WorldWideScience

Sample records for 1986-2006 years radioaktivnye

  1. Twenty years of the Chernobyl accident: Results and problems in eliminating its consequences in Russia 1986-2006. Russian national report

    Twenty years after the Chernobyl accident, above 1.5 million people in 14 subjects of the Russian Federation continue to live in the area of radioactive contamination. More than 180,000 of the Russians were affected by radiation, when participating in elimination of the accident and its consequences. Since the first days of the accident, the public health service faced a task to develop and implement the measures on minimization of medical effects of the accident and public provision with medical assistance, including the employees of the nuclear power plant and the participants in mitigation of the accident. The health of the liquidators and the public living in the contaminated areas is the most socially significant issue being solved in the process of elimination of the Chernobyl consequences. Radiological effects have been the focus of attention for the overall 20-year period. The radiation protection system was based on performance of the two conditions, namely: absolute prevention of acute (deterministic) effects and reduction in the risk of remote (stochastic) effects to acceptable (justified) levels. As early as in 1986, a decision was made to create the unified system of medical observation for the individuals affected by radiation as a result of the Chernobyl accident. The Russian State Medical and Dosimetry Register (RSMDR) was established on the basis of the Medical Radiological Research Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. The two most suffered public groups were defined as a result of research activity of the Register. These are the children (at the moment of the accident) living in the highly contaminated areas and the liquidators who have obtained the exposure dose above 150 mGy. According to the Register's data, 122 cases (54%) out of 226 thyroid cancers revealed during the years 1991-2003 among the children (at the moment of the Chernobyl catastrophe) from the Bryansk region can be considered as radiation-stipulated. Hygienic

  2. Radioactive aerosols of 'Ukryttya' object in 1986-2006 years

    Radioactive aerosols of 'Ukryttya' object in its premises and its industrial site are seen. In seven parts the mechanisms and sources of aerosol generation at explosion of the block 4 of the ChNPP in 1986, at building and operation of 'Ukryttya' object are presented. The dynamics of radionuclide composition, concentrations and size distributions are analyzed. The means and methods for aerosol sampling, using of collective and personal protection devices, the problems of control of radioactive aerosol inhalation are seen. The main attention is paid to aerosols with diameter up to 10 mkm

  3. Ethnoarchaeological research in Tierra del Fuego (1986-2006): thoughts for european prehistoric archaeology

    Vila, Assumpció; Mameli, Laura; Terradas, Xavier; Estevez, Jordi; Moreno, Federica; Verdún, Ester; Zurro, Debora; Clemente, Ignacio; Piqué, Raquel; Briz, Ivan; Barcelo, Joan Antón

    2007-01-01

    For 20 years there has been research in Tierra del Fuego in order to contrast ethnographically the archaeological record of hunter-gatherer societies. The objective was to build a specific methodology for an archaeological approach to these societies, that could be applied to various contexts. In this paper we present the projects and the main conclusions emphasizing two fundamental aspects: the technical- methodological one of information recovering and treatment, and the reconstruction of t...

  4. Changes in main causes of death in Macao residents from 1986-2006

    CHAN Man-si; CHEN Qing; LAM Christopher Wai-kei

    2013-01-01

    Background Since Macao's return of sovereignty to China in December 1999,the life style of Macao residents has changed.The aim of this study was to investigate changes of death patterns in Macao residents from 1986 to 2006 in order to identify the trends and patterns of major public health problems,which could provide the guidance for developing public health policies.Methods A retrospective study was conducted for this investigation.Research data were collected from official websites and statistical yearbooks and classified by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9.Results It was observed that mortality from the three major causes of (1) infectious,maternal and childhood diseases,(2) chronic non-communicable diseases,and (3) injury and poisoning were 17.7,298.2 and 26.0 per 100 000,respectively.The largest decrease in death rate over the 21-year study-period was from infectious,maternal and childhood diseases (62.5%).The highest mortality rate was ischemic heart diseases (37.0%).The largest increase in mortality rate was lung cancer (46.9%).Conclusions Mortality rate of Macao residents progressively decreased,but the constituent ratio of death from chronic non-communicable diseases was increasing.The mortality rate of lung cancer was clearly ascending,so emphasis should be put on tertiary prevention in future.

  5. La producción científica sobre comportamientos demográficos diferenciales de la población extranjera en España (1986-2006)

    Bueno García, Xiana

    2007-01-01

    L'objectiu d'aquest treball és l'anàlisi de la producció científica sobre els comportaments demogràfics diferencials de la població estrangera a Espanya durant el període 1986-2006. Per aquest motiu, s'ha realitzat una exploració bibliogràfica sobre migracions internacionals en general amb més de 1.800 referències; analitzant de forma exhaustiva la producció dedicada a l'estudi de les dinàmiques demogràfiques dels estrangers (natalitat i fecunditat, nupcialitat, mortalitat i migracions intern...

  6. Secular trends in prevalence and risk factors of obesity in infants and preschool children in 9 Chinese cities, 1986-2006.

    Xin-Nan Zong

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: No prevalence/trends were reported in Chinese infants and preschool children at the national level in this historical period of 1980s-2000s. The objectives of this paper were to present the 20-year trends in prevalence and risk factors of obesity in children below 7 years. METHODS: Data obtained from a series of three sequential national surveys performed using the same design in the same 9 cities in 1986, 1996 and 2006. Weight and height (length <3 years were measured using unified procedures at each period. Obesity was defined as a weight-for-height ≥120% of median of the NCHS/WHO international reference. A population-based paired matching case-control study was employed for screening risk factors. RESULTS: In 1986, there was no substantial obesity epidemic, but the overall obesity prevalence reached 3.4% (boys 4.1% and girls 2.7% in 2006, rising by 2.8 times between 1986 and 2006. Reversed gender difference, relatively higher prevalence in preschool age and more rapid increase in the second 10-year were three very obvious characteristics in China, e.g. prevalence of boys 9.9% and girls 4.9% in 2006 and increasing rate of boys 0.45 percentage points per year (pp/y and girls 0.21 pp/y at 6-7 years groups, 0.17 pp/y of the second 10-year higher 1-fold than previous. CONCLUSIONS: China has been moving into the alarming epidemic of childhood obesity. Effort should be immediately made to prevent further deterioration. High birth weight, high parental BMI and several behavioral and family-related factors were identified and had important practical value for obesity intervention.

  7. Generation Changes over the Period of 1986-2006 in the Physical Fitness of Boys Aged 7-19 from Eastern Poland at Particular Stages of Education

    Saczuk, Jerzy; Wasiluk, Agnieszka; Zalech, Miroslaw

    2012-01-01

    Study aim: To assess the size of secular trends in the physical fitness of boys from eastern Poland taking into consideration stages of education. Material and methods: The physical fitness results of boys aged 7-19 years living in eastern regions of Poland were analyzed: 3188 students were examined in 1986 while in 2006 the research included 10…

  8. El Cartel Cultural en Bogotá 1986 - 2006

    Castell, Edmon; Cortez Guzmán, Diego

    2009-01-01

    Hoja de Mano (plegable) de la muestra museográfica que expone la historia del cartel como patrimonio visual en las categorias de Bogotá, Arquitectura, Editorial y letras, Cine, Teatro y danza, Infantil, Música, Diseño Gráfico, Academia Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Arte, Fotografía y Cultura y patrimonio.

  9. The Political Economy of Fiscal Reform: The Case of Colombia, 1986-2006

    Olivera, Mauricio; Pachon, Monica; Perry, Guillermo

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the characteristics of the political economy process that conditioned the scope and success of the combination of fiscal reforms before and after Colombia’s 1991 constitutional reforms. Using formal analysis of reforms and interviews with actors, reforms in taxation, decentralization, the budgetary process and pensions are examined in times of political crisis, economic crisis, and economic boom. The results generally confirm the hypothesis that increased political fragmen...

  10. Investigaciones etnoarqueológicas en Tierra del Fuego (1986-2006) : reflexiones para la arqueologia prehistorica Europea

    Vila i Mitjà, Assumpció; Mameli, Laura; Terradas Batlle, Xavier; Estévez Escalera, Jordi; Moreno, Federica; Verdún i Castelló, Ester; Zurro Hernández, Débora; Clemente Conte, Ignacio; Piqué i Huerta, Raquel; Briz, Ivan; Juan A. Barceló

    2007-01-01

    Durante 20 años se han llevado a cabo en Tierra del Fuego investigaciones dirigidas a contrastar etnográficamente el registro arqueológico de sociedades cazadoras recolectoras. Se trataba de elaborar una metodología específica de bordaje arqueológico para estas sociedades que pudiera aplicarse a otros contextos arqueológicos. Aquí se exponen los diferentes proyectos y sus conclusiones más importantes haciendo especial hincapié en dos aspectos fundamentales, por un lado el técnico-metodológico...

  11. Bank consolidation/capitalization in the Nigerian Commercial Bank(1986-2006:causes,consequences and implication for the future

    Ph. D. Ikpefan Ochei Ailemen

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Intellectual capital can include the skills and knowledge that a company has developed about how to make its goods or services; individual employees or groups of employees whose knowledge is deemed critical to a company’s continued success; and its aggregation of documents about processes, customers, research results, and other information that might have value for a competitor that is not common knowledge. Business organizations employ knowledge. To cope with new era of management complexity; the necessity of being Learning Organization, LO is essential for any organizations and enterprises. This paper is aims to review the Intellectual Capital, IC concept among organizations and employees and also the Knowledge sharing barriers in the organization. Generally, this paper looks the IC concept in Management sphere.

  12. Bank consolidation/capitalization in the Nigerian Commercial Bank(1986-2006):causes,consequences and implication for the future

    Ph. D. Ikpefan Ochei Ailemen

    2010-01-01

    Intellectual capital can include the skills and knowledge that a company has developed about how to make its goods or services; individual employees or groups of employees whose knowledge is deemed critical to a company’s continued success; and its aggregation of documents about processes, customers, research results, and other information that might have value for a competitor that is not common knowledge. Business organizations employ knowledge. To cope with new era of management complexity...

  13. Differences between tree species seedling and adult altitudinal distribution in mountain foests during the recent warm period (1986-2006)

    Lenoir, Jonathan; Gégout, Jean-Claude; Pierrat, Jean-Claude;

    2009-01-01

    distribution across the overall temperature gradient remains poorly explored. Within French mountain forests, we investigated altitudinal distribution differences between seedling (≤50 cm tall and >1 yr old) and adult (>8 m tall) life stages for 17 European tree taxa, encompassing the entire forest elevation...... stage. The low altitudinal distribution limit of occurrences at the seedling life stage is, on average, 29 m higher than that at the adult life stage which is significant. The high altitudinal distribution limit also shows a similar trend but which is not significant. Complementary analyses using...... modelling techniques and focusing on the optimum elevation (i.e. the central position inside distribution ranges) have confirmed differences between life stages altitudinal distribution. Seedlings optima are mostly higher than adults optimum, reaching, on average, a 69 m gap. This overall trend showing...

  14. Investigaciones etnoarqueológicas en Tierra del Fuego (1986-2006): reflexiones para la arqueología prehistórica europa

    Vila-Mitjà, Assumpció; Mameli, Laura; Terradas-Batlle, Xavier; Estévez Escalera, Jordi; Moreno Rudolph, Federica; Verdún, Ester; Zurro Hernández, Débora; Clemente-Conte, Ignacio; Piqué, Raquel; Briz i Godino, Iván; Barceló-Álvarez, Juan Antonio

    2007-01-01

    (ESP) Durante 20 años se han llevado a cabo en Tierra del Fuego investigaciones dirigidas a contrastar etnográficamente el registro arqueológico de sociedades cazadoras recolectoras. Se trataba de elaborar una metodología específica de abordaje arqueológico para estas sociedades que pudiera aplicarse a otros contextos arqueológicos. Aquí se exponen los diferentes proyectos y sus conclusiones más importantes haciendo especial hincapié en dos aspectos fundamentales, por ...

  15. Estratégias de biossegurança dos trabalhadores da saúde no cuidado às pessoas com HIV/AIDS (1986-2006

    Mariana Vieira Villarinho

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as estratégias de biossegurança utilizadas pelos trabalhadores da saúde de um hospital referência em doença infectocontagiosas, no cuidado às pessoas com HIV/AIDS, no período de 1986 a 2006. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo qualitativo com perspectiva sócio-histórica que utilizou a História Oral para a realização de entrevistas com 23 trabalhadores da saúde. Resultados: Apartir da análise de conteúdo de Bardin emergiram duas categorias: Busca pelo conhecimento sobre a AIDS no início da epidemia; e mudança no processo de trabalho: estratégia de biossegurança à minimização do acidente de trabalho. Conclui-se que foi necessário e correto investir na segurança por meio de ações educativas e preventivas que promoveram transformações culturais, que produziram maior simetria entre os trabalhadores da saúde, sobretudo da enfermagem, e enalteceram o cuidado de si, no cuidado às pessoas, independente do seu diagnóstico soropositivo para o HIV.

  16. Prostate cancer mortality trends in Argentina 1986-2006: an age-period-cohort and joinpoint analysis Tendencias en la mortalidad por cáncer de próstata en Argentina 1986-2006: análisis joinpoint y de edad-período-cohorte

    Camila Niclis; Sonia A. Pou; Rubén H. Bengió; Alberto R. Osella; María del Pilar Díaz

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to give an overview of the magnitude, variation by age and time trends in the rates of prostate cancer mortality in Córdoba province and in Argentina as a whole from 1986 to 2006. Mortality data were provided by the Córdoba Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization cancer mortality database. Prostate cancer mortality time trends were analyzed using joinpoint analysis and age-period-cohort models. In Argentina prostate cancer age-standardized mortality rate...

  17. Last year

    Kivland, Sharon

    2014-01-01

    Speakers Professor Christopher French, Professor Dany Nobus, Dr. Fiona Gabbert, Professor Martin Conway and artist Dr Sharon Kivland responded to Alasdair Hopwood's False Memory Archive exhibition by reflecting on the nature of autobiographical memory. The conference asked how recent research has taken account of Freud's work in relation to his understanding of the variable nature of personal memory. Sharon Kivland : Last year I am trying to remember a film. It is film about the constr...

  18. Changes in water and beverage intake and long-term weight changes: results from three prospective cohort studies

    Pan, An; Malik, Vasanti S; Hao, Tao; Willett, Walter C.; Mozaffarian, Dariush; Hu, Frank B.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine the long-term relationship between changes in water and beverage intake and weight change. Subjects Prospective cohort studies of 50 013 women aged 40-64 in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS, 1986-2006), 52 987 women aged 27-44 in the NHS II (1991-2007), and 21 988 men aged 40-64 in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2006) without obesity and chronic diseases at baseline. Measures We assessed the association of weight change within each 4-year interval with chang...

  19. Changes in water and beverage intake and long-term weight changes: results from three prospective cohort studies

    Pan, An; Malik, Vasanti S; Hao, Tao; Willett, Walter C.; Mozaffarian, Dariush; Hu, Frank B.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine the long-term relationship between changes in water and beverage intake and weight change. Subjects Prospective cohort studies of 50 013 women aged 40-64 in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS, 1986-2006), 52 987 women aged 27-44 in the NHS II (1991-2007), and 21 988 men aged 40-64 in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2006) without obesity and chronic diseases at baseline. Measures We assessed the association of weight change within each 4-year interval with change...

  20. Einstein's Miraculous Year

    Natarajan, Vasant; Mukunda, N

    2013-01-01

    With each passing year, the young Albert Einstein's achievements in physics in the year 1905 seem to be ever more miraculous. We describe why the centenary of this remarkable year is worthy of celebration.

  1. Global irradiance: typical year and year to year annual variability

    Ineichen, Pierre

    2011-01-01

    Models converting satellite images into the different radiation components become increasingly performing and give often better estimation of the solar irradiation availability than ground measurements if the station is not situated in the near vicinity of the application. Two different kinds of models are used to circumvent the lack of ground measurements: «average» models based on 10 to 20 years of ground measurements and interpolation between stations, and satellite based models that give ...

  2. The leap year problem

    Deursen, van, A

    1998-01-01

    A significant number of programs incorrectly treats the year 2000 as a non-leap year. We list 21 real life code fragments illustrating the large variety of ways that are used to determine whether a given year is a leap year or not. Some of these fragments are correct; others will fail in the year 2000. The fragments are written in C, Pascal, COBOL, and assembly language. We discuss the consequences for automated tool support, as well as the organizational implications of the leap year problem.

  3. International Map Year 2015

    Miljenko Lapaine; Dražen Tutić

    2012-01-01

    The International Cartographic Association (ICA) decided to establish the International Map Year (IMY) during the year 2015. The working group was formed and terms of reference accepted by the ICA Executive Committee.

  4. The International Heliophysical Year

    Davila, Joseph M.; Thompson, Barbara J.; Gopalswamy, Nat

    2009-01-01

    The International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957, a broad-based and all-encompassing effort to push the frontiers of geophysics, resulted in a tremendous increase of knowledge in space physics, Sun-Earth Connection, planetary science and the heliosphere in general. Now, 50 years later, we have the unique opportunity advance our knowledge of the global heliosphere and its interaction with planetary bodies and the interstellar medium through the International Heliophysical Year (IHY) in 2007. T...

  5. Validating year 2000 compliance

    Deursen, van, A; Klint, Paul; Sellink, M.P.A.

    1997-01-01

    Validating year 2000 compliance involves the assessment of the correctness and quality of a year 2000 conversion. This entails inspecting both the quality of the conversion emph{process followed, and of the emph{result obtained, i.e., the converted system. This document provides an overview of the techniques that can be used to validate year 2000 compliance. It includes typical code fragments, and a discussion of existing technology, impact analysis, solution strategies, code correction, test...

  6. One Year Later

    2009-01-01

    It has now been one year since the catastrophic 8.0-magnitude earthquake slammed Sichuan Province on May 12, 2008. At 2:28 p.m. on that terrible day, the most destructive calamity to hit China in 60 years struck

  7. One year later

    Vassallo, Josanne

    2008-01-01

    A year has elapsed since the University of Malta Medical School moved to its new premises at Mater Dei Hospital in Msida. This move brought the major teaching hospital in Malta in close proximity to the University of Malta. The initial period following the move presented a number of challenges which over the last year have been tackled.

  8. A HAPPY NEW YEAR

    Midtvedt, Tore

    2011-01-01

    The year 2009 is just around the corner and so is also the first issue of Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease in the year to come. For the journal as well as for its readers it represents new opportunities and new challenges, and therefore, I will in this last issue of 2008 briefly touch upon some of things that will happen.

  9. Mathematics year 5 answers

    Alexander, Serena; Poggo, Tammy

    2014-01-01

    Features the complete set of answers to the exercises in Mathematics Year 5, to save you time marking work and enable you to identify areas requiring further attention. The book includes diagrams and workings where necessary, to ensure pupils understand how to present their answers. Also available from Galore Park www.galorepark.co.uk :. - Mathematics Year 5. - Mathematics Year 6. - 11+ Maths Practice Exercises. - 11+ Maths Revision Guide. - 10-Minute Maths Tests Workbook Age 8-10. - 10-Minute Maths Tests Workbook Age 9-11. - Mental Arithmetic Workbook Age 8-10. - Mental Arithmetic Workbook Ag

  10. Happy (Chinese) New Year!

    Johnson, Georgia G.

    1979-01-01

    Suggestions are made for a classroom celebration of Chinese New Year, including discussion of the Chinese calendar and customs, a short list of appropriate children's stories, and food ideas, including a recipe for fortune cookies. (SJL)

  11. Fiscal Year 2015 Budget

    Montgomery County of Maryland — This dataset includes the Fiscal Year 2015 Council-approved operating budget for Montgomery County. The dataset does not include revenues and detailed agency budget...

  12. Your Baby's First Year

    ... who contributed to the first, second and third editions of The First Four Years . Edited by members of the 2010 CPF Publications Committee. With grateful acknowledgement to the families who shared photos of their beautiful children: Charlotte Gould, Ariana Lemkuil, ...

  13. 60 Years Unforgettable

    2014-01-01

    <正>CPAFFC President Li Xiaolin,Former President Chen Haosu and two young staff cutting the cake in celebration of the 60th anniversary of the CPAFFC at a CCTV special program 60 Years Unforgettable on May 16

  14. Year 2000 awareness

    Holmes, C.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on the challenges business face with the year 2000 software problem. Estimates, roadmaps, virtual factory software, current awareness, and world wide web references are given.

  15. Hve Years and Counting

    2006-01-01

    A war may drag on for months and years. So does the war on terror. Five years have passed since the 9/11 events changed the skyline in New York and the security and political landscape of the world. Since the war on terror was declared, achievements have been made. Afghanistan's Taliban regime was toppled. Saddam Hussein was captured and put on trial. A terrorist plot was foiled in London. But in spite of these triumphs, one cannot help wondering: Has the

  16. Chernobyl: a year after

    The radioactivity measurements in the year after the Chernobyl accident, carried out by the Radioprotection Division of the Joint Research Centre of Ispra, are reported. Air at ground level and in grass, milk, wheat, meat, fishes and man have been measured. The evaluation of the 1987 individual dose equivalent due to the exposure of the population living in N.W. Italy is compared with the dose equivalent absorbed in the year following the accident

  17. Daytrana: The First Year

    Cascade, Elisa F.; Kalali, Amir H.; Feifel, David

    2007-01-01

    We investigated use of Daytrana in the first year post-launch in the US: May, 2006 through April, 2007. According to our data, a total of 512,085 prescriptions for Daytrana were written in the first year of launch; psychiatry accounted for 34 percent of these prescriptions. Children and adolescents represented 88 percent of Daytrana users as compared to only 57 percent for the broader ADHD market. Expert commentary describing these trends is provided.

  18. 100 years of superconductivity

    Rogalla, Horst

    2011-01-01

    Even a hundred years after its discovery, superconductivity continues to bring us new surprises, from superconducting magnets used in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity presents a comprehensive collection of topics on nearly all the subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the historical developments in superconductivity, the book includes contributions from many pioneers who are responsible for important steps forward in the field.The text first discusses interesting stories of the discovery and gradual progress of theory and experimentation. Emphasizi

  19. Chinese New Year

    王芳

    2005-01-01

    The Chinese New Year is now known as the Spnng Festival because it starts trom the beginning otspring. Though there are some sayings about its origin (起源), all agree that the word Nian, which inmodern Chinese means “year”, was originally the name of a beast (野兽) that started to eat people thenight before the beginning of a new year.

  20. Emergent technologies: 25 years

    Rising, Hawley K.

    2013-03-01

    This paper will talk about the technologies that have been emerging over the 25 years since the Human Vision and Electronic Imaging conference began that the conference has been a part of, and that have been a part of the conference, and will look at those technologies that are emerging today, such as social networks, haptic technologies, and still emerging imaging technologies, and what we might look at for the future.Twenty-five years is a long time, and it is not without difficulty that we remember what was emerging in the late 1980s. Yet to be developed: The first commercial digital still camera was not yet on the market, although there were hand held electronic cameras. Personal computers were not displaying standardized images, and image quality was not something that could be talked about in a standardized fashion, if only because image compression algorithms were not standardized yet for several years hence. Even further away were any standards for movie compression standards, there was no personal computer even on the horizon which could display them. What became an emergent technology and filled many sessions later, image comparison and search, was not possible, nor the current emerging technology of social networks- the world wide web was still several years away. Printer technology was still devising dithers and image size manipulations which would consume many years, as would scanning technology, and image quality for both was a major issue for dithers and Fourier noise.From these humble beginnings to the current moves that are changing computing and the meaning of both electronic devices and human interaction with them, we will see a course through the changing technology that holds some features constant for many years, while others come and go.

  1. 60 Years of Impression

    DENG Qiwei

    2009-01-01

    @@ It has been 60 years since foundation of the People's Republic of China.These 60 years,China has experienced a huge transformation,from short supply of textile and apparel to nowadays big country of it.Facing the tough time of economic crisis,China's textile and apparel industry has been carrying out adjustment and renovation in time.How to enhance independent and creative capacity,upgrade technology,and improve brands' influence,to explore a new industrialized road and achieve the goal of being a strong country of textile by 2020 as well,it still has a long way to go.

  2. Sixty Years of Friendship

    Liu; Gengyin

    2014-01-01

    <正>On December 2,1977,the CPAFFC held a grand reception in the Great Hall of the People to celebrate the 80th birthday of Rewi Alley,an old friend from New Zealand.Comrade Deng Xiaoping attended the reception and declared:"Tens of thousands of foreign friends have devoted themselves to the cause of Chinese revolution.Even so,rare are those like Comrade Rewi Alley,who for 50 years on end has done tremendous work for the Chinese people,in our years of difficulty and

  3. 50 years of positrons

    This year marks the 50th anniversary of one of the major landmarks of modern physics - the discovery of the positron, the antimatter counterpart of the electron. This provided the first evidence for antimatter, and it was also unprecedented for the existence of a new particle to have been predicted by theory. The positron and the concepts behind it were to radically change our picture of Nature. It led to the rapid advancement or our understanding, culminating some fifteen years later with the formulation of quantum electrodynamics as we now know it. (orig./HSI).

  4. New year, old hat

    American Geological Institute; American Institute of Physics; American Associationthe Advancement of Science; Carlowicz, Michael

    It is only August, but October 1 looms large on the calendar. That is the day when the 1997 fiscal year (FY ‧97) begins for the U.S. federal government, and like last year, that day might come without a budget.In a flurry of summer activity, the U.S. Congress has passed several landmark bills on welfare reform, expansion of health coverage for workers between jobs, a raise in the minimum wage, and a Safe Drinking Water Act. The House of Representatives even passed all 13 of its annual appropriations bills before Congress took its August recess.

  5. ESO: The CERN Years

    Schaeffer, A

    2012-01-01

    In 1970, CERN and ESO signed a collaboration agreement for the construction of the Observatory’s first telescope. That same year, ESO’s Telescope Division and Sky Atlas laboratory settled on the CERN site in Meyrin. Let’s turn back to the beginnings of this lasting and fruitful alliance.

  6. 'THE FIVE ACCURSED YEARS'

    Bryld, Claus

    2007-01-01

    The subject for this paper is the question of how the Second World War has been perceived and used since that war - in Denmark, and especially in recent years, but also with a comparative view to Norway and Sweden. In addition to an outline of the development of public history regarding the war and...

  7. A Tumultuous Year

    2011-01-01

    2011 sees international order in transition amid chaos While the global financial crisis continued to take a toll on societies and politics globally 2011 has been a year of relentless turmoil and chaos. What underlies these waves of turmoil is the labor pains of the birth of a new international order.

  8. The Year Ahead: Minorities.

    Jaschik, Scott

    1987-01-01

    The college outlook is grim for blacks 25 years after James Meredith became the first black to enroll at the University of Mississippi. Both Hispanics and Asian-Americans are misunderstood by college officials, and too little attention has been focused on community colleges, the institutions that serve the most minority students. (MLW)

  9. 2007: a pivotal year

    Association du personnel

    2007-01-01

    We would like to take the opportunity in this, the first edition of the ECHO in 2007, to wish you and your family happiness and success. 2007 promises to be a very important year with the long-awaited start-up of the LHC. This concerns all of us, and the Staff Association representatives are certain that we will give of our best.

  10. The Lost Years

    Zehr, Mary Ann; Mousa, Yasmine

    2008-01-01

    Thousands of children were deprived of schooling in the difficult aftermath of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq five years ago. During those times, more than 2 million Iraqis have fled their homeland, mainly to Jordan and Syria. Even though the schoolchildren who came to these neighboring Arab lands with their families are now given seats in…

  11. European Music Year 1985.

    Alexanderson, Thomas; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Articles concerning music are included in this newsletter dedicated to cultural venture to be jointly carried out by the Council of Europe and the European communities. Many events will mark Music Year 1985, including concerts, dance performances, operas, publications, recordings, festivals, exhibitions, competitions, and conferences on musical…

  12. ENLIGHT 10 year Anniversary

    Alvarez, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Ten years ago, in February 2002, the European Network for Light Ion Hadron Therapy (ENLIGHT) had its inaugural meeting at CERN. As a pioneering multidisciplinary network celebrates its 10th anniversary, some of the founders recall how it all started. Picture 1 : Participants at the 10th anniversary meeting of ENLIGHT at CNAO, Pavia, in September 2012.

  13. Fifty years of ILO

    'Poverty anywhere constitutes a danger to prosperity everywhere. This is the motto of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) which in June this year was celebrating the 50th anniversary of its foundation. It was initiated to advance the cause of social justice as a way of contributing to peace. (author)

  14. 60 Years of Impression

    2009-01-01

    It has been 60 years since foundation of the People’s Republic of China. These 60 years, China has experienced a huge transformation, from short supply of textile and apparel to nowadays big country of it. Facing the tough time of economic crisis, China’s textile and apparel industry has been carrying out adjustment and renovation in time. How to enhance independent and creative capacity, upgrade technology, and improve brands’ influence, to explore a new industrialized road and achieve the goal of being a strong country of textile by 2020 as well, it still has a long way to go.But once we look back the history, we find pride and inspiration of China’s textile industry.

  15. Fifteen years TRIGA Mainz

    Some of the operational data of the reactor are presented. The great number of samples irradiated in 1970 and 1971 was due to cyclic irradiation of samples for fission experiments. The maximum of the number of pulses performed per year was reached in 1973 with 2315 pulses. In the following years the number of pulses decreased, while the energy generated and also the operating time increased. This was due to increasing steady state operation of the reactor for two mass separators, installed at two beam-tubes and also to the use of steady state operation instead of pulses for irradiations combined with fast chemical separations. Until 1980 more than 12,800 pulses have been performed. A chronological survey of the maintenance work and the improvements done at the reactor is given

  16. Key figures. Year 2005

    This document summarizes in a series of tables the key data of the petroleum industry and of the other energies for the year 2005. Data of the two previous years are given for comparison: 1 - petroleum, France: exploration, reserves, production, transports (tankers, pipelines, crude and refined products), storage capacities, status of resources and uses, foreign trade (imports, prices, exports), refining (capacities, facilities), evolution of supplies, automotive fuels consumption; 2 - energies, France: production, consumption and trade data for coal, natural gas, electricity; total production and consumption of primary energy; consumption per sector of use; 3 - petroleum, world: crude production and reserves per geographical area, OPEC production, imports/exports and refining/consumption per geographical area, international quotation for crudes and refined products; 4 - energies, world: reserves, production and consumption data for coal, natural gas and electricity; uranium production and resources; total primary energy production and consumption per energy source and geographical area. (J.S.)

  17. Key figures. Year 2006

    This document summarizes in a series of tables the key data of the petroleum industry and of the other energies for the year 2006. Data of the two previous years are given for comparison: 1 - petroleum, France: exploration, reserves, production, transports (tankers, pipelines, crude and refined products), storage capacities, status of resources and uses, foreign trade (imports, prices, exports), refining (capacities, facilities), evolution of supplies, automotive fuels consumption; 2 - energies, France: production, consumption and trade data for coal, natural gas, electricity; total production and consumption of primary energy; consumption per sector of use; 3 - petroleum, world: crude production and reserves per geographical area, OPEC production, imports/exports and refining/consumption per geographical area, international quotation for crudes and refined products; 4 - energies, world: reserves, production and consumption data for coal, natural gas and electricity; uranium production and resources; total primary energy production and consumption per energy source and geographical area. (J.S.)

  18. JCE: 80 Years New

    Moore, John W.

    2003-01-01

    Participating in the National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library project is an exciting prospect for JCE. We expect to be able to make major contributions to the project and derive major benefits from participating in it. Your help in this important undertaking would be most welcome and greatly appreciated. Help us demonstrate that an 80-year-old can dance to a new tune!

  19. A Watershed Year Ahead

    Jessica; Frommer

    2011-01-01

    Youth,innovation and investment will all play a big role in the development of Africa’s agricultural sector in 2012 AS 2011 comes to a close,with its Arab spring revolutions,the Horn of Africa famine and the world economic meltdown,2012 must and will be a significant year for the African continent and a great opportunity for its agricultural sector. "Everything you know about African agriculture is wrong,"

  20. Chernobyl, 12 years later

    This report draws an account of the consequences of Chernobyl accident 12 years after the disaster. It is made up of 7 chapters whose titles are: 1) Some figures about Chernobyl accident, 2) The Chernobyl nuclear power plant, 3)Sanitary consequences of Chernobyl accident, 4) The management of contaminated lands, 5) The impact in France of Chernobyl fallout, 6) The Franco-German cooperation, and 7) Glossary

  1. In Twenty Years

    蔡汉玉

    2000-01-01

    My father told me that China would be the only country which could be strong enough to cope(与……竞争) with America. He said that Chinese would become a widely-spread language. If I study hard and master it well I will be a famous person in the future. I don't know whether his words are true or not, because it will be the thing in twenty years.

  2. 10 years Rossendorf Tandem

    10 years successful operation of the Rossendorf Tandem is an occasion to give an account about the most important developments and results in the fields of accelerator technology and utilization of this machine. The selected and sum up contributions reflect the systematic orientation on increasing the availability of the accelerator as well as its improvement to an effective heavy ion accelerator to extend the quantitative and qualitative possibilities of application in nuclear physical experiments. (author)

  3. Chernobyl, 14 years later

    This report draws an account of the consequences of Chernobyl accident 14 years after the disaster. It is made up of 8 chapters whose titles are: 1) Some figures about Chernobyl accident, 2) Chernobyl nuclear power plant, 3)Sanitary consequences of Chernobyl accident, 4) The management of contaminated lands, 5) The impact in France of Chernobyl fallout, 6) International cooperation, 7) More information about Chernobyl and 8) Glossary

  4. One year later …

    Olff, Miranda; Bindslev, Anne

    2011-01-01

    One year has now passed since the European Journal of Psychotraumatology (EJPT) was launched in December 2011. Since then, the journal’s website has been visited over 17,000 times by almost 11,000 different visitors from 144 countries around the world. Readers in the USA, Netherlands, Germany, UK, and Sweden have been most active, closely followed by those in Canada, Australia, Austria, Norway, and Switzerland. Researchers and others in countries such as Rwanda, Peru, Egypt, and Afghanistan, ...

  5. INSEAN second year report

    Ciappi, Elena; Magionesi, Francesca

    2003-01-01

    The main objective for the second year report was to provide the model scale pressure spectra produced by the turbulent boundary layer measured on the hull of the MISTRAL and of the JUMBO CAT. The acquired data were used to understand the principal characteristics of the TBL (turbulent boundary layer) induced noise. At the same time the final design of the experimental set up relative to SRF (surface random flow) excitation was completed with the help of numerical simulations.

  6. Algorithmics from early years

    Jochemczyk, Wanda; Olędzka, Katarzyna; Samulska, Agnieszka

    2010-01-01

    We teach algorithmics at early stages of children development by means of various programming languages and ICT tools in order to develop their cognitive and mathematical skills. Computational thinking is not only a useful for computer scientists, but also a fundamental skill for other people. We should teach children computational skills along with reading, writing, and arithmetic. In this article we present our three-year experience of teaching courses, during which we combine face-to-fa...

  7. 2011: What a year!

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    “What a year it’s been, and what a way to end it. The star of the show has been the LHC, along with its experiments, which have again turned in an Oscar-winning performance. But there has been a strong supporting cast of actors ranging from antimatter to the CLOUD experiment.” This is what the Director-General wrote to us on 20 December in his message with his wishes for the festive season. And, do not forget, the famous hyperfast neutrinos toward Gran Sasso that put CERN on the front of the world stage. These achievements which are the pride and strength of the Organization were made possible “thanks to the hard work of all CERN’s staff,” as noted by the Director-General in his New Year speech of Wednesday, January 11. He reviewed the year 2011 and set out the challenges ahead in 2012 and beyond. The scientific and technological achievements of 2011 are a great satisfaction to the Director-General, his team and all CERN staff. Moreover, despite a...

  8. 40 Years of Discovery

    Weinstein, B; Heller, A

    2003-07-08

    History is most interesting when seen through the eyes of those who lived it. In this 40th anniversary retrospective of bioscience research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we've asked 19 scientists to share their personal recollections about a major accomplishment in the program's history. We have not tried to create a comprehensive or seamless story. Rather, we've attempted to capture the perspectives of key individuals, each of whom worked on a research program that met significant milestones. We have focused particularly on programs and accomplishments that have shaped the current Biology and Biotechnology Research Program (BBRP). In addition, we have included a timeline of biosciences at LLNL, a history of the directorate that appeared in the Laboratory's magazine, ''Science & Technology Review'', in 2002, and a list of bioscience-related articles that have appeared over the years in ''Science & Technology Review and its predecessor, Energy & Technology Review''. The landscape of biological science today is stunningly different from 40 years ago. When LLNL bioscience began in 1963, we knew about the structure of DNA and that it was the carrier of genetic information. However, it would be another year before scientists would understand how DNA codes for the production of proteins and more than a decade before the earliest DNA sequence would be known. It is sometimes difficult to remember that it was only 15 years ago that the polymerase chain reaction, a synthetic method to amplify pieces of DNA was developed, and that only within the last half-dozen years has sequence data for entire organisms begun to be available. In this publication, we have tried to capture some of the landmark and seminal research history: radiation effects studies, which were a major reason for founding the biological research program, and flow sorting and chromosome painting, which dramatically changed our ability to

  9. Year 2000 litigation

    The preventive steps that can be taken to minimize legal liability resulting from year 2000 (Y2K) computer problems were discussed. Many potential legal liabilities can be avoided by taking basic common sense steps to ensure that a business is protected from the Y2K problem. This paper discusses why some failures are likely to occur regardless of any mitigative measures taken prior to Y2K, what the legal consequences of such failures are likely to be, and what preventive steps can be taken to minimize legal exposure

  10. Hundred years of radiology

    Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, as was his custom, was working alone in his laboratory on Friday, November 8. 1895, when he first made a discovery that would have an enormous impact on physical and medical science and, indeed, upon all mankind. Let us have a short look on the personal record of Roentgen. His discovery of X-Ray and its applications in various areas has led to the need for radiation protection against its harmful effects. Later on a significant amount of publications from ICRP, ICRU, NCRP, UNSCEAR and IAEA giving new directions, directives, guidelines and recommendations for Radiation Protection every year was produced

  11. Ceremony marking Einstein Year

    2005-01-01

    Sunday 13th November at 10:00amat Geneva's St. Peter's Cathedral To mark Einstein Year and the importance of the intercultural dialogue of which it forms a part, a religious service will take place on Sunday 13 November at 10 a.m. in St. Peter's Cathedral, to which CERN members and colleagues are warmly welcomed. Pastor Henry Babel, senior minister at the Cathedral, will speak on the theme: 'God in Einstein's Universe'. Diether Blechschmidt will convey a message on behalf of the scientific community.

  12. NEW YEAR, NEW JOURNAL

    Zunqi; Lin

    2013-01-01

    <正>We are excited to release the first issue of High Power Laser Science and Engineering(abbreviated HPLaser)at the beginning of 2013,Year of the Snake in the Chinese calendar.First of all,I would like to give our sincere thanks to those who have contributed to the publishing of the new journal.Since the invention of laser in 1960,the requirements of scientific research have driven the development of high power laser technology.Laser output power continues to increase dramatically through the development of laser technology,and many new research topics are being discovered and created.

  13. Years of Change

    2008-01-01

    It’s well-known to people who are familiar with China that the grand boom of the country has been achieved through the revolutionary state policy of reform and opening up.This effort has helped the nation break its eco- nomic shackles and escape the grip of poverty. Against all expectations,this initiative was triggered by a group of starv- ing farmers from a small village in Fengyang County,east China’s Anhui Province.In the deep of winter 30 years ago,18 households of the village

  14. After one year

    2011-01-01

    It is now one full year since the first manuscript submitted to the International Journal of Plant Biology was published online. Proof of the good health of our journal, 18 papers have already been published online in 2010 (volume 1, issues n° 1 and 2) and there are presently 17 under review and 2 already in editing. Moreover, the site of the International Journal of Plant Biology has been accessed nearly 13,000 times in 2010 and not far from 6,000 times in the first four months of 2011, as s...

  15. Year of the Horse

    Strank, Willem

    2010-01-01

    YEAR OF THE HORSE, eine Konzertdokumentation der Welttournee von Neil Young & Crazy Horse aus dem Jahre 1996, ist nach RUST NEVER SLEEPS (1979, Bernard Shakey [= Neil Young]), WELD (1990, unbekannter Regisseur), RAGGED GLORY (1991, Julien Temple) und THE COMPLEX SESSIONS (1995, Jonathan Demme) bereits der fünfte Film über die Band, sieht man von zwei mehr oder eher weniger bekannten Bootlegs (LIVE, o.J.; LIVE AT THE FILLMORE 1970, o.J.) einmal ab. Während der Titel die Tournee zum Album Broke...

  16. 1905-a miraculous year

    Renn, Juergen; Hoffmann, Dieter [Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Wilhelm Street 44, 10117 Berlin (Germany)

    2005-05-14

    The article discusses Einstein's famous papers of 1905-his miraculous year-and deals with their physical and historical context as well as their fundamental impact on modern physics. It shows that the papers are not isolated, but connected with each other by Einstein's deep-seated conviction of physical atomism and his criticism of an ether. They are concerned with specific problems that can be characterized as 'borderline problems' since they go beyond the traditional divisions between mechanics, electrodynamics, and thermodynamics.

  17. CAPP's year 2000 initiatives

    Progress made by the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) in addressing the year 2000 (Y2K) is reviewed. In November 1997, CAPP formed a Year 2000 Committee whose mandate is to represent and voice industry concerns regarding the Y2K issue to government, regulators, suppliers, service providers, vendors, business partners and other affected parties. Their objective is to ensure that health, safety and environmental concerns are addressed within Y2K preparedness planning. CAPP also developed a Y2K Disclosure Agreement to minimize the liability concerns raised by committee members regarding the sharing of information without legal recourse. All member companies agreed to abide by the Disclosure Agreement. A survey was also conducted in the summer of 1998 to assess the overall readiness of CAPP's producer and associate member companies. The survey results were very positive. Highest priority is being given to contingency planning and business continuity to ensure that there will be no adverse or long-term effects. 1 tab

  18. 10 years of Ws

    Ten years ago, on 25 January 1983, the discovery of the W particle at CERN's proton-antiproton collider was announced to the world. The W, the electrically charged carrier of the weak nuclear force, had been predicted 24 years earlier in the classic formulations of modern weak interaction theory by Feynman and Gell- Mann and by Marshak and Sudarshan, and went on to play an important role in the subsequent electroweak unification of electromagnetism and the weak nuclear force. Following the discovery of the neutral current at CERN in 1973, it became clear that the W was an extremely heavy particle, some 80 times heavier than the proton, too heavy to be detected by any accelerator in operation at the time. Pushed by Carlo Rubbia, the CERN proton-antiproton collider was built to find the W and its electrically neutral companion, the Z. Collider operations at CERN in 1982 had been compressed into a two month run, from October to December. The teams at the big UA1 and UA2 experiments eagerly sifting through their 1982 data noticed the first signs of Ws. The initial candidate W events were announced in CERN seminars by Carlo Rubbia, for UA1, on 20 January 1983*, and the following day by Luigi Di Leila for UA2. As well as new science, these two seminars also set a trend for packing the CERN auditorium to overflowing

  19. 2010: a decisive year

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    Salaries, Health Insurance, Pensions The year 2010 will see the LHC reach an energy likely to open a new window on the microscopic world. Furthermore, in 2010, the Organization, in its role as a State, will have to consolidate the social security system of its present, past, and future employees. This means our Pension Fund, which is showing a deficit of two thousand million Swiss francs, and our Health Insurance Scheme, which is also in deficit. The next five-yearly review of our salaries will also end in 2010. During this time of good wishes, let us hope that the level of our salaries and of our health insurance remain attractive in order to attract, retain and motivate the staff of the highest competence needed by CERN to carry out its current and future projects. Adhere to the principles as well On Thursday 17 December, the Staff Association called on you to participate in a gathering in the main building and to sign a petition (see photos). More than 800 of you attended that day, for which we thank...

  20. Chernobyl, 13 years after

    This is an annual report, regularly issued by IPSN, that presents the ecological and health consequences of the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident. The present status of the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant, which Ukraine engaged to stop definitively in year 2000, is summarized. The only reactor unit now in operation is Chernobylsk-3 Reactor which poses two safety questions: evolution of cracks in part of the tubing and behaviour of the pressure tubes. Although, some improvements in the RBMK reactor types were introduced, problems remain that make IPSN to stress the requirement of stopping this NPP completely. In the contaminated territories surrounding Chernobyl incidence rate of infant thyroid cancers continues to grow, reaching values 10 to 100 times higher than the natural rate. In France the IPSN analyzed 60,000 records carried out in 17 sites during May 1986 and April 1989. It was estimated that the individual dose received during 60 years (1986-2046) by the inhabitants of the most affected zone (eastern France) is lower than 1.5 mSv, a value lower than 1% of the natural cosmic and telluric radioactivity exposure for the same period. For the persons assumed to live in the most attacked forests (from eastern France) and nourishing daily with venison and mushrooms the highest estimate is 1 mSv a year. Concerning the 'hot spots', identified in mountains by IPSN and CRIIRAD, the doses received by excursionists are around 0.015 mSv. For an average inhabitant of the country the dose piled up in the thyroid due to iodine-131 fallout is estimated to 0.5-2 mSv for an adult and 6.5-16 mSv for an infant. These doses are 100 to 1000 times lower than the ones to which the infants living in the neighbourhood of Chernobyl are exposed to. The contents of the report is displayed in the following six chapters: 1. Chernobyl in some figures; 2. The 'sarcophagus' and the reactors of the Chernobyl NPP; 3. Health consequences of the Chernobyl accident;. 4. The impact of Chernobyl fallout in France

  1. INIS at 45 years

    Do you remember punched paper tape? That’s how many INIS Member States sent their input to the database in the early years of the system. And you had to be careful with that tape; a torn paper tape was a nuisance. Of course the rolls of paper came by post, how else? And if it took two weeks to get a postal package with paper tape in it from somewhere in Asia to Vienna, so be it! Of course the more sophisticated INIS imputing centers used magnetic tapes. Yes, magnetic tapes were also shipped by post from the ends of the earth to Vienna and that also sometimes took weeks. I recall the total thesaurus revision that we undertook in 1971. INIS had taken over the nuclear terminology contained in the thesaurus of the ENDS system (European Nuclear Documentation System of the European Community) but soon decided on a total revision, total in the sense that we decided to revise both the terminological content of the thesaurus AND the structure (interrelationships) that was given to the terminology. Who were the “we” who carried out the revision? Staff at the national INIS centres of Czechoslovakia (as it was at the time), France, the U.S.A. and staff at the University of California in Berkley, California, plus of course the INIS staff in Vienna. Magnetic tapes were naturally the support used for the exchange of data. Can you imagine the crisscrossing of tapes around the globe during that one year of work? Almost incredible by today’s standards, where the tip of a key will send immeasurably vaster quantities of data anywhere on earth within a fraction of a second! But apart from its technological aspects and the continuous developments that these were subjected to and from which the system profited, it was the human aspect of the system, that is, the people that made INIS work, that was so interesting, challenging and finally rewarding for all those involved. And here we must immediately stress that what made the system such a success over these past 45 years, was

  2. Fifty years after Hiroshima

    Any discussion of the nuclear-proliferation regime in the post-Cold War era, its present role and expected function in the future must take into account the outcome of the New York Non-proliferation Treaty Review Conference held in 1995, and the four factors that shaped the twentieth century: fascism and communism, nuclear energy and environmental concerns, as well as the interaction between them. none of the factors can be handled within the boundaries of a single state. After fifty years of nuclear competition both for military and energy generation purposes, international conferences on disarmament, Non-proliferation Treaty, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, START negotiations and agreements, there are still remaining nuclear issues. Population growth, energy demands and supplies, all related to global environmental changes must be taken into account

  3. A Watershed Year Ahead

    Jessica Frommer

    2011-01-01

    AS 2011 comes to a close,with its Arab spring revolutions,the Horn of Africa famine and the world economic meltdown,2012must and will be a significant year for the African continent and a great opportunity for its agricultural sector."Everything you know about African agriculture is wrong,"Ralph Van Kaufmann,UniBrain Coordinatorand speaker at the AgriBusiness Forum 2011,held in Johannesburg in October,announced."It is not doing badly:food production per head may have decreased,but total productivity is improving," he said,adding,"it needs to increase further,and post harvest losses reduced,but for that to happen,the private sector needs to get involved."

  4. Year 2000 commercial issues

    Kratz, M.P.J.; Booth, R.T. [Bennett Jones, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    1998-12-31

    This presentation focused on commercial aspects of the Y2K including: (1) special communication issues, (2) outsourcing transactions, (3) joint ventures and the significance for the oil and gas industry, and (4) contingency planning. Communication issues involve interaction with suppliers and vendors of critical systems, liability for Y2K communications (misrepresentation, defamation, promissory estoppel, statutory liability), securities disclosure (Canadian and US SEC requirements), protected communications, protection for Year 2000 statements. Outsourcing problems highlighted include resistance of suppliers to assume responsibility for Y2K problem remediation, factors which support and negate supplier responsibility, scope of suppliers` obligation, and warranties in respect of third party software. Regarding joint ventures, questions concerning limitations on liability, supply warranties, stand-by arrangements, stockpiling inventory, indemnities, confidentiality, operator compensation versus operator risk, and insurance were raised and addressed. Among contingency planning issues the questions of Y2K legal audit, and disclosure aspects of contingency planning were the featured concerns. figs.

  5. Year 2000 program

    The steps that Enbridge Consumer Gas Company has taken to prepare for year 2000 were highlighted in a series of overhead viewgraphs which accompanied this presentation. The company's Y2K program was initiated early in 1998 with an initial assessment of the true magnitude of the problem. The transportation and distribution divisions of the company are running separate but coordinated programs. The methodology is to perform an inventory of all components, conduct risk assessments and to determine a compliance strategy to remediate any problems so that all critical systems can be Y2K ready by June, 1999. The second part of this presentation reviewed the company's business continuity planning. This included: (1) an overview of natural gas, (2) BCP methodology, (3) risk assessment, (4) supply chain management, (5) best practices, and (6) program status. 2 figs

  6. Twenty years of KSHV.

    Chang, Yuan; Moore, Patrick

    2014-11-01

    Twenty years ago, Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) was the oncologic counterpart to Winston Churchill's Russia: a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma. First described by Moritz Kaposi in 1872, who reported it to be an aggressive skin tumor, KS became known over the next century as a slow-growing tumor of elderly men-in fact, most KS patients were expected to die with the tumor rather than from it. Nevertheless, the course and manifestations of the disease varied widely in different clinical contexts. The puzzle of KS came to the forefront as a harbinger of the AIDS epidemic. The articles in this issue of Viruses recount progress made in understanding Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) since its initial description in 1994. PMID:25386844

  7. Year 2000 commercial issues

    This presentation focused on commercial aspects of the Y2K including: (1) special communication issues, (2) outsourcing transactions, (3) joint ventures and the significance for the oil and gas industry, and (4) contingency planning. Communication issues involve interaction with suppliers and vendors of critical systems, liability for Y2K communications (misrepresentation, defamation, promissory estoppel, statutory liability), securities disclosure (Canadian and US SEC requirements), protected communications, protection for Year 2000 statements. Outsourcing problems highlighted include resistance of suppliers to assume responsibility for Y2K problem remediation, factors which support and negate supplier responsibility, scope of suppliers' obligation, and warranties in respect of third party software. Regarding joint ventures, questions concerning limitations on liability, supply warranties, stand-by arrangements, stockpiling inventory, indemnities, confidentiality, operator compensation versus operator risk, and insurance were raised and addressed. Among contingency planning issues the questions of Y2K legal audit, and disclosure aspects of contingency planning were the featured concerns. figs

  8. TUGWELL AFTER EIGHTY YEARS

    David O. Whitten

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1924 Rexford Guy Tugwell edited The Trend of Economics, a volume comprising essays by Morris Copeland, Sumner Slichter, Frank Knight, AlbertWolfe, Wesley Clair Mitchell, Paul Douglas, Frederick Mills, William Weld, Raymond Bye, John Maurice Clark, Robert Hale, George Soule, and Tugwell himself, in other words, an honor roll of social scientist-economists of the early twentieth century. Tugwell’s contribution is entitled “Experimental Economics,” an essay not to be confused with what in the last decades of the twentieth century became experimental economics, but an exegesis on the state of economic science in the early 1920s. “Tugwell After Eighty Years,” is a critique of pertinent portions of “Experimental Economics” that reveals origins of social and economic problems of the early twenty-first century in issues Tugwell observed in 1924.

  9. Year 2000 Performance Report

    Principe, R

    2001-01-01

    The mandate of the ST/CV-OP unit consists in the operation and maintenance of the cooling systems and air conditioning installations for the PS accelerator complex, the SPS and LEP machines as well as the heating plants and all CERN pumping stations. This paper intends to provide the performance report related to the last twelve months of activity of the operation unit. The role of the Computed Aided Maintenance and the evolution of a set of performance indicators during last three years will also be presented. A brief analysis of the data and a comment related to opportunity represented by the LEP-LHC transition will follow. In addition the author will try to give in figures a more specific idea of the operation environment, how this function evolves in numbers and which are, in his opinion, the improvement axes and the eventual risks.

  10. The Year of the Tiger

    LIU LIAN

    2010-01-01

    @@ In the Chinese lunar calendar,every year corresponds with an animal.Twelve animals-rat,ox,tiger,rabbit,dragon,snake,horse,sheep,monkey,rooster,dog and pig-make up the zodiac and symbolize different years.The year 2010 is the Year of Hu,or the Year of the Tiger.

  11. 25 years of KWS

    Since the first course of instruction twenty-five years ago 2085 foremen of power plants and district heating systems have by now received their certificates of a Chamber of Commerce and Industry. They are acting as unit operators and shift foremen and enjoy esteem and respect in their plants. Moreover, 3232 power plant operators have meanwhile finished their education and received the certificates for power plant operators from the 'KRAFTWERKSSCHULE E.V.' (power plant school). Power plant foremen and operators have proved in practice; their education will also in future be an essential part of the acitvities of the 'Kraftwerksschule e.V.'. With the peaceful utilization of nuclear energy new tasks have arisen to the 'Kraftwerksschule e.V.' They satisfied this development and and are since 1969 also educating nuclear power plant foremen. As the profound training in nuclear reactors themselves is only possible with a lot of reservations, the 'Kraftwerksschule e.V.' began in 1974 to build a nuclear power plant simulator center. One simulator each for nuclear power plants with pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors have been available for four years. Operators of nuclear power plants who already have profound theoretical and practical knowledge are by this means receiving a complementary education on the dynamic operation behaviour of the plant and they learn to judge operating orders and to control the process with a high degree of safety and availability by means of performance-directed control measures. The good experiences made since 1978 with the use of simulators in the nuclear education have led to the decision to build in addition a simulator for fossil-fired power plants. Late in 1981 the orders for delivery of the simulator hardware and software were placed. The simulator will be available for primary and advanced training by the end of 1984. (orig./GL)

  12. Four years of crusade!

    Adilson Beatriz

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Orbital - The Electronic Journal of Chemistry is entering its 4th year of existence which is a reason to celebrate. A great work has been devoted to preserve a scientific journal of international reputation. This work was not always without mistakes or any trouble. However, these very adversities stimulate additional efforts in order to overcome our errors and, continuing with our serious proposal of editing a journal which scientists from all over the world can submit online their original works manuscripts to be published in peer review and open-access style. Beginning this year, Orbital was classified by the Chemistry Coordination Area on the B5 rank of CAPES Qualis (Brazil and, leveled as B4 by Coordination Areas of Materials and Engineering II. These important details demonstrate that Orbital is progressively attaining the acknowledgment of the Brazilian scientific community. The recognition by CAPES Qualis is crucial as the system evaluates the generation of knowledge in the Brazilian universities and the method by which this same knowledge disseminated to society. Not all these were possible without endeavoring of editors and volunteer assistance of advisors from several national and international institutions. Recently, the young Professors Kleber Thiago de Oliveira (UFSCAR, Grégoire Demetz (USP-RP and Amilcar Machulek Júnior (UFMS have joined us to share the idea and philosophy of Orbital by accepting our invitation to be associated editors. The tasks and challenges are enormous and, we are sure that new participants will support us on the way to achieve indexation in new Databases systems as SCOPUS, ISI and Scielo. Consequently, the international success of this electronic journal will be assured. We sincerely hope that in the academic Brazilian scenario, Orbital can figure as a solid bridge to interchange real creative science that is happening in various locations around the world.

  13. The CERN's year

    CERN, the European organization for nuclear research, has just celebrated its fifty years of existence. Its first goal was to counterbalance the migration of physics scientists towards the USA by the creation of a physics laboratory gathering scientists from the different European countries. Today, the CERN's mission has changed and has overcome all the expectations of its founders. In 2008, it will become, with the LHC (Large Hadron Collider), the biggest particle accelerator in the world. The CERN employs about 3000 physicists, engineers, technicians and workers. There is also 6500 people from 80 different countries who use the CERN's facilities during the year. The CERN is controlled by 20 European member states and 6 observer countries, and 20 non-member countries participate to the programs in progress. The CERN's power comes from its international and cosmopolitan spirit. The whole most famous physicists of the world can work together for the progress of science and for a better understanding of matter, of its interactions and of our universe. Two Nobel prices of physics come from the CERN: C. Rubbia and S. Van der Meer in 1983 for the discovery of W+, W- and Z0 bosons, and G. Charpak for the development of particle detectors. One can foresee that the LHC will allow new scientific achievements, like for instance, during experiments for the quest of the famous Higgs boson. It is important also to mention that the CERN has been at the origin of several technological innovations in all technical and engineering domains in the framework of its fundamental physics researches. (J.S.)

  14. Ten years of PAMELA

    Spillantini, Piero

    2016-07-01

    Pamela experiment has been designed as a cosmic ray observatory at 1 AU, dedicated to the precise and high statistics study of CR fluxes on a three decades energy range, form a few tens MeV up to several hundred GeV region. It is the last step of the 'Russian-Italian Mission' (RIM) program born in 1992 between several Italian and Russian institutes and with the participation of the Royal Institute of Technology of Stockholm (Sweden) and the Siegen University (German). Launched the 16 June 2006 from Baikonur cosmodrome on board of the Resurs-DK1 Russian satellite by a Soyuz rocket in an elliptical (350-610 km) quasi polar orbit (70° inclination) it was activated on 21 June 2006, afterword has been in a continuous data taking mode for ten years. The Pamela program pays particular attention to the study of particles (protons and electrons) and antiparticles (antiprotons and positrons) energy spectra. It also includes search for possible signals of dark matter annihilation, search for primordial antimatter (antihelium), search for new Matter in the Universe (Strangelets?), study of cosmic-ray propagation, solar physics and solar modulation, terrestrial magnetosphere. This program is made possible thanks to the outstanding performance of the instrument, the low energy threshold, the quasi-polar orbit, the 10 years duration of the observation. Protons and helium nuclei are the most abundant components of the cosmic radiation and the precise measurements of their fluxes allow understanding the acceleration and propagation of cosmic rays in the Galaxy. Their spectral shapes cannot be well described by a single power law: at 230-240 GV they exhibit an abrupt spectral hardening. They challenge the current paradigm of cosmic-ray acceleration in supernova remnants followed by diffusive propagation in the Galaxy. Of paramount importance is the discover of the anomalous increase of the positron flux at energies higher that 50 GeV (the so called 'Pamela anomaly'). The review of

  15. 25 years - Happy Birthday!

    IT Department

    2011-01-01

    The nasty PC virus turned twenty-five years this month. The very first computer virus ever was created in January 1986. Dubbed "©Brain", this virus was aiming to infect DOS-based PCs. While this instance was relatively harmless and their creators claim sincere intentions, the world has changed since then. Today's viruses and worms are malign and aim for making profit. They attack now everything connected to a network: Windows PCs, but also Linux PCs and Macs; iPhones and other mobile devices; directly the operating system, but also applications like Adobe Reader (PDF), Firefox, ... Thus, protect your computers from viruses and malware. Any unprotected computer connected to the Internet is likely to be infected within minutes! Keep your system up to date. Enable the regular automatic installation of updates/patches. If you can, use operating systems managed by CERN’s IT department; Use anti-virus software. The CERN anti-virus solution is even free for your home an...

  16. Year 2000 disclosure issues

    The legal dilemma that the year 2000 (Y2K) problem presents with regard to disclosure requirements is examined. In particular, this paper reviews the complexities involved for customers, suppliers and business partners to communicate about Y2K issues. The review prominently features the many levels of statutory, regulatory and legal overlay that must be considered before any communication takes place . One of the major barriers to disclosure is the threat that any statements made by one company or individual to another may give rise to various forms of liability, including limitation, defamation, misrepresentation, detrimental reliance, collateral contracts and warranties or representations. The paper also describes recent Canadian and U.S. Y2K disclosure requirements for public companies. While the legislation is intended to promote the voluntary sharing of Y2K information, it also sets out conditions limiting the extent to which Y2K statements can be used as the basis for liability. Canadian regulatory bodies also have several policies in effect that compel issuers of new securities to emphasize uncertainties which are likely to be factors in Y2K, and public companies to discuss and analyze risks, events and uncertainties within the management discussion and analysis section of their annual reports that would cause reported financial information to be not necessarily indicative of future operating results or conditions, should those uncertainties materialize. 8 refs

  17. Year 2000 disclosure issues

    Bradley, N.; Kratz, M.P.J. [Bennett Jones, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    1998-12-31

    The legal dilemma that the year 2000 (Y2K) problem presents with regard to disclosure requirements is examined. In particular, this paper reviews the complexities involved for customers, suppliers and business partners to communicate about Y2K issues. The review prominently features the many levels of statutory, regulatory and legal overlay that must be considered before any communication takes place . One of the major barriers to disclosure is the threat that any statements made by one company or individual to another may give rise to various forms of liability, including limitation, defamation, misrepresentation, detrimental reliance, collateral contracts and warranties or representations. The paper also describes recent Canadian and U.S. Y2K disclosure requirements for public companies. While the legislation is intended to promote the voluntary sharing of Y2K information, it also sets out conditions limiting the extent to which Y2K statements can be used as the basis for liability. Canadian regulatory bodies also have several policies in effect that compel issuers of new securities to emphasize uncertainties which are likely to be factors in Y2K, and public companies to discuss and analyze risks, events and uncertainties within the management discussion and analysis section of their annual reports that would cause reported financial information to be not necessarily indicative of future operating results or conditions, should those uncertainties materialize. 8 refs.

  18. 50 years ago...

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    After completing her university studies in Italy, where it was not all that rare to come across female physicists, Maria Fidecaro arrived at CERN in 1956. Although men were certainly in the majority, they were all just colleagues and gender was irrelevant.    Giuseppe and Maria Fidecaro in 1963, surrounded by spark chambers, inside the detector for the experiment on the decay of a rho meson into a pi meson and a photon. Maria Fidecaro is no stranger to CERN and the field of research, having watched them develop over many years. "In the early days we worked in small teams of no more than two or three people", she recalls. "As in Italy, I was not the only woman involved in research at CERN. Men and women alike, our common goal was to understand physics and conduct experiments." Clearly, juggling an exciting job and looking after a family of four children didn't make for an easy life. "At that time society was different and there were few cr&...

  19. Twelve years at DESY

    As reported in our previous issue (page 27), on 28 February Volker Soergel stepped down after serving as Chairman of the Board of the DESY Laboratory in Hamburg since January 1981, when the previous chairman, Herwig Schopper, moved to become Director General of CERN. DESY is now headed by Bjorn Wiik. During the twelve years of Soergel's mandate, DESY substantially evolved and progressed. Dominating the landscape was the big HERA electron-proton collider - the world's first - proposed, approved, constructed and commissioned under Soergel's leadership. As well as pioneering electron-proton collisions, HERA also broke new ground in international collaboration. At the approval of the project by the German government, it had already been made clear that both the machine and its experiments had to be built with full international cooperation, using material contributions from foreign institutes. With the difficult task of transforming these requirements into hard reality, Volker Soergel succeeded brilliantly. The 'HERA model', with interested countries pledging contributions in equipment and/or manpower, established a new route to major project involvement. For HERA, the substantial Italian contribution, organized by Antonino Zichichi, was vital to the success of the project

  20. ICTP celebrates 50 years

    2014-01-01

    CERN is not the only scientific organisation to be celebrating a significant anniversary in 2014. Earlier this year, ESA turned 50, and last week it was the turn of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, ICTP, to blow out its 50 candles. I had the pleasure to be there for the occasion, and to take part in the first day of a four-day scientific celebration in which the true value of ICTP came to the fore.   Nobel Prize winning Pakistani physicist Abdus Salam established the ICTP in 1964, and went on to become its first director. The Centre’s mission was and remains to foster the development of international scientific cooperation and to promote scientific excellence with an emphasis on the developing world. Established outside Trieste, Italy, and operated under a tripartite agreement between the Italian government, the IAEA and UNESCO, the ICTP has proven itself true to that mandate and become a driving force for advancing scientific expertise around the globe....

  1. Fukushima, 5 years after

    This publication proposes an overview of the situation in Fukushima (in the plant and in its region), 5 years after the accident. As far as the plant is concerned, several issues are addressed: the withdrawal of fuel from decay pools, the management of contaminated waters, and the situation of reactors 1, 2 and 3. The radiological impact for operators is discussed in terms of radioactivity level, of occurrence of leukaemia, and of storage of radioactive wastes. The next part comments the slow return of populations and the recovery of agriculture, notably with respect to decontamination advances, and to waste management. Current perspectives for the Japanese nuclear industry are then addressed: creation of a new and stronger safety authority, and situation of the various other reactors (some are planned to be restarted, some will be dismantled, and new reactors are still being built). The last part addresses the rehabilitation of areas devastated by the tsunami, with temporary housing, urban planning comprising possibilities for the population to quickly find a shelter, and works on the coast for a better protection against tsunamis

  2. The Year of the Rabbit

    2011-01-01

    Every year of the Chinese lunar calendar corresponds with an animal. The rat,ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse,sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and pig make up the Chinese zodiac, which repeats in a12-year cycle. This year’s Chinese NewYear rings in the Year of the Rabbit.

  3. 20 Years of RECONS

    Henry, Todd J.; RECONS

    2014-01-01

    RECONS (REsearch Consortium On Nearby Stars, www.recons.org) turns 20 in 2014, so we take this opportunity to review some of the highlights of the RECONS effort over the past two decades. Through comprehensive searches for new nearby stars, as well as characterization of the stars and exploration of their environments, the RECONS team has made significant contributions to our understanding of the solar neighborhood, and of our own place in the Universe. Here we highlight results detailed in more than 30 papers in The Solar Neighborhood series published in The Astronomical Journal, including: (1) a census indicating that at least 75% of all stars are red dwarfs, which have more real estate available for habitable planets than any other type of star, (2) more than 300 new stellar systems with accurate trigonometric parallaxes placing them within 25 pc, including 12 of the nearest 100 systems, (3) thousands of additional nearby star candidates identified through traditional proper motion searches and novel photometric searches for stars exhibiting minimal proper motions, (4) increases of more than 20% in the nearest white dwarf and cool subdwarf populations, (5) discovery of the nearest star, AP Col, younger than 100 million years, (6) knowledge that more than half of stellar systems contain only one star, dominated by the red dwarf multiplicity rate of only about 30%, (7) definition of the smallest main sequence star, with a radius only 9% that of the Sun (smaller than Jupiter) and a temperature of 2100K, and (8) a revelation that the smallest stars are rarely orbited by giant planets, including the elimination of planets down to half a Jupiter mass orbiting Proxima Centauri. As RECONS enters its third decade, we continue our reconnaissance of the solar neighborhood via a comprehensive survey to understand the nature of star formation by determining accurate luminosity and mass functions for the nearest stars. In addition, we are taking an inventory of nearby planets

  4. YEAR 2 BIOMASS UTILIZATION

    Christopher J. Zygarlicke

    2004-11-01

    This Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) Year 2 Biomass Utilization Final Technical Report summarizes multiple projects in biopower or bioenergy, transportation biofuels, and bioproducts. A prototype of a novel advanced power system, termed the high-temperature air furnace (HITAF), was tested for performance while converting biomass and coal blends to energy. Three biomass fuels--wood residue or hog fuel, corn stover, and switchgrass--and Wyoming subbituminous coal were acquired for combustion tests in the 3-million-Btu/hr system. Blend levels were 20% biomass--80% coal on a heat basis. Hog fuel was prepared for the upcoming combustion test by air-drying and processing through a hammer mill and screen. A K-Tron biomass feeder capable of operating in both gravimetric and volumetric modes was selected as the HITAF feed system. Two oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) alloys that would be used in the HITAF high-temperature heat exchanger were tested for slag corrosion rates. An alumina layer formed on one particular alloy, which was more corrosion-resistant than a chromia layer that formed on the other alloy. Research activities were completed in the development of an atmospheric pressure, fluidized-bed pyrolysis-type system called the controlled spontaneous reactor (CSR), which is used to process and condition biomass. Tree trimmings were physically and chemically altered by the CSR process, resulting in a fuel that was very suitable for feeding into a coal combustion or gasification system with little or no feed system modifications required. Experimental procedures were successful for producing hydrogen from biomass using the bacteria Thermotoga, a deep-ocean thermal vent organism. Analytical procedures for hydrogen were evaluated, a gas chromatography (GC) method was derived for measuring hydrogen yields, and adaptation culturing and protocols for mutagenesis were initiated to better develop strains that can use biomass cellulose. Fly ash derived from

  5. Neutron capture therapy: Years of experimentation---Years of reflection

    This report describes early research on neutron capture therapy over a number of years, beginning in 1950, speaking briefly of patient treatments but dwelling mostly on interpretations of our animal experiments. This work carried out over eighteen years, beginning over forty years ago. Yet, it is only fitting to start by relating how neutron capture therapy became part of Brookhaven's Medical Research Center program

  6. Developmental milestones record - 5 years

    ... view (but may not understand them) Has improved math skills Questions others, including parents Strongly identifies with ... milestones for children - 5 years References Feigelman S. The preschool years. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, ...

  7. The Year of the Rat

    2008-01-01

    Do you know what your Chinese sign of the zodiac is? According to the Chinese lunar calendar,every year corre- sponds to one of twelve animals(rat,ox,tiger,rabbit,dragon, snake,horse,sheep,monkey,rooster,dog and pig)and these animals are used to identify years. After the Lunar New Year in 2008 we enter the rat year. All those born in 1996,1984,1972.1960,1948,1936 or 1924, also have a rat as their sign.

  8. NESCent Annual Report, Year 5

    Smith, Kathleen; Vision, Todd; Wiegmann, Brian; Kingsolver, Joel

    2009-01-01

    SUMMARY OF NESCENT ACTIVITIES IN YEAR 5 In the final year of funding of its inaugural grant, NESCent has consolidated its position as a major international Center for the study of synthetic evolutionary biology. Highlights of activities during year 5 include the following. We have conducted another successful year of applications and reviews. Activities undertaken at NESCent span a wide range of topics, covering the breadth of evolutionary biology and related disciplines; m...

  9. 7 CFR 932.19 - Crop year and fiscal year.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year and fiscal year. 932.19 Section 932.19 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions...

  10. NESCent Annual Report, Year 4

    Smith, Kathleen; Vision, Todd; Wiegmann, Brian; Kingsolver, Joel

    2008-01-01

    YEAR 4 ANNUAL REPORT SUMMARY During year 4 NESCent continued its maturation as a Center for the promotion of activities leading to a “grand synthesis” in evolutionary biology. The achievements of the Center are detailed in the subsequent sections of this report. Briefly, they include: In year 4 the Center functioned with a full complement of postdoctoral fellows. As members of our first cohort reached the end of their terms, they were all successful in finding t...

  11. NESCent Annual Report, Year 3

    Smith, Kathleen; Vision, Todd; Wiegmann, Brian; Kingsolver, Joel

    2007-01-01

    YEAR 3 ANNUAL REPORT SUMMARY During year 3 NESCent continued its maturation as a Center for the promotion of activities leading to a “grand synthesis” in evolutionary biology. The achievements of the Center are detailed in the subsequent sections of this report. Briefly, they include: In year 3 the Center functioned with a full complement of postdoctoral fellows and sabbatical scholars. This group contributes to a vital intellectual atmosphere at the Center, and...

  12. Accountability report - fiscal year 1997

    This document contains the US NRC's accountability report for fiscal year 1997. Topics include uses of funds, financial condition, program performance, management accountability, and the audited financial statement

  13. New Year,New Vacations

    2008-01-01

    A new system for time off work will be implemented across China in 2008 China’s new vacation system came into force on January 1,2008,of- fering all employees paid time off as long as they remain in the same company for more than one year. The length of the paid vacation varies ac- cording to how long the employee has been with the company.From one to 10 years entities employees to five days of paid vaca- tion a year,10 to 20 years entitles them to

  14. Lasers: The next fifty years

    Kärtner, Franz; Pollnau, Markus; Ueda, Ken-ichi; Driel, van Henry

    2010-01-01

    This year marks the 50th anniversary of the laser — the first coherent radiation source in the optical domain. This anniversary of this historic development is being celebrated this year through “Laserfest” in which the Optical Society is a major partner. The laser enabled a straightforward extensio

  15. The Year of the Tiger

    孙舫南

    1998-01-01

    According to Chinese Lunar Canlendar 1998 is the Year of the Tiger. In the end of 1997, people began to talk about the coming year. Everything about tiger was already becoming popular. The public propaganda Organs such as IV states, radio stations and newspapers were the first to guide the public’s attentions to "Tigers". It was no longer a strange

  16. Project LIFT: Year 1 Report

    Norton, Michael; Piccinino, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    Research for Action (RFA) is currently in the second year of a five-year external evaluation of the Project Leadership and Investment for Transformation (LIFT) Initiative in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District (CMS). Project LIFT is a public-private partnership between CMS and the local philanthropic and business communities in Charlotte,…

  17. The Sea Trout Year 1985

    Fahy, E

    1986-01-01

    The wet year of 1985 yielded good catches to the rod and to commercial engines. Salmon were taken in reasonable numbers in the drift nets although only small numbers of sea trout were captured by this method. The wet angling season is thought to have provided productive fishing conditions contributing largely to a 22% increase over the previous year's landings of sea trout.

  18. Accountability report - fiscal year 1997

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    This document contains the US NRC`s accountability report for fiscal year 1997. Topics include uses of funds, financial condition, program performance, management accountability, and the audited financial statement.

  19. Language Development: 2 Year Olds

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Language Development: 2 Year Olds Page Content Article Body ... Pay attention to how he also is using language to describe ideas and information and to express ...

  20. Crafts in the Middle Years

    Porter, D. I. R.

    1972-01-01

    In the middle years of schooling, size, measurement, shape and form build up a child's mathematical and visual concepts. A restless drive to create, to see what happens in making something, can provide the driving force in crafts. (Editor)

  1. Developmental milestones record - 4 years

    ... COGNITIVE The typical 4-year-old: Has a vocabulary of more than 1,000 words Easily puts ... and sharing with other children. Encourage creative play. Teach your child to do small chores, such as ...

  2. Social Development:: 2 Year Olds

    ... in Action Medical Editor & Editorial Advisory Board Sponsors Sponsorship Opporunities Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician ... Ages & Stages > Toddler > Social Development: 2 Year Olds Ages & Stages Listen Español Text ...

  3. Emotional Development: 2 Year Olds

    ... in Action Medical Editor & Editorial Advisory Board Sponsors Sponsorship Opporunities Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician ... & Stages > Toddler > Emotional Development: 2 Year Olds Ages & Stages Listen Español Text ...

  4. Emotional Development: 1 Year Olds

    ... in Action Medical Editor & Editorial Advisory Board Sponsors Sponsorship Opporunities Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician ... & Stages > Toddler > Emotional Development: 1 Year Olds Ages & Stages Listen Español Text ...

  5. Social Development: 1 Year Olds

    ... in Action Medical Editor & Editorial Advisory Board Sponsors Sponsorship Opporunities Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician ... Ages & Stages > Toddler > Social Development: 1 Year Olds Ages & Stages Listen Español Text ...

  6. Ten years of archival science

    E. Ketelaar

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews how the journal Archival Science--International Journal on Recorded Information in the first 10 years has endeavoured to be integrated, interdisciplinary, and intercultural in promoting the development of archival science as an autonomous scientific discipline.

  7. ABACC ten years applying safeguards

    The Argentinian-Brazilian Agency for Accounting and Control of nuclear special materials has been in operations for ten years. The rational behind the creation and the work performed by the Agency during the last decade is described. (author)

  8. Shared Year Exchange in Nursing

    Vedsegaard, Helle Wendner; Wederkinck, Elisabeth

    2010-01-01

    Beskrivelse af Shared Year Exchange in Nursing, et udviklingsporjekt omhandlende udvikling, beskrivelse og implementering af et fælles studieår for sygeplejerskestuderende ved Metropol og La Trobe University Australien.......Beskrivelse af Shared Year Exchange in Nursing, et udviklingsporjekt omhandlende udvikling, beskrivelse og implementering af et fælles studieår for sygeplejerskestuderende ved Metropol og La Trobe University Australien....

  9. NCGIA Annual Report, Year 2

    National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (UC Santa Barbara, SUNY at Buffalo, University of Maine)

    1991-01-01

    This document reports on the second full year of operation (Dec 1989 - Nov 1990) of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis. Two research initiatives (Accuracy of Spatial Databases and Language of Spatial Relations  were completed in Fall 1990. Four new research initiatives began  in year two (Multiple Representations;  Use and Value of Geographic Information;  Design and Implementation of Large Spatial Databases; and Spatial Decision Support Systems.

  10. Outlook for the New Year

    2010-01-01

    "The global economic recovery that is now underway will slow later this year as the impact of fiscal stimulus wanes. Financial markets remain troubled and private sector demand lags amid high unemployment," according to a new report released by the World Bank in January. As it forecasts, the global economic regions would witness a growing GDP in the year of 2010 to some extent; however, they would still weather several unstable influential elements.

  11. NESCent Annual Report, Year 2

    Smith, Kathleen; Vision, Todd; Wiegmann, Brian; Kingsolver, Joel

    2006-01-01

    ANNUAL REPORT PROJECT SUMMARY During year 2 NESCent realized its full functionality as a Center for the promotion of activities leading to a “grand synthesis” in evolutionary biology. The achievements of the Center are detailed in the subsequent sections on Science and Synthesis, Informatics, Education and Outreach and Administration. Briefly, they include: In year two the Center acquired a full complement of postdoctoral fellows and sabbatical scholars. This gr...

  12. Ten Thousand Years of Solitude

    Benford, G. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) California Univ., Irvine, CA (USA). Dept. of Physics); Kirkwood, C.W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA). Coll. of Business Administration); Harry, O. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Pasqualetti, M.J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA))

    1991-03-01

    This report documents the authors work as an expert team advising the US Department of Energy on modes of inadvertent intrusion over the next 10,000 years into the Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP) nuclear waste repository. Credible types of potential future accidental intrusion into the WIPP are estimated as a basis for creating warning markers to prevent inadvertent intrusion. A six-step process is used to structure possible scenarios for such intrusion, and it is concluded that the probability of inadvertent intrusion into the WIPP repository over the next ten thousand years lies between one and twenty-five percent. 3 figs., 5 tabs.

  13. 70 years of woody plants

    Leverenz, Jerry

    2006-01-01

    On 16 May the Arboretum in Hørsholm celebrates its 70th anniversary. There will be offering guided tours in the evening at 6.30 p.m.. Furthermore, the Arboretum is using the anniversary year to increase public knowledge of the Arboretum and of KVL.......On 16 May the Arboretum in Hørsholm celebrates its 70th anniversary. There will be offering guided tours in the evening at 6.30 p.m.. Furthermore, the Arboretum is using the anniversary year to increase public knowledge of the Arboretum and of KVL....

  14. 50 years CERN Courier Celebration

    2009-01-01

    The 50th anniversary of the first publication of the CERN Courier provided the opportunity for a modest celebration on 2 September 2009. All six of the principal editors that the magazine has had over its 50-years history met together for the first time. After getting acquainted and reacquainted over lunch, they gathered in the library at CERN to answer questions about the production of the magazine over the years. From left to right, from the present editor to the first one: Christine Sutton, James Gillies, Gordon Fraser, Brian Southworth, Alec Hester and Roger Anthoine.

  15. Ten Thousand Years of Solitude?

    This report documents the authors work as an expert team advising the US Department of Energy on modes of inadvertent intrusion over the next 10,000 years into the Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP) nuclear waste repository. Credible types of potential future accidental intrusion into the WIPP are estimated as a basis for creating warning markers to prevent inadvertent intrusion. A six-step process is used to structure possible scenarios for such intrusion, and it is concluded that the probability of inadvertent intrusion into the WIPP repository over the next ten thousand years lies between one and twenty-five percent. 3 figs., 5 tabs

  16. Your First Year: Tomorrow's Classroom

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

    2006-01-01

    The first year is the first step on a teacher's journey to the future. So often, however, because teaching requires living in the present, teachers give little thought to the future. The students they are teaching will likely live to the very edge of the twenty-first century and possibly into the twenty-second century. This article suggest some…

  17. My year as a Fulbrighter.

    Chandler, Kate

    2016-07-01

    In August 2015 Kate Chandler left London to embark on a masters degree in global policymaking as a Fulbright Scholar, studying first at New York University and then at University College London. As her year as a scholar draws to a close, Kate took time out from working on her dissertation to write for Vet Record Careers. PMID:27389764

  18. The Year of the Pond

    Hinshaw, Craig

    2010-01-01

    Water gardens became popular in China during the Tang Dynasty and goldfish were domesticated more than 1000 years ago. Beyond being beautiful and tranquil, water gardens have the potential for much learning in an educational setting, especially for learning through art. In this article, the author shares how he collaborated with another teacher in…

  19. Language Development: 1 Year Olds

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Language Development: 1 Year Olds Page Content Article Body ... assured, it’s not your imagination. He’s developing his language and comprehension skills right on schedule. This giant ...

  20. Denmark and the gap year

    Katznelson, Noemi; Juul, Tilde Mette

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes three different educational offers to young people: “The Folk High School”, “The ‘After-school’” and 10th class. All can be considered optional Gap Years. The following diagram shows how the Danish education system is structured. The Folk High School is a training course...

  1. First Year Product Design Students

    Rooney, Carmel; Timlin, Gregor

    2012-01-01

    As part of the BSc (hons) Degree in Product Design, first year students combined the skills learned in the Communication and Design Modules to work with the Dypsraxia Association of Ireland, to develop concept designs for objects to facilitate everyday living for people with dyspraxia.

  2. The Year of the Dragon

    Pang, Margaret Young

    1976-01-01

    Author used her childhood memories to help her kindergartners in Honolulu, Hawaii, many of whom are Chinese, to further understand and enjoy the Chinese New Year and its customs. Perhaps her experiences will become a springboard for individual or group investigations of other ethnic-centered festivals. (Editor/RK)

  3. 45 Years with Design Methodology

    Andreasen, Mogens Myrup

    2011-01-01

    in my area. Therefore the use of ‘I’ is in a non-traditional form. The object of this article is the author’s Weltanschaung concerning design and designing as it has developed over a 45 years period as teacher and researcher. Three dimensions are treated in an attempt to answer the following...

  4. Under Water within Thirty Years

    Holm, Isak Winkel

    2016-01-01

    "Place is going to be under water within thirty years," detective Rustin Cohle says while driving through a disaster-stricken landscape in south Louisiana in the mid 90's. The first season of True Detective, a HBO crime series authored by Nic Pizzolatto and directed by Cary Fukunaga, is tensed on...

  5. Fifty years of Erlangen radiochemistry

    On June 29, 2006, the Radiochemical Laboratory of AREVA NP GmbH (formerly Siemens AG) in Erlangen celebrated its fiftieth anniversary. The occasion was marked by an event attended by more than 1,000 guests, among them Werner Gebauhr, the 85-year-old founder and first head of the Laboratory; the Managing Directors of AREVA NP GmbH, Ralf Gueldner and Ruediger Steuerlein; representatives of universities, research institutions, power utilities, and public authorities. The present head of the Radiochemical Laboratory, Wilfred Morell, sketched the highlights of the work performed over the past fifty years, which ranged from solid-state and very-high-purity materials technologies to development and service activities for nuclear technology. Manfred Erve, head of the Technical Center of AREVA NP GmbH, of which the Radiochemical Laboratory is a part, emphasized the changes in priorities over the past fifty years, which had always been met successfully by Radiochemistry. In the scientific part of the event, Wolfgang Schwarz (E.ON Kernkraftwerk GmbH, KKW Isar), Ulf Ilg (EnBW Kraftwerk AG, KKW Philippsburg), and Hans-Josef Allelein (Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit mbH) explained 3 major subject areas in which Erlangen Radio-chemistry over many years has contributed basic findings (see other articles in this atw issue). On the occasion of the anniversary, a comprehensive booklet was published under the title of '50 Jahre Radiochemie Erlangen - 1956-2006'. (orig.)

  6. Columbine High: Five Years Later

    Hurst, Marianne D.

    2004-01-01

    A few weeks before the fifth anniversary of the Columbine High School shootings on April 20, 1999, Principal Frank DeAngelis reflects on how his school has changed over the past five years. Much like the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks against the United States, "Columbine" carries a chilling meaning that resonates across the country. That…

  7. Coilin: The first 25years

    Machyna, M.; Neugebauer, K.M.; Staněk, David

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 12, č. 6 (2015), s. 590-596. ISSN 1547-6286 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP305/12/G034 Institutional support: RVO:68378050 Keywords : Cajal body * coilin * histone Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 4.974, year: 2014

  8. 10 YEARS AFTER NATO MEMBERSHIP

    ”10 years after NATO Membership. An Anniversary in the Shadow of a Crisis”, indeholder artikler fra politiske aktører, diplomater og forskere, der alle bidrog til til konferencen af samme navn, hvor den 10-året for baltisk medlemskab af NATO var omdrejningspunktet. Udover den danske forsvarsminis...... for Estland, Letland og Litauen i Danmark....

  9. 30 Years,Open Wisely

    Wang Ting

    2009-01-01

    @@ Over the 30 years,since the Reform and Opening-up, to the outside world, Chinese foreign trade has inreased from 20.6 billion USD in 1978 to 2.17 trilliion USD in 2007,up by 105 times, with an average annual growth of 17.4%.

  10. FEMP Year in Review 2009

    None

    2009-12-01

    In 2009, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)undertook an ambitious reorganization of its program structure to be more responsive to the needs of its Federal agency customers. In this Year in Review 2009, you will learn more about FEMP achievements under its new program areas.

  11. Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review

    Thiel, E.C.; Fuhrman, P.W.

    2002-05-30

    The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

  12. Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review

    Thiel, Elizabeth Chilcote

    2002-05-01

    The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

  13. Osteoporosis and years since menopause

    In Fukuoka Prefecture, in south-western Japan, a regional screening program for osteoporosis was conducted from 1994 to 1995. The screening level in the bone mineral density (BMD) at the distal non-dominant radius was equal to or less than two standard deviations below age-specific mean (≤ -2.0 SD). In 1177 examinees with natural menopause (mean age: 61.4, range: 42-88), 56 of those who were screened were subsequently radiologically confirmed by orthopedic specialists to have osteoporosis (case group). They were then compared with 802 normal BMD (≥ -1.0 SD) women (reference group) with their lifestyle and reproductive characteristics. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a logistic regression model. A significant increase in the ORs for osteoporosis based on the number of years since menopause was observed for 7-13 years since menopause (OR=2.3; 95% CI: 1.0-5.4) compared with <7 years, however, no increasing trend in risk was evident in 14+ years since menopause (OR=1.4; 95% CI: 0.4-5.1). Thus, the elevated risk continued up to around 10 years since menopause. These findings are consistent with previous studies that reported an alternation in the calcium metabolism and bone loss related to the length of time after menopause. Both the childhood and current milk consumption were also associated with a decreased risk: ORs were 0.4 (95% CI: 0.2-0.9) and 0.5 (95% CI: 0.3-1.0), respectively

  14. Five-year science outlook

    Richman, Barbara T.

    Research on water quality, on solar activity's possible link to earth climate, and on potential resource deposits will be among the top scientific and technological problems to be tackled during the next 5 years, according to a National Research Council (NRC) report, ‘Outlook for Science and Technology: The Next Five Years.’ Written and reviewed by more than 200 scientists, the report is the second in a series describing current research trends; the first report was issued in 1979. The NRC report also offers a concise overview and comparison of the research environments in the United States, the Federal Republic of Germany, the United Kingdom, and France. In addition, the report identifies prospects for new technologies in seven fields with emerging technologies or emerging situations that rely heavily on technology. The fields discussed are recombinant DNA, superconductivity, medical technology, energy storage, potential new resource deposits, the space shuttle and the space telescope, and information processing.

  15. 50 years forward: beta cells.

    Halban, Philippe A

    2015-08-01

    Our understanding of beta cell development and function has increased substantially these past 50 years but much remains to be learned before this knowledge can be put to clinical use. A comprehensive business plan will be necessary to develop a detailed molecular and functional blueprint of the beta cell in health and disease based on an integrated approach involving all necessary research disciplines. This blueprint will provide a platform for the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of both major forms of diabetes, foremost among them beta cell replacement therapy. This is one of a series of commentaries under the banner '50 years forward', giving personal opinions on future perspectives in diabetes, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Diabetologia (1965-2015). PMID:25957776

  16. Mid-year market review

    Despite a tumultuous beginning marked by considerable excitement over the amendment to the US/Russian suspension agreement, 1994's marketplace has been fairly quite so far. During the first half of the year, only thirty-two near-term uranium transactions, involving 10.1 million pounds equivalent U3O8, have been reported. Compared to the same period in 1993, which saw 16.5 million pounds transacted in fifty deals, 1994's volume represents a drop of 39 percent. With the amendment initialed in the last days of 1993, many market participants expected the first part of 1994 to be very active, with buyers and sellers rushing to conclude open-quotes matched sales.close quotes No such surge materialized, however, and market volume remained below the average of 17.3 million pounds equivalent U3O8 in fifty transactions recorded over the past five years

  17. 2015: International Year of Light

    Paola Catapano

    2015-01-01

    The year 2015, a century after the publication of Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity in 1915, has been proclaimed the International Year of Light and light-based technologies by the UN General Assembly. CERN is taking this opportunity to communicate informationabout the High Luminosity LHC project and CERN’s involvement in the SESAME synchrotron project in Jordan. In addition, light has been chosen as the main theme of CERN’s participation in the 2015 Researchers’ Night.   “Light” as “luminosity” will be the underlying theme of the communication campaign launched to increase awareness of CERN’s High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). By increasing the luminosity of the LHC by a factor of 10, the ambitious project aims at extending the discovery potential of CERN’s flagship accelerator. The challenging upgrade requires a number of key technological breakthroughs, including innovative high-field supercond...

  18. Fiscal Year 2013 Revegetation Assessment

    Jenifer Nordstrom

    2013-11-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2013 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: Summary of each site Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location Actions and Resolutions for each site. Six disturbed sites were evaluated for this assessment. One has achieved final stabilization. The remaining five sites not meeting the criteria for final stabilization will be evaluated again in the next fiscal year.

  19. Lacaille : Lacaille 250 years on

    Warner, Brian

    2002-04-01

    Brian Warner, Department of Astronomy, University of Cape Town, tells the story of Nicolas Louis de Lacaille's sojourn in South Africa. Two hundred and fifty years ago French astronomer Nicolas Louis de la Caille spent two years at the Cape of Good Hope, carrying out astronomical and geodetic observations that had long-lasting repercussions. His measurements of the positions of nearly 10 000 southern stars led to the definition of the southern constellations which are used to this day; his discrepant measurement of the radius of the Earth provided a challenge that took much 19th-century labour to rectify, but led to an accurate trigonometric survey of South Africa that would otherwise not have occurred until much later.

  20. 25 Years of endothelin research

    Emoto, Noriaki; Vignon-Zellweger, Nicolas; Lopes, Rhéure Alves Moreira;

    2014-01-01

    8-11, 2013, at Tokyo Campus of the University of Tsukuba in Japan. Close to 300 scientists from 25 countries from around the world came to Tokyo to celebrate the anniversary of the discovery of the endothelin peptide discovered 25 years ago at the University of Tsukuba. This article summarizes some...... of the highlights of the conference, the anniversary celebration ceremony, and particularly the participation of next generation of endothelin researchers in endothelin science and the anniversary celebration. As a particular highlight, next generation endothelin researchers wrote a haiku (a traditional form...... with the English translation - is part of this article providing in an exemplary fashion how poetry can be bridged with science. Finally, we give an outlook towards the next 25 years of endothelin research....

  1. Fiscal Year 2012 Revegetation Assessment

    Jenifer Nordstrom

    2012-11-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2012 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: • Summary of each site • Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location • Actions and Resolutions for each site. Ten disturbed sites were evaluated for this assessment. Six have achieved final stabilization. The remaining four sites not meeting the criteria for final stabilization will be evaluated again in the next fiscal year.

  2. About Chernobyl - Twenty Years Later

    The author discusses the reactor accident of Chernobyl, the information on its consequences so contradictory in the former USSR countries, the status of the effects observed, the forecasting concerning the onset of cancers in the coming years among the populations that were exposed to radiations, the public opinion facing the pessimists. He concludes on the lessons which can be drawn from Chernobyl. (A.L.B.)

  3. The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience

    Fitch, W. Tecumseh; Martins, Mauricio D

    2014-01-01

    Sixty years ago, Karl Lashley suggested that complex action sequences, from simple motor acts to language and music, are a fundamental but neglected aspect of neural function. Lashley demonstrated the inadequacy of then-standard models of associative chaining, positing a more flexible and generalized “syntax of action” necessary to encompass key aspects of language and music. He suggested that hierarchy in language and music builds upon a more basic sequential action system, and provided seve...

  4. Eighty years of neutrino physics

    This is a pedagogical overview of neutrino physics from the invention of neutrino by Pauli in 1930 to the precise measurement of neutrino mass and mixing parameters via neutrino oscillation experiments in recent years. I have tried to pitch it at the level of undergraduate students, occasionally cutting corners to avoid the use of advanced mathematical tools. I hope it will be useful in introducing this exciting field to a broad group of young physicists. (author)

  5. NESCent Annual Report, Year 9

    Rodrigo, Allen; Vision, Todd; Wiegmann, Brian; Alberts, Susan

    2013-01-01

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In 2013, one of the main areas of focus for NESCent was sustainability and transition. Earlier this year, the Provosts of Duke University, North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill met with the NSF site visit panel at NESCent and subsequently encouraged us to submit a proposal continuing a science synthesis center. The final version of the proposal was delivered to the Provosts in mid-October 2013. We have also had success securi...

  6. 100 Years of Brownian motion

    Hänggi, Peter; Marchesoni, Fabio

    2005-01-01

    In the year 1905 Albert Einstein published four papers that raised him to a giant in the history of science of all times. These works encompass the photon hypothesis (for which he obtained the Nobel prize in 1921), his first two papers on (special) relativity theory and, of course, his first paper on Brownian motion, entitled "\\"Uber die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der W\\"arme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Fl\\"ussigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen'' (submitted on May 11, 1905). Th...

  7. Deformation Quantization: Twenty Years After

    Sternheimer, Daniel

    1998-01-01

    We first review the historical developments, both in physics and in mathematics, that preceded (and in some sense provided the background of) deformation quantization. Then we describe the birth of the latter theory and its evolution in the past twenty years, insisting on the main conceptual developments and keeping here as much as possible on the physical side. For the physical part the accent is put on its relations to, and relevance for, "conventional" physics. For the mathematical part we...

  8. Five Years of GWAS Discovery

    Visscher, Peter M.; Brown, Matthew A.; McCarthy, Mark I.; Yang, Jian

    2012-01-01

    The past five years have seen many scientific and biological discoveries made through the experimental design of genome-wide association studies (GWASs). These studies were aimed at detecting variants at genomic loci that are associated with complex traits in the population and, in particular, at detecting associations between common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and common diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, auto-immune diseases, and psychiatric disorders. We start by giving a...

  9. General relativity 50 years old

    1966-01-01

    In May 1916, 'The Foundations of General Relativity Theory' by Albert Einstein was published in 'Annalen der Physik'. Fifty years later, this major contribution to scientific thought still has a rather isolated position with respect to the main-stream of scientific theory. (In contrast, the Special Theory of Relativity is one of the cornerstones of sub-nuclear physics.) To mark the anniversary of the publication of Einstein's paper a theoretician from CERN discusses the theory and its present status.

  10. 2007: A pivotal year (continued)

    Staff Association

    2007-01-01

    In our first Echo editorial in January 2007, we pointed out that the manpower plan, the future of our social conditions (health insurance, pensions), the implementation of the last five-yearly review and the review of our voluntary schemes would be subjects on which we would have to keep a close watch and show solidarity. In light of what has been happening, we were right to be cautious.

  11. Composition:New Year (1995)

    Bergstrøm-Nielsen, Carl

    2010-01-01

    New Year is an open composition to be realised by an ensemble of improvising musicians. See more about my composition practise in the entry "Composition - General Introduction".This work is licensed under a Creative Commons "by-nc" License. You may for non-commercial purposes use and distribute it, performance instructions as well as specially designated recordings, as long as the author(s) is (are) mentioned. Please see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/ for details.

  12. NESCent Annual Report, Year 6

    Rodrigo., Allen; Vision, Todd; Wiegmann, Brian; Alberts, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Executive Summary Center‐wide Developments and Administration We began Year 6 with a new Director (Allen Rodrigo) and a new Associate Director of Science (Susan Alberts). To coincide with the renewal in funding, we felt that it was appropriate to re‐evaluate NESCent’s mission. The result was a new mission statement that takes account of NESCent’s evolving scope and areas of strategic focus: NESCent promotes the synthesis of information, concepts and knowledge to addre...

  13. NESCent Annual Report, Year 10

    Rodrigo., Allen; Vision, Todd; Wiegmann, Brian; Alberts, Susan

    2014-01-01

    Executive Summary NESCent experienced an exceptionally busy year in 2014. We coordinated the organization of Evolution 2014, which was a time-consuming but, ultimately, highly successful event. We also busied ourselves with our wind-down activities and spent a great deal of time planning for what NESCent is likely to become. The center has been granted a no-cost extension of funding through November 30, 2015. We have instituted a plan and a timeline for winding down that includes staf...

  14. A Search of 60 Years

    江汶; 张辉林; 杨延康; 张孝仲; 芭芭拉

    2004-01-01

    In January 1945.war broke out in West China's Yunnan Province.It is important for all Chinese to commemorate that war.The War Against Japanese Aggression which had begun eight years earlier,had entered a new phase of counter-attack show the War Against Japanese Aggression was approaching its final struggle,but it also bore a special meaning for the Chinese that suffered from the invasion by westerners,

  15. The 'Year without summer 1816

    Arfeuille, F.; Rozanov, E.; Peter, T.; Weisenstein, D.; Hadorn, G.; Bodenmann, T.; Brönnimann, S.

    2010-09-01

    One famous example of an extreme climatic event is the cold summer of 1816 in Europe and North America. This specific year, which was later called the "Year without summer 1816", had profound social and environmental effects. The cataclysmic eruption of Mt Tambora is now commonly known to have largely contributed to the negative temperature anomalies of the summer 1816, but some uncertainties remain. The eruption which occurred in April 1815 is the largest within the last 500 years and this extreme climatic forcing provides a real test for climate models. A crucial parameter to assess in order to simulate this eruption is the aerosol size distribution, which strongly influences the radiative impact of the aerosols (through changes in albedo and residence time in the stratosphere, among others) and the impacts on dynamics and chemistry. The representation of this major forcing is done by using the AER-2D aerosol model which calculates the size distribution of the aerosols formed after the eruption. The modeling of the climatic impacts is then done by the state-of-the-art Chemistry-Climate model (CCM) SOCOL. The characteristics of the Tambora eruption and results from simulations made using the aerosol model/CCM, with an emphasis on the radiative and chemical implications of the large aerosol, will be shown. For instance, the specific absorption/scattering ratio of Mt.Tambora aerosols induced a large stratospheric warming which will be analyzed. The climatic impacts will also be discussed in regards of the high sedimentation rate of Mt. Tambora aerosols, leading to a fast decrease of the atmospheric optical depth in the first two years after the eruption. The link will be made between the modeling results and proxy-reconstructions as well as with available historical daily data from Geneva, Switzerland. Finally, insights on the contemporary response to this climatic extreme will be shown.

  16. 2016, a year of change!

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

      Being the first Echo of the year, your Staff Council delegates should like to seize this opportunity to wish you and your loved ones, a happy new year! According to the Staff Association (SA) statutes, an election was held on December 8, 2015 where a new team and President were elected for a term of two years. Following his election, Alessandro Raimondo, the incoming Staff Association President, thanked the outgoing team and particularly the outgoing President, Michel Goossens, for his work and dedication to CERN and its staff. 2016 signifies the handover to a new management team and also, for the first time, a female Director General whom the Staff Association welcomes and wishes every success in taking up her functions as head of the Organization. It goes without saying that the Association will work with this new team of Directors in a spirit of collaboration, cordial understanding and mutual respect, as it did with previous management. The Staff Association should like to wish the departing...

  17. Areva. 2005 half year report

    With manufacturing facilities in over 40 countries and a sales network in over 100, AREVA offers customers technological solutions for nuclear power generation and electricity transmission and distribution. The group also provides interconnect systems to the telecommunications, computer and automotive markets. This half-year report of Areva group presents the key financial data of the group for the first half of 2005: 1 - Highlights of the period; 2 - Transition to the International Financial Reporting Standards: Group's application of IFRS, Impact of IAS 32 and 39 adoption on the Group's financial statements; 3 - Key data: summary data, summary data by business Division, backlog, income statement, review by business Division, cash flow statement, balance sheet items; 4 - events subsequent to the half-year-end; 5 - consolidated financial statements: statutory Auditors' report on the 2005 half-year financial statements - period from January 1 to June 30, 2005, consolidated income statement, consolidated balance sheet, consolidated cash flow statement, change in consolidated shareholders' equity, data by business Division and region, notes to the consolidated financial statements; 6 - Outlook

  18. Fifty years of radiological protection

    On 21 March 1957, the Steering Committee for Nuclear Energy of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation established the Working Party on Public Health and Safety. From this early date onwards, radiological protection formed a central part of the work of what was to become the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. Now, 50 years later, the Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) has commissioned this historical review of half a century of work and accomplishments. Over this period, the key topics in radiological protection have been identified, debated and addressed by the CRPPH. This report brings this history to life, presenting the major questions in the context of their time, and of the personalities who worked to address them. The developments and views of the past condition how we are able to assess and manage radiological risks today, as well as how we may adjust to challenges that will or could emerge in the coming years. This heritage is thus an important element for the CRPPH to consider as it looks forward to its next 50 years of accomplishments. (author)

  19. Fifty Years of Radiological Protection

    On 21 March 1957, the Steering Committee for Nuclear Energy of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation established the Working Party on Public Health and Safety. From this early date onwards, radiological protection formed a central part of the work of what was to become the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. Now, 50 years later, the Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) has commissioned this historical review of half a century of work and accomplishments. Over this period, the key topics in radiological protection have been identified, debated and addressed by the CRPPH. This report brings this history to life, presenting the major questions in the context of their time, and of the personalities who worked to address them. The developments and views of the past condition how we are able to assess and manage radiological risks today, as well as how we may adjust to challenges that will or could emerge in the coming years. This heritage is thus an important element for the CRPPH to consider as it looks forward to its next 50 years of accomplishments. (author)

  20. Ten years of nuclear power

    Ten years have elapsed since the world's first nuclear power station began to supply electricity in Russia, and this in turn marked the end of a twelve year stage following the first controlled nuclear chain reaction at Chicago. These periods mark major stages in the development of atomic energy from the realm of abstract ideas to that of everyday industrial application. They followed a period of fundamental research and laboratory work, culminating in Enrico Fermi's demonstration of a system whereby the forces of the atom could be brought under control. Then it was necessary to find ways and means of using the chain reaction for practical purposes and on an industrial scale. And after this had been shown in 1954 to be technically possible, it had still to be developed into an economic process. The nuclear power station has proved itself from the technical and engineering standpoint. The third phase of development has been to bring it to the stage of being economically competitive with alternative sources of energy, and it would appear that we are now reaching that goal - though more slowly than had been envisaged ten years ago

  1. Fifty years with nuclear fission

    The news of the discovery of nuclear fission, by Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann in Germany, was brought to the United States by Niels Bohr in January 1939. Since its discovery, the United States, and the world for that matter, has never been the same. It therefore seemed appropriate to acknowledge the fifieth anniversary of its discovery by holding a topical meeting entitled, ''Fifty Years with Nuclear Fission,'' in the United States during the year 1989. The objective of the meeting was to bring together pioneers of the nuclear industry and other scientists and engineers to report on reminiscences of the past and on the more recent development in fission science and technology. The conference highlighted the early pioneers of the nuclear industry by dedicated a full day (April 26), consisting of two plenary sessions, at the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in Washington, DC. More recent developments in fission science and technology in addition to historical reflections were topics for two fully days of sessions (April 27 and 28) at the main site of the NIST in Gaithersburg, Maryland. The wide range of topics covered in this Volume 1 by this topical meeting included plenary invited, and contributed sessions entitled: Preclude to the First Chain Reaction -- 1932 to 1942; Early Fission Research -- Nuclear Structure and Spontaneous Fission; 50 Years of Fission, Science, and Technology; Nuclear Reactors, Secure Energy for the Future; Reactors 1; Fission Science 1; Safeguards and Space Applications; Fission Data; Nuclear Fission -- Its Various Aspects; Theory and Experiments in Support of Theory; Reactors and Safeguards; and General Research, Instrumentation, and By-Product. The individual papers have been cataloged separately

  2. Nasal hump: Five year analysis

    Kljajić Vladimir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The nose has a prominent central position in the face and therefore it considerably contributes to the esthetic appearance and facial harmony. On the anterior view, the face is dominated by the nasal length and width, as well as medial location. On the lateral view, the nasal dorsum is most important; although it is the dimension we cannot see ourselves, it is the most common cause of surgery. Material and methods This five-year retrospective study included 216 patients of both sexes; their average age was 22 years, and they underwent surgery at the Ear, Throat and Nose Clinic in Novi Sad in the period from 2001 to 2006. There were 89 male, and 127 female patients. Results Most patients were aged 18 - 22 years (57%. A nasal pyramid deformity with septal deviation was present in 81.1% of patients, whereas 18.9% (41 patients presented only with a nasal pyramid deformity. Out of the total number of patients, 24 patients had both nasal kyphosis and scoliosis. All patients underwent closed rhinoplasty with obligatory correction of the tip of the nose. The nasal hump removal with lateral osteotomy was also performed in all patients. Two patients underwent reoperation, due to small dorsal humps within the cartilage, while one patient had a postoperative septal perforation. One patient presented with a postoperative abscess of the nasal dorsum, which was conservatively managed. Conclusion Nasal hump is the most common nasal pyramid deformity, often without a nasal septum deviation. It is quite easily treated by surgery. Two patients have already undergone reoperation with good results, and two patients had postoperative complications. Postoperative complications were recorded in 1,85% of patients.

  3. Magnesium diboride: one year on

    Last January physicists discovered that an innocuous compound that had been sitting on the shelf for decades was, in fact, a record-breaking intermetallic superconductor. At the end of 2000 superconductivity in metal alloys and compounds appeared to remain trapped by a glass ceiling. Over the previous 10 years the temperature at which certain oxide-based compounds - such as bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide and mercury barium calcium copper oxide - lost their resistance to electric current had soared to well over 100 K. Meanwhile, the transition temperature, Tc, for carbon-based materials, including alkali-doped carbon-60 compounds, had risen close to the boiling point of liquid nitrogen (77 K). During the same period, however, the superconducting transition temperature of intermetallic compounds (materials made solely of metals and metal-like elements) remained close to 20 K - as it had been since the mid-1960s. By February 2001 everything had totally changed. It was as if a firecracker had gone off in the tidy little ant hill of superconductivity research. For the first few months of 2001, groups all over the world raced to understand the properties of a new intermetallic superconductor. The substance that everyone was scrambling to buy or make, the substance that was causing this grand commotion, was magnesium diboride (Mg B2). This seemingly innocuous binary compound, which had been present in many labs for over half a century, had been discovered to superconduct just below 40 K. Even though we already know an amazing amount about Mg B2, our knowledge of superconductivity in this compound is only one year old. There is therefore the very real potential to improve its critical properties. In a similar vein, it is almost certain that our understanding of this extreme example of intermetallic superconductivity will greatly improve over the next few years and may even reveal other extreme superconductors. (U.K.)

  4. Fiscal Year 2010 Revegetation Assessment

    Jenifer Nordstrom; Mike Lewis

    2010-11-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2010 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: • Summary of each site • Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location • Recommendation(s) for each site.

  5. Fiscal Year 2009 Revegetation Assessment

    Michael Lewis

    2009-10-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2009 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: • Summary of each site • Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location • Recommendation(s) for each site.

  6. [Thalidomide epidemics: 50 years after].

    Sípek, Antonín; Sípek, Antonín; Maňáková, Eva

    2012-01-01

    Thalidomide tragedy and the subsequent epidemics of congenital anomalies is one of the most tragic but also enlightening chapters in the history of modern medicine. Many thousands of children were born with various anomalies - especially with limb deformities - because of the mass usage of thalidomide by pregnant women. The numbers of the spontaneous abortions and fetal deaths will remain unknown forever. In year 2012 we have a sad 50th anniversary of final recognition of thalidomide teratogenous potential. The causes of this tragedy and subsequent actions are summarized in our text.Key words: thalidomide, teratogenesis, congenital anomalies. PMID:23387816

  7. 50 Years of Anderson Localization

    Abrahams, Elihu

    2010-01-01

    In his groundbreaking paper Absence of diffusion in certain random lattices (1958), Philip W. Anderson originated, described and developed the physical principles underlying the phenomenon of the localization of quantum objects due to disorder. Anderson's 1977 Nobel Prize citation featured that paper, which was fundamental for many subsequent developments in condensed matter theory and technical applications. After more than a half century, the subject continues to be of fundamental importance. In particular, in the last 25 years, the phenomenon of localization has proved to be crucial for the

  8. The Singapore years and subsequently.

    Mahathir, M

    2005-07-01

    Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad was a medical student at the King Edward VII College of Medicine from 1947 to 1953. He described his student days with fondness; he made many friends while he was at the College. He recounted his early days as a doctor before he entered politics in 1964. He became the fourth and longest serving Prime Minister of Malaysia for 22 years from 1981 to 2003. He concluded "The contribution of my Medical College days in Singapore to the racial harmony, peace and prosperity of Malaysia is tangible but unquantifiable." PMID:16010378

  9. CROATIAN FISHERY IN 2003 YEAR

    Irena Jahutka

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This work deals with the analysis and sublimation of all the relevant informations regarding fisheries in Republic of Croatia. This means that there were processed data about freshwater fisheries (farming of freshwater fish and other aquatic organisms, commercial and sports fisheries, marine fisheries (mariculture, commercial fisheries, small–scale fisheries and processing of fish products, import and export of fish and fish products as well as the financial subventions regarding fisheries. The farming of freshwater fish in 2003 is marked by the decrease of production comparing to the past 5 years. Carp is furthermore the most dominant fish species in freshwater fish farming, but it’s percentage is decreasing, and the percentage of the trout is increasing over the years. In addition to the decrease of production, the areas of production are decreasing as well, and now they are the smallest in the past decade — 6,281.97 ha. In 2003 the amount of used food is also decreased, but the amount of used fertilizers and lime is increased, that means it is the biggest in the past decade. This is caused by the bad climate conditions during the summer. Marine fisheries farming (mariculture in 2003 is in a slightly better position then the freshwater fish farming. The production of white fish species, which was reached before few years, is not changing — 2,510 tons, also the farming of oysters is stagnating, but in the past few years the farming of mussels and tuna fish is increasing. The total marine fish catch is 29,102 tons and it is performed over 34,000 km2, comparing to the 2002 it is increased by almost 49.24%. Additional to the increase of the total catch the number of commercial fishermen and fishing vessels is also increased. The number of fisherman which fish for their own consumption without the right to sell fish, that means the small–scale fishermen in 2003 is 13,500. The production of fish and fish products in 2003 is 19,000 tons

  10. 50 years of personal memories

    2004-01-01

    The official book for CERN's 50th anniversary will be available as from the Open Day on 16 October. This beautiful book of about 250 pages tells of half a century of events and achievements at CERN through the eyes of 62 witnesses. Administrators, physicists and engineers recall both large and small events in the history of the Laboratory. This luxury edition features many magnificent photographs - often not well known - from CERN's valuable photo archive. Infinitely CERN Memories from fifty years of research Until the end of the month, the book will be sold at the special price of 50 CHF instead of 70 CHF.

  11. 50 years of personal memories

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ The official book for CERN's 50th anniversary will be available as from the Open Day on 16 October. This beautiful book of about 250 pages tells of half a century of events and achievements at CERN through the eyes of 62 witnesses. Administrators, physicists and engineers recall both large and small events in the history of the Laboratory. This luxury edition features many magnificent photographs - often not well known - from CERN's valuable photo archive. Infinitely CERN Memories from fifty years of research Until the end of the month, the book will be sold at the special price of 50 CHF instead of 70 CHF.

  12. Welcaming the Lunar New Year

    1999-01-01

    "On the 24th, clean the house; on the 25th, make beancurd; on the26th, steam some bread; on the 27th, do the shopping; on the 28th, killthe pig; on the 29th, buy some wine; on the 30th day, eat dumplings...."This is a rhyme the Chinese have been singing for generations. Itdescribes the joy of the biggest festival for Chinese people-the traditionalSpring Festival, or, more accurately, the Chinese lunar New Year. Thisyear, the Spring Festival falls on February 16, 1999.

  13. LHC - The first three years

    Full text: The LHC experiments started data taking at the end of 2009, acquiring proton-proton collisions at the unprecedented center-of-mass energy of up to 8 TeV provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Progress of both the accelerator complex and the experiments during the first three years has been breathtaking. After a short introduction to the LHC program and its experiments, the talk will describe the veritable tour de force of the experiments acquiring multi-femtobarn datasets which culminated in the discovery of the Higgs boson and provided deeper constraints in the search for new physics beyond the Standard Model. (author)

  14. An eighty years long history

    Gianfranco Fabbio

    2013-01-01

    An eighty years long historyAnnals of Silvicultural Research (ASR) take over and are the on line follow-up of the former Annali. The Annali are a body of 36 volumes issued since 1970 from the Experimental Institute of Silviculture, then Forestry Research Centre of the Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura (CRA). They originate from the series of Papers of the same Institution (n. 15-18, 1968-69) and formerly of the Royal Station of Silviculture in Firenze (n. 1-14, 1932...

  15. Philippe Boucly: Year after year we will present savings

    In the middle of December last year gas distribution company Slovensky plynarensky priemysel (SPP) informed through Public Procurement Bulletin about two service contracts signed in total value of 1,23 bn Sk (30,22 mn Eur). Based on the provisions of these contracts companies Ruhrgas and Gaz de France (GdF), owners of a 40-percent stake in the company, will offer their experience to support SPP's restructuring. This short summary of the contents of the contracts was enough to make it a political issue. The first one to react was Chairman of political party SMER, Robert Fico who even mentioned tunneling. Minister of Economy, Pavol Rusko talked about a dubious approach taken by the Board of Directors, violation of the shareholders agreement, disregarding the objections raised by the Ministry. In this paper TREND an interview with the Chairman of SPP's Board of Directors is published

  16. A Chef for 34 Years

    1998-01-01

    FOREIGNERS who have been to Beijing are probably familiar with the Beijing International Hotel near the main railway station. It’s the four-star hotel where I work as a chief cook. My job is to manage nine kitchens—both Chinese and Western. I have been a chef for 34 years. After graduated from school in 1964, I studied Chinese cuisine for three years. I believed that it was a job worth doing. In the past, people looked down on this occupation; they thought it was a low-class job because cooks were always serving other people. I, however, found the job very interesting. After all, I reasoned, everyone needs to eat. If we could make eating into a kind of art or a science, eating could become an act of culture. People engaged in the food industry treat the act of eating with a respect that most people cooking at home do not feel. But for those of us who work in prestigious hotels whose guests come from all over the world and have different customs and tastes, it is our job to put the Chinese cooking cultu

  17. Fifty years with nuclear fission

    The news of the discovery of nucler fission, by Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann in Germany, was brought to the United States by Niels Bohr in January 1939. Since its discovery, the United States, and the world for that matter, has never been the same. It therefore seemed appropriate to acknowledge the fiftieth anniversary of its discovery by holding a topical meeting entitled, ''Fifty years with nuclear fission,'' in the United States during the year 1989. The objective of the meeting was to bring together pioneers of the nuclear industry and other scientists and engineers to report on reminiscences of the past and on the more recent developments in fission science and technology. The conference highlighted the early pioneers of the nuclear industry by dedicating a full day (April 26), consisting of two plenary sessions, at the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in Washington, DC. More recent developments in fission science and technology in addition to historical reflections were topics for two full days of sessions (April 27 and 28) at the main sites of the NIST in Gaithersburg, Maryland. The wide range of topics covered by Volume 2 of this topical meeting included plenary invited, and contributed sessions entitled, Nuclear fission -- a prospective; reactors II; fission science II; medical and industrial applications by by-products; reactors and safeguards; general research, instrumentation, and by-products; and fission data, astrophysics, and space applications. The individual papers have been cataloged separately

  18. Which Russia, twenty years later?

    Carmen Claudín

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Russia is proud of its position among the emerging powers, of the strength provided by its ample energetic resources and its nuclear potential with which it can influence the world and always be taken into account. Nevertheless, the perception within the country is that stagnation has become Russia’s dominant characteristic at present. The objective of this article is to explore how this situation came about, analysing the evolution of domestic processes in Russia during both of its most defining periods: Yeltsin and Putin’s leadership, since the ephemeral presidency of Medvedev proved to be basically a continuation of the latter. During the eight years of Boris Yeltsin’s tenure, the state of crisis, latent or open, developed into the way that political processes are carried out in Russia. With Putin’s arrival, however, stability and State control are imposed, against the backdrop of economic growth, and they become values in themselves, far from the democratic discourse of the first years.

  19. 50 years of JETP Letters

    Pastukhov, V. P.

    2015-04-01

    This paper briefly traces the 50-year history of the journal Pis'ma v Zhurnal Eksperimental'noi i Teoreticheskoi Fiziki (JETP Letters), whose first issue was published on 1 April 1965. The journal is intended for a wide circle of physicists-readers as a fast publication channel for short communications on new results from research of the highest significance and highest priority in all areas of experimental and theoretical physics. Today, the journal celebrates numerous important contributions to the development of physics both in Russia and worldwide. Over a historically short period, JETP Letters developed into a highly authoritative and influential source for physicists engaged in a wide range of fields. Due to the wise and well-timed editorial policy, the journal continues to retain its leadership position, despite the difficulties the entire science periodical literature - and indeed the whole of science - is currently experiencing in Russia.

  20. Fiscal Year 2014 Revegetation Assessment

    Nordstrom, Jenifer [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-03-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2014 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to document revegetation efforts at Idaho National Laboratory to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: • Summary of each site • Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location • Actions and Resolutions for each site. Five disturbed sites were evaluated for this assessment. Four sites are recommended to be removed from the annual assessment, and one is recommended for continued evaluation. New sites are also identified for future monitoring as part of the annual assessment.

  1. Chernobyl - 20 years and beyond

    In commemoration of the Chernobyl accident 20 years ago, the French society for radiation protection (S.F.R.P.) and the Belgian society for radiation protection (B.V.S.A.B.R.) organise jointly a one day colloquium in Brussels. This colloquium is divided in two parts: the first one concerns the technical and organisational aspects of the accident with the scenario and its global impact, the international environmental radioactivity information exchange through the Chernobyl experience, the European Union (E.U.) assistance to mitigate the Chernobyl accident consequences, the crisis communication and management and the lessons learned from them; the second part is devoted to the medical and humanitarian aspects through the thyroid cancers after Chernobyl accident, the health effects in the European Union (E.U.) and the psychological factors affecting health after the Chernobyl disaster. (N.C.)

  2. International Year of Chemistry 2011

    XUE Zi-Ling

    2011-01-01

    Science China Chemistry would like to dedicate this special issue to the International Year of Chemistry (IYC) 2011,as part of the celebrations of IYC in China.Scientists from Australia,Brazil,Britain,Canada,Chile,China,France,Germany,India,Israel,Japan,Nepal,Pakistan,Saudi Arabia,Singapore,South Africa,and the USA have contributed 28 papers marking the event.Our authors from across the globe include students,members (a corresponding member) and fellows of national academies of sciences in several countries (Australia,Chile,China,France,India,Israel,Pakistan,and the USA),fellows of the British and Canadian Royal Societies,and two Nobel Laureates (Robert Grubbs and Ada Yonath).Here they present their work contributing to the IYC 2011 theme "Chemistry-our life,our future" [1].These papers cover fundamental chemistry,the chemical bases of life processes,and their potential applications.

  3. Chernobyl - 20 years and beyond

    Lacronique, J.F. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Deconinck, F.; Govaerts, P.; Eggermont, C. [SCK-CEN - Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie, Centre d' Etude de l' Energie Nucleaire, Mol (Belgium); Cort, M. de [Institute for Environment and Sustainability, DG JRC EC (Italy); Joulia, J.P. [EuropeAid Co-operation Office, EC, Brussels (Belgium); Dal, A.H.; Balonov, M. [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna (Austria); Kenigsberg, J. [Commission on Radiation protection, council of ministry (Belarus); Hindie, E. [Universites Paris, 75 (France); Havenaar, M. [Amsterdam Univ. (Netherlands)

    2006-07-01

    In commemoration of the Chernobyl accident 20 years ago, the French society for radiation protection (S.F.R.P.) and the Belgian society for radiation protection (B.V.S.A.B.R.) organise jointly a one day colloquium in Brussels. This colloquium is divided in two parts: the first one concerns the technical and organisational aspects of the accident with the scenario and its global impact, the international environmental radioactivity information exchange through the Chernobyl experience, the European Union (E.U.) assistance to mitigate the Chernobyl accident consequences, the crisis communication and management and the lessons learned from them; the second part is devoted to the medical and humanitarian aspects through the thyroid cancers after Chernobyl accident, the health effects in the European Union (E.U.) and the psychological factors affecting health after the Chernobyl disaster. (N.C.)

  4. 40 years of formal methods

    Bjørner, Dines; Havelund, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    In this "40 years of formal methods" essay we shall first delineate, Sect. 1, what we mean by method, formal method, computer science, computing science, software engineering, and model-oriented and algebraic methods. Based on this, we shall characterize a spectrum from specification......-oriented methods to analysis-oriented methods. Then, Sect. 2, we shall provide a "survey": which are the 'prerequisite works' that have enabled formal methods, Sect. 2.1, and which are, to us, the, by now, classical 'formal methods', Sect. 2.2. We then ask ourselves the question: have formal methods for software...... development, in the sense of this paper been successful? Our answer is, regretfully, no! We motivate this answer, in Sect. 3.2, by discussing eight obstacles or hindrances to the proper integration of formal methods in university research and education as well as in industry practice. This "looking back" is...

  5. 7 CFR 983.26 - Production year.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production year. 983.26 Section 983.26 Agriculture..., ARIZONA, AND NEW MEXICO Definitions § 983.26 Production year. Production year is synonymous with “fiscal... received in August of any year shall be applied to the subsequent production year for marketing...

  6. Investigating First Year Education Students' Stress Level

    Geng, Gretchen; Midford, Richard

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigated the stress levels of first-year education students who undertake teaching practicum and theory units during their first year of teacher education program. First, 139 first-year and 143 other years' education students completed the PSS-10 scale, which measures perceived level of stress. Then, 147 first-year education…

  7. EDITORIAL: 80 Years of Plasma 80 Years of Plasma

    Franklin, R. N.; Braithwaite, N. St J.

    2009-02-01

    Irving Langmuir proposed the term 'plasma' in a paper in 1928 (Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 14 627-637) to describe a 'region containing balanced charges of ions and electrons'. There does not appear to be any record of the thinking behind this proposal, so it is difficult to be definitive. One idea is that since the Greek word 'plasma' was used to describe a mouldable fluid, 'neon' lighting, with its almost limitless ability to provide colourful shapes, provided the inspiration. Another relates to the prior medical use in relation to blood with its variety of different 'corpuscles' and that the essential description of the positive column required one to recognize at least the role of the separate species of electrons, ions and gas atoms. Tonks, when questioned thirty years later, was inclined to the latter idea, but it is unlikely that we shall ever know for certain. (See postscript added December 2008.) Forty years ago most of the interest in terrestrial plasmas was centred on fusion and the prospect of thus solving the world's energy problems; the quest continues. However, since then a whole new industry has developed. It emerged in the 1970s as an imaginative way to remove the photoresist layers used in patterning semiconductor wafers. Slowly but steadily, plasma-based 'dry' processes began to displace the traditional wet chemistry processes of cleaning, etching and depositing by which the first generation of integrated circuits had been made. Plasma technology offered higher yields while accommodating the complexity of ever-shrinking feature size, driving the microelectronic revolution for almost four decades. Langmuir certainly ushered in an exciting branch of physics when he introduced the term plasma. We have included as Appendix I a condensed CV for Irving Langmuir to show, amongst other things, the early influences on his subsequent life. An interlude in Paris gave him a taste of the wider world of Europe. His subsequent schooling in the United States led

  8. 15 Years of Terra, 14 Years of Application Usage

    Schmaltz, J. E.; Alarcon, C.; Boller, R. A.; Cechini, M. F.; Davies, D.; Fu, G.; Gunnoe, T.; Hall, J. R.; Huang, T.; Ilavajhala, S.; Jackson, M.; King, J.; McGann, M.; Murphy, K. J.; Roberts, J. T.; Thompson, C. K.; Ye, G.

    2014-12-01

    The instruments onboard the Terra spacecraft were designed for long-term Earth science research but not long after launch it became apparent that this data and imagery could be made available in near real-time for applications users. During the year 2000 fire season in the western United States, the US Forest Service approached NASA with a request to expedite MODIS fire detections. The Rapid Response system was created to generate fire detections as well as true color imagery in both swath and geo-referenced formats. This imagery was used by a wide variety of applications, such as NASA's AERONET program, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, Antarctic resupply shipping, flood mapping for relief agencies, Deepwater Horizon monitoring, volcanic ash monitoring, as well as print, televised, and Internet media. From 2004, the University of Maryland's Web Fire Mapper helped distribute fire detection information in a variety of formats. However, the applications community expressed the need for near-real time access to the underlying data. This requirement led to the development of the Land Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS (Earth Observing System) (LANCE) in 2009. To achieve the latency requirements, many components of the EOS satellite operations, ground and science processing systems had to be made more efficient. In addition, products that require ancillary data were modified to use alternate inputs. Forty Terra MODIS data products are currently available from LANCE. LANCE also includes data from other instruments including AIRS, AMSR-E, MLS, and OMI. To help near-real time users navigate this large data offering, a new imagery service was begun in 2011 - Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS). This service provides very responsive viewing using the Web Map Tile Service protocol. These programs will continue to support and expand the use of Terra data for near-real time applications well into the future.

  9. Swift: 10 Years of Discovery

    The conference Swift: 10 years of discovery was held in Roma at La Sapienza University on Dec. 2-5 2014 to celebrate 10 years of Swift successes. Thanks to a large attendance and a lively program, it provided the opportunity to review recent advances of our knowledge of the high-energy transient Universe both from the observational and theoretical sides. When Swift was launched on November 20, 2004, its prime objective was to chase Gamma-Ray Bursts and deepen our knowledge of these cosmic explosions. And so it did, unveiling the secrets of long and short GRBs. However, its multi-wavelength instrumentation and fast scheduling capabilities made it the most versatile mission ever flown. Besides GRBs, Swift has observed, and contributed to our understanding of, an impressive variety of targets including AGNs, supernovae, pulsars, microquasars, novae, variable stars, comets, and much more. Swift is continuously discovering rare and surprising events distributed over a wide range of redshifts, out to the most distant transient objects in the Universe. Such a trove of discoveries has been addressed during the conference with sessions dedicated to each class of events. Indeed, the conference in Rome was a spectacular celebration of the Swift 10th anniversary. It included sessions on all types of transient and steady sources. Top scientists from around the world gave invited and contributed talks. There was a large poster session, sumptuous lunches, news interviews and a glorious banquet with officials attending from INAF and ASI. All the presentations, as well as several conference pictures, can be found in the conference website (http://www.brera.inaf.it/Swift10/Welcome.html). These proceedings have been collected owing to the efforts of Paolo D’Avanzo who has followed each paper from submission to final acceptance. Our warmest thanks to Paolo for all his work. The Conference has been made possible by the support from La Sapienza University as well as from the ARAP

  10. 2008: An Exciting Year of Physics

    2008-01-01

    The year 2005 was celebrated throughout the world as the International year of physics as a tribute to Einstein and his works. That year Einstein's special theory of relativity was 100 years old. The year 2008 shall also be a special year for physics. NASA is launching the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) to look for sources of high energy gamma-rays.

  11. Fifty years of Technical Cooperation

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established in Vienna in 1957. The Statute of the IAEA, approved by 81 nations, founded the organization on three pillars: nuclear verification; safety and security; and the transfer of technology. Today, these three pillars still remain at the heart of the organization's work. However, the way in which the IAEA carries out this work, particularly with regard to technology transfer, has changed greatly over the years. When the IAEA opened for business, nuclear science and technology were in their infancy. Many Member States had no nuclear capacity at all. The IAEA's 'technical assistance' programme, as it was then known, was modest. Early projects were small in scale and short lived, focusing mainly on building human capacities and creating institutions and facilities that would support the introduction of nuclear technology in a safe and effective manner. Today, the picture is more complex. Instead of merely offering assistance, the IAEA focuses on cooperation for sustainable socioeconomic development, building on the skills and infrastructure that Member States have acquired over the past five decades. Member States are full partners in the process, guiding the IAEA's technical cooperation activities, setting national and regional priorities, and offering training opportunities and technical support to the IAEA and to other Member States. Technical cooperation between developing countries is facilitated and supported through regional cooperative agreements. Regional centres of expertise play an important role in sharing the benefits of nuclear science and technology among Member States

  12. An eighty years long history

    Gianfranco Fabbio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available An eighty years long historyAnnals of Silvicultural Research (ASR take over and are the on line follow-up of the former Annali. The Annali are a body of 36 volumes issued since 1970 from the Experimental Institute of Silviculture, then Forestry Research Centre of the Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura (CRA. They originate from the series of Papers of the same Institution (n. 15-18, 1968-69 and formerly of the Royal Station of Silviculture in Firenze (n. 1-14, 1932-67. The history of Annals dates therefore back to 80 years ago and covers quite completely the activity of our Institution since its early establishment in Firenze in 1922.Institutional duty of the Annali was the scientific dissemination of research trials’ outcomes and findings to the manifold stakeholders’ levels and was aimed at an effective transfer of knowledge and innovation in the practice of forestry. The Annali housed original research papers produced inside and in cooperation with researchers outside on the subject-matters of forest ecology, silviculture of semi-natural forests and forest plantations for environmental restoration and wood/ non-wood productions, tree farming and agro-forestry, forest mensuration and stand dynamics, dendro-ecology, conservation and valorization of genetic resources and levels and types of biodiversity, protection and provision of forest ecosystems services, maintenance of their multifunctional role, up to the more recent theme of the adaptive management framed within the environmental change in progress and related issues of forests’ mitigation & carbon sequestration/ stocking ability.A review of research topics and thematic volumes handled throughout the eighty years highlights the attention paid towards the national emerging subject-matters, since the Experiments on the introduction of exotic species in Italy by Pavari and De Philippis (1941, to its conclusive follow-up forty years later Role of exotic species

  13. The 20 years of PROSITE.

    Hulo, Nicolas; Bairoch, Amos; Bulliard, Virginie; Cerutti, Lorenzo; Cuche, Béatrice A; de Castro, Edouard; Lachaize, Corinne; Langendijk-Genevaux, Petra S; Sigrist, Christian J A

    2008-01-01

    PROSITE consists of documentation entries describing protein domains, families and functional sites, as well as associated patterns and profiles to identify them. It is complemented by ProRule, a collection of rules based on profiles and patterns, which increases the discriminatory power of profiles and patterns by providing additional information about functionally and/or structurally critical amino acids. In this article, we describe the implementation of a new method to assign a status to pattern matches, the new PROSITE web page and a new approach to improve the specificity and sensitivity of PROSITE methods. The latest version of PROSITE (release 20.19 of 11 September 2007) contains 1319 patterns, 745 profiles and 764 ProRules. Over the past 2 years, about 200 domains have been added, and now 53% of UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries (release 54.2 of 11 September 2007) have a PROSITE match. PROSITE is available on the web at: http://www.expasy.org/prosite/. PMID:18003654

  14. Japan: 45 Years of INIS

    I would like to congratulate INIS on its 45th anniversary. Japan is a founding member of this international cooperation program, and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (formerly, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute — JAERI) was appointed as the national center of INIS by the Japanese government. We have contributed to the collection, classification, indexing, abstracting and submission of nuclear literature published in our country, as well as promoted the INIS database within our country. I have been engaged in INIS activities for many years and have a lot of experience with INIS. On the occasion of INIS’ 45th anniversary, I would like to look back on this experience. I started my career at JAERI in 1984. The first regional training seminar for the Far East was held in Tokyo in October 1984. I was assigned to the Library Division of JAERI, but I worked as support staff for the regional training seminar. During the seminar, I had an opportunity to attend the technical tour with the seminar participants to the University of Library and Information Science, research laboratories, etc., in Tsukuba Science City. This was my first involvement with INIS. It was a very impressive and interesting experience

  15. Earth: 15 Million Years Ago

    Mizushima, Masataka

    2008-01-01

    In Einstein's general relativity theory the metric component gxx in the direction of motion (x-direction) of the sun deviates from unity due to a tensor potential caused by the black hole existing around the center of the galaxy. Because the solar system is orbiting around the galactic center at 200 km/s, the theory shows that the Newtonian gravitational potential due to the sun is not quite radial. At the present time, the ecliptic plane is almost perpendicular to the galactic plane, consistent with this modification of the Newtonian gravitational force. The ecliptic plane is assumed to maintain this orientation in the galactic space as it orbits around the galactic center, but the rotational angular momentum of the earth around its own axis can be assumed to be conserved. The earth is between the sun and the galactic center at the summer solstice all the time. As a consequence, the rotational axis of the earth would be parallel to the axis of the orbital rotation of the earth 15 million years ago, if the so...

  16. 60 years: sleek and stylish

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    As you are aware, CERN will be celebrating its 60th birthday in 2014. To mark the event, next year will be filled with exciting events... of which there will be a taster in the next issue of the Bulletin.   In the meantime, we are pleased to present the official logo for this important anniversary: created by the Graphic Design Service team, it elegantly combines the curves of the numbers 6 and 0 to mirror the shape of our accelerator chain, and in doing so pays homage to the technological prowess of CERN’s installations. The overlap of the 6 and the 0 also symbolises collaboration between countries, professions and people, which is one of the Organization’s fundamental values. The slightly tilted perspective of the logo suggests the geographical layout of CERN’s facilities as well as the dynamism of a forward-looking Laboratory. There’s an obvious nod to the CERN logo, but the new logo differs in the way it evokes a more festive spirit: formed of a loo...

  17. Bisphosphonates: the first 40 years.

    Russell, R Graham G

    2011-07-01

    The first full publications on the biological effects of the diphosphonates, later renamed bisphosphonates, appeared in 1969, so it is timely after 40years to review the history of their development and their impact on clinical medicine. This special issue of BONE contains a series of review articles covering the basic science and clinical aspects of these drugs, written by some of many scientists who have participated in the advances made in this field. The discovery and development of the bisphosphonates (BPs) as a major class of drugs for the treatment of bone diseases has been a fascinating story, and is a paradigm of a successful journey from 'bench to bedside'. Bisphosphonates are chemically stable analogues of inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi), and it was studies on the role of PPi as the body's natural 'water softener' in the control of soft tissue and skeletal mineralisation that led to the need to find inhibitors of calcification that would resist hydrolysis by alkaline phosphatase. The observation that PPi and BPs could not only retard the growth but also the dissolution of hydroxyapatite crystals prompted studies on their ability to inhibit bone resorption. Although PPi was unable to do this, BPs turned out to be remarkably effective inhibitors of bone resorption, both in vitro and in vivo experimental systems, and eventually in humans. As ever more potent BPs were synthesised and studied, it became apparent that physico-chemical effects were insufficient to explain their biological effects, and that cellular actions must be involved. Despite many attempts, it was not until the 1990s that their biochemical actions were elucidated. It is now clear that bisphosphonates inhibit bone resorption by being selectively taken up and adsorbed to mineral surfaces in bone, where they interfere with the action of the bone-resorbing osteoclasts. Bisphosphonates are internalised by osteoclasts and interfere with specific biochemical processes. Bisphosphonates can be

  18. 1965 : year of the tiger

    Anon.

    2008-06-15

    1965 marked the period of greatest prosperity for drilling operations in western Canada. One of the most important discoveries in northwest Alberta was Banff et al Rainbow West 7-32, where drill stem tests flowed up to 3,600 barrels of oil per day and estimates suggested the middle Devonian could contain as much as a million barrels of oil reserves. Other exploration wells across the province found gas accumulations in the Devonian Wabamun and Midale fields as well as in Triassic pay zones from the British Columbia foothills belt. The Bakken play in Saskatchewan can also be traced back to a 1965 discovery of a new oil zone in the southeast of the province. The original discovery was partly attributed to Saskatchewan's deep drilling incentives, including a 3-year royalty reprieve on any Devonian production found. Other key events in 1965 were the sulphur boom in Canada in response to growing world demand; Canadian helium producers lost the European market to helium production in the Netherlands; and, a cooperative approach was proposed by the federal government for settling offshore ownership disputes. 1 tab., 1 fig.

  19. Women's health: beyond reproductive years.

    Laskar, Ananya Ray

    2011-01-01

    With changing demographic profile India has more older women than men as life expectancy for women is 67.57 as against 65.46 for men. Gender differences in the aging process reflect biological, economic, and social differences. Both social and health needs of the older women are unique and distinctive as they are vulnerable. The social problems revolve around widowhood, dependency, illiteracy and lack of awareness about the policies and programmes from which they can benefit. Among the medical problems, vision (cataract) and degenerative joint disease top the list, followed by neurological problems. Lifestyle diseases form another single-most important group of health problems in the elderly women. The risk of cardiovascular disease doubles with the outcome being poorer than men. The most common causes of death among women above the age of 60 years are stroke, ischemic heart disease and COPD. Hypertensive heart disease and lower respiratory tract infections contribute to mortality in these women. Common malignancies viz. Cervical, breast and uterus in women are specific to them and account for a sizeable morbidity and mortality. In a study done at Lady Hardinge medical college in Delhi, Hypertension (39.6%) and obesity (12-46.8%) were very common in postmenopausal women. Half or more women had high salt and fat intake, low fruit and vegetable intake and stress. There is a need to recognize the special health needs of the women beyond the reproductive age, to be met through strengthening and reorienting the public health services at all levels starting from primary health care to secondary till tertiary care level with adequate referral linkages. All policies and programs need to have a gender perspective. At present there is lack of sensitization and appropriate training of the health personnel in dealing with the needs of elderly. Women too need to be aware to adopt healthy lifestyle and seek timely care. PMID:22298132

  20. Vannevar Bush: Fifty Years Later

    Lagowski, J. J.

    1995-12-01

    It is ironic that the 50th anniversary year of Vannevar Bush's Report to President Truman entitled "Science the Endless Frontier", which put into motion the eminently successful current system of education of scientists in this country occurs at a time when serious questions are being asked about the usefulness of that very system. Bush viewed his proposal to establish a national research foundation (later to be called the National Science Foundation) as a "social compact." Judgment of scientific merit would be delegated to expert peers in return for scientific progress, which would ultimately benefit the nation in terms of scientific needs--military security, economic productivity, and enhanced quality of life. Bush wanted the funding of basic research intertwined with training, and preferred to use universities for this purpose rather than industrial or national labs. Bush viewed college and university scientists as teachers and investigators. He believed university-based research would uniquely encourage and engage the next generation of scientists as no other institutional arrangement could. Bush did not trust industry's commitment to basic research, an instinct that proved prophetic. The academic reserve of scientists (PhD's in training and postdoctoral students) that existed before World War II, and upon which the United States could draw for its needs, which were primarily associated with defense efforts, was probably one of the defining factors in Bush's suggested strategy. Currently, that reserve of talent has gotten so large that it is the obvious throttle in the pipeline slowing the continued development of the university research enterprise. Since 1977, the rate at which we have trained new scientists exceeds an average of 4% annually. Since 1987, the "science work force"--PhD's--has grown at three times the rate of the general labor supply. Temporary positions for postdoctoral scientists have grown even faster (over 5% per year since 1989). To compound

  1. TECHIRGHIOL - 115 YEARS OF BALNEOTHERAPY

    SCIENTIFIC PROGRAM

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Friday, 27.06.2014 1600-1800 Session 1 „115 Ani de Balneologie la Techirghiol” 1600 – 1620 Drd. Liliana Elena Stanciu, medic specialist Recuperare, Medicină Fizică şi Balneologie, S.B.R.Techirghiol, „Sanatoriul Balnear şi de Recuperare Techirghiol – Unitate sanitară de reper naţional şi internaţional a balneologiei romaneşti” - L. E. Stanciu, C. Oprea, V. Rusu, E. V. Ionescu 1620 - 1640 Director de îngrijiri Carmen Oprea, doctorand kinetoterapeut „Politici de calitate la Sanatoriul Balnear şi de Recuperare Techirghiol” - C. Oprea, L. E. Stanciu, V. Rusu, E. V. Ionescu 1640 - 1700 Conf. Univ. Olga Surdu, medic primar Recuperare, Medicină Fizică şi Balneologie, doctor în Medicină, Universitatea Ovidiu Constanţa, Facultatea de Medicină, S.B.R.Techirghiol „Techirghiol – Privire retrospectivă asupra activităţii ştiinţifice din ultimii 10 ani” - O. Surdu, L. E. Stanciu, V. Marin, T-V Surdu, M. Surdu 1700 - 1730 Adrian Viorel Stan - primar Techirghiol - “Staţiunea Techirghiol – proiecte de dezvoltare” Saturday, 28.06.2014 900 – 1200 Session II „Mud therapy – international scientific news” 900 – 920 Prof.Mufit – Zeki Karagulle, Department of Medical Ecology and Hydroclimatology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Turkey “Mud therapy in the management of rheumatic diseases; our experience” - Mine Karagülle* and Müfit Zeki Karagülle** 920 – 940 Prof. Dr. Francisco Maraver - Professional School of Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Dept. of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense Madrid, Thalasso Center, San Pedro del Pinatar-Murcia, Spain “Current state of balneotherapy in Spain” 940 – 1000Assist Prof. Dr.Antonella Fioravanti, Rheumatology Unit - Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, Italy “One year effectiveness of mud bath

  2. Yearly (Fiscal) Historical Electronic Services Report

    Social Security Administration — This report contains yearly electronic services data for online applications. This report is updated monthly for the current fiscal year. The report is divided into...

  3. Year 2001 Tropical Cyclones of the World

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Year 2001 Tropical Cyclones of the World poster. During calendar year 2001, fifty tropical cyclones with sustained surface winds of at least 64 knots were observed...

  4. Year 2000 Tropical Cyclones of the World

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Year 2000 Tropical Cyclones of the World poster. During calendar year 2000, forty-five tropical cyclones with sustained surface winds of at least 64 knots were...

  5. IAEA looks back at an ordinary year

    The 32nd general conference of IAEA, traditionally held at the end of September, in Vienna, marked the end of the political year of the organisation, although the budgets and the programmes continue with the calendar year. (orig./UA)

  6. Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen Years

    ... Zika & Pregnancy A Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen Years KidsHealth > For Parents > A Parent's Guide to ... the distinct individuals they will become. Understanding the Teen Years So when does adolescence start? Everybody's different — ...

  7. Budget estimates, fiscal years 1994--1995

    This report contains the fiscal year budget justification to Congress. The budget provides estimates for salaries and expenses and for the Office of the Inspector General for fiscal years 1994 and 1995

  8. Gap Year: Time off, with a Plan

    Torpey, Elka Maria

    2009-01-01

    A gap year allows people to step off the usual educational or career path and reassess their future. According to people who have taken a gap year, the time away can be well worth it. This article can help a person decide whether to take a gap year and how to make the most of his time off. It describes what a gap year is, including its pros and…

  9. Vegetation management 1994 fiscal year end report

    This year-end report evaluates vegetation management operations on the Hanford reservation conducted during fiscal year (FY) 1994 and proposed control methods to be used in FY 1995 and following years. The 1995 control methods proposed are based on an evaluation of past and current ALARA principles, employee safety, environmental impacts, applicable regulations, site esthetics, and other site-specific factors

  10. 7 CFR 1205.320 - Marketing year.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 1205.320 Section 1205.320 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.320 Marketing year. Marketing year means a consecutive...

  11. 7 CFR 982.17 - Marketing year.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 982.17 Section 982.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 982.17 Marketing year. Marketing year means the 12...

  12. 7 CFR 984.7 - Marketing year.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 984.7 Section 984.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 984.7 Marketing year. Marketing year means the twelve months from...

  13. 29 CFR 4010.5 - Information year.

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information year. 4010.5 Section 4010.5 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION CERTAIN REPORTING AND DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS ANNUAL FINANCIAL AND ACTUARIAL INFORMATION REPORTING § 4010.5 Information year. (a) Determinations based on information year....

  14. Ionospheric Challenges of the International Polar Year

    Sojka, Jan Josef; Schunk, Robert W.; van Eyken, Tony; Kelly, John; Heinselman, Craig; Mccready, Mary

    2007-01-01

    Fifty years ago, the first International Geophysical Year (lGY) generated a huge step function increase in observations of ionospheric variability associated with the almost continuous geomagnetic activity experienced during the largest solar maximum of the past 100 years. In turn, these observations fueled more than a decade of theoretical advancement of magnetospheric-ionospheric electrodynamics and geomagnetic storm physics.

  15. Perceptions of Teachers in Their First Year of School Restructuring: Failure to Make Adequate Yearly Progress

    Moser, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    The 2007-2008 school year marked the first year Florida's Title I schools that did not made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for five consecutive years entered into restructuring as mandated by the "No Child Left Behind Act" of 2001. My study examines the perceptions of teacher entering into their first year of school restructuring due to failure to…

  16. The Z CamPaign: Year Five

    Simonsen, Mike

    2014-01-01

    Entering into the fifth year of the Z CamPaign, the author has developed a website summarizing our findings which will also act as a living catalog of bona fide Z Cam stars, suspected Z Cams and Z Cam impostors. In this paper we summarize the findings of the first four years of research, introduce the website and its contents to the public and discuss the way forward into year five and beyond.

  17. Intrauterine Device Removal after 22 Years

    Tahereh Boryri

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available IUD T380A is one of the most effective, reversible, long term methods of contraception all over the world based on the experience of World Health Organization and our own observation of women who continued to use the IUD beyond 10 years or even longer years. In this article one case of Intrauterine device removal after 22 years is reported without complications and pregnancy.

  18. The First 50 Years of Electronic Watermarking

    Cox, Ingemar J; Matt L. Miller

    2002-01-01

    Electronic watermarking can be traced back as far as 1954. The last 10 years has seen considerable interest in digital watermarking, due, in large part, to concerns about illegal piracy of copyrighted content. In this paper, we consider the following questions: is the interest warranted? What are the commercial applications of the technology? What scientific progress has been made in the last 10 years? What are the most exciting areas for research? And where might the next 10 years take us? I...

  19. Deregulation of Domestic Aviation - the First Year

    Lawrence, Craig; Grimm, Curt; Jennings, Brad; Wuest, Norm; Street, John

    1991-01-01

    The Commonwealth's regulation of interstate aviation, in place for over thirty years, came to an end at midnight on 30 October 1990. This study reviews the developments in the last few months of regulation and in the first year of deregulation. Based on the first year's evidence, deregulation of domestic aviation in Australia has, from the consumer's perspective, been very successful. Reliance on market forces and competition, as opposed to regulation, has so far provided clear benefits...

  20. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2012

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  1. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2004

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  2. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2006

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  3. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2011

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  4. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2010

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  5. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2009

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  6. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2007

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  7. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2005

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  8. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2008

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  9. Cassini at Saturn: The Final Two Years

    Spilker, L.; Edgington, S.; Altobelli, N.

    2015-10-01

    After 11 years in orbit, the Cassini-Huygens Mission to Saturn, a collaboration of NASA, ESA, and ASI, continues to wow the imagination and reveal unprecedented findings. Every year Cassini produces answers to questions raised by the Voyager flybys, while at the same time posing new questions that can only be answered with a long duration mission using a flagship-class spacecraft. Here we sample a few of Cassini's discoveries from the past year and give an overview of Cassini's final two years.

  10. Martin Bergmann: The Last 21 Years.

    Feiner, Kenneth

    2015-06-01

    Martin Bergmann has contributed to our understanding of psychoanalysis for more than sixty years. A review of his contributions to psychoanalysis was completed in 1994, when Bergmann was 83 years old. Consideration of his remarkable productivity in the last twenty years clearly demonstrates the need to update this review. In these years, he extended his writing on the history of psychoanalysis, added to his contributions to an understanding of love, advanced ideas about psychoanalytic technique, and wrote two books on Shakespeare, as well as doing work in anthropology, sociology, literature, history, and religious studies. This paper reviews that work. PMID:26080097