Sample records for 4095-dcc 2k6 briefing

  1. Genetic Analyses Reveal Functions for MAP2K3 and MAP2K6 in Mouse Testis Determination.

    Warr, Nick; Siggers, Pam; Carré, Gwenn-Aël; Wells, Sara; Greenfield, Andy


    Testis determination in mammals is initiated by expression of SRY in somatic cells of the embryonic gonad. Genetic analyses in the mouse have revealed a requirement for mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling in testis determination: targeted loss of the kinases MAP3K4 and p38 MAPK causes complete XY embryonic gonadal sex reversal. These kinases occupy positions at the top and bottom level, respectively, in the canonical three-tier MAPK-signaling cascade: MAP3K, MAP2K, MAPK. To date, no role in sex determination has been attributed to a MAP2K, although such a function is predicted to exist. Here, we report roles for the kinases MAP2K3 and MAP2K6 in testis determination. C57BL/6J (B6) embryos lacking MAP2K3 exhibited no significant abnormalities of testis development, whilst those lacking MAP2K6 exhibited a minor delay in testis determination. Compound mutants lacking three out of four functional alleles at the two loci also exhibited delayed testis determination and transient ovotestis formation as a consequence, suggestive of partially redundant roles for these kinases in testis determination. Early lethality of double-knockout embryos precludes analysis of sexual development. To reveal their roles in testis determination more clearly, we generated Map2k mutant B6 embryos using a weaker Sry allele (Sry(AKR)). Loss of Map2k3 on this highly sensitized background exacerbates ovotestis development, whilst loss of Map2k6 results in complete XY gonadal sex reversal associated with reduction of Sry expression at 11.25 days postcoitum. Our data suggest that MAP2K6 functions in mouse testis determination, via positive effects on Sry, and also indicate a minor role for MAP2K3. PMID:27009039

  2. The Problem with Briefs, in Brief

    Conaway, Carrie L.


    Policy briefs written by academics--the kind typically published in "Education Finance and Policy"--should be a crucial source of information for policy makers. Yet too frequently these briefs fail to garner the consideration they deserve. Their authors are too focused on the potential objections of their fellow academics, who are…

  3. Prescribing Brief Psychotherapy

    Schuyler, Dean


    Brief psychotherapy has demonstrated its effectiveness in treating emotional disorders and helping with problems that typically present to primary care physicians. Because practitioners receive little instruction about this treatment option and often have erroneous preconceived ideas about it, psychotherapy remains underprescribed. Effective brief therapy enables the patient to problem-solve, facilitates the relationship with the provider, and ultimately clarifies the patient's situation. Ref...

  4. Medicaid Issue Briefs

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — MS, in collaboration with Mathematica, has started the MAX Medicaid policy issue brief series, which highlights the essential role MAX data can play in analyzing...

  5. Academic Bankruptcy. Policy Brief.

    Anderson, Amy Berk; Lewis, Anne C.

    In an effort to improve student achievement in low-performing districts, 22 states have developed academic bankruptcy laws, allowing them to intervene in districts that consistently fail to satisfy state education performance standards. This policy brief presents an overview of these statutes. The text offers a comparative summary of state…

  6. Research in Brief.

    Mulder, Ronald; And Others


    Presents brief reports of research conducted in the following areas: media credibility, network television news audiences, influences of television newscasters' on-camera image, Blacks in introductory advertisements, children's television preferences, messages in Depression-era photographs, and journalism education issues covered in two…

  7. 2011 SREB Legislative Briefing

    Gaines, Gale F., Comp.


    The "2011 Legislative Briefing" is a topical summary of state budget and legislative actions that affect elementary, secondary and higher education across the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) region. It outlines actions in areas such as tax and spending legislation, assistance to local districts, tuition and fees, student financial…

  8. Superintendent's Briefing Book, 2010

    Educational Research Service, 2009


    The "2010 Superintendent's Briefing Book" provides comprehensive yet concise overviews of the best thinking available on a wide range of top-priority PreK-12 education concerns. This resource will prove invaluable in making research-based decisions with confidence, and in identifying programs and practices that will improve student achievement.…

  9. DCC Briefing Paper: Annotation

    Abbott, Daisy


    The DCC has assembled a group of briefing papers that together form an introduction to curation. These concise overviews are designed to help grow your basic understanding of key curation issues by providing a high-level introduction to a given topic.

  10. Superintendent's Briefing Book, 2011

    Educational Research Service, 2010


    The "2011 Superintendent's Briefing Book" provides comprehensive yet concise overviews of the best thinking available on a wide range of top-priority PreK-12 education concerns. This resource will prove invaluable in making research-based decisions with confidence, and in identifying programs and practices that will improve student achievement.…

  11. Informatics: A Brief Survey.

    He, Shaoyi


    Provides a brief survey of informatics, defined as the application of information technology to various fields, with respect to its historical background, disciplinary identity, fundamental aspects, applications, and challenges. Highlights include biological, clinical, dental, environmental, geomatics, health, legal, management, medical, museum,…

  12. Research in Brief.

    Journalism Quarterly, 1984


    Brief research reports discuss Latin America as seen on United States network television; television news coverage of federal regulatory agencies; community perceptions of media impressions; active television viewing and cultivation hypothesis; the impact of cable on traditional television news viewing; George Kibbe Turner; advertising; and…

  13. Recent developments: Industry briefs

    This article is the 'Industry Briefs' portion of Nuexco's March 1991 'Recent Developments' section. Specific items discussed include: (1) a joint fuels venture between Nuexco and Energy Fuels, (2) bids for two nuclear units in Czechoslovakia, (3) plans for nuclear power in China, (4) uranium mining in Queensland, (5) marketing of nuclear power technology by India, and (6) uranium production in Australia

  14. Issue Brief on Diversity

    Division on Developmental Disabilities, Council for Exceptional Children (NJ1), 2013


    During the past year, the Diversity Committee of the Division of Developmental Disabilities (DDD) Board worked with the Board and the Issues Committee Chair to develop an issue brief addressing diversity, its impact on the membership and the wider community that is served by the work of DDD, resulting in recommendations that will influence policy…

  15. A Brief Demographic Portrait

    Nieto, Sonia


    This article presents a brief demographic portrait, with particular emphasis on school-related issues, that points to the dire situation of Latino/a education. According to the 2010 Census, the number of Hispanics (the term used in government data) currently was 50,477,594 million, an increase of 43 percent since 2000, making this group the…

  16. Research in Brief.

    Journalism Quarterly, 1982


    Offers brief descriptions of research concerning (1) media bias toward business, (2) foreign affairs coverage in elite and mass periodicals, (3) how emphasis on people affects coverage of crime, (4) antisocial and prosocial behavior on prime-time television, (5) network news coverage of Iran, and (6) magazines' reporting on insects. (FL)

  17. Cybernetics of Brief Family Therapy.

    Keeney, Bradford P.; Ross, Jeffrey M.


    Presents a cybernetic view of brief family therapy. Includes a historical discussion of the key ideas underlying brief family therapy, a cybernetic model of therapeutic change, and a clinical case for exemplification. (Author/JAC)

  18. My brief history

    Hawking, Stephen


    My Brief History recounts Stephen Hawking’s improbable journey, from his postwar London boyhood to his years of international acclaim and celebrity. Lavishly illustrated with rarely seen photographs, this concise, witty, and candid account introduces readers to a Hawking rarely glimpsed in previous books: the inquisitive schoolboy whose classmates nicknamed him Einstein; the jokester who once placed a bet with a colleague over the existence of a particular black hole; and the young husband and father struggling to gain a foothold in the world of physics and cosmology. Writing with characteristic humility and humor, Hawking opens up about the challenges that confronted him following his diagnosis of ALS at age twenty-one. Tracing his development as a thinker, he explains how the prospect of an early death urged him onward through numerous intellectual breakthroughs, and talks about the genesis of his masterpiece A Brief History of Time—one of the iconic books of the twentieth century.

  19. Strategic forces briefing

    Bing, G.; Chrzanowski, P.; May, M.; Nordyke, M.


    The Strategic Forces Briefing'' is our attempt, accomplished over the past several months, to outline and highlight the more significant strategic force issues that must be addressed in the near future. Some issues are recurrent: the need for an effective modernized Triad and a constant concern for force survivability. Some issues derive from arms control: the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (SALT) are sufficiently advanced to set broad numerical limits on forces, but not so constraining as to preclude choices among weapon systems and deployment modes. Finally, a new administration faced with serious budgetary problems must strive for the most effective strategic forces limited dollars can buy and support. A review of strategic forces logically begins with consideration of the missions the forces are charged with. We begin the briefing with a short review of targeting policy and implementation within the constraints of available unclassified information. We then review each element of the Triad with sections on SLBMs, ICBMs, and Air-Breathing (bomber and cruise missile) systems. A short section at the end deals with the potential impact of strategic defense on offensive force planning. We consider ABM, ASAT, and air defense; but we do not attempt to address the technical issues of strategic defense per se. The final section gives a brief overview of the tritium supply problem. We conclude with a summary of recommendations that emerge from our review. The results of calculation on the effectiveness of various weapon systems as a function of cost that are presented in the briefing are by Paul Chrzanowski.

  20. Recent developments: Industry briefs

    This article is the 'Industry Briefs' portion of Nuexco's July 1992 'Recent Developments' section. Specific items mentioned include: (1) the merger of Entergy and Gulf States Utilities, (2) restart of the Sequoyah Fuels facility in Oklahoma, (3) development of the 7th and 8th nuclear units in Taiwan, (4) purchase of interest in Rio Algom, Ltd, and (5) acquisition of the Italian firm AGIP by a Canadian company

  1. Brief review: delirium

    Schmitz ED; Vu JB


    No abstract available. Article truncated after 150 words. A significant number of patients develop a decline in cognitive function while hospitalized. Delirium in the intensive care increases mortality and healthcare costs and should be recognized and treated promptly (1,2). This is a brief review of delirium and important treatment options such as early percutaneous tracheostomy, neuroleptics, propofol, daily awakenings and reorientation by all team members. We recommend neither neuroimaging...

  2. Brief introduction to relativity

    A brief, but rigorous and uncondensed, introduction to special relativity is given. The reader is assumed to be familiar with coordinate transformations in general and to have a reasonable grasp of advanced calculus and vector analysis. The subject is presented under the following topics: hypotheses underlying the Lorentz transformation, kinematics and algebraic properties of the Lorentz transformation, vectors and tensors in relativity, the electromagnetic field and Maxwell's equations, the dynamics of a particle and the Lorentz force equation, photons and relativistic optics, and applications of relativistic optics. 3 figures

  3. Sustainable Markets Investment Briefings: Overview

    Cotula, Lorenzo


    This is the first of a series of briefings which discuss the sustainable development issues raised by legal arrangements for the protection of foreign investment. The briefings are based on legal research by IIED and its partners. The goal is to provide accessible but accurate information for human rights, development and environmental organisations working on issues raised by foreign investment in low- and middle-income countries. Briefing 1 provides a general overview of key issues.

  4. Brief encounter networks

    Kostakos, Vassilis; Penn, Alan


    Many complex human and natural phenomena can usefully be represented as networks describing the relationships between individuals. While these relationships are typically intermittent, previous research has used network representations that aggregate the relationships at discrete intervals. However, such an aggregation discards important temporal information, thus inhibiting our understanding of the networks dynamic behaviour and evolution. We have recorded patterns of human urban encounter using Bluetooth technology thus retaining the temporal properties of this network. Here we show how this temporal information influences the structural properties of the network. We show that the temporal properties of human urban encounter are scale-free, leading to an overwhelming proportion of brief encounters between individuals. While previous research has shown preferential attachment to result in scale-free connectivity in aggregated network data, we found that scale-free connectivity results from the temporal prope...

  5. Brief review: delirium

    Schmitz ED


    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated after 150 words. A significant number of patients develop a decline in cognitive function while hospitalized. Delirium in the intensive care increases mortality and healthcare costs and should be recognized and treated promptly (1,2. This is a brief review of delirium and important treatment options such as early percutaneous tracheostomy, neuroleptics, propofol, daily awakenings and reorientation by all team members. We recommend neither neuroimaging nor neurology consultation unless physical exam suggests an acute cerebral vascular accident or status epilepticus as the majority of these patients require no neurologic intervention and may be harmed by transportation to obtain additional testing. The DSM-5 defines delirium as a disturbance in attention (reduced ability to direct, focus, sustain, and shift attention and awareness (reduced orientation to the environment. The disturbance develops over a short period of time (usually hours to a few days, represents a change from baseline attention and awareness, and tends to fluctuate in severity ...

  6. Neuroophthalmology A brief Vademecum

    The stunning, intricate interaction between the visual, vestibular and optomotor systems--each a miracle on its own--ensures maintenance of orientation in space as well as visual recognition and target selection despite a host of sensory conflicts and adversary disturbances. Their main goals are to keep a target of interest on the fovea by either maintaining or shifting the direction of gaze in order to produce an accurate internal representation of the visual surroundings, in particular the selected target, and to continuously mirror the spatial relationship between these various visual elements and the self. Not surprising, the implementation of this host of elaborate neural networks encompasses almost every part of the brain, including the brainstem, cerebellum, extrapyramidal system and many areas of the cerebral cortex. Thus far, these systems are among the best investigated in brain research; and enormous knowledge was amassed over the last century employing a variety of techniques, including single cell recordings, eye movement studies, functional imaging and neuropsychological observations. In addition, this prolific line of research has enlightened many fundamental principles of neural and neuronal processing, which have subsequently enriched other fields of brain research as well as computational neuroscience, e.g. the discovery of receptive fields, which have now become a ubiquitous concept in many other areas of neurophysiology. This (improperly) brief, fractional and undoubtedly biased Vademecum is meant to accompany the reader into this marvellous field of neurophysiology and neurology. In particular, it stresses the clinical application of its functional neuroanatomy at the bedside, which, in many respects, is superior to other means of investigating a patient

  7. ENDL transmittal format. Brief summary

    The LLNL Evaluated Neutron Data Library of 1982 (ENDL-82) and the LLNL Evaluated Charged Particle Library (ECPL-86) are available in the ENDL Transmittal Format, of which a brief user's guide is given in this document. (author)

  8. Spanish Language Briefs for Parents, 1995.

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.

    This packet contains six briefs developed specifically for Spanish-speaking parents of Mexican origin, and English translations of the briefs. In plain language, these briefs state what researchers and practitioners have learned about various ways parents can help their children do well in school. Titles of the briefs are (1) "Apoyando el…

  9. Electricity Storage. Technology Brief

    Simbolotti, G. [Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development ENEA, Rome (Italy); Kempener, R. [International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA, Bonn (Germany)


    Electricity storage is a key technology for electricity systems with a high share of renewables as it allows electricity to be generated when renewable sources (i.e. wind, sunlight) are available and to be consumed on demand. It is expected that the increasing price of fossil fuels and peak-load electricity and the growing share of renewables will result in electricity storage to grow rapidly and become more cost effective. However, electricity storage is technically challenging because electricity can only be stored after conversion into other forms of energy, and this involves expensive equipment and energy losses. At present, the only commercial storage option is pumped hydro power where surplus electricity (e.g. electricity produced overnight by base-load coal or nuclear power) is used to pump water from a lower to an upper reservoir. The stored energy is then used to produce hydropower during daily high-demand periods. Pumped hydro plants are large-scale storage systems with a typical efficiency between 70% and 80%, which means that a quarter of the energy is lost in the process. Other storage technologies with different characteristics (i.e. storage process and capacity, conversion back to electricity and response to power demand, energy losses and costs) are currently in demonstration or pre-commercial stages and discussed in this brief report: Compressed air energy storage (CAES) systems, Flywheels; Electrical batteries; Supercapacitors; Superconducting magnetic storage; and Thermal energy storage. No single electricity storage technology scores high in all dimensions. The technology of choice often depends on the size of the system, the specific service, the electricity sources and the marginal cost of peak electricity. Pumped hydro currently accounts for 95% of the global storage capacity and still offers a considerable expansion potential but does not suit residential or small-size applications. CAES expansion is limited due to the lack of suitable

  10. Usability Briefing for hospital design

    Fronczek-Munter, Aneta

    building project. In practice the process, led by experts, involves the users as data sources, and results in the program of requirements for the building.This PhD thesis synthesizes the research findings and proposes a Usability Briefing process model, where briefing is a dynamic and continuous process....../usability or form/beauty. Furthermore appropriate methods are selected specifically for hospital projects.The results are published in five scientific articles and are summarised in this PhD thesis. It provides tools that contribute to satisfying the needs of future building users and maximising the usability...

  11. Brief Psychotherapy: The Multimodal Model.

    Lazarus, Arnold A.


    Outlines tenets of multimodal therapy (MMT) and argues for its cost-effective yet comprehensive value as a brief psychotherapy model. Describes MMT as an integrated, seven-modality model of personality and provides clinical examples of its use. Argues that MMT approach will be an important future alternative to more expensive, time-consuming, and…

  12. Inclusive Briefing and User Involvement

    Jensen, Per Anker


    number of different processes with varying purposes before and during the design and construction activities. Thus, briefing can be regarded as a continuous process but it should also be an inclusive and interactive process with the involvement of all stakeholders, including end users. This article...

  13. Public Health England Briefing Papers

    Public Health England


    -Social and economic inequalities in diet and physical activity - Obesity and disability - adults - Obesity and alcohol - an overview - A simple guide to classifying body mass index in children - Knowledge and attitudes towards healthy eating and physical activity - Brief intervetions for weight management - Data sources:environmental influences on physical activity and diet - Measuring diet and physical activity in weight management interventions - Obesity and Mental ...


    The SIMCorB Business Plan was discussed at the ORD Infrastructure Meeting held on July 17, 2000 in Washington, D.C.The briefing explained the purpose of the Plan as a vehicle to provide a road map to attain the ORD science IM vision. The road map includes defined milestones, bu...

  15. Brief Counseling with Hispanic American College Students.

    Littrell, John M.; Cruz, Jeannette


    Hispanic-American college students (N=16) met with a Puerto-Rican counselor for two brief counseling sessions. Brief counseling was a viable and effective approach in helping the students reach their goals. Examined types of student concerns about, and student perceptions of, brief counseling. (Author)

  16. 50 CFR 37.33 - Environmental briefing.


    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Environmental briefing. 37.33 Section 37..., ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA Environmental Protection § 37.33 Environmental briefing. The... briefings for all of its personnel involved in field operations prior to commencement of field work...

  17. A Brief History of Context

    Wan, Kaiyu


    Context is a rich concept and is an elusive concept to define. The concept of context has been studied by philosophers, linguists, psychologists, and recently by computer scientists. Within each research community the term context was interpreted in a certain way that is well-suited for their goals, however no attempt was made to define context. In many areas of research in computer science, notably on web-based services, human-computer interaction (HCI), ubiquitous computing applications, and context-aware systems there is a need to provide a formal operational definition of context. In this brief survey an account of the early work on context, as well as the recent work on many working definitions of context, context modeling, and a formalization of context are given. An attempt is made to unify the different context models within the formalization. A brief commentary on the usefulness of the formalization in the development of context-aware and dependable systems is included.

  18. A brief history of videogames

    Simone Belli; Cristian López


    The following text contains a brief journey through a short and yet intense adventure, the history of videogames. Since its beginnings in the 1950's decade to the present time, videogames have progressively changed from a hobby for ingeneering studens to the most powerfull leisure industry. In order to gain a better understanding of this phenomenon it is necessary to look over the path of its transformation from a retrospecive point of view. Such a look has necessarily t...

  19. Brief Psychotherapy in Family Practice

    MacDonald, Peter J.; Brown, Alan


    A large number of patients with psychosocial or psychiatric disorders present to family physicians, and the family physician needs a model of psychotherapy with which to cope with their problems. A model of brief psychotherapy is presented which is time limited, goal directed and easy to learn. It consists of four facets drawn from established areas of psychotherapy: characteristics of the therapist; characteristics of the patient; Eriksonian developmental stages; and the process of therapy a...

  20. Geothermal reservoirs - A brief review

    Ganguly, Sayantan; Kumar, Mohan MS


    A brief discussion and review of the geothermal reservoir systems, geothermal energy and modeling and simulation of the geothermal reservoirs has been presented here. Different types of geothermal reservoirs and their governing equations have been discussed first. The conceptual and numerical modeling along with the representation of flow though fractured media, some issues related to non isothermal flow through fractured media, the efficiency of the geothermal reservoir, structure of the num...

  1. Briefs


    Pollution saver Pilot programs promoting the use of controlled-release fertilizer have been expanded to more than 20 provinces in China,compared with five in 2008,said the National Agro-Tech Extension and Service Center(NAESC),a department under the Ministry of Agriculture.The move is aimed at reducing pollution caused by the excessive use of fertilizer to protect the environment and save energy,the NAESC said.NAESC also predicted the use of controlled-release fertilizer could help increase agricultural production by 5 to 10 percent on average.

  2. Briefs


    3 More competitive According to the Global Competitiveness Report 2011-12,China’s competitiveness ranking rose from 27th to 26th among 142 economies in the world this year, continuing to lead the way among large developing economies.The report said China is one of the world’s least indebted countries,boasts a savings rate of some 53 percent of GDP,and runs only moder ate budget deficits.However,China’s fairly poor results in the financial market development and technological readiness pillars pull down its overall competitiveness performance,said the report.

  3. Briefs


    Benefits for Africa China’s investments in Africa have brought multiple benefits to the continent, providing better livelihood,more development opportunities and more choices for local people,said Liu Guijin, China’s special envoy on African affairs,at the end of the three-day World Economic Forum on Africa.He said China’s investments cater to Africa’s needs for a

  4. Briefs


    Simpler forex rules According to the State Administration of Foreign Exchange,China began a trial program for simplifying the procedures for passing foreign currencies between banks and companies in the trading of goods.Effective from December 1,the new rules don’t require verification for information about prepayments for goods,payment cancellations or delays.

  5. Briefs


    RMB trade The Bank of China has opened trading in the yuan currency to U.S.customers. The bank’s New York Branch now lets companies and individuals buy and sell the yuan through accounts with its U.S. branches,although U.S.businesses and individuals can also trade the currency through Western banks.The bank said it offers yuan savings,demand deposit and time deposit accounts to business customers in New York and Los Angeles. A savings account requires a minimum balance of the equivalent of $5,000.

  6. My brief history. 2. ed.

    For the first time, Stephen Hawking turns his gaze inward for a revealing look at his own life and intellectual evolution. My Brief History recounts Stephen Hawking's improbable journey, from his post-war London boyhood to his years of international acclaim and celebrity. Illustrated with rarely seen photographs, this concise, witty and candid account introduces readers to the inquisitive schoolboy whose classmates nicknamed him 'Einstein'; the jokester who once placed a bet with a colleague over the existence of a black hole; and the young husband and father striving to gain a foothold in the world of academia. Writing with humility and humour, Hawking opens up about the challenges that confronted him following his diagnosis of ALS aged twenty-one. Tracing his development as a thinker, he explains how the prospect of an early death urged him onward through numerous intellectual breakthroughs, and talks about the genesis of his masterpiece A Brief History of Time - one of the iconic books of the twentieth century.

  7. Sustainable Markets Investment Briefings: Investment Treaties

    Cotula, Lorenzo


    This is the second of a series of briefings which discuss the sustainable development issues raised by legal arrangements for the protection of foreign investment. The briefings are based on legal research by IIED and its partners. The goal is to provide accessible but accurate information for human rights, development and environmental organisations working on issues raised by foreign investment in low- and middle-income countries. Briefing 2 explains how investment treaties between states work to protect and promote foreign investment.

  8. Continuous Briefing and User Participation in Building Projects

    Jensen, Per Anker


    Briefing is not just about specifying needs as requirements but also about evaluating how well design pro-posals fulfill the needs and aspirations. Furthermore, briefing is not only about building design. Briefing starts at the pre-project stage to create a basis for the project decision. It includes an initial strategic brief-ing to define the overall vision and objectives. Parallel to the design briefing it is necessary to carry out a briefing process related to interior design and building...

  9. Institutional Advancement Brief, Communicating NPS Value

    Haska, Christine


    Naval Postgraduate School Institutional Advancement Brief, Communicating NPS Value. NPS Board of Advisors, April 2012, Presented by Dr. Christine Haska, Vice President for Information Resources and CIO.

  10. A brief history of videogames

    Simone Belli


    Full Text Available The following text contains a brief journey through a short and yet intense adventure, the history of videogames. Since its beginnings in the 1950's decade to the present time, videogames have progressively changed from a hobby for ingeneering studens to the most powerfull leisure industry. In order to gain a better understanding of this phenomenon it is necessary to look over the path of its transformation from a retrospecive point of view. Such a look has necessarily to focus on those devices and games that had made a landmark in the history of videogames, taking them to their current position. Besides, it is crucial to address their implications in contemporary visual culture, along with current prejudices against them. This is a short account about a great history.

  11. Negotiating Visualities in Briefing and Design

    Koch, Christian; Bendixen, Mads


    Building on an in-depth ethnographic study and the approaches of ‘practice-based studies’ and ‘science and technology studies’, the role of visual representations is explored in briefing and design processes. Three characteristic ways in which drawings contribute to ongoing negotiations are...... approaches should be chosen to promote innovative briefing and design....

  12. Brief Psychotherapy Methods in Clinical Research.

    Koss, Mary P.; And Others


    After a concise overview of the technical characteristics that define brief psychotherapy, the current use and misuse of these methods in clinical research on the outcome and process of treatment is examined. Suggests that brief psychotherapy methods possess unique technical advantages to the researcher. (Author/BL)

  13. UNESCO Policy Briefs on Early Childhood, 2002.

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Early Childhood and Family Education Unit.

    This document consists of eight double-sided briefs addressing aspects of the field of early childhood education. Titles of the briefs are as follows: (1) "Early Childhood Care? Development? Education?," outlining the distinctions between these terms; (2) "Planning for Access: Develop a Data System First," highlighting Brazil's census to collect…

  14. Internship or Indenture? Research Brief. Edition 2

    Sutton Trust, 2014


    This brief analyzes the latest higher education data and government wage statistics to examine the number of unpaid graduate interns in the United Kingdom and the cost to an individual of doing an unpaid internship. It also includes newly published Ipsos Mori polling on attitudes to unpaid internships. Key findings in this brief include: (1) 31%…

  15. 76 FR 50715 - Briefing on Partner Vetting System Pilot Program


    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Agency for International Development Briefing on Partner Vetting System Pilot Program... briefing. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of a briefing on the Partner Vetting System (PVS) pilot...

  16. NASA Tech Briefs, February 2009


    Tech Briefs are short announcements of innovations originating from research and development activities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. They emphasize information considered likely to be transferable across industrial, regional, or disciplinary lines and are issued to encourage commercial application. Topics covered include: Measuring Low Concentrations of Liquid Water in Soil; The Mars Science Laboratory Touchdown Test Facility; Non-Contact Measurement of Density and Thickness Variation in Dielectric Materials; Compact Microwave Fourier Spectrum Analyzer; InP Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor Amplifiers to 255 GHz; Combinatorial Generation of Test Suites; In-Phase Power-Combined Frequency Tripler at 300 GHz; Electronic System for Preventing Airport Runway Incursions; Smaller but Fully Functional Backshell for Cable Connector; Glove-Box or Desktop Virtual-Reality System; Composite Layer Manufacturing with Fewer Interruptions; Improved Photoresist Coating for Making CNT Field Emitters; A Simplified Diagnostic Method for Elastomer Bond Durability; Complex Multifunctional Polymer/Carbon-Nanotube Composites; Very High Output Thermoelectric Devices Based on ITO Nanocomposites; Reducing Unsteady Loads on a Piggyback Miniature Submarine; Ultrasonic/Sonic Anchor; Grooved Fuel Rings for Nuclear Thermal Rocket Engines; Pulsed Operation of an Ion Accelerator; Autonomous Instrument Placement for Mars Exploration Rovers; Mission and Assets Database; TCP/IP Interface for the Satellite Orbit Analysis Program (SOAP); Trajectory Calculator for Finite-Radius Cutter on a Lathe; Integrated System Health Management Development Toolkit.

  17. Engineering Technical Review Planning Briefing

    Gardner, Terrie


    The general topics covered in the engineering technical planning briefing are 1) overviews of NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), and Engineering, 2) the NASA Systems Engineering(SE) Engine and its implementation , 3) the NASA Project Life Cycle, 4) MSFC Technical Management Branch Services in relation to the SE Engine and the Project Life Cycle , 5) Technical Reviews, 6) NASA Human Factor Design Guidance , and 7) the MSFC Human Factors Team. The engineering technical review portion of the presentation is the primary focus of the overall presentation and will address the definition of a design review, execution guidance, the essential stages of a technical review, and the overall review planning life cycle. Examples of a technical review plan content, review approaches, review schedules, and the review process will be provided and discussed. The human factors portion of the presentation will focus on the NASA guidance for human factors. Human factors definition, categories, design guidance, and human factor specialist roles will be addressed. In addition, the NASA Systems Engineering Engine description, definition, and application will be reviewed as background leading into the NASA Project Life Cycle Overview and technical review planning discussion.

  18. Elliptic flow: a brief review

    Snellings, Raimond


    One of the fundamental questions in the field of subatomic physics is the question of what happens to matter at extreme densities and temperatures as may have existed in the first microseconds after the Big Bang and exists, perhaps, in the core of dense neutron stars. The aim of heavy-ion physics is to collide nuclei at very high energies and thereby create such a state of matter in the laboratory. The experimental program began in the 1990s with collisions made available at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) and the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS), and continued at the Brookhaven Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) with the maximum center-of-mass energies of \\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 4.75 , 17.2 and 200 GeV, respectively. Collisions of heavy ions at the unprecedented energy of 2.76 TeV recently became available at the LHC collider at CERN. In this review, I give a brief introduction to the physics of ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions and discuss the current status of elliptic flow measurements.

  19. Sustainable Markets Investment Briefings: Foreign investment contracts

    Cotula, Lorenzo


    This is the fourth of a series of briefings which discuss the sustainable development issues raised by legal arrangements for the protection of foreign investment. The briefings are based on legal research by IIED and its partners. The goal is to provide accessible but accurate information for human rights, development and environmental organisations working on issues raised by foreign investment in low- and middle-income countries. Briefing 4 sets out some of the ways in which foreign investment contracts can impact on sustainable development.

  20. Sustainable Markets Investment Briefings: International arbitration

    Cotula, Lorenzo


    This is the fifth of a series of briefings which discuss the sustainable development issues raised by legal arrangements for the protection of foreign investment. The briefings are based on legal research by IIED and its partners. The goal is to provide accessible but accurate information for human rights, development and environmental organisations working on issues raised by foreign investment in low- and middle-income countries. Briefing 5 explains how international arbitration works to resolve disputes between foreign investors and host states, and outlines some of the problems associated with its use, from a sustainable development perspective.

  1. NASA Tech Briefs, February 2012


    This issue contains the following briefs: (1) Optical Comb from a Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator for Spectroscopy and Astronomy Instruments Calibration (2) Real-Time Flight Envelope Monitoring System (3) Nemesis Autonomous Test System (4) Mirror Metrology Using Nano-Probe Supports (5) Automated Lab-on-a-Chip Electrophoresis System (6) Techniques for Down-Sampling a Measured Surface Height Map for Model Validation (7) Multi-Component, Multi-Point Interferometric Rayleigh/Mie Doppler Velocimeter (8) Frequency to Voltage Converter Analog Front-End Prototype (9) Dust-Tolerant Intelligent Electrical Connection System (10) Gigabit Ethernet Asynchronous Clock Compensation FIFO (11) High-Speed, Multi-Channel Serial ADC LVDS Interface for Xilinx Virtex-5 FPGA (12) Glovebox for GeoLab Subsystem in HDU1-PEM (13) Modified Process Reduces Porosity when Soldering in Reduced Gravity Environments (14) Use of Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes for Covalent Attachment of Nanotubes to Silicon (15) Flexible Plug Repair for Shuttle Wing Leading Edge (16) Three Dimensionally Interlinked, Dense, Solid Form of Single-Walled CNT Ropes (17) Axel Robotic Platform for Crater and Extreme Terrain Exploration (18) Site Tamper and Material Plow Tool - STAMP (19) Magnetic Interface for Segmented Mirror Assembly (20) Transpiration-Cooled Spacecraft-Insulation-Repair Fasteners (21) Fluorescence-Based Sensor for Monitoring Activation of Lunar Dust (22) Aperture Ion Source (23) Virtual Ultrasound Guidance for Inexperienced Operators (24) Model-Based Fault Diagnosis: Performing Root Cause and Impact Analyses in Real Time (25) Interactive Schematic Integration Within the Propellant System Modeling Environment (26) Magnetic and Electric Field Polarizations of Oblique Magnetospheric Chorus Waves (27) Variable Sampling Mapping.

  2. Briefing statement : Waubay Wetland Management District

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This briefing statement details the Waubay National Wildlife Refuge, staff, funding, history, refuges facts and maps, general management, public use and depredation...


    The brochure gives an executive briefing of EPA's Conventional Combustion Environmental Assessment (CCEA) Program. The CCEA Program was established recently to coordinate and integrate EPA's research and development efforts for assessing the environmental effects of pollutants fr...

  4. Brief Review on the Relevance Theory

    龚腾龙; 阿勒腾


    Relevance theory has had an impact on the study in various disciplines including linguistics,literature and so on. This paper gives a brief review of the relevance theory and two principles of relevance.

  5. Environmental actual situation in Guatemala. Executive brief

    In this brief prepared by the Consejo Permanente de Cambio y Variabilidad Climatica the climate in Guatemala is described including the current situation on variation of rainy season, air humidity, influence of the Nino current. This brief was prepared in order to plan a strategy to be adopted by all the institutions that are involved in environmental issues and in this way to deal with the climate change and the impact of the different energy sources in the environment

  6. Urban Teacher Retention Policy: A Research Brief

    Quartz, Karen Hunter; Kimberly Barraza Lyons; Katherine Masyn; Brad Olsen; Lauren Anderson; Andrew Thomas; Joanna Goode; Eileen Lai Horng


    This research brief summarizes interim results from a longitudinal study designed to inform policies aimed at curbing the high rate of attrition from hard-to-staff urban schools. These policies range from ensuring specialized teacher preservice education that willthat will prepare teachers for the challenges ahead to ongoing support for professional development and advancement. As an initial step in assessing the impact of specialized urban teacher preparation on retention, the research brief...

  7. 14 CFR 91.519 - Passenger briefing.


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Passenger briefing. 91.519 Section 91.519 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC... be supplemented by printed cards for the use of each passenger containing— (1) A diagram of,...

  8. A brief history of the universe

    The failure of the Big Bang Theory to explain the experimental (cosmological) data is well known. Attempts have been made to give a new interpretation of the above theory to explain the existing cosmological problems and a brief history of the universe. (author). 2 refs, 1 fig

  9. Attention Deficit Disorder. NICHCY Briefing Paper.

    Fowler, Mary

    This briefing paper uses a question-and-answer format to provide basic information about children with attention deficit disorder (ADD). Questions address the following concerns: nature and incidence of ADD; causes of ADD; signs of ADD (impulsivity, hyperactivity, disorganization, social skill deficits); the diagnostic ADD assessment; how to get…

  10. Update: Preparation Briefing Meeting for Shanghai


    @@ On March 9,the preparation briefing meeting for Shanghai World Expo was held in Beijing.Shanghai Mayor Han Zheng,CCPIT Chairman Wan Jifei,Assistant Foreign Minister Liu Jieyi and three deputy directors of Shanghai World Expo Organizing Committee addressed the meeting.

  11. Sustainable investment in Turkey: issue brief

    Ararat, Melsa; Yurtoğlu, Burçin B.; Yurtoglu, Burcin B.; Suel, Esra


    IFC launched a series of sustainable investment country reports initially covering the largest emerging capital markets attracting global portfolio investors: Brazil, India, and China. Further reports have been added to the series covering Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, and Turkey. This Issue Brief 's the summary version of the report, “Sustainable Investment in Turkey,”

  12. A brief history of dosage compensation

    Stanley M. Gartler


    In 1914, H. J. Muller postulated the origin of the Y chromosome as having resulted from restricted recombination between homologous sex chromosomes in the male and the accumulation of deleterious mutations. This evolutionary process leads to dosage compensation. This article lays out a brief history of dosage compensation in genetics.

  13. Universities and Development: Global Cooperation. Policy Briefing

    Universities UK, 2010


    This policy briefing aims to demonstrate that universities are key organisations in international development. Universities are involved in a wide range of international development activities, including collaborative research projects, developing entrepreneurial and employability skills and the evaluation of non-governmental organisation (NGO)…

  14. A brief review on nuclear fragmentation

    In this article a brief review on nuclear fragmentation has been presented on both theoretical and experimental ground. On the theoretical aspects discussion on different models has been done. On experimental overview the multiplicity distribution, angular distribution, correlation and intermittent type of fluctuations have been discussed for black and grey particles is presented. An experimental review on projectile fragments is also given. (author)

  15. The Neighboring Field of Brief Individual Psychotherapy.

    Gustafson, Jim


    Presents field of brief individual psychotherapy as coherent set of conventions, despite its diverse origins in schools of dynamic, behavioral, interpersonal or cognitive, and strategic psychotherapy. Proposes advantages and drawbacks of shared conventions and discusses how neighboring field could help field of family therapy reduce its errors.…

  16. Competency-Based Business Degree. Issue Brief

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, 2014


    In January 2015, thirteen Washington community colleges launched an online, competency-based business transfer degree--the first in the state's community and technical college system. This issue brief provides answers to commonly asked questions about the new competency-based degree.

  17. A Brief Introduction to SLA Theories



    There are a large number of theories,models or hypotheses in the history of SLA research.A brief introduction is made in this paper on several typical ones which have a great influence on foreign language teaching and it is hoped to be useful for the study of SLA research and foreign language teaching.

  18. Genre Identification of Very Brief Musical Excerpts

    Mace, Sandra T.; Wagoner, Cynthia L.; Teachout, David J.; Hodges, Donald A.


    The purpose of this study was to examine how well individuals were able to identify different music genres from very brief excerpts and whether musical training, gender and preference played a role in genre identification. Listeners were asked to identify genre from classical, jazz, country, metal, and rap/hip hop excerpts that were 125, 250, 500,…

  19. Monitoring Climate Finance and ODA Issues Brief

    Huhtala, Ari; Curto, Stefano; Ambrosi, Philippe


    This issues brief examines the challenges of monitoring financial flows related to climate change. The first part focuses on tracking, monitoring, and reporting various types of flows, primarily from official development assistance (ODA) and other public sources but also from private sources. The second part explores possible ways of tracking additionality in ODA flows, with the aim of sti...

  20. Quality Physical Education. NASPE Resource Brief

    National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2013


    A quality physical education program provides learning opportunities, appropriate instruction, meaningful and challenging content, and student and program assessment. In addition, a quality physical education improves mental alertness, academic performance, and readiness and enthusiasm for learning in the nation's youth. This brief provides a list…

  1. Briefs for English-Speaking Parents, 1996.

    Howley, Craig

    In plain language, these six ready-to-copy briefs state what researchers and practitioners have learned about various ways parents can help their children do well in school. "Calculating the Risks: When Should Parents Add or Subtract?" discusses the normal risks of life, the intensification of risk by poverty, and how parents can keep children…

  2. Characteristics of Improved School Districts. Research Brief

    Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2006


    This research brief presents an overview of a 2004 study by G.S. Shannon and P. Bylsma entitled "Characteristics of Improved School Districts: Themes from Research" (Olympia, WA: Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction). The authors reviewed more than 80 research articles that investigated the attributes of schools and districts that have…

  3. Counseling Services and Student Success. Research Brief

    Francis, Perry C.; Horn, Aaron S.


    The purpose of this research brief is to provide an overview of mental health issues and counseling services on college campuses. The findings from several national surveys are reviewed to estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depression, suicide and suicidal ideation, and violence among college students. Common prevention and treatment programs…

  4. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH): a brief review.

    Jaunoo, S S; Thrush, S; Dunn, P


    Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) is a benign entity of the breast and typically found incidentally. It warrants thorough investigation in order to exclude more sinister pathology masquerading as this form of benign breast disease and can often be managed expectantly without the need for surgical intervention. We provide a brief review of the literature on PASH, discussing its clinicopathological features and management. PMID:20887819

  5. Reinventing Teacher Compensation Systems. CPRE Finance Briefs.

    Kelley, Carolyn; Odden, Allan

    Other organizations in the United States have successfully implemented new compensation structures. This publication argues that it is time for education to join these successful efforts and revise teacher-pay systems. The brief provides a short history of changes in teacher compensation over the last century and a discussion of key organizational…

  6. NASA Ames Fluid Mechanics Laboratory research briefs

    Davis, Sanford (Editor)


    The Ames Fluid Mechanics Laboratory research program is presented in a series of research briefs. Nineteen projects covering aeronautical fluid mechanics and related areas are discussed and augmented with the publication and presentation output of the Branch for the period 1990-1993.

  7. Citizens Science for Sustainability (SuScit) Project Briefing

    Eames, Malcolm; Mortensen, Jonas Egmose; Adebowale, Maria;

    This project briefing gives a short overview of the Citizens Science for Sustainability (SuScit) Project.......This project briefing gives a short overview of the Citizens Science for Sustainability (SuScit) Project....

  8. ETV Tech Brief: Rapid Fungi and Bacteria Detection Technologies

    Technical brief that summarizes the results for Mycometer, Inc. Mycometer®-test and Bactiquant®-test, which are rapid detection technologies for fungi and bacteria. The brief summarizes the results of the verification report and statement.

  9. 14 CFR 135.117 - Briefing of passengers before flight.


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Briefing of passengers before flight. 135... Flight Operations § 135.117 Briefing of passengers before flight. (a) Before each takeoff each pilot in... briefing shall include a statement that the Federal Aviation Regulations require passenger compliance...

  10. 14 CFR 141.43 - Pilot briefing areas.


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pilot briefing areas. 141.43 Section 141.43... Pilot briefing areas. (a) An applicant for a pilot school certificate or provisional pilot school certificate must show that the applicant has continuous use of a briefing area located at each airport...

  11. 14 CFR 125.327 - Briefing of passengers before flight.


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Briefing of passengers before flight. 125... § 125.327 Briefing of passengers before flight. (a) Before each takeoff, each pilot in command of an... briefing shall include a statement that the Federal Aviation Regulations require passenger compliance...

  12. 14 CFR 121.573 - Briefing passengers: Extended overwater operations.


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Briefing passengers: Extended overwater... OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.573 Briefing passengers: Extended overwater operations. (a) In addition to the oral briefing required by §...

  13. On the Integration of Science and Practice in Brief Psychotherapy.

    May, Robert


    Responds to previous article by Steenbarger on science-practice integration in brief counseling and therapy. Focuses specifically on the integration of science and practice in brief psychotherapy. Elaborates on agreements and disagreements concerning Steenbarger's analysis of brief psychotherapy. Muses over what is lost as well as gained in brief…

  14. Solution-Focused Brief Therapy: Helpful Interventions for School Counselors.

    Bonnington, Stuart B.


    Notes that school counselors have routinely practiced brief forms of counseling. Contends that solution-focused brief therapy offers counselors numerous straight forward interventions that can help counselors focus on clients' strengths to find meaningful solutions to problems. Presents solution-focused brief therapy framework and identifies tasks…

  15. Interviewing: Methodological Briefs - Impact Evaluation No. 12

    Patricia Rogers; Bronwen McDonald


    Interviews are easy to do badly and hard to do well - good planning, adequate time and appropriate skills are required. The type of interview should be carefully chosen to suit the situation rather than choosing a type of interview (such as focus groups) simply because it is commonly used. Interviews with children raise particular ethical issues that need to be carefully considered and fully addressed. This brief outlines key issues to consider in planning interviews for impact evaluation, ta...

  16. A (Very) Brief History of Artificial Intelligence

    Buchanan, Bruce G.


    In this brief history, the beginnings of artificial intelligence are traced to philosophy, fiction, and imagination. Early inventions in electronics, engineering, and many other disciplines have influenced AI. Some early milestones include work in problems solving which included basic work in learning, knowledge representation, and inference as well as demonstration programs in language understanding, translation, theorem proving, associative memory, and knowledge-based systems. The article e...

  17. Cosmology today-A brief review

    Cervantes-Cota, Jorge L


    This is a brief review of the standard model of cosmology. We first introduce the FRW models and their flat solutions for energy fluids playing an important role in the dynamics at different epochs. We then introduce different cosmological lengths and some of their applications. The later part is dedicated to the physical processes and concepts necessary to understand the early and very early Universe and observations of it.

  18. The Raychaudhuri equations: A brief review

    Sayan Kar; Soumitra Sengupta


    We present a brief review on the Raychaudhuri equations. Beginning with a summary of the essential features of the original article by Raychaudhuri and subsequent work of numerous authors, we move on to a discussion of the equations in the context of alternate non-Riemannian spacetimes as well as other theories of gravity, with a special mention on the equations in spacetimes with torsion (Einstein–Cartan–Sciama–Kibble theory). Finally, we give an overview of some recent applications of these equations in general relativity, quantum field theory, string theory and the theory of relativisitic membranes. We conclude with a summary and provide our own perspectives on directions of future research.

  19. A Brief Analysis on William Blake's London

    张莉; 尚彦飞


    William Blake (1757-1827) is a renowned British poet in the 18th century. His lyric poems display the characteristics of romantic spirit, and he is regarded as the forefather of the British Romanticism. His London is a well-known lyric poetry, which is thought to be the best vesicle in the West. This paper will analyse this poem in terms of its form, theme, and im-age and then draw a brief conclusion for the characteristics of William Blake's poem.

  20. Brief history of electronic stereoscopic displays

    Lipton, Lenny


    A brief history of recent developments in electronic stereoscopic displays is given concentrating on products that have succeeded in the market place and hence have had a significant influence on future implementations. The concentration is on plano-stereoscopic (two-view) technology because it is now the dominant display modality in the marketplace. Stereoscopic displays were created for the motion picture industry a century ago, and this technology influenced the development of products for science and industry, which in turn influenced product development for entertainment.

  1. A brief history of topographical anatomy.

    Standring, Susan


    This brief history of topographical anatomy begins with Egyptian medical papyri and the works known collectively as the Greco-Arabian canon, the time line then moves on to the excitement of discovery that characterised the Renaissance, the increasing regulatory and legislative frameworks introduced in the 18th and 19th centuries, and ends with a consideration of the impact of technology that epitomises the period from the late 19th century to the present day. This paper is based on a lecture I gave at the Winter Meeting of the Anatomical Society in Cambridge in December 2015, when I was awarded the Anatomical Society Medal. PMID:27278889

  2. 2. Der erkenntnistheoretische Grundentwurf im 7. Brief

    Liatsi, Maria


    Der Brief ist nach Dions Tod verfaßt und richtet sich an die Verwandten und Freunde Dions, gleichzeitig richtet er sich nach Form und Inhalt an die damalige kulturelle Öffentlichkeit. Dion war aus der ihm von Dionysios II. auferlegten Verbannung zurückgekehrt und hatte, ausgerüstet mit einigen Schiffen und einem kleinen Söldnerheer, Syrakus besetzt. Das Volk jubelte ihm wie einem Retter und Befreier zu. Das war im Herbst 357 gewesen. Der Tyrann leistete bis Ende 355 in Ortygia Widerstand und ...

  3. Editorial-A brief journal status update.

    Lynch, James F


    In this editorial, the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America gives a brief overview of the present status of the Journal, emphasizing the events that have occurred over the past one and one half years. Topics addressed include: (1) The recent transition to the Editorial Manager peer review system, (2) new features that have been implemented in the Journal, (3) the incoming Managing Editor, (4) the publications component of the Acoustical Society's Strategic Plan, (5) new and revived article types, (6) open access, and (7) Journal metrics and statistics. PMID:27250160

  4. Brief historical background of Miamisburg Indian Mound

    Russell, Lorraine M. [comp.


    The construction of Mound Laboratory was completed in 1948. The name Mound Laboratory was chosen for this installation because of the major Indian Mound which is immediately adjacent to the Plant site. Frequent inquiries of visitors to Mound Lab concerning the Indian Mounds in general and specifically Miamisburg's Indian Mound has indicated an area of "outside interest". We, therefore, thought it would be appropriate to furnish this brief historical background to all of the attendees at the Twentieth Meeting of the Mechanical Equipment Management Subgroup.

  5. Energy in Croatia 2008, Brief Report

    The sixth edition of concise energy review 'Energy in Croatia 2008' presents brief information on relations and developments in the Croatian energy sector to domestic and international audience. Apart od basic energy indicators, this report provides data on energy production and consumption, as well as energy commodities, balances for the past period. In addition, the report gives other interesting indicators, such as, basic facts on the Republic of Croatia, air pollutant emissions, energy prices, energy capacities and energy reserves. The report presents the croatian energy sector in practical and informative style

  6. miR-625-3p regulates oxaliplatin resistance by targeting MAP2K6-p38 signalling in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells

    Rasmussen, Mads Heilskov; Lyskjær, Iben; Jersie-Christensen, Rosa Rakownikow;


    Oxaliplatin resistance in colorectal cancers (CRC) is a major medical problem, and predictive markers are urgently needed. Recently, miR-625-3p was reported as a promising predictive marker. Herein, we show that miR-625-3p functionally induces oxaliplatin resistance in CRC cells, and identify the...

  7. Fast healthcare: brief communication, traps and opportunities.

    Crawford, Paul; Brown, Brian


    Resource considerations have meant that brevity in health care interventions is a high priority, and have led to a constant striving after ever more impressive time efficiency. The UK's National Health Service may be described as a kind of 'fast healthcare', where everyone is task busy, time is money, bed spaces are frenetically shuffled so as to accommodate the most needy and there appears to be 'no time to talk'. Indeed, a great many health care encounters are taking place in short 'blips' often of 5min or less across a range of sites and involving a vast number of practitioners. In this paper we explore how brief communication can both alienate and be therapeutic for patients. We theorise brief interactions by considering a number of traditions of work in anthropology, linguistics and sociology and conclude that health care providers need to invest much more in the skills and strategies for how best to communicate briefly if it to retain its core tradition of caring for others. PMID:20303228

  8. The Brief Norwegian Safety Climate Inventory (Brief NORSCI) – Psychometric properties and relationships with shift work, sleep, and health

    Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Hystad, Sigurd William; Eid, Jarle


    The aim of this study was to establish the psychometric properties of the 11-item Brief Norwegian Safety Climate Inventory (Brief NORSCI) and to examine direct and indirect associations between shift work schedules, sleep problems, health complaints, and psychological safety climate. The study was based on a questionnaire survey in a randomly drawn cross-sectional sample of 8066 workers from the Norwegian offshore petroleum industry. The results showed that the Brief NORSCI has good psychomet...

  9. STS-114: Discovery Launch Postponement Press Briefing


    This press briefing addresses the problem that occurred prior to the launch of the STS-114. Dean Acosta, Deputy Assistant Administrator of Public Affairs, introduces the panel which consists of Dr. Michael Griffin, NASA Administrator, William Readdy, Associate Administrator for Space Operations, Wayne Hale, Space Shuttle Program Deputy Manager, Steve Poulas, Orbiter Project Manager, Mike Leinbach, NASA Launch Director, and Bill Parsons, Space Shuttle Program Manager. Wayne Hale expresses that a problem occurred with one of the low level sensors in the hydrogen tank and that the cause of the problem must be identified and rectified. Steve Poulos talks about establishing a troubleshooting plan as a part of the scrub effort and Mike Leinbach describes the process of draining the external tank. Wayne Hale answers questions about the sensors and if the Space Shuttle Discovery is safe to fly and Steve Poulos answers questions about the possible suspects for this problem.

  10. Bats and Viruses: a Brief Review

    Lin-Fa Wang


    Bats, probably the most abundant, diverse and geographically dispersed vertebrates on earth, have recently been shown to be the reservoir hosts of a number of emerging viruses responsible for severe human and livestock disease outbreaks. Flying foxes have been demonstrated to be the natural reservoir for Hendra and Nipah viruses. Evidence supporting the possibility of bats as potential reservoirs for SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Ebola virus has also been reported. The recent discovery of these viruses and other viruses occurring naturally in the bat population provides a unique insight into a diverse pool of potentially emergent and pathogenic viruses. The factors which influence the ability of zoonotic viruses to effectively cross the species barrier from bats to other animal populations are poorly understood. A brief review is provided here on the recently emerged bat viruses and on current and future strategies for research in this area.

  11. Delusional disorders in dermatology: a brief review.

    Robles, David T; Romm, Sharon; Combs, Heidi; Olson, Jonathan; Kirby, Phil


    There are several unique psychiatric disorders that are likely to present to a dermatologist because of their accompanying skin complaints. Delusions of parasitosis (DP) is a fixed, false belief of parasitic infestation that may lead patients to compulsively self-mutilate while attempting to remove the non-existent parasites. Morgellons disease is a controversial condition characterized by a fixed belief that fibers that are imbedded or extruding from the skin; this condition is likely in the spectrum of DP. Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with an imagined defect in appearance that causes significant distress and is associated with time consuming rituals, isolation, depression, and increased risk of suicide. Olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) is a preoccupation with body odor leading to the stigmata of shame, embarrassment, and social isolation. This brief review examines each of these conditions and their management because any one of them may present to a dermatologist. PMID:18713583

  12. Affordances for robots: a brief survey

    Thomas E. Horton


    Full Text Available In this paper, we consider the influence of Gibson's affordance theory on the design of robotic agents. Affordance theory (and the ecological approach to agent design in general has in many cases contributed to the development of successful robotic systems; we provide a brief survey of AI research in this area. However, there remain significant issues that complicate discussions on this topic, particularly in the exchange of ideas between researchers in artificial intelligence and ecological psychology. We identify some of these issues, specifically the lack of a generally accepted definition of "affordance" and fundamental differences in the current approaches taken in AI and ecological psychology. While we consider reconciliation between these fields to be possible and mutually beneficial, it will require some flexibility on the issue of direct perception.

  13. Negotiating Visualities in Briefing and Design

    Koch, Christian; Bendixen, Mads


    prescription, changing their roles and configurations, and intersecting and affecting the project process in characteristic ways. Visual representations play a temporary role, and ‘time’ and ‘phase’ set boundaries for them. For practice, the analysis suggests the implication that communitarian management......Building on an in-depth ethnographic study and the approaches of ‘practice-based studies’ and ‘science and technology studies’, the role of visual representations is explored in briefing and design processes. Three characteristic ways in which drawings contribute to ongoing negotiations are...... discussed. First, drawings are shown to be inscribed with particular interests, making them political instruments. Second, they have prescriptive effects as partially independent actors in the project. Third, they are shown to participate as conscriptions in a complementary process of inscription and...

  14. Negotiating Visualizations in Briefing and Design

    Bendixen, Mads; Koch, Christian


    prescription, changing their roles and configurations, and intersecting and affecting the project process in characteristic ways. Visual representations play a temporary role, and ‘time’ and ‘phase’ set boundaries for them. For practice, the analysis suggests the implication that communitarian management......Building on an in-depth ethnographic study and the approaches of ‘practice-based studies’ and ‘science and technology studies’, the role of visual representations is explored in briefing and design processes. Three characteristic ways in which drawings contribute to ongoing negotiations are...... discussed. First, drawings are shown to be inscribed with particular interests, making them political instruments. Second, they have prescriptive effects as partially independent actors in the project. Third, they are shown to participate as conscriptions in a complementary process of inscription and...

  15. The Financial Therapy Association: A Brief History

    Sonya Britt


    Full Text Available The purpose of this brief review is to provide a historical context for the conceptualization, development, and launch of the Financial Therapy Association (FTA. The FTA membership base consists of practicing financial planners, financial counselors, psychologists, marriage and family therapists, social workers, financial coaches, psychotherapists, and researchers from these and other disciplines. From the outset, the Association’s purpose has encompassed five goals:To promote a vision of financial therapy, which is the study of cognitive, emotional, behavioral, relational, economic, and integrative aspects of financial health.To provide a forum for researchers, practitioners, the media, and policy makers to share research and practice methods and models of financial therapy.To promote methods of training for those involved in financial therapy.To inform policy and practice management standards as these relate to financial therapy.To stimulate and disseminate clinical, experimental, and survey research on financial therapy.

  16. Brief assessment of negative dysmorphic signs

    Patrizia Fiori


    Full Text Available Patrizia Fiori1, Antonio Monaco1, Maria Giannetti Luigi21Central Operative Unit of Neurology, 2Infantile Neuropsychiatry and Social Service, ASL AV, Civil Hospital of Ariano Irpino, University of Naples, ItalyAbstract: Body dysmorphic disorder is a body image dysperception, characterized either by an excessive preoccupation with a presumed or minimal flaw in appearance, or by unrecognition, denial, or even neglect regarding an obvious defect. These features are evaluated by a novel questionnaire, the Brief Assessment of Negative Dysmorphic Signs (BANDS. Moreover, the temperament and character background is examined. The relationship with addictive mentality/behavior and schizoaffectivity is also highlighted. Lastly, the potential shift toward cognitive impairment and dementia is considered.Keywords: body dysmorphic disorder, schizoaffectivity, addiction, behavioral-cognitive impairment

  17. The nuclear materials control technology briefing book

    Hartwell, J.K.; Fernandez, S.J.


    As national and international interests in nuclear arms control and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, intensify, it becomes ever more important that contributors be aware of the technologies available for the measurement and control of the nuclear materials important to nuclear weapons development. This briefing book presents concise, nontechnical summaries of various special nuclear material (SNM) and tritium production monitoring technologies applicable to the control of nuclear materials and their production. Since the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) operates a multinational, on-site-inspector-based safeguards program in support of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), many (but not all) of the technologies reported in this document are in routine use or under development for IAEA safeguards.

  18. History of Hanford Site Defense Production (Brief)

    This paper acquaints the audience with the history of the Hanford Site, America's first full-scale defense plutonium production site. The paper includes the founding and basic operating history of the Hanford Site, including World War II construction and operations, three major postwar expansions (1947-55), the peak years of production (1956-63), production phase downs (1964-the present), a brief production spurt from 1984-86, the end of the Cold War, and the beginning of the waste cleanup mission. The paper also delineates historical waste practices and policies as they changed over the years at the Hanford Site, past efforts to chemically treat, ''fractionate,'' and/or immobilize Hanford's wastes, and resulting major waste legacies that remain today. This paper presents original, primary-source research into the waste history of the Hanford Site. Finally, the paper places the current Hanford Site waste remediation endeavors in the broad context of American and world history

  19. Brief fasting, stress, and cognition in children.

    Pollitt, E; Leibel, R L; Greenfield, D


    Effects of skipping breakfast on speed and accuracy of response in a number of problem solving tasks were assessed in 9- to 11-yr-old, well-nourished children. The conceptual framework for this study was derived from an experimental model of the effects of mild environmental stress, e.g., noise, on human performance. Plasma glucose, beta-hydroxybutyrate, lactate, and free fatty acids were used as indicators of the induced metabolic stress, and the extent of their association with the behavioral measures was determined. Fasting had an adverse effect on the accuracy of responses in problem solving, but it had a beneficial effect on immediate recall in short-term memory. Both effects are explained by a heightened arousal level associated with the brief experimental fast. PMID:7270476

  20. Brief overview of geophysical probing technology

    An evaluation of high-resolution geophysical techniques which can be used to characterize a nulcear waste disposal site is being conducted by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) at the request of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commisson (NRC). LLNL is involved in research work aimed at evaluating the current capabilities and limitations of geophysical methods used for site selection. This report provides a brief overview of the capabilities and limitations associated with this technology and explains how our work addresses some of the present limitations. We are examining both seismic and electromagnetic techniques to obtain high-resolution information. We are also assessing the usefulness of geotomography in mapping fracture zones remotely. Finally, we are collecting core samples from a site in an effort to assess the capability of correlating such geophysical data with parameters of interest such as fracture continuity, orientation, and fracture density

  1. Brief description of the Wackersdorf Reprocessing Facility

    The DWK is now planning the construction and operation of a facility for the reprocessing of spent fuel elements and the fabrication of mixed-oxide fuel elements which will initially have an average daily throughput of 2 tons (t) of nuclear fuel. The application required by the Atomic Law was submitted to the Bavarian State Ministry for State Development and Environmental Matters on October 28, 1982. According to Par. 3, Section 1, No. 1 of the Atomic Law Procedural Ordinance such an application for permission in accordance with par. 7 AtL must explicitly be accompanied by a safety report which shall make it possible for third parties to make a judgment whether the impacts associated with the facility and its operation could damage their rights. The safety report is intended to present and explain the concept of the facility, the safety-technological design bases, and the operation of the plant, including its operation and safety systems and the impacts and proposed preventive measures. In addition to the detailed presentations in the safety report, Par. 3 of the Atomic Law Procedural Ordinance also requires a brief description of the plant designed for general public understanding, suitable for the design, which will also explain the expected impacts on the general environment and the surrounding area. Hence the brief description presents and explains the following matters: the site; the technology and state of the art for reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel; the structure and function of the proposed facility; safety provisions of the proposed facility and the management of perturbations in operation; the impacts of the facility and its operation on the environment; measures to be taken for dealing with the radioactive wastes; and provisions for ultimate shut-down of the facility

  2. Fetal Alcohol Exposure Reduces Adult Brain Plasticity. Science Briefs

    National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2007


    "Science Briefs" summarize the findings and implications of a recent study in basic science or clinical research. This Brief summarizes the findings and implications of "Moderate Fetal Alcohol Exposure Impairs the Neurogenic Response to an Enriched Environment in Adult Mice" (I. Y. Choi; A. M. Allan; and L. A. Cunningham). Observations of mice…

  3. Participation in VET in Schools. LSAY Briefing Number 15

    Coates, Hamish; Rothman, Sheldon


    This "Briefing" looks at participation in VET in Schools programs by members of three groups of young people who have been part of Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) since 1995, when VET in Schools offerings experienced sustained growth. Highlights of this briefing include: (1) Student enrolments in VET in Schools have grown…

  4. Salt Lake 2002 world broadcaster briefing: December 1998


    This briefing contains activities of SLOC as of December 1998. SLOC has developed a comprehensive budget for the 2002 Olympic Winter Games that is presented in this briefing. SLOC’s goals are to minimize costs while maximizing the potential for success, to establish a baseline for action and control, and to allow for continued planning and definition of the scope of the Games.

  5. Briefing note. Severity of the December 2015 floods - preliminary analysis

    Barker, Lucy; Hannaford, Jamie; Parry, Simon


    The purpose of this briefing note is to collate some of the key points from the December 2015 Hydrological Summary, and to provide some additional context beyond the space and format constraints of the Summary. Neither the Hydrological Summary nor the briefing note provide a fully comprehensive review of the severity of the December 2015 floods.

  6. 14 CFR 121.571 - Briefing passengers before takeoff.


    ... citations affecting § 121.571, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Briefing passengers before takeoff. 121.571... REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Flight Operations § 121.571 Briefing...

  7. Talent Wars: The International Market for Academic Staff. Policy Briefing

    Universities UK, 2007


    This policy briefing aims to raise awareness and understanding among policy-makers and UK higher institutions of the international dimensions of academic staff recruitment and the factors that may influence it. This briefing summarises recent research and considers its implications for institutions and for national policies. Annex A contains:…

  8. Case Book of Brief Psychotherapy with College Students.

    Cooper, Stewart E., Ed.; Archer, James Jr., Ed.; Whitaker, Leighton C., Ed.

    This book examines brief therapy in a developmental context with young adults whose clinical problems often relate to or are caused by significant developmental impasses. The purpose in presenting this book is to provide case studies to illustrate a variety of brief therapy approaches with young adults who are college students between the ages of…

  9. First-Session Competency: The Brief Strategic Therapy Scale-1

    Amini, Rachelle L.; Woolley, Scott R.


    The first session in brief strategic therapy is the most critical phase of treatment. More than a mere "assessment phase," the first session in a true intervention sets the stage for all subsequent therapeutic maneuvers. This article presents a supervisory observation tool, the Brief Strategic Therapy Scale-1 (BSTS-1), a fidelity measure proposed…

  10. "Talking Pictures Therapy" as Brief Therapy in a School Setting

    Loewenthal, Del


    This article presents "talking pictures therapy" as an approach to brief therapy, in which photographs are used in brief psychotherapy and counseling with the purpose of enabling clients to express and explore through photographs aspects of their lives they would like to talk about. The author presents case examples using "talking pictures…

  11. Drama in design: An open brief to design for wellbeing

    Liao, T.; Person, F.E.O.K.


    This paper presents a design module in which student teams were challenged in an open brief to design for wellbeing. To design for wellbeing is difficult. Wellbeing is ambiguous, hard to define and highly personal. In the process of defining their own briefs, a drama workshop was set up to help the

  12. Academic Spending versus Athletic Spending: Who Wins? Issue Brief

    Desrochers, Donna M.


    Athletics are big business on many college campuses, but does this come with a price tag? This issue brief looks at academic and athletic spending in NCAA Division I public universities between 2005 and 2010. Among a host of findings, this brief shows that the athletic departments of most public colleges and universities competing in NCAA Division…

  13. Extra-Curricular Inequality. Research Brief. Edition 1

    Sutton Trust, 2014


    This Research Briefing analyses Office for National Statistics data and finds children from the most advantaged households benefit from significantly more spending on extra-curricular activities and private tutoring than their poorer peers. The brief also includes the Trust's annual polling on private tuition and new polling on parents and…

  14. 5 CFR 185.136 - Post-hearing briefs.


    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Post-hearing briefs. 185.136 Section 185.136 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.136 Post-hearing briefs. The ALJ may require the parties to file...

  15. Use of Brief Intelligence Tests in the Identification of Giftedness

    Pierson, Eric E.; Kilmer, Lydia M.; Rothlisberg, Barbara A.; McIntosh, David E.


    Schools often administer brief intelligence tests as the first step in the identification of students who are cognitively gifted. However, brief measures are often used without consideration of underlying constructs or the psychometric properties of the measures and without regard to the links between screening decisions and educational…

  16. NASA Tech Briefs, May 1999. Volume 23, No. 5


    Topics include: special coverage sections on sensors and composites and plastics, and sections on electronic components and systems, software, materials, mechanics, machinery and automation, bio-medical, physical sciences, book and reports, and a special section of Photonics Tech Briefs and Rapid Product Development Tech Briefs.

  17. NASA Tech Briefs, October 1999. Volume 23, No. 10


    Topics include: special coverage section on data acquisition and sensors and sections on electronic components and systems, software, materials, mechanics, machinery/automation, manufacturing/fabrication, bio-medical, physical sciences, information sciences, book and reports, and special section of Electronics Tech Briefs and Motion Control Tech briefs

  18. Screening and Brief Interventions: Research Update. Prevention Update

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2012


    Developed in 1993 at the University of Washington, Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS) is a preventive intervention program to reduce drinking and enhance awareness about alcohol-related issues. BASICS targets college students who are considered at risk because of heavy drinking behaviors. The brief intervention…

  19. Examining the Efficacy of a Brief Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (Brief MBSR) Program on Psychological Health

    Bergen-Cico, Dessa; Possemato, Kyle; Cheon, Sanghyeon


    Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine potential psychological health benefits of participating in a brief (5-week) mindfulness-based stress reduction (brief MBSR) program integrated into an academic course. Participants: Participants were 119 undergraduate students (treatment: "n" = 72; control: "n" = 47) enrolled…

  20. A Brief History of Black Holes

    Crothers S. J.


    Full Text Available Neither the layman nor the specialist, in general, have any knowledge of the historical circumstances underlying the genesis of the idea of the Black Hole. Essentially, almost all and sundry simply take for granted the unsubstantiated allegations of some ostentatious minority of the relativists. Unfortunately, that minority has been rather careless with the truth and is quite averse to having its claims corrected, notwithstanding the documentary evidence on the historical record. Furthermore, not a few of that vainglorious and disingenuous coterie, particularly amongst those of some notoriety, attempt to dismiss the testimony of the literature with contempt, and even deliberate falsehoods, claiming that history is of no importance. The historical record clearly demonstrates that the Black Hole has been conjured up by combination of confusion, superstition and ineptitude, and is sustained by widespread suppression of facts, both physical and theoretical. The following essay provides a brief but accurate account of events, verifiable by reference to the original papers, by which the scandalous manipulation of both scientific and public opinion is revealed

  1. Market brief : natural gas in Turkey

    Turkey may soon become an important transit route to Europe for natural gas imported from the Caucasus, Iran, and other Middle Eastern countries. This market brief provided an overview of Turkey's natural gas market and industry, and examined investment and business opportunities for Canadian businesses. Consumption of natural gas in Turkey has grown by 14.8 per cent annually in the last decade. Transmission equipment expenditures total approximately $400 million annually. It is expected that the demand for environmental and engineering services for natural gas-related industries will grow by 15 per cent annually over the next decade. There are currently several opportunities for Canadian suppliers of equipment, engineering, and construction services. Turkey's expected full European Union (EU) membership will require Turkey to adopt EU environmental and emissions standards. Potential investors in Turkey require operating licences from Turkey's Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA). All state procurement is by tender, while BOTAS, the state-owned gas company dominates both imports and the transmission of gas. Market entry considerations were also presented. 7 refs., 4 tabs., 2 figs

  2. Hubble Space Telescope Briefing: HST Science Overview


    This NASA Kennedy Space Center video release presents a broad overview of the science that is now possible as a result of the servicing of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Dr. Ed Weiler (HST Program Scientist, NASA Headquarters), Dr. Dave Leckrone (HST, Senior Project Scientist, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)), Dr. John Trauger (Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) Principal Investigator, Jet Propulsion Lab. (JPL)), Dr. Chris Burrows (WFPC2 Co-Investigator, Space Telescope Science Inst.(STSci)-European Space Agency (ESA), Jim Crocker ((Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement) COSTAR Team Leader, STSci), Dr. Holland Ford (COSTAR Project Scientist, Johns Hopkins Univ., STSci), and Dr. Duccio Machetto (European Space Agency (ESA)) give brief presentations, which feature images of stars and galaxies taken from the ground, from WFPC1 (prior to the servicing mission), and from WFPC2 (after the servicing mission). The main theme of the discussions center around the spherical aberration that was found in the images prior to servicing and the corrected images seen without the aberration following servicing. A question and answer period rounds out the press conference, with questions posed from scientific journalists at GSFC and other NASA centers.

  3. Briefing highlights space weather risks to GPS

    Tretkoff, Ernie


    Solar storms, which are expected to increase as the Sun nears the most active phase of the solar cycle, can disrupt a variety of technologies on which society relies. Speakers at a 22 June briefing on Capitol Hill in Washington, D. C., focused on how space weather can affect the Global Positioning System (GPS), which is used in a wide range of industries, including commercial air travel, agriculture, national security, and emergency response. Rocky Stone, chief technical pilot for United Airlines, noted that GPS allows more aircraft to be in airspace, saves fuel, and helps aircraft move safely on runways. “Improvements in space weather forecasting need to be pursued,” he said. Precision GPS has also “changed the whole nature of farming,” said Ron Hatch, Director of Navigation Systems, NavCom Technology/John Deere. GPS makes it possible for tractors to be driven in the most efficient paths and for fertilizer and water to be applied precisely to the areas that most need them. Space weather-induced degradation of GPS signals can cause significant loss to farms that rely on GPS. Elizabeth Zimmerman, Deputy Associate Administrator for the Office of Response and Recovery at the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), described how FEMA relies on GPS for disaster recovery. The agency is developing an operations plan for dealing with space weather, she said.

  4. Market Brief : Turkey oil and gas pipelines

    This report presented some quick facts about oil and gas pipelines in Turkey and presented opportunities for trade. The key players and customers in the oil and gas sector were described along with an export check list. Turkey is looking into becoming an energy bridge between oil and gas producing countries in the Middle East, Central Asia and Europe. The oil and gas sectors are dominated by the Turkish Petroleum Corporation, a public enterprise dealing with exploration and production, and the State Pipeline Corporation which deals with energy transmission. They are also the key buyers of oil and gas equipment in Turkey. There are several pipelines connecting countries bordering the Caspian Sea. Opportunities exist in the areas of engineering consulting as well as contracting services for oil and gas pipeline transmission and distribution. Other opportunities lie in the area of pipeline construction, rehabilitation, materials, equipment, installation, and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems. Currently, the major players are suppliers from Italy, Germany, France, United States and Japan. Turkey has no trade barriers and imported equipment and materials are not subjected to any restriction. The oil and gas market in Turkey expected in increase by an average annual growth rate of 15 per cent from 2001 to 2003. A brief description of pipeline projects in Turkey was presented in this report along with a list of key contacts and support services. 25 refs., 1 append

  5. Legal briefing: organ donation and allocation.

    Pope, Thaddeus Mason


    This issue's "Legal Briefing" column covers legal developments pertaining to organ donation and allocation. This topic has been the subject of recent articles in JCE. Organ donation and allocation have also recently been the subjects of significant public policy attention. In the past several months, legislatures and regulatory agencies across the United States and across the world have changed, or considered changing, the methods for procuring and distributing human organs for transplantation. Currently, in the U.S., more than 100,000 persons are waiting for organ transplantation. In China, more than 1.5 million people are waiting. Given the chronic shortage of available organs (especially kidneys and livers) relative to demand, the primary focus of most legal developments has been on increasing the rate of donation. These and related developments are usefully divided into the following 12 topical categories: 1. Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act. 2. Presumed Consent and Opt-Out. 3. Mandated Choice. 4. Donation after Cardiac Death. 5. Payment and Compensation. 6. Donation by Prisoners. 7. Donor Registries. 8. Public Education. 9. Other Procurement Initiatives. 10. Lawsuits and Liability. 11. Trafficking and Tourism. 12. Allocation and Distribution. PMID:21089996

  6. A brief history of mathematics in finance

    Erdinç Akyıldırım


    Full Text Available In the list of possible scapegoats for the recent financial crises, mathematics, in particular mathematical finance has been ranked, without a doubt, as the first among many and quants, as mathematicians are known in the industry, have been blamed for developing and using esoteric models which are believed to have caused the deepening of the financial crisis. However, as Lo and Mueller (2010 state “Blaming quantitative models for the crisis seems particularly perverse, and akin to blaming arithmetic and the real number system for accounting fraud.” Throughout the history, mathematics and finance have always been in a close relationship. Starting from Babylonians, through Thales, and then Fibonacci, Pascal, Fermat, Bernoulli, Bachelier, Wiener, Kolmogorov, Ito, Markowitz, Black, Scholes, Merton and many others made huge contributions to the development of mathematics while trying to solve finance problems. In this paper, we present a brief historical perspective on how the development of finance theory has influenced and in turn been influenced by the development of mathematical finance theory.

  7. Sustainable Markets Investment Briefings: the regulatory taking doctrine

    Cotula, Lorenzo


    This is the third of a series of briefings which discuss the sustainable development issues raised by legal arrangements for the protection of foreign investment. The briefings are based on legal research by IIED and its partners. The goal is to provide accessible but accurate information for human rights, development and environmental organisations working on issues raised by foreign investment in low- and middle-income countries. Briefing 3 introduces one of the most controversial legal doctrines of investment law – 'regulatory taking' – and sets out its implications for sustainable development.

  8. NASA Tech Briefs, December 1988. Volume 12, No. 11


    This month's technical section includes forecasts for 1989 and beyond by NASA experts in the following fields: Integrated Circuits; Communications; Computational Fluid Dynamics; Ceramics; Image Processing; Sensors; Dynamic Power; Superconductivity; Artificial Intelligence; and Flow Cytometry. The quotes provide a brief overview of emerging trends, and describe inventions and innovations being developed by NASA, other government agencies, and private industry that could make a significant impact in coming years. A second bonus feature in this month's issue is the expanded subject index that begins on page 98. The index contains cross-referenced listings for all technical briefs appearing in NASA Tech Briefs during 1988.

  9. A brief examination of optical tagging technologies.

    Ackermann, Mark R.; Cahill, Paul A. (Aspecular Optics, Dayton, OH); Drummond, Timothy J.; Wilcoxon, Jess Patrick


    Presented within this report are the results of a brief examination of optical tagging technologies funded by the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program at Sandia National Laboratories. The work was performed during the summer months of 2002 with total funding of $65k. The intent of the project was to briefly examine a broad range of approaches to optical tagging concentrating on the wavelength range between ultraviolet (UV) and the short wavelength infrared (SWIR, {lambda} < 2{micro}m). Tagging approaches considered include such things as simple combinations of reflective and absorptive materials closely spaced in wavelength to give a high contrast over a short range of wavelengths, rare-earth oxides in transparent binders to produce a narrow absorption line hyperspectral tag, and fluorescing materials such as phosphors, dies and chemically precipitated particles. One technical approach examined in slightly greater detail was the use of fluorescing nano particles of metals and semiconductor materials. The idea was to embed such nano particles in an oily film or transparent paint binder. When pumped with a SWIR laser such as that produced by laser diodes at {lambda}=1.54{micro}m, the particles would fluoresce at slightly longer wavelengths, thereby giving a unique signal. While it is believed that optical tags are important for military, intelligence and even law enforcement applications, as a business area, tags do not appear to represent a high on return investment. Other government agencies frequently shop for existing or mature tag technologies but rarely are interested enough to pay for development of an untried technical approach. It was hoped that through a relatively small investment of laboratory R&D funds, enough technologies could be identified that a potential customers requirements could be met with a minimum of additional development work. Only time will tell if this proves to be correct.

  10. Legal briefing: conscience clauses and conscientious refusal.

    Pope, Thaddeus Mason


    This issue's "Legal Briefing" column covers legal developments pertaining to conscience clauses and conscientious refusal. Not only has this topic been the subject of recent articles in this journal, but it has also been the subject of numerous public and professional discussions. Over the past several months, conscientious refusal disputes have had an unusually high profile not only in courthouses, but also in legislative and regulatory halls across the United States. Healthcare providers' own moral beliefs have been obstructing and are expected to increasingly obstruct patients' access to medical services. For example, some providers, on ethical or moral grounds, have denied: (1) sterilization procedures to pregnant patients, (2) pain medications in end-of-life situations, and (3) information about emergency contraception to rape victims. On the other hand, many healthcare providers have been forced to provide medical treatment that is inconsistent with their moral beliefs. There are two fundamental types of conscientious objection laws. First, there are laws that permit healthcare workers to refuse providing - on ethical, moral, or religious grounds healthcare services that they might otherwise have a legal or employer-mandated obligation to provide. Second, there are laws directed at forcing healthcare workers to provide services to which they might have ethical, moral, or religious objections. Both types of laws are rarely comprehensive, but instead target: (1) certain types of healthcare providers, (2) specific categories of healthcare services, (3) specific patient circumstances, and (4) certain conditions under which a right or obligation is triggered. For the sake of clarity, I have grouped recent legal developments concerning conscientious refusal into eight categories: 1. Abortion: right to refuse 2. Abortion: duty to provide 3. Contraception: right to refuse 4. Contraception: duty to provide 5. Sterilization: right to refuse 6. Fertility, HIV, vaccines



    This brief report reviews the recent developments in ionospheric physics studies made by Chinese scientists. It covers areas from the numerical simulations and theoretical researches on ionospheric properties, ionospheric disturbances, space weather events in the ionosphere to ionospheric obserwtions.

  12. The 30-Year Anniversary of Pediatric Neurology Briefs

    John J Millichap; J Gordon Millichap


    Over the past 30 years, Pediatric Neurology Briefs (PNB) has been published monthly as a continuing education service designed to expedite and facilitate review of current medical literature concerning pediatric neurology.

  13. Could Inducing Brief, Mild 'Fever' Help Ease Depression?

    ... html Could Inducing Brief, Mild 'Fever' Help Ease Depression? Small study suggests heating the body might alter ... brain region is less active in people with depression, the researchers explained. "Our hope is to find ...

  14. Non-destructive foraminiferal paleoclimatic proxies: A brief insight

    Saraswat, R.

    Non-Destructive Foraminiferal Paleoclimatic Proxies: A Brief Insight The knowledge of past climate can help us to understand imminent climatic changes. Oceans are the vast archives of past climate. Various indirect techniques termed as proxies...

  15. Posterior tibial tendon rupture—a brief report

    Wootton, J. R.


    This brief report highlights the rarity of a posterior tibial tendon rupture, the problem of a progressive painful pes planus if the diagnosis is missed, and full return to sporting activities if treated early by surgical repair.

  16. Usability Briefing - a process model for healthcare facilities

    Fronczek-Munter, Aneta


    Background: In complex buildings with many types of users it can be difficult to satisfy the numerous, often contradictory requirements. Research in usability mostly focuses on evaluating products or facilities with users, after they were built. This paper is part of a PhD project “Usability...... purpose is to develop a process model for applying it on complex building projects. Usability briefing is a process in which users are actively involved, not only in evaluations and data gathering, but also in a continuous briefing process with focus on usability. Approach: The model is inductively...... briefing, combining the four interrelated activities of 1) briefing, 2) user involvement, 3) evaluations and 4) design. The model provides a visual overview of the four activities in all the building design phases. The approach combines continuous user presence, cocreation, design and evaluation with...

  17. Issue briefs on low-level radioactive wastes

    This report contains 4 Issue Briefs on low-level radioactive wastes. They are entitled: Handling, Packaging, and Transportation, Economics of LLW Management, Public Participation and Siting, and Low Level Waste Management

  18. Center for Information Systems Research Research Briefings 2002

    Ross, Jeanne W.


    This paper is comprised of research briefings from the MIT Sloan School of Management's Center for Information Systems Research (CISR). CISR's mission is to perform practical empirical research on how firms generate business value from IT.

  19. Brief Guide to Genomics: DNA, Genes and Genomes

    ... de genómica A Brief Guide to Genomics DNA, Genes and Genomes Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the chemical ... needed to build the entire human body. A gene traditionally refers to the unit of DNA that ...

  20. FREE Policy Brief No. 3 - Women's Football and Female Fans

    Pfister, Gertrud Ursula; Sonntag, Albrecht; Ranc, David


    Football Research in an Enlarged Europe (FREE).This is the third of three policy briefs based on findings from the FREE project. It summarises results from the project's research stream on the feminisation of football.

  1. NASA Tech Briefs, January 1999. Volume 23, Mp/ 1


    Topics include: special coverage sections on sensors and data acquisition and sections on electronic components and circuits, electronic software, materials, mechanics, bio-medical physical sciences, book and reports, and a special section of Photonics Tech Briefs.

  2. NASA Tech Briefs, November 2002. Volume 26, No. 11


    Topics include: a technology focus on engineering materials, electronic components and systems, software, mechanics, machinery/automation, manufacturing, bio-medical, physical sciences, information sciences book and reports, and a special section of Photonics Tech Briefs.

  3. NASA Tech Briefs, September 2001. Volume 25, No. 9


    Topics include: special coverage section on sensors, and sections on electronic components systems, software, materials, machinery/automation, manufacturing/fabrication, bio-medical, book and reports, and a special section of Photonics Tech Briefs.

  4. NASA Tech Briefs, July 2002. Volume 26, No. 7


    Topics include: a technology focus sensors, software, electronic components and systems, materials, mechanics, machinery/automation, manufacturing, bio-medical, physical sciences, information sciences, book and reports, and a special section of Photonics Tech Briefs.

  5. NASA Tech Briefs, September 2002. Volume 26, No. 9


    Topics include: a technology focus on data acquisition, electronic components and systems, software, materials, mechanics, machinery/automation, bio-medical, physical sciences, book and reports, and a special section of Photonics Tech Briefs.

  6. Brief Integrative Multiple Behavior Intervention Effects and Mediators for Adolescents

    Werch, Chudley E. (Chad); Bian, Hui; Carlson, Joan; Moore, Michele J.; DiClemente, Carlo C.; Huang, I-Chan; Ames, Steven C.; Thombs, Dennis; Robert M Weiler; Pokorny, Steven B.


    This study evaluated the efficacy of a brief integrative multiple behavior intervention and assessed risk factors as mediators of behavioral outcomes among older adolescents. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with participants randomly assigned to either a brief intervention or standard care control with 3-month follow-up. A total of 479 students attending two public high schools participated. Participants receiving the intervention showed a significant reduction in quantity x frequ...

  7. FREE Policy Brief No. 3 - Women's Football and Female Fans

    Pfister, Gertrud Ursula; Sonntag, Albrecht; Ranc, David


    Football Research in an Enlarged Europe (FREE). This is the third of three policy briefs based on findings from the FREE project. It summarises results from the project's research stream on the feminisation of football.......Football Research in an Enlarged Europe (FREE). This is the third of three policy briefs based on findings from the FREE project. It summarises results from the project's research stream on the feminisation of football....

  8. A Validation Study of the Brief Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT): A Brief Screening Tool Derived from the AUDIT

    So, Kyungseop; Sung, Eunju


    Background The prevalence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) is very high in Korea. To identify AUD in the busy practice setting, brevity of screening tools is very important. We derived the brief Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and evaluated its performance as a brief screening test. Methods One hundred male drinkers from Kangbuk Samsung Hospital primary care outpatient clinic and psychiatric ward for alcoholism treatment completed questionnaires including the AUDIT, cut down, a...

  9. Global Green New Deal. Policy Brief

    The 'Global Green New Deal' (GGND) presented here has three broad objectives. It should make a major contribution to reviving the world economy, saving and creating jobs, and protecting vulnerable groups. It should promote sustainable and inclusive growth and the achievement of the MDGs, especially ending extreme poverty by 2015. Also, it must reduce carbon dependency and ecosystem degradation. These are key risks along a path to a sustainable world economy. Our consultations and our commissioned research, summarized here in this Policy Brief, make a strong case for the active 'greening' of proposed fiscal stimulus packages. However, this must also be backed by necessary changes in international and domestic policy architectures, as the current framework is biased in favour of resurrecting an unsustainable 'brown economy'. Our proposals are therefore grouped under three categories - targeted stimulus spending in 2009-10, changes in domestic policies, and changes in international policy architecture. Furthermore, we recognize that many less developed countries do not have the resources of their own and will have to rely on foreign aid and support, both financial and non-financial. We propose that the fiscal stimulus (to be applied over 2009 and 2010) should prioritize energy efficient buildings and investments in sustainable transport and renewable energy. Developing countries should prioritize investment in agricultural productivity measures, freshwater management, and sanitation, as these have demonstrable and exceptional social returns. Domestic policy reforms are recommended to substantially reduce perverse subsidies (eg: fossil fuels) and instead to create positive incentives and appropriate taxes which will encourage a greener economy. Domestic reforms should also address some common issues in land use and urban policy. Integrated management of freshwater would also require some domestic policy changes, and this should be prioritized by developing countries

  10. Zora’s Politics: A Brief Introduction

    Ernest Julius Mitchell II


    Full Text Available In his introduction to reading Zora Neale Hurston’s politics, Mitchell argues that contemporary scholarship has misread Hurston in significant ways, distorting Hurston’s work and reputation to serve contesting political agendas; thus, in recent years, she has been associated with “a bewildering array of affiliations: republican, libertarian, radical democrat, reactionary conservative, black cultural nationalist, anti-authoritarian feminist, and woman-hating protofascist.” Recuperating Hurston from this impossible political melee of labels, Mitchell argues, requires a careful reading of Hurston’s work dating from her earliest pieces in the late 1920s, as well as surveying her many yet to be published manuscripts and letters; it requires recognition of the transnational and comparative lens through which she reported on political maneuvers and military histories, as well as reading not only her strong criticisms but also her silences, ironic phrasings, and nuanced critiques in her writings on global colonial enterprises. Mitchell’s introduction to the two Hurston essays here reprinted, “I Saw Negro Votes Peddled” (1950 and “Why the Negro Won’t Buy Communism” (1951—courtesy of the American Legion Magazine—is set in the larger frame of his assertion that Hurston’s work should be read with a deep appreciation of her staunch anticolonialism. Tracing her political philosophy through her views of how race and religion are used to valorize an international culture of violence that serves imperialistic and colonial ends, Mitchell takes his reader on a tour of Hurston’s transnational commentary—from the US occupation of Haiti, to the Spanish and British on the Florida peninsula; from Communist Russia and China, to election practices in the US—to set the stage for our encounters with these rarely read Hurston essays. Reading Mitchell’s “Zora’s Politics: A Brief Introduction” provides a firm foundation for a more

  11. Engine Development Design Margins Briefing Charts

    Bentz, Chuck


    New engines experience durability problems after entering service. The most prevalent and costly is the hot section, particularly the high-pressure turbine. The origin of durability problems can be traced back to: 1) the basic aero-mechanical design systems, assumptions, and design margins used by the engine designers, 2) the available materials systems, and 3) to a large extent, aggressive marketing in a highly competitive environment that pushes engine components beyond the demonstrated capability of the basic technology available for the hardware designs. Unfortunately the user must operate the engine in the service environment in order to learn the actual thrust loading and the time at max effort take-off conditions used in service are needed to determine the hot section life. Several hundred thousand hours of operational service will be required before the demonstrated reliability of a fleet of engines or the design deficiencies of the engine hot section parts can be determined. Also, it may take three to four engine shop visits for heavy maintenance on the gas path hardware to establish cost effective build standards. Spare parts drive the oerator's engine maintenance costs but spare parts also makes lots of money for the engine manufacturer during the service life of an engine. Unless competition prevails for follow-on engine buys, there is really no motivation for an OEM to spend internal money to improve parts durability and reduce earnings derived from a lucrative spare parts business. If the hot section life is below design goals or promised values, the OEM migh argue that the engine is being operated beyond its basic design intent. On the other hand, the airframer and the operator will continue to remind the OEM that his engine was selected based on a lot of promises to deliver spec thrust with little impact on engine service life if higher thrust is used intermittently. In the end, a standoff prevails and nothing gets fixed. This briefing will propose

  12. Brief Behavioral Sleep Intervention for Adolescents: An Effectiveness Study.

    Paavonen, E Juulia; Huurre, Taina; Tilli, Maija; Kiviruusu, Olli; Partonen, Timo


    Sleep disturbances are common among adolescents, but there are no brief interventions to treat them. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief semistructured, individually delivered sleep intervention to ameliorate adolescents' sleeping difficulties and lengthen sleep duration. All students aged 16-18 years in a high school were screened for sleeping difficulties and 36 students with the highest sleep problem scores were invited to the intervention. Postintervention improvements were observed on self-reported and actiwatch-registered sleep duration, self-reported sleep quality and sleep latency, perceived stress and anxiety (all p values 0.05). A brief individual sleep intervention can be effective in lengthening sleep duration and improving subjective sleep quality and well-being among adolescents. PMID:26378797

  13. Renewable energy. From marginal to mainstream. Policy Brief

    Veum, K.C.; Uslu, A.; De Coninck, H.C. [ECN Policy Studies, Petten (Netherlands)


    This policy brief aims to instigate a debate on the broader enabling conditions required to move renewable energy from marginal shares in the European energy system to a mainstream role. It does so by posing seven key questions related to public movement, the political-industrial complex, resources and sustainability, grids and markets, finance, legal procedures and overall policy. These questions require short- to medium-term attention to keep a long-term renewable energy system within the realm of possibilities. This policy brief also provides ECN's initial reflections on how these key questions could be addressed, and indicates which relevant expertise it can bring to the table.

  14. Shoemaker-Levy Comet Impact with Jupiter Press Briefing


    A press briefing about the impact of the G fragment of Comet Shoemaker-Levy on the planet Jupiter is presented. The briefing occurred on July 18, 1994 just hours after the impact. Still black and white pictures taken from the Hubble Space Telescope are presented. Eugene Shoemaker, co-discoverer of the Comet, and Heidi Hammel, Principal Investigator for the Hubble Imaging team at MIT present preliminary results of the study of images and answer questions about the impact and the results of the impact on Jupiter.

  15. Une introduction à l'univers de Briefs

    Le Thanh, Nhan


    Nous proposons dans cet article d'étudier une structure d'information élémentaire, appelée Brief, permettant d'annoter des observations de phénomènes dans un contexte spatiotemporel via les réseaux d'interconnexion. Une des particularités de ces Briefs est qu'ils peuvent être utilisés dans une observation effectuée par l'homme ou par la machine à travers les objets communicants Cette forme d'annotation permettra une mise en place des services de traitement automatiques ou manuels des annotati...

  16. Paroxetine in the treatment of recurrent brief depressive disorder

    Sathya Prakash


    Full Text Available Recurrent brief depressive disorder is now a well-recognized type of depressive disorder. However, there is still no clear evidence base for its treatment. The efficacy of several drugs including antidepressants and mood stabilizers in this disorder has been controversial. Methodological limitations need to be considered when interpreting the results of studies on efficacy of drugs in this disorder. We report a case of recurrent brief depressive disorder that responded dramatically to paroxetine. However, there is a need for larger, methodologically sound, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies.

  17. Theoretical development of information science: A brief history

    Hjørland, Birger


    This paper presents a brief history of information science (IS) as viewed by the author. The term ‘information science’ goes back to 1955 and evolved in the aftermath of Claude Shannon’s ‘information theory’ (1948), which also inspired research into problems in fields of library science and...... have remained implicit in in the field much of the time....

  18. Organizational Culture and Internationalization: A Brief Literature Review

    Nussbaumer, Alison


    This brief literature review introduces an area of emerging research about the impact of organizational culture on institutional strategies for internationalization. The review begins by introducing the concept of organizational culture, particularly within higher education. Five articles published between 2003 and 2012 are examined that introduce…

  19. A brief review of feed-forward neural networks

    SAZLI, Murat Hüsnü


    Artificial neural networks, or shortly neural networks, find applications in a very wide spectrum. In this paper, following a brief presentation of the basic aspects of feed-forward neural networks, their mostly used learning/training algorithm, the so-called back-propagation algorithm, have been described.

  20. A Brief Introduction to Foreign Languages Education Policy in China

    Zhang, Weiwen


    Based on a series of official published documents and relevant research reports, the paper make a brief introduction to foreign languages education policies in China, which included national English teaching guidance, national English language textbooks, national English curriculum standard and the massive English teachers training program, etc.…

  1. Advancing Prediction of Foster Placement Disruption Using Brief Behavioral Screening

    Hurlburt, Michael S.; Chamberlain, Patricia; DeGarmo, David; Zhang, Jinjin; Price, Joe M.


    Objective: Behavioral difficulties increase the risk that children will experience negative placement disruptions while in foster care. Chamberlain et al. (2006) found that the Parent Daily Report (PDR), a brief measure of parent-reported child behaviors, was a strong predictor of negative placement changes over 1 year among children receiving…

  2. A brief history of the Nuclear Physics Board

    This year the Nuclear Physics Board of the Science and Engineering Research Council ceases to exist. To mark its passing, a brief retrospective is presented of the organization that for nearly 30 years has supported fundamental research into the nature of matter, in the United Kingdom. (author)

  3. A brief review of biomedical sensors and robotics sensors

    Yanli Luo; , Qiaoying Zhou; Wenbin Luo


    In this paper, we present a brief review of biomedical sensors and robotics sensors. More specifically, we will review the cochlear sensors and retinal sensors in the category of biomedical sensors and ultrasonic Sensors and infrared motion detection sensors in the category of robotic sensors. Our goal is to familiarize readers with the common sensors used in the fields of both biom

  4. Leadership: Improving Its Effectiveness. Research Action Brief Number 1.

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    This brief summarizes the major findings of significant research studies dealing with different leadership behaviors and strategies for increasing leadership effectiveness. Fred Fiedler's Contingency Theory of Leadership Effectiveness emphasizes that a leader's effectiveness is determined by how well his leadership style fits the specific…

  5. Perception of time under conditions of brief weightlessness

    Lebedev, V. I.; Chekidra, I. F.; Kolosov, I. A.


    Results of experiments under conditions of brief weightlessness confirmed the theoretical concepts of the dependence of time perception on the emotional state of a man. The time test, together with other methods, can be used to precisely define the emotional state of subjects in stress situations.

  6. Implementing No Child Left Behind in Three States. Research Brief

    Stecher, Brian M.; Epstein, Scott; Hamilton, Laura S.; Marsh, Julie A.; Robyn, Abby; McCombs, Jennifer Sloan; Russell, Jennifer; Naftel, Scott


    This research brief describes work done for RAND Education and documented in "Pain and Gain: Implementing No Child Left Behind in Three States, 2004-2006", Brian M. Stecher, Scott Epstein, Laura S. Hamilton, Julie A. Marsh, Abby Robyn, Jennifer Sloan McCombs, Jennifer Russell, and Scott Naftel." The three states discussed are: California, Georgia,…

  7. Continuous Briefing and User Participation in Building Projects

    Jensen, Per Anker


    building is required. A building project is often part of a change process of the organisation that is going to occupy the building, and this change process should be management carefully to reach a successful result. An important aspect of briefing is to manage the par-ticipation of the coming users in...

  8. Readiness for Change. Scaling-Up Brief. Number 3

    Fixsen, Dean L.; Blase, Karen A.; Horner, Rob; Sugai, George


    The purpose of this "Brief" is to define the variables a state or large district leadership team may wish to consider as they determine if they are "ready" to invest in the scaling-up of an innovation in education. As defined here, "scaling up" means that at least 60% of the students who could benefit from an innovation have access to that…

  9. International Briefing 28: Training and Development in Quebec

    Foucher, Roland; Hassi, Abderrahman


    This briefing examines training and development (T&D) in Quebec, one of 10 provinces and three territories that make up Canada. Quebec has three distinguishing characteristics that encourage analysis of its T&D separately from that of Canada as a whole. First, it is the only North American region with a majority francophone population. Second,…

  10. Support for Children Who Are Educated at Home. Research Briefing

    Atkinson, Mary; Martin, Kerry; Downing, Dick; Harland, Jennie; Kendall, Sally; White, Richard


    With many thousands of home-educated children across the UK, the subject of support for the home-education community is widely debated. A report conducted by the NFER for the Esmee Fairbairn Foundation is based on detailed interviews with 20 home educators and presents findings on support needs. This Research Briefing illustrates some key findings…

  11. National Indian Education Association (NIEA) 2012 Legislative Agenda. Advocacy Briefing

    National Indian Education Association, 2012


    This volume contains advocacy briefing papers presented at the 15th Annual National Indian Education Association (NIEA) Legislative Summit held February 15-15, 2012 in Washington, DC. The following papers are included: (1) Become a Powerful Advocate; (2) NIEA Legislative Priority for 2012: Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education…

  12. Counselor Interventions Preceding Client Laughter in Brief Therapy.

    Falk, Dana R.; Hill, Clara E.


    Examined whether 6 categories of counselor humor and 4 categories of risk interventions preceded client laughter in 236 events from 8 cases of brief psychotherapy. Found most client laughter was mild and moderate, with only eight instances of strong laughter. Humorous interventions led to more client laughter than did interventions that encouraged…

  13. Effects of Therapist Response Modes in Brief Psychotherapy.

    Hill, Clara E.; And Others


    Examined therapist response modes in 127 sessions of eight cases of brief psychotherapy with experienced therapists and anxious-depressed clients. Response modes had significant effect on immediate outcome, with self-disclosure, interpretation, approval, and paraphrase being the most helpful response modes. Found large individual differences in…

  14. Looking into a Deaf Child's Future: A Brief Treatment Approach.

    Harvey, Michael A.; Green, Christine L.


    A hearing mother who reported obsessional thoughts about her deaf child's future underwent brief psychotherapy. Clinical hypnosis modified the mother's negative images of her child's future, and meetings attended by the mother, a vocational counselor, and deaf adults affirmed the more positive images. Theoretical descriptions and personal…

  15. NCLR Agenda for Hispanic Families: A Public Policy Briefing Book.

    National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC.

    This briefing book offers guidance to Congress, the Administration, and state legislatures about which issues are important to the nation's largest ethnic groups, focusing on: "Civil Rights" (hate crimes, racial profiling, sentencing reform, and voting rights); "Economic Mobility" (e.g., banking and financial services, pensions, savings, Social…

  16. Information Brief on Green Power Marketing, 2nd Edition

    Sweezey, B.; Houston, A.


    This document is the second in a series of information briefs on green power marketing activity in the United States. It includes descriptions of utility green pricing programs, green power marketing activity, retail access legislation and pilot programs, and other data and information supporting the development of green power markets.

  17. Language of Instruction: Choices and Consequences. PREL Briefing Paper.

    Simanu-Klutz, Fata

    This briefing paper focuses on the choices of instructional language in Pacific classrooms, as mandated by national or state policies, and discusses consequences of such choices on students' academic achievement and career preparation in the changing Pacific region. The paper first notes that in most South Pacific secondary schools, English is the…

  18. Response to Intervention and English Learners. CREATE Brief

    Echevarria, Jana; Hasbrouck, Jan


    Response to Intervention (RTI) has emerged as a method for providing early academic assistance to students with difficulty learning. This brief outlines the tiered structure of RTI and how it can be implemented as an effective technique for teaching English learners who are having difficulty making academic progress. It touches on methods of…

  19. A Course on Effective Teacher-Child Interactions. Research Brief

    Hamre, Bridget K.; Pianta, Robert C.; Burchinal, Margaret; Field, Samuel; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Downer, Jason T.; Howes, Carollee; LaParo, Karen; Scott-Little, Catherine


    This study found that teachers who were randomly assigned to take a 14-week course on effective teacher-child interactions demonstrated significant changes in beliefs and knowledge about effective practices and provided more stimulating and engaging interactions in the classroom. [This research brief is based on: Hamre, B. K., Pianta, R. C.,…

  20. A Brief Introduction of the History of Linguistics



    Linguistics is generally defined as the scientific study of language. When it comes to the history of linguistics, it must be related to the origin of human language. This paper will give a brief introduction of the history of linguistics in Ancient Times and in the Middle Ages.

  1. Safety Planning Intervention: A Brief Intervention to Mitigate Suicide Risk

    Stanley, Barbara; Brown, Gregory K.


    The usual care for suicidal patients who are seen in the emergency department (ED) and other emergency settings is to assess level of risk and refer to the appropriate level of care. Brief psychosocial interventions such as those administered to promote lower alcohol intake or to reduce domestic violence in the ED are not typically employed for…

  2. Adolescents, Alcohol, and Substance Abuse: Reaching Teens through Brief Interventions.

    Monti, Peter M., Ed.; Colby, Suzanne M., Ed.; O'Leary, Tracy A., Ed.

    This publication reviews a variety of empirically supported approaches to dealing with alcohol and drug problems in adolescents. Its focus is to provide motivationally based brief interventions that can be delivered in a variety of contexts address key developmental considerations and draw on the latest knowledge about the processes of addictive…

  3. Toys in Physics Lectures and Demonstrations--A Brief Review

    Guemez, J.; Fiolhais, C.; Fiolhais, M.


    The use of toys in physics teaching is common. This brief review of the physics of toys intends to show that they are not only very useful in lectures and demonstrations in order to motivate students but also very interesting from a scientific point of view. However, since their physics is sometimes too cumbersome, the effect can be the opposite.…

  4. NASA's Bioreactor: Growing Cells in a Microgravity Environment. Educational Brief.

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

    This brief discusses growing cells in a microgravity environment for grades 9-12. Students are provided with plans for building a classroom bioreactor that can then be used with the included activity on seed growth in a microgravity environment. Additional experimental ideas are also suggested along with a history and background on microgravity…




  6. A NASA Recipe for Protein Crystallography. Educational Brief.

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

    This brief discusses growing protein crystals. Protein crystals can be very difficult to grow. This activity for grades 9-12 provides a simple recipe for growing protein crystals from Brazil nuts. Included are a history of protein crystals, a discussion of microgravity effects on growth, connections to academic standards, and lab sheets. (MVL)

  7. Keeping Young People in (Vocational) Education: What Works? Briefing Note

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013


    Too many young people leave education (including vocational education) too soon. Yet early leavers are at greater risk of long-term unemployment, poverty and crime, and now cost the European economy 1.25% of GDP. This brief report looks at the reasons why young people leave and what could be done to end this trend. Considerations for policy-makers…

  8. Brief-Term Psychological Adjustment of Sexually Abused Children.

    Wagner, William G.


    In this study of brief-term concomitant of child sexual abuse, children's reports of self-concept and depression, and parents' ratings of their children's depressive symptomology, were examined for child victims of molestation or sexual abuse outside the family, and for nonabused children whose parents sought psychological services for them. (BB)

  9. Longitudinal Construct Validity of Brief Symptom Inventory Subscales in Schizophrenia

    Long, Jeffrey D.; Harring, Jeffrey R.; Brekke, John S.; Test, Mary Ann; Greenberg, Jan


    Longitudinal validity of Brief Symptom Inventory subscales was examined in a sample (N = 318) with schizophrenia-related illness measured at baseline and every 6 months for 3 years. Nonlinear factor analysis of items was used to test graded response models (GRMs) for subscales in isolation. The models varied in their within-time and between-times…

  10. SWIFT Intensive Technical Assistance Process. Technical Assistance Brief #1

    Sailor, Wayne; McCart, Amy; McSheehan, Michael; Mitchiner, Melinda; Quirk, Carol


    The national center on Schoolwide Integrated Framework for Transformation (SWIFT Center) is now approaching the halfway point in its first full year of providing intensive technical assistance (TA) to 68 schools in 20 local educational agencies across five states. The purpose of this brief is to provide a thumbnail sketch of how this TA process…

  11. Single-Session Brief Counseling in a High School.

    Littrell, John M.; And Others


    Investigated three approaches to brief counseling: problem-focused with task, problem-focused without task, and solution-focused with task. Results suggested high school students made significant changes from the second-week follow-up to the sixth-week follow-up in alleviating their concerns and increasing the percentage of goal achieved. (RJM)

  12. NASA Tech Briefs, December 1995. Volume 19, No. 12


    Topics include: a special focus section on Bio/Medical technology, electronic components and circuits, electronic systems, physical sciences, materials, computer programs, mechanics, machinery, manufacturing/fabrication, mathematics and information sciences, book and reports, and a special section on Laser Tech Briefs.

  13. The Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories contingency plan -a brief description

    A brief description of the contingency plan which deals with both the on-site and off-site consequences of a serious nuclear accident is given. The off-site consequences of different size releases and the subsequent action taken by employees, radiation protection experts, municipal, Provincial and Federal authorities is described and the interaction of the various groups is discussed. (author)

  14. 78 FR 9431 - Notice of Opportunity To File Amicus Briefs


    ... BOARD Notice of Opportunity To File Amicus Briefs AGENCY: Merit Systems Protection Board. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB or Board) announces the opportunity to file amicus... Enhancement Act of 2012 (WPEA), 112 Public Law 199, may be applied retroactively to pending cases...

  15. 76 FR 59171 - Notice of Opportunity To File Amicus Briefs


    ... BOARD Notice of Opportunity To File Amicus Briefs AGENCY: Merit Systems Protection Board. ACTION: Notice. Overview Information Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB or Board) Provides Notice of Opportunity To File... his employment constitutes an abridgement of his constitutional right to minimum due process of law,...

  16. 78 FR 17233 - Notice of Opportunity To File Amicus Briefs


    ... BOARD Notice of Opportunity To File Amicus Briefs AGENCY: Merit Systems Protection Board. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB or Board) announces the opportunity to file amicus... Enhancement Act of 2012 (WPEA), 112 Public Law 199, with regard to damages may be applied retroactively...

  17. Suicide Prevention in Schools. A Center Policy Issues Analysis Brief

    Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2007


    Policy makers remain in conflict over whether schools should play a institutionalized role in preventing student suicide. This brief highlights two other major related questions that are at issue: (1) Does suicide education stigmatize some students and increase that risk of suicide ideation? and (2) Should schools be involved in monitoring…

  18. Eye Tracking: A Brief Guide for Developmental Researchers

    Feng, Gary


    Eye tracking offers a powerful research tool for developmental scientists. In this brief article, the author introduces the methodology and issues associated with its applications in developmental research, beginning with an overview of eye movements and eye-tracking technologies, followed by examples of how it is used to study the developing mind…

  19. Regenerative medicine. Opportunities and challenges: a brief overview

    Polak, Dame Julia


    Regenerative medicine is a new multi-disciplinary field aiming at the repair or replacement of disease body parts. The field is progressing at an unprecedented pace and although the opportunities are immense, many hurdles lie ahead. This brief review analyses the opportunities and challenges faced by regenerative medicine.

  20. The Secret to Finland's Success: Educating Teachers. Research Brief

    Sahlberg, Pasi


    In the last decade, Finland has emerged as the leading OECD country in educational achievement. In examining the sources of Finland's dramatic rise to the top, research shows one key element that has impacted Finland's success above all others: excellent teachers. This policy brief details the key elements of Finland's successful system, examining…

  1. The efficacy of a brief group CBT program in treating patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa: a brief report

    Jones, Allan; Clausen, Loa


    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of a brief group cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) program in treating a large cohort of patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa. METHOD: Treatment outcome defined as reductions in bulimia related behavioral symptoms and bulimia related ...

  2. The effect of briefing videos in medical simulation-based education: a randomised controlled trial

    Tetering, van, A.; Truijens, S. E. M.; Hout-van der Jagt, van der, MB Beatrijs; Wijsman, J.L.P.; Oei, S. G.


    The aim of this study is to compare the effects of an affective briefing video with a textual briefing on cognitive appraisal (threat or challenge response). It is hypothesized that briefing videos will cause a threat response, which is associated with increase in cortisol and memory consolidation.

  3. Participation in Vocational Education and Training to Age 24. LSAY Briefing Number 17

    Rothman, Sheldon


    The data for this "Briefing" are from the 1995 cohort of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY). The findings reported here are from three recent LSAY research reports, which are listed at the end of this "Briefing". The cohort comprises young people who were in Year 9 at school in 1995. Data in this "Briefing" have been collected…

  4. A brief assessment of physical functioning for prostate cancer patients

    Jin-Shei Lai


    Full Text Available Jin-Shei Lai1, Rita Bode2, Hwee-Lin Wee3, David Eton4, David Cella11Department of Medical Social Sciences, 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, IL USA; 3Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, Singapore; 4Division of Health Care Policy and Research, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USAAbstract: We aimed to validate a more rapid, yet reliable means of assessing physical function (PF for patients with prostate cancer. The sample included 128 prostate cancer patients recruited from urology and general oncology clinics at two Chicago-area hospitals. The main outcome measures were: A 36-item PF item bank that included a 5-item short form (BriefPF and the 10-item PF subscale (PF-10 from the Medical Outcomes Study SF-36. Validity, information function, and relative precision (calculated using Rasch analysis and raw scores of the BriefPF were compared to the PF-10 and the full PF item bank. We found that the BriefPF and PF-10 were strongly correlated (r = 0.85 with the PF bank, and all three scales differentiated patients according to performance status (FPF bank(2,124 = 32.51 P < 0.001, FPF-10(2,121 = 27.35 P < 0.001, FBriefPF (2,123 = 38.40 P < 0.001. BriefPF has excellent precision relative to the PF-10 in measuring patients with different performance status levels. The Rasch-based information function indicated that the BriefPF was more informative than PF-10 in measuring moderate to higher functioning patients. Hence, the BriefPF offers a parsimonious and precise measure of PF for use among men with prostate cancer, and may aid in the timely inclusion of patient-reported outcomes in treatment decision-making.Keywords: quality-of-life, item bank, short-form, Medical Outcomes Study

  5. Substance Use Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment.


    The enormous public health impact of adolescent substance use and its preventable morbidity and mortality show the need for the health care sector, including pediatricians and the medical home, to increase its capacity related to substance use prevention, detection, assessment, and intervention. The American Academy of Pediatrics published its policy statement "Substance Use Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Pediatricians" in 2011 to introduce the concepts and terminology of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) and to offer clinical guidance about available substance use screening tools and intervention procedures. This policy statement is a revision of the 2011 SBIRT statement. An accompanying clinical report updates clinical guidance for adolescent SBIRT. PMID:27325638

  6. Reducing HIV stigma among nursing students: a brief intervention.

    Shah, Shilpa M; Heylen, Elsa; Srinivasan, Krishnamachari; Perumpil, Sheeja; Ekstrand, Maria L


    HIV stigma can be devastating and is common among health care providers, particularly nurses. The objectives of this study were to (a) assess the acceptability and feasibility of a brief stigma-reduction curriculum among a convenience sample of Indian nursing students and (b) examine the preliminary effect of this curriculum on their knowledge, attitudes, and intent to discriminate. At baseline, 57% of students had at least one misconception about HIV transmission, 38% blamed people living with HIV for their infection, and 87% and 95% demonstrated intent to discriminate while dispensing medications and drawing blood, respectively. Following the curriculum, HIV-related knowledge increased while blame, endorsement of coercive policies, and intent to discriminate decreased significantly. In addition, more than 95% of participants described the curriculum as practice changing. This brief intervention resulted in decreased stigma levels and was also highly acceptable to the nursing students. Next steps include rigorous evaluation in a randomized controlled trial. PMID:24569699

  7. Black holes as particle accelerators: a brief review

    Rapidly rotating Kerr black holes can accelerate particles to arbitrarily high energy if the angular momentum of the particle is fine-tuned to some critical value. This phenomenon is robust as it is founded on the basic properties of geodesic orbits around a near-extremal Kerr black hole. On the other hand, the maximum energy of the acceleration is subjected to several physical effects. There is convincing evidence that the particle acceleration to arbitrarily high energy is one of the universal properties of general near-extremal black holes. We also discuss gravitational particle acceleration in a more general context. This article is intended to provide a pedagogical introduction to and a brief overview of this topic for non-specialists. (brief review)

  8. Research and development at Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe - brief report 1991

    Research at Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe in the nineties is focussed on environmentally compatible high technologies with emphasis on environmental engineering, power engineering, microsystems technology, and selected fields of fundamental research. The KfK research and development trends are reflected by this brief report. The facts and figures inform researchers and specialists by summarizing the major results of the current research projects and by informing about the main targets and trends of long-time research programs and individual projects. The brief reports are completed by comprehensive, annual progress reports which discuss the implementation and results of the KfK research activities and compile references which list the various scientifico-technical reports, contributions to journals, conference papers, and other publications. (orig.)

  9. A brief history of the philosophy of time

    Bardon, Adrian


    Adrian Bardon's A Brief History of the Philosophy of Time is a short introduction to the history, philosophy, and science of the study of time-from the pre-Socratic philosophers through Einstein and beyond. A Brief History of the Philosophy of Time covers subjects such as time and change, the experience of time, physical and metaphysical approaches to the nature of time, the direction of time, time travel, time and freedom of the will, and scientific and philosophical approaches to eternity and the beginning of time. Bardon employs helpful illustrations and keeps technical language to a minimum in bringing the resources of over 2500 years of philosophy and science to bear on some of humanity's most fundamental and enduring questions.

  10. Stereoselectively fluorinated N-heterocycles: a brief survey

    Hu, Xiang-Guo; Hunter, Luke


    The stereoselective incorporation of fluorine atoms into N-heterocycles can lead to dramatic changes in the molecules’ physical and chemical properties. These changes can be rationally exploited for the benefit of diverse fields such as medicinal chemistry and organocatalysis. This brief review will examine some of the effects that fluorine substitution can have in N-heterocycles, including changes to the molecules’ stability, their conformational behaviour, their hydrogen bonding ability, an...

  11. Stereoselectively fluorinated N-heterocycles: a brief survey

    Xiang-Guo Hu; Luke Hunter


    The stereoselective incorporation of fluorine atoms into N-heterocycles can lead to dramatic changes in the molecules’ physical and chemical properties. These changes can be rationally exploited for the benefit of diverse fields such as medicinal chemistry and organocatalysis. This brief review will examine some of the effects that fluorine substitution can have in N-heterocycles, including changes to the molecules’ stability, their conformational behaviour, their hydrogen bonding ability, an...

  12. A brief history of vaccines & vaccination in India

    Chandrakant Lahariya


    The challenges faced in delivering lifesaving vaccines to the targeted beneficiaries need to be addressed from the existing knowledge and learning from the past. This review documents the history of vaccines and vaccination in India with an objective to derive lessons for policy direction to expand the benefits of vaccination in the country. A brief historical perspective on smallpox disease and preventive efforts since antiquity is followed by an overview of 19 th century efforts to replace ...

  13. The early impact of therapeutic alliance in brief psychodynamic psychotherapy

    Marcolino José Alvaro Marques; Iacoponi Eduardo


    INTRODCTION: Therapeutic alliance is a key component of the psychotherapeutic process. This study estimated the impact of the therapeutic alliance as measured by CALPAS-P in an individual brief psychodynamic psychotherapy program. METHODS: To study the impact of the therapeutic alliance patients in psychotherapy answered to the CALPAS-P at the first and third session and to the Self-report Questionnaire (SRQ-20), to the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and to the Hamilton Anxiety Scale at the ...

  14. A brief psychological intervention that reduces adolescent alcohol consumption.

    Armitage, Christopher J.; Rowe, Richard; Arden, Madelynne; Harris, Peter R.


    Objective: Alcohol consumption in adolescence is associated with problem drinking in later life, and there is a need to develop evidence-based interventions to reduce adolescent alcohol consumption. The aims of the present study were to test the ability of a very brief intervention based on self-affirmation theory to reduce alcohol consumption in a sample of adolescents and to examine potential mediators of the effects. Method: 67 adolescents were randomly allocated either to form a self-affi...

  15. Does cognitive perception have access to brief temporal events?

    Hess, Robert F.; Maehara, Goro


    To determine whether conscious perception has access to brief temporal event, we asked subjects in an odd-man out paradigm to determine which of the four Gaussian blobs was flickering asynchronously in time. We measure synchrony thresholds as a function of the base temporal frequency for spatially scaled stimuli in foveal and peripheral vision. The results are consistent with a time delay of around 67 milliseconds (ms) for foveal vision and 91 ms for peripheral vision. We conclude that consci...

  16. A brief social history of astrobiology in Ibero-america

    Lemarchand, Guillermo A


    The work is divided into three sections: the first one describes the historical evolution of the main arguments presented about the plurality of inhabited worlds, from the presocratics to the birth of modern science. The second section analyzes the race to define the search for life beyond Earth as a scientific activity under a specific name. Finally, the third part presents a brief description of the social history of science that allowed the early development of astrobiology in Iberoamerica.

  17. Guessing personality from a brief sample of behaviour

    Wu, Wenjie


    Mentalising as a process for explaining and predicting behavior relates to inferring mental states and traits of others. Previous research of mentalising has focused too heavily on mental states and insufficiently on personality traits. Given this context, the current thesis aimed to explore the phenomenon of forming first impressions of personality based on a brief sample of behavior. In the current research, after being filmed in diverse naturalistic scenarios, targets filled in an “emp...

  18. Predictors of outcome in brief cognitive behavior therapy for schizophrenia.

    Brabban, Alison; Tai, Sara; Turkington, Douglas


    Antipsychotic medications, while effective, often leave patients with ongoing positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Guidelines recommend using cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with this group. Clearly, mental health professionals require training and supervision to deliver CBT-based interventions. This study tested which antipsychotic-resistant patients were most likely to respond to brief CBT delivered by psychiatric nurses. Staff were trained over 10 consecutive days with ongoing weekly supervision. Training for carers in the basic principles of CBT was also provided. This article represents the secondary analyses of completer data from a previously published randomized controlled trial (Turkington D, Kingdon D, Turner T. Effectiveness of a brief cognitive-behavioural therapy intervention in the treatment of schizophrenia. Br J Psychiatry. 2002;180:523-527) (n = 354) to determine whether a number of a priori variables were predictive of a good outcome with CBT and treatment as usual. Logistic regression was employed to determine whether any of these variables were able to predict a 25% or greater improvement in overall symptoms and insight. In the CBT group only, female gender was found to strongly predict a reduction in overall symptoms (P = .004, odds ratio [OR] = 2.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.33, 4.30) and increase in insight (P = .04, OR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.03, 3.29). In addition, for individuals with delusions, a lower level of conviction in these beliefs was associated with a good response to brief CBT (P = .02, OR = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.51, 0.95). Women with schizophrenia and patients with a low level of conviction in their delusions are most likely to respond to brief CBT and should be offered this routinely alongside antipsychotic medications and other psychosocial interventions. PMID:19571248

  19. Bayesian Nonparametrics in Topic Modeling: A Brief Tutorial

    Spangher, Alexander


    Using nonparametric methods has been increasingly explored in Bayesian hierarchical modeling as a way to increase model flexibility. Although the field shows a lot of promise, inference in many models, including Hierachical Dirichlet Processes (HDP), remain prohibitively slow. One promising path forward is to exploit the submodularity inherent in Indian Buffet Process (IBP) to derive near-optimal solutions in polynomial time. In this work, I will present a brief tutorial on Bayesian nonparame...

  20. Nucleon pair approximation of the shell model: a brief review

    We present a brief introduction of the nucleon pair approximation (NPA) of the shell model in this paper. We review our recent calculated results which include level spectra and electromagnetic properties of low-lying states, by applying the NPA to even-even nuclei and to odd-A nuclei. We also apply this method to a few schematic systems such as single-j shell, to investigate the validity of SD-pair truncation of the shell model. (author)

  1. A brief scenario about the ''space pollution'' around the Earth

    In this work is presented a brief review about the main events generating of space debris around the Earth, occurred up to the present day. How the clouds of debris ''polluted'' the neighborhood of orbits in which the bodies were initially allocated is here analyzed. The implications of the growth of space debris existing on space missions as well as safety rules to control sources of debris are discussed

  2. The pionic Drell–Yan process: a brief survey

    The Drell–Yan process is an invaluable tool for probing the structure of hadrons, and the pion-induced Drell–Yan process is unique in its sensitivity to several subtleties of the partonic structure. This is a brief review of the pionic Drell–Yan process with particular emphasis on the dilepton angular distributions and nuclear modification of the parton distributions (the EMC effect). (author)

  3. Manpower System Analysis Thesis Day Brief / Class of March 2015


    Brief. Includes these presentations: Improving the Signal for U.S. Navy Officer Productivity by LCDR Josh Ellison, Comparing the Performance of the Resident to Distance Learning Student Navy Officers at Naval Postgraduate School by Kyle Alcock, Analysis of Suicide Behaviors in the Navy Active Duty and Reserve Component Population by LCDR Serena Blankenship & LCDR Kristin Shepherd, Pre-Accession Factors in the Performance and Retention of Hispanic Navy Enlistees by LTJG Ryan Bow...

  4. Briefing book on environmental and waste management activities

    The purpose of the Briefing Book is to provide current information on Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Activities at the Hanford Site. Each edition updates the information in the previous edition by deleting those sections determined not to be of current interest and adding new topics to keep up to date with the changing requirements and issues. This edition covers the period from October 15, 1992 through April 15, 1993

  5. A brief overview of the Civil Union Act

    N Ntlama


    The adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (the Constitution) has provided a sound framework for the elimination of discrimination and prejudice against all members of our society. The Constitution provides for equal recognition of the right to freedom of religion and sexual orientation within the framework of the right to equality. This note aims to provide a brief overview and analysis of the general and potentially problematic features of the C...

  6. D2.4. Briefing paper for first workshop

    Watson, Hayley; Wadhwa, Kush; van Os, Nico; Dekkers, Chris; Baruh, Lemi; Papadimitriou, Alex


    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This briefing paper provides an overview of the key findings from the completion of three reports relating to the use of new media in crisis situations that have been completed as part of the COSMIC project. COSMIC, “Contribution of Social Media in Crisis management”, is a two-year project that is funded under the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme FP7-SEC-2012 under grant agreement no. 312737. The first report, D2.1, identified existin...


    Ramón Enrique Morán-Angulo; Luis Miguel Flores-Campaña


    This paper reports from bibliographic woven into three sections: a brief history of the prehispanic fishing, where the encounter between the indigenous communities of the State of Sinaloa and species that supported the incursion of primitive society in the various ecosystems are described water that make up the vast and varied territory of Sinaloa, where fishing is born as a function of interaction between society and nature through a deep empirical knowledge and a handmade primitive instrume...

  8. Brief report on Open Praxis dissemination, abstracting and impact

    Inés Gil-Jaurena


    Full Text Available The editorial project for the relaunching of Open Praxis as the ICDE scholarly, peer-reviewed and open access journal included three main aspects: editorial process, scientific quality and dissemination. After 6 published issues in 2013 and 2014, this editorial focuses on the last aspect, related to visibility, providing a brief report on the actions developed to promote Open Praxis. A second part introduces the nine papers included in the issue.

  9. A Brief Analysis on Empty Categories in Chinese

    XIONG Shao-li


    This paper aims to give a brief analysis on the Empty Categories in Chinese. It will first illustrate Chomsky ’s classifica-tion of EC as well as the constraints the subject to briefly, then basing on this classification the author will state some of Chinese scholars’study and research including Xu Liejiong , Huang Zhengde and Hu Jianjun. Finally, the author will compare these clas-sic frameworks and attempt to.

  10. An unusual presentation of brief recurrent psychosis: a case report

    Krishnamurthy CN; Sanivarapu, Sravanti L.


    Background: Although the term "zycloiden psychosen" was first used by Karl Kleist in 1926 to group together disorders, which had presented with sudden onset, brief episodic course, polymorphous psychotic symptoms and good inter-episode recovery, its origin can be traced back to 1880s. Despite its existence in the community, for so long, the diagnosis of cycloid psychosis is only seldom made, making it a unique disorder. Hence, there seems to be lack of awareness of this rare entity even among...