WorldWideScience

Sample records for 4th joint boards

  1. 4th International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence

    Correia, António; Rosa, Agostinho; Filipe, Joaquim

    2015-01-01

    The present book includes extended and revised versions of a set of selected papers from the Fourth International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence (IJCCI 2012)., held in Barcelona, Spain, from 5 to 7 October, 2012. The conference was sponsored by the Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication (INSTICC) and was organized in cooperation with the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI). The conference brought together researchers, engineers and practitioners in computational technologies, especially those related to the areas of fuzzy computation, evolutionary computation and neural computation. It is composed of three co-located conferences, each one specialized in one of the aforementioned -knowledge areas. Namely: - International Conference on Evolutionary Computation Theory and Applications (ECTA) - International Conference on Fuzzy Computation Theory and Applications (FCTA) - International Conference on Neural Computation Theory a...

  2. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    HR Department

    2006-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to advancement. The person concerned has requested that the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General be brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (No. 60) from 24 March to 10 April 2006. Human Resources Department Tel. 74128

  3. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mrs Judith Igo-Kemenes concerning the application of procedures foreseen by Administrative Circular N§ 26 (Rev. 3). As the appellant has not objected, the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General are brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 6 to 20 June 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  4. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mr Poul Frandsen concerning his assimilation into the new career structure. As the appellant has not objected, the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General are brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 13 to 24 January 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  5. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel against the decision to grant him only a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the attention of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (bldg. 500) from 1 September to 14 September 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  6. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel against the decision to grant him only a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the attention of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 500) from 1 September to 14 September 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  7. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has requested that the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General be brought to the notice of the members of the personnel, in accordance with Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (Bldg. 60) from 24 September to 7 October 2007. Human Resources Department

  8. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to award him a periodic one-step advancement for the 2006 reference year. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main building (Bldg. 500) from 17 March to 30 March 2008. Human Resources Department Tel. 73911

  9. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 500) from 26 May to 6 June 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  10. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine an internal appeal lodged by a member of the personnel with regard to the decision not to grant him an indefinite contract. The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the notice of the members of the personnel, in accordance with Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations. These documents will therefore be posted on the notice board of the Main Building (Bldg. 60) from 21 January to 3 February 2008. Human Resources Department (73911)

  11. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    2003-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board was convened to examine the appeal lodged by Mr Aloïs Girardoz with regard to classification and advancement. As the appellant has not objected, the Board's report and the Director-General's decision will be brought to the notice of the personnel in accordance with Article R VI 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. The relevant documents will therefore be posted on the notice boards of the Administration Building (N° 60) from 15 to 29 August 2003. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  12. Joint Advisory Appeals Board

    2013-01-01

    The Joint Advisory Appeals Board has examined the internal appeal lodged by a former member of the personnel, a beneficiary of the CERN Pension Fund, against the calculation of his pension in the framework of the Progressive Retirement Programme.   The person concerned has not objected to the report of the Board and the final decision of the Director-General being brought to the attention of the members of the personnel. In application of Article R VI 1.18 of the Staff Regulations, these documents will therefore be available from 26 July to 11 August 2013 at the following link. HR Department Head Office

  13. The JAERI and Universities joint project research reports on the 4th joint research project between JAERI and Universities on backend chemistry

    NONE

    2003-02-01

    In the Joint Research Project between JAERI and Universities on Backend Chemistry, the 4th-term researches of it were performed on sixteen themes from April of 1999 to March of 2001 under the four categories, i.e. Nuclear-chemistry and physical-chemistry properties of actinides', 'Solid state chemistry and nuclear fuel engineering of actinides', 'Solution chemistry and technologies for separation and analysis of actinides' and Treatment of radioactive waste and environmental chemistry'. The present report compiled the papers contributed to the Joint Research Project. (author)

  14. MATTERS PRESENTED AT THE JOINT BOARDS MEETING

    T. Virdee

    CMS Organisation (T. Virdee) The Management Board endorsed J. Incandela as Deputy Physics Coordinator; he would move to CERN in the middle of 2007. The Board also took note of the Level-2 Convenors in Computing, Offline Software and Physics. Suggestions for the unfilled positions were still welcome. It was urgent to appoint a Database Coordinator. In the cases where only one Level-2 coordinator was being nominated the second would be nominated in 9 months. It was stressed that the SLHC working group must do real simulations to address questions about the machine design. The Management Board took note of the proposal to formally assign Mentors to Physics and analysis groups, of the nominations of the Convenors of the Detector Performance Groups and recommended that the Trigger Coordinator be appointed soon. Discussion on Technical Recommendations (A. Ball) The Board was reminded of the conclusions presented at the Joint Boards meeting. The present planning assumed that the YB0 services installation could...

  15. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY DISCIPLINARY BOARD

    2004-01-01

    2004 Exercise Appointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Members Wisla Carena / PH Claude Despas / AB 1st deputies Fréderick Bordry / AB Françoise Thévenet / AT 2nd deputies Roland Garoby / AB Susan Maio /AT Mrs Carena and Mr Despas have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairperson of the Board may be chosen when required : Doris Burckhart / PH Bertrand Nicquevert / TS Pierre Charrue / AB Keith Potter / TS Nicole Laurence Cremel / IT Ghislain Roy / AB Friedemann Eder / DSU Laurent Tavian / AT Laure esteveny / LHC Pierre Vande Vyvre / PH

  16. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD

    2004-01-01

    2004 Exercise Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff Association Members Lars Leistam / TS Irene Seis / IT 1st deputies Christian Fabjan / PH Jean-François Michaud / TS 2nd deputies Mats Møller / IT Gérard Antoinet / SC Dr Leistam and Mrs Seis have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairperson of the Board may be chosen when required : Etienne Carlier / AB Ignacio Reguero / IT Philippe Charpentier / PH Alasdair smith / PH Paula Carvalho Correia / FI Pierre Strubin / AT Hans De Groot / PH Emmanuel Tsesmelis / AT Catherine Delamare / IT Elena Wildner / AT Mediators [see Administrative Circular N° 6 (Rev. 1) entitled "Review procedure"] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members.

  17. Joint Inversion of Seismic and Geodetic Data for the Source of the 4th March 2010 MW 6.3 Jia-Shian, SW Taiwan, Earthquake

    Huang, M.; Dreger, D. S.; Burgmann, R.; Suppe, J.; Hashimoto, M.

    2010-12-01

    The 4th March 2010 Jia-Shian (MW 6.3) earthquake occurred in SW Taiwan and caused moderate damage. According to the Central Weather Bureau (CWB) report, this event is located at a depth of ~23 km under the Central Range. No fault related surface rupture was observed, reflecting an unusually deep source that is relatively rare in west Taiwan. The coseismic GPS measurements show a fan shape pattern with azimuths from SW to NW. The highest observed horizontal displacement is 3.67 cm in the direction of N80°W and is about 20 km far away from the epicenter. We develop finite-source models using a combination of Global Positioning System (GPS), synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR), and seismic strong motion waveform data to understand the rupture process of this event. The preferred model shows a primary slip patch that is about 20 km in diameter with a peak slip of 25.1 cm and total scalar seismic moment of 1.96 × 1018 N m (MW 6.13). This fault geometry is N38°W in strike and 27° dipping to NE. The majority of slip is between 8 and 14 cm located to the NW of the hypocenter, which is very close to the northern end of the active Chi-Shan Fault (CSF) and the high angle reverse Chao-Chou Fault (CCF). Our moment tensor solution using data from the Broadband Array in Taiwan for Seismology (BATS) shows a NW-striking and east dipping thrust with a left-lateral strike-slip component to the focal mechanism, which is close to the current direction of plate motion in Taiwan. The main shock mechanism and the aftershock distribution have different orientations, neither of which is similar to NS or NE-SW trending Chi-Shan and Chao-Chou surface faults. The aftershock sequence extends nearly 25 km into western Foothills striking EW when close to the epicenter but in a NW direction farther west from the epicenter. The different directions from the main shock to the aftershock distribution may imply different fault planes being ruptured during coseismic and postseismic

  18. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD & DISCIPLINARY BOARD 1999-2000 EXERCISE

    Division des ressources humaines

    2000-01-01

     Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff AssociationMembersBertrand Frammery / PSDaniel Boimond/ PS1st deputiesSue Foffano / ASJean-Claude Carlier / TIS2nd deputiesWolfgangvon Rüden / ITPoul Frandsen / LHCMessrs. Frammery and Boimond have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required:Jean-Luc Baldy / STGuy Maurin / EPJean-Paul Fabre / EPMichel Rabany / LHCSverre Jarp / ITJean-Pierre Riunaud / PSLennart Jirden / SPLRoberto Saban / ACRobin Lauckner / SLMarilena Streit-Bianchi /TISMediators [see Administrative Circular N¡ 6 (Rev. 1) entitled 'Review procedure'] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members.COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY DISCIPLINARY BOARD1999-2000 Exercise Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff AssociationMembersAchille Petrilli / ASMichel Bonnet / EP1st deputiesWisla Carena / EPIrene Seis / IT2nd deputiesRoland Garoby / PSJuan Diaz-Montoya / AC...

  19. The 4th Thermodynamic Principle?

    It should be emphasized that the 4th Principle above formulated is a thermodynamic principle and, at the same time, is mechanical-quantum and relativist, as it should inevitably be and its absence has been one of main the theoretical limitations of the physical theory until today.We show that the theoretical discovery of Dimensional Primitive Octet of Matter, the 4th Thermodynamic Principle, the Quantum Hexet of Matter, the Global Hexagonal Subsystem of Fundamental Constants of Energy and the Measurement or Connected Global Scale or Universal Existential Interval of the Matter is that it is possible to be arrived at a global formulation of the four 'forces' or fundamental interactions of nature. The Einstein's golden dream is possible

  20. The 4th concept detector

    John Hauptman

    2007-12-01

    The 4th concept detector consists of four detector subsystems, a small-pixel vertex detector, a high-resolution TPC, a new multiple-readout fiber calorimeter and a new dual-solenoid iron-free muon system. We discuss the design of a comprehensive facility that measures and identifies all partons of the standard model, including hadronic → and → decays, with high precision and high e±ciency. We emphasis here the calorimeter and muon systems.

  1. 4th Machining Innovations Conference

    2014-01-01

    This contributed volume contains the research results presented at the 4th Machining Innovations Conference, Hannover, September 2013. The topic of the conference are new production technologies in aerospace industry and the focus is on energy efficient machine tools as well as sustainable process planning. The target audience primarily comprises researchers and experts in the field but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

  2. Joint convention on the safety of spent fuel management and on the safety of radioactive waste management. 4th Finnish national report as referred to in Article 32 of the convention

    2011-07-01

    This is the Finnish National Report, in accordance with the provisions of the Article 32 of the Joint Convention, to the 4th Review Meeting of the Contracting Parties in May 2012. The aim of the report is to present the recent developments of waste management in Finland, to describe waste management facilities and practices in Finland and, for discussion and review among contracting parties, to describe how the obligations under the Convention are fulfilled in Finland. There were major developments in safety of spent fuel managements and safety of radioactive waste management in Finland during the reporting period 2008-2010. The main focus of activities was the spent fuel disposal project, where preparedness for the submittal of a construction license application is approaching. This has required extensive effort, from both the regulator and the implementer, in research, technical development and development of organizations. As spent fuel is defined in legislation as radioactive waste in Finland, the nuclear power plants at Loviisa and Olkiluoto are the main generators of radioactive waste. Fortum Power and Heat Oy operates two VVER units at the Loviisa site and Teollisuuden Voima Oyj two plant units at Olkiluoto. The Loviisa units 1 and 2 were commissioned in 1977 and 1981, and the Olkiluoto units 1 and 2 in 1978 and 1980, respectively. In addition, a new nuclear power plant unit is being constructed at the Olkiluoto site. The Decision-in-Principle, the first step in licensing decisions, was made by the Government for two new reactors, one for Teollisuuden Voima Oyj at the Olkiluoto site and one for Fennovoima Oy, which will make a decision between two alternative sites in 2011. At the Olkiluoto and Loviisa sites there are interim storages for spent fuel as well as final repositories for medium and low level radioactive wastes. Furthermore, a Triga Mark II research reactor is operated in Espoo by the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. During the reporting

  3. MicroRNAs in Cancer: the 22nd Hiroshima Cancer Seminar/the 4th Japanese Association for RNA Interference Joint International Symposium, 30 August 2012, Grand Prince Hotel Hiroshima.

    Tahara, Hidetoshi; Kay, Mark A; Yasui, Wataru; Tahara, Eiichi

    2013-05-01

    The joint international symposium of the 22nd Hiroshima Cancer Seminar and the 4th Japanese Association for RNA Interference focused on a pivotal role of microRNAs in carcinogenesis, progression and therapy of human cancer. Mammalian immune regulator MCPIP1 (Zc3h12a) RNase acts as a novel suppressor of microRNA activity and biogenesis, suggesting the involvement of MCPIP1 in the alteration of microRNA biogenesis in tumorigenesis. Gene set enrichment analysis and functional assignment of microRNAs via enrichment analysis enable the prediction of microRNA activities from mRNA expression data by combining rank-based enrichment analysis and weighted evaluation of microRNA-mRNA interactions. MiR-124 and miR-203 function as tumor-suppressor microRNAs silenced by DNA methylation in hepatocellular carcinoma. Stella-induced DNA hypomethylation would confer the pathogenic function of DNA hypomethylation in cancer. Senescence-associated microRNA, miR-22, suppresses tumor growth and metastasis in vivo in a murine breast cancer model, and exosomal senescence-associated microRNA may affect the tumor microenvironment. The therapeutic potential of microRNAs for preventing and treating lung cancer using the Kras(LSL-G12D/+);p53(LSL-R172H/+)mouse model suggests that miR-34 may be useful in sensitizing tumors to other conventional therapeutics. MiR-1 and miR-133a cluster may function as tumor suppressors regulating novel pathways in human cancers. The down-regulation of miR-148a is implicated in invasion of gastric cancer, while high miR-21 expression in colorectal cancer is associated with poor survival. Neutral sphingomyelinase 2 regulates exosomal microRNA secretion and promotes angiogenesis within the tumor microenvironment as well as metastasis; in particular, the exosomal miR-210 secretion by neutral sphingomyelinase 2 confers the formation of the tumor vessel network. PMID:23487440

  4. Joint convention on the safety of spent fuel management and on the safety of radioactive waste management. 4th Finnish national report as referred to in Article 32 of the convention

    This is the Finnish National Report, in accordance with the provisions of the Article 32 of the Joint Convention, to the 4th Review Meeting of the Contracting Parties in May 2012. The aim of the report is to present the recent developments of waste management in Finland, to describe waste management facilities and practices in Finland and, for discussion and review among contracting parties, to describe how the obligations under the Convention are fulfilled in Finland. There were major developments in safety of spent fuel managements and safety of radioactive waste management in Finland during the reporting period 2008-2010. The main focus of activities was the spent fuel disposal project, where preparedness for the submittal of a construction license application is approaching. This has required extensive effort, from both the regulator and the implementer, in research, technical development and development of organizations. As spent fuel is defined in legislation as radioactive waste in Finland, the nuclear power plants at Loviisa and Olkiluoto are the main generators of radioactive waste. Fortum Power and Heat Oy operates two VVER units at the Loviisa site and Teollisuuden Voima Oyj two plant units at Olkiluoto. The Loviisa units 1 and 2 were commissioned in 1977 and 1981, and the Olkiluoto units 1 and 2 in 1978 and 1980, respectively. In addition, a new nuclear power plant unit is being constructed at the Olkiluoto site. The Decision-in-Principle, the first step in licensing decisions, was made by the Government for two new reactors, one for Teollisuuden Voima Oyj at the Olkiluoto site and one for Fennovoima Oy, which will make a decision between two alternative sites in 2011. At the Olkiluoto and Loviisa sites there are interim storages for spent fuel as well as final repositories for medium and low level radioactive wastes. Furthermore, a Triga Mark II research reactor is operated in Espoo by the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. During the reporting

  5. The joint effect of board characteristics on financial performance: Empirical evidence from Egypt

    Hayam Wahba

    2015-01-01

    Purpose –This paper aims to investigate the joint effect of board characteristics on financial performance. Most of the existing literature implicitly assumes that the relationship between either board composition, or board leadership structure and financial performance is direct. Design/methodology/approach –The generalized least squares method was performed as a panel data analysis on a sample of 40 Egyptian listed firms during the period from 2008 to 2010. Findings –The results demonstrate...

  6. 4th International Conference on Power Transmissions

    2013-01-01

    This books contains the Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Power Transmissions, that was held in Sinaia, Romania from June 20 -23, 2012. Power Transmissions is a very complex and multi-disciplinary scientific field of Mechanical Engineering that covers the different types of transmissions (mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic) as well as all the machine elements involved, such as gears, bearings, shafts, couplings and a lot more. It concerns not only their basic theory but also their design, analysis, testing, application and maintenance. The requirements set to modern power transmissions are really tough to meet: They need to be more efficient, stronger, smaller, noiseless, easier to produce and to cost less. There is a strong demand to become easier in operation and maintenance, or even automatic and in maintenance-free. Last but not least, they should be easily recycled and respect the environment. Joint efforts of specialists from both academia and industry can significantly contribute to fulf...

  7. Annual Report of the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Board. The Report made in 1972

    Pursuant to the requirement in Article 14 of the Regulations of the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund that the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Board present an annual report to the General Assembly of the United Nations and to the member organizations of the Fund, the United Nations has published the report presented by the Board in 1972 as Supplement No. 9 to the Official Records of the General Assembly: Twenty-Seventh Session (A/8709). The report has thus already been communicated to Governments. However, if any Member should require additional copies, the Secretariat is ready to obtain them

  8. Annual Report of the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Board. The Report Made In 1974

    Pursuant to the requirement in Article 14(a) of the Regulations of the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund that the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Board present an annual report to the General Assembly of the United Nations and to the member organizations of the Fund, the United Nations has published the report presented by the Board in 1974 as Supplement No. 9 to the Official Records of the General Assembly: Twenty-Ninth Session (A/9609). The report has thus already been communicated to Governments. However, if any Member should require additional copies, the Secretariat is ready to obtain them

  9. Annual Report of the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Board. The Report made in 1975

    Pursuant to the requirement in Article 14(a) of the Regulations of the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund that the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Board present an annual report to the General Assembly of the United Nations and to the member organizations of the Fund, the United Nations has published the report presented by the Board in 1975 as Supplement No. 9 to the Official Records of the General Assembly: Thirtieth Session (A/10009). The report has thus already been communicated to Governments. However, if any Member should require additional copies, the Secretariat is ready to obtain them

  10. 77 FR 60746 - Proposed Information Collection (VA/DOD Joint Disability Evaluation Board Claim) Activity...

    2012-10-04

    ... 20420 or email to ] nancy.kessinger@va.gov . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0704'' in any... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (VA/DOD Joint Disability Evaluation Board Claim) Activity: Comment...: The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), is announcing...

  11. Students Selection for University Course Admission at the Joint Admissions Board (Kenya) Using Trained Neural Networks

    Wabwoba, Franklin; Mwakondo, Fullgence M.

    2011-01-01

    Every year, the Joint Admission Board (JAB) is tasked to determine those students who are expected to join various Kenyan public universities under the government sponsorship scheme. This exercise is usually extensive because of the large number of qualified students compared to the very limited number of slots at various institutions and the…

  12. The Leap into 4th Grade

    Anderson, Mike

    2011-01-01

    Fourth grade is a pivotal year, in which students commonly face increased academic demands. According to Anderson, teachers can help students make a smooth transition to 4th grade by introducing these new challenges in ways that are in line with 4th graders' common developmental characteristics: incredible energy and emotion, industriousness and…

  13. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY DISCIPLINARY BOARD - 2002 Exercise

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    Apointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Members Frederick Bordry/SL Gerrit Jan Bossen/EP 1st deputies Wisla Carena/EP Michel Bonnet/EP 2nd deputies Roland Garoby/PS Daniel Boimond/PS Dr Bordry and Dr Bossen have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required : Apointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Doris Burckhart/EP Laure Esteveny/AS Margrit Burri/EP Patrick Geeraert/fi Pierre Charrue/SL Bertrand Nicquevert/EP Nicole Laurence Cremel/IT Keith Potter/EST Friedemann Eder/DSU Laurent Tavian/LHC Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  14. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD - 2002 Exercise

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    Apointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Members Christian Fabjan/EP Irene Seis/IT 1st deputies Sue Foffano/AS Jean-Claude Carlier/TIS 2nd deputies Luc Durieu/PS Morna Robillard/HR Dr Fabjan and Mrs Seis have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required: Apointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Christophe Delamare/eEST Mats Moller/AS Cristina Lara/SPL Corrado Pettenati/ETT Eugenia Hatziangeli/SL Ignacio Reguero/IT Lars Leistam/EST Alasdair smith/EP Guy Maurin/EP Pierre Strubin/LHC Mediators [see Administrative Circular N° 6 (Rev. 1) entitled 'Review procedure'] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members. Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  15. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY DISCIPLINARY BOARD - 2003 Exercise

    2003-01-01

    Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff Association Members Wisla Carena/EP Marie-Françoise Thévenet/AT 1st deputies Fréderick Bordry/AB Gerrit Jan Bossen/EP 2nd deputies Roland Garoby/AB Daniel Boimond/AB Mrs Carena and Mrs Thévenet have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairperson of the Board may be chosen when required : Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff Association Doris Burckhart/EP Laure esteveny/AC Margrit Burri/EP Patrick Geeraert/FI Pierre Charrue/AB Bertrand Nicquevert/EP Nicole Laurence Cremel/IT Keith Potter/EST Friedemann Eder/DSU Laurent Tavian/AT Human Resources DivisionTel. 74128

  16. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD - 2003 Exercise

    2003-01-01

    Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff Association MembersChristian Fabjan/EPIrene Seis/IT 1st deputies Lars Leistam/ESTJean-Claude Carlier/TIS 2nd deputies Luc Durieu/ABMorna Robillard/HR Dr Fabjan and Mrs Seis have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairperson of the Board may be chosen when required : Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff AssociationPhilippe Charpentier/EPCorrado Pettenati/ETT Christophe Delamare/EST Ignacio Reguero/IT Eugenia Hatziangeli/AB Alasdair smith/EP Tadeusz Kurtyka/EST Pierre Strubin/AT Mats Møller/AS Elena Wildner/AT Mediators [see Administrative Circular N° 6 (Rev. 1) entitled "Review procedure"] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members. Human Resources DivisionTel. 74128

  17. DIAGONAL TENSILE STRENGTH OF AN ORIENTED STRAND-BOARD (OSB FRAME WITH DOVETAIL CORNER JOINT

    Kadir Ozkaya

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available It was aimed in this study to determine the effect of the number of joints in frames produced from Oriented Strand Board (OSB and of the type of adhesive on the diagonal tensile strength (DTS of the frame. With this objective, a total of 152 specimens were prepared from OSB in accordance with the principles in the EN 2470 test standard. The diagonal tensile test was applied to the specimens in the universal test equipment in accordance with ASTM-D 1037. According to the statistical analysis of the data obtained from the tests, the number of dovetail joints and the type of adhesive had significant effects on the DTS. The highest DTS (0.117 N/mm2 was obtained in the specimens with a single dovetail joint and bonded with the PVAc adhesive. This alternative was followed by the specimens with a double dovetail joint bonded with the PVAc adhesive (0.078 N/mm2 and the specimens with a single dovetail joint bonded with the PU adhesive (0.073 N/mm2. The lowest DTS occurred in the specimens with single and double joints without adhesive. According to these results, adhesive should definitely be used in the corner joining of the dovetail joints, and the single dovetail joint joining type bonded with PVAc adhesive is preferred.

  18. Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea in primary joint arthroplasty in Aneurin Bevan University Health Board South.

    Blocker, O; Abdulkadir, U; Roberts, P

    2016-03-01

    Introduction The choice of perioperative antibiotics to reduce the prevalence of infection after joint arthroplasty should be considered carefully to minimise the risk of nosocomial infections. Dramatic increases in the incidence and severity of healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infection with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD) have occurred since 2000. Methods A retrospective audit of patients who underwent total hip and total knee replacement between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2007 was undertaken in Aneurin Bevan University Health Board South (ABHBS). Stool samples from patients who had diarrhoea audit linked joint-replacement patients between 1 July 2010 and 26 June 2013 with infection control-records for CDAD-positive cases. Results In the first audit cycle, 1900 joint procedures were carried out in 1845 patients. There were 4 cases of CDAD audit period, 2591 joint procedures were undertaken in 2400 patients: no cases of CDAD financial savings in antibiotics and nursing hours. PMID:26836055

  19. 75 FR 25113 - High-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Lifeline and...

    2010-05-07

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 High-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service... circumstances since we issued the NPRM, 71 FR 1721, January 11, 2006, in 2005. 2. In light of these positive... a Joint Statement on Broadband that recommends comprehensive reform of universal service,...

  20. Toward 4th generation district heating

    Li, Hongwei; Svendsen, Svend; Dalla Rosa, Alessandro;

    2014-01-01

    comparing with other local heat generation units. The design and operation of DH systems therefore needs to be re-examined, part of the solution being low operational temperature. The 3-years IEA DHC Annex X project ‘Towards 4th Generation District Heating: Experience and Potential of Low...

  1. Using image partitions in 4th Dimension

    Gasparri, Giovanni

    2004-01-01

    I have plotted an image by using mathematical functions in the Database "4th Dimension". I'm going to show an alternative method to: detect which sector has been clicked; highlight it and combine it with other sectors already highlighted; store the graph information in an efficient way; load and splat image layers to reconstruct the stored graph.

  2. European Code against Cancer 4th Edition

    Friis, Søren; Kesminiene, Ausrele; Espina, Carolina;

    2015-01-01

    were given for carcinogenic drugs and medical radiation in the 4th edition of European Code against Cancer. It is crucial that the application of these measures relies on medical expertise and thorough benefit-risk evaluation. This also pertains to cancer-preventive drugs, and self-medication with...

  3. MANAGEMENT BOARD MEETING OF 4TH DECEMBER 2003

    2003-01-01

    Status Report on Earned Value Management (EVM) J. Ferguson, the EVM Project Leader, stated that, from 1st September to 1st December, i.e. the period covered by the EVM status report to be presented to the Finance Committee at its forthcoming meeting, over 2800 of the 10,700 or so work units had been active and about 420 had been completed, bringing the total number of completed work units to more than 3100. Earned Value had risen by some 132 MCHF, with Cost Variance increasing from a favourable 15 MCHF to 28 MCHF, mainly due to the time lag between the recording of earned value and the execution of payments; Schedule Variance had increased from an unfavourable -117 MCHF to -168 MCHF, essentially due to delays in the delivery of important components. In the coming months, all major contracts would be adjusted to ensure a better matching between probable delivery dates and reality. On the development side, the EVM team was continuing to focus its efforts on the contract maintenance functional...

  4. Nano Reviews in its 4th Volume

    Biju, Vasudevanpillai

    2013-01-01

    Nano Reviews - now in its 4th volume - is a unique Open Access international journal which publishes articles in the fields of nanoscience, nanotechnology, nanobiotechnology, and single-molecule research, and has successfully published cutting-edge research results and reviews in these areas over the past three years (vols. 1-3). The importance of nanoscience and nanotechnology for future technology and health care is now well recognized, which is apparent from the ever-accelerating growth of...

  5. 2015 4th China Academic Conference on Printing and Packaging

    Xu, Min; Yang, Li; Ouyang, Yujie

    2016-01-01

    This book includes a selection of reviewed papers presented at the 2015, 4th China Academic Conference on Printing and Packaging, which was held on October 22-24, 2015 in Hangzhou, China. The conference was jointly organized by the China Academy of Printing Technology, Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication, and Hangzhou Dianzi University. With 3 keynote talks and 200 presented papers on graphic communications, packaging technologies and materials, the conference attracted more than 400 scientists.  These proceedings cover the recent research outcomes on color science and technology, image-processing technology, digital-media technology, printing-engineering technology, packaging-engineering technology etc. They will be of interest to university researchers, R&D engineers and graduate students in graphic communications, packaging, color science, image science, materials science, computer science, digital media and network technology fields.

  6. A Summary of Recommendations of the Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service: Support for Schools and Libraries. RUPRI Telecommunications Policy Brief, P96-9.

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Rural Policy Research Inst.

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) appointed a Joint Board to recommend changes in existing FCC rules to fulfill the regulatory mandates of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The Joint Board, which consists of three FCC commissioners, four State commissioners, and one consumer advocate, issued its recommendations to the FCC in a 500-page…

  7. 4th Generation District Heating (4GDH)

    Lund, Henrik; Werner, Sven; Wiltshire, Robin;

    2014-01-01

    This paper defines the concept of 4th Generation District Heating (4GDH) including the relations to District Cooling and the concepts of smart energy and smart thermal grids. The motive is to identify the future challenges of reaching a future renewable non-fossil heat supply as part of the...... implementation of overall sustainable energy systems. The basic assumption is that district heating and cooling has an important role to play in future sustainable energy systems – including 100 percent renewable energy systems – but the present generation of district heating and cooling technologies will have...... to be developed further into a new generation in order to play such a role. Unlike the first three generations, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as being an integrated part of the operation of smart energy systems, i.e. integrated smart...

  8. Search for 4th generation quarks

    Khalil, Sadia

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of searches for a new heavy 4th generation and vector-like quark using leptonic, and semileptonic final states comprising of electron(s) and/or muon(s) and jets. The full sample of 5 fb$^{-1}$ of pp collisions recorded with CMS experiment in 2011 at the center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV has been used. In leptonic final states, two same sign dilepton and trilepton channels have been explored. For semileptonic events, the search for heavy quarks is carried out using events with one lepton, and at least four jets with imbalance in transverse momenta, requiring at least one of the jet identified as originating from the fragmentation of a b-quark. No significant excess of events over Standard Model expectations is observed, therefore upper mass limits are set at 95\\% C.L.

  9. 4th international interdisciplinary chaos symposium

    Banerjee, Santo; Caglar, Suleyman; Ozer, Mehmet; Chaos and complex systems

    2013-01-01

    Complexity Science and Chaos Theory are fascinating areas of scientific research with wide-ranging applications.  The interdisciplinary nature and ubiquity of complexity and chaos are features that provides scientists with a motivation to pursue general theoretical tools and frameworks. Complex systems give rise to emergent behaviors, which in turn produce novel and interesting phenomena in science, engineering, as well as in the socio-economic sciences. The aim of all Symposia on Chaos and Complex Systems (CCS) is to bring together scientists, engineers, economists and social scientists, and to discuss the latest insights and results obtained in the area of corresponding nonlinear-system complex (chaotic) behavior. Especially for the “4th International Interdisciplinary Chaos Symposium on Chaos and Complex Systems,” which took place April 29th to May 2nd, 2012 in Antalya, Turkey, the scope of the symposium had been further enlarged so as to encompass the presentation of work from circuits to econophysic...

  10. 4th World Conference on Soft Computing

    Abbasov, Ali; Yager, Ronald; Shahbazova, Shahnaz; Reformat, Marek

    2016-01-01

    This book reports on advanced theories and cutting-edge applications in the field of soft computing. The individual chapters, written by leading researchers, are based on contributions presented during the 4th World Conference on Soft Computing, held May 25-27, 2014, in Berkeley. The book covers a wealth of key topics in soft computing, focusing on both fundamental aspects and applications. The former include fuzzy mathematics, type-2 fuzzy sets, evolutionary-based optimization, aggregation and neural networks, while the latter include soft computing in data analysis, image processing, decision-making, classification, series prediction, economics, control, and modeling. By providing readers with a timely, authoritative view on the field, and by discussing thought-provoking developments and challenges, the book will foster new research directions in the diverse areas of soft computing. .

  11. 75 FR 56494 - High-Cost Universal Service Support and Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service

    2010-09-16

    ...) by filing paper copies. See Electronic Filing of Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121... support would not necessarily result in future deployment of expanded service. Reducing the total amount... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 High-Cost Universal Service Support and Federal-State Joint Board on...

  12. 76 FR 4827 - High-Cost Universal Service Support and Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service

    2011-01-27

    ... relinquishes its ETC status. As discussed in the September 2010 NPRM, 75 FR 56494, September 16, 2010, the goal of the Interim Cap Order, 73 FR 37882, July 2, 2008, is to rein in high-cost universal service... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 High-Cost Universal Service Support and Federal-State Joint Board on...

  13. 76 FR 16481 - Lifeline and Link Up Reform and Modernization; Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service...

    2011-03-23

    ...In this document, the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) puts forward a set of proposals to reform and modernize Lifeline/Link Up, including recommendations of the Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Government Accountability Office, and the National Broadband Plan. The reforms proposed will significantly bolster protections against waste, fraud, and abuse; control the......

  14. 76 FR 38040 - Lifeline and Link Up Reform and Modernization, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service...

    2011-06-29

    ... adopted the first three tiers of Lifeline support in the Universal Service First Report and Order, 62 FR...] Lifeline and Link Up Reform and Modernization, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Lifeline and... Link Up NPRM, 76 FR 16482, March 23, 2011, the Commission underscored its commitment to...

  15. 75 FR 25156 - High-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Lifeline and...

    2010-05-07

    ...-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Lifeline and Link-Up... Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121, May 1, 1998. Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed... voice telephone service. 2. The Commission in the Twelfth Report and Order, 65 FR 47941, August 4,...

  16. Urgent issues of electing supervisory board members pursuant to the Law of Ukraine «On Joint-Stock Companies»

    Bondar Igor; Tkachenko Kostyantyn

    2014-01-01

    Annotation Bondar I.S., Tkachenko K.V. Urgent issues of electing supervisory board members pursuant to the Law of Ukraine «On Joint-Stock Companies». – Article. The article is devoted to the problem aspects of electing supervisory board members of the joint – stock company, in particular as to possibilities for minority shareholders to manage the company through their representation in the composition of supervisory board.    

  17. ELECTIONS PENSION FUND 4th candidate

    2001-01-01

    ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE POUR LA RECHERCHE NUCLEAIRE CERN EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CAISSE DE PENSIONS / PENSION FUND Caisse de Pensions - ELECTIONS - Pension Fund This candidature has been duly registered and is hereby presented in accordance with paragraph 6.h of the Regulations for Elections to the Governing Board of the Pension Fund. Candidate : Name : MYERS First Name : Stephen I have been at CERN since 1972, and was elected member of the Governing Board for the first time in 1998. The Governing Board then nominated me to the Investments Committee where I have been a member since the beginning of 1999. Since then I have actively participated in redefining and transforming the investment portfolio in order to improve the overall return and where possible reduce the risk. The portfolio has recently been greatly improved and now allows much simpler more transparent monitoring of our investment. I have also actively participated and hopefully made useful contributions in discussions conc...

  18. 4th generation light source instrumentation

    This working group on 4th Generation Light Source (4GLS) Instrumentation was a follow-up to the opening-discussion on Challenges in Beam Profiling. It was in parallel with the Feedback Systems session. We filled the SSRL Conference Room with about 25 participants. The session opened with an introduction by Lumpkin. The target beam parameter values for a few-angstrom, self-amplified spontaneous emissions (SASE) experiment and for a diffraction-limited soft x-ray storage ring source were addressed. Instrument resolution would of course need to be 2-3 times better than the value measured, if possible. The nominal targeted performance parameters are emittance (1-2π mm mrad), bunch length (100 fs), peak-current (l-5 kA), beam size (10 microm), beam divergence (1 microrad), energy spread (2 x 10-4), and beam energy (10's of GeV). These are mostly the SASE values, and the possible parameters for a diffraction-limited soft x-ray source would be relaxed somewhat. Beam stability and alignment specifications in the sub-micron domain for either device are anticipated

  19. CPAPD Held the 9th Joint Conference of Member Organizations and The 2nd Conference of the Board of Directors

    2014-01-01

    <正>On April 4,2014,the Chinese People’s Association for Peace and Disarmament(CPAPD)held the 9th Joint Conference of Member Organizations and the 2nd Conference of the Board of Directors in Beijing.Yan Junqi,Vice-Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress(NPC):Han Qide,Vice-Chairman of the National Committee of the

  20. The 4th Civil Support Team (Weapons of Mass Destruction)

    The 4th CST (WMD) is a 22 person joint staffed AGR (Active Guard Reserve) unit of the Georgia National Guard. The team is one of 55 CSTs that are charged with responding to a CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and High Yield Explosive) incident within the United States and its Territories. The mission statements of the CTS is to support civil authorities at a domestic CBRNE incident by identifying CBRNE agents/substances, assessing current and projected consequences, advising on response measures, and assisting with appropriate requests for state support. The team possesses the capability to deploy by sea, air, and land in response to a terrorist attack or natural disaster. The team is comprised of seven officers and fifteen non-commissioned officers who are cross trained in a variety of military disciplines. Equipment assigned to the team includes an Analytical Lab, Communications Suite, Tactical Operations Center, closed and open circuit breathing gear, portable and handheld detectors, and decon support. The CSts are activated through a state's emergency response network.(author)

  1. COMPOSITION OF STAFF REVIEW ADVISORY BODIES - 2000 COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT TRAINING BOARD (JTB) - 2000/2001

    HR Division

    2000-01-01

    For the present staff review, the advisory bodies set up to prepare recommendations are composed as follows:Senior Staff Advancement Committee (SSAC)D. Treille / EP (Convener)C. Benvenuti / ESTD. O. Williams /ITTechnical Engineers & Administrative Careers Committee (TEACC) C. Hauviller / EPL. Leistam / ESTS. Jarp / IT [Chairman]F. Pedersen / PSR. Lauckner / SLC. Roche / ETTLong-term contract Boards (LTCBs) (Categories 2 &5a)Tiziano Camporesi / EP [Convener]Florence Ranjard / EP\t[Alternate]Jacques Gruber / PSPeter Sievers / LHCThomas Pettersson / ESTMichel Mayoud / ESTSue Foffano / ASThierry Lagrange / SPLWerner Zapf / HR (Secretary) LTCB 2(Categories 3, 4, 5b & 5c)Véronique Paris / SL [Convener]Fabien Pérriolat / PS\t [Alternate]Mats Wilhelmsson / STVéronique Fassnacht / TISLucie Linssen / EPMichel Mayoud / ESTPatrick Geeraert / FIJohn Cuthbert / HRSeamus Hegarty / HR (Secretary) Composition of the Joint Training Board (JT...

  2. Joint interpretation of on-board vision and static GPS cartography for determination of correct speed limit

    Bargeton, Alexandre; Nashashibi, Fawzi; Puthon, Anne-Sophie

    2010-01-01

    We present here a first prototype of a "Speed Limit Support" Advance Driving Assistance System (ADAS) producing permanent reliable information on the current speed limit applicable to the vehicle. Such a module can be used either for information of the driver, or could even serve for automatic setting of the maximum speed of a smart Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). Our system is based on a joint interpretation of cartographic information (for static reference information) with on-board vision, used for traffic sign detection and recognition (including supplementary sub-signs) and visual road lines localization (for detection of lane changes). The visual traffic sign detection part is quite robust (90% global correct detection and recognition for main speed signs, and 80% for exit-lane sub-signs detection). Our approach for joint interpretation with cartography is original, and logic-based rather than probability-based, which allows correct behaviour even in cases, which do happen, when both vision and cartograp...

  3. Food Safety Should Come 1st on The 4th

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_159697.html Food Safety Should Come 1st on the 4th Bacteria thrive ... this Fourth of July, don't forget about food safety. "Because foodborne bacteria thrive and multiply more quickly ...

  4. An analysis on the articles of the Turkish commercial code regarding the defects of decisions of joint-stock company board of directors

    Üçışık, Havva Güzin

    2011-01-01

    There are no clear statements in the Turkish Commercial Code regarding defects of decisions of joint-stock company executive board of directors; that is whether it is possible to file any cases against these decisions and if so what the character of these cases should be. In the Turkish Commercial Code, there only exist some rules about taking compensation actions against regarding executive board members. (the Turkish Commercial Code: articles 336-341, 309, 346) The Turkish Commercial Code c...

  5. A real CDIO mechanical engineering project in 4th semester

    Lauritsen, Aage Birkkjær

    consider the components as parts of a complex system. The semester project design is developed on basis of these considerations. The semester consists of 4 theory courses in: thermodynamics, control- and simulation of dynamic systems, electronics and hydraulic systems. The project work is performed in......In the past 6 years at the mechanical engineering study at the Engineering College of Aarhus we have been practicing project work on 4th Semester in the design of energy technology systems. In my presentation, I will give a description of the project, and the thoughts behind; pedagogic-didactic as...... well as technical and professional considerations. The project is presently a permanent part of the 4th semester and counts as one third of the semester. The semester's theme is Energy-and System Design. Content on 4th semester is organized in light of which skills an engineer must possess in the field...

  6. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY DISCIPLINARY BOARD 2000/2001 EXERCICE

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    Appointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Members Achille Petrilli/as Michel Bonnet/ep 1st deputies Wisla Carena/ep Daniel Boimond/ps 2nd deputies Roland Garoby / ps Juan Diaz-Montoya/ac Messrs. Petrilli and Bonnet have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required: Doris Burckhart/ep Patrick Geeraert/fi Margrit Burri/ep Bertrand Nicquevert/ep Nicole-Laurence Cremel/it Keith Potter/est Friedemann Eder/dsu Pedro Ribeiro/sl Laure esteveny/as Pierre Strubin/lhc

  7. ASSESSMENT OF 4TH GRADE GEOGRAPHY TEXT BOOKS

    IOANA CHIRCEV; LILIANA CIASCAI; OANA-RAMONA ILOVAN

    2015-01-01

    Our study presents the analysis results of five 4th grade Geography text books. We realised the analysis taking into account the following: the quality of scientific content, the didactic processing of scientific content, the quality of editing, and that of figures. Results showed that those text books, despite observing the current school curriculum, had the following deficiencies: insufficient didactic processing of contents, lack ...

  8. Weekly Report for June 4th-8th

    Peter Zong

    2007-01-01

    @@ After hitting its historical high in the week May 28th-June 1st, the index of Shanghai Stock market and Shenzhen Stock market touched the recent bottom in the week (June 4th-8th) and rebounded with a weekly increase of 0.57% and 1.21% respectively.

  9. FOTON Motor Crowns 4th China Auto International Circuit Exhibition

    Wu; Yan

    2005-01-01

      In order to provide more opportuni ties for the high-developing Chinese auto industry including autos and motos to do export, and to enlarge the international influence of Chinese cars,the 4th China Auto International Circuit Exhibition will be held in Syria. The exhibition has been held for three times.……

  10. FOTON Motor Crowns 4th China Auto International Circuit Exhibition

    Wu Yan

    2005-01-01

    @@ In order to provide more opportuni ties for the high-developing Chinese auto industry including autos and motos to do export, and to enlarge the international influence of Chinese cars,the 4th China Auto International Circuit Exhibition will be held in Syria. The exhibition has been held for three times.

  11. An Overview of Surface Finishes and Their Role in Printed Circuit Board Solderability and Solder Joint Performance

    Vianco, P.T.

    1998-10-15

    A overview has been presented on the topic of alternative surface finishes for package I/Os and circuit board features. Aspects of processability and solder joint reliability were described for the following coatings: baseline hot-dipped, plated, and plated-and-fused 100Sn and Sn-Pb coatings; Ni/Au; Pd, Ni/Pd, and Ni/Pd/Au finishes; and the recently marketed immersion Ag coatings. The Ni/Au coatings appear to provide the all-around best option in terms of solderability protection and wire bondability. Nickel/Pal ftishes offer a slightly reduced level of performance in these areas that is most likely due to variable Pd surface conditions. It is necessmy to minimize dissolved Au or Pd contents in the solder material to prevent solder joint embrittlement. Ancillary aspects that included thickness measurement techniques; the importance of finish compatibility with conformal coatings and conductive adhesives; and the need for alternative finishes for the processing of non-Pb bearing solders were discussed.

  12. Validation of CO 4th positive radiation for Mars entry

    This paper presents measurements and simulations of CO 4th Positive equilibrium radiation obtained in the NASA Ames Research Center's Electric Arc Shock Tube (EAST) facility. The experiments were aimed at measuring the level of radiation encountered during conditions relevant to high-speed entry into a simulated Martian atmosphere (96% CO2: 4% N2). The facility was configured to target several ranges of nominal Mars entry conditions, of which 7.35 km/s at 0.1 Torr (13.3 Pa), 6.2–8 km/s at 0.25 Torr (33 Pa) and 7.1–7.8 km/s at 1 Torr (133 Pa) are examined in this paper. The CO 4th Positive system was chosen to be the focus of this study as it accounts for a large percentage of the emitted radiation for Martian entry, and also due to the difficulties of obtaining experimental validation data due to the emission appearing in the Vacuum Ultra Violet (VUV) spectral range. The focus of this paper is to provide a comprehensive comparison between the EAST data and various CO 4th Positive databases available in the literature. The analysis endeavors to provide a better understanding of the uncertainty in the measurements and quantifies the level of agreement found between simulations and experimental data. The results of the analysis show that the magnitude of the CO 4th Positive radiative intensity is very sensitive to the flow temperature. Subsequently, simulations using thermodynamic equilibrium generally under-predict the experimental data by approximately a factor of up to 2. However, when simulations are performed using a flow temperature extracted from the black body limited portion of the CO 4th Positive spectra taken from experiment, the agreement between the EAST data and simulations is generally very good. Furthermore, comparisons of experimental data and simulations across other spectral regions provide additional support for the use of the black body temperature. -- Highlights: ► Measurements and simulations of CO 4th Positive radiation are presented.

  13. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARDS 2000/2001 EXERCISE

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    Appointed by the Director-General  Appointed by the Staff Association Members Fréderick Bordry /sl Irene Seis/it 1st deputies Christian Fabjan/ep Jean-Claude Carlier/tis 2nd deputies Sue Foffano Morna Robillard/hr Mr Bordry and Mrs Seis have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required: Christophe Delamare/est Guy Maurin/ep Maria Dimou/it Mats Moller/as Tobias Dobers/est Alasdair smith/ep Luc Durieu/ps Marilena Streit-Bianchi/tis Lennart Jirden/spl John Poole/sl Mediators [see Administrative Circular N° 6 (Rev. 1) entitled 'Review procedure'] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members.

  14. Switched Current Micropower 4th Order Lowpass / Highpass Filter

    Bogason, Gudmundur

    1993-01-01

    This paper describes a 4th order lowpass / highpass Butterworth filter implemented in switched current technique. The filter has been designed for low power operation. A prototype implementation has been made and it operates with supply voltages down to 2V and with a total supply current of 211Â......¿A at a sampling rate of 50kHz. The chip includes a clock-generator, three current-followers, sample-and-hold and two 4th order filters. The sampling frequency is restricted to approximately 50kHz and the ratio between sampling frequency and cutoff frequency is 12.5. The dynamic-range was found to be 49...

  15. 4th June: AIS and NICE/MAIL unique authentication

    The AIS and NICE teams

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few years, the IT department has been in the process of streamlining CERN users' access to all central computing services. The long term goal is to converge on a unique computer account, which will increase computer security and simplify account maintenance. The next step of this process will occur on the 4th June 2007, as of when authenticating on the AIS applications (EDH, HRT, CET, APT, ERT, CRA, Foundation, ...) and on NICE (Windows) and MAIL will be done using the same username and password. As a reminder, this account can also be used on EDMS, INDICO, CDS and SIMBA. Thus starting on the 4th June 2007, authentication on the AIS applications must be done using your AIS username and your MAIL/NICE password. Thanks for your understanding, The AIS and NICE teams

  16. 4th June: AIS and NICE/MAIL unique authentication

    AIS and NICE teams

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few years, the IT department has been in the process of streamlining CERN users' access to all central computing services. The long term goal is to converge on a unique computer account, which will increase computer security and simplify account maintenance. The next step of this process will occur on 4th June 2007, as of when authenticating on the AIS applications (EDH, HRT, CET, APT, ERT, CRA, Foundation, ...) and on NICE (Windows) and MAIL will be done using the same username and password. As a reminder, this account can also be used on EDMS, INDICO, CDS and SIMBA. So starting on 4th June 2007, authentication on the AIS applications must be done using your AIS username and your MAIL/NICE password. Thanks for your understanding, The AIS and NICE teams

  17. 4th International Plant Biomechanics Conference Proceedings (Abstracts)

    Frank W. Telewski; Lothar H. Koehler; Frank W. Ewers

    2003-07-20

    The 4th International Plant Biomechanics Conference facilitated an interdisciplinary exchange between scientists, engineers, and educators addressing the major questions encountered in the field of Plant Biomechanics. Subjects covered by the conference include: Evolution; Ecology; Mechanoreception; Cell Walls; Genetic Modification; Applied Biomechanics of Whole Plants, Plant Products, Fibers & Composites; Fluid Dynamics; Wood & Trees; Fracture Mechanics; Xylem Pressure & Water Transport; Modeling; and Introducing Plant Biomechanics in Secondary School Education.

  18. 4th International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems

    Mu, Jiasong; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Baoju

    2016-01-01

    This book brings together papers presented at the 4th International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems, which provides a venue to disseminate the latest developments and to discuss the interactions and links between these multidisciplinary fields. Spanning topics ranging from Communications, Signal Processing and Systems, this book is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students in Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Mathematics, researchers and engineers from academia and industry as well as government employees (such as NSF, DOD, DOE, etc).

  19. Regional Fisheries Advisory Committee 4th February, 1980.

    1980-01-01

    This is the report from the Regional Fisheries Advisory Committee meeting, which was held on the 4th February 1980. The report contains the minutes of the Local Fisheries Advisory Committees, net and fixed engine licence duties, net limitation order for the River Lune and River Wyre and fishery byelaws for the River Lune. The Fisheries Advisory Committee was part of the Regional Water Authorities, in this case the North West Water Authority. This preceded the Environment Agency which ca...

  20. Rate of Missing Socioeconomic Factors in the 4th KNHANES

    Park, Hyun Ah

    2012-01-01

    This study is to assess how missing values in socioeconomic status (SES) variables were handled in the Korean Journal of Family Medicine (KJFM) article using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data and to estimate the rate of missing SES variables from the 4th KNHANES. We searched all original articles published in the KJFM from 2007 to 2011 and identified those that used KNHANES as their primary source of data. None of the 11 articles which presented KNHANES...

  1. Muon identification and pion rejection in the 4th concept

    John Haupton

    2007-12-01

    We describe a completely new way to reconstruct and identify muons with high efficiency and very high pion rejection in the 4th concept detector. The dual-solenoid magnetic field allows the reconstruction and precision momentum measurement of muons down to a few GeV (just the energy loss in the 10-int calorimeter and the coil) and the dual-readout calorimeter provides a new, unique and powerful separation of muons from pions. We use test beam data for the calorimeter and calculations for the magnetic fields

  2. 4th International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving

    Deep, Kusum; Pant, Millie; Bansal, Jagdish; Nagar, Atulya

    2015-01-01

    This two volume book is based on the research papers presented at the 4th International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving (SocProS 2014) and covers a variety of topics, including mathematical modelling, image processing, optimization methods, swarm intelligence, evolutionary algorithms, fuzzy logic, neural networks, forecasting, medical and healthcare, data mining, etc. Mainly the emphasis is on Soft Computing and its applications in diverse areas. The prime objective of this book is to familiarize the reader with the latest scientific developments in various fields of Science, Engineering and Technology and is directed to the researchers and scientists engaged in various real-world applications of ‘Soft Computing’.

  3. ASSESSMENT OF 4TH GRADE GEOGRAPHY TEXT BOOKS

    IOANA CHIRCEV

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Our study presents the analysis results of five 4th grade Geography text books. We realised the analysis taking into account the following: the quality of scientific content, the didactic processing of scientific content, the quality of editing, and that of figures. Results showed that those text books, despite observing the current school curriculum, had the following deficiencies: insufficient didactic processing of contents, lack of relevant figures and of correlating maps with the written text, poor graphic quality and contents errors, the last one being a very serious problem. Solving those problems could be done through close collaborations between authors, reviewers, and the editing houses.

  4. Five question to... Stanislav Reguli, chairman of the board of directors and general director of the GovCo, joint-stock association

    In this paper the interview with the MR. Stanislav Reguli, chairman of the board of directors and general director of the GovCo, joint-stock association is published. The state company GovCo, a.s. was originated on April 1, 2006. Process of severance of property from the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., personnel management of new company as well as organisation of property management are presented

  5. 4th International Conference on Frontiers in Global Optimization

    Pardalos, Panos

    2004-01-01

    Global Optimization has emerged as one of the most exciting new areas of mathematical programming. Global optimization has received a wide attraction from many fields in the past few years, due to the success of new algorithms for addressing previously intractable problems from diverse areas such as computational chemistry and biology, biomedicine, structural optimization, computer sciences, operations research, economics, and engineering design and control. This book contains refereed invited papers submitted at the 4th international confer­ ence on Frontiers in Global Optimization held at Santorini, Greece during June 8-12, 2003. Santorini is one of the few sites of Greece, with wild beauty created by the explosion of a volcano which is in the middle of the gulf of the island. The mystic landscape with its numerous mult-extrema, was an inspiring location particularly for researchers working on global optimization. The three previous conferences on "Recent Advances in Global Opti­ mization", "State-of-the-...

  6. Coding Theory and Applications : 4th International Castle Meeting

    Malonek, Paula; Vettori, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    The topics covered in this book, written by researchers at the forefront of their field, represent some of the most relevant research areas in modern coding theory: codes and combinatorial structures, algebraic geometric codes, group codes, quantum codes, convolutional codes, network coding and cryptography. The book includes a survey paper on the interconnections of coding theory with constrained systems, written by an invited speaker, as well as 37 cutting-edge research communications presented at the 4th International Castle Meeting on Coding Theory and Applications (4ICMCTA), held at the Castle of Palmela in September 2014. The event’s scientific program consisted of four invited talks and 39 regular talks by authors from 24 different countries. This conference provided an ideal opportunity for communicating new results, exchanging ideas, strengthening international cooperation, and introducing young researchers into the coding theory community.

  7. 4th International Conference on Sustainable Automotive Technologies

    Wellnitz, Jörg; Leary, Martin; Koopmans, Lucien

    2012-01-01

    The book on Sustainable Automotive Technologies aims to draw special attention to the research and practice focused on new technologies and approaches capable of meeting the challenges to sustainable mobility. In particular, the book features incremental and radical technical advancements that are able to meet social, economic and environmental targets in both local and global contexts. These include original solutions to the problems of pollution and congestion, vehicle and public safety, sustainable vehicle design and manufacture, new structures and materials, new power-train technologies and vehicle concepts. In addition to vehicle technologies, the book is also concerned with the broader systemic issues such as sustainable supply chain systems, integrated logistics and telematics, and end-of-life vehicle management. It captures selected peer reviewed papers accepted for presentation at the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Automotive Technologies, ICSAT2012, held at the RMIT, Melbourne, Australi...

  8. Proceedings of the 4th workshop on WENDELSTEIN 7-X

    The 4th Workshop on WENDELSTEIN 7-x (28.-31.10.1991) treated the following topics: Coil System (optimization; ripple transport; magnetic fields, forces, stresses; analytic stellarator fields) - equilibrium and stability (computations; equilibrium with dissipation; global MHD stability; resistive ballooning modes) - transport and neutral gas (Pfirsch-Schlueter currents and anomalous transport; general solution of the ripple-averaged equation; the EIRENE neutral gas transport codes; application of DEGAS; CX-losses at NBI) - plasma parameters (alpha particle confinement in stellarators; the radical electric field in W 7) - divertor (structure of the magnetic field line diversion in Helias configurations; divertor studies for W 7; sweep coil system; the island divertor; one-dimensional fluid model and investigation of the plasma boundary layer) - engineering (W 7 status of planning; CAD/CAE applications for W 7; structural analysis of the coil system) - reactor (the Helias reactor) - concluding discussion. (AH)

  9. 4th International Conference on Computer Engineering and Networks

    2015-01-01

    This book aims to examine innovation in the fields of computer engineering and networking. The book covers important emerging topics in computer engineering and networking, and it will help researchers and engineers improve their knowledge of state-of-art in related areas. The book presents papers from the 4th International Conference on Computer Engineering and Networks (CENet2014) held July 19-20, 2014 in Shanghai, China.  ·       Covers emerging topics for computer engineering and networking ·       Discusses how to improve productivity by using the latest advanced technologies ·       Examines innovation in the fields of computer engineering and networking  

  10. 4th International Conference on Dynamics in Logistics

    Pannek, Jürgen; Thoben, Klaus-Dieter

    2016-01-01

    This contributed volume brings together research papers presented at the 4th International Conference on Dynamics in Logistics, held in Bremen, Germany in February 2014. The conference focused on the identification, analysis and description of the dynamics of logistics processes and networks. Topics covered range from the modeling and planning of processes, to innovative methods like autonomous control and knowledge management, to the latest technologies provided by radio frequency identification, mobile communication, and networking. The growing dynamic poses wholly new challenges: logistics processes and networks must be(come) able to rapidly and flexibly adapt to constantly changing conditions. The book primarily addresses the needs of researchers and practitioners from the field of logistics, but will also be beneficial for graduate students.

  11. 4th Workshop on Combinations of Intelligent Methods and Applications

    Palade, Vasile; Prentzas, Jim

    2016-01-01

    This volume includes extended and revised versions of the papers presented at the 4th Workshop on “Combinations of Intelligent Methods and Applications” (CIMA 2014) which was intended to become a forum for exchanging experience and ideas among researchers and practitioners dealing with combinations of different intelligent methods in Artificial Intelligence. The aim is to create integrated or hybrid methods that benefit from each of their components. Some of the existing presented efforts combine soft computing methods (fuzzy logic, neural networks and genetic algorithms). Another stream of efforts integrates case-based reasoning or machine learning with soft-computing methods. Some of the combinations have been more widely explored, like neuro-symbolic methods, neuro-fuzzy methods and methods combining rule-based and case-based reasoning. CIMA 2014 was held in conjunction with the 26th IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI 2014). .

  12. 4th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications

    Sillitti, Alberto; Succi, Giancarlo; Messina, Angelo

    2016-01-01

    This book presents high-quality original contributions on new software engineering models, approaches, methods, and tools and their evaluation in the context of defence and security applications. In addition, important business and economic aspects are discussed, with a particular focus on cost/benefit analysis, new business models, organizational evolution, and business intelligence systems. The contents are based on presentations delivered at SEDA 2015, the 4th International Conference in Software Engineering for Defence Applications, which was held in Rome, Italy, in May 2015. This conference series represents a targeted response to the growing need for research that reports and debates the practical implications of software engineering within the defence environment and also for software performance evaluation in real settings through controlled experiments as well as case and field studies. The book will appeal to all with an interest in modeling, managing, and implementing defence-related software devel...

  13. 4th International Conference on Research into Design

    Prakash, Raghu V; ICoRD'13 : global product development

    2013-01-01

    This book showcases over 100 cutting-edge research papers from the 4th International Conference on Research into Design (ICoRD’13) – the largest in India in this area – written by eminent researchers from over 20 countries, on the design process, methods and tools, for supporting global product development (GPD). The special features of the book are the variety of insights into the GPD process, and the host of methods and tools at the cutting edge of all major areas of design research for its support. The main benefit of this book for researchers in engineering design and GPD are access to the latest quality research in this area; for practitioners and educators, it is exposure to an empirically validated suite of methods and tools that can be taught and practiced.

  14. Human behaviour towards climatic change during the 4th millennium BC in the Swiss Alpine forelands

    Karg, Sabine

    Human behaviour towards climatic change during the 4th millennium BC in the Swiss Alpine forelands.......Human behaviour towards climatic change during the 4th millennium BC in the Swiss Alpine forelands....

  15. PREFACE: 4th International Symposium on Functional Materials (ISFM2011)

    Yin, Shu; Sekino, Tohru; Tanaka, Shun-ichiro; Sato, Tsugio; Lu, Li; Xue, Dongfeng

    2012-01-01

    The 4th International Symposium on Functional Materials (ISFM2011) was held in Sendai, Japan, on 2-6 August 2011. This Special Issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS) consists of partial manuscripts which were presented at ISFM2011. Advanced materials have experienced a dramatic increase in demand for research, development and applications. The aim of the International Symposium on Functional Materials (ISFM) was to provide an overview of the present status with historical background and to foresee future trends in the field of functional materials. The 4th symposium, ISFM 2011, covered a wide variety of topics within state-of-the-art advanced materials science and technology, and focused especially on four major categories including: Environmental Materials, Electronic Materials, Energy Materials and Biomedical Materials. As you know, a massive earthquake and the Tsunami that followed occurred near the Tohoku region on 11 March 2011. After the earthquake, although there were many difficulties in continuing to organize the symposium, we received warm encouragement from many researchers and societies, especially from the members of the International Advisory Committee and Organizing Committee, so that ISFM2011 could be held on schedule. We are honored that ISFM2011 was the first formal international academic conference held in the Tohoku area of Japan after the 11 March earthquake. About 140 participants from 14 countries took part in the ISFM2011 symposium, which included five plenary talks by world-leading scientists, 32 invited talks, and many oral and poster presentations. We are delighted to see that many researchers are interested in the synthesis and the properties as well as the applications of functional materials. Many fruitful and exciting research achievements were presented in the symposium. We believe that this symposium provided a good chance for scientists to communicate and exchange opinions with each other. We would also like to

  16. 4th annual Safety Day: full of colour!

    HSE Unit

    2014-01-01

    On Thursday 10 April, more than 240 people took part in the 4th annual Safety Day, organised on the occasion of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work. The HSE Unit, in partnership with the Fire Brigade (GS/FB) and the TE and BE Departments, organised various stands and activities connected with this year’s theme, chosen by the International Labour Organization: "Safety and health in the use of chemicals at work”.   The stands, set up at lunchtime in all three of CERN’s restaurants as well as in the entrance hall of Building 500, were designed to: Remind visitors of the need to use personal protective equipment appropriate to the chemicals they are using; Make visitors aware of the potential environmental impact of using chemicals; Encourage visitors to always read the labels and safety data sheets of dangerous chemicals and everyday domestic products; Inform visitors that a safety training course called “Chemical Risk Awareness&r...

  17. The "4th generation", B-CP anomalies & the LHC

    Soni, Amarjit

    2009-01-01

    Attention is drawn to the several 2-3 $\\sigma$ "anomalies" in B, $B_s$ mixings and decays involving CP-observables. Perhaps the most interesting theoretical scenario that could cause such effects is based on warped extra-dimensional models and indeed some of the effects were predicted there. However, a rather simple explanation is that based on a fourth family of quarks with masses in the range of(400 - 600) GeV. The built-in hierarchy of the 4$\\times$4 mixing matrix is such that the $t'$ readily provides a needed {\\it perturbation} ($\\approx 15%$) to $\\sin 2 \\beta$ as measured in $B \\to \\psi K_s$ and simultaneously is the dominant source of CP asymmetry in $B_s \\to \\psi \\phi$. The latter mode is theoretically very clean (unlike the others) and therefore it would be extremely desirable that Fermilab gives a very high priority to clarify this anomaly at the earliest. 4th family explanation allows, with relative ease, to accomodate the stringent flavor changing constraints which usually can be quite challenging...

  18. The 4th international colloquium on process simulation. Proceedings

    Jokilaakso, A. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Dept. of Materials Science and Metallurgy

    1997-12-31

    The papers collected in this volume were presented at the 4th Colloquium on Process Simulation held at Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland, June 11-13, 1997. In the more developed industrial nations, the processes for producing chemicals, energy, and materials encounter environmental concern and laws which challenge engineers to develop the processes towards more efficient, economical and safe operation. This necessitates more thorough understanding of the processes and phenomena involved. Formerly, the development of the processes was largely based on trial and error, whereas today, the development of computer performance together with the diversification of modelling software enables simulation of the processes. The increased capacity and possibilities for modelling the processes brought by the improved hardware and software, have generated a strong demand for more accurate mathematical descriptions of the processes. Especially, the coupling of computational fluid dynamics and chemical kinetics, combustion, and thermodynamics is of current interest in process oriented technology. This colloquium attempts to give examples of modelling efforts in operation in different universities, research institutes and companies. Furthermore, the aim of this colloquium is to offer an annual opportunity to the researchers to come together and discuss their common problems and the state of their investigations

  19. 4th French-German Conference on Optimization

    Zowe, Jochem; Hiriart-Urruty, Jean-Baptiste; Lemarechal, Claude

    1988-01-01

    This volume contains a collection of 23 papers presented at the 4th French-German Conference on Optimization, hold at Irsee, April 21 - 26, 1986. The conference was aUended by ninety scientists: about one third from France, from Germany and from third countries each. They all contributed to a highly interesting and stimulating meeting. The scientifique program consisted of four survey lectures of a more tutorical character and of 61 contributed papers covering almost all areas of optimization. In addition two informal evening sessions and a plenary discussion on further developments of optimization theory were organized. One of the main aims of the organizers was to indicate and to stress the increasing importance of optimization methods for almost all areas of science and for a fast growing number of industry branches. We hope that the conference approached this goal in a certain degree and managed to continue fruitful discussions between -theory­ and -applications-. Equally important to the official contri...

  20. European Code against Cancer 4th Edition: Diet and cancer.

    Norat, Teresa; Scoccianti, Chiara; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Anderson, Annie; Berrino, Franco; Cecchini, Michele; Espina, Carolina; Key, Tim; Leitzmann, Michael; Powers, Hilary; Wiseman, Martin; Romieu, Isabelle

    2015-12-01

    Lifestyle factors, including diet, have long been recognised as potentially important determinants of cancer risk. In addition to the significant role diet plays in affecting body fatness, a risk factor for several cancers, experimental studies have indicated that diet may influence the cancer process in several ways. Prospective studies have shown that dietary patterns characterised by higher intakes of fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain foods, and lower intakes of red and processed meats and salt, are related to reduced risks of death and cancer, and that a healthy diet can improve overall survival after diagnosis of breast and colorectal cancers. There is evidence that high intakes of fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of cancers of the aerodigestive tract, and the evidence that dietary fibre protects against colorectal cancer is convincing. Red and processed meats increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Diets rich in high-calorie foods, such as fatty and sugary foods, may lead to increased calorie intake, thereby promoting obesity and leading to an increased risk of cancer. There is some evidence that sugary drinks are related to an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. Taking this evidence into account, the 4th edition of the European Code against Cancer recommends that people have a healthy diet to reduce their risk of cancer: they should eat plenty of whole grains, pulses, vegetables and fruits; limit high-calorie foods (foods high in sugar or fat); avoid sugary drinks and processed meat; and limit red meat and foods high in salt. PMID:26164653

  1. The 4th CSMEF, More Opportunities for SMES

    2007-01-01

    @@ The fair will be jointly organized by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), Ministry of Finance (MOF),Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM),State Administration For Industry & Commerce (SAFIC), China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC),People's Government of Guangdong Province,Ministry of Economy,and Trade and Industry of Japan (METI).

  2. PREFACE: 4th International Hadron Physics Conference (TROIA'14)

    Dağ, Hüseyin; Erkol, Güray; Küçükarslan, Ayşe; Özpineci, Altuğ

    2014-11-01

    The 4th International Conference on Hadron Physics, TROIA'14, was held at Canakkale, Turkey on 1-5 July 2014. Ozyegin University, Middle East Technical University, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkish Atomic Energy Authority and HadronPhysics2 Consortium sponsored the conference. It aimed at bringing together the experts and the young scientists working on experimental and theoretical hadron physics. About 50 participants from 10 countries attended the conference. The topics covered included: . Chiral Perturbation Theory . QCD Sum Rules . Effective Field Theory . Exotic Hadrons . Hadron Properties from Lattice QCD . Experimental Results and Future Perspectives . Hadronic Distribution Amplitudes The conference presentations were organized such that the morning sessions contained invited talks and afternoon sessions were devoted to contributed talks. The speakers of the invited talks were: C. Alexandrou, A. Gal, L. Tolos, J.R. Pelaez and M. Schindler. We had also guest speakers D. A. Demir and T. Senger. The conference venue was a resort hotel around Canakkale. As a social program, a guided full-day excursion to the excavation site of the ancient Troia town and Assos was organized. We believe that this conference provided a medium for young scientists and experts in the field to effectively communicate and share ideas. We would like to express our sincere thanks to supporting agencies and to all participants for their contributions and stimulating discussions. We are also grateful to the Scientific Secretary, Bora Işıldak, and all other members of the Organizing Committee for their patience and efforts. 30.10.2014 The Editors

  3. Peptic Perforation of the 4th Duodenal Segment. Case Report

    Cimpean Sorin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Even if the prevalence of peptic ulcer disease has decreased in the last years, duodenal perforation remains a life threatening complication. The duodenum is the second most common site of gastrointestinal perforations after the colon and perforation of the 4th portion is very rare. Case Presentation: A 67-yers-old man was admitted to the emergency department of the Annecy Hospital with intense abdominal pain, vomiting and no transit for the last 24 hours. The laboratory count showed an inflammatory syndrome. A CT scan revealed free air and fluid near the Treitz’s angle. An exploratory laparotomy was performed that revealed a perforation of the forth portion of the duodenum. A duodenal resection with duodeno-jejunal anastomosis was performed. Discussions: Peptic ulcer disease is a common disease and the perforation is one of its most life threatening complications. The localization of the DP on the forth segment of the duodenum is very unusual. The most frequent localization of DP is the first duodenal segment. Abdominal CT scan is the most sensitive radiological exam if there is suspicion of a DP. A Zollinger-Ellison syndrome must be taken into count. Peritonitis is an indication for immediate laparoscopy or laparotomy, taking into account the patient’s condition. Despite the successful medication therapy and the progress in treatment of duodenal ulcer, perforation remains a serious complication, requiring an emergency surgical treatment. Conclusion: Duodenal perforation of the fourth portion is an extremely rare complication of the peptic ulcer disease and the surgery is the primary modality of treatment.

  4. Plasma-Based Studies on 4th Generation Light Sources

    Lee, R W; Baldis, H A; Cauble, R C; Landen, O L; Wark, J S; Ng, A; Rose, S J; Lewis, C; Riley, D; Gauthier, J-C; Audebert, P

    2000-11-28

    The construction of a short pulse tunable x-ray laser source will be a watershed for plasma-based and warm dense matter research. The areas we will discuss below can be separated broadly into warn dense matter (WDM) research, laser probing of near solid density plasmas, and laser-plasma spectroscopy of ions in plasmas. The area of WDM refers to that part of the density-temperature phase space where the standard theories of condensed matter physics and/or plasma statistical physics are invalid. Warm dense matter, therefore, defines a region between solids and plasmas, a regime that is found in planetary interiors, cool dense stars, and in every plasma device where one starts from a solid, e.g., laser-solid matter produced plasma as well as all inertial fusion schemes. The study of dense plasmas has been severely hampered by the fact that laser-based methods have been unavailable. The single most useful diagnostic of local plasma conditions, e.g., the temperature (T{sub e}), the density (n{sub e}), and the ionization (Z), has been Thomson scattering. However, due to the fact that visible light will not propagate at electron densities, n{sub e}, {ge} 10{sup 22} cm{sup -3} implies dense plasmas can not be probed. The 4th generation sources, LCLS and Tesla will remove these restrictions. Laser-based plasma spectroscopic techniques have been used with great success to determine the line shapes of atomic transitions in plasmas, study the population kinetics of atomic systems embedded in plasmas, and look at redistribution of radiation. However. the possibilities end for plasmas with n{sub e} {ge} 10{sup 22} since light propagation through the medium is severely altered by the plasma. The entire field of high Z plasma kinetics from laser produced plasma will then be available to study with the tunable source.

  5. Proceedings of the 4th annual meeting of Japanese Society of Radiation Safety Management 2005 Kyoto

    This is the program and the proceedings of the 4th annual meeting of Japanese Society of Radiation Safety Management held from November 23rd through the 25th of 2005. The sessions held were: (1) Medical Exposure, (2) Environmental Measurement and Radiation Source Handling, (3) Radiation Measurement and Influence of Electromagnetic Waves, (4) Utilization of Irradiation, (5) Countermeasures against Contamination and Inspection of Contamination, (6) Imaging Plate, (7) Controlled Measurement and Dose Evaluation, (8) Working Environment Measurement 1, (9) Working Environment Measurement 2, (10) Establishment of Software and System, (11) Radiation Education 1, (12) Radiation Education 2, and (13) Exposure Reduction and Safety Control. The poster sessions held were: (1) Exposure Reduction and Radiation Evaluation, (2) Radiation Measurement and Influence of Electromagnetic Waves, (3) Education Training, (4) Safety Control, (5) Software, Data Handling, and Shielding Calculation, and (6) Environmental Radioactivity. The keynote lectures held were: (1) 'Situation of Medical Exposure' and (2) 'Cosmic Radiation While Boarding on Airplanes'. The symposia held were: (1) 'Food Irradiation' and (2) 'Life Science'. (S.K.)

  6. 4th international renewable energy storage conference (IRES 2009)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    Within the 4th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference of The European Association for Renewable Energy (Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany) and The World Council for Renewable Energy (Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany) between 24th and 25 November, 2009, in Berlin (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) The World Wind Energy Association (A. Kane); (2) The contribution of wind power to the energy supply of tomorrow (H. Albers); (3) Intelligent energy systems for the integration of renewable energies (A.-C. Agricola); (4) 100% Renewable energies: From fossil baseload plants to renewable plants for basic supply (M. Willenbacher); (5) High-performance Li-ion technology for stationary and mobile applications (A. Gutsch); (6) Energy storage in geological underground - Competition of use at storage formations (L. Dietrich); (7) E-mobility concepts for model region ''Rhein-Ruhr'' in North Rhine Westphalia (G.-U. Funk); (8) Photovoltaic energy storage for a better energy management in residential buildings (S. Pincemin); (9) Self-consuming photovoltaic energy in Germany - Impact on energy flows, business cases, and the distribution grid (M. Braun); (10) Local energy systems -optimized for local consumption of self-produced electricity (B. Wille-Haussmann); (11) Assessing the economics of distributed storage systems at the end consumer level (K.-H. Ahlert); (12) A new transportation system for heat on a wide temperature range (S. Gschwander); (13) Latent heat storage media for cooling applications (C. Doetsch); (14) Numerical and experimental analysis of latent heat storage systems for mobile application (F. Roesler); (15) CO{sub 2}-free heat supply from waste heat (H.-W. Etzkorn); (16) Stationary Li-Ion-technology applications for dispatchable power (C. Kolligs); (17) Redox-flow batteries - Electric storage systems for renewable energy (T. Smolinka); (18) Energy storage by means of flywheels (H. Kielsein); (19

  7. Joint Commissioning Plan of the Health and Social Care Board and the Public Health Agency: 2010-2011

    Public Health Agency

    2010-01-01

    Legislation enacted on 1 April 2009 created a new Commissioning system with the establishment of a region-wide Health and Social Care Board, including 5 Local Commissioning Groups (LCGs), and a Public Health Agency. In line with Departmental direction and guidance the objectives of the new commissioning arrangementswere to:- Approach the future delivery of Health and Social Care from a region-wide perspective focused on outcomes.- Ensure local sensitivity through the creation of five Local Co...

  8. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY DISCIPLINARY BOARD for the period from 1.5.2002 until 15.10.2002

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    Appointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Members Frederick Bordry/SL Gerrit Jan Bossen/EP 1st deputies Wisla Carena/EP Michel Bonnet/EP 2nd deputies Roland Garoby/PS Marie-Françoise Thévenet/LHC The list of the ten staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required remains unchanged (see Bulletin 13-14/2002) . Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  9. Effects of PCB Pad Metal Finishes on the Cu-Pillar/Sn-Ag Micro Bump Joint Reliability of Chip-on-Board (COB) Assembly

    Kim, Youngsoon; Lee, Seyong; Shin, Ji-won; Paik, Kyung-Wook

    2016-03-01

    While solder bumps have been used as the bump structure to form the interconnection during the last few decades, the continuing scaling down of devices has led to a change in the bump structure to Cu-pillar/Sn-Ag micro-bumps. Cu-pillar/Sn-Ag micro-bump interconnections differ from conventional solder bump interconnections in terms of their assembly processing and reliability. A thermo-compression bonding method with pre-applied b-stage non-conductive films has been adopted to form solder joints between Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bumps and printed circuit board vehicles, using various pad metal finishes. As a result, various interfacial inter-metallic compounds (IMCs) reactions and stress concentrations occur at the Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bumps joints. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the influence of pad metal finishes on the structural reliability of fine pitch Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bumps flip chip packaging. In this study, four different pad surface finishes (Thin Ni ENEPIG, OSP, ENEPIG, ENIG) were evaluated in terms of their interconnection reliability by thermal cycle (T/C) test up to 2000 cycles at temperatures ranging from -55°C to 125°C and high-temperature storage test up to 1000 h at 150°C. The contact resistances of the Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bump showed significant differences after the T/C reliability test in the following order: thin Ni ENEPIG > OSP > ENEPIG where the thin Ni ENEPIG pad metal finish provided the best Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bump interconnection in terms of bump joint reliability. Various IMCs formed between the bump joint areas can account for the main failure mechanism.

  10. Effects of PCB Pad Metal Finishes on the Cu-Pillar/Sn-Ag Micro Bump Joint Reliability of Chip-on-Board (COB) Assembly

    Kim, Youngsoon; Lee, Seyong; Shin, Ji-won; Paik, Kyung-Wook

    2016-06-01

    While solder bumps have been used as the bump structure to form the interconnection during the last few decades, the continuing scaling down of devices has led to a change in the bump structure to Cu-pillar/Sn-Ag micro-bumps. Cu-pillar/Sn-Ag micro-bump interconnections differ from conventional solder bump interconnections in terms of their assembly processing and reliability. A thermo-compression bonding method with pre-applied b-stage non-conductive films has been adopted to form solder joints between Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bumps and printed circuit board vehicles, using various pad metal finishes. As a result, various interfacial inter-metallic compounds (IMCs) reactions and stress concentrations occur at the Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bumps joints. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the influence of pad metal finishes on the structural reliability of fine pitch Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bumps flip chip packaging. In this study, four different pad surface finishes (Thin Ni ENEPIG, OSP, ENEPIG, ENIG) were evaluated in terms of their interconnection reliability by thermal cycle (T/C) test up to 2000 cycles at temperatures ranging from -55°C to 125°C and high-temperature storage test up to 1000 h at 150°C. The contact resistances of the Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bump showed significant differences after the T/C reliability test in the following order: thin Ni ENEPIG > OSP > ENEPIG where the thin Ni ENEPIG pad metal finish provided the best Cu pillar/Sn-Ag micro bump interconnection in terms of bump joint reliability. Various IMCs formed between the bump joint areas can account for the main failure mechanism.

  11. 75 FR 34636 - Safety Zone; Jameson Beach 4th of July Fireworks Display

    2010-06-18

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Jameson Beach 4th of July Fireworks Display... temporary safety zone in the navigable waters of Lake Tahoe, for the Jameson Beach 4th of July Fireworks... has a substantial direct effect on State or local governments and would either preempt State law...

  12. The Effects of Cooperative Learning Strategies on Vocabulary Skills of 4th Grade Students

    Bilen, Didem; Tavil, Zekiye Müge

    2015-01-01

    This study was carried out to investigate the effects of cooperative learning strategies on the vocabulary skills of 4th grade students. The study was also designed to ascertain the attitudes of the students in the experimental group towards cooperative learning. Out of 96 4th grade students enrolled in the private school where the study took…

  13. Science Content Courses: Workshop in Food Chemistry for 4th Grade School Teachers

    Chaiyapechara, S.; Dong, F. M.

    2004-01-01

    A science content course in food chemistry was offered as a 4-day summer workshop from 1999 to 2001 to 4th grade school teachers in the Seattle School District. The objectives of the workshop were to increase the teachers' knowledge of food science, to perform simple experiments that could be used in the 4th grade classroom, and to help the…

  14. Summary of the 4th workshop on the reduced-moderation water reactor

    Nakatsuka, Toru; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Iwamura, Takamichi (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    2001-09-01

    The research on Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors (RMWRs) has been performed in JAERI for the development of future innovative reactors. The workshop on the RMWRs has been held every year since fiscal 1997 aimed at information exchange between JAERI and other organizations such as universities, laboratories, utilities and vendors. The 4th workshop was held on March 2, 2001 under the joint auspices of JAERI and North Kanto branch of Atomic Energy Society of Japan. The workshop began with three lectures on recent research activities in JAERI entitled 'Recent Situation of Research on Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor', 'Analysis on Electricity Generation Costs of Reduced Moderation Water Reactors' and 'Reprocessing Technology for Spent Mixed-Oxides Fuel from LWR'. Then five lectures followed: 'Micro Reactor Physics of MOX Fueled LWR' which shows the recent results of reactor physics, Fast Reactor Cooled by Supercritical Light Water' which is another type of reduced-moderation reactor, 'Phase 1 of Feasibility Studies on Commercialized Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle System' mainly conducted by Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC), 'Integral Type Small PWR with Stand-alone Safety' which is intended to suit for the future consumers' needs, and Utilization of Plutonium in Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors' which dictates benefits of plutonium utilization with RMWRs. This report includes the original papers presented at the workshop and summaries of the questions and answers for each lecture, as well as presentation handouts, program and participant list as appendixes. The 8 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

  15. Summary of the 4th workshop on the reduced-moderation water reactor

    The research on Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors (RMWRs) has been performed in JAERI for the development of future innovative reactors. The workshop on the RMWRs has been held every year since fiscal 1997 aimed at information exchange between JAERI and other organizations such as universities, laboratories, utilities and vendors. The 4th workshop was held on March 2, 2001 under the joint auspices of JAERI and North Kanto branch of Atomic Energy Society of Japan. The workshop began with three lectures on recent research activities in JAERI entitled 'Recent Situation of Research on Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor', 'Analysis on Electricity Generation Costs of Reduced Moderation Water Reactors' and 'Reprocessing Technology for Spent Mixed-Oxides Fuel from LWR'. Then five lectures followed: 'Micro Reactor Physics of MOX Fueled LWR' which shows the recent results of reactor physics, Fast Reactor Cooled by Supercritical Light Water' which is another type of reduced-moderation reactor, 'Phase 1 of Feasibility Studies on Commercialized Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle System' mainly conducted by Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC), 'Integral Type Small PWR with Stand-alone Safety' which is intended to suit for the future consumers' needs, and Utilization of Plutonium in Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors' which dictates benefits of plutonium utilization with RMWRs. This report includes the original papers presented at the workshop and summaries of the questions and answers for each lecture, as well as presentation handouts, program and participant list as appendixes. The 8 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

  16. Proceedings of the 4th NRC/ASME symposium on valve and pump testing

    The 1996 Symposium on Valve and Pump Testing, jointly sponsored by the Board on Nuclear Codes and Standards of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, provides a forum for the discussion of current programs and methods for inservice testing and motor-operated valve testing at nuclear power plants. The symposium also provides an opportunity to discuss the need to improve that testing in order to help ensure the reliable performance of pumps and valves. The participation of industry representatives, regulators, and consultants results in the discussion of a broad spectrum of ideas and perspectives regarding the improvement of inservice testing of pumps and valves at nuclear power plants. Individual papers of this Proceedings have been cataloged separately

  17. PREFACE: 4th Global Conference on Materials Science and Engineering (CMSE 2015)

    Ruda, H. E.; Khotsianovsky, A.

    2015-12-01

    IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering is publishing a volume of conference proceedings that contains a selection of papers presented at the 4th Global Conference on Materials Science and Engineering (CMSE 2015), which is an annual event that started in 2012. CMSE 2015, technically supported by the Institute of Applied Physics and Materials Engineering of University of Macau, organized by Wuhan Advance Materials Society, was successfully held at the University of Macau-new campus located on Hengqin Island from August 3rd-6th, 2015. It aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and scholars to exchange and share their experience and research results on all aspects of Materials Science and Engineering, and to discuss the practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted. Macau, one of the two special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, where East meets West, turned out to be an ideal meeting place for domestic and overseas participants of this annual international conference. The conference program included keynote presentations, special sessions, oral and poster contributions. From several hundred submissions, 52 of the most promising and mainstream, IOP-relevant, contributions were included in this volume. The submissions present original ideas or results of general significance, supported by clear reasoning, compelling evidence and methods, theories and practices relevant to the research. The authors state clearly the problems and the significance of their research to theory and practice. Being a successful conference, this event gathered more than 200 qualified and high-level researchers and experts from over 40 countries, including 10 keynote speakers from 6 countries, which created a good platform for worldwide researchers and engineers to enjoy the academic communication. Taking advantage of this opportunity, we would like to thank all participants of this conference, and particularly the

  18. The Dutch Female Board Index 2010

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2010-01-01

    The Dutch Female Board Index 2010 shows for the fourth year a survey of female representation on the Executive Boards and Supervisory Boards of 99 Dutch NVs listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The companies were classified by the percentage of women in their joint Executive Board and Supervisory Board. Th

  19. FOREWORD: 4th International Workshop on New Computational Methods for Inverse Problems (NCMIP2014)

    2014-10-01

    This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series is dedicated to the scientific contributions presented during the 4th International Workshop on New Computational Methods for Inverse Problems, NCMIP 2014 (http://www.farman.ens-cachan.fr/NCMIP_2014.html). This workshop took place at Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, on May 23, 2014. The prior editions of NCMIP also took place in Cachan, France, firstly within the scope of ValueTools Conference, in May 2011 (http://www.ncmip.org/2011/), and secondly at the initiative of Institut Farman, in May 2012 and May 2013, (http://www.farman.ens-cachan.fr/NCMIP_2012.html), (http://www.farman.ens-cachan.fr/NCMIP_2013.html). The New Computational Methods for Inverse Problems (NCMIP) Workshop focused on recent advances in the resolution of inverse problems. Indeed, inverse problems appear in numerous scientific areas such as geophysics, biological and medical imaging, material and structure characterization, electrical, mechanical and civil engineering, and finances. The resolution of inverse problems consists of estimating the parameters of the observed system or structure from data collected by an instrumental sensing or imaging device. Its success firstly requires the collection of relevant observation data. It also requires accurate models describing the physical interactions between the instrumental device and the observed system, as well as the intrinsic properties of the solution itself. Finally, it requires the design of robust, accurate and efficient inversion algorithms. Advanced sensor arrays and imaging devices provide high rate and high volume data; in this context, the efficient resolution of the inverse problem requires the joint development of new models and inversion methods, taking computational and implementation aspects into account. During this one-day workshop, researchers had the opportunity to bring to light and share new techniques and results in the field of inverse problems. The topics of the

  20. Relations with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) and draft agreement between UNESCO and that body. Executive Board 151. session. Item 9.11 of the provisional agenda

    This document contains a proposal for the conclusion of an agreement between UNESCO and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna (Russian Federation) in order to promote international co-operation for research on the fundamental properties of matter. The proposal made was initiated by JINR which is an international intergovernmental organization with 18 Member States. In accordance with Article XI.1 of UNESCO's Constitution, the Director-General requests the Executive Board's approval of the draft agreement with JINR

  1. The Dutch Female Board Index 2010

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2010-01-01

    The Dutch Female Board Index 2010 shows for the fourth year a survey of female representation on the Executive Boards and Supervisory Boards of 99 Dutch NVs listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The companies were classified by the percentage of women in their joint Executive Board and Supervisory Board. The Dutch ‘Female Board Index 'also gives an analysis of the differences between male and female directors and between companies with or without female representation on the Eexcutive Board and/or Su...

  2. 4th and 5th Grade Students? Opinions About Performance Tasks in Social Studies Course

    ŞAHİNER, SAADETTİN; ARSLAN, ALİ

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study is to state 4th and 5th grade students? point of view about their own performance tasks in the lesson social studies In this study survey was used from the techniques of descriptive research Data were gathered with ?scale of students? opinions about the performance tasks? and ?scale of determination of problems encountered during the process of preparing performance tasks? Study was conducted in 2009 2010 academic year on 992 4th and 5th class students Analysis meth...

  3. Reading Development and Achievement of 4th-Grade Hmong Students

    Mahowald, Megan; Loughnane, Megan

    2016-01-01

    Researchers and practitioners alike have noted that Hmong students in the United States do not achieve as well as their monolingual peers and other bilingual students. The current mixed-methods study is designed to describe reading development and achievement of 4th-grade Hmong students in one large, urban school district. This study explores the…

  4. 75 FR 33170 - Safety Zone; City of Martinez 4th of July Fireworks, Martinez, CA

    2010-06-11

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; City of Martinez 4th of July Fireworks... under Executive Order 13132, Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on State or local governments and would either preempt State law or impose a substantial direct cost of compliance on them....

  5. 77 FR 39408 - Safety Zone; Buffalo July 4th Fireworks, Lake Erie, Buffalo, NY

    2012-07-03

    ... DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Buffalo July 4th Fireworks, Lake Erie, Buffalo, NY AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard...

  6. Probes for 4th generation constituents of dark atoms in Higgs boson studies at the LHC

    Khlopov, M Yu

    2014-01-01

    The nonbaryonic dark matter of the Universe can consist of new stable charged species, bound in heavy neutral "atoms" by ordinary Coulomb interaction. Stable $\\bar U$ (anti-$U$)quarks of 4th generation, bound in stable colorless ($\\bar U \\bar U \\bar U $) clusters, are captured by the primordial helium, produced in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, thus forming neutral "atoms" of O-helium (OHe), a specific nuclear interacting dark matter that can provide solution for the puzzles of direct dark matter searches. However, the existence of the 4th generation quarks and leptons should influence the production and decay rates of Higgs boson and is ruled out by the experimental results of the Higgs boson searches at the LHC, if the Higgs boson coupling to 4th generation fermions with is not suppressed. Here we argue that the difference between the three known quark-lepton families and the 4th family can naturally lead to suppression of this coupling, relating the accelerator test for such a composite dark matter scenario to ...

  7. Fuels. Deliveries and consumption of fuels during 4th quarter 2002 and year 2002

    The total volume of oil product deliveries (excluded lubricants, bitumen etc.) from the oil companies was 1 per cent lower during 2002 compared with 2001. The deliveries of motor gasoline and diesel oil increased by 2 and 5 per cent. Domestic heating oil and heavy fuel oils decreased by 3 and 5 per cent compared with 2001. Under the 4th quarter 2002 the deliveries of oil products (excluded lubricants, bitumen etc.) was 10 per cent higher compared with the same quarter 2001. The deliveries of domestic heating oil and heavy fuel oils increased by 22 per cent in each case. Motor gasoline was unchanged while the deliveries of diesel oil increased by 7 per cent. The consumption of fuels in mining and manufacturing increased by 3 % during the year 2002. The consumption of hard coal and coke increased by 5 % and the rest of the fossil fuels by 7 %. Renewable fuels decreased by 1 %. During the 4th quarter 2002 increased the fuel consumption in industry by 2 % compared with same quarter 2001. Renewable fuels decreased by 7 % while fossil fuels increased by 18 %. The consumption of fuels in electricity, gas and district heating services increased by 12 % during 2002. The consumption of oils increased by 16 %. During year 2002 the renewable fuels accounts for 68 % of the final consumption. During the 4th quarter the consumption of fuels was almost twice as high as the consumption during the 4th quarter 2001

  8. Using 4th order Runge-Kutta method for solving a twisted Skyrme string equation

    Hadi, Miftachul; Anderson, Malcolm; Husein, Andri

    2016-03-01

    We study numerical solution, especially using 4th order Runge-Kutta method, for solving a twisted Skyrme string equation. We find numerically that the value of minimum energy per unit length of vortex solution for a twisted Skyrmion string is 20.37 × 1060 eV/m.

  9. Assessment of an Engineering Technology Outreach Program for 4th-7th Grade Girls

    Dell, Elizabeth M.; Christman, Jeanne; Garrick, Robert D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a workshop led by female Engineering Technology students, with support from female faculty, to provide an introduction to Engineering Technology to 4th-7th grade girls through a series of interactive laboratory experiments. This outreach program was developed to improve attitudes towards science and engineering in middle…

  10. MSSM4G: Reviving Bino Dark Matter with Vector-like 4th Generation Particles

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    We supplement the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with vector-like copies of standard model particles. Such 4th generation particles can raise the Higgs boson mass to the observed value without requiring very heavy superpartners, improving naturalness and the prospects for discovering supersymmetry at the LHC. Here we show that these new particles are also motivated cosmologically: in the MSSM, pure Bino dark matter typically overcloses the Universe, but 4th generation particles open up new annihilation channels, allowing Binos to have the correct thermal relic density without resonances or co-annihilation. We show that this can be done in a sizable region of parameter space while preserving gauge coupling unification and satisfying constraints from collider, Higgs, precision electroweak, and flavor physics.

  11. Book of abstracts: International Conference on Smart Energy Systems and 4th Generation District Heating

    It is a great pleasure to welcome you to the first International Conference on Smart Energy Systems and 4th Generation District Heating at Aalborg University, Copenhagen Campus on 25-26 August 2015. The conference is organised by the 4DH Strategic Research Centre in collaboration with Aalborg...... University and offers more than 70 presentations in 3 parallel sessions with more than 180 participants from 25 countries around the world. The aim is to present and discuss scientific findings and industrial experiences related to the development of Smart Energy Systems and future 4th Generation District...... with a particular focus on renewable energy in the transport system in a context with limited access to bioenergy. The Smart Energy System concept is essential for 100% renewable energy systems to harvest storage synergies and exploit low-value heat sources. As opposed to, for instance, the smart grid concept...

  12. Effects of Public Preschool Expenditures on the Test Scores of 4th Graders: Evidence from TIMSS

    Waldfogel, Jane; Zhai, Fuhua

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the effects of public preschool expenditures on the math and science scores of 4th graders, holding constant child, family, and school characteristics, other relevant social expenditures, and country and year effects, in seven Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries -- Australia, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, U.K., and U.S -- using data from the 1995 and 2003 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Our resul...

  13. Phonological Awareness Program: A longitudinal study from Preschool to 4th Grade

    Ferraz Inês; Pocinho Margarida; Pereira Alexandra; Pimenta Antónia

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the effect of phonological awareness training program in preschool performance of 256 children in Funchal, Portugal. This is a longitudinal study from preschool (2005) to 4th grade (2011). It has an experimental design. The sample includes an Experimental Group (132 children) and a Control group (124 children). We pretend to answer the following research question: To what degree does training children in phonological awareness as early as preschool have short-term ...

  14. 11(th) National Meeting of Organic Chemistry and 4(th) Meeting of Therapeutic Chemistry.

    Sousa, Maria Emília; Araújo, Maria João; do Vale, Maria Luísa; Andrade, Paula B; Branco, Paula; Gomes, Paula; Moreira, Rui; Pinho E Melo, Teresa M V D; Freitas, Victor

    2016-01-01

    For the first time under the auspices of Sociedade Portuguesa de Química, the competences of two important fields of Chemistry are brought together into a single event, the 11st National Organic Chemistry Meeting and the the 4th National Medicinal Chemistry Meeting, to highlight complementarities and to promote new synergies. Abstracts of plenary lectures, oral communications, and posters presented during the meeting are collected in this report. PMID:27102166

  15. Summary of the 4th Annual Scientific Session of Cardiology in South China

    刘伊丽

    2002-01-01

    @@ The 4th Annual Scientific Session of South China was held from April 5 ~ 8, 2002 in Guangzhou. More than one thousand cardiologists came from Guangzhou,Guangxi, Hunan and Hainan Province participated in the meeting and 143 abstracts were presented. A distinguished faculty from the United States, Canada,Germany, Britain, Honkong, Beijing and Shanghai were invited to join this conference and gave a series of special lectures about the newest advances in cardiology.

  16. Report of the 4th national standing conference on low-level radiation and health

    The 4th National Standing Conference on Low Level Radiation on Health (1988) with particular reference to Sellafield and leukemia focused on: 1. The latest information on cancer studies in relation to nuclear emissions; James Cutler of Yorkshire Television had recently shown these could arise in unexpected places. 2. The revision of existing radiation protection standards. 3. The possible connection between non-ionising radiation/electromagnetic fields and the increased incidence of cancer. 4. The provision of radiation monitoring in Britain. (author)

  17. ChemSession'07 - 4th Seminary of Warsaw PhD Students in Chemistry. Abstracts

    4th Annual Seminary of Warsaw PhD Students in Chemistry presented the latest achievements in chemistry, obtained in all Warsaw universities and scientific institutes. In 2007 participants presented 4 plenary lectures, and 101 posters. Among others, posters covered four disciplines related to the nuclear sciences: (a) radiobiology and radiotherapy, (b) radiation chemistry and photochemistry, (c) isotopic effects in chemistry, and (d) chemical technology

  18. 2008: 4th D.I.T – Irish Distillers Pernod Ricard Cocktail Challenge

    Murphy, James Peter

    2008-01-01

    The 4th D.I.T – Irish Distillers Pernod Ricard Cocktail Challenge took place on Thursday November 27th 2008, this initiative between the DIT Department Bar Management and Irish Distillers Pernod Ricard attracted 80 mixologists currently studying and working in the hospitality and licensed trade premises the opportunity to improve their skills in creative drinks mixing, in direct response to the growing demand for new cocktails and exciting new drinks to suit every season. This magnificent ent...

  19. 4th meeting of the IWGFPT, Vienna, Austria 3-5 February 1981

    The 4th meeting of the IWGFPT was held at the VIC from 3 to 5 February 1981. The meeting was attended by 23 participants representing 17 countries, members of the Working Group and two organizations - NEA (OECD) and CEC. The introduced paper is a summary report of this meeting. The agenda of the meeting and brief reviews of the main programmes of IWGFPT are presented

  20. 11th National Meeting of Organic Chemistry and 4th Meeting of Therapeutic Chemistry

    Maria Emília Sousa; Maria João Araújo; Maria Luísa do Vale; Andrade, Paula B.; Paula Branco; Paula Gomes; Rui Moreira; Teresa M. V. D. Pinho e Melo; Victor de Freitas

    2016-01-01

    For the first time under the auspices of Sociedade Portuguesa de Química, the competences of two important fields of Chemistry are brought together into a single event, the 11st National Organic Chemistry Meeting and the the 4th National Medicinal Chemistry Meeting, to highlight complementarities and to promote new synergies. Abstracts of plenary lectures, oral communications, and posters presented during the meeting are collected in this report.

  1. 11th National Meeting of Organic Chemistry and 4th Meeting of Therapeutic Chemistry

    Sousa, Maria Emília; Araújo, Maria João; do Vale, Maria Luísa; Andrade, Paula B.; Branco, Paula; Gomes, Paula; Moreira, Rui; Pinho e Melo, Teresa M.V.D.; Freitas, Victor

    2016-01-01

    For the first time under the auspices of Sociedade Portuguesa de Química, the competences of two important fields of Chemistry are brought together into a single event, the 11st National Organic Chemistry Meeting and the the 4th National Medicinal Chemistry Meeting, to highlight complementarities and to promote new synergies. Abstracts of plenary lectures, oral communications, and posters presented during the meeting are collected in this report. PMID:27102166

  2. FAST DISPLACEMENT PROBABILITY PROFILE APPROXIMATION FROM HARDI USING 4TH-ORDER TENSORS

    Barmpoutis, Angelos; Vemuri, Baba C.; Forder, John R.

    2008-01-01

    Cartesian tensor basis have been widely used to approximate spherical functions. In Medical Imaging, tensors of various orders have been used to model the diffusivity function in Diffusion-weighted MRI data sets. However, it is known that the peaks of the diffusivity do not correspond to orientations of the underlying fibers and hence the displacement probability profiles should be employed instead. In this paper, we present a novel representation of the probability profile by a 4th order ten...

  3. Grow Together under the Sunshine——The 4th Summer Camp for AIDS Orphaned Children

    NING LILI

    2007-01-01

    @@ The 4th summer camp for AIDS-orphaned children was held in Beijing from August 2-8,2007.Co-sponsored by the China Youth Concern Commission and China Foundation for the Prevention and Control of STDs (sexually transmitted disease) and AIDS,the event was attended by 80 AIDS-orphaned children aged 8-16 from 18 counties and cities of 8 provinces of Shanxi,Yunnan,Henan,Jilin,Liaoning,Guizhou,Sichuan and Anhui.

  4. 11th National Meeting of Organic Chemistry and 4th Meeting of Therapeutic Chemistry

    Maria Emília Sousa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available For the first time under the auspices of Sociedade Portuguesa de Química, the competences of two important fields of Chemistry are brought together into a single event, the 11st National Organic Chemistry Meeting and the the 4th National Medicinal Chemistry Meeting, to highlight complementarities and to promote new synergies. Abstracts of plenary lectures, oral communications, and posters presented during the meeting are collected in this report.

  5. Teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade

    Hümset Seçkin

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade. For this aim, objectives, content, activities, materials and equipment and assessment which are the basic  components of the curriculum are taken as the criterion. Besides this, the study investigates teachers’ level of information about the curriculum, the difficulties that were experienced by teachers in implementing the curriculum, the strengths and weaknesses ...

  6. Data correction on July 4th, 2012 - Open TG-GATEs | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Full Text Available Open TG-GATEs Data correction on July 4th, 2012 The data have been corrected because of having errors on the...bout This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Data correction on July 4th, 2012 - Open TG-GATEs | LSDB Archive ...

  7. Energy supply the 4th quarter and the whole years 2001 and 2002. Preliminary data

    The final consumption of energy in Sweden the 4th quarter 2002 increased by 8 per cent compared to the corresponding period 2001, from 106 TWh to 114 TWh. The consumption within industrial sector and transport sector increased by 3 per cent each and household sector increased by 14 per cent. The energy consumption during 2002 was 400 TWh, which is an increase by 1 per cent since 2001 when the consumption was 394 TWh. The consumption in industry sector rose by 3 per cent, which can be explained by an increase of using district heating. This quarter has the use increased from 6.0 PJ to 8.9 PJ which responds to an 48 per cent increase. It is the rising activity with ready made heat that explains this figures. Ready made heat is when the energy sector runs the boilers that used to belong to the industries. The fuel input, of for instance biomass fuel, could earlier be found within industry whereas nowadays the fuel input is within the energy sector. The gross supply of energy in Sweden the 4th quarter 2002 increased by 7 per cent compared to the 4th quarter 2001. The production of electricity from nuclear plants was 5 per cent lower compared with the same quarter 2001. Hydroelectric power production decreased by 29 per cent during the same period. The supply of natural gas rose by 17 per cent and the supply of domestic fuels rose by 13 per cent. The supply of coal and coke increased by 14 per cent and there was an 17 per cent increase in the supply of oil products. The total gross supply of energy was unchanged during 2002 compared with 2001. But we can see an increase in the supply of coal and coke, 4 per cent, domestic fuels, 5 per cent, oil products, 3 per cent and district heating, 4 per cent

  8. Can astronomy enhance UNESCO World Heritage recognition? The paradigm of 4th Dynasty Egyptian pyramids

    Belmonte, Juan Antonio

    2015-08-01

    The pyramids of Egypt, notably those of the 4th Dinasty as Giza, have always be considered an unmistikable part of human world heritage as the only surviving wonders of the Ancient World. Their majesty, technical hability and innovative character have always beeen considered as representative of ancient Egyptian ingenuity. However, past and present fringe theories about the pyramids and astronomy have always polluted the role of our discipline in the design, construction and symbolism of these impressive monuments. This is indeed unfear. Fortunately, things have started to change in the last couple of decades and now astronomy is interpreted as a neccessary tool for the correct interpretation of the astral eschatology present in the 5th and 6th Dynasty Texts of the Pyramids. Although the pyramid complexes of the 4th Dynasty are mute, there is however recent research showing that a strong astral symbolism could be hidden in many aspects of the complex architecture and in the design of these exceptional monuments. This idea comes from several hints obtained not only from planning and construction, but also from epigraphy and the analysis of celestial and local landscapes. Chronology also plays a most relevant role on this. The pyramid complexes of the 4th Dynasty at Meidum, Dahshur, Giza and Abu Rowash -- all of which enjoy UNESCO World Heritage recognition -- willl be scrutinized. As a consequence, we will show how astronomy can certainly enhance the face value of these extraordinary monuments as a definitive proof of the ancient Egyptian quest for Ma'at, i.e. their perennial obsesion for Cosmic Order.

  9. Joint Conference on Sensing of Environmental Pollutants, 4th, New Orleans, La., November 6-11, 1977, Proceedings

    1978-01-01

    Papers are presented on such topics as environmental chemistry, the effects of sulfur compounds on air quality, the prediction and monitoring of biological effects caused by environmental pollutants, environmental indicators, the satellite remote sensing of air pollution, weather and climate modification by pollution, and the monitoring and assessment of radioactive pollutants. Consideration is also given to empirical and quantitative modeling of air quality, disposal of hazardous and nontoxic materials, sensing and assessment of water quality, pollution source monitoring, and assessment of some environmental impacts of fossil and nuclear fuels.

  10. The Impact of the June 4th Massacre on the pro-Democracy Movement

    Béja, Jean-Philippe; Goldman, Merle

    2011-01-01

    The Chinese pro-democracy movement crushed by the People’s Liberation Army on 4 June 1989 was preceded by many protests by intellectuals. The crackdown deprived the democrats of their protectors in the Party, and forced them to change strategies. Unable to organise large-scale demonstrations, dissidents launched petitions demanding respect for human rights and reversal of the official verdict on June 4th. They were joined by the Tiananmen Mothers, who became a new force in the pro-democracy m...

  11. Proceedings of the 4th Australian experimental high energy physics meeting and workshop

    The 4th Annual Meeting of the Australian High Energy Physics Consortium was held at ANSTO on the 11th and 12th of December, with a workshop on software development and applications held at the University f Sydney on the 13th. A wide range of talks on the progress of NOMAD and ATLAS experiments and related research were presented, plus talks on heavy ion physics which is also carried out in collaboration with CERN. Extended abstracts of the presentations are included in this volume

  12. Bronze Tiger Sculptures Exhibition at the 4th China Beijing International Cultural & Creative Industry Expo

    Hu Chunliang

    2010-01-01

    @@ Sponsored and organised by the Chinese Ministry of Culture, the Chinese State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, the Chinese General Administration of Press and Publication and the Government of Beijing, the 4th China Beijing International Cultural & Creative Industry Expo (ICCIE) was successfully held in Beijing on November 26-29,2009. The Expo took China International Exhibition Centre as a main exhibition area with additional 9 sub-exhibition areas in the districts and counties of Beijing (total exhibition area 65,000 m2).

  13. APTWG: The 4th Asia-Pacific Transport Working Group Meeting

    This conference report summarizes the contributions to, and discussions at, the 4th Asia-Pacific Transport Working Group Meeting held at Kyushu University, Japan, during 10–13 June 2014. The topics of the meeting were organized under five main headings: turbulence suppression and transport barrier formation, effect of magnetic topology on MHD activity and transport, non-diffusive contribution of momentum and particle transport, non-local transport and turbulence spreading and coupling, energetic particles and instability. The Young Researchers' Forum which was held in this meeting is also described in this report. (conference reports)

  14. Participants at the 4th Controlling Conference of International Public Organisations

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2010-01-01

    The 4th Controlling Conference of International Public Organisations is part of a cycle of yearly conferences which were held the previous years in Frankfurt, Munich, Luxemburg, and which will take place this year on 31 May and 1 June at CERN. The aim of these conferences is to offer a forum for Directors of Administration, Deputy CFOs, Secretary-Generals, Heads of Budget of International Organisations, to exchange experiences on selected themes related to performance management. This year’s theme is “The Reduction of Overheads in International Public Organisations”.

  15. Proceedings of the 4th workshop on molten salts technology and computer simulation

    This report is the Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Molten Salts Technology and Computer Simulation, which was held on December 20, 2004, at Tokai Research Establishment of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). The purpose of this workshop is to exchange information and views on molten salts technology and computer simulation among the specialists from domestic organizations, and to discuss the recent and future research status for this research field. The intensive discussion was made among approximately 55 participants. The 14 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

  16. 4th International Symposium on Sensor Science (I3S2015: Conference Report

    Peter Seitz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available An international scientific conference was sponsored by the journal Sensors under the patronage of the University of Basel. The 4th edition of the International Symposium on Sensor Science (I3S2015 ran from 13 to 15 July 2015 in Basel, Switzerland. It comprised five plenary sessions and one morning with three parallel sessions. The conference covered the most exciting aspects and the latest developments in sensor science. The conference dinner took place on the second evening of the conference. The I3S2015 brought together 170 participants from 40 different countries. [...

  17. The ratio of 2nd to 4th digit length: a new predictor of disease predisposition?

    Manning, J T; Bundred, P E

    2000-05-01

    The ratio between the length of the 2nd and 4th digits is: (a) fixed in utero; (b) lower in men than in women; (c) negatively related to testosterone and sperm counts; and (d) positively related to oestrogen concentrations. Prenatal levels of testosterone and oestrogen have been implicated in infertility, autism, dyslexia, migraine, stammering, immune dysfunction, myocardial infarction and breast cancer. We suggest that 2D:4D ratio is predictive of these diseases and may be used in diagnosis, prognosis and in early life-style interventions which may delay the onset of disease or facilitate its early detection. PMID:10859702

  18. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Tritium Effects in Plasma Facing Components

    The 4th International Workshop on Tritium Effects in Plasma Facing Components was held in Santa Fe, New Mexico on May 14-15, 1998. This workshop occurs every two years, and has previously been held in Livermore/California, Nagoya/Japan, and the JRC-Ispra Site in Italy. The purpose of the workshop is to gather researchers involved in the topic of tritium migration, retention, and recycling in materials used to line magnetic fusion reactor walls and provide a forum for presentation and discussions in this area. This document provides an overall summary of the workshop, the workshop agenda, a summary of the presentations, and a list of attendees

  19. The Nabataean Age (4th century BC - 1st century AD)

    Augé, Christian

    2014-01-01

    We do not know the exact origins of the Nabataeans; they are a nomadic people from Arabia who settled in present-day Jordan between the 6th and 4th centuries BC. In 312, they already occupied the former lands of the Edomites, between Wadi al-Hasa (Zered) and the Gulf of Aqaba (Aila), and resisted Antigone, one of Alexander’s successors. The control of trade routes ensured their wealth. During the Hellenistic period, Petra, a storage area and shelter, became the capital of a kingdom that exten...

  20. Generalized effective potential in nonlinear theories of the 4-th order

    By means of the Legendre transformations in the framework of nonlinear theories of the 4-th order a generalized effective potential GITA(phi, G, H, S) is constructed. It depends on PHI, a possible expectation value of the quantum field; on G, H, possible expectation values of the 2- a.nd 3-point connected Green functions and on S= a possible expectation value of the classical action. The expansion for the functional GITA(phi, G, H, S) is obtained, which is similar to the loop expansion for the effective action GITA(phi)

  1. PREFACE: 4th International Conference on Mathematical Modeling in Physical Sciences (IC-MSquare2015)

    Vlachos, Dimitrios; Vagenas, Elias C.

    2015-09-01

    The 4th International Conference on Mathematical Modeling in Physical Sciences (IC-MSQUARE) took place in Mykonos, Greece, from Friday 5th June to Monday 8th June 2015. The Conference was attended by more than 150 participants and hosted about 200 oral, poster, and virtual presentations. There were more than 600 pre-registered authors. The 4th IC-MSQUARE consisted of different and diverging workshops and thus covered various research fields where Mathematical Modeling is used, such as Theoretical/Mathematical Physics, Neutrino Physics, Non-Integrable Systems, Dynamical Systems, Computational Nanoscience, Biological Physics, Computational Biomechanics, Complex Networks, Stochastic Modeling, Fractional Statistics, DNA Dynamics, Macroeconomics etc. The scientific program was rather intense as after the Keynote and Invited Talks in the morning, three parallel oral and one poster session were running every day. However, according to all attendees, the program was excellent with a high quality of talks creating an innovative and productive scientific environment for all attendees. We would like to thank the Keynote Speaker and the Invited Speakers for their significant contribution to IC-MSQUARE. We also would like to thank the Members of the International Advisory and Scientific Committees as well as the Members of the Organizing Committee.

  2. The 2002 activities and the 4th workshop of the human resources development project in FNCA

    In 1999, the Project for Human Resources Development (HRD Project) was initiated as defined in the framework of the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA), organized by the Atomic Energy Commission of Japan. The objective of the HRD Project is to solidify the foundation of technologies for nuclear development and utilization in Asia by promoting human resources development in Asian countries. In the Project there are two kinds of activity; In-workshop activity and Outside-of-workshop activity. The 4th Workshop on HRD Project was held on october 8-10, 2002, in Batangas, the Philippines. The Workshop was sponsored by the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) of the Philippines and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan. The Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) and the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) acted as the hosts. Participating countries were China, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Japan, Malaysia, the Phillippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. This report consists of presentation papers and materials at the 4th workshop as In-Workshop Activity, a review document of HRD Project for the 5th Coordinators Meeting of FNCA at Tokyo on March, 2003, a letter of proposal from the Project Leader of Japan to the Project Leaders of the participating countries, and training materials of participating countries as Outside-Workshop Activity. (author)

  3. Fast and Analytical EAP Approximation from a 4th-Order Tensor

    Aurobrata Ghosh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Generalized diffusion tensor imaging (GDTI was developed to model complex apparent diffusivity coefficient (ADC using higher-order tensors (HOTs and to overcome the inherent single-peak shortcoming of DTI. However, the geometry of a complex ADC profile does not correspond to the underlying structure of fibers. This tissue geometry can be inferred from the shape of the ensemble average propagator (EAP. Though interesting methods for estimating a positive ADC using 4th-order diffusion tensors were developed, GDTI in general was overtaken by other approaches, for example, the orientation distribution function (ODF, since it is considerably difficult to recuperate the EAP from a HOT model of the ADC in GDTI. In this paper, we present a novel closed-form approximation of the EAP using Hermite polynomials from a modified HOT model of the original GDTI-ADC. Since the solution is analytical, it is fast, differentiable, and the approximation converges well to the true EAP. This method also makes the effort of computing a positive ADC worthwhile, since now both the ADC and the EAP can be used and have closed forms. We demonstrate our approach with 4th-order tensors on synthetic data and in vivo human data.

  4. Crime rates and sedentary behavior among 4th grade Texas school children

    Hoelscher Deanna M

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Although per capita crime has generally fallen over the period which coincides with the obesity epidemic, it has not fallen uniformly across communities. It also has not fallen enough to allay fears on the part of parents. Over the past 30 years, technological changes have made the indoor alternatives to playing outside, where children are more vulnerable to criminal activity, more enjoyable (cable TV, video games, and the internet and comfortable (the spread of air conditioning to low income neighborhoods. We determined whether indoor sedentary behavior patterns are associated with community crime statistics. 4th graders in the U.S. are typically 9 or 10 years old. Methods We used data from the 2004–2005 Texas School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN survey linked with U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics data for the years 2000 through 2005 and Texas State data on sexual offenders. The probability-based sample included a total of 7,907 children in grade four. Multistage probability sampling weights were used. The dependent variables included were hours of TV watching, video game playing, computer use and total indoor sedentary behavior after school. Incremental Relative Rates were computed for community crime rates including robberies, all violent crimes, murders, assaults, property crimes, rapes, burglaries, larcenies and motor vehicle thefts as well as for sexual offenders living in the neighborhood. The neighborhood refers to the areas where the students at each school live. In the case of sexual offenders, sexual offenders per capita are estimated using the per capita rate in the zip code of the school attended; all other crime statistics are estimated by the crimes per capita in the police department jurisdiction covering the school attended. After controlling for sex, age, and African-American and Hispanic, cross-sectional associations were determined using

  5. 76 FR 72957 - 4th Annual Trauma Spectrum Conference: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Clinical Practice of...

    2011-11-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health 4th Annual Trauma Spectrum Conference: Bridging the Gap... Annual Trauma Spectrum Conference: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Clinical Practice of... conference information, visit the Trauma Spectrum Conference Web site at...

  6. The 2nd to 4th Digit Length Difference and Ratio as Predictors of Hyperandrogenism and Metabolic Syndrome in Females

    Pınar Yıldız1; Mustafa Yıldız; Ali Cihat Yıldırım3; et al, ...

    2015-01-01

    Objective: In this study we evaluated the usefulness of 2nd to 4th (2nd:4th) digit length difference and ratio in determining hyperandrogenism in females and the relationship with metabolic syndrome. Methods: We designed a cross-sectional clinical study and examined 150 females who visited our clinic; 137 completed the study. We measured blood pressure and anthropometric values. Biochemical parameters associated with metabolic syndrome were also measured. Results: The mean age of our p...

  7. The 4th Annual"A Legend of the Future China's Leading Enterprises of Tomorrow Award"was Launched

    Guo Yan

    2009-01-01

    @@ Standard Chartered Bank(China)Limited("Standard Chartered China")announced the launch of the 4th"A Legend of the Future-China's Leading Enterprises of Tomorrow Award"("SME Awards")on June 10,2009,in Beijing.Against the backdrop of the global financial tsunami,the 4th SME Award aims to help Small and Medium Enterprises(SMEs)ride out the financial storm and thrive despite the adverse economic environment.

  8. 4th International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications

    Krömer, Pavel; Snášel, Václav

    2014-01-01

    This volume of Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing contains accepted papers presented at IBICA2013, the 4th International Conference on Innovations in Bio-inspired Computing and Applications. The aim of IBICA 2013 was to provide a platform for world research leaders and practitioners, to discuss the full spectrum of current theoretical developments, emerging technologies, and innovative applications of Bio-inspired Computing. Bio-inspired Computing is currently one of the most exciting research areas, and it is continuously demonstrating exceptional strength in solving complex real life problems. The main driving force of the conference is to further explore the intriguing potential of Bio-inspired Computing. IBICA 2013 was held in Ostrava, Czech Republic and hosted by the VSB - Technical University of Ostrava.

  9. 4th International Conference on Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-Stationary Operations

    Zimroz, Radoslaw; Bartelmus, Walter; Haddar, Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    The book provides readers with a snapshot of recent research and technological trends in the field of condition monitoring of machinery working under a broad range of operating conditions. Each chapter, accepted after a rigorous peer-review process, reports on an original piece of work presented and discussed at the 4th International Conference on Condition Monitoring of Machinery in Non-stationary Operations, CMMNO 2014, held on December 15-16, 2014, in Lyon, France. The contributions have been grouped into three different sections according to the main subfield (signal processing, data mining, or condition monitoring techniques) they are related to. The book includes both theoretical developments as well as a number of industrial case studies, in different areas including, but not limited to: noise and vibration; vibro-acoustic diagnosis; signal processing techniques; diagnostic data analysis; instantaneous speed identification; monitoring and diagnostic systems; and dynamic and fault modeling. This book no...

  10. 4th International Conference on Frontiers in Intelligent Computing : Theory and Applications

    Pal, Tandra; Kar, Samarjit; Satapathy, Suresh; Mandal, Jyotsna

    2016-01-01

    The proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Frontiers in Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications 2015 (FICTA 2015) serves as the knowledge centre not only for scientists and researchers in the field of intelligent computing but also for students of post-graduate level in various engineering disciplines. The book covers a comprehensive overview of the theory, methods, applications and tools of Intelligent Computing. Researchers are now working in interdisciplinary areas and the proceedings of FICTA 2015 plays a major role to accumulate those significant works in one arena. The chapters included in the proceedings inculcates both theoretical as well as practical aspects of different areas like Nature Inspired Algorithms, Fuzzy Systems, Data Mining, Signal Processing, Image processing, Text Processing, Wireless Sensor Networks, Network Security and Cellular Automata. .

  11. The 4th Bologna Winter School: Hot Topics in Structural Genomics

    Rita Casadio

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The 4th Bologna Winter School on Biotechnologies was held on 9–15 February 2003 at the University of Bologna, Italy, with the specific aim of discussing recent developments in bioinformatics. The school provided an opportunity for students and scientists to debate current problems in computational biology and possible solutions. The course, co-supported (as last year by the European Science Foundation program on Functional Genomics, focused mainly on hot topics in structural genomics, including recent CASP and CAPRI results, recent and promising genomewide predictions, protein–protein and protein–DNA interaction predictions and genome functional annotation. The topics were organized into four main sections (http://www.biocomp.unibo.it.

  12. Giant partially thrombosed 4 th ventricular posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm; microsurgical management

    Forhad Hossain Chowdhury

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 42-year-old woman presented with a 3-month history of progressive occipital headache, vomiting, walking difficulty, and repeated fall. She had no history of sudden and severe headache. She had positive cerebellar signs, predominantly on the right side. Computerized tomography (CT scan, CT angiogram, and magnetic resonance image (MRI of the brain showed suspected partially thrombosed giant 4 th ventricular posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm. Patient developed severe hypersensitivity reaction during both CT scan and MRI after contrast injection. Though needed, digital subtraction angiogram (DSA of cerebral vessels was not done. The aneurysm was managed by microsurgical clipping of the aneurysm neck and partial excision of thrombosed aneurysm. Here, we report the details of management of these difficult giant aneurysm without DSA.

  13. Breakthrough in cardiac arrest: reports from the 4th Paris International Conference.

    Kudenchuk, Peter J; Sandroni, Claudio; Drinhaus, Hendrik R; Böttiger, Bernd W; Cariou, Alain; Sunde, Kjetil; Dworschak, Martin; Taccone, Fabio Silvio; Deye, Nicolas; Friberg, Hans; Laureys, Steven; Ledoux, Didier; Oddo, Mauro; Legriel, Stéphane; Hantson, Philippe; Diehl, Jean-Luc; Laterre, Pierre-Francois

    2015-12-01

    Jean-Luc Diehl The French Intensive Care Society organized on 5th and 6th June 2014 its 4th "Paris International Conference in Intensive Care", whose principle is to bring together the best international experts on a hot topic in critical care medicine. The 2014 theme was "Breakthrough in cardiac arrest", with many high-quality updates on epidemiology, public health data, pre-hospital and in-ICU cares. The present review includes short summaries of the major presentations, classified into six main chapters: Epidemiology of CA Pre-hospital management Post-resuscitation management: targeted temperature management Post-resuscitation management: optimizing organ perfusion and metabolic parameters Neurological assessment of brain damages Public healthcare. PMID:26380990

  14. FAST DISPLACEMENT PROBABILITY PROFILE APPROXIMATION FROM HARDI USING 4TH-ORDER TENSORS.

    Barmpoutis, Angelos; Vemuri, Baba C; Forder, John R

    2008-05-14

    Cartesian tensor basis have been widely used to approximate spherical functions. In Medical Imaging, tensors of various orders have been used to model the diffusivity function in Diffusion-weighted MRI data sets. However, it is known that the peaks of the diffusivity do not correspond to orientations of the underlying fibers and hence the displacement probability profiles should be employed instead. In this paper, we present a novel representation of the probability profile by a 4(th) order tensor, which is a smooth spherical function that can approximate single-fibers as well as multiple-fiber structures. We also present a method for efficiently estimating the unknown tensor coefficients of the probability profile directly from a given high-angular resolution diffusion-weighted (HARDI) data set. The accuracy of our model is validated by experiments on synthetic and real HARDI datasets from a fixed rat spinal cord. PMID:20046536

  15. 4th International Conference on Computer Science, Applied Mathematics and Applications

    Do, Tien; Thi, Hoai; Nguyen, Ngoc

    2016-01-01

    This proceedings consists of 20 papers which have been selected and invited from the submissions to the 4th International Conference on Computer Science, Applied Mathematics and Applications (ICCSAMA 2016) held on 2-3 May, 2016 in Laxenburg, Austria. The conference is organized into 5 sessions: Advanced Optimization Methods and Their Applications, Models for ICT applications, Topics on discrete mathematics, Data Analytic Methods and Applications and Feature Extractio, respectively. All chapters in the book discuss theoretical and practical issues connected with computational methods and optimization methods for knowledge engineering. The editors hope that this volume can be useful for graduate and Ph.D. students and researchers in Applied Sciences, Computer Science and Applied Mathematics. .

  16. iPad 4th generation and iPad mini portable genius

    McFedries, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Everything you need to know about the newest iPads from Apple! If you have finally decided to get in the iPad game, then don't forget to pick up the iPad's must-have accessory: your own copy of iPad 4th Generation & iPad mini Portable Genius! This hip little guide is packed with easy-to-understand tips, tricks, and advice to help you get the most out of your iPad with beautiful Retina display or the new iPad mini. You'll learn how to maximize features of the iPad, such as the Retina display, multitouch screen, FaceTime HD camera, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi +4G capability, eReader functionality, an

  17. 4th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine

    Wittrock, Ulrich

    2005-01-01

    This book treats the development and application of adaptive optics for industry and medicine. The contributions describe recently developed components for adaptive-optics systems such as deformable mirrors, wavefront sensors, and mirror drivers as well as complete adaptive optical systems and their applications in industry and medicine. Applications range from laser-beam forming and adaptive aberration correction for high-power lasers to retinal imaging in ophthalmology. The contributions are based on presentations made at the 4th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics in Industry and Medicine which took place in Münster, Germany, in October 2003. This highly successful series of workshops on adaptive optics started in 1997 and continues with the 5th workshop in Beijing in 2005.

  18. Report on the 4th International IUPAP Women in Physics Conference

    Correa, Cynthia

    2011-10-01

    Stellenbosch, South Africa was the site of the 4^th International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) International Conference on Women in Physics, which took place on April 5^th-8^th. This conference brought together the diverse contributions of 250 female physicist attendees from nearly 60 countries worldwide to dissect the challenges faced by female physicists worldwide and to propose strategies to attract and retain more girls and women to the field. Having served as a member of the U.S. Delegation, I will discuss the resolutions reached and highlight the most important results of Global Survey of Physicists, where nearly 15,000 physicists shine light on how gender affects their lives and careers.

  19. Teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade

    Hümset Seçkin

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates teachers’ views on primary school English language teaching curriculum for the 4th grade. For this aim, objectives, content, activities, materials and equipment and assessment which are the basic components of the curriculum are taken as the criterion. Besides this, the study investigates teachers’ level of information about the curriculum, the difficulties that were experienced by teachers in implementing the curriculum, the strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum and teachers’ suggestions for improving the curriculum. This is a qualitative research and employs interview techniques. Data were collected through interviews of 15 primary school English teachers who taught 4th grade students at state schools. In the data analysis procedure descriptive analysis techniques were applied.The results of the research indicated that the participants had negative views about some aspects of the curriculum due to challenges that they encountered during the implementation. It was determined that teachers thought that the level they informed about the program was not sufficient. Teachers emphasized that crowded classrooms, lack of sources and supplementary materials caused problems in implementing the curriculum. It was pointed out that the strongest feature of the curriculum was that it made the students active during the learning process. The weakest feature of the curriculum was that it was overloaded and time allocated to the curriculum was not sufficient. In order to make the curriculum more efficient teachers suggested that more qualified learning materials should be prepared, alloted time for the lesson should be increased, the number of students in the classroom should be reduced and assessment tools should be provided for the teachers.

  20. Food-based Science Curriculum Increases 4(th) Graders Multidisciplinary Science Knowledge.

    Hovland, Jana A; Carraway-Stage, Virginia G; Cela, Artenida; Collins, Caitlin; Díaz, Sebastián R; Collins, Angelo; Duffrin, Melani W

    2013-10-01

    Health professionals and policymakers are asking educators to place more emphasis on food and nutrition education. Integrating these topics into science curricula using hand-on, food-based activities may strengthen students' understanding of science concepts. The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. Previous studies have shown that students experiencing the FoodMASTER curriculum were very excited about the activities, became increasingly interested in the subject matter of food, and were able to conduct scientific observations. The purpose of this study was to: 1) assess 4(th) graders food-related multidisciplinary science knowledge, and 2) compare gains in food-related science knowledge after implementation of an integrated, food-based curriculum. During the 2009-2010 school year, FoodMASTER researchers implemented a hands-on, food-based intermediate curriculum in eighteen 4(th) grade classrooms in Ohio (n=9) and North Carolina (n=9). Sixteen classrooms in Ohio (n=8) and North Carolina (n=8), following their standard science curricula, served as comparison classrooms. Students completed a researcher-developed science knowledge exam, consisting of 13 multiple-choice questions administered pre- and post-test. Only subjects with pre- and post-test scores were entered into the sample (Intervention n=343; Control n=237). No significant differences were observed between groups at pre-test. At post-test, the intervention group scored (9.95±2.00) significantly higher (p=.000) than the control group (8.84±2.37) on a 13-point scale. These findings suggest the FoodMASTER intermediate curriculum is more effective than a standard science curriculum in increasing students' multidisciplinary science knowledge related to food. PMID:25152539

  1. Report of the 4th World Climate Research Programme International Conference on Reanalyses

    Bosilovich, Michael G.; Rixen, Michel; van Oevelen, Peter; Asrar, Ghassem; Compo, Gilbert; Onogi, Kazutoshi; Simmons, Adrian; Trenberth, Kevin; Behringer, Dave; Bhuiyan, Tanvir Hossain; Capps, Shannon; Chaudhuri, Ayan; Chen, Junye; Chen, Linling; Colasacco-Thumm, Nicole; Escobar, Maria Gabriela; Ferguson, Craig R.; Ishibashi, Toshiyuki; Liberato, Margarida L. R.; Meng, Jesse; Molod, Andrea; Poli, Paul; Roundy, Joshua; Willett, Kate; Wollen, Jack

    2012-01-01

    The 4th WCRP International Conference on Reanalyses provided an opportunity for the international community to review and discuss the observational and modelling research, as well as process studies and uncertainties associated with reanalysis of the Earth System and its components. Characterizing the uncertainty and quality of reanalyses is a task that reaches far beyond the international community of producers, and into the interdisciplinary research community, especially those using reanalysis products in their research and applications. Reanalyses have progressed greatly even in the last 5 years, and newer ideas, projects and data are coming forward. While reanalysis has typically been carried out for the individual domains of atmosphere, ocean and land, it is now moving towards coupling using Earth system models. Observations are being reprocessed and they are providing improved quality for use in reanalysis. New applications are being investigated, and the need for climate reanalyses is as strong as ever. At the heart of it all, new investigators are exploring the possibilities for reanalysis, and developing new ideas in research and applications. Given the many centres creating reanalyses products (e.g. ocean, land and cryosphere research centres as well as NWP and atmospheric centers), and the development of new ideas (e.g. families of reanalyses), the total number of reanalyses is increasing greatly, with new and innovative diagnostics and output data. The need for reanalysis data is growing steadily, and likewise, the need for open discussion and comment on the data. The 4th Conference was convened to provide a forum for constructive discussion on the objectives, strengths and weaknesses of reanalyses, indicating potential development paths for the future.

  2. The 4th surveillance testing for Kori unit 3 reactor vessel materials

    Chang, Kee Ok; Kim, Byoung Chul; Lee, Sam Lai; Choi, Kwun Jae; Gong, Un Sik; Chang, Jong Hwa; Joo, Yong Sun; Ahn, Sang Bok; Hong, Joon Hwa [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejeon (Korea)

    2000-10-01

    Surveillance testing for reactor vessel materials is performed in order to evaluate the irradiation embrittlement due to neutrons during operation and set the condition of safe operation of nuclear reactor. The 4th surveillance testing was performed completely by Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute at Taejeon after the capsule was transported from Kori site including its removal from reactor. Fast neutron fluences for capsules were calculated and various testing including mechanical and chemistry analysis were performed in order to evaluate the integrity of Kori unit 3 reactor vessel during the operation until life time. The evaluation results are as follows; Fast neutron fluences for capsules U, V, X and W are 4.983E+18, 1.641E+19, 3.158E+19, and 4.469E+19n/cm{sup 2}, respectively. The bias factor, the ratio of calculation/measurement, was 0.840 for the 1st through 4th testing and the calculational uncertainty, 12% satisfied the requirement of USNRC Reg.Guide DG-1053, 20%. The best estimated neutron fluence for reactor vessel inside surface was 1.362E+19n/cm{sup 2} based on the end of 12th fuel cycle and it was predicted that the fluences of vessel inside surface at 32, 40, 48 and 56EFPY would reach 3.481E+19, 4.209E+19, 5.144E+19 and 5.974E+19n/cm{sup 2} based on the current calculation. The result through this analysis for Kori unit 3 showed that there would be no problem for the pressurized thermal shock(PTS) during the operation until design life. 48 refs., 35 figs., 41 tabs. (Author)

  3. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--December 1991

    This 4th revision of the sixth edition of the NRC Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period of July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1991, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2

  4. Interfacial microstructures and solder joint strengths of the Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Sn-9Zn-lAl Pb-free solder pastes on OSP finished printed circuit boards

    Two kinds of lead-free solders, Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Sn-9Zn-lAl, were used to mount passive components onto printed circuit boards via a re-flow soldering process. The samples were stored at 150 deg. C for 200, 400, 600, 800, and 1100 h. The microstructures of the samples after aged at 150 deg. C for various times were characterized using optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and the analyzed of solder joint shear strengths. The joint strength between Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Cu pad was about 4.0 ± 0.3 kg, while the strength between Sn-9Zn-lAl and Cu pad had values of 2.6 ± 0.1 kg. Both kinds of solder joints exhibited reduced strengths with increasing aging times. After aging at 150 deg. C for 1100 h, the joints strengths of Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Sn-9Zn-lAl were 1.8 ± 0.3 and 1.7 ± 0.3 kg, respectively. Both the Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Sn-9Zn-lAl joints showed brittle fracture behaviors. A flat layer of Cu5Zn8 intermetallic compound (IMC) was formed between Sn-8Zn-3Bi solder and Cu pad after reflow. When the aging time was increased to 400 h, Zn-depletion and formation of Cu6Sn5 IMC were observed in the solders due to the interaction between the tin and zinc compounds. The interaction between Sn-9Zn-lAl solder and Cu pad had similar behavior, however, Cu6Sn5 IMC formed in Sn-9Zn-lAl solder when after aging at 150 deg. C for 600 h. As the aging time increased, both types of solders generated clear IMC spalling layers with large and continuous voids. Those voids substantially decreased the joint strength

  5. Interfacial microstructures and solder joint strengths of the Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Sn-9Zn-lAl Pb-free solder pastes on OSP finished printed circuit boards

    Lin, C.-T. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National United University, 1 Lein-Da, Kung-Ching Li, Miaoli 36003, Taiwan (China); Electronics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, 195 Section 4, Chung-Hsing Road, Chutung, Hsinchu 31040, Taiwan (China); Hsi, C.-S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National United University, 1 Lein-Da, Kung-Ching Li, Miaoli 36003, Taiwan (China); Wang, M.-C. [Faculty of Fragrance and Cosmetics, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: mcwang@kmu.edu.tw; Chang, T.-C.; Liang, M.-K. [Electronics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, 195 Section 4, Chung-Hsing Road, Chutung, Hsinchu 31040, Taiwan (China)

    2008-07-14

    Two kinds of lead-free solders, Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Sn-9Zn-lAl, were used to mount passive components onto printed circuit boards via a re-flow soldering process. The samples were stored at 150 deg. C for 200, 400, 600, 800, and 1100 h. The microstructures of the samples after aged at 150 deg. C for various times were characterized using optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and the analyzed of solder joint shear strengths. The joint strength between Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Cu pad was about 4.0 {+-} 0.3 kg, while the strength between Sn-9Zn-lAl and Cu pad had values of 2.6 {+-} 0.1 kg. Both kinds of solder joints exhibited reduced strengths with increasing aging times. After aging at 150 deg. C for 1100 h, the joints strengths of Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Sn-9Zn-lAl were 1.8 {+-} 0.3 and 1.7 {+-} 0.3 kg, respectively. Both the Sn-8Zn-3Bi and Sn-9Zn-lAl joints showed brittle fracture behaviors. A flat layer of Cu{sub 5}Zn{sub 8} intermetallic compound (IMC) was formed between Sn-8Zn-3Bi solder and Cu pad after reflow. When the aging time was increased to 400 h, Zn-depletion and formation of Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} IMC were observed in the solders due to the interaction between the tin and zinc compounds. The interaction between Sn-9Zn-lAl solder and Cu pad had similar behavior, however, Cu{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} IMC formed in Sn-9Zn-lAl solder when after aging at 150 deg. C for 600 h. As the aging time increased, both types of solders generated clear IMC spalling layers with large and continuous voids. Those voids substantially decreased the joint strength.

  6. Status and perspectives of fuel developments for fast neutron reactors of 4th generation

    The R and D strategy in France on future reactors gives first priority to developing a new generation of fast neutron nuclear systems and recycling technologies so as to assure a sustainable and environment friendly electricity production in the second half of the 21st century. SFR is the reference option, not only in France but also in Europe. The European strategy considers both the GFR and LFR as alternatives to the SFR. A common concern is to achieve a convincing demonstration of the capability of fuels to attain the ambitious goals set to 4th generation fast neutron systems, especially in terms of performance (uranium conversion, minimization of long life radioactive wastes) and safety. Owing to the important and satisfactory feedback experience built upon oxide fuels, MOX is the reference fuel for the SFR, at least for the start-up of the prototype (ASTRID). The objectives followed for the 4th generation SFR for safety (for example sodium void worth reduction and limited core reactivity excess) and cycle performances (self-sustainable core with a near zero breeding gain, reasonable in- core Pu inventory, MA transmutation) are achievable with an oxide fuel in large power cores (3600 MWt) while implementing adequate design features. Nevertheless, recent calculations show that the use of a dense and cold ceramic fuel might even improve the core performances. Carbide and nitride are candidate fuels to be seriously investigated for SFRs of 4th generation. For the GFR and the LFR, dense fuels are required to achieve self-generation because of the higher fraction of coolant in the core. Carbide and nitride are currently the reference fuels for the GFR and LFR, respectively. Focused on some key design parameters (such as high breeding capability, safety, expected performances of the fuel cycle based on pyro-metallurgical processes), several countries (India, China, Korea, Japan, USA) are considering the metal fuel for the SFR either as a long term reference or as a

  7. PREFACE: 4th International Conference on Safe Production and Use of Nanomaterials (Nanosafe2014)

    Tardif, F.; Damlencourt, J.-F.; Schuster, F.; Gaultier, V.

    2015-05-01

    This volume contains a collection of contributions presented at the 4th International Conference on Safe Production and Use of Nanomaterials (NANOSAFE 2014) held in Grenoble, France, from 18th to 20th November 2014. The issues of fast progress in the field of Nanosafety are up to the potential benefits that nanotechnology can bring to mankind. Making more efficient - more sustainable - easier to share mineral resources, increasing the yields of new energy technologies, enabling drugs that act selectively and locally are just few examples of the wide range of nanomaterial applications that currently benefit humanity. Nevertheless, the dynamic development of nanomaterials requires the adhesion from the general public who rightly demand major progresses in Nanosafety as a prerequisite. This is our exciting responsibility and challenge! Following the successful outcome of the three past international conferences on safe production and use of nanomaterials: Nanosafe 2008, 2010 and 2012, the organizing committee has the pleasure to welcoming you again to Minatec, Grenoble with some of the most famous specialists in the field. This year, two new topics have been added dealing with the "New Application of Nanomaterials" and "Nano-responsible Development" in addition to the usual issues addressed in previous Nanosafe conferences such as Expology, Detection and Characterization, Toxicology, Environmental Interactions, Nanomaterials Release, Life Cycle Analysis, Regulation and Standardization, Risk Management. The debates in 2012 proved highly successful so this formula has been kept in 2014 with 3 round tables: Nano-Responsible Development, Risks and Benefits for the Environment, Toxicology Progress. In this 4th edition, there were more than 330 registered participants from 28 different countries including 160 oral presentation covering the whole Nanosafety issues in 12 sessions, satellite workshops and round tables. This high number of participants makes this edition one of

  8. Climate Change Mitigation in a Sustainable World - Findings of the IPCC 4th Assessment Report

    The 4th Assessment Report on climate change of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) has recently been completed. The fi rst report in the IPCC 4th Assessment series by Working Group I outlined the latest knowledge on Climate Science. The second by Working Group 2 covered the possibilities for Adaptation of ecosystems, glaciers preceding, sea level rising, droughts etc in various regions. This paper is based on the findings of Working Group III as presented in the recently published report Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change. The 27 paragraph Summary for Policy Makers was approved sentence by sentence over 4 days in May 2007 by 120 government delegations in Bangkok, Thailand. The three short Summaries for Policy Makers (SPM), Synthesis report, and the three full reports can be found at www.ipcc.ch. In addition the short Synthesis Report across all three working groups is soon to be released. The report on Mitigation attempted to compile the latest scientific knowledge relating to low-carbon emitting technologies; assessed their costs and potentials for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission avoidance; evaluated their long term prospects out to 2100 for stabilising atmospheric GHGs; provided a detailed list of policy options; and discussed the opportunities for sustainable development and equity linked with GHG abatement. Over the 3 year writing and review process, the author of this paper was the co-ordinating lead author of the writing team for the Working Group III chapter on Energy Supply. Of the 13 chapters, this one received the greatest attention with over 5000 review comments that were each responded to, and with the sections on nuclear and renewable energy receiving a major share of them. Since the 3rd Assessment Report (TAR) was published in 2001, the over-arching message now being delivered by Working Group III is a stronger but positive one: Action is required. The situation is urgent - but not beyond repair. Many energy

  9. 77 FR 51607 - SJI Board of Directors Meeting

    2012-08-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office STATE JUSTICE INSTITUTE SJI Board of Directors Meeting AGENCY: State Justice Institute. ACTION: Notice of Meeting. SUMMARY: The SJI... applications for the 4th quarter of FY 2012, and other business. All portions of this meeting are open to...

  10. 78 FR 50480 - SJI Board of Directors Meeting, Notice

    2013-08-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office STATE JUSTICE INSTITUTE SJI Board of Directors Meeting, Notice AGENCY: State Justice Institute. ACTION: Notice of Meeting. SUMMARY... grant applications for the 4th quarter of FY 2013, and other business. All portions of this meeting...

  11. Cutting orientations for non-complex parts in 4th axis machining

    Osman Zahid, M. N.; Case, K.; Watts, D. M.

    2016-02-01

    The application of Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) machining for Rapid Manufacturing processes (CNC-RM) exploits the innate potential of 4th axis machining. The use of an indexer allows the workpiece to be rotated to various orientations which directly increased the region accessible to the cutting tool. However, in order to avoid thin webs and preserve tool life, cutting must be executed with a minimum of three orientations even for geometrically simple parts. Recent findings have suggested the separation of cutting orientations into roughing and finishing operations. Thus, the selection of orientations in finishing processes becomes more flexible and independent. This study was conducted to identify the effects of using a minimum of two cutting orientations in finishing operations for CNC-RM applications. This method is only applicable for non-complex parts where all the features can be machined from two directions. The results of the study illustrate the positive effects of minimizing the number of orientations. Despite improvement in machining operations, the complexity in defining the cutting orientations was also reduced.

  12. European Code against Cancer 4th Edition: 12 ways to reduce your cancer risk.

    Schüz, Joachim; Espina, Carolina; Villain, Patricia; Herrero, Rolando; Leon, Maria E; Minozzi, Silvia; Romieu, Isabelle; Segnan, Nereo; Wardle, Jane; Wiseman, Martin; Belardelli, Filippo; Bettcher, Douglas; Cavalli, Franco; Galea, Gauden; Lenoir, Gilbert; Martin-Moreno, Jose M; Nicula, Florian Alexandru; Olsen, Jørgen H; Patnick, Julietta; Primic-Zakelj, Maja; Puska, Pekka; van Leeuwen, Flora E; Wiestler, Otmar; Zatonski, Witold

    2015-12-01

    This overview describes the principles of the 4th edition of the European Code against Cancer and provides an introduction to the 12 recommendations to reduce cancer risk. Among the 504.6 million inhabitants of the member states of the European Union (EU28), there are annually 2.64 million new cancer cases and 1.28 million deaths from cancer. It is estimated that this cancer burden could be reduced by up to one half if scientific knowledge on causes of cancer could be translated into successful prevention. The Code is a preventive tool aimed to reduce the cancer burden by informing people how to avoid or reduce carcinogenic exposures, adopt behaviours to reduce the cancer risk, or to participate in organised intervention programmes. The Code should also form a base to guide national health policies in cancer prevention. The 12 recommendations are: not smoking or using other tobacco products; avoiding second-hand smoke; being a healthy body weight; encouraging physical activity; having a healthy diet; limiting alcohol consumption, with not drinking alcohol being better for cancer prevention; avoiding too much exposure to ultraviolet radiation; avoiding cancer-causing agents at the workplace; reducing exposure to high levels of radon; encouraging breastfeeding; limiting the use of hormone replacement therapy; participating in organised vaccination programmes against hepatitis B for newborns and human papillomavirus for girls; and participating in organised screening programmes for bowel cancer, breast cancer, and cervical cancer. PMID:26164654

  13. The 4th ATLAS Physics Workshop in Athens: The discussions, social events, environment, atmosphere, etc.

    Kawagoe, K

    Over 220 people attended the 4th Atlas Software Workshop in Athens, Greece, a place with a history of thousands of years of scientific achievement. The workshop was hosted by the University of Athens, the National Technical University of Athens, and the Aristotle University of Thessalonki. The venue for the meeting was the newly opened Conference Center of the Physics Department of the University of Athens which featured very comfortable plush red chairs (too comfortable for some of the more jet-lagged workshop participants!). Fig.1. Participants gathering in front of the Conference Center. The workshop schedule was structured to allow plenty of time during breaks for the many lively discussions that developed from the presentations. Ample supplies of coffee, juice, and cookies fueled the discussions. Discussions continued over lunches featuring Greek Salads and other tasty fare. The food was so good that one speaker offered the meal tickets as prize for answering a quiz at the end of her talk! The w...

  14. 4th-International Symposium on Ultrafast Surface Science - Final Report

    Hrvoje Petek

    2005-01-26

    The 4-th International Symposium on Ultrafast Surface Dynamics (UDS4) was held at the Telluride Summer Research Center on June 22-27, 2003. The International Organizing Committee consisting of Hrvoje Petek (USA), Xiaoyang Zhu (USA), Pedro Echenique (Spain) and Maki Kawai (Japan) brought together a total of 51 participants 16 of whom were from Europe, 10 from Japan, and 25 from the USA. The focus of the conference was on ultrafast electron or light induced processes at well-defined surfaces. Ultrafast surface dynamics concerns the transfer of charge and energy at solid surfaces on the femtosecond time scale. These processes govern rates of fundamental steps in surface reactions, interfacial electron transfer in molecular electronics, and relaxation in spin transport. Recent developments in femtosecond laser technology make it possible to measure by a variety of nonlinear optical techniques directly in the time domain the microscopic rates underlying these interfacial processes. Parallel progress in scanning probe microscopy makes it possible at a single molecular level to perform the vibrational and electronic spectroscopy measurements, to induce reactions with tunneling electrons, and to observe their outcome. There is no doubt that successful development in the field of ultrafast surface dynamics will contribute to many important disciplines.

  15. European Code against Cancer 4th Edition: Ultraviolet radiation and cancer.

    Greinert, Rüdiger; de Vries, Esther; Erdmann, Friederike; Espina, Carolina; Auvinen, Anssi; Kesminiene, Ausrele; Schüz, Joachim

    2015-12-01

    Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is part of the electromagnetic spectrum emitted naturally from the sun or from artificial sources such as tanning devices. Acute skin reactions induced by UVR exposure are erythema (skin reddening), or sunburn, and the acquisition of a suntan triggered by UVR-induced DNA damage. UVR exposure is the main cause of skin cancer, including cutaneous malignant melanoma, basal-cell carcinoma, and squamous-cell carcinoma. Skin cancer is the most common cancer in fair-skinned populations, and its incidence has increased steeply over recent decades. According to estimates for 2012, about 100,000 new cases of cutaneous melanoma and about 22,000 deaths from it occurred in Europe. The main mechanisms by which UVR causes cancer are well understood. Exposure during childhood appears to be particularly harmful. Exposure to UVR is a risk factor modifiable by individuals' behaviour. Excessive exposure from natural sources can be avoided by seeking shade when the sun is strongest, by wearing appropriate clothing, and by appropriately applying sunscreens if direct sunlight is unavoidable. Exposure from artificial sources can be completely avoided by not using sunbeds. Beneficial effects of sun or UVR exposure, such as for vitamin D production, can be fully achieved while still avoiding too much sun exposure and the use of sunbeds. Taking all the scientific evidence together, the recommendation of the 4th edition of the European Code Against Cancer for ultraviolet radiation is: "Avoid too much sun, especially for children. Use sun protection. Do not use sunbeds." PMID:26096748

  16. Phonological Awareness Program: A longitudinal study from Preschool to 4th Grade

    Ferraz Inês

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to evaluate the effect of phonological awareness training program in preschool performance of 256 children in Funchal, Portugal. This is a longitudinal study from preschool (2005 to 4th grade (2011. It has an experimental design. The sample includes an Experimental Group (132 children and a Control group (124 children. We pretend to answer the following research question: To what degree does training children in phonological awareness as early as preschool have short-term and long-term effects on the evolution of students' competencies and disciplinary knowledge? A first evaluation done in 2006 on the effects of this program at the end of preschool education revealed that the Experimental Group presented significant improvements when compared to the Control Group on the considered dimensions. In 2011, the Experimental Group presented Math National Test higher significant results when compared to the Control Group. The Experimental Group's Portuguese National Test presented better results than the Control Group one, but not significantly. This seems to indicate that Phonological Awareness Program can bring benefits and prevent long-term math school failure.

  17. On results of 4th regular inspection of No.2 plant in Hamaoka Nuclear Power Station

    The 4th regular inspection of No.2 plant in Hamaoka Nuclear Power Station, Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., was carried out from January 10 to May 13, 1983. The objects of inspection were the reactor, reactor cooling system, measurement and control system, fuel facilities, radiation control facilities, abandonment facilities, reactor containment equipment and emergency standby power generation facilities. The inspection of the appearance, disassembling, leak, function, performance and so on was carried out, but abnormality was not found at all. The works related to this regular inspection were executed within the range of allowable dose based on the laws. A radiation monitor for the drain sump in the containment vessel and a continuous monitor for the seawater drain sump in the turbine building were installed. Pumps were additionally installed for the drain sumps without spare pumps, and a part of the small piping for the turbine was changed to corrosion resistant STPA 23. Abnormality was not found in the internal radiation exposure of 6418 workers. (Kako, I.)

  18. 4th ATLAS Physics Workshop (Athens) - Report from the Physics Sessions

    Kersevan, B P

    The 4th ATLAS Physics Workshop provided a showcase for studies of some of the most exciting aspects of LHC physics, both within the Standard Model and beyond. It was clear from the wide range of topics covered, from QCD studies to TeV-scale Black Hole production, that preparations are well in hand for understanding whatever Nature, and the LHC, may throw at us. The Standard Model session concentrated on QCD and Electroweak physics, which will form the core of the ATLAS physics program during the first years of LHC operation. Convenor Matt Dobbs began by summarising recent and ongoing studies and pointed out that the first ATLAS papers will aim to prove that we understand LHC physics in the regime where the Standard Model is reliable. Only then will we be able to make convincing claims for the existence of New Physics. Subsequent talks discussed our understanding of this 'bread-and-butter' physics, including minimum bias processes and underlying events (Arthur Moraes), Parton Distribution Functions (Jon Butte...

  19. Status and Prospects of Agri-Tourism in Selected Municipalities of the 4th District of Batangas

    BIANCA VENUS L. RECIO; KAREEN ANGELICA M. DE ADE; CHRISTINE JOY M. ESQUERRA; SAHARA A. MANDANAS; JISSEL T. MASANGKAY; JESSICA A. MENDANIA; JENNIE MARGARET APRITADO

    2014-01-01

    – The study was to identify the profile of the agri-tourism sites in the selected municipalities in the 4th district of Batangas. Specifically, it determines the status and prospects of agri-tourism in the selected municipalities in the 4th district of Batangas in terms of Socio-Economic and Environmental Aspects; and have proposed an action plan to promote the agri-tourism as a destination. The researchers have conducted the study to see how the agri-tourism benefits the communit...

  20. Self-Esteem and Academic Performance of 4th Graders in two Elementary Schools in Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica

    L.K. Colquhoun; P.A. Bourne

    2012-01-01

    In 2005, 62% of pupils who sat the 4th grade literacy and numeracy examination attained mastery, which increased to 67% in 2009 from 50% in 2001. No study has examined the role of self-esteem on the academic performance of Jamaican 4th graders. The main objectives were, 1) evaluate the influence of selfesteem on academic performance, 2) determine factors that account for changes in self-esteem, and 3) examine factors of academic performance. The sample for this research was one hundred and tw...

  1. Joint swelling

    Swelling of a joint ... Joint swelling may occur along with joint pain . The swelling may cause the joint to appear larger or abnormally shaped. Joint swelling can cause pain or stiffness. After an ...

  2. The pencil of the 4th and 3rd order surfaces obtained as a harmonic equivalent of the pencil of quadrics through a 4th order space curve of the 1st category

    Đukanović Gordana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows the process of inverting the 4th ordered space curve of the first category with a self-intersecting point (with two planes of symmetry and determining its harmonic equivalent. There are harmonic equivalents for five groups of surfaces obtained through the 4th order space curve of the 1st category. Mapping was done through a system of circular cross-sections. Both classical and relativistic geometry interpretations are presented. We also designed spatial models - a spatial model of the pencil of quadrics and a spatial model of the pencil of equivalent quadrics. Besides the boundary surfaces, one surface of the 3rd order, which is an equivalent to a triaxial ellipsoid, passes through this pencil of surface of the 4th order. The center of inversion is located on the contour of the ellipsoid. The parabolic cylinder is mapped into its equivalent, by mapping the contour parabola of the cylinder, in the frontal projection, in relation to the center and the sphere of inversion into a contour curve of the 4th order surface. The generating lines of the parabolic cylinder, which are in a projecting position and pass through the antipode, are mapped into circles (also in a projecting position whose diameters are from the center of inversion to the contour line. The application of the 4th order surfaces in architectural practice is also presented. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TP-37002: New bioecological materials for protection of soil and water i br. III 44006, The development of new information-communication technologies, using advanced mathematical methods with applications in medicine, energy, e-governance and the protection of national heritage

  3. Proceedings of the 4th workshop on ion-beam-applied biology

    In order to promote research on biological application using ion beam at TIARA, we have annually hold the Workshop on Ion-beam-applied Biology at JAERI Takasaki since 2002. The 4th workshop entitled 'New Frontiers of Biological Research using microbeam - Application to Radio-microsurgery and Cellular Response to Radiations -' was held on June 22nd, 2005, aimed to overview the recent progress in microbeam-applied researches, and discuss the future direction of application of microbeam not to researches in life science and biotechnology, but also to clinical medicine. This workshop was hosted by JAERI Takasaki, with the cooperation of The Ion Beam Breeding Society, The Japan Radiation Research Society, The Japanese Society for Biological Sciences in Space, The Kanto-Kohetsu Branch of The Atomic Energy Society of Japan, and The Japan Radioisotope Association. There were 104 participants including clinicians attended from universities, public research institutions, and private companies. The papers presented in the workshop were about the ion-beam-applied biological researches at JAERI, the present status of microbeam facilities in Japan and foreign countries, and the microbeam-based analyses of damage repair machinery in insects and radiation-induced bystander effects. It was realized again that microbeam is quite useful for functional analyses by targeted disruption of specific tissues in bio-organisms, and is of critical importance in investigating biological influences of low-dose radiations as well as in its radiological application. These researches using microbeam are expected to further march on. The 13 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

  4. European Code against Cancer 4th Edition: Environment, occupation and cancer.

    Espina, Carolina; Straif, Kurt; Friis, Søren; Kogevinas, Manolis; Saracci, Rodolfo; Vainio, Harri; Schüz, Joachim

    2015-12-01

    People are exposed throughout life to a wide range of environmental and occupational pollutants from different sources at home, in the workplace or in the general environment - exposures that normally cannot be directly controlled by the individual. Several chemicals, metals, dusts, fibres, and occupations have been established to be causally associated with an increased risk of specific cancers, such as cancers of the lung, skin and urinary bladder, and mesothelioma. Significant amounts of air pollutants - mainly from road transport and industry - continue to be emitted in the European Union (EU); an increased occurrence of lung cancer has been attributed to air pollution even in areas below the EU limits for daily air pollution. Additionally, a wide range of pesticides as well as industrial and household chemicals may lead to widespread human exposure, mainly through food and water. For most environmental pollutants, the most effective measures are regulations and community actions aimed at reducing and eliminating the exposures. Thus, it is imperative to raise awareness about environmental and occupational carcinogens in order to motivate individuals to be proactive in advocating protection and supporting initiatives aimed at reducing pollution. Regulations are not homogeneous across EU countries, and protective measures in the workplace are not used consistently by all workers all the time; compliance with regulations needs to be continuously monitored and enforced. Therefore, the recommendation on Environment and Occupation of the 4th edition of the European Code against Cancer, focusing on what individuals can do to reduce their cancer risk, reads: "In the workplace, protect yourself against cancer-causing substances by following health and safety instructions." PMID:26164655

  5. 4th International Conference on Energy and Environment 2013 (ICEE 2013)

    Chakrabarty, Chandan Kumar; Shamsuddin, Abd Halim Bin; Ahmad, Ibrahim Bin; Desa, Mohamed Nor Bin Mohamed; Din, Norashidah Bte Md; Bte Mohd, Lariyah; Hamid, Nasri A.; See, Ong Hang; Hafiz Nagi, Farrukh; Yong, Lee Choon; Pasupuleti, Jagadeesh; Mei, Goh Su; Abdullah, Fairuz Bin; Satgunam, Meenaloshini

    2013-06-01

    The 4th International Conference on Energy & Environment 2013 (ICEE2013) was organized by the Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN) to provide a platform for creating and sharing ideas among engineers, researchers, scientists, industrialists and students in sustainable green energy and technologies. The theme 'Shaping a Sustainable Future through Advancement in Green Energy Technology' is in line with the University's vision to be a leading global energy university that shapes a sustainable future. The general scopes of the conference are renewable energy, smart grid, green technology, energy policies and economics, sustainable green energy and environment, sustainable education, international cooperation and innovation and technology transfer. Five international keynote speakers delivered their speeches in specialized areas of green energy technology and sustainability. In addition, the conference highlights several special parallel sessions by notable invited presenters in their niche areas, which are: Hybrid Energy Power Quality & Distributed Energy Smart Grid Nuclear Power & Technologies Geohazard Management Greener Environment for Sustainability Advances in Computational Fluid Dynamics The research papers presented in ICEE2013 are included in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (EES). EES is abstracted and indexed in SCOPUS, GeoBase, GeoRef, Compendex, Inspec, Chemical Abstracts Service, NASA Astrophysics Data System, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS). With the comprehensive programme outline, the organizing committee hopes that the ICEE2013 was a notable intellectual sharing session for the research and academic community in Malaysia and regionally. The organizing committee expresses gratitude to the ICEE2013 delegates for their great support and contributions to the event.

  6. PREFACE: 4th International Conference on: Preservation and Conservation Issues in Digital Printing and Digital Photography

    Fricker, A.; Green, P.

    2010-04-01

    These conference proceedings contain the written papers of the contributions presented at the 4th International Conference on: Preservation and Conservation Issues in Digital Printing and Digital Photography. The conference was held at the Institute of Physics, London, UK on 27th-28th May 2010. Previous conferences in this series took place in 2000, 2003 and 2006. The aim of this conference series is to inform those responsible for the preservation of digitally printed materials about developments in digital photography and printing technologies. We aim to examine progress in research on inks and substrates and their significance for conservation and preservation issues and techniques. We also hope to develop links between related industries and the conservation/preservation world. Research areas explored in this conference include current developments and future trends in digital printing and photographic technologies; the effect of environmental, storage and salvage conditions on the durability of digital prints and photographs; image processing techniques; image permanence considerations and standards for fastness, permanence and the role of scanning and file formats. We would like to thank all participants for their contribution to the conference programme and these proceedings. Our thanks go to Ms C. Gu and Mr M. Sandy for chairing conference sessions. We are also grateful to Dawn Stewart and the Institute of Physics Conference Team for their invaluable support and assistance in arranging the conference and reception. Finally we would like to extend our thanks to the Society of Imaging Science and Technology (IS&T) for their sponsorship support. The Editors Acknowledgements Conference Organising Committee: Ms A Fricker and Dr. P Green (London College of Communication, University of the Arts London). Proceedings edited and compiled by Ms A Fricker and Dr. P Green.

  7. Learning Natural Selection in 4th Grade with Multi-Agent-Based Computational Models

    Dickes, Amanda Catherine; Sengupta, Pratim

    2013-06-01

    In this paper, we investigate how elementary school students develop multi-level explanations of population dynamics in a simple predator-prey ecosystem, through scaffolded interactions with a multi-agent-based computational model (MABM). The term "agent" in an MABM indicates individual computational objects or actors (e.g., cars), and these agents obey simple rules assigned or manipulated by the user (e.g., speeding up, slowing down, etc.). It is the interactions between these agents, based on the rules assigned by the user, that give rise to emergent, aggregate-level behavior (e.g., formation and movement of the traffic jam). Natural selection is such an emergent phenomenon, which has been shown to be challenging for novices (K16 students) to understand. Whereas prior research on learning evolutionary phenomena with MABMs has typically focused on high school students and beyond, we investigate how elementary students (4th graders) develop multi-level explanations of some introductory aspects of natural selection—species differentiation and population change—through scaffolded interactions with an MABM that simulates predator-prey dynamics in a simple birds-butterflies ecosystem. We conducted a semi-clinical interview based study with ten participants, in which we focused on the following: a) identifying the nature of learners' initial interpretations of salient events or elements of the represented phenomena, b) identifying the roles these interpretations play in the development of their multi-level explanations, and c) how attending to different levels of the relevant phenomena can make explicit different mechanisms to the learners. In addition, our analysis also shows that although there were differences between high- and low-performing students (in terms of being able to explain population-level behaviors) in the pre-test, these differences disappeared in the post-test.

  8. Support for the 4th Pan-American Congress on Plants and Bioenergy

    Carpita, Nicholas C. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)

    2016-01-25

    Intellectual Merit: Following the success of the first three Pan-American Congresses on Plants and BioEnergy held biennially, the 4th congress will be held at the University of Guelph, Canada June 4-7, 2014. We aim to continue a tradition of showcasing major advances in energy crop improvement yet keep in perspective the realities of the economic drivers and pressures that govern the translation of scientific success into a commercial success. The congress is endorsed by the American Society of Plant Biologists and the Canadian Society of Plant Biologists. The program will cover a range of disciplines, including algal and plant systems for bioenergy, plant genetics and genomics, gene discovery for improvement of bioenergy production and quality, regulatory mechanisms of synthesis and degradation, strategies for 3rd generation biofuel production and the promise of synthetic biology in production of biofuels and bio-based products, cropping systems and productivity for biomass production, and mitigation of environmental impacts of bioenergy production. Broader Impacts: We are requesting support to generate stipends for domestic and permanent-resident students, post-doctorals, and pre-tenured faculty members to attend and benefit from the outstanding program. The stipends will be limited to registration and on-site lodging costs, with partial support for travel in instances of great need. So that as great a number can benefit as possible, airfare costs will be provided for only applicants with great need. ASPB has endorsed this meeting and will assist in advertising and promoting the meeting. ASPB has a long-standing commitment to increase participation and advance the careers in plant biology of women, minorities and underrepresented scientists, and they will assist us in identifying worthy candidates.

  9. The Ratio of 2nd to 4th Digit Length in Korean Alcohol-dependent Patients

    Han, Changwoo; Bae, Hwallip; Lee, Yu-Sang; Won, Sung-Doo; Kim, Dai Jin

    2016-01-01

    Objective The ratio of 2nd to 4th digit length (2D:4D) is a sexually dimorphic trait. Men have a relatively shorter second digit than fourth digit. This ratio is thought to be influenced by higher prenatal testosterone level or greater sensitivity to androgen. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between alcohol dependence and 2D:4D in a Korean sample and whether 2D:4D can be a biologic marker in alcohol dependence. Methods In this study, we recruited 87 male patients with alcohol dependence from the alcohol center of one psychiatric hospital and 52 healthy male volunteers who were all employees in the same hospital as controls. We captured images of the right and left hands of patients and controls using a scanner and extracted data with a graphics program. We measured the 2D:4D of each hand and compared the alcohol dependence group with the control group. We analyzed these ratios using an independent-samples t-test. Results The mean 2D:4D of patients was 0.934 (right hand) and 0.942 (left hand), while the mean 2D:4D of controls was 0.956 (right hand) and 0.958 (left hand). Values for both hands were significantly lower for patients than controls (p<0.001, right hand; p=0.004, left hand). Conclusion Patients who are alcohol dependent have a significantly lower 2D:4D than controls, similar to the results of previous studies, which suggest that a higher prenatal testosterone level in the gonadal period is related to alcoholism. Furthermore, 2D:4D is a possible predictive marker of alcohol dependence. PMID:27121425

  10. Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) (4th, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, July 6-8, 2011)

    Pechenizkiy, Mykola; Calders, Toon; Conati, Cristina; Ventura, Sebastian; Romero, Cristobal; Stamper, John

    2011-01-01

    The 4th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2011) brings together researchers from computer science, education, psychology, psychometrics, and statistics to analyze large datasets to answer educational research questions. The conference, held in Eindhoven, The Netherlands, July 6-9, 2011, follows the three previous editions…

  11. 76 FR 38015 - Safety Zones; July 4th Weekend Fireworks Displays Within the Captain of the Port St. Petersburg...

    2011-06-29

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zones; July 4th Weekend Fireworks Displays Within... under Executive Order 13132, Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on State or local governments and would either preempt State law or impose a substantial direct cost of compliance on them....

  12. Widely tunable 4th order switched Gm -C band-pass filter based on N-path filters

    Darvishi, Milad; Zee, van der Ronan; Klumperink, Eric A.M.; Nauta, Bram

    2012-01-01

    A widely tunable 4th order BPF based on the subtraction of two 2nd order 4-path passive-mixer filters with slightly different center frequencies is proposed. The center frequency of each 4-path filter is slightly shifted relative to its clock frequency (one upward and the other one downward) by a gm

  13. 76 FR 33157 - Safety Zones; July 4th Fireworks Displays Within the Captain of the Port Miami Zone, FL

    2011-06-08

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zones; July 4th Fireworks Displays Within the... State or local governments and would either preempt State law or impose a substantial direct cost of.... In particular, the Act addresses actions that may result in the expenditure by a State, local,...

  14. The nature of the 4th track in GX 5-1: discovery of Fe XXVI RRC in massive flares

    Church, M J; Peach, C; Balucinska-Church, M

    2009-01-01

    We present an explanation of the 4th branch of the Z-track based on analysis of high-quality RXTE data on the source GX 5-1. Spectral analysis shows that the physical evolution on the 4th track is a continuation of the flaring branch which we previously proposed consists of unstable nuclear burning of the accretion flow on the neutron star. In flaring there is a huge increase of the neutron star emission from a volume that increases to a radius of 21 km. The 4th branch is shown to consist of flaring under conditions that the mass accretion rate and thus the total source luminosity is falling. We detect strong emission on the flaring and 4th branches at energies between 7.8 - 9.4 keV inconsistent with origin as Fe K emission, which we suggest is the radiative recombination continua (RRC) of iron Fe XXVI at 9.28 keV and of lower states. Evolution of the emission takes place, the energy falling but the flux increasing strongly, consistent with production in the large volume of unstable nuclear burning around the...

  15. 4th Annual SATN Conference 2011: Curriculum Transformation at Universities of Technology: Towards Development of New Generation Universities

    Mthembu, T.

    2012-01-01

    The South African Technology Network (SATN) would like to thank the Editor of the "South African Journal of Higher Education" (SAJHE) for the opportunity to publish papers read at the 4th Annual SATN Conference that was hosted by Central University of Technology and held in Bloemfontein in November 2011. The journal makes it possible for…

  16. Comparing Science Learning among 4th-, 5th-, and 6th-Grade Students: STS versus Textbook-Based Instruction

    Yager, Robert E.; Choi, AeRan; Yager, Stuart O.; Akcay, Hakan

    2009-01-01

    Fifteen 4th-, 5th-, and 6th-grade teachers from five school districts each taught two sections of science--one with a Science-Technology-Society (STS) approach and the other with a more traditional textbook approach in which basic science concepts were the major organizers. Local, current, and personally relevant issues provided the context and…

  17. 78 FR 39998 - Safety Zone; Grand Haven 4th of July Fireworks; Grand River; Grand Haven, MI

    2013-07-03

    ...-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Grand Haven 4th of July Fireworks; Grand River; Grand Haven, MI AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast...

  18. Communicating Science to Impact Learning? A Phenomenological Inquiry into 4th and 5th Graders' Perceptions of Science Information Sources

    Gelmez Burakgazi, Sevinc; Yildirim, Ali; Weeth Feinstein, Noah

    2016-01-01

    Rooted in science education and science communication studies, this study examines 4th and 5th grade students' perceptions of science information sources (SIS) and their use in communicating science to students. It combines situated learning theory with uses and gratifications theory in a qualitative phenomenological analysis. Data were gathered…

  19. Using Inquiry-Based Instruction to Teach Research Methods to 4th-Grade Students in an Urban Setting

    Hamm, Ellen M.; Cullen, Rebecca; Ciaravino, Melissa

    2013-01-01

    When a college professor who teaches research methods to graduate education students was approached by a local public urban elementary school to help them teach research skills to 4th-graders, it was thought that the process would be simple--take what we did at the college level and differentiate it for the childhood classroom. This article will…

  20. ASCARIS SUUM: CDNA MICROARRAY ANALYSIS OF 4TH STAGE LARVAE (L4) DURING SELF-CURE FROM THE INTESTINE

    There is spontaneous cure of a large portion of Ascaris suum 4th-stage larvae (L4) from the jejunum of infected pigs between 14 and 21 days after inoculation (DAI). Those L4 that remain in the jejunum continue to develop while those that have moved to the ileum are eventually expelled from the inte...

  1. Ultra-Fast Tracking Power Supply with 4th order Output Filter and Fixed-Frequency Hysteretic Control

    Høyerby, Mikkel Christian Wendelboe; Andersen, Michael Andreas E.

    2008-01-01

    base station. A simple and effective fixed-frequency hysteretic control scheme for the converter (buck with 4th order output filter) is developed and analyzed. The proposed approach is verified experimentally by a 500W output prototype, capable of delivering any voltage in the range of 10-30V within 10...

  2. 75 FR 34379 - Safety Zone; Mackinac Island 4th of July Fireworks, Lake Huron, Mackinac Island, MI

    2010-06-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Mackinac Island 4th of July Fireworks, Lake Huron, Mackinac Island, MI AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone on Lake Huron, Mackinac Island, Michigan. This zone...

  3. Native American Students' Understanding of Geologic Time Scale: 4th-8th Grade Ojibwe Students' Understanding of Earth's Geologic History

    Nam, Younkyeong; Karahan, Engin; Roehrig, Gillian

    2016-01-01

    Geologic time scale is a very important concept for understanding long-term earth system events such as climate change. This study examines forty-three 4th-8th grade Native American--particularly Ojibwe tribe--students' understanding of relative ordering and absolute time of Earth's significant geological and biological events. This study also…

  4. The Influence of Neighborhood Density and Word Frequency on Phoneme Awareness in 2nd and 4th Grades

    Hogan, Tiffany P.; Bowles, Ryan P.; Catts, Hugh W.; Storkel, Holly L.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that two lexical characteristics--neighborhood density and word frequency--interact to influence performance on phoneme awareness tasks. Methods: Phoneme awareness was examined in a large, longitudinal dataset of 2nd and 4th grade children. Using linear logistic test model, the relation…

  5. 75 FR 34374 - Safety Zone; Stockton Ports Baseball Club/City of Stockton, 4th of July Fireworks Display...

    2010-06-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Stockton Ports Baseball Club/City of... Ports Baseball Club and the City of Stockton will sponsor the Stockton Ports Baseball Club/City of... Ports Baseball Club/City of Stockton 4th of July Fireworks Display, Stockton, CA. (a) Location....

  6. The 4th IBIS/ISGRI soft gamma-ray survey catalog

    Bird, A. J.; Bazzano, A.; Bassani, L.; Capitanio, F; Fiocchi, M.; Hill, A. B.; Malizia, A.; McBride, V.A.; Scaringi, S.; Sguera, V.; Stephen, J. B.; Ubertini, P.; Dean, A. J.; Lebrun, F.; Terrier, R

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we report on the fourth soft gamma-ray source catalog obtained with the IBIS gamma-ray imager on board the INTEGRAL satellite. The scientific dataset is based on more than 70Ms of high quality observations performed during the first five and a half years of Core Program and public observations. Compared to previous IBIS surveys, this catalog includes a substantially increased coverage of extragalactic fields, and comprises more than 700 high-energy sources detected in the energy...

  7. PREFACE: The 4th Symposium on the Mechanics of Slender Structures (MoSS2013)

    Cao, Dengqing; Kaczmarczyk, Stefan

    2013-07-01

    This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains papers presented at the 4th Symposium on the Mechanics of Slender Structures (MoSS2013) run under the auspices of the Institute of Physics Applied Mechanics Group and hosted by Harbin Institute of Technology (China) from 7-9 January 2013. The conference has been organized in collaboration with the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and follows a one day seminar on Ropes, Cables, Belts and Chains: Theory and Applications and the MoSS2006 symposium held at the University of Northampton (UK) in 2004 and 2006, respectively, the MoSS2008 symposium held at the University of Maryland Baltimore County (USA) in 2008 and the MoSS2010 symposium hosted by Mondragon University and held in San Sebastian (Spain) in 2010. The remit of the Symposium on the Mechanics of Slender Structures series involves a broad range of scientific areas. Applications of slender structures include terrestrial, marine and space systems. Moving elastic elements such as ropes, cables, belts and tethers are pivotal components of many engineering systems. Their lengths often vary when the system is in operation. The applications include vertical transportation installations and, more recently, space tether propulsion systems. Traction drive elevator installations employ ropes and belts of variable length as a means of suspension, and also for the compensation of tensile forces over the traction sheave. In cranes and mine hoists, cables and ropes are subject to length variation in order to carry payloads. Tethers experiencing extension and retraction are important components of offshore and marine installations, as well as being proposed for a variety of different space vehicle propulsion systems based on different applications of momentum exchange and electrodynamic interactions with planetary magnetic fields. Furthermore, cables and slender rods are used extensively in civil engineering

  8. PREFACE: 4th Workshop on Theory, Modelling and Computational Methods for Semiconductors (TMCSIV)

    Tomić, Stanko; Probert, Matt; Migliorato, Max; Pal, Joydeep

    2014-06-01

    These conference proceedings contain the written papers of the contributions presented at the 4th International Conference on Theory, Modelling and Computational Methods for Semiconductor materials and nanostructures. The conference was held at the MediaCityUK, University of Salford, Manchester, UK on 22-24 January 2014. The previous conferences in this series took place in 2012 at the University of Leeds, in 2010 at St William's College, York and in 2008 at the University of Manchester, UK. The development of high-performance computer architectures is finally allowing the routine use of accurate methods for calculating the structural, thermodynamic, vibrational, optical and electronic properties of semiconductors and their hetero- and nano-structures. The scope of this conference embraces modelling, theory and the use of sophisticated computational tools in semiconductor science and technology, where there is substantial potential for time-saving in R&D. Theoretical approaches represented in this meeting included: Density Functional Theory, Semi-empirical Electronic Structure Methods, Multi-scale Approaches, Modelling of PV devices, Electron Transport, and Graphene. Topics included, but were not limited to: Optical Properties of Quantum Nanostructures including Colloids and Nanotubes, Plasmonics, Magnetic Semiconductors, Photonic Structures, and Electronic Devices. This workshop ran for three days, with the objective of bringing together UK and international leading experts in the theoretical modelling of Group IV, III-V and II-VI semiconductors, as well as students, postdocs and early-career researchers. The first day focused on providing an introduction and overview of this vast field, aimed particularly at students, with several lectures given by recognized experts in various theoretical approaches. The following two days showcased some of the best theoretical research carried out in the UK in this field, with several contributions also from representatives of

  9. Coronal MR imaging of the normal 3rd, 4th, and 5th lumbar and 1st sacral nerve roots

    Seven healthy volunteers underwent coronal MR imaging at 1.5 tesla of the normal 3rd, 4th, and 5th lumbar, and 1st sacral nerve roots. Coronal slices, 3-mm-thick with a 0.3-mm gap between the slices were obtained (TR/TE 600/22) through the lumbar spinal canal. All the nerve roots were visible on at least one image. One can routinely expect to demonstrate the 3rd, 4th, and 5th lumbar, and 1st sacral nerve roots on T1-weighted, 3-mm-thick coronal MR scans. We found no correlation between the degree of lumbar lordosis and the lengths of the visible nerve roots. Five patients with one of the following spinal problems: anomaly, tumor, disk herniation, and failed back surgery syndrome were examined according to our protocol. In all these cases coronal MR imaging gave the correct diagnosis. (orig.)

  10. Coronal MR imaging of the normal 3rd, 4th, and 5th lumbar and 1st sacral nerve roots

    Hald, J.K.; Nakstad, P.H.; Hauglum, B.E. (National Hospital, Oslo (Norway). Dept. of Radiology)

    1991-05-01

    Seven healthy volunteers underwent coronal MR imaging at 1.5 tesla of the normal 3rd, 4th, and 5th lumbar, and 1st sacral nerve roots. Coronal slices, 3-mm-thick with a 0.3-mm gap between the slices were obtained (TR/TE 600/22) through the lumbar spinal canal. All the nerve roots were visible on at least one image. One can routinely expect to demonstrate the 3rd, 4th, and 5th lumbar, and 1st sacral nerve roots on T1-weighted, 3-mm-thick coronal MR scans. We found no correlation between the degree of lumbar lordosis and the lengths of the visible nerve roots. Five patients with one of the following spinal problems: anomaly, tumor, disk herniation, and failed back surgery syndrome were examined according to our protocol. In all these cases coronal MR imaging gave the correct diagnosis. (orig.).

  11. Evidence of Late Roman collapse at Catania (Sicily, southern Italy): An earthquake in the 4th century AD?

    Bottari, C.; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Roma2, Roma, Italia; Coltelli, M.; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Catania, Catania, Italia; Monaco, C.; Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche ed Ambientali, Università di Catania, Italy

    2014-01-01

    Simultaneous collapse of ancient historical buildings followed by sudden reconstruction, deduced from archaeological reports, provides indirect evidence for an earthquake in ancient Catania (Sicily, southern Italy). This event in the middle of the 4th century AD is consistent with the 365 AD seismic sequence known from historical sources, which report, wide destruction in Sicily and in the Mediterranean area. This period was characterized by political, economic, and social instabi...

  12. The Effects Of Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Elementary School 4th Grade Students’ Academics Achievement

    YILDIRIM, Kasım

    2006-01-01

    In this experimental research, the effects of cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory on elementary 4th grade students’ academic achievement was investigated.The study, which lasted five weeks, was carried out at public school in the discrit of Yüreir-Adana in 2004-2005 academic year. The participants of the study were 46 students that They were divided in a experimental group and control group. For the purpose of thisstudy, the experimental group was instructed ...

  13. New products formed due to interaction of fuel and construction materials in the 4th unit of Chernobyl NPP

    Characteristics of damages in the 4th unit of Chernobyl NPP are given. Regions of localization of released fuel are indicated and its modifications are characterized. Correlation of location and routes of sample selection for one of typical products of fuel interaction with structural materials of the unit - 'elephant's foot' - are presented. Results of physochemical an radiochemical analyses are produced. Certain assumptions are made as to possible scenario of accident in the south-east guadrant of the reactor vault

  14. The Relation between Academic Competence and Social Competence along Time: A Study with 3rd and 4th Grades

    Veríssimo, Lurdes; de Lemos, Marina Serra; Lopes, João; Rodrigues, Luís Paulo

    2015-01-01

    The association between social competence and academic achievement has been broadly supported. This paper is guided by the theoretical model of social competence of Vaughn and Hogan (1990) and tries to explore the relation between social competence and academic competence along schooling. The results presented are from a longitudinal study with four data collection moments. Participants were 240 students from primary school (3rd and 4th grades). The main goal is to understand the reciprocal r...

  15. An Inquiry into Perceived Autonomy Support of Iranian EFL Learners: 2nd, 3rd and 4th Grade University Students

    Husain Abdulhay

    2015-01-01

    Gaining an insight into Iranian EFL learning environment is increasingly felt, consonant with dissociation from the traditional and spoon-feeding rituals of Iranian indigenous teaching. To that end, the study tried to scour the grade level differences of 202 students in their perceived autonomy support in the context of Iranian universities. Exposures to autonomy supportive environment were examined in 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade-levels through the administration of Learning Climate Questionnaire ...

  16. An Ecological Study of Food Desert Prevalence and 4th Grade Academic Achievement in New York State School Districts

    Frndak, Seth E.

    2014-01-01

    Background This ecological study examines the relationship between food desert prevalence and academic achievement at the school district level. Design and methods Sample included 232 suburban and urban school districts in New York State. Multiple open-source databases were merged to obtain: 4th grade science, English and math scores, school district demographic composition (NYS Report Card), regional socioeconomic indicators (American Community Survey), school district quality (US Common Cor...

  17. Quality of education predicts performance on the wide range achievement test-4th edition word reading subtest

    Sayegh, P; Arentoft, A; Thaler, NS; Dean, AC; Thames, AD

    2014-01-01

    © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. The current study examined whether self-rated education quality predicts Wide Range Achievement Test-4th Edition (WRAT-4) Word Reading subtest and neurocognitive performance, and aimed to establish this subtest's construct validity as an educational quality measure. In a community-based adult sample (N = 106), we tested whether education quality both increased the prediction of Word Reading scores beyond demographic...

  18. 49 CFR 1151.4 - Board determination.

    2010-10-01

    ... acquisition price, that price shall be the final price. (d) If trackage rights are sought in the application... carrier, the Board will not set the rate for the selling railroad's share of the joint rate at less than...), which limits Board maximum ratemaking jurisdiction to rates above certain cost/price ratios....

  19. 4th International Conference on Electronic Devices, Systems and Applications 2015 (ICEDSA)

    Herman, Sukreen Hana

    2015-11-01

    On behalf of the Organizing Committee of ICEDSA2015, and with great pleasure, we would like to welcome all delegates to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Being held from 14th to 15th September 2015 at Hotel Istana, Kuala Lumpur, the event is co-sponsored by the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia, and the American University of Ras Al Khaimah, (AURAK), United Arab Emirates. This joint conference is an event held under the MoU signed between UiTM and AURAK, the aim being for this conference to be organized by both universities in the future. The conference creates a forum for engineers, scientists and practitioners of varied disciplines and their associated applications. Throughout this event we hope to create an opportunity for researchers, academics and students to get together and, more importantly, to welcome new peers in diverse areas of expertise. On behalf of the organizing committee we would like to take the opportunity to express our gratitude to all reviewers who have been working hard to review the papers on time and share their expertise. Special mention goes to the distinguished Keynote Speakers for their willingness to spend their time and share their valuable knowledge. My deepest gratitude goes to the Organizing Committee who have been working hard behind the scenes for the success of this event. To all participants, we would like to encourage you to fully utilize this platform for knowledge sharing and networking while enjoying your stay in Kuala Lumpur.

  20. Caldecott 4th bore tunnel project: influence of ground water flows and inflows triggered by tectonic fault zones?

    Neuhuber, G.; G. Neuhuber1, W. Klary1, A. Nitschke1, B. Thapa2, Chris Risden3, T. Crampton4, D. Zerga5

    2011-12-01

    The 4th Bore is a highway tunnel on California State Route 24 currently under construction. The 4th Bore is undertaken by the California State Department of Transportation (CALTRANS) and the Contra Costa County Transportation Commission (CCTC) to alleviate traffic congestion on SR24 connecting the cities of Oakland and Orinda in the San Francisco East Bay Area. The cost for the 4th Bore is estimated at $ 390.8 Mill. The 3,249 ft long 4th Bore tunnel will have excavated dimensions of approximately 40 ft height and 49 ft width. A total of 7 cross passages will run between the 3rd and the new 4th bore. Geology and Hydrogeology: The project is located in the Oakland Berkeley Hills of the SF Bay Area. The Caldecott Tunnels lie within the easterly assemblage of the Hayward fault zone province which consists of a sequence of sedimentary and volcanic rocks that accumulated in the interval between about 16 and 8.4 Ma (Miocene). The basal rocks of these Tertiary deposits consist of deep marine basin sediments of the Monterey Group. These rocks are overlain uncomfortably by an interbedded sequence of terrestrial sediments (Orinda Formation) and volcanic rocks (Moraga Formation). The Tertiary rocks have been folded into large amplitude, NW trending folds that are cut by N trending strike and slip faults. The SF Bay Region, which is crossed by 4 major faults (San Gregorio, San Andreas, Hayward, and Calaveras), is considered one of the more seismically active regions of the world. The active Hayward fault lies 0.9mi to the west of the Caldecott Tunnels and is the closest major fault to the project area. The tunnel is at the moment under top heading construction: West Portal (360ft) and East Portal (1,968.5ft). While major faults typically influence groundwater flow, characterization of such influences is extremely difficult because of the heterogeneity of the hydraulic systems and the different lithological parameters and influences. Four major inactive fault zones striking

  1. Self-Esteem and Academic Performance of 4th Graders in two Elementary Schools in Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica

    L.K. Colquhoun

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In 2005, 62% of pupils who sat the 4th grade literacy and numeracy examination attained mastery, which increased to 67% in 2009 from 50% in 2001. No study has examined the role of self-esteem on the academic performance of Jamaican 4th graders. The main objectives were, 1 evaluate the influence of selfesteem on academic performance, 2 determine factors that account for changes in self-esteem, and 3 examine factors of academic performance. The sample for this research was one hundred and twenty (120 respondents. Multiple repression techniques were conducted to identify variables explaining performance, with self-esteem being among the variables. A p-value ≤0.10 was used to indicate statistical significance. There is a positive correlation between self-esteem and academic performance (rs = 0.611, p<0.0001. Four variables emerged as statistical significant factors of self-esteem-academic performance, age of respondents, gender and parental behaviour, which explain 64.4% of the variability in self-esteem. Boys had a lower self-esteem (b = -3.911 than their female counterparts. Self-esteem is the most influential factor that account for academic performance. Of the nine variables used, four emerged as explaining academic performance, which explained 73.6% of the variability in academic performance. The emerging findings and knowledge gleaned from this work present a critical guide and a framework for policy practitioners to implement measure that can effectively address low performance among 4th graders.

  2. Something going on in Milan: a review of the 4th International PhD Student Cancer Conference

    C. SEGRÉ

    2010-01-01

    The 4th International PhD Student Cancer Conference was held at the IFOM-IEO-Campus in Milan from 19–21 May 2010 http://www.semm.it/events_researchPast.php The Conference covered many topics related to cancer, from basic biology to clinical aspects of the disease. All attendees presented their research, by either giving a talk or presenting a poster. This conference is an opportunity to introduce PhD students to top cancer research institutes across Europe. The core participanting institutes ...

  3. Medical Standby: An Experience at the 4th National Youth Camping and Motivation Program Organized by Maksak Malaysia

    Zakaria, Mohd Idzwan; Isa, Ridzuan Mohd; Shah Che Hamzah, Mohd Shaharudin; Ayob, Noor Azleen

    2006-01-01

    Medical standby is the provision of emergency medical care and first aid for participants and/or spectators in a pre-planned event. This article describes the framework and the demographics of a medical standby at the 4th National Youth Camping and Motivation Program in Pasir Puteh, Kelantan from 30th July until the 3rd August 2004. The framework of the medical team is described based on the work process of any medical stand by. A medical encounter form was created for the medical standby def...

  4. 4th Quarter Transportation Report FY 2014: Radioactive Waste Shipments to and from the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS)

    Gregory, Louis [National Security Technologies, LLC. (NSTec), Mercury, NV (United States)

    2014-12-02

    This report satisfies the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO) commitment to prepare a quarterly summary report of radioactive waste shipments to and from the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) at Area 5. There were no shipments sent for offsite treatment and returned to the NNSS this quarter. There was one shipment of two drums sent for offsite treatment and disposal. This report summarizes the 4th quarter of Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 low-level radioactive waste (LLW) and mixed low-level radioactive waste (MLLW) shipments. This report also includes annual summaries for FY 2014.

  5. Synapses as therapeutic targets for Autism Spectrum Disorders: an International Symposium held in Pavia on July 4th, 2014

    Paolo Curatolo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available New progresses into the molecular and cellular mechanisms of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs have been discussed in one day International Symposium held in Pavia (Italy on July 4th, 2014 entitled "Synapses as therapeutic targets for Autism Spectrum Disorders" (satellite of the FENS Forum for Neuroscience, Milan 2014. In particular, world experts in the field have highlighted how animal models of ASDs have greatly advanced our understanding of the molecular pathways involved in synaptic dysfunction leading sometimes to "synaptic clinical trials" in children.

  6. 4th Quarter Transportation Report FY 2014: Radioactive Waste Shipments to and from the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS)

    This report satisfies the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO) commitment to prepare a quarterly summary report of radioactive waste shipments to and from the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) at Area 5. There were no shipments sent for offsite treatment and returned to the NNSS this quarter. There was one shipment of two drums sent for offsite treatment and disposal. This report summarizes the 4th quarter of Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 low-level radioactive waste (LLW) and mixed low-level radioactive waste (MLLW) shipments. This report also includes annual summaries for FY 2014.

  7. Transfer of a CD4+ Th1 cell line to nude mice effects clearance of Rhodococcus equi from the lung.

    Kanaly, S T; Hines, S.A.; Palmer, G H

    1996-01-01

    Rhodococcus equi, and intracellular respiratory pathogen, causes sever e granulomatous pneumonia in humans with AIDS and in young horses. Pulmonary clearance of R. equi requires functional CD4+ T cells and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) expression from bronchial lymph node cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether R. equi-specific CD4+ Th1 cells could effect clearance of R. equi from the lung. Adoptive transfer of a clearance of R. equi from the lungs. In contrast, mice transf...

  8. Collaborative interactions between type 2 innate lymphoid cells and antigen-specific CD4+ Th2 cells exacerbate murine allergic airway diseases with prominent eosinophilia.

    Liu, Bo; Lee, Jee-Boong; Chen, Chun-Yu; Hershey, Gurjit K Khurana; Wang, Yui-Hsi

    2015-04-15

    Type-2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) and the acquired CD4(+) Th2 and Th17 cells contribute to the pathogenesis of experimental asthma; however, their roles in Ag-driven exacerbation of chronic murine allergic airway diseases remain elusive. In this study, we report that repeated intranasal rechallenges with only OVA Ag were sufficient to trigger airway hyperresponsiveness, prominent eosinophilic inflammation, and significantly increased serum OVA-specific IgG1 and IgE in rested mice that previously developed murine allergic airway diseases. The recall response to repeated OVA inoculation preferentially triggered a further increase of lung OVA-specific CD4(+) Th2 cells, whereas CD4(+) Th17 and ILC2 cell numbers remained constant. Furthermore, the acquired CD4(+) Th17 cells in Stat6(-/-)/IL-17-GFP mice, or innate ILC2s in CD4(+) T cell-ablated mice, failed to mount an allergic recall response to OVA Ag. After repeated OVA rechallenge or CD4(+) T cell ablation, the increase or loss of CD4(+) Th2 cells resulted in an enhanced or reduced IL-13 production by lung ILC2s in response to IL-25 and IL-33 stimulation, respectively. In return, ILC2s enhanced Ag-mediated proliferation of cocultured CD4(+) Th2 cells and their cytokine production, and promoted eosinophilic airway inflammation and goblet cell hyperplasia driven by adoptively transferred Ag-specific CD4(+) Th2 cells. Thus, these results suggest that an allergic recall response to recurring Ag exposures preferentially triggers an increase of Ag-specific CD4(+) Th2 cells, which facilitates the collaborative interactions between acquired CD4(+) Th2 cells and innate ILC2s to drive the exacerbation of a murine allergic airway diseases with an eosinophilic phenotype. PMID:25780046

  9. Working with boards of directors.

    1994-01-01

    This issue of "The Family Planning Manager" outlines the major roles and responsibilities of boards of directors and offers guidelines on how board members and executive directors can jointly guide a family planning organization toward meeting its objectives. Ideally, a board of directors helps an organization plan strategy and make critical decisions, provides financial oversight to ensure the stability of the organization, serves the interests of government and the community, and influences public policy in ways that advance the mission and goals of the organization. The board can become an obstacle if members are not given a clear definition of their roles or develop an oppositional, competitive relationship with the executive director. Boards should not be involved in day-to-day operations or try to implement their own policies. Rather, board members support and guide an organization by asking salient questions about the organization's future direction, the effectiveness of its services, and its financial strength. Board membership should rotate regularly to bring in members with new ideas and experiences. PMID:12320435

  10. Enhancing board effectiveness.

    Curran, Connie R; Totten, Mary K

    2010-01-01

    Like any other job, board work is associated with specific competencies. Competencies are the combination of knowledge, skills, personal characteristics, and behaviors needed to perform a job or task effectively. Boards are only as strong as their weakest member. Board education should focus on improving the knowledge and skills of the board and individual members and on overall board performance. Assessment of individual board member performance is designed to evaluate the trustee's knowledge of board roles and responsibilities and the expectations of board members. Board effectiveness is built through competency-based board member recruitment and selection; board member education and development; and evaluation of board, board member, and meeting performance. PMID:21291066

  11. Status and Prospects of Agri-Tourism in Selected Municipalities of the 4th District of Batangas

    BIANCA VENUS L. RECIO

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available – The study was to identify the profile of the agri-tourism sites in the selected municipalities in the 4th district of Batangas. Specifically, it determines the status and prospects of agri-tourism in the selected municipalities in the 4th district of Batangas in terms of Socio-Economic and Environmental Aspects; and have proposed an action plan to promote the agri-tourism as a destination. The researchers have conducted the study to see how the agri-tourism benefits the community in terms of their economy and environmental aspects. This study have provided more awareness to the community about the Agri-tourism in the place. In addition this research educates people to be more vigilant enough on giving importance on the Agri-tourism we have in Batangas. Results showed that the three major agri-tourism farms in the fourth district of Batangas were Vilela’s Farm, British Farm and Moca Farm. Agri-tourism in Batangas has socio-economic effects to the residents of the fourth district of Batangas. Agri-tourism has no environmental effect as assessed by the residents of Batangas.

  12. Bridging the US and China together to conquer cancer: report of the 4th annual meeting of the US Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (USCACA)

    Wancai Yang; Lingjie Guan

    2012-01-01

    A global collaborative effort is pivotal to conquer cancer.Themed "Emerging role of China in global clinical development of novel anti-cancer drugs",the US Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (USCACA) held its 4th annual meeting in Chicago on June 2,2012,in conjunction with the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting to further bridge the US and China together to outsmart cancer.Although a young organization,USCACA has made significant contributions to this goal in the 3 years since its inception through extensive collaboration with academic organizations,the pharmaceutical industry,and governmental agencies.USCACA has engaged various stakeholders in developing translational and personalized medical strategies to facilitate new anti-cancer drug development and clinical trials in China.USCACA has initiated and implemented the USCACA-National Foundation for Cancer Research (NFCR) scholarship to encourage overseas returnees to continue cancer research in China.USCACA announced the Hengrui-USCACA scholarship to fund clinical trial staff from China to conduct the observation of early oncologic clinical trials in the US.During the annual meeting,distinguished panelists and the audience discussed the following critical topics:(1) oncologic translational research and early development capabilities in China; (2) novel chemical entity development and partnership with Chinese companies; and (3) Chinese participation in global anti-cancer drug development.USCACA will continue to promote collaborations among cancer researchers and clinicians in the US and China by engaging in more frequent communications and joint efforts across fields,disciplines,and countries,diligently working together toward curing and eliminating cancers.

  13. Bridging the US and China together to conquer cancer: report of the 4th Annual Meeting of the US Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (USCACA

    Lingjie Guan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A global collaborative effort is pivotal to conquer cancer. Themed "Emerging role of China in global clinical development of novel anti-cancer drugs", the US Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (USCACA held its 4th annual meeting in Chicago on June 2, 2012, in conjunction with the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO annual meeting to further bridge the US and China together to outsmart cancer. Although a young organization, USCACA has made significant contributions to this goal in the 3 years since its inception through extensive collaboration with academic organizations, the pharmaceutical industry, and governmental agencies. USCACA has engaged various stakeholders in developing translational and personalized medical strategies to facilitate new anti-cancer drug development and clinical trials in China. USCACA has initiated and implemented the USCACA-National Foundation for Cancer Research (NFCR scholarship to encourage overseas returnees to continue cancer research in China. USCACA announced the Hengrui-USCACA scholarship to fund clinical trial staff from China to conduct the observation of early oncologic clinical trials in the US. During the annual meeting, distinguished panelists and the audience discussed the following critical topics:(1 oncologic translational research and early development capabilities in China;(2 novel chemical entity development and partnership with Chinese companies; and (3 Chinese participation in global anti-cancer drug development. USCACA will continue to promote collaborations among cancer researchers and clinicians in the US and China by engaging in more frequent communications and joint efforts across fields, disciplines, and countries, diligently working together toward curing and eliminating cancers.

  14. Editorial Board

    2013-01-01

    2011-2015 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members, representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research. They are from 47 countries, including Argentina (3), Australia (13), Austria (4), Belarus (1), Belgium (3), Brazil (10), Canada (10), China (41), Czech Republic (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (3), Estonia (1), Finland

  15. Editorial Board

    2013-01-01

    2011-2015 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research.They are from 47 countries,including Argentina(3),Australia(13),Austria(4),Belarus(1),Belgium(3),Brazil(10),Canada(10),China(41),Czech Republic(1),Denmark

  16. Laying Out Land Parcels and the Oldest Boundary Stone in Croatia from the 4th Century BC

    Miljenko Solarić

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Geographical position of the Chora Pharos (nowadays Starogradsko polje, climate conditions and brief historical development of colonization on the island of Hvar are described in the paper. Also described is how Greek from the island of Paros established the town Pharos (today’s Stari Grad and how they constructed Chora Pharos (today’s Starogradsko polje. They divided the field Starogradsko polje into rectangular parcels with dimensions 1 Greek stage × 5 Greek stage (181 m × 905 m. The large project “Starogradsko polje” demonstrated that one Pharos foot equals 0.3026 m. They used the groma for pegging out orthogonal angles. Finally, there is a photograph of the boundary stone from the Chora Pharos (Starogradsko polje from the 4th century before Christ which is deposited in the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb. This is the oldest boundary stone in Croatia and as geodesists, we can consider it a geodetic monument.

  17. Hydromedusae from the Arctic in 2010 during the 4th Chinese National Arctic Research Expedition (CHINARE 4)

    WANG Chunguang; HUANG Jiaqi; XIANG Peng; WANG Yanguo; XU Zhenzu; GUO Donghui; LIN Mao

    2014-01-01

    Fifty-seven stations (48 grid stations and nine stratified stations) were sampled across the study region (67.000°-88.394°N, 152.500°-178.643°W ) during the 4th Chinese National Arctic Research Expedition (CHI-NARE 4) from July to August 2010 by the icebreaker R/V Xuelong. A total of 24 species of Hydromedusae were identified from 130 zooplankton samples, of which seven species belonged to Automedusa, eight species to Anthomedusae, four species to Leptomedudae, and three species to Siphonophora. Catablema multicir-ratum Kishinouye, 1910, Bougainvillia bitentaculata Uchida, 1925, and Euphysa japonica (Maas, 1909) were recorded for the first time in the Arctic sea. In the present paper, 18 species of Hydromedusae were described and illustrated, of which three species were described for the first time in the Arctic sea, and 15 species were described for the first time in China.

  18. The Effects Of Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Elementary School 4th Grade Students’ Academics Achievement

    Kasım YILDIRIM

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In this experimental research, the effects of cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory on elementary 4th grade students’ academic achievement was investigated.The study, which lasted five weeks, was carried out at public school in the discrit of Yüreir-Adana in 2004-2005 academic year. The participants of the study were 46 students that They were divided in a experimental group and control group. For the purpose of thisstudy, the experimental group was instructed using cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory, whereas the control group was instructed utilizing the traditional teacher oriented method. The measurement instrument used in the study was mathematics achievement test. Mathematics achievement test was used as pretest and posttest to the experimantal and control group.Findings indicated that cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory instructional teaching has a more significant effect on academic achievement than the traditional teacher oriented method.

  19. Enabling Manufacturing Competitiveness and Economic Sustainability : Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual production

    2012-01-01

    The changing manufacturing environment requires more responsive and adaptable manufacturing systems. The theme of the 4th International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual production (CARV2011) is “Enabling Manufacturing Competitiveness and Economic Sustainability”. Leading edge research and best implementation practices and experiences, which address these important issues and challenges, are presented. The proceedings include advances in manufacturing systems design, planning, evaluation, control and evolving paradigms such as mass customization, personalization, changeability, re-configurability and flexibility. New and important concepts such as the dynamic product families and platforms, co-evolution of products and systems, and methods for enhancing manufacturing systems’ economic sustainability and prolonging their life to produce more than one product generation are treated. Enablers of change in manufacturing systems, production volume and capability scalability and man...

  20. A 4th-order Switch-capacitor Low-pass Filter for Quartz Gyroscope Interface Circuit

    Yu Fan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the computer aided design of a 4th-order switch-capacitor low-pass filter applied in quartz gyroscope interface circuit. After a introduction of switch-capacitor filter (SCF and its application in quartz gyroscope, the system-level analysis and design is given. Then the circuit design of amplifier, CMOS switch and non-overlapping clock is described. The Fourth-order low-pass SCF has been implemented under 0.5um CMOS process and simulated in computer aided design software. The final simulation results show that the passband is 99.7Hz , and the maximum pass-band ripple is about 0.14dB.The stop-band is 1KHz, and the minimum stop-band attenuation is 78.6dB.    

  1. Medical Standby: An Experience at the 4th National Youth Camping and Motivation Program Organized by Maksak Malaysia

    Zakaria, Mohd Idzwan; Isa, Ridzuan Mohd; Shah Che Hamzah, Mohd Shaharudin; Ayob, Noor Azleen

    2006-01-01

    Medical standby is the provision of emergency medical care and first aid for participants and/or spectators in a pre-planned event. This article describes the framework and the demographics of a medical standby at the 4th National Youth Camping and Motivation Program in Pasir Puteh, Kelantan from 30th July until the 3rd August 2004. The framework of the medical team is described based on the work process of any medical stand by. A medical encounter form was created for the medical standby defining the type of case seen (medical or trauma), name, age, race and diagnosis of the patient. We concluded that interagency collaboration during the initial planning and during the event itself is needed to ensure the smooth running of the medical standby. Most of the medical encounters were minor illnesses which are similar to previous studies and there was no case transferred to the hospital during that period. PMID:22589590

  2. Medical Standby: An Experience at the 4(th) National Youth Camping and Motivation Program Organized by Maksak Malaysia.

    Zakaria, Mohd Idzwan; Isa, Ridzuan Mohd; Shah Che Hamzah, Mohd Shaharudin; Ayob, Noor Azleen

    2006-01-01

    Medical standby is the provision of emergency medical care and first aid for participants and/or spectators in a pre-planned event. This article describes the framework and the demographics of a medical standby at the 4(th) National Youth Camping and Motivation Program in Pasir Puteh, Kelantan from 30(th) July until the 3(rd) August 2004. The framework of the medical team is described based on the work process of any medical stand by. A medical encounter form was created for the medical standby defining the type of case seen (medical or trauma), name, age, race and diagnosis of the patient. We concluded that interagency collaboration during the initial planning and during the event itself is needed to ensure the smooth running of the medical standby. Most of the medical encounters were minor illnesses which are similar to previous studies and there was no case transferred to the hospital during that period. PMID:22589590

  3. Results of the independent verification of radiological remedial action at 148 East 4th South Street, Monticello, Utah (MS00087)

    In 1980 the site of a vanadium and uranium mill at Monticello, Utah, was accepted into the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Surplus Facilities Management Program, with the objectives of restoring the government-owned mill site to safe levels of radioactivity, disposing of or containing the tailings in an environmentally safe manner, and performing remedial actions on off-site (vicinity) properties that had been contaminated by radioactive material resulting from mill operations. During 1984, UNC Geotech, the remedial action contractor designated by DOE, performed remedial action on the vicinity property at 148 East 4th South Street, Monticello, Utah. The Pollutant Assessments Group (PAG) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was assigned the responsibility of verifying the data supporting the adequacy of remedial action and confirming the site's compliance with DOE guidelines. The PAG found that the site successfully meets the DOE remedial action objectives. Procedures used by PAG are described. 3 refs., 2 tabs

  4. 4th Annual Conference for African-American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences (CAARMS4). Preliminary Program

    Tapia, Richard

    1998-06-01

    In June, The Center for Research on Parallel Computation (CRPC), an NSF-funded Science and Technology Center, hosted the 4th Annual Conference for African-American Reserachers in the Mathematical Sciences (CAARMS4) at Rice University. The main goal of this conference was to highlight current work by African-American researchers and graduate students in mathematics. This conference strengthened the mathematical sciences by encouraging the increased participation of African-American and underrepresented groups into the field, facilitating working relationships between them and helping to cultivate their careers. In addition to the talks there was a graduate student poster session and tutorials on topics in mathematics and computer science. These talks, presentations, and discussions brought a broader perspective to the critical issues involving minority participation in mathematics.

  5. Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus Eggs in Canine Coprolite from the Sasanian Era in Iran (4(th/5(th Century CE.

    Gholamreza Mowlavi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Present paper is the second publication introducing the paleoparasitological findings from animal coprolites obtained from archeological site of Chehrabad salt mine in northwestern Iran. The current archeological site is located in northwest of Iran, dated to the Sassanian Era (4(th/5(th century CE. In the summer 2012 the carnivore coprolite was obtained within the layers in the mine and were thoroughly analyzed for parasites using TSP rehydration technique. Eggs of 0 were successfully retrieved from the examined coprolite and were confidently identified based on reliable references. Identifying of M. hirudinaceus eggs in paleofeces with clear appearance as demonstrated herein, is much due to appropriate preservation condition has been existed in the salt mine .The present finding could be regarded as the oldest acanthocephalan infection in Iran.

  6. Burn-out and isotope structure of nuclear fuel in lavas of 4-th unit Ch NPP

    In article the question on legitimacy of application of the relation 134Cs/137Cs for definition of a degree of burn-out of the fulfilled nuclear fuel in lava like fuel contained mass (LFCM) broken down of 4-th unit ChNPP is considered. This method is compared to this purpose with other independent methods of account of burn-out. In particular, precision the analysis of the chosen samples LFCM was carried out with use of a method isotope dilution with alpha- and mass-spectrometer measurement of the isotope relations in plutonium and uranium. Is shown, that use of cesium relation for calculation of burn-out is quite allowable. The man powers at definition of this value received by results a gamma-spectrometric analysis of samples, do not go in any comparison with expenditure of labour of all other methods. 6 refs., 10 tab., 2 figs

  7. Buddy Board

    Enggaard, Helle; Moselund, Lene

    2015-01-01

    Projekt ’BuddyBoard’ er kommet i stand via et samarbejde mellem Frederikshavn kommune, Bunker43 og Lab. X. Afdeling en ’Havly’ på Sæby Ældrecenter fungerer som living lab, hvilket betyder, at det udgør et levende laboratorium for udvikling og afprøvning af teknologi (Schultz, 2013). Projektet er....... Bunker43 har udviklet en teknologi (BuddyBoard) til hurtig formidling af billeder fra pårørende og personale til beboere på institutioner. Pårørende og personale uploader billeder via en APP eller en hjemmeside og har mulighed for at tilføje en kort forklarende tekst til hvert billede. Beboeren ser...... billederne via en tablet. Systemet bygger på et simpelt og brugervenligt design, så ældre med kognitive og/eller fysiske funktionsnedsættelser kan anvende teknologien. BuddyBoard fungerer via internettet, og billederne gemmes på en sikret server hos udbyderen, som er Bunker43. Intentionerne med BuddyBoard er...

  8. 4th Optimization Day

    Eberhard, Andrew; Ralph, Daniel; Glover, Barney M

    1999-01-01

    Although the monograph Progress in Optimization I: Contributions from Aus­ tralasia grew from the idea of publishing a proceedings of the Fourth Optimiza­ tion Day, held in July 1997 at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, the focus soon changed to a refereed volume in optimization. The intention is to publish a similar book annually, following each Optimization Day. The idea of having an annual Optimization Day was conceived by Barney Glover; the first of these Optimization Days was held in 1994 at the University of Ballarat. Barney hoped that such a yearly event would bring together the many, but widely dispersed, researchers in Australia who were publishing in optimization and related areas such as control. The first Optimization Day event was followed by similar conferences at The University of New South Wales (1995), The University of Melbourne (1996), the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (1997), and The University of Western Australia (1998). The 1999 conference will return to Ballarat ...

  9. 4th Abel Symposium

    Friedlander, Eric; Jahren, Björn; Østvær, Paul

    2009-01-01

    The 2007 Abel Symposium took place at the University of Oslo in August 2007. The goal of the symposium was to bring together mathematicians whose research efforts have led to recent advances in algebraic geometry, algebraic K-theory, algebraic topology, and mathematical physics. A common theme of this symposium was the development of new perspectives and new constructions with a categorical flavor. As the lectures at the symposium and the papers of this volume demonstrate, these perspectives and constructions have enabled a broadening of vistas, a synergy between once-differentiated subjects, and solutions to mathematical problems both old and new.

  10. Joint ventures

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig

    Afhandlingen analysere de konkurrenceretlige og selskabsretlige regler som er bestemmende for hvordan et joint venture samarbejde er struktureret......Afhandlingen analysere de konkurrenceretlige og selskabsretlige regler som er bestemmende for hvordan et joint venture samarbejde er struktureret...

  11. Joint Disorders

    A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint. It causes pain, stiffness, and swelling. Over time, ...

  12. Coracoclavicular joint

    The coracoclvicular joint, a rear abnormality which may be the cause of pain in the shoulder and limitation of motion of the shoulder joint, is discussed. A case of coracoclvicular joint with shoulder pain was observed in 65 yrs old Korean male

  13. 75 FR 62535 - Farm Credit Administration Board; Sunshine Act; Regular Meeting

    2010-10-12

    ... Cooperative Operating Philosophy-- Serving the Members of the Farm Credit System Institutions. Board Resolution on Cooperative Operating Philosophy. Joint and Several Liability Reallocation Agreement--Notice...

  14. Editorial Board

    2014-01-01

    2012-2016 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery Editorial Board consists of 341 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in pediatrics.They are from 37 countries,including Australia(6),Austria(2),Belgium(6),Brazil(9),Bulgaria(2),Canada(8),China(29),Denmark(1),Finland(2),France(9),Germany(21),Greece(7),India(11),Ireland(3),Israel(3),Italy(50),Jamaica(1),Japan(47),Lithuania(1),Malaysia(1),Netherlands(11),Pakistan(1),Poland(1),Portugal(1),Russia(1),Saudi Arabia(1),Serbia(2),Singapore(5),South Korea(8),Spain(5),Sweden(2),Switzerland(3),Thailand(2),Tunisia(1),Turkey(8),United Kingdom(11),and United States(59).

  15. [A development of Byzantine Christian charities during the 4(th)-7(th) centuries and the birth of the hospital].

    Nam, Sung Hyun

    2015-04-01

    This study aims to examine the beginning and the development of Christian Charities during the 4(th)-6(th) centuries which would eventually result in the birth of the hospital in modern sense in the first half of the 7(th) century. For this purpose, I looked carefully into various primary sources concerning the early Christian institutions for the poor and the sick. Above all, it's proper to note that the first xenodocheion where hospitality was combined with a systematic caring, is concerned with the Trinitarian debate of the 4(th) century. In 356, Eustathios, one of the leaders of homoiousios group, established xenodocheion to care for the sick and the lepers in Sebaste of Armenia, whereas his opponent Aetios, doctor and leader of the heteroousios party, was reckoned to have combined the medical treatment with his clerical activities. Then, Basil of Caesarea, disciple of Eustathios of Sebaste, also founded in 372 a magnificent benevolent complex named 'Basileias' after its founder. I scrupulously analysed several contemporary materials mentioning the charitable institution of Caesarea which was called alternatively katagogia, ptochotropheion, xenodocheion. John Chrysostome also founded several nosokomeia in Constantinople at the end of the 4(th) century and the beginning of the 5(th) century. Apparently, the contemporary sources mention that doctors existed for these Charities, but there is no sufficient proof that these 'Christian Hospitals,' Basileias or nosokomeia of Constantinople were hospitals in modern sense. Imperial constitutions began to mention ptochotropheion, xenodocheion and orphanotropheion since the second half of the 5(th) century and then some Justinian laws evoked nosokomium, brephotrophia, gerontocomia. These laws reveal that 'Christian Hospitals' were well clarified and deeply rooted in Byzantine society already in these periods. And then, new benevolent institutions emerged in the 6(th) century: nosokomeia for a specific class and

  16. Transition joint

    A transition joint is disclosed for joining together tubular pieces formed respectively from a low alloy or carbon steel and a high temperature alloy composition having substantially different characteristics such as coefficient of thermal expansion, the transition joint including a plurality of tubular parts interconnected with each other by means of friction weld joints formed at an angle of 900 to the axis of the transition joint, the tubular parts at opposite ends of the transition joint being selected to facilitate in situ welding to the low alloy or carbon steel and high temperature alloy respectively. This friction welded transition joint can be used whenever different tubular pieces need to be joined together so that the joint can withstand high temperatures, for instance in heat exchangers and the such like. (Auth.)

  17. Heavy Bino Dark Matter and Collider Signals in the MSSM with Vector-like 4th-Generation Particles

    Abdullah, Mohammad; Iwamoto, Sho; Lillard, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    MSSM4G models, in which the minimal supersymmetric standard model is extended to include vector-like copies of standard model particles, are promising possibilities for weak-scale supersymmetry. In particular, two models, called QUE and QDEE, realize the major virtues of supersymmetry (naturalness consistent with the 125 GeV Higgs boson, gauge coupling unification, and thermal relic neutralino dark matter) without the need for fine-tuned relations between particle masses. We determine the implications of these models for dark matter and collider searches. The QUE and QDEE models revive the possibility of heavy Bino dark matter with mass in the range 300-700 GeV, which is not usually considered. Dark matter direct detection cross sections are typically below current limits, but are naturally expected above the neutrino floor and may be seen at next-generation experiments. Indirect detection prospects are bright at the Cherenkov Telescope Array, provided the 4th-generation leptons have mass above 350 GeV or dec...

  18. Evaluation of Effective Factors on Knowledge Exchange among Employees (Case Study: Islamic Azad University, 4th Zone

    Sayyed Mohammad Reza Davoodi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge is the driving motor of knowledge-oriented development and paying attention to it will have an ever-increasing role in the growth of societies. Today, gaining knowledge related to work is not sufficient at all. Produced information and key knowledge in the organization must be exchanged and shared with colleagues that need such knowledge in order to better performing of their working tasks in the organization so that the organization could achieve stable competitive advantage. Islamic Azad University must be more active in the field of learner organization and knowledge management given to its knowledge nature. Recognizing the effective factors on knowledge exchange and implementation of knowledge management process and main factors of its success in Islamic Azad University are objectives of the present survey. One-hundred eighty one (181 persons were selected among employees of Islamic Azad University located at 4th zone in this survey. Research hypotheses were tested by SPSS software and these results were obtained: 1- There is a significant relationship between informal conversations of employees and their confidence level with employees' knowledge sharing. 2- Using knowledge sharing in the standards of job promotion and reward won't be leaded to encourage employees to exchange their knowledge with others.

  19. Communicating Science to Impact Learning? A Phenomenological Inquiry into 4th and 5th Graders' Perceptions of Science Information Sources

    Gelmez Burakgazi, Sevinc; Yildirim, Ali; Weeth Feinstein, Noah

    2016-04-01

    Rooted in science education and science communication studies, this study examines 4th and 5th grade students' perceptions of science information sources (SIS) and their use in communicating science to students. It combines situated learning theory with uses and gratifications theory in a qualitative phenomenological analysis. Data were gathered through classroom observations and interviews in four Turkish elementary schools. Focus group interviews with 47 students and individual interviews with 17 teachers and 10 parents were conducted. Participants identified a wide range of SIS, including TV, magazines, newspapers, internet, peers, teachers, families, science centers/museums, science exhibitions, textbooks, science books, and science camps. Students reported using various SIS in school-based and non-school contexts to satisfy their cognitive, affective, personal, and social integrative needs. SIS were used for science courses, homework/project assignments, examination/test preparations, and individual science-related research. Students assessed SIS in terms of the perceived accessibility of the sources, the quality of the content, and the content presentation. In particular, some sources such as teachers, families, TV, science magazines, textbooks, and science centers/museums ("directive sources") predictably led students to other sources such as teachers, families, internet, and science books ("directed sources"). A small number of sources crossed context boundaries, being useful in both school and out. Results shed light on the connection between science education and science communication in terms of promoting science learning.

  20. A study of personality factors and interaction in 4th-year dental students and their teachers.

    Watts, T L; Millard, L

    1997-02-01

    No previous investigation has considered dental student and teaching staff opinions on their relationship with each other. In a day when students are increasingly asked for feedback on the quality of teaching by staff, such investigations are of particular interest. This exploratory study was designed to compare the personality characteristics of a clinical year of dental students with those of the teaching staff they most frequently encountered, and to investigate these factors for possible associations with the quality of perceived teaching-learning interaction between the 2 groups. A complete 4th year of dental students (n = 87), and those teachers whom they met regularly (n = 80), were asked to participate. Subjects completed a form of the Myers-Briggs personality questionnaire simplified for use in education, and were asked to assess their relationship with persons in the other group. All the students and 75% of the staff, after follow-up, returned usable data. There was close similarity between staff and student personality profiles, and perception of working relationships by both groups was largely independent of personality factors and temperament. There were differences in staff perception of their relationship with extrovert and introvert students. Students showed minor differences in their perception of staff relationships with respect to two other personality factors. These findings indicate a substantial similarity between staff and students, and suggest a mature and stable relationship between people in the 2 groups. PMID:9567907

  1. Meeting report: 4th ISIRV antiviral group conference: Novel antiviral therapies for influenza and other respiratory viruses.

    McKimm-Breschkin, Jennifer L; Fry, Alicia M

    2016-05-01

    The International Society for Influenza and other Respiratory Virus Diseases (isirv) held its 4th Antiviral Group Conference at the University of Texas on 2-4 June, 2015. With emerging resistance to the drugs currently licensed for treatment and prophylaxis of influenza viruses, primarily the neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu) and the M2 inhibitors amantadine and rimantadine, and the lack of effective interventions against other respiratory viruses, the 3-day programme focused on the discovery and development of inhibitors of several virus targets and key host cell factors involved in virus replication or mediating the inflammatory response. Virus targets included the influenza haemagglutinin, neuraminidase and M2 proteins, and both the respiratory syncytial virus and influenza polymerases and nucleoproteins. Therapies for rhinoviruses and MERS and SARS coronaviruses were also discussed. With the emerging development of monoclonal antibodies as therapeutics, the potential implications of antibody-dependent enhancement of disease were also addressed. Topics covered all aspects from structural and molecular biology to preclinical and clinical studies. The importance of suitable clinical trial endpoints and regulatory issues were also discussed from the perspectives of both industry and government. This meeting summary provides an overview, not only for the conference participants, but also for those interested in the current status of antivirals for respiratory viruses. PMID:26872862

  2. A Brief Boot Camp for 4th-Year Medical Students Entering into Pediatric and Family Medicine Residencies

    Adler, Mark; Mangold, Karen; Trainor, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    The transition from medical student to intern is a challenging process characterized by a steep learning curve. Focused courses targeting skills necessary for success as a resident have increased self-perceived preparedness, confidence, and medical knowledge. Our aim was to create a brief educational intervention for 4th-year medical students entering pediatric, family practice, and medicine/pediatric residencies to target skills necessary for an internship. The curriculum used a combination of didactic presentations, small group discussions, role-playing, facilitated debriefing, and simulation-based education. Participants completed an objective structured clinical exam requiring synthesis and application of multiple boot camp elements before and after the elective. Participants completed anonymous surveys assessing self-perceived preparedness for an internship, overall and in regards to specific skills, before the elective and after the course. Participants were asked to provide feedback about the course. Using checklists to assess performance, students showed an improvement in performing infant lumbar punctures (47.2% vs 77.0%; p plan to implement in internship,” and “I think all students should participate in a similar experience.” When asked to assess the usefulness of individual modules, all except order writing received a mean Likert score > 4. A focused boot camp addressing key knowledge and skills required for pediatric-related residencies was well received and led to improved performance of targeted skills and increased self-reported preparedness in many targeted domains. PMID:27014522

  3. Factors related to the reading comprehension skills of 4th grade students according to data of PIRLS 2001 Turkey

    Aslıhan ERMAN-ASLANOĞLU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Central to a nation’s pursuit of its social, political, and economic goals is a literate and well-educated population. Furthermore, the ability to read is fundamental to individual intellectual development and personal growth. Knowledge about how well students can read, together with information about which policy-related factors are implicated in understanding reading achievement, can provide policy makers and researchers worldwide with insights into how to improve literacy and reading achievement. The aim of this study is to model the factors related to the reading comprehension skills of 4th grade students according to the PIRLS 2001 data. A model has been proposed by making use of the student, teacher, family questionnaires used in the PIRLS 2001 study, with variables considered as related to the reading comprehension skills of students, in addition to taking into account the related literature. A structural equation model has been used in order to define the relation among the students’ reading comprehension skills and the specifications of the family, school, teacher and student. Taking into account the regression equation obtained by the result of the structural equation model analysis, it is seen that the determination coefficient is 0.51. This shows that 0.51 of reading comprehension skills of the Turkish students taking place in the PIRLS study can be explained by the features of family, school, teacher, and student, as specified for this study.

  4. Quality of education predicts performance on the Wide Range Achievement Test-4th Edition Word Reading subtest.

    Sayegh, Philip; Arentoft, Alyssa; Thaler, Nicholas S; Dean, Andy C; Thames, April D

    2014-12-01

    The current study examined whether self-rated education quality predicts Wide Range Achievement Test-4th Edition (WRAT-4) Word Reading subtest and neurocognitive performance, and aimed to establish this subtest's construct validity as an educational quality measure. In a community-based adult sample (N = 106), we tested whether education quality both increased the prediction of Word Reading scores beyond demographic variables and predicted global neurocognitive functioning after adjusting for WRAT-4. As expected, race/ethnicity and education predicted WRAT-4 reading performance. Hierarchical regression revealed that when including education quality, the amount of WRAT-4's explained variance increased significantly, with race/ethnicity and both education quality and years as significant predictors. Finally, WRAT-4 scores, but not education quality, predicted neurocognitive performance. Results support WRAT-4 Word Reading as a valid proxy measure for education quality and a key predictor of neurocognitive performance. Future research should examine these findings in larger, more diverse samples to determine their robust nature. PMID:25404004

  5. Editorial Board

    2014-01-01

    2011-2015The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research.They are from 47 countries,including Argentina(3),Australia(13),Austria(4),Belarus(1),Belgium(3),Brazil(10),Canada(10),China(41),Czech Republic(1),Denmark(1),Egypt(3),Estonia(1),Finland(1),France(5),Germany(21),Greece(6),Hungary(4),India(18),Iran(6),Ireland(1),Israel(4),Italy(35),Japan(34),Lebanon(1),Lithuania(3),Mexico(2),Netherlands(10),New Zealand(2),Norway(2),Pakistan(2),Philippines(1),Poland(3),Portugal(2),Romania(1),Russia(1),Saudi Arabia(2),Singapore(3),Slovenia(1),South Africa(1),South Korea(16),Spain(13),Sweden(3),Switzerland(1),Thailand(4),Turkey(7),United Kingdom(20),and United States(84).

  6. Modeling of Synergy Between 4th and 6th Harmonic Absorptions of Fast Waves on Injected Beams in DIII-D Tokamak

    In recent moderate to high harmonic fast wave heating and current drive experiments in DIII-D, a synergy effect was observed when the 6th harmonic 90 MHz fast wave power is applied to the plasma preheated by neutral beams and the 4th harmonic 60 MHz fast wave. In this paper, we investigate how the synergy can occur using ORBIT-RF coupled with AORSA. Preliminary simulations suggest that damping of 4th harmonic FW on beam ions accelerates them above the injection energy, which may allow significant damping of 6th harmonic FW on beam ion tails to produce synergy.

  7. Effect of Reading on Screen and Paper on Elementary School 4th Grade Students' Reading Comprehension Reading Speed and their Attitudes

    BAŞARAN, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    Aim of this study is that to determine effect of reading from printed materials and screen on Elementary School 4th Grade Students' reading comprehension, reading speed and attitudes. For this purpose, in the 2013-2014 academic year, 46 females and 68 males, including a total of 114 4th glass students were selected as examples from study private and public schools that is located in the district of Kütahya Province Tavşanlı center. According the sturdy results, there is not meaningful im...

  8. A Brief Boot Camp for 4th-Year Medical Students Entering into Pediatric and Family Medicine Residencies.

    Burns, Rebekah; Adler, Mark; Mangold, Karen; Trainor, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    The transition from medical student to intern is a challenging process characterized by a steep learning curve. Focused courses targeting skills necessary for success as a resident have increased self-perceived preparedness, confidence, and medical knowledge. Our aim was to create a brief educational intervention for 4th-year medical students entering pediatric, family practice, and medicine/pediatric residencies to target skills necessary for an internship. The curriculum used a combination of didactic presentations, small group discussions, role-playing, facilitated debriefing, and simulation-based education. Participants completed an objective structured clinical exam requiring synthesis and application of multiple boot camp elements before and after the elective. Participants completed anonymous surveys assessing self-perceived preparedness for an internship, overall and in regards to specific skills, before the elective and after the course. Participants were asked to provide feedback about the course. Using checklists to assess performance, students showed an improvement in performing infant lumbar punctures (47.2% vs 77.0%; p skills, except for obtaining consults and interprofessional communication. There was no increase in reported overall preparedness. All participants agreed with the statements, "The facilitators presented the material in an effective manner," "I took away ideas I plan to implement in internship," and "I think all students should participate in a similar experience." When asked to assess the usefulness of individual modules, all except order writing received a mean Likert score > 4. A focused boot camp addressing key knowledge and skills required for pediatric-related residencies was well received and led to improved performance of targeted skills and increased self-reported preparedness in many targeted domains. PMID:27014522

  9. The Place and Importance of Values Education in 4.th and 5th. Grade Primary School Social Studies Textbooks

    Mehmet Fatih Yiğit

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The term ‘value’ has been used in many different meanings until today in different areas and it has been the reason for confusion in values education. In this sense, Weber (1990 has stated that different approaches to the term ‘value’ have played a negative role for the production of values. Kohlberg (1981 has defined ‘value’ as giving moral decisions and acting accordingly while Hill (1991 interpreted values as the beliefs that people care and direct the life of individuals. On the other hand, Veugelers (2000 defined values as the beliefs that help individuals to decide what is good or evil. International organizations also saw the need to define values in accordance with their missions. In the Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations, it is indicated that education should strengthen human rights and freedom while supporting tolerance among different religious groups, ethnicities and nations (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948. UNESCO is another organization that defined the role of values in education. According to the report by UNESCO, education becomes valuable if one learns (a how to know (b how to do, (c how to live together and (d how to be. In this sense, UNESCO has also claimed that in order to develop intercultural and interfaith dialogue, common values accepted by everyone should be given in schools. It has been observed that critical thinking and problem solving skills were given in values education programs in western societies while those skills have started to be taught in Turkey recently. In this study, the main values education movements and the processes and principles of teaching values education in real life are analyzed. We looked at the place of values education in 4th and 5th grade Social Studies textbooks in Turkey. After analyzing the basic processes and principles of values education, we looked at the values to be given to the students in the textbooks. Values education approaches have

  10. 75 FR 67697 - Membership of the Performance Review Board

    2010-11-03

    ... review of Senior Executive Service and Senior Professional performance appraisals and make... Office of the Secretary Membership of the Performance Review Board AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, DoD... Secretary of Defense, Performance Review Board (PRB) members, to include the Joint Staff, the U.S....

  11. Polymerization of liquid propylene with a 4th generation Ziegler-Natta catalyst-influence of temperature, hydrogen and monomer concentration and prepolymerization method on polymerization kinetics

    Pater, Jochem T.M.; Weickert, Günter; Swaaij, van Wim P.M.

    2002-01-01

    In a batch-wise operated autoclave reactor, liquid propylene was polymerized using a 4th generation, TiCl4/MgCl2/phthalate ester-AlEt3-R2Si(OMe)2, Ziegler-Natta catalyst system. By using a calorimetric principle it was possible to measure full reaction rate versus time curves for obtaining data on p

  12. U.S. Dietary and Physical Activity Guideline Knowledge and Corresponding Behaviors among 4th and 5th Grade Students: A Multi-Site Pilot Study

    Bea, Jennifer W.; Martinez, Stephanie; Armstrong-Florian, Traci; Farrell, Vanessa; Martinez, Cathy; Whitmer, Evelyn; Hartz, Vern; Blake, Samuel; Nicolini, Ariana; Misner, Scottie

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge of U.S. dietary and physical activity recommendations and corresponding behaviors were surveyed among 4th and 5th graders in five Arizona counties to determine the need for related education in SNAP-Ed eligible schools. A <70% target response rate was the criterion. Participants correctly identified recommendations for: fruit, 20%;…

  13. 25 CFR 217.4 - Referral of questions by the joint managers.

    2010-04-01

    ... party's proposal, if any, for solution. Such referrals shall be in writing, addressed to the other joint... DISTRIBUTION CORP. § 217.4 Referral of questions by the joint managers. The business committee and the board...

  14. IAEA Convenes Board Meeting on Iran

    Full text: ''I welcome the recent announcement by the EU High Representative Catherine Ashton regarding the implementation of the Joint Plan of Action on the Iranian nuclear programme, which is to take effect as of 20 January. ''I have received a request from Iran and the E3/EU+3 that the Agency conducts monitoring and verification of nuclear-related measures in relation to the Joint Plan of Action. ''I have requested that a meeting of the Board of Governors be convened on 24 January, to consult with the Board regarding the request by Iran and the E3/EU+3 for the Agency to undertake monitoring and verification of nuclear-related measures in relation to the Joint Plan of Action.'' (IAEA)

  15. Analysis of body composition of the abdomen at the level of the 4th lumbar vertebral body by CT

    Body composition of the area at the level of the 4th lumbar vertebral section was studied on X-ray CT images in 62 normal volunteers (32 men and 30 women ), whose ages ranged from 20 and 79 years. The total cross-sectional area was smallest in persons in their twenties, irrespecstive of sex, and began to increase after the age of 30. The abdominal cavity and muscles had the highest cross-sectional ratio (34%) to the total body, followed by subcutaneous fat in men. In women, the subcutaneous fat and abdominal cavity had a ratio of 34% to the total body. According to age groups, men in their twenties and thirties had the highest ratio of the muscle to the total body, followed by that of abdominal cavity and subcutaneous fat. In the group older than 40, the ratio of organs to the total body was as follows: the abdominal cavity>muscle>subcutaneous fat. Since the age of 70, each ratio of the muscle or subcutaneous fat to the total body was the same. Women between their twenties and fifties had the highest ratio of subcutaneous fat to the total body. Since the age of 60, the ratio of the abdominal cavity became highest. The subcutaneous fat and abdominal cavity tended to increase with aging; and the muscles tended to decrease. The real area of the vertebra increased slightly, but the vertebral foramen tended to decrease with aging. In men, mean areas of the muscles were as follows: abdominis lateralis>erector spinae>psoas major>quadratus lumborum and transversospinalis>rectus abdominis muscle. The same tendency was observed for women, except for the quadratus lumborum and rectus abdominis muscle. According to Rohrer index, the real areas of all components except the vertebral foramen tended to increase in the order of types A, C, and D in men. In women, the real area of the subcutaneous fat increased as well in the order of types A, C, and D. (Namekawa, K)

  16. PREFACE: 9th World Congress on Computational Mechanics and 4th Asian Pacific Congress on Computational Mechanics

    Khalili, N.; Valliappan, S.; Li, Q.; Russell, A.

    2010-07-01

    The use for mathematical models of natural phenomena has underpinned science and engineering for centuries, but until the advent of modern computers and computational methods, the full utility of most of these models remained outside the reach of the engineering communities. Since World War II, advances in computational methods have transformed the way engineering and science is undertaken throughout the world. Today, theories of mechanics of solids and fluids, electromagnetism, heat transfer, plasma physics, and other scientific disciplines are implemented through computational methods in engineering analysis, design, manufacturing, and in studying broad classes of physical phenomena. The discipline concerned with the application of computational methods is now a key area of research, education, and application throughout the world. In the early 1980's, the International Association for Computational Mechanics (IACM) was founded to promote activities related to computational mechanics and has made impressive progress. The most important scientific event of IACM is the World Congress on Computational Mechanics. The first was held in Austin (USA) in 1986 and then in Stuttgart (Germany) in 1990, Chiba (Japan) in 1994, Buenos Aires (Argentina) in 1998, Vienna (Austria) in 2002, Beijing (China) in 2004, Los Angeles (USA) in 2006 and Venice, Italy; in 2008. The 9th World Congress on Computational Mechanics is held in conjunction with the 4th Asian Pacific Congress on Computational Mechanics under the auspices of Australian Association for Computational Mechanics (AACM), Asian Pacific Association for Computational Mechanics (APACM) and International Association for Computational Mechanics (IACM). The 1st Asian Pacific Congress was in Sydney (Australia) in 2001, then in Beijing (China) in 2004 and Kyoto (Japan) in 2007. The WCCM/APCOM 2010 publications consist of a printed book of abstracts given to delegates, along with 247 full length peer reviewed papers published with

  17. Joint pain

    ... or conditions. It may be linked to arthritis , bursitis , and muscle pain . No matter what causes it, ... Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus Bursitis Chondromalacia patellae Crystals in the joint: gout (especially ...

  18. Board Formation and Its Endogeneity: An Empirical Study of Russian Firms

    Iwasaki, Ichiro

    2007-01-01

    The statistically typical form of the board of directors in a Russian joint-stock corporation can be characterized as an open managerial supervisory body with a balanced membership of executive corporate officers and outsider directors. In reality, however, there are only a very limited number of Russian firms with this "average" type of corporate boards. The vast majority of Russian joint-stock corporations are either governed by a board of directors with an extremely high outsider directors...

  19. Editorial. Special issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity on the proceedings of the 4th international LISA symposium

    The 4th International LISA Symposium was held at the National Science Foundation Physics Frontier Center for Gravitational Wave Physics at The Pennsylvania State University on 19-24 July 2002. This special issue of Classical and Quantum Gravity is the proceedings of this meeting. LISA - the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna - is part of an international effort to open a new window on the universe. Not all things radiate light, but everything gravitates. Observations of the gravitational waves radiated by black holes and compact binary star systems, in our galaxy and beyond, can reveal details about these systems and their environments that are otherwise inaccessible. The international effort, of which LISA is a part, includes ground-based detectors, and the relationship between LISA and its ground-based detector 'cousins' was an important theme for this Symposium. LISA will observe gravitational waves in the 0.1 mHz to 0.1 Hz band, complementing observations made by ground-based detectors in the 10 Hz to several KHz band. Together they will explore nearly six decades of bandwidth in the gravitational-wave sky. LISA in particular will observe the gravitational waves radiated by the coalescence of black holes at the centres of colliding galaxies, and the inspiral of compact neutron stars or stellar-mass black holes onto these black holes, virtually anywhere in the universe. It will take a census of neutron star or close white dwarf binaries in our own galaxy and observe the formation of large black holes from the very first structures to form and collapse in our universe. In doing all these things, it will shed new 'light' on the first structures to form in the universe, explore the evolution of galaxies and the roles that black holes play in their structure, test relativity near the 'edges' of a black hole, and deepen our understanding of stellar and binary system evolution. A successful conference - and this LISA Symposium, like its predecessors, was very

  20. First TRUE Stage - Transport of solutes in an interpreted single fracture. Proceedings from the 4th international seminar

    . The outcome of the 4th International Aespoe seminar focused on the TRUE-1 experiments can be summarised in the following main points: There is a general consensus that the observed retardation observed in the TRUE-1 experiments requires diffusion into geological material to be an active process. This supported by the -3/2 slope noted in log-log BTCs. Whether this is due to diffusion (and subsequent sorption) in the altered matrix rock, or in possible fault gouge cannot be differentiated with available data; Some researchers claim that the observed enhanced retardation may be explained by diffusion into stagnant water pools, pure surface sorption, or may be due to an underestimation in the flow-wetted surface area. The latter effect may be attributed to a more complex flow path (multi-layered structure) or three-dimensional effects; A clear differentiation between the principal active process can only assessed by resin injection and subsequent excavation and analysis; It was identified that experiments of TRUE type are important for improving the understanding of retention processes. However, this type of experiment will not be part of a site characterisation programme; It was recommended to broaden the data base from the TRUE-1 site before characterising pore space with resin techniques. This includes tracer dilution tests using sinks in other features than Feature A. The seminar was divided into four sessions: 1. Detailed characterisation of transport-related properties (Three contributions separately indexed). 2. Alternative evaluation of TRUE-1 results (Five contributions separately indexed). 3. Related studies (Three contributions separately indexed). 4. Understanding of retention processes in a single fracture (Two contributions separately indexed)

  1. First TRUE Stage - Transport of solutes in an interpreted single fracture. Proceedings from the 4th international seminar

    NONE

    2001-08-01

    . The outcome of the 4th International Aespoe seminar focused on the TRUE-1 experiments can be summarised in the following main points: There is a general consensus that the observed retardation observed in the TRUE-1 experiments requires diffusion into geological material to be an active process. This supported by the -3/2 slope noted in log-log BTCs. Whether this is due to diffusion (and subsequent sorption) in the altered matrix rock, or in possible fault gouge cannot be differentiated with available data; Some researchers claim that the observed enhanced retardation may be explained by diffusion into stagnant water pools, pure surface sorption, or may be due to an underestimation in the flow-wetted surface area. The latter effect may be attributed to a more complex flow path (multi-layered structure) or three-dimensional effects; A clear differentiation between the principal active process can only assessed by resin injection and subsequent excavation and analysis; It was identified that experiments of TRUE type are important for improving the understanding of retention processes. However, this type of experiment will not be part of a site characterisation programme; It was recommended to broaden the data base from the TRUE-1 site before characterising pore space with resin techniques. This includes tracer dilution tests using sinks in other features than Feature A. The seminar was divided into four sessions: 1. Detailed characterisation of transport-related properties (Three contributions separately indexed). 2. Alternative evaluation of TRUE-1 results (Five contributions separately indexed). 3. Related studies (Three contributions separately indexed). 4. Understanding of retention processes in a single fracture (Two contributions separately indexed)

  2. [Predictive value of the hemogram for myelotoxicity induced by the association of carboplatin-fluorouracil on the 4th day of the therapeutic regimen].

    Cappelaere, P; Fournier, C; Rolland, F; Meeus, L; Domenge, C; Krakowski, I; De Gislain, C; Chauvergne, J; Dufour-Esquerre, F; Pion, J M; Hecquet, B

    1996-07-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the value of haematological counts at the 4th day of a chemotherapy cycle, in order to foresee neutro and/or thrombocytopenia during the same chemotherapy cycle. One hundred and ten cycles of chemotherapeutic regimens with carboplatin (400 mg/m2, dl) and 5-fluorouracile (1 g/m2/d, by iv continuous infusion for 96 hours) every 3 weeks, were analyzed for 42 patients with locally advanced but non metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck, without prior chemotherapy. Lymphocyte counts were significantly decreased at the 4th day but normalized at the 8th day (P 2 neutropenia. The positive predictive value of lymphocyte or neutrophil counts is about 50% for some cut-off values but not high enough, with the schedule of chemotherapy in our study, to justify the systematic prophylactic therapy with haematopoietic growth factors. PMID:8868944

  3. Fuel for Fun: a cluster-randomized controlled study of cooking skills, eating behaviors, and physical activity of 4th graders and their families

    Cunningham-Sabo, Leslie; Lohse, Barbara; Smith, Stephanie; Browning, Ray; Strutz, Erin; Nigg, Claudio; Balgopal, Meena; Kelly, Kathleen; Ruder, Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    Background Childhood obesity remains a serious concern in the United States and in many other countries. Direct experience preparing and tasting healthful foods and increasing activity during the school day are promising prevention approaches. Engaging parents and families remains an important challenge. Fuel for Fun: Cooking with Kids Plus Parents and Play is a multi-component school- and family-based intervention for 4th graders and their families intended to promote positive food and activ...

  4. Determination of 4th Class Preservice Teachers' Attitudes Towards the Teaching Profession in Faculty of Education: Sample of Muş Alparslan University

    KESEN, İsmet; Murat POLAT

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this research is to determine 4th class preservice teachers’ attitudes towards the teaching profession in faculty of education. The research consists of the teacher nominees who get education in several parts of Education Faculty of Mus Alparslan University. The data of the research is acquired with “The Scale of Attitude of Teaching Profession” developed by Üstüner (2006). The survey research method was used in this study. 234 student teachers enrolled at Mus Alparslan...

  5. The construction of the CMS electromagnetic calorimeter: delivery of the 3rd and 4th endcap "Dees" and Ring Flanges to CERN

    2006-01-01

    Delivery of the 3rd and 4th Dees and Ring Flanges of the CMS-ECAL endcaps to CERN. The pictures show also an endcap crystal with its VPT (Vacuum PhotoTriode), the aluminium blackplates of the endcap Dees and four mock supercrystals (5x5 crystals) attached in their position on the backplate, along with 138 positional spacers. Finally, endcap assembly in the CMS construction hall in Cessy (neighbouring France) is also shown.

  6. The Structure of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th Edition, Text Revision) Personality Disorder Symptoms in a Large National Sample

    Trull, Timothy J.; Vergés, Alvaro; Wood, Phillip K.; Jahng, Seungmin; Sher, Kenneth J.

    2012-01-01

    We examined the latent structure underlying the criteria for DSM–IV–TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.) personality disorders in a large nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. Personality disorder symptom data were collected using a structured diagnostic interview from approximately 35,000 adults assessed over two waves of data collection in the National Epidemiologic Sur...

  7. The Relationship between Smoking Status and Suicidal Behavior in Korean Adults: The 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009)

    Kim, So-Eun; Shim, Ji-Hyun; Noh, Hyung; Hwang, Hwan-Sik; Park, Hoon-Ki

    2013-01-01

    Background This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between smoking status and suicidal ideations or suicide attempts in Korean adults. Methods The study used data from the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and involved 17,065 participants. We used multiple logistic regression analysis to evaluate the relationship between smoking status and suicidal behavior. The results were adjusted for covariates including depression and physical disease. Results Afte...

  8. Color Duplex Assessment of 4th and 5th Internal Mammary Artery Perforators: The Pedicles of the Medially Based Lower Pole Breast Flaps

    Abdel-Monem, Kareem; Elshahat, Ahmed; Abou-Gamrah, Sherif; Eldin Abol-Atta, Hossam; Abd Eltawab, Reda; Massoud, Karim

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Reconstruction of a breast after mastectomy using the contralateral lower pole breast flap is an appealing procedure because it uses the tissues that were going to be excised during reduction of the sound breast to achieve symmetry. Literature mentioned that these flaps are supplied by the lower internal mammary artery perforators (IMAPs) with no further details. The aim of this study was to determine the site, size, and number of the 4th and 5th IMAPs by using preoperative color D...

  9. BBO-crystal optical parametric oscillator tunable over the 300 - 2340 nm range and pumped by the 4th harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser

    An investigation was made of the lasing characteristics of a BBO-crystal Type-I optical parametric oscillator pumped by the 4th harmonic of a multimode Nd:YAG laser. The output was tunable over the range 300 - 2340 nm. The efficiency ranged up to 15% near the peak of the tunability curve at double the oscillation threshold. (nonlinear optical phenomena and devices)

  10. A 4th-Order Particle-in-Cell Method with Phase-Space Remapping for the Vlasov-Poisson Equation

    Myers, Andrew; Van Straalen, Brian

    2016-01-01

    Numerical solutions to the Vlasov-Poisson system of equations have important applications to both plasma physics and cosmology. In this paper, we present a new Particle-in-Cell (PIC) method for solving this system that is 4th-order accurate in both space and time. Our method is a high-order extension of one presented previously [B. Wang, G. Miller, and P. Colella, SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 33 (2011), pp. 3509--3537]. It treats all of the stages of the standard PIC update - charge deposition, force interpolation, the field solve, and the particle push - with 4th-order accuracy, and includes a 6th-order accurate phase-space remapping step for controlling particle noise. We demonstrate the convergence of our method on a series of one- and two- dimensional electrostatic plasma test problems, comparing its accuracy to that of a 2nd-order method. As expected, the 4th-order method can achieve comparable accuracy to the 2nd-order method with many fewer resolution elements.

  11. Board of Directors or Supervisory Board

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    The article analyses the legal consequences of the choice now available to Danish public limited companies, which can now opt for a two-tier management structure, in which the management board undertakes both the day-to-day and the overall management, while a supervisory board exercises control o...

  12. Guest Editor's introduction: Selected papers from the 4th USENIX Conference on Object-Oriented Technologies and Systems

    Sventek, Joe

    1998-12-01

    Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, 1501 Page Mill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA Introduction The USENIX Conference on Object-Oriented Technologies and Systems (COOTS) is held annually in the late spring. The conference evolved from a set of C++ workshops that were held under the auspices of USENIX, the first of which met in 1989. Given the growing diverse interest in object-oriented technologies, the C++ focus of the workshop eventually became too narrow, with the result that the scope was widened in 1995 to include object-oriented technologies and systems. COOTS is intended to showcase advanced R&D efforts in object-oriented technologies and software systems. The conference emphasizes experimental research and experience gained by using object-oriented techniques and languages to build complex software systems that meet real-world needs. COOTS solicits papers in the following general areas: application of, and experiences with, object-oriented technologies in particular domains (e.g. financial, medical, telecommunication); the architecture and implementation of distributed object systems (e.g. CORBA, DCOM, RMI); object-oriented programming and specification languages; object-oriented design and analysis. The 4th meeting of COOTS was held 27 - 30 April 1998 at the El Dorado Hotel, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. Several tutorials were given. The technical program proper consisted of a single track of six sessions, with three paper presentations per session. A keynote address and a provocative panel session rounded out the technical program. The program committee reviewed 56 papers, selecting the best 18 for presentation in the technical sessions. While we solicit papers across the spectrum of applications of object-oriented technologies, this year there was a predominance of distributed, object-oriented papers. The accepted papers reflected this asymmetry, with 15 papers on distributed objects and 3 papers on object-oriented languages. The papers in this special issue are

  13. INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT EDGE JOINT ELEMENTS ON DIAGONAL TENSILE STRENGTH IN FURNITURE EDGE JOINTS

    GÜRAY, Arif; Murat KILIÇ; Ajlan ÖZYURT

    2002-01-01

    In this work, the diagonal tensile strength of furniture edge joints such as wooden dowel, minifix, and alyan screw was investigated in panel-constructed boards for Suntalam and MDF Lam. For this purpose, a diagonal tensile strength test was applied to the 72 samples. According to the results, the maximum diagonal tensile strength was found to be in MDF Lam boards that jointed with alyan screw.

  14. INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT EDGE JOINT ELEMENTS ON DIAGONAL TENSILE STRENGTH IN FURNITURE EDGE JOINTS

    Arif GÜRAY

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the diagonal tensile strength of furniture edge joints such as wooden dowel, minifix, and alyan screw was investigated in panel-constructed boards for Suntalam and MDF Lam. For this purpose, a diagonal tensile strength test was applied to the 72 samples. According to the results, the maximum diagonal tensile strength was found to be in MDF Lam boards that jointed with alyan screw.

  15. 《中国骨与关节杂志》2012年度常务编委扩大会会议纪要%Chinese Journal of Bone and Joint Minutes of the Board Member Meeting 2012

    2013-01-01

    Summary The Board Member Meeting of “Chinese Journal of Bone and Joint” was held in Chengdu Mingyu Shangya Hotel with more than 30 participants under the support of the orthopedic department in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University on December 29, 2012. The meeting was presided by professor Hou Shuxun, the deputy editor-in-chief. Professor Xu Wanpeng, the editor-in-chief, reviewed the course of development of the“Chinese Journal of Bone Tumor and Bone Diseases”, which is the predecessor of the“Chinese Journal of Bone and Joint”. The annual report was made by professor Wu Wenwen, the editorial director. It was concluded as follows:the tendency of more qualified articles submitted urged the conversion of the journal from bimonthly to monthly. In order to raise its international influence, the journal expanded the scope and length of the English to form a full structure and added English introductions to all the main points of short essays, reviews, case reports, meeting minutes, top expert’s notes, and expert’s commentaries. The journal also invited foreign editorial board members from the United States, Britain, the Netherlands, Japan, Korea and other countries to catch the latest progress in the related fields and improve the quality of original articles and English abstract. Ma Zheng, director of the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology Information Institute, addressed a lecture entitled“Evaluation and Competition of Academic Journals”. In his lecture, he described the basic role of “quantitation” in the measurement and analysis of scientific issues, and emphasized its importance in the research design, experimental analysis and thesis writing. Professor Pei Fuxing, the deputy editor-in-chief, delivered a lecture entitled “Suggestions on the Improvement of Academic Influence”. He stressed the innovativeness, scientificalness and orientation. Many valuable suggestions and opinions were expressed by other participating

  16. Departmental Appeals Board Decisions

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by the Chair and Board Members of the Departmental Appeals Board concerning determinations in discretionary, project grant programs, including...

  17. Pilot Boarding Areas

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Pilot boarding areas are locations at sea where pilots familiar with local waters board incoming vessels to navigate their passage to a destination port. Pilotage...

  18. Joint imaging

    Joint imaging is a proven diagnostic procedure which has become indispensable to the detection and treatment of different joint diseases in almost all disciplines. The method is suited for early diagnosis of joint affections both in soft tissue and bone which cannot be detected by X-ray or other procedures. The local activity accumulation depends on the rate of metabolism and is visualized in the scan, which in turn enables the extension and floridity of focal lesions to be evaluated and followed-up. Although joint scans may often give hints to probabilities relevant to differential diagnosis, the method is non-specific and only useful if based on the underlying clinical picture and X-ray finding, if possible. The radiation exposure is very low and does not represent a hazard in cases of adequate assessment of indication. In pregnant women and children the assessment of indication has to be based on very strict principles. The method is suited for out-patient diagnosis and can be applied in all installations equipped with a gamma camera and a technetium generator. (orig.)

  19. Strong managers, weak boards?

    Renee B. Adams; Ferreira, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Many governance reform proposals are based on the view that boards have been too friendly to executives, for example, by awarding them excessive pay. Although boards are often on friendly terms with executives, it is less clear that they have systematically failed to function in the interests of shareholders. Understanding board monitoring requires a theory of boards that takes into account how firms provide incentives for their Chief Executive Officer's (CEOs) through other means. We develop...

  20. Board independence and competence

    Wagner, Alexander F

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes board independence and competence as distinct, but inextricably linked aspects of board effectiveness. Competent directors add shareholder value because they have better information about the quality of projects. While a CEO cares about shareholder value, he also wants his board to behave loyally to him by agreeing to projects that give him private benefits. Because many aspects of the CEO-board relationship are not contractible, the paper studies a model of relational con...

  1. Scrum Board Game

    van den Oord, Stefan; van de Goor, Wim

    The Scrum Board Game is a workshop for beginners. It is for people with any role (customer, developer, tester, etc.), who don’t exactly know what a Scrum Board is, or how to create one themselves. The workshop teaches the benefits of a Scrum Board, how to use it, and how to introduce it in projects.

  2. Training Circuit Boards

    1986-01-01

    Young Electronics Company's new product is a testboard developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory as a tool for training and qualifying personnel in board assembly and in the art of soldering components without damaging boards or components. The boards are used for pre- employment testing and employee requalification.

  3. MiBoard: Multiplayer Interactive Board Game

    Dempsey, Kyle B; Jackson, G Tanner; Boonthum, Chutima; Levinstein, Irwin B; McNamara, Danielle S

    2010-01-01

    Serious games have recently emerged as an avenue for curriculum delivery. Serious games incorporate motivation and entertainment while providing pointed curriculum for the user. This paper presents a serious game, called MiBoard, currently being developed from the iSTART Intelligent Tutoring System. MiBoard incorporates a multiplayer interaction that iSTART was previously unable to provide. This multiplayer interaction produces a wide variation across game trials, while also increasing the repeat playability for users. This paper presents a demonstration of the MiBoard system and the expectations for its application.

  4. Irradiation experiments of 3rd, 4th and 5th fuel assemblies by an in-pile gas loop, OGL-1

    Three irradiation experiments for 3rd, 4th and 5th fuel assemblies which had been composed of VHTR reference coated particle fuels and graphite components were carried out by an in-pile gas loop, OGL-1 during 1979 and 1982. The main purposes of these experiments were to study on bowing of the fuel rod by irradiation for the 3rd fuel assembly, to study on fuel behavior under relatively low burnup irradiation for the 4th fuel assembly, and to study on fuel behavior up to full burnup of VHTR design for the 5th fuel assembly. For understanding in-pile fuel behavior, fractional releases of fission gases from each fuel assembly were estimated by measuring the fission gas concentrations in the primary loop of OGL-1. The post-irradiation examination (PIE) was carried out extensively on the fuel block, the fuel rods and the fuel compacts in Tokai Hot Laboratory. Also, made were the measurements of metallic fission product distributions in the fuel assemblies and the fuel rods. The results in these experiments were given as follows ; bowing of the fuel rod in the 3rd fuel assembly was 0.7 mm, but integrity of the rod was kept under irradiation. Fractional release of the fission gas from the 4th fuel assembly remained in the order of 10-7 during irradiation, suggesting that the fuel performance was excellent. The fractional release from the 5th fuel assembly, on the other hand, was in the order of 10-5 which was the same level in the VHTR design. (author)

  5. Boards to combine

    Maggs, William Ward

    The National Research Council's Board on Earth Sciences and the Board on Mineral and Energy Resources were eliminated during the summer by a decision of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, which oversees both bodies, and Frank Press, president of the National Academy of Sciences. The responsibilities of the two boards will be merged into a Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, not yet formed.Raphael Kasper, executive director of the Commission, said that the boards were dissolved for two reasons. “There's been a general trend within the Academy toward bringing together the pure and applied branches of particular sciences.” BES had dealt largely with basic Earth science research, while BMER had addressed questions related to mineral resources, land use, and public policy. The Space Science Board and the Space Applications Board, also under the jurisdiction of the Commission, were combined this fall into a single body (Eos, October 18, p. 961).

  6. The 4th Bi-annual international African-Caribbean Cancer Consortium conference: building capacity to address cancer health disparities in populations of African descent.

    Blackman, Elizabeth; Campbell, Jasmine; Bowen, Carlene; Delmoor, Ernestine; Jean-Louis, Gilda; Noumbissi, Raphiatou; O'Garro, Yvonne; Richards-Waritay, Oni; Straughter, Stanley; Tolbert, Vera; Wilson, Barbara; Ragin, Camille

    2014-01-01

    This is a brief summary of the 4(th) International Meeting of the African-Caribbean Cancer Consortium (AC3), organized and sponsored by Fox Chase Cancer Center (FCCC), and held on July 21-22, 2012 at the Lincoln University Graduate Center, Lincoln Plaza, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. AC3 investigators gathered in Philadelphia, PA to present the results of our ongoing collaborative research efforts throughout the African Diaspora. The general theme addressed cancer health disparities and presentations represented all cancer types. However, there was particular emphasis on women's cancers, related to human papillomavirus (HPV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. PMID:26422007

  7. Proceedings of the 4th International Tyre Colloquium: Tyre Models for Vehicle Dynamics Analysis: 20-21 April 2015, University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom

    Gruber, P; Sharp, RS

    2015-01-01

    The International Tyre Colloquium has a successful history in discussing the latest progress in the understanding and simulation of tyre-road-vehicle interactions. The first Tyre Colloquium was organised by Prof Pacejka in 1991 (Delft), the second one was in Berlin in 1997, organised by Prof Böhm and Prof Willumeit, and the third one was in Vienna in 2004, organised by Prof Lugner and Prof Plöchl. In line with the tradition, the 4th Tyre Colloquium was focused on topics related to modelling o...

  8. A 4th-Order Particle-in-Cell Method with Phase-Space Remapping for the Vlasov-Poisson Equation

    Myers, Andrew; Colella, Phillip; Van Straalen, Brian

    2016-01-01

    Numerical solutions to the Vlasov-Poisson system of equations have important applications to both plasma physics and cosmology. In this paper, we present a new Particle-in-Cell (PIC) method for solving this system that is 4th-order accurate in both space and time. Our method is a high-order extension of one presented previously [B. Wang, G. Miller, and P. Colella, SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 33 (2011), pp. 3509--3537]. It treats all of the stages of the standard PIC update - charge deposition, forc...

  9. Joint purpose?

    Pristed Nielsen, Helene

    2013-01-01

    Starting from Crenshaw´s point that antiracism often fails to interrogate patriarchy and that feminism often reproduces racist practices (1991: 1252), this paper asks: What are the theoretical reasons for believing that feminism and anti-racism can be regarded as fighting for the joint purpose of...... anti-discrimination in Europe today? And what empirical evidence may be found for such a joint approach? The paper discusses how the contemporary EU context differs from the American context which prompted Crenshaw to raise the point about intersectionality, and it analyses documents and interviews...... from each of the two European umbrella organisations the European Women´s Lobby and the European Network against Racism, as well as a number of their national member organisations from across Europe, both within EU and non-EU member states....

  10. Intuitive Embedded Teaching System Design for Multi-Jointed Robots

    Chin-Pao Hung; Wei-Ging Liu

    2012-01-01

    This work describes the development of a novel embedded teaching system for multi‐jointed robots. Differing from the traditional teaching panel method, the proposed method does not require any complex computations for coordinate transformation and is a simpler scheme. The proposed teaching system includes a small teaching robot, which is scaled to the real jointed robot, however, joints are replaced with potentiometers. An embedded electrical control system contains the main control board and...

  11. The May 26, 1999 Resolution of the Joint Meeting of the Board of the Radiation Diagnosis and Radiation Therapy Section, Academic Council, Ministry of Health of Russia, the X-ray Diagnosis Ad Hoc Commission, Interdepartmental Scientific Council for Medical Radiology and Radiation Medicine, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, and the Executive Committee, Russian Association of Radiologists

    The text of the May 26, 1999 Resolution of the joint meeting of the Board of the Radiation Diagnosis and Radiation Therapy Section of the Ministry of Health of Russia with the X-ray Diagnostics Ad Hoc Problem Commission of the Intergovernmental Scientific Council for Medical Radiology and Radiation Medicine of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Executive Committee of Russian Association of Radiologists is presented. It is noted that in spite of the fact that the intervention radiology as an independent branch has not yet been formed, separate developments, aimed at application of invasive interventions under the control of radiodiagnostic methods are carried out in the area of bronco pulmonology, gastroenterology, mammology, gynecology, urology, oncology above 30 years and steps in legalization of this trend are also undertaken. Absence of statistical documentation on technical and staff provision of therapeutical-prophylactic establishments as well as unified terminology is noted. The tasks aimed at broader introduction of intervention radiology in Russia are set up

  12. Wind power and defense interests on Gotland. Presentation of a joint project between the County Administrative Board, Region Gotland and the Swedish Armed Forces in 2011; Vindkraft och foersvarsintressen paa Gotland. Redovisning av ett samverkansprojekt mellan Laensstyrelsen, Region Gotland och Foersvarsmakten 2011

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The island of Gotland has a large potential for wind power production. An existing weather radar system, however, causes extensive restrictions for further development of wind power on Gotland. In a joint project during 2011 the County Administration Board of Gotland, the Municipality of Gotland and the Swedish Armed Forces have explored ways to overcome the existing conflicts. The project has been sponsored by the Swedish Energy Agency. Through the collaboration, the participants have gained a better understanding of various aspects of the conflicting interests. Studies have been carried out with the prospect to modelling alternative solutions to reduce the conflicts. The study regarding the radar system has been carried out by the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Inst.. This report present some practical solutions to avoid conflict in most of areas which are planned for wind power by the municipality. It is suggested that a complimentary radar can be built. A number of alternative localizations for the complimentary radar have been suggested and the potential effects for wind power production estimated. Costs for the suggested solutions have been calculated.

  13. Graduating 4th year radiology residents' perception of optimal imaging modalities for neoplasm and trauma: a pilot study from four U.S. universities

    Elias Junior, Jorge [University of Sao Paulo (USP), Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). School of Medicine; Semelka, Richard C.; Altun, Ersan; Thomas, Sarah L., E-mail: richsem@med.unc.ed [University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC (United States). Dept. of Radiology; Balci, N. Cem [Saint Louis University, MO (United States). Dept. of Radiology; Hussain, Shahid M. [University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE (United States). Dept. of Radiology; Martin, Diego R. [Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (United States)

    2011-09-15

    Our purpose was to assess 4th year radiology residents' perception of the optimal imaging modality to investigate neoplasm and trauma. Materials and methods: twenty-seven 4th year radiology residents from four residency programs were surveyed. They were asked about the best imaging modality to evaluate the brain and spine, lungs, abdomen, and the musculoskeletal system. Imaging modalities available were MRI, CT, ultrasound, PET, and Xray. All findings were compared to the ACR appropriateness criteria. Results: MRI was chosen as the best imaging modality to evaluate brain, spine, abdominal, and musculoskeletal neoplasm in 96.3%, 100%, 70.4%, and 63% of residents, respectively. CT was chosen by 88.9% to evaluate neoplasm of the lung. Optimal imaging modality to evaluate trauma was CT for brain injuries (100%), spine (92.6%), lung (96.3%), abdomen (92.6%), and major musculoskeletal trauma (74.1%); MRI was chosen for sports injury (96.3%). There was agreement with ACR appropriateness criteria. Conclusion: residents' perception of the best imaging modalities for neoplasm and trauma concurred with the appropriateness criteria by the ACR. (author)

  14. Graduating 4th year radiology residents' perception of optimal imaging modalities for neoplasm and trauma: a pilot study from four U.S. universities

    Jorge Elias Junior

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess 4th year radiology residents' perception of the optimal imaging modality to investigate neoplasm and trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven 4th year radiology residents from four residency programs were surveyed. They were asked about the best imaging modality to evaluate the brain and spine, lungs, abdomen, and the musculoskeletal system. Imaging modalities available were MRI, CT, ultrasound, PET, and X-ray. All findings were compared to the ACR appropriateness criteria. RESULTS: MRI was chosen as the best imaging modality to evaluate brain, spine, abdominal, and musculoskeletal neoplasm in 96.3%, 100%, 70.4%, and 63% of residents, respectively. CT was chosen by 88.9% to evaluate neoplasm of the lung. Optimal imaging modality to evaluate trauma was CT for brain injuries (100%, spine (92.6%, lung (96.3%, abdomen (92.6%, and major musculoskeletal trauma (74.1%; MRI was chosen for sports injury (96.3%. There was agreement with ACR appropriateness criteria. CONCLUSION: Residents' perception of the best imaging modalities for neoplasm and trauma concurred with the appropriateness criteria by the ACR.

  15. Boards of Banks

    Daniel Ferreira; Tom Kirchmaier; Daniel Metzger

    2011-01-01

    We show that country characteristics explain most of the cross-sectional variation in bank board independence. In contrast, country characteristics have little explanatory power for the fraction of outside bank directors with experience in the banking industry. Exploiting the time-series dimension of the sample, we show that changes in bank characteristics are not robustly associated with changes in board independence, while changes in board experience are positively related to changes in ban...

  16. 4th February 2011- Polish Ambassador to the United Nations Office R. A. Henczel visiting CMS control room and underground experimental area with his daughter, guided by Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli.

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    4th February 2011- Polish Ambassador to the United Nations Office R. A. Henczel visiting CMS control room and underground experimental area with his daughter, guided by Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli.

  17. 4th July 2011 - Russian Deputy Director-General Director of Directorate for Scientific and Technical Complex ROSATOM V. Pershukov in the ATLAS underground experimental area with Adviser T. Kurtyka, ATLAS Technical Coordinator M. Nessi and ATLAS Russian users.

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    4th July 2011 - Russian Deputy Director-General Director of Directorate for Scientific and Technical Complex ROSATOM V. Pershukov in the ATLAS underground experimental area with Adviser T. Kurtyka, ATLAS Technical Coordinator M. Nessi and ATLAS Russian users.

  18. Effect of the new carbon fiber board of Elekta Precise linear accelerator on the radiation dose

    Objective: To investigate the dosimetric influence of pure carbon fiber treatment tabletop of Elekta Precise new linear accelerator in radiotherapy. Methods: Surface-axis distance (SAD) technology was employed for the measurement. Two groups of fields were set and both of them were SAD opposed portals (one of them went through the tabletop,while the other did not). A PTW electrometer and a 0.6 cm3 Farmer ionization chamber were utilized for comparison measurement. Then dose attenuation of the main table board, extended body board, the extended board for head, neck and shoulders, and the joints of these boards were calculated. Results: Under the energy of 6 MV,the dose attenuations of the following locations were: 1.4% - 7.2% at the main treatment table board; 2.8% - 38.7%, 1.4% -30.1%, 1.5% -20.8% and 1.4% - 11.2%, respectively at distances of 1, 4, 7 and 8 cm from the joint of the main table board; 0.5% - 5.0% at the extended body board; 4.7% - 15.4% at distance of 1 cm from the joint of the extended body board; 0.5% -3.3% at the neck position of the extended board for head, neck and shoulders; 5.3% - 16.7% at the shoulder positions; and 6.8% -30.4% at the joint between the extended boards and the main table board. Conclusions: The dose attenuations of the new linear accelerator pure carbon fiber treatment tabletop vary at different locations. Considerable higher attenuations are observed at the table board joints than other locations. (authors)

  19. Climatic changes and social transformations in the Near East and North Africa during the 'long' 4th millennium BC: A comparative study of environmental and archaeological evidence

    Clarke, Joanne; Brooks, Nick; Banning, Edward B.; Bar-Matthews, Miryam; Campbell, Stuart; Clare, Lee; Cremaschi, Mauro; di Lernia, Savino; Drake, Nick; Gallinaro, Marina; Manning, Sturt; Nicoll, Kathleen; Philip, Graham; Rosen, Steve; Schoop, Ulf-Dietrich; Tafuri, Mary Anne; Weninger, Bernhard; Zerboni, Andrea

    2016-03-01

    This paper explores the possible links between rapid climate change (RCC) and social change in the Near East and surrounding regions (Anatolia, central Syria, southern Israel, Mesopotamia, Cyprus and eastern and central Sahara) during the 'long' 4th millennium (∼4500-3000) BC. Twenty terrestrial and 20 marine climate proxies are used to identify long-term trends in humidity involving transitions from humid to arid conditions and vice versa. The frequency distribution of episodes of relative aridity across these records is calculated for the period 6300-2000 BC, so that the results may be interpreted in the context of the established arid episodes associated with RCC around 6200 and 2200 BC (the 8.2 and 4.2 kyr events). We identify two distinct episodes of heightened aridity in the early-mid 4th, and late 4th millennium BC. These episodes cluster strongly at 3600-3700 and 3100-3300 BC. There is also evidence of localised aridity spikes in the 5th and 6th millennia BC. These results are used as context for the interpretation of regional and local archaeological records with a particular focus on case studies from western Syria, the middle Euphrates, southern Israel and Cyprus. Interpretation of the records involves the construction of plausible narratives of human-climate interaction informed by concepts of adaptation and resilience from the literature on contemporary (i.e. 21st century) climate change and adaptation. The results are presented alongside well-documented examples of climatically-influenced societal change in the central and eastern Sahara, where detailed geomorphological studies of ancient environments have been undertaken in tandem with archaeological research. While the narratives for the Near East and Eastern Mediterranean remain somewhat speculative, the use of resilience and adaptation frameworks allows for a more nuanced treatment of human-climate interactions and recognises the diversity and context-specificity of human responses to climatic

  20. Building better boards.

    Nadler, David A

    2004-05-01

    Companies facing new requirements for governance are scrambling to buttress financial-reporting systems, overhaul board structures--whatever it takes to comply. But there are limits to how much good governance can be imposed from the outside. Boards know what they ought to be: seats of challenge and inquiry that add value without meddling and make CEOs more effective but not all-powerful. A board can reach that goal only if it functions as a high-performance team, one that is competent, coordinated, collegial, and focused on an unambiguous goal. Such entities don't just evolve; they must be constructed to an exacting blueprint--what the author calls board building. In this article, Nadler offers an agenda and a set of tools that boards can use to define and achieve their objectives. It's important for a board to conduct regular self-assessments and to pay attention to the results of those analyses. As a first step, the directors and the CEO should agree on which of the following common board models best fits the company: passive, certifying, engaged, intervening, or operating. The directors and the CEO should then analyze which business tasks are most important and allot sufficient time and resources to them. Next, the board should take inventory of each director's strengths to ensure that the group as a whole possesses the skills necessary to do its work. Directors must exert more influence over meeting agendas and make sure they have the right information at the right time and in the right format to perform their duties. Finally, the board needs to foster an engaged culture characterized by candor and a willingness to challenge. An ambitious board-building process, devised and endorsed both by directors and by management, can potentially turn a good board into a great one. PMID:15146740

  1. Holding Effective Board Meetings.

    American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, VA.

    Advice and tested methods for management of meetings from superintendents and board members are combined in this reference book on conducting effective school board meetings. Intended for a wide readership, it contains three chapters and an exhibit section comprising over one-third of the document. Following a brief introduction, chapter 1,…

  2. Board Performance Evaluation

    Osborne, Simon

    2008-01-01

    This guidance is produced to assist companies in understanding, and consequently managing, some of the major issues involved when considering how to carry out board performance evaluation. Different issues will apply to different companies, thus this guidance should not be considered as exhaustive. Hopefully it will trigger the thought processes so that boards may consider for themselves t...

  3. Atomic Energy Control Board

    This paper has been prepared to provide an overview of the responsibilities and activities of the Atomic Energy Control Board. It is designed to address questions that are often asked concerning the establishment of the Atomic Energy Control Board, its enabling legislation, licensing and compliance activities, federal-provincial relationships, international obligations, and communications with the public

  4. Embracing an International Board

    2011-01-01

    A new international stock board will soon be established in Shanghai,allowing foreign companies to list their businesses and tap into the China market China is moving closer to launching its own international stock board,a market for foreign companies to list their stocks in China,said Shang Fulin,

  5. Monitoring of airborne PM2.5 in the 3d and 4th industrial complex area of Daejeon city in Korea

    The aim of this research is to enhance the use of a nuclear analytical technique (instrumental neutron activation analysis) in the field of air pollution studies through a routine and long-term monitoring. For the collection of fine airborne particulate matter (<2.5 μm EAD), the Gent stacked filter unit (a low volume sampler) and polycarbonate membrane filters were employed. Samples were collected with selected sampling dates at the 3rd and 4th industrial complex of Daejeon city in Korea. Mass concentration of the air particulates was measured and the elemental content in the samples collected were analyzed by using INAA. Variations of the concentrations of the particulate matter and the enrichment factors for the elements analyzed were determined. From the monitoring data, a factor analysis was performed to identify and to classify the emission sources. (author)

  6. Experience-based teaching of acute medicine for extra motivated medical students and young physicians – 4th Emergency Medicine Course and 6th AKUTNĚ.CZ Congress

    Petr Štourač

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Faculty of Medicine of the Masaryk University (MU, and especially its departments focusing on acute medicine, make an active effort to find and to support extra motivated students by organising courses and congresses with simulation-based learning sessions for them. 4th Emergency Medicine Course (EMC and 6th AKUTNĚ.CZ Congress were organised during 2014. EMC was held during a weekend in mid-April for 80 medical students. The congress was held on 22nd November 2014. A group of more than 700 enthusiastic professionals including physicians, nursing staff and medical students interested in acute medicine met again in Brno at the University Campus Bohunice. We also report the evaluation of effectiveness of different types of sessions, as well as its influence on practical skills and the fixation of memory footprint. The website AKUTNĚ.CZ (www.akutne.cz is freely accessible, and anyone can find and watch all the videos and presentations there.

  7. Proceedings of the 4th seminar of R and D on advanced ORIENT 'strategy and technical requirement for new resource of noble metals in advanced atomic energy science'

    The 4th Seminar of R and D on advanced ORIENT, 'Strategy and technical requirement for new resource of noble metals in advanced atomic energy science' was held in Swany hall, Rokkasho-Mura, on July 30th, 2010 organized by Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The first meeting of this seminar was held at Oarai, Ibaraki on May, 2007, the second seminar was held at Tokai, on November, 2008, and the third seminar was held at Sendai, on October, 2009. Spent nuclear fuel should be recognized as not only mass of radioactive elements but also potentially useful materials including platinum metals and rare earth elements. Taking the cooperation with universities related companies and research institutes, into consideration, we aimed at expanding and progressing the basic researches. In this seminar, there are many poster presentation included, and the useful discussion with many students are performed. This report records abstracts and figures submitted from the oral speakers in this seminar. (author)

  8. An Exploratory Study of 4th, 5th, and 6th Grade Summer Camp Participants’ Attitudes and Intentions Towards Physical Activity

    Melissa Cater

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Physical inactivity is a growing problem among children, particularly school-aged youth. Research suggests children are especially prone to inactivity in the summer months when access to structured school-time and extra-curricular activities is reduced. Community programs like residential summer camps offer an excellent environment for engaging children in enjoyable physical activities while also helping them learn to be more physically active when they return home. Pre-existing attitudes often influence how much change a program inspires in an individual. The purpose of this study was to explore 4th, 5th, and 6th grade summer camp participants’ attitudes towards physical activity. Results of this study indicate that youth have a fairly neutral, though positive, attitude towards physical activity and that parental support of physical activity is still extremely important, even at this age. Campers also indicated relatively high intentions to remain physically active in the two weeks after the camp ended

  9. Extraction properties of Sc3, Ti4, Zr4, Hf4, Th4 and U4 acid di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphates

    Extraction properties of Sc3, Ti4, Zr4, Hf4, Th4 and U4 acid di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphates (M1-D2EHPA) relatively to Eu3, Fe3, Ga3 (M2) are studied. An acid salt is considered as an organic reagent, where M1 plays the role of electron acceptor substituent resulting in redistribution of electron density on donor atoms of functional groups. Variations of electron density on oxygen atoms of POO-groups conditioned by M1 metal are supposed to be determined, mainly, by its nature, while extracted M2 metal depending on its nature ''choses'' any non-equivalent bonds differing by the character with M1 of POO-group for interaction that manifests in extraction properties of M1-D2EHPA relatively to M2

  10. 论“五四”小说的人生意蕴%On the Meaning of Human Life in the Novels of May 4th Movement

    黄健

    2001-01-01

    During the time of the May 4th Movement, Luxun and writers from a dozen of literary societies broke the bondage of feudal ideology, took human life as the principal theme of their literary creation, described rich and colourful features of human life in their writings, thus manifesting fully the meaning and value of human life in various aspects.%“五四”时期,鲁迅、文学研究会、创造社、乡土小说家的小说创作,突破了封建思想的束缚,以人为创作主体,展现了丰富多彩的人生,多元化地表现出人生意义和人的价值。

  11. The 4th surveillance test and evaluation of the reactor pressure vessel material (capsule W) of Younggwang nuclear power plant unit1

    Kim, Byoung Chul; Lee, Sam Lai; Choi, Kwon Jae [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejeon (Korea)

    2001-08-01

    Surveillance testing for reactor vessel materials is performed in order to evaluate the irradiation embrittlement due to neutrons during operation and set the condition of safe operation of nuclear reactor. The 4th surveillance testing was performed completely by Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute at Taejeon after the capsule was transported from Yonggwang site including its removal from reactor. Fast neutron fluences for capsules were calculated and various testing including mechanical and chemistry analysis were performed in order to evaluate the integrity of Yonggwang unit 1 reactor vessel during the operation until life time. The evaluation results are as follows; Fast neutron fluences for capsules U, V, X and W are 5.555E+18, 1.662E+19, 3.358E+19, and 4.521E+19 n/cm{sup 2}, respectively. The bias factor, the ratio of measurement versus calculation, was 0.859 for the 1st through 4th testing and the calculational uncertainty, 11.80% satisfied the requirement of USNRC Reg.Guide 1.190, 20%. The best estimated neutron fluence for reactor vessel inside surface was 1.551E+19 n/cm{sup 2} based on the end of 12th fuel cycle and it was predicted that the fluences of vessel inside surface at 32, 40, 48 and 56EFPY would reach 3.929E+19, 4.880E+19, 5.831E+19 and 6.782E+19 n/cm{sup 2} based on the current calculation. The result through this analysis for Yonggwang unit 1 showed that there would be no problem for the pressurized thermal shock(PTS) during the operation until design life. 4 refs., 41 figs., 35 tabs. (Author)

  12. 论五四乡土小说死亡叙事的悲剧美%The May 4th Movement of Vernacular Novel Death Narrative Tragic Beauty

    2013-01-01

    The May 4th literature revolution is not only a personality spirit rebel the traditional idea of revolution, it is also a profound aesthetic and artistic revolution. In the field of artistic revolution, May 4th na-tive novelists with outstanding performance, especially the death narrative in tragic manifestation of death, completed the traditional death performance art of subversion.The tragic style of presentation has not only en-riched the death forms, provides another perspective on death, but also in some sense to Chinese change avoid death the national mentality, with a positive attitude and thoughts of death, from the face of death in the courage that life will sublimate.%  五四文学革命不仅是一场以个性精神反叛传统观念的思想革命,同时也是一场深刻的审美与艺术革命。在这场艺术革命中,五四乡土小说家有着突出的表现,尤其是其死亡叙事以悲剧表现死亡,完成了对传统死亡表现艺术的颠覆。这种悲剧风格的表现方式不仅丰富了死亡的表现形式,提供了审视死亡的另一视角,而且也在一定意义上促使中国人改变回避死亡的民族心态,以积极的态度思考死亡,从直面死亡的勇气中使生命意志得到升华。

  13. The 4th surveillance test and evaluation of the reactor pressure vessel material (capsule W) of Yonggwang nuclear power plant unit 2

    Chang, Kee Ok; Kim, Byoung Chul; Lee, Sam Lai; Choi, Kwon Jae; Gong, Un Sik; Chang, Jong Hwa; Joo, Yong Sun; Ahn, Sang Bok; Hong, Joon Hwa [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejeon (Korea)

    2001-02-01

    Surveillance testing for reactor vessel materials is performed in order to evaluate the irradiation embrittlement due to neutrons during operation and set the condition of safe operation of nuclear reactor. The 4th surveillance testing was performed completely by Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute at Taejeon after the capsule was transported from Kori site including its removal from reactor. Fast neutron fluences for capsules were calculated and various testing including mechanical and chemistry analysis were performed in order to evaluate the integrity of Yonggwang unit 2 reactor vessel during the operation until life time. The evaluation results are as follows; Fast neutron fluences for capsules U, V, X and W are 5.762E+18, 1.5391E+19, 3.5119E+19, and 4.2610E+19 n/cm{sup 2}, respectively. The bias factor, the ratio of measurement versus calculation, was 0.899 for the 1st through 4th testing and the calculational uncertainty, 12.3% satisfied the requirement of USNRC Reg.Guide DG-1053, 20%. The best estimated neutron fluence for reactor vessel inside surface was 1.357E+19 n/cm{sup 2} based on the end of 11th fuel cycle and it was predicted that the fluences of vessel inside surface at 32, 40, 48 and 56EFPY would reach 3.525E+19, 4.337E+19, 5.148E+19 and 5.960E+19 n/cm{sup 2} based on the current calculation. The result through this analysis for Yonggwang unit 2 showed that there would be no problem for the pressurized thermal shock(PTS) during the operation until design life. 48 refs., 35 figs., 42 tabs. (Author)

  14. Knee joint replacement

    Knee joint replacement is a surgery to replace a knee joint with a man-made joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis . ... cartilage and bone are removed from the knee joint. Man-made pieces are then placed in the ...

  15. Reliability of Tubular Joints

    Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    In this paper the preliminary results obtained by tests on tubular joints are presented. The joints are T-joints and the loading is static. It is the intention in continuation of these tests to perform tests on other types of joints (e.g. Y-joints) and also with dynamic loading. The purpose of th...

  16. Intuitive Embedded Teaching System Design for Multi-Jointed Robots

    Chin-Pao Hung

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the development of a novel embedded teaching system for multi‐jointed robots. Differing from the traditional teaching panel method, the proposed method does not require any complex computations for coordinate transformation and is a simpler scheme. The proposed teaching system includes a small teaching robot, which is scaled to the real jointed robot, however, joints are replaced with potentiometers. An embedded electrical control system contains the main control board and joint control cards. The main control board receives voltage signals from the teaching robot and transforms them into position commands for the motion of each joint. All the position commands are recorded on the main control board using the desired sample rate. In trajectory planning mode, the operator drags the teaching robot to generate the desired motion. The electrical control system drives the real jointed robot in response to the received voltage signals from the teaching robot. Trajectory teaching can be done naturally without expertise. The teaching system architecture, control board design and program flowchart are described and implemented.

  17. Decamp Clock Board Firmware

    Decamp (Dark Energy Survey Camera) is a new instrument designed to explore the universe aiming to reveal the nature of Dark Energy. The camera consists of 72 CCDs and 520 Mpixels. The readout electronics of DECam is based on the Monsoon system. Monsoon is a new image acquisition system developed by the NOAO (National Optical Astronomical Observatory) for the new generation of astronomical cameras. The Monsoon system uses three types of boards inserted in a Eurocard format based crate: master control board, acquisition board and clock board. The direct use of the Monsoon system for DECam readout electronics requires nine crates mainly due to the high number of clock boards needed. Unfortunately, the available space for DECam electronics is constrained to four crates at maximum. The major drawback to achieve such desired compaction degree resides in the clock board signal density. This document describes the changes performed at CIEMAT on the programmable logic of the Monsoon clock board aiming to meet such restricted space constraints. (Author) 5 refs

  18. Decamp Clock Board Firmware

    Vicente, J. de; Castilla, J.; Martinez, G.

    2007-09-27

    Decamp (Dark Energy Survey Camera) is a new instrument designed to explore the universe aiming to reveal the nature of Dark Energy. The camera consists of 72 CCDs and 520 Mpixels. The readout electronics of DECam is based on the Monsoon system. Monsoon is a new image acquisition system developed by the NOAO (National Optical Astronomical Observatory) for the new generation of astronomical cameras. The Monsoon system uses three types of boards inserted in a Eurocard format based crate: master control board, acquisition board and clock board. The direct use of the Monsoon system for DECam readout electronics requires nine crates mainly due to the high number of clock boards needed. Unfortunately, the available space for DECam electronics is constrained to four crates at maximum. The major drawback to achieve such desired compaction degree resides in the clock board signal density. This document describes the changes performed at CIEMAT on the programmable logic of the Monsoon clock board aiming to meet such restricted space constraints. (Author) 5 refs.

  19. 4th International Geostatistics Congress

    1993-01-01

    The contributions in this book were presented at the Fourth International Geostatistics Congress held in Tróia, Portugal, in September 1992. They provide a comprehensive account of the current state of the art of geostatistics, including recent theoretical developments and new applications. In particular, readers will find descriptions and applications of the more recent methods of stochastic simulation together with data integration techniques applied to the modelling of hydrocabon reservoirs. In other fields there are stationary and non-stationary geostatistical applications to geology, climatology, pollution control, soil science, hydrology and human sciences. The papers also provide an insight into new trends in geostatistics particularly the increasing interaction with many other scientific disciplines. This book is a significant reference work for practitioners of geostatistics both in academia and industry.

  20. ECOGEN 4th Project Report

    Krogh, Paul Henning

    negative effect on the soil organisms and the snail selected for testing. Mesocosm studies have been successfully performed and delivered highly relevant information concerning the variety issue, so often raised within the debate on ecological effects of GM crops. Varietal effects have been demonstrated to...

  1. Firm-Level Determinants of Board System Choice: Evidence from Russia

    Iwasaki, Ichiro

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, using a unique data set of joint-stock companies, we empirically examine the determinants of the choice and size of the collective executive board, a core element of the multi-tier board system of Russian firms. Our empirical evidence strongly suggests that the need of company executives for a collective management system is a key driver for the formation of a collective executive board, while outside investors are generally indifferent toward its adoption as a means to strengt...

  2. The Role of Boards of Directors in Corporate Governance: A Conceptual Framework & Survey

    Adams, Renee, and Tom Kirchmaier; Hermalin, Benjamin E.; Weisbach, Michael S.

    2008-01-01

    This paper is a survey of the literature on boards of directors, with an emphasis on research done subsequent to the Hermalin and Weisbach (2003) survey. The two questions most asked about boards are what determines their makeup and what determines their actions? These questions are fundamentally intertwined, which complicates the study of boards due to the joint endogeneity of makeup and actions. A focus of this survey is on how the literature, theoretical as well as empirically, deals—or on...

  3. The Role of Boards of Directors in Corporate Governance: A Conceptual Framework and Survey

    Renee B. Adams; Hermalin, Benjamin E.; Weisbach, Michael S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a survey of the literature on boards of directors, with an emphasis on research done subsequent to the Benjamin E. Hermalin and Michael S. Weisbach (2003) survey. The two questions most asked about boards are what determines their makeup and what determines their actions? These questions are fundamentally intertwined, which complicates the study of boards because makeup and actions are jointly endogenous. A focus of this survey is how the literature, theoretical as well as empir...

  4. Joint Replacement Surgery

    ... a Clinical Trial Journal Articles Arthritis July 2014 Joint Replacement Surgery: Health Information Basics for You and Your Family What Is Joint Replacement Surgery? Joint replacement surgery is removing a ...

  5. Joint x-ray

    X-ray - joint; Arthrography; Arthrogram ... x-ray technologist will help you position the joint to be x-rayed on the table. Once in place, pictures are taken. The joint may be moved into other positions for more ...

  6. Joint instability and osteoarthritis.

    Blalock, Darryl; Miller, Andrew; Tilley, Michael; Wang, Jinxi

    2015-01-01

    Joint instability creates a clinical and economic burden in the health care system. Injuries and disorders that directly damage the joint structure or lead to joint instability are highly associated with osteoarthritis (OA). Thus, understanding the physiology of joint stability and the mechanisms of joint instability-induced OA is of clinical significance. The first section of this review discusses the structure and function of major joint tissues, including periarticular muscles, which play a significant role in joint stability. Because the knee, ankle, and shoulder joints demonstrate a high incidence of ligament injury and joint instability, the second section summarizes the mechanisms of ligament injury-associated joint instability of these joints. The final section highlights the recent advances in the understanding of the mechanical and biological mechanisms of joint instability-induced OA. These advances may lead to new opportunities for clinical intervention in the prevention and early treatment of OA. PMID:25741184

  7. Primer printed circuit boards

    Argyle, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Step-by-step instructions for making your own PCBs at home. Making your own printed circuit board (PCB) might seem a daunting task, but once you master the steps, it's easy to attain professional-looking results. Printed circuit boards, which connect chips and other components, are what make almost all modern electronic devices possible. PCBs are made from sheets of fiberglass clad with copper, usually in multiplelayers. Cut a computer motherboard in two, for instance, and you'll often see five or more differently patterned layers. Making boards at home is relatively easy

  8. Spacesuit mobility knee joints

    Vykukal, H. C. (Inventor)

    1979-01-01

    Pressure suit mobility joints are for use in interconnecting adjacent segments of an hermetically sealed spacesuit in which low torques, low leakage and a high degree of reliability are required. Each of the joints is a special purpose joint characterized by substantially constant volume and low torque characteristics and includes linkages which restrain the joint from longitudinal distension and includes a flexible, substantially impermeable diaphragm of tubular configuration spanning the distance between pivotally supported annuli. The diaphragms of selected joints include rolling convolutions for balancing the joints, while various joints include wedge-shaped sections which enhance the range of motion for the joints.

  9. Checking a printed board

    1977-01-01

    An 'Interactive Printed Circuit Board Design System' has been developed by a company in a Member-State. Printed circuits are now produced at the SB's surface treatment workshop using a digitized photo-plotter.

  10. CMS Collaboration Board Meeting

    Hoch, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The first CMS Collaboration Board meeting of the year (2013) provided an opportunity to thank Teresa Rodrigo, Matthias Kasemann and Randy Ruchti, the 2011-12 CB Chair, Deputy Chair and Secretary, respectively.

  11. 44 CFR 150.5 - Joint Public Safety Awards Board.

    2010-10-01

    ... administering the process of nomination for the President's Award and by participating in the selection process... nominations and the communication of nomination information, for the purpose of receiving comments...

  12. Composition of the Joint Advisory Disciplinary Board (JADB) - 2016 Exercise

    2016-01-01

                                                Appointed by the Director-General                        Member                                    John PYM / DG   1st deputy                                 Gianluigi ARDUINI/ BE   2nd deputy                             &...

  13. Composition of the Joint Advisory Appeals Board (JAAB) - 2016 Exercise

    2016-01-01

                                                Appointed by the Director-General                        Member                                    Nicole POLIVKA / HSE   1st deputy                                 Raymond VENESS / BE   2nd deputy                          ...

  14. Composition of the Joint Advisory Disciplinary Board (JADB) - 2015 Exercise

    HR Department

    2015-01-01

                                                Appointed by the Director-General                        Member                                    John PYM / DG   1st deputy                                 Gianluigi ARDUINI/ BE   2nd deputy                             ...

  15. Composition of the Joint Advisory Appeals Board (JAAB) - 2015 Exercise

    HR Department

    2015-01-01

                                                Appointed by the Director-General                        Member                                    Nicole POLIVKA / GS   1st deputy                                 Mats MØLLER / IT   2nd deputy                           ...

  16. An Opportunity for Board Development: The Director-Board Relationship

    Gadzikowski, Ann; Lipton, Linda

    2004-01-01

    One of the very unique characteristics of child care boards is the prevalence of parent volunteers serving as board members. When parents serve as board members, a number of challenges are created. Because most parents do not have previous board experience and they are both clients as well as trustees, there is the potential for conflicts of…

  17. RS-232 Led Board

    Tskhvaradze, Vladimir

    2007-01-01

    This article demonstrates how to develop a Microchip PIC16F84 based device that supports RS-232 interface with PC. Circuit (LED Board) design and software development will be discussed. PicBasic Pro Compiler from microEngineering Labs, Inc. is used for PIC programming. Development of LED Board Control Console using C/C++ is also briefly discussed. The project requires basic work experience with Microchip PICs, serial communication and programming.

  18. Battery Review Board

    Vaughn, Chester

    1993-01-01

    The topics covered are presented in viewgraph form: NASA Battery Review Board Charter; membership, board chronology; background; statement of problem; summary of problems with 50 AH standard Ni-Cd; activities for near term programs utilizing conventional Ni-Cd; present projects scheduled to use NASA standard Ni-Cd; other near-term NASA programs requiring secondary batteries; recommended direction for future programs; future cell/battery procurement strategy; and the NASA Battery Program.

  19. COLLABORATION BOARD (CB55)

    B. Cousins

    Open Access Publication Policy ATLAS had recently issued a short statement in support of open access publishing. The mood of the discussions in the December CMS Collaboration Board had appeared to be in favour and so it was being proposed that CMS issue the same statement as that made by ATLAS (the statement is attached to the agenda of this meeting). The Collaboration Board agreed. Election of the Chair of the Collaboration Board Following the agreement to shorten the terms of both the Spokesperson and the Collaboration Board Chair, and to introduce a longer overlap period between the election and the start of the term, the election for the next Collaboration Board Chair was due in December 2007. If the old standard schedule specified in the Constitution were adapted to this date, then the Board should be informed at the present meeting that the election was being prepared. However, it was felt that the experience of the previous year's election of the Spokesperson had shown that it would be desirable to...

  20. Board incentives and board independence in dynamic agency

    Katolnik, Svetlana; Kukec, Sandra K.; Schöndube, Jens Robert

    2015-01-01

    Efficiency of the board structure is usually perceived as linked to a higher degree of monitoring. If monitoring improves performance measurement signals, on which a manager is compensated, it can be considered desirable from the manager's point of view. As a result, having a low degree of board independence (many insiders on the board) may incentivize the board to improve its monitoring technology. However, from a dynamic perspective board monitoring is not always desirable, since it can des...

  1. Board Certification in Counseling Psychology

    Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

  2. Concepts of modern science: the textbook for undergraduate academic / under total. ed. by S.A. Lebedev. 4th ed. M.: Publisher Yurayt, 2015. 374 pp.

    Nikolai I. Gubanov

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article review the 4th edition of the well-proven in teaching in local high schools textbook concepts of modern education. The book is written by a group of philosophers and natural scientists of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov. Lead Author and editor of a textbook made by well-known Russian specialist in the history and philosophy of science Lebedev S.A. Textbook prepared in accordance with the relevant requirements of the Federal state educational standard of higher education. Revealed the following topics: the unity of science and the humanities, the physical picture of the world in its development, the concept of space, time and determinism, the main content of synergy, the concept of modern chemistry, biology, ecology, geography, geology, systematic approach. The content of the textbook is based on an analysis of the dynamics and the current state of natural science and its methodological and philosophical problems. The authors relied on the evaluation and interpretation of the concepts of modern science outstanding foreign and domestic scientists. In the presentation of all the above concepts in the textbook of modern science permeates thought complex, contradictory and historically volatile nature of natural science, the close relationship between the natural sciences to the needs, demands and potential of spiritual and material culture of his time.

  3. CeLAND: search for a 4th light neutrino state with a 3 PBq 144Ce-144Pr electron antineutrino generator in KamLAND

    Gando, A; Hayashida, S; Ikeda, H; Inoue, K; Ishidoshiro, K; Ishikawa, H; Koga, M; Matsuda, R; Matsuda, S; Mitsui, T; Motoki, D; Nakamura, K; Oki, Y; Otani, M; Shimizu, I; Shirai, J; Suekane, F; Suzuki, A; Takemoto, Y; Tamae, K; Ueshima, K; Watanabe, H; Xu, B D; Yamada, S; Yamauchi, Y; Yoshida, H; Cribier, M; Durero, M; Fischer, V; Gaffiot, J; Jonqueres, N; Kouchner, A; Lasserre, T; Leterme, D; Letourneau, A; Lhuillier, D; Mention, G; Rampal, G; Scola, L; Veyssiere, Ch; Vivier, M; Yala, P; Berger, B E; Kozlov, A; Banks, T; Dwyer, D; Fujikawa, B K; Han, K; Kolomensky, Yu G; Mei, Y; O'Donnell, T; Decowski, P; Markoff, D M; Yoshida, S; Kornoukhov, V N; Gelis, T V M; Tikhomirov, G V; Learned, J G; Maricic, J; Matsuno, S; Milincic, R; Karwowski, H J; Efremenko, Y; Detwiler, A; Enomoto, S

    2013-01-01

    The reactor neutrino and gallium anomalies can be tested with a 3-4 PBq (75-100 kCi scale) 144Ce-144Pr antineutrino beta-source deployed at the center or next to a large low-background liquid scintillator detector. The antineutrino generator will be produced by the Russian reprocessing plant PA Mayak as early as 2014, transported to Japan, and deployed in the Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Anti-Neutrino Detector (KamLAND) as early as 2015. KamLAND's 13 m diameter target volume provides a suitable environment to measure the energy and position dependence of the detected neutrino flux. A characteristic oscillation pattern would be visible for a baseline of about 10 m or less, providing a very clean signal of neutrino disappearance into a yet-unknown, sterile neutrino state. This will provide a comprehensive test of the electron dissaperance neutrino anomalies and could lead to the discovery of a 4th neutrino state for Delta_m^2 > 0.1 eV^2 and sin^2(2theta) > 0.05.

  4. Integrating data and mashup concepts in Hydro-Meteorological Research: the torrential rainfall event in Genoa (4th November 2011) case study.

    Bedrina, T.; Parodi, A.; Quarati, A.; Clematis, A.; Rebora, N.; Laiosa, D.

    2012-04-01

    One of the critical issues in Hydro-Meteorological Research (HMR) is a better exploitation of data archives according to a multidisciplinary perspective. Different Earth science databases offer a huge amount of observational data, which often need to be assembled, processed, combined accordingly HM scientists needs. The cooperation between scientists active in HMR and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) is essential in the development of innovative tools and applications for manipulating, aggregating and re-arranging heterogeneous information in flexible way. In this paper it is described an application devoted to the collection and integration of HM datasets, originated by public or private sources, freely exposed via Web services API. This application uses the mashup, recently become very popular in many fields, (Chow S.-W., 2007) technology concepts. Such methodology means combination of data and/or programs published by external online sources into an integrated experience. Mashup seems to be a promising methodology to respond to the multiple data-related activities into which HM researchers are daily involved (e.g. finding and retrieving high volume data; learning formats and developing readers; extracting parameters; performing filtering and mask; developing analysis and visualization tools). The specific case study of the recent extreme rainfall event, occurred over Genoa in Italy on the 4th November 2011 is shown through the integration of semi-professional weather observational networks as free available data source in addition to official weather networks.

  5. Identification of newly-discovered sources belonging to the 4th IBIS catalog and to the 54 months Palermo Swift/BAT catalog

    Parisi, P; Rojas, A F; McBride, V; Steward, L; Bassani, L; Bazzano, A; Bird, A J; Charles, P A; Chavushyan, V; Galaz, G; Jimenez-Bailon, E; Landi, R; Malizia, A; Mason, E; Minniti, D; Morelli, L; Palazzi, E; Stephen, J B; Ubertini, P

    2013-01-01

    The most recent all-sky surveys performed with the INTEGRAL and SWIFT satellites allowed the detection of more than 1500 sources in hard X-rays above 20 keV. About one quarter of them has no obvious counterpart at other wavelengths and therefore could not be associated with any known class of high-energy emitting objects. Although cross-correlation with catalogues or surveys at other wavelengths (especially soft X-rays) is of invaluable support in pinpointing the putative optical candidates, only accurate optical spectroscopy can reveal the true nature of these sources. With the aim of identifying them, we started in 2004 an optical spectroscopy program which uses data from several telescopes worldwide and which proved extremely successful, leading to the identification of about 200 INTEGRAL objects and nearly 130 Swift sources. Here we want to present a summary of this identification work and an outlook of our preliminary results on identification of newly-discovered sources belonging to the 4th IBIS catalog...

  6. Promoting Behavioral Regulation in Writing: Differential Effects on Indicators of Writing Performance and Learning Behaviors in 4th Graders with and without Externalizing Behavior

    Cornelia Glaser

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In a writing intervention study with 4th-graders, we examined the effects of behaviour-oriented procedures (specification of behaviour rules and intentions; feedback on desired target behaviour, and self-evaluation of behaviour progress on the writing performance of students with aggressive and hyperactive behaviors. In two classes, 42 students, including 10 students with aggressive and hyperactive behaviors, were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: writing strategies program vs. writing strategies plus behaviour-regulation program. Both programs consisted of four 90-min sessions. In groups of nine to twelve students, all students received a cognitive strategies intervention for writing narratives (Glaser, 2005. At posttest and follow-up assessments (four weeks after the training, aggressive-hyperactive students who had been taught writing strategies in tandem with behaviour-regulation techniques outperformed students with problem behaviours who had not been taught such techniques in strategy-related and holistic measures of writing performance. Students with behaviour problems who had only received the writing strategies instruction gained least from attending the program.

  7. Radioactive contamination of the Belarus' territory causing to destruction of the building constructions of the 4th unit of the Chernobyl NPP

    The adverse scripts of development of events, causing to destruction of object 'UKRYTIE' and to contamination of the territory of Republic of Belarus are considered. The number of designs of the 4th unit has visually observed damages. Also there are hypothetically unstable constructive elements, at installation of which in a conditions of 1986 the application of reliable welded or bolt connections was impossibly. Initial events of the considered hypothetical accident are earthquake or aircraft accident. Settlement data on contamination of territory for considered accident are indicated. The account was made for a moderate- stable condition of atmosphere by the Gauss model for process of the dust particles precipitation. In this case the radionuclide falling out will take place basically on already contaminated territory of Belarus. The additional contamination may be about 2 Ci/sq.km in the Mozyr' region and 20 Ci/sq.km in Chernobyl NPP territory. In case of imposing of acts of nature (the earthquake or tornado), the all dust fraction, which available in object, may be released in atmosphere. The total activity of the dust falling out will be about 1.3 MCi, that can lead to more powerful contaminated of the south part of Belarus. Despite the hypothetical character of the scripts, the probability of their realisation at long operation of object will increase. Thus, the transformation of object 'UKRYTIE' to a safe system is an urgent problem. 1 ref., 3 figs

  8. Evidence of human-induced morphodynamic changes along the Campania coastal areas (southern Italy) since the 3rd-4th cent. AD

    Russo Ermolli, Elda; Romano, Paola; Liuzza, Viviana; Amato, Vincenzo; Ruello, Maria Rosaria; Di Donato, Valentino

    2014-05-01

    Campania has always offered suitable climatic and physiographic conditions for human settlements since prehistoric times. In particular, many Graeco-Roman towns developed along its coasts starting from the 7th-6th cent. BC. In the last decade, geoarchaelogical surveys have been carried out in the archaeological excavations of Neapolis, Paestum and Elea-Velia allowing the main steps of the landscape evolution around these towns to be defined in detail. The greek town of Neapolis rose in the late 6th cent. BC [1] on a terrace overlooking a low-relief rocky coast surrounded by volcanic hills. Port activities developed in a protected bay facing the town from the 4th-2nd cent. BC up to the 4th cent. AD, as testified by the discovery of structures and shipwrecks [2, 3, 4]. Starting from the 3rd cent. AD a spit bar formed at the bay entrance causing the progressive establishment of a lagoon which was gradually filled up by alluvial inputs and completely closed in the 5th cent. AD. During the same period, episodes of increased alluvial inputs were also recorded further west along the coast, where a narrow sandy beach formed at the cliff toe. The greek town of Poseidonia, renamed Paestum by the Romans, was founded in the 540 BC on a travertine terrace facing the sandy littoral of a prograding coastal plain [5]. In front of the main town door, a coastal lagoon developed thanks to the growth of a dune ridge and was probably used for harbor activities [5]. After this period the shoreline shifted seawards, another dune ridge formed and the back-ridge depression was filled with fluvial-marshy deposits, slowly drying up. Phases of travertine deposition, which characterized the SE sector of the plain all along the Holocene, were recorded in the northern and southern quarters of the town in historical times and were connected to the abandonment of the town in the early Medieval times. The greek colony of Elea-Velia was located on top of a siliciclastic promontory where the ruins of

  9. ATLAS cavern hand-over ceremony on 4th June 2003 in the presence of the President of the Swiss Confederation

    Jenni, P

    The 4th of June 2003 will be remembered as a very major milestone in the history of the ATLAS detector construction. In the presence of the President of the Swiss Confederation, Mr. Pascal Couchepin, the ATLAS cavern was handed over by the CERN Director-General, Professor Luciano Maiani, to the Collaboration. For this highly press-mediated event the CERN Director-General had invited some 100 political personalities and representatives from the Geneva and the neighbouring French regions, and from CERN Member and Non-Member States. The surface building was transformed for this occasion into an attractive multi- media hall with films and exhibitions from ATLAS and the civil engineering, with a bar and the CERN jazz band. Besides of course the cavern itself, the Swiss President visited also the ATLAS barrel toroid magnet and the LAr calorimeter assembly activities in Hall 180. The Swiss President visiting the Barrel Toroid integration work in Hall 180 He was very interested and impressed by these, aski...

  10. Status and Trend of Regal Fritillary (Speyeria idalia) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the 4th of July Butterfly Count Program in 1977-2014.

    Swengel, Scott R; Swengel, Ann B

    2016-01-01

    Regal Fritillary (Speyeria idalia) primarily inhabits prairie, a native grassland of central North America, and occurs rarely in nonprairie grasslands further east. This butterfly has experienced widespread decline and marked range contraction. We analyze Regal Fritillary incidence and abundance during 1977-2014 in 4th of July Butterfly Counts, an annual census of butterflies in North America. Volunteers count within the same 24 km diameter circle each year. Only 6% of counts in range reported a Regal, while 18% of counts in core range in the Midwest and Great Plains did. 99.9% of Regal individuals occurred in core range. Only four circles east of core range reported this species, and only during the first half of the study period. All individuals reported west of its main range occurred in two circles in Colorado in the second half of the study. The number of counts per year and survey effort per count increased during the study. During 1991-2014, >31 counts occurred per year in core Regal range, compared to 0-23 during 1975-1990. During 1991-2014, all measures of Regal presence and abundance declined, most significantly. These results agree with other sources that Regal Fritillary has contracted its range and declined in abundance. PMID:27239370

  11. Status and Trend of Regal Fritillary (Speyeria idalia) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the 4th of July Butterfly Count Program in 1977–2014

    2016-01-01

    Regal Fritillary (Speyeria idalia) primarily inhabits prairie, a native grassland of central North America, and occurs rarely in nonprairie grasslands further east. This butterfly has experienced widespread decline and marked range contraction. We analyze Regal Fritillary incidence and abundance during 1977–2014 in 4th of July Butterfly Counts, an annual census of butterflies in North America. Volunteers count within the same 24 km diameter circle each year. Only 6% of counts in range reported a Regal, while 18% of counts in core range in the Midwest and Great Plains did. 99.9% of Regal individuals occurred in core range. Only four circles east of core range reported this species, and only during the first half of the study period. All individuals reported west of its main range occurred in two circles in Colorado in the second half of the study. The number of counts per year and survey effort per count increased during the study. During 1991–2014, >31 counts occurred per year in core Regal range, compared to 0–23 during 1975–1990. During 1991–2014, all measures of Regal presence and abundance declined, most significantly. These results agree with other sources that Regal Fritillary has contracted its range and declined in abundance.

  12. 7 CFR 1160.105 - Board.

    2010-01-01

    ... and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FLUID MILK PROMOTION PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order Definitions § 1160.105 Board. Board means the National Processor Advertising and Promotion Board established... Promotion Board or Board)....

  13. 75 FR 69706 - SES Performance Review Board

    2010-11-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION: Notice... by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The board...

  14. 78 FR 60321 - SES Performance Review Board

    2013-10-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION: Notice... by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The board...

  15. 77 FR 60146 - SES Performance Review Board

    2012-10-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION: Notice... by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance Review Boards. The board...

  16. Joint fluid Gram stain

    Gram stain of joint fluid ... A sample of joint fluid is needed. The fluid sample is sent to a lab where a small drop is placed in a ... on how to prepare for the removal of joint fluid, see joint fluid aspiration .

  17. Board independence and CEO turnover

    Laux, Volker

    2005-01-01

    It is widely believed that the ideal board in corporations is composed almost entirely of independent (outside) directors. In contrast, this paper shows that some lack of board independence can be in the interest of shareholders. This follows because a lack of board independence serves as a substitute for commitment. Boards that are dependent on the incumbent CEO adopt a less aggressive CEO replacement rule than independent boards. While this behavior is inefficient ex post, it has positive e...

  18. The board: a change agent?

    Kolltveit, Bjørn; Hennestad, Bjørn; Grønhaug, Kjell

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide insight into why shareholders often claim dissatisfaction with the results delivered by their boards. A central reason is that boards fail to get their critical decisions effectively implemented. The paper also focuses on whether boards apply essentials developed in the change management discipline. Design/methodology/approach – The research is based on a study of board documents to capture what boards actually do. The documents...

  19. Visualization of 4th Cranial Nerve With MRI: Value of Balanced Fast-Field Echo and 3d-Drive Sequences Against The T2-TSE and Post-Contrast T1w Sequences

    Hasan AYDIN; Ç?FTÇ?, Egemen; HEK?MO?LU, Baki

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the best effective MRI sequence for the visualization of the 4th cranial nerve (Trochlear nerve) in its cisternal course. Balanced fast-field echo (B-FFE), 3D-T2W DRIVE Sense, T2W 2D TSE and Post-contrast T1W sequences were all applied and we tried to get the best sequence for the exact assessment of the 4th cranial nerve. 100 patients without the symptoms of trochlear nerve palsy were examined using the above sequences. Imaging analysis is graded as; nerve ...

  20. 12 CFR 221.111 - Contribution to joint venture as extension of credit when the contribution is disproportionate to...

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contribution to joint venture as extension of... joint venture as extension of credit when the contribution is disproportionate to the contributor's share in the venture's profits or losses. (a) The Board considered the question whether a joint...

  1. Pension Fund Governing Board

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Note The CERN pension scheme is based on the principle of defined benefits, so beneficiaries continue to receive the benefits to which they are entitled in accordance with the Rules of the Pension Fund. This means that pension entitlements under the Rules are not directly affected by the financial crisis and the current economic situation. However, the adjustment of pensions to the cost of living is not automatic and, under the method applied since 2006, must take into account the Fund’s financial position. Meeting of the Pension Fund Governing Board The Pension Fund Governing Board held its eighth meeting at ESO in Garching, Germany (near Munich) on 24 October 2008. Before starting its work, the Governing Board had the privilege of hearing an opening address by Professor Tim de Zeeuw, the Director General of ESO. Professor de Zeeuw described the mission of ESO and the ambitious projects of his organisation, which performs astronomy observations using telescopes located in...

  2. New Service Status Board

    2013-01-01

    On Monday 14 October, the Service Status Board for GS and IT will change. The new Status Board will be integrated with the CERN Service Portal and with the CERN Service Catalogue.   As of today, the SSB will display “Service Incidents”, “Planned Interventions” and “Service Changes”. References valid from 14 October: CERN SSB at https://cern.ch/ssb Computing SSB (previously IT SSB) at https://cern.ch/itssb   Nicole Cremel, IT and GS Service Management Support

  3. The corporate boards networks

    Caldarelli, Guido; Catanzaro, Michele

    2004-07-01

    In this work we apply network theory to detect in a quantitative fashion some of the characters of the system composed by companies and their boards of directors. Modelling this as a bipartite graph, we can derive two networks (one for the companies and one for the directors) and apply to them the standard graph analysis instruments. The emerging picture shows an environment where the exchange of information and mutual influences, conveyed by interlocks between boards, is predominant. Such a result should be taken into account when modelling this system.

  4. Boards of Banks

    Ferreira, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    An earlier version of this paper won the Best Paper Award of the Corporate Governance SIG at EURAM. Abstract We construct a comprehensive data set with detailed biographic data on 12,010 board directors working for 740 large banks from 41 countries over the period 2000-2008. The data allow us to create a novel and reliable measure of director independence. We report many new findings. Bank board independence increases rapidly and substantially in the pre-crisis period, peaking at abou...

  5. ASSESSMENT OF RELIABILITY AND RISK DEGREE FOR ACCIDENT INITIATION AT SLIME STORAGES OF 4th MINING ADMINISTRATION, JSC “BELARUSKALI”

    P. M. Bohaslauchyk

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Definition of reliability for dams of slime storage embankment is given on the basis of reliability theory and characteristics of reliability and their analysis are presented in the paper. The paper specifies qualitative indices for earth dams which are subdivided in two groups: applicability factors and structural reliability factors. A short analysis of all possible causes for accident initiation at earth dams has been made and the analysis has permitted to pinpoint eleven main objects for diagnosis for slime storage dams. In order to assess risk degree of accident initiation at JSC “Belaruskali” slime storages all possible causes of emergency cases and their probability of occurrence have been analyzed in the paper. The paper acknowledges the fact that dam malfunction is possible, as a rule, due to violation of operational rules and regulations. Main parameters of slime storage state which are to be controlled regularly in the process of its operation have been noted in the paper. Observation results over slime storages, calculations of dam slope stability for normal operation (a principal calculation case and operating irregularities in water seals (a special calculation case. As a stability margin factor is close to 1.0 for a special calculation case, an extreme position of depression curve has been determined for all design sections. It has been recommended to carry out a constant control over its position, and in the case when it reaches its peak value it is necessary to undertake appropriate measures in order to reduce its value. Final expert estimations on probability of accident initiation at the investigated slime storage dams of the 4th Mining Administration, JSC “Belaruskali” have been prepared on the basis of the analysis comprising all the required factors. A conclusion has been made about low risk degree of their destruction.

  6. The Faith Crisis and Search in the May 4th Period%论五四时期的信仰危机与信仰求索

    刘建军

    2012-01-01

    It is necessary for us to look back into the May 4th period at the beginning of the 20th century if we need to seek the source of the faith of contemporary Chinese people. The issue of faith crisis gains prominence in this period, which shows the combination of crisis, search, conflicts and choices in faith. The basic visionary landscape of Chinese people at that time involves such issues as the collapse of traditional crisis, whether Confucianism is a religion or even identified as a state religion, how faith and religion--especially extraneous religion--can save tion of scientism towards new scientific faith, and the the psyche of Chinese people, the vague percep- emergence of Marxism.%考察当代中国人的信仰源流,需要回溯到20世纪初的五四时期。信仰问题在这一时期凸显出来,展现了中国人在信仰上的危机、求索、冲突和选择。传统信仰的崩塌,孔教是否宗教和能否确定为国家宗教的争论,宗教信仰特别是外来宗教能否拯救中国人心灵的争论,科学主义派对新的科学信仰的朦胧感知,马克思主义科学信仰从争论中脱颖而出,这是那个时期的先进中国人求索信仰的基本图景。

  7. Changes in the regional prevalence of child obesity in 4th, 8th, and 11th grade students in Texas from 2000-2002 to 2004-2005.

    Hoelscher, Deanna M; Kelder, Steven H; Pérez, Adriana; Day, R Sue; Benoit, Julia S; Frankowski, Ralph F; Walker, Joey L; Lee, Eun S

    2010-07-01

    Although national and state estimates of child obesity are available, data at these levels are insufficient to monitor effects of local obesity prevention initiatives. The purpose of this study was to examine regional changes in the prevalence of obesity due to statewide policies and programs among children in grades 4, 8, and 11 in Texas Health Services Regions (HSRs) between 2000-2002 and 2004-2005, and nine selected counties in 2004-2005. A cross-sectional, probability-based sample of 23,190 Texas students in grades 4, 8, and 11 were weighed and measured to obtain BMI. Obesity was >95th percentile for BMI by age/sex using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts. Child obesity prevalence significantly decreased between 2000-2002 and 2004-2005 for 4th grade students in the El Paso HSR (-7.0%, P = 0.005). A leveling off in the prevalence of obesity was noted for all other regions for grades 4, 8, and 11. County-level data supported the statistically significant decreases noted in the El Paso region. The reduction of child obesity levels observed in the El Paso area is one of the few examples of effective programs and policies based on a population-wide survey: in this region, a local foundation funded extensive regional implementation of community programs for obesity prevention, including an evidence-based elementary school-based health promotion program, adult nutrition and physical activity programs, and a radio and television advertising campaign. Results emphasize the need for sustained school, community, and policy efforts, and that these efforts can result in decreases in child obesity at the population level. PMID:19798066

  8. Image transformation into device-dependent color printer description using 4th-order polynomial regression and object-oriented programming development of image processing modules

    Mongeon, Michael C.

    1996-03-01

    This paper investigates the development of printer device profiles used in color document printing system environments when devices with intrinsically different gamut capabilities communicate with one another in a common (CIELAB) color space. While the main thrust of this activity focuses on the output printer, namely the Xerox 5760 printer, and its rendition of some device independent image description, characterizations are provided which investigate relative areas of photographic, monitor, and printer gamuts using a visual hue leaf comparison between devices. The printer is modeled using 4th-order polynomial regression which maps the device independent CIELAB image representation into device dependent printer CMYK. This technique results in 1.89 AEEavg over the training data set. Some key properties of the proposed calibration method are as follows: (1) Linearized CMYK tone reproduction curves with respect to AEEpaper to improve the distribution of calibration data in color space. (2) Application of GCR strategy and linearization to the calibration target prior to the regression on the measured CIELAB and original CMY values. Each strategy employs a K addition/No CMY removal method which maximizes printer gamut and relies on the regression to determine the appropriate CMY removal. The following GCR strategies are explored: CMY only (0% K addition), 50% K addition, 100% K addition, and non-linear K addition. A library of image processing algorithms is included, using LabView object oriented programming, which provides a modular approach for key color processing tasks. In the user interface, an image is selected with appropriate GCR strategy, and the program operates on the image. In general, the pictorial image quality is excellent for each GCR strategy with subtle differences between GCR approaches. Quantitative analysis of Q60 color matching performance is included.

  9. Assessment of passive safety injection systems of ALWRs. Final report of the European Commission 4th framework programme. Project FI4I-CT95-004 (APSI)

    Tuunanen, J. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Nuclear Energy; Vihavainen, J. [Lappeenranta Univ. of Technology (Finland); D' Auria, F. [Univ. of Pisa (Italy); Kimber, G. [AEA Technology (United Kingdom)

    1999-07-01

    The European Commission 4th Framework Programme project 'Assessment of Passive Safety Injection Systems of Advanced Light Water Reactors (FI4I-CT95-0004)' involved experiments on the PACTEL test facility and computer simulations of selected experiments. The experiments focused on the performance of Passive Safety Injection Systems (PSIS) of Advanced Light Water Reactors (ALWRs) in Small Break Loss-Of-Coolant Accident (SBLOCA) conditions. The PSIS consisted of a Core Make-up Tank (CMT) and two pipelines. A pressure balancing line (PBL) connected the CMT to one cold leg. The injection line (IL) connected it to the downcomer. The project involved 15 experiments in three series. The experiments provided valuable information about condensation and heat transfer processes in the CMT, thermal stratification of water in the CMT, and natural circulation flow through the PSIS lines. The experiments showed the examined PSIS works efficiently in SBLOCAs although the flow through the PSIS may stop in very small SBLOCAs, when the hot water fills the CMT. The experiments also demonstrated the importance of flow distributor (sparger) in the CMT to limit rapid condensation. The project included validation of three thermal-hydraulic computer codes (APROS, CATHARE and RELAP5). The analyses showed the codes are capable of simulating the overall behaviour of the transients. The codes predicted accurately the core heatup, which occurred when the primary coolant inventory was reduced so much that the core top became free of water. The detailed analyses of the calculation results showed that some models in the codes still need improvements. Especially, further development of models for thermal stratification, condensation and natural circulation flow with small driving forces would be necessary for accurate simulation of phenomena in the PSIS. (orig.)

  10. Butt Joint Tool Commissioning

    Martovetsky, N N

    2007-12-06

    ITER Central Solenoid uses butt joints for connecting the pancakes in the CS module. The principles of the butt joining of the CICC were developed by the JAPT during CSMC project. The difference between the CSMC butt joint and the CS butt joint is that the CS butt joint is an in-line joint, while the CSMC is a double joint through a hairpin jumper. The CS butt joint has to carry the hoop load. The straight length of the joint is only 320 mm, and the vacuum chamber around the joint has to have a split in the clamp shell. These requirements are challenging. Fig.1 presents a CSMC joint, and Fig.2 shows a CS butt joint. The butt joint procedure was verified and demonstrated. The tool is capable of achieving all specified parameters. The vacuum in the end was a little higher than the target, which is not critical and readily correctable. We consider, tentatively that the procedure is established. Unexpectedly, we discover significant temperature nonuniformity in the joint cross section, which is not formally a violation of the specs, but is a point of concern. All testing parameters are recorded for QA purposes. We plan to modify the butt joining tool to improve its convenience of operation and provide all features necessary for production of butt joints by qualified personnel.

  11. Investigation of Miter Corner Joint Strength of Case Furniture from Particleboard

    Valdas NORVYDAS

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Most pieces of case furniture (kitchen and bathroom furniture, cabinets, wardrobes, tables and etc. are made of 18 mm thick wood particle boards finished with various coatings. This three-layered constructional material is obtained by bonding wood particles of different fractions with synthetic resins using heating. The exploitation duration and quality of case furniture is determined by the mechanical properties of wood particle boards and the construction of joints of wood-based panels. On a frequent basis, pieces of case furniture with non-dismantable and dismantable construction are joined by using multidowel glued joints and cam connecting fittings intended for furniture, respectively. Wood-based panels can be joined with mitre joints whose mechanical properties have not undergone testing and comparison with regular joints when applying insertable wooden dowels or furniture connecting fittings. During the testing of particle board properties it was established that joining wood-based panels in this way ensures most efficient use of mechanical characteristics of the particleboard. In addition to the properties of the mitre joint, the tests also allowed determining the bending strength, tensile strength and bonding strength of the constructional material, and providing an original method for testing board properties, which can be successfully applied to the prediction of properties of the mitre joint. Tests were performed by using a universal tensile testing machine P-0.5. Joints were bonded by applying PVA dispersion. The surface of boards was veneered by using mahogany veneer and urea formaldehyde resin. It was found that mitre joints of wood particle boards can withstand loads that are higher from 2 to 4 times, in comparison to glued doweled joints or joints constructed with cam connecting fittings.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.18.4.3095

  12. Collusion in board of directors

    Bourjade, Sylvain; Germain, Laurent

    2011-01-01

    There is a large literature on the composition of the boards as well as the monitoring role and the advisory role of the boards. Nevertheless, the problem of collusion between the CEO and the board has receive little attention. The aim of this paper is to study collusive aspects of the board of directors. Our paper sheds light on the problem of composition of the board of directors. We study what is the optimal composition of the board of directors in particular if it is preferable to have a ...

  13. Board Effectiveness in Small Firms

    Söderqvist, Anette; WÀgar, Karolina

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This study investigates boards of directors in small firms and explores the link between board effectiveness and the composition, roles and working styles of the boards. Design/methodology/approach: The study analyses data from a telephone survey of boards in 45 small firms. The survey included both the CEO and the chairperson of the board. Findings: The study identifies three groups of small firms: ‘paperboards’, ‘professional boards’, and ‘management ...

  14. Board affiliation and pay gap

    Shenglan; Chen; Hui; Ma; Danlu; Bu

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effects of board affiliation on the corporate pay gap.Using a sample of Chinese listed firms from 2005 to 2011, we find that boards with a greater presence of directors appointed by block shareholders have lower pay gaps. Furthermore, the governance effects of board affiliation with and without pay are distinguished. The empirical results show that board affiliation without pay is negatively related to the pay gap, while board affiliation with pay is positively related to the pay gap. Overall, the results shed light on how block shareholders affect their companies’ pay gaps through board affiliation.

  15. How Do 4th, 5th, and 6th Grade Students' Categories of Cognitive Reflections in Interviews on Derivational Morphology Compare to Their Upper Level Spelling Inventory Orthographic Knowledge?

    Smith, Darcie D.

    2012-01-01

    Eighty-seven 4th, 5th and 6th grade students were administered the "Derivational Relatedness Interview" (DRI) (Templeton, Smith, Moloney, Van Pelt, & Ives, 2009). The purpose of this instrument is to explore students' understanding of derivational morphology. During the same week, the subjects were also administered an Upper…

  16. Board Task Performance

    Minichilli, Alessandro; Zattoni, Alessandro; Nielsen, Sabina;

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses recent calls to narrow the micro–macro gap in management research (Bamberger, 2008), by incorporating a macro-level context variable (country) in exploring micro-level determinants of board effectiveness. Following the integrated model proposed by Forbes and Milliken (1999), ...

  17. Board of Governors enlarged

    Professor Carlo Salvetti, of Italy, was elected Chairman by the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency for 1963-64, when the new Board met for the first time on 2 October 1963. Professor Salvetti is Head of the Department of Nuclear Physics, University of Milan. He is also a member of the Executive Board of the Italian National Committee for Nuclear Energy (CNEN), President of the OECD Study Group on High Flux Reactors, and Italian Representative of the Working Group of the European Nuclear Energy Society. Formerly he was Director of the IAEA Division of Research. The election of seven new members at the seventh session of the General Conference in October 1963 increased the membership of the Board of Governors from 23 to 25. This resulted from a decision of the General Conference in 1961, designed to provide more equitable representation for Africa and the Middle East. The necessary amendment to the Agency's Statute came into force in January 1963, when the requisite number of instruments of acceptance had been deposited.

  18. Integrated High-Speed Torque Control System for a Robotic Joint

    Davis, Donald R. (Inventor); Radford, Nicolaus A. (Inventor); Permenter, Frank Noble (Inventor); Valvo, Michael C. (Inventor); Askew, R. Scott (Inventor)

    2013-01-01

    A control system for achieving high-speed torque for a joint of a robot includes a printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) having a collocated joint processor and high-speed communication bus. The PCBA may also include a power inverter module (PIM) and local sensor conditioning electronics (SCE) for processing sensor data from one or more motor position sensors. Torque control of a motor of the joint is provided via the PCBA as a high-speed torque loop. Each joint processor may be embedded within or collocated with the robotic joint being controlled. Collocation of the joint processor, PIM, and high-speed bus may increase noise immunity of the control system, and the localized processing of sensor data from the joint motor at the joint level may minimize bus cabling to and from each control node. The joint processor may include a field programmable gate array (FPGA).

  19. Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    2007-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its one-hundred-and-fifty-second and one-hundred-and-fifty-third meetings on 18 April and 15 May 2007 respectively. The latter was a full-day joint meeting with the Investment Committee. At the first of the two meetings, on 18 April, the Chairman of the Governing Board, Professor F. Ferrini, reported on the outcome of the Finance Committee meeting and the Council Session of March 2007. The Council had taken note of a progress report by the Chairman of the Study Group on CERN Pension Fund Governance, Mr P. Levaux, had expressed satisfaction at the Study Group’s progress and was now looking forward to the proposal, largely bearing on the Pension Fund’s bodies and their composition, which is due to be submitted to the Council for approval at its June 2007 Session. At the same meeting, the Governing Board approved the Annual Report and Accounts of the Fund for 2006 and thanked the Fund’s Administration for the substantial work entailed in providing the reader ...

  20. Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its one-hundred-and-fifty-second and one-hundred-and-fifty-third meetings on 18 April and 15 May 2007 respectively. The latter was a full-day joint meeting with the Investment Committee. At the first of the two meetings on 18 April, the Chairman of the Governing Board, Professor F. Ferrini, reported on the outcome of the Finance Committee meeting and the Council Session of March 2007. The Council had taken note of a progress report by the Chairman of the Study Group on CERN Pension Fund Governance, Mr P. Levaux, had expressed satisfaction at the Study Group's progress and was now looking forward to the proposal, largely bearing on the Pension Fund's bodies and their composition, which is due to be submitted to the Council for approval at its June 2007 Session. At the same meeting, the Governing Board approved the Annual Report and Accounts of the Fund for 2006 and thanked the Fund's Administration for the substantial work entailed in providing the reader with a...

  1. Advisory Boards and Boards of Directors. ARCH Factsheet Number 24.

    McKinney, Sue; Smith, Nancy

    This fact sheet reviews the role of advisory boards and boards of directors in the context of crisis nursery and respite care programs for families with special needs members. Typical responsibilities of advisory boards are listed, including program creation and planning, development of program policy, planning and implementing public relations,…

  2. Culture - joint fluid

    Joint fluid culture ... fungi, or viruses grow. This is called a culture. If these germs are detected, other tests may ... is no special preparation needed for the lab culture. How to prepare for the removal of joint ...

  3. Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction

    The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects your jaw to the side of your head. When it works well, it enables you to ... For people with TMJ dysfunction, problems with the joint and muscles around it may cause Pain that ...

  4. Knee joint replacement - slideshow

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100088.htm Knee joint replacement - series To use the sharing features ... 4 out of 4 Normal anatomy Overview The knee is a complex joint. It contains the distal ...

  5. Shoulder Joint Replacement

    ... en because of implant loosening, wear, infection, and dislocation. When this occurs, a second joint replacement surgery — called a revision surgery — may be necessary. Is Shoulder Joint Replacement for You? The decision to have ...

  6. Evaluating Makiwara Punching Board Performance

    Smith, Paul K.; Timothy Niiler; Peter W. McCullough

    2012-01-01

    No studies quantifying the impact characteristics of makiwara boards are available in the published literature. Logically, an initial step in determining the validity of the makiwara to develop karate technique would be to assess the mechanical characteristics of various types of makiwara board designs. It was, therefore, the purpose of this study to determine the stiffness of selected tapered board and stacked board makiwara training devices using static loading techniques to assess their su...

  7. Board diversity in family firms

    Menozzi, Anna; Fraquelli, Giovanni; Novara, Jolanda de

    2015-01-01

    The paper deals with diversity as a key factor to improve the board of directors’ decision process in family firms. The empirical literature about board diversity points at the positive impact of diversity on board functioning and firm performance. The paper uses a statistical diversity index to capture the heterogeneity of board of directors and put it in relation with firm performance, as measured by firm profitability. The empirical analysis is based on a newly collected panel of 327 famil...

  8. Effect of Au on the reliability of fine pitch surface mount solder joints

    Glazer, J. (Hewlett-Packard Co., Palo Alto, CA (United States)); Kramer, P.; Morris, J.W. Jr. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

    1991-05-01

    The effect of Au on the reliability of 0.65 mm pitch surface mount solder joints between plastic quad flat packs and Cu-Ni-Au FR-4 printed circuit boards was investigated. Cu-Ni-Au is a desirable printed circuit board finish for multi-chip modules or printed circuit boards that would otherwise require a selective Au finish, for example for edge connectors or wire bondable parts. However, Au is known to embrittle solder when it is present in sufficiently high concentrations, creating a concern that solder joint fatigue life in service will also be adversely affected. This paper reports the results of mechanical shock, mechanical vibration and thermal cycling testing of fine pitch solder joints containing varying amounts of Au. Tests were performed on as-soldered joints and on joints that had been heat-treated to evolve the microstructure toward equilibrium. The tests were designed to accelerate in-service conditions in a typical industrial environment. Under these conditions, the Au concentrations tested did not promote solder joint failures. Microstructural characterization of the distribution and morphology of the Au-, Ni-, and Cu-Sn intermetallics in the joint before and after accelerated testing was also performed. On the basis of these observations it is recommended that the Au concentration in solder joints between plastic quad flat packs and Cu-Ni-Au FR-4 printed circuit boards not exceed 3.0 wt %. 13 refs., 6 figs.

  9. CT-scan-analysis of body composition of the abdomen at the level of the 4th lumbar vartebra in one period of development

    Using X-ray CT images, body composition of the cross-sectional area at the level of the 4th lumber vertebra was studied in 46 humans (26 males and 20 females) who are in the same period of development. The total cross-sectional area of the subcutaneous fat, abdominal cavity, vertebra and muscles (rectus abdominis, abdominis lateralis, quadratus lumborum, psoas major, dorsi proprii) were measured and compared for sex and age. The results were as follows. The increase in the total cross-sectional area was significant in males aged between 10 and 14, although in females the increase was also significant between 15 and 17. The increase in the subcutaneous fat continued until age 10-14 in males and age 15-17 in females, and this increase was significant in the latter. The muscles and vertebrae increased until 15-17 in both sexes, although the increase in the muscle was more significant in males than in females. The abdominal cavity increased in this period of development in both sexes, although the ratio of the total cross sectional areas decreased. Comparison of body composition by age yielded: In males up to ages 10-14, the relative order of size was; abdominal cavity, muscles, subcutaneous fat and vertebra. In those aged 15-17, the relative order was muscles, abdominal cavity, subcutaneous fat and vertebra. By contrast, in females up to ages 10-14, the relative order was the same as that for males, but in ages 15-17, the subcutaneous fat ratio was largest, followed muscles and vertebra by abdominal cavity. The increase in the muscles during the period of development was continuous in both sexes for every muscle. It was presumed that significant increase occurs in all muscles except the rectum abdominis in males, and only in the dorsi proprii in females during adulthood. The area sizes at all ages, in both sexes were in the order of abdominis lateralis, dorsi proprii, psoas major, rectum abdominis and quadratus lumborum. (author)

  10. International joint ventures

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig

    2001-01-01

    The article analysis problems connected with corporate joint ventures. Among others the possible conflicts between the joint venture agreement and the statutes of the companies is examined, as well as certain problems connected to the fact that the joint venture partners have created commen control...

  11. The Scoop on Board Diversity.

    Holland, Robert, Jr.

    1996-01-01

    In an interview, a prominent college trustee discusses strategies for increasing ethnic and cultural diversity on governing boards, the relationship between board diversity and institutional policies, effects on the student body, the responsibility of the board, and the challenges and rewards of trusteeship. (MSE)

  12. Ultrasound Assessment of Synovial Thickness of Some of the Metacarpophalangeal Joints of Hand in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients and the Normal Population

    Hussain Manik, Zuhudha; George, John; Sockalingam, Sargunan

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To compare ultrasound synovial thickness of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th metacarpophalangeal joints (MCPJ) in a group of patients with proven rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and a control group of normal individuals. Materials and Methods. This is a cross-sectional study comprising 30 rheumatoid arthritis patients and 30 healthy individuals. Ultrasound scans were performed at the dorsal side of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th MCPJ of both hands in RA patients and the healthy individuals. Synovial thickness was measured according to quantitative method. The synovial thickness of RA patients and healthy individuals was compared and statistical cut-off was identified. Results. Maximum synovial thickness was most often detected at the radial side of the 2nd MCPJ and 3rd MCPJ and ulnar side of the 4th MCPJ of both hands which is significantly higher (p ulnar side of the 4th MCPJ. Conclusion. Patients with early RA appear to exhibit a characteristic pattern of synovitis which shows radial side predominance in the 2nd and 3rd MCPJ and ulnar side in the 4th MCPJ.

  13. Automated inspection of solder joints for surface mount technology

    Savage, Robert M.; Park, Hyun Soo; Fan, Mark S.

    1993-03-01

    Researchers at NASA/GSFC evaluated various automated inspection systems (AIS) technologies using test boards with known defects in surface mount solder joints. These boards were complex and included almost every type of surface mount device typical of critical assemblies used for space flight applications: X-ray radiography; X-ray laminography; Ultrasonic Imaging; Optical Imaging; Laser Imaging; and Infrared Inspection. Vendors, representative of the different technologies, inspected the test boards with their particular machine. The results of the evaluation showed limitations of AIS. Furthermore, none of the AIS technologies evaluated proved to meet all of the inspection criteria for use in high-reliability applications. It was found that certain inspection systems could supplement but not replace manual inspection for low-volume, high-reliability, surface mount solder joints.

  14. The Board's missing link.

    Montgomery, Cynthia A; Kaufman, Rhonda

    2003-03-01

    If a dam springs several leaks, there are various ways to respond. One could assiduously plug the holes, for instance. Or one could correct the underlying weaknesses, a more sensible approach. When it comes to corporate governance, for too long we have relied on the first approach. But the causes of many governance problems lie well below the surface--specifically, in critical relationships that are not structured to support the players involved. In other words, the very foundation of the system is flawed. And unless we correct the structural problems, surface changes are unlikely to have a lasting impact. When shareholders, management, and the board of directors work together as a system, they provide a powerful set of checks and balances. But the relationship between shareholders and directors is fraught with weaknesses, undermining the entire system's equilibrium. As the authors explain, the exchange of information between these two players is poor. Directors, though elected by shareholders to serve as their agents, aren't individually accountable to the investors. And shareholders--for a variety of reasons--have failed to exert much influence over boards. In the end, directors are left with the Herculean task of faithfully representing shareholders whose preferences are unclear, and shareholders have little say about who represents them and few mechanisms through which to create change. The authors suggest several ways to improve the relationship between shareholders and directors: Increase board accountability by recording individual directors' votes on key corporate resolutions; separate the positions of chairman and CEO; reinvigorate shareholders; and give boards funding to pay for outside experts who can provide perspective on crucial issues. PMID:12632807

  15. Board independence and innovation

    Coelho, Mariana Campos Carvalho

    2015-01-01

    Legislation introduced in the U.S. in 2002/2003 significantly changed board composition of public firms by imposing a 50% independent directors’ ratio. Research on the effect of independent directors is not consensual, implying that this exogenous shock is a unique opportunity to study their importance. This study answers the question of whether or not independent directors can effectively mitigate agency conflicts between shareholders and the management, having a positive impact on the choic...

  16. Pension Fund Governing Board

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Note The CERN pension scheme is based on the principle of defined benefits, so beneficiaries continue to receive the benefits to which they are entitled in accordance with the Rules of the Pension Fund. This means that pension entitlements under the Rules are not directly affected by the financial crisis and the current economic situation. However, the adjustment of pensions to the cost of living is not automatic and, under the method applied since 2006, must take into account the Fund’s financial position. Meeting of the Pension Fund Governing Board The Pension Fund Governing Board held its eighth meeting at ESO in Garching (near Munich), Germany on 24 October 2008. Before starting its work, the Governing Board had the privilege of hearing an opening address by Professor Tim de Zeeuw, the Director General of ESO. Professor de Zeeuw described the mission of ESO and the ambitious projects of his organisation, which performs astronomy observations using telescopes located in Chile. The Director-General receiv...

  17. A universal six-joint robot controller

    Bihn, D. G.; Hsia, T. C.

    1987-01-01

    A general purpose six-axis robotic manipulator controller was designed and implemented to serve as a research tool for the investigation of the practical and theoretical aspects of various control strategies in robotics. A 80286-based Intel System 310 running the Xenix operating servo software as well as the higher level software (e.g., kinematics and path planning) were employed. A Multibus compatible interface board was designed and constructed to handle I/O signals from the robot manipulator's joint motors. From the design point of view, the universal controller is capable of driving robot manipulators equipped with D.C. joint motors and position optical encoders. To test its functionality, the controller is connected to the joint motor D.C. power amplifier of a PUMA 560 arm bypassing completely the manufacturer-supplied Unimation controller. A controller algorithm consisting of local PD control laws was written and installed into the Xenix operating system. Additional software drivers were implemented to allow application programs access to the interface board. All software was written in the C language.

  18. A microstructural analysis of solder joints from the electronic assemblies of dismantled nuclear weapons

    Vianco, P.T.; Rejent, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Materials Joining Dept.

    1997-05-01

    MC1814 Interconnection Boxes from dismantled B57 bombs, and MC2839 firing Sets from retired W70-1 warheads were obtained from the Pantex facility. Printed circuit boards were selected from these components for microstructural analysis of their solder joints. The analysis included a qualitative examination of the solder joints and quantitative assessments of (1) the thickness of the intermetallic compound layer that formed between the solder and circuit board Cu features, and (2) the Pb-rich phase particle distribution within the solder joint microstructure. The MC2839 solder joints had very good workmanship qualities. The intermetallic compound layer stoichiometry was determined to be that of Cu6Sn5. The mean intermetallic compound layer thickness for all solder joints was 0.885 mm. The magnitude of these values did not indicate significant growth over the weapon lifetime. The size distribution of the Pb-rich phase particles for each of the joints were represented by the mean of 9.85 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} mm{sup 2}. Assuming a spherical geometry, the mean particle diameter would be 3.54 mm. The joint-to-joint difference of intermetallic compound layer thickness and Pb-rich particle size distribution was not caused by varying thermal environments, but rather, was a result of natural variations in the joint microstructure that probably existed at the time of manufacture. The microstructural evaluation of the through-hole solder joints form the MC2839 and MC1814 components indicated that the environmental conditions to which these electronic units were exposed in the stockpile, were benign regarding solder joint aging. There was an absence of thermal fatigue damage in MC2839 circuit board, through-hole solder joints. The damage to the eyelet solder joints of the MC1814 more likely represented infant mortality failures at or very near the time of manufacture, resulting from a marginal design status of this type of solder joint design.

  19. The new Board of Governors

    The Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency for 1962-63, at its first meeting on 27 September 1962, unanimously elected Dr. I. H. Usmani of Pakistan its Chairman. The Vice-Chairmen of the new Board are Miss Blanche Margaret Meagher of Canada and Mr. Wilhelm Billig. The composition of the present Board was completed with the election of five new Members at the sixth session of the General Conference in September 1962. The Conference elected Brazil, Indonesia, Iran, Italy and Mexico as Members of the Board for a period of two years. At present, the Board is composed of 23 Member States, of which 13 are designated by the outgoing Board on the basis of certain technical and geographical criteria specified in the Statute, while the remaining ten are elected by the General Conference in such a way as to ensure proper representation of different regions on the Board as a whole

  20. Integration of historical, archaeoseismic and paleoseismological data for the reconstruction of the early seismic history in Messina Strait (south Italy: the 1st and 4th centuries AD earthquakes

    Maria Serafina Barbano

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Historical accounts, archaeoseismic and paleoseismological evidence allowed us to reappraise two earthquakes affecting northeastern Sicily and southern Calabria in the 1st (probably between 14 and 37 and 4th (likely between 361 and 363 centuries AD, to obtain a better reconstruction of their effects and to reconsider their sources.The 1st century event damaged the area from Oppido (Calabria to Tindari (Sicily, roughly that of the February 6, 1783 Calabria earthquake. The similitude of these earthquakes is further stressed by the fact that they generated tsunamis, as recorded by historical data and by the tsunami deposits found at Capo Peloro, the oldest dated 0-125 AD, the youngest linked to the 1783 event. These earthquakes could be related to the same Calabria seismic source: the Scilla fault. Northeastern Sicily and southern Calabria were also damaged by one or more earthquakes in the 4th century AD and several towns were rebuilt/restored at that time. The hit area roughly coincides with that of the Messina 1908 earthquake suggesting similar seismic sources for the events. However, because close in time, historical descriptions of the 4th century Sicilian earthquake were mixed with those of the 365 Crete earthquake that generated a basin-wide tsunami most likely reaching also the Sicilian coasts. Reevaluating location, size, damage area and tsunamigenic potential of these two earthquakes of the 1st and 4th centuries AD is relevant for reassessing the seismogenic and tsunamigenic potential of the faults around the Messina Strait and the seismic hazard of the affected areas.

  1. Impact and Amount of Academic Self-efficacy and Stress on the Mental and Physical Well-Being of Students Competing in the 4th Olympiad of Iranian Universities of Medical Sciences

    Leila Vahedi; Negar TaleschianTabrizi; Kasra Kolahdouzan; Mohhamad Chavoshi; Babak Rad; Sara Soltani; Morteza Ghojazadeh

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Studying mental and physical health and their determinants is an important issue, especially among future health providers.Methods: This is a sectional-analytical study whose target population was students who had participated in the 4th National Olympiad of Medical Sciences Universities in Tabriz, Iran, held in February 4-7 2013.Web-based designed questionnaires were sent to all 328 participating students’ emails containing our questionnaires that were designed as web-based thr...

  2. Advanced Computational Methods for Knowledge Engineering - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Science, Applied Mathematics and Applications, ICCSAMA 2016, 2-3 May, 2016, Vienna, Austria

    2016-01-01

    This proceedings consists of 20 papers which have been selected and invited from the submissions to the 4th International Conference on Computer Science, Applied Mathematics and Applications (ICCSAMA 2016) held on 2-3 May, 2016 in Laxenburg, Austria. The conference is organized into 5 sessions: Advanced Optimization Methods and Their Applications, Models for ICT applications, Topics on discrete mathematics, Data Analytic Methods and Applications and Feature Extractio, respectively. All chap...

  3. What makes great boards great.

    Sonnenfeld, Jeffrey A

    2002-09-01

    In the wake of meltdowns at WorldCom, Tyco, and Enron, enormous attention has been focused on the companies' boards. It seems inconceivable that business disasters of such magnitude could happen without gross or even criminal negligence on the part of board members. And yet a close examination of those boards reveals no broad pattern of incompetence or corruption. In fact, they followed most of the accepted standards for board operations: Members showed up for meetings; they had money invested in the company; audit committees, compensation committees, and codes of ethics were in place; the boards weren't too small or too big, nor were they dominated by insiders. In other words, they passed the tests that would normally be applied to determine whether a board of directors was likely to do a good job. And that's precisely what's so scary, according to corporate governance expert Jeffrey Sonnenfeld, who suggests that it's time for some new thinking about how corporate boards operate and are evaluated. He proposes thinking not only about how to structure the board's work but also about how to manage it as a social system. Good boards are, very simply, high-functioning work groups. They're distinguished by a climate of respect, trust, and candor among board members and between the board and management. Information is shared openly and on time; emergent political factions are quickly eliminated. Members feel free to challenge one another's assumptions and conclusions, and management encourages lively discussion of strategic issues. Directors feel a responsibility to contribute meaningfully to the board's performance. In addition, good boards assess their own performance, both collectively and individually. PMID:12227143

  4. Collaborative strategic board games as a site for distributed computational thinking

    Berland, Matthew; Lee, Victor R.

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the idea that contemporary strategic board games represent an informal, interactional context in which complex computational thinking takes place. When games are collaborative – that is, a game requires that players work in joint pursuit of a shared goal – the computational thinking is easily observed as distributed across several participants. This raises the possibility that a focus on such board games are profitable for those who wish to understand computational thinkin...

  5. Managing Joint Production Motivation

    Lindenberg, Siegwart; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2011-01-01

    We contribute to the microfoundations of organizational performance by proffering the construct of joint production motivation. Under such motivational conditions individuals see themselves as part of a joint endeavor, each with his or her own roles and responsibilities; generate shared represent......We contribute to the microfoundations of organizational performance by proffering the construct of joint production motivation. Under such motivational conditions individuals see themselves as part of a joint endeavor, each with his or her own roles and responsibilities; generate shared...... representations of actions and tasks; cognitively coordinate cooperation; and choose their own behaviors in terms of joint goals. Using goal-framing theory, we explain how motivation for joint production can be managed by cognitive/symbolic management and organizational design....

  6. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita - a rare congenital stiff joints syndrome

    Velisavljev-Filipović Gordana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is not a disease but a term describing multiple congenital contractures. Etiological factors include neurological and primary myogenic diseases. This rare syndrome is present at birth and is characterized by reduced mobility of many joints. The contractures involve two or more joints with ankylosis. The accompanying musculature is hypoplastic, but multiple pterygia are also present. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is a heterogeneous group of disorders with the incidence rate of 6.2/100000 liveborn infants. The true incidence cannot be established, because many cases result in spontaneous miscarriages or stillbirth. More than 90% of cases are associated with birth defects. The cause of this syndrome is unknown. Many forms are not hereditary, though there are hereditary forms as well. Case report. This paper presents a case with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. The pregnancy was not controlled regularly. During the pregnancy, oligohydramnion was detected. Due to contractures, labor ended is cesarean section. The child was born in the 34th week of gestation. Flexion and extension joint contractures were observed. Active and passive mobility of the afflicted joints was reduced. There was a limited motor function in the shoulder, elbow and wrist joints with a slight internal rotation of the shoulder joint and lower arm joints during pronation. The hips were subluxated; the feet were in equinovarus position and the fingers in ulnar deviation with partial syndactyly of the 4th and 5th fingers on the left hand. The infant had abnormal dermatoglyphics. The neck was short, and the 2nd and 3rd cervical vertebrae were fused. There was also a slight left-sided thoracic scoliosis. Trismus was present due to the existing ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint. The karyotype was normal. The serum creatinine phosphokinase was slightly elevated. The electromyographic picture indicate non-specific signs of

  7. The new Board of Governors

    The composition of the IAEA Board of Governors for 1961-62 was completed with the election of five new Members at the last session of the General Conference. The Conference elected Colombia, Greece, Hungary, Pakistan and Viet-Nam to serve a two-year term on the Board of Governors. They succeed Bulgaria, Ceylon, Mexico, the Philippines and Spain, which had been elected for a two-year term at the third session of the General Conference in 1959. The Board of Governors at present consists of 23 Member States, of which 13 are designated by the outgoing Board and 10 are elected by General conference. The designation of 13 Members, which is made annually by the Board itself, is based on certain geographical and technical criteria specified in the Agency's Statute. The other 10 Members are elected by the General Conference in such a way as to ensure proper representation of different areas on the Board as a whole

  8. First AGU Board of Directors

    McPhaden, Michael J.

    2010-08-01

    On 1 July 2010, the first AGU Board of Directors took office. The board is composed of the president, president-elect, immediate past president, general secretary, international secretary, development board chair, six members elected by the Union membership, vice chair of the AGU Council, and the executive director. Two additional members may be nominated by the AGU president and approved by the board. The creation of the board is a result of the new governance structure approved by the AGU membership in November 2009. The board is responsible for the business aspects of the Union, while an expanded AGU Council will focus on science issues. Council members will be introduced in a future issue of Eos.

  9. 文化的现代性启蒙与"五四"文学的性爱话语构建%The Modernistic Enlightenment of Culture and Erotic Spell Construction of May 4th Literature

    杨经建

    2009-01-01

    性爱作为一种基本的生命体验存在于人类的生命过程中.每当历史转型、秩序变更之际,性爱价值观的"革命"常常成为思想启蒙和文化变革的催化剂并被转述在文学创作中."五四"时期的性爱文学创作高潮就是在这种情况下出现的."五四"性爱文学是"现代性"转型的产物:首先是个体本位文化对传统宗法伦理文化的突破,从性爱关系去拆解传统伦理本位文化不啻于一个最有效的方式和途径;其次是性爱本能欲望在特定意义上为"五四"时期"立人"的启蒙目标提供了人性的原动力前提;加之"五四"时期已基本形成了现代性爱话语构建的背景."五四"过后由于主流文学逐渐由启蒙理性叙事走向了激进式的历史理性叙事,包括性爱在内的人的个体感性欲望的文学叙事失去了表述的理由而消隐褪尽.%As an essential experience with life sex indwell human's life. When the history transformed or the systerm recombined the revolution of erotic conception always become an activator of enlightment as well as the culture change, and it often retailed in the artistic creation. May 4th erotic literature tide was coming out at this right moment. May 4th erotic literature is the product of modernistic transformation: Firstly, make use of the Eros to tear down the traditional ethic should be an effective way.Secondly, Eros provide a premise for the enlightment motive of May 4th. Thirdly, there was an erotic spell background during May 4th period. Then the May 4th period passed the enlightened rational narration turned to fanatical history narration, and the erotic literature has disappeared because it had lost it's expression excuse.

  10. German versus Nordic Board Models

    Ringe, Georg

    2016-01-01

    Board structure is an important component of the individual governance of firms, and the appropriateness of the various models is one of the most debated issues in corporate governance today. A comparison of the Nordic and German approaches to the structure of corporate boards reveals stark...... changes and developments in business practice, the article argues that board practices in the two systems effectively blur the structural distinction, and that board organization is converging in practice. It thereby contributes to the broader debates on functionality and comparative corporate law and...

  11. Research on hydrogen risk mitigation resulting from hypothetical severe accident. Major results from the 4th framework programme and actual research in the 5th framework programme

    The evolution and release of hydrogen in the course of hypothetical severe accidents in light water reactors is seen to be a potential cause of early containment failure due to possible follow-on reactions in the containment. The cause of concern is the volume of hydrogen produced in the zirconium-water interaction of fuel cladding tubes and structural materials in the reactor core. As a result of deflagration processes and transfer processes, respectively, from deflagration to detonation, this hydrogen can cause local pressure peaks which exceed the containment design basis. For this reason, the phenomena of hydrogen generation, distribution, and reactions have been studied worldwide for a number of decades, and concepts are being developed for controlling this situation. In Germany and in other European countries, the concepts pursued comprise the use of recombiners and ignition devices or a combination of both systems. These systems are being planned for backfitting into existing nuclear power plants and for installation in the European Pressurized Water Reactor (EPR) under development. Since the mid-nineties, several research programs have been devoted to this topic within the framework of joint European reactor safety research. Activities are concentrated on hydrogen generation, hydrogen distribution, the effectiveness of recombiners as well as turbulent combustion and the transition from deflagration to detonation, among others. (orig.)

  12. Sacroiliac joint pain - aftercare

    The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a term used to describe the place where the sacrum and the iliac bones join. The ... The main purpose of the joint is to connect the spine and the pelvis. As a result, there is very little movement at the SIJ. Major reasons ...

  13. JET Joint Undertaking

    The paper presents the progress report of the Joint European Torus (JET) Joint Undertaking, 1986. The report contains a survey of the scientific and technical achievements on JET during 1986; the more important articles referred to in this survey are reproduced as appendices to this Report. The last section discusses developments which might improve the overall performance of the machine. (U.K.)

  14. "Nonfloating" universal joint

    Appleberry, W. T.

    1978-01-01

    Modified crowned-spline joint is lightweight, durable, and requires minimum of parts. It does not use rubber cushions to limit play and is useful over wide temperature range. It has inner ball and socket to provide rigid connection with no axial play. Joint can be adapted to form pinned connection between segmented torque tubes.

  15. MR diagnosis of temporomandibular joint. A study of joint effusion

    Kaneda, Takashi; Yamashiro, Mitsuaki; Ozawa, Kaoru; Suzuki, Hiromi; Okada, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Hirotsugu [Nihon Univ., Matsudo, Chiba (Japan). School of Dentistry

    1998-03-01

    The purposes of this study were to evaluate the relationship between correlation of MR joint effusion of the temporomandibular joint and disk position, to evaluate the relationship between joint effusion and aging, and to assess the frequency of MR joint effusion of bilateral temporomandibular joints. The temporomandibular joints of 192 patients with clinical symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders were imaged bilaterally using high field, surface-coil MR imaging. Oblique sagittal and coronal proton density-weighted and T2-weighted images were obtained. Imaging findings of joint effusion were correlated with disk position, aging, and bilateral temporomandibular joints. MR showed effusion in 4% of the joints with normal superior disk position, 36% of the joints with disk displacement with reduction, and 45% of the joints with disk displacement without reduction. There were significant differences in the incidence of joint effusion between normal disk position and anterior disk displacement with or without reduction. Younger patients less than 40 years were significant higher the incidence of joint effusion than those of older patients. A significant association was seen between joint effusion and aging. MR showed effusion in 17% of the unilateral temporomandibular joint, 24% of the bilateral temporomandibular joints. There was no significant difference between unilateral and bilateral case. These results indicated that joint effusion using MR imaging was associated with varied temporomandibular joint pathologic states. (author)

  16. MR diagnosis of temporomandibular joint. A study of joint effusion

    The purposes of this study were to evaluate the relationship between correlation of MR joint effusion of the temporomandibular joint and disk position, to evaluate the relationship between joint effusion and aging, and to assess the frequency of MR joint effusion of bilateral temporomandibular joints. The temporomandibular joints of 192 patients with clinical symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders were imaged bilaterally using high field, surface-coil MR imaging. Oblique sagittal and coronal proton density-weighted and T2-weighted images were obtained. Imaging findings of joint effusion were correlated with disk position, aging, and bilateral temporomandibular joints. MR showed effusion in 4% of the joints with normal superior disk position, 36% of the joints with disk displacement with reduction, and 45% of the joints with disk displacement without reduction. There were significant differences in the incidence of joint effusion between normal disk position and anterior disk displacement with or without reduction. Younger patients less than 40 years were significant higher the incidence of joint effusion than those of older patients. A significant association was seen between joint effusion and aging. MR showed effusion in 17% of the unilateral temporomandibular joint, 24% of the bilateral temporomandibular joints. There was no significant difference between unilateral and bilateral case. These results indicated that joint effusion using MR imaging was associated with varied temporomandibular joint pathologic states. (author)

  17. Pension Fund governing board

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    On 16 March and 7 May, the Pension Fund Governing Board (PFGB) held its fourth and fifth meetings The first of these meetings was primarily dedicated to the examination of the strategic asset allocation. The PFGB reaffirmed the main goal of the new strategic asset allocation: to improve the Pension Fund’s position with regard to risk by lowering overall portfolio volatility through suitable investments in less volatile asset classes such as real estate and absolute return strategies, where the return does not depend on market trends and negative growth is extremely unlikely. The finalised document will be presented to the Finance Committee and the Council at their June meetings for approval, in accordance with the provisions of the Levaux report. The PFGB also took note of the Internal Audit’s report on Pension Fund operations and decided to refer it to Working Group I as a working document for establishing a control and internal monitoring system for Pension Fund oper...

  18. 25 CFR 81.8 - Election board.

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Election board. 81.8 Section 81.8 Indians BUREAU OF... STATUTE § 81.8 Election board. (a) There shall be an election board consisting of the officer in charge... the board. (b) It shall be the duty of the board to conduct elections in compliance with...

  19. Citizen participation on regulatory boards.

    Chesney, J D

    1984-01-01

    This article examines the relationship between regulatory board function and citizen participation. The research indicates that public members generally prefer advisory boards, while provider members prefer quasi-judicial bodies. Implications of these findings for structuring citizen participation in the regulatory process are examined. PMID:6736596

  20. Board of Advisors Subcommittee - Membership

    NPS Public Affairs Officer

    2014-01-01

    The Naval Postgraduate School Board of Advisors is a 15-member federal advisory subcommittee providing guidance on matters pertaining to NPS and its graduate education and research programs. The Board, comprised of senior defense, academia and industry leaders, reports to the Secretary of the Navy, the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps.

  1. Does Board Diversity Really Matter?

    Rose, Caspar; Munch-Madsen, Peter; Funch, Maja

    2013-01-01

    We study the impact of female board representation as well as citizenship on corporate performance based on a sample of the largest listed firms in the Nordic countries as well as Germany. We also seek to determine the variation of board structures using factor analysis. We find no support for an...

  2. An Olive Branch for Boards.

    Harrington-Lueker, Donna

    1993-01-01

    Peacekeeping strategies for school-board meetings include developing a code of conduct that spells out guidelines for behavior and then enforcing it; bringing in a neutral observer to help board members work through what is really worrying them; and concentrating on policy. (MLF)

  3. German versus Nordic Board Models

    Ringe, Georg

    2016-01-01

    Board structure is an important component of the individual governance of firms, and the appropriateness of the various models is one of the most debated issues in corporate governance today. A comparison of the Nordic and German approaches to the structure of corporate boards reveals stark...... conceptual differences, as emphasized by the 2014 Lekvall Report on the Nordic Corporate Governance Model. This article provides a conceptual comparison between the two approaches to board structure and confirms the fundamental divergence between both models. However, relying on a number of recent legal...... changes and developments in business practice, the article argues that board practices in the two systems effectively blur the structural distinction, and that board organization is converging in practice. It thereby contributes to the broader debates on functionality and comparative corporate law and...

  4. A survey. Financial accounting and internal control functions pursued by hospital boards.

    Gavin, T A

    1984-09-01

    Justification for a board committee's existence is its ability to devote time to issues judged to be important by the full board. This seems to have happened. Multiple committees pursue more functions than the other committee structures. Boards lacking an FA/IC committee pursue significantly fewer functions than their counterparts with committees. Substantial respondent agreement exists on those functions most and least frequently pursued, those perceived to be most and least important, and those perceived to be most and least effectively undertaken. Distinctions between committee structures and the full board, noted in the previous paragraph, hold true with respect to the importance of functions. All board structures identified reviewing the budget and comparing it to actual results as important. Committee structures are generally more inclined to address functions related to the work of the independent auditor and the effectiveness of the hospital's system and controls than are full board structures. Functions related to the internal auditor are pursued least frequently by all FA/IC board structures. The following suggestions are made to help boards pay adequate attention to and obtain objective information about the financial affairs of their hospitals. Those boards that do not have some form of an FA/IC committee should consider starting one. Evidence shows chief financial officers have been a moving force in establishing and strengthening such committees. Boards having a joint or single committee structure should consider upgrading their structure to either a single committee or multiple committees respectively. The complexity of the healthcare environment requires that more FA/IC functions be addressed by the board. The board or its FA/IC committee(s) should meet with their independent CPA's, fiscal intermediary auditors, and internal auditors. Where the hospital lacks an internal audit function a study should be undertaken to determine the feasibility of

  5. School Boards -- Losing Power or Influence

    Wynia, Bob

    1973-01-01

    The authority of school boards is being eroded by teacher militancy, administrative professionalism, and technology. Boards are performing a legal rather than a deliberative function. Court decisions regarding due process are forcing important adjustments in board power. (Author/WM)

  6. 7 CFR 1215.2 - Board.

    2010-01-01

    ... ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Definitions § 1215.2 Board. Board means the Popcorn Board established under section 575(b) of the Act....

  7. 77 FR 61379 - Performance Review Board Membership

    2012-10-09

    ... Performance Review Board Membership AGENCY: Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of Commerce... Review Board (PRB) in accordance with the Economics and Statistics Administration's Senior Executive... Management Chair, Performance Review Board. BILLING CODE 3510-BS-P...

  8. Association of Regulatory Boards of Optometry

    ... website of the Association of Regulatory Boards of Optometry (ARBO). ARBO's web site is designed to provide resources to regulatory boards of optometry throughout the world. State/Provincial/Territorial Boards of ...

  9. 78 FR 66785 - SES Performance Review Board

    2013-11-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION: Notice... with regulations prescribed by the Office of Personnel Management, one or more SES Performance...

  10. COUNTRY VERSUS INDUSTRY EFFECT ON BOARD STRUCTURES

    Ravi JaiN; Dev Prasad

    2012-01-01

    We examine the board structures of US and Indian firms in two industries. We examine three aspects of board structures: board size, board independence, and board leadership. The two industries selected for analysis are information technology and capital goods. While Indian information technology firms have close ties to the American economy, capital goods firms have a domestic focus. Thus, we are able to analyze differences in board structures of firms in two countries and two industries, one...

  11. DETERMINANTS OF BANK BOARD STRUCTURE IN GHANA

    Michael Adusei

    2012-01-01

    The paper investigates the determinants of bank board structure in Ghana and finds that the Scope of Operations Hypothesis could explain the variation in board size but not board independence. On the other hand, the Board Monitoring Hypothesis could only explain the variation in board independence but not board size. The study also finds that cost-income ratio, foreign majority ownership structure and Ghana Stock Exchange listing status are positively and significantly associated with large b...

  12. Firm Performance and Board Committee Structure.

    Klein, April

    1998-01-01

    This article demonstrates a linkage between firm performance and board composition by examining the committee structure of boards and the directors' roles within these committees. Consistent with previous studies, I find little association between firm performance and overall board composition. However, by going into the inner workings of the board via board committee composition, I am able to find significant ties between firm performance and how boards are structured. First, a positive rela...

  13. Ownership Structure, Board Composition and Investment Performance

    Palmberg, Johanna; Eklund, Johan; Wiberg, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    In this paper the relation between ownership structure, board composition and firm performance is explored. A panel of Swedish listed firms is used to investigate how board composition affects firm performance. Board heterogeneity is measured as board size, age and gender diversity. The results show that Swedish board of directors have become more diversified in terms of gender. Also, fewer firms have the CEO on the board which can be interpreted as a sign of increased independency. The regre...

  14. Joint Quantum Institute

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) is pursuing that goal through the work of leading quantum scientists from the Department of Physics of the University of Maryland...

  15. Joint Injection/Aspiration

    ... Working It Out: Common Techniques for Conflict Resolution Workplace Diversity & Team Performance CME & MOC Understanding MOC ACR's MOC ... infection is suspected, aspirating the joint to gather cultures is ... Communications and Marketing. This patient information is provided for ...

  16. MP Joint Arthritis

    ... Therapist? Media Find a Hand Surgeon MP Joint Arthritis Email to a friend * required fields From * To * ... in to name and customize your collection. DESCRIPTION Arthritis is the wearing away of the cartilage at ...

  17. Hip joint replacement

    ... may have problems with infection, loosening, or even dislocation of the new hip joint. Over time the artificial ... Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, ...

  18. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

    ... 2008 Previous Next Related Articles: Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD) Are You Biting Off More Than You Can Chew? Equilibration May Lessen TMD Pain Fender-benders: Source of TMD? First Comes ...

  19. Healthy Joints Matter

    ... dietary supplements, such as green tea and various vitamins, to see if they can keep your joints ... body, such as your ears, nose, and windpipe. Fibromyalgia (fi-bro-my-AL-juh). A condition that ...

  20. Joint contingency contracting

    Johnson, Ellsworth K.; Paton, Bryan H.; Threat, Edward W.; Haptonstall, Lisa A.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this Master of Business Administration (MBA) Professional Report is to investigate and analyze the means by which Contingency Contracting Officers (CCO) can effectively operate in a Joint contingency environment and to validate the Defense Contract Management Agency's (DCMA) entry and exit criteria for contingency contracting missions. Joint contingencies encompass regional conflicts, humanitarian and peacekeeping missions, and international or domestic disaster relief missions...

  1. Joint Aspiration: Arthrocentesis

    Mackie, John William

    1987-01-01

    Joint aspiration is an easily mastered procedure used to confirm or rule out joint sepsis and crystal-induced arthrosis. It is routinely performed with or without local anaesthetic, or with cooling spray. The time spent obtaining the fluid is short. The procedure is safe, requiring no hospitalization, except in the case of diagnosed sepsis. Arthrocentesis is a necessary procedure to prove beyond reasonable doubt that infection is not the cause of the arthritis. The family physician must be fa...

  2. Joint Venture Contracts

    Pimentel, Dinarco

    2015-01-01

    Joint Venture contracts are contracting models typically designed to reach international markets. In spite of being used at the national level, a joint venture is based on single or multiple contracts between two individuals, two institutions, two organizations or two different entrepreneurial entities joining forces, meeting synergies to reach a common goal.Initially, these types of contracts were justifiable based on the need of different economic agents penetrating the most inaccessible ma...

  3. A symptomatic coracoclavicular joint.

    Cheung, T F S; Boerboom, A L; Wolf, R F E; Diercks, R L

    2006-11-01

    Bilateral coracoclavicular joints were found in a 44-year-old male patient following a fall. He had an Indonesian mother and a Dutch father. Prior to the injury he was asymptomatic and had full range of movement in both shoulders but the trauma resulted in pain and limitation of movement in the left shoulder which required resection of the anomalous joint, after which full pain-free movement was restored. PMID:17075101

  4. 《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》第3版与第4版编纂的比较研究%The Differences between the 3rd Edition and the 4th Edition of Oxford Advanced Learner's English-Chinese Dictionary in Compilation

    秦勇

    2003-01-01

    This paper is to analyze the differences between the 3rd edition and 4th edition of Oxford Advanced Learner's English- Chinese Dictionary (hereafter referred to as ALECD3 and ALECD4). By making comparison between the two dictionaries in the learner's and compiler's perspectives, it highlights the priority of the 4th edition in content and compilation. Following a brief introduction in Part 1,Part 2 examines the innovations the 3rd edition has made in verb - pattern scheme, compounds, entries,examples,adjectives and appendices from the learner's perspective. Part3 holds a theoretical discussion of prescription and description in the 4th edition.

  5. Painkilling effect of ozone-oxygen injection on spine and joint osteoarthritis

    Objective was to analyze the painkilling effect of ozone-oxygen injection on joint and spine osteoarthritis. This prospective study was completed at the Ozone Clinic, Rashid Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates on 220 mainly local patients (12 women, mean age 47.05 years; 98 men, mean age 52.8 years) with radiographic documented spine or extremities osteoarthritis. The patients were treated over 3 years (September 2002 to August 2005) by ozone-oxygen injection twice a week for at least 12 sessions. Using the 6 faces pain scale; the patient's pain was recorded at the beginning and at the 4th, 8th and 12th sessions. They were followed for a mean of 8.48 months and their pain scale was recorded at that time too. Comparison of the patient's 1st day pains with their 4th, 8th and 12th sessions pain showed a significant decrease (1st day to 4th session p=0.005, 1st day to 8th week p=0.005, 1st day to 12th session p=0.0043). Comparison of the 1st day pain with the final follow-up pain, which was around 10 months from the first treatment, showed a meaningful decrease of pain (p=0.0048). This study validates the painkilling effect of ozone-oxygen injection on osteoarthritis of the joints and spine. Its long term effect on pain advocates the likelihood of some histological changes as mechanism of its action. (author)

  6. Operation Mode Selection for Chongqing Bonded Port Based on 4th-Gen Port Characteristics%基于第四代港口特征的重庆保税港经营模式选择

    胡涛

    2011-01-01

    The paper studies the characteristics of 4th-generation ports and how it figures in the running of the ports and then proposes the innovated operation mode for the Chongqing bonded port after reviewing its features as a 4th-generation port. The new strategy would strive for an elevated point of view when planning and running the port, forge stable port-enterprise and port-local alliances, and form tight supply chain connections with the economic hinterlands.%通过研究第四代港口的特征,提出了基于第四代港口特征的重庆保税港经营模式.着重探讨在港口的经营过程中引入第四代港口的特征,使保税港依靠第四代港口特征,以全局视角规划港口经营,形成稳定的港企、港区联盟,并通过供应链紧密联系经济腹地,促使重庆保税港跨人新的发展阶段.

  7. Institutional Evolution and Corporate Boards

    Chen, Victor Zitian; Hobdari, Bersant; Sun, Pei;

    2014-01-01

    We argue that corporate boards are a dynamic repository of human- and social capital in response to external institutional evolution. Theoretically, integrating institutional economics, agency theory and resource dependence theory, we explain that evolution of market-, legal- and political...... particular contexts entail the external competitive environment and the principal-agency relationship in corporate governance, amplify (or weaken) the need for certain type of board roles, and ultimately require corporations to reconfigure the human- and social capital embedded within the board. Additionally......, since the board changes are typically proposed by the block shareholders, whose motivation for doing so is closely associated with a corporation’s financial performance, we further argue that financial performance is a key moderator of the relationships between institutional evolution and changes in...

  8. CA Water Quality Control Board

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Regional Water Quality Control Boards(9) in California. These district boundaries coincide with the boundaries of some of the hydrologic study areas delineated by...

  9. Specialty Board on Fluency Disorders

    ... or large groups of speech-language pathologists. Speech-language pathologists who are Board Certified Specialists in Fluency may be found on this ... Membership Software Powered by YourMembership.com ® :: Legal

  10. Board Certification: The Global Perspective.

    Day, Susan H

    2016-09-01

    This article reviews globalization of quality standards in medicine, with emphasis on accreditation and certification. In conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the American Board of Ophthalmology, the author explores globalization movements, standards of quality, expectations of others seeking certification, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) International, interrelationships with the ABMS, and considerations both pragmatic and philosophical in addressing globalization of standards. PMID:27550006

  11. Database design: Community discussion board

    Klepetko, Radim

    2009-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is designing a database for discussion board application, which will be able to provide classic discussion board functionality and web 2.0 features in addition. The emphasis lies on a precise description of the application requirements, which are used afterwards to design an optimal database model independent from technological implementations (chosen database system). In the end of my thesis the database design is tested using MySQL database system.

  12. Board structure and corporate performance

    Mehmet Baha Karan; Özgür Arslan; Cihan Ek¸si

    2013-01-01

    This paper attempts to analyze the impact of board structure attributes on their accounting and stock market performance. Our analyses are built on an emerging market, Turkey for the period between 1995 and 2006. We conduct our analyses through binary logistic methodology. Our findings show that, while board ownership does not have any impact on the accounting performance, it has a fairly positive influence on the stock market performance of firms during the crisis period. Similarly, the situ...

  13. BOARD STRUCTURE AND CEO COMPENSATION

    Anjam, Zeshan

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between board structure (non executive directors, executive directors and independent non executive directors) and CEO compensation, in the context of an emerging and developing economy of Pakistan in year 2009. Most of the previous studies about board structure and CEO compensation are based in developed economies but this study is about a developing and emerging economy Pakistan and possibly this attempt will contributes to literature. Data for 86 listed...

  14. Readout boards for silicon detectors

    With ever increasing demands for greater miniaturization and the use of sophisticated circuitry in nuclear and particle physics experiments, the need for improved design of Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) is becoming more important day by day. Interconnecting traces, parasitic components, grounding schemes and decoupling makes the design of the layout of PCBs as demanding as the design of the complex electrical circuit. An astute design of the readout boards is important in the success of the overall performance of the final system

  15. The Determinants of Board Composition

    Benjamin E. Hermalin; Michael S. Weisbach

    1988-01-01

    We identify factors that lead to changes among corporate directors. We hypothesize that the CEO succession process and firm performance will affect board composition. Our findings are consistent with both hypotheses. When their CEO nears retirement, firms tend to add inside directors (who may be possible candidates to be the next CEO) Just after a CEO change, inside directors with short tenures appear more likely to leave the board (they, perhaps, being the losing candidates). We also find th...

  16. Three essays on board composition

    Menozzi, Anna

    2014-01-01

    The thesis consists of three articles concerning the composition of board of directors in Italy. The first article analyzes the effects of board composition on the behaviour of a sample of 114 Italian local public utilities, for which information about 1630 directors during 1994–2004 has been collected. During this period, the deregulation process inspired institutional interventions that forced utilities, traditionally owned by local municipalities, to change their juridical form...

  17. INTRODUCING THE NEW EDITORIAL BOARD

    Ľudmila Lipková

    2013-01-01

    The publishers have decided to celebrate the journal’s 10th anniversary by staging up their efforts to further increase journal’s quality. Setting a challenging goal of having the Journal of International Relations indexed by the SCOPUS and Web of Knowledge databases, a new editorial board was elected on the session of the inner editorial circle on June 3rd 2013. The new board will supervise quality of published papers and the consistence of journal’s editorial policy.

  18. Board Structure and Corporate Performance

    Mehmet Baha Karan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to analyze the impact of board structure attributes on their accounting and stock market performance. Our analyses are built on an emerging market, Turkey for the period between 1995 and 2006. We conduct our analyses through binary logistic methodology. Our findings show that, while board ownership does not have any impact on the accounting performance, it has a fairly positive influence on the stock market performance of firms during the crisis period. Similarly, the situation when the ceo of a firm is also the chairman of the board is not found to have any impact on the corporate performance of firms, although its negative impact is present during the crisis period. Moreover, board independence is found to not to have an effect on accounting performance, yet the stock market perceives board independence positively, both in general and in the crisis periods. Finally, board size has a positive impact , both on the accounting and on the stock market performance of firms, yet the impact on the corporate performance reverts to adverse during the crisis period.

  19. Nuclear medicine technology. Review questions for the board examinations. 4. ed.

    The only comprehensive exam preparation guide on the market. Includes a mock registry exam. Provides expanded coverage of positron emission tomography and other new procedures and practices. This book prepares students and technologists for registry examinations in nuclear medicine technology by providing practice questions and answers with detailed explanations, as well as a mock registry exam. The questions are designed to test the basic knowledge required of nuclear medicine technologists, as well as the practical application of that knowledge. The topics covered closely follow the content specifications and the components of preparedness as published by the certification boards. This 4th edition includes expanded coverage of positron emission tomography and other new procedures and practices in the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging.

  20. Gastrointestinal Tumor Board: An Evolving Experience in Tehran Cancer Institute

    Peiman Haddad

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal (GI cancers are a significant source of morbidity and mortality in Iran, with stomach adenocarcinoma as the most common cancer in men and the second common cancer in women. Also, some parts of Northern Iran have one of the highest incidences of esophageal cancer in the world. Multi-disciplinary organ-based joint clinics and tumor boards are a well-recognized necessity for modern treatment of cancer and are routinely utilized in developed countries, especially in major academic centres. But this concept is relatively new in developing countries, where cancer treatment centres are burdened by huge loads of patients and have to cope with a suboptimum availability of resources and facilities. Cancer Institute of Tehran University of Medical Sciences is the oldest and the only comprehensive cancer treatment centre in Iran, with a long tradition of a general tumor board for all cancers. But with the requirements of modern oncology, there has been a very welcome attention to sub-specialized organ-based tumor boards and joint clinics here in the past few years. Considering this, we started a multi-disciplinary tumor board for GI cancers in our institute in early 2010 as the first such endeavor here. We hereby review this 2-year evolving experience. The process of establishment of a GI tumor board, participations from different oncology disciplines and related specialties, the cancers presented and discussed in the 2 years of this tumor board, the general intents of treatment for the decisions made and the development of interest in this tumor board among the Tehran oncology community will be reviewed. The GI tumor board of Tehran Cancer Institute started its work in January 2010, with routine weekly sessions. A core group of 2 physicians from each surgical, radiation and medical oncology departments plus one gastroenterologist, GI pathologist and radiologist was formed, but participation from all interested physicians was encouraged. An