WorldWideScience
 
 
1

2nd Generation Alkaline Electrolysis : Final report  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This report provides the results of the 2nd Generation Alkaline Electrolysis project which was initiated in 2008. The project has been conducted from 2009-2012 by a consortium comprising Århus University Business and Social Science – Centre for Energy Technologies (CET (former HIRC)), Technical University of Denmark – Mechanical Engineering (DTU-ME), Technical University of Denmark – Energy Conversion (DTU-EC), FORCE Technology and GreenHydrogen.dk. The project has been supported by EUDP.

Yde, Lars; Kjartansdóttir, Cecilia Kristin

2013-01-01

2

The 2nd Generation Real Time Mission Monitor (RTMM) Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Real Time Mission Monitor (RTMM) is a visualization and information system that fuses multiple Earth science data sources, to enable real time decision-making for airborne and ground validation experiments. Developed at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Marshall Space Flight Center, RTMM is a situational awareness, decision-support system that integrates satellite imagery and orbit data, radar and other surface observations (e.g., lightning location network data), airborne navigation and instrument data sets, model output parameters, and other applicable Earth science data sets. The integration and delivery of this information is made possible using data acquisition systems, network communication links, network server resources, and visualizations through the Google Earth virtual globe application. In order to improve the usefulness and efficiency of the RTMM system, capabilities are being developed to allow the end-user to easily configure RTMM applications based on their mission-specific requirements and objectives. This second generation RTMM is being redesigned to take advantage of the Google plug-in capabilities to run multiple applications in a web browser rather than the original single application Google Earth approach. Currently RTMM employs a limited Service Oriented Architecture approach to enable discovery of mission specific resources. We are expanding the RTMM architecture such that it will more effectively utilize the Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Web Enablement services and other new technology software tools and components. These modifications and extensions will result in a robust, versatile RTMM system that will greatly increase flexibility of the user to choose which science data sets and support applications to view and/or use. The improvements brought about by RTMM 2nd generation system will provide mission planners and airborne scientists with enhanced decision-making tools and capabilities to more efficiently plan, prepare and execute missions, as well as to playback and review past mission data. To paraphrase the old television commercial “RTMM doesn’t make the airborne science, it makes the airborne science easier.”

Blakeslee, R. J.; Goodman, M.; Hardin, D. M.; Hall, J.; Yubin He, M.; Regner, K.; Conover, H.; Smith, T.; Meyer, P.; Lu, J.; Garrett, M.

2009-12-01

3

Super Boiler 2nd Generation Technology for Watertube Boilers  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes Phase I of a proposed two phase project to develop and demonstrate an advanced industrial watertube boiler system with the capability of reaching 94% (HHV) fuel-to-steam efficiency and emissions below 2 ppmv NOx, 2 ppmv CO, and 1 ppmv VOC on natural gas fuel. The boiler design would have the capability to produce >1500 F, >1500 psig superheated steam, burn multiple fuels, and will be 50% smaller/lighter than currently available watertube boilers of similar capacity. This project is built upon the successful Super Boiler project at GTI. In that project that employed a unique two-staged intercooled combustion system and an innovative heat recovery system to reduce NOx to below 5 ppmv and demonstrated fuel-to-steam efficiency of 94% (HHV). This project was carried out under the leadership of GTI with project partners Cleaver-Brooks, Inc., Nebraska Boiler, a Division of Cleaver-Brooks, and Media and Process Technology Inc., and project advisors Georgia Institute of Technology, Alstom Power Inc., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Phase I of efforts focused on developing 2nd generation boiler concepts and performance modeling; incorporating multi-fuel (natural gas and oil) capabilities; assessing heat recovery, heat transfer and steam superheating approaches; and developing the overall conceptual engineering boiler design. Based on our analysis, the 2nd generation Industrial Watertube Boiler when developed and commercialized, could potentially save 265 trillion Btu and $1.6 billion in fuel costs across U.S. industry through increased efficiency. Its ultra-clean combustion could eliminate 57,000 tons of NOx, 460,000 tons of CO, and 8.8 million tons of CO2 annually from the atmosphere. Reduction in boiler size will bring cost-effective package boilers into a size range previously dominated by more expensive field-erected boilers, benefiting manufacturers and end users through lower capital costs.

Mr. David Cygan; Dr. Joseph Rabovitser

2012-03-31

4

A Zero-Dimensional Model of a 2nd Generation Planar SOFC Using Calibrated Parameters  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents a zero-dimensional mathematical model of a planar 2nd generation co-flow SOFC developed for simulation of power systems. The model accounts for the electrochemical oxidation of hydrogen as well as the methane reforming reaction and the water-gas shift reaction. An important part of the paper is the electrochemical sub-model, where experimental data was used to calibrate specific parameters. The SOFC model was implemented in the DNA simulation software which is designed for energy system simulation. The result is an accurate and flexible tool suitable for simulation of many different SOFC-based power systems.

Petersen, Thomas Frank

2006-01-01

5

A ZeroDimensional Model of a 2nd Generation Planar SOFC Using Calibrated Parameters  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a zero-dimensional mathematical model of a planar 2nd generation coflow SOFC developed for simulation of power systems. The model accounts for the electrochemical oxidation of hydrogen as well as the methane reforming reaction and the water-gas shift reaction. An important part of the paper is the electrochemical sub-model, where experimental data was used to calibrate specific parameters. The SOFC model was implemented in the DNA simulation software which is designed for energy system simulation. The result is an accurate and flexible tool suitable for simulation of many different SOFC-based power systems.

Thomas Frank Petersen; Niels Houbak; Brian Elmegaard

2006-01-01

6

From 1st- to 2nd-Generation Biofuel Technologies: Extended Executive Summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report looks at the technical challenges facing 2nd-generation biofuels, evaluates their costs and examines related current policies to support their development and deployment. The potential for production of more advanced biofuels is also discussed. Although significant progress continues to be made to overcome the technical and economic challenges, 2nd-generation biofuels still face major constraints to their commercial deployment.

NONE

2008-07-01

7

Intergenerational Transmission and the School-to-work Transition for 2nd Generation Immigrants  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

We analyse the extent of intergenerational transmission through parental capital, ethnic capital and neighbourhood effects on several aspects of the school-to-work transition of 2nd generation immigrants and young ethnic Danes. The main findings are that parental capital has strong positive effects on the probability of completing a qualifying education and on the entry into the labour market, but it has a much smaller impact on the duration of the first employment spell and on the wage level. Growing up in neighbourhoods with a high concentration of immigrants is associated with negative labour market prospects both for young natives and 2nd generation immigrants.

Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Rosholm, Michael

2001-01-01

8

A DICOM-based 2nd generation Molecular Imaging Data Grid implementing the IHE XDS-i integration profile.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: A Molecular Imaging Data Grid (MIDG) was developed to address current informatics challenges in archival, sharing, search, and distribution of preclinical imaging studies between animal imaging facilities and investigator sites. This manuscript presents a 2nd generation MIDG replacing the Globus Toolkit with a new system architecture that implements the IHE XDS-i integration profile. Implementation and evaluation were conducted using a 3-site interdisciplinary test-bed at the University of Southern California. METHODS: The 2nd generation MIDG design architecture replaces the initial design's Globus Toolkit with dedicated web services and XML-based messaging for dedicated management and delivery of multi-modality DICOM imaging datasets. The Cross-enterprise Document Sharing for Imaging (XDS-i) integration profile from the field of enterprise radiology informatics was adopted into the MIDG design because streamlined image registration, management, and distribution dataflow are likewise needed in preclinical imaging informatics systems as in enterprise PACS application. Implementation of the MIDG is demonstrated at the University of Southern California Molecular Imaging Center (MIC) and two other sites with specified hardware, software, and network bandwidth. RESULTS: Evaluation of the MIDG involves data upload, download, and fault-tolerance testing scenarios using multi-modality animal imaging datasets collected at the USC Molecular Imaging Center. The upload, download, and fault-tolerance tests of the MIDG were performed multiple times using 12 collected animal study datasets. Upload and download times demonstrated reproducibility and improved real-world performance. Fault-tolerance tests showed that automated failover between Grid Node Servers has minimal impact on normal download times. CONCLUSIONS: Building upon the 1st generation concepts and experiences, the 2nd generation MIDG system improves accessibility of disparate animal-model molecular imaging datasets to users outside a molecular imaging facility's LAN using a new architecture, dataflow, and dedicated DICOM-based management web services. Productivity and efficiency of preclinical research for translational sciences investigators has been further streamlined for multi-center study data registration, management, and distribution.

Lee J; Zhang J; Park R; Dagliyan G; Liu B; Huang HK

2012-07-01

9

Boosting biogas yield of anaerobic digesters by utilizing concentrated molasses from 2nd generation bioethanol plant  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Concentrated molasses (C5 molasses) from 2nd generation bioethanol plant has been investigated for enhancing productivity of manure based digesters. A batch study at mesophilic condition (35±1C) showed the maximum methane yield from molasses as 286 LCH4/kgVS which was approximately 63% of the calculated theoretical yield. In addition to the batch study, co-digestion of molasses with cattle manure in a semi-continuously stirred reactor at thermophilic temperature (50±1°C) was also performed with a stepwise increase in molasses concentration. The results from this experiment revealed the maximum average biogas yield of 1.89 L/L/day when 23% VSmolasses was co-digested with cattle manure. However, digesters fed with more than 32% VSmolasses and with short adaptation period resulted in VFA accumulation and reduced methane productivity indicating that when using molasses as biogas booster this level should not be exceeded.

Shiplu Sarker, Henrik Bjarne Møller

2013-01-01

10

Boosting biogas yield of anaerobic digesters by utilizing concentrated molasses from 2nd generation bioethanol plant  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Concentrated molasses (C5 molasses) from 2nd generation bioethanol plant has been investigated for enhancing productivity of manure based digesters. A batch study at mesophilic condition (35+- 1 deg C) showed the maximum methane yield from molasses as 286 LCH4/kgVS which was approximately 63% of the calculated theoretical yield. In addition to the batch study, co-digestion of molasses with cattle manure in a semi-continuously stirred reactor at thermophilic temperature (50+- 1 deg C) was also performed with a stepwise increase in molasses concentration. The results from this experiment revealed the maximum average biogas yield of 1.89 L/L/day when 23% VSmolasses was co-digested with cattle manure. However, digesters fed with more than 32% VSmolasses and with short adaptation period resulted in VFA accumulation and reduced methane productivity indicating that when using molasses as biogas booster this level should not be exceeded.

Sarker, Shiplu [Department of Renewable Energy, Faculty of Engineering and Science, University of Agder, Grimstad-4879 (Norway); Moeller, Henrik Bjarne [Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Research center Foulum, Blichers Alle, Post Box 50, Tjele-8830 (Denmark)

2013-07-01

11

The New 2nd-Generation SRF R&D Facility at Jefferson Lab: TEDF  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The US Department of Energy has funded a near-complete renovation of the SRF-based accelerator research and development facilities at Jefferson Lab. The project to accomplish this, the Technical and Engineering Development Facility (TEDF) Project has completed the first of two phases. An entirely new 3,100 m{sup 2} purpose-built SRF technical work facility has been constructed and was occupied in summer of 2012. All SRF work processes with the exception of cryogenic testing have been relocated into the new building. All cavity fabrication, processing, thermal treatment, chemistry, cleaning, and assembly work is collected conveniently into a new LEED-certified building. An innovatively designed 800 m2 cleanroom/chemroom suite provides long-term flexibility for support of multiple R&D and construction projects as well as continued process evolution. The characteristics of this first 2nd-generation SRF facility are described.

Reece, Charles E. [JLAB; Reilly, Anthony V. [JLAB

2012-09-01

12

Improved beam spot measurements in the 2nd generation proton beam writing system  

Science.gov (United States)

Nanosized ion beams (especially proton and helium) play a pivotal role in the field of ion beam lithography and ion beam analysis. Proton beam writing has shown lithographic details down to the 20 nm level, limited by the proton beam spot size. Introducing a smaller spot size will allow smaller lithographic features. Smaller probe sizes, will also drastically improve the spatial resolution for ion beam analysis techniques. Among many other requirements, having an ideal resolution standard, used for beam focusing and a reliable focusing method, is an important pre-requisite for sub-10 nm beam spot focusing. In this paper we present the fabrication processes of a free-standing resolution standard with reduced side-wall projection and high side-wall verticality. The resulting grid is orthogonal (90.0° ± 0.1), has smooth edges with better than 6 nm side-wall projection. The new resolution standard has been used in focusing a 2 MeV H2+ beam in the 2nd generation PBW system at Center for Ion Beam Applications, NUS. The beam size has been characterized using on- and off-axis scanning transmission ion microscopy (STIM) and ion induced secondary electron detection, carried out with a newly installed micro channel plate electron detector. The latter has been shown to be a realistic alternative to STIM measurements, as the drawback of PIN diode detector damage is alleviated. With these improvements we show reproducible beam focusing down to 14 nm.

Yao, Yong; van Mourik, Martin W.; Santhana Raman, P.; van Kan, Jeroen A.

2013-07-01

13

1st or 2nd generation bioethanol-impacts of technology integration & on feed production and land use  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

"1st or 2nd generation bioethanol-impacts of technology integration & on feed production and land use" Liquid bio fuels are perceived as a means of mitigating CO2 emissions from transport and thus climate change, but much concern has been raised to the energy consumption from refining biomass to liquid fuels. Integrating technologies such that waste stream can be used will reduce energy consumption in the production of bioethanol from wheat. We show that the integration of bio refining and combined heat an power generation reduces process energy requirements with 30-40 % and makes bioethanol production comparable to gasoline production in terms of energy loss. Utilisation of biomass in the energy sector is inevitably linked to the utilisation of land. This is a key difference between fossil and bio based energy systems. Thus evaluations of bioethanol production based on energy balances alone are inadequate. 1st and 2nd generation bioethanol production exhibits major differences when evaluated on characteristics as feed energy and feed protein production and subsequently on land use changes. 1st generation bioethanol production based on wheat grain in Denmark may in fact reduce the pressure on agricultural land on a global scale, but increase the pressure on local/national scale. In contrast to that 2nd generation bioethanol based on wheat straw exhibits a poorer energy balance than 1st generation, but the induced imbalances on feed energy are smaller. Proteins are some of the plant components with the poorest bio synthesis efficiency and as such the area demand for their production is relatively high. Preservation of the proteins in the biomass such as in feed by-products from bioethanol production is of paramount importance in developing sustainable utilisation of biomass in the energy sector.

Bentsen, Niclas Scott; Felby, Claus

2009-01-01

14

White paper on perspectives of biofuels in Denmark - with focus on 2nd generation bioethanol; Hvidbog om perspektiver for biobraendstoffer i Danmark - med fokus paa 2. generations bioethanol  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The white paper presents the perspectives - both options and barriers - for a Danish focus on production and use of biomass, including sustainable 2nd generation bioethanol, for transport. The white paper presents the current knowledge of biofuels and bioethanol and recommendations for a Danish strategy. (ln)

Larsen, Gy.; Foghmar, J.

2009-11-15

15

COST252 - Action Evolution of Satellite Personal Communications from 2nd to Future Generation  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

With the introduction of the third generation mobilecommunications systems (UMTS/IMT-2000) newmultimedia services such as a support for high bit-ratesand introduction of packet data/IP access are provided.It is internationally recognized that satellite systems arenecessary to provide the required global coverage offuture mobile and personal communications and thework of COST252 Action for analising new generationof Satellite Personal Communication to provide highdata rate services is addressing this issue.OBJECTIVESThe two main objectives of the COST 252 Action"Evolution of Satellite Personal Communications fromsecond to future Generations Systems " are:. a mid-term activity focused on the adaptability ofthe GSM standard (second generation mobileterrestrial system) to Mobile Satellite Systems(MSS) considering the future requirements of anintegrated third generation system (UMTS);. a longer-term activity dealing with the exploitationof the satellite component for...

Chairman Enrico; Del Re

16

REFUEL. Potential and realizable cost reduction of 2nd generation biofuels  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the REFUEL project steering possibilities for and impacts of a greater market penetration of biofuels are assessed. Several benefits are attributed to second generation biofuels, fuels made from lignocellulosic feedstock, such as higher productivity, less impacts on land use and food markets and improved greenhouse gas emission reductions. The chances of second generation biofuels entering the market autonomously are assessed and several policy measures enhancing those changes are evaluated. It shows that most second generation biofuels might become competitive in the biofuel market, if the production of biodiesel from oil crops becomes limited by land availability. Setting high biofuel targets, setting greenhouse gas emissions caps on biofuel and setting subtargets for second generation biofuels, all have a similar impact of stimulating second generation's entrance into the biofuel market. Contrary, low biofuel targets and high imports can have a discouraging impact on second generation biofuel development, and thereby on overall greenhouse gas performance. Since this paper shows preliminary results from the REFUEL study, one is advised to contact the authors before quantitatively referring to this paper.

2007-01-01

17

2nd Generation PFBC Systems R&D Phase 2 AND Phase 3  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

No work was performed; the two remaining Multi Annular Swirl Burner test campaigns are on hold pending selection of a new test facility (replacement for the shut down UTSI burner test facility) and identification of associated testing costs. The Second-Generation PFB Combustion Plant conceptual design prepared in 1987 is being updated to reflect the benefit of pilot plant test data and the latest advances in gas turbine technology. The updated plant is being designed to operate with 95 percent sulfur capture and a single Siemens Westinghouse (SW) 501G gas turbine. Using carbonizer and gas turbine data generated by Foster Wheeler (FW) and SW respectively, Parsons Energy and Chemicals Group prepared preliminary plant heat and materials based on carbonizer operating temperatures of 1700 and 1800 F and found the former to yield the higher plant efficiency. As a result, 1700EF has been selected as the preferred operating condition for the carbonizer. The previous first cut plant heat and material balance was refined and it predicts a 47.7% plant efficiency (HHV) with a net power output of 421 MWe. The latter includes a plant auxiliary load estimated to be 23.48 MWe or 5.26% of the gross plant power and a transformer loss of 1.52 MWe. Coal drying is through natural gas combustion, and the thermal energy input of the natural gas has also been included in the heat rate calculation. Figure 1 presents the plant preliminary full load heat and material balance. In this arrangement, evaporation and primary steam superheating tube surfaces are placed in both the pressurized circulating fluidized bed boiler (PCFB) and the gas turbine heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The superheated steam from these units is mixed and then heated to 1050 F in the PCFB finishing superheater. With regard to steam reheating, the primary stage is located at the front of the HRSG and the final stage is located in the PCFB. Although this circuitry arrangement appears workable at full load, minimum load must be checked next to see if rearrangement is needed. Plant start up and load following discussions indicated that below about 15 percent gas turbine load, the latter would transition from steam to air cooling. Keeping the gas turbine at 15 percent load to avoid this transition, a minimum load heat and material balance will be prepared next; gas turbine performance data for this condition was being generated by SW as the reporting period ended.

Archie Robertson

1999-12-23

18

2nd Generation PFBC Systems R&D Phase 2 and Phase 3  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

No work was performed; the two remaining Multi Annular Swirl Burner test campaigns are on hold pending selection of a new test facility (replacement for the shut down UTSI burner test facility) and identification of associated testing costs. The Second-Generation PFB Combustion Plant conceptual design prepared in 1987 is being updated to reflect the benefit of pilot plant test data and the latest advances in gas turbine technology. The updated plant is being designed to operate with 95 percent sulfur capture and a single Siemens Westinghouse (SW) 501G gas turbine. Using carbonizer and gas turbine data generated by Foster Wheeler (FW) and SW respectively, Parsons Energy and Chemicals Group prepared preliminary plant heat and materials based on carbonizer operating temperatures of 1700 and 1800 F and found the former to yield the higher plant efficiency. As a result, 1700 F has been selected as the preferred operating condition for the carbonizer. The previous first cut plant heat and material balance was refined and it predicts a 47.7% plant efficiency (HHV) with a net power output of 421.1 MWe. The latter includes a plant auxiliary load estimated to be 23.5 MWe or 5.26% of the gross plant power and a transformer loss of 1.5 MWe. Coal drying is through natural gas combustion, and the thermal energy input of the natural gas has also been included in the heat rate calculation. Figure 1 presents the plant preliminary full load heat and material balance. In this arrangement, evaporation and primary steam superheating tube surfaces are placed in both the pressurized circulating fluidized bed boiler (PCFB) and the gas turbine heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The superheated steam from these units is mixed and then heated to 1050 F in the PCFB finishing superheater. With regard to steam reheating, the primary stage is located at the front of the HRSG and the final stage is located in the PCFB. Although this circuitry arrangement appears workable at full load, minimum load must be checked next to see if rearrangement is needed. Plant start up and load following discussions indicated that below about 15 percent gas turbine load, the latter would transition from steam to air cooling.

Archie Robertson

2000-03-17

19

Cogeneration and production of 2nd generation bio fuels using biomass gasification; Cogeneracion y produccion de biocombustibles de 2 generacion mediante gasificacion de biomasa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Thermochemical decomposition process of gasification, in which a carbonaceous fuel, under certain conditions of temperature and oxygen deficiency, results in a series of reactions that will produce a series of gaseous products is now widely used for high performance energetic and versatility of these gaseous products for energy and 2nd generation bio fuels and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. (Author)

Uruena Leal, A.; Diez Rodriguez, D.; Antolin Giraldo, G.

2011-07-01

20

The 2nd Generation Street Children (SGSC) in Accra: Developing Teaching Strategies To Enhance Positive Learning Outcomes in Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ghana is witnessing an increasing number of 2nd generation street children (SGSC) living in the street of Accra, the capital city as a result of many factors including teenage pregnancy among street girls, ethnic conflicts and rural-urban migration. Street presents enormous risks to street children; they are excluded from safe-family environment, basic services like health and education, and protection against exploitation. This article explored the inclusion of 27 SGSC in regular schools in Accra. Using qualitative methods, we obtained data from 15 teachers and social workers directly involved in the inclusion project. Finding revealed that SGSC were provided with pedagogical materials, daily feeding and school-related needs to encourage school attendance. To enhance positive learning outcomes of SGSC, teachers employed explicit instruction, cooperative learning, and social skills instruction. The study concludes that inclusion of SGSC in regular schools requires a willing and responsible school leadership; a comprehensive needs assessment including street mapping and social investigation on SGSC; financial support; and training of school personnel on streetism.

Alhassan Abdul-Razak Kuyini; Okechuwu Abosi

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Strategies for 2nd generation biofuels in EU - Co-firing to stimulate feedstock supply development and process integration to improve energy efficiency and economic competitiveness  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present biofuel policies in the European Union primarily stimulate 1st generation biofuels that are produced based on conventional food crops. They may be a distraction from lignocellulose based 2nd generation biofuels - and also from biomass use for heat and electricity - by keeping farmers' attention and significant investments focusing on first generation biofuels and the cultivation of conventional food crops as feedstocks. This article presents two strategies that can contribute to the development of 2nd generation biofuels based on lignocellulosic feedstocks. The integration of gasification-based biofuel plants in district heating systems is one option for increasing the energy efficiency and improving the economic competitiveness of such biofuels. Another option, biomass co-firing with coal, generates high-efficiency biomass electricity and reduces CO2 emissions by replacing coal. It also offers a near-term market for lignocellulosic biomass, which can stimulate development of supply systems for biomass also suitable as feedstock for 2nd generation biofuels. Regardless of the long-term priorities of biomass use for energy, the stimulation of lignocellulosic biomass production by development of near term and cost-effective markets is judged to be a no-regrets strategy for Europe. Strategies that induce a relevant development and exploit existing energy infrastructures in order to reduce risk and reach lower costs, are proposed an attractive complement the present and prospective biofuel policies. (author)

2010-01-01

22

Strategies for 2nd generation biofuels in EU - Co-firing to stimulate feedstock supply development and process integration to improve energy efficiency and economic competitiveness  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present biofuel policies in the European Union primarily stimulate 1st generation biofuels that are produced based on conventional food crops. They may be a distraction from lignocellulose based 2nd generation biofuels - and also from biomass use for heat and electricity - by keeping farmers' attention and significant investments focusing on first generation biofuels and the cultivation of conventional food crops as feedstocks. This article presents two strategies that can contribute to the development of 2nd generation biofuels based on lignocellulosic feedstocks. The integration of gasification-based biofuel plants in district heating systems is one option for increasing the energy efficiency and improving the economic competitiveness of such biofuels. Another option, biomass co-firing with coal, generates high-efficiency biomass electricity and reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by replacing coal. It also offers a near-term market for lignocellulosic biomass, which can stimulate development of supply systems for biomass also suitable as feedstock for 2nd generation biofuels. Regardless of the long-term priorities of biomass use for energy, the stimulation of lignocellulosic biomass production by development of near term and cost-effective markets is judged to be a no-regrets strategy for Europe. Strategies that induce a relevant development and exploit existing energy infrastructures in order to reduce risk and reach lower costs, are proposed an attractive complement the present and prospective biofuel policies. (author)

Berndes, Goeran; Hansson, Julia; Egeskog, Andrea [Department of Energy and Environment, Division of Physical Resource Theory, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden); Johnsson, Filip [Department of Energy and Environment, Division of Energy Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)

2010-02-15

23

Immobilized High Level Waste (HLW) Interim Storage Alternative Generation and analysis and Decision Report 2nd Generation Implementing Architecture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Two alternative approaches were previously identified to provide second-generation interim storage of Immobilized High-Level Waste (IHLW). One approach was retrofit modification of the Fuel and Materials Examination Facility (FMEF) to accommodate IHLW. The results of the evaluation of the FMEF as the second-generation IHLW interim storage facility and subsequent decision process are provided in this document.

CALMUS, R.B.

2000-09-14

24

Dynamics of serum testosterone during the menstrual cycle evaluated by daily measurements with an ID-LC-MS/MS method and a 2nd generation automated immunoassay.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Testosterone concentrations in normally cycling women are assumed to be elevated around the time of ovulation. The clinical relevance of changing testosterone concentrations during the menstrual cycle, however, is unclear. Poor performance of current direct immunoassays for testosterone at low concentrations confounds this issue. Therefore, our objective was to assess daily testosterone fluctuation during the menstrual cycle by a thoroughly validated isotope dilution-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID-LC-MS/MS) method and to evaluate whether an ARCHITECT® 2nd Generation Testosterone fully automated immunoassay is equally suited for this purpose. METHODS: Testosterone was measured in serum obtained daily during the menstrual cycle of 25 healthy women, characterized by biochemical and physical examination. RESULTS: Performance of the ID-LC-MS/MS method was concordant with a published reference method (y=1.007x-0.056 nmol/L; r=0.9998). Comparison of the immunoassay to ID-LC-MS/MS yielded y=1.095x+0.104 nmol/L (r=0.9031). Overall, testosterone concentrations were higher mid-cycle, but a peak was not discernible in each individual. Apart from a persistent positive bias, the immunoassay measured the same testosterone profiles as the ID-LC-MS/MS method. The reference interval in women was 0.30-1.69 nmol/L (8.7-48.7 ng/dL) for ID-LC-MS/MS and 0.50-2.00 nmol/L (14.4-57.7 ng/dL) for the immunoassay. CONCLUSION: The elevation of mid-cycle testosterone concentrations is statistically significant, although not clinically relevant since day-to-day variation is higher and independent of the menstrual cycle. In this light, a single testosterone measurement might not be reflective of the overall testosterone status in an individual. Measurements obtained using the 2nd generation immunoassay gave comparable results across the menstrual cycle.

Bui HN; Sluss PM; Blincko S; Knol DL; Blankenstein MA; Heijboer AC

2013-01-01

25

Efficient 2(nd) and 4(th) harmonic generation of a single-frequency, continuous-wave fiber amplifier.  

Science.gov (United States)

We demonstrate efficient cavity-enhanced second and fourth harmonic generation of an air-cooled, continuous-wave (cw), single-frequency 1064 nm fiber-amplifier system. The second harmonic generator achieves up to 88% total external conversion efficiency, generating more than 20-W power at 532 nm wavelength in a diffraction-limited beam (M(2) BBO) crystal optimized for low loss and high damage threshold. Up to 12.2 W of 266-nm deep-UV (DUV) output is obtained using a 6-mm long critically phase-matched BBO operated at 40 degrees C. This power level is more than two times higher than previously reported for cw 266-nm generation. The total external conversion efficiency from the fundamental at 1064 nm to the fourth harmonic at 266 nm is >50%. PMID:18542230

Sudmeyer, Thomas; Imai, Yutaka; Masuda, Hisashi; Eguchi, Naoya; Saito, Masaki; Kubota, Shigeo

2008-02-01

26

Growth of CsLa(WO4)2-Nd3+ crystals and study of their spectral-generation properties  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Synthesis conditions are determined, and for the first time CsLa(WO4)2 with Nd3+ ions are grown by the Czochralsky method. Total spectroscopic study of these crystals is carried out. Low-threshold induced radiation on waves of two generation channels (4F3/2?4I11/2,13/2) at 300 K with lamp pumping is excited.

1988-01-01

27

FT-IR Investigation of Hoveyda-Grubbs'2nd Generation Catalyst in Self-Healing Epoxy Mixtures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The development of smart composites capable of self-repair on aeronautical structures is still at the planning stage owing to complex issues to overcome. A very important issue to solve concerns the components' stability of the proposed composites which are compromised at the cure temperatures necessary for good performance of the composite. In this work we analyzed the possibility to apply Hoveyda Grubbs' second generation catalyst (HG2) to develop self-healing systems. Our experimental results have shown critical issues in the use of epoxy precursors in conjunction with Hoveyda-Grubbs II metathesis catalyst. However, an appropriate curing cycle of the self-healing mixture permits to overcome the critical issues making possible high temperatures for the curing process without deactivating self-repair activity.

2010-06-02

28

Anaerobic digestion in combination with 2nd generation ethanol production for maximizing biofuels yield from lignocellulosic biomass – testing in an integrated pilot-scale biorefinery plant.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

An integrated biorefinery concept for 2nd generation bioethanol production together with biogas production from the fermentation effluent was tested in pilot-scale. The pilot plant comprised pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, hexose and pentose fermentation into ethanol and anaerobic digestion of the fermentation effluent in a UASB (upflow anaerobic sludge blanket) reactor. Operation of the 770 liter UASB reactor was tested under both mesophilic (38ºC) and thermophilic (53ºC) conditions with increasing loading rates of the liquid fraction of the effluent from ethanol fermentation. At an OLR of 3.5 kg-VS/(m3•d) a methane yield of 340 L/kg-VS was achieved for thermophilic operation while 270 L/kg-VS was obtained under mesophilic conditions. Thermophilic operation was, however, less robust towards further increase of the loading rate and for loading rates higher than 5 kg-VS/(m3•d) the yield was higher for mesophilic than for thermophilic operation. The effluent from the ethanol fermentation showed no signs of toxicity to the anaerobic microorganisms. Implementation of the biogas production from the fermentation effluent accounted for about 30% higher biofuels yield in the biorefinery compared to a system with only bioethanol production.

Uellendahl, Hinrich; Ahring, Birgitte Kiær

29

Power plant intake quantification of wheat straw composition for 2nd generation bioethanol optimization : A Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) feasibility study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Optimization of 2nd generation bioethanol production from wheat straw requires comprehensive knowledge of plant intake feedstock composition. Near Infrared Spectroscopy is evaluated as a potential method for instantaneous quantification of the salient fermentation wheat straw components: cellulose (glucan), hemicelluloses (xylan, arabinan), and lignin. Aiming at chemometric multivariate calibration, 44 pre-selected samples were subjected to spectroscopy and reference analysis. For glucan and xylan prediction accuracies (slope: 0.89, 0.94) and precisions (r2: 0.87) were obtained, corresponding to error of prediction levels at 8–9%. Models for arabinan and lignin were marginally less good, and especially for lignin a further expansion of the feasibility dataset was deemed necessary. The results are related to significant influences from sub-sampling/mass reduction errors in the laboratory regimen. A relative high proportion of outliers excluded from the present models (10–20%) may indicate that comminution sample preparation is most likely always needed. Different solutions to these issues are suggested.

Lomborg, Carina J.; Thomsen, Mette Hedegaard

2010-01-01

30

Sistema especialista de 2ª geração para diagnose técnica: modelo e procedimento 2nd generation expert system for technical diagnosis: a model and a procedure  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este trabalho trata da diagnose em equipamentos industriais através do uso de Sistemas Especialistas. Com o objetivo de desenvolver procedimentos que contribuam na construção de Sistemas Especialistas para diagnose em Manutenção Industrial, consideramos os chamados Sistemas Especialistas de 2ª Geração. Propomos um modelo modificado e um procedimento de diagnose. Na estratégia de diagnose utilizamos uma busca "top-down best-first", que combina dois tipos de tratamento de incerteza: (i) entropia, para decidir pelo melhor caminho nas estruturas de conhecimento, e (ii) crença nos sintomas, para validar os diagnósticos obtidos. Esta proposta traz as seguintes vantagens: base de conhecimento mais completa, melhores explicação e apresentação de diagnósticos finais. Desenvolvemos um protótipo com base em informações reais sobre bombas centrífugas.This paper deals with the diagnosis of industrial equipments through the use of Expert Systems. Intending to develop procedures that result in diagnosis knowledge bases for Industrial Maintenance, we have considered 2nd Generation Expert Systems. We have proposed a modified model and a diagnosis procedure. We used for the diagnosis strategy a "top-down best-first search", that combines two types of uncertainty treatment: (i) entropy, to find the best way in the search throughout knowledge structures, (ii) belief in the symptoms, to validate the resultant diagnostics. This proposal has the following advantages: a more complete knowledge base, a better explanation and presentation of the resultant diagnostics. We have developed a prototype considering real informations about centrifugal pumps.

Néocles Alves Pereira

1994-01-01

31

Generating Mechanisms for Evolving Software Mirror Graph  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the growing research interests in complex networks, in recent years many researchers treated static structures of software as complex networks and revealed that most of these networks demonstrate small-world effect and follow scale-free degree distribution. Different from the perspectives adopted in these works, our previous work proposed software mirror graph to model the dynamic execution processes of software and revealed software mirror graph may also be small world and scale-free. To explain how the software mirror graph evolves into a small world and scale free structure, in this paper we further proposed a mathematical model based on the mechanisms of growth, preferential attachment, and walking. This model captures some of the features of the software mirror graph, and the simulation results show that it can generate a network having similar properties to the software mirror graph. The implications are also discussed in this paper.

Ling-Zan Zhu; Bei-Bei Yin; Kai-Yuan Cai

2012-01-01

32

Quantification of left and right ventricular function and myocardial mass: Comparison of low-radiation dose 2nd generation dual-source CT and cardiac MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To prospectively evaluate the accuracy of left and right ventricular function and myocardial mass measurements based on a dual-step, low radiation dose protocol with prospectively ECG-triggered 2nd generation dual-source CT (DSCT), using cardiac MRI (cMRI) as the reference standard. Materials and methods: Twenty patients underwent 1.5 T cMRI and prospectively ECG-triggered dual-step pulsing cardiac DSCT. This image acquisition mode performs low-radiation (20% tube current) imaging over the majority of the cardiac cycle and applies full radiation only during a single adjustable phase. Full-radiation-phase images were used to assess cardiac morphology, while low-radiation-phase images were used to measure left and right ventricular function and mass. Quantitative CT measurements based on contiguous multiphase short-axis reconstructions from the axial CT data were compared with short-axis SSFP cardiac cine MRI. Contours were manually traced around the ventricular borders for calculation of left and right ventricular end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, stroke volume, ejection fraction and myocardial mass for both modalities. Statistical methods included independent t-tests, the Mann–Whitney U test, Pearson correlation statistics, and Bland–Altman analysis. Results: All CT measurements of left and right ventricular function and mass correlated well with those from cMRI: for left/right end-diastolic volume r = 0.885/0.801, left/right end-systolic volume r = 0.947/0.879, left/right stroke volume r = 0.620/0.697, left/right ejection fraction r = 0.869/0.751, and left/right myocardial mass r = 0.959/0.702. Mean radiation dose was 6.2 ± 1.8 mSv. Conclusions: Prospectively ECG-triggered, dual-step pulsing cardiac DSCT accurately quantifies left and right ventricular function and myocardial mass in comparison with cMRI with substantially lower radiation exposure than reported for traditional retrospective ECG-gating.

2012-01-01

33

Test Sequence Generation for Distributed Software System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper considers the test case generation for distributed software (a test case contains one or more test sequences). Applying the single finite state machine (FSM) test approach to distributed software, we will suffer from some problems: 1) the state combinatorial explosion problem; 2) some unexecutable test cases may be generated; 3) some fault may be masked and cannot be isolated accurately. This paper proposed a new test case generation method based on the FSM net model. Instead of testing the global transitions of product machine, the generated test cases are used to verify the local transitions. We discuss the detailed methods of verifying the outputs and the tail states of the local transitions. Moreover, we prove that if all the local transitions are right, the transition structure of the distributed software is right. The tests are generated on the local transition structure of components, so we will not meet the state combinatorial explosion problem. All the outputs of the local transitions are checked, so the fault isolation results may be more accurate.

Shuai Wang; Yindong Ji; Shiyuan Yang

2011-01-01

34

Monte Carlo generators in ATLAS software  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document describes how Monte Carlo (MC) generators can be used in the ATLAS software framework (Athena). The framework is written in C++ using Python scripts for job configuration. Monte Carlo generators that provide the four-vectors describing the results of LHC collisions are written in general by third parties and are not part of Athena. These libraries are linked from the LCG Generator Services (GENSER) distribution. Generators are run from within Athena and the generated event output is put into a transient store, in HepMC format, using StoreGate. A common interface, implemented via inheritance of a GeneratorModule class, guarantees common functionality for the basic generation steps. The generator information can be accessed and manipulated by helper packages like TruthHelper. The ATLAS detector simulation as well access the truth information from StoreGate1. Steering is done through specific interfaces to allow for flexible configuration using ATLAS Python scripts. Interfaces to most general purpose generators, including: Pythia6, Pythia8, Herwig, Herwig++ and Sherpa are provided, as well as to more specialized packages, for example Phojet and Cascade. A second type of interface exist for the so called Matrix Element generators that only generate the particles produced in the hard scattering process and write events in the Les Houches event format. A generic interface to pass these events to Pythia6 and Herwig for parton showering and hadronisation has been written.

2010-04-01

35

Grid generation software engineering at Los Alamos  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We have collected and re-engineered a small library of computer codes for general-purpose grid generation in one-, two-, and three-dimensional domains. The design intent was to produce easy-to-use general purpose codes that are portable to as many different hardware and software environments as practical, that are consistent in programming style and user interface, and that cover a gamut of applications. The paper describes some of the features of the codes, emphasizing the perspective of the potential user or programmer, rather than that of the researcher interested in mathematical techniques. 7 refs., 3 figs.

Clark, G.L.; Ankeny, L.A.

1988-01-01

36

Next generation lightweight mirror modeling software  

Science.gov (United States)

The advances in manufacturing techniques for lightweight mirrors, such as EXELSIS deep core low temperature fusion, Corning's continued improvements in the Frit bonding process and the ability to cast large complex designs, combined with water-jet and conventional diamond machining of glasses and ceramics has created the need for more efficient means of generating finite element models of these structures. Traditional methods of assembling 400,000 + element models can take weeks of effort, severely limiting the range of possible optimization variables. This paper will introduce model generation software developed under NASA sponsorship for the design of both terrestrial and space based mirrors. The software deals with any current mirror manufacturing technique, single substrates, multiple arrays of substrates, as well as the ability to merge submodels into a single large model. The modeler generates both mirror and suspension system elements, suspensions can be created either for each individual petal or the whole mirror. A typical model generation of 250,000 nodes and 450,000 elements only takes 3-5 minutes, much of that time being variable input time. The program can create input decks for ANSYS, ABAQUS and NASTRAN. An archive/retrieval system permits creation of complete trade studies, varying cell size, depth, and petal size, suspension geometry with the ability to recall a particular set of parameters and make small or large changes with ease. The input decks created by the modeler are text files which can be modified by any text editor, all the shell thickness parameters and suspension spring rates are accessible and comments in deck identify which groups of elements are associated with these parameters. This again makes optimization easier. With ANSYS decks, the nodes representing support attachments are grouped into components; in ABAQUS these are SETS and in NASTRAN as GRIDPOINT SETS, this make integration of these models into large telescope or satellite models easier.

Arnold, William R.; Fitzgerald, Matthew; Rosa, Rubin Jaca; Stahl, H. Philip

2013-09-01

37

Techno-economic evaluation of 2nd generation bioethanol production from sugar cane bagasse and leaves integrated with the sugar-based ethanol process  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Bioethanol produced from the lignocellulosic fractions of sugar cane (bagasse and leaves), i.e. second generation (2G) bioethanol, has a promising market potential as an automotive fuel; however, the process is still under investigation on pilot/demonstration sca...

Macrelli Stefano; Mogensen Johan; Zacchi Guido

38

Control system for the 2nd generation Berkeley AutoMounters (BAM2) at GM/CA CAT macromolecular crystallography beamlines.  

Science.gov (United States)

GM/CA CAT at Sector 23 of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) is an NIH funded facility for crystallographic structure determination of biological macromolecules by X-ray diffraction.A second generation Berkeley automounter is being integrated into the beamline control system at the 23-BM experimental station. This new device replaces the previous all-pneumatic gripper motions with a combination of pneumatics and XYZ motorized linear stages. The latter adds a higher degree of flexibility to the robot including auto-alignment capability, accommodation of a larger capacity sample Dewar of arbitrary shape, and support for advanced operations such as crystal washing, while preserving the overall simplicity and efficiency of the Berkeley automounter design. PMID:21822343

Makarov, O; Hilgart, M; Ogata, C; Pothineni, S; Cork, C

2011-09-01

39

Control system for the 2nd generation Berkeley AutoMounters (BAM2) at GM/CA CAT macromolecular crystallography beamlines.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

GM/CA CAT at Sector 23 of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) is an NIH funded facility for crystallographic structure determination of biological macromolecules by X-ray diffraction.A second generation Berkeley automounter is being integrated into the beamline control system at the 23-BM experimental station. This new device replaces the previous all-pneumatic gripper motions with a combination of pneumatics and XYZ motorized linear stages. The latter adds a higher degree of flexibility to the robot including auto-alignment capability, accommodation of a larger capacity sample Dewar of arbitrary shape, and support for advanced operations such as crystal washing, while preserving the overall simplicity and efficiency of the Berkeley automounter design.

Makarov O; Hilgart M; Ogata C; Pothineni S; Cork C

2011-09-01

40

Synthesis and ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of new N-fluoro-phenylnorbornene dicarboximides by 2nd generation ruthenium alkylidene catalysts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The synthesis of new N-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl-endo-norbornene-5,6-dicarboximide (TFMPhNDI, 2a), N-4-fluorophenyl-endo-norbornene-5,6-dicarboximide (FPhNDI, 2b) and N-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidyl-endo-norbornene-5,6-dicarboximide (TMPNDI, 2c) monomers was carried out. Polynorbornene dicarboximides were obtained via ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) using a second generation ruthenium alkylidene catalyst (1,3-dimesityl-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene) (PCy3Cl2Ru=CHPh) (I). Poly-TMPNDI which bears a piperidyl moiety showed the highest Tg and Td compared to the polymers bearing fluoro-aryl moieties. Thermal stability of Poly-TFMPhNDI (3a) was enhanced after hydrogenation with Wilkinson´s catalyst.

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Building Knowledge Bases for the Generation of Software Documentation  

CERN Multimedia

Automated text generation requires a underlying knowledge base from which to generate, which is often difficult to produce. Software documentation is one domain in which parts of this knowledge base may be derived automatically. In this paper, we describe \\drafter, an authoring support tool for generating user-centred software documentation, and in particular, we describe how parts of its required knowledge base can be obtained automatically.

Paris, C; Paris, Cecile; Linden, Keith Vander

1996-01-01

42

Techno-economic evaluation of 2nd generation bioethanol production from sugar cane bagasse and leaves integrated with the sugar-based ethanol process  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Bioethanol produced from the lignocellulosic fractions of sugar cane (bagasse and leaves), i.e. second generation (2G) bioethanol, has a promising market potential as an automotive fuel; however, the process is still under investigation on pilot/demonstration scale. From a process perspective, improvements in plant design can lower the production cost, providing better profitability and competitiveness if the conversion of the whole sugar cane is considered. Simulations have been performed with AspenPlus to investigate how process integration can affect the minimum ethanol selling price of this 2G process (MESP-2G), as well as improve the plant energy efficiency. This is achieved by integrating the well-established sucrose-to-bioethanol process with the enzymatic process for lignocellulosic materials. Bagasse and leaves were steam pretreated using H3PO4 as catalyst and separately hydrolysed and fermented. Results The addition of a steam dryer, doubling of the enzyme dosage in enzymatic hydrolysis, including leaves as raw material in the 2G process, heat integration and the use of more energy-efficient equipment led to a 37 % reduction in MESP-2G compared to the Base case. Modelling showed that the MESP for 2G ethanol was 0.97 US$/L, while in the future it could be reduced to 0.78 US$/L. In this case the overall production cost of 1G + 2G ethanol would be about 0.40 US$/L with an output of 102 L/ton dry sugar cane including 50 % leaves. Sensitivity analysis of the future scenario showed that a 50 % decrease in the cost of enzymes, electricity or leaves would lower the MESP-2G by about 20%, 10% and 4.5%, respectively. Conclusions According to the simulations, the production of 2G bioethanol from sugar cane bagasse and leaves in Brazil is already competitive (without subsidies) with 1G starch-based bioethanol production in Europe. Moreover 2G bioethanol could be produced at a lower cost if subsidies were used to compensate for the opportunity cost from the sale of excess electricity and if the cost of enzymes continues to fall.

Macrelli Stefano; Mogensen Johan; Zacchi Guido

2012-01-01

43

Creating the next generation control system software  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new 1980's style support package for future accelerator control systems is proposed. It provides a way to create accelerator applications software without traditional programming. Visual Interactive Applications (VIA) is designed to meet the needs of expanded accelerator complexes in a more cost effective way than past experience with procedural languages by using technology from the personal computer and artificial intelligence communities. 4 refs

1989-11-03

44

Creating the next generation control system software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new 1980's style support package for future accelerator control systems is proposed. It provides a way to create accelerator applications software without traditional programming. Visual Interactive Applications (VIA) is designed to meet the needs of expanded accelerator complexes in a more cost effective way than past experience with procedural languages by using technology from the personal computer and artificial intelligence communities. 4 refs.

Schultz, D.E.

1989-01-01

45

Jawi Generator Software Using ARM Board Under Linux  

Science.gov (United States)

Jawi knowledge is becoming important not just to adult but also to growing children to learn at the initial stage of their life. This project basically is to study and develop Embedded Jawi Generator Software that will generate and create Jawi script easily. The user could choose and enter Jawi scripts and learn each of the script. The sum of scripts was from alif until yaa, approximately about 36 scripts with the colorful button. The system also should b creating as an interactive system that will attract users especially kids. This Jawi Generator Software developed using java language in a Linux operating system (fedora). This software will be running on UP-NETARM2410-S Linux. Later the performances of Jawi Generator System are investigate for its accuracy in displaying of the words, and also board performances.

Shalasiah, O. N.; Rohani, S. M. F.; Zulkifli, H.

46

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system subsystem 143 software development plan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This plan describes the activities to be performed and the controls to be applied to the process of specifying, developing, and qualifying the data acquisition software for the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Transportation System Subsystem 143 Instrumentation and Data Acquisition System (IDAS). This plan will serve as a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation (V and V) plan, and a configuration management plan

1994-01-01

47

Reflection seismology, 2nd edition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Material on reflection seismology emphasizing petroleum exploration while also including applications related to coal exploration, uranium exploration and geothermal prospects is presented. The physical concepts dealing with surface-wave generation and dispersion, migration of seismic reflections, synthetic seismograms and Vibroseis sources are discussed.

Waters, K.

1981-01-01

48

Search-Based Software Test Data Generation Using Evolutionary Computation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Search-based Software Engineering has been utilized for a number of software engineering activities.One area where Search-Based Software Engineering has seen much application is test data generation. Evolutionary testing designates the use of metaheuristic search methods for test case generation. The search space is the input domain of the test object, with each individual or potential solution, being an encoded set of inputs to that test object. The fitness function is tailored to find test data for the type of testthat is being undertaken. Evolutionary Testing (ET) uses optimizing search techniques such as evolutionary algorithms to generate test data. The effectiveness of GA-based testing system is compared with a Random testing system. For simple programs both testing systems work fine, but as the complexity of the program or the complexity of input domain grows, GA-based testing system significantly outperforms Random testing.

P. Maragathavalli

2011-01-01

49

Search-based software test data generation using evolutionary computation  

CERN Multimedia

Search-based Software Engineering has been utilized for a number of software engineering activities. One area where Search-Based Software Engineering has seen much application is test data generation. Evolutionary testing designates the use of metaheuristic search methods for test case generation. The search space is the input domain of the test object, with each individual or potential solution, being an encoded set of inputs to that test object. The fitness function is tailored to find test data for the type of test that is being undertaken. Evolutionary Testing (ET) uses optimizing search techniques such as evolutionary algorithms to generate test data. The effectiveness of GA-based testing system is compared with a Random testing system. For simple programs both testing systems work fine, but as the complexity of the program or the complexity of input domain grows, GA-based testing system significantly outperforms Random testing.

Maragathavalli, P

2011-01-01

50

Generation of Embedded Hardware/Software from SystemC  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Designers increasingly rely on reusing intellectual property (IP) and on raising the level of abstraction to respect system-on-chip (SoC) market characteristics. However, most hardware and embedded software codes are recoded manually from system level. This recoding step often results in new coding errors that must be identified and debugged. Thus, shorter time-to-market requires automation of the system synthesis from high-level specifications. In this paper, we propose a design flow intended to reduce the SoC design cost. This design flow unifies hardware and software using a single high-level language. It integrates hardware/software (HW/SW) generation tools and an automatic interface synthesis through a custom library of adapters. We have validated our interface synthesis approach on a hardware producer/consumer case study and on the design of a given software radiocommunication application.

Salim Ouadjaout; Dominique Houzet

2006-01-01

51

Abstracts: 2nd interventional MRI symposium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Main topics of the 2nd interventional MRI symposium were: MR compatibility and pulse sequences; MR thermometry, biopsy, musculoskeletal system; laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy, radiofrequency ablations; intraoperative MR; vascular applications, breast, endoscopy; focused ultrasound, cryotherapy, perspectives; poster session with 34 posters described. (AJ)

Anon.

1997-09-01

52

Abstracts: 2nd interventional MRI symposium  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Main topics of the 2nd interventional MRI symposium were: MR compatibility and pulse sequences; MR thermometry, biopsy, musculoskeletal system; laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy, radiofrequency ablations; intraoperative MR; vascular applications, breast, endoscopy; focused ultrasound, cryotherapy, perspectives; poster session with 34 posters described. (AJ).

1997-01-01

53

Beyond the 2nd Fermi Pulsar Catalog  

CERN Document Server

Over thirteen times more gamma-ray pulsars have now been studied with the Large Area Telescope on NASA's Fermi satellite than the ten seen with the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory in the nineteen-nineties. The large sample is diverse, allowing better understanding both of the pulsars themselves and of their roles in various cosmic processes. Here we explore the prospects for even more gamma-ray pulsars as Fermi enters the 2nd half of its nominal ten-year mission. New pulsars will naturally tend to be fainter than the first ones discovered. Some of them will have unusual characteristics compared to the current population, which may help discriminate between models. We illustrate a vision of the future with a sample of six pulsars discovered after the 2nd Fermi Pulsar Catalog was written.

Hou, Xian; Reposeur, Thierry; Rousseau, Romain

2013-01-01

54

Optimized generation of high resolution breast anthropomorphic software phantoms  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The authors present an efficient method for generating anthropomorphic software breast phantoms with high spatial resolution. Employing the same region growing principles as in their previous algorithm for breast anatomy simulation, the present method has been optimized for computational complexity to allow for fast generation of the large number of phantoms required in virtual clinical trials of breast imaging. Methods: The new breast anatomy simulation method performs a direct calculation of the Cooper’s ligaments (i.e., the borders between simulated adipose compartments). The calculation corresponds to quadratic decision boundaries of a maximum a posteriori classifier. The method is multiscale due to the use of octree-based recursive partitioning of the phantom volume. The method also provides user-control of the thickness of the simulated Cooper’s ligaments and skin. Results: Using the proposed method, the authors have generated phantoms with voxel size in the range of (25–1000 ?m)3/voxel. The power regression of the simulation time as a function of the reciprocal voxel size yielded a log-log slope of 1.95 (compared to a slope of 4.53 of our previous region growing algorithm). Conclusions: A new algorithm for computer simulation of breast anatomy has been proposed that allows for fast generation of high resolution anthropomorphic software phantoms.

Pokrajac, David D.; Maidment, Andrew D. A.; Bakic, Predrag R.

2012-01-01

55

Next Generation of ECT Software for Data Analysis of Steam Generator Tubes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Improvements to existing EddyOne eddy current analysis software are being presented. Those improvements are geared towards improved interaction between the software and ECT analyst by having a better and more featured user interface, while keeping some industry standard signal display norms intact to keep the familiar factor and ease the transition to the next generation of EddyOne. Improvements presented in this paper thus ease the transition to the new software by reducing training requirements for the existing analysts and for new analysts coming to the industry. Further, by utilizing modern technologies next generation of software is able to further reduce maintenance and deployment costs of the whole system for future to come.(author).

2010-01-01

56

Automatic Generation of Software Components for Real Options Modelling  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper describes the design and implementation of a software systemthat, from a high level specification language, generates source codefor the valuation of real options. The specification language allows the descriptionat an abstract level and independently of any valuation methodspecific details, firstly of the flexibility that is present in an investmentproject in the form of a collection of individual real options, and secondlyof the dynamics of the underlying stochastic state variables. The dynamicsof the state variables are assumed to be continuous di#usion processes.

A. Chortaras; Y. Guo; M. M. Ghanem

57

A Generative and Model Driven Framework for Automated Software Product Generation  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Component-based Software Engineering (CBSE) and related technologies have demonstrated their strength in recent years by increasing development productivity and parts reuse. Recently, the Model Driven Architecture (MDA) has raised the abstraction level of programming languages to modeling languages that can be compiled by downward model transformations. Correspondingly, the goal of Generative Programming (GP) is to automate concrete software product generation from a domain-specification and reusable components. This paper describes the UniFrame framework, which is built on the foundation of CBSE while leveraging the capabilities offered by MDA and GP. UniFrame provides theories and implementation for steps of model transformations for a concrete software product based on domain development in various Generative Domain Models (GDMs).

Wei Zhao; Barrett R. Bryant; Jeff Gray; Carol C. Burt; Rajeev R. Raje; Andrew M. Olson; Mikhail Auguston

58

Non-intrusive load management using bill generation database software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Load management is becoming increasingly popular with both power companies and their customers. The Digital Telewattmeter System Software Package (DTS-Base) was written to provide both consumer-side load management as well as remote transmission of energy usage for the utility. DTS-Base provides utilities with a database that stores customer information, reads customer telewattmeters (field units), and generates customer bills. This paper focuses on the consumer-side aspect of non-intrusive load management (NILM) and specifically on DTS-Base software as a load management tool, that may help to provide customers with needed information. The current communication method of the prototype requires a dedicated telephone line to each field unit and the initial installation could prove to be costly. An alternative to additional telephone lines are the recent voice over data developments in the field of telephone communications. Using these developments, the modern communications could be carried out on the customer`s existing telephone lines concurrently with voice communications. (author). 1 fig., 4 refs.

Shwehdi, M.H. [University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-12-31

59

Advanced Chemistry Collection, 2nd Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

Software requirements are given in Table 3. Some programs have additional special requirements. Please see the individual program abstracts at JCE Online or the documentation included on the CD-ROM for more specific information. Table 3. General software requirements for the Advanced Chemistry Collection. ComputerSystemOther Software(Required by one or more programs) Mac OS compatibleSystem 7.6.1 or higherAcrobat Reader (included)Mathcad; Mathematica;MacMolecule2; QuickTime 4; HyperCard Player Windows CompatibleWindows 2000, 98, 95, NT 4Acrobat Reader (included)Mathcad; Mathematica;PCMolecule2; QuickTime 4;HyperChem; Excel Literature Cited General Chemistry Collection, 5th ed.; J. Chem. Educ. Software, 2001, SP16. Advanced Chemistry Collection; J. Chem. Educ. Software, 2001, SP28.

2001-11-01

60

2nd International Arctic Ungulate Conference  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The 2nd International Arctic Ungulate Conference was held 13-17 August 1995 on the University of Alaska Fairbanks campus. The Institute of Arctic Biology and the Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit were responsible for organizing the conference with assistance from biologists with state and federal agencies and commercial organizations. David R. Klein was chair of the conference organizing committee. Over 200 people attended the conference, coming from 10 different countries. The United States, Canada, and Norway had the largest representation. The conference included invited lectures; panel discussions, and about 125 contributed papers. There were five technical sessions on Physiology and Body Condition; Habitat Relationships; Population Dynamics and Management; Behavior, Genetics and Evolution; and Reindeer and Muskox Husbandry. Three panel sessions discussed Comparative caribou management strategies; Management of introduced, reestablished, and expanding muskox populations; and Health risks in translocation of arctic ungulates. Invited lectures focused on the physiology and population dynamics of arctic ungulates; contaminants in food chains of arctic ungulates and lessons learned from the Chernobyl accident; and ecosystem level relationships of the Porcupine Caribou Herd.

A. Anonymous

1996-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

How To Generate Distributed Software Components From Centralized Ones?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Adapting software components to be used in a particular application is a crucial issue in software component based technology. In fact, software components can be used in contexts with characteristics different from those envisaged when designing the component. Centralized or distributed deployment infrastructure can be one of these assumptions. Thus, a component can be designed as a monolithic unit to be deployed on a centralized infrastructure, nevertheless the used infrastructure needs the component to be distributed. In this paper, we propose an approach allowing us to transform a centralized software component into a distributed one. Our technique is based on refactoring and fragmentation of component source-code.

Abdelhak Seriai; Gautier Bastide; Mourad Oussalah

2006-01-01

62

GENESIS: Agile Generation of Information Management Oriented Software  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The specification for an information system can be clear from the beginning: it must acquire, display, query and modify data, using a database. The main issue is to decide which information to manage. In the case originating this work, information was always evolving, even up to the end of the project. This implies the construction of a new system each time the information is redefined. This article presents Genesis, an agile development infrastructure, and proposes an approach for the immediate construction of required information systems. Experts describe their information needs and queries, and Genesis generates the corresponding application, with the appropriate graphical interfaces and database.La especificación de un sistema de información puede estar clara desde el principio: debe adquirir, desplegar, consultar y modificar datos, usando una base de datos. El asunto es decidir cuál información manejar. En el caso que origina este trabajo, la información evoluciona permanentemente, incluso hasta el final del proyecto. Esto implica la construcción de un nuevo sistema cada vez que se redefine la información. Este artículo presenta Genesis, una infraestructura ágil para la construcción inmediata del sistema de información que sea requerido. Los expertos describen su información y consultas. Genesis produce el software correspondiente, generando las interfaces gráficas y la base de datos apropiados.

Claudia Jiménez Guarín; Juan Erasmo Gómez

2010-01-01

63

Flow-generated noise in expansion-chamber-type silencers. 2nd Report. ; Effect of chamber resonance on noise characteristics. Kudogata shoonki de hasseisuru kiryu soon. 2. ; Soon tokusei ni oyobosu kudonai kyomei no eikyo  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to design the expansion-chamber type silencer, the silencing in the simple cylindrical expansion chamber was studied in characteristics in case of internally flow-generated noise added with a resonant component and their relation with the chamber dimension and flow velocity. As a result of investigating the secondarily flow-generated noise and chamber resonance generated on the silencer, resonant sound was known to exist, by a proper sound mode component in the cylindrical sound field, inside the chamber, but its pressure level is too low to influence the frequency of flow-generated noise emitted from the tailpipe of chamber. In the chamber of which the length is less than four times as long as the diameter, the peak component of flow-generated noise at the outlet of internal jet, if its frequency approaches that of resonance in the sound field, is considerably amplified in a specially designated range of chamber dimension and flow velocity. Therefore, the emitted flow-generated noise comes to give an acute peak with heightening in overall sound pressure level, which however comes not to change with a constant ratio against the flow velocity. If the flow-generated noise is amplified by an addition of resonant sound, the chamber dimension and flow velocity can be assumed by calibration curves obtained by the present experiment as well as the already known formulae. 8 refs., 15 figs.

Moriyama, H.; Murakami, S.; Hagi, S. (Tokai University, Tokyo (Japan). School of Engineering)

1992-02-25

64

Generation of a wave on a liquid film flowing down a heated inclined plane. 2nd Report. Disturbance and Marangoni waves; Kanetsu keisha menjo wo jiyu ryukasuru ekimaku ni shojiru nami. 2. Joranha to marangoni ha  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to learn behavior of liquid film dropping freely on a heated inclined plane that may give an effect on substance migration and heat transfer characteristics, an experiment was performed using dimethyl silicone oil as a working fluid. As a result of theoretical analysis considering shear stress on the liquid interface due to Marangoni effect, an existence of a limit of disturbance wave generation was shown in low flow rate regions, independently from the generation limit of the disturbance wave in high flow rate regions, the D-wave. Marangoni force involves deeply in the generation of the latter wave, which was defined as an M-wave. Water generates liquid film fracture before reaching the M-wave generation critical flow rate, hence no clear M-wave can be observed. However, with high-viscosity silicone oil, the M-wave was verified in the low flow rate regions. Comparison of the Marangoni forces in both waves from the surface temperature distributions of the D-wave and the M-wave revealed that the force was about 20 times as large in the M-wave as that in the D-wave. In other words, the Marangoni effect dominates the generation of the M-wave. The D-wave has higher wave height, and is uniformly two dimensional in the width direction of the channel, while the M-wave has lower wave height and is three dimensional. 7 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

Ito, A. [Oita University, Oita (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Oku, S. [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

1994-08-25

65

Evaluation of Finite Element Method Based Software for Simulation of Hydropower Generator - Power Grid Interaction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The accuracy, ease of use, and execution time of the finite element method based software Maxwell coupled to the system simulation software Simplorer was evaluated for simulation of hydropower generator - power grid interaction. A generator test rig were modelled in Maxwell and coupled to Simplorer ...

Persarvet, Gustav

66

S-Cube: Enabling the Next Generation of Software Services  

Science.gov (United States)

The Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) paradigm is increasingly adopted by industry for building distributed software systems. However, when designing, developing and operating innovative software services and servicebased systems, several challenges exist. Those challenges include how to manage the complexity of those systems, how to establish, monitor and enforce Quality of Service (QoS) and Service Level Agreements (SLAs), as well as how to build those systems such that they can proactively adapt to dynamically changing requirements and context conditions. Developing foundational solutions for those challenges requires joint efforts of different research communities such as Business Process Management, Grid Computing, Service Oriented Computing and Software Engineering. This paper provides an overview of S-Cube, the European Network of Excellence on Software Services and Systems. S-Cube brings together researchers from leading research institutions across Europe, who join their competences to develop foundations, theories as well as methods and tools for future service-based systems.

Metzger, Andreas; Pohl, Klaus

67

Flow behavior of the longitudinal vortex generated in a pulsed wall jet. 2nd Report. Interaction of adjacent double jets; Hekimen pulse jet nai ni seiseisareta tateuzu no ryudo kiko. 2. Fukko pulse jet no kansho  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A Vortex Generator Jet (VGJ) in a turbulent boundary layer has been investigated, since it has a significant potential for the active control of boundary layer stall. This paper describes the double VGJs under pulsed injection which generate periodic longitudinal vortices in the boundary layer. Phase-averaged wall shear stress was measured by a wall flow sensor with a high response. The important flow parameters of double jets are their arrangement and phase difference of injection. In common flow down arrangement with common phase, phase-averaged wall shear stress has a higher peak at the end of injection than that of a single jet. 6 refs., 11 figs.

Suzuki, T. [Olympus Optical Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Nagata, M. [Yamatake-Honeywell Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Shizawa, T.; Honami, S. [Science University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

1996-03-25

68

The PCMDI software and the next generation internet project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

One problem facing many scientists is not the absence of tools to analyze data, but rather a shortage of interrelated diagnostic software that is consistent, flexible, portable, adaptable, efficient, sharable, and easy to use. Consequently, many scientists are writing their own programs to ingest, manipulate and display data. Debugging and enhancing special purpose software diverts time that otherwise would be spent on research. The result is often not ''friendly'', reusable, or portable, nor does it promote standards within the research community. In response to the needs of the scientific community, PCMDI has developed a suite of software tools for the storage, diagnosis, and visualization of data. PCMDI's principal tools are the Climate Data Analysis Tool (CDAT), the Climate Database Management System (CDMS), and the Visualization and Computation System (VCS). The design goal of this suite of software is to reduce the redundancy encountered so often in scientific analysis and to allow researchers to concentrate on their science. One obstacle to sharing analysis software is the wide variety of data file formats that are in use. Programs must be written to convert data to a user's preferred file format and conventions. This data conversion requires additional expenditure of efforts on testing and quality assurance. Modular and interrelated software performs such tasks transparently.

Potter, G L; Williams, D N

1999-10-15

69

Generation and Optimization of Test cases for Object-Oriented Software Using State Chart Diagram  

CERN Multimedia

The process of testing any software system is an enormous task which is time consuming and costly. The time and required effort to do sufficient testing grow, as the size and complexity of the software grows, which may cause overrun of the project budget, delay in the development of software system or some test cases may not be covered. During SDLC (software development life cycle), generally the software testing phase takes around 40-70% of the time and cost. State-based testing is frequently used in software testing. Test data generation is one of the key issues in software testing. A properly generated test suite may not only locate the errors in a software system, but also help in reducing the high cost associated with software testing. It is often desired that test data in the form of test sequences within a test suite can be automatically generated to achieve required test coverage. This paper proposes an optimization approach to test data generation for the state-based software testing. In this paper, ...

Swain, Ranjita Kumari; Mohapatra, Durga Prasad

2012-01-01

70

Basis Principles of Software Development for Eddy Current Inspection of PWR/WWER Steam Generator Tubes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Extensive inspection of PWR/WWER steam generators associated with development of own designs of eddy current inspection systems including manipulators, push-pullers, controllers, probes, etc. influence on INETEC decision to start with development of its own software for EC inspections. In last year incredible results were obtained. Main software packages were finished with increased possibilities compared to other software available on the world market. In this article some basic principles of EC NDT software development is described including organizational aspects of software team, description of tasks and description of main achievements. Also associated problems and future development directions are discussed. (author)

2002-01-01

71

GelClust: a software tool for gel electrophoresis images analysis and dendrogram generation.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents GelClust, a new software that is designed for processing gel electrophoresis images and generating the corresponding phylogenetic trees. Unlike the most of commercial and non-commercial related softwares, we found that GelClust is very user-friendly and guides the user from image toward dendrogram through seven simple steps. Furthermore, the software, which is implemented in C# programming language under Windows operating system, is more accurate than similar software regarding image processing and is the only software able to detect and correct gel 'smile' effects completely automatically. These claims are supported with experiments. PMID:23727299

Khakabimamaghani, Sahand; Najafi, Ali; Ranjbar, Reza; Raam, Monireh

2013-05-30

72

Results of clot waveform analysis and thrombin generation test for a plasma-derived factor VIIa and X mixture (MC710) in haemophilia patients with inhibitors--phase I trial: 2nd report.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We reported the results of a clinical pharmacological study of MC710 (a mixture of plasma-derived FVIIa and FX) in haemophilia patients with inhibitors during a non-haemorrhagic state. This report provides the results of a clot waveform analysis (CWA) and thrombin generation test (TGT) using blood samples obtained in this study. CWA and TGT were conducted using blood samples obtained from a pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study in which MC710 (five dose rates: 20, 40, 80, 100 and 120 ?g kg(-1)) was compared with NovoSeven (120 ?g kg(-1)) and FEIBA (two dose rates: 50 and 75 U kg(-1)) as control drugs in 11 haemophilia patients with inhibitors without haemorrhagic symptoms. CWA showed that MC710 provided significantly greater improvement than the control drugs in activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) at 80 ?g kg(-1); maximum clot velocity and maximum clot acceleration were more enhanced by MC710 than by control drugs. TGT revealed that MC710 significantly shortened the initiation time of thrombin generation in comparison to FEIBA and induced greater thrombin generation potency than NovoSeven. It was not clear whether or not MC710 caused significant dose-dependent changes in the two measurements; however, differences between MC710 and the control drugs were clarified. MC710 was confirmed to have superior coagulation activity and thrombin productivity and is expected to have superior bypassing activity.

Shirahata A; Fukutake K; Mimaya J; Takamatsu J; Shima M; Hanabusa H; Takedani H; Takashima Y; Matsushita T; Tawa A; Higasa S; Takata N; Sakai M; Kawakami K; Ohashi Y; Saito H

2013-03-01

73

Study design and rationale of "a multicenter, open-labeled, randomized controlled trial comparing three 2nd-generation drug-eluting stents in real-world practice" (CHOICE trial).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have shown superiority in many studies relating to safety and efficacy when compared with the first-generation DES. However, it is unclear whether there are differences in efficacy and safety among the second-generation DES after long-term follow-up. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, randomized, open-labeled trial will directly compare the efficacy and safety among the patients treated with either everolimus-eluting stent (EES), zotarolimus-eluting stent with biolinx polymer (ZES-R), or biolimus-eluting stent (BES) with minimal exclusion criteria. The primary end point is a patient-oriented composite consisted of cardiac death, myocardial infarction not clearly attributable to a nontarget vessel and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization at 24-month clinical follow-up post-index procedure. With the hypothesis that "BES is non-inferior to EES" or "BES is non-inferior to ZES-R" in primary end point, approximately 2,600 patients will be assigned to one of the types of stents using a web-based randomization system. CONCLUSIONS: The CHOICE trial will directly compare the efficacy and safety of EES, ZES-R, and BES in everyday clinical practice for long-term follow-up.

Youn YJ; Lee JW; Ahn SG; Lee SH; Choi HH; Choi H; Choi CU; Lee JB; Cho JH; Kang TS; Cho BR; Cha KS; Kim MH; Hyon MS; Cheong SS; Lim DS; Han KR; Jeong MH; Park KS; Yoon J

2013-08-01

74

NSCLC Approved 1st & 2nd Line Rx  

Science.gov (United States)

Text VersionNSCLC Approved 1st & 2nd Line Rx. Vinorelbine vs 5-FU/LV. Navelbine/ cisplatin. Gemcitabine/cisplatin. Paclitaxel/cisplatin. ... of advanced NSCLC. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/AboutFDA/CentersOffices

75

Vendors boot up a new generation of mining software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

From complete mine management down to the smallest detail of process or machine design, the latest programs are claimed to process and display data easier, faster, and more accurately. MINExpo 2008 held in Las Vegas in September offered a bonanza of information on complete mine management to specilaized financial modules. Gemcom Software introduced new versions of five of its key products - Surpac 6.1, GEMS 6.2, Minex 5.3, MinerSched 6.0 and Whittle 4.2. Lerca Geosystems launched its Jigsaw 360 mine management suite, encompassing GPS navigation. Products launched by Modular Mining systems, Carlson Software, DEM Solutions and Logimine are also mentioned. 2 figs.

Carter, R.A.

2008-10-15

76

Software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The software section of this journal presented new software programs that have been developed to help in the exploration and development of hydrocarbon resources. Software provider IHS Inc. has made additions to its geological and engineering analysis software tool, IHS PETRA, a product used by geoscientists and engineers to visualize, analyze and manage well production, well log, drilling, reservoir, seismic and other related information. IHS PETRA also includes a directional well module and a decline curve analysis module to improve analysis capabilities in unconventional reservoirs. Petris Technology Inc. has developed a software to help manage the large volumes of data. PetrisWinds Enterprise (PWE) helps users find and manage wellbore data, including conventional wireline and MWD core data; analysis core photos and images; waveforms and NMR; and external files documentation. Ottawa-based Ambercore Software Inc. has been collaborating with Nexen on the Petroleum iQ software for steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) producers. Petroleum iQ integrates geology and geophysics data with engineering data in 3D and 4D. Calgary-based Envirosoft Corporation has developed a software that reduces the costly and time-consuming effort required to comply with Directive 39 of the Alberta Energy Resources Conservation Board. The product includes an emissions modelling software. Houston-based Seismic Micro-Technology (SMT) has developed the Kingdom software that features the latest in seismic interpretation. Holland-based Joa Oil and Gas and Calgary-based Computer Modelling Group have both supplied the petroleum industry with advanced reservoir simulation software that enables reservoir interpretation. The 2010 software survey included a guide to new software applications designed to facilitate petroleum exploration, drilling and production activities. Oil and gas producers can use the products for a range of functions, including reservoir characterization and accounting. In addition to a description of the software application, the name of software providers were listed along with the new features available in each product. The survey included products developed by ADP Inc.; Energy Navigator Inc.; Enersight Canada; Entero Corporation; Envirosoft Corporation; Geologic Systems Ltd.; IHS; Jedex Equipment Ltd.; MJ Systems; OpenSpirit; Petro Management Group Ltd.; P2 Energy Solutions; Risk Advisory, A division of SAS; Seisware International Inc.; Sustainet Software International Inc.; and 3ESI.

Macedo, R.; Budd, G.; Ross, E.; Wells, P.

2010-07-15

77

Open-source software for generating electrocardiogram signals  

CERN Multimedia

ECGSYN, a dynamical model that faithfully reproduces the main features of the human electrocardiogram (ECG), including heart rate variability, RR intervals and QT intervals is presented. Details of the underlying algorithm and an open-source software implementation in Matlab, C and Java are described. An example of how this model will facilitate comparisons of signal processing techniques is provided.

McSharry, P E; Sharry, Patrick E. Mc; Cifford, Gari D.

2004-01-01

78

Analytical study on plate edge noise. 2nd Report. ; Noise generation form tandemly situated trailing and leading edges. Heiban edge soon ni kansuru kaisekiteki kenkyu. 2. ; Koen to zen prime en ga renzokusuru nagarega kara shojiru soon  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An approximation solution was derived by means of the Wiener-Hopf method on a noise field in the entire flow field with the trailing and leading edges arranged tandemly in a uniform flow, using the vortex waves as an initial turbulence. This analysis having a finite length of across both edges provided the frequency characteristics, whereas two or more peaks of the sound pressure level have appeared in the wave number different depending on the respective flow velocities. The phase relationship between the vortex waves and the generated sound waves was elucidated on trailing and leading edges respectively explaining that peaks of the sound pressure appear because one sound wave becomes of the same phase with other sound wave on a plate including other edges. The velocity characteristics and the spatial distribution of the sound field present an appearance that the trailing edge noise and the leading edge noise are combined. The velocity characteristic of a potential jump is also identical with the case where only the trailing edge exists, but the existence of the leading edge downstream should be giving its influence as viewed from the wave number characteristics. 7 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

Takahshi, K. (The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)); Kaji, S. (The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

1991-09-25

79

2nd PEGS Annual Symposium on Antibodies for Cancer Therapy  

Science.gov (United States)

The 2nd Annual Antibodies for Cancer Therapy symposium, organized again by Cambridge Healthtech Institute as part of the Protein Engineering Summit, was held in Boston, USA from April 30th to May 1st, 2012. Since the approval of the first cancer antibody therapeutic, rituximab, fifteen years ago, eleven have been approved for cancer therapy, although one, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, was withdrawn from the market.  The first day of the symposium started with a historical review of early work for lymphomas and leukemias and the evolution from murine to human antibodies. The symposium discussed the current status and future perspectives of therapeutic antibodies in the biology of immunoglobulin, emerging research on biosimilars and biobetters, and engineering bispecific antibodies and antibody-drug conjugates. The tumor penetration session was focused on the understanding of antibody therapy using ex vivo tumor spheroids and the development of novel agents targeting epithelial junctions in solid tumors. The second day of the symposium discussed the development of new generation recombinant immunotoxins with low immunogenicity, construction of chimeric antigen receptors, and the proof-of-concept of ‘photoimmunotherapy’. The preclinical and clinical session presented antibodies targeting Notch signaling and chemokine receptors.  Finally, the symposium discussed emerging technologies and platforms for therapeutic antibody discovery.

Ho, Mitchell; Royston, Ivor; Beck, Alain

2012-01-01

80

2nd ISPRA nuclear electronics symposium, Stresa, Italy May 20-23, 1975  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Two round tables were annexed to the 2nd Ispra Nuclear Electronics Symposium. The first one was concerned with software support for the implementation of microprocessors, MOS and bipolar microporcessors, environmental data systems, and the use of microprocessors and minicomputers in nuclear, biomedical and environmental fields. Nuclear electronics future, and its diversification, gravitational waves and electronics, the environmental measurements of air and water quality were discussed during the second round table, and relevant feelings brought out during the discussion on the extension of nuclear electronics techniques to other fields

1975-05-20

 
 
 
 
81

Performance of 2nd generation CALICE/EUDET ASICs  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper reviews the performance of the three ASICs : HARDROC2, SPIROC2 and SKIROC2 developed to readout the ILC calorimeter prototypes. The chips integrate 36 to 64 channels of front-end, digitization and backend electronics in SiGe 0.35 ?m technology. This second version was found mature enough to be produced in several hundreds to equip large scale technological prototypes and establish the feasibility of these highly granular "imaging" calorimeters as required for particle flow algorithms at the ILC. The low noise and low power sequential readout as well as power-pulsing operation at detector level and in magnetic field are proven.

de La Taille, C.; CALICE Collaboration; EUDET Collaboration

2011-04-01

82

Performance of 2nd generation CALICE/EUDET ASICs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper reviews the performance of the three ASICs : HARDROC2, SPIROC2 and SKIROC2 developed to readout the ILC calorimeter prototypes. The chips integrate 36 to 64 channels of front-end, digitization and backend electronics in SiGe 0.35 ?m technology. This second version was found mature enough to be produced in several hundreds to equip large scale technological prototypes and establish the feasibility of these highly granular 'imaging' calorimeters as required for particle flow algorithms at the ILC. The low noise and low power sequential readout as well as power-pulsing operation at detector level and in magnetic field are proven.

2011-04-01

83

Performance of 2nd generation CALICE/EUDET ASICs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper reviews the performance of the three ASICs : HARDROC2, SPIROC2 and SKIROC2 developed to readout the ILC calorimeter prototypes. The chips integrate 36 to 64 channels of front-end, digitization and backend electronics in SiGe 0.35 {mu}m technology. This second version was found mature enough to be produced in several hundreds to equip large scale technological prototypes and establish the feasibility of these highly granular 'imaging' calorimeters as required for particle flow algorithms at the ILC. The low noise and low power sequential readout as well as power-pulsing operation at detector level and in magnetic field are proven.

La Taille, C de, E-mail: taille@lal.in2p3.fr

2011-04-01

84

2nd generation ASICs for CALICE/EUDET calorimeters  

Science.gov (United States)

Imaging calorimetry depends heavily on the development of high performance, highly integrated readout ASICs embedded inside the detector which readout the millions of foreseen channels. Suitable ASICs prototypes have been fabricated in 2006-2007 and show good preliminary performance.

Dulucq, F.; Fleury, J.; de La Taille, C.; Martin-Chassard, G.; Raux, L.; Seguin-Moreau, N.

2009-04-01

85

Current distribution in thermally degraded superconductor of 2nd generation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The transport current distribution in a simple mono-core non-striated DyBCO tape in LN2 was measured by a contactless non-destructive method based on Hall probe magnetometry. Transport current was gradually increased to 150 A/cm, which is well under a critical current level of 250 A/cm. Nevertheless, due to bad current contact, the sample was overheated and locally degraded. The result of the degradation on the current distribution in the DyBCO tape was studied. The destroyed portion was cut off. The tape was still heavily degraded at its center 3 cm away from the destroyed portion, and the current flowed mostly in the right side of the cross-section with a maximum close to the right edge, exceeding here the local critical current up to 300 A/cm. At a more distant portion, 5 cm along the longitudinal direction, the current distribution was practically normal and matched a maximum level of 250 A/cm, which is typical for an initially non-degraded tape. The damage due to overheating was restricted over a distance of several centimeters. The results of measurement were reproducible and the full current calculated from the magnetic field data matched the full current obtained from the four-probe measurement within one percent.

Usak, P. [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava (Slovakia)]. E-mail: Pavol.Usak@savba.sk; Polak, M. [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava (Slovakia); Demencik, E. [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava (Slovakia)

2007-05-01

86

Environmental Assessment of 2nd Generation Bio-ethanol  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Throughout the world, nations are seeking ways to decrease CO2 emissions and to reduce their dependency on fossil fuels, especially oil and gas deriving from so-called politically unstable regions. The efforts comprise the energy sector (heat and electricity) as well as the transport sector. An incr...

Wenzel, Henrik

87

Electricity in Germany. 2nd ed.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The second edition of Electricity in Germany provides a full updated analysis of the market structure, highlighting the many changes that have occurred in the three years since the first edition was published. It provides the latest details on generation, consumption, new and important legislation, price structures and movements. Revised company profiles on the most important utilities as well as information about the new players are presented in a comprehensive and user-friendly format and the experience of smaller utilities, IPPs and autogenerators are fully explored. Electricity in Germany also reviews and analyses the new trends and developments and predicts the likely future path of the electricity sector.

Knight, S.

2000-10-01

88

Thermoluminescent characteristics of ZrO2:Nd films  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work it is exposed the obtained results after analysing the photo luminescent and thermoluminescent characteristics of activated zirconium oxide with neodymium (ZrO2 :Nd) and its possible application in the UV radiation dosimetry. The realized experiments had as objective to study the characteristics such as the optimum thermal erased treatment, the influence of light on the response, the response depending on the wavelength, the fadeout of the information, the temperature effect, the response depending on the time and the recurring of the response. The results show that the ZrO2 :Nd is a promising material to be used as Tl dosemeter for the UV radiation. (Author)

2002-01-01

89

TagGD: fast and accurate software for DNA Tag generation and demultiplexing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Multiplexing is of vital importance for utilizing the full potential of next generation sequencing technologies. We here report TagGD (DNA-based Tag Generator and Demultiplexor), a fully-customisable, fast and accurate software package that can generate thousands of barcodes satisfying user-defined constraints and can guarantee full demultiplexing accuracy. The barcodes are designed to minimise their interference with the experiment. Insertion, deletion and substitution events are considered when designing and demultiplexing barcodes. 20,000 barcodes of length 18 were designed in 5 minutes and 2 million barcoded Illumina HiSeq-like reads generated with an error rate of 2% were demultiplexed with full accuracy in 5 minutes. We believe that our software meets a central demand in the current high-throughput biology and can be utilised in any field with ample sample abundance. The software is available on GitHub (https://github.com/pelinakan/UBD.git).

Costea PI; Lundeberg J; Akan P

2013-01-01

90

2nd International Conference on Data Management Technologies and Applications  

CERN Multimedia

The 2nd International Conference on Data Management Technologies and Applications (DATA) aims to bring together researchers, engineers and practitioners interested on databases, data warehousing, data mining, data management, data security and other aspects of information systems and technology involving advanced applications of data.

2013-01-01

91

Stability of 2nd Hilbert points of canonical curves  

CERN Document Server

We establish GIT semistability of the 2nd Hilbert point of every Gieseker-Petri general canonical curve by a simple geometric argument. As a consequence, we obtain an upper bound on slopes of general families of Gorenstein curves. We also explore the question of what replaces hyperelliptic curves in the GIT quotients of the Hilbert scheme of canonical curves.

Fedorchuk, Maksym

2011-01-01

92

Technical Issues Map for the NHI System Interface and Support Systems Area: 2nd Quarter FY07  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document provides a mapping of technical issues associated with development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) intermediate heat transport loop and nuclear hydrogen plant support systems to the work that has been accomplished or is currently underway in the 2nd quarter of FY07.

Steven R. Sherman

2007-03-01

93

Advanced User Interface Generation in the Software Framework for Magnetic Measurements at CERN  

CERN Document Server

A model-based approach, the Model-View-Interactor Paradigm, for automatic generation of user interfaces in software frameworks for measurement systems is proposed. The Model-View-Interactor Paradigm is focused on the ``interaction{''} typical in a software framework for measurement applications: the final user interacts with the automatic measurement system executing a suitable high-level script previously written by a test engineer. According to the main design goal of frameworks, the proposed approach allows the user interfaces to be separated easily from the application logic for enhancing the flexibility and reusability of the software. As a practical case study, this approach has been applied to the flexible software framework for magnetic measurements at the European Organization for Nuclear research (CERN). In particular, experimental results about the scenario of permeability measurements are reported.

Arpaia, P; La Commara, Giuseppe; Arpaia, Pasquale

2010-01-01

94

Software quality assurance project for reactor physics codes at the Point Lepreau Generating Station  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

One of the ongoing challenges faced by the Nuclear Industry is Software Quality Assurance (SQA). In this paper, a project to address SQA issues in the Reactor Physics Group at the Point Lepreau Generating Station (PLGS) will be discussed. The work illustrates a process which could be implemented at any facility to achieve code compliance to CSA Standard N286.7 requirements. (author)

Cusson, R. [Point Lepreau Generating Station, Maces Bay, New Brunswick (Canada); Gorham, B. [Atlantic Nuclear Services Ltd., Fredericton, New Brunswick (Canada); Taylor, D. [Point Lepreau Generating Station, Maces Bay, New Brunswick (Canada); Wanyeki, S. [Atlantic Nuclear Services Ltd., Fredericton, New Brunswick (Canada)

2005-07-01

95

Software quality assurance project for reactor physics codes at the Point Lepreau Generating Station  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the ongoing challenges faced by the Nuclear Industry is Software Quality Assurance (SQA). In this paper, a project to address SQA issues in the Reactor Physics Group at the Point Lepreau Generating Station (PLGS) will be discussed. The work illustrates a process which could be implemented at any facility to achieve code compliance to CSA Standard N286.7 requirements. (author)

2005-01-01

96

Simulation of photovoltaic systems electricity generation using homer software in specific locations in Serbia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper basic information of Homer software for PV system electricity generation, NASA - Surface meteorology and solar energy database, RETScreen, PVGIS and HMIRS (Hydrometeorological Institute of Republic of Serbia) solar databases are given. The comparison of the monthly average values fo...

Pavlovi? Tomislav M.; Milosavljevi? Dragana D.; Pirsl Danica S.

97

Mapping and industrial IT project to a 2nd semester design-build project  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

CDIO means bringing the engineer's daily life and working practice into the educational system. In our opinion this is best done by selecting an appropriate project from industry. In this paper we describe how we have mapped an industrial IT project to a 2nd semester design-build project in the Diploma IT program at the Technical University of Denmark. The system in question is a weighing system operating in a LAN environment. The system is used in the medical industry for producing tablets. We present the design of a curriculum to support the development of major components of the weighing system. A simple teaching model for software engineering is presented which combines technical disciplines with disciplines from section 2-4 in the CDIO syllabus. The implementation of a joint project involving several courses supports the CDIO perspective. Already the traditional IT-diploma education for decades has included many of the essential features of the CDIO (for example, focus on teamwork, development of social skills, the open nature of design problems). The specific project has previously been conducted on 5th Semester The project has now been brought forward to the 2nd semester of study. A successful implementation at this level requires careful planning of activities through the semester. Principles of the CDIO have been of great help in this regard. Finally we draw conclusions and give our recommendations based on those.

Nyborg, Mads; HØgh, Stig

2010-01-01

98

Real time software for a heat recovery steam generator control system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper is addressed to the development and successful implementation of a real time software for the Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) control system of a Combined Cycle Power Plant. The real time software for the HRSG control system physically resides in a Control and Acquisition System (SAC) which is a component of a distributed control system (DCS). The SAC is a programmable controller. The DCS installed at the Gomez Palacio power plant in Mexico accomplishes the functions of logic, analog and supervisory control. The DCS is based on microprocessors and the architecture consists of workstations operating as a Man-Machine Interface (MMI), linked to SAC controllers by means of a communication system. The HRSG real time software is composed of an operating system, drivers, dedicated computer program and application computer programs. The operating system used for the development of this software was the MultiTasking Operating System (MTOS). The application software developed at IIE for the HRSG control system basically consisted of a set of digital algorithms for the regulation of the main process variables at the HRSG. By using the multitasking feature of MTOS, the algorithms are executed pseudo concurrently. In this way, the applications programs continuously use the resources of the operating system to perform their functions through a uniform service interface. The application software of the HRSG consist of three tasks, each of them has dedicated responsibilities. The drivers were developed for the handling of hardware resources of the SAC controller which in turn allows the signals acquisition and data communication with a MMI. The dedicated programs were developed for hardware diagnostics, task initializations, access to the data base and fault tolerance. The application software and the dedicated software for the HRSG control system was developed using C programming language due to compactness, portability and efficiency.

Valdes, R.; Delgadillo, M.A.; Chavez, R. [Electrical Research Inst., Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

1995-12-31

99

Reliable Mining of Automatically Generated Test Cases from Software Requirements Specification (SRS)  

CERN Document Server

Writing requirements is a two-way process. In this paper we use to classify Functional Requirements (FR) and Non Functional Requirements (NFR) statements from Software Requirements Specification (SRS) documents. This is systematically transformed into state charts considering all relevant information. The current paper outlines how test cases can be automatically generated from these state charts. The application of the states yields the different test cases as solutions to a planning problem. The test cases can be used for automated or manual software testing on system level. And also the paper presents a method for reduction of test suite by using mining methods thereby facilitating the mining and knowledge extraction from test cases.

Raamesh, Lilly

2010-01-01

100

Ontology-based Software for Generating Scenarios for Characterizing Searches for Nuclear Materials  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A software environment was created in which ontologies are used to significantly expand the number and variety of scenarios for special nuclear materials (SNM) detection based on a set of simple generalized initial descriptions. A framework was built that combined advanced reasoning from ontologies with geographical and other data sources to generate a much larger list of specific detailed descriptions from a simple initial set of user-input variables. This presentation shows how basing the scenario generation on a process of inferencing from multiple ontologies, including a new SNM Detection Ontology (DO) combined with data extraction from geodatabases, provided the desired significant variability of scenarios for testing search algorithms, including unique combinations of variables not previously expected. The various components of the software environment and the resulting scenarios generated will be discussed.

Ward, Richard C [ORNL; Sorokine, Alexandre [ORNL; Schlicher, Bob G [ORNL; Wright, Michael C [ORNL; Kruse, Kara L [ORNL

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Investigating On Line Message Generation in Software Applications: The GLOSSASOFT Results  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper presents the results of the GLOSSASOFT project in the area of on line messagegeneration in software applications. First, it presents the existing approaches for generating messages anddiscusses their drawbacks. Then two new approaches aiming to tackle these drawbacks are investigated. Thefirst concerns with the use of extended message templates and the second one with the use of a languageindependent knowledge base that contains knowledge about the structure and functions of a softwareapplication. The two approaches are presented using case studies examples and their costs and benefits areanalysed.1. INTRODUCTIONThe adaptation of a software application to the needs and requirements of local markets,which is called localisation, is a very important consideration if companies wish to survive thefierce competition in the growing markets. Software products must "speak" the language ofthe users. On the other hand, the aim of internationalisation, is to create softwa...

Constantine D. Spyropoulos; Evangelos A. Karkaletsis; George A. Vouros; Timo Honkela; Krista Lagus; Aarno Lehtola

102

Fourth-generation languages: flexible software tools for handling geologic data  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Data collected by geologists in different subdisciplines within the same organization have similar attributes, but vary in content, precision, and context. Storing, retrieving, and manipulating these data in a computer present unique software-application problems, which usually require the expertise of programmers, especially if the data are to be uniform throughout the organization. Fourth-Generation Languages (4GLs) can help both novice and experienced computer users handle complex geologic data. 4GLs are software tools that offer quick solutions for data storage and manipulation, and they allow programmers to create prototype software systems that may be rewritten later in languages such as FORTRAN or COBOL. They also provide common access to data collected by different geologists. The flexibility of 4GLs places the data handling under the control of the users. Their functionality allows users to manipulate data in the desired manner, rather than following rigid routines built into the software program. Most 4GLs allow users to define data files to be stored in a common access area, so they can be more easily maintained and controlled by the organization. In addition, 4GLs allow users to interface their data with other applications such as plotting and modeling routines, to add new functions or extend data without using more physical storage space, and to access data that may have been stored by other software.

Cordiviola, S.

1986-05-01

103

Proceedings Issue No. 1 - 2nd Arctic Ungulate Conference  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The 2nd International Arctic Ungulate Conference was held 13-17 August 1995 on the University of Alaska Fairbanks campus. The Institute of Arctic Biology and the Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit were responsible for organizing the conference with assistance from biologists with state and federal agencies and commercial organizations. David R. Klein was chair of the conference organizing committee. Over 200 people attended the conference, coming from 10 different countries. The United States, Canada, and Norway had the largest representation. The conference included invited lectures; panel discussions, and about 125 contributed papers.

Rolf Egil Haugerud (ed.)

1996-01-01

104

GENESIS: Agile Generation of Information Management Oriented Software/ GENESIS: Generación ágil de software orientado a gestión de información  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La especificación de un sistema de información puede estar clara desde el principio: debe adquirir, desplegar, consultar y modificar datos, usando una base de datos. El asunto es decidir cuál información manejar. En el caso que origina este trabajo, la información evoluciona permanentemente, incluso hasta final del proyecto. Esto implica la construcción de un nuevo sistema cada vez que se redefine la información. Este artículo presenta Genesis, una infraestructura (more) ágil para la construcción inmediata del sistema de información que sea requerido. Los expertos describen su información y consultas. Genesis produce el software correspondiente, generando las interfaces gráficas y la base de datos apropiados. Abstract in english The specification for an information system can be clear from the beginning: it must acquire, display, query and modify data, using a database. The main issue is to decide which information to manage. In the case originating this work, information was always evolving, even up to the end of the project. This implies the construction of a new system each time the information is redefined. This article presents Genesis, an agile for the immediate construction of required inf (more) ormation systems. Experts describe their information needs and queries, and Genesis generates the corresponding application, with the appropriate graphical interfaces and database.

Jiménez Guarín, Claudia; Gómez, Juan Erasmo

2010-05-01

105

Afs password expiration starts Feb 2nd 2004  

CERN Multimedia

Due to security reasons, and in agreement with CERN management, afs/lxplus passwords will fall into line with Nice/Mail passwords on February 2nd and expire annually. As of the above date afs account holders who have not changed their passwords for over a year will have a 60 day grace period to make a change. Following this date their passwords will become invalid. What does this mean to you? If you have changed your afs password in the past 10 months the only difference is that 60 days before expiration you will receive a warning message. Similar warnings will also appear nearer the time of expiration. If you have not changed your password for more than 10 months, then, as of February 2nd you will have 60 days to change it using the command ?kpasswd'. Help to choose a good password can be found at: http://security.web.cern.ch/security/passwords/ If you have been given a temporary password at any time by the Helpdesk or registration team this will automatically fall into the expiration category ...

2004-01-01

106

Analysis of quality raw data of second generation sequencers with Quality Assessment Software.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Second generation technologies have advantages over Sanger; however, they have resulted in new challenges for the genome construction process, especially because of the small size of the reads, despite the high degree of coverage. Independent of the program chosen for the construction process, DNA sequences are superimposed, based on identity, to extend the reads, generating contigs; mismatches indicate a lack of homology and are not included. This process improves our confidence in the sequences that are generated. FINDINGS: We developed Quality Assessment Software, with which one can review graphs showing the distribution of quality values from the sequencing reads. This software allow us to adopt more stringent quality standards for sequence data, based on quality-graph analysis and estimated coverage after applying the quality filter, providing acceptable sequence coverage for genome construction from short reads. CONCLUSIONS: Quality filtering is a fundamental step in the process of constructing genomes, as it reduces the frequency of incorrect alignments that are caused by measuring errors, which can occur during the construction process due to the size of the reads, provoking misassemblies. Application of quality filters to sequence data, using the software Quality Assessment, along with graphing analyses, provided greater precision in the definition of cutoff parameters, which increased the accuracy of genome construction.

Ramos RT; Carneiro AR; Baumbach J; Azevedo V; Schneider MP; Silva A

2011-01-01

107

Scoping analysis of the Advanced Test Reactor using SN2ND  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A detailed set of calculations was carried out for the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) using the SN2ND solver of the UNIC code which is part of the SHARP multi-physics code being developed under the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) program in DOE-NE. The primary motivation of this work is to assess whether high fidelity deterministic transport codes can tackle coupled dynamics simulations of the ATR. The successful use of such codes in a coupled dynamics simulation can impact what experiments are performed and what power levels are permitted during those experiments at the ATR. The advantages of the SN2ND solver over comparable neutronics tools are its superior parallel performance and demonstrated accuracy on large scale homogeneous and heterogeneous reactor geometries. However, it should be noted that virtually no effort from this project was spent constructing a proper cross section generation methodology for the ATR usable in the SN2ND solver. While attempts were made to use cross section data derived from SCALE, the minimal number of compositional cross section sets were generated to be consistent with the reference Monte Carlo input specification. The accuracy of any deterministic transport solver is impacted by such an approach and clearly it causes substantial errors in this work. The reasoning behind this decision is justified given the overall funding dedicated to the task (two months) and the real focus of the work: can modern deterministic tools actually treat complex facilities like the ATR with heterogeneous geometry modeling. SN2ND has been demonstrated to solve problems with upwards of one trillion degrees of freedom which translates to tens of millions of finite elements, hundreds of angles, and hundreds of energy groups, resulting in a very high-fidelity model of the system unachievable by most deterministic transport codes today. A space-angle convergence study was conducted to determine the meshing and angular cubature requirements for the ATR, and also to demonstrate the feasibility of performing this analysis with a deterministic transport code capable of modeling heterogeneous geometries. The work performed indicates that a minimum of 260,000 linear finite elements combined with a L3T11 cubature (96 angles on the sphere) is required for both eigenvalue and flux convergence of the ATR. A critical finding was that the fuel meat and water channels must each be meshed with at least 3 'radial zones' for accurate flux convergence. A small number of 3D calculations were also performed to show axial mesh and eigenvalue convergence for a full core problem. Finally, a brief analysis was performed with different cross sections sets generated from DRAGON and SCALE, and the findings show that more effort will be required to improve the multigroup cross section generation process. The total number of degrees of freedom for a converged 27 group, 2D ATR problem is {approx}340 million. This number increases to {approx}25 billion for a 3D ATR problem. This scoping study shows that both 2D and 3D calculations are well within the capabilities of the current SN2ND solver, given the availability of a large-scale computing center such as BlueGene/P. However, dynamics calculations are not realistic without the implementation of improvements in the solver.

Wolters, E.; Smith, M. (NE NEAMS PROGRAM); ( SC)

2012-07-26

108

Simulation of photovoltaic systems electricity generation using homer software in specific locations in Serbia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper basic information of Homer software for PV system electricity generation, NASA - Surface meteorology and solar energy database, RETScreen, PVGIS and HMIRS (Hydrometeorological Institute of Republic of Serbia) solar databases are given. The comparison of the monthly average values for daily solar radiation per square meter received by the horizontal surface taken from NASA, RETScreen, PVGIS and HMIRS solar databases for three locations in Serbia (Belgrade, Negotin and Zlatibor) is given. It was found that the annual average values of daily solar radiation taken from RETScreen solar database are the closest to the annual average values of daily solar radiation taken from HMIRS solar database for Belgrade, Negotin and Zlatibor. Monthly and total for year values of electricity production of fixed on-grid PV system of 1 kW with optimal inclinated and south oriented solar modules, in Belgrade, Negotin and Zlatibor using HOMER software simulation based on data for daily solar radiation taken from NASA, RETScreen, PVGIS and HMIRS databases are calculated. The relative deviation of electricity production of fixed on-grid PV system of 1 kW using HOMER software simulation based on data for daily solar radiation taken from NASA, RETScreen, and PVGIS databases compared to electricity production of fixed on-grid PV system of 1 kW using HOMER software simulation based on data for daily solar radiation taken from HMIRS databases in Belgrade, Negotin and Zlatibor are given. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 33009

Pavlovi? Tomislav M.; Milosavljevi? Dragana D.; Pirsl Danica S.

2013-01-01

109

Reliable Mining of Automatically Generated Test Cases from Software Requirements Specification (SRS)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Writing requirements is a two-way process. In this paper we use to classify Functional Requirements (FR) and Non Functional Requirements (NFR) statements from Software Requirements Specification (SRS) documents. This is systematically transformed into state charts considering all relevant information. The current paper outlines how test cases can be automatically generated from these state charts. The application of the states yields the different test cases as solutions to a planning problem. The test cases can be used for automated or manual software testing on system level. And also the paper presents a method for reduction of test suite by using mining methods thereby facilitating the mining and knowledge extraction from test cases.

Lilly Raamesh; G. V. Uma

2010-01-01

110

Software Holography: Interferometric Data Analysis for the Challenges of Next Generation Observatories  

CERN Document Server

Next generation radio observatories such as the MWA, LWA, LOFAR, CARMA and SKA provide a number of challenges for interferometric data analysis. These challenges include heterogeneous arrays, direction-dependent instrumental gain, and refractive and scintillating atmospheric conditions. From the analysis perspective, this means that calibration solutions can not be described using a single complex gain per antenna. In this paper we use the optimal map-making formalism developed for CMB analyses to extend traditional interferometric radio analysis techniques--removing the assumption of a single complex gain per antenna and allowing more complete descriptions of the instrumental and atmospheric conditions. Due to the similarity with holographic mapping of radio antenna surfaces, we call this extended analysis approach software holography. The resulting analysis algorithms are computationally efficient, unbiased, and optimally sensitive. We show how software holography can be used to solve some of the challenges...

Morales, Miguel F

2008-01-01

111

The 2-nd Conference on Isotopic and Molecular Processes. Abstracts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The proceedings of the 2-nd Conference on Isotopic and Molecular Processes held on September 27 - 29, 2001 in Cluj - Napoca, Romania, contains contributions presented as: 11 plenary lectures, 24 oral presentations and 103 posters in two sections, namely, isotopic processes and molecular processes. The main topics treated in this conference were isotope production, separation and enrichment as well as stable isotope applications. Also, studies on isotope effects in different fields are reported. Besides reports on isotope effects, exchange and separation, new methods of preparation and labelling compounds used particularly in nuclear medicine are presented. Environmental studies by means of stable isotope and radon monitoring are described. Applications of radiation effects and different nuclear methods in medicine are also addressed

2001-01-01

112

Proceedings 2nd Interaction and Concurrency Experience: Structured Interactions  

CERN Multimedia

This volume contains the proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Interaction and Concurrency Experience (ICE'09). The workshop was held in Bologna, Italy on 31th of August 2009, as a satellite workshop of CONCUR'09. The previous edition of ICE has been organized in Reykjavik (2008). The ICE workshop is intended as a series of international scientific meetings oriented to researchers in various fields of theoretical computer science and, each year, the workshop focuses on a specific topic: ICE 2009 focused on structured interactions meant as the class of synchronisations that go beyond the "simple" point-to-point synchronisations (e.g., multicast or broadcast synchronisations, even-notification based interactions, time dependent interactions, distributed transactions,...).

Bonchi, Filippo; Spoletini, Paola; Tuosto, Emilio; 10.4204/EPTCS.12

2009-01-01

113

Laterality errors in radiology reports generated with and without voice recognition software: frequency and clinical significance.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, types, and clinical implications of laterality errors and the effect of voice recognition software on the frequency of laterality errors. METHODS: All radiology reports generated between January 2007 and April 2011 were retrospectively evaluated to identify revised reports containing laterality errors. Type of error was catalogued with regard to modality, body part, type of discrepancy (major or minor, with discrepancies considered major if the potential existed to affect patient management), duration of time between report finalization and corrected report, clinical significance, and use of voice recognition. The rate of errors causing major and minor discrepancies between voice recognition-generated reports and nonvoice recognition-generated reports was compared. RESULTS: Among 2,923,094 reports, 1,607 (0.055%) contained corrected laterality errors, and 56 (0.0019% of the total report volume) were major. A total of 584,878 (20%) were generated using voice recognition. The rate of laterality errors leading to major discrepancies in voice recognition-generated reports was 0.00188%, compared with 0.00192% in nonvoice recognition-generated reports (P = .9436). None of the errors led to wrong-sided surgery. However, there were potential adverse effects due to laterality errors in 3 patients with major discrepancies (0.000103% of the total report volume). CONCLUSIONS: Rates of laterality errors were low and, in our population, did not result in wrong-sided surgeries. Rates of laterality errors in reports with major discrepancies were unaffected by voice recognition software, but voice recognition was associated with a significant reduction in the duration of time between report finalization and the issuing of a corrected report.

Luetmer MT; Hunt CH; McDonald RJ; Bartholmai BJ; Kallmes DF

2013-07-01

114

Meteosat Second Generation station: processing software and computing arquitecture; Estacion de Recepcion de Imagenes del Satelite Meteosat Segunda generacion: Arquitectura Informatica y Software de Proceso  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Renewable Energy Division of CIEMAT houses a specific station for receiving the Meteosat Second Generation images, which is of interest in the works being carried out concerning the solar radiation derived from satellite images. The complexity, the huge amount of information being received and the particular characteristics of the MSG images encouraged the design and development of a specific computer structure and the associated software as well, for a better and more suitable use of the images. This document describes the mentioned structure and software. (Author) 8 refs.

Martin, L.; Cony, M.; Navarro, A. A.; Zarzalejo, L. F.; Polo, J.

2010-05-01

115

A software tool for simulation of surfaces generated by ball nose end milling  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The number of models available for prediction of surface topography is very limited. The main reason is that these models cannot be based on engineering principles like those for elastic deformations. Most knowledge about surface roughness and integrity is empirical and up to now very few mathematical relationships relating surface parameters to cutting conditions are available. Basic models of kinematical roughness, determined by the tool profile and the pattern of relative motions of tool and workpiece, have been so far not reliable. The actual roughness may be more than five times higher due to error motions, unstable built up edge and changing tool profile due to wear [1]. Tool chatter is also affecting surface roughness, but its effect is normally not included in prediction of surface roughness, since machining conditions which generate chatter must be avoided in any case. Finally, reproducibility of experimental results concerning surface roughness requires tight control of all influencing factors, difficult to keep in actual machining workshops. This introduces further complications in surface topography modelling. In the light of these considerations, a simple software tool, for prediction of surface topography of ball nose end milled surfaces, was developed. Such software tool is based on a simplified model of the ideal tool motion and neglects the effects due to run-out, static and dynamic deflections and error motions, but has the merit of generating in output a file in a format readable by a surface processor software (SPIP [2]), for calculation of a number of surface roughness parameters. In the next paragraph a description of the basic features of ball nose end milled surfaces is given, while in paragraph 3 the model is described.

Bissacco, Giuliano

2004-01-01

116

Software holography: interferometric data analysis for the challenges of next generation observatories  

Science.gov (United States)

Next generation radio observatories such as the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA), the Long Wavelength Array (LWA), the LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR), the Combined Array for Research Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) and the Square Kilometer Array (SKA) provide a number of challenges for interferometric data analysis. These challenges include heterogeneous arrays, direction-dependent instrumental gain, and refractive and scintillating atmospheric conditions. From the analysis perspective, this means that calibration solutions cannot be described using a single complex gain per antenna. In this paper, we use the optimal map-making formalism developed for cosmic microwave background analyses to extend traditional interferometric radio analysis techniques - removing the assumption of a single complex gain per antenna and allowing more complete descriptions of the instrumental and atmospheric conditions. Due to the similarity with holographic mapping of radio antenna surfaces, we call this extended analysis approach software holography. The resulting analysis algorithms are computationally efficient, unbiased and optimally sensitive. We show how software holography can be used to solve some of the challenges of next generation observations, and how more familiar analysis techniques can be derived as limiting cases.

Morales, Miguel F.; Matejek, Michael

2009-12-01

117

2nd International Congress on Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The 2nd International Congress on Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma (ICLLM) is a novel initiative of the Turkish Society of Hematology. The first congress was organized in Fethiye in May, 2007. After the success and positive impressions of the participants, the THD decided to organize the ICLLM every other year. The major focus was hematological malignancies, not only LLM, but also myeloproliferative disorders and myelodysplastic syndromes. The target audience was hematologists, oncologists and those involved in stem cell transplantation. The congress was held over 2 and a half days and attended by more than 350 participants from 25 different countries. The scientific program was shaped by 12 distinguished international speakers, who co-chaired and designed the sessions. The majority of the hematologists are caring for malignant patients and the Congress was a great opportunity for participants to get the latest update before the American Society of Clinical Oncology and American Society of Hematology 2009 official meeting. The rising interest and encouraging increase in the number of participants geared us to announce the organization of 3rd ICLLM in May 2011 in Istanbul.

Arat M; Ozsan GH; Yenerel MN; Cetin M; Ozcan M

2009-10-01

118

On the 2nd order autocorrelation of an XUV attosecond pulse train  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Full text: We present the first direct measurement of sub-fs light bunching that has been achieved, extending well established fs optical metrology to XUV as pulses. A mean train pulse duration of 780 as has been extracted through a 2nd order autocorrelation approach, utilizing a nonlinear effect that is induced solely by the XUV radiation to be characterized. The approach is based on (i) a bisected spherical mirror XUV wavefront divider used as an autocorrelator and (ii) the two photon ionization of atomic He by a superposition of the 7th to the 15th harmonic of a Ti:sapph laser. The measured temporal mean width is more than twice its Fourier transform limited (FTL) value, in contrast to the as train pulse durations measured through other approaches, which where found much closer to the FTL values. We have investigated, and discuss here the origin of this discrepancy. An assessment of the validity of the 2nd order AC approach for the broad band XUV radiation of as pulses is implemented through ab initio calculations (solution of the 3D TDSE of He in the presence of the superposition of the harmonic superposition) modeling the spectral and temporal response of the two-XUV-photon He ionization detector employed. It is found that both the spectral and temporal response are not affecting the measured duration. The mean width of the as train bursts is estimated from the spectral phases of the individual harmonics as they result from the rescattering model, taking into account the spatially modulated temporal width of the radiation due to the spatiotemporal intensity distribution of the driving field during the harmonic generation process. The measured value is found in reasonable agreement with the estimated duration. The method used for the 2nd order AC in itself initiates further XUV-pump-XUV-probe studies of sub-fs-scale dynamics and at the same time becomes highly pertinent in connection with nonlinear experiments using XUV free - electron laser sources. Refs. 4 (author)

2005-01-01

119

The rank of the 2nd Gaussian map for general curves  

CERN Multimedia

We prove that, for the general curve of genus g, the 2nd Gaussian map is injective if g = 18. The proof relies on the study of the limit of the 2nd Gaussian map when the general curve of genus g degenerates to a general stable binary curve, i.e. the union of two rational curves meeting at g+1 points.

Calabri, Alberto; Miranda, Rick

2009-01-01

120

Studi On Oxidation State Of U In Ba2NdUO6  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Ba2NdUO6 is not of the important compounds that is formed from a solidification process for high level liquid waste using super high temperature method Ba2NdUO6 has ordered perovskite structure. The objective of this study is to investigate oxidation state of U in Ba2NdUO6. The properties of Ba2NdUO6 were observed by using Faraday-type torsion magnetometer and X-ray Photoelectron Spectrometer (XPS). The magnetic susceptibility measured in the temperature range of 4K to room temperature showed that the Ba2NdUO6 is paramagnetism that obeys the Curie-Weiss law. The effective moment of Ba2NdUO6 is 3.04 ?B. The results of xPs spectrum showed that the peaks of U4f for Ba2NdUO6 appeared exactly between binding energy of UO2 and UO3. It can be concluded that Ba2NdUO6 has binding energy peaks corresponding to pentavalent uranium

1996-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Probe: Visualizing Algebraic Transformations in the GenBorg Generative Software Environment  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Software is becoming increasingly pervasive and complex. The greatest challenge for theindustry today is how to produce more code without compromising quality or cost. GenBorg is aprogramming paradigm whose answer is to scale the units of reuse from components of individualapplications to components of application suites (e. g., MS O#ce). While traditional approachestrade size of code units for flexibility, GenBorg uses techniques from generative programming andfeature-oriented programming in order to provide models that instantiate code and non-code artifactsof customizable application suites. Because developing software is not limited to writing code, butcurrent ways of automating development are, a lot of human energy is wasted for keeping relateddata such as documentation and formal properties consistent with source code. GenBorg manages toevolve all these artifacts automatically and in parallel. GenBorg's ideas are backed by a theoreticalfoundation, the GenBorg algebra. The Java application Probe is a first implementation of the GenBorgprogramming paradigm and uses a simple, file-based data structure for defining GenBorg models. Itsgraphical user interface makes it easy to navigate through and instantiate from large models.

Axel Rauschmayer; Ludwig-maximilians-universitat Munchen

122

2nd International Open and Distance Learning (IODL) Symposium  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This closing remarks prepared and presented by Prof. Dr. Murat BARKAN Anadolu University, Eskisehir, TURKEY DEAR GUESTS, As the 2nd International Open and Distance Learning (IODL) Symposium is now drawing to end, I would like to thank you all for your outstanding speeches, distinguished presentations, constructive roundtable and session discussions, and active participation during the last five days. I hope you all share my view that the whole symposium has been a very stimulating and successful experience. Also, on behalf of all the participants, I would like to take this opportunity to thank and congratulate the symposium organization committee for their excellent job in organizing and hosting our 2nd meeting. Throughout the symposium, five workshops, six keynote speeches and 66 papers, which were prepared by more than 150 academicians and practitioners from 23 different countries, reflected remarkable and various views and approaches about open and flexible learning. Besides, all these academic endeavors, 13 educational films were displayed during the symposium. The technology exhibition, hosted by seven companies, was very effective to showcase the current level of the technology and the success of applications of theory into practice. Now I would like to go over what our scholar workshop and keynote presenters shared with us: Prof. Marina McIsaac form Arizona State University dwelled on how to determine research topics worthwhile to be examined and how to choose appropriate research design and methods. She gave us clues on how to get articles published in professional journals. Prof. Colin Latchem from Australia and Prof. Dr. Ali Ekrem Ozkul from Anadolu University pointed to the importance of strategic planning for distance and flexible learning. They highlighted the advantages of strategic planning for policy-makers, planners, managers and staff. Dr. Wolfram Laaser from Fern University of Hagen, presented different multimedia clips and directed interactive exercises using flashmx in his workshop. Jack Koumi from UK, presented a workshop about what to teach on video and when to choose other media. He exemplified 27 added value techniques and teaching functions for TV and video. He later specified different capabilities and limitations of eight different media used in teaching, emphasizing the importance of optimizing media deployment. Dr. Janet Bohren from University of Cincinnati and Jennifer McVay-Dyche from United Theological Seminary, explained their experience with a course management system used to develop dialogue between K-12 teachers in Turkey and the US, on the topics of religion, culture and schools. Their workshop provided an overview of a pilot study. They showed us a good case-study of utilizing “Blackboard” as a mean for getting rid of biases and improving the understanding of the American and Turkish teachers against each other. We had very remarkable key notes as well. Dr Nikitas Kastis representing European Distance and E-Learning Network (EDEN) made his speech on distance and e-Learning evolutions and trends in Europe. He informed the audience about the application and assessment criteria at European scale, concerning e-Learning in the education and training systems. Meanwhile, our key note speakers took our attention to different applications of virtual learning. Dr. Piet Kommers from University of Twente exemplified a virtual training environment for acquiring surgical skills. Dr. Timothy Shih from Tamkang University presented their project called Hard SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) as an asynchronous distance learning specification. In his speech titled “Engaging and Supporting Problem Solving Online” Prof. David Jonassen from University of Missouri, reflected his vision of the future of education and explained why it should embrace problem solving. Then he showed us examples of incorporating this vision with learning environments for making online problem solving possible. Dr. Wolfram Laaser from Fern University talked on applications of ICT at Eur

Reviewed by Murat BARKAN

2006-01-01

123

Next generation hyper-scale software and hardware systems for big data analytics  

CERN Document Server

Building on foundational technologies such as many-core systems, non-volatile memories and photonic interconnects, we describe some current technologies and future research to create real-time, big data analytics, IT infrastructure. We will also briefly describe some of our biologically-inspired software and hardware architecture for creating radically new hyper-scale cognitive computing systems. About the speaker Rich Friedrich is the director of Strategic Innovation and Research Services (SIRS) at HP Labs. In this strategic role, he is responsible for research investments in nano-technology, exascale computing, cyber security, information management, cloud computing, immersive interaction, sustainability, social computing and commercial digital printing. Rich's philosophy is to fuse strategy and inspiration to create compelling capabilities for next generation information devices, systems and services. Using essential insights gained from the metaphysics of innnovation, he effectively leads ...

CERN. Geneva

2013-01-01

124

Generating Probability Tables of Dynamic Reliability Graph with General Gates by a Software Tool  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fault tree method is the most widely used among methods to analyze system reliability, but it is not an intuitive method. So, as a system becomes complex, a corresponding fault tree becomes much more complex. A reliability graph with general gates (RGGG) is an intuitive method to analyze system reliability; it can make a one-to-one match from the actual structure of a system to the reliability graphs of the system. However, RGGG cannot capture the dynamic behavior of the system associated with time dependent events. To overcome this shortcoming, dynamic reliability graph with general gates (DRGGG) was proposed. By using discrete-time method, we can add dynamic nodes to RGGG. However, as a discretization number (interval number) n becomes lager, it becomes harder to apply this dynamic method to a real system, because the large number leads to the complexity in making probability tables. In this paper, we will introduce the software tool which generates probability tables automatically.

2008-01-01

125

Real Time Physics Module 1: Mechanics, 2nd Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

This computer-based lab manual contains experiments in mechanics, thermodynamics, E&M, and optics using hardware and software designed to enhance readers' understanding of calculus-based physics concepts. It uses an active learning cycle, including concept overviews, hypothesis-testing, prediction-making, and investigations.

Sokoloff, David; Laws, Priscilla W.; Thornton, Ronald K.

2005-11-28

126

Implementation of a Software-Defined Radio Transceiver on High-Speed Digitizer/Generator SDR14  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis describes the specification, design and implementation of a software-defined radio system on a two-channel 14-bit digitizer/generator. The multi-stage interpolations and decimations which are required to operate two analog-to-digital converters at 800 megasamples per second (MSps) and tw...

Björklund, Daniel

127

Developing an Event-Driven Generator for User Interfaces in the Entero Software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Entero Software Project emphasizes flexibility, integration and scalability in modeling complex engineering systems. The GUIGenerator project supports the Entero environment by providing a user-friendly graphical representation of systems, mutable at runtime. The first phase requires formal language specification describing the syntax and semantics of extensible Markup Language (XML) elements to he utilized, depicted through an XML schema. Given a system, front end user interaction with stored system data occurs through Java Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs), where often only subsets of system data require user input. The second phase demands interpreting well-formed XML documents into predefined graphical components, including the addition of fixed components not represented in systems such as buttons. The conversion process utilizes the critical features of JDOM, a Java based XML parser, and Core Java Reflection, an advanced Java feature that generates objects at runtime using XML input data. Finally, a searching mechanism provides the capability of referencing specific system components through a combination of established search engine techniques and regular expressions, useful for altering visual properties of output. The GUIGenerator will be used to create user interfaces for the Entero environment's code coupling in support of the ASCI Hostile Environments Level 2 milestones in 2003.

WONG, EDWIN S.

2002-09-01

128

[Lessons learned from Magen David Adom's activities during the 2nd Lebanon War].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The activities of Magen David Adom (MDA) during the 2nd Lebanese War led to a series of conclusions (some established during the fighting) regarding the operational concept of the organization, the response to the needs of the team members, and the resource requirements. The fighting led to an update in the operational concept, moving to the smaller based operational unit--the station, creating a flexible concept, enabling response to various simultaneous scenes, quickly generating a common situational awareness, and relocation of resources to the more relevant events. TechnoLogy must support the operational concept. The response to stress-related victims should be part of the operational concept during conflict. Debriefing and learning processes are part of the response and enable adaptation to the changing reality. A comprehensive response to the needs of the team members is required, by relocation of family members, meeting the daily needs and preventing stress-related reactions among them. A rotation of leave of absence, central management of human resources and the management of volunteers--spontaneous and those who return to active work, are other components of this issue. The required resources--personal protective equipment, collective protection, command control and communications equipment, the supplies level and the different vehicles required for the operation, are important issues in the operational program of the organization. Collecting blood, maintaining a strategic stockpile and protecting the units, are all part of MDA missions.

Rafalowski C; Peleg K; Bin E

2010-07-01

129

[Lessons learned from Magen David Adom's activities during the 2nd Lebanon War].  

Science.gov (United States)

The activities of Magen David Adom (MDA) during the 2nd Lebanese War led to a series of conclusions (some established during the fighting) regarding the operational concept of the organization, the response to the needs of the team members, and the resource requirements. The fighting led to an update in the operational concept, moving to the smaller based operational unit--the station, creating a flexible concept, enabling response to various simultaneous scenes, quickly generating a common situational awareness, and relocation of resources to the more relevant events. TechnoLogy must support the operational concept. The response to stress-related victims should be part of the operational concept during conflict. Debriefing and learning processes are part of the response and enable adaptation to the changing reality. A comprehensive response to the needs of the team members is required, by relocation of family members, meeting the daily needs and preventing stress-related reactions among them. A rotation of leave of absence, central management of human resources and the management of volunteers--spontaneous and those who return to active work, are other components of this issue. The required resources--personal protective equipment, collective protection, command control and communications equipment, the supplies level and the different vehicles required for the operation, are important issues in the operational program of the organization. Collecting blood, maintaining a strategic stockpile and protecting the units, are all part of MDA missions. PMID:21465758

Rafalowski, Chaim; Peleg, Kobi; Bin, Eli

2010-07-01

130

Organic Chemistry, 2nd Edition (by Paula Y. Bruice)  

Science.gov (United States)

Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1998, xxx +1256 pp, 6 appendices. ISBN 0-13-841925-6. $99. The author has made some constructive changes to the second edition of this visually pleasing book. The chapter order has been rearranged so that all of spectroscopy is covered in two adjoining chapters (new problems combining NMR and IR have been added), all of the chapters on bioorganic chemistry are grouped together (information on reducing sugars has been added), and the last section now covers heterocycles, pericyclic reactions, polymer synthesis, multistep synthetic strategies, and drug design. The publisher offers additional material at its Web site and a paperback for students assisting them in using the Internet. The ChemCentral Organic Web site has problem sets to supplement each chapter (including hints for struggling students) and animations of molecules undergoing reactions. In addition the Web site provides syllabus construction software for instructors. The accompanying study guide/solutions manual, written by the textbook author, contains a glossary, answers to chapter problems, and a practice test (for the first twenty chapters). There are sections called "special topics" which offer in-depth treatment of pH, pKa, buffers, and the electron-pushing formalism.

Katz, Marlene G.

1998-11-01

131

Methodology and Toolset for Model Verification, Hardware/Software co-simulation, Performance Optimisation and Customisable Source-code generation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The MODUS project aims to provide a pragmatic and viable solution that will allow SMEs to substantially improve their positioning in the embedded-systems development market. The MODUS tool will provide a model verification and Hardware/Software co-simulation tool (TRIAL) and a performance optimisation and customisable source-code generation tool (TUNE). The concept is depicted in automated modelling and optimisation of embedded-systems development. The tool will enable model verification by guiding the selection of existing open-source model verification engines, based on the automated analysis of system properties, and producing inputs to be fed into these engines, interfacing with standard (SystemC) simulation platforms for HW/SW co-simulation, customisable source-code generation towards respecting coding standards and conventions and software performance-tuning optimisation through automated design transformations.

Berger, Michael Stübert; Soler, José

2013-01-01

132

Real-time infrared and semi-active laser scene generation software for AMSTAR hardware in the loop  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the current research and development of advanced scene generation technology for integration into the Advanced Multispectral Simulation Test and Acceptance Resource (AMSTAR) Hardware-in-the-Loop (HWIL) facilities at the US Army AMRDEC and US Army Redstone Technical Test Center at Redstone Arsenal, AL. A real-time multi-mode (infra-red (IR) and semi-active laser (SAL)) scene generator for a tactical sensor system has been developed leveraging COTS hardware and open source software (OSS). A modular, plug-in architecture has been developed that supports rapid reconfiguration to permit the use of a variety of state data input sources, geometric model formats, and signature and material databases. The platform-independent software yields a cost-effective upgrade path to integrate best-of-breed personal computer (PC) graphics processing unit (GPU) technology.

Cosby, David S.; Lyles, Patrick; Bunfield, Dennis; Trimble, Darian; Rossi, Todd

2005-05-01

133

OASIS4 – a coupling software for next generation earth system modelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article we present a new version of the Ocean Atmosphere Sea Ice Soil coupling software (OASIS4). With this new fully parallel OASIS4 coupler we target the needs of Earth system modelling in its full complexity. The primary focus of this article is to describe the design of the OASIS4 software and how the coupling software drives the whole coupled model system ensuring the synchronization of the different component models. The application programmer interface (API) manages the coupling exchanges between arbitrary climate component models, as well as the input and output from and to files of each individual component. The OASIS4 Transformer instance performs the parallel interpolation and transfer of the coupling data between source and target model components. As a new core technology for the software, the fully parallel search algorithm of OASIS4 is described in detail. First benchmark results are discussed with simple test configurations to demonstrate the efficiency and scalability of the software when applied to Earth system model components. Typically the compute time needed to perform the search is in the order of a few seconds and is only weakly dependant on the grid size.

R. Redler; S. Valcke; H. Ritzdorf

2010-01-01

134

OASIS4 – a coupling software for next generation earth system modelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article we present a new version of the Ocean Atmosphere Sea Ice Soil coupling software (OASIS4). With this new fully parallel OASIS4 coupler we target the needs of Earth system modelling in its full complexity. The primary focus of this article is to describe the design of the OASIS4 software and how the coupling software drives the whole coupled model system ensuring the synchronization of the different component models. The application programmer interface (API) manages the coupling exchanges between arbitrary climate component models, as well as the input and output from and to files of each individual component. The OASIS4 Transformer instance performs the parallel interpolation and transfer of the coupling data between source and target model components. As a new core technology for the software, the fully parallel search algorithm of OASIS4 is described in detail. First benchmark results are discussed with simple test configurations to demonstrate the efficiency and scalability of the software when applied to Earth system model components. Typically the compute time needed in order to perform the search is in the order of a few seconds and is only weakly dependant on the grid size.

R. Redler; S. Valcke; H. Ritzdorf

2009-01-01

135

Handbook of industrial and hazardous wastes treatment. 2nd ed.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This expanded Second Edition offers 32 chapters of industry- and waste-specific analyses and treatment methods for industrial and hazardous waste materials - from explosive wastes to landfill leachate to wastes produced by the pharmaceutical and food industries. Key additional chapters cover means of monitoring waste on site, pollution prevention, and site remediation. Including a timely evaluation of the role of biotechnology in contemporary industrial waste management, the Handbook reveals sound approaches and sophisticated technologies for treating: textile, rubber, and timber wastes; dairy, meat, and seafood industry wastes; bakery and soft drink wastes; palm and olive oil wastes; pesticide and livestock wastes; pulp and paper wastes; phosphate wastes; detergent wastes; photographic wastes; refinery and metal plating wastes; and power industry wastes. This final chapter, entitled 'Treatment of power industry wastes' by Lawrence K. Wang, analyses the stream electric power generation industry, where combustion of fossil fuels coal, oil, gas, supplies heat to produce stream, used then to generate mechanical energy in turbines, subsequently converted to electricity. Wastes include waste waters from cooling water systems, ash handling systems, wet-scrubber air pollution control systems, and boiler blowdown. Wastewaters are characterized and waste treatment by physical and chemical systems to remove pollutants is presented. Plant-specific examples are provided.

Lawrence Wang; Yung-Tse Hung; Howard Lo; Constantine Yapijakis (eds.)

2004-06-15

136

Physics design of the DARHT 2nd axis accelerator cell  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The next generation of radiographic machines based on induction accelerators require very high brightness electron beams to realize the desired x-ray spot size and intensity. This high brightness must be maintained throughout the beam transport, from source to x-ray converter target. The accelerator for the second-axis of the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) facility is being designed to accelerate a 4-kA, 2-{micro}s pulse of electrons to 20 MeV. After acceleration, the 2-{micro}s pulse will be chopped into a train of four 50-ns pulses with variable temporal spacing by rapidly deflecting the beam between a beam stop and the final transport section. The short beam pulses will be focused onto an x-ray converter target generating four radiographic pulses within the 2-{micro}s window. Beam instability due to interaction with the accelerator cells can very adversely effect the beam brightness and radiographic pulse quality. This paper describes the various issues considered in the design of the accelerator cell with emphasis on transverse impedance and minimizing beam instabilities.

Chen, Y J; Houck, T L; Reginato, L J; Shang, C C; Yu, S S

1999-08-19

137

Decision-Support Software for Grid Operators: Transmission Topology Control for Infrastructure Resilience to the Integration of Renewable Generation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

GENI Project: The CRA team is developing control technology to help grid operators more actively manage power flows and integrate renewables by optimally turning on and off entire power lines in coordination with traditional control of generation and load resources. The control technology being developed would provide grid operators with tools to help manage transmission congestion by identifying the facilities whose on/off status must change to lower generation costs, increase utilization of renewable resources and improve system reliability. The technology is based on fast optimization algorithms for the near to real-time change in the on/off status of transmission facilities and their software implementation.

None

2012-03-16

138

Advances in Sustainability: Contributions and Outcomes of the 2nd World Sustainability Forum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available After a successful start in 2011, the 2nd World Sustainability Forum (WSF) was held on sciforum.net from 1–30 November 2012. More than 80 papers were presented and over 180 authors contributed to the multidisciplinary conference. The objective of this short report is to sum up the contributions and discussions of the 2nd World Sustainability Forum. It is organized as follows. First, some general information on the Forum is given, then a summary of the contributions to the different sections, as well as providing an overview of the discussions. A final section including an outlook to the 3rd World Sustainability Forum concludes the article.

Sylvie Flämig; Marc A. Rosen

2013-01-01

139

A study of Ca 4p1/2,3/2nd (J = 3) autoionizing states  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The spectral properties of Ca 4pnd (J = 3) autoionizing states have been studied by employing the combination of multichannel quantum defect theory (MQDT) with the K-matrix method. The cross section of 4p3/215d excited from 4s15d and energy levels of 4pnd (J = 3) are calculated by using a theoretical model with more complete channels, and the configuration interaction is analysed in detail between 4p1/2nd, 4p3/2nd3/2,5/2 and 4p1/2,3/2ng of five Rydberg series.

2007-01-01

140

OASIS4 – a coupling software for next generation earth system modelling  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this article we present a new version of the Ocean Atmosphere Sea Ice Soil coupling software (OASIS4). With this new fully parallel OASIS4 coupler we target the needs of Earth system modelling in its full complexity. The primary focus of this article is to describe the design of the OASIS4 softwa...

R. Redler; S. Valcke; H. Ritzdorf

 
 
 
 
141

Proceedings of the 2nd KUR symposium on hyperfine interactions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hyperfine interactions between a nuclear spin and an electronic spin discovered from hyperfine splitting in atomic optical spectra have been utilized not only for the determination of nuclear parameters in nuclear physics but also for novel experimental techniques in many fields such as solid state physics, chemistry, biology, mineralogy and for diagnostic methods in medical science. Experimental techniques based on hyperfine interactions yield information about microscopic states of matter so that they are important in material science. Probes for material research using hyperfine interactions have been nuclei in the ground state and radioactive isotopes prepared with nuclear reactors or particle accelerators. But utilization of muons generated from accelerators is recently growing. Such wide spread application of hyperfine interaction techniques gives rise to some difficulty in collaboration among various research fields. In these circumstances, the present workshop was planned after four years since the last KUR symposium on the same subject. This report summarizes the contributions to the workshop in order to be available for the studies of hyperfine interactions. (J.P.N.)

1991-01-01

142

Proceedings of the 2nd Mediterranean Conference on Information Technology Applications (ITA '97)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This is the proceedings of the 2nd Mediterranean Conference on Information Technology Applications, held in Nicosia, Cyprus, between 6-7 November, 1997. It contains 16 papers. Two of these fall within the scope of INIS and are dealing with Telemetry, Radiation Monitoring, Environment Monitoring, Radiation Accidents, Air Pollution Monitoring, Diagnosis, Computers, Radiology and Data Processing

1997-01-01

143

Refractive index measurements at a 2nd order smectic A to C phase transition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A measurement of the 3 principal refractive indices of azoxy-4,4' (di-undecyl ?-methyl cinnamate) is made in the vicinity of the 2nd order smectic-A to smectic-C phase transition. The experimental procedure is : first the index differences are measured using the conoscopic method, then the absolute ...

Galerne, Y.

144

Proceedings of the 2nd IWDG International Whale Conference. Muc Mhara Ireland's Smallest Whale  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Muc Mhara – Ireland’s smallest whale. Proceedings of the 2nd Irish Whale and Dolphin Group International Whale Conference. Papers presented include, “Introduction: The harbour porpoise or Muc Mhara”, “An Irish name for the humble harbour porpoise”, “Life in the Fast Lane: Ecology and Behaviour of ha...

Berrow, S D (ed); Deegan, B (ed)

145

Proceedings of the 2nd symposium on valves for coal conversion and utilization  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 2nd symposium on valves for coal conversion and utilization was held October 15 to 17, 1980. It was sponsored by the US Department of Energy, Morgantown Energy Technology Center, in cooperation with the Valve Manufacturers Association. Seventeen papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA. (LTN)

Maxfield, D.A. (ed.)

1981-01-01

146

Comparison of HCG and 2nd IRP-HMG standards in LH radioimmunoassay  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The results are shown of a comparison of the investigation of 62 urine samples by RIA using HCG and 2nd IRP-HMG standards. It was found that 1 I.U. of the HCG standard for LH corresponds to 2.86 I.U. of the HMG standard, which well agrees with the literature data. (L.O.)

1975-06-05

147

Simplification of coding of NRU loop experiment software with dimensional generator  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The following are specific topics of this paper: 1.There is much creativity in the manner in which Dimensional Generator can be applied to a specific programming task [2]. This paper tells how Dimensional Generator was applied to a reactor-physics task. 2. In this first practical use, Dimensional Generator itself proved not to need change, but a better user interface was found necessary, essentially because the relevance of Dimensional Generator to reactor physics was initially underestimated. It is briefly described. 3. The use of Dimensional Generator helps make reactor-physics source code somewhat simpler. That is explained here with brief examples from BURFEL-PC and WIMSBURF. 4. Most importantly, with the help of Dimensional Generator, all erroneous physical expressions were automatically detected. The errors are detailed here (in spite of the author's embarrassment) because they show clearly, both in theory and in practice, how Dimensional Generator offers quality enhancement of reactor-physics programming. (authors)

2006-01-01

148

NDesign: software for study design for the detection of rare variants from next-generation sequencing data.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We developed a software program, NDesign, for the design of a study intended for detecting rare variants from next-generation sequencing (NGS) data. In this study design, the optimal depth of coverage and the average depth of coverage are first evaluated, and then the ability of the designed experiment to obtain a desired power is determined. NDesign has been developed to calculate both these depths, as well as to evaluate the power of the designed experiment. It has a simple implementation in the JavaScript language, and is expected to enable researchers to design optimal NGS studies.

Sugaya Y; Akazawa Y; Saito A; Kamitsuji S

2012-10-01

149

Technical Background Material for the Wave Generation Software AwaSys 5  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

"Les Appareils Generateurs de Houle en Laboratorie" presented by Bi¶esel and Suquet in 1951 discussed and solved the analytical problems concerning a number of di®erent wave generator types. For each wave maker type the paper presented the transfer function between wave maker displacement and wave amplitude in those cases where the analytical problem could be solved. The article therefore represented a giant step in wave generation techniques and found the basis for today's wave generation in hydraulics laboratories.

Frigaard, Peter; Andersen, Thomas Lykke

2010-01-01

150

MaRRS: A Software System for Generating Multimedia Radiology Reports using Adobe Acrobat  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite the proliferation of mature multimedia software technologies, radiology reports continue to lack image content and structure that would improve the ability of referring clinicians to fully interpret and analyze radiological findings. This paper introduces an intuitive and interactive radiology report authoring system that provides enhanced visual multimedia capabilities, structured content, and reduced report production time, using a well-known PDF program, Adobe Acrobat. The system, which we call the Multimedia Radiology Report System, or MaRRS, allows radiologists to quickly and simply create and deliver effective interactive multimedia medical reports. This paper will introduce MaRRS, outline some related radiology report systems, and describe the unique structure and functionality of MaRRS in order to demonstrate its advantages for both radiologists and referring clinicians.

Kristy Moniz; Tim Mcinerney

2010-01-01

151

New generation of software? Modeling of energy demands for residential ventilation with HTML interface  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The paper presents an interactive on-line package for calculation of energy and cost demands for residential infiltration and ventilation, with input and output data entry through a web browser. This is a unique tool. It represents a new kind of approach to developing software employing user (client) and server (package provider) computers. The main program, servicing {open_quotes}intelligent{close_quotes} CGI (Common Gateway Interface) calls, resides on the server and dynamically handles the whole package performance and the procedure of calculations. The {open_quotes}computing engine{close_quotes} consists of two parts: RESVENT - the previously existing program for ventilation calculations and ECONOMICS - for heating and cooling system energy and cost calculations. The user interface is designed in such a way, that it allows simultaneous access by many users from all over the world.

Forowicz, T.

1997-06-01

152

Radcalc: Transportation packaging software to determine hydrogen generation and transportation classification  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ionizing radiation present in high-level and low-level radioactive wastes may cause the radiolytic formation of hydrogen gas. The safe transportation of radioactive wastes, therefore, requires a reliable method to determine the quantity of hydrogen in sealed packages. However, direct measurement of hydrogen buildup in packages is not always possible and can be time consuming and costly. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission recognized these difficulties and accepted the G value method for calculating hydrogen gas generated in containers. Radcalc for Windows is a computer program that uses the G value method to calculate hydrogen gas generation in packages. The program calculates the hydrogen generation rate, hydrogen gas volume, related pressure, and decay heat generation rate in a package. It also incorporates a robust decay algorithm that calculates the activity of a radionuclide and its associated products over a specified period of time

1996-01-01

153

The 2nd International standard for Interleukin-2 (IL-2) Report of a collaborative study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Two candidate preparations of human sequence recombinant Interleukin-2 (IL-2) were formulated and lyophilized at NIBSC prior to evaluation in a collaborative study for their suitability to serve as a replacement international standard. The preparations were tested by eight laboratories using in vitro bioassays and immunoassays. The candidate preparation 86/500 was judged suitable to serve as a replacement international standard based on the data obtained for activity and stability. On the basis of the results reported here, the preparation coded 86/500 was established by the WHO Expert Committee on Biological Standardisation (ECBS) as the WHO 2nd IS for human IL-2 with an assigned value for IL-2 activity of 210IU/ampoule. Calibration of the 2nd IS is primarily based on the bioassay in use in various laboratories and relies exclusively on the estimates calculated relative to the WHO 1st IS for continuity of the IU.

Wadhwa M; Bird C; Heath AB; Dilger P; Thorpe R

2013-08-01

154

Twist decomposition of nonlocal light-cone operators II: general tensors of 2nd rank  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A group theoretical procedure, introduced earlier in , to decompose bilocal light-ray operators into (harmonic) operators of definite twist is applied to the case of arbitrary 2nd rank tensors. As a generic example the bilocal gluon operator is considered which gets contributions of twist-2 up to twist-6 from four different symmetry classes characterized by corresponding Young tableaux; also the twist decomposition of the related vector and scalar operators is considered. In addition, we extend these results to various trilocal light-ray operators, like the Shuryak-Vainshtein, the three-gluon and the four-quark operators, which are required for the consideration of higher-twist distribution amplitudes. The present results rely on the knowledge of harmonic tensor polynomials of any order n which have been determined up to the case of 2nd rank symmetric tensor for arbitrary space-time dimension.

Geyer, Bodo E-mail: geyer@itp.uni-leipzig.de; Lazar, Markus E-mail: lazar@itp.uni-leipzig.de

2000-08-14

155

Reed canary grass as a feedstock for 2nd generation bioethanol production.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of reed canary grass, harvested in the spring or autumn, and barley straw were studied. Steam pretreated materials were efficiently hydrolysed by commercial enzymes with a dosage of 10-20FPU/g d.m. Reed canary grass harvested in the spring was hydrolysed more efficiently than the autumn-harvested reed canary grass. Additional ?-glucosidase improved the release of glucose and xylose during the hydrolysis reaction. The hydrolysis rate and level of reed canary grass with a commercial Trichoderma reesei cellulase could be improved by supplementation of purified enzymes. The addition of CBH II improved the hydrolysis level by 10% in 48hours' hydrolysis. Efficient mixing was shown to be important for hydrolysis already at 10% dry matter consistency. The highest ethanol concentration (20g/l) and yield (82%) was obtained with reed canary grass at 10% d.m. consistency.

Kallioinen A; Uusitalo J; Pahkala K; Kontturi M; Viikari L; Weymarn Nv; Siika-Aho M

2012-11-01

156

E-privacy in 2nd Generation E-Commerce: Privacy Preferences Versus actual Behavior  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

As electronic commerce environments become more and moreinteractive, privacy is a matter of increasing concern. Manysurveys have investigated households' privacy attitudes andconcerns, revealing a general desire among Internet users toprotect their privacy. To complement these questionnaire-basedstudies, we conducted an experiment in which we compared selfreportedprivacy preferences of 171 participants with their actualdisclosing behavior during an online shopping episode. Ourresults suggest that current approaches to protect online users'privacy, such as EU data protection regulation or P3P, may facedifficulties to do so effectively. This is due to their underlyingassumption that people are not only privacy conscious, but willalso act accordingly. In our study, most individuals stated thatprivacy was important to them, with concern centering on thedisclosure of different aspects of personal information. However,regardless of their specific privacy concerns, most participants didnot live up to their self-reported privacy preferences. Asparticipants were drawn into the sales dialogue with ananthropomorphic 3-D shopping bot, they answered a majority ofquestions, even if these were highly personal. Moreover, differentprivacy statements had no effect on the amount of informationdisclosed; in fact, the mentioning of EU regulation seemed tocause a feeling of 'false security'. The results suggest that peopleappreciate highly communicative EC environments and forgetprivacy concerns once they are `inside the Web'.

Sarah Spiekermann; Spandauer Str; Jens Grossklags; Bettina Berendt

157

Utilisation of 2nd generation web technologies in master level vocational teacher training  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Masters level Opportunities and Technological Innovation in Vocational Teacher Education project (project site: http://motivate.tmpk.bmf.hu/) aims to develop the use and management of virtual learning environments in the area of vocational teacher training, drawing on a well established international partnership of institutions providing both technical and educational expertise. This paper gives an overall picture of the first results and products of the collaboration. We touch upon the goals, the assessments and the learning process of using “Multimedia and e-Learning: e-learning methods and tools” module in details. The main cooperative and collaborative devices are presented in virtual learning environment. The communication during collaborative learning, the structured debate on forum and the benefits of collaborative learning in VLE are interpreted at the end of this paper.

Péter Tóth

2009-01-01

158

PPRODUCTION OF 2ND GENERATION BIOETHANOL FROM LUCERNE – OPTIMIZATION OF HYDROTHERMAL PRETREATMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Lucerne (Medicago sativa) has many qualities associated with sustainable agriculture such as nitrogen fixation and high biomass yield. Therefore, there is interest in whether lucerne is a suitable biomass substrate for bioethanol production, and if hydrothermal pretreatment (HTT) of lucerne improves enzymatic convertibility, providing sufficient enzymatic conversion of carbohydrate to simple sugars for ethanol production. The HTT process was optimised for lucerne hay, and the pretreated biomass was assessed by carbohydrate analysis, inhibitor characterisation of liquid phases, and by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of the whole slurry with Cellubrix enzymes and Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast. The optimal HTT conditions were 205°C for 5 minutes, resulting in pentose recovery of 81%, and an enzymatic convertibility of glucan to monomeric glucose of 74%, facilitating a conversion of 6.2% w/w of untreated material into bioethanol in SSF, which is equivalent to 1,100 litre ethanol per hectare per year

Sune Tjalfe Thomsen,; Morten Jensen,; Jens Ejbye Schmidt

2012-01-01

159

Report of the 2nd through 7th conferences of Special Committee on Nuclear Criticality Safety  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Special committee on Nuclear Criticality Safety was established as a public committee of Atomic Energy Society of Japan in November, 1988. The main objectives of this committee are to contribute to reasonable criticality safety design/control through extensive discussions among the specialists of reactor physics, fuel treatment process and radiation surveillance technique and so on. The conferences were held totally seven times. This report concerns with the activities of this committee in the 2nd (1989) through 7th (1992) conferences. (author)

1995-01-01

160

Fast neutron reactors department: Activity report 2nd half-year 87  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This fast neutron reactors department activity report for the 2nd half-year 87 is divided into 4 parts: - Prominent acts - Technical informations - Action sheet - Meetings DRNR participation[fr] Ce rapport d'activite du 2eme semestre 87 du Departement des Reacteurs a Neutrons Rapides (DRNR) est divise en 4 parties principales: - Faits marquants - Informations techniques - Analyse par fiche action - participation du DRNR aux Congres

1987-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Massive coordination of dispersed generation using PowerMatcher based software agents  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

One of the outcomes of the EU-Fifth framework CRISP-project (http://crisp.ecn.nl/), has been the development of a real-time control strategy based on the application of distributed intelligence (ICT) to coordinate demand and supply in electricity grids. This PowerMatcher approach has been validated in two real-life and real-time field tests. The experiments aimed at controlled coordination of dispersed electricity suppliers (DG-RES) and demanders in distributed grids enabled by ICT-networks. Optimization objectives for the technology in the tests were minimization of imbalance in a commercial portfolio and mitigation of strong load variations in a distribution network with residential micro-CHPs. With respect to the number of ICT-nodes, the field tests were on a relatively small-scale. However, application of the technology has yielded some very encouraging results in both occasions. In the present paper, lessons learned from the field experiments are discussed. Furthermore, it contains an account of the roadmap for scaling up these field-tests with a larger number of nodes and with more diverse appliance/installation types. Due to its autonomous decision making agent-paradigm, the PowerMatcher software technology is expected to be widely more scaleable than central coordination approaches. Indeed, it is based on microeconomic theory and is expected to work best if it is applied on a massive scale in transparent market settings. A set of various types of supply and demand appliances was defined and implemented in a PowerMatcher software simulation environment. A massive amount of these PowerMatcher node-agents each representing such a devicetype was utilized in a number of scenario calculations. As the production of DG-RES-resources and the demand profiles are strongly dependent on the time-of-year, climate scenarios leading to operational snapshots of the cluster were taken for a number of representative periods. The results of these larger scale simulations as well as scalability issues, encountered, are discussed. Further issues covered are the stability of the system as reflected by the internal price development pattern that acts as an 'invisible hand' to reach the common optimisation goal. Finally, the effects of scaling-up the technology are discussed in terms of possible 'emergent behaviour' of subsets in the cluster and primary process quality of appliances operating concertedly using the PowerMatcher.

Kamphuis, I.G.; Hommelberg, M.P.F.; Warmer, C.J.; Kok, J.K.

2007-01-15

162

Massive coordination of dispersed generation using PowerMatcher based software agents  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One of the outcomes of the EU-Fifth framework CRISP-project (http://crisp.ecn.nl/), has been the development of a real-time control strategy based on the application of distributed intelligence (ICT) to coordinate demand and supply in electricity grids. This PowerMatcher approach has been validated in two real-life and real-time field tests. The experiments aimed at controlled coordination of dispersed electricity suppliers (DG-RES) and demanders in distributed grids enabled by ICT-networks. Optimization objectives for the technology in the tests were minimization of imbalance in a commercial portfolio and mitigation of strong load variations in a distribution network with residential micro-CHPs. With respect to the number of ICT-nodes, the field tests were on a relatively small-scale. However, application of the technology has yielded some very encouraging results in both occasions. In the present paper, lessons learned from the field experiments are discussed. Furthermore, it contains an account of the roadmap for scaling up these field-tests with a larger number of nodes and with more diverse appliance/installation types. Due to its autonomous decision making agent-paradigm, the PowerMatcher software technology is expected to be widely more scaleable than central coordination approaches. Indeed, it is based on microeconomic theory and is expected to work best if it is applied on a massive scale in transparent market settings. A set of various types of supply and demand appliances was defined and implemented in a PowerMatcher software simulation environment. A massive amount of these PowerMatcher node-agents each representing such a devicetype was utilized in a number of scenario calculations. As the production of DG-RES-resources and the demand profiles are strongly dependent on the time-of-year, climate scenarios leading to operational snapshots of the cluster were taken for a number of representative periods. The results of these larger scale simulations as well as scalability issues, encountered, are discussed. Further issues covered are the stability of the system as reflected by the internal price development pattern that acts as an 'invisible hand' to reach the common optimisation goal. Finally, the effects of scaling-up the technology are discussed in terms of possible 'emergent behaviour' of subsets in the cluster and primary process quality of appliances operating concertedly using the PowerMatcher.

2007-01-01

163

A Customer Value Creation Framework for Businesses That Generate Revenue with Open Source Software  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Technology entrepreneurs must create value for customers in order to generate revenue. This article examines the dimensions of customer value creation and provides a framework to help entrepreneurs, managers, and leaders of open source projects create value, with an emphasis on businesses that generate revenue from open source assets. The proposed framework focuses on a firm's pre-emptive value offering (also known as a customer value proposition). This is a firm's offering of the value it seeks to create for a customer, in order to meet his or her requirements.

Aparna Shanker

2012-01-01

164

Temperature dependence of standard Gibbs energy of formation of Al2Nd from near absolute 0 K to room temperature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The standard Gibbs energy of formation as a function of temperature of Al2Nd, ?fGoT(Al2Nd), in the temperature range from near absolute 0 K to room temperature was determined by combining the measurement of heat capacities, Cp, of pure aluminium and neodymium using the relaxation method with the thermodynamic data of Al2Nd in our previous work. The temperature dependence of ?fGoT(Al2Nd) was small below 10 K, and it increased monotonically above 10 K. ?fGoT(Al2Nd) could be evaluated as follows: ?fGoT(Al2Nd)=-104.52-1.8436x10-2T+1.6273x10-2TlogT-5.8437= x10-5T2-1.5260x10-2T-1±27.3,(3-75K) ?fGoT(Al2Nd)=-104.95+4.4274x10-3T+3.6408x10-3TlogT-3.5175= x10-6T2+13.983T-1±27.3,(75-300K)

2008-05-29

165

A Software Demonstration of 'rap': Preparing CAD Geometries for Overlapping Grid Generation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We demonstrate the application code ''rap'' which is part of the ''Overture'' library. A CAD geometry imported from an IGES file is first cleaned up and simplified to suit the needs of mesh generation. Thereafter, the topology of the model is computed and a water-tight surface triangulation is created on the CAD surface. This triangulation is used to speed up the projection of points onto the CAD surface during the generation of overlapping surface grids. From each surface grid, volume grids are grown into the domain using a hyperbolic marching procedure. The final step is to fill any remaining parts of the interior with background meshes.

Anders Petersson, N.

2002-02-15

166

Sustainable development - a role for nuclear power? 2nd scientific forum  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 2nd Scientific Forum of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was held during the 43rd General Conference. This paper summarizes the deliberations of the two-day Forum. The definition of 'sustainable development' of the 1987 Bruntland Commission - 'development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs' - provided the background for the Forum's debate whether and how nuclear power could contribute to sustainable energy development. The framework for this debate comprises different perspectives on economic, energy, environmental, and political considerations. Nuclear power, along with all energy generating systems, should be judged on these considerations using a common set of criteria (e.g., emission levels, economics, public safety, wastes, and risks). First and foremost, there is a growing political concern over the possible adverse impact of increasing emissions of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel combustion. However, there is debate as to whether this would have any material impact on the predominantly economic criteria currently used to make investment decisions on energy production. According to the views expressed, the level of safety of existing nuclear power plants is no longer a major concern - a view not yet fully shared by the general public. The need to maintain the highest standards of safety in operation remains, especially under the mounting pressure of competitiveness in deregulated and liberalized energy markets. The industry must continuously reinforce a strong safety culture among reactor designers, builders, and operators. Furthermore, a convincing case for safety will have to be made for any new reactor designs. Of greater concern to the public and politicians are the issues of radioactive waste and proliferation of nuclear weapons. There is a consensus among technical experts that radioactive wastes from nuclear power can be disposed of safely and economically in deep geologic formations. However, the necessary political decisions to select sites for repositories need public support and understanding about what the industry is doing and what can be done. As to nuclear weapons proliferation, the existing safeguards system must be fully maintained and strengthened and inherently proliferation-resistant fuel cycles should be explored. Overviews of the future global energy demand and of the prospects for nuclear power in various economic regions of the world indicate that, in the case of the OECD countries, the dominant issue is economics in an increasingly free market system for electricity. For the so-called transition economies, countries of the Former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe, the issue is one of managing nuclear power plant operations safely. In the case of developing countries, the dominant concern is effective management of technology, in addition to economics and finance. The prospects for nuclear power depend on the resolution of two cardinal issues. The first is economic competitiveness, and in particular, reduced capital cost. The second is public confidence in the ability of the industry to manage plant operations and its high level waste safely. There is a continuing need for dialogue and communication with all sectors of the public: economists, investors, social scientists, politicians, regulators, unions, and environmentalists. Of help in this dialogue would be nuclear power's relevance to and comparative advantages in addressing environmental issues, such as global climate change, local air quality, and regional acidification. Suggestions have been made for a globalized approach to critical nuclear power issues, such as waste management, innovative and proliferation-resistant reactors and fuel cycles, and international standards for new generation nuclear reactor designs.The conclusion seems to be that there is a role for nuclear energy in sustainable development, especially if greenhouse gas emissions are to be limited. Doubts persist in the minds of many energy experts over the pote

2000-01-01

167

Development of new generation software tools for simulation of electron beam formation in novel high power gyrotrons  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Computer aided design (CAD) based on numerical experiments performed by using adequate physical models and efficient simulation codes is an indispensable tool for development, investigation, and optimization of gyrotrons used as radiation sources for electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) of fusion plasmas. In this paper, we review briefly the state-of-the-art in the field of modelling and simulation of intense, relativistic, helical electron beams formed in the electron-optical systems (EOS) of powerful gyrotrons. We discuss both the limitations of the known computer codes and the requirements for increasing their capabilities for solution of various design problems that are being envisaged in the development of the next generation gyrotrons for ECRH. Moreover, we present the concept followed by us in an attempt to unite the advantages of the modern programming techniques with self-consistent, first-principles 3D physical models in the creation of a new highly efficient and versatile software package for simulation of powerful gyrotrons.

Sabchevski, S [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Zhelyazkov, I [Faculty of Physics, Sofia University, BG-1164 Sofia (Bulgaria); Benova, E [Faculty of Physics, Sofia University, BG-1164 Sofia (Bulgaria); Atanassov, V [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Dankov, P [Faculty of Physics, Sofia University, BG-1164 Sofia (Bulgaria); Thumm, M [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Association EURATOM-FZK, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Dammertz, G [University of Karlsruhe, Institute of High Frequency Techniques and Electronics, D-76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Piosczyk, B [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Association EURATOM-FZK, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Illy, S [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Association EURATOM-FZK, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Tran, M Q [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-CRPP, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Alberti, S [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-CRPP, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Hogge, J-Ph [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-CRPP, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2006-07-15

168

Transcriptome Assembly of Next-Generation Sequencing Data Using NextGENe Software and the Condensation Tool.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

RP-2The assembly of transcriptomes is a difficult challenge due to the complexity of transcriptomes which include multiple isoforms of various transcripts resulting in many highly similar sequences.When high throughput sequence reads are used, the short read lengths often are not long enough to cover an entire exon or exons with retained introns.NextGENe's novel Condensation Tool is used to cluster reads containing similar sequences to statistically correct sequencing errors.The first cycle uses 12mer anchor sequences and 12bp flanking sequences to sort reads into groups and subgroups to generate a consensus.The second cycle and any additional cycles incrementally elongate reads by merging similar contigs, allowing minimum variation.In this way, NextGENe Software's Condensation Tool overcomes many of the challenges involved with the analysis of next generation sequencing data.By clustering similar reads, data is polished, removing low frequency, biased sequencing errors while maintaining true variations.Reads are lengthened to provide a more unique sequence greatly increasing assembly accuracy. Following Condensation, overlapping paired end reads can be linked to generate single reads spanning the entire library, up to 1000bp.

Manion M; Ren H; Wu J; Ni S; Liu CSJ; LeVan K

2010-09-01

169

Radcalc for windows benchmark study: A comparison of software results with Rocky Flats hydrogen gas generation data  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Radcalc for Windows Version 2.01 is a user-friendly software program developed by Waste Management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations for the U.S. Department of Energy (McFadden et al. 1998). It is used for transportation and packaging applications in the shipment of radioactive waste materials. Among its applications are the classification of waste per the US. Department of Transportation regulations, the calculation of decay heat and daughter products, and the calculation of the radiolytic production of hydrogen gas. The Radcalc program has been extensively tested and validated (Green et al. 1995, McFadden et al. 1998) by comparison of each Radcalc algorithm to hand calculations. An opportunity to benchmark Radcalc hydrogen gas generation calculations to experimental data arose when the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) Residue Stabilization Program collected hydrogen gas generation data to determine compliance with requirements for shipment of waste in the TRUPACT-II (Schierloh 1998). The residue/waste drums tested at RFETS contain contaminated, solid, inorganic materials in polyethylene bags. The contamination is predominantly due to plutonium and americium isotopes. The information provided by Schierloh (1 998) of RFETS includes decay heat, hydrogen gas generation rates, calculated Geff values, and waste material type, making the experimental data ideal for benchmarking Radcalc. The following sections discuss the RFETS data and the Radcalc cases modeled with the data. Results are tabulated and also provided graphically

1999-01-01

170

A Facilitated Interface to Generate a Combined Textual and Graphical Database System Using Widely Available Software  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data-Base Management System (DBMS) is the current standard for storing information. A DBMS organizes and maintains a structure of storage of data. Databases make it possible to store vast amounts of randomly created information and then retrieve items using associative reasoning in search routines. However, design of databases is cumbersome. If one is to use a database primarily to directly input information, each field must be predefined manually, and the fields must be organized to permit coherent data input. This static requirement is problematic and requires that database table(s) be predefined and customized at the outset, a difficult proposition since current DBMS lack a user friendly front end to allow flexible design of the input model. Furthermore, databases are primarily text based, making it difficult to process graphical data. We have developed a general and nonproprietary approach to the problem of input modeling designed to make use of the known informational architecture to map data to a database and then retrieve the original document in freely editable form. We create form templates using ordinary word processing software: Microsoft InfoPath 2007. Each field in the form is given a unique name identifier in order to be distinguished in the database. It is possible to export text based documents created initially in Microsoft Word by placing a colon at the beginning of any desired field location. InfoPath then captures the preceding string and uses it as the label for the field. Each form can be structured in a way to include any combination of both textual and graphical fields. We input data into InfoPath templates. We then submit the data through a web service to populate fields in an SQL database. By appropriate indexing, we can then recall the entire document from the SQL database for editing, with corresponding audit trail. Graphical data is handled no differently than textual data and is embedded in the database itself permitting direct query approaches. This technique makes it possible for general users to benefit from a combined text-graphical database environment with a flexible non-proprietary interface. Consequently, any template can be effortlessly transformed to a database system and easily recovered in a narrative form.

Corey Lawson; Kirk Larson; Jonathan Van Erdewyk; Christopher Smith; Al Rizzo; Landon Ross; Marc Rendell

2012-01-01

171

Software radio; Software musenki  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Software radio, which is adaptable to several radio systems by changing the software, is being widely discussed nowadays. communications Research Laboratory (CRL,MPT) have conducted a triple-mode (personal handy-phone system/electronic toll collection/global positioning system: PHS/ETC/GPS) software radio system development and we contracted for this. This software radio system is characterized by a parameter download for minimization of the download software capacity. (author)

Yokoi, T.; Namiki, S.; Yoshida, H. [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

2000-05-01

172

DRS // CUMULUS Oslo 2013. The 2nd International Conference for Design Education Researchers DRS // CUMULUS Oslo 2013. The 2nd International Conference for Design Education Researchers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available 14-17 May 2013, Oslo, NorwayWe have received more than 200 full papers for the 2nd International Conference for Design Education Researchers in Oslo.This international conference is a springboard for sharing ideas and concepts about contemporary design education research. Contributors are invited to submit research that deals with different facets of contemporary approaches to design education research. All papers will be double-blind peer-reviewed. This conference is open to research in any aspect and discipline of design educationConference themeDesign Learning for Tomorrow - Design Education from Kindergarten to PhDDesigned artefacts and solutions influence our lives and values, both from a personal and societal perspective. Designers, decision makers, investors and consumers hold different positions in the design process, but they all make choices that will influence our future visual and material culture. To promote sustainability and meet global challenges for the future, professional designers are dependent on critical consumers and a design literate general public.  For this purpose design education is important for all. We propose that design education in general education represents both a foundation for professional design education and a vital requirement for developing the general public’s competence for informed decision making.REGISTRATION AT http://www.hioa.no/DRScumulus14-17 May 2013, Oslo, NorwayWe have received more than 200 full papers for the 2nd International Conference for Design Education Researchers in Oslo.This international conference is a springboard for sharing ideas and concepts about contemporary design education research. Contributors are invited to submit research that deals with different facets of contemporary approaches to design education research. All papers will be double-blind peer-reviewed. This conference is open to research in any aspect and discipline of design educationConference themeDesign Learning for Tomorrow - Design Education from Kindergarten to PhDDesigned artefacts and solutions influence our lives and values, both from a personal and societal perspective. Designers, decision makers, investors and consumers hold different positions in the design process, but they all make choices that will influence our future visual and material culture. To promote sustainability and meet global challenges for the future, professional designers are dependent on critical consumers and a design literate general public.  For this purpose design education is important for all. We propose that design education in general education represents both a foundation for professional design education and a vital requirement for developing the general public’s competence for informed decision making.REGISTRATION AT http://www.hioa.no/DRScumulus

Liv Merete Nielsen

2013-01-01

173

RAmiRNA: Software suite for generation of SVM-based prediction models of mature miRNAs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short endogenous non-coding RNA molecules that regulate protein coding gene expression in animals, plants, fungi, algae and viruses through the RNA interference pathway. By virtue of their base complementarity, mature miRNAs stop the process of translation, thus acting as one of the important molecules in vivo. Attempts to predict precursor-miRNAs and mature miRNAs have been achieved in a significant number of model organisms but development of prediction models aiming at relatively less studied organisms are rare. In this work, we provide a suite of standalone softwares called RAmiRNA (RAdicalmiRNA detector), to solve the problem of custom development of prediction models for mature miRNAs using support vector machine (SVM) learning. RAmiRNA could be used to develop SVM based model for prediction of mature miRNAs in an organism or a group of organisms in a UNIX based local machine. Additionally RAmiRNA generates training accuracy for a quick estimation of prediction ability of generated model.

Vaibhav Tyagi; CVS Siva Prasad*

2012-01-01

174

Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: evidence-based guideline, 2nd edition.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee: Evidence-Based Guideline, 2nd Edition, is based on a systematic review of the current scientific and clinical research. This guideline contains 15 recommendations, replaces the 2008 AAOS clinical practice guideline, and was reevaluated earlier than the 5-year recommendation of the National Guideline Clearinghouse because of methodologic concerns regarding the evidence used in the first guideline. The current guideline does not support the use of viscosupplementation for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. In addition, the work group highlighted the need for better research in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

Jevsevar DS

2013-09-01

175

The contiguity processor: A SIMD architecture for a 2nd level track trigger  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The contiguity processor (CP), designed for the Delphi time projection chamber (TPC), is a Fastbus 2nd level trigger processor, that makes heavy use of application specific integrated circuits (ASIC). The architecture is based on a bidimensional lattice of 4608 processing elements (PEs). Each of these PEs is connected with its 4 neighbours, and they all execute the same stream of instructions (single instruction multiple data architecture - SIMD). The CP instruction set is tailored to the special requirements of the contiguity algorithm. (author). 3 refs, 3 figs.

1988-01-01

176

2nd--5th electron cyclotron harmonic emission from thermal plasmas in Alcator A  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A sensitive submillimeter heterodyne receiver has been used to measure electron cyclotron emission at the 2nd through the 5th harmonics from thermal plasmas in Alcator A. A sensitive diagnostic of the electron energy distribution function is obtained from intensity ratios of the optically thin harmonics, in particular the small runaway fraction (approx.10-6) that exists even in well thermalized Alcator A plasmas. Also the 4th and 5th harmonics are a sensitive measure of impending plasma disruption due to vessel air leaks

1981-10-01

177

Characterization of the 1st and 2nd EF-hands of NADPH oxidase 5 by fluorescence, isothermal titration calorimetry, and circular dichroism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Superoxide generated by non-phagocytic NADPH oxidases (NOXs) is of growing importance for physiology and pathobiology. The calcium binding domain (CaBD) of NOX5 contains four EF-hands, each binding one calcium ion. To better understand the metal binding properties of the 1st and 2nd EF-hands, we characterized the N-terminal half of CaBD (NCaBD) and its calcium-binding knockout mutants. Results The isothermal titration calorimetry measurement for NCaBD reveals that the calcium binding of two EF-hands are loosely associated with each other and can be treated as independent binding events. However, the Ca2+ binding studies on NCaBD(E31Q) and NCaBD(E63Q) showed their binding constants to be 6.5 × 105 and 5.0 × 102 M-1 with ?Hs of -14 and -4 kJ/mol, respectively, suggesting that intrinsic calcium binding for the 1st non-canonical EF-hand is largely enhanced by the binding of Ca2+ to the 2nd canonical EF-hand. The fluorescence quenching and CD spectra support a conformational change upon Ca2+ binding, which changes Trp residues toward a more non-polar and exposed environment and also increases its ?-helix secondary structure content. All measurements exclude Mg2+-binding in NCaBD. Conclusions We demonstrated that the 1st non-canonical EF-hand of NOX5 has very weak Ca2+ binding affinity compared with the 2nd canonical EF-hand. Both EF-hands interact with each other in a cooperative manner to enhance their Ca2+ binding affinity. Our characterization reveals that the two EF-hands in the N-terminal NOX5 are Ca2+ specific. Graphical abstract

Wei Chin-Chuan; Reynolds Nicole; Palka Christina; Wetherell Kristen; Boyle Tiffany; Yang Ya-Ping; Wang Zhi-Qiang; Stuehr Dennis J

2012-01-01

178

Efficient FPGA implementation of 2nd order digital controllers using Matlab/Simulink  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper explains a method for the design and implementation of digital controller based on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) device. It is more compact, power efficient and provides high speed capabilities as compared to software based PID controllers. The proposed method is based on implementation of Digital controller as digital filters using DSP architectures. The PID controller is designed using MATLAB and Simulink to generate a set of coefficients associated with the desired controller characteristics. The controller coefficients are then included in VHDL that implements the PID controller on to FPGA. MATLAB program is used to design PID controller to calculate and plot the time response of the control system. The synthesis report concludes the resource utilization of selected FPGA.

Vikas gupta; K. Khare; R. P. Singh

2011-01-01

179

2nd PEGS Annual Symposium on Antibodies for Cancer Therapy: April 30-May 1, 2012, Boston, USA.  

Science.gov (United States)

The 2nd Annual Antibodies for Cancer Therapy symposium, organized again by Cambridge Healthtech Institute as part of the Protein Engineering Summit, was held in Boston, USA from April 30th to May 1st, 2012. Since the approval of the first cancer antibody therapeutic, rituximab, fifteen years ago, eleven have been approved for cancer therapy, although one, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, was withdrawn from the market. The first day of the symposium started with a historical review of early work for lymphomas and leukemias and the evolution from murine to human antibodies. The symposium discussed the current status and future perspectives of therapeutic antibodies in the biology of immunoglobulin, emerging research on biosimilars and biobetters, and engineering bispecific antibodies and antibody-drug conjugates. The tumor penetration session was focused on the understanding of antibody therapy using ex vivo tumor spheroids and the development of novel agents targeting epithelial junctions in solid tumors. The second day of the symposium discussed the development of new generation recombinant immunotoxins with low immunogenicity, construction of chimeric antigen receptors, and the proof-of-concept of 'photoimmunotherapy'. The preclinical and clinical session presented antibodies targeting Notch signaling and chemokine receptors. Finally, the symposium discussed emerging technologies and platforms for therapeutic antibody discovery. PMID:22864478

Ho, Mitchell; Royston, Ivor; Beck, Alain

2012-08-06

180

NOTE: A software tool for 2D/3D visualization and analysis of phase-space data generated by Monte Carlo modelling of medical linear accelerators  

Science.gov (United States)

A computer program has been developed for novel 2D/3D visualization and analysis of the phase-space parameters of Monte Carlo simulations of medical accelerator radiation beams. The software is written in the IDL language and reads the phase-space data generated in the BEAMnrc/BEAM Monte Carlo code format. Contour and colour-wash plots of the fluence, mean energy, energy fluence, mean angle, spectra distribution, energy fluence distribution, angular distribution, and slices and projections of the 3D ZLAST distribution can be calculated and displayed. Based on our experience of using it at Massachusetts General Hospital, the software has proven to be a useful tool for analysis and verification of the Monte Carlo generated phase-space files. The software is in the public domain.

Neicu, Toni; Aljarrah, Khaled M.; Jiang, Steve B.

2005-10-01

 
 
 
 
181

A software tool for 2D/3D visualization and analysis of phase-space data generated by Monte Carlo modelling of medical linear accelerators  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A computer program has been developed for novel 2D/3D visualization and analysis of the phase-space parameters of Monte Carlo simulations of medical accelerator radiation beams. The software is written in the IDL language and reads the phase-space data generated in the BEAMnrc/BEAM Monte Carlo code format. Contour and colour-wash plots of the fluence, mean energy, energy fluence, mean angle, spectra distribution, energy fluence distribution, angular distribution, and slices and projections of the 3D ZLAST distribution can be calculated and displayed. Based on our experience of using it at Massachusetts General Hospital, the software has proven to be a useful tool for analysis and verification of the Monte Carlo generated phase-space files. The software is in the public domain. (note)

Neicu, Toni; Aljarrah, Khaled M; Jiang, Steve B [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 (United States)

2005-10-21

182

Proceedings of the 2nd JAERI symposium on HTGR technologies October 21 ? 23, 1992, Oarai, Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) held the 2nd JAERI Symposium on HTGR Technologies on October 21 to 23, 1992, at Oarai Park Hotel at Oarai-machi, Ibaraki-ken, Japan, with support of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Science and Technology Agency of Japan and the Atomic Energy Society of Japan on the occasion that the construction of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), which is the first high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) in Japan, is now being proceeded smoothly. In this symposium, the worldwide present status of research and development (R and D) of the HTGRs and the future perspectives of the HTGR development were discussed with 47 papers including 3 invited lectures, focusing on the present status of HTGR projects and perspectives of HTGR Development, Safety, Operation Experience, Fuel and Heat Utilization. A panel discussion was also organized on how the HTGRs can contribute to the preservation of global environment. About 280 participants attended the symposium from Japan, Bangladesh, Germany, France, Indonesia, People's Republic of China, Poland, Russia, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of America, Venezuela and the IAEA. This paper was edited as the proceedings of the 2nd JAERI Symposium on HTGR Technologies, collecting the 47 papers presented in the oral and poster sessions along with 11 panel exhibitions on the results of research and development associated to the HTTR. (author)

1993-01-01

183

Proceedings of the 2nd technical meeting on high temperature gas-cooled reactors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

From the point of view for establishing and upgrading the technology basis of HTGRs, the 2nd Technical Meeting on High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs) was held on March 11 and 12, 1992, in Tokai Research Establishment in order to review the present status and the results of Research and Development (R and D) of HTGRs, to discuss on the items of R and D which should be promoted more positively in the future and then, to help in determining the strategy of development of high temperature engineering and examination in JAERI. At the 2nd Technical Meeting, which followed the 1st Technical Meeting held in February 1990 in Tokai Research Establishment, expectations to the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), possible contributions of the HTGRs to the preservation of the global environment and the prospect of HTGRs were especially discussed, focusing on the R and D of Safety, high temperature components and process heat utilization by the experts from JAERI as well as universities, national institutes, industries and so on. This proceedings summarizes the papers presented in the oral sessions and materials exhibited in the poster session at the meeting and will be variable as key materials for promoting the R and D on HTGRs from now on. (author).

1992-01-01

184

Development of new generation software tools for simulation of electron beam formation in novel high power gyrotrons  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Computer aided design (CAD) based on numerical experiments performed by using adequate physical models and efficient simulation codes is an indispensable tool for development, investigation, and optimization of gyrotrons used as radiation sources for electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) of fusion plasmas. In this paper, we review briefly the state-of-the-art in the field of modelling and simulation of intense, relativistic, helical electron beams formed in the electron-optical systems (EOS) of powerful gyrotrons. We discuss both the limitations of the known computer codes and the requirements for increasing their capabilities for solution of various design problems that are being envisaged in the development of the next generation gyrotrons for ECRH. Moreover, we present the concept followed by us in an attempt to unite the advantages of the modern programming techniques with self-consistent, first-principles 3D physical models in the creation of a new highly efficient and versatile software package for simulation of powerful gyrotrons

2006-01-01

185

The Second Beginner's Guide to Personal Computers for the Blind and Visually Impaired. 2nd Edition.  

Science.gov (United States)

The guide updates one section of a previously written manual on speech software for blind and visually impaired persons. The guide presents reviews of 14 specific commercially available software programs. Software is critiqued for IBM (Enhanced PC Talking Program, Soft Vert, Screen-Talk Pro, Artic Vision, Freedom 1, and Prompt-Writer), Apple…

Croft, Diane L., Ed.

186

Herramienta software para el análisis de canasta de mercado sin selección de candidatos Software tool for analysing the family shopping basket without candidate generation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Actualmente en el entorno del comercio electrónico es necesario contar con herramientas que permitan obtener conocimiento ú-til que brinde soporte a la toma de decisiones de marketing; para ello se necesita de un proceso que utiliza una serie de técnicas para el procesamiento de los datos, entre ellas se encuentra la minería de datos, que permite llevar a cabo un proceso de des-cubrimiento de información automático. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar la técnica de reglas de asociación como la adecuada para descubrir cómo compran los clientes en una empresa que ofrece un servicio de comercio electrónico tipo B2C, con el fin de apoyar la toma de decisiones para desarrollar ofertas hacia sus clientes o cautivar nuevos. Para la implementación de las reglas de asociación existe una variedad de algoritmos como: A priori, DHP, Partition, FP-Growth y Eclat y para seleccio-nar el más adecuado se define una serie de criterios (Danger y Berlanga, 2001), entre los que se encuentran: inserciones a la base de datos, costo computacional, tiempo de ejecución y rendimiento, los cuales se analizaron en cada algoritmo para reali-zar la selección. Además, se presenta el desarrollo de una herramienta software que contempla la metodología CRISP-DM cons-tituida por cuatro submódulos, así: Preprocesamiento de datos, Minería de datos, Análisis de resultados y Aplicación de resulta-dos. El diseño de la aplicación utiliza una arquitectura de tres capas: Lógica de presentación, Lógica del Negocio y Lógica de servicios; dentro del proceso de construcción de la herramienta se incluye el diseño de la bodega de datos y el diseño de algo-ritmo como parte de la herramienta de minería de datos. Las pruebas hechas a la herramienta de minería de datos desarrollada se realizaron con una base de datos de la compañía FoodMart3. Estas pruebas fueron de: rendimiento, funcionalidad y confiabi-lidad en resultados, las cuales permiten encontrar reglas de asociación igualmente. Los resultados obtenidos facilitaron concluir, entre otros aspectos, que las reglas de asociación como técnica de minería de datos permiten analizar volúmenes de datos para servicios de comercio electrónico tipo B2C, lo cual es una ventaja competitiva para las empresas.Tools leading to useful knowledge being obtained for supporting marketing decisions being taken are currently needed in the e-commerce environment. A process is needed for this which uses a series of techniques for data-processing; data-mining is one such technique enabling automatic information discovery. This work presents the association rules as a suitable technique for dis-covering how customers buy from a company offering business to consumer (B2C) e-business, aimed at supporting decision-ma-king in supplying its customers or capturing new ones. Many algorithms such as A priori, DHP, Partition, FP-Growth and Eclat are available for implementing association rules; the following criteria were defined for selecting the appropriate algorithm: database insert, computational cost, performance and execution time. The development of a software tool is also presented which involved the CRISP-DM approach; this software tool was formed by the following four sub-modules: data pre-processing, data-mining, re-sults analysis and results application. The application design used three-layer architecture: presentation logic, business logic and service logic. Data warehouse design and algorithm design were included in developing this data-mining software tool. It was tested by using a FoodMart company database; the tests included performance, functionality and results’ validity, thereby allo-wing association rules to be found. The results led to concluding that using association rules as a data mining technique facilita-tes analysing volumes of information for B2C e-business services which represents a competitive advantage for those companies using Internet as their sales’ media.

Naranjo Cuervo Roberto Carlos; Sierra Martínez Luz Marina

2009-01-01

187

Herramienta software para el análisis de canasta de mercado sin selección de candidatos/ Software tool for analysing the family shopping basket without candidate generation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Actualmente en el entorno del comercio electrónico es necesario contar con herramientas que permitan obtener conocimiento útil que brinde soporte a la toma de decisiones de marketing; para ello se necesita de un proceso que utiliza una serie de técnicas para el procesamiento de los datos, entre ellas se encuentra la minería de datos, que permite llevar a cabo un proceso de descubrimiento de información automático. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar la técni (more) ca de reglas de asociación como la adecuada para descubrir cómo compran los clientes en una empresa que ofrece un servicio de comercio electrónico tipo B2C, con el fin de apoyar la toma de decisiones para desarrollar ofertas hacia sus clientes o cautivar nuevos. Para la implementación de las reglas de asociación existe una variedad de algoritmos como: A priori, DHP, Partition, FP-Growth y Eclat y para seleccionar el más adecuado se define una serie de criterios (Danger y Berlanga, 2001), entre los que se encuentran: inserciones a la base de datos, costo computacional, tiempo de ejecución y rendimiento, los cuales se analizaron en cada algoritmo para realizar la selección. Además, se presenta el desarrollo de una herramienta software que contempla la metodología CRISP-DM constituida por cuatro submódulos, así: Preprocesamiento de datos, Minería de datos, Análisis de resultados y Aplicación de resultados. El diseño de la aplicación utiliza una arquitectura de tres capas: Lógica de presentación, Lógica del Negocio y Lógica de servicios; dentro del proceso de construcción de la herramienta se incluye el diseño de la bodega de datos y el diseño de algoritmo como parte de la herramienta de minería de datos. Las pruebas hechas a la herramienta de minería de datos desarrollada se realizaron con una base de datos de la compañía FoodMart3. Estas pruebas fueron de: rendimiento, funcionalidad y confiabilidad en resultados, las cuales permiten encontrar reglas de asociación igualmente. Los resultados obtenidos facilitaron concluir, entre otros aspectos, que las reglas de asociación como técnica de minería de datos permiten analizar volúmenes de datos para servicios de comercio electrónico tipo B2C, lo cual es una ventaja competitiva para las empresas. Abstract in english Tools leading to useful knowledge being obtained for supporting marketing decisions being taken are currently needed in the ecommerce environment. A process is needed for this which uses a series of techniques for data-processing; data-mining is one such technique enabling automatic information discovery. This work presents the association rules as a suitable technique for discovering how customers buy from a company offering business to consumer (B2C) e-business, aimed a (more) t supporting decision-making in supplying its customers or capturing new ones. Many algorithms such as A priori, DHP, Partition, FP-Growth and Eclat are available for implementing association rules; the following criteria were defined for selecting the appropriate algorithm: database insert, computational cost, performance and execution time. The development of a software tool is also presented which involved the CRISP-DM approach; this software tool was formed by the following four sub-modules: data pre-processing, data-mining, results analysis and results application. The application design used three-layer architecture: presentation logic, business logic and service logic. Data warehouse design and algorithm design were included in developing this data-mining software tool. It was tested by using a FoodMart company database; the tests included performance, functionality and results? validity, thereby allowing association rules to be found. The results led to concluding that using association rules as a data mining technique facilitates analysing volumes of information for B2C e-business services which represents a competitive advantage for those companies using Internet as their sales? media.

Naranjo Cuervo, Roberto Carlos; Sierra Martínez, Luz Marina

2009-04-01

188

2nd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS (ICES 2006) 8-10 May 2006,  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The 2nd International Conference on Electrical Systems (ICES 2006) was held 810 May 2006 at Larbi Ben M’Hidi University, Oum El-Bouaghi, Algeria. This conference provides opportunities for professional engineers, particularly young engineers, from both industry and academia to share ideas, explore recent developments, current practices and future trends in all aspects of electrical systems and related fields. ICES 2006 was of similar standing to the previous conference (PCSE’05) by the high quality of the presentations, the technical content of the papers, and the number of delegates attending. As in PCSE’05, it had a broad theme, covering all aspects of electrical power engineering, and was attended by academics, researchers, consultants and members of the manufacturing and electrical Supply industries. During the sessions, 86 papers selected from 300 uploads from 13 countries were debated.

Tarek Bouktir

2006-01-01

189

Simultaneous vibrant soundbridge implantation and 2nd stage auricular reconstruction for microtia with aural atresia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aural atresia and severe microtia are associated malformations that result in problems with hearing and cosmesis, associated speech and language difficulties and diminished self-esteem. In cases where middle ear ossiculoplasty and aural atresia canalplasty are expected to give poor hearing outcomes that would eventually require the use of hearing aids, bone anchored hearing aids or active middle ear implants may be better options. This case report describes a simultaneous Vibrant Soundbridge implantation and 2nd stage auricular reconstruction with rib graft cartilage for an 11-year-old boy with grade III microtia and aural atresia 8 months after the 1st stage reconstruction. Audiometric results of the Vibrant Soundbridge aided ear were comparable to that of the contralateral hearing aid aided ear.

Lynne Hsueh Yee Lim; Ling Xiang; Jocelynne del Prado; Ee Ling Chin; Millo Achille Beltrame

2011-01-01

190

Danish translation and adaptation of Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment 2nd Edition (LOTCA-II).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To translate and adapt the English version of the Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment 2nd Edition (LOTCA-II) to Danish. METHOD: The translation process followed the overall guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) with forward translation, expert panel discussion, pre-tests and interviews with patients and laymen, and back-translation. RESULTS: The translation was successful and minor corrections and adaptations were made. In total three versions were produced before the final Danish version LOTCA-II/D was drafted. CONCLUSIONS: The Danish version of LOTCA-II was successfully translated and adapted based on the WHO guidelines. Before implementation in clinical practice further research of the reliability and validity of the LOTCA-II/D are needed.

Lund K; Oestergaard LG; Maribo T

2013-07-01

191

Book Review: The Communicating Leader: The key to strategic alignment (2nd Ed)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Title: The Communicating Leader: The key to strategic alignment (2nd Ed) Author: Gustav Puth Publisher: Van Schaik Publishers Reviewer: XC Birkenbach The aim of the book according to the author, is "meant to be a usable tool, an instrument in the toolbox of the real leader and leadership student". The book is written in conversational style (as intended by the author) and the 219 pages of the 10 chapters are logically packaged into three parts. While the main emphasis is naturally on leadership and communication, the coverage includes topics typically encountered in Organisational Behaviour or Management texts, e.g., organizational culture, managing change, motivation, conflict management and strategic management.

X. C. Birkenbach

2003-01-01

192

Knowledge grows when shared : The Launch of OpenAIRE, 2nd December in Ghent  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Knowledge is one of the few commodities that don’t devalue when used. Actually knowledge grows when shared and the free online access to peer-reviewed scientific publications is a potent ingredient the process of sharing. The sharing of knowledge is facilitated by the Open Access Movement. However Open Access is much more than downloading the PDF. Vice President of the European Commission and European Digital Agenda Commissioner Neelie Kroes boldly presented this message in the Opening Session of the OpenAIRE launch. On the 2nd December 2010 the official launch of OpenAIRE the European infrastructure for Open Access was launched in Ghent, Belgium. This project and initiative is facilitating the success of the Open Access Pilot in FP7 as presented earlier in this journal. In this brief article I will present some of the most interesting issues that were discussed during the first session of the day.

Elbæk, Mikael Karstensen

2010-01-01

193

analysis and implementation of reactor protection system circuits - case study Egypt's 2 nd research reactor-  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

this work presents a way to design and implement the trip unit of a reactor protection system (RPS) using a field programmable gate arrays (FPGA). instead of the traditional embedded microprocessor based interface design method, a proposed tailor made FPGA based circuit is built to substitute the trip unit (TU), which is used in Egypt's 2 nd research reactor ETRR-2. the existing embedded system is built around the STD32 field computer bus which is used in industrial and process control applications. it is modular, rugged, reliable, and easy-to-use and is able to support a large mix of I/O cards and to easily change its configuration in the future. therefore, the same bus is still used in the proposed design. the state machine of this bus is designed based around its timing diagrams and implemented in VHDL to interface the designed TU circuit.

2006-01-01

194

Black Hole Evaporation and Generalized 2nd Law with Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics  

CERN Document Server

In general, when a black hole evaporates, there arises a net energy flow from black hole into its outside environment due to Hawking radiation and energy accretion onto black hole. The existence of energy flow means that the thermodynamic state of the whole system, which consists of a black hole and its environment, is in a nonequilibrium state. To know the detail of evaporation process, the nonequilibrium effects of energy flow should be taken into account. The nonequilibrium nature of black hole evaporation is a challenging topic including issues of not only black hole physics but also nonequilibrium physics. Using the nonequilibrium thermodynamics which has been formulated recently, this report shows: (1) the self-gravitational effect of black hole which appears as its negative heat capacity guarantees the validity of generalized 2nd law without entropy production inside the outside environment, (2) the nonequilibrium effect of energy flow tends to shorten the evaporation time (life time) of black hole, an...

Saida, Hiromi

2007-01-01

195

Textile Tectonics : 2nd Ventulett Symposium, Georgia Tech University, School of Architecture, Atlanta, November 2008  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The meeting of architecture and textiles is a continuous but too often forgotten story of intimate exchange. However, the 2nd Ventulett Symposium hosted by the College of Architecture, within Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, was one of these precious moments celebrating such a marriage. Organized by Lars Spuybroeck, principal of Nox, Rotterdam, and current Thomas W. Ventulett III distinguished chair of Architectural Design, the event was embracing the textile tectonics as a core topic, praising textiles as the key component of architecture, relying on Gottfried Semper’s understanding of the discipline. Inspiring time gathering some of the most exciting architects of the moment, Lars Spuybroeck, Mark Burry, Evan Douglis, Michael Hensel and Cecil Balmond were invited to discuss their understanding of tectonics. Full text available at http://textilefutures.co.uk/exchange/bin/view/TextileFutures/TextileTectonics

Mossé, Aurélie

196

2. slovenski MoodleMoot = 2nd Slovenian MoodleMoot  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Moodle, an open source learning management system, is becoming widely used and recognised all over the world. Slovenian Moodle users have been participating and sharing their experience in the Moodle.si community since 2006. The initiator of the Moodle.si community – the Faculty of Management Koper organised the first Slovenian MoodleMoot Conference last year. The event was organised again in May 2008. The conference was organised by the Centre for E-Learning of the Faculty of Management Koper in co-operation with the Open Source Centre – Slovenia, Artesia and the National School for Leadership in Education. This paper presents the 2nd International Moodle.si Conference.

Viktorija Sulcic

2008-01-01

197

2nd Response to "Feasibility of 3D reconstruction from a single 2D diffraction measurement"  

CERN Document Server

We present our 2nd response to Thibault's commentary article [1] and his reply [2], in which he commented upon our ankylography paper [3] and our 1st response [4]. In this article, we further explain why we think Thibault's theoretical analysis is flawed and his interpretation of our experiment is incorrect. Furthermore, we provide a quantitative analysis and a numerical experiment to illustrate why ankylography can in principle be applicable to general samples. Finally, we present detailed procedures for our numerical experiment on ankylographic reconstructions, which uses the traditional HIO algorithm only with the positivity constraint [5]. We welcome anyone (including Thibault) interested in ankylography to perform numerical experiments and verify our results. We will be very happy to provide any help if needed.

Miao, Jianwei

2009-01-01

198

2nd symposium on materials research 1991. Papers and posters. Vol. 3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the '2nd symposium on materials research' the technological status of the Federal Republic was to be documented and balanced in the area of the new materials. Through overview lectures and subject-related lectures, results of fundamental research up to practical material developments are introduced. In the first volume, the polymers and metals topic circles are discussed; in the second volume, the ceramic materials, composites as well as the measurement technology, the testing method and analysis engineering; and in the third volume thin film technology and tribology. This was followed by a poster presentation (286 posters) on the subject of ceramic materials, powder metallurgy, high temperature and special materials, composites and new polymers. (MM).

1991-01-01

199

Production of artificial ionospheric layers by frequency sweeping near the 2nd gyroharmonic  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Artificial ionospheric plasmas descending from the background F-region have been observed on multiple occasions at the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) facility since it reached full 3.6 MW power. Proximity of the transmitter frequency to the 2nd harmonic of the electron gyrofrequency (2fce) has been noted as a requirement for their occurrence, and their disappearance after only a few minutes has been attributed to the increasing frequency mismatch at lower altitudes. We report new experiments employing frequency sweeps to match 2fce in the artificial plasmas as they descend. In addition to revealing the dependence on the 2fce resonance, this technique reliably produces descending plasmas in multiple transmitter beam positions and appears to increase their stability and lifetime. High-speed ionosonde measurements are used to monitor the altitude and density of the artificial plasmas during both the formation and decay stages.

T. Pedersen; M. McCarrick; B. Reinisch; B. Watkins; R. Hamel; V. Paznukhov

2011-01-01

200

Proceedings of the 2nd seminar of R and D on advanced ORIENT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 2nd Seminar of R and D on advanced ORIENT was held at Ricotte, on November 7th, 2008, Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The first meeting of this seminar was held on Oarai, Ibaraki on May, 2008, and more than fifty participants including related researchers and general public people were attended to this seminar. The second seminar has headed by Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, JAEA on Tokai, Ibaraki with 63 participants. Spent nuclear fuel should be recognized not only mass of radioactive elements but also potentially useful materials including platinum metals and rare earth elements. Taking the cooperation with universities related companies and research institutes, into consideration, we aimed at expanding and progressing the basic researches. This report records abstracts and figures submitted from the oral speakers in this seminar. (author)

2008-11-07

 
 
 
 
201

A search for heavily obscured AGN in the 2nd Palermo BAT survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

The 2nd Palermo BAT Catalogue, derived from the first 54 months of survey, contains 1256 sources, and is the largest collection of hard X-ray emitters produced till now, providing the possibility of population studies on large samples of sources. We are using the 2PBC sample of extragalactic objects to study their spectral properties, focusing on their obscuration characteristic. Combining the Swift XRT (0.2-10 keV) and Swift-BAT(15-150 keV) spectra of the sources in this sample, we are able to identify some Compton thick or heavily absorbed sources, to study their broadband spectral properties, and how their distribution fit in the current X-ray background models.

La Parola, Valentina; Cusumano, Giancarlo; Segreto, Alberto

2012-07-01

202

AGN physics - A search for heavily obscured AGN in the 2nd Palermo BAT survey  

Science.gov (United States)

The 2nd Palermo BAT Catalogue, derived from the first 54 months of survey, contains 1256 sources, and is the largest collection of hard X-ray emitters produced till now, providing the possibility of population studies on large samples of sources. We are using the 2PBC sample of extragalactic objects to study their spectral properties, focusing on their obscuration characteristic. Combining the Swift XRT (0.2-10 keV) and Swift-BAT(15-150 keV) spectra of the sources in this sample, we are able to identify some Compton thick or heavily absorbed sources, to study their broadband spectral properties, and how their distribution fit in the current X-ray background models.

La Parola, Valentina

2012-09-01

203

Comparative evaluation of results in the combined radiotherapy of patients with cervix cancer of 2 nd and 3 rd stages  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Better treatment results on combined radiotherapy of patients with cervix cancer of 2 nd and 3 rd stages by mobile and unmoved irradiation methods from outward and inward irradiation using 'Agat B' were shown. 87,0 per cent of patients with cervix cancer of the 2 nd stage and 70,2 per cent of the 3 rd stage treated by this method have chances on survival for more than 4 years. Comparing to the other methods it decreased cystitis complication by 19,1 per cent and rectum complication by 20,0 per cent after afterloading. (Translated by J.U. 7 tabs.,).

1992-01-01

204

Open3DGRID : An open-source software aimed at high-throughput generation of molecular interaction fields (MIFs)  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Description Open3DGRID is an open-source software aimed at high-throughput generation of molecular interaction fields (MIFs). Open3DGRID can generate steric potential, electron density and MM/QM electrostatic potential fields; furthermore, it can import GRIDKONT binary files produced by GRID and CoMFA/CoMSIA fields (exported from SYBYL with the aid of a small SPL script). High computational performance is attained through implementation of parallelized algorithms for MIF generation. Most prominent features in Open3DGRID include: •Seamless integration with OpenBabel, PyMOL, GAUSSIAN, FIREFLY, GAMESS-US, TURBOMOLE, MOLDEN, Molecular Discovery GRID •Multi-threaded computation of MIFs (both MM and QM); support for MMFF94 and GAFF force-fields with automated assignment of atom types to the imported molecular structures •Human and machine-readable text output, integrated with 3D maps in several formats to allow visualization of results in PyMOL, MOE, Maestro and SYBYL •User-friendly interface toall major QM packages (e.g. GAUSSIAN, FIREFLY, GAMESS-US, TURBOMOLE, MOLDEN), allows calculation of QM electron density and electrostatic potential 3D maps from within Open3DGRID •User-friendly interface to Molecular Discovery GRID to compute GRID MIFs from within Open3DGRID Open3DGRID is controlled through a command line interface; commands can be either entered interactively from a command prompt or read from a batch script. If PyMOL is installed on the system while Open3DGRID is being operated interactively, the setup of 3D grid computations can be followed in real time on PyMOL's viewport, allowing to tweak grid size and training/test set composition very easily. The main output is arranged as human-readable plain ASCII text, while a number of additional files are generated to store data and to export the results of computations for further analysis and visualization with third party tools. In particular, Open3DGRID can export 3D maps for visualization in PyMOL, MOE, Maestro and SYBYL. Open3DGRID is written in C; while pre-built binaries are available for mainstream operating systems (Windows 32/64-bit, Linux 32/64-bit, Solaris x86 32/64-bit, FreeBSD 32/64-bit, Intel Mac OS X 32/64-bit), source code is portable and can be compiled under any *NIX platform supporting POSIX threads. The modular nature of the code allows for easy implementation of new features, so that the core application can be customized to meet individual needs. A detailed ChangeLog is kept to keep track of the additions and modifications during Open3DGRID's development.

Tosco, Paolo; Balle, Thomas

205

A Flexible Software Framework for Magnetic Measurements at CERN a Prototype for the new Generation of Rotating Coils  

CERN Document Server

A new software platform named FFMM (Flexible Framework for Magnetic Measurements) is under development at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in cooperation with the University of Sannio. The FFMM is aimed at facing the new test requirements arising after the production series of the Large Hadron Collider magnets. In particular, the basic concepts of the FFMM, its architecture, and the experimental implementation of a demonstrator are illustrated in order to show how the quality requirements of software flexibility and scalability are met.

Arpaia, P; Inglese, V; Spiezia, G

2007-01-01

206

An open-source software tool for the generation of relaxation time maps in magnetic resonance imaging  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, T1, T2 and T2* relaxation times represent characteristic tissue properties that can be quantified with the help of specific imaging strategies. While there are basic software tools for specific pulse sequences, until now there is no universal software program available to automate pixel-wise mapping of relaxation times from various types of images or MR systems. Such a software program would allow researchers to test and compare new imaging strategies and thus would significantly facilitate research in the area of quantitative tissue characterization. Results After defining requirements for a universal MR mapping tool, a software program named MRmap was created using a high-level graphics language. Additional features include a manual registration tool for source images with motion artifacts and a tabular DICOM viewer to examine pulse sequence parameters. MRmap was successfully tested on three different computer platforms with image data from three different MR system manufacturers and five different sorts of pulse sequences: multi-image inversion recovery T1; Look-Locker/TOMROP T1; modified Look-Locker (MOLLI) T1; single-echo T2/T2*; and multi-echo T2/T2*. Computing times varied between 2 and 113 seconds. Estimates of relaxation times compared favorably to those obtained from non-automated curve fitting. Completed maps were exported in DICOM format and could be read in standard software packages used for analysis of clinical and research MR data. Conclusions MRmap is a flexible cross-platform research tool that enables accurate mapping of relaxation times from various pulse sequences. The software allows researchers to optimize quantitative MR strategies in a manufacturer-independent fashion. The program and its source code were made available as open-source software on the internet.

Messroghli Daniel R; Rudolph Andre; Abdel-Aty Hassan; Wassmuth Ralf; Kühne Titus; Dietz Rainer; Schulz-Menger Jeanette

2010-01-01

207

Proceedings of the 2nd International Arctic Ungulate Conference, Fairbanks, Alaska, 13-17 Aug 1995: Issue No. 2  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This issue of the proceedings of AUC 1995 is the 2nd of four issues. Issues 1, 3 and 4 are found respectively in Rangifer 1996, 16 (2): 49-92; 1997, 17 (3): 10-138 ; 1998, 18 (3-4): 99-154. A list of contents of the four proceedings issues is found in the latter proceedings issue.

Rolf Egil Haugerud (editor)

1997-01-01

208

Arterial pressure waveform derived cardiac output FloTrac/Vigileo system (third generation software): comparison of two monitoring sites with the thermodilution cardiac output.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study was conducted to study the effect of monitoring site, radial or femoral, for arterial pressure waveform derived cardiac output using FloTrac/Vigileo system with third generation software version 3.02 during cardiac surgery. The cardiac output derived from the two sites was also compared to the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) derived cardiac output to reevaluate the relation between them using the newer software. The effect of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was also studied by doing the sub analysis before and after bypass. Forty patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled in the study. Cardiac output derived from radial artery (RADCO), femoral artery (FEMCO) using FloTrac/Vigileo system with third generation software version 3.02 and cardiac output using pulmonary artery catheter (PACCO) at predefined nine time points were recorded. Three hundred and forty two cardiac output data triplets were analysed. The Bland-Altman analysis of RADCO and FEMCO revealed a mean bias of -0.28 with percentage error of 20%. The pre CPB precision of both RADCO and FEMCO was 1.25 times as that of PACCO. The post CPB precision of FEMCO was 1.2 times of PACCO while that of RADCO was 1.7 times of PACCO. The third generation of FloTrac/Vigileo system shows good correlation between the radial and femoral derived cardiac outputs in both pre and post bypass periods. The newer software correlates better to PAC derived cardiac output in the post bypass period for femoral artery than radial artery.

Vasdev S; Chauhan S; Choudhury M; Hote MP; Malik M; Kiran U

2012-04-01

209

The 2nd and 3rd lower molars development of in utero gamma irradiated mouse fetus and neonates  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Pregnant mothers were irradiated by a single dose of gamma rays (0, 2, 4, 6 Gy cobalt 60) in the days 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 of pregnancy. The heads of the embryos, and those of the neonates were taken at consecutive intervals of irradiation, starting from 16 days of pregnancy till 3rd day after delivery. The effect of irradiation was investigated in the development of the 2nd and 3rd lower molars on serial tissue sections, within consecutive periods of their organogenesis. Irradiation led to growth-deficiency in the 2nd and 3rd molars, and causes delay in their development. This was observed in various degree depending on the dose, time of irradiation, and time after irradiation. This belated development was manifested in morphogenesis, histogenesis, and odontoblasts and ameloblastis cyto and functional differentiations. The study showed that the delay in the development-stages of the 2nd lower molar, under control, if compared with the same process, to which is exposed, the 1st lower molar - within two days difference - dose not diminish the later irradiation effect on the 2nd molar, when compared with the immediate irradiation effect in the 1st molar (demonstrated in a previous study by Osman and Al-Achkar, 2001). On the contrary, the present study showed that the 2nd lower molar is more radiosensitive to various doses than the 1st lower molar. Also it showed the irradiation with two doses 4 and 6 Gy leads to a delay in the formation of the 3rd lower molar's bud, and it does not go deeper beyond the lower molar. (Author)

2002-01-01

210

The Validity and Reliability of Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2nd Edition (DTVP-2).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

ABSTRACT The Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2nd edition (DTVP-2) is frequently used by occupational therapists to evaluate school-age children. It is important that therapists use assessments with established validity and reliability. This study investigated the convergent validity and internal consistency of the DTVP-2. Forty-five healthy participants from Australia, aged 6-12 years, completed the DTVP-2, the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration-6th edition (VMI), and the Test of Visual Perceptual Skills-3rd edition (TVPS-3). A Spearman rho correlation coefficient was used to investigate the DTVP-2's convergent validity and Cronbach alpha coefficients were used to determine the DTVP-2's internal consistency. Statistically significant correlations between the DTVP-2, VMI, and TVPS-3 total scale scores and subscale scores were found. Internal consistency of items for the DTVP-2, VMI, and TVPS-3 total scores was >0.80 and internal consistency of items for subscale scores was >0.70. The DTVP-2 exhibited evidence of convergent validity with the VMI and TVPS-3, and moderate to high levels of internal consistency.

Brown T; Hockey SC

2013-01-01

211

Proceedings of the 2nd CSNI Specialist Meeting on Simulators and Plant Analysers  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The safe utilisation of nuclear power plants requires the availability of different computerised tools for analysing the plant behaviour and training the plant personnel. These can be grouped into three categories: accident analysis codes, plant analysers and training simulators. The safety analysis of nuclear power plants has traditionally been limited to the worst accident cases expected for the specific plant design. Many accident analysis codes have been developed for different plant types. The scope of the analyses has continuously expanded. The plant analysers are now emerging tools intended for extensive analysis of the plant behaviour using a best estimate model for the whole plant including the reactor and full thermodynamic process, both combined with automation and electrical systems. The comprehensive model is also supported by good visualisation tools. Training simulators with real time plant model are tools for training the plant operators to run the plant. Modern training simulators have also features supporting visualisation of the important phenomena occurring in the plant during transients. The 2nd CSNI Specialist Meeting on Simulators and Plant Analysers in Espoo attracted some 90 participants from 17 countries. A total of 49 invited papers were presented in the meeting in addition to 7 simulator system demonstrations. Ample time was reserved for the presentations and informal discussions during the four meeting days. (orig.)

Tiihonen, O. [ed.] [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Energy Use

1999-07-01

212

Academic Training - 2nd Term: 08.01.2007 - 31.03.2007  

CERN Document Server

2006 - 2007 ACADEMIC TRAINING PROGRAMME 2nd Term : 08.01.2007 - 31.03.2007 LECTURE SERIES Applied Superconductivity by V. Palmieri, INFN, Padova, It. 17, 18, 19 January 11:00 -1200 - Auditorium, bldg. 500 String Theory for Pedestrians by B. Zwiebach, M.I.T. Cambridge, USA 29, 30, 31 January 11:00-12:00 - Auditorium, bldg. 500 on 29, 30 January TH Auditorium on 31 January Introduction to Supersymmetry by D. Kaplan, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA 12, 13, 14, 15 February 11:00-12:00 - Auditorium, bldg. 500 The Hunt for the Higgs Particle by F. Zwirner, University of Padova, It 27, 28 February, 1st March 11:00-12:00 - Auditorium, bldg. 500 From Evolution Theory to Parallel and Distributed Genetic Programming by F. Fernandez de Vega 15, 16, March 11:00-12:00 - Auditorium, bldg. 500 The lectures are open to all those interested, without application. The abstract of the lectures, as well as any change to the above information (title, dates, time, place etc.) will be published in the WWW, and ...

2006-01-01

213

Academic Training - 2nd Term: 08.01.2007 - 31.03.2007  

CERN Multimedia

2006 - 2007 ACADEMIC TRAINING PROGRAMME 2nd Term : 08.01.2007 - 31.03.2007 LECTURE SERIES Applied Superconductivity by V. Palmieri, INFN, Padova, It. 17, 18, 19 January 11:00 -1200 - Auditorium, Bldg 500 String Theory for Pedestrians by B. Zwiebach, M.I.T. Cambridge, USA 29, 30, 31 January 11:00-12:00 - Auditorium, Bldg 500 on 29, 30 January TH Auditorium on 31 January Introduction to Supersymmetry by D. Kaplan, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA 12, 13, 14, 15 February 11:00-12:00 - Auditorium, Bldg 500 The Hunt for the Higgs Particle by F. Zwirner, University of Padova, It 27, 28 February, 1st March 11:00-12:00 - Auditorium, Bldg 500 From Evolution Theory to Parallel and Distributed Genetic by F. Fernandez de Vega 15, 16, March 11:00-12:00 - Auditorium, Bldg 500 The lectures are open to all those interested, without application. The abstract of the lectures, as well as any change to the above information (title, dates, time, place etc.) will be published in the CERN bulletin, the WWW, an...

2006-01-01

214

??????????????????? Reservoir Characteristics of 2nd Member of Jialingjiang Formation in Fuchengzhai Structure of East Sichuan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????–??????–????????????????2?????1???????3?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Based on the core description, thin sections identification, and physical property data analysis, reservoir char- acteristics of 2nd member of Jialingjiang Formation in Fuchengzhai area, eastern Sichuan, are studied in detail. The results show that the rock types of T1j2 are limestone, dolostone and cream rock, and reservoir rocks are mainly crystal- line dolostone and grain dolostone. The combination analysis of casting thin sections and scanning electron microscopy shows that reservoir space mainly exists in secondary pores (inter-grain pore, intercrystal pore, inter-crystal dissolved pore) and fractures. The mass-properties analysis indicates that the reservoir property of T1j2 is poor, which belongs to fracture-pore and pore-fracture reservoir. Favourable reservoirs are mainly developed in T1j22, less in T1j21, and least in T1j23. Moreover, the reservoirs of T1j2 are mainly controlled by rock types, distributions of sedimentary facies, diagene- sis forms, tectonic actions, and so on, among which bank and tidal flat of dolomite are favourable reservoir facies, dis- solution and dolomization contribute to diagenesis, and microfractures shaped in tectonic activity are conducive to form the high quality reservoir and develop its permeability.

???; ??; ???; ???; ???; ??; ??

2013-01-01

215

User requirements and standards for PACS. 2nd Japan-Nordic PACS Symposium.  

Science.gov (United States)

PACS has been regarded as a system which will bring a new era to image handling, radiology departments and its services to other departments of the hospital. However, many recently held international conferences indicate that a worldwide consensus on 'what is PACS, why is PACS needed and who is PACS for' has not been established. Although the actual PACS implementation will vary among the countries and according to each situation, a worldwide consensus of PACS should be possible. This would help those involved to speed up the implementation of PACS. It is suggested that this consensus needs to be developed by convergence of three points of view; the availability, maturity and cost of the technologies on which PACS is built, the user requirements for PACS and standardization in PACS. These themes were the topics of the 2nd Japan-Nordic PACS Symposium which was arranged in Tampere, Finland, June 9-11th 1991. A summary of the papers and discussions of the symposium is produced in this paper. PMID:1356706

Saranummi, N; Akisada, M; Irie, G; Kiuru, A; Mattheus, R; Okabe, T; Olsson, S; Viitanen, J

1992-05-01

216

User requirements and standards for PACS. 2nd Japan-Nordic PACS Symposium.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PACS has been regarded as a system which will bring a new era to image handling, radiology departments and its services to other departments of the hospital. However, many recently held international conferences indicate that a worldwide consensus on 'what is PACS, why is PACS needed and who is PACS for' has not been established. Although the actual PACS implementation will vary among the countries and according to each situation, a worldwide consensus of PACS should be possible. This would help those involved to speed up the implementation of PACS. It is suggested that this consensus needs to be developed by convergence of three points of view; the availability, maturity and cost of the technologies on which PACS is built, the user requirements for PACS and standardization in PACS. These themes were the topics of the 2nd Japan-Nordic PACS Symposium which was arranged in Tampere, Finland, June 9-11th 1991. A summary of the papers and discussions of the symposium is produced in this paper.

Saranummi N; Akisada M; Irie G; Kiuru A; Mattheus R; Okabe T; Olsson S; Viitanen J

1992-05-01

217

Proceedings: 2nd IEA international workshop on beryllium technology for fusion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The 2nd IEA International Workshop on Beryllium Technology for Fusion was held September 6--8, 1995 at Jackson Lake Lodge, Wyoming. Forty-four participants took part in the workshop representing Europe, Japan, the Russian Federation, and the United States including representatives from both government laboratories and private industry. The workshop was divided into six technical sessions and a ''town meeting'' panel discussion. Technical sessions addressed the general topics of: Thermomechanical Properties; Manufacturing Technologies; Radiation Effects; Plasma/Tritium Interactions; Safety, Applications, and Design; and Joining and Testing. This volume contains the majority of the papers presented at the workshop. In some instances, the authors of the papers could not be present at the workshop, and the papers were given by others, sometimes in summary form and in some instances combined with others. The full papers are included here in the sequence in which they would have been given. In other instances, presentations were made but no papers were submitted for publication. Those papers do not appear here. In summary, the workshop was very successful. The main objectives of bringing key members of the fusion beryllium community together was certainly met. Forty-four participants registered, and 35 papers were presented. Individual papers are indexed separately on the energy data bases

1995-01-01

218

Generalized evaluation of flow losses in 2nd order analysis of regenerative cycles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Flow losses due to pressure drop do not only cause a loss of mechanical work but also affect the heat flows exchanged by a regenerative cycle, as the values of the p,V-integrals for the single cylinder volumes will be different from those obtained for ideal flow conditions, i.e. no pressure drop. As in 2nd order analysis the evaluation of the heat flows is primarily based on such ideal assumptions, additional corrections are required to account for the effects of flow dissipation. Although it is evident that the sum of these corrections must be equal to the loss of mechanical work, additional considerations are required to evaluate them separately. In this paper a generalized algorithm is presented which allows determination of these corrections for any valveless regenerative cycle, including more complex systems such as the Vuilleumier or the Duplex-Ericsson cycle. For this purpose, a systematic general description technique is introduced, which can handle even branched systems where the arrangement of the components is no longer linear. It is possible to generalize the equations of isothermal analysis, and on this basis a solution for the above problem is derived, assuming flow losses to be composed of a linear (laminar) and a square (turbulent) fraction. An example is used to demonstrate and discuss the results.

Kuehl, H.D.; Schulz, S.; Walther, C. [Univ. of Dortmund (Germany). Inst. of Thermodynamics

1995-12-31

219

Bypassing the Combinatorial Explosion: Using Similarity to Generate and Prioritize T-wise Test Suites for Large Software Product Lines  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Software Product Lines (SPLs) are families of products whose commonalities and variability can be captured by Feature Models (FMs). T-wise testing aims at finding errors triggered by all interactions amongst t features, thus reducing drastically the number of products to test. T-wise testing approac...

Henard, Christopher; Papadakis, Mike; Perrouin, Gilles; Klein, Jacques; Heymans, Patrick; Le Traon, Yves

220

Diva-Fit: A step-by-step manual for generating high-resolution graphs and histogram overlays of flow cytometry data obtained with FACSDiva software  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In recent years, flow cytometry has been revolutionized via the introduction of digital data acquisition and analysis tools that facilitate simultaneous investigation of ten or more parameters. At the same time, some data presentation tools offered by commercial suppliers have remained surprisingly “antiquated”. This leads to the ironic fact that high-quality data is often represented by poor-quality illustrations: namely pixelated plots. In particular, data obtained using FACSDiva software is frequently exported into figures as low-resolution pixel graphics resulting in low-quality images. Additionally, even the newest version, Diva_6.1.2, is still unable to generate histogram overlays, a popular and convincing tool for direct data comparison. We hereby present an easy and down-to-earth Diva-Figure-improvement toolbox (Diva-Fit), which facilitates the generation of high-resolution graphs based on data acquired with FACSDiva software. Moreover, Diva-Fit allows the easy removal of unwanted quadrant labels without impairing the quality of FACS plots. Finally, we show that Diva-Fit supports straightforward composition of histogram overlays. All software tools necessary are freely available. We believe that the proposed toolbox may be very useful for many researchers working with flow cytometry.

Kristoffer Weber; Boris Fehse

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Pod generated by Monte Carlo simulation using a meta-model based on the simSUNDT software  

Science.gov (United States)

A recent developed numerical procedure for simulation of POD is used to identify the most influential parameters and test the effect of their interaction and variability with different statistical distributions. With a multi-parameter prediction model, based on the NDT simulation software simSUNDT, a qualified ultrasonic procedure of personnel within Swedish nuclear power plants is investigated. The stochastical computations are compared to experimentally based POD and conclusions are drawn for both fatigue and stress corrosion cracks.

Persson, G.; Hammersberg, P.; Wirdelius, H.

2012-05-01

222

Re-fighting the 2nd Anglo-Boer War: historians in the trenches  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Some one hundred years ago, South Africa was tom apart by the 2nd Anglo- Boer War (1899-1902). The war was a colossal psychological experience fought at great expense: It cost Britain twenty-two thousand men and £223 million. The social, economic and political cost to South Africa was greater than the statistics immediately indicate: at least ten thousand fighting men in addition to the camp deaths, where a combination of indifference and incompetence resulted in the deaths of 27 927 Boers and at least 14 154 Black South Africans. Yet these numbers belie the consequences. It was easy for the British to 'forget' the pain of the war, which seemed so insignificant after the losses sustained in 1914-18. With a long history of far-off battles and foreign wars, the British casualties of the Anglo-Boer War became increasingly insignificant as opposed to the lesser numbers held in the collective Afrikaner mind. This impact may be stated somewhat more candidly in terms of the war participation ratio for the belligerent populations. After all, not all South Africans fought in uniform. For the Australian colonies these varied between 4½per thousand (New South Wales) to 42.3 per thousand (Tasmania). New Zealand 8 per thousand, Britain 8½ per thousand: and Canada 12.3 per thousand; while in parts of South Africa this was perhaps as high as 900 per thousand. The deaths and high South African participation ratio, together with the unjustness of the war in the eyes of most Afrikaners, introduced bitterness, if not a hatred, which has cast long shadows upon twentieth-century South Africa.

Ian Van der Waag

2012-01-01

223

Conference Report on the 2nd International Symposium on Lithium Applications for Fusion Devices  

Science.gov (United States)

The 2nd International Symposium on Lithium Applications for Fusion Devices (ISLA-2011) was held on 27-29 April 2011 at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) with broad participation from the community working on aspects of lithium research for fusion energy development. This community is expanding rapidly in many areas including experiments in magnetic confinement devices and a variety of lithium test stands, theory and modeling and developing innovative approaches. Overall, 53 presentations were given representing 26 institutions from 10 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were given in 24 presentations, from NSTX (PPPL, USA), LTX (PPPL, USA), FT-U (ENEA, Italy), T-11M (TRINITY, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST (ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), and RFX (Padova, Italy). Sessions were devoted to: I. Lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), II. Lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), III. Special session on liquid lithium technology, IV. Lithium laboratory test stands, V. Lithium theory/modeling/comments, VI. Innovative lithium applications and VII. Panel discussion on lithium PFC viability in magnetic fusion reactors. There was notable participation from the fusion technology communities, including the IFE, IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchanges with the physics oriented magnetic confinement lithium research groups. It was agreed to continue future exchanges of ideas and data to help develop attractive liquid lithium solutions for very challenging magnetic fusion issues, such as development of a high heat flux steady-state divertor concept and acceptable plasma disruption mitigation techniques while improving plasma performance with lithium. The next workshop will be held at ENEA, Frascati, Italy in 2013.

Ono, M.; Bell, M. G.; Hirooka, Y.; Kaita, R.; Kugel, H. W.; Mazzitelli, G.; Menard, J. E.; Mirnov, S. V.; Shimada, M.; Skinner, C. H.; Tabares, F. L.

2012-03-01

224

Archaeometric study of glass beads from the 2nd century BC cemetery of Numantia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent archaeologícalf ieldwork undertaken in the Celtiberian cremation necropolis of Numantia (Soria, Spain) has provided a group of glass beads from the 2nd century BC. Such glass beads were part, together with other metallic and ceramic items, of the offerings deposited with the dead. They are ring-shaped in typology and deep-blue, amber, or semitransparent white in colour. This paper reports results derived from the chemical and microstructural characterization carried out on a representative sample set of this group of beads. The main goal of the research was to find out about their production technology to explore their probable provenance. In addítion, corrosion mechanisms were also assessed to determine the influence of crematíon on the beads' structure. The resulting data suggest that these blue and amber beads were made using soda-lime silicate glass, whereas semi-transparent white ones were manufactured from alumino-silicate glass. It has also determined that some transition metal oxides were used as chromophores, as well as lead oxide for decoration.La reciente excavación de la necrópolis celtibérica de Numancia (Garray, Soria) ha permitido recuperar un conjunto de cuentas de vidrio del siglo II a.C. Las cuentas, junto con otros objetos de metaly cerámica, formaban parte de las ofrendas depositadas con el difunto, siendo de tipología anular y coloreadas en azul oscuro, ambar y blanco semitransparente. Este trabajo presenta los resultados obtenidos en la caracterización química y microestructural de una muestra representativa de este conjunto. El objetivo principal de la investigación consistió en recabar información sobre su tecnología de manufactura y evaluar su posible procedencia. Asimismo, también se investigaron sus mecanismos de corrosión para determinar si la cremación había inducido cambios en su estructura. Los resultados indican que las cuentas azules y ámbar se realizaron con vidrio de silicato sódico cálcico y las blancas semitransparentes con vidrio de aluminosilicato, utilizando óxidos de metales de transición como cromóforos y óxido de plomo para la decoración.

García Heras, Manuel; Rincoón López, Jesús M.; Jimeno Martínez, Alfredo; Villegas Broncano, María Angeles

2003-01-01

225

Evaluation of the noise generated by transformers in the vicinity of power substations: simulation software; Avaliacao do ruido de transformadores no entorno de SE`s: aplicativo de simulacao  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper presents a methodology and a software, developed with the Universidade de Sao Paulo, that simulates, from an Autocad drawing, the noise generated by transformers in the vicinity of substations. (author) 18 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Guaraldo, Newton J.; Monteiro, Carlos Lopes [Eletricidade de Sao Paulo SA, SP (Brazil); Saidel, Marco Antonio; Grimoni, Jose Aquiles Baesso [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Escola Politecnica. Dept. de Engenharia de Energia e Automacao Eletricas; Bistafa, Sylvio Reynaldo [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Escola Politecnica; Kiatake, Luis Gustavo

1997-12-31

226

[Re-operations for 2nd Primary Lung Cancer Detected During Follow-up after Lung Cancer Surgery].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Re-operations for 2nd primary lung cancers are one of the most challenging modality for thoracic surgeons. Surgeons should have knowledge of indication of re-operations as well as surgical techniques and perioperative management of patients with 2nd primary lung cancers. When performing repeated pulmonary resection on the same side of the 1st surgery, following points are important for accomplishment of a safe re-operation:1.Wide thoracotomy with muscle dissections is recommended. 2.Throughout adhesion lysis between lung parenchyma and surrounding structures are required before manipulating pulmonary vessels. 3.The main pulmonary artery is encircled before dissection of the pulmonary artery. 4.Surgeons should be familiar with intrapericardial exposure of the main pulmonary artery. The techniques consist of division of the ligament of arteriosum, incision of the pericardium, and encircle of the origin of the mail pulmonary. Re-operations for metachronous lung cancers provided favorable survival in patients with adequate physiologic pulmonary reserve.

Tsuchida M

2013-07-01

227

Differential contribution of specific working memory components to mathematics achievement in 2nd and 3rd graders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The contribution of the three core components of working memory (WM) to the development of mathematical skills in young children is poorly understood. The relation between specific WM components and Numerical Operations, which emphasize computation and fact retrieval, and Mathematical Reasoning, which emphasizes verbal problem solving abilities in 48 2nd and 50 3rd graders was assessed using standardized WM and mathematical achievement measures. For 2nd graders, the central executive and phonological components predicted Mathematical Reasoning skills; whereas the visuo-spatial component predicted both Mathematical Reasoning and Numerical Operations skills in 3rd graders. This pattern suggests that the central executive and phonological loop facilitate performance during early stages of mathematical learning whereas visuo-spatial representations play an increasingly important role during later stages. We propose that these changes reflect a shift from prefrontal to parietal cortical functions during mathematical skill acquisition. Implications for learning and individual differences are discussed.

Meyer ML; Salimpoor VN; Wu SS; Geary DC; Menon V

2010-04-01

228

Chronic post-traumatic headache--a clinical analysis in relation to the International Headache Classification 2nd Edition.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The clinical presentation of chronic post-traumatic headache in 53 patients from a highly specialized headache clinic was analysed and classified according to the diagnostic criteria of the primary headaches in The International Headache Classification 2nd Edition, and compared with the 1st Edition. All patients fulfilled the criteria for both editions indicating that the restrictions in the 2nd Edition have no major influence on the prevalence in specialized clinics. We found the phenomenology to be very heterogeneous, but the vast majority (77%) of patients presented with headache resembling chronic tension-type headache, either as the only manifestation or in combination with migraine symptoms. For the first time episodic tension-type headache is described as occurring after head trauma. The prevalence of coexisting analgesic overuse was 42% and the treatment outcome for these patients was just as favourable as in primary headaches, whereas the time-consuming multidisciplinary treatment demonstrated only very modest results.

Baandrup L; Jensen R

2005-02-01

229

What do 2nd and 10th Graders Have in Common? Worms and Technology: Using Technology to Collaborate Across Boundaries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article is about the collaboration between two classrooms that enabled a second grade class to participate in a high school biology class. Through the use of modern video conferencing equipment, Mrs. Culbert, with the help of the Dalton State College Educational Technology Training Center (ETTC), set up a live, two way video and audio feed of the lab, across town, to Mrs. Patty Culver’s 2nd grade classroom.

Patti Culver; Angie Culbert; Judy McEntyre; Patrick Clifton; Donna F. Herring; Charles E. Notar

2009-01-01

230

Polythermal of solubility of Mg(NO3)2-Nd(NO3)3-H2O system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Phase equilibria in the system magnesium nitrateneodymium nitrate-water have been studied by isothermal method at 25, 50 and 65 deg C. Formation of ternary compound 3Mg(NO3)2x2Nd(NO3)3x24H2O has been detected. The individual character of magnesium-neodymium nitrate has been confirmed by chemical and X-ray phase method of analysis. 11 refs.; 2 tabs.

1996-01-01

231

On possibility of low-threshold two-plasmon decay instability in 2nd harmonic ECRH experiments at toroidal devices  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The effects of the parametric decay of the 2nd harmonic X-mode into two short wave-length UH plasmons propagating in opposite directions is considered. The possibility of the absolute instability excitation is demonstrated in the case of the density profile possessing local maximum slightly exceeding the UH resonance value. The threshold of the absolute instability is shown to be substantially smaller than that provided by the standard theory for monotonous density profile.

Gusakov E. Z.; Popov A.Yu.

2012-01-01

232

[Bleeding complication from the elephant trunk graft at the 2nd stage operation of the total aortic replacement].  

Science.gov (United States)

We described a rare complication that occurred during the 2nd stage of a total aortic replacement. The patient was a 72-year-old male who presented with type B acute aortic dissection complicated by distal arch aneurysm. Following the replacement of the total arch aorta with an elephant trunk graft (22 mm Gelweave graft), the descending and abdominal aorta enlarged rapidly. After about 3 months, he was scheduled for the 2nd operation. Through the 8th intercostal space and under partial cardiopulmonary bypass, the descending and the abdominal aorta was replaced with a 20 mm Gelweave-Coselli graft. The 12th intercostal artery, celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and bilateral renal arteries were reconstructed. During the operation, severe bleeding began from the entire elephant trunk graft. After heparin neutralization and a massive transfusion of blood, fresh frozen plasma, and platelet-rich plasma, the bleeding was controlled. However, paraplegia occurred probably because of severe intraoperative hypotension. Careful attention should be paid during the 2nd stage of an elephant trunk operation. PMID:20533734

Fukumura, Yoshiaki; Osumi, Masahiro; Matsueda, Takashi; Kurushima, Atsushi; Otani, Takashi

2010-06-01

233

[Bleeding complication from the elephant trunk graft at the 2nd stage operation of the total aortic replacement].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We described a rare complication that occurred during the 2nd stage of a total aortic replacement. The patient was a 72-year-old male who presented with type B acute aortic dissection complicated by distal arch aneurysm. Following the replacement of the total arch aorta with an elephant trunk graft (22 mm Gelweave graft), the descending and abdominal aorta enlarged rapidly. After about 3 months, he was scheduled for the 2nd operation. Through the 8th intercostal space and under partial cardiopulmonary bypass, the descending and the abdominal aorta was replaced with a 20 mm Gelweave-Coselli graft. The 12th intercostal artery, celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and bilateral renal arteries were reconstructed. During the operation, severe bleeding began from the entire elephant trunk graft. After heparin neutralization and a massive transfusion of blood, fresh frozen plasma, and platelet-rich plasma, the bleeding was controlled. However, paraplegia occurred probably because of severe intraoperative hypotension. Careful attention should be paid during the 2nd stage of an elephant trunk operation.

Fukumura Y; Osumi M; Matsueda T; Kurushima A; Otani T

2010-06-01

234

MYOB software for dummies  

CERN Document Server

Your complete guide to MYOB® AccountRight softwareNow in its seventh edition, MYOB® Software For Dummies walks you through everything you need to know, from starting your MYOB® file from scratch and recording payments and receipts, to tracking profit and analysing sales. This new edition includes all the information you need on the new generation of MYOB® AccountRight software, including the new cloud computing features. Set up MYOB® software - understand how to make it work the first time Keep track of purchases and sales - monitor customer accounts and ensure you get pai

Curtis, Veechi

2012-01-01

235

COTS software selection process.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Today's need for rapid software development has generated a great interest in employing Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) software products as a way of managing cost, developing time, and effort. With an abundance of COTS software packages to choose from, the problem now is how to systematically evaluate, rank, and select a COTS product that best meets the software project requirements and at the same time can leverage off the current corporate information technology architectural environment. This paper describes a systematic process for decision support in evaluating and ranking COTS software. Performed right after the requirements analysis, this process provides the evaluators with more concise, structural, and step-by-step activities for determining the best COTS software product with manageable risk. In addition, the process is presented in phases that are flexible to allow for customization or tailoring to meet various projects' requirements.

Watkins, William M. (Strike Wire Technologies, Louisville, CO); Lin, Han Wei; McClelland, Kelly (U.S. Security Associates, Livermore, CA); Ullrich, Rebecca Ann; Khanjenoori, Soheil; Dalton, Karen; Lai, Anh Tri; Kuca, Michal; Pacheco, Sandra; Shaffer-Gant, Jessica

2006-05-01

236

Sequence comparative analysis using networks: software for evaluating de novo transcript assembly from next-generation sequencing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

DNA sequencing technology is becoming more accessible to a variety of researchers as costs continue to decline. As researchers begin to sequence novel transcriptomes, most of these data sets lack a reference genome and will have to rely on de novo assemblers. Making comparisons across assemblies can be difficult: each program has its strengths and weaknesses, and no tool exists to comparatively evaluate these data sets. We developed software in R, called Sequence Comparative Analysis using Networks (SCAN), to perform statistical comparisons between distinct assemblies. SCAN uses a reference data set to identify the most accurate de novo assembly and the "good" transcripts in the user's data. We tested SCAN on three publicly available transcriptomes, each assembled using three assembly programs. Moreover, we sequenced the transcriptome of the oomycete Achlya hypogyna and compared de novo assemblies from Velvet, ABySS, and the CLC Genomics Workbench assembly algorithms. One thousand one hundred twenty-eight of the CLC transcripts were statistically similar to the reference, compared with 49 of the Velvet transcripts and 937 of the ABySS transcripts. SCAN's strength is providing statistical support for transcript assemblies in a biological context. However, SCAN is designed to compare distinct node sets in networks, therefore it can also easily be extended to perform statistical comparisons on any network graph regardless of what the nodes represent.

Misner I; Bicep C; Lopez P; Halary S; Bapteste E; Lane CE

2013-08-01

237

Transient and equilibrium cycle characteristics on Paks uprated power units with 2nd generation of Gadolinia fuel  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A power up rating project actually in progress on PAKS NPP units in Hungary. Nominal power of Unit 4 and 1 has already increased to 1485 MWt h (500 MW e), it is the 108% of former nominal power. In order to provide economic fuel cycle on up rated power, Paks tends to introduce higher enriched fuel. The fuel has modified geometry offered by fuel vendor, the pin wise enrichment profile is slightly modified according to Paks requirements. Actually the safety analysis works of modified fuel introduction are going on. In frame of this work the transient cycle containing 'old' and modified fuel and the new equilibrium cycles are determined. The main features of transient and equilibrium cycles are introduced in this report. The calculations has been made by modified C-PORCA code taking into account different length of new and old fuel. The cross section libraries are prepared by HELIOS (Authors)

2007-01-01

238

Evaluation of 2nd generation flue gas conditioning for hot-side and cold-side ESPs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

New and emerging regulations such as PM2.5 and restrictions on emission of air toxics have created a demand for new technologies to reduce the emissions of fine particles from large industrial sources. ADA Environmental Solutions, LLC (ADA-ES) has commercialized a family of proprietary, flue gas conditioning agents to provide utilities and industries with a cost-effective means of complying with environmental regulations on particulate emissions and opacity. The phosphate-based flue gas conditioning additives decrease particle resistivity and improve the performance of ESPs with resistivity related performance problems. In addition, the new additives are effective on a wide range of coal-ash chemistries, which allows the utility flexibility to select the most economical coal. Finally, this technology is effective in applications where conventional SO{sub 3} flue gas conditioning does not work such as hot-side ESPs and cold-side ESPs that operate above 375 degrees F. Based upon performance and economic criteria, ADA-ES expects to fill the following niches for improving performance of ESPs: (1) All hot-side ESPs and warm-side ({gt}350 degrees F) ESPs; (2) Cold-side ESPs with difficult to collect ash, such as those collecting ash from PRB coal; (3) Older units with limited operating life remaining; (4) ESP's that annually only need conditioning on an intermittent basis; and (5) Units that burn several coals with only a few that cause problems. This paper provides a summary of the relevant experience gained from the use of the ADA-ES conditioning technology at several different sites. Laboratory tests are presented which help explain the performance observed at some sites. In addition, a description of the development and the latest results from full-scale trials with an improved version of the product, ADA-34, are presented.

Durham, M.D.; Bustard, C.J.; Baldrey, K.E.; Martin, C.E.; Jackson, D.W.; Lindsey, C.V.; Millar, T.J.

1999-07-01

239

Software Testing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Software goes through a cycle of software development stages. A software is envisioned, created, evaluated, fixed and then put to use. To run any software consistently without any failure/bug/error, the most important step is to test the software. This paper points various types of software testing(manual and automation), various software testing techniques like black box, white box, gray box, sanity, functional testing etc. and software test life cycle models (V-model and W-model). This paper tries to solve the misconceptions of those who think that testing is to be done only after the coding phase, but in reality it is to be associated with each and every phase of software life cycle models.

Sarbjeet Singh; Sukhvinder singh; Gurpreet Singh

2010-01-01

240

Powerplant software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Powerplants need software to thrive and compete. Covered here are many programs and applications -- an overview of the functions, tasks, and problem-solving software is used for today. Software or, more accurately, software-driven systems are pervasive. Their presence is felt in every nook and cranny of the powerplant -- from design and construction through operation and maintenance, even dismantling and decommissioning -- embracing whole systems but also focusing on individual pieces of equipment. No one software supplier or two or three dominates -- powerplant software is the purview of scores if not hundreds of suppliers ranging from the largest corporations to individual consultants and application developers.

Elliott, T.C.

1995-07-01

 
 
 
 
241

Information gained by recent concentration research in the 2nd main expert's opinion of the monopoly commission  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The author presents the contents of the 2nd expert's opinion according to which the concepts of low efficiency of large companies and high efficiency of small and medium-sized undertakings are not absolutely valid. He discusses the 'concentration trend' of the sixties and the reaction to it. According to the monopoly commission, large companies play an important role in the process of industrial growth. On the other hand, large companies tend to rule the market and thus to cause a loss of economic freedom which cannot be accepted without supervision.

Baur, J.F.

1980-01-01

242

Ability of the Third-Generation FloTrac/Vigileo Software to Track Changes in Cardiac Output in Cardiac Surgery Patients: A Polar Plot Approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of the third-generation (3.01) of FloTrac/Vigileo monitor (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) to follow variations in cardiac output (?CO) using the new polar plot approach. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study. SETTING: Single hospital university study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients referred for cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: CO was measured simultaneously by 3 to 5 bolus thermodilution (COtd measurements), using a pulmonary artery catheter and by arterial pulse contour analysis, using the FloTrac/Vigileo (COvi). Data were collected at eight time points: before incision, after sternotomy, before and after protamine sulfate infusion, at the start of sternal closure, at the end of surgery, on arrival to intensive care unit, and after a standardized volume expansion with 500 mL of hetastarch 6%. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: One-hundred thirty-five pairs of CO data were collected; the mean bias of all CO measurements corrected for repeated measures was 0.2 L/min with limits of agreements of -3.3 L/min and +2.9 L/min. The percentage error was 66.5%. The polar plot analysis included 71 significant ?CO and showed a mean polar angle of -3.4 degrees with 95% polar percentage error equivalent limits of -61 to 55; 69% of analysed data points fell within the 30-degree limits and provided a correct polar concordance rate. CONCLUSIONS: Third-generation FloTrac/Vigileo software still lacks the accuracy to reliably detect changes in cardiac output (?CO) in cardiac surgery. Improvements to FloTrac/Vigileo CO algorithm and software still are needed in this particular setting.

Desebbe O; Henaine R; Keller G; Koffel C; Garcia H; Rosamel P; Obadia JF; Bastien O; Lehot JJ; Haftek M; Critchley LA

2013-09-01

243

LABScreen Software  

Science.gov (United States)

... LABScreen Software. Applicant: One Lambda, Inc. 510(k) number: BK050008. Product: LABScreen Software. Date: 07/08/2005. -. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

244

GENII (Generation II): The Hanford Environmental Radiation Dosimetry Software System: Volume 3, Code maintenance manual: Hanford Environmental Dosimetry Upgrade Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Hanford Environmental Dosimetry Upgrade Project was undertaken to incorporate the internal dosimetry models recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) in updated versions of the environmental pathway analysis models used at Hanford. The resulting second generation of Hanford environmental dosimetry computer codes is compiled in the Hanford Environmental Dosimetry System (Generation II, or GENII). This coupled system of computer codes is intended for analysis of environmental contamination resulting from acute or chronic releases to, or initial contamination of, air, water, or soil, on through the calculation of radiation doses to individuals or populations. GENII is described in three volumes of documentation. This volume is a Code Maintenance Manual for the serious user, including code logic diagrams, global dictionary, worksheets to assist with hand calculations, and listings of the code and its associated data libraries. The first volume describes the theoretical considerations of the system. The second volume is a Users' Manual, providing code structure, users' instructions, required system configurations, and QA-related topics. 7 figs., 5 tabs.

Napier, B.A.; Peloquin, R.A.; Strenge, D.L.; Ramsdell, J.V.

1988-09-01

245

Determination of Conceptions of Secondary 10th Grade Students About Torque, Angular Momentum and Kepler’s 2nd Law  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Prior knowledge that students have can be compatible with scientific facts or it can be a learning disability different from the scientific facts. So it is important to reveal students' prior knowledge and to determine their ideas that are not compatible with scientific information. In this study, it has been aimed to reveal the prior knowledge of 133 tenth grade students about torque, conservation of angular momentum and Kepler's 2nd law. Students taking place in the sample have not taken formal education about these concepts yet and their ideas may be naive. The students have been asked three open-ended questions whose study of validity and reliability has been carried out. While it is seen that students gave answers consistent with the scientific facts about the torque concept, none of the answers given by students about the conservation of angular momentum and Kepler's 2nd law is included in the category of scientific answer. Students have been encountered the most common type of alternative answers for both of these concepts. In the teaching of this concept and law, students' prior knowledge conflicting with the scientific ideas should be considered, that is to say, teaching should be organized to include conceptual change.

Ayberk Bostan Sar?o?lan; Hüseyin Küçüközer

2013-01-01

246

Multi-atom resonant photoemission and the development of next-generation software and high-speed detectors for electron spectroscopy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This dissertation has involved the exploration of a new effect in photoelectron emission, multi-atom resonant photoemission (MARPE), as well as the development of new software, data analysis techniques, and detectors of general use in such research. We present experimental and theoretical results related to MARPE, in which the photoelectron intensity from a core level on one atom is influenced by a core-level absorption resonance on another. We point out that some of our and others prior experimental data has been strongly influenced by detector non-linearity and that the effects seen in new corrected data are smaller and of different form. Corrected data for the MnO(001) system with resonance between the O 1s and Mn 2p energy levels are found to be well described by an extension of well-known intraatomic resonant photoemission theory to the interatomic case, provided that interactions beyond the usual second-order Kramers-Heisenberg treatment are included. This theory is also found to simplify under certain conditions so as to yield results equivalent to a classical x-ray optical approach, with the latter providing an accurate and alternative, although less detailed and general, physical picture of these effects. Possible future applications of MARPE as a new probe of near-neighbor identities and bonding and its relationship to other known effects are also discussed. We also consider in detail specially written data acquisition software that has been used for most of the measurements reported here. This software has been used with an existing experimental system to develop the method of detector characterization and then data correction required for the work described above. The development of a next generation one-dimensional, high-speed, electron detector is also discussed. Our goal has been to design, build and test a prototype high-performance, one-dimensional pulse-counting detector that represents a significant advancement in detector technology and is well matched to modern high-brightness synchrotrons radiation sources and high-transmission electron-energy analyzers as typically used in photoelectron spectroscopy experiments. The general design of the detector and the results of initial tests are discussed and the acquisition of photoelectron spectra with the first test detector is described.

2000-01-01

247

Multi-atom resonant photoemission and the development of next-generation software and high-speed detectors for electron spectroscopy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This dissertation has involved the exploration of a new effect in photoelectron emission, multi-atom resonant photoemission (MARPE), as well as the development of new software, data analysis techniques, and detectors of general use in such research. We present experimental and theoretical results related to MARPE, in which the photoelectron intensity from a core level on one atom is influenced by a core-level absorption resonance on another. We point out that some of our and others prior experimental data has been strongly influenced by detector non-linearity and that the effects seen in new corrected data are smaller and of different form. Corrected data for the MnO(001) system with resonance between the O 1s and Mn 2p energy levels are found to be well described by an extension of well-known intraatomic resonant photoemission theory to the interatomic case, provided that interactions beyond the usual second-order Kramers-Heisenberg treatment are included. This theory is also found to simplify under certain conditions so as to yield results equivalent to a classical x-ray optical approach, with the latter providing an accurate and alternative, although less detailed and general, physical picture of these effects. Possible future applications of MARPE as a new probe of near-neighbor identities and bonding and its relationship to other known effects are also discussed. We also consider in detail specially written data acquisition software that has been used for most of the measurements reported here. This software has been used with an existing experimental system to develop the method of detector characterization and then data correction required for the work described above. The development of a next generation one-dimensional, high-speed, electron detector is also discussed. Our goal has been to design, build and test a prototype high-performance, one-dimensional pulse-counting detector that represents a significant advancement in detector technology and is well matched to modern high-brightness synchrotrons radiation sources and high-transmission electron-energy analyzers as typically used in photoelectron spectroscopy experiments. The general design of the detector and the results of initial tests are discussed and the acquisition of photoelectron spectra with the first test detector is described.

Kay, Alexander William

2000-09-01

248

Software Complexity Methodologies & Software Security  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is broadly clear that complexity is one of the software natural features. Software natural complexity and software requirement functionality are two inseparable part and they have special range. measurement complexity have explained with using the MacCabe and Halsted models and with an example discuss about software complexity in this paper Flow metric information Henry and Kafura, complexity metric system Agresti-card-glass, design metric in item’s level have compared and peruse then categorized object oriented and present a model with 4 level of software complexity, we can create a decent understanding of software security best practices that can be practically applied and make a big impact on the software security problem.

Masoud Rafighi; Nasser Modiri

2011-01-01

249

Software Engineering” is Engineering  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Determine that "Software Engineering" is engineering, is an issue that generates discussion in many universities in which, by decades, computer science programs have used the term to describe individual courses and claim it as part of their discipline. However, some engineering faculties demand it as a new and necessary specialty between traditional engineering disciplines. This article analyzed the differences between Computer Science and "Software Engineering" as engineering and is argued the necessity of a program in this last that follow the traditional engineering approach looking for a professional formation of software engineers.

Edgar Serna M.

2011-01-01

250

Software Radio  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to provide an overview on rapidly growing technology in the radio domain which overcomes the drawbacks suffered by the conventional analog radio. This is the age of Software radio – the technology which tries to transform the hardware radio transceivers into smart programmable devices which can fit into various devices available in today’s rapidly evolving wireless communication industry. This new technology has some or the entire physical layer functions software defined. All of the waveform processing, including the physical layer, of a wireless device moves into the software. An ideal Software Radio provides improved device flexibility, software portability, and reduced development costs. This paper tries to get into the details of all this. It takes one through a brief history of conventional radios, analyzes the drawbacks and then focuses on the Software radio in overcoming these short comings.

Varun Sharma; Yadvinder Singh Mann

2010-01-01

251

Petroleum software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A conference was held to present information on software and software implementation as it relates to the petroleum industry. The focus of the conference was on integration of information systems, with a view to promoting involvement of industry executives. Papers were presented in the areas of general criteria for evaluating software, exploration systems, financial management systems, production information systems, future computer technologies, and the use of computer technology to disseminate information. Separate abstracts have been prepared for 15 papers from this conference.

1986-01-01

252

CaF2:Mn thermoluminescence: a single glow peak not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The thermoluminescence (TL) of CaF2:Mn has been studied using photon counting and digital recording. For doses of 10 rad or less the TL glow curves appear to consist of a single glow peak. However, there are indications - which are pronounced at larger doses - that one additional low intensity peak (area less than or equal to one percent) is superimposed on each side of the central peak. The intense peak is not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics but is well described by the more general kinetics from which these kinetics are derived. These observations, and the results of additional kinetic analysis, demonstrate that retrapping is not negligible and may include all three peaks. In such systems, which are likely to include other dosimeter materials and minerals, peak height will not increase linearly with dose; an important factor for dosimetry and dating applications

1984-09-01

253

Technical reference document for the 2nd edition of AGA Report No. 8. Topical report, June 1992-March 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Natural gas compressibility factor data which are consistent with new pressure volume temperature (PVT) reference data have been used to determine the uncertainty of the DETAIL and GROSS characterization methods which are outlined in the 2nd edition of American Gas Association (AGA) Report No. 8 as well as International Standards Organization (ISO) 12213. Inside the custody transfer region (0-12 MPa and 265-335 K), both methods show uncertainties in the compressibility factor of less than 0.1% for unblended natural gases. This is within the experimental uncertainty of the best available data. For natural gas mixtures outside the custody transfer region (0-30 MPa), the DETAIL method generally predicts compressibility factors with an uncertainty of less than 0.1%.

Savidge, J.L.; Beyerlein, S.W.; Lemmon, E.W.

1995-03-01

254

Use of 2nd and 3rd Level Correlation Analysis for Studying Degradation in Polycrystalline Thin-Film Solar Cells  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The correlation of stress-induced changes in the performance of laboratory-made CdTe solar cells with various 2nd and 3rd level metrics is discussed. The overall behavior of aggregated data showing how cell efficiency changes as a function of open-circuit voltage (Voc), short-circuit current density (Jsc), and fill factor (FF) is explained using a two-diode, PSpice model in which degradation is simulated by systematically changing model parameters. FF shows the highest correlation with performance during stress, and is subsequently shown to be most affected by shunt resistance, recombination and in some cases voltage-dependent collection. Large decreases in Jsc as well as increasing rates of Voc degradation are related to voltage-dependent collection effects and catastrophic shunting respectively. Large decreases in Voc in the absence of catastrophic shunting are attributed to increased recombination. The relevance of capacitance-derived data correlated with both Voc and FF is discussed.

Albin, D. S.; del Cueto, J. A.; Demtsu, S. H.; Bansal, S.

2011-03-01

255

The 2nd campaign of Pohang No. 2 B.F. and its relining plan for the 3rd campaign  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Pohang No. 2 blast furnace will be relined on April 1997. This project will spend 105 days in preparation for the next campaign. Pohang No. 2 blast furnace started all-coke consuming operation from the birth of the 2nd campaign, and started PCI operation 10 years later in 1993 in pursuit of energy-saving and cut-down manufacturing cost. However, in 1994, the furnace condition got worse than ever before due to unbalanced gas flow in the blast furnace. The main reason was that worn-out refractories disturbed the gas flow in the upper shaft wall area. There was no choice but to repair the worn-out refractories by castable gunning with pre-inserted supporting bars (POSCO-originated). The paper describes the process.

Lee, Y. [POSCO, Pohang (Korea, Republic of). Ironmaking Dept.

1997-12-31

256

[Near-infrared fluorescence and energy transfer in Sr2SiO4 : Eu2+, Nd3+].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sr2 SiO4 : Eu2+ , Nd3+ was synthesized by solid state synthesis method, and the sensitization of Nd3+ near-infrared luminescence by Eu2+ was investigated. The characteristic near-infrared luminescence of Nd2+ in Sr2 SiO4 matrix was greatly enhanced by co-doping of Eu2+. The mechanism of energy transfer from Eu2+ to Nd3+ was analyzed through investigation of fluorescence excitation and emission spectra, and fluorescence lifetime. Excited Eu2+ (II) transfers energy effectively to Nd3+ through non-radiative energy transfer process in Sr2SiO4, resulting in greatly enhanced near-infrared luminescence of Nd3+, while sensitization of Nd3+ by Eu2+ (I) was achieved by the way of Eu2+ (II). PMID:21428052

Yang, Li-Li; Wan, Wen-Jiao; Li, Jin-Qing; Meng, Jian-Xin

2011-01-01

257

[Near-infrared fluorescence and energy transfer in Sr2SiO4 : Eu2+, Nd3+].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sr2 SiO4 : Eu2+ , Nd3+ was synthesized by solid state synthesis method, and the sensitization of Nd3+ near-infrared luminescence by Eu2+ was investigated. The characteristic near-infrared luminescence of Nd2+ in Sr2 SiO4 matrix was greatly enhanced by co-doping of Eu2+. The mechanism of energy transfer from Eu2+ to Nd3+ was analyzed through investigation of fluorescence excitation and emission spectra, and fluorescence lifetime. Excited Eu2+ (II) transfers energy effectively to Nd3+ through non-radiative energy transfer process in Sr2SiO4, resulting in greatly enhanced near-infrared luminescence of Nd3+, while sensitization of Nd3+ by Eu2+ (I) was achieved by the way of Eu2+ (II).

Yang LL; Wan WJ; Li JQ; Meng JX

2011-01-01

258

The 2nd DBCLS BioHackathon: interoperable bioinformatics Web services for integrated applications.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The interaction between biological researchers and the bioinformatics tools they use is still hampered by incomplete interoperability between such tools. To ensure interoperability initiatives are effectively deployed, end-user applications need to be aware of, and support, best practices and standards. Here, we report on an initiative in which software developers and genome biologists came together to explore and raise awareness of these issues: BioHackathon 2009. RESULTS: Developers in attendance came from diverse backgrounds, with experts in Web services, workflow tools, text mining and visualization. Genome biologists provided expertise and exemplar data from the domains of sequence and pathway analysis and glyco-informatics. One goal of the meeting was to evaluate the ability to address real world use cases in these domains using the tools that the developers represented. This resulted in i) a workflow to annotate 100,000 sequences from an invertebrate species; ii) an integrated system for analysis of the transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) enriched based on differential gene expression data obtained from a microarray experiment; iii) a workflow to enumerate putative physical protein interactions among enzymes in a metabolic pathway using protein structure data; iv) a workflow to analyze glyco-gene-related diseases by searching for human homologs of glyco-genes in other species, such as fruit flies, and retrieving their phenotype-annotated SNPs. CONCLUSIONS: Beyond deriving prototype solutions for each use-case, a second major purpose of the BioHackathon was to highlight areas of insufficiency. We discuss the issues raised by our exploration of the problem/solution space, concluding that there are still problems with the way Web services are modeled and annotated, including: i) the absence of several useful data or analysis functions in the Web service "space"; ii) the lack of documentation of methods; iii) lack of compliance with the SOAP/WSDL specification among and between various programming-language libraries; and iv) incompatibility between various bioinformatics data formats. Although it was still difficult to solve real world problems posed to the developers by the biological researchers in attendance because of these problems, we note the promise of addressing these issues within a semantic framework.

Katayama T; Wilkinson MD; Vos R; Kawashima T; Kawashima S; Nakao M; Yamamoto Y; Chun HW; Yamaguchi A; Kawano S; Aerts J; Aoki-Kinoshita KF; Arakawa K; Aranda B; Bonnal RJ; Fernández JM; Fujisawa T; Gordon PM; Goto N; Haider S; Harris T; Hatakeyama T; Ho I; Itoh M; Kasprzyk A; Kido N; Kim YJ; Kinjo AR; Konishi F; Kovarskaya Y; von Kuster G; Labarga A; Limviphuvadh V; McCarthy L; Nakamura Y; Nam Y; Nishida K; Nishimura K; Nishizawa T; Ogishima S; Oinn T; Okamoto S; Okuda S; Ono K; Oshita K; Park KJ; Putnam N; Senger M; Severin J; Shigemoto Y; Sugawara H; Taylor J; Trelles O; Yamasaki C; Yamashita R; Satoh N; Takagi T

2011-01-01

259

TESTING FOR OBJECT ORIENTED SOFTWARE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with design and development of an automated testing tool for Object Oriented Software. By an automated testing tool, we mean a tool that automates a part of the testing process. It can include one or more of the following processes: test strategy eneration, test case generation, test case execution, test data generation, reporting and logging results. By object-oriented software we mean a software designed using OO approach and implemented using a OO language. Testing of OO software is different from testing software created using procedural languages. Severalnew challenges are posed. In the past most of the methods for testing OO software were just a simple extension of existing methods for conventional software. However, they have been shown to be not very appropriate. Hence, new techniques have been developed. This thesis work has mainly focused on testing design specifications for OO software. As described later, there is a lack of specification-based testing tools for OO software. An advantage of testing software specifications as compared to program code is that specifications aregenerally correct whereas code is flawed. Moreover, with software engineering principles firmly established in the industry, most of the software developed nowadays follow all the steps of Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). For this work, UML specifications created in Rational Rose are taken. UML has become the de-factostandard for analysis and design of OO software. Testing is conducted at 3 levels: Unit, Integration and System. At the system level there is no difference between the testing techniques used for OO software and other software created using a procedural language, and hence, conventional techniques can be used. This tool provides features for testing at Unit (Class) level as well as Integration level. Further a maintenance-level component has also been incorporated. Results of applying this tool to sample Rational Rose files have been ncorporated, and have been found to be satisfactory.

Jitendra S. Kushwah; Mahendra S. Yadav

2011-01-01

260

Synthesis and superconductivity of a new 1222-type Tl-based layered cuprate (Tl, Nb) Sr2(Nd, Ce)2Cu2Oz  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Synthesis and superconductivity of a new 1222-type layered cuprate (Tl1-xNbx) Sr2(ND1-yCey)2Cu2Oz have been studied. The structure of this cuprate is directly related to that of Nb-1222 NbSr2(Nd, Ce)2Cu2Oz with tetragonal body-center lattice. Partial substitution of Tl for Nb in Nb-1222 phase improves its superconductivity. (Tl1-xNbx) Sr2(Nd0.75Ce0.25)2Cu2Oz samples prepared by the typical procedure exhibit superconductivity with Tc of 30-40 K. Effects of Tl and Nb on superconductivity of this cuprate are briefly discussed. (orig.)

1993-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Software Engineering for Tagging Software  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tagging is integrated into web application to ease maintenance of large amount of information stored in aweb application. With no mention of requirement specification or design document for tagging software,academically or otherwise, integrating tagging software in a web application is a tedious task. In thispaper, a framework has been created for integration of tagging software in a web application. Theframework follows the software development life cycle paradigms and is to be used during it differentstages. The requirement component of framework presents a weighted requirement checklist that aids theuser in deciding requirement for the tagging software in a web application, from among popular ones. Thedesign component facilitates the developer in understanding the design of existing tagging software,modifying it or developing a new one. Also, the framework helps in verification and validation of taggingsoftware integrated in a web application.

Karan Gupta; Anita Goel

2013-01-01

262

LIDAR using fundamental and 2nd harmonic Nd-laser light  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The features of a LIDAR system based on a frequency-doubled Neodymium YAG Laser are presented. With a diagnostic set-up using simultaneously the fundamental wavelength and the frequency doubled output of the laser, a broad range of temperatures is accessible, making the diagnostic system feasible not only for the bulk plasma but for the outer regions as well. Advantage can be taken of the different polarisations of the two wavelengths generated by the Neodymium laser, the detection system can then be divided into two different detection paths, one for high and the other for low temperatures. Based on the expected plasma parameters of a next step experiment the proposed performance of such a system is simulated. The advantages of a two wavelength system are discussed and a lay-out for a feasible diagnostic system for a next step machine is presented. (author). 6 refs, 10 figs, 2 tabs

1991-01-01

263

Operation of Finnish nuclear power plants. Quarterly report, 2nd quarter 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Quarterly Reports on the operation of Finnish nuclear power plants describe events and observations relating to nuclear and radiation safety which the Finnish Centre for Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK) considers safety significant. Safety improvements at the plants are also described. The report also includes a summary of the radiation safety of plant personnel and of the environment and tabulated data on the plants` production and load factors. In the second quarter of 1996, the Finnish nuclear power plant units were in power operation except for the annual maintenance outages of TVO plant units and the Midsummer shutdown at TVO II which was due to low electricity demand, a turbine generator inspection and repairs. The load factor average of all plant units was 88.9 %. Events in the second quarter of 1996 were classified level 0 on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES).

Sillanpaeae, T. [ed.

1996-11-01

264

The stages of development a healthy way of life of senior pupils in native pedagogy (2nd part of XX century)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The stages of formation and development the problem of healthy way of life of senior pupils were defined in native pedagogy of 2nd part of XX century. The peculiarities of forming healthy way of life of senior pupils at every stage were analysed and disclosed. The contribution of native scientific and pedagogues of the 2nd part of XX century in solution of the problem of forming healthy way of life of senior pupils were determined. On the investigated stages were defined the imperfections that prevent progressive development of healthy way of life of senior pupils.

Iermakova T.S.

2010-01-01

265

COLAS Program Generator and Program Generator Generator.  

Science.gov (United States)

The manual describes the use of two tools for the development of software: the COLAS Program Generator (CPG), which generates the complete control part of programs for interactive use from a specification of the user interaction. In addition the specifica...

J. J. P. van Hulzen

1988-01-01

266

Computer software profiles  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Computer software applicable to the petroleum and natural gas industry provided by various software producers are described. Thirty software packages from ten producing organizations are reviewed. The software packages cover a wide range of topics, including software to aid in planning for borehole stability, lost circulation, fracturing and sand production risk assessment; exploration, drilling, completion and production applications; production and cash flow forecasting, and capital cost management. Other packages deal with the evaluation of various well performance issues; coalbed methane development or reservoir analysis; the creation of gas pipeline, wellbore, and reservoir deliverability models used to optimize both existing and proposed gas gathering systems; analysis of production rates and pressure; and regulatory compliance report generation. Also included in the survey is a software package that provides access to a history database of test data on over 300,000 wells in Alberta and BC, and other information technology products for reservoir simulation, information lifecycle solutions, production system design and analysis, wellsite monitoring and control system, and software that provides an integrated geological and engineering solution to the 3D characterization, mapping and visualization of reservoirs.

Anon

2004-03-01

267

Report of 2nd workshop on particle process. A report of the Yayoi study meeting  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In Nuclear Engineering Research Laboratory, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo, a short term research named Yayoi Research Group, as a joint application research work of nuclear reactor (Yayoi) and electron Linac in Japan, has been held more than 10 times a year. This report is arranged the summaries of 'Research on Particle Method', one of them, held on August 7, 1996. As named 'Particle Method' here, the method explaining and calculating the fluids and powders as a group of particles is more suitable for treating a problem with boundary face and a large deformation of the fluids on comparison with the conventional method using lattice, which is more expectable in future development. In this report, the following studies are contained; 1) Stress analysis without necessary of element breakdown, 2) Local interpolation differential operator method and nonstructural lattice, 3) Selforganized simulation of the dynamical construction, 4) A lattice BGK solution of laminar flow over a background facing step, 5) Numerical analysis of solid-gas two phase flow using discrete element method, 6) Application of flow analysis technique to power generation plant equipments, 7) Corrision wave captured flow calculation using the particle method, and 8) Analysis of complex problem on thermal flow using the particle (MPS) method. (G.K.)

1996-08-07

268

Effect of Software Manager, Programmer and Customer over Software Quality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Several factors might be affecting the quality of software products. In this study we focus on three significant parameters: software manager, programmer and the customer. Our study demonstrates that the quality of product will improve by increasing the information generated by these three parameters. These parameters can be considered as triangular which the quality is its centroid. In this perspective, if the triangular be equilateral, then the optimum quality of the product will beachieved. In other words, to generate high quality software, the ability of software manager, programmer and customer must be same. Subsequently, only a manager or only an expert programmer, and with a software aware customer cannot be a guarantee to the high quality of the software products.

Ghrehbaghi Farhad; Mehdi Afzali; Mahdi Bazerghan; Morteza Ramazani

2013-01-01

269

Software requirements  

CERN Multimedia

Without formal, verifiable software requirements-and an effective system for managing them-the programs that developers think they've agreed to build often will not be the same products their customers are expecting. In SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS, Second Edition, requirements engineering authority Karl Wiegers amplifies the best practices presented in his original award-winning text?now a mainstay for anyone participating in the software development process. In this book, you'll discover effective techniques for managing the requirements engineering process all the way through the development cy

Wiegers, Karl E

2003-01-01

270

Incretinas, incretinomiméticos, inhibidores de DPP IV: (2ª parte)/ Incretins, Incretinmimetics, Inhibitors (2nd part)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En los últimos años se reconoce un nuevo mecanismo involucrado en la fisiopatología de la Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2: el déficit de producción y/o acción de las incretinas. Las incretinas son enterohormonas que estimulan la secreción de insulina en respuesta a la ingesta de nutrientes. Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP1) y Polipéptido insulinotrópico glucosa dependiente (GIP) son las principales incretinas descubiertas hasta hoy. Ambas presentan también efecto trófico (more) sobre las células beta de los islotes pancreáticos. GLP-1 presenta otras acciones como son la inhibición de la secreción de glucagón, enlentecimiento del vaciamiento gástrico e inhibición del apetito. Ambas incretinas son rápidamente clivadas por la enzima dipeptidil peptidasa 4 (DPP-4). Nuevas drogas como los incretinomiméticos, análogos y los inhibidores de DPP-4 se presentan como una terapéutica prometedora para los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2. Conflicto de intereses: Dr. León Litwak - Miembro del Board Latinoamericano de Eli Lilly y Sanofi Aventis - Miembro del Board Nacional de los laboratorios Novo Nordisk, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi Aventis, Boheringer Ingelheim, Bristol Myers, Astra Zeneca - Investigador principal de protocolos pertenecientes a Eli Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKline, Takeda, PPDF, Pfizer, Merck Sharp and Dôhme, Amger, Roche, Minimed, Quintiles - Conferencista de los laboratorios mencionados. Abstract in english Two main pathophysiological mechanisms are currently involved in Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), insulin resistance and impairment of beta cell function. However, in recent years a new mechanism was reported: a significant decrease in incretins production and/or action. Incretins are gastrointestinal hormones whose main action is stimulating insulin secretion in response to nutrients. The best known incretins are glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and Gastric insulinotropic peptide (more) (GIP). GLP-1 and GIP not only increase insulin secretion, but also decrease glucagon secretion, slow gastric emptying and reduce apetite, generating weight loss. Both incretins are rapidly clived by the enzyme dipeptidil peptidase 4 (DPP4). In order to emulate incretins action, several drugs were developed: GLP-1 receptor agonists, GLP-1 mimetics, and DPP4 inhibitors. All of them seem to became a very promising tool for the treatment of T2DM. Financial Interests: Dr. León Litwak - Member of the Latin American Board of Eli Lilly and Sanofi Aventis - Member of the National Board of the following laboratories: Novo Nordisk, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKlein Sanofi, Aventis, Boheringer Ingelheim, Bristol Myers, Astra Zeneca - Principal Investigator of Protocols from: Eli Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKlein, Takeda, PPDF, Pfizer, Merck Sharp and Dôhme, Amgen, Roche, Minimed, Quintiles - Lecturer for the former laboratories.

Bayón, Claudia; Barriga, Mercedes Araceli; Litwak, León

2010-09-01

271

Incretinas, incretinomiméticos, inhibidores de DPP IV: (2ª parte) Incretins, Incretinmimetics, Inhibitors (2nd part)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En los últimos años se reconoce un nuevo mecanismo involucrado en la fisiopatología de la Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2: el déficit de producción y/o acción de las incretinas. Las incretinas son enterohormonas que estimulan la secreción de insulina en respuesta a la ingesta de nutrientes. Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP1) y Polipéptido insulinotrópico glucosa dependiente (GIP) son las principales incretinas descubiertas hasta hoy. Ambas presentan también efecto trófico sobre las células beta de los islotes pancreáticos. GLP-1 presenta otras acciones como son la inhibición de la secreción de glucagón, enlentecimiento del vaciamiento gástrico e inhibición del apetito. Ambas incretinas son rápidamente clivadas por la enzima dipeptidil peptidasa 4 (DPP-4). Nuevas drogas como los incretinomiméticos, análogos y los inhibidores de DPP-4 se presentan como una terapéutica prometedora para los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2. Conflicto de intereses: Dr. León Litwak - Miembro del Board Latinoamericano de Eli Lilly y Sanofi Aventis - Miembro del Board Nacional de los laboratorios Novo Nordisk, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi Aventis, Boheringer Ingelheim, Bristol Myers, Astra Zeneca - Investigador principal de protocolos pertenecientes a Eli Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKline, Takeda, PPDF, Pfizer, Merck Sharp and Dôhme, Amger, Roche, Minimed, Quintiles - Conferencista de los laboratorios mencionados.Two main pathophysiological mechanisms are currently involved in Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), insulin resistance and impairment of beta cell function. However, in recent years a new mechanism was reported: a significant decrease in incretins production and/or action. Incretins are gastrointestinal hormones whose main action is stimulating insulin secretion in response to nutrients. The best known incretins are glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and Gastric insulinotropic peptide (GIP). GLP-1 and GIP not only increase insulin secretion, but also decrease glucagon secretion, slow gastric emptying and reduce apetite, generating weight loss. Both incretins are rapidly clived by the enzyme dipeptidil peptidase 4 (DPP4). In order to emulate incretins action, several drugs were developed: GLP-1 receptor agonists, GLP-1 mimetics, and DPP4 inhibitors. All of them seem to became a very promising tool for the treatment of T2DM. Financial Interests: Dr. León Litwak - Member of the Latin American Board of Eli Lilly and Sanofi Aventis - Member of the National Board of the following laboratories: Novo Nordisk, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKlein Sanofi, Aventis, Boheringer Ingelheim, Bristol Myers, Astra Zeneca - Principal Investigator of Protocols from: Eli Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKlein, Takeda, PPDF, Pfizer, Merck Sharp and Dôhme, Amgen, Roche, Minimed, Quintiles - Lecturer for the former laboratories.

Claudia Bayón; Mercedes Araceli Barriga; León Litwak

2010-01-01

272

Software Engineering  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Software components (routines), to be widely applicable to different machines and users, should be available infamilies arranged according to precision, robustness, generality and timespace performance. Existing sources of components-- manufacturers, software houses, users' groups and algorithm collections -- lack the breadth of interest orcoherence of purpose to assemble more than one or two members of such families, yet software production in the largewould be enormously helped by the availability of spectra of high quality routines, quite as mechanical design is abettedby the existence of families of structural shapes, screws or resistors. The talk will examine the kinds of variabilitynecessary in software components, ways of producing useful inventories, types of components that are ripe for suchstandardization, and methods of instituting pilot production.

273

Aggiornamento software  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sul calcolatore parallelo HP Exemplar SPP2000 X-Class sono state installate le nuove versioni di alcuni prodotti di software applicativo. Se ne dà notizia, rimandando alle pagine WWW CILEA per maggiori dettagli.

N. Fornasari

1998-01-01

274

Mass Loss from Red Giants in 2nd-Parameter Globular Clusters: The Ages of M3 and M13  

Science.gov (United States)

Previously, we reported the first precise (10%) N-band photometry for red giants in the Galactic globular clusters (GCs) M3 and M13. These data are sensitive to the infrared emission from dusty circumstellar material. We found a difference in the infrared excesses between the red giants observed in M3 and M13, and suggested that mass loss, and not cluster age, was the likely 2nd parameter that affects the stellar populations in these GCs. We report here on our subsequent analysis and interpretation of this problem. 2 of 17 stars observed have large infrared excesses, and this is consistent with the ratio of the number of asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars to red giant branch (RGB) stars near the maximum luminosity of red giants in GCs. The AGB stars lose mass more prolifically because mass-loss rates are inversely proportional to mass (as predicted theoretically and found empirically), and because AGB stars have lower masses than RGB stars in GCs (about 0.55 and 0.75 solar masses, respectively). Higher mass-loss rates yield larger infrared excesses from condensing dust. The AGB and RGB stars observed in M3 provide a key calibration between mass and infrared excess. The infrared excesses of the RGB stars in M3 and M13 thus imply masses of 0.75 and 0.70, and ages of 11.4 and 12.7 Gyr, respectively. This age difference may be the 2nd parameter. Although not yet rigorously quantitative, this analysis demonstrates a new way to estimate GC ages based on mass loss. Data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation. Support of this work has also been provided by the National Research Council.

Alves, D. R.; Cook, K. H.; Wishnow, E.

2004-12-01

275

Freedom and Slavery in Early Islamic Time (1st/7th and 2nd/8th centuries)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article focuses on two topics: the presumption of freedom in the “literary period” (from the 8th century on) and the question of enslavement, sale, bondage or self-dedition of free persons in the “pre-literary period” (7th and 8th centuries). Based on the assumption that the legal practice in Late Antiquity influenced the discussions of the early Muslim jurists I will try to reconstruct the legal discourse of the 1st/7th and 2nd/ 8th centuries and to show that this discourse comprised interesting legal opinions with regard to the sale of children, debt-bondage and the legal position of foundlings. In the legal literature which emerged from the 2nd/8th century the jurists did not, as one would expect, deal intensively with the topic. Thus there is, as will be shown, a certain inconsistency between the lively and controversial discourse in the “pre-literary period” on the topic, which will be reconstructed in this article, and the marginalization of the topic in the legal literature afterwards.Este artículo se centra en dos cuestiones: por un lado, la presunción de libertad en el «período literario» (desde el s. VIII en adelante); y, por otro, la cuestión de la esclavización, venta o servidumbre —voluntaria o no— de personas libres en la «época preliteraria» (ss. VII y VIII). Asumiendo de partida la idea de que la práctica legal en la Antigüedad Tardía influyó en las discusiones de los primeros juristas musulmanes, trataré de reconstruir el discurso legal de los siglos I/VII y II/VIII y de mostrar que ese discurso contenía interesantes opiniones legales en relación a la venta de niños, servidumbre por deudas y la situación legal de los huérfanos. En la literatura legal que emergió desde el s. II/VIII los juristas, al contrario de lo que se hubiese esperado, no trataron estas cuestiones intensamente. Tal y como se muestra, existe una cierta inconsistencia entre el discurso ameno y controvertido sobre el tema del «período preliterario», que se reconstruye en este artículo, y la marginalización del tema en la literatura legal posterior.

Schneider, Irene

2007-01-01

276

The 2008—2013 Crisis as Metastasis. A Preview of the 2nd edition of The Cancer Stage of Capitalism by Pluto Press  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available By means of selection of relevant excerpts, a preview is offered hereby of the 2nd edition of John McMurtry's prophetic 1999 book "The Cancer Stage of Capitalism", published by Pluto Press, and entitled "The Cancer Stage of Capitalism and Its Cure"

John McMurtry

2013-01-01

277

Dielectric properties of [Ca1-x(Li1/2Nd1/2)x]1-yZnyTiO3 ceramics at microwave frequencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Dielectric properties of Ca1-x(Li1/2Nd1/2)xTiO3 (0.0?x?0.6, CLNT) and [Ca0.6(Li1/2Nd1/2)0.4]1-yZnyTiO3 (0.5?y?1.0, CLNZT) ceramics were investigated at 4-10 GHz. For the CLNT system, a single perovskite phase was detected in the entire composition range. The dielectric constants (K), and the temperature coefficients of the resonant frequency (TCF) were dependent on the B-site bond valence. Qf value decreases with the increase in (Li1/2Nd1/2)TiO3 content (x) due to a decrease in grain size. For the CLNZT system, Qf value and TCF were improved with Zn content (y) due to the formation of Zn2TiO4. Typically, K of 47, Qf of 13000 GHz, TCF of 14 ppm per deg. C were obtained for [Ca0.6(Li1/2Nd1/2)0.4]0.4Zn0.6TiO3 sintered at 1150 deg. C for 4 h.

2003-05-25

278

Agora: A Search Engine for Software Components.  

Science.gov (United States)

Agora is a software prototype being developed by the Commercial Off the Shelf (COTS) Based Systems Initiative at the Software Engineering Institute (SEI). The object of this work is to create an automatically generated and indexed worldwide database of so...

R. C. Seacord S. A. Hissam K. C. Wallnau

1998-01-01

279

ECH power deposition at 3rd harmonic in high elongation TCV discharges sustained by 2nd harmonic current profile broadening  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper summarises the present effort aimed at developing high elongation heated discharges and testing their confinement properties at normalised currents for which the highest ideal MHD ?-limits are predicted. 2nd harmonic (X2) far off-axis ECH/CD is used to stabilise the plasma vertically at high elongation by broadening the current profile in stationary conditions (during the current flat top and over several current diffusion times). Current broadening is maximal for a power deposition in a narrow region (?a/5), for a finite toroidal injection angle and for high plasma density using upper lateral launchers to minimise refraction. In these discharges which are twice X2 overdense in the centre, 3rd harmonic (X3) is injected from a top launcher to deposit power in the centre and increase the central pressure, simultaneously with far off-axis X2. Using modulated X3, full absorption is measured by the diamagnetic probe. Absorption higher than calculated by thermal ray tracing is occasionally found, indicating absorption on the electron bulk as well as in the suprathermal electron population sometimes with a hollow deposition profile. The high sensitivity of the power coupling to the beam angle stresses the need for developing a mirror feedback scheme to increase the coupling efficiency in transient heating scenarios. (author)

2003-01-01

280

Evaluation of neutron irradiation embrittlement in the Korean reactor pressure vessel steels (II) (2nd progress report)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Reactor pressure vessel materials, which were produced by the domestic company HANJUNG, are being evaluated using the experimental irradiation facility HANARO. For this evaluation, instrumented capsules are used for neutron irradiation of various kinds of specimens made of different kinds of steels, which are VCD (Y4), VCD+Al(U4), Si+Al(Y5), U4 weld metal, and U4 HAZ, respectively. In the irradiation test the temperature should be controlled in the range of 290 {+-} 10 deg C. The current status of performing this project is as follows : (1) The key data on mechanical properties, mainly related to the fracture toughness, of the unirradiated materials have been obtained. (2) The irradiation of the 1st (preliminary) instrumented capsule has been completed. (3) The 2nd standard instrumented capsule was irradiated successfully. (4) Although the irradiation data are not sufficient at present time, post-irradiation test results showed that the Y5 steel is highly resistant to irradiation embrittlement while VCD material has lower resistance than the other steels used in this study. 12 refs., 19 figs., 8 tabs. (Author)

Hong, J. H.; Lee, B. S.; Chi, S. H.; Kim, J. H. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea)

1999-11-01

 
 
 
 
281

Explicit formulas for 2nd-order driving terms due to sextupoles and chromatic effects of quadrupoles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Optimization of nonlinear driving terms have become a useful tool for designing storage rings, especially modern light sources where the strong nonlinearity is dominated by the large chromatic effects of quadrupoles and strong sextupoles for chromaticity control. The Lie algebraic method is well known for computing such driving terms. However, it appears that there was a lack of explicit formulas in the public domain for such computation, resulting in uncertainty and/or inconsistency in widely used codes. This note presents explicit formulas for driving terms due to sextupoles and chromatic effects of quadrupoles, which can be considered as thin elements. The computation is accurate to the 4th-order Hamiltonian and 2nd-order in terms of magnet parameters. The results given here are the same as the APS internal note AOP-TN-2009-020. This internal nte has been revised and published here as a Light Source Note in order to get this information into the public domain, since both ELEGANT and OPA are using these formulas.

2012-01-01

282

1st and 2nd order Raman scattering from n-Graphene Layer (nGL) Films on Silicon Substrates.  

Science.gov (United States)

Results of room temperature Raman scattering experiments on graphene and n-graphene layer films (nGLs) will be presented [1]. We find that the G band at ˜ 1582 cm-1 exhibits an interesting upshift in frequency with 1/n which we tentatively assign to a surface strain phenomenon connected with surface roughness of the substrate and compensated by the increase in stiffness of the nGL with increasing n. Interesting n-specific bands are observed in the ˜1350 cm-1 (or D-band) region which may correlate with deviations from planarity of the nGL. The second order scattering is very interesting and for small n (n<4) the (2D' or G') band intensity at ˜ 2700 cm-1 is actually higher than the first-order G-band scattering. The shape of this band is sensitive to n and thus can be used to identify n without an AFM measurement. Whereas, the 2D' band is sensitive to n, the 2nd order 2G band ˜ 3248 cm-1 is independent of n. These observations will be discussed in terms of the phonon and electronic dispersion of nGLs. 1 A. Gupta, G. Chen, P. Joshi, S. Tadigadapa and P.C. Eklund, `` Raman Scattering from High-Frequency Phonons in Supported n-Graphene Layer Films'' NanoLett (in Press).

Gupta, Awnish; Chen, Gugang; Eklund, Peter

2007-03-01

283

Combined intracervical PGE2 and intra-amniotic PGF2 alpha for induction of 2nd trimester abortion  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Fourteen consecutive patients (mean gestational age 18.1 weeks, range 15-23 weeks) referred for therapeutic termination of pregnancy were induced into abortion by intra-amniotic PGF2 alpha 40 mg followed by oxytocin stimulation. 14 other patients (mean gestational age 17.9 weeks, range 15-23 weeks) were pretreated with intracervical PGE2 1.0 mg in gel for 4 h prior to induction of abortion with intra-amniotic PGF2 alpha 40 mg without further stimulation. The induction-abortion interval for patients treated with intra-amniotic PGF2 alpha and oxytocin, was 19.1 +/- 2.94 h (+/- SE, n = 14) with a success rate of 80% after 24 h. After pretreatment with intracervical PGE2 1.0 mg in viscous gel, intra-amniotic PGF2 alpha 40 mg induced abortion after 11.2 +/- 1.12 h (+/- SE, n = 14) with a 100% success rate after 24 h. No systemic side effects of the PGE2 pretreatment were noted. No cervical laceration was observed. The results need further confirmation, but still suggest cervical priming with intracervical PGE2 1.0mg in gel and subsequent induction of abortion by intra-amniotic PGF2 alpha 40 mg as an attractive principle for 2nd trimester abortion.

Allen, J; Maigaard, S

1987-01-01

284

Correlation of 2nd trimester amniotic fluid amino acid profile with gestational age and estimated fetal weight.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify and quantitate free amino acids in human amniotic fluid (AF) specimens collected during 2nd trimester amniocentesis and determine the correlation between amino acid concentrations, gestational age, and estimated fetal weight. METHODS: Seventy-eight AF samples were retrieved between 18 and 22 weeks of gestation. Fetal weight estimation was based on fetal biometric measurements. RESULTS: Twenty-one amino acids were quantified. The concentration of glutamine exhibited the greatest correlation with gestational age (r?=?0.477, p?

Athanasiadis AP; Michaelidou AM; Fotiou M; Menexes G; Theodoridis TD; Ganidou M; Tzevelekis B; Assimakopoulos E; Tarlatzis BC

2011-08-01

285

Explicit formulas for 2nd-order driving terms due to sextupoles and chromatic effects of quadrupoles.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Optimization of nonlinear driving terms have become a useful tool for designing storage rings, especially modern light sources where the strong nonlinearity is dominated by the large chromatic effects of quadrupoles and strong sextupoles for chromaticity control. The Lie algebraic method is well known for computing such driving terms. However, it appears that there was a lack of explicit formulas in the public domain for such computation, resulting in uncertainty and/or inconsistency in widely used codes. This note presents explicit formulas for driving terms due to sextupoles and chromatic effects of quadrupoles, which can be considered as thin elements. The computation is accurate to the 4th-order Hamiltonian and 2nd-order in terms of magnet parameters. The results given here are the same as the APS internal note AOP-TN-2009-020. This internal nte has been revised and published here as a Light Source Note in order to get this information into the public domain, since both ELEGANT and OPA are using these formulas.

Wang, C-X. (Accelerator Systems Division (APS))

2012-04-25

286

Development of an algorithm that generates thermal zones for facilitating data collection from within a building schedule simulation software; Elaboration d'un algorithme de generation de zones thermiques visant a faciliter la saisie de donnees a l'interieur d'un logiciel de simulation horaire de batiments  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hydro-Quebec has developed a software package known as PEP as part of its initiative to optimize the energy performance of its buildings. The objective was to assess the energy savings associated with measures to optimize energy efficiency. DOE2.1E was the basis for the PEP software package. This paper presented the algorithm used within PEP to automatically generates thermal zones needed to perform building simulations. Engineering rules and hypotheses are used to generate thermal zones according to building area and type of activity within the building. A comparison of thermal losses revealed a 3 per cent loss in heating and cooling load. 1 refs., 5 tabs., 4 figs.

Bellemare, R. [Hydro-Quebec Distribution, Montreal, PQ (Canada). Services Conseil Utilisation de l' energie; Sansregret, S. [Hydro-Quebec, Shawinigan, PQ (Canada). Research Inst., Energy Technology Labs

2008-07-01

287

Software Internationalisation:  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

When developers produce software for users from different cultures, they should considerhow both overt and covert cultural factors impact on the requirements. Overt factors (e.g.measurement units, calendars) are well-defined and easily understood. Covert factors (e.g.mental disposition, perception) are more vague and may not be immediately obvious. Bothtypes of factors demand early attention to produce usable software. Usability tests andlocal consultants can help to identify requirements for internationalisation, but should besupplemented with recorded information about cultural factors. We provide a classificationof factors which impact on requirements, and propose that it could form the basis for arepository of cultural information accessible by developers.

Michael J. Mahemoff; Lorraine J. Johnston

288

Software Authentication  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The effort to define guidance for authentication of software for arms control and nuclear material transparency measurements draws on a variety of disciplines and has involved synthesizing established criteria and practices with newer methods. Challenges include the need to protect classified information that the software manipulates as well as deal with the rapid pace of innovation in the technology of nuclear material monitoring. The resulting guidance will shape the design of future systems and inform the process of authentication of instruments now being developed. This paper explores the technical issues underlying the guidance and presents its major tenets.

Wolford,J K; Geelhood,B D; Hamilton,V A; Ingraham,J; MacArthur,D W; Mitchell,D J; Mullens,J A; Vanier,P E; White,G K; Whiteson,R

2001-06-21

289

Software Testing and Its Dependence on Software Architecture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The complexity of the soft ware’s nowadays has become a central design problem. A system’s architecture provides a model of the system that suppresses implementation detail, allowing the architect to concentrate on the analysis and decisions that are most crucial to structuring the system to satisfy its requirements. This paper defines a formal technique to test software systems at the architectural level using software Architecture Description Languages (ADL).ADLs uses testable components in the architecture. The use of independent and reusable components and their inter communication issues is very much useful in designing a flexible software. Formalized software architecture description languages provide a significant opportunity for testing because they precisely describe how the software should behave in high level view, and they can be used by automated tools. The basic theme in this paper is that the software designed using a formal approach (ADLs) can enable architecture based testing which in turn will lead to a robust software design. Software architectures, particularly when defined formally using some sort of architectural description language, can provide a description of the software system that could be used for test case generation at the system level. This enables developers to abstract away the unnecessary details and focus on the big picture of the system such as system structure, high-level communication protocols, the assignment of software components and connectors to hardware components

Bibhuprasad Sahu

2013-01-01

290

DNA sequencing - spanning the generations.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Nucleic acid sequencing is the mainstay of biological research. There are several generations of DNA sequencing technologies that can be well characterized through their nature and the kind of output they provide. Dideoxy terminator sequencing developed by Sanger dominated for 30 years and was the workhorse used for the Human Genome Project. In 2005 the first 2nd generation sequencer was presented with an output orders of magnitude higher than Sanger sequencing and dramatically decreased cost. We are now at the dawn of 3rd generation with nanopore systems that are being developed for DNA sequencing. Meanwhile the field is also broadening into applications that complement 1st, 2nd and 3rd generation sequencing systems to get high resolution genetic information. The REvolutionary Approaches and Devices for Nucleic Acid analysis (READNA) consortium funded by the European Commission under FP7 has made great contributions to the development of new nucleic acid analysis methodology.

McGinn S; Gut IG

2013-05-01

291

ENABLE -- A systolic 2nd level trigger processor for track finding and e/? discrimination for ATLAS/LHC  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Enable Machine is a systolic 2nd level trigger processor for the transition radiation detector (TRD) of ATLAS/LHC. It is developed within the EAST/RD-11 collaboration at CERN. The task of the processor is to find electron tracks and to reject pion tracks according to the EAST benchmark algorithm in less than 10?s. Track are identified by template matching in a (?,z) region of interest (RoI) selected by a 1st level trigger. In the (?,z) plane tracks of constant curvature are straight lines. The relevant lines form mask templates. Track identification is done by histogramming the coincidences of the templates and the RoI data for each possible track. The Enable Machine is an array processor that handles tracks of the same slope in parallel, and tracks of different slope in a pipeline. It is composed of two units, the Enable histogrammer unit and the Enable z/?-board. The interface daughter board is equipped with a HIPPI-interface developed at JINR/-Dubna, and Xilinx 'corner turning' data converter chips. Enable uses programmable gate arrays (XILINX) for histogramming and synchronous SRAMs for pattern storage. With a clock rate of 40 MHz the trigger decision time is 6.5 ?s and the latency 7.0 ?s. The Enable machine is scalable in the RoI size as well as in the number of tracks processed. It can be adapted to different recognition tasks and detector setups. The prototype of the Enable Machine has been tested in a beam time of the RD6 collaboration at CERN in October 1993.

1993-11-06

292

ENABLE -- A systolic 2nd level trigger processor for track finding and e/[pi] discrimination for ATLAS/LHC  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Enable Machine is a systolic 2nd level trigger processor for the transition radiation detector (TRD) of ATLAS/LHC. It is developed within the EAST/RD-11 collaboration at CERN. The task of the processor is to find electron tracks and to reject pion tracks according to the EAST benchmark algorithm in less than 10[mu]s. Track are identified by template matching in a ([psi],z) region of interest (RoI) selected by a 1st level trigger. In the ([psi],z) plane tracks of constant curvature are straight lines. The relevant lines form mask templates. Track identification is done by histogramming the coincidences of the templates and the RoI data for each possible track. The Enable Machine is an array processor that handles tracks of the same slope in parallel, and tracks of different slope in a pipeline. It is composed of two units, the Enable histogrammer unit and the Enable z/[psi]-board. The interface daughter board is equipped with a HIPPI-interface developed at JINR/-Dubna, and Xilinx 'corner turning' data converter chips. Enable uses programmable gate arrays (XILINX) for histogramming and synchronous SRAMs for pattern storage. With a clock rate of 40 MHz the trigger decision time is 6.5 [mu]s and the latency 7.0 [mu]s. The Enable machine is scalable in the RoI size as well as in the number of tracks processed. It can be adapted to different recognition tasks and detector setups. The prototype of the Enable Machine has been tested in a beam time of the RD6 collaboration at CERN in October 1993.

Klefenz, F.; Noffz, K.H.; Zoz, R. (Univ. Mannheim (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Informatik V); Maenner, R. (Univ. Heidelberg (Germany). Interdisziplinaeres Zentrum fuer Wissenschaftliches Rechnen)

1994-08-01

293

A verification of the high density after contrast enhancement in the 2nd week in cerebroischemic lesion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To determine the indication, it is necessary to make clear the relation among the Stage (time and course), the Strength, the Pathogenesis, and the Effects of the operation in these diseases (SSPE relation). In this report, we focused on the High Density of CT after the contrast enhancement in the cases of ischemic lesions (the High Density was named ''Ribbon H. D.''). Seventeen cases of Ribbon H. D. in fresh infarctions were verified concerning the time of the appearance of the H. D., the features of its location and nature, and the histological findings. The results were as follows: The Ribbon H. D. appeared in the early stage of infarctions, and had its peak density at the end of the 2nd week after the onset. The Ribbon H. D. was mostly located along the cortical line, showing a ribbon-like band. The Ribbon H. D. did not appear in the sharply demarcated coagulation necrosis in the early stage or in the defined Low Density (L. D.) in the late stage of infarctions. Although the Ribbon H. D. shows the extravasation of contrast media, it does not necessarily show the existence of the hemorrhagic infarction. Some part of the Ribbon H. D. changes to a well-defined L. D. and the rest of the part becomes relative isodensity in the late stage. This change corresponds to the change in the incomplete necrosis which is afterwards divided into a resolution with a cystic cavity and the glial replacement in the late stage. In conclusion, it is possible to understand that the Ribbon H. D. corresponds to the lesion of an incomplete necrosis, with neovascularization, in the early stage of infarctions. Therefore, in addition to the present indication of a by-pass operation (TIA, RIND), this incomplete necrosis (Ribbon H. D.), its surrounding area and just before the appearance of the Ribbon H. D. might be another indication of the operation. (author)

1978-01-01

294

PIE of the 2nd irradiation test (KOMO-2) for the atomized U-MO dispersion rod fuels at KAERI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Two U-7wt.%Mo dispersion fuel rods with different fuel particle sizes, two U- 7wt.%Mo dispersion fuel rods surface-treated with pre-oxidation and Ni coating, one U-7wt.%Mo dispersion fuel rod with a poison material of Er2O3, a U-9wt.%Mo dispersion fuel rod, and a U3Si dispersion fuel rod were loaded in the KOMO-test (the 2nd irradiation test of U-Mo fuels in HANARO by KAERI). In addition, the monolithic U-Mo ring fuel was loaded to develop higher U-density fuel. The fuel assembly with the above 10 fuel rods was irradiated in HAHARO successfully from January 9, 2003 to January 27, 2004. After cooling them for about 3 months, the PIE has been performed. Most of the fuel particles were interacted with the Al matrix in the central area of the rod-type U-Mo dispersion fuels with a high linear power and a higher burnup than 60 at.%. Some large pores were observed between the particles in the central area of the fuel rods. However the swellings of the fuel meats are not large, at less than 17 %. The fuel of a larger particle-size distribution showed a better stability than the fuel of a smaller particle-size distribution. Any surface treatments were observed to have no improvement on the oxidation layer formation of the cladding surface. U3Si dispersion fuel used as a reference showed a much lesser interaction with the matrix Al when compared with the U-Mo dispersion fuel. In an examination for the tubular monolithic U-Mo fuel abnormal phenomena such as many bubbles and a large swelling happened due to an unexpected contamination of the silicon from the quartz tube used for a mold during melting and casting process. (author)

2005-01-01

295

Parametric Estimation of Software Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Software is characterised by software metrics. Calculation of effort estimation is a type of software metrics. Software effort estimation plays a vital role in the development of software. In recent years, software has become the most expensive component of computer system projects. The major part of cost of software development is due to the human-effort, and most cost estimation methods focus on this aspect and give estimates in terms of person-month. In this paper, estimation of effort required for the development of software project is calculated using genetic algorithm approach. Software systems are becoming complex and they desire for new, effective and optimized technique with limited resources. A solution to this problem lies in nature where complex species have evolved from simple organisms and constantly become able to adapt to changes in the environment. In case of species, it takes hundreds of generations and years which are not considerable in the field of software engineering. With the use of genetic algorithm, it can be done instantly by simulating the results on various tools of genetic algorithm.

Kavita Choudhary

2011-01-01

296

Software Engineering to Professionalize Software Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The role, increasingly important, that plays the software in the systems with widespread effects presents new challenges for the formation of Software Engineers. Not only because social dependence software is increasing, but also because the character of software development is also changing and with it the demands for software developers certified. In this paper are propose some challenges and aspirations that guide the learning processes Software Engineering and help to identify the need to train professionals in software development.

Juan Miguel Alonso; Fernando García

2011-01-01

297

Comparative analysis of effectiveness of treatment with anti-TB drugs of the 1st and 2nd lines for children and adolescents with multidrug resistant tuberculosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper shows results of study on comparative treatment effectiveness in children and adolescents with from multi drug resistant tuberculosis MDR TB (2000-2008) treated with anti-TB drugs of the 2nd line (80 patients) and 1st line (80 patients) in the Kazakhstan. It was stated in patients with MDR TB that outcomes of treatment were successful in 91.2%, but relapse development of TB disease occurred in 12.7% of cases, and 5 (6.2%) patients died (P ?0.05). Thus, patients with MDR TB need to be treated with anti-TB drugs of the 2nd line accordingly to their DST.

Tleukhan Abildaev; Gulbadan Bekembayeva; Larisa Kastykpaeva

2012-01-01

298

Proceedings of the Fifth Triennial Software Quality Forum 2000, Software for the Next Millennium, Software Quality Forum  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Software Quality Forum is a triennial conference held by the Software Quality Assurance Subcommittee for the Department of Energy's Quality Managers. The forum centers on key issues, information, and technology important in software development for the Nuclear Weapons Complex. This year it will be opened up to include local information technology companies and software vendors presenting their solutions, ideas, and lessons learned. The Software Quality Forum 2000 will take on a more hands-on, instructional tone than those previously held. There will be an emphasis on providing information, tools, and resources to assist developers in their goal of producing next generation software.

Scientific Software Engineering Group, CIC-12

2000-04-01

299

2nd State of the Onion: Larry Wall's Keynote Address at the Second Annual O'Reilly Perl Conference  

Science.gov (United States)

This page, part of publisher O'Reilly & Associates' Website devoted to the Perl language, contains a transcript of Larry Wall's keynote address at the second annual O'Reilly Perl Conference, which was held August 17-20, 1998, in San Jose, California. In his keynote address, Larry Wall, the original author of the Perl programming language, provides a thought-provoking (and entertaining) mix of philosophy and technology. Wall's talk touches on the future of the Perl language, the relationship of the free software community to commercial software developers, chaos, complexity, and human symbology. The page also includes copies of graphics used during the keynote.

300

Software preservation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Comtrade Ltd. covers a wide range of activities related to information and communication technologies; its deliverables include web applications, locally installed programs,system software, drivers, embedded software (used e.g. in medical devices, auto parts,communication switchboards). Also the extensive knowledge and practical experience about digital long-term preservation technologies have been acquired. This wide spectrum of activities puts us in the position to discuss the often overlooked aspect of the digital preservation - preservation of software programs. There are many resources dedicated to digital preservation of digital data, documents and multimedia records,but not so many about how to preserve the functionalities and features of computer programs. Exactly these functionalities - dynamic response to inputs - render the computer programs rich compared to documents or linear multimedia. The article opens the questions on the beginning of the way to the permanent digital preservation. The purpose is to find a way in the right direction, where all relevant aspects will be covered in proper balance. The following questions are asked: why at all to preserve computer programs permanently, who should do this and for whom, when we should think about permanent program preservation, what should be persevered (such as source code, screenshots, documentation, and social context of the program - e.g. media response to it ...), where and how? To illustrate the theoretic concepts given the idea of virtual national museum of electronic banking is also presented.

Tadej Vodopivec

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Elaborated Phases of Software Development Life Cycle  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Computer science is a young science. Computer programmers were trained by engineers. That training dictated how they approached software development for an entire generation. But now after decades of building software to be expensive, unwanted, and unreliable programmers have come to realize software is different. Building software is more like creating a work of art; it requires creativity in design and total craftsmanship to complete. In this paper, researcher tried to explain all the phases of Software Development Life Cycle in detail through which all the programmers have to go through to develop any software. The task of programmers would be easy.

Radhika D Amlani; Dr. Deepak Kumar

2012-01-01

302

Thermochemistry of glasses along the 2NdAlO3-3SiO2 join  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Five Nd-aluminosilicate glasses along the 2NdAlO3-3SiO2 join were synthesized using conventional drop-quench techniques. A sixth glass, with the end-member NdAlO3 composition, required synthesis by containerless liquid-phase processing methods to avoid crystallization. Enthalpies of drop solution (?Hds) and formation (?Hf) for the Nd-aluminosilicate glasses and the NdAlO3-composition end-member glass were measured in molten 2PbO-B2O3 at 1078 K in a twin Calvet type calorimeter. Values for ?Hds for the Nd-aluminosilicate glasses increase with decreasing silica content from 130.7 ± 1.5 to 149.6 ± 0.6 kJ mol-1. Similarly, values of ?Hf increase with decreasing silica content from 41.0 ± 2.0 to 59.0 ± 1.6 kJ mol-1. Values of ?Hds and ?Hf for NdAlO3-composition glass were measured as 99.3 ± 0.9 and 139.2 ± 2.1 kJ mol-1, respectively. Using transposed temperature drop calorimetry, the enthalpy of vitrification for NdAlO3-composition glass was measured as 69.5 ± 0.9 kJ mol-1 relative to the stable crystalline neodymium aluminium perovskite (NdAlO3) phase. Enthalpies of mixing were calculated based on amorphous end members; the strongly negative values support the absence of immiscibility in this system. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to determine glass transition (Tg) and crystallization (Tx) temperatures, as well as values for the configurational heat capacity (?CP(Tg)) and the temperature range of the supercooled liquid interval (?T(SCL)). The NdAlO3-composition glass showed no evidence of a glass transition prior to crystallization; only a single exotherm was observed, the onset of which occurred at 1045 K. For the Nd-aluminosilicates, values of Tg and ?T(SCL) increase with increasing silica content, from 1128 to 1139 K and from ?95 to ?175 K, respectively. Values of (?CP(Tg)) increase with decreasing silica content, from ?27 to ?75 J/g fw *K, reflecting the increasing fragility and decreasing stability of the liquids as the end member composition, NdAlO3, is approached

2003-08-13

303

EDITORIAL: Selected Papers from OMS'07, the 2nd Topical Meeting of the European Optical Society on Optical Microsystems (OMS)  

Science.gov (United States)

OMS'07 was the 2nd Topical Meeting of the European Optical Society (EOS) on Optical Microsystems (OMS). It was organized by the EOS in the frame of its international topical meeting activity, and after the success of the inaugural meeting was once again held in Italy, 30 September to 3 October 2007, amidst the wonderful scenery of the Island of Capri. The local organizing committee was composed of researchers from `La Sapienza' University in Rome and the National Council of Research (CNR) in Naples, Italy. A selected group of leading scientists in the field formed the international scientific committee. The conference was fully dedicated to the most recent advancements carried out in the field of optical microsystems. More then 150 scientists coming from five continents attended the conference and more than 100 papers were presented, organized into the following sessions: Photonic cystals and metamaterials Optofluidic microsystems and devices Optical microsystems and devices New characterization methods for materials and devices Application of optical systems Optical sources and photodetectors Optical resonators Nonlinear optic devices Micro-optical devices. Four keynote lecturers were invited for the Plenary sessions: Federico Capasso, Harvard University, USA; Bahram Javidi, University of Connecticut, USA (Distinguished Lecturer, Emeritus of LEOS--IEEE Society); Demetri Psaltis, EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland; Ammon Yariv, California Institute of Technology, USA. Furthermore, 21 invited speakers opened each session of the conference with their talks. In addition a special session was organized to celebrate eighty years of the Isituto Nazionale di Ottica Applicata (INOA) of CNR. The special invited speaker for this session was Professor Theodor W Hänsch (Nobel Prize in Physics, 2005), who gave a lecture entitled `What can we do with optical frequency combs?' In this special issue of Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, a selection of the most interesting papers presented at OMS'07 has been collected, reporting progress in the different aspects of microsystems design, production, characterization and application. The papers embrace most of the various topics that were debated during the conference. Abstracts for the presentations given at the conference can be found on the OMS'07 website at http://www.inoa.it/oms07/. We would like to thank all the members of the scientific and industrial committees of OMS'07 for the high scientific content of the meeting, the European Optical Society for the irreplaceable support given to the conference organization and the editorial staff at Journal of Optics A for the invaluable work done in preparing the special issue.

Rendina, Ivo; Fazio, Eugenio; Ferraro, Pietro

2008-06-01

304

Information Security Course: Software  

Science.gov (United States)

Material covering Software: Flaws and malware, buffer overflows, viruses and worms, software reverse engineering, digital rights management, secure software development, and operating systems security

Segura, Eduardo

2007-04-16

305

Adaptation of Black-Box Software Components  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The globalization of the software market leads to crucial problems for software companies. More competition between software companies arises and leads to the force on companies to develop ever newer software products in ever shortened time interval. Therefore the time to market for software systems is shortened and obviously the product life cycle is shortened too. Thus software companies shortened the time interval for research and development. Due to the fact of competition between software companies software products have to develop low-priced and this leads to a smaller return on investment. A big challenge for software companies is the use of an effective research and development process to have these problems under control. A way to control these problems can be the reuse of existing software components and adapt those software components to new functionality or accommodate mismatched interfaces. Complete redevelopment of software products is more expensive and time consuming than to develop software components. The approach introduced here presents novel technique together with a supportive environment that enables developers to cope with the adaptability of black-box software components. A supportive environment will be designed that checks the compatibility of black-box software components with the assistance of their specifications. Generated adapter software components can take over the part of adaptation and advance the functionality. Besides, a pool of software components can be used to compose an application to satisfy customer needs. Certainly this pool of software components consists of black-box software components and adapter software components which can be connected on demand.

Rolf Andreas Rasenack

2008-01-01

306

CAMAC software  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The direct benefits of using CAMAC are already well known. However, the use of a standard, computer independent, input/output structure such as CAMAC can have considerable benefits in the software field. For the first time input/output statements and interrupt statements in a high-level language can intimately control the devices coupled to the computer. This paper describes the work that has been done to date to exploit this new feature of real-time systems and indicates the likely impact on real-time programming

1976-10-20

307

Moving from software to solutions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Like other industries, oil and gas companies are looking to computer-aided technologies to contribute to their bottom line. The question is, what can and should software vendors offer the oil and gas industry for them to achieve this goal? In order to answer this, the paper looks at the enablers of change that today's geoscience software vendors can exploit to meet these challenges, as well as at the future role of software vendors. The era of computer-aided exploration tools has somewhat changed. The oil and gas industry's concerns for cost-effectiveness demand a more holistic approach--geoscience software and services that optimize the reservoir's full life cycle. Recent advances in computing technologies and geoscience justify the oil and gas industry's expectations that software vendors deliver next-generation reservoir management solutions.

Weiss, E.

2000-02-01

308

Software for mass spectrometer control  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper describes a software application for the MAT 250 mass spectrometer control, which was refurbished. The spectrometer was bring-up-to-date using a hardware structure on its support where the software application for mass spectrometer control was developed . The software application is composed of dedicated modules that perform given operations. The instructions that these modules have to perform are generated by a principal module. This module makes possible the change of information between the modules that compose the software application. The use of a modal structure is useful for adding new functions in the future. The developed application in our institute made possible the transformation of the mass spectrometer MAT 250 into a device endowed with other new generation tools. (authors)

2004-01-01

309

Sandia software guidelines: Software quality planning  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines intended for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. In consonance with the IEEE Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans, this volume identifies procedures to follow in producing a Software Quality Assurance Plan for an organization or a project, and provides an example project SQA plan. 2 figs., 4 tabs.

1987-08-01

310

SOFTWARE TESTING AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT LIFECYCLES  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Software Testing is the process used to help identify the correctness, completeness, security, and quality of developed computer software. What is Software Testing? Process of validating and verifying that a program does what it is expected to do. Software Testing is an empirical investigation co...

Chitra Wasnik

311

Crystal structures, magnetic and superconducting properties of the RuSr_2NdCu_2O_x and RuSr_2GdCu_2O_y compounds  

CERN Multimedia

We report the magnetization and the susceptibility measurements of the RuSr_2GdCu_2O_y and RuSr_2NdCu_2O_x perovskite materials. We find that RuSr_2GdCu_2O_y compound exhibits a magnetic transition at Tn=135 K followed by a superconducting one with an onset Tc=35 K. Samples of RuSr_2NdCu_2O_x material have shown neither superconductivity nor magnetic transition. XRD measurements show that in RuSr_2NdCu_2O_x the Nd ions tend to substitute to Sr ions in very high percentages. The relevance of this phenomenon on the absence of superconductivity in RuSr_2NdCu_2O_x is discussed.

Vecchione, A; Pace, S; Tedesco, C; Zola, D

2001-01-01

312

Software Architectures  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This short paper accompanies the "Software Architectures" presentation of the "Shared VR"course in SIGGRAPH'99. Both the paper and the presentation focus on the development ofsoftware architectures for shared virtual environments. This paper/presentation only considerssoftware architectures in a general sense as it assumes that specific toolkits are covered in the"History of Shared VR Systems" section, to be presented just before this paper's presentation. Ifno paper accompanies that presentation, please see this [1] (slightly biased) summary.IntroductionThe development of shared virtual environment (VE) applications has been of academic andcommercial interest ever since the advent of networking and three dimensional (3D) graphics.These applications are typically written from scratch on top of the low-level system and graphicslibraries. Only recently have standard, higher-level graphics libraries, such as Fahrenheit [3],providing cross-platform scenegraph construction and ...

Kent Watsen

313

Software Architecture  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Factory Design Pattern Handbook of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering 7 view provided a focus for the system's stakeholders in determining division of labor, testing, integration, and maintenance. 3.1.4. Concurrency View When a complex system is deployed, it is typically packaged into a set of processes or threads which are deployed onto some computational resources. The concurrency view is a necessary step for reasoning about what processes or threads will be created and how they will communicate and share (or compete for) resources. So the components of this view---processes and threads---interact with each other via data flow, events, and synchronization on shared resources. The users of this view are people who worry about deploying the system, who are concerned with the performance and availability of the system, as well as integrators and testers. This view is used to reason about performance, availability, and deployment. An example of a concurrency view is giv...

Rick Kazman

314

Software engineering architecture-driven software development  

CERN Multimedia

Software Engineering: Architecture-driven Software Development is the first comprehensive guide to the underlying skills embodied in the IEEE's Software Engineering Body of Knowledge (SWEBOK) standard. Standards expert Richard Schmidt explains the traditional software engineering practices recognized for developing projects for government or corporate systems. Software engineering education often lacks standardization, with many institutions focusing on implementation rather than design as it impacts product architecture. Many graduates join the workforce with incomplete skil

Schmidt, Richard F

2013-01-01

315

SOFTWARE TOOL FOR LEARNING THE GENERATION OF THE CARDIOID CURVE IN AN AUTOCAD ENVIRONMENT/ HERRAMIENTA SOFTWARE PARA EL APRENDIZAJE DE LA GENERACIÓN DE LA CARDIODE EN UN ENTORNO AUTOCAD  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Este artículo presenta una novedosa aplicación desarrollada en Visual LISP para el entorno AutoCAD, que presenta de forma rápida e intuitiva la generación de la cardiode de cinco formas diferentes, siendo dicha curva cíclica, la que presenta una amplia gama de aplicaciones artísticas y técnicas, entre ellas, el perfil de algunas levas. Abstract in english This article presents a novel application which has been developed in Visual LISP for an AutoCAD environment, and which shows the generation of the cardioid curve intuitively and quickly in five different ways (using the conchoid of a circumference, pedal curve of a circumference, inverse of a parabola, orthoptic curve of a circumference, and epicycloid of a circumference). This cyclic curve has a large number of artistic and technical applications, among them the profile of some cams.

GÓMEZ-ELVIRA-GONZÁLEZ, MIGUEL ÁNGEL; ROJAS-SOLA, JOSÉ IGNACIO; CARRANZA-CAÑADAS, MARÍA DEL PILAR

2012-02-01

316

Analysis of Polish writing on the history of physical education and sports in the North-Eastern borderlands of the 2nd republic  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is presentation of the up-to-date state of research on physical education and sports in the North-Eastern Borderlands of the 2nd Republic based on analysis of Polish literatureon the subject. In the sense of territorial scope, the paper covers the areas of the Polesie, Novogrodek and Vilnius voivodeships.As for the scope of studies on the history of physical education and sports in the North-Eastern Borderlands of the 2nd Republic, the most cognitively significant is the work by Laskiewicz on „Kultura fizyczna na Wile?szczy?nie w latach 1900–1939. Zarys monograficznydziejów” (Physical Culture in the Region of Vilnius in the Years 1900–1939. An Outline of Monographic History). The history of physical culture in rural areas were fairly well drawn up. Interms of historiography, there are publications presenting physical education and sports in urban areas. The publications mainly refer to physical activity in larger towns and cities, e.g. in Baranowicze, Brest-on-Bug, Lida, Novogrodek and in Vilnius. In terms of voivodeships, papers on physical education and sports in the Region of Vilnius significantly predominate. The presented analysis of the state of research – in reference to Polish writings – shows the necessity to supplement the preliminary archival researchof the sources – in order to prepare a monograph on „Dziejów wychowania fizycznego i sportu na Kresach Pó?nocno-Wschodnich II Rzeczypospolitej” (the History of Physical Education and Sports inthe North – Eastern Borderlands of the 2nd Republic). A preliminary archival research should also be conducted in the archives kept by Byelorussia and Lithuania.

Eligiusz Ma?olepszy; Eligiusz Ma?olepszy

2013-01-01

317

Software Metrics to Estimate Software Quality using Software Component Reusability  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today most of the applications developed using some existing libraries, codes, open sources etc. As a code is accessed in a program, it is represented as the software component. Such as in java beans and in .net ActiveX controls are the software components. These components are ready to use programming code or controls that excel the code development. A component based software system defines the concept of software reusability. While using these components the main question arise is whether to use such components is beneficial or not. In this proposed work we are trying to present the answer for the same question. In this work we are presenting a set of software matrix that will check the interconnection between the software component and the application. How strong this relation defines the software quality after using this software component. The overall metrics will return the final result in terms of the boundless of the component with application.

Prakriti Trivedi; Rajeev Kumar

2012-01-01

318

Absolutely oil-free vacuum - news in vacuum technology abroad. (Based on the proceedings of the 2 nd and 3 rd european vacuum conferences)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In this paper a detailed description of the working principles of those new oil-free vacuum pumps are given which have been presented and exhibited during the 2 nd and 3 rd European Vacuum Conferences. These are diaphragm pumps, oil-free piston pumps, mechanical pumps with claw type rotor and oil-free molecular drag (spiro-)pumps. Their technical characteristics, typical pumping curves and costs of their operation are given. The fields of their recommended applications are also discussed

1993-01-01

319

2nd (final) IAEA research co-ordination meeting on 'plasma-material interaction data for mixed plasma facing materials in fusion reactors'. Summary report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The proceedings and conclusions of the 2nd Research Co-ordination Meeting on 'Plasma-Material Interaction Data for Mixed Plasma Facing Materials in Fusion Reactors', held on October 16 and 17, 2000 at the IAEA Headquarters in Vienna, are briefly described. This report includes a summary of the presentations made by the meeting participants and a review of the accomplishments of the Co-ordinated Research Project (CRP). In addition, short summaries from the participants are included indicating the specific research completed in support of this CRP. (author)

2001-01-01

320

2nd IAEA research coordination meeting on collection and evaluation of reference data for thermo-mechanical properties of fusion reactor plasma facing materials. Summary report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The proceedings and results of the 2nd IAEA Research Coordination Meeting on ''Collection and Evaluation of Reference Data for Thermo-mechanical Properties of Fusion Reactor Plasma Facing Materials'' held on March 25, 26 and 27, 1996 at the IAEA Headquarters in Vienna are briefly described. This report includes a summary of presentations made by the meeting participants, the results of discussions amongst the participants regarding the status of data, publication of a multi-author review paper and recommendations regarding future work. (author). 1 tab.

1996-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

[Influence of hypocaloric diet with addition of a vitamin-mineral complex on status of patients with obesity 1st and 2nd degrees].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Addition of a vitamin-mineral complex (VMC) to a standard hypocaloric diet leads to a positive dynamics of antropometric characteristics in patients with obesity 1st and 2nd degrees which is comparable to effectiveness of standard dietotherapy (dietary treatment) traditionally used in complex treatment of obesity. Addition of 1,8 mg of vitamin B2 as part of VMC to a hypocaloric diet is shown to be inadequate in eradication of marginal provision of riboflavin when using diets reduced in calories.

Sharafetdinov KhKh; Plotnikova OA; Zykina VV; Mal'tsev GIu; Sokol'nikov AA; Kaganov BS

2011-01-01

322

The evaluation of the integrity for the 1st and 2nd welded fuel rod from low-tin zry-tube  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The fuel rods containing UO2 pellets are plugged and seal welded at the ends to encapsulate the fuel. Due to the weld defects and different microstructure in the weld region of the fuel rod, the weld region may be weak compared to the parent parts. This technical report is provided to introduce the basis and procedure of internal burst test, metallographic test and corrosion test after performing the 1st and 2nd weldings of the fuel rod, and also included the analysis whether the procedure qualification test results are met to the specification requirement. (Author) 13 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs

1993-01-01

323

Proceedings of the 2nd NUCEF international symposium NUCEF'98. Safety research and development of base technology on nuclear fuel cycle  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This volume contains 68 papers presented at the 2nd NUCEF International Symposium NUCEF'98 held on 16-17 November 1998, in Hitachinaka, Japan, following the 1st symposium NUCEF'95 (Proceeding: JAERI-Conf 96-003). The theme of this symposium was 'Safety Research and Development of Base Technology on Nuclear Fuel Cycle'. The papers were presented in oral and poster sessions on following research fields: (1) Criticality Safety, (2) Reprocessing and Partitioning, (3) Radioactive Waste Management. The 68 papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

1999-01-01

324

Research use of the AIDA www.2aida.org diabetes software simulation program: a review--part 2. Generating simulated blood glucose data for prototype validation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this review is to describe research applications of the AIDA diabetes software simulator. AIDA is a computer program that permits the interactive simulation of insulin and glucose profiles for teaching, demonstration, and self-learning purposes. Since March/April 1996 it has been made freely available on the Internet as a noncommercial contribution to continuing diabetes education. Up to May 2003 well over 320,000 visits have been logged at the main AIDA Website--www.2aida.org--and over 65,000 copies of the AIDA program have been downloaded free-of-charge. This review (the second of two parts) overviews research projects and ventures, undertaken for the most part by other research workers in the diabetes computing field, that have made use of the freeware AIDA program. As with Part 1 of the review (Diabetes Technol Ther 2003;5:425-438) relevant research work was identified in three main ways: (i) by personal (e-mail/written) communications from researchers, (ii) via the ISI Web of Science citation database to identify published articles which referred to AIDA-related papers, and (iii) via searches on the Internet. Also, in a number of cases research students who had sought advice about AIDA, and diabetes computing in general, provided copies of their research dissertations/theses upon the completion of their projects. Part 2 of this review highlights some more of the research projects that have made use of the AIDA diabetes simulation program to date. A wide variety of diabetes computing topics are addressed. These range from learning about parameter interactions using simulated blood glucose data, to considerations of dietary assessments, developing new diabetes models, and performance monitoring of closed-loop insulin delivery devices. Other topics include evaluation/validation research usage of such software, applying simulated blood glucose data for prototype training/validation, and other research uses of placing technical information on the Web. This review confirms an unexpected but useful benefit of distributing a medical program, like AIDA, for free via the Internet--demonstrating how it is possible to have a synergistic benefit with other researchers--facilitating their own research projects in related medical fields. A common theme that emerges from the research ventures that have been reviewed is the use of simulated blood glucose data from the AIDA software for preliminary computer lab-based testing of other decision support prototypes. Issues surrounding such use of simulated data for separate computer prototype testing are considered further. PMID:14511419

Lehmann, Eldon D

2003-01-01

325

Study of Software Reusability in Software Components  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Software engineering is a disputation for the technical person, as it is difficult for them to produce software which is very cheap, fast functions better. The benefit of Software resembles in the growth of the computer hardware. Component based software system is reuse based method. According to the vast variety of functionality present in software system it accentuates the splitting vexation. Component model is implemented by using the component technology by means of standards and guidelines. Software reuse is a method of reusing the existing software by the incorporation of their functionality. In order to reuse software several techniques and algorithm has been used such as Neural Network, Genetic Algorithm, Power Builder, and Support Vector Machine, Cyclometric complexity, Fuzzy logic, Hybrid genetic algorithm and fuzzy logic. This paper concerns the study of some of the techniques, design, approaches involved in software reuse.

M.H.Arifa Banu; N.Mohamed Thoufeeque; K.Archana

2013-01-01

326

Visual display of reservoir parameters affecting enhanced oil recovery. Quarterly report, April 1995--June 1995. 2nd Quarter, FY 1995  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the development of a Spatial Database Manager (SDBM) shell/interface which will provide information to users on how to collect, store, analyze, interpret, visualize and present data in an integrated reservoir characterization study. SDBM will provide access to various geologic, reservoir visual data via a well log interpretation program (Crocker Petrolog), mapping and cross section software ( the GeoGraphix Exploration System Workbench) and a volume visualization application. Data tables for geochemical and petrographic data, well logs, well header information, well production data, formation tops, and fault trace data have been completed. Spectral mineral data are currently being collected which will ultimately be used for identification of mineral assemblages. The geochemical program CHILLER is being used to model fluid-rock interactions and possibly porosity predictions.

Wood, J.R.

1995-04-05

327

Report for National Government on 'Technical reliability on high level radioactive wastes landfill disposal in Japan. The 2nd summary on the research and development of landfill disposal'  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

JNC (Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute) has promoted some researches and developments under cooperation of the relating research institutes and so forth according to the indication of the ''Future progress on research and development on landfill disposal of high level radioactive wastes'', which was a report on the Special Group for Nuclear Background Countermeasure, the Atomic Energy Commission. The report was the 2nd summary of its technical report, which was proposed on November 26, 1999. This summary was positioned to give a technical foundation on selection of preliminary determined disposal area and establishment of safety standard by showing technical reliability of landfill disposal in Japan after receiving results of the 1st summary published on 1992, which was very important for embodiment of the disposal.This report is comprising of three volumes corresponding to main research and development field shown at the general remarks and the report on the Special Group: the 1st volume relates to geological environment in Japan'', the 2nd relates to ''engineering technology on landfill disposal'' and 3rd relates to ''safety evaluation on landfill disposal system''. (G.K.)

2000-01-01

328

A study on trait anger – anger expression and friendship commitment levels of primary school 2nd stage students who play – do not play sports  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this research was to investigate the state of trait anger-anger expression and friendship commitment levels depending on the fact whether 2nd-stage-students in primary schools played sports or not.Personal Information Form, Trait Anger-Anger Expression Scales and Inventory of Peer Attachment were used in order to collect the data.The population of the research was consisted of the students who studied in 2nd stage of 40 primary state schools that belonged to National Education Directorate of Hatay Province between 2009-2010 academic year. Sample group was made up by 853 students of 21 primary schools who were selected from the population (262 boy students and 149 girl students who played sports as registered players; 233 boy students and 209 girl students who did not play sports.).To sum up; the comparison of the scores of trait anger and external anger of the participant students who played sports yielded a statistically significant difference in terms of sex variable (p< 0.05). As for the sedentary group, boys had higher scores of internal anger and external anger than girls. In the comparison of the scores of friendship commitment in sedentary students in terms of sex variable, it was found out that there was a statistically significant difference between girls and boys, which was in favour of boys (p<0.05).

Hüseyin K?r?mo?lu; Yunus Y?ld?r?m; Ali Temiz

2010-01-01

329

Economics of Software Engineering  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An article about the economic aspects of software engineering, it discusses many important issues in this field, like; knowledge economics, history of software engineering, prosperities of software industry, and economics of software, then it discusses the methods followed to improvement of software economics

Mohamed Mohamed Al Hady

2007-01-01

330

Software Process and Software Process Improvement Strategy  

CERN Multimedia

One of the most challenging issues faced in HEP in recent years is the question of how to capitalize on software development and maintenance experience in a continuous manner. To capitalize means in our context to evaluate and apply new technologies as they arise, and to further evolve technologies already widely in use. It also implies the definition and adoption of standards. The CMS software improvement effort aims at continual software quality improvement, and continual improvement in the efficiency of the working environment with the goal to facilitate doing great new physics. The use and creation of de-facto software process standards within CMS is the only viable route to a successful software process improvement program. This note describes the CMS approach to software process improvement, and describes the current status of the software processes formally established in CMS off-line software.

Wellisch, Johannes-Peter

1999-01-01

331

Diva-Fit: A step-by-step manual for generating high-resolution graphs and histogram overlays of flow cytometry data obtained with FACSDiva software – Supplementary material  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Here we describe all procedures depicted in the named article in more detail.Part 1: How to extract high-resolution dot plots and histograms from FACSDivaPart 2: How to generate histogram overlays (based upon Part 1)Part 3: How to delete quadrant labels (Q1–Q4) within dot plots (based upon Part 1)

Kristoffer Weber; Boris Fehse

2009-01-01

332

Case Study Collaborative Re-Use of Educational Software: the Generation of Multimedia Dataset to Support Student Learning, EDEN (European Distance Education Network) conference, Prague PUB-DMU-01  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The SoURCE Project (Software Use Re-use and customisation in Education), led by the OpenUniversity(OU) in the UK, is exploring ways of enhancing the extent to which educationalsoftware is re-used across subject and institutional boundaries within Higher education (HE).De Montfort University (DMU) in the UK, a partner in the project, is currently piloting softwareshells in a range of disciplines. The focus of this workshop will be the use of a re-usablesoftware shell, "the Elicitation Engine" in the School of Education, "The Development of theIndividual".The Elicitation Engine is a multimedia programme that expands and develops a learner'sthinking by providing the learner with a dataset of multimedia objects (sound, video, images,animations, web pages, and text) which aims to draw out and extend the learner'sunderstanding of the subject matter. The Elicitation Engine has been evaluated in the contextof supporting learning with OU distance learners, and is now being repurposed to supportlearning with students at DMU.The workshop will explore the issues surrounding re-usability of existing software shells, andthe issues surrounding the generation of an original media-rich dataset.

333

Molten carbonate fuel cell product design & improvement - 2nd quarter, 1995. Quarterly report, April 1--June 30, 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary objective of this project is to establish, by 1998, the commercial readiness of MW-class molten carbonate fuel cell power plants for distributed power generation, cogeneration, and compressor station applications. Tasks include system design and analysis, manufacturing, packaging and assembly, test facility development, and technology development, improvement, and verification.

NONE

1997-05-01

334

A software assistant for the design of realistic software phantoms  

Science.gov (United States)

Segmentation and quantification of medical image data are difficult problems in image analysis. Especially, an accurate and robust assessment of quantitative parameters is a key issue in many fields, and can have a direct impact on diagnosis and treatment planning. To this end, physical and software phantom data sets have become an integral tool during the design, implementation, and optimization of new algorithms. Unfortunately, a common research resource has not been established until now for many applications. In this work we propose a software assistant for the development of realistic software phantoms. Our aim is an easy-to-use tool with an intuitive user interface. Furthermore, we provide a software for researchers including a common basis of reference data, which facilitates a standardized and objective validation of performance and limitations of own developments, as well as the comparison of different methods. The fundamental phantom design focuses on objects that can be incorporated into a given background. This can either be a homogeneous artificial background, or a volunteer or patient data set. For each phantom the exact ground truth of the investigated object is available, which provides us with an excellent tool for the generation of realistic data sets. Several experiments are carried out for a number of different applications including software phantoms of small, hyperintense brain lesions, as well as software phantoms of liver metastases.

Rexilius, Jan; Konrad, Olaf; Peitgen, Heinz-Otto

2008-04-01

335

TOWARDS DEVELOPING A PERFORMANCE EVALUATOR FOR COMPONENT BASED SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Component Based Software Engineering is a branch of software engineering, which concentrates in the separation of concerns based on functionality and developing self-contained units available throughout a software system. Component Based Development (CBD) facilitates in generating reusable software components, thereby enabling to generate software products more quickly, efficiently and with desirable qualities. With the increasing avenues of component based development it would be relevant to generate a tool, which can predict the performance of the software developed using CBD. The tool generated tries to evaluate the performance attributes of the software at the design level, thereby reducing the cost of reworkat the later stage of software development. The tool is mplementation, domain independent as it used the UML diagrams for evaluation process.

B.BHARATHI,; G.KULANTHAIVEL

2011-01-01

336

Multifrequency generation in a potassium-gadolinium tungstate laser  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The neodymium doped potassium-gadolinium tungstate [KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+] laser with stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) self-conversion in active-passive Q-switched and passive mode-locking regimes is investigated. In this paper the methods of optimization and stabilization of mode-locked KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+ laser generation parameters are discussed. The results of our theoretical and experimental investigations of damage-limiting mechanisms in Raman scattering media are presented.

1990-01-01

337

Desempenho ortográfico de escolares do 2º ao 5º ano do ensino público Spelling performance of 2nd to 5th grade students from public school  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar, comparar e classificar o desempenho de escolares do 2º ao 5º ano do ensino público segundo a semiologia dos erros. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 120 escolares do 2º ao 5º ano de escola pública municipal de Marília-SP, sendo 30 de cada série, divididos em quatro grupos: GI (2º ano); GII (3º ano); GIII (4º ano); e GIV (5º ano). Como procedimento foram aplicadas as provas do Pro-Ortografia: versão coletiva (escrita de letras do alfabeto, ditado randomizado das letras do alfabeto, ditado de palavras, ditado de pseudopalavras, ditado com figuras, escrita temática induzida por figura) e versão individual (ditado de frases, erro proposital, ditado soletrado, memória lexical ortográfica). RESULTADOS: Houve diferença na comparação intergrupos, indicando melhor desempenho dos escolares a cada série subsequente, na maior parte das provas da versão coletiva e individual. Com o avanço da seriação escolar, os grupos apresentaram menor média de erros na escrita. CONCLUSÃO: O perfil de aquisição da ortografia do sistema de escrita do Português observado em escolares do ensino público é indicativo do funcionamento normal de desenvolvimento da escrita infantil.PURPOSE: To characterize, compare and classify the performance of 2nd to 5th grade students from public schools according to the semiology of spelling errors. METHODS: Participants were 120 students from 2nd to 5th grades of a public school in Marília (SP), Brazil, 30 students from each grade, who were divided into four groups: GI (2nd grade), GII (3rd grade), GIII (4th grade), and GIV (5th grade). The tasks of the Pro-Ortografia test were applied: collective version (writing of alphabet letters, randomized dictation of letters, words dictation, nonwords dictation, dictation with pictures, thematic writing induced by picture) and individual version (dictation of sentences, purposeful error, spelled dictation, orthographic lexical memory). RESULTS: Significant difference was found in the between-group comparison indicating better performance of students in every subsequent grade in most of the individual and collective version tasks. With the increase of grade level, the groups decreased the average of writing errors. CONCLUSION: The profile of spelling acquisition of the Portuguese writing system found in these public school students indicates normal writing development in this population.

Simone Aparecida Capellini; Amanda Corrêa do Amaral; Andrea Batista Oliveira; Maria Nobre Sampaio; Natália Fusco; José Francisco Cervera-Mérida; Amparo Ygual-Fernández

2011-01-01

338

Microcomputers in nursing administration. A software overview.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The current environment of prospective payment systems and cost control requires nursing administrators to have fast access to useful, reliable information. Microcomputers can be used by individuals who are not computer experts to generate that information. This article discusses the various types of computer software used on microcomputers and gives examples of nursing administration applications for microcomputer software.

Finkler SA

1985-04-01

339

Final Report of the 2nd Ex-Vessel Neutron Dosimetry Installation And Evaluations for Yonggwang Unit 1 Reactor Pressure Vessel  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This report describes a neutron fluence assessment performed for the Yonggwang Unit 1 pressure vessel belt line region based on the guidance specified in Regulatory Guide 1.190. In this assessment, maximum fast neutron exposures expressed in terms of fast neutron fluence (E>1 MeV) and iron atom displacements (dpa) were established for the belt line region of the pressure vessel. During Cycle 16 of reactor operation, 2nd Ex-Vessel Neutron Dosimetry Program was instituted at Yonggwang Unit 1 to provide continuous monitoring of the belt line region of the reactor vessel. The use of the Ex-Vessel Neutron Dosimetry Program coupled with available surveillance capsule measurements provides a plant specific data base that enables the evaluation of the vessel exposure and the uncertainty associated with that exposure over the service life of the unit. Ex-Vessel Neutron Dosimetry has been evaluated at the conclusion of Cycle 16

2007-01-01

340

Large swelling of 2nd-stage potassium-graphite intercalation compound prepared from HOPG by sorption and desorption of hydrogen isotopes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Sorption-desorption behavior of isotopic hydrogen gases was investigated on second-stage potassium graphite intercalation compound (K-GIC) prepared from highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) flakes. In the first run of hydrogen sorption, little amount of hydrogen was absorbed by KC21±1 at 77 K, while H2 gas was absorbed up to 0.65 in the mole ratio of H2 to K in the second run. Absorbed H2 could not be desorbed even by evacuation, and was released with large swelling of the sample by warming up. The swollen sample showed dark blue color, which is characteristic of 2nd-stage K-GIC, and still had great capability of hydrogen sorption. Judging from the absorption isotherms and the data on the changes of enthalpy and entropy of absorption obtained in this study, the swollen sample was considered to have a double porous structure constructed of micropores and macropores. (author).

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

XMCD study of the Ruddlesden-Popper phase La1.2Nd0.2Sr1.6Mn2O7  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (XMCD) measurements of the Ruddlesden-Popper Phase La1.2Nd0.2Sr1.6Mn2O7 are reported. The Mn K, La and Nd L2,3 edges have been measured on a powder sample at two different magnetic fields at low temperature. The analysis of the spectra at B = 1T indicates a large orbital moment of the Nd 5d-states and a significant spin-polarization of the La 5d-band. Furthermore at the Mn ?-edge a XMCD-signal is observed, showing a polarization of the Mn 4p-band. At lower field (0.2T) all XMCD-signals are about two times smaller corresponding to the lower total magnetization. The signal at the Nd L2 edge vanishes completely at 0.2T. (au)

2001-01-01

342

[Human in vitro fertilisation and embryotransfer: first results at the 2nd department of obstetrics and gynaecology, university of vienna (author's transl)  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Methods and Results of human in vitro fertilisation at the 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Vienna are reported. Applying preparations of media and culture techniques according to Edwards et al. no satisfactory results could be achieved: only 3 out of 11 preovulatory oocytes were fertilised, no cleavages occurred. Using modified Ham's F 10 medium according to Lopata et al. fertilisation could be observed in 60% as well as regular cleavages in 40%. 5 Embryotransfers have been performed in the 8 cell or in the 16 cell stage respectively. No implantation occurred in 4 of these, in one case evidence for a transient implantation could be proved by an increased activity of SP1 and HCG beta. In this case obviously postimplantation death occurred resulting in a bleeding 16 days after oocyte recovery. Possible reasons for failures in fertilisation and cleavage as well as possibilities for improving the rate of reimplantation are discussed.

Feichtinger W; Szalay S; Kemeter P; Beck A; Janisch H

1981-07-01

343

Double NASICON-type cell: ordered Nd3+ distribution in Li0.2Nd0.8/3Zr2(PO4)3.  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASICON compound Li(0.2)Nd(0.8/3)Zr(2)(PO(4))(3), synthesized by a sol-gel process, has been structurally characterized by TEM and powder diffraction (neutron and X-ray). It crystallizes in the space group R3[combining macron] (No. 148): at room temperature, the Nd(3+) ions present an ordered distribution in the [Zr(2)(PO(4))(3)](-) network which leads to a doubling of the classical c parameter (a = 8.7160(3) A, c = 46.105(1) A). Above 600 degrees C, Nd(3+) diffusion occurs leading at 1000 degrees C to the loss of the supercell. This reversible cationic diffusion in a preserved 3D [Zr(2)(PO(4))(3)](-) network is followed through thermal X-ray diffraction. Ionic conductivity measurements have been undertaken by impedance spectroscopy, while some results concerning the sintering of the NASICON compound are given. PMID:18521448

Barré, Maud; Crosnier-Lopez, Marie-Pierre; Le Berre, Françoise; Bohnké, Odile; Suard, Emmanuelle; Fourquet, Jean-Louis

2008-04-24

344

Double NASICON-type cell: ordered Nd3+ distribution in Li0.2Nd0.8/3Zr2(PO4)3.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The NASICON compound Li(0.2)Nd(0.8/3)Zr(2)(PO(4))(3), synthesized by a sol-gel process, has been structurally characterized by TEM and powder diffraction (neutron and X-ray). It crystallizes in the space group R3[combining macron] (No. 148): at room temperature, the Nd(3+) ions present an ordered distribution in the [Zr(2)(PO(4))(3)](-) network which leads to a doubling of the classical c parameter (a = 8.7160(3) A, c = 46.105(1) A). Above 600 degrees C, Nd(3+) diffusion occurs leading at 1000 degrees C to the loss of the supercell. This reversible cationic diffusion in a preserved 3D [Zr(2)(PO(4))(3)](-) network is followed through thermal X-ray diffraction. Ionic conductivity measurements have been undertaken by impedance spectroscopy, while some results concerning the sintering of the NASICON compound are given.

Barré M; Crosnier-Lopez MP; Le Berre F; Bohnké O; Suard E; Fourquet JL

2008-06-01

345

Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Sports Performance/CIDESD Actas do 2º Simpósio Internacional de Performance Desportiva/CIDESD  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This special issue contains the proceedings presented at the 2nd International Symposium on Performance Sports / CIDESD, entitled "Performance enhanced by bridging the gap between Theory and Practice", held in Covilhã between 8 and 9 October 2011.This event brought together professionals and students of sport and health sciences, covering the following areas: Sports Performance, Health and Professional and Pedagogical Intervention.Este número especial contém as comunicações e resumos apresentados no 2º Simpósio Internacional de Performance Desportiva/CIDESD, intitulado “A ponte entre a ciência e sua aplicação prática” (Performance enhanced by bridging the gap between Theory and Practice), que se realizou na Covilhã, entre os dias 8 e 9 de outubro de 2011.Este evento reuniu profissionais e estudantes das ciências do desporto e saúde, abrangendo as seguintes áreas temáticas: Performance Desportiva, Saúde e Intervenção Pedagógica e Profissional.

2º SIPD/CIDESD

2012-01-01

346

CaF/sub 2/:Mn thermoluminescence: a single glow peak not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The thermoluminescence (TL) of CaF/sub 2/:Mn has been studied using photon counting and digital recording. For doses of 10 rad or less the TL glow curves appear to consist of a single glow peak. However, there are indications - which are pronounced at larger doses - that one additional low intensity peak (area less than or equal to one percent) is superimposed on each side of the central peak. The intense peak is not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics but is well described by the more general kinetics from which these kinetics are derived. These observations, and the results of additional kinetic analysis, demonstrate that retrapping is not negligible and may include all three peaks. In such systems, which are likely to include other dosimeter materials and minerals, peak height will not increase linearly with dose; an important factor for dosimetry and dating applications.

Hornyak, W.F.; Levy, P.W.; Kierstead, J.A.

1984-12-01

347

Analysis of the 2nd Ispra test on the 1/6TH scale model of the SNR-300 fast breeder reactor with the PISCES-2 DELK code  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents a numerical simulation of the 2nd test carried out at the JRC in Ispra (Italy) in the 1/6th scale vessel model of the SNR-300 LMFBR. The computer code used for the analysis was the hybrid code PISCES-2D-ELK, being an explicit finite difference code capable of simulating fluids and structures in an Eulerian reference frame, a Lagrange reference frame and having a thin shell option available. The analysis was performed for a total transient time of 10 ms and the results are presented in the form of contour-velocity vector plots at several intervals. The evolution of some important parameters such as the impulse and strain at the shieldtank, the pressure and impulse at the vessel roof (waterhammer) and the strain profiles of the shieldtank and the main vessel are compared with the measured experimental results. (orig./GL).

1981-08-21

348

Supporting Software Architecture Evolution  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Today it is more a rule than an exception that software systems have a lifecycle of more than several years. Hence, software evolution is inevitable. During the life span of a software system the domain in which the system is working evolves and changes. This causes changes to the software system...

Svahnberg, Mikael

349

Experiment on safety software evaluation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The licensing procedures process of nuclear plants includes compulsory steps which bring about a thorough exam of the commands control system. In this context the IPSN uses a tool called MALPAS to carry out an analysis of the quality of the software involved in safety control. The IPSN also try to obtain the automation of the generation of test games necessary for dynamical analysis. The MALPAS tool puts forward the particularities of programing which can influence the testability and the upholding of the studied software. (TEC). 4 refs

1994-03-30

350

GMT software and controls overview  

Science.gov (United States)

The Giant Magellan Telescope Organization is designing and building a ground-based 25-meter extremely large telescope. This project represents a significant increase in complexity and performance requirements over 8-10 meter class telescope control systems. This paper presents how recent software and hardware technologies and the lessons learned from the previous generation of large telescopes can help to address some of these challenges. We illustrate our model-centric approach to capture all the functionalities and workflows of the observatory subsystems, and discuss its benefits for implementing and documenting the software and control systems. The same modeling approach is also used to capture and facilitate the development process.

Filgueira, José M.; Bec, Matthieu; Soto, José; Liu, Ning; Peng, Chien Y.

2012-09-01

351

The quantitative determination of neomycin sulphate by a diffusion technique on agar plates by the method of the European Pharmacopoeia, 2nd edition--evaluation of precision and reproducibility of the method.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The medium recommended by the European Pharmacopoeia (EP), 2nd edition, for the microbiological determination of neomycin by the agar diffusion method was tested and compared with the medium recommended by the EP, 1st edition. The tests were carried out in different laboratories. The medium recommended by the EP, 2nd edition, gave greater precision and reproducibility than the previous medium. The possibility of using a reference standard of almost pure neomycin B for both the determination of framycetin and neomycin was evaluated. The results demonstrated that the medium recommended by the EP, 2nd edition, gave better precision and reproducibility. Difficulty in achieving valid assays was practically the same with both media.

Barzaghi D; Bella G; Bizzarri D; Burinato C; Carazzone M; Fava M; Genova R; Malesani L; Piovani D; Veronese M

1985-10-01

352

The quantitative determination of neomycin sulphate by a diffusion technique on agar plates by the method of the European Pharmacopoeia, 2nd edition--evaluation of precision and reproducibility of the method.  

Science.gov (United States)

The medium recommended by the European Pharmacopoeia (EP), 2nd edition, for the microbiological determination of neomycin by the agar diffusion method was tested and compared with the medium recommended by the EP, 1st edition. The tests were carried out in different laboratories. The medium recommended by the EP, 2nd edition, gave greater precision and reproducibility than the previous medium. The possibility of using a reference standard of almost pure neomycin B for both the determination of framycetin and neomycin was evaluated. The results demonstrated that the medium recommended by the EP, 2nd edition, gave better precision and reproducibility. Difficulty in achieving valid assays was practically the same with both media. PMID:3932360

Barzaghi, D; Bella, G; Bizzarri, D; Burinato, C; Carazzone, M; Fava, M; Genova, R; Malesani, L; Piovani, D; Veronese, M

1985-10-01

353

Synthesis and superconductivity of a new 1222-type Tl-based layered cuprate (Tl, Nb) Sr[sub 2](Nd, Ce)[sub 2]Cu[sub 2]O[sub z  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Synthesis and superconductivity of a new 1222-type layered cuprate (Tl[sub 1-x]Nb[sub x]) Sr[sub 2](ND[sub 1-y]Ce[sub y])[sub 2]Cu[sub 2]O[sub z] have been studied. The structure of this cuprate is directly related to that of Nb-1222 NbSr[sub 2](Nd, Ce)[sub 2]Cu[sub 2]O[sub z] with tetragonal body-center lattice. Partial substitution of Tl for Nb in Nb-1222 phase improves its superconductivity. (Tl[sub 1-x]Nb[sub x]) Sr[sub 2](Nd[sub 0.75]Ce[sub 0.25])[sub 2]Cu[sub 2]O[sub z] samples prepared by the typical procedure exhibit superconductivity with Tc of 30-40 K. Effects of Tl and Nb on superconductivity of this cuprate are briefly discussed. (orig.)

Chen, Z.Y. (Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville, AR (United States). Dept. of Physics); Tang, Y.Q. (Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville, AR (United States). Dept. of Physics); Li, Y.F. (Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville, AR (United States). Dept. of Physics); Pederson, D.O. (Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville, AR (United States). Dept. of Physics); Sheng, Z.Z. (Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville, AR (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1993-01-01

354

Reformulating Software Engineering as a Search Problem  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Metaheuristic techniques such as genetic algorithms, simulated annealing and tabu search have foundwide application in most areas of engineering. These techniques have also been applied in business, financialand economic modelling. Metaheuristics have been applied to three areas of software engineering: testdata generation, module clustering and cost/effort prediction, yet there remain many software engineeringproblems which have yet to be tackled using metaheuristics. It is surprising that metaheuristics have notbeen more widely applied to software engineering; many problems in software engineering are characterisedby precisely the features which make metaheuristic search applicable.

John Clarke; Kearton Rees; Jos Javier Dolado

355

Reformulating Software Engineering as a Search Problem  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Metaheuristic techniques such as genetic algorithms, simulated annealing and tabu search have found wide application in most areas of engineering. These techniques have also been applied in business, financial and economic modelling. Metaheuristics have been applied to three areas of software engineering: test data generation, module clustering and cost/effort prediction, yet there remain many software engineering problems which have yet to be tackled using metaheuristics. It is surprising that metaheuristics have not been more widely applied to software engineering; many problems in software engineering are characterised by precisely the features which make metaheuristic search applicable.

John Clarke; Jose Javier Dolado; Mark Harman; Bryan Jones; Mary Lumkin; Brian Mitchell; Kearton Rees; Marc Roper

356

Black Box Software Testing  

Science.gov (United States)

The Black Box Software Testing Collection provides instructional materials (lectures, slides and videos) to teach black box software testing. Black box testing is the craft of testing a program from the external view. Materials in the collection are organized into self-contained sections that focus on foundations of software testing and specific, well-known software testing techniques. Some of the materials are used in professional development courses taught by Florida Institute of Technology and the Association for Software Testing.

2011-05-19

357

Software Engineering for Practiced Software Enhancement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Software development scenario particularly in IT industries is very competitive and demands for development with minimum resources. Software development started and prevailed up to an extent in industry without the use of software engineering practices, which was perceived as an overhead. This approach causes over use of resources, such as money, man-hours, hardware components. This paper attempts to present the causes of inefficiencies in an almost exhaustive way. Further, an attempt has been made to elaborate the software engineering methods as remedies against the listed causes of inefficiencies of development.

Rashmi Yadav; Ravindra Patel; Abhay Kothari

2011-01-01

358

Können Suchmaschinen von sozialer Software profitieren?  

CERN Multimedia

Students at the HAW Hamburg dealed with the question how search engines could add user generated content from a social software system like lycos iq to their result pages. For this reason they analysed and compared the systems` advantages, relevance of search results, usability and the quality of the generated content. The conclusion is that it’s necceassary to improve social software. The text presents the results and the recommendations for lycos iq.

Seehaus, Stefan

2008-01-01

359

Computer software review procedures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This article reviews the procedures which are used to review software written for computer based instrumentation and control functions in nuclear facilities. The utilization of computer based control systems is becoming much more prevalent in such installations, in addition to being retrofit into existing systems. Currently, the Nuclear Regulatory System uses Regulatory Guide 1.152, open-quotes Criteria for Programmable Digital Computer System Software in Safety-Related Systems of Nuclear Power Plantsclose quotes and ANSI/IEEE-ANS-7-4.3.2-1982, open-quotes Application Criteria for Programmable Digital Computer Systems in Safety Systems of Nuclear Power Generating Stationsclose quotes for guidance when performing reviews of digital systems. There is great concern about the process of verification and validation of these codes, so when inspections are done of such systems, inspectors examine very closely the processes which were followed in developing the codes, the errors which were detected, how they were found, and the analysis which went into tracing down the causes behind the errors to insure such errors were not propagated again in the future

1993-01-01

360

An overview of second generation biofuel technologies.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The recently identified limitations of 1st-generation biofuels produced from food crops (with perhaps the exception of sugarcane ethanol) have caused greater emphasis to be placed on 2nd-generation biofuels produced from ligno-cellulosic feedstocks. Although significant progress continues to be made to overcome the technical and economic challenges, 2nd-generation biofuels production will continue to face major constraints to full commercial deployment. The logistics of providing a competitive, all-year-round, supply of biomass feedstock to a commercial-scale plant is challenging, as is improving the performance of the conversion process to reduce costs. The biochemical route, being less mature, probably has a greater cost reduction potential than the thermo-chemical route, but here a wider range of synthetic fuels can be produced to better suit heavy truck, aviation and marine applications. Continued investment in research and demonstration by both public and private sectors, coupled with appropriate policy support mechanisms, are essential if full commercialisation is to be achieved within the next decade. After that, the biofuel industry will grow only at a steady rate and encompass both 1st- and 2nd-generation technologies that meet agreed environmental, sustainability and economic policy goals.

Sims RE; Mabee W; Saddler JN; Taylor M

2010-03-01

 
 
 
 
361

Patterns of Software Development Process  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">This article presents a set of patterns that can be found to perform best practices in software processes that are directly related to the problem of implementing the activities of the process, the roles involved, the knowledge generated and the inputs and outputs belonging to the process. In this work, a definition of the architecture is encouraged by using different recurrent configurations that strengthen the process and yield efficient results for the development of a software project. The patterns presented constitute a catalog, which serves as a vocabulary for communication among project participants [1], [2], and also can be implemented through software tools, thus facilitating patterns implementation [3]. Additionally, a tool that can be obtained under GPL (General Public license) is provided for this purpose

Sandro Javier Bolaños Castro; Rubén Gonzalez Crespo; Victor Hugo Medina Garcia

2011-01-01

362

Avaliação do Acesso em Saúde na 2ª Microrregião de Saúde, CE/ Evaluation of the Access to Health in the 2nd Microregion of Health-CE  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo desta pesquisa é avaliar os indicadores da Central de Regulação da 2ª Microrregional de Saúde. METODOLOGIA: estudo documental, descritivo e de avaliação, realizado na 2ª Microrregional de Saúde-CE, desenvolvido nas Centrais de Marcação de Consultas (CMC) dos municípios, que envolvem 16 profissionais ligados à regulação microrregional e regional. A coleta dos dados realizou-se no período de fevereiro a agosto de 2007, em fonte documental. Este pr (more) ojeto foi submetido ao Comitê de Ética da Universidade Federal do Ceará-UFC. RESULTADOS: a aplicação do parâmetro de cobertura permitiu identificar que os municípios apresentaram baixa cobertura de consultas especializadas para a população microrregional. Apenas dois municípios possuem mais de 90% de cobertura; nos demais, esse parâmetro está aquém do estimado, tendo dois municípios apresentado 28% de cobertura e apenas um, 13%, representando o menor percentual. A supervisão da Programação pactuada e Integrada-PPI nos municípios ainda é uma atividade incipiente no âmbito das ações de controle. Percebeu-se que as CMC dos municípios da 2ª microrregião estão com indicadores de oferta e demanda estrangulados, os gestores municipais não programam o suficiente para atender a demanda da população. A regulação estruturada nesta microrregião não cumpre o papel de otimizar a utilização dos serviços de referência nos espaços supramunicipais segundo os critérios das necessidades de saúde da população. Abstract in english The target of this research is to evaluate the indicators of the Regulation Center of the 2nd Microregional of Heath. METHODOLOGY: documental, descriptive and evaluative study, held in the 2nd Microregional of Health - CE, developed in the appointment setting centers of the districts. The object of study envolved 16 professionals linked to the microregional regulation. The gathering of data was made between February and August 2007, in a documental source. In relation to (more) ethic matters, we have submitted this project to the Ethics Committee of UFC. RESULTS: The application of the parameter of covering allowed us to identify that the districts showed a low tax of appointments specialized to the microregional population. Only 2 districts have more than 90% covering, in the other ones, this parameter is below the estimated, showing two districts with 28% of covering and only one with 13% of covering which represented the lowest percentage. The supervision of PPI in the districts is still an incipient activity in terms of controlling actions. We have noticed that the CMC of the districts of the 2 nd microregional have their outnumbered indicators of offering and demands and the municipal managers do not programm enough to meet the population needs. The structured regulation in this microregion does not improve the utilization of reference services in the supra-municipal spaces, according to the necessity criteria of population health.

Silva, Maria Verônica Sales da; Silva, Maria Josefina da; Silva, Lucilane Maria Sales da; Nascimento, Adail Afrânio Marcelino do; Damasceno, Ana Kelve Castro

2012-05-01

363

Software/hardware integration control system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This patent describes a method of integrating machine independent software written in a high level language with the hardware and software characteristics of a selected processor system to generate an executable load module in the same high level language with selected machine codes merged therewith to be run on the selected processor system, the method comprising the steps of: interactively preparing a source file containing software, hardware and interrupt configuration specifications of the selected processor system in response to inputs from a designer; processing the source file of step a. to generate a linker command file and a configuration object file; and linking the machine independent software with the configuration object file under the control of the linker command file created in step b. to generate the executable load module for the processor system.

Jonge Vos, H.

1987-06-09

364

Guidelines - software configuration management  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A guideline is given for Software Configuration Management (SCM) during a software life cycle. Each of the different functions of SCM is discussed as well as its relationship to overall project management.

Wilburn, N.P.; Doggett, R.B.; Carey, Z.E.

1983-01-01

365

Commercial Data Mining Software  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter discusses selected commercial software for data mining, supercomputing data mining, text mining, and web mining. The selected software are compared with their features and also applied to available data sets. The software for data mining are SAS Enterprise Miner, Megaputer PolyAnalyst 5.0, PASW (formerly SPSS Clementine), IBM Intelligent Miner, and BioDiscovery GeneSight. The software for supercomputing are Avizo by Visualization Science Group and JMP Genomics from SAS Institute. The software for text mining are SAS Text Miner and Megaputer PolyAnalyst 5.0. The software for web mining are Megaputer PolyAnalyst and SPSS Clementine . Background on related literature and software are presented. Screen shots of each of the selected software are presented, as are conclusions and future directions.

Zhang, Qingyu; Segall, Richard S.

366

ATLAS software packaging  

CERN Document Server

Software packaging is indispensable part of build and prerequisite for deployment processes. Full ATLAS software stack consists of TDAQ, HLT, and Offline software. These software groups depend on some 80 external software packages. We present tools, package PackDist, developed and used to package all this software except for TDAQ project. PackDist is based on and driven by CMT, ATLAS software configuration and build tool, and consists of shell and Python scripts. The packaging unit used is CMT project. Each CMT project is packaged as several packages - platform dependent (one per platform available), source code excluding header files, other platform independent files, documentation, and debug information packages (the last two being built optionally). Packaging can be done recursively to package all the dependencies. The whole set of packages for one software release, distribution kit, also includes configuration packages and contains some 120 packages for one platform. Also packaged are physics analysis pro...

Rybkin, G; The ATLAS collaboration

2012-01-01

367

Progress report of the Research Group. 1st part: Tore Supra. 2nd part: Fontenay-aux-Roses  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Three major events dominated the activities of the EURATOM/CEA association during 1980: the decision to launch the realization of the TORE SUPRA project, the progressive recognition of high frequency heating as a solution for the future, and the increasing support given to the development of heating methods and diagnostics in the JET project. It is estimated that project studies are sufficiently advanced and that industrial fabrication problems have been sufficiently covered for the realization of Tore Supra to begin in 1981. One of the successes of the work carried out is the complete validation for the superfluid helium cooling system. The satisfactory development of high frequency heating and the increasing credibility of this form of heating for future work are very important factors. In this context, the decision of the JET to envisage a large amount of ionic cyclotron heating is particularly important. The results obtained in 1980 are in fact very encouraging. The maximum power of the 500 kW T.F.R. generator was coupled with the plasma and it was possible to establish an energy Q-value. Even though the injection of neutral particles can now be considered as a proved heating method, studies of the accompanying physical phenomena are still important. The T.F.R. experiments carried out in this field in 1980 were very useful. The importance of the realization and development activities conducted during 1980, should not mask the enormous effort that made, both experimentally and theoretically, in order to understand key physical phenomena in plasma. The main peoccupation concerned small and large disruptions and all aspects of the associated instabilities. A detailed analysis of the experimental results using numerical models has led to improved empirical knowledge on the elementary transport phenomena taking place. Increasingly detailed studies on microinstabilities were also fruitful and have even led to a complete reversal in some of the ideas held about the case of universal instabilities[fr] L'activite de l'Association EURATOM/C.E.A. en 1980 a ete influencee par trois elements majeurs: la decision de lancer la realisation du projet TORE SUPRA, la reconnaissance progressive du chauffage haute frequence comme une solution d'avenir et l'importance croissante du soutien accorde au J.E.T. pour les methodes de chauffage et les diagnostics. L'etude detaillee du projet TORE SUPRA a ete poussee assez loin et les problemes de fabrication industrielle ont ete suffisamment bien etudies pour permettre de commencer vraiment la realisation en 1981. Un succes deja acquis est d'avoir completement valide la technique du refroidissement par l'helium superfluide. Un fait tres important pour l'Asssociation EURATOM/C.E.A. est le developpement satisfaisant du chauffage haute frequence et sa credibilite de plus en plus grande comme methode d'avenir. A ce titre la decision du J.E.T. de prevoir des maintenant une contribution importante du chauffage cyclotron ionique est un evenement marquant. Les resultats obtenus en 1980 sont en effet encourageants. Sur T.F.R. la puissance maximum du generateur de 500 KW a pu etre couplee au plasma et un bilan d'energie a pu etre etabli. Meme si l'injection de neutres est consideree maintenant comme une methode de chauffage eprouvee, l'etude des phenomenes physiques qui l'accompagnent conserve son importance et les experiences faites sur T.F.R. dans ce domaine en 1980 ont ete fructueuses. L'importance des taches de realisation et de developpement techniques qui ont ete accomplis en 1980 ne doit pas masquer l'effort important qui a continue d'etre fait pour la comprehension de phenomenes cles de physique des plasmas a la fois par la theorie et par l'experience. La premiere place dans ces preoccupations a ete prise par les disruptions, petites ou grandes, et par les instablites associees sous tous leurs aspects. L'analyse detaillee des resultats experimentaux par les modeles numeriques a fait aussi progresser la connaissance empirique des phenomenes de transport elementaires. L'etude de plus

1981-01-01

368

e-Learning-reality and/or dreams. A rewiew of the WBLE 2nd conference on e-Learning in a lifelong learning perspective, merging the physical and digital learning space  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on experiences and research presented during the WBLE 2nd 2001 (Web Based Learning Environment) conference on e-Learning at Lund University, Sweden, October 2001, one wish to obtain a glimpse into the status and future of e-Learning. During the conference a large number of worldwide research, ...

Ossiannilsson, Ebba; Sponberg, Hilding

369

8th World Congress of Music Therapy, 2nd International Congress of the World Federation of Music Therapy, Hamburg, Germany, July 14-20, 1996 - Interview with Prof. Dr. Hans-Helmut Decker-Voigt  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An interview with Prof. Dr. Hans-Helmut Decker-Voigt about  his efforts in organising the 8th World Congress of Music Therapy, 2nd International Congress of the World Federation of Music Therapy held in Hamburg, Germany, July 14-20, 1996

Barbara L. Wheeler

2011-01-01

370

Dielectric properties of [Ca{sub 1-x}(Li{sub 1/2}Nd{sub 1/2}){sub x}]{sub 1-y}Zn{sub y}TiO{sub 3} ceramics at microwave frequencies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Dielectric properties of Ca{sub 1-x}(Li{sub 1/2}Nd{sub 1/2}){sub x}TiO{sub 3} (0.0{<=}x{<=}0.6, CLNT) and [Ca{sub 0.6}(Li{sub 1/2}Nd{sub 1/2}){sub 0.4}]{sub 1-y}Zn{sub y}TiO{sub 3} (0.5{<=}y{<=}1.0, CLNZT) ceramics were investigated at 4-10 GHz. For the CLNT system, a single perovskite phase was detected in the entire composition range. The dielectric constants (K), and the temperature coefficients of the resonant frequency (TCF) were dependent on the B-site bond valence. Qf value decreases with the increase in (Li{sub 1/2}Nd{sub 1/2})TiO{sub 3} content (x) due to a decrease in grain size. For the CLNZT system, Qf value and TCF were improved with Zn content (y) due to the formation of Zn{sub 2}TiO{sub 4}. Typically, K of 47, Qf of 13000 GHz, TCF of 14 ppm per deg. C were obtained for [Ca{sub 0.6}(Li{sub 1/2}Nd{sub 1/2}){sub 0.4}]{sub 0.4}Zn{sub 0.6}TiO{sub 3} sintered at 1150 deg. C for 4 h.

Kim, Eung Soo; Chun, Byung Sam; Yoon, Ki Hyun

2003-05-25

371

Gammasphere software development  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes the activities of the nuclear physics group at Mississippi State University which were performed during 1993. Significant progress has been made in the focus areas: chairing the Gammasphere Software Working Group (SWG); assisting with the porting and enhancement of the ORNL UPAK histogramming software package; and developing standard formats for Gammasphere data products. In addition, they have established a new public ftp archive to distribute software and software development tools and information.

1994-01-01

372

Computer software quality assurance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The author defines some criteria for the evaluation of software quality assurance elements for applicability to the regulation of the nuclear industry. The author then analyses a number of software quality assurance (SQA) standards. The major extracted SQA elements are then discussed, and finally specific software quality assurance recommendations are made for the nuclear industry

1986-01-01

373

Mineral industry software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The article examines aspects of computer use in the mineral industry. Aspects covered include: types of computer and software used; future trends; use of computer aided design (CAD); map conversions; integrated mining software with CAD; surface and underground mine modelling; and software developments. 4 figs.

Gibbs, B.L. (Gibbs and Associates, Boulder, CO (USA))

1992-01-01

374

Designing quality into software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Software Quality Assurance has become an area of high interest because of expectations of higher programmer productivity, fewer errors in the final program, and thus overall reduced costs for software development. QA techniques are conceptually simple and should be implemented prior to software design or code writing. This paper briefly describes the QA techniques implemented for MFTF-B.

Becker, D.R.

1981-01-01

375

SPEAR 3 Commissioning Software  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The short SPEAR 3 startup time required precommissioned software for machine setup, beam measurements and data analysis. To accomplish this goal, we used Matlab with the Accelerator Toolbox (AT), the Channel Access Toolbox (MCA) and Middle Layer software to integrate code and streamline production. This paper outlines the software architecture, describes the Middle Layer component and provides examples from SPEAR 3 commissioning.

Corbett, W.J.; Portmann, G.J.; Safranek, J.A.; Terebilo, A.; /SLAC, SSRL

2005-05-09

376

Focus: Software Secrets.  

Science.gov (United States)

|A controversy has arisen as to whether instrument vendors are providing sufficient information about instrument-associated software to permit users to understand invisible data transformations going on inside of the equipment. Topics addressed include software protection, user modifications, and publishing software. (Author/JN)|

Borman, Stuart A.

1983-01-01

377

Applied Software Project Management  

CERN Multimedia

What makes software projects succeed? It takes more than a good idea and a team of talented programmers. Applied Software Project Management provides you with tools, techniques, and practices that you can use on your own projects right away. It supplies you with the information you need to diagnose your team's situation and presents practical advice to help you build better software.

Stellman, Andrew

2008-01-01

378

SOFTWARE AUDIT SYSTEM  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To remotely monitor your computer over the internet, you have to install this software on the remote computer (called as server) as well as on your own computer (called as client). When connected , Software Audit System software gives you the full mouse and keyboard control over your computer and yo...

Gaurav Kumar NIgam

379

Stable isotopic evidence for diet at the Imperial Roman coastal site of Velia (1st and 2nd centuries AD) in Southern Italy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Here we report on a stable isotope palaeodietary study of a Imperial Roman population interred near the port of Velia in Southern Italy during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses were performed on collagen extracted from 117 adult humans as well as a range of fauna to reconstruct individual dietary histories. For the majority of individuals, we found that stable isotope data were consistent with a diet high in cereals, with relatively modest contributions of meat and only minor contributions of marine fish. However, substantial isotopic variation was found within the population, indicating that diets were not uniform. We suggest that a number of individuals, mainly but not exclusively males, had greater access to marine resources, especially high trophic level fish. However, the observed dietary variation did not correlate with burial type, number of grave goods, nor age at death. Also, individuals buried at the necropolis at Velia ate much less fish overall compared with the contemporaneous population from the necropolis of Portus at Isola Sacra, located on the coast close to Rome. Marine and riverine transport and commerce dominated the economy of Portus, and its people were in a position to supplement their own stocks of fish with imported goods in transit to Rome, whereas at Velia marine exploitation existed side-by-side with land-based economic activities. PMID:19280672

Craig, Oliver E; Biazzo, Marco; O'Connell, Tamsin C; Garnsey, Peter; Martinez-Labarga, Cristina; Lelli, Roberta; Salvadei, Loretana; Tartaglia, Gianna; Nava, Alessia; Renò, Lorena; Fiammenghi, Antonella; Rickards, Olga; Bondioli, Luca

2009-08-01

380

Stable isotopic evidence for diet at the Imperial Roman coastal site of Velia (1st and 2nd centuries AD) in Southern Italy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Here we report on a stable isotope palaeodietary study of a Imperial Roman population interred near the port of Velia in Southern Italy during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses were performed on collagen extracted from 117 adult humans as well as a range of fauna to reconstruct individual dietary histories. For the majority of individuals, we found that stable isotope data were consistent with a diet high in cereals, with relatively modest contributions of meat and only minor contributions of marine fish. However, substantial isotopic variation was found within the population, indicating that diets were not uniform. We suggest that a number of individuals, mainly but not exclusively males, had greater access to marine resources, especially high trophic level fish. However, the observed dietary variation did not correlate with burial type, number of grave goods, nor age at death. Also, individuals buried at the necropolis at Velia ate much less fish overall compared with the contemporaneous population from the necropolis of Portus at Isola Sacra, located on the coast close to Rome. Marine and riverine transport and commerce dominated the economy of Portus, and its people were in a position to supplement their own stocks of fish with imported goods in transit to Rome, whereas at Velia marine exploitation existed side-by-side with land-based economic activities.

Craig OE; Biazzo M; O'Connell TC; Garnsey P; Martinez-Labarga C; Lelli R; Salvadei L; Tartaglia G; Nava A; Renò L; Fiammenghi A; Rickards O; Bondioli L

2009-08-01

 
 
 
 
381

Bone fractures as indicators of intentional violence in the eastern Adriatic from the antique to the late medieval period (2nd-16th century AD).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To test the historically documented hypothesis of a general increase in deliberate violence in the eastern Adriatic from the antique (AN; 2nd-6th c.) through the early medieval (EM; 7th-11th c.) to the late-medieval period (LM; 12th-16th c.), an analysis of the frequency and patterning of bone trauma was conducted in three skeletal series from these time periods. A total of 1,125 adult skeletons-346 from the AN, 313 from the EM, and 466 from the LM series-were analyzed. To differentiate between intentional violence and accidental injuries, data for trauma frequencies were collected for the complete skeleton, individual long bones, and the craniofacial region as well as by type of injury (perimortem vs. antemortem). The results of our analyses show a significant temporal increase in total fracture frequencies when calculated by skeleton as well as of individuals exhibiting one skeletal indicator of deliberate violence (sharp force lesions, craniofacial injuries, "parry" fractures, or perimortem trauma). No significant temporal increases were, however, noted in the frequencies of craniofacial trauma, "parry" fractures, perimortem injuries, or of individuals exhibiting multiple skeletal indicators of intentional violence. Cumulatively, these data suggest that the temporal increase in total fracture frequencies recorded in the eastern Adriatic was caused by a combination of factors that included not only an increase of intentional violence but also a significant change in lifestyle that accompanied the transition from a relatively affluent AN urban lifestyle to a more primitive rural medieval way of life.

Slaus M; Novak M; Bedi? Z; Strinovi? D

2012-09-01

382

Horizontal wells in the Daleel field 2nd development campaign; Dariru yuden no niji kaihatsu ni okeru suihei koi ni tsuite  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The horizontal wells excavated at various places in the world have been carried out at an increasing tempo during recent some years. In particular, Oman has a number of small scale petroleum wells and a task on what means their oil production should be increased, therefore the horizontal excavation is judged to be much optimum. In this Daleed field 2nd development mainly consisting the prolonged region development ranged from north to south, all developing oil wells were determined to excavate with the horizontal excavation method and 10 wells were planned to excavate from the judgement of the possibility of low cost, in addition to the advance of the horizontal excavation technique. The excavating operation was conducted from July 1st, 1994 to March 22nd, 1995, and was finished without any failures. Test results of all oil wells are good, and the mean value of the initial production indices of the horizontal wells were about 3 times to that of vertical wells. And, it made possible to produce petroleum from the areas impossible in the vertical wells, because of presence of gas gap. Adoption of the horizontal well increased early oil production rate, which brought a lot of contribution to economics of the project. 3 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Yanagisawa, K. [Japex Oman Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1995-11-01

383

Multicomponent seismic and borehole experiment to establish and identify the cause of anisotropy in the 2nd white specks at Garrington, Alberta  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An orthogonal 2D multicomponent grid using compressional/shear airguns was acquired along with two P-Sv converted wave offset VSP`s and a zero offset shear VSP. The objective was to establish fracture orientation (assumed from caving zones in producing wells) within the 2nd White Speckled Shale of the Upper Cretaceous Colorado Group. Measurements indicate a periodic thin layering (PTL) anisotropy or transverse isotropy (TI), as opposed to fracture induced azimuthal or extensive-dilatancy anisotropy (EDA). TI or PTL anisotropy can give similar observations of S{sub 1}/S{sub 2} ray splitting, to fracture induced EDA, from propagation in off-principal axes (25{degree}--40{degree}) through clastic cyclothems, that are considerably less than a seismic wavelength Conclusions on anisotropy were made from stacking velocity differences between in-line Sv and cross-line Sh, despite consistent T{sub 0} times and interpretation of shear stacks with borehole measurements for evidence of shear wave splitting or rotation.

Goodway, W.N.; Mayo, L.F. [PanCanadian Petroleum, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1994-12-31

384

Results of on-line tests of the ENABLE prototype, a 2nd level trigger processor for the TRT of ATLAS/LHC  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Enable Machine is a systolic 2nd level trigger processor for the transition radiation tracker (TRT) of ATLAS/LHC. The task of the processor is to find the best candidate for a lepton track in a high background of pions according to the EAST benchmark algorithm in less than 10 ?s. As described earlier, this is done in three steps. First all interesting tracks are histogrammed by accumulating for each track the coincidences between the track mask and the region-of-interest (RoI). Next the best defined track is identified. Eventually this track is classified as e or ?. A prototype has been developed and tested within the EAST/RD-11 collaboration at CERN. It operates at 50 MHz and finds up to 400 tracks in less than 10 ?s. It is assembled of an interface board and one or more histogrammer boards. The modular design makes the Enable Machine easily scalable. The histogrammer units are systolic arrays consisting of a matrix of 36 field programmable gate arrays. Through this it is possible to optimize the trigger algorithm, to adapt it to a changed detector setup, and even to implement completely new algorithms. For the beam tests in autumn 1993 at CERN the overall functionality within the detector environment could be shown. The authors were able to link successfully the Enable prototype to the detector raw data stream as well as to the data acquisition.

1994-01-01

385

Results of on-line tests of the ENABLE prototype, a 2nd level trigger processor for the TRT of ATLAS/LHC  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Enable Machine is a systolic 2nd level trigger processor for the transition radiation tracker (TRT) of ATLAS/LHC. The task of the processor is to find the best candidate for a lepton track in a high background of pions according to the EAST benchmark algorithm in less than 10 {mu}s. As described earlier, this is done in three steps. First all interesting tracks are histogrammed by accumulating for each track the coincidences between the track mask and the region-of-interest (RoI). Next the best defined track is identified. Eventually this track is classified as e or {pi}. A prototype has been developed and tested within the EAST/RD-11 collaboration at CERN. It operates at 50 MHz and finds up to 400 tracks in less than 10 {mu}s. It is assembled of an interface board and one or more histogrammer boards. The modular design makes the Enable Machine easily scalable. The histogrammer units are systolic arrays consisting of a matrix of 36 field programmable gate arrays. Through this it is possible to optimize the trigger algorithm, to adapt it to a changed detector setup, and even to implement completely new algorithms. For the beam tests in autumn 1993 at CERN the overall functionality within the detector environment could be shown. The authors were able to link successfully the Enable prototype to the detector raw data stream as well as to the data acquisition.

Noffz, K.H.; Kugel, A.; Klefenz, F. [Universitaet Mannheim (Germany); Zoz, R.; Maenner, R. [Universitaet Heidelberg (Germany)

1994-12-31

386

Influence of long-term altered gravity on the swimming performance of developing cichlid fish: including results from the 2nd German Spacelab Mission D-2  

Science.gov (United States)

This study presents qualitative and quantitative data concerning gravity-dependent changes in the swimming behaviour of developing cichlid fish larvae (Oreochromis mossambicus) after a 9 resp. 10 days exposure to increased acceleration (centrifuge experiments), to reduced gravity (fast-rotating clinostat), changed accelerations (parabolic air craft flights) and to near weightlessness (2nd German Spacelab Mission D-2). Changes of gravity initially cause disturbances of the swimming performance of the fish larvae. With prolonged stay in orbit a step by step normalisation of the swimming behaviour took place in the fish. After return to 1g earth conditions no somersaulting or looping could be detected concerning the fish, but still slow and disorientated movements as compared to controls occurred. The fish larvae adapted to earth gravity within 3-5 days. Fish seem to be in a distinct early developmental stages extreme sensitive and adaptable to altered gravity. However, elder fish either do not react or show compensatory behaviour e.g. escape reactions.

Rahmann, H.; Hilbig, R.; Flemming, J.; Slenzka, K.

387

Report on the 2nd Florence International Symposium on Advances in Cardiomyopathies: 9th meeting of the European Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases WG of the ESC  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A bridge between clinical and basic science aiming at cross fertilization, with leading experts presenting alongside junior investigators, is the key feature of the “2nd Florence International Symposium on Advances in Cardiomyopathies” , 9th Meeting of the Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases Working Group of the European Society of Cardiology, which was held in Florence, Italy on 26-­-28th September 2012. Patients with cardiomyopathies, with an estimated 3 per thousand prevalence in the general population, constitute an increasingly large proportion of patients seen by most cardiologists. This class of diseases, which are mostly genetically determined with different transmission modalities, can cause important and often unsolved management problems, despite rapid advances in the field. On the other hand, few other areas of cardiology have seen such an impressive contribution from basic science and translational research to the understanding of their pathophysiology and clinical management. The course was designed to constantly promote close interaction between basic science and clinical practice and highlight the top scientific and translational discoveries in this field in 10 scientific sessions. It was preceded by two mini-­-courses, which included the basic concepts of cardiomyocyte mechanical and electrophysiological properties and mechanisms, how-­-to sessions for clinical diagnosis and management and illustrative case study presentations of different cardiomyopathies.

Franco Cecchi; Iacopo Olivotto; Robert Bonow; Magdi Yacoub

2012-01-01

388

Creative scientific research international session of 2nd meeting on advanced pulsed-neutron research on quantum functions in nano-scale materials  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

1 MW-class pulsed-neutron sources will be constructed in Japan, United State and United Kingdom in a few years. Now is the time for a challenge to innovate on neutron science and extend new science fields. Toward the new era, we develop new pulsed-neutron technologies as well as new neutron devices under the international collaborations with existing pulsed-neutron facilities, such as the UK-Japan collaboration program on neutron scattering. At the same time, the new era will bring international competitions to neutron researchers. We aim to create new neutron science toward the new pulsed-neutron era by introducing the new technologies developed here. For this purpose, we have started the research project, 'Advanced pulsed-neutron research on quantum functions in nano-scale materials,' in the duration between JFY2004 and JFY2008. The 2nd meeting of this project was held on 22-24 February 2005 to summarize activities in FY2004 and to propose research projects in the coming new fiscal year. In this international session as a part of this meeting, the scientific results and research plans on the UK-Japan collaboration program, the research plans on the collaboration between IPNS (Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory) and KENS (Neutron Science Laboratory, KEK), also the recent scientific results arisen form this project were presented. (author)

2005-01-01

389

Software management guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight (AD-24) is responsible for ensuring that compliance with Department of Energy (DOE) 1330. 1 C is reached at each site. The purpose of a Departmental Software Management Guide is to assist the sites with developing a software management program. While the use of this guide is not mandatory, it does facilitate each site's compliance with the Order. Goals of DOE's Software Management Program are to: establish and maintain control of software integrity, and manage software acquisitions, developments, changes, maintenance, and disposition.

1992-06-01

390

Software management guide  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight (AD-24) is responsible for ensuring that compliance with Department of Energy (DOE) 1330. 1 C is reached at each site. The purpose of a Departmental Software Management Guide is to assist the sites with developing a software management program. While the use of this guide is not mandatory, it does facilitate each site`s compliance with the Order. Goals of DOE`s Software Management Program are to: establish and maintain control of software integrity, and manage software acquisitions, developments, changes, maintenance, and disposition.

1992-06-01

391

Improving software testing  

CERN Multimedia

aiSoftware is continuously increasing in complexity. Paradigmatic shifts and new development frameworks make it easier to implement software -- but not to test it. Software testing remains to be a topic with many open questions with regard to both technical low-level aspects and to the organizational embedding of testing. However, a desired level of software quality cannot be achieved by either choosing a technical procedure or by optimizing testing processes. In fact, it requires a holistic approach.This Brief summarizes the current knowledge of software testing and introduces three current r

Majchrzak, Tim A

2012-01-01

392

Head First Software Development  

CERN Document Server

Even the best developers have seen well-intentioned software projects fail -- often because the customer kept changing requirements, and end users didn't know how to use the software you developed. Instead of surrendering to these common problems, let Head First Software Development guide you through the best practices of software development. Before you know it, those failed projects will be a thing of the past. With its unique visually rich format, this book pulls together the hard lessons learned by expert software developers over the years. You'll gain essential information about each st

Pilone, Dan

2008-01-01

393

Software Maintenance Success Recipes  

CERN Document Server

Dispelling much of the folklore surrounding software maintenance, Software Maintenance Success Recipes identifies actionable formulas for success based on in-depth analysis of more than 200 real-world maintenance projects. It details the set of factors that are usually present when effective software maintenance teams do their work and instructs on the methods required to achieve success. Donald J. Reifer--an award winner for his contributions to the field of software engineering and whose experience includes managing the DoD Software Initiatives Office--provides step-by-step guidance on how t

Reifer, Donald J

2011-01-01

394

Verification and validation process for the safety software in KNICS  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes the Verification and Validation (V and V ) process for safety software of Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Digital Reactor Protection System (DRPS), and Engineered Safety Feature-Component Control System (ESF-CCS) that are being developed in Korea Nuclear Instrumentation and Control System (KNICS) projects. Specifically, it presents DRPS V and V experience according to the software development life cycle. The main activities of DRPS V and V process are preparation of software planning documentation, verification of Software Requirement Specification (SRS), Software Design Specification (SDS) and codes, and testing of the integrated software and the integrated system. In addition, they include software safety analysis and software configuration management. SRS V and V of DRPS are technical evaluation, licensing suitability evaluation, inspection and traceability analysis, formal verification, preparing integrated system test plan, software safety analysis, and software configuration management. Also, SDS V and V of RPS are technical evaluation, licensing suitability evaluation, inspection and traceability analysis, formal verification, preparing integrated software test plan, software safety analysis, and software configuration management. The code V and V of DRPS are traceability analysis, source code inspection, test case and test procedure generation, software safety analysis, and software configuration management. Testing is the major V and V activity of software integration and system integration phase. Software safety analysis at SRS phase uses Hazard Operability (HAZOP) method, at SDS phase it uses HAZOP and Fault Tree Analysis (FTA), and at implementation phase it uses FTA. Finally, software configuration management is performed using Nu-SCM (Nuclear Software Configuration Management) tool developed by KNICS project. Through these activities, we believe we can achieve the functionality, performance, reliability and safety that are V and V objectives of nuclear safety software in KNICS project. (Author)

2004-01-01

395

SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT TECHNIQUES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Software development is the set of activities and processes for programmers that will eventually result in a software product. This may include requirement analysis, software design, implementation, testing, documentation, maintenance and then describing computer programs that meet user requirements within the constraints of the environment. It is a structure imposed on the development of software product. Software development is the most important process in developing a Software/tool. The successful execution of the project highly depends on the techniques used to develop the model. Software development technology has an under the model-explicit or implicit-of the development process. In order to understand more about the development process and the methodologies, we abstract from these. The perspective chosen for the abstraction include models developed during the process and the kind of abstraction involved in the techniques of the process.

Asst. Prof. Rajani Kota

2012-01-01

396

Software Patents: Current Challenges and Future Solutions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Software patents for years have been used in the software industry to suppress innovation, kill competition, and generate undeserved royalties. This article considers whether software patents maintain the right “bargain between the inventor and the public” where, in exchange for disclosure of the invention to the public, the inventor receives a limited monopoly and the exclusive right to exploit the invention. This article argues that they do not and then explores possible solutions to address the problems identified. Those solutions include streamlining the patent process, making it more difficult to patent software innovations, making it easier to invalidate software patents, and shortening the patent protection from 20 to 10 years. The article closes with a call to action for people to work collectively to effect change in the industry.

Monica Goyal

2011-01-01

397

Using common software in the LHC community  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The physics application software and the corresponding infrastructure in the LHC experiments use a number of common software packages. These packages, mostly from open source projects, provide the basic building blocks and foundation on which the experiments base their specific applications and libraries, covering the areas from Monte-Carlo generators and detector simulation to trigger selection, reconstruction and physics analysis. A common effort to provide support for the common software was put in place in the Applications Area of the LHC computing Grid project (LCG AA). The spectrum of common software products presently in use will be briefly described, and some of the pros and cons of using pre-existing software in the context of HEP experiments will be discussed

2008-01-01

398

Ecology. 2nd German ed.  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The second edition of this outstanding textbook is now available in translation to English-speaking readers. Revised and expanded from the first edition, it brings into even greater focus the relationship between ecology and sensory physiology. (orig./HP)

1980-01-01

399

Aquatic pollution, 2nd ed  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book systematically covers all aspects of water pollution in marine and freshwater systems. Didactic style, frequent use of case studies and an extensive bibliography facilitate understanding of fundamental concepts. Offers basic, relevant ecological and toxicological information. Straightforward presentation of the scientific aspects of environmental issues. Information updated, particularly the discussion of toxicology and the case studies of water pollution. Three new chapters on acid rain, groundwater pollution and plastics are added.

Laws, E.A.

1993-01-01

400

Sedimentary petrology. 2nd edition  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The second edition of Sedimentary Petrology is extensively revised and updated; much effort has been expended to strengthen the weaknesses of the earlier edition, and much of this effort has been successful. It consists of sixteen chapters. Following two introductory chapters (occurrence of sedimentary rocks; weathering and soils), eleven chapters cover the various sedimentary rock types. Coverage is allocated in proportion to their relative abundance and relative ease of study -- three chapters on conglomerates and sandstones (textures and structures, composition, and diagenesis); one on mud rocks; three on carbonates (limestone textures, structures, and environments; limestone mineralogy and diagenesis; and dolostones); and one each on evaporites, cherts, iron-rich rocks, and phosphorites. A novel and useful chapter on paleogeothermometry rounds out the discussion of rocks, followed by chapters on The Development of a Research Project'' and common laboratory methods.

Blatt, H.

1992-01-01