewed

  14. Disclosure Factors of Executive Managers Remuneration: A Probit Model

    Themistokles Lazarides

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The study contributes to the literature that argues that the convergence trend of corporate governance systems is either nominal or hasn’t the impact that the advocates of this theory hypothesize. Approach: The objective of the study was to test this hypothesis the key issue of remuneration had been chosen to illustrate that the differences of corporate governance systems still exist and they have a substantial impact on business environment. Disclosure or not of information regarding these issues preoccupies regulating, legislative authorities as well as capital market participants. The study, using a probit regression analysis, examined whether these differences are observable in Greece. Greece is a country with the typical characteristics of a Continental Europe corporate governance system. The results were compared with the reported characteristics of Anglo- Saxon countries. The study analyzed data over a period of 6 years (2001-2006. The 60 firms largest, in terms of capitalization and free float, were used. Results: The major factors that affect the remuneration disclosure were the adoption of mergers and acquisitions as the method to expand firm’s size, the investments risks that the firm is willing to take, stock market capitalization, board of directors size, capital to sales ratio, number of independent board of directors member dismissals and the quality of corporate governance. These differences were significantly different than the ones reported for Anglo-Saxon countries. Conclusion: The study had proven that remuneration disclosure levels in Greece are defined by a different set of factors than the ones in a typical Anglo-Saxon country. Policy and regulation makers should take into account these differences and not adopt isomorphic approaches to different problems and situations.

  15. Is cost-covering remuneration fully booked? - Teething problems

    In this interview with Michael Kaufmann, director of the SwissEnergy programme, possible strategies for the correct pricing of electricity and measures for the correction of the dissatisfactory situation now prevailing concerning the cost-covering remuneration of power from renewable sources are discussed. The pricing of electricity from various sources and the indirect costs that are at present not met by non-renewable resources are commented on. Further topics covered include suggestions for strategies for relieving the presently blocked financial promotion of renewables, the goals set for the role to be played by renewable energy in Swiss electricity production in 2030 and suggestions for future political action

  16. Influencing organisational culture by means of employee remuneration

    Katarína Stachová

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to particularly define the possibilities of influencing organisational culture by means of employee remuneration. The paper will present the results of research conducted over 2010–2012. The respondent group included 340 organisations operating in the Slovak Republic. The research showed that even though 98% of the interviewed organisations realise the importance and meaning of dealing with the creation and maintenance of organisational culture, only 21–43% have defined an organisational culture strategy in writing within the organisation´s strategy.

  17. Planned and unplanned complex suicides: a 5-year retrospective study.

    Racette, Stéphanie; Sauvageau, Anny

    2007-03-01

    The notion of planned and unplanned complex suicides first appeared in 1974 by Marcinkowski and, since then, no systematic study of complex suicides has been published in the English forensic literature. Here, the authors present a 5-year retrospective study of complex suicides. Nineteen complex suicides were reviewed: five unplanned and 14 planned, including the first case of an unplanned complex suicide in a woman. All cases were analyzed in terms of gender, age, methods of suicide, the presence of a suicide note, and past suicide attempts, and statistically compared with a 50-case sample of simple suicides. A further comparison was established with compiled data from the literature. Similarities were revealed regarding incidence of complex suicides, male gender predominance, and types of methods used. In contrast, results showed a higher average age for planned complex suicide victims. Finally, the authors discuss the application of the complex suicide definition. PMID:17316249

  18. The Alcohol Warning and Adolescents: 5-Year Effects.

    MacKinnon, David P.; Nohre, Liva; Pentz, Mary Ann; Stacy, Alan W.

    2000-01-01

    Examined the effect of alcohol warning labels on adolescents during the first 5 years that the warning was required. Surveys of 10th and 12th grade students over 5 years indicated that the initial positive effects of the labels on adolescents leveled off after 3.5 years. The labels have not affected adolescents' beliefs about alcohol or…

  19. IMPORTANCE OF EQUAL REMUNERATION ACT 1976 FOR THE BENEFIT OF FEMALE EMPLOYED

    Ramakrishna Mohan Rao Munaga

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 aims to provide for the payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers and for the prevention of discrimination, on the ground of sex, against women in the matter of employment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. According to the Act, the term 'remuneration' means "the basic wage or salary and any additional emoluments whatsoever payable, either in cash or in kind, to a person employed in respect of employment or work done in such employment, if the terms of the contract of employment, express or implied, were fulfilled".

  20. How Executive Directors' Remuneration is Determined in Two FTSE 350 Utilities

    Bender, Ruth

    2003-01-01

    This paper contributes to the literature on directors' remuneration by reporting the results of interview-based research carried out with executive and non executive directors at two listed UK utilities, and their advisors. The findings on how directors' pay is set reflect aspects of both economic and social- psychological theories. They show that the level and structure of remuneration were clearly influenced by the market, and highlight the problems of determining a suitab...

  1. Business Restructurings : Transfer Pricing Aspects from a Distributor's Perspective - When Should Shifted Profit Potential be Remunerated?

    Good, Helena

    2010-01-01

    The OECD Guidelines stipulates that a business restructuring resulting in shifted profit potential not automatically implies that compensation should be paid between the restructuring parties. This thesis examines when shifted profit potential should be remunerated from the perspective of the fictive Swedish distributor Enterprise A which is facing a business restructuring. The arm’s length principle does not require any remuneration for the mere shift of profit potential when applying the ...

  2. Executive Remuneration And Firm Performance: Evidence From A Panel Of Mutual Organisations

    Kevin Amess; Leigh Drake

    2003-01-01

    The empirical relationship between the remuneration of: the highest paid director (HPD), mean Board remuneration (Director), and the Chairperson of the Board (Chair) and firm- level performance is examined on a panel of mutual building societies over the 1991 to 1996 period. Two measures of performance are employed: profitability and the change in total factor productivity (TFP). A strong positive relationship between profitability and pay is found for the HPD but not for the Director or Chai...

  3. Executive Remuneration as an Aspect of Corporate Governance under OHADA's Corporate System

    Kelong, Richard William Ngwa

    2009-01-01

    With growing importance attached to the notion of executive remuneration, OHADA’s policy makers have also considered the concept as a fundamental element in any corporate governance system. In this regard, they have put in place a policy framework that regulates executive remuneration within OHADA’s corporate system to ensure that executive benefits are appropriate and lawful to enable directors remain objective in respect of their fiduciary duties towards the company. This paper discusses ex...

  4. Outcome and Prognostic Factors for Traumatic Endophthalmitis over a 5-Year Period

    Simona Delia Nicoară; Iulian Irimescu; Tudor Călinici; Cristina Cristian

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. To evaluate the outcome and identify the prognostic factors of traumatic endophthalmitis over a 5-year period. Methods. We reviewed the medical records of all the traumatic endophthalmities that we treated in our department over the last 5 years (2009–2013). We extracted the following parameters: age, gender, wound anatomy, associated ocular lesions, treatment, and initial and final visual acuities. We used the program SPSS version 20.0.0. for the statistical analysis of our data. Re...

  5. International-local remuneration differences across six countries: do they undermine poverty reduction work?

    Carr, Stuart C; McWha, Ishbel; Maclachlan, Malcolm; Furnham, Adrian

    2010-10-01

    Despite the rhetoric of a single global economy, professionals in poorer countries continue to be remunerated differently depending on whether they are compensated at a local vs. international rate. Project ADDUP (Are Development Discrepancies Undermining Performance?) surveyed 1290 expatriate and local professionals (response rate = 47%) from aid, education, government, and business sectors in (1) Island Nations (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands), (2) landlocked economies (Malaŵi, Uganda), and (3) emerging economies (India, China). Difference in pay was estimated using purchasing power parity, from the World Bank's World Development Indicators 2007. Psychological measures included self-reported pay and benefits (remuneration), self-attributed ability, remuneration comparison, sense of justice in remuneration, remuneration-related motivation, thoughts of turnover and thoughts about international mobility. We included control measures of candour, culture shock, cultural values (horizontal/vertical individualism/collectivism), personality (from the "big five"), job satisfaction and work engagement. Controlling for these and country (small effects) and organization effects (medium), (a) pay ratios between international and local workers exceeded what were perceived to be acceptable pay thresholds among respondents remunerated locally; who also reported a combination of a sense of relative (b) injustice and demotivation; which (c) together with job satisfaction/work engagement predicted turnover and international mobility. These findings question the wisdom of dual salary systems in general, expose and challenge a major contradiction between contemporary development policy and practice, and have a range of practical, organizational, and theoretical implications for poverty reduction work. PMID:22044054

  6. Director Remuneration Pay: Trends During and After the Financial Crisis of 2007 to 2009

    Syaiful Baharee Jaafar

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to examine the trends of director remuneration in Malaysia’s publicly listed companies. The proxies for executive pay are based on cash remuneration consisting of fees, salary, bonuses, and benefits to kin. Based on the data collected from 486 publicly listed companies in Bursa Malaysia from 2007 to 2009, we empirically tested findings that the trends for remuneration increased during and after the financial crisis. The study also reveals that the structure of remuneration, such as salary and bonuses for executives, showed an increasing trend during and after the financial crisis; however, it shows that the trend of director remuneration in family firms after the financial crisis was decreasing. Further analysis indicates that family members were willing to accept lower fees, bonuses, and benefits to kin in order to maintain cash flow. Our study suggests that no expropriation existed in family firms during and after the financial crisis. However, executives in non-family firms are less interested in accepting lower remuneration as part of a contract.

  7. Remuneration Committee, Board Independence and Top Executive Compensation

    Chii-Shyan Kuo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we examine whether the levels and structures of top executive compensation vary discernibly with different levels of board independence. We also examine how the newly mandated adoption of the remuneration committee (RC in Taiwan affects the board independence-executive pay relation. The mandatory establishment of RC for Taiwanese public firms, starting in 2011, is intended to strengthen the reasonableness and effectiveness of the executive compensation structure; thus, it is timely and of interest for practitioners and regulators to understand whether the establishment of RCs can effectively discipline top executive compensation policies. We first find that CEOs of firms that do not appoint independent directors have greater levels of annual pay than is the case for firms that have appointed independent directors, after controlling for the effect of CEO pay determinants. Second, we find that CEO pay for early RC adopters is more closely related to firm performance. Third, we find that the establishing of RCs may decrease CEO pay and enhance the pay-performance association, in particular for firms that have not appointed independent directors; however, this effect is not found to be statistically significant.

  8. Blood donors' motivation and attitude to non-remunerated blood donation in Lithuania

    Blazeviciene Aurelija

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the Soviet period, the blood donation system operated in Lithuania exclusively on a remunerative basis. After joining the EU, Lithuania committed itself to meeting the EU requirements to provide all consumers within its boundaries with safe blood products made from voluntary unpaid blood donations. However, the introduction of a non-remunerated donation system may considerably affect donors' motivation and retention. Thus the aim of the current research was to determine blood donation motives among the present donors and investigate their attitude towards non-remunerated donation. Methods A questionnaire survey of 400 blood donors. Survey data processed using SPSS statistical analysis package. Statistical data reliability checked using Fisher's exact test (p Results Paid donors comprised 89.9%, while non-paid ones made 10.1% of the respondents. Research findings show that 93 per cent of the paid donors give blood on a regular basis; while among the non-remunerated donors the same figure amounted merely to 20.6 per cent. The idea of the remuneration necessity is supported by 78.3 per cent of the paid donors, while 64.7 per cent of the non-remunerated respondents believe that remuneration is not necessary. The absolute majority of the paid donors (92% think they should be offered a monetary compensation for blood donation, while more than half of the non-remunerated donors (55.9 claim they would be content with a mere appreciation of the act. Provided no remuneration were offered, 28.44 per cent of the respondents would carry on doing it, 29.6 per cent would do it only in emergency, 29.6 per cent would donate blood merely for their family or friends, and 12.3 per cent would quit it completely. Conclusion Most respondents admitted having donated blood for the following reasons: willingness to help the ill or monetary compensation. Majority would consent to free blood donation only in case of emergency or as a family

  9. Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis – A 5 Year Experience

    Spence, Robert; Gillespie, Scott; Loughrey, Maurice; Gardiner, Keith

    2013-01-01

    Title Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis – A 5 year experience Aim Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare, life-threatening condition, characterised by a progressive, intra-abdominal inflammatory process resulting in fibrotic visceral constriction. We report the aetiology, management, and outcome of EPS in Belfast. Method All patients diagnosed with EPS in Belfast over the past 5 years are included. Presentation, aetiology, imaging, pathology, and outcome are retrospectively analy...

  10. Blunt traumatic cardiac rupture. A 5-year experience.

    Brathwaite, C E; Rodriguez, A; Turney, S Z; Dunham, C M; Cowley, R

    1990-12-01

    Blunt traumatic cardiac rupture is associated with a high rate of mortality. A review of the computerized trauma registry (1983 to 1988) identified 32 patients with this injury (ages 19 to 65 years; mean age, 39.5 years; 21 men and 11 women). Twenty-one patients (65.6%) were injured in vehicular crashes, 3 (9.4%) in pedestrian accidents, 3 (9.4%) in motorcycle accidents; 3 (9.4%) sustained crush injury; 1 (3.1%) was injured by a fall; and 1 (3.1%) was kicked in the chest by a horse. Anatomic injuries included right atrial rupture (13[40.6%]), left atrial rupture (8 [25%]), right ventricular rupture (10[31.3%]), left ventricular rupture (4[12.5%]), and rupture of two cardiac chambers (3 [9.4%]). Diagnosis was made by thoracotomy in all 20 patients presenting in cardiac arrest. In the remaining 12 patients, the diagnosis was established in seven by emergency left anterolateral thoracotomy and in five by subxyphoid pericardial window. Seven of these 12 patients (58.3%) had clinical cardiac tamponade and significant upper torso cyanosis. The mean Injury Severity Score (ISS), Trauma Score (TS), and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score were 33.8, 13.2, and 14.3, respectively, among survivors and 51.5, 8.3, and 7.0 for nonsurvivors. The overall mortality rate was 81.3% (26 of 32 patients), the only survivors being those presenting with vital signs (6 of 12 patients [50%]). All patients with rupture of two cardiac chambers or with ventricular rupture died. The mortality rate from myocardial rupture is very high. Rapid prehospital transportation, a high index of suspicion, and prompt surgical intervention contribute to survival in these patients. PMID:2256761

  11. Distributed generation and their remuneration in the reduction of losses; Geracao distribuida e sua remuneracao na reducao de perdas

    Chaves, Francisco David Moya; Jannuzzi, Gilberto de Martino [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica; Silva, Luiz Carlos Pereira da [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Eletrica e de Computacao

    2008-07-01

    The problematic associated to the Distribution Generation (DG) impact has several implications (economic, technical and environmental). The DG can to influence positive (reduction) or negatively (increase) about the level of losses. The impacts caused by the use of DG influence directly on the economic incentives that can get the DG. This paper presents some of the benefits and technical limitations in the use of DG in the provision of active and reactive power for each of the levels of transmission, sub transmission and distribution. An economic review where there is a decrease in the total cost of production of electric energy by the use of DG is shown. This reducing costs, can be used as an additional remuneration for the DG or used also in new investment in the expansion of DG without overlooking that within these technologies, deals are the Renewable Energy Sources. (author)

  12. Assessment of caries prevalence among children below 5 years old

    Prabhu, Poornima; Rajajee, K. T. S. S.; Sudheer, K. A.; Jesudass, G.

    2014-01-01

    Context: In the current scenario of developing countries, dental caries has been a long-standing challenge in the oral health issue and still on the rise. Aim: The aim of the following study is to estimate the caries prevalence in the primary dentition among children below 5 years of age. Meterials and Methods: Study population included both boys and girls below 5 years old attending KGF Dental College and Hospital, Karnataka. A simple random sampling method was used. A total of 672 children ...

  13. Clinical spectrum and outcome of pulmonary nocardiosis: 5-year experience

    Singh, Akashdeep; Chhina, Deepinder; Soni, RK; Kakkar, Chandan; Sidhu, US

    2016-01-01

    Background: Pulmonary nocardiosis is a rare but a life-threatening infection caused by Nocardia spp. The diagnosis is often missed and delayed resulting in delay in appropriate treatment and thus higher mortality. Aim: In this study, we aim to evaluate the clinical spectrum and outcome of patients with pulmonary nocardiosis. Methods: A retrospective, 5-year (2009–2014) review of demographic profile, risk factors, clinical manifestations, imaging findings, treatment, and outcome of patients with pulmonary nocardiosis admitted to a tertiary care hospital. Results: The median age of the study subjects was 54 years (range, 16–76) and majority of them (75%) were males. The risk factors for pulmonary nocardiosis identified in our study were long-term steroid use (55.6%), chronic lung disease (52.8%), diabetes (27.8%), and solid-organ transplantation (22.2%). All the patients were symptomatic, and the most common symptoms were cough (91.7%), fever (78%), and expectoration (72%). Almost two-third of the patients were initially misdiagnosed and the alternative diagnosis included pulmonary tuberculosis (n = 7), community-acquired pneumonia (n = 5), lung abscess (n = 4), invasive fungal infection (n = 3), lung cancer (n = 2), and Wegener's granulomatosis (n = 2). The most common radiographic features were consolidation (77.8%) and nodules (56%). The mortality rate for indoor patients was 33% despite treatment. Higher mortality rate was observed among those who had brain abscess (100.0%), HIV positivity (100%), need for mechanical ventilation (87.5%), solid-organ transplantation (50%), and elderly (age > 60 years) patients (43%). Conclusion: The diagnosis of pulmonary nocardiosis is often missed and delayed resulting in delay in appropriate treatment and thus high mortality. A lower threshold for diagnosing pulmonary nocardiosis needs to be exercised, in chest symptomatic patients with underlying chronic lung diseases or systemic immunosuppression, for the early diagnosis

  14. A 5-year experience with an elective scholarly concentrations program

    Paul George

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Problem: Programs that encourage scholarly activities beyond the core curriculum and traditional biomedical research are now commonplace among US medical schools. Few studies have generated outcome data for these programs. The goal of the present study was to address this gap. Intervention: The Scholarly Concentration (SC Program, established in 2006 at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, is a 4-year elective program that not only encourages students to pursue scholarly work that may include traditional biomedical research but also seeks to broaden students’ focus to include less traditional areas. We compared characteristics and academic performance of SC students and non-SC students for the graduating classes of 2010–2014. Context: Approximately one-third of our students opt to complete an SC during their 4-year undergraduate medical education. Because this program is additional to the regular MD curriculum, we sought to investigate whether SC students sustained the academic achievement of non-SC students while at the same time producing scholarly work as part of the program. Outcome: Over 5 years, 35% of students elected to enter the program and approximately 81% of these students completed the program. The parameters that were similar for both SC and non-SC students were age at matriculation, admission route, proportion of undergraduate science majors, and number of undergraduate science courses. Most academic indicators, including United States Medical Licensing Examinations scores, were similar for the two groups; however, SC students achieved more honors in the six core clerkships and were more likely to be inducted into the medical school's two honor societies. Residency specialties selected by graduates in the two groups were similar. SC students published an average of 1.3 peer-reviewed manuscripts per student, higher than the 0.8 manuscripts per non-SC student (p=0.013. Conclusions: An elective, interdisciplinary

  15. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    Finance and Procurement Department

    2010-01-01

    In 2010 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Monday 25 January Thursday 25 February Thursday 25 March Monday 26 April Tuesday 25 May Friday 25 June Monday 26 July Wednesday 25 August Friday 24 September Monday 25 October Thursday 25 November Friday 17 December

  16. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    2015-01-01

    In 2015 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Monday 26 January Wednesday 25 February Wednesday 25 March Friday 24 April Tuesday 26 May Thursday 25 June Friday 24 July Tuesday 25 August Friday 25 September Monday 26 October Wednesday 25 November Thursday 17 December Finance, Procurement and Knowledge Transfer Department

  17. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    2012-01-01

    In 2012 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Wednesday 25 January Friday 24 February Monday 26 March Wednesday 25 April Friday 25 May Monday 25 June Wednesday 25 July Friday 24 August Tuesday 25 September Thursday 25 October Monday 26 November Wednesday 19 December   Finance, Procurement and knowledge Transfer Department

  18. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    2013-01-01

    In 2013, net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates:   - Friday 25 January - Monday 25 February - Monday 25 March - Thursday 25 April - Friday 24 May - Tuesday 25 June - Thursday 25 July - Monday 26 August - Wednesday 25 September - Friday 25 October - Monday 25 November - Thursday 19 December Finance, Procurement and Knowledge Transfer Department

  19. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    2014-01-01

    In 2014 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates:   Friday 24 January Tuesday 25 February Tuesday 25 March Friday 25 April Monday 26 May Wednesday 25 June Friday 25 July Monday 25 August Thursday 25 September Friday 24 October Tuesday 25 November Thursday 18 December   Finance, Procurement and Knowledge Transfer Department

  20. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    Finance and Procurement Department

    2011-01-01

    In 2011 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Tuesday 25 January Friday 25 February Friday 25 March Tuesday 26 April Wednesday 25 May Friday 24 June Monday 25 July Thursday 25 August Monday 26 September Tuesday 25 October Friday 25 November Monday 19 December

  1. Health workforce remuneration: Comparing wage levels, ranking, and dispersion of 16 occupational groups in 20 countries

    K.G. Tijdens (Kea); D.H. de Vries (Daniel); S.M. Steinmetz

    2013-01-01

    textabstractBackground: This article represents the first attempt to explore remuneration in Human Resources for Health (HRH), comparing wage levels, ranking and dispersion of 16 HRH occupational groups in 20 countries (Argentina, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Finlan

  2. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    2016-01-01

    In 2016, net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates:   Monday, 25 January Thursday, 25 February Thursday, 24 March Monday, 25 April Wednesday, 25 May Friday, 24 June Monday, 25 July Thursday, 25 August Monday, 26 September Tuesday, 25 October Friday, 25 November Tuesday, 20 December     Finance and Administrative Processes department

  3. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    In 2008 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates : Friday 25 January Monday 25 February Tuesday 25 March Friday 25 April Monday 26 May Wednesday 25 June Friday 25 July Monday 25 August Thursday 25 September Friday 24 October Tuesday 25 November Wednesday 17 December Finance Department

  4. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    FI Department

    2007-01-01

    In 2007 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Thursday 25 January Monday 26 February Monday 26 March Wednesday 25 April Friday 25 May Monday 25 June Wednesday 25 July Friday 24 August Tuesday 25 September Thursday 25 October Monday 26 November Wednesday 19 December Finance Department

  5. TO ALL MEMBERS OF PERSONNEL IN RECEIPT OF REMUNERATION FROM CERN

    2004-01-01

    In 2004 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Monday 26 January Monday 26 July Wednesday 25 February Wednesday 25 August Thursday 25 March Friday 24 September Monday 26 April Monday 25 October Tuesday 25 May Thursday 25 November Friday 25 June Thursday 16 December Finance Department

  6. TO ALL MEMBERS OF PERSONNEL IN RECEIPT OF REMUNERATION FROM CERN

    Finance Division

    2000-01-01

    In 2001 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates : Thursday 25 January, Monday 26 February, Monday 26 March, Wednesday 25 April, Friday 25 May, Monday 25 June, Wednesday 25 July, Friday 24 August, Tuesday 25 September, Thursday 25 October, Monday 26 November, Wednesday 19 December.

  7. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    FI Department

    2006-01-01

    In 2006 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates : Wednesday 25 January Friday 24 February Friday 24 March Tuesday 25 April Wednesday 24 May Monday 26 June Tuesday 25 July Friday 25 August Monday 25 September Wednesday 25 October Friday 24 November Wednesday 20 December Finance Department

  8. TO ALL MEMBERS OF PERSONNEL IN RECEIPT OF REMUNERATION FROM CERN

    Finance Division

    2002-01-01

    In 2003 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates : Friday 24 January Tuesday 25 February Tuesday 25 March Friday 25 April Monday 26 May Wednesday 25 June Friday 25 July Monday 25 August Thursday 25 September Friday 24 October Tuesday 25 November Wednesday 17 December Finance Division

  9. TO ALL MEMBERS OF PERSONNEL IN RECEIPT OF REMUNERATION FROM CERN

    2003-01-01

    In 2004 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Monday 26 January Monday 26 July Wednesday 25 February Wednesday 25 August Thursday 25 March Friday 24 September Monday 26 April Monday 25 October Tuesday 25 May Thursday 25 November Friday 25 June Thursday 16 December Finance Department

  10. To all members of personnel in receipt of remuneration from CERN

    Finance Department

    2005-01-01

    In 2005 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates : Tuesday 25 January Friday 25 February Thursday 24 March Monday 25 April Wednesday 25 May Friday 24 June Monday 25 July Thursday 25 August Monday 26 September Tuesday 25 October Friday 25 November Friday 16 December Finance Department

  11. TO ALL MEMBERS OF PERSONNEL IN RECEIPT OF REMUNERATION FROM CERN

    Finance Division

    2002-01-01

    In 2002 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: Friday 25 January Monday 25 February Monday 25 March Thursday 25 April Friday 24 May Tuesday 25 June Thursday 25 July Monday 26 August Wednesday 25 September Friday 25 October Monday 25 November Wednesday 18 December

  12. Essays on executive remuneration contracting : Managerial power, corporate payout, and gender discrimination

    Geiler, P.H.M.

    2012-01-01

    Chapter 4 examines the existence of the gender pay gap among top managers in the UK. The study suggests the existence of substantial differences in both the level and mix of executive remuneration between male and female executives, but fails to establish a gender pay gap at the CEO level. The fourt

  13. Exposing Ideology within University Policies: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Faculty Hiring, Promotion and Remuneration Practices

    Uzuner-Smith, Sedef; Englander, Karen

    2015-01-01

    Using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper exposes the neoliberal ideology of the knowledge-based economy embedded within university policies, specifically those that regulate faculty hiring, promotion, and remuneration in two national contexts: Turkey and Mexico. The paper follows four stages of CDA: (1) focus upon a social wrong in its…

  14. Job Insecurity and Remuneration in Chinese Family-Owned Business Workers

    Hu, Qiao; Schaufeli, Wilmar B.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of job insecurity (past job downsizing and anticipated job downsizing) and current remuneration--via wellbeing (burnout and work engagement)--on organizational outcomes (organization commitment and low turnover intention) of Chinese family-owned business. Design/methodology/approach: The…

  15. Dietary predictors of 5-year changes in waist circumference

    Halkjaer, Jytte; Tjønneland, Anne; Overvad, Kim;

    2009-01-01

    , whereas snack foods intake was positively associated. Sex differences occurred for vegetables, high-fat dairy products, and processed meat. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that a diet low in fruits and red meat and high in snack foods was associated with larger waist circumference gains in both sexes......, baseline diet (192 items food frequency questionnaire), body mass index, and selected potential confounders (eg, smoking status, sport activities, and intake of alcoholic beverages). Multiple linear regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: For women, 5-year difference in waist circumference was...... inversely related to intake from red meat, vegetables, fruit, butter, and high-fat dairy products, whereas intake from potatoes, processed meat, poultry, and snack foods was positively associated. For men, red meat and fruit intakes were inversely associated with 5-year difference in waist circumference...

  16. Undergraduates’ opinion after 5-year experience with rotary endodontic instruments

    Flávia Sens Fagundes Tomazinho; Gisele Aihara Haragushiku; Flares Baratto Filho; Denise Piotto Leonardi; Maria da Graça Kfouri Lopes; Alexandre Moro

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Dentistry evolution in the past few years has revolutionized daily practice in some specialties. One of these revolutions has occurred in Endodontics due to the advancement of rotary techniques for root canal preparation and its subsequent incorporation into the teaching of Dentistry undergraduates. Objective: The aim of this study was to report a 5-year experience on the undergraduate laboratorial and clinical use of rotary endodontic preparation at a private university. Materi...

  17. A 5-year retrospective clinical study of the Dentium implants

    Lee, Jeong-Yol; Park, Hyo-Jin; Kim, Jong-Eun; Choi, Yong-Geun; Kim, Young-Soo; Huh, Jung-Bo; Shin, Sang-Wan

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate cumulative survival rate (CSR) of Implantium implants followed for 5 years and association between risk factors and the CSR. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of two hundred forty-nine Implantium Implants System (Dentium, Seoul, Korea) placed in ninety-five patients from 2004 to 2009 were investigated with several identified risk factors (sex, systemic disease, smoking, alchohol, reason of tooth loss, length, arch (maxilla or mandible), ...

  18. Does employee remuneration dispersion in the South African economy enhance labour productivity? The Gauteng manufacturing industry as a case study

    Gerhardus van Zyl

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The paper dealt with the application of a suitable econometric estimation model or procedure to measure the relation between employee-remuneration gaps and labour productivity in the Gauteng manufacturing industry.Research purpose: The aim of the article was to estimate the sign and magnitude of the relation between employee-remuneration gaps and labour productivity econometrically. The Gauteng manufacturing sector was used as a case study.Motivation for the study: The empirical research was deemed necessary given the current important debate on the perceived impact and fairness of expanding employee-remuneration gaps in the South African workplace. International studies have been conducted on this particular topic but very limited empirical research has been published regarding the South African situation.Research design, approach and method: A log-linear two-step OLS estimation was used to estimate the sign and magnitude of the relation between employee-remuneration gaps and labour productivity. Employee remuneration gap-labour productivity (ERGLP indicator coefficients were estimated, taking into consideration employee characteristics, skill levels and business or economic uncertainty.Main findings: The signs of the ERGLP indicator coefficients were positive in terms of all the categories, indicating a positive relation between employment-remuneration gaps and labour productivity (at varying magnitudes. The squared ERGLP indicator coefficients confirmed the existence of diminishing marginal productivity characteristics after an optimal employee- remuneration gap level.Practical/managerial implications: It is recommended that, given the unionised nature of the lower-skilled employee segment in South Africa, greater labour-productivity gains for organisations would stem from a more dispersed employee-remuneration regime for the higher-skilled employee segment (albeit in a less uncertain business or economic environment

  19. Prone Breast Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy: 5-Year Results

    Osa, Etin-Osa O.; DeWyngaert, Keith [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York (United States); Roses, Daniel [Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York (United States); Speyer, James [Department of Medical Oncology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York (United States); Guth, Amber; Axelrod, Deborah [Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York (United States); Fenton Kerimian, Maria [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York (United States); Goldberg, Judith D. [Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York (United States); Formenti, Silvia C., E-mail: Silvia.formenti@nyumc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York (United States)

    2014-07-15

    Purpose: To report the 5-year results of a technique of prone breast radiation therapy delivered by a regimen of accelerated intensity modulated radiation therapy with a concurrent boost to the tumor bed. Methods and Materials: Between 2003 and 2006, 404 patients with stage I-II breast cancer were prospectively enrolled into 2 consecutive protocols, institutional trials 03-30 and 05-181, that used the same regimen of 40.5 Gy/15 fractions delivered to the index breast over 3 weeks, with a concomitant daily boost to the tumor bed of 0.5 Gy (total dose 48 Gy). All patients were treated after segmental mastectomy and had negative margins and nodal assessment. Patients were set up prone: only if lung or heart volumes were in the field was a supine setup attempted and chosen if found to better spare these organs. Results: Ninety-two percent of patients were treated prone, 8% supine. Seventy-two percent had stage I, 28% stage II invasive breast cancer. In-field lung volume ranged from 0 to 228.27 cm{sup 3}, mean 19.65 cm{sup 3}. In-field heart volume for left breast cancer patients ranged from 0 to 21.24 cm{sup 3}, mean 1.59 cm{sup 3}. There was no heart in the field for right breast cancer patients. At a median follow-up of 5 years, the 5-year cumulative incidence of isolated ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence was 0.82% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.65%-1.04%). The 5-year cumulative incidence of regional recurrence was 0.53% (95% CI 0.41%-0.69%), and the 5-year overall cumulative death rate was 1.28% (95% CI 0.48%-3.38%). Eighty-two percent (95% CI 77%-85%) of patients judged their final cosmetic result as excellent/good. Conclusions: Prone accelerated intensity modulated radiation therapy with a concomitant boost results in excellent local control and optimal sparing of heart and lung, with good cosmesis. Radiation Therapy Oncology Group protocol 1005, a phase 3, multi-institutional, randomized trial is ongoing and is evaluating the equivalence of a similar dose and

  20. MANAGEMENT ASPECTS IN THE PERSONNEL REMUNERATION AND STIMULATION ACTIVITIES AT S.C. TASMANIA S.R.L.

    Marin IONICĂ; Popescu, Marian; Radu TOMESCU

    2012-01-01

    Through this scientific research report “MANAGEMENT ASPECTS IN THE PERSONNEL REMUNERATION AND STIMULATION ACTIVITIES AT S.C. TASMANIA S.R.L.” we plan to investigate the remuneration and stimulation method from the human resources department within S.C. Tasmania. Studying in detail the personnel’s remuneration and stimulation we have tried to present the main policy aspects at S.C. Tasmania in human resources domain: integration of the human resource management in the overall management of the...

  1. MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING - CLINICAL AND ANGIOGRAPHIC PROFILE IN LAST 5 YEARS; A STUDY OF 129 CASES

    Abhilash S P; Krishna Kumar B; Praveen Velappan; PrabhaniniGupta; Sunita Viswanathan; A. George Koshy

    2010-01-01

    Aims of study : To assess the clinical and angiographical profile of myocardial bridging from consecutive coronary angiograms done over last 5 years at Medical college, Thiruvananthapuram. To assess the risk of cardiovascular events and the risk of accelerated atherosclerosis in isolated myocardial bridging. Methods : Consecutive coronary angiograms done at Medical college Thiruvananthapuram from 04/02/2005 to 31/03/2010 were reviewed for myocardial bridging. A total of 10492 coronary angiogr...

  2. Energy in the USSR during the tenth 5-year plan

    The Soviet Union is the only industrial power in the world whose economic development is based on its own fuel and energy resources. The extraction and transformation of these resources are carried-out by the fuel and energy complex, which includes the petrol, refining, gas, coal and schist and peat oils industries as well as the electro-energy industry. In 1980, at the end of the tenth 5-year plan, the increase in the extraction of petrol and gas mainly came from areas in western Siberia. The programme of nuclear plants with the help of Hungary, Poland and Czechoslovakia is developed. Prospect in MHD generators and in new energies are given

  3. 5-year Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients: A Single Center Study in Tripoli

    Buargub Mahdia

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the 5-year mortality of patients undergoing maintenance hemo-dialysis (HD at Al-Shat center Tripoli, we reviewed during June 2007 the records of all the HD patients initiated on HD from Jun 2000 and Jan 2002.There were 124 patients in the study, 77 males (63.6% and 47 (36.4% females, with a mean age of 49 ± 14 years. Diabetic nephropathy (DN was the underlying kidney disease in 34 (27.4% patients. After 5 years; 3 patients were transferred to other centers, 18 (14.9% patients underwent kidney transplan-tation. Out of the 103 patients who continued on hemodialysis, 53 (51.4% expired during the 5-year follow-up. Mortality was associated with older age (p< 0.001 and odd ratio (OR of 4.2 for age > 50 years and DN (p< 0.002 and OR of 3.9. Mortality rate in diabetics was 74.1% and significantly associated with male sex (p< 0.0067 and OR of 2.4, older age (p< 0.004, presence of hypertension (p< 0.003 and OR of 3.9, type 1 diabetes (OR 1.6, and elevated mean body weight (p< 0.046. Mortality was also relatively higher in black patients (OR of 2.0 and smokers (OR of 1.39. In conclusion, the overall 5- year mortality for dialysis patients was elevated and higher in the diabetics.

  4. Implementation of a new CT colonography service: 5 Year experience

    Aim: To describe our experience using a 5 year audit of computed tomography colonography (CTC) practice and identify factors that influence diagnostic performance to guide implementation in other centres. Material and methods: Consecutive patients referred for CTC at a single institution over a 5 year period were identified, and reporting rates and positive predictive value (PPV) calculated for small polyps, large polyps, and colorectal cancer. Diagnostic performance was compared using the Chi-squared test, and trends over time were examined with logistic regression. The effect of faecal tagging and an intravenous spasmolytic were investigated using Fisher's exact test. Results: In total, 4355 CTC examinations were performed. Overall reporting rates and PPV were 17% and 92%, respectively. Negative predictive value (NPV) for cancer was 99.9%. A significant decrease in reporting rate (p < 0.001) was accompanied by an increase in PPV for small polyps (p = 0.02) following the introduction of faecal tagging. Adequacy rates for CTC improved over time (96% to 99%), with improved adequacy rates when using a spasmolytic, 98% versus 96% without. A significant difference in reporting rates, but not PPV, was found between radiologists. Conclusion: Accurate colonic investigation using CTC can be delivered safely to a high-risk patient population at a single centre. Faecal tagging and an intravenous spasmolytic improve diagnostic performance

  5. Does employee remuneration dispersion in the South African economy enhance labour productivity? The Gauteng manufacturing industry as a case study

    Gerhardus van Zyl

    2010-01-01

    Orientation: The paper dealt with the application of a suitable econometric estimation model or procedure to measure the relation between employee-remuneration gaps and labour productivity in the Gauteng manufacturing industry.Research purpose: The aim of the article was to estimate the sign and magnitude of the relation between employee-remuneration gaps and labour productivity econometrically. The Gauteng manufacturing sector was used as a case study.Motivation for the study: The empirical...

  6. Onwards and upwards: why companies change their executive remuneration schemes, and why this leads to increases in pay

    Bender, Ruth

    2006-01-01

    Much has been written about the phenomenon of ever-increasing executive pay in listed companies. This paper examines some of the underlying reasons for this continued increase in executive directors’ remuneration. It reports the results of 40 interviews with protagonists in the remuneration debate in FTSE 350 companies, exploring the types of change made and the reasons given for these changes. This issue has not specifically been addressed by previous studies. Reasons given...

  7. Pleasing but also unfair - The first year of cost-covering remuneration

    In this interview with Reto Rigassi from Suisse Eole, the Swiss Wind Energy Association, the situation in Switzerland with regard to the cost-covering remuneration (KEV) for renewable energy fed into the public electricity mains is discussed. The economic viability of feeding-in power generated by wind energy installations is discussed in the light of reduced remuneration rates. The financial situation is compared with that prevailing before the introduction of the KEV. The resulting effects on the wind energy business are commented on. The number of installations in service is noted as is alternative financing via 'renewable power stock-exchanges'. Reductions in prices to be expected and the global wind energy situation are also discussed

  8. The impact of remuneration and benefits on employee’s motivation

    Stepukonytė, Elzbieta

    2010-01-01

    Today succesful corporations recognise the importance of employees involvement and motivation and therefore apply one or other kind of remuneration and benefits system. The problem is that employees motivation is highly dependent on a lot of factors, such as individual employees characteristics, country‘s believes and attitudes, corporations policy and so on. Not to mention the time factor, which brings changes into settled norms and therefore modifies the motivation concepts. As a result of ...

  9. Analysis of the Remuneration System with emphasis on Workers' Motivation in a selected Organization

    Petříčková, Lucie

    2011-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the system of remuneration and motivation of employees in the selected organization. The theoretical part contains the basic concepts of employees rewards and motivation. The practical part analyzes the reward system in the company "Irena Marešová" in relation to employee motivation. Based on the results of the survey specific corrective actions and recommendations are designed to streamline the system of reward and motivation.

  10. Studying results and effects of a new remuneration system for teachers

    Irina Abankina

    2009-01-01

    A new remuneration system for teachers is introduced in the regions that implement complex projects of education modernization. Considered are its core principles, like payment for quality and payfor-performance. The authors investigate the dynamics of salaries from the regional perspective as compared to the subsistence minimum and the average salary. It is shown that the new system changes the social status of teachers and their motivation. It supports leaders and helps introducing competit...

  11. To all members of the personnel in receipt of remuneration from cern

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    In 2009 net monthly remuneration will be paid into individual bank accounts on the following dates: -\tMonday 26 January -\tWednesday 25 February -\tWednesday 25 March -\tFriday 24 April -\tMonday 25 May -\tThursday 25 June -\tFriday 24 July -\tTuesday 25 August -\tFriday 25 September -\tMonday 26 October -\tWednesday 25 November -\tWednesday 16 December Finance and Procurement Department

  12. Strategic Impact of Shareholders ‘Say on pay’ on Executive Remuneration & Board Composition in UK

    Saley, A

    2013-01-01

    This research addresses two fundamental issues: first the strategic impact of shareholders votes on Executive pay (EP) and board compositions. The overall result from the analysis contends that say-on-pay votes have insignificant explanatory power on both remuneration and Board Composition (BC). Since the features of Executive Pay (EP) and BC are determined by both observable and unobservable firm characteristics. Both of which can only be determined by simultaneously looking at the endogenou...

  13. The Impact of Earnings per Share Targets in Executive Remuneration Contracts on Company Accounting Choices

    Grey, Colette

    2010-01-01

    This study concerns itself with executive share option plans that have earnings per share targets and examines whether the existence of such vesting criteria results in opportunistic behaviour by managers or represents efficient contracting. Accounting choices by management are studied to see whether earnings per share targets in various executive remuneration components are associated with (1) the disclosure of alternative earnings per share, (2) earnings management defined as abnormal work...

  14. Corporate governance : disclosure on directors’ remuneration in Malaysia – is it adequate?

    Wong, Irene Ling Chiong

    2014-01-01

    Ever since numerous corporate failures that shaken the faith and confidence of the public, the introduction of good corporate governance mechanism has swept the world off their feet. A sound corporate governance mechanism not only encourages proper management of risk, but at the same time, promotes effective performance. A vital part of corporate governance, directors’ remuneration has gain considerable focus from the policy makers, academics, media and public over the years. The measurements...

  15. Definition of a remuneration system for heat from renewable resources; Ausgestaltung einer Einspeiseverguetung fuer erneuerbare Waerme

    Dettli, R.; Ott, W.; Philippen, D.; Umbricht, A.

    2009-06-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) deals with proposals for a remuneration system for heat obtained from renewable resources. Local and regional district heating systems cover around three percent of Swiss heating needs. The authors estimate that, if these systems were to be operated completely using renewable resources such as biomass, ambient heat and the renewable portion of heat from waste incineration, around seven per cent of needs could be met. Further, around 10,000 heating systems with a power of more than 350 kW could be operated with renewables. A further potential for the use of renewable heating resources can be found in wastewater treatment plants and industrial waste heat. Various obstacles and restraints on the use of renewable resources in the heating area are discussed. The idea of providing a cost-covering remuneration system for heat is discussed and compared with that for renewable electricity. The proposed system is discussed, which would provide investment subsidies, risk-coverage and project development subsidies. The report discusses the results of a market analysis and the differences to be found between the markets for electricity and heat. Existing promotional programs are noted and the aims of a possible remuneration system are discussed. A concept for a promotion program for renewable heat generation and the use of waste heat is introduced. The installations to be promoted and the amount of remuneration to be paid out are discussed. Finally, the costs and the effects of the proposed promotion scheme are discussed. A comprehensive appendix provides details on the proposed system and provides information on market volume, energy resources, networks and infrastructure, providers of heat energy, heat consumers and general conditions as far as factors such as pricing and legislation are concerned. Finally, the 'Climate Cent' foundation is commented on.

  16. New Approach to Remuneration Policy for Investment Firms: a Polish Capital Market Perspective

    Szymon Okoń

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The experience of the recent financial crisis leads to reflections on the relevant mechanisms of risk reduction of an investment firms activity. Within the European Union, the Directive 2010/76/EU (CRD III has introduced new rules regarding the remuneration policy for investment firms. The main goal was to reduce the risk of investment firms’ activity. This is a prudential regulation. The purpose of this article is to evaluate, from the point of view of an investment firm, proposed by the EU legislator approach to remuneration policy aimed at reducing the risk of the operation of this type of financial institutions. The aim was to identify the key problems with which Polish investment firms may face in the future in connection with new remuneration policy rules. As far as the methodology is concerned, the author carried out in-depth and standardized interviews with the representatives of several investment firms in Poland. In addition, the method of observation has been applied. The results of the research demonstrates that the abovementioned regulations will have limited impact on reducing the risk of the activities of these financial institutions as well as their implementation will be difficult for them in practice.

  17. Salt repository sealing materials development program: 5-year work plan

    This plan covers 5 years (fiscal years 1986 through 1990) of work in the repository sealing materials program to support design decisions and licensing activities for a salt repository. The plan covers a development activity, not a research activity. There are firm deliverables as the end points of each part of the work. The major deliverables are: development plans for code development and materials testing; seal system components models; seal system performance specifications; seal materials specifications; and seal materials properties ''handbook.'' The work described in this plan is divided into three general tasks as follows: mathematical modeling; materials studies (salt, cementitious materials, and earthen materials); and large-scale testing. Each of the sections presents an overview, status, planned activities, and summary of program milestones. This plan will be the starting point for preparing the development plans described above, but is subject to change if preparation of the work plan indicates that a different approach or sequence is preferable to achieve the ultimate goal, i.e., support of design and licensing

  18. Modifiable diarrhoea risk factors in Egyptian children aged <5 years.

    Mansour, A M; Mohammady, H El; Shabrawi, M El; Shabaan, S Y; Zekri, M Abou; Nassar, M; Salem, M E; Mostafa, M; Riddle, M S; Klena, J D; Messih, I A Abdel; Levin, S; Young, S Y N

    2013-12-01

    By conducting a case-control study in two university hospitals, we explored the association between modifiable risk behaviours and diarrhoea. Children aged bacterial pathogens using standard techniques and tested by ELISA to detect rotavirus and Cryptosporidium spp. Four hundred cases and controls were enrolled between 2007 and 2009. The strongest independent risk factors for diarrhoea were: presence of another household member with diarrhoea [matched odds ratio (mOR) 4.9, 95% CI 2.8-8.4] in the week preceding the survey, introduction to a new kind of food (mOR 3, 95% CI 1.7-5.4), and the child being cared for outside home (mOR 2.6, 95% CI 1.3-5.2). While these risk factors are not identifiable, in some age groups more easily modifiable risk factors were identified including: having no soap for handwashing (mOR 6.3, 95% CI 1.2-33.9) for children aged 7-12 months, and pacifier use (mOR 1.9, 95% CI 1.0-3.5) in children aged 0-6 months. In total, the findings of this study suggest that community-based interventions to improve practices related to sanitation and hygiene, handwashing and food could be utilized to reduce the burden of diarrhoea in Egyptian children aged <5 years. PMID:23433452

  19. Undergraduates’ opinion after 5-year experience with rotary endodontic instruments

    Flávia Sens Fagundes Tomazinho

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Dentistry evolution in the past few years has revolutionized daily practice in some specialties. One of these revolutions has occurred in Endodontics due to the advancement of rotary techniques for root canal preparation and its subsequent incorporation into the teaching of Dentistry undergraduates. Objective: The aim of this study was to report a 5-year experience on the undergraduate laboratorial and clinical use of rotary endodontic preparation at a private university. Material and methods: Data survey was performed by using a questionnaire composed of nine objective questions; the questionnaire was answered by the undergraduates. Results: The results showed a positive acceptance regarding the undergraduate teaching of the rotary technique (94.7%. The following advantages were highlighted: faster root canal preparation (91.6% and reduction of patient’s stress (80.9%. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the experience with the two undergraduate groups was excellent due to the high acceptance level of the new technique by the students.

  20. Outcome and Prognostic Factors for Traumatic Endophthalmitis over a 5-Year Period.

    Nicoară, Simona Delia; Irimescu, Iulian; Călinici, Tudor; Cristian, Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. To evaluate the outcome and identify the prognostic factors of traumatic endophthalmitis over a 5-year period. Methods. We reviewed the medical records of all the traumatic endophthalmities that we treated in our department over the last 5 years (2009-2013). We extracted the following parameters: age, gender, wound anatomy, associated ocular lesions, treatment, and initial and final visual acuities. We used the program SPSS version 20.0.0. for the statistical analysis of our data. Results. During the last 5 years, we treated 14 traumatic endophthalmities, representing 46.66% of all types of endophthalmities. The infection rate in open globe injuries was 8.13% and 34.78%, if an intraocular foreign body (IOFB) was associated. All the patients were males with the median age of 37 years. Initial visual acuities varied between light perception and 0.4 and the timing of treatment from a few hours to 10 days. We administered antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs, systemically and intravitreally, in all cases. We performed pars plana vitrectomy in 64.28% of cases. In 57.14% of cases, the final visual acuity was 0.1 or more. Conclusions. IOFBs increased significantly the risk for endophthalmitis. The worse prognostic factors were retinal detachment at presentation and delayed treatment. This trial is registered with IRCT2014082918966N1. PMID:25302113

  1. Is cost-covering remuneration fully booked? - Teething problems; Ist die KEV wirklich ausgebucht? Kinderkrankheiten

    Niederhaeusern, A.

    2009-07-01

    In this interview with Michael Kaufmann, director of the SwissEnergy programme, possible strategies for the correct pricing of electricity and measures for the correction of the dissatisfactory situation now prevailing concerning the cost-covering remuneration of power from renewable sources are discussed. The pricing of electricity from various sources and the indirect costs that are at present not met by non-renewable resources are commented on. Further topics covered include suggestions for strategies for relieving the presently blocked financial promotion of renewables, the goals set for the role to be played by renewable energy in Swiss electricity production in 2030 and suggestions for future political action

  2. Long Run Trends in Australian Executive Remuneration: BHP 1887-2012

    Pottenger, Mike; Leigh, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Outside the US, little is known of long-run trends in executive compensation. We fill this gap by studying BHP, a resources giant that has long been one of the largest companies on the Australian stock market. From 1887 to 2013, trends in CEO and director remuneration (relative to average earnings) follow a U-shape. This matches the pattern for US executive compensation, Australian top incomes, and (for the past two decades) average trends in executive compensation in top Australian firms. Li...

  3. Normal paediatric bone marrow: magnetic resonance imaging appearances from birth to 5 years

    Bone marrow (BM) assessment is an important aspect of paediatric MRI, with the marrow cavity visible on almost every clinical MR examination. In practice, however, assessment for marrow infiltration in paediatric patients can be challenging. Our aim was to review the MRI appearance of normal BM from 0 to 5 years. Consecutive body MR examinations over 7 years were retrospectively reviewed in patients aged 0–5 years. Patients with anticipated BM abnormality were excluded. All patients had imaging of the spine and/or pelvis with T1-weighted (T1)±T2 with fat saturation, post-contrast T1-weighted, diffusion-weighted or out-of-phase sequences. Nineteen patients were included: nine (47%) infants, 11 (58%) boys, mean age 18.2 months (range 1 day to 3 years and 10 months). On T1 imaging, 69% infant marrow sites and 24% in children >1 year were isointense, the remainder were hyperintense. One hundred per cent BM was T2 fat saturation hyperintense. Enhancement following contrast was seen in 16% of BM sites. Restricted diffusion was seen in 100% infant BM and 50% BM in children >1 year. On out-of-phase imaging, no signal loss was seen in infants, and 21% BM in children >1 year showed signal loss. Due to normal age-related differences in BM histology, MRI for marrow assessment in infants and young children can be misleading and may mimic marrow infiltration.

  4. Fasting Plasma Insulin at 5 Years of Age Predicted Subsequent Weight Increase in Early Childhood over a 5-Year Period-The Da Qing Children Cohort Study.

    Yan Yan Chen

    Full Text Available The association between hyperinsulinemia and obesity is well known. However, it is uncertain especially in childhood obesity, if initial fasting hyperinsulinemia predicts obesity, or obesity leads to hyperinsulinemia through insulin resistance.To investigate the predictive effect of fasting plasma insulin on subsequent weight change after a 5-year interval in childhood.424 Children from Da Qing city, China, were recruited at 5 years of age and followed up for 5 years. Blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, fasting plasma insulin, glucose and triglycerides were measured at baseline and 5 years later.Fasting plasma insulin at 5 years of age was significantly correlated with change of weight from 5 to 10 years (ΔWeight. Children in the lowest insulin quartile had ΔWeight of 13.08±0.73 kg compare to 18.39±0.86 in the highest insulin quartile (P<0.0001 in boys, and similarly 12.03±0.71 vs 15.80±0.60 kg (P<0.0001 in girls. Multivariate analysis showed that the predictive effect of insulin at 5 years of age on subsequent weight gain over 5 years remained statistically significant even after the adjustment for age, sex, birth weight, TV-viewing time and weight (or body mass index at baseline. By contrast, the initial weight at 5 years of age did not predict subsequent changes in insulin level 5 years later. Children who had both higher fasting insulin and weight at 5 years of age showed much higher levels of systolic blood pressures, fasting plasma glucose, the homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR and triglycerides at 10 years of age.Fasting plasma insulin at 5 years of age predicts weight gain and cardiovascular risk factors 5 year later in Chinese children of early childhood, but the absolute weight at 5 years of age did not predict subsequent change in fasting insulin.

  5. The magnetosphere, ionosphere, and atmosphere as a system - Dynamics Explorer 5 years later

    Hoffman, R. A.

    1988-01-01

    The Dynamics Explorer (DE) program summarizes its accomplishments during the first 5 years since the launch of the two DE satellites. This introduction to six review articles provides background information and a brief history of the program, especially citing the contributions of many people to its development. The principal investigators who had primary responsibility to implement the program are listed, together with the instruments they provided. Orbital information and approaches and constraints to data acquisition are explained. The brief description of the ground data processing and analysis system provides information on access to data catalogs and data sets. Each review article is then placed in the context of the categories of scientific objectives of the program.

  6. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(8)(A)-1 - Remuneration for services performed outside the United States by citizens of the United States.

    2010-04-01

    ... United States by citizens of the United States. 31.3401(a)(8)(A)-1 Section 31.3401(a)(8)(A)-1 Internal... Tax at Source § 31.3401(a)(8)(A)-1 Remuneration for services performed outside the United States by citizens of the United States. (a) Remuneration excluded from gross income under section 911. (1)...

  7. A 5-year prospective observational study of the outcomes of international treatment guidelines for Crohn's disease.

    Cullen, Garret

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Therapeutic strategies for patients with Crohn\\'s disease are based on American and European guidelines. High rates of corticosteroid dependency and low remission rates are identified as weaknesses of this therapy and as justification for early introduction of biologic agents (top-down treatment) in moderate\\/severe Crohn\\'s disease. We reviewed outcomes and corticosteroid-dependency rates of patients with moderate-to-severe disease who were treated according to the international guidelines. METHODS: Consecutive patients (102) newly diagnosed with Crohn\\'s disease in 2000-2002 were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Severity of disease was scored using the Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI). Disease was classified by Montreal classification. Five-year follow-up data were recorded. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients had moderate\\/severe disease at diagnosis (HBI >8). Fifty-four (75%) had nonstricturing, nonpenetrating disease (B1). Sixty-four (89%) received corticosteroids, and 44 (61%) received immunomodulators. Twenty-one patients (29%) received infliximab. Thirty-nine patients (54%) required resection surgery. At a median of 5 years, 66 of 72 (92%) patients with moderate\\/severe disease were in remission (median HBI, 1). Twenty-five patients (35%) required neither surgery nor biologic therapy. CONCLUSIONS: When international treatment guidelines are strictly followed, Crohn\\'s disease patients can achieve high rates of remission and low rates of morbidity at 5 years. Indiscriminate use of biologic agents therefore is not appropriate for all patients with moderate-to-severe disease.

  8. Highlights from the Fermi Large Area Telescope after 5 years of operations

    The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) has been exploring the high-energy γ-ray sky since its launch on June 11, 2008. After 5 years of essentially flawless operations, the LAT collected more than 800 million γ rays from 20 MeV to more than 300 GeV. With its uniform coverage of the sky, the LAT allowed the first high statistics observations of γ-ray sources of known classes as well as the discovery of new emitters. The LAT also allowed a detailed study of the diffuse γ-ray emission, which constitutes roughly 90% of the LAT photons, and constrains cosmic-ray production and propagation in our own Galaxy. In this talk I will review the status and the performance of the LAT and describe some of the most important scientific results

  9. A 5-year experience of the changing management of ectopic pregnancy.

    Berry, Janet; Davey, Mark; Hon, Mei-See; Behrens, Renée

    2016-07-01

    This retrospective audit reviewed all ectopic pregnancies over a 5-year period in a district general hospital setting. Of 215 ectopic pregnancies identified, notes were available for 208 (97%). 202 cases were determined to have been diagnosed and managed as ectopic pregnancies. Six cases were excluded as they were pregnancies of unknown location managed as such. The proportion of patients managed non-surgically has increased following the introduction of our consultant-led early pregnancy assessment unit from 25% prior to 31% currently. The success rates have improved in both those managed expectantly (50%-73%) and those with methotrexate (75%-90%). There has been a corresponding drop in those managed surgically from 75% to 69%, and a reduction in negative laparoscopies from 13% to 6%. Provided recommended criteria and follow-up are adhered to, non-surgical management has been shown to have comparative safety to traditional surgical management with acceptable efficacy and patient acceptability. PMID:27012598

  10. The thermoregulatory theory of yawning: what we know from over 5 years of research.

    Gallup, Andrew C; Eldakar, Omar T

    2012-01-01

    Over the past 5 years numerous reports have confirmed and replicated the specific brain cooling and thermal window predictions derived from the thermoregulatory theory of yawning, and no study has found evidence contrary to these findings. Here we review the comparative research supporting this model of yawning among homeotherms, while highlighting a recent report showing how the expression of contagious yawning in humans is altered by seasonal climate variation. The fact that yawning is constrained to a thermal window of ambient temperature provides unique and compelling support in favor of this theory. Heretofore, no existing alternative hypothesis of yawning can explain these results, which have important implications for understanding the potential functional role of this behavior, both physiologically and socially, in humans and other animals. In discussion we stress the broader applications of this work in clinical settings, and counter the various criticisms of this theory. PMID:23293583

  11. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(5)-1 - Remuneration for services for foreign government or international organization.

    2010-04-01

    ... government or international organization. 31.3401(a)(5)-1 Section 31.3401(a)(5)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL....3401(a)(5)-1 Remuneration for services for foreign government or international organization. (a... are immaterial for purposes of the exception. (b) Services for international organization. (1)...

  12. 26 CFR 1.1402(g)-1 - Treatment of certain remuneration erroneously reported as net earnings from self-employment.

    2010-04-01

    ... reported as net earnings from self-employment. 1.1402(g)-1 Section 1.1402(g)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL...-Employment Income § 1.1402(g)-1 Treatment of certain remuneration erroneously reported as net earnings from... request, and should indicate clearly that it is a request that, pursuant to section 1402(g) of the...

  13. Antenatal hydronephrosis: Negative predictive value of normal postnatal ultrasound - a 5-year study

    Moorthy, I.; Joshi, N.; Cook, J.V. E-mail: jcook@epsom-sthelier.nhs.uk; Warren, M

    2003-12-01

    AIM: To determine whether normal postnatal ultrasound, as part of a strict screening protocol for the detection and follow-up of antenatal hydronephrosis, effectively excludes the majority of babies with congenital urinary tract abnormalities that would otherwise present with a urinary tract infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all babies who had postnatal follow-up of antenatally detected hydronephrosis over a 5-year period at our institution, a district general Trust with a specialist paediatric unit. We then studied all babies presenting with urinary tract infection before their first birthday to our institution over the same period. By cross-referencing these two study groups we were able to determine which babies developed a urinary tract infection having been previously discharged after normal postnatal ultrasound. RESULTS: Four hundred and twenty-five babies had postnatal follow-up of antenatal hydronephrosis. Of these, 284 were investigated with ultrasound alone. In the same 5-year period, 230 babies presented with urinary tract infection before their first birthday. Only three of these babies had been previously discharged after normal postnatal ultrasound. The negative predictive value of a normal postnatal ultrasound was therefore 98.9% (281/284) for babies who subsequently presented with a urinary tract infection before their first birthday. CONCLUSION: Careful antenatal and postnatal ultrasound with strict protocols is effective in detecting congenital renal tract abnormalities. Infants discharged after normal postnatal ultrasound are highly unlikely to still have an undetected urinary tract abnormality. We suggest that all babies with antenatal hydronephrosis are started on prophylactic antibiotics at birth, pending further investigation. All babies without features of severe obstruction antenatally should have their postnatal ultrasound delayed for a month. We recommend selective use of micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG

  14. Antenatal hydronephrosis: Negative predictive value of normal postnatal ultrasound - a 5-year study

    AIM: To determine whether normal postnatal ultrasound, as part of a strict screening protocol for the detection and follow-up of antenatal hydronephrosis, effectively excludes the majority of babies with congenital urinary tract abnormalities that would otherwise present with a urinary tract infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all babies who had postnatal follow-up of antenatally detected hydronephrosis over a 5-year period at our institution, a district general Trust with a specialist paediatric unit. We then studied all babies presenting with urinary tract infection before their first birthday to our institution over the same period. By cross-referencing these two study groups we were able to determine which babies developed a urinary tract infection having been previously discharged after normal postnatal ultrasound. RESULTS: Four hundred and twenty-five babies had postnatal follow-up of antenatal hydronephrosis. Of these, 284 were investigated with ultrasound alone. In the same 5-year period, 230 babies presented with urinary tract infection before their first birthday. Only three of these babies had been previously discharged after normal postnatal ultrasound. The negative predictive value of a normal postnatal ultrasound was therefore 98.9% (281/284) for babies who subsequently presented with a urinary tract infection before their first birthday. CONCLUSION: Careful antenatal and postnatal ultrasound with strict protocols is effective in detecting congenital renal tract abnormalities. Infants discharged after normal postnatal ultrasound are highly unlikely to still have an undetected urinary tract abnormality. We suggest that all babies with antenatal hydronephrosis are started on prophylactic antibiotics at birth, pending further investigation. All babies without features of severe obstruction antenatally should have their postnatal ultrasound delayed for a month. We recommend selective use of micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG

  15. Pattern of Rheumatic Fever in Egyptian Children Younger Than 5 Years

    Ibrahim, L. A.; Fattouh, A. M.; Hamza, H. S.; Attia, W. A.

    2013-01-01

    Aims: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is common between 5-15 years, uncommon with different presentation 25 in children below 5 years. The aim of this study is to assess the frequency and characterize the pattern of 26 presentation of rheumatic fever (RF) in Egyptian children younger than 5 years. Study Design: Retrospective study. Place and Duration of the Study: Pediatric department, cardiology division, Cairo University Children’s Hospital, 5 years follow up. Methodology: We retrospectiv...

  16. Review of patients treated by carcinoma INCA basal in the last 5 years

    Full text: Objective: To evaluate the results based on the different stages with different options therapeutic and evaluate the final dose in radiotherapy for the management of these patients. Methodology: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 66 patients treated HC Basal cell carcinoma between the period from January 1, 2007 and June 30, 2011. Results: For stages T1 and T2 treated with surgery alone, was quantified one relative frequency (fr)of SVLE 0.81 (31/39). For RT -treated patients, there were no in the sample for T1 and T2 was quantified one fr. SVLE of 1 (3/3) at doses > 60 Gy. For those with positive margins who received postoperative adjuvant RT quantified one fr. SVLE of 1 (8 /8) For patients with T3 disease surgery was performed more average dose radiotherapy 54.2 Gy. obtaining a fr. SVLE 0.5 (2/ 4). In patients with T4 disease with surgery more RT (2) non-responders complete. The dose delivered was in the range of 50 to 60 Gy. The other two did not complete treatment. Conclusions: For the early stages results are comparable both in surgery RT as exclusive. For those operated with positive margins benefit from radiation treatment adjuvant with a minimum dose of 60 Gy. In the later stages there is a benefit in most radiotherapy combination of surgery, dose can be delivered mayores.REVISIÓ

  17. Long-term complications of JJ stent and its management: A 5 years review

    Ray, Rajendra Prasad; Mahapatra, Rajkumar Singha; Mondal, Partha Pratim; Pal, Dilip Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the long term complications of JJ stent, the management of complications and the role of endoscopic approach to manage these complications. Materials and Methods: Nineteen patients with indwelling JJ stent for a duration of more than 6 months were included in this study. Patients were assessed with X-ray KUB, USG KUB, blood urea, creatinine and DTPA renogram. Data were analyzed by Microsoft excel 2007. Results: Out of 19 patients 12 (63.16%) were male and 7 (36.84%) were...

  18. Long-term complications of JJ stent and its management: A 5 years review

    Rajendra Prasad Ray

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: JJ stent related long-term complications are not uncommon and are usually seen after 6 months of indwelling time. Endourological procedure should be the initial approach with a high success rate. Coordinated use multimodality and technology helps in management of difficult cases. Open surgery is rarely required. Prevention of the complication by judicious use and early removal is the cornerstone.

  19. Long-term complications of JJ stent and its management: A 5 years review

    Rajendra Prasad Ray; Rajkumar Singha Mahapatra; Partha Pratim Mondal; Dilip Kumar Pal

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the long term complications of JJ stent, the management of complications and the role of endoscopic approach to manage these complications. Materials and Methods: Nineteen patients with indwelling JJ stent for a duration of more than 6 months were included in this study. Patients were assessed with X-ray KUB, USG KUB, blood urea, creatinine and DTPA renogram. Data were analyzed by Microsoft excel 2007 . Results: Out of 19 patients 12 (63.16%) were male and 7 (36.8...

  20. Ectopic pregnancy: A 5 year review of cases at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH Nnewi

    G O Udigwe

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ruptured ectopic pregnancy continues to be a common life threatening emergency in our environment as well as a public health problem. Objective:This is to study the incidence, clinical presentation, risk factors and the management of cases that presented in our centre over a five year period. Methods:This is a retrospective study of cases of ectopic gestations managed in the gynaecological unit of NAUTH Nnewi from January 1 st , 2002 to December 31 st , 2006. Information was obtained from the case notes, theatre and labour ward registers. Results: During the period, a total of 2,746 deliveries were recorded while 556 gynaecological patients were admitted. Thirty six patients had ectopic gestations accounting for 1.3% of all deliveries and 6.5% of all gynaecological admissions. The peak age group was 26-30 years (44.4%; 28(77.7% were married and 20 (55.6% attained secondary school as their highest level of education. All 36(100% of the patients were symptomatic at presentation. Abdominal pain, amenorrhoea and syncopal attack were the most common symptoms at presentation. Also, multiple sexual partners 27(75%, previous abortions 25(69.4% and previous sexually transmitted infections 10(27.8% were the most common risk factors present in the patients. Abdominal paracentesis 32(88.9%, ultrasound 8(22.2% and urine pregnancy tests 7(19.4% were most commonly utilized for diagnosis. None of the cases was diagnosed before rupture. Open abdominal surgery was the treatment employed in all the patients. Conclusion:Ectopic pregnancy is still a major challenge in gynaecological practice in our centre. Most cases present late making tubal conservation treatment inapplicable. This has far reaching implications in a society where there is high premium on child bearing.

  1. Cancer incidence in the Republic of Mauritius- 5 Years Review 1997 to 2001

    Mr. P Burhoo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available 6484 new cases of cancer have been registered in Mauritius during 1997-2001 corresponding to Age-Standardized Incidence Rates (ASR world of 99.9 per 100,000 in men and 121.1 per 100,000 in women. The commonest sites of cancer in men were colo-rectal cancer (9.5% followed closely by oral cavity & pharynx (9.4% and prostate (8.8%. In women breast cancer was, by far, the main site (28%, ASR 31.7 ahead of cervical cancer (11.7% and colorectal (5.7% and leukaemias (4.7%. Comparisons with figures from neighboring countries show much lower rates in Mauritius for both sexes.

  2. Does Remuneration Affect the Discipline and the Selection of Politicians? Evidence from Pay Harmonization in the European Parliament

    Braendle, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    We study the harmonization of the base remuneration for the Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) who were previously paid like national parliamentarians implying large differences between the delegations from the 27 member countries. Based on detailed information on individual MEPs between 2004 and 2011, we find that the reform, which comes with an exceptional increase of, on average, 200 percent per national delegation, has a positive incentive effect on in-office effort as approximated...

  3. NEGOTIATION OF REMUNERATION PAYABLE TO PERFORMERS AND PHONOGRAMS PRODUCERS FOR PUBLIC COMMUNICATION OF PHONOGRAMS AND AUDIOVISUAL ARTISTIC PERFORMANCES.

    Mariana SAVU

    2016-01-01

    Given that certain categories of authors’ rights or neighboring rights holders do not exercise them individually, but is mandatory collective management by collecting societies, as CREDIDAM - art. 1231 of the Romanian Copyright Law no.8/1996 provides for the categories of rights that requires mandatory collective management, including, in letter f) recognized the right to equitable remuneration of performers for communication to the public and broadcasting of commercial phonograms or reproduc...

  4. Remuneration of Non-Executive Directors in German Listed Firms: An Empirical Analysis from a Practitioners’ Perspective

    Lazar, Christian; Metzner, Yves; Rapp, Marc Steffen; Wolff, Michael

    2014-01-01

    We analyze director compensation in German listed firms for the 2005–2009 period. Our sample covers all listed companies in the German Prime Standard of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, specifically firms with shares listed in the indices of DAX, MDAX, SDAX, and TecDAX. In the last years, non-executive directors are facing increasing duties and (legal) responsibilities. From that perspective, it is quite surprising that the remuneration of non-executive directors has received r...

  5. NEGOTIATION OF REMUNERATION PAYABLE TO PERFORMERS AND PHONOGRAMS PRODUCERS FOR PUBLIC COMMUNICATION OF PHONOGRAMS AND AUDIOVISUAL ARTISTIC PERFORMANCES.

    Mariana SAVU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Given that certain categories of authors’ rights or neighboring rights holders do not exercise them individually, but is mandatory collective management by collecting societies, as CREDIDAM - art. 1231 of the Romanian Copyright Law no.8/1996 provides for the categories of rights that requires mandatory collective management, including, in letter f recognized the right to equitable remuneration of performers for communication to the public and broadcasting of commercial phonograms or reproductions thereof, stipulating the art. 1231 par.2 that collecting societies, for these two categories of rights, are representing also the rights holders who have not given the mandates to them. The mandate given by right holders, members of CREDIDAM, is thus extended to non-members, Romanian and foreign performers, that can benefit from equitable remuneration as required by art.146 d of Romanian Copyright Law and art.12 of the Rome Convention – the latter article providing that “if a phonogram published for commercial purposes, or a reproduction of such phonogram, is used directly for broadcasting or for any communication to the public, a single equitable remuneration shall be paid by the user to the performers, or to the producers of the phonograms, or to both.”

  6. Hypomineralized second primary molars: Prevalence data in Dutch 5-year-olds

    Elfrink, M.E.C.; Schuller, A.A.; Weerheijm, K.L.; Veerkamp, J.S.J.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this cross-sectional observational study was to report on the prevalence of hypomineralizations in second primary molars in 5-year-old Dutch children. In the study 386 (45% girls) 5-year-old Dutch children, all insured by a Health Insurance Fund, participated. Scoring criteria for molar i

  7. Early Number and Arithmetic Performance of Ecuadorian 4-5-Year-Olds

    Bojorque, Gina; Torbeyns, Joke; Moscoso, Jheni; Van Nijlen, Daniël; Verschaffel, Lieven

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed at (a) constructing a reliable and valid test to assess Ecuadorian 4-5-year olds' number and arithmetic skills; (b) providing empirical data on Ecuadorian 4-5-year olds' number and arithmetic skills; and (c) confronting these children's actual performances with the performances expected by national experts in this domain. We…

  8. A 5-year longitudinal study of fatigue in patients with late-onset sequelae of poliomyelitis.

    Tersteeg, I.M.; Koopman, F.S.; Stolwijk-Swuste, J.M.; Beelen, A.; Nollet, F.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: To study the severity and 5-year course of fatigue in patients with late-onset sequelae of poliomyelitis (LOSP) and to identify physical and psychosocial determinants of fatigue. Design: Prospective cohort study with 5 measurements over 5 years. Setting: University hospital.Participants:

  9. A 5-Year Longitudinal Study of Fatigue in Patients With Late-Onset Sequelae of Poliomyelitis

    I.M. Tersteeg; F.S. Koopman; J.M. Stolwijk-Swüste; A. Beelen; F. Nollet

    2011-01-01

    Tersteeg IM, Koopman FS, Stolwijk-Swuste JM, Beelen A, Nollet F, on behalf of the CARPA Study Group. A 5-year longitudinal study of fatigue in patients with late-onset sequelae of poliomyelitis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011; 92:899-904. Objectives: To study the severity and 5-year course of fatigue in

  10. Malpractice and radiologists, update 1986: an 11.5-year perspective

    All medical malpractice lawsuits filed in Cook County, IL, from January 1, 1980, through June 30, 1986, were reviewed and compared with similar data for the period of January 1, 1975, through December 30, 1979. A total of 11,203 suits were filed during the 11.5-year period; of these, 1391 (12%) were radiology related. The latter were categorized into six groups. The largest was missed radiologic diagnoses, which accounted for 40% of the total. The remaining groups included complications, 19%; failure to order, 17%; radiation therapy, 11%; slip and fall, 5%; and miscellaneous, 8%. Over the 1975-1986 period, the rise in the number of suits alleging radiologic misses outpaced all other groups. Although the most common type of miss continues to involve fractures, the frequency of missed carcinomas has grown at a disproportionately faster rate. Misses specifically involving CT, nuclear medicine, and sonography also are becoming more prevalent. Radiographic misses continue to occur at an average rate of 30%, with little hope of improvement. Methods to combat the rising number of malpractice suits are discussed. It is concluded that although programs to educate radiologists on risk management should continue, the ultimate solution may be a more enlightened public attitude as to what actually constitutes malpractice, and institution of tort reform measures by federal and state legislatures

  11. PROFILE OF EYELID TUMORS AT TERTIARY CARE INSTITUTE IN KARNATAKA: A 5-YEARS SURVEY

    Hemalatha

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the proportion of eyelid tumors, compare the clinical diagnosis with histopathological diagnosis in all possible cases in a tertiary eye hospital over a 5-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for patients with eyelid tumors from June 2009 to June 2014.Data were collected and analyzed on location of tumor, types of treatment, and pathologic findings. Histopathological diagnosis of benign and malignant tumors was stratified based on age, gender and tumor location. RESULTS: Total number of 235 patients was evaluated of which, 216 (91.9% cases were benign and 19(8.1% cases were malignant neoplasms. Most common benign tumors included epidermal cyst(30.5%, nevi (17.5%, dermoid cyst (13.8% and papilloma (6.5%.Most frequent malignant tumors included Sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC (31.6%, Basal cell carcinoma (BCC (26.3%, Squamous cell carcinoma (21%, Malignant melanoma (10.5%, Merkel cell carcinoma(5.3% and Lymphoma (5.3%.Most common site for malignancy was lower lid followed by upper lid. BCC recurred in 1case in lower lid. CONCLUSION: Epidermal cyst, nevi, dermoid cyst and papilloma are the most common benign lesions and SGC is the most common malignant lesion. Recurrence is a feature of BCC in lower lid.

  12. Incidence of remuneration to capital on the colombian business cycle from 1980 to 2005

    Julio César Chamorro Futinico

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The business cycle was one of the most important issues in the economic agendafrom the late 19th Century to the mid 20th Century. The importance of the studylay in the priority of finding the causes and duration of economic crisis, and tobe able to determine or predict how often they would happen. Currently, and with the recent financial crisis in the United States (2008 and in Colombia(1998-2009, among others, this study has gained importance once more. Thispaper presents a number of points of view on the matter and focuses on an approach that has been given very little consideration: Michal Kalecki’s theory,which provides a basis for analyzing the Colombian business cycle from 1980to 2005, and thus compare the model estimated through the Three-Stage LeastSquares (3SLS method with the behavior of the remuneration to capital during the same period. Based on this, a close relation is found between the latter, the decision to invest and, therefore, the declining phase of the business cycle.

  13. How can dairies maximize their profits and properly remunerate their dairy farmers?

    Rafael Cedric Möller Meneghini

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The current pricing process of raw milk in Brazil discourages producers from improving milk composition, which affects both yield and quality of dairy products. Furthermore, small and medium-sized dairies face great difficulties when it comes to planning production. Thus, a linear programming model was developed to price the raw milk and determine the optimal mix (combination of quantities of dairy products that maximizes total contribution margin (TCM under daily scenarios of high (January and low (July raw milk supplies (summer and winter, respectively by comparing optimal solutions with actual results. The TCM of optimal and actual mixes were higher in January due to the greater availability of raw material. Packaging was a limiting factor in the production of cheese in optimal mixes. The relationship between unit contribution margin (UCM and the required amount of raw materials per product unit and resource availability is crucial to defining the mix of dairy products and TCM of the dairy. Casein and raw milk volume showed shadow prices. Under both scenarios, the calculated prices of raw milk were higher than the prices charged by the dairy and were higher in January. The proposed model remunerates the producers based on the quantity and quality of raw milk. The dairy can maximize its TCM by better planning its mix of products with the use of linear programming.

  14. MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING - CLINICAL AND ANGIOGRAPHIC PROFILE IN LAST 5 YEARS; A STUDY OF 129 CASES

    Abhilash S P

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Aims of study : To assess the clinical and angiographical profile of myocardial bridging from consecutive coronary angiograms done over last 5 years at Medical college, Thiruvananthapuram. To assess the risk of cardiovascular events and the risk of accelerated atherosclerosis in isolated myocardial bridging. Methods : Consecutive coronary angiograms done at Medical college Thiruvananthapuram from 04/02/2005 to 31/03/2010 were reviewed for myocardial bridging. A total of 10492 coronary angiograms were reviewed. Myocardial bridges with systolic lumen reduction of more than 50% were considered for analysis. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA was used for analysis. Clinical presentation as well as correlation with structural heart disease and coronary heart disease was assessed. Results: Incidence of myocardial bridges was 1.23%. Of the 129 patients with myocardial bridges 63 ( 48.8% had associated significant coronary artery disease. Remaining 66 (51.2% patients presented with isolated bridges. Out of these 66 patients with isolated myocardial bridges, 7 (10.6% patients presented with acute myocardial infarction and 3 (4.5% presented with cardiac arrhythmias. Of the 63 patients with significant coronary disease 11 (17.5% patients had single vessel disease and they had the culprit lesion and myocardial bridge seen in the same vessel. Most common location of myocardial bridge was mid LAD (64.9% followed by distal LAD (23.8%. Length of bridge was 20 mm in 35.7%. Mean percentage of systolic obliteration by the bridge was 74.5%. 100% systolic obliteration was seen in 7.79% of isolated bridges and in 9.79% of bridges with CAD. Among 120 rhuematic heart disease patients who underwent coronary angiogram, 10 (8.3% patients had myocardial bridging. 12.1% of all HCM patients who underwent coronary angiograms had myocardial bridging. Conclusion: Myocardial bridging can be lethal- can accelerate atherosclerosis, can precipitate acute MIs and life

  15. Improving Pre-Operative Flexion in Primary TKA: A Surgical Technique Emphasizing Knee Flexion with 5-Year Follow-Up

    Edward McPherson

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study prospectively reviews a consecutive series of 228 primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA procedures utilizing a technique to optimize knee flexion. The main features include: (1the use of a “patellar friendly” femoral component and reduced thickness patellar components, (2 patient individualized adjustment of the femoral component rotation set strictly to the anterior-posterior femoral axis, (3a rigorous flexion compartment debridement to remove non-essential posterior femoral bone with a Z-osteotome, and (4incorporation of a rapid recovery protocol with features to promote knee flexion. Results were categorized into three groups: low pre-op flexion (90 degrees and below, regular pre-op flexion (91-125 degrees, and high pre-op flexion (126 degrees and above. Average flexion in the low flexion group improved by 20 degrees at 6 weeks, 28 degrees at 3 months, 31 degrees at 1 year, and 30 degrees at 5 years. In the regular flexion group, average flexion improved by 2 degrees at 6 weeks, 10 degrees at 3 months, 12 degrees at 1 year, and 13 degrees at 5 years. Finally, in the high flexion group, average flexion decreased by 7 degrees at 6 weeks, regained preoperative levels at 3 months, and increased by 3 degrees at 1 year and 4 degrees at 5 years. In summary, a technique that emphasizes patellofemoral kinematics can consistently improve flexion in TKA in short and long-term follow-up.

  16. Causes of Mortality in Newborns and Children Under 5 Years of Age in Northern Iran

    FS Sharifi

    2002-01-01

    1- A survey of the causes of mortality in newborns and children under 5 years of age during 10 years (1988-1997) in northern Iran (Regions eastern and western bandpey, gatab and kolagarmahalleh in province babol) revealed following results: Average incidence of mortality in newborns and children under 5 years of age was 10.5 and 4 per thousand respectively. The most frequently encountered causes of death in children under 5 years of age were congenital anomalies (20.2%), infections (16.8%), p...

  17. Care for overweight children attending the 5-year preventive child health examination in general practice

    Andersen, Merethe Kousgaard; Christensen, Bo; Søndergaard, Jens

    2013-01-01

    -assessed overweight at the 5-year preventive child health examination (PCHE).Results. Out of 1135 children attending the 5-year PCHE, 171 were assessed overweight by the GP. According to the Danish body mass index (kg/m(2)) growth charts, 147 children were overweight. The GPs addressed their concern about the child...... cases.Conclusion. Various care activities were carried out for most children with GP-assessed overweight at the 5-year PCHE. However, the GP did not raise concern about the child's weight with the parents in almost one third of the children. It seems that there is a potential for improving the...

  18. HIV Decline Falls Short of U.S. 5-Year Goal

    ... nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_158705.html HIV Decline Falls Short of U.S. 5-Year Goal ... 2016 FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although HIV infection and transmission rates in the United States ...

  19. Abdominal computed tomography during pregnancy for suspected appendicitis: a 5-year experience at a maternity hospital.

    Shetty, Mahesh K; Garrett, Nan M; Carpenter, Wendy S; Shah, Yogesh P; Roberts, Candace

    2010-02-01

    The objective of this article is to evaluate the role of computed tomography (CT) in a pregnant patient with right lower quadrant pain in whom there was a clinical suspicion of acute appendicitis. During a 5-year period the clinical records of all pregnant women who underwent imaging examination for clinically suspected appendicitis were reviewed. The imaging findings were correlated with patient management and final outcome. Thirty-nine pregnant patients were referred for imaging, of which 35 underwent initial evaluation with sonography, 23 of these women underwent a computed tomographic examination, and an additional 4 patients were directly imaged with CT without earlier sonographic assessment. Surgery confirmed appendicitis in all 5 patients who were operated on on the basis of findings of appendicitis on a CT scan. Two patients underwent surgery based on an alternate diagnosis suggested preoperatively (tubal torsion = 1, ovarian torsion = 1). All patients with negative findings at CT had an uneventful clinical course. In those patients who were evaluated only with ultrasound, a diagnosis of appendicitis was missed in 5 patients. The sensitivity of CT in the diagnosis of appendicitis in our study group was 100%, compared with a sensitivity of 46.1% for ultrasound. CT provides an accurate diagnosis in patients suspected to have acute appendicitis and is of value in avoiding false negative exploratory laparatomy with its consequent risk of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Although sonography is the preferred initial imaging modality as its lack of ionizing radiation, CT is more accurate in providing a timely diagnosis and its use is justified to reduce maternal mortality and mortality in patients with appendicitis. PMID:20102691

  20. PERIPARTUM HY STERECTOMY: A LIMITING FACTOR FOR PROCREATIVE POTENTIAL & SAFE - MOTHERHOOD: A 5 YEARS RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

    Agnes Vijaya

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : The term hysterectomy means surgical removal of uterus it can be either along with cervix or adnexae through different routes. The most commonly performed major elective gynecological surgery. The term Peripartum hysterectomy is used when performed either mostly by emergency as a maternal life saving measure within 24 hours after vaginal or abdominal delivery or as electively when indicated. OBJECTIVE : To study the incidence of peripartum hysterectomy ; to analyze its causes, risk factors, complications and feto - maternal morbidity and mortality at newly established tertiary care teaching hospital. PLACE OF STUDY : Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS, Kadapa, YSR district, Andhra Pradesh, South India. DESIGN AND DURATION : Retrospective study of 5 years period, Jan . ’2010 to Dec . ’2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS : 42 cases of peripartum hysterectomised patients medical records reviewed for characteristics of current pregnancy and delivery, indications for peripartum hysterectomy, operative and post - operative complications, maternal and perinatal outcome evaluated. RESULTS : 42 cases of peripartum hysterectomy identified out of 32398 total deliveries (1.3 in 1000. Among them 23 cases was Laparotomy for rupture uterus, Caesarean hysterectomy in 12 cases, followed by vaginal delivery in 6 cases and for chronic ectopic pregnancy with bilateral T.O. mass in 1 case (P2 L2 +Bil. T. with chronic ectopic for failed tubectomy. No Live Children in 9 cases & 1 Live Child in 19 cases were identified and 2 or more Live Children in 14 cases. CONCLUSIONS : The incidence of peripartum hysterectomy is similar to the data found in studies of other Asian countries. Most frequent indication being rupture uterus leading to high perinatal, maternal mortality and morbidity limiting the child bearing capacity (Procreative Potential. To reduce this high incidence of peripartum hysterectomy effective MCH services to be exercised at all the

  1. Insight, psychopathology, explanatory models and outcome of schizophrenia in India: a prospective 5-year cohort study

    Johnson Shanthi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The sole focus of models of insight on bio-medical perspectives to the complete exclusion of local, non-medical and cultural constructs mandates review. This study attempted to investigate the impact of insight, psychopathology, explanatory models of illness on outcome of first episode schizophrenia. Method Patients diagnosed to have DSM IV schizophrenia (n = 131 were assessed prospectively for insight, psychopathology, explanatory models of illness at baseline, 6, 12 and 60 months using standard instruments. Multiple linear and logistic regression and generalized estimating equations (GEE were employed to assess predictors of outcome. Results We could follow up 95 (72.5% patients. Sixty-five of these patients (68.4% achieved remission. There was a negative relationship between psychosis rating and insight scores. Urban residence, fluctuating course of the initial illness, and improvement in global functioning at 6 months and lower psychosis rating at 12 months were significantly related to remission at 5 years. Insight scores, number of non-medical explanatory models and individual explanatory models held during the later course of the illness were significantly associated with outcome. Analysis of longitudinal data using GEE showed that women, rural residence, insight scores and number of non-medical explanatory models of illness held were significantly associated with BPRS scores during the study period. Conclusions Insight, the disease model and the number of non-medical model positively correlated with improvement in psychosis arguing for a complex interaction between the culture, context and illness variables. These finding argue that insight and explanatory models are secondary to psychopathology, course and outcome of the illness. The awareness of mental illness is a narrative act in which people make personal sense of the many challenges they face. The course and outcome of the illness, cultural context

  2. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Anemia Among Children Under 5 Years of Age--Uganda, 2009.

    Menon, Manoj P; Yoon, Steven S

    2015-09-01

    Anemia in children under 5 years of age, defined by the World Health Organization as a hemoglobin concentration anemia among children under five in Uganda was 72% in 2006. The 2009 Uganda Malaria Indicator Survey was conducted in late 2009 and revealed that over 60% of children less than 5 years of age were anemic and that over half of children tested positive for malaria via a rapid diagnostic test. Children with concomitant malaria infection, and in households without any type of mosquito net were more likely to be anemic, confirming that children under 5 years, are vulnerable to both the threat of malaria and anemia and the beneficial effect of malaria prevention tools. However, prevention and treatment of other factors associated with the etiology of anemia (e.g., iron deficiency) are likely necessary to combat the toll of anemia in Uganda. PMID:26055748

  3. Analysis of 5-year survivors of esophageal cancer treated with radiation and chemotherapy

    From 1967 to 1980, 240 cases of esophageal cancer, consisting of 153 curative and 87 palliative cases, were treated with a combination of radiation and chemotherapy. The five-year survival rate in 124 curative cases given a dose of more than 50 Gy was 12.9 %, and 17 cases survived more than 5 years. In the 5-year survivors, T1 in the advancement of tumors, less than 7 cm in length, and cancer of both the serrated and tumorous types were characteristic factors, indicating a good prognosis. These cases were irradiated with a dose of 60 - 70 Gy and the tumors showed a high response to irradiation. (author)

  4. A 5 year prospective study of patient-relevant outcomes after total knee replacement

    Nilsdotter, A-K; Toksvig-Larsen, S; Roos, E M

    2008-01-01

    men, mean age 71 (51-86) assigned for TKR at the Department of Orthopaedics at Lund University Hospital were included in the study. The self-administered questionnaires Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and SF-36 were mailed preoperatively and 6 months, 12 months and at 5 years......OBJECTIVE: To prospectively describe self-reported outcomes up to 5 years after total knee replacement (TKR) in Osteoarthritis (OA) and to study which patient-relevant factors may predict outcomes for pain and physical function (PF). METHODS: 102 consecutive patients with knee OA, 63 women and 39...

  5. The effect of standard lumbar discectomy on segmental motion: 5-year follow-up using radiostereometry

    Halldin, K.; Zoëga, B.; Nyberg, P.; Kärrholm, J.; Lind, B. I.

    2005-01-01

    We measured the effects of lumbar discectomy on segmental motion over a period of 5 years. Twenty-four patients with lumbar disc herniation were treated by standard lumbar discectomy at the L4–L5 or L5–S1 level. Peroperatively, tantalum markers were inserted into L4, L5, and the sacrum. Radiostereometric analysis was performed at discharge from hospital and 5 years postoperatively. The treated level was compared with the corresponding untreated level. Thus, patients who had discectomy at the ...

  6. Masticatory function and patient satisfaction with implant-supported mandibular overdentures: a prospective 5-year study

    Bakke, Merete; Holm, Betty; Gotfredsen, Klaus

    2002-01-01

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of treatment with implant-supported mandibular overdentures in terms of biting and chewing, in entirely satisfied and not fully satisfied patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve edentulous patients who had worn dentures for at least 5 years...

  7. The Development of Regulatory Functions from Birth to 5 Years: Insights from Premature Infants

    Feldman, Ruth

    2009-01-01

    This study examined physiological, emotional, and attentional regulatory functions as predictors of self-regulation in 125 infants followed 7 times from birth to 5 years. Physiological regulation was assessed by neonatal vagal tone and sleep-wake cyclicity; emotion regulation by response to stress at 3, 6, and 12 months; and attention regulation…

  8. Nutrition and mental development of 4-5-year old children on macrobiotic diets.

    Herens, M.C.; Dagnelie, P.C.; Kleber, R.J.; Mol, M.C.; Staveren, van W.A.

    1992-01-01

    Mental development of 4–5-year old children on macrobiotic diets (almost devoid of animal foods and fat) with long-term growth deficits, was studied using the Snijders-Oomen Non-verbal Intelligence (SON) scale. In addition, food consumption and behavioural style of the children, and family and paren

  9. The introduction of the 5-year impact factor : does it benefit statistics journals?

    van Nierop, Erjen

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the effects of the introduction of 5-year impact factors. We collect impact factor data for all disciplines available in the Journal Citation Reports. For all these categories, we give insights into the relationship between the traditional 2-year impact factor and the n

  10. Influence of Emotional Facial Expressions on 3-5-Year-Olds' Face Recognition

    Freitag, Claudia; Schwarzer, Gudrun

    2011-01-01

    Three experiments examined 3- and 5-year-olds' recognition of faces in constant and varied emotional expressions. Children were asked to identify repeatedly presented target faces, distinguishing them from distractor faces, during an immediate recognition test and during delayed assessments after 10 min and one week. Emotional facial expression…

  11. Verbal Competence in Narrative Retelling in 5-Year-Olds with Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate

    Klintö, Kristina; Salameh, Eva-Kristina; Lohmander, Anette

    2015-01-01

    Background: Research regarding expressive language performance in children born with cleft palate is sparse. The relationship between articulation/phonology and expressive language skills also needs to be further explored. Aims: To investigate verbal competence in narrative retelling in 5-year-old children born with unilateral cleft lip and palate…

  12. Jejunal Intramural Hematoma with Bowel Obstruction in a 5-year-old Boy: A Case Report

    Intramural hematoma of the jejunum is rare and can be classified as trauma-related or occurring spontaneously. Spontaneous intramural hematoma commonly occurs in patients treated with warfarin. We report a case of intramural hematoma of the jejunum with intestinal obstruction in a 5-year-old boy who had neither a definite history of trauma nor the tendency to bleed

  13. Effects of A 2.5-Year Campus-Wide Intervention to Reduce College Drinking

    Seo, Dong-Chul; Owens, Dee; Gassman, Ruth; Kingori, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The present study reports on the results of a 2.5-year college-wide, coordinated intervention that was implemented from June 2007 to December 2009 to reduce the amount and frequency of students' alcohol consumption. Design: Quasi-experimental study using a one-group (freshmen living on campus) pretest/posttest design ("N"…

  14. Haematoma-like primary intracranial malignant fibrous histiocytoma in a 5-year-old girl

    We present CT and MRI of an intracranial malignant fibrous histiocytoma in a 5-year-old girl with headache and vomiting. This case is unusual particular by virtue of its radiological appearances and the young age of the patient. (orig.)

  15. Hands as Companions of the Mind: Essential Practical Life for the 5-Year-Old

    Gilder, Sharon Allen

    2012-01-01

    Numerous observations in Montessori classrooms led veteran Montessorians Pamela W. Trumble and Eleni Bokas to the conclusion that a universal need exists to bring integrity back to Practical Life, especially for 5-year-olds. Maria Montessori's observations over a century ago revealed the importance of Practical Life and its relationship to the…

  16. A Multidimensional Scaling Study of Visual Memory of 5-Year Olds and Adults

    Arabie, Phipps; And Others

    1975-01-01

    An investigation of memory development using nonmetric multidimensional scaling. Judgments of similarities between complex objects were obtained from 5-year-olds and adults under two conditions: (1) when objects were simultaneously present at the time of comparison, and (2) when the objects were not simultaneously present and had to be compared on…

  17. Clinical Evaluation of Small Diameter Straumann Implants in Partially Edentulous Patients: A 5-Year Retrospective Study

    S. OZER

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate small-diameter (3.3 mm Straumann® dental implants placed in the maxilla or the mandible over a period of 5 years in function.Materials and Methods: Twenty- eight partially edentulous patients received a total of 48 implants over a 5-year period. After the standard healing period (3 to 6 months, the implants were restored with single-tooth prostheses or fixed partial dentures. All patients were followed according to a strict maintenance program with regular recalls. The cumulative survival rates of implants were analyzed and prosthetic complications were assessed.Results: After 5 years of function, one single 10-mm-long implant in the maxillary premolar region was lost because of recurrent peri-implant infection in a female patient. Two single 10-mm-long maxillary implants placed in the posterior region were lost due to body fracture. The cumulative 5-year survival rate of the implants was 93.75 %. The most common prosthetic complication was loosening of the occlusal screw.Conclusion: Within the limited observation period and the number of patients included in this study, it may be concluded that the use of small-diameter implants appears to be predictable if clinical guidelines are followed and appropriate prosthetic restorations are provided. However, it should be noted that fatigue fracture may occur.

  18. Effectiveness of Multipurpose Unit Early Classroom Intervention Program for 4-5-Year-Old Children

    Celebioglu Morkoc, Ozlem; Aktan Acar, Ebru

    2014-01-01

    This research examined the effectiveness of Multipurpose Unit Early Classroom Intervention Program (MUECIP) prepared for 4-5-year-old (48-60 months) children whose development is at risk because of their families' socioeconomic conditions. The research adopted a preliminary test-final test control group trial model. The research participants…

  19. A Case Series of Marijuana Exposures in Pediatric Patients Less than 5 Years of Age

    Wang, George Sam; Narang, Sandeep K.; Wells, Kathryn; Chuang, Ryan

    2011-01-01

    Objective: In Colorado, there has been a large increase in medical marijuana dispensaries and licenses for the use of medical marijuana over the past year. This is a retrospective case series of marijuana exposures that have presented to the emergency department (ED) in children less than 5 years of age. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart…

  20. How Do 5-Year-Olds Understand Questions? Differences in Languages across Europe

    Sauerland, Uli; Grohmann, Kleanthes K.; Guasti, Maria Teresa; Andelkovic, Darinka; Argus, Reili; Armon-Lotem, Sharon; Arosio, Fabrizio; Avram, Larisa; Costa, João; Dabašinskiene, Ineta; de López, Kristine; Gatt, Daniela; Grech, Helen; Haman, Ewa; van Hout, Angeliek; Hrzica, Gordana; Kainhofer, Judith; Kamandulyte-Merfeldiene, Laura; Kunnari, Sari; Kovacevic, Melita; Kuvac Kraljevic, Jelena; Lipowska, Katarzyna; Mejias, Sandrine; Popovic, Maša; Ruzaite, Jurate; Savic, Maja; Sevcenco, Anca; Varlokosta, Spyridoula; Varnava, Marina; Yatsushiro, Kazuko

    2016-01-01

    The comprehension of constituent questions is an important topic for language acquisition research and for applications in the diagnosis of language impairment. This article presents the results of a study investigating the comprehension of different types of questions by 5-year-old, typically developing children across 19 European countries, 18…

  1. Secondary Science Teachers' Use of Technology in the Classroom during Their First 5 Years

    Bang, EunJin; Luft, Julie A.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the technology use of beginning secondary science teachers and explored factors facilitating or inhibiting their use of technology. The researchers collected and analyzed interviews and observational data from 95 teachers over a 5-year period. The results show that teachers used PowerPoint the most and other software the least…

  2. Predictors of ADHD Persistence in Girls at 5-Year Follow-Up

    Mick, Eric; Byrne, Deirdre; Fried, Ronna; Monuteaux, Michael; Faraone, Stephen V.; Biederman, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The main aim of this study was to examine the age-dependent remission from ADHD in girls transitioning through childhood into adolescence and early adulthood. Method: We conducted a 5-year prospective follow-up study of 123 girls with ADHD and 106 non-ADHD control girls aged between 6 and 17 years at ascertainment. ADHD was considered…

  3. Sexual function in multiple sclerosis. A 5-year follow-up study

    Stenager, E; Stenager, E N; Jensen, K

    1996-01-01

    Sexual dysfunction is known to occur in multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of the study is to describe the change in sexual function and symptoms in a longitudinal study. Forty-nine patients (27 females, 22 males) with definite MS were interviewed and examined with 5 years interval. The number of...

  4. The effects of oil pollution on Antarctic benthic diatom communities over 5 years

    Highlights: • We examine the impact of hydrocarbon pollution on Antarctic benthic diatoms. • The effect of standard synthetic lubricant oil and a biodegradable oil were examined. • There were significant effects from both treatments for over 5 years. • There was little difference between the different types of oil. - Abstract: Although considered pristine, Antarctica has not been impervious to hydrocarbon pollution. Antarctica’s history is peppered with oil spills and numerous abandoned waste disposal sites. Both spill events and constant leakages contribute to previous and current sources of pollution into marine sediments. Here we compare the response of the benthic diatom communities over 5 years to exposure to a commonly used standard synthetic lubricant oil, an alternative lubricant marketed as more biodegradable, in comparison to a control treatment. Community composition varied significantly over time and between treatments with some high variability within contaminated treatments suggesting community stress. Both lubricants showed evidence of significant effects on community composition after 5 years even though total petroleum hydrocarbon reduction reached approximately 80% over this time period. It appears that even after 5 years toxicity remains high for both the standard and biodegradable lubricants revealing the temporal scale at which pollutants persist in Antarctica

  5. Intranasal LH-RH treatment of cryptorchidism. A clinical trial and 5 years follow-up

    Thorup, Jørgen Mogens; Mauritzen, K; Skakkebaek, N E

    1987-01-01

    The effect of intranasal LH-RH on cryptorchidism was investigated in 45 prepubertal boys with 68 undescended testes. A daily dose of 1.2 mg LH-RH was given for 4 weeks. A total of 16 testes (24%) descended. Follow-up examination 5 years later showed that relapse had occurred in two cases. Fifty-t...

  6. Efficacy and safety of raltegravir for treatment of HIV for 5 years in the BENCHMRK studies

    Eron, Joseph J; Cooper, David A; Steigbigel, Roy T; Clotet, Bonaventura; Gatell, Jose M; Kumar, Princy N; Rockstroh, Jurgen K; Schechter, Mauro; Markowitz, Martin; Yeni, Patrick; Loutfy, Mona R; Lazzarin, Adriano; Lennox, Jeffrey L; Strohmaier, Kim M; Wan, Hong; Barnard, Richard Jo; Nguyen, Bach-Yen T; Teppler, Hedy; Pedersen, Court

    2013-01-01

    Two randomised, placebo-controlled trials-BENCHMRK-1 and BENCHMRK-2-investigated the efficacy and safety of raltegravir, an HIV-1 integrase strand-transfer inhibitor. We report final results of BENCHMRK-1 and BENCHMRK-2 combined at 3 years (the end of the double-blind phase) and 5 years (the end ...

  7. Outcomes and indications for intervention in non-operative management of paediatric liver trauma: A 5 year retrospective study

    Aim: To determine the applicability of accurate computed tomography (CT) evaluation and embolization as non-operative management for liver trauma in a paediatric population. Material and methods: A retrospective observational study of 37 children (mean age 10.5 years) with hepatic trauma (28 blunt, 9 penetrating) admitted to a trauma referral centre over a 5 year period. All patients were evaluated with CT and scored with an Association for the Surgery of Trauma score. Inpatient information was reviewed for demographics, associated injuries, modes of management, efficacy and complications of management, and outcome. Statistical analysis was performed. Results: There were seven contusions, two grade I, two grade II, nine grade III, and 17 grade IV liver lacerations. Only two patients (grade IV, penetrating) underwent surgery for the management of bowel perforation. All children had non-surgical treatment of their liver trauma: three cases (grade IV) had primary angiography due to CT evidence of active bleeding and embolization was performed in two of these. Seven patients (two grade III, five grade IV) had angiography during the follow-up for evidence of a complicating pseudoaneurysm and embolization was performed in six of them. Embolization was successful in all the children; one minor complication occurred (cholecystitis). Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) plus stenting was performed in two cases for a bile leak. All 37 children had a positive outcome. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that non-operative management of hepatic trauma is applicable to children and may have a higher success rate than in adults

  8. Distant comparison (more than 5 years) of external beam radiation and radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer

    Objective: Comparison of patients with clinically localized prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) or external beam radiotherapy (RT) more than 5 years of the treatment. Material and Methods: We review charts of patients treated with PR or RT between 4/92 and 12/98 with clinically localized prostate cancer. Dose RT was 65 Gy. We reported digital rectal examination (DRE), PSA pretreatment, biopsies and evolution: progression, morbidity. Results: We evaluated 84 patients; 35 treated with RT, DRE+ 21, PSA range 5.6-38.2 ng/ml and Score Gleason (SG) 3-7; 49 patients treated with RP, DRE+ 17, PSA range 4.2-43, SG 3-9. We found capsular disruption in 20 (40.8%), 8 of them with seminal vesicles invaded; 4 had lymph node metastasis. PSA > 10 in 18 of 20 patients classified pT3. Of 29 pT1-2 patients, 18 had PSA 20. Two patients needed artificial urinary sphincter and 4 suffer light incontinence. After 5 years, 77% of irradiated patients had progression; 24 treated with RP had progression (48.9%), 5 were pT2. Conclusions: PR was better than RT to treat clinically localized prostate cancer, but more morbidity. Dose 65 Gy RT seems to be not enough to cure this neoplasm. PR was successful more than 80% of clinically stage T1c and PSA 20. (author)

  9. Respiratory Viruses Associated Hospitalization among Children Aged <5 Years in Bangladesh: 2010-2014.

    Nusrat Homaira

    Full Text Available We combined hospital-based surveillance and health utilization survey data to estimate the incidence of respiratory viral infections associated hospitalization among children aged < 5 years in Bangladesh.Surveillance physicians collected respiratory specimens from children aged <5 years hospitalized with respiratory illness and residing in the primary hospital catchment areas. We tested respiratory specimens for respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza viruses, human metapneumovirus, influenza, adenovirus and rhinoviruses using rRT-PCR. During 2013, we conducted a health utilization survey in the primary catchment areas of the hospitals to determine the proportion of all hospitalizations for respiratory illness among children aged <5 years at the surveillance hospitals during the preceding 12 months. We estimated the respiratory virus-specific incidence of hospitalization by dividing the estimated number of hospitalized children with a laboratory confirmed infection with a respiratory virus by the population aged <5 years of the catchment areas and adjusted for the proportion of children who were hospitalized at the surveillance hospitals.We estimated that the annual incidence per 1000 children (95% CI of all cause associated respiratory hospitalization was 11.5 (10-12. The incidences per 1000 children (95% CI per year for respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza, adenovirus, human metapneumovirus and influenza infections were 3(2-3, 0.5(0.4-0.8, 0.4 (0.3-0.6, 0.4 (0.3-0.6, and 0.4 (0.3-0.6 respectively. The incidences per 1000 children (95%CI of rhinovirus-associated infections among hospitalized children were 5 (3-7, 2 (1-3, 1 (0.6-2, and 3 (2-4 in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively.Our data suggest that respiratory viruses are associated with a substantial burden of hospitalization in children aged <5 years in Bangladesh.

  10. Respiratory Viruses Associated Hospitalization among Children Aged <5 Years in Bangladesh: 2010-2014

    Homaira, Nusrat; Luby, Stephen P.; Hossain, Kamal; Islam, Kariul; Ahmed, Makhdum; Rahman, Mustafizur; Rahman, Ziaur; Paul, Repon C.; Bhuiyan, Mejbah Uddin; Brooks, W. Abdullah; Sohel, Badrul Munir; Banik, Kajal Chandra; Widdowson, Marc-Alain; Willby, Melisa; Rahman, Mahmudur; Bresee, Joseph; Ramirez, Katharine-Sturm; Azziz-Baumgartner, Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Background We combined hospital-based surveillance and health utilization survey data to estimate the incidence of respiratory viral infections associated hospitalization among children aged < 5 years in Bangladesh. Methods Surveillance physicians collected respiratory specimens from children aged <5 years hospitalized with respiratory illness and residing in the primary hospital catchment areas. We tested respiratory specimens for respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza viruses, human metapneumovirus, influenza, adenovirus and rhinoviruses using rRT-PCR. During 2013, we conducted a health utilization survey in the primary catchment areas of the hospitals to determine the proportion of all hospitalizations for respiratory illness among children aged <5 years at the surveillance hospitals during the preceding 12 months. We estimated the respiratory virus-specific incidence of hospitalization by dividing the estimated number of hospitalized children with a laboratory confirmed infection with a respiratory virus by the population aged <5 years of the catchment areas and adjusted for the proportion of children who were hospitalized at the surveillance hospitals. Results We estimated that the annual incidence per 1000 children (95% CI) of all cause associated respiratory hospitalization was 11.5 (10–12). The incidences per 1000 children (95% CI) per year for respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza, adenovirus, human metapneumovirus and influenza infections were 3(2–3), 0.5(0.4–0.8), 0.4 (0.3–0.6), 0.4 (0.3–0.6), and 0.4 (0.3–0.6) respectively. The incidences per 1000 children (95%CI) of rhinovirus-associated infections among hospitalized children were 5 (3–7), 2 (1–3), 1 (0.6–2), and 3 (2–4) in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. Conclusion Our data suggest that respiratory viruses are associated with a substantial burden of hospitalization in children aged <5 years in Bangladesh. PMID:26840782

  11. Under-5 Year Mortality: Result of In-Hospital Study, Tehran, Iran

    Nojomi Marzieh

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In July 2003, the Bellagio Study Group on Child Survival estimated that the lives of 6 million children could be saved each year if 23 proven interventions were universally available in the 42 countries re-sponsible for 90% of child deaths in 2000. The aim of this study was to determine frequency of important causes of mortality among under-5 year old children in hospitals, Tehran, Iran. Information about Mortality data of under-5 year old children from 16 hospitals in the West of Tehran was collected. The study period was conducted from 1 October 2005 to 30 March 2006. Educated health personnel in each hospital interviewed parents of children who died in hospital and filled out a checklist. 142 under-5 year old children died over the course of study, of whom, 118 (83% were neonates (under 28 days-old, 53.5% had low birth weights (< 2500 Kg, 62 (43% were girls and 80 (57% boys. The most common cause of under-5 year death was due to certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (ICD-10: P00-P96 (68%. Congenital abnormalities (12% and pneumonia (5% were the second and third most common causes respectively. Among 28-day to one-year old children, the leading cause of death was pneumonia (27.3%, while for children being 1 to 5 years of age, this included pneumonia and chronic hepatitis (about 30%. Overall, the most common causes of death were disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight. Therefore, achievement of the millennium development goal of reducing child mortality by two-thirds from 1990 rate will depend on renewed efforts to prevent and control low birth weight, preterm delivery, pneumonia, and infectious diseases in our setting.

  12. Causes of mortality and associated modifiable health care factors for children (< 5-years admitted at Onandjokwe Hospital, Namibia

    Johnface F. Mdala

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Many countries, especially those from sub-Saharan Africa, are unlikely to reach the Millennium Development Goal for under-5 mortality reduction by 2015. This study aimed to identify the causes of mortality and associated modifiable health care factors for under-5year-old children admitted to Onandjokwe Hospital, Namibia.Method: A descriptive retrospective review of the medical records of all children under fiveyears who died in the hospital for the period of 12 months during 2013, using two differentstructured questionnaires targeting perinatal deaths and post-perinatal deaths respectively.Results: The top five causes of 125 perinatal deaths were prematurity 22 (17.6%, birth asphyxia 19 (15.2%, congenital anomalies 16 (12.8%, unknown 13 (10.4% and abruptio placenta 11 (8.8%. The top five causes of 60 post-perinatal deaths were bacterial pneumonia 21 (35%, gastroenteritis 12 (20%, severe malnutrition 6 (10%, septicaemia 6 (10%, and tuberculosis 4 (6.7%. Sixty-nine (55% perinatal deaths and 42 (70% post-perinatal deaths were potentially avoidable. The modifiable factors were: late presentation to a health care facility, antenatal clinics not screening for danger signs, long distance referral, district hospitals not providing emergency obstetric care, poor monitoring of labour and admitted children in the wards, lack of screening for malnutrition, failure to repeat an HIV test in pregnant women in the third trimesteror during breastfeeding, and a lack of review of the urgent results of critically ill children.Conclusion: A significant number of deaths in children under 5-years of age could be avoided by paying attention to the modifiable factors identified in this study.

  13. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(11)-1 - Remuneration other than in cash for service not in the course of employer's trade or business.

    2010-04-01

    ... Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION... Tax at Source § 31.3401(a)(11)-1 Remuneration other than in cash for service not in the course of... other than cash, such as lodging, food, or other goods or commodities, for services not in the course...

  14. Surveillance of lymphatic filariasis 5 years after stopping mass drug administration in Menoufiya Governorate, Egypt.

    Moustafa, M A; Thabet, H S; Saad, G A; El-Setouhy, M; Mehrez, M; Hamdy, D M

    2014-05-01

    The World Health Organization recommends that before lymphatic filariasis elimination in an area can be confirmed, an additional survey should be performed at least 5 years after stopping mass drug administration. The current study aimed to determine the status of lymphatic filariasis 5 years after cessation ofthe mass drug administration in 3 sentinel Egyptian villages in Menoufiya Governorate. The rapid immunochromatographic card test (ICT) and a new commercial antibody detection kit (CELISA®) were used. All 1321 primary-school children aged 6-7 years old were ICT negative but 27 children were antibody positive. All households surveyed in one village with the highest antibody prevalence were ICT negative, indicating an absence of lymphatic filariasis. The CELISA antibody kit needs more standardization and development to be useful under field conditions. We conclude that lymphatic filariasis is no longer a public health problem in these villages and other villages with similar epidemiological conditions. PMID:24952286

  15. Clinical Case Report on Treatment of Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis: 5-Year Follow-up.

    Hu, Kai-Fang; Ho, Ya-Ping; Ho, Kun-Yen; Wu, Yi-Min; Wang, Wen-Chen; Chou, Yu-Hsiang

    2015-01-01

    Generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) is a distinct type of periodontal disease associated with considerably more rapid periodontal tissue destruction than chronic periodontitis. This study presents the 5-year follow-up of a patient with GAgP. A 29-year-old man reported experiencing increasing gingival recession. He was treated using cause-related therapy, provisional splints, and flap surgery combined with allograft grafting and was followed up for 5 years. This case study shows that elimination of infectious microorganisms and meticulous long-term maintenance provide an effective treatment modality for aggressive periodontitis cases. This treatment modality can restore the masticatory function and provide the GAgP patient with improved quality of life. PMID:25909527

  16. Endocrine dysfunction following traumatic brain injury: a 5-year follow-up nationwide-based study

    Yang, Wei-Hsun; Chen, Pau-Chung; Wang, Ting-Chung; Kuo, Ting-Yu; Cheng, Chun-Yu; Yang, Yao-Hsu

    2016-01-01

    Post-traumatic endocrine dysfunction is a complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, there is lack of long-term follow-up and large sample size studies. This study included patients suffering from TBI registered in the Health Insurance Database. Endocrine disorders were identified using the ICD codes: 244 (acquired hypothyroidism), 253 (pituitary dysfunction), 255 (disorders of the adrenal glands), 258 (polyglandular dysfunction), and 259 (other endocrine disorders) with at least three outpatient visits within 1 year or one admission diagnosis. Overall, 156,945 insured subjects were included in the final analysis. The 1- and 5-year incidence rates of post-traumatic endocrinopathies were 0.4% and 2%, respectively. The risks of developing a common endocrinopathy (p endocrine dysfunction after TBI increased during the entire 5-year follow-up period. Skull bone fracture and intracranial hemorrhage may be associated with short and long-term post-traumatic pituitary dysfunction, respectively. PMID:27608606

  17. Short communication. Growth and nodulation of cowpea after 5 years of consecutive composted tannery sludge amendment

    Ana R. L. Miranda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tannery industry releases high amounts of tannery sludge which are currently composted and used in agricultural soils. The consecutive amendment of such composted tannery sludge (CTS may affect soil microrganisms, such as rhizobia. In this study, we evaluated the effects of 5-year repeated CTS amendment on growth, nodulation, and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. CTS was applied in different amounts (0, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 Mg/ha to a sandy soil. Amendment of CTS increased soil pH, electrical conductivity (EC, sodium and chromium content. Plant growth, nodulation, N accumulation, and cowpea yield increased up to 10 Mg/ha; however, above this rate, these variables decreased. After 5 years of CTS amendment, the increase in soil chemical properties, particularly EC and Na content, exerted negative effects on the growth, nodulation, and yield of cowpea.

  18. Separable sustained and selective attention factors are apparent in 5-year-old children

    Underbjerg, Mette; George, Melanie S; Thorsen, Poul;

    2013-01-01

    In adults and older children, evidence consistent with relative separation between selective and sustained attention, superimposed upon generally positive inter-test correlations, has been reported. Here we examine whether this pattern is detectable in 5-year-old children from the healthy...... population. A new test battery (TEA-Ch(J)) was adapted from measures previously used with adults and older children and administered to 172 5-year-olds. Test-retest reliability was assessed in 60 children. Ninety-eight percent of the children managed to complete all measures. Discrimination of visual and...... auditory stimuli were good. In a factor analysis, the two TEA-Ch(J) selective attention tasks (one visual, one auditory) loaded onto a common factor and diverged from the two sustained attention tasks (one auditory, one motor), which shared a common loading on the second factor. This pattern, which...

  19. Bone marrow cytology in Hiroshima atomic bomb survivors 5 years following exposure

    Bone marrow aspiration smears obtained from 35 individuals, 5 years following exposure to the Hiroshima atomic bomb, were intensively evaluated for radiation related cytologic abnormalities. No definite radiation related changes were observed, but some findings were very suggestive. The most interesting of these was the occurrence of internuclear bridges joining erythroid precursors in the marrow smears of seven (20%) of the heavily exposed survivors. Although not specific it is likely that this lesion is indicative of residual stem cell damage and some degree of ineffectual erythropoiesis. The bone marrow morphologic lesions may be good markers of residual radiation damage but they are too infrequent in their occurrence to be of value as a biologic dosimeter. The findings in this study also suggest that a gradual disappearance of radiation induced late bone marrow changes continues for periods of 3 to 5 years or more following high dose acute radiation exposure. (author)

  20. Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries.

    Grantham-McGregor, Sally; Cheung, Yin Bun; Cueto, Santiago; Glewwe, Paul; Richter, Linda; Strupp, Barbara

    2007-01-01

    Many children younger than 5 years in developing countries are exposed to multiple risks, including poverty, malnutrition, poor health, and unstimulating home environments, which detrimentally affect their cognitive, motor, and social-emotional development. There are few national statistics on the development of young children in developing countries. We therefore identified two factors with available worldwide data--the prevalence of early childhood stunting and the number of people living in absolute poverty--to use as indicators of poor development. We show that both indicators are closely associated with poor cognitive and educational performance in children and use them to estimate that over 200 million children under 5 years are not fulfilling their developmental potential. Most of these children live in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. These disadvantaged children are likely to do poorly in school and subsequently have low incomes, high fertility, and provide poor care for their children, thus contributing to the intergenerational transmission of poverty. PMID:17208643

  1. Measles Antibody Titres In 0-5 Years Children At Aligarh

    Kandpal S D

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Research Question: What is the level of measles antibodies in 0-5 year children? Objectives: 1.To assess the pattern of decline of maternal antibodies in 0-9 months infants. 2. To estimate the seropositivity for measles antibodies in vaccinated 9 months infants. Study design: Cross- sectional. Setting: Rural areas of District Aligarh, U.P. Participants: 456 children in the age group of 0-5 years. Statistical analysis: Percentages, correlation coefficient. Results: 1. In all the study subjects below 9 months of age, the transplacentally acquired maternal measles antibodies showed a linear decline with increase in age. Out of 202 study subjects who had been immunized against measles 195(96.50% were seropositive and 7(3.5% were seronegative for measles antibodies.

  2. Synovial Sarcoma in the Foot of a 5-Year-Old ChildA Case Report.

    Lepow, Gary M; Grimmer, Daniel L; Lemar, Onya V; Bridges, Evan A

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of this case report is to present a rare finding of synovial sarcoma in a 5-year-old child. Most soft-tissue masses of the foot are too often presumed to be small and benign; therefore, compared with soft-tissue sarcomas, they are difficult to clinically differentiate and treat. A 5-year-old girl presented with a painful lesion that was diagnosed as synovial sarcoma after an excisional biopsy was performed. This was an unexpected finding of synovial sarcoma involving the tibialis posterior tendon of her right foot. The patient presented with an 8-month history of tenderness and an antalgic gait. We would like to encourage that all soft-tissue tumors of the foot be preoperatively evaluated with the aid of diagnostic imaging so that a well-planned biopsy assessment can be performed, with adequate margins excised. PMID:27489968

  3. Central Venous Catheters for Chemotherapy of Solid Tumors – Our Results in the Last 5 Years

    Žganjer, Mirko; Čizmić, Ante; Butković, Diana; MATOLIĆ, MARTINA; Karaman-Ilić, Maja; Stepan, Jasminka

    2008-01-01

    Central venous catheters provide an easy access for intravenous medications. Having a central line in place will relieve a child from the discomfort and danger of multiple regular intravenous lines for chemotherapy. The use of indwelling central venous catheters has become commonplace in the management of children undergoing oncological treatment. There are two types of central lines commonly used. There are Broviac catheters and Port-A-Cath (PAC) catheters. In the last 5 years we...

  4. Implementation of cerebral microdialysis at a community-based hospital: A 5-year retrospective analysis

    Chen, Jeff W; Rogers, Shana L.; Gombart, Zoe J.; Adler, David E.; Cecil, Sandy

    2012-01-01

    Background: Cerebral microdialysis (MD) provides valuable information about brain metabolism under normal and pathologic conditions. The CMA 600 microdialysis analyzer received US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for clinical use in the United States in 2005. Since then, cerebral MD has been increasingly utilized nationally in the multimodal monitoring of traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, and brain tumors. We describe a 5-year, single-institu...

  5. Posttraumatic stress disorder among Danish soldiers 2.5 years after military deployment in Afghanistan

    Hellerup, Janne; Andersen, Søren Bo; Høgh (Hogh), Annie

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) implicates research regarding factors besides the preceding traumatic event. This study investigated the influence of predisposing personality traits on development of PTSD in a group of Danish Soldiers deployed to Afghanistan ...... Spearman¡'s rho significant relationships were identified between pre-existing personality traits of neuroticism and agreeableness with development of PTSD symptoms 2.5 years after homecoming, however, a number of additional cofounders were identified....

  6. GLOBAL STRATEGY FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF ASTHMA IN CHILDREN 5 YEARS AND YOUNGER

    Pedersen, Soren; Hurd, Suzanne; Lemanske, Robert; Becker, Allan; Zar, Heather; Sly, Peter; Soto-Quiroz, Manuel; Wong, Gary; Bateman, Eric

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood and the leading cause of childhood morbidity from chronic disease as measured by school absences, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations1. Many scientific advances have improved our understanding of asthma and our ability to manage and control it effectively. However, in children 5 years and younger, the clinical symptoms of asthma are variable and non-specific. Furthermore, neither airflow limitation nor...

  7. Development of Speech Intelligibility Measurement Test for 3 to 5 Years Old Normal Children

    Fatemeh Hoseyni; Zahra Agha Rasouli; Farhad Torabi Nezhad; Sara Heydari

    2011-01-01

    Background and Aim: Speech intelligibility is defined as a measure of effectiveness of understanding speech. It has many applications such as nomination of speech disorder intensity. Different methods and speech tasks have been designed for assessment of speech intelligibility amongst which word identification tasks have high validity. This study aimed to provide a test to measure speech intelligibility among children aged 3 to 5 years old.Methods: Many words were collected and content validi...

  8. New spontaneous breast seroma 5 years after augmentation: a case report

    Chourmouzi, Danai; Vryzas, Trantafillos; Drevelegas, Antonios

    2009-01-01

    The case of a 36 year old woman who experienced a late, spontaneous breast seroma 5 years after augmentation in the absence of any known precipitating factors is reported. Although seroma is not an uncommon complication in the immediate postoperative period, it is extremely rare as a late complication of breast implantation. Magnetic resonance imaging is a reliable method to confirm the diagnosis of late seroma formation. Surgery is the preferred treatment.

  9. Delayed tumor resection in a 5-year-old child with bilateral Wilms tumor

    Carmichael, Samuel P.; Pulliam, Joseph F.; D'Orazio, John A.

    2012-01-01

    We describe the case of a 5-year-old girl whose abdominal pain and distension were caused by Wilms tumor of the kidney. Because of the bilateral nature of her disease, she was spared biopsy or initial nephrectomy as part of her treatment course. Rather, she was treated presumptively for Wilms tumor based primarily on radiologic findings. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of vincristine, dactinomycin and doxorubicin was given to facilitate nephron-sparing surgery for tumor resection. Her ini...

  10. 26 CFR 1.410(a)-5 - Year of service; break in service.

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Year of service; break in service. 1.410(a)-5 Section 1.410(a)-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Pension, Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.410(a)-5 Year of service; break in service. (a) Year...