WorldWideScience

Sample records for 1975-2006 featuring trends

  1. Website development using modern design features and future web trends

    Regmi, Ishan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to plan and develop a new website for Cloudit Solutions using new design features and future web-trends. Cloudit Solutions offer digital marketing options to its customers and is mainly involved in website design and its development. They felt that their old website was no longer able to create a better impression on their clients; hence there was a need for a new modern website. The research of the thesis was carried out to gather data on modern web features an...

  2. Trends in the obstetric features and management of twin pregnancies.

    Smith, K E

    2010-03-01

    There are no reports outlining the trends in obstetric features and clinical management of twin pregnancies in an Irish obstetric population. The aim of this study was to investigate these factors for all twin pregnancies delivered during the 19 year period between 1989 and 2007, at Galway University Hospital (GUH). There were 52,199 infants delivered at GUH, of which 1594 infants (3.05% of births) were twins, related to 797 twin pregnancies. The overall incidence of twin pregnancies was 1.52%, increasing from 0.8%-1.0% in the early years of the study to 1.7-1.8% in the latter years of the study (P<0.001). There was a significant increase in incidence of twins born to mothers aged 30-39 years, alongside a significant reduction to mothers aged 20-29 years (P<0.01). The caesarean section rate overall was 41.5% (331\\/797), of which 54% (n=179) were elective, and 46% (n=152) were emergency, representing an emergency caesarean section rate of 19.1% of all twin pregnancies, and of 24.6% after exclusion of elective caesarean sections. The caesarean section rate for twins increased from 30% in 1989 to greater than 50% in the latter years of the study (P<0.01), related largely to a significant increase in elective caesarean sections (P<0.01). The combined vaginal-caesarean delivery rate was remarkably low at 0.75% of all twin pregnancies, and 1% after exclusion of elective caesarean sections. The preterm delivery rates were 4.1% (<32 weeks), and 16.3% (<36 weeks), with an overall perinatal mortality rate of 37 per 1000. These findings highlight the altered demographic and clinical aspects of twin pregnancies in an Irish obstetric population.

  3. Industrial relations in central public administration: recent trends and features

    Lethbridge, Jane; Greer, Ian; Kretsons, Lefteris; Umney, Charles; White, Geoff

    2014-01-01

    This report maps current developments in industrial relations systems in the central public administration secrtor across the Member States, covering all EU Member States except Croatia, which joined the EU in mid-2013. The report explores to what extent there is formal industrial relations processes within the sector, including the organisation of unions and employer representatives, and the role of collective bargaining and consultation. It also examines the specific features of the sector ...

  4. OER in the Mobile Era: Content Repositories’ Features for Mobile Devices and Future Trends

    Tabuenca, Bernardo; Drachsler, Hendrik; Ternier, Stefaan; Specht, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    Tabuenca, B., Drachsler, H., Ternier, S., & Specht, M. (2012, December). OER in the Mobile Era: Content Repositories’ Features for Mobile Devices and Future Trends. Europe eleaning papers, [Special issue] Mobile learning 2012.

  5. MAPPING AND MONITORING OF SALT MARSH VEGETATION AND TIDAL CHANNEL NETWORK FROM HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGERY (1975-2006). EXAMPLE OF THE MONT-SAINT-MICHEL BAY (FRANCE)

    Puissant, A. P.; Kellerer, D.; Gluard, L.; Levoy, F.

    2009-12-01

    Coastal landscapes are severely affected by environmental and social pressures. Their long term development is controlled by both physical and anthropogenic factors, which spatial dynamics and interactions may be analysed by Earth Observation data. The Mont-Saint-Michel Bay (Normandy, France) is one of the European coastal systems with a very high tidal range (approximately 15m during spring tides) because of its geological, geomorphological and hydrodynamical contexts at the estuary of the Couesnon, Sée and Sélune rivers. It is also an important touristic place with the location of the Mont-Saint-Michel Abbey, and an invaluable ecosystem of wetlands forming a transition between the sea and the land. Since 2006, engineering works are performed with the objective of restoring the maritime character of the Bay. These works will lead to many changes in the spatial dynamics of the Bay which can be monitored with two indicators: the sediment budget and the wetland vegetation surfaces. In this context, the aim of this paper is to map and monitor the tidal channel network and the extension of the salt marsh vegetation formation in the tidal zone of the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay by using satellite images. The spatial correlation between the network location of the three main rivers and the development of salt marsh is analysed with multitemporal medium (60m) to high spatial resolution (from 10 to 30 m) satellite images over the period 1975-2006. The method uses a classical supervised algorithm based on a maximum likelihood classification of eleven satellites images. The salt-marsh surfaces and the tidal channel network are then integrated in a GIS. Results of extraction are assessed by qualitative (visual interpretation) and quantitative indicators (confusion matrix). The multi-temporal analysis between 1975 and 2006 highlights that in 1975 when the study area is 26000 ha, salt marshes cover 16% (3000ha), the sandflat (slikke) and the water represent respectively 59% and 25

  6. Epidemiological features and trends of Ebola virus disease in West Africa

    Ligui Wang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available According to a World Health Organization report, the epidemiological features of Ebola virus disease (EVD have changed significantly in West Africa. In this study, the new epidemiological features and prevalence trends for EVD in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone are described. It was predicted that the Ebola outbreak would end in June 2015.

  7. Time-Trend in Epidemiological and Pathological Features of Schistosoma-Associated Bladder Cancer

    To investigate the different emerging trends in the features of bladder cancer along 17 years. Patients and Methods: During a 17-year period (1988- 2004), 5071 epithelial bladder cancer patients underwent radical cystectomy at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Cairo University, Egypt. The time was divided into 3 time periods to detect changes of the clinico pathologic features of patients in these periods. Results: There was a significant progressive increase in the patients' age with time and decrease in squamous/ transitional ratio, with transient increase in male predominance during the 2nd time period. Moreover, there was a decrease in the well differentiated (grade 1) tumor (p<0.001) and an increase in the frequency of pelvic nodal involvement (p<0.001). Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) patients were significantly older than those with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (p<0.001). Progressive increase of age with time was evident in TCC, SCC and adenocarcinoma patients. Male to female ratio changed significantly in TCC and SCC. Conclusion: Time trend was confirmed with relative decrease in frequency of SCC and increase of TCC with changes in their pathological details. The differences between their characteristics and that of the Western countries are decreasing.

  8. ALWR safety approaches and trends. Implementation of passive safety features in the design

    Reactor vendors world-wide are examining various advanced light water reactors (ALWR) options to reach utility goals. The amount of information available about each design varies essentially depending on its maturity. Some advanced reactor designs are the evolutionary results of combining old structures, systems and components in new ways, others use innovative solutions. A summary review is given for better understanding of new ALWR design trends and approaches in different countries and subsequent R and D activities. An attempt was made to describe and assess specific innovative and passive features implemented in the leading ALWR designs for further plant design safety improvements. The advantages and disadvantages of these innovations in obtaining reliable systems have been considered. Also, this report indicates the importance of uncertainties remaining and identifies the additional work needed. 51 refs, 27 figs, 7 tabs

  9. Evolution of the Factory 1975-2006

    Since it was founded in 1973. Equipos Nucleares (ENSA) has been actively present in the nuclear market. This was the reason for its creation and for which it was organized from the very beginning, by designing a company with a nuclear structure and mentality. The author reviews the history and evolution of the Factory- more than a workshop- and describes its different stages, which were strongly affected by the unexpected evolution of a diminishing market- an inexistent market the likes to say- and also stresses the extraordinary difficulty of its work and the determination to remain in the nuclear market. He acknowledges the people and the culture of ENSA emphasizing their dedication, generosity, flexibility, training and enthusiasm, and stresses their stake in being the best and to attain excellence in the quality of supplies, meeting deadlines and customer satisfaction, identifying these as fundamental factors of the company's legacy. Having a better Factory is possible by improving its technological capability through researching and developing its processes, automating and robotizing manufacturing and inspection activities, and simplifying its operating systems. A result of these efforts is the continuous international presence as a supplier and collaborator with the world's leading designers, which has consolidated it as a reference supplier on the American market. Of not is the supply to the market of its different product lines a result of combining its design and manufacturing capabilities with its flexibility and size, all of which contribute to ENSA's wealth, diversity and appeal. ENSA is aware of the forthcoming resurgence of the new nuclear market. It is preparing for the future by renewing and upgrading its manufacturing facilities and implementing new systems techniques- Lean Manufacturing and Six Sigma-into its Annual Improvement Plans to favor and drive its technological capability and competitiveness and to respond to the increasingly demanding requirements of the market, to became the preferred placed by its customers. (Author)

  10. Trends in Vietnam's Pork Supply and Structural Features of its Pig Sector

    Tisdell, Clement A.

    2009-01-01

    Pork is the single most important source of animal protein in Vietnam and its availability has a substantial impact on the well-being of the Vietnamese. Since 1996, the local supply and per capita availability of pork in Vietnam have increased substantially. The trends in and sources of this growth in supply are identified by analysing official statistics. Differences in regional supply of pork are also identified, as well as regional variations in pork yields. Vietnam’s pork industry relies ...

  11. Features and trends of the environmental change in the arid areas in Central Asia

    ZHOU KeFa; ZHANG Qing; CHEN Xi; SUN Li

    2007-01-01

    RS-monitoring index systems of ecological environment changes at a large scale, based on empirical data and trends in environmental change in Central Asia, are developed using NOAA and MODIS data.Moreover, with the help of mathematical statistics and GIS spatial analysis, the degrees, hazards and distribution extent of various possible ecological problems are discussed, environmental changes in Central Asia in 1990 and 2005 are separately evaluated, and dynamic changes in the environment in Central Asia over a 15-year period are analyzed. The results reveal that during the 15-year period from 1990 to 2005, areas of degenerated vegetation in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kirghizstan and Tadzhikistan were enlarged by 0.069×105 km2, 0.081×105 km2, 0.296×105 km2, 0.022×105 km2 and 0.112×105 km2, respectively. The ecological environment in Central Asia was in the state of significant degeneration and even deterioration. This study proves that NOAA and MODIS data can be used to successfully monitor the environment and provide useful results.

  12. Method for Process Data Trend Feature Extraction%一种过程数据趋势特征提取方法

    刘佳宝; 梁奕; 徐漫江

    2012-01-01

    Considering the fact that noise data can influence data change and trend analysis in industrial process, and vast amount of historical data also make trend analysis in difficulty, a method named k-level ex-tremum value method for process data trend analysis was proposed to have single-point' s effect (trend factor) on the overall trend investigated and a way to calculate the trend factor presented. Through the trend factor, it can extract trend features according to local trend importance, and can support the trend display zoom, this shows great flexibility and adaptability of the A-level extremum value method.%由于噪音的存在,工业过程数据局部趋势变化频繁,不利于整体趋势分析.此外,海量的历史数据也给过程数据趋势分析带来困难.为此,提出一种过程数据趋势分析方法——k阶极值法.该方法研究了单个数据点对整体趋势的影响(趋势因子),给出一种趋势因子度量方法.通过趋势因子,不仅可以根据局部趋势重要程度合理提取趋势特征,还能够支特趋势显示的缩放,说明k阶极值法具有相当大的灵活性和适应性.

  13. Radial Trends in IMF-sensitive Absorption Features in Two Early-type Galaxies: Evidence for Abundance-driven Gradients

    McConnell, Nicholas J.; Lu, Jessica R.; Mann, Andrew W.

    2016-04-01

    Samples of early-type galaxies show a correlation between stellar velocity dispersion and the stellar initial mass function (IMF) as inferred from gravity-sensitive absorption lines in the galaxies’ central regions. To search for spatial variations in the IMF, we have observed two early-type galaxies with Keck/LRIS and measured radial gradients in the strengths of absorption features from 4000–5500 Å and 8000–10000 Å. We present spatially resolved measurements of the dwarf-sensitive spectral indices {Na} {{I}} (8190 Å) and Wing-Ford {{FeH}} (9915 Å), as well as indices for species of H, C2, CN, Mg, Ca, {{TiO}}, and Fe. Our measurements show a metallicity gradient in both objects, and Mg/Fe consistent with a shallow gradient in α-enhancement, matching widely observed trends for massive early-type galaxies. The {Na} {{I}} index and the CN1 index at 4160 Å exhibit significantly steeper gradients, with a break at r∼ 0.1 {r}{{eff}} (r∼ 300 pc). Inside this radius, {Na} {{I}} strength increases sharply toward the galaxy center, consistent with a rapid central rise in [Na/Fe]. In contrast, the ratio of the {{FeH}} to Fe index strength decreases toward the galaxy center. This behavior cannot be reproduced by a steepening IMF inside of 0.1 {r}{{eff}} if the IMF is a single power law. While gradients in the mass function above ∼ 0.4 {M}ȯ may occur, exceptional care is required to disentangle these IMF variations from the extreme variations in individual element abundances near the galaxies’ centers.

  14. SCIENTIFIC PROBLEM: FEATURES AND TRENDS IN PEDAGOGIC RESEARCH / RASGOS Y TENDENCIAS DEL PROBLEMA CIENTÍFICO EN LA INVESTIGACIÓN PEDAGÓGICA

    Yaritza Tardo Fernández

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of the main historical trends in the elaboration of the scientific problem in the pedagogic investigation is carried out starting from assuming and systematizing the features distinguished taking into account some examples of doctoral thesis defended in the field of the Pedagogic Sciences, what allows to reveal their behavior and development as expression of its own transformations in the logic of the scientific thought in a certain moment, as a didactic attempt to contribute to the process of the investigators' formation.

  15. 现代汽车电子技术特点及发展趋势%Modern Automobile Electronic Technology Feature and Development Trend

    赵彤宇

    2011-01-01

    With the continuous development of information technology, the automobile electronic technology level is an important factor to measure a nation's automobile industry development. In automobile field, modern electronic technology and computer technology are widely used. The development trend of modern automobile development is also the modem automobile's application of electronic technology. The paper analyzed the concept of modern automobile electronic technology and explored its development trend according to its feature in the hope to clarify China's automobile electronic products'feature and makes the brief description on the development trend of automobile electronic industry.%随着信息技术的不断发展,衡量一个国家汽车工业发展的重要标志是汽车电子化技术水平的高低,在汽车工业里现代电子技术与计算机技术得到了广泛应用,现代汽车工业的发展趋势也是现代汽车应用先进的电子技术.本文分析了现代汽车电子技术的概念,并针对其特点应用及发展趋势进行探讨,希望通过本文的阐述使我国的汽车电子产品的特点得以明晰,并对汽车电子产业未来发展趋势进行简单描述.

  16. Time Trends in Epidemiologic Characteristics and Imaging Features of Lung Adenocarcinoma: A Population Study of 21,113 Cases in China

    Zhang, Li; Li, Meng; Wu, Ning; Chen, Yuheng

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This study aims to describe time trends of epidemiologic characteristics and imaging features over 14 years among histologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) in China and to discuss the possible reasons for these changes. Materials and Methods Data of 21,113 pathologically confirmed lung cancer patients from January 1999 to December 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Preoperative high-resolution computer tomography (HRCT) images were available and reviewed in 5,439 lung ADC patients since 2005. Time trends of the ADC proportion of lung cancer cases, gender distribution, age at diagnosis, the proportion of early-stage ADC and imaging features were investigated. Results The proportion of ADC increased during the 14 years (P = 0.000). The ratio of female to male ADC cases was higher than both squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC) and total lung cancer cases (P = 0.000). The median age at diagnosis of ADC patients was younger than that of both SQCC and total lung cancer during the 14 years (P = 0.000). The proportion of age group 45–59 years increased in total lung cancer cases (P = 0.000). When stratified by lung cancer histopathologic subtypes, this trend was also observed in ADC (P = 0.001) and SQCC (P = 0.007). The proportion of early-stage cases of ADC increased from 2008 to 2012 (P < 0.001). The proportion of subsolid nodules (SSN) in ADC increased (P = 0.001) from 2005 to 2012. Conclusion The data suggests that the proportion of ADC increased from 1999 to 2012 especially in middle-aged, female patients; early-stage ADC and SSN on HRCT images gradually increased, which may have been caused by a change in smoking habits and increased application of HRCT. PMID:26317971

  17. Time Trends in Epidemiologic Characteristics and Imaging Features of Lung Adenocarcinoma: A Population Study of 21,113 Cases in China.

    Li Zhang

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe time trends of epidemiologic characteristics and imaging features over 14 years among histologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma (ADC in China and to discuss the possible reasons for these changes.Data of 21,113 pathologically confirmed lung cancer patients from January 1999 to December 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Preoperative high-resolution computer tomography (HRCT images were available and reviewed in 5,439 lung ADC patients since 2005. Time trends of the ADC proportion of lung cancer cases, gender distribution, age at diagnosis, the proportion of early-stage ADC and imaging features were investigated.The proportion of ADC increased during the 14 years (P = 0.000. The ratio of female to male ADC cases was higher than both squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC and total lung cancer cases (P = 0.000. The median age at diagnosis of ADC patients was younger than that of both SQCC and total lung cancer during the 14 years (P = 0.000. The proportion of age group 45-59 years increased in total lung cancer cases (P = 0.000. When stratified by lung cancer histopathologic subtypes, this trend was also observed in ADC (P = 0.001 and SQCC (P = 0.007. The proportion of early-stage cases of ADC increased from 2008 to 2012 (P < 0.001. The proportion of subsolid nodules (SSN in ADC increased (P = 0.001 from 2005 to 2012.The data suggests that the proportion of ADC increased from 1999 to 2012 especially in middle-aged, female patients; early-stage ADC and SSN on HRCT images gradually increased, which may have been caused by a change in smoking habits and increased application of HRCT.

  18. On-Line Monitoring and Dynamic Feature Trending as a Means to Improve In-Service Inspection, Maintenance, and Long-Term Assessment of Systems and Components

    The recent publication of an international standard on vibration monitoring of reactor internal structures (IEC 61502, standard of the International Electrotechnical Commission) concludes a long-standing development of methods for a new type of nuclear power plant instrumentation and control system. This new system differs from traditional monitoring systems, as it is aimed primarily at early failure detection. Useful information is provided to plant operators, but in particular to the inspection/maintenance personnel. Powerful modern computer technology allows - in an effective manner - correlation and spectral analysis, feature extraction and trending, alert level monitoring, and remote data/signature transmission of dynamic process signals such as neutron noise, vibration signals, pressure noise, etc. The signature and feature trends are stored in a central databank and form a useful reference for assessment of components and systems in case of actual incipient failure development or at the estimated end of the plant lifetime as part of the aging condition assessment measures.The standard IEC 61502 is used as an example for early failure detection and on-line condition monitoring methods based on signature analysis and feature vector monitoring in general. The reasons/background for structuring this particular standard in a mandatory and an optional part as well as the resulting consequences are explained. But emphasis is also placed on demonstration of the principles, i.e., measurement analysis and usefulness of such methods for maintenance and refurbishment strategies. The transferability of the methods is discussed when applied for other tasks, for instance, for condition/aging assessment of process instrumentation

  19. Features and trends of IEC particular standards for medical equipment related to diagnostic x-ray based on IEC 60601-1 :2005 Ed. 3.0

    Kim, Hyun Ji; Kim, Jung Min; Choi, In Seok; Yoon, Yong Su; Seo, Deok Nam; Kim, Jung Su [Dept. of Radiological Science, Korea University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dae Young; Park, Sung Yong [Korea Testing Laboratory, Jinju (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    IEC publications have applied in many countries all over the world such as Europe or Japan and these also have been published as industrial standards (KS) and notifications of Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) in Korea. As the general standard of IEC 60601 series for medical electric (ME) equipment was revised as 3rd edition in 2005, additional and particular standards have been revised or established newly. Under these circumstances, it is importance for manufacturing and assembling companies or authorized testing companies to understand the trend for revisions of IEC publications. Therefore in this study, the latest version of 3 IEC standards related to medical X-ray equipment : IEC 60601-2-44 for X-ray equipment for computed tomography (CT), IEC 60601-2-45 for mammographic X-ray equipment and IEC 60601-2-54 for X-ray equipment for radiography or radioscopy were covered and analyzed for trends and features accompanied by revision based on IEC 60601-1 3rd Ed. As KFDA notifications in force have referred to the particular standards based on 2nd edition of IEC 60601-1, those revised version of 3 particular standards were compared to KFDA notifications in force. The features of the latest standards applying IEC 60601-1 3rd Ed were shown as following: 1) Requirements for mechanical hazards, especially (motorized) moving parts were emphasized. 2) Indication and recording of patient dose were required. 3) Risk management process was introduced and enabled to monitor potential risks systematically. 4) DR system (digital radiography system) as well as analogue system (film-screen system) was included in the scope. Presently, KFDA will revise the notifications applying the particular standards based on IEC 60601-1 3rd Ed in a few years. Therefore the features of particular standards applying IEC 60601-1 3rd Ed was expected to help manufacturers, assemblers or testing companies of medical electric equipment understand IEC publications or KFDA notifications slated to

  20. Features and trends of IEC particular standards for medical equipment related to diagnostic x-ray based on IEC 60601-1 :2005 Ed. 3.0

    IEC publications have applied in many countries all over the world such as Europe or Japan and these also have been published as industrial standards (KS) and notifications of Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) in Korea. As the general standard of IEC 60601 series for medical electric (ME) equipment was revised as 3rd edition in 2005, additional and particular standards have been revised or established newly. Under these circumstances, it is importance for manufacturing and assembling companies or authorized testing companies to understand the trend for revisions of IEC publications. Therefore in this study, the latest version of 3 IEC standards related to medical X-ray equipment : IEC 60601-2-44 for X-ray equipment for computed tomography (CT), IEC 60601-2-45 for mammographic X-ray equipment and IEC 60601-2-54 for X-ray equipment for radiography or radioscopy were covered and analyzed for trends and features accompanied by revision based on IEC 60601-1 3rd Ed. As KFDA notifications in force have referred to the particular standards based on 2nd edition of IEC 60601-1, those revised version of 3 particular standards were compared to KFDA notifications in force. The features of the latest standards applying IEC 60601-1 3rd Ed were shown as following: 1) Requirements for mechanical hazards, especially (motorized) moving parts were emphasized. 2) Indication and recording of patient dose were required. 3) Risk management process was introduced and enabled to monitor potential risks systematically. 4) DR system (digital radiography system) as well as analogue system (film-screen system) was included in the scope. Presently, KFDA will revise the notifications applying the particular standards based on IEC 60601-1 3rd Ed in a few years. Therefore the features of particular standards applying IEC 60601-1 3rd Ed was expected to help manufacturers, assemblers or testing companies of medical electric equipment understand IEC publications or KFDA notifications slated to

  1. Features and trends of female employment in Italy. A comparison between the Mezzogiorno and the Centre-North of Italy (1981-2006 and some notes on 2007)

    Malfatti E.

    2008-01-01

    Trends of female employment and unemployment in the Mezzogiorno and in the Centre-North of Italy, during the period 1981-2006, highlight how female employment gap between these two Italy's areas, already existing before 1981, still remains persistent, although great changes have occurred - such as, for instance, women's attainment of a higher educational level, the development of job flexibility and, consequently, the increase of "atypical" workers. The situation in the Mezzogiorno appears mo...

  2. Trend in admissions, clinical features and outcome of preeclampsia and eclampsia as seen from the intensive care unit of the Douala General Hospital, Cameroon

    Priso, Eugene Belley; Njamen, Theophile Nana; Tchente, Charlotte Nguefack; Kana, Albert Justin; Landry, Tchuenkam; Tchawa, Ulrich Flore Nyaga; Hentchoya, Romuald; Beyiha, Gerard; Halle, Marie Patrice; Aminde, Leopold; Dzudie, Anastase

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) are a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. We aimed at determining the trends in admission, profiles and outcomes of women admitted for preeclampsia and eclampsia to an intensive care unit (ICU) in Cameroon. Methods A retrospective study involving 74 women admitted to the ICU of the Douala General Hospital for severe preeclampsia and eclampsia from January 2007 to December 2014. Clinical profiles and outcome data were obtained...

  3. On the Features of Development of Modern English and Trends%简论现代英语发展变化的特点与趋势

    薛平

    2011-01-01

    One of the main tasks of linguistics is the study of the development of language variation, for an English teaching and research in personnel, the understanding and knowledge of the variation of English and exploration for doing a good job of teaching English has practical significance for future development and practical value. In this paper, the characteristics of the modem changes and trends in English are comprehensively analyzed and discussed, especially the more hierarchical full analysis and examples changes in modern English are carried out, vocabulary and trends from the two aspects are discussed and analyzed, more objectively reflecting the changes of modern English and trends.%语言学的一大主要任务是研究言语的发展变化规律,对于一个从事英语教学和研究工作的人员来说,了解和掌握英语的变化规律对于搞好教学和探索英语未来的发展具有现实意义和实用价值.本文就现代英语变化的特点和趋势做了较为全面的分析和探讨,尤其是对现代英语的变化分层次地进行了较为充分的分析和例证,从词汇和变化趋势两个方面入手进行了探讨和分析,较为客观地反映了现代英语的变化特点和趋势.

  4. Innovative small and medium sized reactors: Design features, safety approaches and R and D trends. Final report of a technical meeting

    In order to beat the economy of scale small and medium sized reactors (SMRs) have to incorporate specific design features that result into simplification of the overall plant design, modularization and mass production. Several approaches are being under development and consideration, including the increased use of passive features for reactivity control and reactor shut down, decay heat removal and core cooling, and reliance on the increased margin to fuel failure achieved through the use of advanced high-temperature fuel forms and structural materials. Some SMRs also offer the possibility of very long core lifetimes with burnable absorbers or high conversion ratio in the core. These reactors incorporate increased proliferation resistance and may offer a very attractive solution for the implementation of adequate safeguards in a scenario of global deployment of nuclear power. About 50 concepts and designs of the innovative SMRs are under development in more than 15 IAEA Member States representing both industrialized and developing countries. SMRs are under development for all principle reactor lines, i.e., water cooled, liquid metal cooled, gas cooled, and molten salt cooled reactors, as well as for some non-conventional combinations thereof. Upon a diversity of the conceptual and design approaches to SMRs, it may be useful to identify the so-called enabling technologies that are common to certain reactor types or lines. An enabling technology is the technology that needs to be developed and demonstrated to make a certain reactor concept viable. When a certain technology is common to several SMR concepts or designs, it could benefit from being developed on a common or shared basis. The identification of common enabling technologies could speed up the development and deployment of many SMRs by merging the efforts of their designers through an increased international cooperation. This publication has been prepared through the collaboration of all participants of this

  5. Trends of Sustainable Residential Architecture

    Narvydas, A

    2015-01-01

    The article is based on Master’s research conducted during Scottish Housing Expo 2010. The aim of the research was to determine the prevailing trends in sustainable residential architecture. Each trend can be described by features detected during visual and technical observation of project data. Based on that architects may predict possible problems related to a specific trend.

  6. Unsupervised Discovery of Subspace Trends.

    Xu, Yan; Qiu, Peng; Roysam, Badrinath

    2015-10-01

    This paper presents unsupervised algorithms for discovering previously unknown subspace trends in high-dimensional data sets without the benefit of prior information. A subspace trend is a sustained pattern of gradual/progressive changes within an unknown subset of feature dimensions. A fundamental challenge to subspace trend discovery is the presence of irrelevant data dimensions, noise, outliers, and confusion from multiple subspace trends driven by independent factors that are mixed in with each other. These factors can obscure the trends in conventional dimension reduction & projection based data visualizations. To overcome these limitations, we propose a novel graph-theoretic neighborhood similarity measure for detecting concordant progressive changes across data dimensions. Using this measure, we present an unsupervised algorithm for trend-relevant feature selection, subspace trend discovery, quantification of trend strength, and validation. Our method successfully identified verifiable subspace trends in diverse synthetic and real-world biomedical datasets. Visualizations derived from the selected trend-relevant features revealed biologically meaningful hidden subspace trend(s) that were obscured by irrelevant features and noise. Although our examples are drawn from the biological domain, the proposed algorithm is broadly applicable to exploratory analysis of high-dimensional data including visualization, hypothesis generation, knowledge discovery, and prediction in diverse other applications. PMID:26353189

  7. Research on the Dietary Cultural Features of Heilongjiang Korean Nationality and Development Trend%黑龙江省朝鲜族饮食文化特点及发展趋势探究

    权美兰

    2014-01-01

    朝鲜族的饮食文化独具特色,但随着社会环境和生活环境的改变,饮食文化呈现出发展变化的动态趋势。探究朝鲜族饮食文化特点和发展趋势,不仅有利于构建黑龙江省传统文化产业项目,也将进一步促进第三产业的兴起和发展。%Korean nationality has distinctive dietary culture. However,with the changes in social environment and living environ-ment,there appears dynamic development trend of dietary culture. Exploration on the dietary cultural features of Korean nationality and its development trend not only benefits the construction of traditional Heilongjiang cultural projects,but also promotes the rise and de-velopment of the tertiary industry.

  8. Sparkling wines: features and trends from tradition.

    Buxaderas, Susana; López-Tamames, Elvira

    2012-01-01

    Sparkling wines contain at least three CO₂ pressure bars at 20°C. Carbonic gas is required to have an endogenous origin, obtained via a second fermentation, in the following European categories: sparkling wines and quality sparkling wines. In these types of sparkling wines, high gas pressure, together with other wine components, enables them to produce effervescence and foam when poured into the glass. The most commonly used grape varieties are Chardonnay and Pinot. Elaboration consists of two phases. In the first phase, the base wine is obtained after applying white vinification. The second phase consists of refermenting the wine, either in the bottle (champenoise or traditional method) or in isobaric tanks (Charmat method). The second fermentation requires the addition of "liqueur de tirage" to the base wine. The sparkling wines have a special biological aging or aging sur lies. As sparkling wines remain in contact with the lees, they develop sensory notes such as toasty, lactic, sweet, and yeasty, which can be attributed to proteolytic processes, components that would serve as the substrate for chemical and enzymatic reactions and to causes related with release-absorption between cell walls and the wine. PMID:22909977

  9. The Situation, Features, Types and Trends of Organized Crime in China Today%当前中国有组织犯罪的现状、特点、类型和发展趋势

    靳高风

    2011-01-01

    The number of 327 Organized crime cases with Underworld Society nature which are first-instance judgment from 1997 to 2010 have be studied in a quantitative analysis approach, and also through taking a typical social survey on the organized crime cases with Underworld Society nature in some provinces, we have taken a research on the situation,features .types and trends of organized crime in China today, and think that there are the general features which are as follows: strong active, serious harmfulness; wide-ranging dispersed; well-organized; and a much complicated nature, so on, which are some typical characteristics of organized crime, also there some new trends such as loosely organized, hide organization leader, un-regular members, soft force way.%本文根据对1997年至2010年4月间一审判决的327个黑社会性质组织案件的定量分析,并通过对吉林省、重庆市、河南省和贵州省黑恶势力犯罪的典型调查,对当前中国有组织犯罪的现状、特点、类型以及发展趋势进行了研究。研究发现,当前中国有组织犯罪活动处于活跃期,危害严重,呈现出分布广泛、结构严密、活动多样、势力范围以区县为主、暴力性突出、对政治和经济渗透明显等特点,并出现了结构松散、组织者领导者幕后化、成员临时化、暴力手段软化等新的发展趋势。

  10. Precambrian crustal evolution and Cretaceous–Palaeogene faulting in West Greenland: Presentation and interpretation of structural data from the Nagssugtoqidian orogen using a GIS platform: general trends and features

    van Gool, Jeroen A.M.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In this contribution we present data collected by more than 50 international geologists involved ingeological mapping and research projects in the Nagssugtoqidian orogen of West Greenland, organised by the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland and the Danish Lithosphere Centre. Using a geographical information system (GIS as a framework for visualisation and analysis of structural and lithological data, it is now possible to give a unique overview of thousands of data points, employedhere within a study area of approximately 160 × 180 km in the central and northern Nagssugtoqidian orogen. The GIS methodology allows comparison, integration and analysis of datasets interms of subject, space, and scale. This is extremely helpful in the recognition of geological patterns,such as terrain or domain boundaries and map-scale structures. Analysis of the available structuraldata shows clear differences in deformation patterns between the core and the northern segment ofthe Nagssugtoqidian orogen. One of the most prominent features is the ENE-striking Nordre Strømfjord shear zone, which transects the orogen from the coast to the Inland Ice. The data also clearly document a change from predominantly steeply dipping, ENE–WSW-trending fabrics and large,elongate structural domains in the core of the orogen, to large, open fold patterns and moderately to shallowly dipping fabrics in smaller structural domains in the north.

  11. Trend analysis

    The goal of exploration is to find reserves that will earn an adequate rate of return on the capital invested. Neither exploration nor economics is an exact science. The authors must therefore explore in those trends (plays) that have the highest probability of achieving this goal. Trend analysis is a technique for organizing the available data to make these strategic exploration decisions objectively and is in conformance with their goals and risk attitudes. Trend analysis differs from resource estimation in its purpose. It seeks to determine the probability of economic success for an exploration program, not the ultimate results of the total industry effort. Thus the recent past is assumed to be the best estimate of the exploration probabilities for the near future. This information is combined with economic forecasts. The computer software tools necessary for trend analysis are (1) Information data base - requirements and sources. (2) Data conditioning program - assignment to trends, correction of errors, and conversion into usable form. (3) Statistical processing program - calculation of probability of success and discovery size probability distribution. (4) Analytical processing - Monte Carlo simulation to develop the probability distribution of the economic return/investment ratio for a trend. Limited capital (short-run) effects are analyzed using the Gambler's Ruin concept in the Monte Carlo simulation and by a short-cut method. Multiple trend analysis is concerned with comparing and ranking trends, allocating funds among acceptable trends, and characterizing program risk by using risk profiles. In summary, trend analysis is a reality check for long-range exploration planning

  12. Processing trends

    This paper identifies trends associated with the performance of automatic film processors in hospitals and nonhospital facilities, including chiropractic facilities. Automatic film processors were evaluated in more than 1,700 facilities as a part of the Nationwide Evaluation of x-ray Trends (NEXT) program. Processing was evaluated with use of the Sensitometric Technique for Evaluation of Processing (STEP) procedure, which involves the exposure of control film to a calibrated light sensitometer and evaluation of the resultant film density. A processing speed index of 100 means that the processor is processing films according to the film manufacturers' normal recommended specifications; deviation from this value suggest underprocessing or overprocessing conditions

  13. Understanding Legacy Features with Featureous

    Olszak, Andrzej; Jørgensen, Bo Nørregaard

    2011-01-01

    Java programs called Featureous that addresses this issue. Featureous allows a programmer to easily establish feature-code traceability links and to analyze their characteristics using a number of visualizations. Featureous is an extension to the NetBeans IDE, and can itself be extended by third...

  14. 昆明松华坝水源地水沙特征及变化趋势分析%Analysis of feature and variation trend of runoff and sediment in Songhuaba water source land of Kunming

    袁树堂; 刘新有

    2014-01-01

    The change of runoff and sediment is the important characterization of health of water source land.Using the runoff data from 1961 to 2011 and sediment load data from 1966 to 2011 of Zhonghe hydrological station river in Songhuaba water source land , the paper utilized concentration degree and time, R/S analysis method to quantitatively analyzed the runoff and sediment load and their annual distri -bution changes , and theirs future trend Songhuaba water sources land .The results show that the runoff and sediment load showed a downward trend in the past , the continuous drought from 2009 to 2011 lead to sharp decline of runoff and sediment load;The concentration degree of annual sediment load distribu-tion is generally higher than that of runoff ,the change trends of concentration degree of annual runoff and sediment load showed downward and upward trend respectively;the runoff and sediment load appear long cycle of 26 and 24 years;average time of concentration of annual runoff and sediment load appear respec-tively in middle and early August ,and showed ahead of the trend;in the further , the runoff will continue downward trend , but the trend is not strong , the change of sediment load is uncertain;the concentration degree of annual runoff and sediment load distribution will respectively continue upward and downward trend, and the trend of concentration degree of annual sediment load distribution will stronger than that of runoff .%径流与输沙变化是水源地健康的重要表征。利用昆明松华坝水源地中和水文站1961-2011年径流和1966-2011年输沙数据,运用集中度与集中期、R/S分析等方法,对松华坝水源地径流和输沙变化、年内分配及未来趋势变化进行了定量分析。结果表明:径流和输沙均呈下降趋势,2009-2011年连续干旱导致径流和输沙骤减;输沙年内分配集中度高于径流,径流和输沙年内分配集中度分别呈下降和上升趋势

  15. Multi-scale Periodic Features and Trend Prediction and Their Spatial Distribution Pattern of Precipitation in Dongting Lake Basin%洞庭湖流域降水多尺度特征与趋势预测及空间分布规律

    王思琪; 薛联青; 王苓如; 刘远洪; 段震

    2015-01-01

    对降水的多尺度周期规律进行研究,可以深层次分析降水特征及演变趋势,能够为水资源系统决策提供依据。以洞庭湖流域为研究对象,以流域11个代表性雨量站1958-2009年降水资料为基础,采用小波分析法,研究了各站年降水多尺度周期特征以及演变趋势,进而分析了其空间分布规律。结果表明:小波分析法在水文、气象等非稳定信号序列的多尺度特征分析与趋势预测中独具优势;洞庭湖流域不同地区年降水多尺度周期特征具有较明显的空间分布规律,而不同地区年降水的演变趋势大致相同,整体将处于降水偏少状态。%The research on multi-scale periodic laws of precipitation can analyze its features and trends and provide a basis for the deci‐sion of water resources system .Dongting Lake basin is taken as an example based on the precipitation data (1958~2009) of 11 repre‐sentative rainfall stations ,the multi-scale periodic features and trends of the annual precipitation of each station were analyzed by wavelet analytic method ,whose spatial distribution pattern was analyzed later .The results show that :the wavelet analysis method has unique advantages in multi-scale feature analysis and trend prediction in hydrological ,meteorological and other non-stationary signal sequences .The multi-scale periodic features of annual precipitation are different in different regions in the Dongting Lake basin and there is a distinct spatial distribution pattern ,and the trends of annual precipitation in different regions are substantially the same ,on the whole the basin will be in a rainless state .

  16. Recent trends of severe head injury in Japan Neurotrauma Data Bank with special reference to road traffic accident. Comparison of clinical features and outcome between Project 1998 and Project 2004

    This study was conducted to clarify the recent trends of severe head injury in the Japan Neurotrauma Data Bank (JNTDB) with special reference to traffic accident. In the JNTDB, the number of severely head-injured patients (Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 8 or less) were 832 in Project 1998 and 797 in Project 2004. Those were divided into 2 groups: traffic accident (TA) group, and non-TA (nTA) group. In addition, the former group was classified into 4 groups: 4 wheel vehicle (4WV) group, motorcycle (MC) group, bicycle (BC) group, and pedestrian (P) group. Analyzed here were cause of injury, age distribution, incidence of alcohol intake, means of transportation, clinical severity (GCS and injury severity score), initial CT findings (Traumatic Coma Data Bank), and outcome at discharge (Glasgow Outcome Scale). In the Project 2004; Traffic accident was less common as the cause of injury. The proportion of younger patients was lower in the TA group, especially in the 4WV and MC groups. Incidence of alcohol intake was lower in the TA group, particularly in the MC groups. Patient transfer by helicopter was more common in both the TA and nTA groups. The proportion of GCS of 3 to 5 was lower in the TA group, especially in the MC group. In the initial CT findings, type 3 of diffuse injury and evacuated mass were less frequent in both groups, and in the 4WV, BC, and P groups. Outcome at discharge: Mortality rate was lower in both groups, and in the 4WV, MC and P groups, but the percentage of good outcomes was unchanged. These results indicated the recent trends of severely head-injured patients who were injured by traffic accident. But there were some problems, such as study protocol and meaningless results, so that further verification is indispensable in the JNTDB study. (author)

  17. Solar Features

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Collection includes a variety of solar feature datasets contributed by a number of national and private solar observatories located worldwide.

  18. Feature Extraction

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    Feature selection and reduction are key to robust multivariate analyses. In this talk I will focus on pros and cons of various variable selection methods and focus on those that are most relevant in the context of HEP.

  19. Language Features and Culture Features on Short Message

    王佳

    2013-01-01

    Mobile phone is regarded as“the fifth media”after newspaper,radio,TV and the Internet.The mobile phone short message further highlights the importance of written signs in communication.“The thumb revolution”is eagerly anticipating one kind of trend by the hand replace of mouth,sound substitute for the quiet around us. My paper will analyze the language features and the culture features of mobile phone short messages which are written in Chinese and English.

  20. Online Marketing Trends

    Horecká, Ivana

    2015-01-01

    This thesis deals with online marketing trends. Its main goal is to define the latest online marketing trends, create a website with the free online marketing trends, and analyse their effectiveness. The theoretical part brings a thorough description of the latest online marketing trends. Moreover, it provides an insight into the latest trends in the website development. The chosen online marketing trends defined in the theoretical part are subsequently applied on a newly created website. All...

  1. Signal trend identification with fuzzy methods

    A fuzzy-logic-based methodology for on-line signal trend identification is introduced. Although signal trend identification is complicated by the presence of noise, fuzzy logic can help capture important features of on-line signals and classify incoming power plant signals into increasing, decreasing and steady-state trend categories. In order to verify the methodology, a code named PROTREN is developed and tested using plant data. The results indicate that the code is capable of detecting transients accurately, identifying trends reliably, and not misinterpreting a steady-state signal as a transient one

  2. Características e tendência da AIDS entre idosos no Estado do Espírito Santo Features and trend of AIDS, among the elderly in the State of Espirito Santo

    Lidiane da Silveira Gouvea Toledo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A AIDS entre adultos mais velhos é um problema de saúde pública emergente. Comparamos o perfil epidemiológico e sociodemográfico, bem como a evolução e a tendência da epidemia entre homens e mulheres nas faixas etárias de 50 anos e mais e 20 a 39 anos acometidos pela AIDS, no Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Realizamos um estudo de série temporal, com dados secundários do SINAN/AIDS, no período de Janeiro de 1991 a dezembro 2006. RESULTADOS: Neste período, foram notificados 3.382 casos de AIDS em indivíduos com idade entre 20 e 39 anos e 551 casos entre indivíduos com 50 anos e mais. Em ambas as faixas etárias, os mais acometidos são os homens. Há diferenças referentes à raça/cor, em que a maioria dos mais velhos são brancos (45,3% - p-valor = 0,044 e os mais jovens pardos (44,7%, p-valor = 0,003. O analfabetismo prevalece entre os mais velhos (17,7% - p-valor = 0,001. Mais da metade (80% das notificações ocorreu em municípios de médio a grande porte. A principal categoria de exposição foi a heterossexual, em ambos as faixas etárias, com maior frequência para o grupo de 50 anos ou mais (77,3% - p=0,0001. A incidência acumulada é maior para a faixa etária de 20 a 39 anos (R²=0,68; porém, vem aumentando proporcionalmente, entre as duas faixas no decorrer dos anos, com tendência de crescimento significativa para ambas (p INTRODUCTION: AIDS among older adults is a public health problem emerging. This study compared the demographic and epidemiological profile and the evolution and trend of the epidemic among men and women aged 50 years and older and 20 to 39 years affected by AIDS in the State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a time serie study with secondary data from SINAN/AIDS for the period January 1991 to December 2006. RESULTS: In this period were 3,382 reported cases of AIDS in individuals aged 20 to 39 years and 551 cases among individuals with 50 years or older. In

  3. Teaching patterns and trends

    Knoops, Femke; Erbil, Fethiye; Ertürk, Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    1. Outline 2. Definition 3. Why is it important (or not) to teach about patterns and trends? What are the strengths and weaknesses of teaching patterns and trends? 4. How were patterns and trends offered in the original assignments? 5. What did the student teacher change in practice? How did it go? 6. Suggestions for improving patterns and trends

  4. Research review of biodegradation feature of fire-extinguishing foam and its development trend%泡沫灭火剂生物降解性能研究及发展趋势

    张宪忠; 包志明; 傅学成; 王荣基; 夏建军; 陈涛

    2012-01-01

    The paper is inclined to make a research review of biodegradation feature of fire-extinguishing foam and its development tendency. As a matter of fact, the use of fire-extinguishing foam may help improve the efficiency of fire-extinguishing operations. In doing so, it is necessary to consider how to carry out fire-extinguishing action successfully. As public awareness has been growing up in recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the influence of the use of fire-extinguishing foams on the environment. It is necessary to evaluate the biodegradation of fire-extinguishing foams when they are released into the environment. Therefore, we think it of great need to briefly introduce new ideas, purposes and main ingredients, as well as the principles, general processes and mechanism of fire-extinguishing foam biodegradation, along with the key factors affecting biodegradation analyzed. What is more, we have made a brief review of the available standard methods for testing fire-extinguishing foams biodegradation, including OECD 301 series standards, as well as the studies and development in this field both at home and in the world. We have also overlooked and compared the experimental data in literatures domestically and internationally. Limited research data we have gained from abroad indicate that different kinds of fire-extinguishing foams had different biodegradability. Categorically, such foams can be divided into synthetic-based fire-extinguishing foams, such as synthetic foam (S), aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) and Class A foam ( which were easily, biodegraded); however, protein-based foams display poor biodegradability. The results mentioned in the literature we have obtained by different test methods, indicating that the biodegradation rates can be different when different test methods are used. Therefore, it is necessary to establish an accurate and reliable evaluation method to test the biodegradability of the foams and evaluate their effect on

  5. Featuring animacy

    Elizabeth Ritter

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Algonquian languages are famous for their animacy-based grammatical properties—an animacy based noun classification system and direct/inverse system which gives rise to animacy hierarchy effects in the determination of verb agreement. In this paper I provide new evidence for the proposal that the distinctive properties of these languages is due to the use of participant-based features, rather than spatio-temporal ones, for both nominal and verbal functional categories (Ritter & Wiltschko 2009, 2014. Building on Wiltschko (2012, I develop a formal treatment of the Blackfoot aspectual system that assumes a category Inner Aspect (cf. MacDonald 2008, Travis 1991, 2010. Focusing on lexical aspect in Blackfoot, I demonstrate that the classification of both nouns (Seinsarten and verbs (Aktionsarten is based on animacy, rather than boundedness, resulting in a strikingly different aspectual system for both categories. 

  6. Featuring animacy

    Elizabeth Ritter

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Algonquian languages are famous for their animacy-based grammatical properties—an animacy based noun classification system and direct/inverse system which gives rise to animacy hierarchy effects in the determination of verb agreement. In this paper I provide new evidence for the proposal that the distinctive properties of these languages is due to the use of participant-based features, rather than spatio-temporal ones, for both nominal and verbal functional categories (Ritter & Wiltschko 2009, 2014. Building on Wiltschko (2012, I develop a formal treatment of the Blackfoot aspectual system that assumes a category Inner Aspect (cf. MacDonald 2008, Travis 1991, 2010. Focusing on lexical aspect in Blackfoot, I demonstrate that the classification of both nouns (Seinsarten and verbs (Aktionsarten is based on animacy, rather than boundedness, resulting in a strikingly different aspectual system for both categories.

  7. Criteria Air Emissions Trends

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Air Emissions Trends site provides national trends of criteria pollutant and precursor emissions data based on the the National Emissions Inventory (NEI) from...

  8. Marketing Trends to Watch

    Circle, Alison

    2009-01-01

    This article identifies 13 cultural trends that libraries can turn into opportunites to reach patrons. These trends include: Twitter, online reputation management, value added content, mobile marketing, and emotional connection.

  9. Trends in analytical CRM

    Havelková, Martina

    2014-01-01

    This thesis describes major trends in the field of analytical CRM. The goal is to identify those trends and compare them with current situation on the CRM market. The thesis is devided among several parts. In the opening part is described Customer Relationship Management and architecture of CRM system. The next part discribes analytical CRM and its standard ways of using. The main part of the thesis is identification of trends. Idetificated trends are characterized and compared with situation...

  10. Rfid-Based Automatic Bus Ticketing: Features and Trends

    Oudah, A.

    2016-02-01

    Recent advancements in various technologies have made remarkable developments in various fields for public welfare and public transport is one such area. In the near future public bus transport system with advanced technologies like Radio Frequency Identification Device (RFID), GSM, GPS, ZigBee and RF modules will gain spotlight due to their advantage of higher convenience and greater life standards as compared to the conventional bus systems. In this paper, a comprehensive review of all several proposed bus ticketing and bus information methods has been presented in detail. The study brings out improved solution in terms of cost, convenience, user satisfaction and future implementation. The choice of working modules and their efficient performance has been discussed along with the highlighted importance of the need of technology for welfare of common public and visually impaired.

  11. Opportunities, Emerging Features, and Trends in Electronic Distribution in Tourism

    Ramos, Célia M. Q.; Paulo M. M. Rodrigues; Rodrigues, João M. F.

    2015-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Tourism development are interlinked. ICT provide the tools and promote tourism demand and supply, by facilitating the existence and development of tourism and in resolving the needs inherent to the tourism activity. Consequently, tourism increases ICT requirements, since technological developments facilitate the tasks of economic agents in this sector. ICT enables the tourism industry to become more flexible, because it allows for faster an...

  12. Energy Trends 2012; Energie Trends 2012

    Van Dril, T. (ed.); Gerdes, J. (ed.) [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands); Marbus, S. (ed.) [Energie-Nederland, Den Haag (Netherlands); Boelhouwer, M. (ed.) [Netbeheer Nederland, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-11-15

    In Energy Trends 2012, all figures and developments in the field of energy in the Netherlands are presented in conjunction. The book provides information on energy use by consumers and businesses, provides insight into the international energy trade, energy production and development of energy networks [Dutch] In Energie Trends 2012 staan alle cijfers en ontwikkelingen op het gebied van energie in Nederland in samenhang gepresenteerd. Het boek biedt informatie over energiegebruik door consumenten en bedrijven, geeft inzage in de internationale energiehandel en energieproductie en biedt inzicht in de ontwikkeling van de energienetten.

  13. On the Nature of Trends

    Mackinney-Valentin, Maria

    2010-01-01

    A consolidation of the field Trend Studies through mapping, updating and developing trend theory.......A consolidation of the field Trend Studies through mapping, updating and developing trend theory....

  14. Computer architecture technology trends

    1991-01-01

    Please note this is a Short Discount publication. This year's edition of Computer Architecture Technology Trends analyses the trends which are taking place in the architecture of computing systems today. Due to the sheer number of different applications to which computers are being applied, there seems no end to the different adoptions which proliferate. There are, however, some underlying trends which appear. Decision makers should be aware of these trends when specifying architectures, particularly for future applications. This report is fully revised and updated and provides insight in

  15. NEJHE's Trends & Indicators in Higher Education, 2008

    Klemer, Sue, Comp.

    2008-01-01

    This article presents the New England Journal of Higher Education (NEJHE) Trends & Indicators in Higher Education, featuring 64 tables and charts exploring New England's demography, high school performance and graduation, college enrollment, college graduation rates and degree production, higher education financing, and university research. The…

  16. Monthly values of the standardized precipitation index in the State of São Paulo, Brazil: trends and spectral features under the normality assumption Valores mensais do índice padronizado de precipitação pluvial no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil: tendência e características espectrais sob o pressuposto da normalidade

    Gabriel Constantino Blain

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to describe monthly series of the Standardized Precipitation Index obtained from four weather stations of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The analyses were carried out by evaluating the normality assumption of the SPI distributions, the spectral features of these series and, the presence of climatic trends in these datasets. It was observed that the Pearson type III distribution was better than the gamma 2-parameter distribution in providing monthly SPI series closer to the normality assumption inherent to the use of this standardized index. The spectral analyses carried out in the time-frequency domain did not allow us to establish a dominant mode in the analyzed series. In general, the Mann-Kendall and the Pettitt tests indicated the presence of no significant trend in the SPI series. However, both trend tests have indicated that the temporal variability of this index, observed at the months of October over the last 60 years, cannot be seen as the result of a purely random process. This last inference is due to the concentration of decreasing trends, with a common beginning (1983/84 in the four locations of the study.O objetivo do trabalho foi descrever séries mensais do Índice Padronizado de Precipitação (SPI, obtidas a partir de quatro estações meteorológicas do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil (1951-2010. As análises foram realizadas avaliando-se o pressuposto de normalidade das distribuições do SPI, as características espectrais dessas séries e a presença de tendências climáticas nessas amostras. Observou-se que a distribuição Pearson tipo III foi melhor que a gama 2-parâmetros em prover séries mensais do SPI mais próximas ao pressuposto de normalidade inerente ao uso desse índice padronizado. As análises espectrais realizadas no domínio tempo-frequência não permitiram o estabelecimento de modo (de frequência dominante nas séries analisadas. De forma geral, os testes de Mann-Kendall e

  17. Trends in educational technologies

    Karnad, Arun

    2014-01-01

    Trends in Educational Technologies analyses the benefits and considerations of deploying four major technological trends set to affect higher education institutions. These include; MOOCs, BYOD, Gamification and Games-based learning and Learning analytics. The report argues that, while technology can bring benefits and should be embraced by institutions, pedagogy and learning should be at the heart of any technological adoption.

  18. Trends Shaping Education 2010

    OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2010

    2010-01-01

    "Trends Shaping Education 2010" brings together evidence showing the effects on education of globalisation, social challenges, changes in the workplace, the transformation of childhood, and ICT. To make the content accessible, each trend is presented on a double page, containing an introduction, two charts with brief descriptive text and a set of…

  19. Generalized minority games with adaptive trend-followers and contrarians.

    De Martino, A; Giardina, I; Tedeschi, A; Marsili, M

    2004-08-01

    We introduce a simple extension of the minority game in which the market rewards contrarian (respectively, trend-following) strategies when it is far from (respectively, close to) efficiency. The model displays a smooth crossover from a regime where contrarians dominate to one where trend-followers dominate. In the intermediate phase, the stationary state is characterized by non-Gaussian features as well as by the formation of sustained trends and bubbles. PMID:15447533

  20. Deterministic versus stochastic trends: Detection and challenges

    Fatichi, S.; Barbosa, S. M.; Caporali, E.; Silva, M. E.

    2009-09-01

    The detection of a trend in a time series and the evaluation of its magnitude and statistical significance is an important task in geophysical research. This importance is amplified in climate change contexts, since trends are often used to characterize long-term climate variability and to quantify the magnitude and the statistical significance of changes in climate time series, both at global and local scales. Recent studies have demonstrated that the stochastic behavior of a time series can change the statistical significance of a trend, especially if the time series exhibits long-range dependence. The present study examines the trends in time series of daily average temperature recorded in 26 stations in the Tuscany region (Italy). In this study a new framework for trend detection is proposed. First two parametric statistical tests, the Phillips-Perron test and the Kwiatkowski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin test, are applied in order to test for trend stationary and difference stationary behavior in the temperature time series. Then long-range dependence is assessed using different approaches, including wavelet analysis, heuristic methods and by fitting fractionally integrated autoregressive moving average models. The trend detection results are further compared with the results obtained using nonparametric trend detection methods: Mann-Kendall, Cox-Stuart and Spearman's ρ tests. This study confirms an increase in uncertainty when pronounced stochastic behaviors are present in the data. Nevertheless, for approximately one third of the analyzed records, the stochastic behavior itself cannot explain the long-term features of the time series, and a deterministic positive trend is the most likely explanation.

  1. Dismantling technologies trends

    In this work dismantling technologies trends realized by the CEA are reviewed. There following technologies are presented: Data acquisition from facilities; Scenario studies; Remote handling and carriers; Dismantling techniques; Decontamination.

  2. Health Plans - Trend Reports

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page contains several useful trend and competition indicators. Certain files will be updated monthly while others will be updated quarterly. The files are the...

  3. Skin Cancer Trends

    ... Search The CDC Cancel Submit Search The CDC Skin Cancer Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported ... Cervical Colorectal (Colon) Lung Ovarian Prostate Cancer Home Skin Cancer Trends Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook ...

  4. Trends in communications satellites

    Curtin, Denis J

    1979-01-01

    Trends in Communications Satellites offers a comprehensive look at trends and advances in satellite communications, including experimental ones such as NASA satellites and those jointly developed by France and Germany. The economic aspects of communications satellites are also examined. This book consists of 16 chapters and begins with a discussion on the fundamentals of electrical communications and their application to space communications, including spacecraft, earth stations, and orbit and wavelength utilization. The next section demonstrates how successful commercial satellite communicati

  5. MOS VLSI reliability and yield trends

    Woods, Murray H.

    1986-12-01

    Trends in yield and reliability of new technologies for MOS devices both drive and are a consequence of at least six major, highly interactive technology trends - tending toward (1) more complex device structures and materials, (2) reduced device dimensions and feature sizes, (3) larger wafer sizes, (4) factory automation, (5) higher pin count packages and larger die sizes, and (6) increasingly sophisticated CAD tools. Technology decisions now often involve trading off one reliabilty failure mechanism for another. The implications are that the dominant reliability mechanisms may change in the future, and wearout will start to impinge on reliability life.

  6. Stochastic secular trends in sea level rise

    Ocaña, Victor; Zorita, Eduardo; Heimbach, Patrick

    2016-04-01

    Global mean sea level (GMSL) has been rising since (at least) the nineteenth century and the rate of rise may be increasing. Several studies that attempt to explain the long-term trend of GMSL during the instrumental record share the common assumption that this trend is deterministic in nature and different from natural variations. Here we show that the trend can alternatively be explained, at least in part, as being caused by random variations within the coupled ocean-atmosphere-cryosphere system, and hence not having a deterministic origin. These random trends, which add to externally forced changes (e.g., through anthropogenic climate change), are a consequence of the integrated character of GMSL, which is the cumulative addition of temporal contributions that exhibit random character, and whose integration results in GMSL variations with persistence on decadal-centennial time scales. The generation of trends by integration of random stationary noise (i.e., even in a constant climate) is a robust and fundamental feature of stochastically forced systems with memory. The integrated character of GMSL results in an intrinsic difficulty in distinguishing internal from externally forced trends.

  7. Statistical trend analysis methods for temporal phenomena

    We consider point events occurring in a random way in time. In many applications the pattern of occurrence is of intrinsic interest as indicating a trend or some other systematic feature in the rate of occurrence. The purpose of this report is to survey briefly different statistical trend analysis methods and illustrate their applicability to temporal phenomena in particular. The trend testing of point events is usually seen as the testing of the hypotheses concerning the intensity of the occurrence of events. When the intensity function is parametrized, the testing of trend is a typical parametric testing problem. In industrial applications the operational experience generally does not suggest any specified model and method in advance. Therefore, and particularly, if the Poisson process assumption is very questionable, it is desirable to apply tests that are valid for a wide variety of possible processes. The alternative approach for trend testing is to use some non-parametric procedure. In this report we have presented four non-parametric tests: The Cox-Stuart test, the Wilcoxon signed ranks test, the Mann test, and the exponential ordered scores test. In addition to the classical parametric and non-parametric approaches we have also considered the Bayesian trend analysis. First we discuss a Bayesian model, which is based on a power law intensity model. The Bayesian statistical inferences are based on the analysis of the posterior distribution of the trend parameters, and the probability of trend is immediately seen from these distributions. We applied some of the methods discussed in an example case. It should be noted, that this report is a feasibility study rather than a scientific evaluation of statistical methods, and the examples can only be seen as demonstrations of the methods

  8. Wage Sorting Trends

    Bagger, Jesper; Vejlin, Rune Majlund; Sørensen, Kenneth Lykke

    Using a population-wide Danish Matched Employer-Employee panel from 1980-2006, we document a strong trend towards more positive assortative wage sorting. The correlation between worker and firm fixed effects estimated from a log wage regression increases from -0.07 in 1981 to .14 in 2001. The...... nonstationary wage sorting pattern is not due to compositional changes in the labor market, primarily occurs among high wage workers, and comprises 41 percent of the increase in the standard deviation of log real wages between 1980 and 2006. We show that the wage sorting trend is associated with worker...

  9. Space Weathering Trends Among Carbonaceous Asteroids

    Kaluna, Heather M; Meech, Karen J

    2015-01-01

    We present visible spectroscopic and albedo data of the 2.3 Gyr old Themis family and the 15 km) and small (< 15 km) Themis members suggest these phyllosilicate feature and albedo trends result from regolith variations as a function of diameter. Observations of the Beagle asteroids show a small, but notable fraction of members with phyllosilicate features. The presence of phyllosilicates and the dynamical association of the main-belt comet 133P/Elst-Pizarro with the Beagle family imply the Beagle parent body was a heterogenous mixture of ice and aqueously altered minerals.

  10. US Economy and Cotton Industry Developmenf Trend

    Wang Ting

    2012-01-01

    2012 China Cotton Development Summit Forum, oriented with the theme of "sustainable cotton industrial development under globalization", was held in the city of Chengdu, China, from May 17th to May 18, 2012. During the forum, Kevin Latner, Director of Overseas Operations, National Cotton Council of America as well as the Executive Director, Cotton Council International, presented a speech featuring the economic and cotton industrial development trend in US.

  11. Trends in Nuclear Astrophysics

    Schatz, Hendrik

    2016-01-01

    Nuclear Astrophysics is a vibrant field at the intersection of nuclear physics and astrophysics that encompasses research in nuclear physics, astrophysics, astronomy, and computational science. This paper is not a review. It is intended to provide an incomplete personal perspective on current trends in nuclear astrophysics and the specific role of nuclear physics in this field.

  12. Trends in nuclear astrophysics

    Schatz, Hendrik

    2016-06-01

    Nuclear astrophysics is a vibrant field at the intersection of nuclear physics and astrophysics that encompasses research in nuclear physics, astrophysics, astronomy, and computational science. This paper is not a review. It is intended to provide an incomplete personal perspective on current trends in nuclear astrophysics and the specific role of nuclear physics in this field.

  13. Remittance Trends 2007

    Ratha, Dilip; Mohapatra, Sanket; K. M. Vijayalakshmi; Xu, Zhimei

    2007-01-01

    This note describes broad regional and country specific trends in remittance flows worldwide, and highlights some structural changes that will affect remittance flows in the future. The main messages are: remittance flows to Latin America and the Caribbean slowed on the back of a weakening U.S. economy and tighter enforcement of immigration laws. Nevertheless, the growth of remittances to ...

  14. Ovarian Cancer Trends

    ... Are the Symptoms? What Should I Know About Screening? How Is Ovarian Cancer Treated? Information for Health Care Providers Statistics Rates by Race and Ethnicity Rates by State Trends Related Links ... I Know About Screening? How Is Uterine Cancer Treated? Statistics Rates by ...

  15. Five Trends for Schools

    Lapkoff, Shelley; Li, Rose Maria

    2007-01-01

    The authors look at important demographic trends that will have an effect on schools, including roller-coaster enrollments and increasing diversity. For example, compared with 10 years ago, the average child entering a U.S. school today is less likely to live in a family with two married parents but is more likely to have a living grandparent,…

  16. Trends & Indicators: Enrollment Period

    Harney, John O.

    2011-01-01

    Since New England Board of Higher Education (NEBHE) began publishing tables and charts exploring "Trends & Indicators" in New England higher education more than a half-century ago, few figures have grabbed as much attention as college "enrollment" data. These local, state, regional and national data go beyond simple headcounts of students going to…

  17. [Development trend of nanomedicines].

    Kato, Kumiko

    2013-01-01

    Nanotechnology has had a great impact on science, technology, and society since 2000, and its applications in medicine are also progressing in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. In this review, international trends in nanomedicine regulation are introduced, including the definition of nanomedicines and the evaluation of liposomes and iron nanoparticles. PMID:23292019

  18. Going against the trend

    Grunwald, Markus

    2013-04-01

    The global PV industry is in the midst of an intense consolidation phase. Solar companies from around the world are meanwhile filing for bankruptcy. Interestingly, the manufactures of solar tracking solutions have been largely spared from this crisis. In fact, the trend even seems to be going into the other direction.

  19. Unsupervised Feature Subset Selection

    Søndberg-Madsen, Nicolaj; Thomsen, C.; Pena, Jose

    This paper studies filter and hybrid filter-wrapper feature subset selection for unsupervised learning (data clustering). We constrain the search for the best feature subset by scoring the dependence of every feature on the rest of the features, conjecturing that these scores discriminate some...... irrelevant features. We report experimental results on artificial and real data for unsupervised learning of naive Bayes models. Both the filter and hybrid approaches perform satisfactorily....

  20. Current Trends in Translation

    Bruce Maylath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Driven by the growth of a global economy and developments in high technology, the process of creating and translating technical documentation has been evolving rapidly. In particular, machine translation (MT has shown increasing capabilities of efficaciously accomplishing the early stages of the eight stages of translation identified years ago by Robert Bly. As a consequence, translators have learned to use MT as a tool to accelerate their work, but they have also grown wary of MT’s potential for replacing them. To ensure steady employment, some translators have begun cross-training as technical writers; correspondingly, a few technical writers have begun cross-training as translators, as the two professions appear to be undergoing a gradual trend of convergence. Academic programs are urged to respond to the evolving trends.

  1. Safety system function trends

    This paper describes research to develop risk-based indicators of plant safety performance. One measure of the safety-performance of operating nuclear power plants is the unavailability of important safety systems. Brookhaven National Laboratory and Science Applications International Corporation are evaluating ways to aggregate train-level or component-level data to provide such an indicator. This type of indicator would respond to changes in plant safety margins faster than the currently used indicator of safety system unavailability (i.e., safety system failures reported in licensee event reports). Trends in the proposed indicator would be one indication of trends in plant safety performance and maintenance effectiveness. This paper summarizes the basis for such an indicator, identifies technical issues to be resolved, and illustrates the potential usefullness of such indicators by means of computer simulations and case studies

  2. Electricity market modeling trends

    The trend towards competition in the electricity sector has led to efforts by the research community to develop decision and analysis support models adapted to the new market context. This paper focuses on electricity generation market modeling. Its aim is to help to identify, classify and characterize the somewhat confusing diversity of approaches that can be found in the technical literature on the subject. The paper presents a survey of the most relevant publications regarding electricity market modeling, identifying three major trends: optimization models, equilibrium models and simulation models. It introduces a classification according to their most relevant attributes. Finally, it identifies the most suitable approaches for conducting various types of planning studies or market analysis in this new context

  3. Automatic trend estimation

    Vamos¸, C˘alin

    2013-01-01

    Our book introduces a method to evaluate the accuracy of trend estimation algorithms under conditions similar to those encountered in real time series processing. This method is based on Monte Carlo experiments with artificial time series numerically generated by an original algorithm. The second part of the book contains several automatic algorithms for trend estimation and time series partitioning. The source codes of the computer programs implementing these original automatic algorithms are given in the appendix and will be freely available on the web. The book contains clear statement of the conditions and the approximations under which the algorithms work, as well as the proper interpretation of their results. We illustrate the functioning of the analyzed algorithms by processing time series from astrophysics, finance, biophysics, and paleoclimatology. The numerical experiment method extensively used in our book is already in common use in computational and statistical physics.

  4. Poverty trends in Turkey

    Șeker, Sirma Demir; Jenkins, Stephen P.

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides new evidence about poverty trends in Turkey between 2003 and 2011 and the factors accounting for them. We give particular attention to issues of statistical inference, and the choice of the poverty line and the poverty measure. Our robust conclusion is that absolute poverty declined rapidly between 2003 and 2008 but fell only slightly between 2008 and 2011. Changes in relative poverty were negligible throughout. Using poverty decomposition methods, we argue that the rate o...

  5. Poverty trends in Pakistan

    Hina, Nazli; Whitney, Edward; Mahrt, Kristi

    2015-01-01

    The official estimates of poverty in Pakistan have shown a remarkable and consistent decline in the poverty headcount during the previous decade. This paper examines trends in poverty between 2001 and 2011 using the official food energy intake and the cost of basic needs approaches, both of which are modified to allow poverty lines to vary over time and space. The latter estimates provide utility-consistent poverty lines through the imposition of revealed preference conditions in maximum entr...

  6. Trends in infrastructure

    Greg Coombs; Chris Roberts

    2007-01-01

    The adequacy of Australia’s infrastructure has been a long-standing topic of debate. This article provides some insight into the question of infrastructure adequacy by examining trends in investment across OECD countries, and discusses some of the fundamental factors influencing Australia’s investment relative to other OECD countries. The article also looks at the question of the changing composition of public and private infrastructure spending in Australia over recent decades.

  7. Trends in Mobile Marketing

    Chocholová, Petra

    2010-01-01

    The principal aim of this thesis is to assess the state of the mobile marketing as of the first quarter of 2011 and to discuss various scenarios of the future development. This thesis defines the terms "mobile marketing" and "mobile advertising" and identifies the main players in the industry. It explores the main categories of mobile advertising such as mobile messaging, in-content and mobile internet advertising. Later, it analyzes the latest trends in the industry and describes in detail t...

  8. NEW TRENDS IN PERIODONTICS.

    Kiran Kumar; Chandhra Mohan; Ramesh Babu; Srikanth; Arpita Paul

    2012-01-01

    New research is demonstrating that a person’s total health is indeed related to their oral health. Elimination of all oral infectio ns, including gingivitis and periodontitis, is important to overall health. The article reviews va rious trends in nonsurgical and surgical therapy that will successfully arrest periodontal inf ections. Opportunities for early diagnosis and prevention will play an increasing role in dental practice in the future as patients understan...

  9. MOBILE MARKETING FUTURE TRENDS

    CĂTOIU, Iacob; GÂRDAN, Daniel Adrian; GÂRDAN, Doru Lucian

    2010-01-01

    The present article proposes an introspection into the field of a new marketing specialization – mobile marketing. The concept mainly refers to all marketing activities related to the new communication channel – Short Message Service, Multimedia Messaging Service, and internet access from mobile phone. The article provides, at the same time, a marketing perspective about future trends of mobile marketing and mobile media, and also a technical perspective related to the future mobile communica...

  10. Trends in Internet Marketing

    Panchanathan, Nitin

    2005-01-01

    Internet marketing involves the usage of the Internet to market and sell goods or services. In this thesis we wished to seek answers for the following questions with the help of web, email surveys taking into consideration consumer perspective, company perspective and 3rd party internet marketing agency perspective. Our survey sample was based on a small set of companies, consumers and internet marketing agencies. The survey results helped us in predicting the trends in internet marketing. We...

  11. Sustainability challenges and trends

    De Ridder, M.

    2011-01-01

    In the coming decades, increases in population, income and health will put additional pressures on our planet’s biosphere. To meet the needs of future generations, we need to adapt our ways of living and definitions of economic development. A transition to a more sustainable world is imperative if we want to stop depleting the Earth’s resources more quickly than it can regenerate them. This paper synthesizes current trends and challenges that are relevant for the policy debate on sustainabili...

  12. Gaussian Affine Feature Detector

    Xu, Xiaopeng; Zhang, Xiaochun

    2011-01-01

    A new method is proposed to get image features' geometric information. Using Gaussian as an input signal, a theoretical optimal solution to calculate feature's affine shape is proposed. Based on analytic result of a feature model, the method is different from conventional iterative approaches. From the model, feature's parameters such as position, orientation, background luminance, contrast, area and aspect ratio can be extracted. Tested with synthesized and benchmark data, the method achieve...

  13. Trends in Environmental Analysis

    Koester, C J; Moulik, A

    2005-03-31

    This article discusses developments in environmental analytical chemistry that occurred in the years of 2003 and 2004. References were found by searching the ''Science Citation Index and Current Contents''. As in our review of two years ago (A1), techniques are highlighted that represent current trends and state-of-the-art technologies in the sampling, extraction, separation, and detection of trace concentrations, low-part-per-billion and less, of organic, inorganic, and organometallic contaminants in environmental samples. New analytes of interest are also reviewed, the detections of which are made possible by recently developed analytical instruments and methods.

  14. Laser Cutting, Development Trends

    Olsen, Flemming Ove

    1999-01-01

    In this paper a short review of the development trends in laser cutting will be given.The technology, which is the fastest expanding industrial production technology will develop in both its core market segment: Flat bed cutting of sheet metal, as it will expand in heavy industry and in cutting...... of 3-dimensional shapes.The CO2-laser will also in the near future be the dominating laser source in the market, although the new developments in ND-YAG-lasers opens for new possibilities for this laser type....

  15. Trends in Time

    Andries van den Broek; Koen Breedveld; Jos de Haan; Joep de Hart; Frank Huysmans

    2004-01-01

    How do the Dutch spend their time? How much time for example do they devote to remunerated work, care, reading or voluntary work? And: how is time structured in Dutch society? To what extent is Sunday still a special day? The Social and Cultural Planning Office has been participating in a survey since 1975 that seeks to answer these questions. The most recent time use survey was conducted in October 2000. This book sets out the most important trends in time use and the structuring of time. Th...

  16. Trends in nuclear education

    Today's nuclear curricula have the purpose to fulfil labor requirements of the nuclear market, both power and applications, as well as keeping up the academic level required for research and development in nuclear sciences. This work analyses the power and applications markets and the situation of nuclear education in several countries, including Mexico, as well as collective efforts promoted by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and other organizations. Conclusions are obtained about the status and trends in nuclear education, emphasizing the role of the academic and users sectors to fit the future demand and the availability of skilled personnel. (author)

  17. TRENDS IN GLOBAL RETAILING

    NICOLETA BUZILĂ; SIMONA CRISTINA COSTEA; GIANINA VIOLETA DRAGOTĂ; R.S. GORDEAN

    2009-01-01

    Global economic growth in 2008 is likely to be slow, largely as a result of a credit-crunch-inspired slowdown in the US. A deceleration in consumer spending in the US will be the principal reason. Growth in Europe is likely to slow modestly due to a decline in export growth, itself the result of a strong euro, as well as from the effects of the credit crunch. Few trends in global retail is: social responsibility, products are becoming merchandise, retailers as world-class marketers, retail in...

  18. Recent Trends in Antitrust Enforcement

    Mario Siragusa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to discuss a selection of the most relevant features of the most recent trends in antitrust enforcement. Firstly, anticompetitive signalling will be addressed: its assessment depends on the kind of information provided. Where such information is of public knowledge or is very well known by the market participants, signalling should not be deemed as anticompetitive. Secondly, the Power Cable case has raised for the first time various problematic issues, such as the possibility to impose parental liability on a purely financial investor, even where the presumed direct infringer would have been able to pay the fine. This appears to be irreconcilable with the objectives for which the case law on parental liability has been elaborated. Thirdly, as to the concept of restriction of competition by object, it is argued that the Intel case does not disavow the principles established in Cartes Bancaires. Indeed, the finding of a violation and the different methodology applied in the first case are only due to its specific factual circumstances. Finally, the nouvelle vague of the case law on the anticompetitive abuse of rights has led to two opposite approaches, one at the EU and the other at the Italian level. The first one, based on the finding of objective circumstances, is perfectly consistent with existing EU case law, while the second, exclusively focused on the exclusionary intent, seems to be in sharp contrast with it. The hope is that the Court of Justice will intervene to resolve this contradiction.

  19. Industry cost trends

    This paper provides an overview of the use of EPRI's WASTECOST computer code and industry trends observed in its results. The purpose of the program is to aid utilities the management of Low Level Waste (LLW) programs to reduce costs and volume. Under EPRI's Industry-Wide Initiative WASTECOST has been used to evaluate LLW programs at over 15 utilities. The code is simple yet comprehensive. It is designed to calculate and present cost and efficiency information based on detailed waste-handling data. The program contains few default values and, thus, produces a site-specific view of the waste management program being evaluated. WASTECOST provides very detailed information on all aspects of LLW programs. This enables facility management to see a clearer picture of processing costs and efficiencies. Use of the code has consistently increased the client facility's understanding of their waste program and pointed to program changes to reduce both volume and cost. Section I gives a summary of WASTECOST design and use. Then, Section II summarizes results from the 15 facilities visited for a view of industry norms and trends. Section III discusses the scenarios performed with WASTECOST to quantify the cost and volume reduction

  20. Tourism Equilibrium Price Trends

    Mohammad Mohebi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A review of the tourism history shows that tourism as an industry was virtually unknown in Malaysia until the late 1960s. Since then, it has developed and grown into a major industry, making an important contribution to the country's economy. By allocating substantial funds to the promotion of tourism and the provision of the necessary infrastructure, the government has played an important role in the impressive progress of the Malaysian tourism industry. One of the important factors which can attract tourists to Malaysia is the tourism price. Has the price of tourism decreased? To answer this question, it is necessary to obtain the equilibrium prices as well as the yearly trend for Malaysia during the sample period as it will be useful for analysis of the infrastructure situation of the tourism industry in this country. The purpose of the study is to identify equilibrium tourism price trends in Malaysian tourism market. Approach: We use hotel room as representative of tourism market. Quarterly data from 1995-2009 are used and a dynamic model of simultaneous equation is employed. Results: Based on the result during the period of 1995 until 2000, the growth rate of the equilibrium price was greater than consumer price index and producer price index. Conclusion: In the Malaysian tourism market, new infrastructure during this period had not been developed to keep pace with tourist arrivals.

  1. Progreso Técnico y Poder de Mercado en la Industria Textil: Evidencia Empírica para Colombia, 1975-2006

    José B. Gallego-Alzate

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta los resultados de un estudio relacionado con la existencia de poder de mercado en la industria textil colombiana desde 1975 hasta 2006. Se utiliza como indicador de poder de mercado el índice de Lerner, obtenido a partir de la generalización del residuo de Solow. La estimación se realiza utilizando series de tiempo obtenidas de la Encuesta Anual Manufacturera y aplicando el método de los mínimos cuadrados ordinarios. La conclusión fundamental es la confirmación de la existencia de poder de mercado en la industria textil, al estimarse un índice de Lerner mayor que cero y un markup de Hall mayor que uno.

  2. Estrategias de la anchoíta en un mar de tiburones: Las pymes conserveras marplatenses durante la valoración financiera [1975-2006

    José Mateo

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Desde los años 70' Argentina se consolidó como un país pesquero, siendo la merluza hubbsi la principal especie capturada y exportada. Desde fines de la década de 1990 pequeñas y medianas empresas supieron conciliar extracción, manufactura y mercados explotando especies costeras, entre las cuales se destaca la anchoíta. El presente trabajo se centra en las estrategias de gestión, organización e innovación de Coomarpes e Indupesa, empresas que han subsistido en un mercado dominado por un poderoso oligopolio interno y por capitales foráneos que depredan el mar argentino y exportan productos con escaso agregado de valor hacia mercados europeos y asiáticos

  3. Recuerdo, silencio y amnistía en la transición y en la democracia españolas (1975-2006

    Josefina CUESTA

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La eclosión de los estudios sobre la historia de la memoria en España ha girado fundamentalmente sobre los periodos de la Guerra Civil Española y sobre el franquismo. La memoria de la democracia, elaborada en el propio periodo democrático, constituye un tema de investigación apasionante, sólo abordado en algunos artículos. En esta historia del presente se ofrece una síntesis diacrónica en la que emergen algunos actores, conmemoraciones, el calendario o el callejero, y una cierta perspectiva internacional, como exponente de ese interés memorial despertado por y sobre la democracia española.ABSTRACT: The blossoming of studies on the history of memory in Spain has revolved mainly around the periods of the Spanish Civil War and the Franco era. The memory of democracy itself, produced in the democratic period, is an exciting topic for research and has only been dealt with in a few articles. This history of the present offers a diachronic synthesis from which emerge certain actors, commemorations, changes in the holiday calendar and the names of streets and a certain international perspective as the exponent of this memorial interest awakened by and about Spanish democracy.

  4. Trends and Challenges

    Ovadiya, Mirey; Kryeziu, Adea; Masood, Syeda; Zapatero, Eric

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the role of social protection programming, and programming design and implementation features, that are prominent in fragile and conflict-affected states. The main objective is to build on existing, available information from a sample of fragile and conflict-affected countries and develop operational guidance that addresses policy, design, and implementation issues and ...

  5. Socioeconomic trends in radiology

    For radiology the socioeconomic environment is a topic of increasing importance. In addition to the well-known important scientific developments in radiology such as interventional MRI, several other major trends can be recognized: (1) changes in the delivery of health care, in which all kinds of managed care are developing and will influence the practice of radiology, and (2) the process of computerization and digitization. The socioeconomic environment of radiology will be transformed by the developments in managed care, teleradiology and the integration of information systems. If radiologists want to manage future radiology departments they must have an understanding of the changes in the fields of economics and politics that are taking place and that will increasingly influence radiology. Some important and recognizable aspects of these changes will be described here. (orig.)

  6. Temperature trend biases

    Venema, Victor; Lindau, Ralf

    2016-04-01

    In an accompanying talk we show that well-homogenized national dataset warm more than temperatures from global collections averaged over the region of common coverage. In this poster we want to present auxiliary work about possible biases in the raw observations and on how well relative statistical homogenization can remove trend biases. There are several possible causes of cooling biases, which have not been studied much. Siting could be an important factor. Urban stations tend to move away from the centre to better locations. Many stations started inside of urban areas and are nowadays more outside. Even for villages the temperature difference between the centre and edge can be 0.5°C. When a city station moves to an airport, which often happened around WWII, this takes the station (largely) out of the urban heat island. During the 20th century the Stevenson screen was established as the dominant thermometer screen. This screen protected the thermometer much better against radiation than earlier designs. Deficits of earlier measurement methods have artificially warmed the temperatures in the 19th century. Newer studies suggest we may have underestimated the size of this bias. Currently we are in a transition to Automatic Weather Stations. The net global effect of this transition is not clear at this moment. Irrigation on average decreases the 2m-temperature by about 1 degree centigrade. At the same time, irrigation has increased significantly during the last century. People preferentially live in irrigated areas and weather stations serve agriculture. Thus it is possible that there is a higher likelihood that weather stations are erected in irrigated areas than elsewhere. In this case irrigation could lead to a spurious cooling trend. In the Parallel Observations Science Team of the International Surface Temperature Initiative (ISTI-POST) we are studying influence of the introduction of Stevenson screens and Automatic Weather Stations using parallel measurements

  7. Trends in furnace control

    McDonald, T.J.; Keefe, M.D. (Italimpianti of America, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States). Instrumentation and Controls Dept.)

    1993-07-01

    This paper relates Italimpianti's experiences over the past few years in the area of control of reheat furnaces for the steel industry. The focus is on the level 1 area; specifically on the use of PLC-based systems to perform both combustion control and mechanical/hydraulic control. Some topics to be discussed are: overview of reheat furnace control system requirements; PLC only control vs separate PLC and DCS systems; PLC hardware requirements; man machine interface (MMI) requirements; purge, light-on and safety logic; implementation of more sophisticated level 1 control algorithms; furnace temperature optimization: look up tables vs full thermal modeling; and recent trends including integrated PLC/DCS system.

  8. NEW TRENDS IN PERIODONTICS.

    Kiran Kumar

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available New research is demonstrating that a person’s total health is indeed related to their oral health. Elimination of all oral infectio ns, including gingivitis and periodontitis, is important to overall health. The article reviews va rious trends in nonsurgical and surgical therapy that will successfully arrest periodontal inf ections. Opportunities for early diagnosis and prevention will play an increasing role in dental practice in the future as patients understand the importance of oral health to overall health. There is an urgent need to educate the public as to the importance of periodontal health . All of these findings indicate that periodontal disease must be viewed from a whole new perspective, particularly since some form of periodontal disease is present in a large per centage of the population. A prospective approach of prevention and early intervention in trea ting the disease is more important than ever before.

  9. Trends in contemporary mathematics

    Strickland, Elisabetta

    2014-01-01

    This book covers a wide spectrum of hot topics and current trends in mathematics, including noncommutative algebra via deformation theory,  optimal transportation, nonlinear potential theory, kinetic theory and gas dynamics, geometric numerical integration, finite simple groups of small essential dimension, optimal control problems, extended Dynkin diagrams, spin glasses, aspherical closed manifolds, Boltzmann systems, birational geometry of projective varieties and directed graphs, nonlinear diffusion, geometric constructions of extremal metrics on complex manifolds, and Pell’s equation in polynomials. The book comprises a selection of contributions by leading international mathematicians who were speakers at the "INdAM Day", an initiative dating back to 2004 at which the most recent developments in contemporary mathematics are presented.

  10. TRENDS IN ROMANIAN TOURISM

    Pirjol Florentina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is an industry of the future, having the potential to provide significant revenues, and an industry of 'beauty', because it will protect, preserve and contribute to arranging the environment affected by other human activities. This is why it is very important to know the evolution of this underdeveloped field in our country. This paper is intended as a study on current trends in Romanian tourism without any claim of being an exhaustive research on the industry, describing the main indices of tourist traffic and their influence on Romanian tourism. Nowadays, we witness three main trends in Romanian tourism: sustainability, ecotourism and the increasing presence of cultural tourism. Ecotourism, as a form of tourism, has emerged from people's need to withdraw in nature, to visit and learn about the natural areas which have or have not a national or international protection status. Cultural tourism appears as a type of tourism clearly differentiated from other forms or types of tourism, particularly through motivation. It can be defined as a form of tourist mobility whose primary goal is broadening the horizon of knowledge by uncovering its architectural and artistic heritage and the areas in which it originates. Sustainability for tourism, as for other industries, has three independent aspects: economic, socio-cultural and environmental. Sustainability implies permanence, which means that sustainable tourism requires the optimal use of resources, minimizing the negative economic, socio-cultural and ecological impact, maximizing the benefits upon local communities, national economies and conservation of nature. Regarding statistical data, in what quantity is concerned, there is an increase in Romanian tourism, but in what quality is concerned there is a setback for tourism in the last years. This aspect should make public authorities take concern in improving the infrastructure and the quality of the touristical activity and in diversifying

  11. Historic trends in manufacturing

    Manufacturing accounts for more of the world's energy use - around 40% of final energy - than any other major sector. In the OECD countries, its share of final energy use declined from about 35% to 30% between 1973 and 1988 due to rising consumption in other sectors and decline in manufacturing. It plays a more important role outside the OECD countries, however, accounting for approximately 40% of energy use in the Soviet Union, 60% in China, and 35-45% in other LDCs. At a global level, it is difficult to separate manufacturing from total industrial energy use, but trends in the latter give a reasonably good picture of those in manufacturing, since the latter dominates industrial activity and energy use. The other main industrial activities - mining and construction - account for 10-20% of total industrial energy use in the OECD countries, about 20% in the former East Bloc, and around 20-25% in the LDCs. Total OECD industrial energy use has fluctuated since the early 1970s, but was less in 1988 than in 1973. In the LDCs and former East Bloc, growth has been more steady, though the growth trend for the latter has levelled off since 1988. Decrease in the relative importance of energy-intensive industries within the manufacturing sector contributed to a decline in energy use in the OECD countries. Much more important, however, were decreases in the energy intensities of the various industry groups that comprise the sector. In the Former East Bloc, there seems to have been relatively little structural change or change in intensities. There is evidence that energy intensities have declined in a number of LDCs. 21 refs., 15 figs., 6 tabs

  12. What trends in energy efficiencies? Evidence from a robust test

    Le Pen, Yannick [LEMNA, Institut d' Economie et de Management de Nantes - IAE, Universite de Nantes, Chemin de la Censive du Tertre, BP 52231, 44322 Nantes cedex 3 (France); Sevi, Benoit [GRANEM, Faculte de Droit, Economie et Gestion, Universite d' Angers, 13 allee Francois Mitterrand, BP 13633, 49036 Angers cedex 01, LEMNA and Bordeaux Management School (CEREBEM) (France)

    2010-05-15

    A proper modeling of the long-run behavior of energy and oil intensities is crucial in many respects. This paper aims at checking whether this long-run behavior should be modelled as a deterministic or a stochastic trend or both. We first apply a test for a deterministic trend robust to uncertainty about the stochastic trend. Our results indicate that, for the period 1960-2004, energy intensities of only 8 OECD countries out of 25 include a negative deterministic trend, 3 include a positive one and 14 seem to be better modelled by a stochastic trend only. When considering a sample of 73 non-OECD countries on the period 1971-2004, we show that only 22 exhibit a deterministic trend (negative for 15 countries and positive for 7 countries). A similar analysis for oil intensity leads to reject the hypothesis of an insignificant deterministic trend for 7 OECD countries out of 23 for the period 1965-2004 and 11 non-OECD countries out of 40 for the period 1971-2004. In the next step, we apply standard unit root tests and find that the unit root hypothesis is not very often rejected. We conclude that a main feature of energy intensities is the presence of a stochastic trend. (author)

  13. What trends in energy efficiencies? Evidence from a robust test

    A proper modeling of the long-run behavior of energy and oil intensities is crucial in many respects. This paper aims at checking whether this long-run behavior should be modelled as a deterministic or a stochastic trend or both. We first apply a test for a deterministic trend robust to uncertainty about the stochastic trend. Our results indicate that, for the period 1960-2004, energy intensities of only 8 OECD countries out of 25 include a negative deterministic trend, 3 include a positive one and 14 seem to be better modelled by a stochastic trend only. When considering a sample of 73 non-OECD countries on the period 1971-2004, we show that only 22 exhibit a deterministic trend (negative for 15 countries and positive for 7 countries). A similar analysis for oil intensity leads to reject the hypothesis of an insignificant deterministic trend for 7 OECD countries out of 23 for the period 1965-2004 and 11 non-OECD countries out of 40 for the period 1971-2004. In the next step, we apply standard unit root tests and find that the unit root hypothesis is not very often rejected. We conclude that a main feature of energy intensities is the presence of a stochastic trend.

  14. Trends in Microfabrication Capabilities & Device Architectures.

    Bauer, Todd [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jones, Adam [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Lentine, Anthony L. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Mudrick, John [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Okandan, Murat [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Rodrigues, Arun F. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-06-01

    The last two decades have seen an explosion in worldwide R&D, enabling fundamentally new capabilities while at the same time changing the international technology landscape. The advent of technologies for continued miniaturization and electronics feature size reduction, and for architectural innovations, will have many technical, economic, and national security implications. It is important to anticipate possible microelectronics development directions and their implications on US national interests. This report forecasts and assesses trends and directions for several potentially disruptive microfabrication capabilities and device architectures that may emerge in the next 5-10 years.

  15. Gaussian Affine Feature Detector

    Xu, Xiaopeng

    2011-01-01

    A new method is proposed to get image features' geometric information. Using Gaussian as an input signal, a theoretical optimal solution to calculate feature's affine shape is proposed. Based on analytic result of a feature model, the method is different from conventional iterative approaches. From the model, feature's parameters such as position, orientation, background luminance, contrast, area and aspect ratio can be extracted. Tested with synthesized and benchmark data, the method achieves or outperforms existing approaches in term of accuracy, speed and stability. The method can detect small, long or thin objects precisely, and works well under general conditions, such as for low contrast, blurred or noisy images.

  16. The Trends of the International Arbitration Development

    Cao Peizhong; Zhou Yanbo

    2005-01-01

    @@ The international arbitration, as a kind of the methods to resolve the disputes in the international society,is flourished in recent years. On the basis of the international arbitration's features, the jurisdiction to relevant to the political issues is omission in the session of the disputes. Increasing of the disputes express to the globalization of the economy in the world. Not only do the position of the arbitration and the parties of the cases come from the region, but also the Europe as the traditional arbitration center,replaced by the Pacific/Asia region. The reason of the trend developing for the international arbitration results from the international arbitration's feature--- the forum is neutral, treaty ensures enforcement abroad and no appeal, limited discover. Less time consuming, greater degree of the voluntary compli-ance, procedure is less costly and the result are more predictable.

  17. Trends in information behaviour research

    Greifeneder, Elke Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. This paper traces current trends in information behaviour research, both in terms of methods and topics. Results are put into relation to the previous trend analysis by Julien et al. (2011) and Vakkari (2008).Method. Trends derive from a publication analysis taken from information behaviour related publication venues between 2012 and 2014.Analysis. Publication titles, authors, years, publication venue, methods and topics were collected and quantitatively analysed.Results. Qualit...

  18. Trending Videos: Measurement and Analysis

    Barjasteh, Iman; Liu, Ying; Radha, Hayder

    2014-01-01

    Unlike popular videos, which would have already achieved high viewership numbers by the time they are declared popular, YouTube trending videos represent content that targets viewers attention over a relatively short time, and has the potential of becoming popular. Despite their importance and visibility, YouTube trending videos have not been studied or analyzed thoroughly. In this paper, we present our findings for measuring, analyzing, and comparing key aspects of YouTube trending videos. O...

  19. Trends in Croatian hotel industry

    Jasmina GRZINIC

    2008-01-01

    Tourism and hotel business is becoming one of the leading industries of the world. Therefore, an increased attention needs to be paid to the study of trends in tourism because they determine the trends in hotel industry. The purpose of the paper is to point out the importance of hotel industry as one of the most important elements of development in tourist economies. The paper aims at introducing the newest trends in modern hotel industry and offering a review of the recent trends of demand a...

  20. MICROROBOTICS: TRENDS AND TECHNOLOGIES

    Royson Donate D’Souza

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available As time passes by, it lets leak out newer methods, ideas and innovations. Robotic concepts have been traced back to about the 4th century, and today’s concepts have evolved even further, starting from tiny nanobots that could make their way into one’s blood stream, and moving onto giant robotic arms. Microrobotics has also been a major trend in today’s world. As we keep exploring as to how small circuits can actually get, it gives us a greater ability to focus on creating smaller microrobots. The purpose of this paper is to give an outline about the current advancements that have taken place specifically in microrobotics, and cover a variety of fields, including medical applications, insect behavior, microfabrication, micro assembly, positioning and also the microscale challenges that are faced with the fabrication and controlling of microrobots like the energy requirements and locomotion methods. Since the advancements in today’s generation of microrobotics is very rapid, such that a massive amount of ideas have been conceived in a matter of a decade, only a small number of recent ones have been chosen to be a part of this journal.

  1. Trends in environmental management

    Arnold, J.E. [Arthur D. Little of Canada Limited, Toronto, ON (Canada)

    1995-11-01

    Changes wrought by environmental regulations in the way companies produce, develop, and deliver their products and services were discussed. Some `tell-tale` signs of a vacuum of industry leadership in environmental affairs were identified. These included: lack of a `visible` corporate environmental policy, role confusion, limited action in response to plans, process myopia, poorly utilized data, hidden accomplishments, and an adversarial relationship with the regulatory bodies. Key trends in environmental management, and the necessary attributes for effective environmental management expected of the next generation of industry leaders were briefly described, including (1) the incorporation of environmental plans into the core of the business process, and into corporate strategy; (2) the formation of business-led, line-driven, rather than staff driven plans; and (3) increased measurement and broad dissemination of environmental successes, and their incorporation into the company`s strategic leverage. The overwhelming importance of commitment at the highest level, and the value of a business-oriented approach over a functional approach for effective environmental management were stressed.

  2. Which Trend Is Your Friend?

    Levine, Ari; Heje Pedersen, Lasse

    2016-01-01

    Managed futures funds and commodity trading advisers (CTAs) use heuristics or statistical measures often called “filters” to trade on price trends. Two key statistical measures of trends are “time-series momentum” and “moving-average crossovers.” We show, empirically and theoretically, that these...

  3. Trends in Philippine Library History.

    Hernandez, Vicente S.

    This paper divides Philippine library history into three periods, establishing a relationship between historical events and library trends. During the Spanish period, modern library trends were introduced through the establishment of the Sociedad Economica in 1780, but did not influence Philippine library culture until the later part of the 19th…

  4. Trends in Global Gender Inequality

    Dorius, Shawn F.; Firebaugh, Glenn

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates trends in gender inequality throughout the world. Using data encompassing a large majority of the world's population, we examine trends in recent decades for key indicators of gender inequality in education, mortality, political representation and economic activity. We find that gender inequality is declining in virtually…

  5. Trends in advanced wastewater treatment

    Henze, M.

    1997-01-01

    The paper examines the present trends within wastewater handling and treatment. The trend is towards the extremes, either local low-tech treatment or centralized advanced treatment plants. The composition of the wastewater will change and it will be regarded as a resource. There will be more...

  6. New features in MEDM

    MEDM, which is derived from Motif Editor and Display Manager, is the primary graphical interface to the EPICS control system. This paper describes new features that have been added to MEDM in the last two years. These features include new editing capabilities, a PV Info dialog box, a means of specifying limits and precision, a new implementation of the Cartesian Plot, new features for several objects, new capability for the Related Display, help, a user-configurable Execute Menu, reconfigured start-up options, and availability for Windows 95/98/NT. Over one hundred bugs have been fixed, and the program is quite stable and in extensive use

  7. PEDIATRIC FITNESS: SECULAR TRENDS AND GEOGRAPHIC VARIABILITY

    Grant R. Tomkinson

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION This book describes and discusses children's physical capacity in terms of aerobic and anaerobic power generation according to secular trends and geographic variability. PURPOSE To discuss the controversial issue of whether present day's children and adolescents are fitter than their equals of the past and whether they are fitter if they live in the more prosperous countries. AUDIENCE Pediatricians, medical practitioners, physical educators, exercise and/or sport scientists, exercise physiologists, personal trainers and graduate students in relevant fields will find this book helpful when dealing with contemporary trends and geographic variability in pediatric fitness. FEATURES The volume starts by examining the general picture on children fitness by the editors. The individual chapter's authors discuses the data gathered since the late 1950s on secular trends and geographic changeability in aerobic and anaerobic pediatric fitness performances of children and adolescents from 23 countries in Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe, the Middle East and North America. There are chapters proposing that there is proof that there has been a world-wide decline in pediatric aerobic performance in recent decades, relative stability in anaerobic performance, and that the best performing children come from northern and central Europe. In final chapters possible causes to that end are considered, including whether weakening in aerobic performance are the result of distributional or widespread declines, and whether increases in obesity alone can explain the failure in aerobic performance. ASSESSMENT The editors have assembled a volume of Medicine and Sports Science that is necessary and essential reading for all who are interested in understanding and improving the fitness of children. The readers will find useful information in this book on secular trends and geographic variability in pediatric fitness. I believe, the book will serve as a first

  8. Fingerprint Feature Extraction Algorithm

    Mehala. G

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to design an efficient Fingerprint Feature Extraction (FFE algorithm to extract the fingerprint features for Automatic Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS. FFE algorithm, consists of two major subdivisions, Fingerprint image preprocessing, Fingerprint image postprocessing. A few of the challenges presented in an earlier are, consequently addressed, in this paper. The proposed algorithm is able to enhance the fingerprint image and also extracting true minutiae.

  9. Feature Model Differences

    Acher, Mathieu; Heymans, Patrick; Collet, Philippe; Quinton, Clément; Lahire, Philippe; Merle, Philippe

    2012-01-01

    International audience Feature models are a widespread means to represent commonality and variability in software product lines. As is the case for other kinds of models, computing and managing feature model differences is useful in various real-world situations. In this paper, we propose a set of novel differencing techniques that combine syntactic and semantic mechanisms, and automatically produce meaningful differences. Practitioners can exploit our results in various ways: to understan...

  10. Fingerprint Feature Extraction Algorithm

    Mehala. G

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to design an efficient Fingerprint Feature Extraction (FFE) algorithm to extract the fingerprint features for Automatic Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS). FFE algorithm, consists of two major subdivisions, Fingerprint image preprocessing, Fingerprint image postprocessing. A few of the challenges presented in an earlier are, consequently addressed, in this paper. The proposed algorithm is able to enhance the fingerprint image and also extractin...

  11. Random Maxout Features

    Mroueh, Youssef; Rennie, Steven; Goel, Vaibhava

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we propose and study random maxout features, which are constructed by first projecting the input data onto sets of randomly generated vectors with Gaussian elements, and then outputing the maximum projection value for each set. We show that the resulting random feature map, when used in conjunction with linear models, allows for the locally linear estimation of the function of interest in classification tasks, and for the locally linear embedding of points when used for dimensi...

  12. Feature Engineering for Drug Name Recognition in Biomedical Texts: Feature Conjunction and Feature Selection

    Shengyu Liu; Buzhou Tang; Qingcai Chen; Xiaolong Wang; Xiaoming Fan

    2015-01-01

    Drug name recognition (DNR) is a critical step for drug information extraction. Machine learning-based methods have been widely used for DNR with various types of features such as part-of-speech, word shape, and dictionary feature. Features used in current machine learning-based methods are usually singleton features which may be due to explosive features and a large number of noisy features when singleton features are combined into conjunction features. However, singleton features that can o...

  13. Aging trends -- the Philippines.

    Biddlecom, A E; Domingo, L J

    1996-03-01

    This report presents a description of the trends in growth of the elderly population in the Philippines and their health, disability, education, work status, income, and family support. The proportion of elderly in the Philippines is much smaller than in other Southeast Asian countries, such as Singapore and Malaysia. The elderly population aged over 65 years increased from 2.7% of total population in 1990 to 3.6% in 1990. The elderly are expected to comprise 7.7% of total population in 2025. The proportion of elderly is small due to the high fertility rate. Life expectancy averages 63.5 years. The aged dependency ratio will double from 5.5 elderly per 100 persons aged 15-64 years in 1990 to 10.5/100 in 2025. A 1984 ASEAN survey found that only 11% of elderly rated their health as bad. The 1990 Census reveals that 3.9% were disabled elderly. Most were deaf, blind, or orthopedically impaired. 16% of elderly in the ASEAN survey reported not seeing a doctor even when they needed to. 54% reported that a doctor was not visited due to the great expense. In 1980, 67% of men and 76% of women aged over 60 years had less than a primary education. The proportion with a secondary education in 2020 is expected to be about 33% for men and 33% for women. 66.5% of men and 28.5% of women aged over 60 years were in the formal labor force in 1990. Women were less likely to receive cash income from current jobs or pensions. 65% of earnings from older rural people was income from agricultural production. 60% of income among urban elderly was from children, and 23% was from pensions. Family support is provided to the elderly in the form of coresidence. In 1988, 68% of elderly aged over 60 years lived with at least one child. Retirement or nursing homes are uncommon. The Philippines Constitution states that families have a duty to care for elderly members. PMID:12292274

  14. U.S. Customs and Border Protection Import Trade Trends - FY 2010, Year-End Report

    Department of Homeland Security — U.S. Customs and Border Protection is pleased to present the Import Trade Trends Report. This report is produced semiannually and features graphical analysis and...

  15. U.S. Customs and Border Protection Import Trade Trends -FY2012, Year-End Report

    Department of Homeland Security — U.S. Customs and Border Protection is pleased to present the Import Trade Trends Report. This report is produced semiannually and features graphical analysis and...

  16. U.S. Customs and Border Protection Import Trade Trends - FY 2011, Year-End Report

    Department of Homeland Security — U.S. Customs and Border Protection is pleased to present the Import Trade Trends Report. This report is produced semiannually and features graphical analysis and...

  17. A Hybrid method of face detection based on Feature Extraction using PIFR and Feature Optimization using TLBO

    Kapil Verma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we proposed a face detection method based on feature selection and feature optimization. Now in current research trend of biometric security used the process of feature optimization for better improvement of face detection technique. Basically our face consists of three types of feature such as skin color, texture and shape and size of face. The most important feature of face is skin color and texture of face. In this detection technique used texture feature of face image. For the texture extraction of image face used partial feature extraction function, these function is most promising shape feature analysis. For the selection of feature and optimization of feature used multi-objective TLBO. TLBO algorithm is population based searching technique and defines two constraints function for the process of selection and optimization. The proposed algorithm of face detection based on feature selection and feature optimization process. Initially used face image data base and passes through partial feature extractor function and these transform function gives a texture feature of face image. For the evaluation of performance our proposed algorithm implemented in MATLAB 7.8.0 software and face image used provided by Google face image database. For numerical analysis of result used hit and miss ratio. Our empirical evaluation of result shows better prediction result in compression of PIFR method of face detection.

  18. Identifying Product Features from Customer Reviews using Lexical Concordance

    Khairullah Khan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Automatic extraction of features from unstructured text is one of the challenging problems of Opinion Mining. The trend of getting products and services reputation from online resources such as web blogs and customer feedback is increasing day by day. Therefore efficient system is required to automatically extract products features and the opinion of consumers about all aspects of the products. In this study our focus is on extraction of product features from customer reviews. We have proposed a concordance based technique for automatic extraction of features of product from customer reviews. In our proposed technique we extract patterns of lexical terms using concordance for candidate features extraction and identify features by grouping. The proposed grouping algorithm is used to remove irrelevant features. We conducted experiments on different products reviews and compared our results with existing methods. From empirical results we proved the validity of the proposed method.

  19. International Trends in Health Science Librarianship Part 18: The Middle East (Iran, Qatar and Turkey).

    Zeraatkar, Kimia; Ayatollahi, Haleh; Havlin, Tracy; Neves, Karen; Şendir, Mesra

    2016-06-01

    This is the 18th in a series of articles exploring international trends in health science librarianship in the 21st century. The focus of the present issue is the Middle East (Iran, Qatar and Turkey). The next feature column will investigate trends in the Balkan States JM. PMID:27168258

  20. Mobile Balkans: Temporality, types, trends

    Krasteva Anna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the article is to scrutunize the Balkan migration phenomenon, highlightening the alloy between continuity and discontinuity in the explanation of migrations; the former expressed in the trends, the latter - in breakthroughs, ruptures, changes. Four periods are articulated and characterized through the major trends. The typology of Balkan migrations identifies ten types, classified in three larger categories. The article distinguishes and compares the national migration models and draws a panoramic picture of the major trends during the last quarter of a century.

  1. Contraception - Update and Trends

    Rabe T

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the future, fertility control will focus on the improvement of existing methods (efficacy, side effects, easy use, duration of action, manufacturing process, costs, on new approaches (mode of action and on new targets for contraception. Counselling of women in view of contraceptive choices based on individual risks (e. g. cardiovascular disease, thrombophilia, family risk of breast cancer, sexually transmitted diseases will gain more and more importance. Only a few companies can afford research in contraception such as Bayer-Schering-Pharma, Wyeth-Ayerst, Ortho-McNeil and Organon. Female contraception: Ovulation inhibition: In the future, a focus will be placed on the preselection of patients to minimize their individual risk, new oral contraceptive (OC regimen, OC with new progestins, OC with estradiol or estradiolesters, new ovulation inhibitors with new progestins and new regimens including long cycles and continuous steroidal contraceptives, new contraceptive patches, vaginal rings, spray-on contraceptives, recently identified genes involved in the ovulation process as new targets for ovulation inhibitors. Fertilisation inhibition: New intrauterine systems will comprise: a smaller Mirena intrauterine system releasing levonorgestrel (LNG and new frameless progestin-releasing intrauterine systems (IUS. Various new contraceptive barriers have been introduced. Research is ongoing on substances acting both as spermicides and as microbicides, reducing the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. New implantables and injectables will feature an improved pharmacokinetic profile, decreased side effects and a safer delivery system. Additionally, there are various new approaches in female sterilisation. Immunocontraception for the female will not be available in the near future. Implantation inhibition: Selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs are tested for postcoital contraception. New targets are analysed for immunocontraceptives. Male

  2. Piecewise Trend Approximation: A Ratio-Based Time Series Representation

    Jingpei Dan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A time series representation, piecewise trend approximation (PTA, is proposed to improve efficiency of time series data mining in high dimensional large databases. PTA represents time series in concise form while retaining main trends in original time series; the dimensionality of original data is therefore reduced, and the key features are maintained. Different from the representations that based on original data space, PTA transforms original data space into the feature space of ratio between any two consecutive data points in original time series, of which sign and magnitude indicate changing direction and degree of local trend, respectively. Based on the ratio-based feature space, segmentation is performed such that each two conjoint segments have different trends, and then the piecewise segments are approximated by the ratios between the first and last points within the segments. To validate the proposed PTA, it is compared with classical time series representations PAA and APCA on two classical datasets by applying the commonly used K-NN classification algorithm. For ControlChart dataset, PTA outperforms them by 3.55% and 2.33% higher classification accuracy and 8.94% and 7.07% higher for Mixed-BagShapes dataset, respectively. It is indicated that the proposed PTA is effective for high dimensional time series data mining.

  3. Data feature: Fuel procurement

    This document is a review of the effect of fuel costs on the procurement strategies of a utility and a conjecture that the same strategies may have an effect on the price of fuel. Factors affecting fuel costs are reviewed, and a number of procurement strategies taken to trim fuel costs are reviewed. The major trend is away from long-term enrichment contracts and into such strategies as: (1) Spot market purchases, (2) Inventory reduction, (3) Purchase of CIS material, and (4) Market-related contracts instead of base-escalated contracts

  4. Emerging trends in surface metrology

    Lonardo, P.M.; Lucca, D.A.; De Chiffre, Leonardo

    2002-01-01

    Recent advancements and some emerging trends in the methods and instruments used for surface and near surface characterisation are presented, considering the measurement of both topography and physical properties. In particular, surfaces that present difficulties in measurement or require new...

  5. Healthy food trends -- chia seeds

    ... trends -- salvia References Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Aztec Diet Secret: What Are Chia Seeds? 2013. http:// ... February 10, 2014.Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Aztec Diet Secret: What Are Chia Seeds? 2013. http:// ...

  6. Temperature Trends in Montane Lakes

    Melack, J. M.; Sadro, S.; Jellison, R.

    2014-12-01

    Long-term temperature trends in lakes integrate hydrological and meteorological factors. We examine temperature trends in a small montane lake with prolonged ice-cover and large seasonal snowfall and in a large saline lake. Emerald Lake, located in the Sierra Nevada (California), is representative of high-elevation lakes throughout the region. No significant trend in outflow temperature was apparent from 1991to 2012. Snowfall in the watershed accounted for 93% of the variability in average summer lake temperatures. Mono Lake (California) lies in a closed, montane basin and is hypersaline and monomictic or meromictic. Temperature profiles have been collected from 1982 to 2010. In the upper water column, the July-August-September water temperatures increased 0.8-1.0°C over the 29 years. This rate of warming is less than published estimates based on satellite-derived skin temperatures and will discussed in the context of general limnological interpretation of temperature trends.

  7. TRENDS IN HUMAN RESOURCES STRUCTURE

    Claudiu George BOCEAN

    2013-01-01

    As a result of economic globalization, technological progress and population growth, changes occur in the structure of human resources, in all worlds’ economies. This paper presents the trends of human resources structure in the European Union and Euro zone. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF) predictions on GDP, the paper tries to predict the future trends of human resources structure in the European Union. Following research I found there is an increase in services sector employment...

  8. Testing against smooth stochastic trends

    Jukka Nyblom; Andrew Harvey

    2001-01-01

    A trend estimated from an unobserved components model tends to be smoother when it is modelled as an integrated random walk rather than a random walk with drift. This article derives a test of the null hypothesis that the trend is deterministic against the alternative that it is an integrated random walk. It is assumed that the other component in the model is normally distributed white noise. Critical values are tabulated, the asymptotic distribution is derived and the performance of the test...

  9. Tracing scientist's research trends realtimely

    Wang, Xianwen; Wang, Zhi; Xu, Shenmeng

    2012-01-01

    In this research, we propose a method to trace scientists' research trends realtimely. By monitoring the downloads of scientific articles in the journal of Scientometrics for 744 hours, namely one month, we investigate the download statistics. Then we aggregate the keywords in these downloaded research papers, and analyze the trends of article downloading and keyword downloading. Furthermore, taking both the download of keywords and articles into consideration, we design a method to detect th...

  10. The significance and the trend of the Chinese wedding

    李梦笛

    2014-01-01

    With the development of society and the demand of new situation,more and more young people show great interests in the solemn and classical Chinese wedding. But the traditional Chinese wedding is not their first choice. Because of the feature of the age, weddings present different characteristics. That is to say, the unique character of Chinese wedding is the development trend of modern weddings. But the Chinese wedding customs and the significance of every custom are important elements in innovation that we can’t lose. This passage focuses on the significance of the chinese wedding and the development trend of modern Chinese weddings.

  11. Trends in world energy prices

    The correct identification of the time series path of non-renewable energy resources has far reaching consequences for economists and policymakers alike. This study builds on the existing literature by employing a data series that includes a sample period of institutional change and recently developed unit root testing procedures. Besides crude oil, natural gas and coal prices are also examined, aiming to further the knowledge of non-renewable energy resource time paths in order to inform future research and update the conclusions of past studies. The unit root tests allow for structural breaks and are based on the procedures developed by Zivot and Andrews (1992), Lumsdaine and Papell (1997) and Lee and Strazicich (2003). Finally, we investigate whether the trend changes signs in the regimes which are bounded by the structural breaks and quantify the prevalence of the trends over the sample period considered. The results show that the trend is not well represented by a single positive or negative trend. The variability of the trend suggests that forecasting energy prices should not typically occur about a single trend. (author)

  12. NH AND Mg INDEX TRENDS IN ELLIPTICAL GALAXIES

    We examine the spectrum in the vicinity of the NH3360 index of Davidge and Clark, which was defined to measure the NH absorption around 3360 A and shows almost no trend with velocity dispersion, unlike other N-sensitive indices, which show a strong trend. Computing the effect of individual elements on the integrated spectrum with synthetic stellar population integrated spectra, we find that, while being well correlated with nitrogen abundance, NH3360 is almost equally well anti-correlated with Mg abundance. This prompts the definition of two new indices, Mg3334, which is mostly sensitive to magnesium, and NH3375, which is mostly sensitive to nitrogen. Rather surprisingly, we find that the new NH3375 index shows a trend versus optical absorption feature indices that is as shallow as the NH3360 index. We hypothesize that the lack of a strong index trend in these near-UV indices is due to the presence of an old metal-poor component of the galactic population. Comparison of observed index trends and those predicted by models shows that a modest fraction of an old, metal-poor stellar population could easily account for the observed flat trend in these near-UV indices while still allowing substantial N abundance increase in the larger galaxies.

  13. Observed drought and wetness trends in Europe: an update

    I. Bordi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Linear and nonlinear trends of drought and wetness are analysed in terms of the gridded Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI determined from monthly precipitation in Europe (NCEP/NCAR. In characterizing the meteorological and hydrological aspects, the index is computed on a seasonal and on a bi-annual time scale. Two datasets are compared: one from 1949 to 1997 and the other one includes the update of the last decade (to February 2009. The following results are noted: (i time series of drought and wetness area coverage (number of grid points above/below the severity threshold show a remarkable linear trend until about the end of the last century, which is reversed in the last (update decade. This recent trend reversal is an indication of a nonlinear trend, which is more pronounced on the hydrological time scale. (ii A nonlinear trend analysis is performed based on the time series of the principal component (PC associated to the first spatial SPI-eigenvector after embedding it in a time delay coordinate system using a sliding window of 70 months (singular spectrum analysis. Nonlinearity appears as a clear feature on the hydrological time scale. (iii The first spatial EOF-patterns of the shorter and the longer (updated SPI time series fields show similar structure. An inspection of the SPI time behaviour at selected grid points illustrates the spatial variability of the detected trends.

  14. Live facial feature extraction

    ZHAO JieYu

    2008-01-01

    Precise facial feature extraction is essential to the high-level face recognition and expression analysis. This paper presents a novel method for the real-time geomet-ric facial feature extraction from live video. In this paper, the input image is viewed as a weighted graph. The segmentation of the pixels corresponding to the edges of facial components of the mouth, eyes, brows, and nose is implemented by means of random walks on the weighted graph. The graph has an 8-connected lattice structure and the weight value associated with each edge reflects the likelihood that a random walker will cross that edge. The random walks simulate an anisot-ropic diffusion process that filters out the noise while preserving the facial expres-sion pixels. The seeds for the segmentation are obtained from a color and motion detector. The segmented facial pixels are represented with linked lists in the origi-nal geometric form and grouped into different parts corresponding to facial com-ponents. For the convenience of implementing high-level vision, the geometric description of facial component pixels is further decomposed into shape and reg-istration information. Shape is defined as the geometric information that is invari-ant under the registration transformation, such as translation, rotation, and iso-tropic scale. Statistical shape analysis is carried out to capture global facial fea-tures where the Procrustes shape distance measure is adopted. A Bayesian ap-proach is used to incorporate high-level prior knowledge of face structure. Ex-perimental results show that the proposed method is capable of real-time extraction of precise geometric facial features from live video. The feature extraction is robust against the illumination changes, scale variation, head rotations, and hand inter-ference.

  15. 新竞赛规则下散打技术的运用特点及发展趋势研究%Research on the Features and Development Trend of the Using of Sanda Techniques in the Context of New Competition Rules

    周小青; 张冬琴

    2011-01-01

    通过文献资料法、录像分析法、数理统计法等方法,统计了2010年和2011年全国男子武术散打锦标赛前16强运动员的技术运用情况并进行了对比分析,进一步探索实施新规则对散打技术运用特点和发展趋势的影响。结果显示:新规则下消极搂抱次数、消极搂抱频率、消极搂抱率都非常显著下降,消极搂抱判罚分数显著上升;比赛中对峙、攻防、间歇三种状态特征发生明显优化,攻防的次数、频次、总时间大幅提高,对峙次数、频次增多,但对峙的平均时间、总时间减少,间歇总时间、平均时间、频次平均值都明显减少;散打技术的整体结构发生了重大变化,拳法、腿法的得分和贡献率显著增强,尤其是腿法成为主要得分手段,摔法技术得分有显著回落,已不再是主要得分手段;散打技术的发展趋势是在技术全面发展的前提下,以主动进攻为主的拳腿组合技术的攻防转换能力强,摔法简洁实用重点发展接腿摔技术。%Through the method of literature review,video analysis,mathematical statistics and other methods,the paper made a comparative analysis on the techniques of the top 16 athletes in 2010 and 2011 National Men's Wushu Championships for the further exploration of the influences of implementation of new rules on the characteristics and development trends of Sanda techniques.The results show that: passive cuddle times,frequency and rate decline significantly,and passive cuddle penalty scores increase significantly;the states of confrontation,offense and defense,intermittent optimize obviously in the game,and the time,frequency,and total time in offense and defense increase greatly,and the time and frequency increase in confrontation,but the average time and total time decrease in confrontation,and total time,average time,and average of frequency are significantly reduced in intermittent;the overall structure of Sanda technique has

  16. Sequence-based feature prediction and annotation of proteins

    Juncker, Agnieszka; Jensen, Lars J.; Pierleoni, Andrea; Bernsel, Andreas; Tress, Michael L.; Bork, Peer; Von Heijne, Gunnar; Valencia, Alfonso; A Ouzounis, Christos; Casadio, Rita; Brunak, Søren

    2009-01-01

    A recent trend in computational methods for annotation of protein function is that many prediction tools are combined in complex workflows and pipelines to facilitate the analysis of feature combinations, for example, the entire repertoire of kinase-binding motifs in the human proteome....

  17. Googling trends in conservation biology.

    Proulx, Raphaël; Massicotte, Philippe; Pépino, Marc

    2014-02-01

    Web-crawling approaches, that is, automated programs data mining the internet to obtain information about a particular process, have recently been proposed for monitoring early signs of ecosystem degradation or for establishing crop calendars. However, lack of a clear conceptual and methodological framework has prevented the development of such approaches within the field of conservation biology. Our objective was to illustrate how Google Trends, a freely accessible web-crawling engine, can be used to track changes in timing of biological processes, spatial distribution of invasive species, and level of public awareness about key conservation issues. Google Trends returns the number of internet searches that were made for a keyword in a given region of the world over a defined period. Using data retrieved online for 13 countries, we exemplify how Google Trends can be used to study the timing of biological processes, such as the seasonal recurrence of pollen release or mosquito outbreaks across a latitudinal gradient. We mapped the spatial extent of results from Google Trends for 5 invasive species in the United States and found geographic patterns in invasions that are consistent with their coarse-grained distribution at state levels. From 2004 through 2012, Google Trends showed that the level of public interest and awareness about conservation issues related to ecosystem services, biodiversity, and climate change increased, decreased, and followed both trends, respectively. Finally, to further the development of research approaches at the interface of conservation biology, collective knowledge, and environmental management, we developed an algorithm that allows the rapid retrieval of Google Trends data. PMID:24033767

  18. Summary of OLF's Business trends report 2006

    A summary of OLF's business trends report 2006. The first in a series of annual business trends reports which The Norwegian Oil Industry Association (OLF) has decided to publish. The report highlights features in the development of the global economy and the energy markets, and presents an analysis of the level of activity on the Norwegian Shelf through to 2010. It also gives a status report and outlines the challenges that lie within three important areas for the oil industry: the relationship with the external environment, health, safety and working environment, and personnel and competence requirements within the industry. The main message contained in the report is summarised as follows: 'While prospects for the immediate future look good, we foresee a lack of new, important and technically challenging projects in the longer term. Discoveries made on the Norwegian Shelf during recent years have been small. Exploration activity must be intensified and its results must be improved. The most important and effective stimulus in this connection is new prospective exploration acreage. The Comprehensive Management Plan for Lofoten and the Barents Sea will be revised in 2010. By that time the knowledge gaps in the plan have to be filled so that the decision-making basis is as good as possible. Even though the level of activity looks as if it will continue to be high in the medium term, we have no time to lose.' Environmental status and challenges are briefly reviewed, as well as the industry's future recruitment challenges (author) (ml)

  19. Russian Population Ethnic Structure: Trends and Transformations

    Safronov S.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Based on the census data from 1989, 2002 and 2010, the article analyzes the evolution of the ethnic structure of the population of the post-Soviet Russia from the territorial perspective. The stability of the ethnic structure of the “Russian mega nucleus” and indigenization of the national regions are considered in view of the differences in migration trends during the two inter-census periods and the socioeconomic situation in the regions. The urbanization rate of major ethnic groups is an indirect indicator of the prospects of traditional “primordial” ethnic identities in different ethnic groups. Special attention is paid to new trends — an increase in the number of people refraining from answering the question about their ethnic identity or giving an unclear answer. Alongside serious census errors, this phenomenon can be a result of growing complexity of the ethnic identity structures and the processes of modernization, which occur at different rates in Russian and national regions. Based on the 2010 census data, the article analyses the differences in polyethnicity between the rural and urban population, which are accounted for by the historical background, particularities of regional development, settlement features, and migration processes of the past two decades.

  20. Features of Women's language

    何延凌

    2008-01-01

    Language is a means of verbal communication.People use language to communicate with each other.In the society,no two speakers are exactly alike in the way of speaking.Some differences are due to age,gender,statue and personality. Above all,gender is one of the obvious reasons.The writer of this paper tries to describe the features of women's language from these perspectives: pronunciation,intonation,diction,subjects,grammar and discourse.From the discussion of the features of women's language,more attention should be paid to language use in social context.What's more,the linguistic phenomena in a speaking community can be understood more thoroughly.

  1. Extending Scalasca's analysis features

    Lorenz, Daniel; Böhme, David; Mohr, Bernd; Strube, Alexandre; Szebenyi, Zoltan

    2013-01-01

    Scalasca is a performance analysis tool, which parses the trace of an application run for certain patterns that indicate performance inefficiencies. In this paper, we present recently developed new features in Scalasaca. In particular, we describe two newly implemented analysis methods: the root cause analysis which tries to identify the cause of a delay and the critical path analysis, which analyses the path of execution that determines the application runtime. Furthermore, we present time-s...

  2. Features or tasks?

    Heilesen, Simon

    In this paper for the Workshop on Human-computer interaction and e-learning, NordiCHI 2002, the author argues that in developing innovative E-learning systems, especially if constructivist pedagogy is to be applied, it will be useful to model the user interface on the often complex tasks that the...... user has to perform rather than just focusing on technical features (and adapting system use to them)....

  3. Convolutional Channel Features

    Yang, Bin; Yan, Junjie; Lei, Zhen; Li, Stan Z.

    2015-01-01

    Deep learning methods are powerful tools but often suffer from expensive computation and limited flexibility. An alternative is to combine light-weight models with deep representations. As successful cases exist in several visual problems, a unified framework is absent. In this paper, we revisit two widely used approaches in computer vision, namely filtered channel features and Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), and absorb merits from both by proposing an integrated method called Convolutio...

  4. CBFS: high performance feature selection algorithm based on feature clearness.

    Minseok Seo

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The goal of feature selection is to select useful features and simultaneously exclude garbage features from a given dataset for classification purposes. This is expected to bring reduction of processing time and improvement of classification accuracy. METHODOLOGY: In this study, we devised a new feature selection algorithm (CBFS based on clearness of features. Feature clearness expresses separability among classes in a feature. Highly clear features contribute towards obtaining high classification accuracy. CScore is a measure to score clearness of each feature and is based on clustered samples to centroid of classes in a feature. We also suggest combining CBFS and other algorithms to improve classification accuracy. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: From the experiment we confirm that CBFS is more excellent than up-to-date feature selection algorithms including FeaLect. CBFS can be applied to microarray gene selection, text categorization, and image classification.

  5. TRENDS IN CROATIAN HOTEL INDUSTRY

    Jasmina GRZINIC

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and hotel business is becoming one of the leading industries of theworld. Therefore, an increased attention needs to be paid to the study oftrends in tourism because they determine the trends in hotel industry. Thepurpose of the paper is to point out the importance of hotel industry as one ofthe most important elements of development in tourist economies. The paperaims at introducing the newest trends in modern hotel industry and offering areview of the recent trends of demand and the directions of hotel industrydevelopment. The importance of hotel industry on both micro and macro, i.e.global level is increasing. Besides a series of theoretical representations andconclusions, this paper brings some concrete data and examples frompractice in hotel management.

  6. Trends in information behaviour research

    Greifeneder, Elke Susanne

    2014-01-01

    are gaining terrain. Information seeking is still the major topic of interest. Important newer topics are studies focusing on users’ context and on special needs. Conclusion. Information behaviour research has evolved a great deal over the last years and has taken on new methods and new topics. A......Introduction. This paper traces current trends in information behaviour research, both in terms of methods and topics. Results are put into relation to the previous trend analysis by Julien et al. (2011) and Vakkari (2008). Method. Trends derive from a publication analysis taken from information...... behaviour related publication venues between 2012 and 2014. Analysis. Publication titles, authors, years, publication venue, methods and topics were collected and quantitatively analysed. Results. Qualitative methods still dominate information behaviour research. Content analysis and participatory designs...

  7. Trends in College Pricing, 2011. Trends in Higher Education Series

    Baum, Sandy; Ma, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    The published prices on which the analysis in "Trends in College Pricing" is based come from data reported by institutions on the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges. This survey, which is distributed to nearly 4,000 postsecondary institutions across the country, collects a wealth of data on enrollment, admission, degrees and majors,…

  8. Trends in College Pricing, 2013. Trends in Higher Education Series

    Baum, Sandy; Ma, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    Concerns about rising tuition and how students can afford to finance their major investments in postsecondary education are widespread. Solid insights into these questions require accurate and up-to-date information about prices. "Trends in College Pricing, 2013" reports on the prices charged by colleges and universities in 2013-14, how…

  9. International guidance, evolution and trends

    safety objective, the protection of future generations and the consideration of 'undue burden to future generations'. The 2006 document applies to all phases of nuclear activities and facilities and the argumentation of the fundamental safety objective on protection of future generations is more general and less restrictive than in the 1995 document. The requirement of avoiding burden to future generations is now interpreted in the sense of seeking safe and environmentally acceptable solutions while not impeding moving the national programme forward. Finally, C Ruiz gave an overview of the IAEA's WS-R-4 requirements document focussing on the capability and features of the disposal system to comply with the safety functions for the containment and isolation of the waste as well as on the requirements for confidence in safety. A trend is shown towards the development and use of safety-oriented criteria, and not just radiological-compliance standards

  10. Digital Forensic Trends and Future

    Farhood Norouzizadeh Dezfoli

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, rapid evolution of computers and mobile phones has caused these devices to be used in criminal activities. Providing appropriate and sufficient security measures is a difficult job due to complexity of devices which makes investigating crimes involving these devices even harder. Digital forensic is the procedure of investigating computer crimes in the cyber world. Many researches have been done in this area to help forensic investigation to resolve existing challenges. This paper attempts to look into trends of applications of digital forensics and security at hand in various aspects and provide some estimations about future research trends in this area.

  11. Global trends in hybrid imaging.

    Hricak, Hedvig; Choi, Byung Ihn; Scott, Andrew M; Sugimura, Kazuro; Muellner, Ada; von Schulthess, Gustav K; Reiser, Maximilian F; Graham, Michael M; Dunnick, N Reed; Larson, Steven M

    2010-11-01

    At the 2009 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, a special session was devoted to global trends in hybrid imaging. This article expands on the key points of the session, focusing primarily on positron emission tomography/computed tomography. Global trends in hybrid imaging equipment acquisition, usage, and image interpretation practices are reviewed, and emerging requirements for training and clinical privileging are discussed. Also considered are the current benefits of hybrid imaging for patient care and workflow and the potential of hybrid imaging for advancing drug development and personalized medicine. PMID:20829539

  12. Emerging trends in ICT security

    Akhgar, Babak

    2013-01-01

    Emerging Trends in ICT Security, an edited volume, discusses the foundations and theoretical aspects of ICT security; covers trends, analytics, assessments and frameworks necessary for performance analysis and evaluation; and gives you the state-of-the-art knowledge needed for successful deployment of security solutions in many environments. Application scenarios provide you with an insider's look at security solutions deployed in real-life scenarios, including but limited to smart devices, biometrics, social media, big data security, and crowd sourcing. Provides a multidisciplinary approach

  13. New trends in control theory

    Ivancevic, Vladimir G

    2012-01-01

    New Trends in Control Theory is a graduate-level monographic textbook. It is a contemporary overview of modern trends in control theory. The introductory chapter gives the geometrical and quantum background, which is a necessary minimum for comprehensive reading of the book. The second chapter gives the basics of classical control theory, both linear and nonlinear. The third chapter shows the key role that Euclidean group of rigid motions plays in modern robotics and biomechanics. The fourth chapter gives an overview of modern quantum control, from both theoretical and measurement perspectives

  14. Publication trends in neuroimaging of minimally conscious states

    Alex Garnett; Grace Lee; Judy Illes

    2013-01-01

    We used existing and customized bibliometric and scientometric methods to analyze publication trends in neuroimaging research of minimally conscious states and describe the domain in terms of its geographic, contributor, and content features. We considered publication rates for the years 2002–2011, author interconnections, the rate at which new authors are added, and the domains that inform the work of author contributors. We also provided a content analysis of clinical and ethical themes wit...

  15. NEW TRENDS AND CHELLENGES IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY LOGISTICS OPERATIONS

    Dušan Sabadka

    2015-01-01

    This paper lays out the main features of the global automotive industry and identifies several important trends. Logistics operations (inbound and outbound) in the automotive supply chain are complex and account for large expenses and therefore are segments in the value chainwhere improvements can be made. Better coordination between inbound and outbound logistics contributes to optimising the supply chains, to reducing inventories and to responding to consumer requests. As econom...

  16. REGIONAL SECURITY MECHANISMS IN CENTRAL ASIA: DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

    Bobokulov, Inomzhon

    2009-01-01

    Security regionalization is one of the most striking features of international relations in a world where the formerly clear boundaries of national security are rapidly disappearing. The region is developing into an important factor of universal peace and stability. This, in turn, is largely changing our traditional ideas about the means and methods of national security as a sine qua non of sovereign states’ stability. Security regionalization is itself a direct outcome of such visible trends...

  17. Celebrating 150 Years of Analyzing Fertility Trends in Germany

    Kendzia, Michael J.; Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    2013-01-01

    Ever since the very beginning of the Journal of Economics and Statistics, population economics has featured prominently in the Journal. Fertility naturally plays an important role in population economics. Its size has decreased significantly from the 1900s. Long time-series regarding fertility and basic trends in Germany are documented and analyzed. We identify three different explanatory approaches for the decline in fertility, according to which the various articles of the Journal related t...

  18. Employment Trends in the European Postal Sector

    Halberg, Paul; Nielsen, Jens; Henten, Anders;

    An analysis of the employments trends in the Danish postal sector and the different factors that influence theses employment trends......An analysis of the employments trends in the Danish postal sector and the different factors that influence theses employment trends...

  19. Nuclear fuel performance: Trends, remedies and challenges

    It is unacceptable to have nuclear power plants unavailable or power restricted due to fuel reliability issues. 'Fuel reliability' has a much broader definition than just maintaining mechanical integrity and being leaker free - fuel must fully meet the specifications, impose no adverse impacts on plant operation and safety, and maintain quantifiable margins within design and operational envelopes. The fuel performance trends over the last decade are discussed and the significant contributors to reduced reliability experienced with commercial PWR and BWR designs are identified and discussed including grid-to-rod fretting and debris fretting in PWR designs and accelerated corrosion, debris fretting and pellet-cladding interaction in BWR designs. In many of these cases, the impacts have included not only fuel failures but also plant operating restrictions, forced shutdowns, and/or enhanced licensing authority oversight. Design and operational remedies are noted. The more demanding operating regimes and the constant quest to improve fuel performance require enhancements to current designs and/or new design features. Fuel users must continue to and enhance interaction with fuel suppliers in such areas as oversight of supplier design functions, lead test assembly irradiation programs and quality assurance oversight and surveillance. With the implementation of new designs and/or features, such fuel user initiatives can help to minimize the potential for performance problems

  20. Offshore Blowouts, Causes and Trends

    Holand, P.

    1996-02-01

    The main objective of this doctoral thesis was to establish an improved design basis for offshore installations with respect to blowout risk analyses. The following sub objectives are defined: (1) Establish an offshore blowout database suitable for risk analyses, (2) Compare the blowout risk related to loss of lives with the total offshore risk and risk in other industries, (3) Analyse blowouts with respect to parameters that are important to describe and quantify blowout risk that has been experienced to be able to answer several questions such as under what operations have blowouts occurred, direct causes, frequency of occurrence etc., (4) Analyse blowouts with respect to trends. The research strategy applied includes elements from both survey strategy and case study strategy. The data are systematized in the form of a new database developed from the MARINTEK database. Most blowouts in the analysed period occurred during drilling operations. Shallow gas blowouts were more frequent than deep blowouts and workover blowouts occurred more often than deep development drilling blowouts. Relatively few blowouts occurred during completion, wireline and normal production activities. No significant trend in blowout occurrences as a function of time could be observed, except for completion blowouts that showed a significantly decreasing trend. But there were trends regarding some important parameters for risk analyses, e.g. the ignition probability has decreased and diverter systems have improved. Only 3.5% of the fatalities occurred because of blowouts. 106 refs., 51 figs., 55 tabs.

  1. Adoption Research: Trends, Topics, Outcomes

    Palacios, Jesus; Brodzinsky, David

    2010-01-01

    The current article provides a review of adoption research since its inception as a field of study. Three historical trends in adoption research are identified: the first focusing on risk in adoption and identifying adoptee-nonadoptee differences in adjustment; the second examining the capacity of adopted children to recover from early adversity;…

  2. New Trends of Going Global

    2007-01-01

    @@ In recent days, new trends appeared in state's policy of supporting enterprises in going global. Latest voices on this issue from the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC), Ministry of Commerce and People's Bank of China show that on emphasizing the "Going Global" strategy, different departments have the same background.

  3. Cultural trends and eating disorders

    Pike, Kathleen M.; Hoek, Hans W.; Dunne, Patricia E.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of review Culture has long been recognized as significant to the cause and expression of eating disorders. We reviewed the recent literature about recent trends in the occurrence of eating disorders in different cultures. Recent findings While historically, eating disorders were conceptualiz

  4. The Internet: Trends and Directions.

    Anderson, Byron

    1996-01-01

    Examines current trends and directions in information technology and telecommunications. Discusses legislation; mergers and acquisitions; Internet service providers; fiscal control in libraries and the pooling of electronic information access through consortiums; demand for more bandwidth; technology selection; Internet usage patterns; the…

  5. Trends in resonance ionization spectroscopy

    The author reviews the history of resonance ionization spectroscopy and then comments on the delineations of RIS with reference to many related laser processes. The substance of the paper deals with the trends in RIS and especially how the needs for sensitive analytical methods have overshadowed the orginal plan to study excited species. 9 refs., 1 fig

  6. Trend analysis and organizational efficiency

    This paper aims to make an informative presentation of the experience acquired by ANAV in your project's design and implementation of a process that allows to obtain a standardized trend analysis model, a tool holder that facilitates the analysis and improvement of the organizational efficiency in this area. (Author)

  7. Trends in University Summer Sessions.

    Young, Raymond J.; McDougall, William P.

    1988-01-01

    Data from a nationwide study of the summer term for all public and nonpublic research, doctoral granting, and comprehensive universities are presented. The extent to which summer operations are part of university structure is examined, trends are noted, and recommendations are presented. (Author/MLW)

  8. Trends in Turkish Education Studies

    Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

  9. Hot Cup,Hot Trend

    MarkGodfrey

    2004-01-01

    Coffee has become a definite sign of sophistication among China's middle classes. Only a small percentage of Chinese people have turned from tea to coffee,but millions are switching tastes to show they have made it. Coffee chains are expanding fast across China, and global coffee makers are competing toprofit from the trend.

  10. Trends in Surgical Wound Healing

    Gottrup, F.

    2008-01-01

    The understanding of acute and chronic wound pathophysiology has progressed considerably over the past decades. Unfortunately, improvement in clinical practice has not followed suit, although new trends and developments have improved the outcome of wound treatment in many ways. This review focuses...... on promising clinical development in major wound problems in general and on postoperative infections in particular Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  11. Economic and Labor Market Trends

    Nightingale, Demetra Smith; Fix, Michael

    2004-01-01

    A number of economic and labor market trends in the United States over the past 30 years affect the well-being of workers and their families. This article describes key changes taking place and the implications for social and economic policies designed to help low-income working families and their children, particularly those families that include…

  12. ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE TRENDS IN SALMONELLA

    Background: Since the early 1990’s there has been increasing awareness and concern regarding the development of antimicrobial resistance among bacteria of public health significance. Reports targeting zoonotic bacteria, and in particular Salmonella species, suggest that resistance is trending upwar...

  13. International Trends in Curriculum Frameworks.

    Le Metais, Joanna

    2003-01-01

    The International Review of Curriculum and Assessment Frameworks in 18 countries identified trends related to participation and engagement: responsiveness, inclusion, and curricular differentiation; key skills; and creativity development and citizenship education. Common economic and social pressures are leading to some convergence among nations.…

  14. Higher Education Profiles & Trends 2013

    Tennessee Higher Education Commission, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The statute [T.C.A. Section 49-7-202(c)(7)] requires the Tennessee Higher Education Commission to prepare a biennial report for the governor and the general assembly, "commenting upon major developments, trends, new policies, budgets and financial considerations which in the judgment of the commission will be useful to the governor and to the…

  15. Global Trends in Workplace Learning

    Lee, Lung-Sheng; Lai, Chun-Chin

    2012-01-01

    The paradigm of human resource development has shifted to workplace learning and performance. Workplace can be an organization, an office, a kitchen, a shop, a farm, a website, even a home. Workplace learning is a dynamic process to solve workplace problems through learning. An identification of global trends of workplace learning can help us to…

  16. Nonlinear sea level trends from European tide gauge records

    M. E. Silva

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Mean sea level is a variable of considerable interest in meteorological and oceanographic studies, particularly long-term sea level variation and its relation to climate changes. This study concerns the analysis of monthly mean sea level data from tide gauge stations in the Northeast Atlantic with long and continuous records. Much research effort on mean sea level studies has been focused on identifying long-term linear trends, usually estimated through least-squares fitting of a deterministic function. Here, we estimate nonparametric and robust trends using lowess, a robust smoothing procedure based on locally weighted regression. This approach is more flexible than a linear trend to describe the deterministic part of the variation in tide gauge records, which has a complex structure. A common trend pattern of reduced sea levels around 1975 is found in all the analysed records and interpreted as the result of hydrological and atmospheric forcing associated with drought conditions at the tide gauge sites. This feature is overlooked by a linear regression model. Moreover, nonlinear deterministic behaviour in the time series, such as the one identified, introduces a bias in linear trends determined from short and noisy records.Key words. Oceanography: physical (sea level variations; Hydrology (water balance

  17. Feature conversion for concurrent engineering

    Kraker, J.K. de

    1998-01-01

    Feature conversion for concurrent engineering integrates two modern product development paradigms. Concurrent engineering is a product development paradigm in which multiple engineering disciplines participate. It optimizes a product with respect to available resources and product quality, for which it requires to communicate between the different engineering disciplines. Feature conversion is a feature modeling technique. The feature modeling paradigm combines geometric and functional produc...

  18. Trend

    2012-01-01

    In a "been there, done that" modern society, the simple notion that there is more than meets the eye nourishes us as our sense of curiosity is re-awakened, Humans are beginning to contemplate all that is yet to be discovered in mirocosms, under the seas,

  19. Trends

    This paper reports that the oil industry has been through major changes in the past 10 years. We have seen an activity high in the early 1980s, which was stimulated by oil price predictions that went as high as $70/bbl. By 1985 we saw oil prices plunge to $8/bbl, causing numerous reorganizations and mergers. Today we find ourselves in a business environment in which large oil companies are reducing their explorative budgets in the mature basins of the U.S. and Canada in favor of more-attractive opportunities in frontier plays, usually overseas. These same companies are taking a hard look at their existing fields with the objective of increasing operating efficiency by sales, trades, and purchases. Nonperforming properties are sold or exchanged for properties that are within the supported infrastructure. Before a property can be considered for divestment, it must be evaluated on the basis of current reserves and potential for additional reserves. This process of restructuring producing properties is often referred to as property enhancement. The result of property enhancement is the identification of core producing properties. Resources and efforts are then focused on the core properties to maximize production and reserves. This is today's business environment. Our challenge is to provide value-added technology that will support exploration and production business objectives. Expenditures for technology should be treated like any other expenditures, with calculations of expected payouts and anticipated rates of return. An evaluation of risk should also be made. In other words, solid economic justification is required. This justification is particularly true in production, where expenditures and results are more closely coupled

  20. Feature engineering for drug name recognition in biomedical texts: feature conjunction and feature selection.

    Liu, Shengyu; Tang, Buzhou; Chen, Qingcai; Wang, Xiaolong; Fan, Xiaoming

    2015-01-01

    Drug name recognition (DNR) is a critical step for drug information extraction. Machine learning-based methods have been widely used for DNR with various types of features such as part-of-speech, word shape, and dictionary feature. Features used in current machine learning-based methods are usually singleton features which may be due to explosive features and a large number of noisy features when singleton features are combined into conjunction features. However, singleton features that can only capture one linguistic characteristic of a word are not sufficient to describe the information for DNR when multiple characteristics should be considered. In this study, we explore feature conjunction and feature selection for DNR, which have never been reported. We intuitively select 8 types of singleton features and combine them into conjunction features in two ways. Then, Chi-square, mutual information, and information gain are used to mine effective features. Experimental results show that feature conjunction and feature selection can improve the performance of the DNR system with a moderate number of features and our DNR system significantly outperforms the best system in the DDIExtraction 2013 challenge. PMID:25861377

  1. Feature Engineering for Drug Name Recognition in Biomedical Texts: Feature Conjunction and Feature Selection

    Shengyu Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Drug name recognition (DNR is a critical step for drug information extraction. Machine learning-based methods have been widely used for DNR with various types of features such as part-of-speech, word shape, and dictionary feature. Features used in current machine learning-based methods are usually singleton features which may be due to explosive features and a large number of noisy features when singleton features are combined into conjunction features. However, singleton features that can only capture one linguistic characteristic of a word are not sufficient to describe the information for DNR when multiple characteristics should be considered. In this study, we explore feature conjunction and feature selection for DNR, which have never been reported. We intuitively select 8 types of singleton features and combine them into conjunction features in two ways. Then, Chi-square, mutual information, and information gain are used to mine effective features. Experimental results show that feature conjunction and feature selection can improve the performance of the DNR system with a moderate number of features and our DNR system significantly outperforms the best system in the DDIExtraction 2013 challenge.

  2. Genomic Feature Models

    Sørensen, Peter; Edwards, Stefan McKinnon; Rohde, Palle Duun

    Whole-genome sequences and multiple trait phenotypes from large numbers of individuals will soon be available in many populations. Well established statistical modeling approaches enable the genetic analyses of complex trait phenotypes while accounting for a variety of additive and non-additive g......Whole-genome sequences and multiple trait phenotypes from large numbers of individuals will soon be available in many populations. Well established statistical modeling approaches enable the genetic analyses of complex trait phenotypes while accounting for a variety of additive and non...... sets of genetic variants. We have applied these approaches to whole genome sequences and a complex trait phenotype resistance to starvation collected on inbred lines from the Drosophila Genome Reference Panel population. We identified a number of genomic features classification schemes (e.g. prior QTL...

  3. New features in TRANSPORT

    The computer program TRANSPORT, used for designing charged particle beam transport systems, has been modified to include a number of new features. Among them are the possibility of using accelerator notation to specify the beam matrix, expanded fitting capabilities including the ability to constrain algebraic combinations of matrix elements, and more flexible means of specifying individual or groups of beam line elements. This document is to be used as a supplement to the TRANSPORT manual. It is organized by type code, as is the manual. The contents of this report will eventually be written into a revised TRANSPORT manual. In a few instances, the material of the manual has been rewritten, but in most cases it has simply been expanded

  4. European Nuclear Features

    Barre, B.; Gonzalez, E.; Diaz Diaz, J.L.; Jimenez, J.L.; Velarde, G.; Navarro, J.M.; Hittner, D.; Dominguez, M.T.; Bollini, G.; Martin, A.; Suarez, J.; Traini, E.; Lang-Lenton, J.

    2004-09-01

    ''European Nuclear Features - ENF'' is a joint publication of the three specialized technical journals, Nuclear Espana (Spain), Revue General Nucleaire (France), and atw - International Journal of Nuclear Power (Germany). The ENF support the international Europeen exchange of information and news about energy and nuclear power. News items, comments, and scientific and technical contributions will cover important aspects of the field. The second issue of ENF contains contributions about theses topics, among others: Institutional and Political Changes in the EU. - CIEMAT Department of Nuclear Fission: A General Overview. - Inertial Fusion Energy at DENIM. - High Temperature Reactors. European Research Programme. - On Site Assistance to Khmelnitsky NPP 1 and 2 (Ukraine). - Dismantling and Decommissioning of Vandellos I. (orig.)

  5. More features, greater connectivity.

    Hunt, Sarah

    2015-09-01

    Changes in our political infrastructure, the continuing frailties of our economy, and a stark growth in population, have greatly impacted upon the perceived stability of the NHS. Healthcare teams have had to adapt to these changes, and so too have the technologies upon which they rely to deliver first-class patient care. Here Sarah Hunt, marketing co-ordinator at Aid Call, assesses how the changing healthcare environment has affected one of its fundamental technologies - the nurse call system, argues the case for wireless such systems in terms of what the company claims is greater adaptability to changing needs, and considers the ever-wider range of features and functions available from today's nurse call equipment, particularly via connectivity with both mobile devices, and ancillaries ranging from enuresis sensors to staff attack alert 'badges'. PMID:26548128

  6. Abdominal tuberculosis: Imaging features

    Radiological findings of abdominal tuberculosis can mimic those of many different diseases. A high level of suspicion is required, especially in high-risk population. In this article, we will describe barium studies, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) findings of abdominal tuberculosis (TB), with emphasis in the latest. We will illustrate CT findings that can help in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis and describe imaging features that differentiate it from other inflammatory and neoplastic diseases, particularly lymphoma and Crohn's disease. As tuberculosis can affect any organ in the abdomen, emphasis is placed to ileocecal involvement, lymphadenopathy, peritonitis and solid organ disease (liver, spleen and pancreas). A positive culture or hystologic analysis of biopsy is still required in many patients for definitive diagnosis. Learning objectives:1.To review the relevant pathophysiology of abdominal tuberculosis. 2.Illustrate CT findings that can help in the diagnosis

  7. Optical security features for plastic card documents

    Hossick Schott, Joachim

    1998-04-01

    Print-on-demand is currently a major trend in the production of paper based documents. This fully digital production philosophy will likely have ramifications also for the secure identification document market. Here, plastic cards increasingly replace traditionally paper based security sensitive documents such as drivers licenses and passports. The information content of plastic cards can be made highly secure by using chip cards. However, printed and other optical security features will continue to play an important role, both for machine readable and visual inspection. Therefore, on-demand high resolution print technologies, laser engraving, luminescent pigments and laminated features such as holograms, kinegrams or phase gratings will have to be considered for the production of secure identification documents. Very important are also basic optical, surface and material durability properties of the laminates as well as the strength and nature of the adhesion between the layers. This presentation will address some of the specific problems encountered when optical security features such as high resolution printing and laser engraving are to be integrated in the on-demand production of secure plastic card identification documents.

  8. Trends in operations strategy research

    Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa Jabbour

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to identify research approaches in operations strategy research, with regards its content. From a systematic literature review we highlight the main definitions of operations strategy and discussions on competitive priorities and then, present the main focuses of the articles published in reputable journals nationally and internationally. It was identified that studies on the operations strategy followed in general the direction of relating the influence and the alignment of competitive priorities for structural and infrastructure decisions. And there are initiatives of studies, which derive from that, to relate the operations strategy in the context of supply chain, which in future may be an important trend. The results of this article bring insights on research trends in a subject with constant interest from researchers in the field of operations management.

  9. Recent trends in marine radioecology

    This paper attempts to review some recent trends in the field of marine radioecology. It is focused on the NW European continental shelf and NE Atlantic and is not intended to be comprehensive but rather consider some specific issues which it is hoped will have wider interest and application. Marine radioecology in the past decade, in a European context, has been undertaken against a background of largely declining trends: direct discharges from nuclear facilities have continued to be reduced overall (OSPAR undertaking); the marine impact of Chernobyl has lessened; inputs of natural radionuclides from the phosphate industry, and other sources, have decreased significantly; and, in general concentrations of artificial radionuclides in environmental samples have decreased. There have been exceptions: some direct discharges have increased (e.g. 99Tc and 129I from reprocessing wastes); some existing sources (e.g. oil and gas) or potential sources (e.g. accidental releases, dumped waste in the Kara Sea) have received more attention

  10. New trends in marketing communications

    Ogorelkova, Elena

    2009-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is to analyze new trends in marketing communications that appeared in response to major world changes happening recently, understand the reason and consequences of these changes on business environment in order companies could perform well in modern world. My work is concentrating on the analysis of recent and dramatic changes in a way marketers are communicating to consumers and it could be useful to any professional that deals with creation and performing marketing c...

  11. NEW TRENDS IN MARKETING COMMUNICATION

    Bačík, Radovan; Fedorko, Igor

    2013-01-01

    Article tests the current possibilities offered by the new marketing tools in the application of the selected organization. The first chapter of article defining the basic concepts related to the theory about the new trends in terms of online marketing communication. The analytical part focuses on the evaluation conducted a survey in which we follow the reactions of respondents carried out in form of online marketing and testing the impact of these factors in creating a positive image of the ...

  12. Trends in BWR transient analysis

    While boiling water reactor (BWR) analysis methods for transient and loss of coolant accident analysis are well established, refinements and improvements continue to be made. This evolution of BWR analysis methods is driven by the new applications. This paper discusses some examples of these trends, specifically, time domain stability analysis and analysis of the simplified BWR (SBWR), General Electric's design approach involving a shift from active to passive safety systems and the elimination/simplification of systems for improved operation and maintenance

  13. Music Marketing - Specifics, Tools, Trends

    Palounek, Martin

    2013-01-01

    This thesis is focused on music marketing and its current influence on the music industry. It describes the recent evolution of the industry and tries to capture the current status quo in the field. It also tries to estimate the industry's probable development in the nearest future. The theoretical part summarizes basic tools, specifics and trends of the music marketing, with emphasis on independent musicians facing the world of today's digital music. The practical part subsequently focuses o...

  14. Authorship trends in software engineering

    Fernandes, João M.

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to examine authorship trends in software engineering, especially those related to the number of authors, of scientific publications. We collected and mined around 70.000 entries from DBLP for 122 conferences and journals, for the period 1971–2012, in order to process several bibliometric indicators. We provide evidence that the number of authors of articles in software engineering is increasing on average around +0.40 authors/decade. The results also indicate that until 1980, ...

  15. Developmental trends in adaptive memory

    Otgaar, H.; Howe, M. L.; Smeets, T; Garner, S. R.

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies have revealed that memory is enhanced when information is processed for fitness-related purposes. The main objective of the current experiments was to test developmental trends in the evolutionary foundation of memory using different types of stimuli and paradigms. In Experiment 1, 11-year-olds and adults were presented with neutral, negative, and survival-related DRM word lists. We found a memory benefit for the survival-related words and showed that false memories were more l...

  16. Current trends of banking innovations

    A.M. Karminskiy; O.R. Zhdanova

    2013-01-01

    The current stage of the global banking system development takes place in an increasingly competitive environment and unstable financial markets. One of the key factors of bank's successful development is a policy of continuous innovative behavior. Nowadays innovation is a key factor of bankingnstability, competitiveness and sustainable growth.The aim of the article. The main goal of this article is to examine key trends of banking innovations and innovative in Russia. Experience in the devel...

  17. Trending analysis of precursor events

    The Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) Program of United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (U.S.NRC) identifies and categorizes operational events at nuclear power plants in terms of the potential for core damage. The ASP analysis has been performed on yearly basis and the results have been published in the annual reports. This paper describes the trends in initiating events and dominant sequences for 459 precursors identified in the ASP Program during the 1969-94 period and also discusses a comparison with dominant sequences predicted in the past Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) studies. These trends were examined for three time periods, 1969-81, 1984-87 and 1988-94. Although the different models had been used in the ASP analyses for these three periods, the distribution of precursors by dominant sequences show similar trends to each other. For example, the sequences involving loss of both main and auxiliary feedwater were identified in many PWR events and those involving loss of both high and low coolant injection were found in many BWR events. Also, it was found that these dominant sequences were comparable to those determined to be dominant in the predictions by the past PRAs. As well, a list of the 459 precursors identified are provided in Appendix, indicating initiating event types, unavailable systems, dominant sequences, conditional core damage probabilities, and so on. (author)

  18. Modern population trends in Bangladesh.

    Abul-basher, M M

    1985-01-01

    Population growth trends in Bangladesh in the 1871-1981 period were analyzed, with emphasis on fertility and mortality differentials, to provide a basis for population planning. Following proclamation of British Imperial Rule in 1857, mortality rates in Bangladesh began to decline as a result of preventive measures against natural disasters such as draught and famine, but the fertility rate remained unaltered. The demographic pattern was unstable over time, reflecting the impact of the influenza epidemic of 1918-19, war, migration, and economic development. Population growth accelerated greatly during the 1961-74 period, when industrialization emerged and job opportunities were created in the urban centers. Economic hardship, food shortages, and the introduction of family planning curbed urban growth drastically and total growth to some extent in 1974-81. On the average, growth has been higher in the Dhaka and Chittagong Divisions of Bangladesh than in the Khulna and Rajshahi Divisions. Differences in population growth among the regions are attributable largely to internal and external migration. The regression polynomial model best fits past population trends in Bangladesh and can reproduce the observed population by 99.60%. This polynomial is most suitable for graduation and prediction of population trends. PMID:12280834

  19. Developmental trends in adaptive memory.

    Otgaar, Henry; Howe, Mark L; Smeets, Tom; Garner, Sarah R

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies have revealed that memory is enhanced when information is processed for fitness-related purposes. The main objective of the current experiments was to test developmental trends in the evolutionary foundation of memory using different types of stimuli and paradigms. In Experiment 1, 11-year-olds and adults were presented with neutral, negative, and survival-related DRM word lists. We found a memory benefit for the survival-related words and showed that false memories were more likely to be elicited for the survival-related word lists than for the other lists. Experiment 2 examined developmental trends in the survival processing paradigm using neutral, negative, and survival-related pictures. A survival processing advantage was found for survival-related pictures in adults, for negative pictures in 11/12-year-olds, and for neutral pictures in 7/8-year-olds. In Experiment 3, 11/12-year-olds and adults had to imagine the standard survival scenario or an adapted survival condition (or pleasantness condition) that was designed to reduce the possibilities for elaborative processing. We found superior memory retention for both survival scenarios in children and adults. Collectively, our results evidently show that the survival processing advantage is developmentally invariant and that certain proximate mechanisms (elaboration and distinctiveness) underlie these developmental trends. PMID:23521432

  20. [Somatic trends in Moscow children].

    Fedotova, T K

    2008-01-01

    Somatic trends was considered in Moscow children in a wide age range of 3 to 17 years, by attracting several series of data since the 1990s. To have the greater informative value in data analyses, investigators use the normalized rather than absolute values of various anthropometric signs in the considered data series versus the 2005 data in the age range of 3 to 7 years and versus the 1980s data in the range of 8 to 17 years. The overall somatic tendency in Moscow children aged 3 to 17 years in past decades is towards a transverse body development and some dolichomorphism with a continuous increase in longitudinal skeletal sizes. These processes are most pronounced in girls than in boys and preschool children than in school ones. The stronger somatic trend in preschool children can be associated with that they are, as compared with schoolchildren, neophytes in the compact anthropogenic space and have been, in the past decades, involved in the neurogenic growth stimulators world (a computer and computer games, unlimited TV seeing, inevitable intensive preparation for new-generation schools--increased intellectual-load lyceums and colleges). The decreased transverse body development and overall constitution asthenization seem to result from somatic muscular component abatement with no clear trends in adipopexis in schoolchildren and with an increase in subcutaneous fat deposition in preschool children. PMID:18507175

  1. Feature-Based Attention and Feature-Based Expectation.

    Summerfield, Christopher; Egner, Tobias

    2016-06-01

    Foreknowledge of target stimulus features improves visual search performance as a result of 'feature-based attention' (FBA). Recent studies have reported that 'feature-based expectation' (FBE) also heightens decision sensitivity. Superficially, it appears that the latter work has simply rediscovered (and relabeled) the effects of FBA. However, this is not the case. Here we explain why. PMID:27079632

  2. Extremely high-dimensional feature selection via feature generating samplings.

    Li, Shutao; Wei, Dan

    2014-06-01

    To select informative features on extremely high-dimensional problems, in this paper, a sampling scheme is proposed to enhance the efficiency of recently developed feature generating machines (FGMs). Note that in FGMs O(mlogr) time complexity should be taken to order the features by their scores; the entire computational cost of feature ordering will become unbearable when m is very large, for example, m > 10(11) , where m is the feature dimensionality and r is the size of the selected feature subset. To solve this problem, in this paper, we propose a feature generating sampling method, which can reduce this computational complexity to O(Gslog(G)+G(G+log(G))) while preserving the most informative features in a feature buffer, where Gs is the maximum number of nonzero features for each instance and G is the buffer size. Moreover, we show that our proposed sampling scheme can be deemed as the birth-death process based on random processes theory, which guarantees to include most of the informative features for feature selections. Empirical studies on real-world datasets show the effectiveness of the proposed sampling method. PMID:23864272

  3. Trends In Android Malware Detection

    Kaveh Shaerpour; Ali Dehghantanha; Ramlan Mahmod

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes different Android malware detection techniques from several research papers, some of these techniques are novel while others bring a new perspective to the research work done in the past. The techniques are of various kinds ranging from detection using host based frameworks and static analysis of executable to feature extraction and behavioral patterns. Each paper is reviewed extensively and the core features of each technique are highlighted and contrasted with the others...

  4. Developing a critical view on e-learning reports: Trend watching or trend setting?

    Boon, Jo; Rusman, Ellen; Klink, Marcel; Tattersall, Colin

    2007-01-01

    Boon, J., Rusman, E., Van der Klink, M., & Tattersall, C. (2005). Developing a critical view on e-learning trend reports: trend watching or trend setting? International Journal of Training and Development, 9(3), 205-211.

  5. CT features of adenomyosis

    Woodfield, Courtney A. [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Brown Medical School/Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903 (United States)], E-mail: cwoodfield@lifespan.org; Siegelman, Evan S. [Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)], E-mail: Evan.Siegelman@uphs.upenn.edu; Coleman, Beverly G. [Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)], E-mail: Beverly.Coleman@uphs.upenn.edu; Torigian, Drew A. [Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)], E-mail: Drew.Torigian@uphs.upenn.edu

    2009-12-15

    Objectives: To determine the computed tomography (CT) features of adenomyosis in patients with known adenomyosis as established with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Methods: A computerized search identified 16 women with pelvic MR diagnosis of adenomyosis who also had enhanced pelvic CT. Original CT reports were reviewed for potential prospective diagnosis of adenomyosis. CT images were reviewed for enhancement phase, inner and outer myometrium attenuation, uterine enlargement (width>6 cm), inner myometrial thickening ({>=}12 mm), and myometrial cysts. Results: Adenomyosis was detectable on CT in 8 of 16 patients. For these 8 patients, inner and outer myometrium distinction was excellent in 7 (88%) and limited in 1 (12%), and mean inner myometrial thickness was 25 mm (range 14-47 mm). CT enhancement phase was parenchymal in 7 (88%), uterus was enlarged in 8 (100%), and 7 (88%) had myometrial cysts. Adenomyosis was focal in 5 (63%), diffuse in 2 (25%), and both in 1 (12%). None of the original CT reports included adenomyosis as a diagnosis. Conclusions: CT can suggest a diagnosis of adenomyosis based on uterine enlargement, thickened inner myometrium, and/or myometrial cysts.

  6. CT features of adenomyosis

    Objectives: To determine the computed tomography (CT) features of adenomyosis in patients with known adenomyosis as established with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Methods: A computerized search identified 16 women with pelvic MR diagnosis of adenomyosis who also had enhanced pelvic CT. Original CT reports were reviewed for potential prospective diagnosis of adenomyosis. CT images were reviewed for enhancement phase, inner and outer myometrium attenuation, uterine enlargement (width>6 cm), inner myometrial thickening (≥12 mm), and myometrial cysts. Results: Adenomyosis was detectable on CT in 8 of 16 patients. For these 8 patients, inner and outer myometrium distinction was excellent in 7 (88%) and limited in 1 (12%), and mean inner myometrial thickness was 25 mm (range 14-47 mm). CT enhancement phase was parenchymal in 7 (88%), uterus was enlarged in 8 (100%), and 7 (88%) had myometrial cysts. Adenomyosis was focal in 5 (63%), diffuse in 2 (25%), and both in 1 (12%). None of the original CT reports included adenomyosis as a diagnosis. Conclusions: CT can suggest a diagnosis of adenomyosis based on uterine enlargement, thickened inner myometrium, and/or myometrial cysts.

  7. Feature Reduction in Graph Analysis

    Punpiti Piamsa-nga

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available A common approach to improve medical image classification is to add more features to the classifiers; however, this increases the time required for preprocessing raw data and training the classifiers, and the increase in features is not always beneficial. The number of commonly used features in the literature for training of image feature classifiers is over 50. Existing algorithms for selecting a subset of available features for image analysis fail to adequately eliminate redundant features. This paper presents a new selection algorithm based on graph analysis of interactions among features and between features to classifier decision. A modification of path analysis is done by applying regression analysis, multiple logistic and posterior Bayesian inference in order to eliminate features that provide the same contributions. A database of 113 mammograms from the Mammographic Image Analysis Society was used in the experiments. Tested on two classifiers – ANN and logistic regression – cancer detection accuracy (true positive and false-positive rates using a 13-feature set selected by our algorithm yielded substantially similar accuracy as using a 26-feature set selected by SFS and results using all 50-features. However, the 13-feature greatly reduced the amount of computation needed.

  8. Global energy and technology trends

    from the world's nuclear power reactors has continued to climb steadily, although the amount of new nuclear capacity coming on line each year has dropped substanially since its peak in 1980s. Looking ahead to nuclear power's prospects in the new century, four features stand out: (1) new nuclear power plants are not being built fast enough to maintain nuclear power's 16% share of global electricity generation; (2) current expansion, as well as near-term and long term growth prospects, are centered in Asia; (3) but 2002 also saw some signs of revitalized growth in Western Europe and North america, where growth has stagnated because of economics, market liberalization, and excess capacity; (4) long-term projections for nuclear power, particularly in the event of international agreement to significantly limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, are more bullish than near term trends. The key determining factor will be economics. In considering how to meet the world's growing need for enegy, it is important to recognize that each country is unique in itself and that every country uses a mix of energy supplies because: (1) different technologies are needed to meet diferent needs, e.g. for baseload power in contrast to peak power, or for meeting concentrated demand in megacities in contrast to that required by small users in remote areas; (2) evolution of the energy supply is uneven, and new technologies replace older ones in fits and starts and with overlaps; (3) different investors choose different technologies based on different requirements and perceptions about profitability and risk; (4) fast growing countries like China may need to expand all energy sources simultaneously just to keep up with growing demand. Moreover, the right mix for each country depends partly on how fast a country's energy demand is growing; on the country's energy resources and alternatives; on the available financing options and whether the investment is in a deregulated market that values rapid

  9. Factors Associated With Successful Resuscitation After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest and Temporal Trends in Survival and Comorbidity

    Søholm, Helle; Hassager, Christian; Lippert, Freddy; Winther-Jensen, Matilde; Thomsen, Jakob Hartvig; Friberg, Hans; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Køber, Lars; Kjaergaard, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    % (P trend <.001), whereas the percentage of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with successful resuscitation to hospital admission increased by 3% per year during the study period, from 37% in 2007 to 43% in 2011 (P trend <.001). CONCLUSION: Our observations confirm the importance of key features...

  10. Search features of digital libraries

    Smith, Alastair G.

    2000-01-01

    Traditional on-line search services such as Dialog, DataStar and Lexis provide a wide range of search features (boolean and proximity operators, truncation, etc). This paper discusses the use of these features for effective searching, and argues that these features are required, regardless of advances in search engine technology. The literature on on-line searching is reviewed, identifying features that searchers find desirable for effective searching. A selective survey of current digital li...

  11. Multimodal Biometrics at Feature Level Fusion using Texture Features

    Maya V. Karki

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, fusion of multiple biometric modalities for personal authentication has received considerable attention. This paper presents a feature level fusion algorithm based on texture features. The system combines fingerprint, face and off-line signature. Texture features are extracted from Curvelet transform. The Curvelet feature dimension is selected based on d-prime number. The increase in feature dimension is reduced by using template averaging, moment features and by Principal component analysis (PCA. The algorithm is tested on in-house multimodal database comprising of 3000 samples and Chimeric databases. Identification performance of the system is evaluated using SVM classifier. A maximum GAR of 97.15% is achieved with Curvelet-PCA features.

  12. Finding phonological features in perception

    K. Chládková

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigated whether phonological features have perceptual bases. The search for features in perception was approached from several angles: from that of an adult listener who has a fully acquired language system in place, from that of a linguist who aims to uncover feature structures in

  13. Road Accident Trends in Africa and Europe

    Jørgensen, N O

    1997-01-01

    The paper decribes trends and suggests prediction models for accident risks in African and European countries......The paper decribes trends and suggests prediction models for accident risks in African and European countries...

  14. Clean Air Status and Trends Network (CASTNET)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Clean Air Status and Trends Network (CASTNET) is a national air quality monitoring network designed to provide data to assess trends in air quality, atmospheric...

  15. Some features of investing SMEs in Kosovo

    Enver BAJÇİNCA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium enterprises play an important role in the economic development of a country, especially for transition countries, since constitute the largest participative economic structure of these countries. Their role is crucial for these countries to resolve problems arising from the transformation process in these countries. Kosovo is a country that is in a process of late transition. Development of SMEs depends on their ability to grow and develop. This paper is based on data collected from surveys of SMEs by BSC Kosovo in late 2012 and aims to provide some features of the investing SMEs in Kosovo by observed them as a whole as well in particular by micro, small and medium category enterprises. The analysis has to do with the features that characterize SMEs which had investment activity. Our analysis suggests that investment as important variable SMEs had positive correlation with the size and age of the enterprise. Also investing SMEs are characterized by recruitment of new employees in the last year, having written a business plan and used of bank loans. SMEs that operate in two or more locations, as well as those with importing activity are characterized by the investment activities. Investments have no significant correlation with the sector in which the company operates, but generally dominate trade SME which dominate the economic structure in Kosovo. Investments of services enterprises have a downward trend with increasing the size of the company, while the manufacturing enterprises shows a positive trend in this regard, since their participation is increasing investment in enterprises with increasing the size of the enterprise.Keywords. SME, investment, characteristics, group, Kosovo.JEL. D22, E22, G11, G21.

  16. Trends in food choice and nutrition

    Grunert, Klaus G

    2012-01-01

    'Trends' in the way we eat are discussed in this chapter. Three potential trends are taken as points of departure, namely health concerns, convenience, and process characteristics. Some of the evidence provided may not necessarily be evidence of a trend itself, but can be regarded as indicators o...

  17. Trends and variability in extreme precipitation indices over Maghreb countries

    Tramblay, Y.; El Adlouni, S.; Servat, E.

    2013-12-01

    Maghreb countries are highly vulnerable to extreme hydrological events, such as floods and droughts, driven by the strong variability of precipitation. While several studies have analyzed the presence of trends in precipitation records for the Euro-Mediterranean basin, this study provides a regional assessment of trends on its southernmost shores. A database of 22 stations located in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia with between 33 and 59 yr of daily precipitation records is considered. The change points and trends are analyzed for eleven climate indices, describing several features of the precipitation regime. The issue of conducting multiple hypothesis tests is addressed through the implementation of a false discovery rate procedure. The spatial and interannual variability of the precipitation indices at the different stations are analyzed and compared with large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns, including the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), western Mediterranean Oscillation (WEMO), Mediterranean Oscillation (MO) and El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Results show a strong tendency towards a decrease of precipitation totals and wet days together with an increase in the duration of dry periods, mainly for Morocco and western Algeria. On the other hand, only a few significant trends are detected for heavy precipitation indices. The NAO and MO patterns are well correlated with precipitation indices describing precipitation amounts, the number of dry days and the length of wet and dry periods, whereas heavy precipitation indices exhibit a strong spatial variability and are only moderately correlated with large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns.

  18. Forecasting Monthly Electric Energy Consumption Using Feature Extraction

    Wei Sun

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Monthly forecasting of electric energy consumption is important for planning the generation and distribution of power utilities. However, the features of this time series are so complex that directly modeling is difficult. Three kinds of relatively simple series can be derived when a discrete wavelet transform is used to extract the raw features, namely, the rising trend, periodic waves, and stochastic series. After the elimination of the stochastic series, the rising trend and periodic waves were modeled separately by a grey model and radio basis function neural networks. Adding the forecasting values of each model can yield the forecasting results for monthly electricity consumption. The grey model has a good capability for simulating any smoothing convex trend. In addition, this model can mitigate minor stochastic effects on the rising trend. The extracted periodic wave series, which contain relatively less information and comprise simple regular waves, can improve the generalization capability of neural networks. The case study on electric energy consumption in China shows that the proposed method is better than those traditionally used in terms of both forecasting precision and expected risk.

  19. Climatic Features of Cloud Water Distribution and Cycle over China

    LI Xingyu; GUO Xueliang; ZHU Jiang

    2008-01-01

    Analyses of cloud water path (CWP) data over China available from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) are performed for the period 1984-2004. Combined with GPCP precipitation data, cloud water cycle index (CWCI) is also calculated. The climatic distributions of CWP are found to be dependent on large-scale circulation, topographical features, water vapor transport and similar distribution features which are found in CWCI except in the Sichuan Basin. Influenced by the Asia monsoon, CWP over China exhibits very large seasonal variations in different regions. The seasonal cycles of CWCI in different regions are consistent and the largest CWCI occurs in July. The long-term trends of CWP and CWCI are investigated, too. Increasing trends of CWP are found during the period with the largest increase found in winter. The decreasing trends of CWCI dominate most regions of China. The differences in long-term trends between CWP and CWCI suggest that CWP only can influence the variation of CWCI to a certain extent and that other factors need to be involved in cloud water cycle researches. This phenomenon reveals the complexity of the hydrological cycle related to cloud water.

  20. Trends in magnetic recording media

    Köster, E.

    1993-03-01

    The fifth M.R.M. Conference in Perugia presents an opportunity to analyse the market situation of magnetic recording media, the trend in future recording systems and the potential of present contenders for flexible media to meet future requirements. The main products in quantity and value are either in their zenith of product cycle or near to it. Highly innovative systems are needed in order to stimulate new applications or markets. The most challenging application is digital recording of HDTV for which particle in polymer binder technology is not yet fully ruled out by thin film ME technology. Improvements are expected from magnetic particles and binder, dispersion as well as coating technology.

  1. Trends in reactivity of oxides

    Toftelund, Anja

    linearly with the adsorption energy of their central N, O and S atoms. It is also found that they follow the same trend as in the case of adsorption of the same molecules on transition metals. The same type of scaling relations are also established between the adsorption energies of the halides (Cl, Br...... chemisorption energies. It turns out that the BEP relation for rutile oxides is almost coinciding with the dissociation line, i.e. no barrier exists for the reactive surfaces. The heterogeneous catalytic oxidation of hydrogen halides (HCl, HBr, and HI) is investigated. A micro-kinetic model is solved and the...

  2. Global trends on local grounds

    Steensen, Jette Johanne

    2006-01-01

    Collection of papers produced by tutors involved in a master´s degree course for teacher in Ethiopia offers an important challenge to the dominant neo-liberal agenda that has taken over educational reform throughtout the world. The project was based on the practice of critical practitioner inquiry...... and built upon similar efforts in Namibia in the 1990s. Steensen´s contribution stresses that any educational system will have to lie firmly on local grounds, that international trends must be analysed strategically as well as critically and that such analysis, for example through Critical Practitioner...... Inquiries, might create room for local actors and counter-hegemonic efforts"...

  3. Recent trends in extractive metallurgy

    Habashi F.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available While pyrometallurgical processes are old technology and were the dominant and logical route used to treat sulfide concentrates they are now challenged by new hydrometallurgical processes. In these new processes there have been attempts in the past few years to avoid using autoclaves in the treatment of concentrates of zinc, copper, and nickel. The situation has been recently reversed and pressure hydrometallurgy is being applied in many operations. An outline of these processes is given and the future trend is discussed.

  4. Current trends in integrated optoelectronics

    Lee, TP

    1994-01-01

    This compilation of review articles by leading experts presents clearly the trend in future optoelectronic devices. It is clear that optoelectronic and photonic integration help to further improve high-speed system capabilities and increase the total systems and network capacities with WDM technology. The foundation of the integration technology is based on quantum well materials, and advanced epitaxial growth and device processing techniques. The integrated laser/ modulators, multi-wavelength laser arrays, and OEIC receivers have demonstrated the feasibility of this technology, but much work

  5. Emerging trends in communication networks

    Hasan, Syed Faraz

    2014-01-01

    This book covers the state of the art in communication networks with the help of illustrative diagrams and recent references published in reputed journals and magazines. The book gives readers a glimpse into the next generation of communication networks. It explores topics that are currently in the research phase and/or are expected to be deployed in recent future such as LTE networks and IPv6 networks. This book is written for students/researchers who wish to come up to date with the recent trends in telecommunications.

  6. Quality Improvement Practices and Trends

    Dahlgaard, Jens J.; Hartz, Ove; Edgeman, Rick L.

    1998-01-01

    The following article, "Quality Improvement Practices and Trends in Denmark," is the first in a series of papers arranged for and co-authored by Dr. Rick L. Edgeman. Rick is a member of QE's Editorial Board and is on sabbatical from Colorado State University. During the year, Rick and his family...... universities. Rick has begun the process of developing a comparable consortium of American universities for the same purpose-- an activity which is cosponsored by the Education Division of the American Society for Quality (ASQ)....

  7. FEATURE SELECTION METHODS AND ALGORITHMS

    L.Ladha,

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Feature selection is an important topic in data mining, especially for high dimensional datasets. Feature selection (also known as subset selection is a process commonly used in machine learning, wherein subsets of the features available from the data are selected for application of a learning algorithm. The best subset contains the least number of dimensions that most contribute to accuracy; wediscard the remaining, unimportant dimensions. This is an important stage of preprocessing and is one of two ways of avoiding the curse of dimensionality (the other is feature extraction. There are twoapproaches in Feature selection known as Forward selection and backward selection. Feature selection has been an active research area in pattern recognition, statistics, and data mining communities.The main idea of feature selection is to choose a subset of input variables by eliminating features with little or no predictive information. Feature selection methods can be decomposed into three broad classes. One is Filter methods and another one is Wrapper method and the third one is Embedded method. This paper presents an empirical comparison of feature selection methods and its algorithms. In view of the substantial number of existing feature selection algorithms, the need arises to count on criteria that enable to adequately decide which algorithm to use in certain situations. This work reviews several fundamental algorithms found in the literature and assesses their performance in a controlled scenario.

  8. Features communikations media products and value system of teens

    Гречаник, М. І.

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the genesis of the features of the relationship of media products and values as a teenager in the light of current trends in contemporary global information society, found that media products can influence the formation and development of personal values yk adolescence, due to physiological characteristics age. Media products meets the needs of adolescents and penetrates the subconscious, thus affecting the value system, which can lead to deformation of values as a teenager fal...

  9. UNIVERSAL AND ETHNIC FEATURES OF INDO-EUROPEAN ONYMS

    Tamara, V.

    2014-01-01

    The author conducts a comparative analysis of British, Russian and American onyms from the point of view of the theory of language structuring levels concerning concepts of linguistic cognitive speaker creativity. The article covers trends in the development of onyms system, the correlation of onyms (place names, personal names, nicknames) and appellatives, universal and ethnic features of Indo-European onyms. The toponyms demonstrate not only perception of reality and whatyousee or what you-...

  10. Laparoscopic surgery and polycystic liver disease: Clinicopathological features and new trends in management

    Aleix Martinez-Perez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Polycystic liver disease (PLD has a low frequency overall in the worldwide population. As the patient's symptoms are produced by the expansion of hepatic volume, the different therapeutic alternatives are focused on reducing it. Surgery is still considered the most effective treatment for symptomatic PLD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for PLD. Materials and Methods: This study included 14 patients who were diagnosed with symptomatic PLD and underwent surgery by a laparoscopic approach between 2004 and 2012. It involved collecting data on the characteristics of those patients and their liver disease, surgical procedures, intra- and postoperative complications, and the long-term follow-up. Results: Twelve laparoscopic multiple-cyst fenestrations and two segmentary liver resections associated with remaining-cyst fenestration were performed. One procedure required conversion to laparotomy and the other was complicated by anhepatic severe bleeding. The rest of the procedures were uneventful. One patient developed persistent self-limited ascites in the immediate postoperative period. Symptoms disappeared after surgical intervention in all patients. During a median follow-up of 62 months (range 14-113 months, there were two clinical recurrences and one asymptomatic radiological recurrence. One patient required further surgery. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cystic fenestration and laparoscopic liver resection are safe and long-term, effective procedures for the treatment of symptomatic PLD. Severity and morphological characteristics of the hepatic disease will determine the surgical indication and the optimal approach for each patient.

  11. Assistive Technology Devices and Home Accessibility Features: Prevalence, Payment, Need, and Trends.

    LaPlante, Mitchell P.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presented is a report of findings of a 1990 National Health Interview Survey on Assistive Devices which indicated that about 5.3 percent of the American population are using assistive technology to accommodate physical impairments. Background information defines "assistive technology," describe uses, and reviews recent federal legislative and…

  12. Laparoscopic surgery and polycystic liver disease: Clinicopathological features and new trends in management

    Martinez-Perez, Aleix; Alberola-Soler, Antonio; Domingo-del Pozo, Carlos; Pemartin-Comella, Beatriz; Martinez-Lopez, Elias; Vazquez-Tarragon, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Polycystic liver disease (PLD) has a low frequency overall in the worldwide population. As the patient's symptoms are produced by the expansion of hepatic volume, the different therapeutic alternatives are focused on reducing it. Surgery is still considered the most effective treatment for symptomatic PLD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for PLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 14 patients who were diagnosed with symptomatic PLD and underwent surgery by a laparoscopic approach between 2004 and 2012. It involved collecting data on the characteristics of those patients and their liver disease, surgical procedures, intra- and postoperative complications, and the long-term follow-up. RESULTS: Twelve laparoscopic multiple-cyst fenestrations and two segmentary liver resections associated with remaining-cyst fenestration were performed. One procedure required conversion to laparotomy and the other was complicated by anhepatic severe bleeding. The rest of the procedures were uneventful. One patient developed persistent self-limited ascites in the immediate postoperative period. Symptoms disappeared after surgical intervention in all patients. During a median follow-up of 62 months (range 14-113 months), there were two clinical recurrences and one asymptomatic radiological recurrence. One patient required further surgery. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cystic fenestration and laparoscopic liver resection are safe and long-term, effective procedures for the treatment of symptomatic PLD. Severity and morphological characteristics of the hepatic disease will determine the surgical indication and the optimal approach for each patient. PMID:27279400

  13. Theoretical aspects of innovative trends and features of the transport services on the modern transport market

    Ekaterine Tavberidze

    2014-01-01

    The article provides views of various authors on the definition of innovation in the field of transport services, as well as the author's understanding of this issue. It introduces the term innovation in the legal turnover, says about the state impact on innovation, encouragement and tries to identify a possible approach to the development of the desired definition. In the second part of the paper, the tendencies of development logistics services in the modern world are mentioned, statistical...

  14. SOME FEATURES AND TRENDS OF THE WORLD TRADE IN THE GATT ERA

    Rozalia Kicsi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the first five decades of postwar era the efforts towards progressive liberalization of international trade and towards the accomplish of a multilateral trade regime were held under the auspices of GATT. Although it functioned as a forum for negotiation, the successes towards achieving the objective of creating an open multilateralism are notable. The number of countries preoccupied with adopting a commercial discipline has increased. Tariff protection was reduced considerably, as shown by the increase in openness of national markets. Empirical evidence shows a substantial boost of trade flows, the rate of world exports significantly outpacing GDP growth, which leads to new opportunities for development.

  15. Occupational dose trends in Tanzania

    This paper describes the present status of occupational radiation exposure of monitored workers in Tanzania from 1986 to 1997. The analysis of dose records observes over this period, a fluctuating trend both in the individual and collective doses. The trend is more related to the fluctuations of the number of radiation workers than to the possible radiation safety changes of the working conditions. It has been found that, the maximum annual dose for the worker in all work categories was about 18 mSv y-1. This suggests that the occupational radiation exposure in all practices satisfies the current dose limitation system. The national exposure summary shows that, the highest collective dose of 12.8 man-Sv which is 90% of the total collective dose, was due to medical applications. The applications in industry and research had a contribution of nearly 0.8 and 0.7 man-Sv respectively. From the professional point of view, the medical diagnostic radiographers received the highest collective dose of 11.2 man-Sv. Although the medical physicists recorded the minimum collective dose of nearly 0.07 man-Sv, the data shows that this profession received the highest mean dose of about 33 mSv in 12 years. Some achievements of the personnel monitoring services and suggestions for future improvement are pointed out. (author)

  16. Current trends in ion implantation

    As semiconductor device dimensions continue to shrink, the drive beyond 250 nm is creating significant problems for the device processor. In particular, trends toward shallower-junctions, lower thermal budgets and simplified processing steps present severe challenges to ion implantation. In parallel with greater control of the implant process goes the need for a better understanding of the physical processes involved during implantation and subsequent activation annealing. For instance, the need for an understanding of dopant-defect interaction is paramount as defects mediate a number of technologically important phenomena such as transient enhanced diffusion and impurity gettering. This paper will outline the current trends in the ion implantation and some of the challenges it faces in the next decade, as described in the semiconductor roadmap. It will highlight some recent positron annihilation work that has made a contribution to addressing one of these challenges, namely the need for tighter control of implant uniformity and dose. Additionally, some vacancy-mediated processes are described with the implication that these may provide areas in which positron annihilation spectroscopy could make a significant contribution. (orig.)

  17. Oil prices: Breaks and trends

    This paper contributes to the literature of the stationarity of financial time series and the literature on oil and macroeconomics in several ways. First, it uses Kejriwal and Perron (2010) sequential procedure to endogenously determine multiple structural changes in real oil prices without facing the circular testing problem between structural changes and stationary assumptions of previous tests. Second, it performs a diagnostic check to detect the significance and magnitude of the potential breaks. Third, it uses the above information to test for the existence of stochastic trends in real oil prices, and fourth, it speculates about possible explanations for the break dates found in order to encourage further work and discussions. The exercise uses monthly data from January 1861 to August 2011. - Highlights: ► The model endogenously determine multiple structural changes in real oil prices. ► The methods used does not face the circular testing problem. ► It also detect the significance and magnitude of the breaks detected. ► It tests for the existence of stochastic trends. ► It explains the reasons for the break dates found

  18. Student Disengagement in Higher Education : Two Trends in Technology

    Eric Main

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available As internet-based technologies increasingly colonize learning environments in higher education, they allow purposes contrary to learning to have direct access to students. The internet as a governing metaphor for transparent connectivity and equal access is a red herring because the power relations across the connections are unequal. The internet also functions as a mechanism for the operant conditioning of students by commercial interests and for surveillance and control by political authorities, purposes which can, if not restrained, undermine the intentions of teachers using technology.Teachers should resist fully automating their course management, especially grading and assessment because too much mechanization can only produce reductive thinking.A related trend is the gradual replacement of liberal studies by vocational courses that feature technology as the subject. This cooperates with the aforementioned trend to effectively censor the creative and critical thinking that instructors strive to teach.

  19. Degradation trend estimation of slewing bearing based on LSSVM model

    Lu, Chao; Chen, Jie; Hong, Rongjing; Feng, Yang; Li, Yuanyuan

    2016-08-01

    A novel prediction method is proposed based on least squares support vector machine (LSSVM) to estimate the slewing bearing's degradation trend with small sample data. This method chooses the vibration signal which contains rich state information as the object of the study. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to fuse multi-feature vectors which could reflect the health state of slewing bearing, such as root mean square, kurtosis, wavelet energy entropy, and intrinsic mode function (IMF) energy. The degradation indicator fused by PCA can reflect the degradation more comprehensively and effectively. Then the degradation trend of slewing bearing was predicted by using the LSSVM model optimized by particle swarm optimization (PSO). The proposed method was demonstrated to be more accurate and effective by the whole life experiment of slewing bearing. Therefore, it can be applied in engineering practice.

  20. A comparison of Internet search trends and sexually transmitted infection rates using Google trends.

    Johnson, Amy K; Mehta, Supriya D

    2014-01-01

    Google Trends was used to determine the relationship between sexually transmitted infection (STI)-related search engine trends and STI rates. Trends seem to be similar to the relative rates of STIs and to regional differences in rates. Search engine trends are an innovative tool to integrate into STI surveillance. PMID:24326584

  1. Consumer trends and trends delivery process for Nokia.Mobi

    Olanterä, Janne

    2010-01-01

    As the world has networked and high speed broadband is in reach for many, mobile phones have become more personal and in many cases pocket sized computer substitutes. This has lead to a steep increase in time spent with mobile phones, extracting its many features beside calling especially with today’s more common smartphones. As smartphones are capable of performing almost the same tasks as traditional computers, there has arisen new possibilities from a commercial point of view to deploy var...

  2. Complex Topographic Feature Ontology Patterns

    Varanka, Dalia E.; Jerris, Thomas J.

    2015-01-01

    Semantic ontologies are examined as effective data models for the representation of complex topographic feature types. Complex feature types are viewed as integrated relations between basic features for a basic purpose. In the context of topographic science, such component assemblages are supported by resource systems and found on the local landscape. Ontologies are organized within six thematic modules of a domain ontology called Topography that includes within its sphere basic feature types, resource systems, and landscape types. Context is constructed not only as a spatial and temporal setting, but a setting also based on environmental processes. Types of spatial relations that exist between components include location, generative processes, and description. An example is offered in a complex feature type ‘mine.’ The identification and extraction of complex feature types are an area for future research.

  3. Webcam classification using simple features

    Pramoun, Thitiporn; Choe, Jeehyun; Li, He; Chen, Qingshuang; Amornraksa, Thumrongrat; Lu, Yung-Hsiang; Delp, Edward J.

    2015-03-01

    Thousands of sensors are connected to the Internet and many of these sensors are cameras. The "Internet of Things" will contain many "things" that are image sensors. This vast network of distributed cameras (i.e. web cams) will continue to exponentially grow. In this paper we examine simple methods to classify an image from a web cam as "indoor/outdoor" and having "people/no people" based on simple features. We use four types of image features to classify an image as indoor/outdoor: color, edge, line, and text. To classify an image as having people/no people we use HOG and texture features. The features are weighted based on their significance and combined. A support vector machine is used for classification. Our system with feature weighting and feature combination yields 95.5% accuracy.

  4. Current trends of banking innovations

    A.M. Karminskiy

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The current stage of the global banking system development takes place in an increasingly competitive environment and unstable financial markets. One of the key factors of bank's successful development is a policy of continuous innovative behavior. Nowadays innovation is a key factor of bankingnstability, competitiveness and sustainable growth.The aim of the article. The main goal of this article is to examine key trends of banking innovations and innovative in Russia. Experience in the development of new banking products, services and technologies in the Russian market is mainly based on international practice. Noteworthy is the fact that Russian banks take over not only the successful practice of new product lines, but also information technology as well as key methodological aspects of bank management and the technological aspects related the business processes.The results of the analysis. Innovative policy in the credit institution must not take place spontaneously. The positive effect of innovation can be achieved only if there is the possibility of managing the innovation process, which is not possible without a clearly highlighted definition and characteristics of banking innovation, which at least would allow distinguishing of innovation and modification. The paper describes the main aspects of the morphology of banking innovation with the detailed classification depended on the variety of attributes from its origin to the direction of action and highlights the major trends of current banking innovation, such as:development of information and cyber technology (and hence the possibility of the emergence of computational complexity and risk prediction models, the development of information security tools,etc.;implementation of customer-oriented model as the best practice;optimization of its own business processes.The article shows a number of real examples of each kind of banking innovation including the innovations in the non

  5. Feature Selection: A Data Perspective

    Li, Jundong; Cheng, Kewei; Wang, Suhang; Morstatter, Fred; Trevino, Robert P.; Tang, Jiliang; Liu, Huan

    2016-01-01

    Feature selection, as a data preprocessing strategy, has been proven to be effective and efficient in preparing high-dimensional data for data mining and machine learning problems. The objectives of feature selection include: building simpler and more comprehensible models, improving data mining performance, and preparing clean, understandable data. The recent proliferation of big data has presented some substantial challenges and opportunities of feature selection algorithms. In this survey,...

  6. Emergent interfaces for feature modularization

    Ribeiro, Márcio; Brabrand, Claus

    2014-01-01

    Developers frequently introduce errors into software systems when they fail to recognise module dependencies. Using forty-three software families and Software Product Lines (SPLs), where the majority are commonly used in industrial practice, the authors reports on the feature modularization problem and provides a study of how often it may occur in practice. To solve the problem they present the concept of emergent feature modularization which aims to establish contracts between features to prevent developers from breaking other features when performing a maintenance task.

  7. Search for faint galactic features

    Matuska, W.; Burkhead, M.S.

    1980-01-01

    Trying to determine the size of galaxies and looking for tails and connections between galaxies can be intriguing. These very faint features are often buried in the film grain noise. Our study is of the NGC 3623, NGC 3627 and NGC 3628 region. The search for these faint features is complicated by film variation, sky background, microdensitometer drift and stars in the neighborhood of the galaxies. These questions are addressed and faint features are found with the use of judicious data stretching and averaging along suspected features.

  8. New content, design, and marketing trends in commercial publishing

    Leonardo Blažević

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to analyse the actual status of book publishing in Croatia, envisage the trends of its future development and, by analyzing the current state of affairs and new book marketing trends, draw conclusions as to which directions the publishing companies should take in order to survive on the market. The aims stated as such result from the author’s research and review of the business operations of the ‘Naklada Ljevak’ publishing company, and from the monitoring of relevant home and foreign literature in the field of marketing in general as well as specialized book marketing literature. In the introductory part the author defines publishing and its amphibious nature that lies in the fact that publishing is at the same time the process of creation and distribution of knowledge and culture, as well as a business resulting in education, as well as in entertainment. The following chapter offers an explanation of the most important facts required to understand the current publishing marketing (globalization, huge sales chains, fierce competition, ever lower standard of living in Croatia… and lists the marketing programme elements applicable to publishing. Further on, the focus shifts on the book as a product and a part of publishing marketing. It mentions the economic and business trends that have affected the development of publishing as an industry over the past sixty years, and the book as a product. New book content trends have been elaborated as well: novels on exotic countries, current affairs issues, autobiographies and biographies, self-help manuals and titles offering ‘instant-knowledge’. There is a definition and explanation of trends that relate to the book as a material product such as cover design, format, binding, types of print paper and technical features such as layout, margins, font size and spacing. 

  9. New trends in radiation protection

    The introduction of new concepts such as the effective dose equivalent, the collective dose and the dose commitment, and the application of the basic principles of justification, optimization and individual dose limitation has had a major impact on the planning and implementation of radiation protection during the last few years. The basic principles are summarized in ICRP Publication 26. It is a chalenge to research in radiobiology, genetics and health physics to explore the scientific foundation of the current principles of radiation protection. The most interesting trend to-day, however, is the observation that the principles applied in radiation protection have now been generally recognized and accepted to the extent that they become utilized in the protection of man against non-radioactive carcinogenic substances and environmental pollutants. (author)

  10. Conference Trends in Logic XI

    Wansing, Heinrich; Willkommen, Caroline; Recent Trends in Philosophical Logic

    2014-01-01

    This volume presents recent advances in philosophical logic with chapters focusing on non-classical logics, including paraconsistent logics, substructural logics, modal logics of agency and other modal logics. The authors cover themes such as the knowability paradox, tableaux and sequent calculi, natural deduction, definite descriptions, identity, truth, dialetheism, and possible worlds semantics.   The developments presented here focus on challenging problems in the specification of fundamental philosophical notions, as well as presenting new techniques and tools, thereby contributing to the development of the field. Each chapter contains a bibliography, to assist the reader in making connections in the specific areas covered. Thus this work provides both a starting point for further investigations into philosophical logic and an update on advances, techniques and applications in a dynamic field.   The chapters originate from papers presented during the Trends in Logic XI conference at the Ruhr University ...

  11. Terahertz applications: trends and challenges

    Robin, Thierry; Bouye, Clementine; Cochard, Jacques

    2014-03-01

    The objective of our work [1] was to determine the opportunities and challenges for Terahertz application development for the next years with a focus on systems: for homeland security and for Non Destructive Testing (NDT). Terahertz radiation has unique abilities and has been the subject of extensive research for many years. Proven concepts have emerged for numerous applications including Industrial NDT, Security, Health, Telecommunications, etc. Nevertheless, there has been no widely deployed application and Businesses based on THz technologies are still in their infancy. Some technological, market and industrial barriers are still to be broken. We summarize the final analysis and data: study of the technology trends and major bottlenecks per application segment, main challenges to be addressed in the next years, key opportunities for THz technologies based on market needs and requirements.

  12. Current trends in plant breeding

    The current world population is 6 billion and it is likely to reach 7 billion in 2010 and 8 billion 2025. Sufficient food must be produced for the ever increasing human population. The available suitable land for intensive agriculture is limited. We have to produce more food from less land, pesticide, labour and water resources. Hence, increase in crop productivity are essential to feed the world in the next century. Plant breeding provides the avenue to increase the food production to feed the growing world population. Development of a cultivar involves (I) Construction of a genetic model (II) creating a gene pool (III) selection among plants and (IV) testing the selected genotypes for adaptation to the biotic and abiotic environments (Frey, 1999). This paper discusses the trends in plant breeding using the oil palm as a model. It covers (i) genetic resources (ii) physiological traits (III) exploitation of genotype x environment interaction (IV) oil palm clones, and (v) biotechnology application. (Author)

  13. TAXATION TRENDS IN EUROPEAN UNION

    Maria GRIGORE

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This work contains an economic analysis of the tax rates and revenue ratios of the European Union Member States. The paper also includes the structural reform initiatives that have been high on the tax policy agenda in last period. Despite the fairly short span of time, a wide spectrum of tax reforms was implemented or are going to be implemented (the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base, the key reform initiatives including dual income taxes and flat taxes, the elimination of harmful tax competition, the simplification and rationalization of the current VAT rates structure or key elements contributing to the establishment of the VAT anti-fraud strategy within the EU. The main objective of this paper is to present a fairly view of the structure, level and trends of taxation in the European Union over the last ten years.

  14. New trends in shape optimization

    Leugering, Günter

    2015-01-01

    This volume reflects “New Trends in Shape Optimization” and is based on a workshop of the same name organized at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg in September 2013. During the workshop senior mathematicians and young scientists alike presented their latest findings. The format of the meeting allowed fruitful discussions on challenging open problems, and triggered a number of new and spontaneous collaborations. As such, the idea was born to produce this book, each chapter of which was written by a workshop participant, often with a collaborator. The content of the individual chapters ranges from survey papers to original articles; some focus on the topics discussed at the Workshop, while others involve arguments outside its scope but which are no less relevant for the field today. As such, the book offers readers a balanced introduction to the emerging field of shape optimization.

  15. Research trends in neutron physics

    The trends in neutron research are discussed from the viewpoints of development of pulsed neutron sources, the ingenuity of specialization of instrumentation and experimental techniques, and research programs. The latter comprise the large and still expanding requirements of nuclear data for nuclear power technology, the requirements of other fundamental sciences, and the experimental and theoretical developments required for a more fundamental understanding of the subject of neutron and related nuclear reactions itself. The general conclusion is that high energy resolution coupled with high intensity for detecting weak reactions provides the key to further progress, and that (provided financial limitations do not stifle the further development of experimental facilities, particularly neutron sources) the subject of neutron physics still has a long and fruitful future

  16. Latest Trends in Acoustic Sensing

    Cinzia Caliendo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Acoustics-based methods offer a powerful tool for sensing applications. Acoustic sensors can be applied in many fields ranging from materials characterization, structural health monitoring, acoustic imaging, defect characterization, etc., to name just a few. A proper selection of the acoustic wave frequency over a wide spectrum that extends from infrasound (<20 Hz up to ultrasound (in the GHz–band, together with a number of different propagating modes, including bulk longitudinal and shear waves, surface waves, plate modes, etc., allow acoustic tools to be successfully applied to the characterization of gaseous, solid and liquid environments. The purpose of this special issue is to provide an overview of the research trends in acoustic wave sensing through some cases that are representative of specific applications in different sensing fields.

  17. Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

  18. Citation Analysis of Library Trends

    Rosy Jan

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Citation analysis of all the journal articles published in the Library Trends from 1994-2007 is carried out. 593 articles are published in the journal during 14 years. Highest number (52 of articles is published in 2004. The Journal contained 15662 references for the study period of which 13783 are p-citations and 1879 are e-citations. Every issue published approx. 11 articles and each article has an average of 23.2 p-references and 3.1 e-citations. It was found that 44.51 % print books are consulted by the authors and 0% e-books are accessed. Authors have consulted 44.04% p-journals as against 11.82% e-journals. Figures shows that 88.14% other web references are used in the articles reference. Female contribution (52.34% accounts more than male contribution (47.66%.

  19. Laser microprocessing: facts and trends

    Schmidt, Michael; Esser, Gerd

    2003-11-01

    Micro technology is an application field, in which laser-based processes show a particularly high growth potential. New developments within the range of laser sources promote the laser application likewise, as the multiplicity of today already successfully realized applications. These encourage users ever more to focus on the tool called laser. With this contribution one tries to give an overview over developments and trends in the most important branches of laser beam micromachining. In detail semiconductor manufacturing, interconnect and micro mechanics are addressed. The contribution neither raises a claim on completeness, nor is to be given an absolutely measurable evaluation of the innovation value of interesting new developments. The goal of this contribution is to be a basis for a fruitful discussion between laser researchers, developers, users and manufacturers by supplying with information about activities in the field of micro technology.

  20. Occupational Trends and Program Priorities

    Dan Rosenthal

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Institutions of higher education that respond to the economic base in their region will remain competitive and be better positioned to obtain public funds and donor support. In addition to mandated program viability standards based on measures such as graduation rate, individual institutions and state coordinating boards can use ten-year occupational trend data to assess future program viability. We used an occupational demand model to determine whether academic programs can meet projected statewide needs for high demand and high growth occupations. For example, computer engineering, the highest growth rate occupation in Alabama, is projected to have 365 annual average job openings, with 93.6% total growth over ten years. But only 46 computer engineering majors graduate annually from all Alabama institutions of higher education. We recommend using an occupational demand model as a planning tool, decision-making tool, and catalyst for collaborative initiatives.

  1. Quality Improvement Practices and Trends

    Dahlgaard, Jens J.; Hartz, Ove; Edgeman, Rick L.

    1998-01-01

    The following article, "Quality Improvement Practices and Trends in Denmark," is the first in a series of papers arranged for and co-authored by Dr. Rick L. Edgeman. Rick is a member of QE's Editorial Board and is on sabbatical from Colorado State University. During the year, Rick and his family...... visiting professor, as well as key individuals from various industries. In addition to the above activities, Rick will be working with the European Foundation for Quality Management on their "European Master's Programme in Total Quality Management." That program involves a consortium of European...... universities. Rick has begun the process of developing a comparable consortium of American universities for the same purpose-- an activity which is cosponsored by the Education Division of the American Society for Quality (ASQ)....

  2. Energy trends in Finland 2000

    The Ministry of Trade and Industry has published statistical information in several brochures, of which possibly the best known is the 'Finland and Energy' series. Alongside other data, the graphs in these brochures have indicated the impact of energy policy and have described the pressures on natural resources brought about by the energy sector. This publication, 'Energy Trends in Finland 2000', continues to present additional statistical data in the same context, aiming at more systematic processing of information. We have drawn up energy indicators, which follow current international examples in indicator formulation. The emphasis is on integration of environmental aspects and sustainable development into energy policy. We hope that this publication will reach a wide audience and will help readers to understand the prerequisites for energy policy in Finland, especially in relation to other industrialised countries

  3. Recent Inland Water Temperature Trends

    Hook, Simon; Healey, Nathan; Lenters, John; O'Reilly, Catherine

    2016-04-01

    We are using thermal infrared satellite data in conjunction with in situ measurements to produce water temperatures for all the large inland water bodies in North America and the rest of the world for potential use as climate indicator. Recent studies have revealed significant warming of inland waters throughout the world. The observed rate of warming is - in many cases - greater than that of the ambient air temperature. These rapid, unprecedented changes in inland water temperatures have profound implications for lake hydrodynamics, productivity, and biotic communities. Scientists are just beginning to understand the global extent, regional patterns, physical mechanisms, and ecological consequences of lake warming. As part of our work we have collected thermal infrared satellite data from those satellite sensors that provide long-term and frequent spaceborne thermal infrared measurements of inland waters including ATSR, AVHRR, and MODIS and used these to examine trends in water surface temperature for approximately 169 of the largest inland water bodies in the world. We are now extending this work to generate temperature time-series of all North American inland water bodies that are sufficiently large to be studied using 1km resolution satellite data for the last 3 decades, approximately 268 lakes. These data are then being related to changes in the surface air temperature and compared with regional trends in water surface temperature derived from CMIP5/IPCC model simulations/projections to better predict future temperature changes. We will discuss the available datasets and processing methodologies together with the patterns they reveal based on recent changes in the global warming, with a particular focus on the inland waters of the southwestern USA.

  4. Future trends in image coding

    Habibi, Ali

    1993-01-01

    The objective of this article is to present a discussion on the future of image data compression in the next two decades. It is virtually impossible to predict with any degree of certainty the breakthroughs in theory and developments, the milestones in advancement of technology and the success of the upcoming commercial products in the market place which will be the main factors in establishing the future stage to image coding. What we propose to do, instead, is look back at the progress in image coding during the last two decades and assess the state of the art in image coding today. Then, by observing the trends in developments of theory, software, and hardware coupled with the future needs for use and dissemination of imagery data and the constraints on the bandwidth and capacity of various networks, predict the future state of image coding. What seems to be certain today is the growing need for bandwidth compression. The television is using a technology which is half a century old and is ready to be replaced by high definition television with an extremely high digital bandwidth. Smart telephones coupled with personal computers and TV monitors accommodating both printed and video data will be common in homes and businesses within the next decade. Efficient and compact digital processing modules using developing technologies will make bandwidth compressed imagery the cheap and preferred alternative in satellite and on-board applications. In view of the above needs, we expect increased activities in development of theory, software, special purpose chips and hardware for image bandwidth compression in the next two decades. The following sections summarize the future trends in these areas.

  5. Trends In Android Malware Detection

    Kaveh Shaerpour

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes different Android malware detection techniques from several research papers, some of these techniques are novel while others bring a new perspective to the research work done in the past. The techniques are of various kinds ranging from detection using host based frameworks and static analysis of executable to feature extraction and behavioral patterns. Each paper is reviewed extensively and the core features of each technique are highlighted and contrasted with the others. The challenges faced during the development of such techniques are also discussed along with the future prospects for Android malware detection. The findings of the review have been well documented in this paper to aid those making an effort to research in the area of Android malware detection by understanding the current scenario and developments that have happened in the field thus far.

  6. Improved pulmonary nodule classification utilizing quantitative lung parenchyma features.

    Dilger, Samantha K N; Uthoff, Johanna; Judisch, Alexandra; Hammond, Emily; Mott, Sarah L; Smith, Brian J; Newell, John D; Hoffman, Eric A; Sieren, Jessica C

    2015-10-01

    Current computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) models for determining pulmonary nodule malignancy characterize nodule shape, density, and border in computed tomography (CT) data. Analyzing the lung parenchyma surrounding the nodule has been minimally explored. We hypothesize that improved nodule classification is achievable by including features quantified from the surrounding lung tissue. To explore this hypothesis, we have developed expanded quantitative CT feature extraction techniques, including volumetric Laws texture energy measures for the parenchyma and nodule, border descriptors using ray-casting and rubber-band straightening, histogram features characterizing densities, and global lung measurements. Using stepwise forward selection and leave-one-case-out cross-validation, a neural network was used for classification. When applied to 50 nodules (22 malignant and 28 benign) from high-resolution CT scans, 52 features (8 nodule, 39 parenchymal, and 5 global) were statistically significant. Nodule-only features yielded an area under the ROC curve of 0.918 (including nodule size) and 0.872 (excluding nodule size). Performance was improved through inclusion of parenchymal (0.938) and global features (0.932). These results show a trend toward increased performance when the parenchyma is included, coupled with the large number of significant parenchymal features that support our hypothesis: the pulmonary parenchyma is influenced differentially by malignant versus benign nodules, assisting CAD-based nodule characterizations. PMID:26870744

  7. Trends in facility management responsibilities

    Lee, Keum-Jung

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between the topics addressed in FaciJitiesDesign&Managementfrom January 1984 to October 1991 and the responsibilities of facility managers as identified by the International Facility Management Association (IFMA). In addition to the eight IFMA responsibilities't five researcher-developed categories were included. Content analysis of the title and abstract of each feature article (N=413) of the journal was utilized. ...

  8. Effect of Trends on Detrended Fluctuation Analysis

    Hu, K; Chen, Z; Carpena, P; Stanley, H E; Hu, Kun; Ivanov, Plamen Ch.; Chen, Zhi; Carpena, Pedro

    2001-01-01

    Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) is a scaling analysis method used to estimate long-range power-law correlation exponents in noisy signals. Many noisy signals in real systems display trends, so that the scaling results obtained from the DFA method become difficult to analyze. We systematically study the effects of three types of trends - linear, periodic, and power-law trends, and offer examples where these trends are likely to occur in real data. We compare the difference between the scaling results for artificially generated correlated noise and correlated noise with a trend, and study how trends lead to the appearance of crossovers in the scaling behavior. We find that crossovers result from the competition between the scaling of the noise and the ``apparent'' scaling of the trend. We study how the characteristics of these crossovers depend on (i) the slope of the linear trend; (ii) the amplitude and period of the periodic trend; (iii) the amplitude and power of the power-law trend and (iv) the length ...

  9. NEW TRENDS AND CHELLENGES IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY LOGISTICS OPERATIONS

    Dušan Sabadka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper lays out the main features of the global automotive industry and identifies several important trends. Logistics operations (inbound and outbound in the automotive supply chain are complex and account for large expenses and therefore are segments in the value chainwhere improvements can be made. Better coordination between inbound and outbound logistics contributes to optimising the supply chains, to reducing inventories and to responding to consumer requests. As economies grow, the competition shifts towards brand image and customisation and here the speed and reliability of logistics operations becomes a critical elements.

  10. Trends in reference crop evapotranspiration over Iran

    Dinpashoh, Yagob; Jhajharia, Deepak; Fakheri-Fard, Ahmad; Singh, Vijay P.; Kahya, Ercan

    2011-03-01

    SummaryThis study examined the trends in reference crop evapotranspiration (ET 0) on monthly and annual time scales in Iran. ET 0 was estimated using the globally accepted Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Penman Monteith method (FAO-56 PM) over the 16 weather stations located in the different regions of Iran. The trends in ET 0 were detected by using the Mann-Kendall (MK) test after the removal of the significant lag-1 serial correlation effect from all the ET 0 time series by pre-whitening. The slopes of trend lines were computed using the Theil-Sen's slope estimator. The spatial and temporal homogeneity of trends were tested as well. The multiple regression analysis was performed in each time series of the governing meteorological variables to identify the cause of observed trends in ET 0. Results showed that both statistically significant increasing and decreasing trends were observed in the annual and monthly ET 0. The increasing trends in ET 0 were more pronounced than the decreasing trends. In annual time scale, the strong positive (negative) trend in ET 0 over Iran of the magnitude of about 186 (-65) mm/year per decade was observed. In monthly time scale there was greater number of increasing trends than that of the decreasing trends in most of the warm months. The most strong positive (negative) trend magnitude was found in April (July) with Theil-Sen's slope equal to 14 (-8.7) mm/year per decade. The results of homogeneity test indicated no homogeneity in ET 0 trends between the stations and months when the entire study domain is considered. Wind speed was found to be the most dominant variable influencing ET 0 in all the months except the winter months in Iran.

  11. Partial Epilepsy with Auditory Features

    J Gordon Millichap

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available The clinical characteristics of 53 sporadic (S cases of idiopathic partial epilepsy with auditory features (IPEAF were analyzed and compared to previously reported familial (F cases of autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features (ADPEAF in a study at the University of Bologna, Italy.

  12. Silicon and oxygen isotopic trends in Mesozoic radiolarites

    Bôle, Maximlien; Baumgartner Peter, O.; Lukas, Baumgartner; Anne-Sophie, Bouvier; Rie, Hori; Masayuki, Ikeda

    2016-04-01

    Silicon and oxygen isotopes (δ30Si and δ18O) of siliceous tests (diatoms, sponges and radiolarians) preserve environmental signatures in unconsolidated sediments, but few studies show such signatures for ancient biosilicieous rocks. In Precambrian cherts from greenstone belts, small scaled isotopic variations were interpreted as a primary diagenetic feature. They were used, coupled to mean δ18O, to reconstruct seawater temperature at which cherts precipitated. Here, we examine stable isotopes in Mesozoic biogenic cherts that may also preserve an environmental signature. We measured δ30Si and δ18O in situ by SIMS, in the chalcedony of individual radiolarian tests preserved in Mesozoic radiolarites. Microanalysis of chalcedony, rather than the bulk rock isotopic composition, is likely to reveal a palaeoenvironmental signal, since it is derived from biogenic opal, the most mobile silica phase during earliest diagenesis. Our data reveal clear trends through several Mesozoic radiolarite sections from Panthalassa (Kiso River, Japan) and Western Tethys (Sogno, Italy). δ18O records measured in radiolarites show a relatively good correlation to δ18O-variations of Mesozoic low magnesium calcite shells, which are commonly used as a palaeotemperature proxy. Once these variations, attributed to seawater temperature, are removed, the residual δ18O trends are opposite to the δ30Si trends. δ30Si increases from Middle Triassic to Early Jurassic in the Kiso River sections and decrease during the Middle Jurassic in the Sogno section. The observed d30Si-trends are likely to represent a palaeoenvironmental signal, because they are not compatible with simple models of progressive diagenesis along P/T-paths (or depth below sea bottom in drill holes). Among the palaeoenvironmental factors that may have influenced these trends are the oceanic silica cycle changing though time, oceanic circulation and/or the palaeogeographic location of each studied site. Siliceous organisms are

  13. Trend patterns in global sea surface temperature

    Barbosa, S.M.; Andersen, Ole Baltazar

    2009-01-01

    Isolating long-term trend in sea surface temperature (SST) from El Nino southern oscillation (ENSO) variability is fundamental for climate studies. In the present study, trend-empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, a robust space-time method for extracting trend patterns, is applied to...... isolate low-frequency variability from time series of SST anomalies for the 1982-2006 period. The first derived trend pattern reflects a systematic decrease in SST during the 25-year period in the equatorial Pacific and an increase in most of the global ocean. The second trend pattern reflects mainly ENSO...... variability in the Pacific Ocean. The examination of the contribution of these low-frequency modes to the globally averaged SST fluctuations indicates that they are able to account for most (>90%) of the variability observed in global mean SST. Trend-EOFs perform better than conventional EOFs when the...

  14. Do economic players shape up fashion trends?

    Hasan, Syed Akif; Subhani, Muhammad Imtiaz; Osman, Ms. Amber

    2012-01-01

    The behavior of following the most in vogue and admired styles of dressing has been there since the ancient times. With time, people have moved on with the rapid change in the surroundings. Both the genders acknowledge fashion. Fashion is an extension of regular clothing. This paper investigates the role of economical players which includes per capita income and inflations in shaping up the various trends/ fashion trends/ trends in clothing and their consumptions for Pakistan, India, United S...

  15. CHANGING TRENDS OF RECRUITMENT PRACTICE IN INDIA

    Dhotre Avinash Changdeo

    2016-01-01

    This research paper highlighted on the present recruitment trends in India. India has huge human resources but not effectively utilization in various sectors. However talent, skill, experience, competency and efficiency are growing rapidly. Aim behind this study to emphasis the emerging trends and their well implementation in an organization. Talent is the trend which encouraged me to take this research, its challenge to the organization but it can create the opportunity by effectively applyi...

  16. American families: trends and correlates.

    Davanzo, J; Rahman, M O

    1993-01-01

    Discussion focused on the nature of the roles of the family, a review of the major demographic changes (marriage, cohabitation, nonfamily households, remarriage, fertility, teenage pregnancy, and female employment) affecting the American family in the past decades, and the nature of the impact on women, men, and children. There were four major trends identified: 1) increased proportions of children living in single-parent families due to high rates of divorce and increased childbearing outside of marriage; 2) increased proportions of adults in nontraditional living arrangements; 3) increased female labor force participation during all stages of the life cycle; and 4) decreased proportions of children and increased proportions of older people out of total population due to declining mortality and fertility rates. Family formation arises out of childbearing and childrearing roles, the need for companionship and emotional support, and the opportunities for specialization and trade, and the economies of scale. The costs of family living may include the potential for disagreement, conflict, loss of privacy, and time and money. There were a number of reasons identified for not maintaining traditional families consisting of a married couple with children. The trends were for later age at marriage: 24.4 years in 1992 for women, increased cohabitation (almost 50% cohabiting prior to first marriage in 1985-86), decreased number of married couple households, and increased number of adults in non-family households. The divorce rate has risen over the past 100 years with peaks in the 1970s; the reasons were identified as increased baby boomers and new marriages, increased labor participation of women, and changes in gender roles. The stabilization and slight decline in rates may be due to a natural leveling, the likelihood of greater stability within new marriages, and the aging of the baby boomers. An anticipated increase in divorce rates in the future was also justified

  17. Trends in complete denture impressions in pakistan

    Multiple materials and techniques have been reported for complete denture impressions in literature. The aim of the study was to assess the trends in complete denture impression materials and techniques among general dental practitioners (GDP) and specialists (SP) in Pakistan. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, self-designed-structured questionnaires were distributed among 500 dentists in Pakistan. The three-part questionnaire enquired about the demographic features, preferred impression materials, impression techniques and related procedures commonly used in their clinical practice. A comparison between the responses of SP and GDP was also drawn. Frequency distribution and Chi-square test were performed to compare the responses. Results: A total of 294 questionnaires were completed at a response rate of 58.8%. 75% of GDP used alginate for primary impressions and 66% of SP preferred impression compound for the same. A majority of both SP and GDP favoured the used of custom trays (SP 81%, GDP 85%) and selective pressure technique (SP 84%, GDP 53%) for final impression. However, 85% of GDP used zinc-oxide eugenol and 62% of SP favoured elastomeric materials for the same. Most of the SP and GDP used chemical cured resin custom trays (SP 54%, GDP 75%), however, 86% of SP used spaced trays and almost 60% of GDP preferred close-fitting trays. Conclusions: The practice of GDP and SP with regards to CD impression materials and techniques differed significantly. Continued education and training for GDP and SP with respect to procedures and techniques related to CD is recommended. (author)

  18. Beijing aerosol: Atmospheric interactions and new trends

    Beijing aerosols are scrutinized as a case study for atmospheric interactions in a complex multi-source situation. For the first time, fine (≤ 2 μm) and coarse (≥ 2 μm) aerosols were continuously collected during a time period (20 months) long enough to capture seasonal trends of sources and interactions. Weekly samples were obtained from January 2003 to August 2004 downtown and during 9 months at two peri-urban sites. Aerosol samples were chemically characterized (black carbon (BC), organic carbon (OC), and major ions) and dust was obtained from mass closure. Concentration data were smoothed and boundary layer height (BLH) corrected in order to better identify sources and processes. All yearlong, the coarse aerosol is dominated by dust (75%) whereas the fine mode is dominated (46%) by carbonaceous particles. Photochemistry is an intense driving force for secondary aerosol formation including secondary organic aerosol (SOA). Dust particles present a reactive surface for secondary aerosol formation from the intense anthropogenic pool of acidic gaseous precursors (SO2, HNO3, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs)). These interactions favor the formation of a very significant coarse fraction for SO4, NO3, and POM, a feature almost never encountered in developed countries. Surprisingly too is the presence of fine NH4NO3 in summer. A new result is also that the winter 'heating season' appears at present of minor importance with, however, a significant component from domestic heating as traced by BC/OC. In the future, traffic is likely to dominate downtown anthropogenic emissions. Year-to-year variability in meteorological conditions is likely to influence inputs from arid regions and from regional industrial and biomass burning sources. (authors)

  19. Feature

    2011-01-01

    Shi Changxu, former vice-president of NSFC wins Top Prize of National Science and Technology Award of China Both China and the world materials community have greatly benefitted from his service, by RPH Chang Shi Changxu—a great teacher and mentor for materials scientists, by Gaoqing Max Lu A bright example for all of us—Professor Shi Changxu, by Wei Gao Professor Shi Changxu—The Giant Materials Scientist of China, by Wuzong Zhou Congratulations to Academician Changxu Shi on the Occasion of His Winning the 2010 Chinese Science & Technology Grand Prize, by Ju Li, Kai Chen, Zhiwei Shan, Guanjun Qiao, Jun Sun and Evan Ma Materials—the foundation for technology revolutions, by Zhong Lin Wang

  20. Feature

    Camilleri, Kenneth; Falzon, Owen; Camilleri, Tracey; Duca, Edward

    2012-01-01

    Decades-long research into the field of brain to computer interface (BCI) devices seems close to be bearing fruit. These devices could provide communication tools to Malta's growing number of older people and the disabled, while local gaming companies could exploit a new niche entertainment market. http://www.um.edu.mt/think/moving-objects-with-your-mind/

  1. Sources, sinks, trends, and opportunities

    Each year the emission of greenhouse gases commits the earth to a warming of 0.02 to 0.06 degrees C. Many of these gases are released as by-products of fossil fuel combustion. The remainder are produced as a result of forest clearing in the tropics or agriculture or industrial activities. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most important greenhouse gas, contributing about half of global heating. In addition, there are what are known as the non-CO2 greenhouse gases: methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), freon CFC-12 (CF2Cl2), freon CFC-11 (CF3Cl), and tropospheric ozone (O3). Carbon monoxide and the nitrogen gases, increase the amount of methane and ozone in the troposphere. There are also about 15 or 20 other greenhouse gases of lesser importance. This paper reviews the sources of some of these greenhouse gases, analyzes trends in their emissions, and suggests means through which greenhouse gas emissions can be limited

  2. New trends in parathyroid scintigraphy

    Giordano, A. [Univ. Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Ist. di Medicina Nucleare, Roma (Italy); Rubello, D.; Casara, D. [Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova, Servizio di Medicina Nucleare II, Padova (Italy)

    2001-09-01

    The paper focusses on the recent advances in parathyroid imaging in both diagnostic and surgical fields which justify the present favourable trend towards a considerable expansion of nuclear medicine applications in this area. The main methodological advances in parathyroid scintigraphy are the rebirth of the dual-tracer (subtraction) technique with technetium-99m sestamibi, the possibility of also using {sup 99m}Tc-tetrofosmin within a dual-tracer (subtraction) methodology and the more extensive use of single-photon emission tomography, which the authors believe will become the standard methodology. The indications for parathyroid scintigraphy have been affected by advances in hyperparathyroidism surgery, including wider use of unilateral neck exploration and of minimally invasive radioguided surgery. As these techniques can only be performed in hyperparathyroid patients with a single adenoma, careful pre-operative assessment is required, and parathyroid scintigraphy undoubtedly is the most accurate localisation method. To date, the majority of papers have also demonstrated the cost-effectiveness of scintigraphically guided limited neck surgery. The authors conclude that: (1) parathyroid scintigraphy can be recommended not only in persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism but also in hyperparathyroid patients prior to first surgery; (2) scintigraphy should always be performed by applying the most accurate technique available because reliable scintigraphy gains or reinforces the surgeon's trust, reliably guides cost-effective operative strategies and justifies the recognition of new potential diagnostic indications. (orig.)

  3. Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis

    Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

    2005-10-04

    A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

  4. ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY: TRENDS AND DETERMINANTS

    Mamatha

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To Study the trends and determinants of adolescent pregnancy. METHODOLOGY: A prospective study was conducted at S.A.H. & R.C., B.G. Nagara, between August 2007 to January 2009. Pregnant women up to the age of 19 years admitted to antenatal ward were taken for the study and the pregnancy outcome assessed. RESULTS: Majority of the study population were of the age of 19 years, 1% were unmarried. Mean age at marriage was 14 years. Majority of the study population came from rural areas 98% and belonged to middle socio-economic status 76%. 94% of the cases were primigravida. Antenatal complications such as Anemia 43%, Preeclampsia / Eclampsia 7%, Mal presentations 5% were seen. Incidence of abortion and preterm labour were about 5% & 12.5% respectively. Incidence of cesarean section was about 23%, CPD being the commonest indication 52%. 23% of the babies were low birth weight and maternal mortality was 0%, PNMR was 4.17%. CONCLUSION: Pregnant teenagers are at greater risk, requiring additional efforts and resources to serve and protect their own health. The obstetric outcome in teenagers is influenced many socio economic and medical factors. They need more attention for prevention and treatment of Anemia, Pre-eclampsia, Eclampsia, Preterm labour, IUGR & Low birth weight babies.

  5. Entangled topological features of light

    Romero, J; Jack, B; Dennis, M R; Franke-Arnold, S; Barnett, S M; Padgett, M J

    2011-01-01

    We report the entanglement of topological features, namely, isolated, linked optical vortex loops in the light from spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC). In three dimensions, optical vortices are lines of phase singularity and vortices of energy flow which percolate through all optical fields. This example of entanglement is between features that extend over macroscopic and finite volumes, furthermore, topological features are robust to perturbation . The entanglement of photons in complex three-dimensional(3D) topological states suggests the possibility of entanglement of similar structures in other quantum systems describable by complex scalar functions, such as superconductors, superfluids and Bose-Einstein condensates.

  6. 2016 State of the State Addresses: Governors' Top Education Issues. Education Trends

    Auck, Alyssa; Railey, Hunter

    2016-01-01

    Each year, governors take the stage to highlight accomplishments and outline policy priorities for their states. In an effort to provide up-to-date information on education policy trends, Education Commission of the States tracks all education policy proposals and accomplishments featured by governors in these State of the State addresses. At the…

  7. International Trends in Health Science Librarianship Part 19: The Balkan States (Bulgaria and Croatia).

    Kirilova, Savina; Skoric, Lea

    2016-09-01

    This is the 19th in a series of articles exploring international trends in health science librarianship in the 21st century. The focus of the present issue is the Balkan Region (Bulgaria and Croatia). The next regular feature column will investigate two other Balkan states - Serbia and Slovenia. JM. PMID:27384106

  8. The Environmental Dependence of the Incidence of Galactic Tidal Features

    Adams, Scott M; Sand, David J; Graham, Melissa; Bildfell, Chris; Hoekstra, Henk; Pritchet, Chris

    2012-01-01

    In a sample of 54 galaxy clusters (0.04features both interactively and automatically. We find that ~3% have tidal features that can be detected with data that reaches a 3-sigma sensitivity limit of 26.5 mag arcsec^-2. Regardless of the method used to classify tidal features, or the fidelity imposed on such classifications, we find a deficit of tidally disturbed galaxies with decreasing clustercentric radius that is most pronounced inside of ~0.5R_200. We cannot distinguish whether the trend arises from an increasing likelihood of recent mergers with increasing clustercentric radius or a decrease in the lifetime of tidal features with decreasing clustercentric radius. We find no evidence for a relationship between local density and the incidence of tidal features, but our local density measure has large uncertainties. We find interesting behavior in the rate of tidal features among cluster early-types as a funct...

  9. Enhanced feature integration in musicians

    Hansen, Niels Christian; Højlund, Andreas; Møller, Cecilie;

    Distinguishing and integrating features of sensory input is essential to human survival and no less paramount in music perception and cognition. Yet, little is known about training-induced plasticity of neural mechanisms for auditory feature integration. This study aimed to contrast the two...... hypotheses that musical expertise leads to more independent (i.e. segregated) or more dependent (i.e. integrated) processing of acoustic features presented in contexts with high or low ecological validity with respect to music. To this end, mismatch negativity (MMNm) was recorded with magnetoencephalography...... (MEG) from 25 musicians and 25 non-musicians, exposed to sounds presented in interleaved blocks of a musical multi-feature paradigm and a classical oddball control paradigm. In addition to single deviants differing in pitch (P), intensity (I), or perceived location (L), double and triple deviants were...

  10. Emotion Recognition using Speech Features

    Rao, K Sreenivasa

    2013-01-01

    “Emotion Recognition Using Speech Features” covers emotion-specific features present in speech and discussion of suitable models for capturing emotion-specific information for distinguishing different emotions.  The content of this book is important for designing and developing  natural and sophisticated speech systems. Drs. Rao and Koolagudi lead a discussion of how emotion-specific information is embedded in speech and how to acquire emotion-specific knowledge using appropriate statistical models. Additionally, the authors provide information about using evidence derived from various features and models. The acquired emotion-specific knowledge is useful for synthesizing emotions. Discussion includes global and local prosodic features at syllable, word and phrase levels, helpful for capturing emotion-discriminative information; use of complementary evidences obtained from excitation sources, vocal tract systems and prosodic features in order to enhance the emotion recognition performance;  and pro...

  11. Solar Features - Prominences and Filaments

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Prominences and filaments are two manifestations of the same phenomenon. Both prominences and filaments are features formed above the chromosphere by cool dense...

  12. Features of Fragile X Syndrome

    ... Figuring Out CGG Repeats! Donate | Print Fragile X Syndrome Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic condition that causes ... health concerns associated with the condition. Features of Fragile X Syndrome in Males Read our Story The majority of ...

  13. Feature conversion for concurrent engineering

    De Kraker, J.K.

    1998-01-01

    Feature conversion for concurrent engineering integrates two modern product development paradigms. Concurrent engineering is a product development paradigm in which multiple engineering disciplines participate. It optimizes a product with respect to available resources and product quality, for which

  14. Feature-Level Domain Adaptation

    Kouw, Wouter M.; Krijthe, Jesse H.; Loog, Marco; van der Maaten, Laurens J. P.

    2015-01-01

    Domain adaptation is the supervised learning setting in which the training and test data originate from different domains: the so-called source and target domains. In this paper, we propose and study a domain adaption approach, called feature-level domain adaptation (flda), that models the dependence between two domains by means of a feature-level transfer distribution. The domain adapted classifier is trained by minimizing the expected loss under this transfer distribution. Our empirical eva...

  15. Primordial features and Planck polarization

    Hazra, Dhiraj Kumar; Shafieloo, Arman; Smoot, George F.; Starobinsky, Alexei A.

    2016-01-01

    With the Planck 2015 Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature and polarization data, we examine possibility of having features in the primordial power spectrum (PPS). We revisit the Wiggly Whipped Inflation (WWI) framework and demonstrate how generation of some particular primordial features can improve the fit to Planck data. WWI potential allows the scalar field to transit from a steeper potential to a nearly flat potential through a discontinuity either in potential or in its derivati...

  16. Features of Medical English Vocabulary

    刘翠萍

    2015-01-01

    Medical English is relatively more difficult than general English,especially its vocabulary.Those medical English words are long and complex,making it hard to remember. But medical English vocabulary has its own features,which would help us in learning vocabulary.On the basis of many medical English materials,the paper explores the features of etymology,affixes and roots of medical English.

  17. Features of Medical English Vocabulary

    刘翠萍

    2015-01-01

    Medical English is relatively more difficult than general English,especially its vocabulary.Those medical English words are long and complex,making it hard to remember.But medical English vocabulary has its own features,which would help us in learning vocabulary.On the basis of many medical English materials,the paper explores the features of etymology,affixes and roots of medical English.

  18. Correlative feature analysis on FFDM

    Identifying the corresponding images of a lesion in different views is an essential step in improving the diagnostic ability of both radiologists and computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems. Because of the nonrigidity of the breasts and the 2D projective property of mammograms, this task is not trivial. In this pilot study, we present a computerized framework that differentiates between corresponding images of the same lesion in different views and noncorresponding images, i.e., images of different lesions. A dual-stage segmentation method, which employs an initial radial gradient index (RGI) based segmentation and an active contour model, is applied to extract mass lesions from the surrounding parenchyma. Then various lesion features are automatically extracted from each of the two views of each lesion to quantify the characteristics of density, size, texture and the neighborhood of the lesion, as well as its distance to the nipple. A two-step scheme is employed to estimate the probability that the two lesion images from different mammographic views are of the same physical lesion. In the first step, a correspondence metric for each pairwise feature is estimated by a Bayesian artificial neural network (BANN). Then, these pairwise correspondence metrics are combined using another BANN to yield an overall probability of correspondence. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the performance of the individual features and the selected feature subset in the task of distinguishing corresponding pairs from noncorresponding pairs. Using a FFDM database with 123 corresponding image pairs and 82 noncorresponding pairs, the distance feature yielded an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.81±0.02 with leave-one-out (by physical lesion) evaluation, and the feature metric subset, which included distance, gradient texture, and ROI-based correlation, yielded an AUC of 0.87±0.02. The improvement by using multiple feature metrics was statistically

  19. Correlative feature analysis on FFDM

    Yuan Yading; Giger, Maryellen L.; Li Hui; Sennett, Charlene [Department of Radiology, Committee on Medical Physics, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 2026 Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

    2008-12-15

    Identifying the corresponding images of a lesion in different views is an essential step in improving the diagnostic ability of both radiologists and computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems. Because of the nonrigidity of the breasts and the 2D projective property of mammograms, this task is not trivial. In this pilot study, we present a computerized framework that differentiates between corresponding images of the same lesion in different views and noncorresponding images, i.e., images of different lesions. A dual-stage segmentation method, which employs an initial radial gradient index (RGI) based segmentation and an active contour model, is applied to extract mass lesions from the surrounding parenchyma. Then various lesion features are automatically extracted from each of the two views of each lesion to quantify the characteristics of density, size, texture and the neighborhood of the lesion, as well as its distance to the nipple. A two-step scheme is employed to estimate the probability that the two lesion images from different mammographic views are of the same physical lesion. In the first step, a correspondence metric for each pairwise feature is estimated by a Bayesian artificial neural network (BANN). Then, these pairwise correspondence metrics are combined using another BANN to yield an overall probability of correspondence. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the performance of the individual features and the selected feature subset in the task of distinguishing corresponding pairs from noncorresponding pairs. Using a FFDM database with 123 corresponding image pairs and 82 noncorresponding pairs, the distance feature yielded an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.81{+-}0.02 with leave-one-out (by physical lesion) evaluation, and the feature metric subset, which included distance, gradient texture, and ROI-based correlation, yielded an AUC of 0.87{+-}0.02. The improvement by using multiple feature metrics was statistically

  20. Search features of digital libraries

    Alastair G. Smith

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional on-line search services such as Dialog, DataStar and Lexis provide a wide range of search features (boolean and proximity operators, truncation, etc. This paper discusses the use of these features for effective searching, and argues that these features are required, regardless of advances in search engine technology. The literature on on-line searching is reviewed, identifying features that searchers find desirable for effective searching. A selective survey of current digital libraries available on the Web was undertaken, identifying which search features are present. The survey indicates that current digital libraries do not implement a wide range of search features. For instance: under half of the examples included controlled vocabulary, under half had proximity searching, only one enabled browsing of term indexes, and none of the digital libraries enable searchers to refine an initial search. Suggestions are made for enhancing the search effectiveness of digital libraries, for instance by: providing a full range of search operators, enabling browsing of search terms, enhancement of records with controlled vocabulary, enabling the refining of initial searches, etc.

  1. Information based universal feature extraction

    Amiri, Mohammad; Brause, Rüdiger

    2015-02-01

    In many real world image based pattern recognition tasks, the extraction and usage of task-relevant features are the most crucial part of the diagnosis. In the standard approach, they mostly remain task-specific, although humans who perform such a task always use the same image features, trained in early childhood. It seems that universal feature sets exist, but they are not yet systematically found. In our contribution, we tried to find those universal image feature sets that are valuable for most image related tasks. In our approach, we trained a neural network by natural and non-natural images of objects and background, using a Shannon information-based algorithm and learning constraints. The goal was to extract those features that give the most valuable information for classification of visual objects hand-written digits. This will give a good start and performance increase for all other image learning tasks, implementing a transfer learning approach. As result, in our case we found that we could indeed extract features which are valid in all three kinds of tasks.

  2. Understanding marine microbes - Trends and future diections

    Chandramohan, D.

    stream_size 25 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Ocean_Sci_Trend_Future_Dir_1999_151.pdf.txt stream_source_info Ocean_Sci_Trend_Future_Dir_1999_151.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset...

  3. Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Nevada, 2010

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This paper profiles the student subgroup achievement and gap trends in Nevada for 2010. In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Nevada showed across-the-board gains--improvements in both reading and math at the basic, proficient and advanced levels for all racial/ethnic subgroups, low income…

  4. Top Four Trends in Student Information Systems

    Weathers, Robert

    2013-01-01

    The modern student information systems (SIS) is a powerful administrative tool with robust functionality. As such, it is essential that school and district administrators consider the top trends in modern student information systems before going forward with system upgrades or new purchases. These trends, described herein, are: (1) Support for…

  5. Time Trends in Bullying Behavior in Italy

    Vieno, Alessio; Lenzi, Michela; Gini, Gianluca; Pozzoli, Tiziana; Cavallo, Franco; Santinello, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    Background: Given the severity of outcomes associated with involvement in bullying and the resources spent in an effort to reduce its prevalence, it is important to investigate trends in the bullying's occurrence. The main aim of this study was to identify trends from 2002 to 2010 in prevalence of bullying and victimization among Italian…

  6. Key Trends Shaping the Global Logistics Environment

    Handfield, Robert; Straube, Frank; Pfohl, Hans-Christian;

    A summary from the full study “Trends and Strategies in Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Embracing Global Logistics Complexity to Drive Market Advantage” (2013).......A summary from the full study “Trends and Strategies in Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Embracing Global Logistics Complexity to Drive Market Advantage” (2013)....

  7. Estimating the trend in employment growth

    Daniel Aaronson; Scott Brave

    2013-01-01

    For the unemployment rate to decline, the U.S. economy needs to generate above-trend job growth. We currently estimate trend employment growth to be around 80,000 jobs per month, and we expect it to decline over the remainder of the decade, due largely to changing labor force demographics and slower population growth.

  8. A recent application trend of radiation thickness gauge

    This article is limited to online radiation thickness gauge for industrial use, which from now on we call ' the thickness gauge'. A trend of recent application is described. Number of thickness gauges being used in licensed industrial firms in Japan can be got from the statistics of the Science and Technology Agency. The numbers started to increase rapidly from the year around 1970. Among radiation instruments for industrial use, such as, level gauge, density gauge, gas chromatograph and others, thickness gauge is used the most. 2,751 units are used at the end of 1997 fiscal year. Other thickness gauges not included in this statistics, such as utilizing X-ray generator as a source instead of radioisotope or utilizing very low intensity radioisotope that is excluded from Japanese law concerning prevention from radiation hazards, are utilized. As a result, total numbers are expected much more than the numbers in the statistics. The same statistics show that 871 unit thickness gauges are used in the pulp and paper category, 622 in the iron and steel, and 373 in the chemicals. Also it is widely used in the area of textile, electric machines and many others. Isotope nuclides mostly utilized are 85Kr, 241Am, 147Pm, 90Sr and 137Cs. The most appropriate nuclide is selected for specified application in each industrial category. Radiation intensity distribution of sources does not appear in this statistics. The intensity depends on application by application. The recent technology trend includes the follows. Measurement system related features include, very high speed sampling, high resolution scanning measurement profiles, precise edge measurement, integrated work-station data logging, statistical data processing, graphical data presentations, long-term performance characteristics logging and reporting of trends, predictive failure analysis, etc. New design features to maximize absolute measurement accuracy in adverse environments include such things as, elimination of

  9. Trend prediction of chaotic time series

    Li Aiguo; Zhao Cai; Li Zhanhuai

    2007-01-01

    To predict the trend of chaotic time series in time series analysis and time series data mining fields, a novel predicting algorithm of chaotic time series trend is presented, and an on-line segmenting algorithm is proposed to convert a time series into a binary string according to ascending or descending trend of each subsequence. The on-line segmenting algorithm is independent of the prior knowledge about time series. The naive Bayesian algorithm is then employed to predict the trend of chaotic time series according to the binary string. The experimental results of three chaotic time series demonstrate that the proposed method predicts the ascending or descending trend of chaotic time series with few error.

  10. Trend of maximal inspiratory pressure in mechanically ventilated patients: predictors

    Pedro Caruso

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: It is known that mechanical ventilation and many of its features may affect the evolution of inspiratory muscle strength during ventilation. However, this evolution has not been described, nor have its predictors been studied. In addition, a probable parallel between inspiratory and limb muscle strength evolution has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the variation over time of maximal inspiratory pressure during mechanical ventilation and its predictors. We also studied the possible relationship between the evolution of maximal inspiratory pressure and limb muscle strength. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed in consecutive patients submitted to mechanical ventilation for > 72 hours. The maximal inspiratory pressure trend was evaluated by the linear regression of the daily maximal inspiratory pressure and a logistic regression analysis was used to look for independent maximal inspiratory pressure trend predictors. Limb muscle strength was evaluated using the Medical Research Council score. RESULTS: One hundred and sixteen patients were studied, forty-four of whom (37.9% presented a decrease in maximal inspiratory pressure over time. The members of the group in which maximal inspiratory pressure decreased underwent deeper sedation, spent less time in pressure support ventilation and were extubated less frequently. The only independent predictor of the maximal inspiratory pressure trend was the level of sedation (OR=1.55, 95% CI 1.003 - 2.408; p = 0.049. There was no relationship between the maximal inspiratory pressure trend and limb muscle strength. CONCLUSIONS: Around forty percent of the mechanically ventilated patients had a decreased maximal inspiratory pressure during mechanical ventilation, which was independently associated with deeper levels of sedation. There was no relationship between the evolution of maximal inspiratory pressure and the muscular strength of the limb.

  11. Space Biophysics: Accomplishments, Trends, Challenges

    Smith, Jeffrey D.

    2015-01-01

    the protective environment of Earth, the biophysical properties underlying these changes must be studied, characterized and understood. This lecture reviews the current state of NASA biophysics research accomplishments and identifies future trends and challenges for biophysics research on the International Space Station and beyond.

  12. Archaeometry: changes and current trends

    Montero Ruiz, Ignacio

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks through the definition of the term Archaeometry and its different meanings since the first use of the term in the1950s to the present. It is also concerned with the historical background of Archaeometry, its evolution throughout recent decades and the fields currently covered by this new area of knowledge, which must be understood within the limits of archaeology. In addition, a bibliometric analysis has served to show in depth the trends of archaeometric studies and to assess their role in current archaeological research. Finally, some ideas on the particular knowledge generated by Archaeometry as well as its future and immediate perspectives are also discussed.  

    Este trabajo realiza un recorrido por la definición del término Arqueometría y las distintas acepciones que ha ido teniendo desde su aparición en la década de los 50 del siglo pasado hasta el presente. También se profundiza en los antecedentes históricos, en la evolución acaecida en las últimas décadas y en los campos de actuación cubiertos en la actualidad por esta nueva área de conocimiento, cuyo desarrollo no puede entenderse al margen de la propia arqueología. Un análisis bibliométrico ha servido además para conocer en profundidad las tendencias en este tipo de estudios arqueométricos y valorar el papel que juegan en la investigación arqueológica actual. Por último, se discuten algunas ideas sobre las particulares características del conocimiento generado por la Arqueometría, así como su futuro y perspectivas más inmediatas.

  13. New trends in emerging pathogens.

    Skovgaard, Niels

    2007-12-15

    pathogen and swine may serve as a source of infection in human, a most challenging issue in greater part of the world raising pigs. Tick-borne encephalitis virus infection, either thick borne or caused by consumption of raw milk, is an increasing trend in the industrialized part of the world. Consumer awareness, ethics of food, sustainability in food production, and trust in foods, are of growing importance to the consumer. The reaction of the consumer to new technology, such as nanotechnology, is unpredictable. Many efforts should be devoted to communication of non-biased information to both the food producers as well as the consumer. PMID:17976849

  14. Trends in global earthquake loss

    Arnst, Isabel; Wenzel, Friedemann; Daniell, James

    2016-04-01

    Based on the CATDAT damage and loss database we analyse global trends of earthquake losses (in current values) and fatalities for the period between 1900 and 2015 from a statistical perspective. For this time period the data are complete for magnitudes above 6. First, we study the basic statistics of losses and find that losses below 10 bl. US satisfy approximately a power law with an exponent of 1.7 for the cumulative distribution. Higher loss values are modelled with the General Pareto Distribution (GPD). The 'transition' between power law and GPD is determined with the Mean Excess Function. We split the data set into a period of pre 1955 and post 1955 loss data as in those periods the exposure is significantly different due to population growth. The Annual Average Loss (AAL) for direct damage for events below 10 bl. US differs by a factor of 6, whereas the incorporation of the extreme loss events increases the AAL from 25 bl. US/yr to 30 bl. US/yr. Annual Average Deaths (AAD) show little (30%) difference for events below 6.000 fatalities and AAD values of 19.000 and 26.000 deaths per year if extreme values are incorporated. With data on the global Gross Domestic Product (GDP) that reflects the annual expenditures (consumption, investment, government spending) and on capital stock we relate losses to the economic capacity of societies and find that GDP (in real terms) grows much faster than losses so that the latter one play a decreasing role given the growing prosperity of mankind. This reasoning does not necessarily apply on a regional scale. Main conclusions of the analysis are that (a) a correct projection of historic loss values to nowadays US values is critical; (b) extreme value analysis is mandatory; (c) growing exposure is reflected in the AAL and AAD results for the periods pre and post 1955 events; (d) scaling loss values with global GDP data indicates that the relative size - from a global perspective - of losses decreases rapidly over time.

  15. Tracking facial features with occlusions

    MARKIN Evgeny; PRAKASH Edmond C.

    2006-01-01

    Facial expression recognition consists of determining what kind of emotional content is presented in a human face.The problem presents a complex area for exploration, since it encompasses face acquisition, facial feature tracking, facial expression classification. Facial feature tracking is of the most interest. Active Appearance Model (AAM) enables accurate tracking of facial features in real-time, but lacks occlusions and self-occlusions. In this paper we propose a solution to improve the accuracy of fitting technique. The idea is to include occluded images into AAM training data. We demonstrate the results by running ex periments using gradient descent algorithm for fitting the AAM. Our experiments show that using fitting algorithm with occluded training data improves the fitting quality of the algorithm.

  16. The MCLIB library: New features

    This report describes the philosophy and structure of MCLIB, A Fortran library of Monte Carlo subroutines which has been developed to test designs of neutron scattering instruments. Emphasis is placed on new features added to the library since the previous presentation of MCLIB at ICANS-XIII in October, 1995. These new features include toroidal mirrors, writing and reading source files, splitting and banking of histories, and a Maxwellian probability distribution. The only change of a program structure has been to include charge and polarization vector in the description of a particle. The latest release of the source code and documentation may be obtained by anonymous ftp. Work is also continuing on a more friendly web-based user interface, and user input is requested for additional features to be added to the library

  17. Linguistic Features of English Advertisement

    侯志荣

    2008-01-01

    Along with the rapid development of global economy,numerous colorful and fantastic English advertisements appear in Current markets.Through careful analysis we can find that English advertisements have formed their own linguistic features.The designers usually employ the special lexis,syntax and rhetorical devices to make their advertisement a concise,lively and appealing one.This paper analyzes the linguistic features of English advertisement.from which it gets some inspirations for C-E advertisement translation(translation of Chinese advertisement into English).

  18. Termination shock particle spectral features

    Cummings, A. C.; Stone, E. C.; McDonald, F. B.; Heikkila, B. C.; Lal, N.; Webber, W. R.

    2006-01-01

    Spectral features of energetic H ions accelerated at the termination shock may be evidence of two components. At low energies the energy spectrum is ~E^(–1.55), with break at ~0.4 MeV to E^(–2.2). A second component appears above ~1 MeV with a spectrum of E^(–1.27) with a break at ~3.2 MeV. Even though the intensities upstream are highly variable, the same spectral break energies are observed, suggesting that these are durable features of the source spectrum. The acceleration processes for th...

  19. TRENDS OF ROMANIAN BANKING NETWORK DEVELOPMENT

    Nicoleta Georgeta PANAIT

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Since 2009, two trends occurred in the banking world: downsizing of personnel, on the one hand and the reduction of retail units held, on the other hand. The first trend was most notable in countries with unstable or weak economy. The effects were seen immediately. Reducing of the operating costs and more applied of the territorial structure and staff was a decision that credit institutions in Romania took relatively late. Worldwide banks began a restructuring otherwise dictated by this time not so economic crises new market trends - increasing access to the internet for the population and use of the internet in a growing proportion of internet banking

  20. Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today`s natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs.

  1. Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends

    Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today's natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs

  2. A trend-cycle(-season) filter

    Mohr, Matthias

    2005-01-01

    This paper proposes a new univariate method to decompose a time series into a trend, a cyclical and a seasonal component: the Trend-Cycle filter (TC filter) and its extension, the Trend-Cycle-Season filter (TCS filter). They can be regarded as extensions of the Hodrick-Prescott filter (HP filter). In particular, the stochastic model of the HP filter is extended by explicit models for the cyclical and the seasonal component. The introduction of a stochastic cycle improves the filter in three r...

  3. Automating Trend Analysis for Spacecraft Constellations

    Davis, George; Cooter, Miranda; Updike, Clark; Carey, Everett; Mackey, Jennifer; Rykowski, Timothy; Powers, Edward I. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Spacecraft trend analysis is a vital mission operations function performed by satellite controllers and engineers, who perform detailed analyses of engineering telemetry data to diagnose subsystem faults and to detect trends that may potentially lead to degraded subsystem performance or failure in the future. It is this latter function that is of greatest importance, for careful trending can often predict or detect events that may lead to a spacecraft's entry into safe-hold. Early prediction and detection of such events could result in the avoidance of, or rapid return to service from, spacecraft safing, which not only results in reduced recovery costs but also in a higher overall level of service for the satellite system. Contemporary spacecraft trending activities are manually intensive and are primarily performed diagnostically after a fault occurs, rather than proactively to predict its occurrence. They also tend to rely on information systems and software that are oudated when compared to current technologies. When coupled with the fact that flight operations teams often have limited resources, proactive trending opportunities are limited, and detailed trend analysis is often reserved for critical responses to safe holds or other on-orbit events such as maneuvers. While the contemporary trend analysis approach has sufficed for current single-spacecraft operations, it will be unfeasible for NASA's planned and proposed space science constellations. Missions such as the Dynamics, Reconnection and Configuration Observatory (DRACO), for example, are planning to launch as many as 100 'nanospacecraft' to form a homogenous constellation. A simple extrapolation of resources and manpower based on single-spacecraft operations suggests that trending for such a large spacecraft fleet will be unmanageable, unwieldy, and cost-prohibitive. It is therefore imperative that an approach to automating the spacecraft trend analysis function be studied, developed, and applied to

  4. World's trends in nuclear education

    determination and industrial quality control. As well, the use of tracers in Industry, Medicine, Biochemistry, etc., has long been established requiring, at its turn, an increasingly fine radiochemical preparation. Finally, the use of radiation sources in industrial and research activities calls too for highly qualified personnel. Even more, the growing regulations of nuclear energy demand a higher number of specialists in Health Physics. Unlike Basic Science, Applied Science must necessarily follow present and future market needs. This is of course valid for the applied branch of Nuclear Science, who has two components: the applications of radioisotopes and radiations and the power generation; the first one shows a very foreseeable development but the power one not yet. Therefore, educational systems need cover, in general, both aspects with an emphasis in that one considered the more relevant to every country. This work analyses the development and present situation of nuclear education in several countries (USA, Canada, Mexico, France, Spain, China, etc.) as well as the collective efforts promoted by the IAEA and other organisations such as the WNA. Statistical data of matriculation are presented. Some particular curricula are discussed and the main experimental facilities are mentioned. Conclusions are obtained regarding present lacks in training programs and some fore sights are made about probable trends derived from foreseeable scenarios.

  5. Group practice--trend for the future.

    Furumoto, H H

    1983-11-01

    Group practices in various forms and combinations appear to set the trend for small animal practice management. By pooling their financial resources, energies, and talents, veterinarians can share the burden of increasing overhead costs and enjoy the benefits of specialization, new technologies, continuing education, consultations and referrals, peer review, applied research and publication, and fringe benefits such as paid vacation and sick leave, profit sharing, and pension. Group practices preserve ownership continuity at fair market value and afford opportunities for the utilization of expert business consultants. There are prerequisites to establishing a successful group practice: An adequate personal income base, a sufficient pet population, and business associates with compatible practice philosophy. Special considerations must be given to the social, economic, and psychological forces at work in a group practice environment. Professional and personal interactions can make or break a group practice. The group concept, MIP treatment of clients and their pets, and personalized appointments are important features which must be emphasized. The law of supply and demand and the law of diminishing returns must be kept in focus at all times. In tandem, they dictate the fortunes of all business enterprises and group practices can be particularly vulnerable to them. Long-term business commitment is a condition of group practice ownership and may pose a conflict with other interests. A predetermined buy-sell agreement and deferred compensation plan may provide the answer in case of dissolution, termination, or early retirement. A system of animal and material transport and transfer of business transactions and medical records must be set up between satellite clinics and the base hospital. A hospital-owned-and-operated shuttle service appears to offer the greatest flexibility and convenience. Cost-effectiveness of a shuttle service depends on the volume of referral

  6. Features material considerations polyester resins

    Алексеева, Н. Н.; Маслош, О. В.; Островерхова, И. А.; Маслош, В. З.

    2011-01-01

    The features of drafting of financial balance of processes of receipt of polyester resins are considered. It is marked that practical output of polyesters always anymore theoretical. The method of drafting of financial balance of processes of receipt of polyesters is offered.

  7. Primordial features and Planck polarization

    Hazra, Dhiraj Kumar; Smoot, George F; Starobinsky, Alexei A

    2016-01-01

    With the Planck 2015 Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature and polarization data, we examine possibility of having features in the primordial power spectrum (PPS). We revisit the Wiggly Whipped Inflation (WWI) framework and demonstrate how generation of some particular primordial features can improve the fit to Planck data. WWI potential allows the scalar field to transit from a steeper potential to a nearly flat potential through a discontinuity either in potential or in its derivatives. Using Planck 2015 data, we constrain the primordial features in the context of Wiggly Whipped Inflation and present the features that are supported both by temperature and polarization. WWI model provides upto $\\sim12-14$ improvement in $\\chi^2$ fit to the data with respect to the best fit power law model considering combined temperature and polarization data from Planck and B-mode polarization data from BICEP and Planck dust map. We use 2-4 extra parameters in the WWI model compared to the featureless strict slow ro...

  8. Feature Selection and Effective Classifiers.

    Deogun, Jitender S.; Choubey, Suresh K.; Raghavan, Vijay V.; Sever, Hayri

    1998-01-01

    Develops and analyzes four algorithms for feature selection in the context of rough set methodology. Experimental results confirm the expected relationship between the time complexity of these algorithms and the classification accuracy of the resulting upper classifiers. When compared, results of upper classifiers perform better than lower…

  9. Universal features of multiplicity distributions

    Universal features of multiplicity distributions are studied and combinants, certain linear combinations of ratios of probabilities, are introduced. It is argued that they can be a useful tool in analyzing multiplicity distributions of hadrons emitted in high energy collisions and large scale structure of galaxy distributions

  10. Self-Advocacy. Feature Issue.

    Hayden, Mary F., Ed.; Ward, Nancy, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    This feature issue newsletter looks at issues the self-advocacy movement is raising and the contributions it is making to the lives of people with developmental disabilities. Articles by self-advocates and advisors to self-advocacy organizations talk about their self-advocacy experiences, barriers to self-advocacy, and ways to support it. Primary…

  11. FCLib: The Feature Characterization Library.

    Gentile, Ann C.; Doyle, Wendy S. K.; Kegelmeyer, W. Philip [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA; Ulmer, Craig D. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA

    2008-11-01

    The Feature Characterization Library (FCLib) is a software library that simplifies the process of interrogating, analyzing, and understanding complex data sets generated by finite element applications. This document provides an overview of the library, a description of both the design philosophy and implementation of the library, and examples of how the library can be utilized to extract understanding from raw datasets.

  12. Goldenhar syndrome with unusual features

    Mehta Bijal

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We report here the case of a 17 year-old girl with the classic signs of Goldenhar syndrome in the form of multiple accessory tragi, bilateral ocular dermoids, mandibular hypoplasia (micrognathia and cervical lordosis. She also had a high arched palate, gingival hypertrophy and malaligned teeth, features which are as yet unreported.

  13. Medicare Managed Care: Numbers and Trends

    Zarabozo, Carlos; Taylor, Charles(8 Cherryl House, Seymour Gardens, Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands, B74 4ST, U.K.); Hicks, Jarret

    1996-01-01

    This article captures some key trends in Medicare managed care. The figures which accompany this article explore, among other issues: enrollment; numbers of participating plans; demographic characteristics such as geographic location, age, and income; and premium and benefit comparisons.

  14. De-trending of turbulence measurements

    Hansen, Kurt Schaldemose; Larsen, Gunner Chr.

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents the results of a comparison between long term raw and de-trended turbulence intensity values recorded at offshore and coastal sites under different weather systems. Within the traditional framework of turbulence interpretation, where turbulence is considered as a stationary...... process imposed on a given constant mean wind speed, measured raw turbulence intensities consist of contributions from the atmospheric turbulence as well as from the change in mean wind speed levels. The change in mean wind speed will appear as a trend in the wind speed time series. Wind resource...... depends primarily on site characteristics and local mean wind speed variations. Reduced turbulence intensity will result in lower design fatigue loads. This aspect of de-trending is discussed by use of a simple heuristic load model. Finally an empirical model for de-trending wind resource data is...

  15. Long Trend Dynamics in Social Media

    Wang, Chunyan

    2011-01-01

    A main characteristic of social media is that its diverse content, copiously generated by both standard media outlets and users, constantly competes for the attention of its users. Out of this flood of information some topics manage to get enough attention to become the most popular ones and thus to be prominently displayed as trends. Among these trends, some manage to persist long enough so as to shape part of the social agenda. How this happens is the focus of this paper. By introducing a stochastic dynamical model that takes into account the user's repeated involvement in given topics one can predict the distribution of trending times as well as the thresholds in popularity that lead to their appearance as trends within social media. Detailed measurements of datasets from Twitter. com confirm the validity of the model and its predictions.

  16. Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) is a biennial, cross-sectional survey of a nationally-representative sample of American adults that is used to...

  17. National Marriage and Divorce Rate Trends

    ... Vital Statistics Online National Death Index NCHS National Marriage and Divorce Rate Trends Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Provisional number of marriages and marriage rate: United States, 2000-2014 Year ...

  18. USCIS National Processing Volumes and Trends

    Department of Homeland Security — The dataset provides the public with a comparison of form processing volumes and trend data for specific form types and offices with national levels. This gives the...

  19. Trends in der IT-Sicherheit

    Eckert, Claudia

    Ich möchte Ihnen einen Überblick geben über Trends, Challenges, offene Fragestellungen sowie Lösungsansätze aus dem Bereich der IT-Sicherheit. Meine Vorredner haben mir schon eine wunderbare Basis dafür geschaffen, indem sie wichtige Trends im Bereich IT bereits angesprochen haben. Deshalb werde ich auf diese Trends, nämlich das Internet of Things and Services nur noch einmal kurz eingehen, um daran dann die IT-Sicherheitsthemen, die sich aus diesen IT-Trends ergeben, zu skizzieren und anschließend Lösungen vorstellen, die insbesondere im Forschungsumfeld entwickelt werden, aber schon reif sind, auch in die unternehmerische Praxis übernommen zu werden.

  20. Trends of Rent-seeking Theory

    Latkov, Andrey

    2014-01-01

    The article discusses the origin and development of the rent-seeking theory. The interim results of the rent-seeking theory are summarized. The main trends in the rent-seeking theory development are presented in modern conditions.

  1. Trends in hemispheric warm and cold anomalies

    Robeson, Scott M.; Willmott, Cort J.; Jones, Phil D.

    2014-12-01

    Using a spatial percentile approach, we explore the magnitude of temperature anomalies across the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Linear trends in spatial percentile series are estimated for 1881-2013, the most recent 30 year period (1984-2013), and 1998-2013. All spatial percentiles in both hemispheres show increases from 1881 to 2013, but warming occurred unevenly via modification of cold anomalies, producing a reduction in spatial dispersion. In the most recent 30 year period, trends also were consistently positive, with warm anomalies having much larger warming rates than those of cold anomalies in both hemispheres. This recent trend has largely reversed the decrease in spatial dispersion that occurred during the twentieth century. While the period associated with the recent slowdown of global warming, 1998-2013, is too brief to estimate trends reliably, cooling was evident in NH warm and cold anomalies during January and February while other months in the NH continued to warm.

  2. Clean Air Markets - Quick Facts and Trends

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Quick Facts and Trends module is part of a suite of Clean Air Markets-related tools that are accessible at http://camddataandmaps.epa.gov/gdm/index.cfm. The...

  3. Caucasus Geopolitics: Modern Trends Conflicts and Development

    Svetlana V. Petrova

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The article studies major trends of Caucasus geopolitical situation development in terms of modern global politics, indicates major parties, settling conflicts in the region and their immediate interests in the Caucasus.

  4. Explaining NDVI trends in northern Burkina Faso

    Rasmussen, Kjeld; Fensholt, Rasmus; Fog, Bjarne; Rasmussen, Laura Vang; Yanogo, Isidore

    2014-01-01

    -climatic factors are involved. By relating NDVI trends to landscape elements and land use change we demonstrate that NDVI trends in the north-western parts of the study area are mostly related to landscape elements, while this is not the case in the south-eastern parts, where rapidly changing land use, including......Many studies have shown a ‘greening of the Sahel’ on the basis of analysis of time series of satellite images and this has shown to be, at least partly, explained by changes in rainfall. In northern Burkina Faso, an area stands out as anomalous in such analysis, since it is characterized by a...... distinct spatial pattern and strongly dominated by negative trends in Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). The aim of the paper is to explain this distinct pattern. When studied over the period 2000–2012, using NDVI data from the MODIS sensor the spatial pattern of NDVI trends indicates that non...

  5. Hit Record Trends, 1940-1977.

    Anderson, Bruce; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Examines trends in popular music by analyzing the number one recordings from 1940 to 1977 in terms of the relationships among four variables: manufacturer (market concentration), song type (musical genre), artist type (performance mode), and lyric content (vocal message). (JMF)

  6. Irrigation trends in Kansas, 1991–2011

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This fact sheet examines trends in total reported irrigation water use and acres irrigated as well as irrigation water use by crop type and system type in Kansas...

  7. Trends and Considerations Affecting Noncredit Programs

    Baker, Nelson C.

    2013-01-01

    Noncredit programs help to define continuing education programs. Current trends indicate that change in noncredit programming will continue, and likely accelerate, as a result of new audiences, technologies, and institutional expectations.

  8. Commercialising public research new trends and strategies

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris

    2013-01-01

    This report describes recent trends in government and institutional level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research. It also benchmarks a set of countries, universities and public research institutions (PRI) based on both traditional and new indicators.

  9. MRI features of placenta accreta

    Objective: To investigate the MRI features of placenta accreta. Methods: From Apr 2009 to Jun 2011, 15 patients with placenta accrete received MRI examination. In them, placenta accreta was diagnosed based on clinical manifestations or postoperative histopathology. The MR features of placenta accreta in them (study group) were retrospectively analyzed and compared with those in 15 pregnant women without placenta accreta (control group) with Fisher exact test. Results: In the 15 patients with placenta accreta,uterine bulging and (or) a focal outward contour bulge was detected in 14 patients; heterogeneous signal intensity in the placenta was detected in 15 patients; dark intraplacental bands on T2-weighted images was detected in 15 patients; and increased subplacental vascularity was detected in 11 patients on T1- weighted images. In the study group, 14 patients showed at least three of the above four features, and in all of them uterine bulging and (or) a focal outward contour bulge, heterogeneous signal intensity in the placenta and dark intraplacental bands on T2-weighted images were detected; one patient showed heterogeneous signal intensity in the placenta, dark intraplacental bands on T2-weighted images and increased subplacental vascularity. In the control group,none patient had three of the above features.Uterine bulging and (or) a focal outward contour bulge, heterogeneous signal intensity in the placenta, dark intraplacental bands on T2-weighted images and increased subplacental vascularity were detected in 3, 6, 3 and 4 patients (P=0.000, 0.001, 0.000 and 0.027), respectively. Conclusions: The main MRI features of placenta accreta are uterine bulging and (or) a focal outward contour bulge, heterogeneous signal intensity in the placenta and dark intraplacental bands on T2-weighted images Besides, increased subplacental vascularity also could provide useful information for the diagnosis of placenta accreta. (authors)

  10. Sea level trends in Southeast Asian seas

    M. W. Strassburg; B. D. Hamlington; R. R. Leben; P. Manurung; J. Lumban Gaol; B. Nababan; Vignudelli, S.; Kim, K.-Y.

    2015-01-01

    Southeast Asian seas span the largest archipelago in the global ocean and provide a complex oceanic pathway connecting the Pacific and Indian oceans. The Southeast Asian sea regional sea level trends are some of the highest observed in the modern satellite altimeter record that now spans almost 2 decades. Initial comparisons of global sea level reconstructions find that 17-year sea level trends over the past 60 years exhibit good agreement with decadal variability associated...

  11. New trends of library reference services

    Ranasinghe, W.M.T.D.

    2012-01-01

    Reference service is considered as the heart of the library services. It is a service, facilitated by a reference librarian, which meets the information needs of users with desired information. Like many other library services, library reference service also has changed with the impact of emerging technologies and in par with changing social needs. The aim of this paper is to discuss some of these new trends of library reference services. These new trends are divided into four main areas name...

  12. TRENDS OF ROMANIAN BANKING NETWORK DEVELOPMENT

    Nicoleta Georgeta PANAIT

    2015-01-01

    Since 2009, two trends occurred in the banking world: downsizing of personnel, on the one hand and the reduction of retail units held, on the other hand. The first trend was most notable in countries with unstable or weak economy. The effects were seen immediately. Reducing of the operating costs and more applied of the territorial structure and staff was a decision that credit institutions in Romania took relatively late. Worldwide banks began a restructuring otherwise dictated by this time ...

  13. Foreseeable trends in health care delivery.

    Blanton, W B

    1978-09-01

    "These trends represent the obvious call from society for health change: enlarged access to the system; reduction in the rate of rise in cost; equity in care; and increased quality in care. All of these elements except the cost objective requires not lessened but additional and redistributed resources. If this is pleasing, exert influence to reinforce the trends toward it. If not, speak now to modify the otherwise inevitable." PMID:706646

  14. Trends in contemporary conscious music in Iran

    Maghazei , Malihe

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies the growing trends in conscious music in Iran, which emerged in the 1990s. It provides a brief historical overview of changes in conscious music in Iran since the Constitutional Revolution of 1905. Within thecontext of the current status of music in the country, the research then focuses on three conscious trends: rock, fusion and classical Persian music. This music, which is part of a broader intellectual and artistic wave, represents the needs and views of a diverse young...

  15. Trends in the Study of Pavlovian Conditioning

    Timberlake, William

    2004-01-01

    These introductory comments for the special issue on Pavlovian conditioning begin with a brief review of Rescorla’s (1988) influential paper outlining how trends in the study of Pavlovian conditioning changed the dominant view from an analysis of simple associations to an information seeking approach. I argue that current research trends in Pavlovian conditioning suggest possible ways of integrating the information-seeking approach with a more embodied, evolutionary approach. I briefly consid...

  16. Capitalizing on trends to tempt the consumer

    Groot, M.J.; Bartels, J.

    2010-01-01

    The consumption of more than 400 grams of fruit and vegetables per person per day as recommended by the World Health Organisation is certainly not archieved everywhere in Europe. therefore, from the health viewpoint of the sector, there is still al lot to gain. To tempt consumers to buy fruit, the sector must understand and respond to the trends associates with fruit consumption. The recently concluded European Isafruit project investigated these trends in four countries.

  17. Security Trend Analysis with CVE Topic Models

    Neuhaus, Stephan; Zimmermann, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    We study the vulnerability reports in the Common Vulnerability and Exposures (CVE) database by using topic models on their description texts to find prevalent vulnerability types and new trends semi-automatically. In our study of the 39,393 unique CVEs until the end of 2009, we identify the following trends, given here in the form of a weather forecast: PHP: declining, with occasional SQL injection. Buffer Overflows: flattening out after decline. Format Strings: in steep decline. SQL Injectio...

  18. Trend and pattern analysis of operational data through cooperation between OECD countries

    This papers deals with trend analyses achieved by NEA/OECD countries to assess operational safety experience. It describes the main features of the incident Reporting System operated by NEA to collect relevant safety events from nuclear power plants. It presents the results of exchange methods within Principal Working Group no 1 in charge of operating experience and human factors; the use of preselected IRS incidents is illustrated by the study of losses of containment functions performed by PWGl; some trends resulting from enlarged international exchanges dealing with operational data are highlighted through two examples: reducing scram frequency and improving technical specifications

  19. Trends in Childbearing and Nuptiality in Sweden : An Update with Data up to 2007

    Andersson, Gunnar; Kolk, Martin

    2011-01-01

    We present an update of the main features of recent trends in vital family-demographic behavior in Sweden. For this purpose, time series of relative risks of childbearing, marriage, and divorce by calendar year are updated with another five years of observation added to previously published series. We demonstrate that fertility in Sweden continued its upward trend during much of the first decade of the 21st century. The rise pertains to all birth orders. It is driven by the halt in postponeme...

  20. Monitoring Phenological Trends From Satellite Imagery

    Reed, B.; Brown, J.; Whalen, A.

    2004-12-01

    While there is convincing evidence that global climate change is taking place, there is still considerable controversy over the magnitude and consequences of any changes. One of the primary manifestations of climate change is the effect on patterns of vegetation growth; the timing of the growing season, the vigor of vegetation, and vegetation composition. The satellite data record provides an objective view of vegetation activity by measuring surface reflectance values at regular time intervals. Time-series analyses of satellite data can provide information on emerging trends of vegetation dynamics that may be related to global change. The objective of this project is to conduct a trend analysis of vegetation dynamics in the conterminous United States, as measured by satellite data, to assess regions of changing vegetation activity, and to evaluate the regions to determine the driving forces of these changes. To assess vegetation dynamics we analyze phenological metrics (e.g., time of start of season , end of season, duration of season, and seasonally integrated greenness) derived from satellite data and evaluate trends in these metrics by studying the climate record, agricultural statistics, and land cover data bases to assess the driving forces of the trends. The types of trends that we identify include trends toward earlier/later start and end of season, longer/shorter growing seasons, and greater/lesser vegetation production. Early results indicate geographically specific drivers across various ecoregions of the US.

  1. Linear trends in cloud top height from passive observations in the oxygen A-band

    Lelli, L.; Kokhanovsky, A. A.; Rozanov, V. V.; Vountas, M.; Burrows, J. P.

    2014-06-01

    Measurements by the hyperspectral spectrometers GOME, SCIAMACHY and GOME-2 are used to determine the rate of linear change (and trends) in cloud top height (CTH) in the period between June 1996 and May 2012. The retrievals are obtained from Top-Of-Atmosphere (TOA) backscattered solar light in the oxygen A-band using the Semi-Analytical CloUd Retrieval Algorithm SACURA. The physical framework relies on the asymptotic equations of radiative transfer, valid for optically thick clouds. Using linear least-squares techniques, a global trend of -1.78 ± 2.14 m yr-1 in deseasonalized CTH has been found, in the latitude belt within ±60°, with diverging tendencies over land (+0.27 ± 3.2 m yr-1) and ocean (-2.51 ± 2.8 m yr-1). The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), strongly coupled to CTH, forces clouds to lower altitudes. The global ENSO-corrected trend in CTH amounts to -0.49 ± 2.22 m yr-1. At a global scale, no explicit regional pattern of statistically significant trends (at 95% confidence level, estimated with bootstrap technique) have been found, which would be representative of typical natural synoptical features. One exception is North Africa, which exhibits the strongest upward trend in CTH sustained by an increasing trend in water vapour.

  2. Trends in cloud top height from passive observations in the oxygen A-band

    Lelli, L.; Kokhanovsky, A. A.; Rozanov, V. V.; Vountas, M.; Burrows, J. P.

    2013-12-01

    Measurements by the hyperspectral spectrometers GOME, SCIAMACHY, and GOME-2 are used to determine the rate of linear change (and trends) in cloud top height (CTH) in the period between June 1996 and May 2012. The retrievals are obtained from Top-Of-Atmosphere (TOA) backscattered solar light in the oxygen A-band using the Semi-Analytical CloUd Retrieval Algorithm SACURA. The physical framework relies on the asymptotic equations of radiative transfer, valid for optically thick clouds. Using linear least-squares techniques, a global trend of -1.78 ± 2.14 m yr-1 in deseasonalised CTH has been found, in the latitude belt within ±60°, with diverging tendencies over land (+0.27 ± 3.2 m yr-1) and ocean (-2.51 ± 2.8 m yr-1). The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), strongly coupled to CTH, forces clouds to lower altitudes. The global ENSO-corrected trend in CTH amounts to -0.49 ± 2.22 m yr-1. At a~global scale, no explicit regional pattern of statistically significant trends (at 95 % confidence level, estimated with bootstrap technique) have been found, which would be representative of typical natural synoptical features. One exception is North Africa, which exhibits the strongest upward trend in CTH sustained by an increasing trend in water vapor.

  3. Adaptive Wavelets Based on Second Generation Wavelet Transform and Their Applications to Trend Analysis and Prediction

    DUAN Chen-dong; JIANG Hong-kai; HE Zheng-jia

    2004-01-01

    In order to make trend analysis and prediction to acquisition data in a mechanical equipment condition monitoring system, a new method of trend feature extraction and prediction of acquisition data is proposed which constructs an adaptive wavelet on the acquisition data by means of second generation wavelet transform (SGWT). Firstly, taking the vanishing moment number of the predictor as a constraint, the linear predictor and updater are designed according to the acquisition data by using symmetrical interpolating scheme. Then the trend of the data is obtained through doing SGWT decomposition, threshold processing and SGWT reconstruction. Secondly, under the constraint of the vanishing moment number of the predictor, another predictor based on the acquisition data is devised to predict the future trend of the data using a non-symmetrical interpolating scheme. A one-step prediction algorithm is presented to predict the future evolution trend with historical data. The proposed method obtained a desirable effect in peak-to-peak value trend analysis for a machine set in an oil refinery.

  4. Evaluation of Mobile Source Emissions and Trends

    Dallmann, Timothy Ryan

    Mobile sources contribute significantly to air pollution problems. Relevant pollutants include numerous gaseous and particle-phase species that can affect human health, ecosystems, and climate. Accurate inventories of emissions from these sources are needed to help understand possible adverse impacts, and to develop effective air quality management strategies. Unfortunately large uncertainties persist in the understanding of mobile source emissions, and how these emissions are changing over time. This dissertation aims to evaluate long-term trends in mobile source emissions in the United States, and to make detailed measurements of emissions from present-day fleets of on-road vehicles operating in California. Long-term trends in mobile source emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in the United States were investigated through development of a fuel-based emission inventory. Annual emissions from on- and off-road gasoline and diesel engines were quantified for the years 1996-2006. Diesel engines were found to be the dominant mobile source of NOx and PM2.5, and on-road diesel vehicles were identified as the single largest anthropogenic source of NOx emissions in the United States as of 2005. The importance of diesel engines as a source of exhaust particulate matter emissions has led to the recent introduction of advanced emission control technologies in the United States, such as diesel particle filters (DPF), which have been required since 2007 for all new on-road heavy-duty (HD) diesel engines. In addition to national requirements for the use of such control devices on new engines, California has mandated accelerated clean-up of statewide emissions from older in-use diesel engines. The plume capture method was further applied to measure emissions from a more diverse population of trucks observed at the Caldecott tunnel in summer 2010. Emissions from hundreds of individual trucks were measured, and emission factor distributions were

  5. Evidence of trends in rain event size effecting trends in rain fade

    Paulson, Kevin S.

    2016-03-01

    Rain gauge studies have shown that the incidence of rain at rates associated with outage on terrestrial links has shown an increasing trend in several countries over the last 30 years. However, no evidence is available from microwave links to show whether outage rates, or the incidence of fade, is similarly increasing. This paper presents evidence of fade trends, derived from a decade of rain radar data. Although a decade is too short a period to observe rain rate trends, evidence is presented that trends in the size of rain events is leading to changes in the relationship between point rain rates and rain fade. Furthermore, these trends are shown to vary significantly across the UK. Temporal trends in both rain rates and their link to rain fade, make it more difficult to adapt International Telecommunication Union Radiocommunication Reccomendations to a changing climate.

  6. Global trends of economic diplomacy development under globalization

    O.L. Kanishchenko

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to global trends of economic diplomacy development in the context of globalization. Among the main factors that influence on the development of instruments of international economic diplomacy important role play political factors. They play key role in determining prospects for economic entities international cooperation and priorities of their business communication with representatives of other political systems. The most important in the political environment analysis is: (1 to study of political system characteristics to determine the main parameters and features of integrated political symptoms interaction and political forces subordination; (2 to determine the status of political stability in order to predict political priorities, create an atmosphere of political loyalty, and promote political conditions; (3 to assess political risks in order to predict certain expected and unexpected conflicts and to identify ways of their overcoming. Also on development of international economic diplomacy instruments influence such factors as economic environment, factors of socio-cultural environment, technological environment, physical environment, etc. Bright examples of negative tools of economic diplomacy implementation are: periodic “gas war” between Russia and Ukraine; prohibition by the Russian Federation on the import of Ukrainian dairy products, juices, soybean, soybean meal, sunflower and corn grits, potatoes, canned vegetables, canned fish, fruits, vegetables and herbs in 2014; economic sanctions by Western countries against Russia. The aim of the article. The aim of article is studying modern trends of development of economic diplomacy in context of globalization. The results of the analysis. Key point of argumentation of this article is that significant increase of national wealth in many countries in the second half of the 20th century is largely connected with intensification of economic diplomacy in all

  7. Features Based Text Similarity Detection

    Kent, Chow Kok

    2010-01-01

    As the Internet help us cross cultural border by providing different information, plagiarism issue is bound to arise. As a result, plagiarism detection becomes more demanding in overcoming this issue. Different plagiarism detection tools have been developed based on various detection techniques. Nowadays, fingerprint matching technique plays an important role in those detection tools. However, in handling some large content articles, there are some weaknesses in fingerprint matching technique especially in space and time consumption issue. In this paper, we propose a new approach to detect plagiarism which integrates the use of fingerprint matching technique with four key features to assist in the detection process. These proposed features are capable to choose the main point or key sentence in the articles to be compared. Those selected sentence will be undergo the fingerprint matching process in order to detect the similarity between the sentences. Hence, time and space usage for the comparison process is r...

  8. Safety design features of MARS

    The Multipurpose Advanced Reactor, inherently Safe (MARS) is a 600 MW(th), single loop, pressurized light water reactor (PWR); its design was developed at the Department of Nuclear Engineering and Energy Conversion of the University of Rome 'La Sapienza'. The design was conceived in 1984 as a nuclear power plant able to conciliate well proven PWR nuclear technology with special safety features intended to facilitate plant location in the immediate proximity of highly populated areas in fast growing countries, to meet their energy and potable water needs. The plant has to guarantee a high and easily understandable safety level, has to be inexpensive and easy to build, operate, maintain and, eventually, repair; and has to ensure low production of radioactive wastes. The objective of the design effort was to find those (suitably supported by tests) plant solutions that could keep the features of a 'traditional' PWR in an essentially simplified design. A detailed description of the MARS design is presented

  9. Textural features for image classification

    Haralick, R. M.; Dinstein, I.; Shanmugam, K.

    1973-01-01

    Description of some easily computable textural features based on gray-tone spatial dependances, and illustration of their application in category-identification tasks of three different kinds of image data - namely, photomicrographs of five kinds of sandstones, 1:20,000 panchromatic aerial photographs of eight land-use categories, and ERTS multispectral imagery containing several land-use categories. Two kinds of decision rules are used - one for which the decision regions are convex polyhedra (a piecewise-linear decision rule), and one for which the decision regions are rectangular parallelpipeds (a min-max decision rule). In each experiment the data set was divided into two parts, a training set and a test set. Test set identification accuracy is 89% for the photomicrographs, 82% for the aerial photographic imagery, and 83% for the satellite imagery. These results indicate that the easily computable textural features probably have a general applicability for a wide variety of image-classification applications.

  10. MODERN FEATURES OF FINANCIAL GLOBALIZATION

    VALENTINA FETINIUC; IVAN LUCHIAN

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays, financial globalization as latest stage of financial internationalization process becomes to be the most discussed subject by economic scientists. It has many forms of manifestation and directions of development. One of the main features of financial globalization is increasing the role of the financial sector, linked with the expansion of the scope and complexity of foreign economic relations. The financial system has increasingly become a means of redistribution of financial resou...

  11. Modeling Autistic Features in Animals

    Patterson, Paul H.

    2011-01-01

    A variety of features of autism can be simulated in rodents, including the core behavioral hallmarks of stereotyped and repetitive behaviors, and deficits in social interaction and communication. Other behaviors frequently found in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) such as neophobia, enhanced anxiety, abnormal pain sensitivity and eye blink conditioning, disturbed sleep patterns, seizures, and deficits in sensorimotor gating are also present in some of the animal models. Neuropathology and some...

  12. Rosacea: clinical features and treatment.

    Lavers, Isabel

    2016-03-30

    Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that predominantly affects the central face. It is characterised by a variable range of symptoms, including erythema, telangiectasia, papules, pustules and changes in skin texture. Rosacea may be transient, recurrent or persistent. Because it affects the most visible part of the body, the psychosocial effects of this condition can be significant. This article describes the features and management of the condition. PMID:27027198

  13. Automated Extraction of Flow Features

    Dorney, Suzanne (Technical Monitor); Haimes, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations are routinely performed as part of the design process of most fluid handling devices. In order to efficiently and effectively use the results of a CFD simulation, visualization tools are often used. These tools are used in all stages of the CFD simulation including pre-processing, interim-processing, and post-processing, to interpret the results. Each of these stages requires visualization tools that allow one to examine the geometry of the device, as well as the partial or final results of the simulation. An engineer will typically generate a series of contour and vector plots to better understand the physics of how the fluid is interacting with the physical device. Of particular interest are detecting features such as shocks, re-circulation zones, and vortices (which will highlight areas of stress and loss). As the demand for CFD analyses continues to increase the need for automated feature extraction capabilities has become vital. In the past, feature extraction and identification were interesting concepts, but not required in understanding the physics of a steady flow field. This is because the results of the more traditional tools like; isc-surface, cuts and streamlines, were more interactive and easily abstracted so they could be represented to the investigator. These tools worked and properly conveyed the collected information at the expense of a great deal of interaction. For unsteady flow-fields, the investigator does not have the luxury of spending time scanning only one "snapshot" of the simulation. Automated assistance is required in pointing out areas of potential interest contained within the flow. This must not require a heavy compute burden (the visualization should not significantly slow down the solution procedure for co-processing environments). Methods must be developed to abstract the feature of interest and display it in a manner that physically makes sense.

  14. Clinicopathological features of cerebral lipoastrocytoma

    Shuang WEN

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the clinicopathological features, immune phenotype, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of cerebral lipoastrocytoma. Methods Retrospective analysis of the clinical manifestations, histopathological and immunohistochemical features were conducted in one case of cerebral lipoastrocytoma. Results A 48-year-old male presented with numbness and inflexibility of the fourth and little fingers of his left hand over the previous 2 weeks. Cranial MRI revealed a space-occupying lesion with cystic degeneration in the right parietal lobe that showed obvious enhancement after contrast administration. The patient subsequently underwent craniotomy with stereotactic gross total excision of the lesion. Adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy were not administered. Histologically the tumor showed classical features of low-grade astrocytoma, including a few scattered medium-large neuron-like cells with prominent nucleoli and abundant cytoplasm. Most notably, the glial cells contained fat droplets or vacuoles giving an appearance of mature adipocytes. Focally microcystic change was evident resulting from adipocyte-like cells fusion with each other. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were reactive for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP and S-100 protein (S-100, focally positive for WT-1, weakly positive for oligodendrocytes transcription factor-2 (Olig-2, and negative for isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1. Meanwhile, the tumor cells also expressed several neuronal markers including synaptophysin (Syn, microtube-associated protein-2 (MAP-2, neurofilament (NF, neuron specific enolase (NSE and CD34. P53 protein was weakly expressed in 5% of tumor cells. Ki-67 labeling index was low (1% . The patient remained well without recurrence 20 months after surgery. Conclusions Cerebral lipoastrocytoma is an extremely rare tumor. Histologically, the tumor showed classical features of low-grade astrocytoma and extensive

  15. Cytogenetic features in myelodysplastic syndromes

    Haase, Detlef

    2008-01-01

    Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDp. comprise a group of bone marrow diseases characterized by profound heterogeneity in morphologic presentation, clinical course, and cytogenetic features. Roughly 50% of patients display clonal chromosome abnormalities. In several multicentric studies, the karyotype turned out to be one of the most important prognostic parameters and was incorporated into statistical models aiming for a better prediction of the individual prognosis like the International Prognost...

  16. Features on photorefractive registered speckles

    Ángel-Toro, Luciano; Bolognini, Néstor; Tebaldi, Myrian

    1999-01-01

    The recording and read-out of a volume speckle pattern is investigated for transmission geometry. The modulation of the 3D speckle grains appears when the image of a coherently illuminated random diffusor is formed onto the crystal by an optical system whose pupil consists of two identical holes. The intensity distribution of the speckle pattern imaged onto the BSO crystal leads to a space-charge field by drift of photocarriers, resulting in a refractive index modulation. The main features of...

  17. Imaging features of aggressive angiomyxoma

    Jeyadevan, N.N.; Sohaib, S.A.A.; Thomas, J.M.; Jeyarajah, A.; Shepherd, J.H.; Fisher, C

    2003-02-01

    AIM: To describe the imaging features of aggressive angiomyxoma in a rare benign mesenchymal tumour most frequently arising from the perineum in young female patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of patients with aggressive angiomyxoma who were referred to our hospital. The imaging features were correlated with clinical information and pathology in all patients. RESULTS: Four CT and five MR studies were available for five patients (all women, mean age 39, range 24-55). Three patients had recurrent tumour at follow-up. CT and MR imaging demonstrated a well-defined mass-displacing adjacent structures. The tumour was of low attenuation relative to muscle on CT. On MR, the tumour was isointense relative to muscle on T1-weighted image, hyperintense on T2-weighted image and enhanced avidly after gadolinium contrast with a characteristic 'swirled' internal pattern. MR imaging demonstrates the extent of the tumour and its relation to the pelvic floor. Recurrent tumour has a similar appearance to the primary lesion. CONCLUSION: The MR appearances of aggressive angiomyxomas are characteristic, and the diagnosis should be considered in any young woman presenting with a well-defined mass arising from the perineum. Jeyadevan, N. N. etal. (2003). Clinical Radiology58, 157--162.

  18. Imaging features of aggressive angiomyxoma

    AIM: To describe the imaging features of aggressive angiomyxoma in a rare benign mesenchymal tumour most frequently arising from the perineum in young female patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of patients with aggressive angiomyxoma who were referred to our hospital. The imaging features were correlated with clinical information and pathology in all patients. RESULTS: Four CT and five MR studies were available for five patients (all women, mean age 39, range 24-55). Three patients had recurrent tumour at follow-up. CT and MR imaging demonstrated a well-defined mass-displacing adjacent structures. The tumour was of low attenuation relative to muscle on CT. On MR, the tumour was isointense relative to muscle on T1-weighted image, hyperintense on T2-weighted image and enhanced avidly after gadolinium contrast with a characteristic 'swirled' internal pattern. MR imaging demonstrates the extent of the tumour and its relation to the pelvic floor. Recurrent tumour has a similar appearance to the primary lesion. CONCLUSION: The MR appearances of aggressive angiomyxomas are characteristic, and the diagnosis should be considered in any young woman presenting with a well-defined mass arising from the perineum. Jeyadevan, N. N. etal. (2003). Clinical Radiology58, 157--162

  19. Publication trends in neuroimaging of minimally conscious states.

    Garnett, Alex; Lee, Grace; Illes, Judy

    2013-01-01

    We used existing and customized bibliometric and scientometric methods to analyze publication trends in neuroimaging research of minimally conscious states and describe the domain in terms of its geographic, contributor, and content features. We considered publication rates for the years 2002-2011, author interconnections, the rate at which new authors are added, and the domains that inform the work of author contributors. We also provided a content analysis of clinical and ethical themes within the relevant literature. We found a 27% growth in the number of papers over the period of study, professional diversity among a wide range of peripheral author contributors but only few authors who dominate the field, and few new technical paradigms and clinical themes that would fundamentally expand the landscape. The results inform both the science of consciousness as well as parallel ethics and policy studies of the potential for translational challenges of neuroimaging in research and health care of people with disordered states of consciousness. PMID:24109545

  20. LUXURY TOURISM: CHARACTERISTICS AND TRENDS OF THE BEHAVIOR OF PURCHASE

    Ionela – Valeria POPESCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Regardless of the economic situation of a country at a given moment, luxury tourism is an activity constantly practiced by the people with substantial material resources, even if their number may fall or rise depending on the economic impact had periods of crisis on areas of activity in which they operate. The work aims to feature overview luxury tourism, starting with target groups which is addressed, its definition, the expression of consumer behavior of luxury tourist packages and trends that this form of tourism has in its development, now and in the years to come. Research shows a habit of consumption of tourists with high material possibilities, manifested by orientation toward expensive holidays, to express social status they have managed to achieve, to offer them unique experiences and help to their presentation in the society as successful people, with a high level of life.

  1. Technology and science education: starting points, research programs, and trends

    Linn, Marcia C.

    2003-06-01

    Over the past 25 years, information and communication technologies have had a convoluted but ultimately advantageous impact on science teaching and learning. To highlight the past, present, and future of technology in science education, this paper explores the trajectories in five areas: science texts and lectures; science discussions and collaboration; data collection and representation; science visualization; and science simulation and modeling. These trajectories reflect two overall trends in technological advance. First, designers have tailored general tools to specific disciplines, offering users features specific to the topic or task. For example, developers target visualization tools to molecules, crystals, earth structures, or chemical reactions. Second, new technologies generally support user customization, enabling individuals to personalize their modeling tool, Internet portal, or discussion board. In science education, designers have tailored instructional resources based on advances in understanding of the learner. More recently, designers have created ways for teachers and students to customize learning tools to specific courses, geological formations, interests, or learning preferences.

  2. Adiabatic logic future trend and system level perspective

    Teichmann, Philip

    2012-01-01

    Adiabatic logic is a potential successor for static CMOS circuit design when it comes to ultra-low-power energy consumption. Future development like the evolutionary shrinking of the minimum feature size as well as revolutionary novel transistor concepts will change the gate level savings gained by adiabatic logic. In addition, the impact of worsening degradation effects has to be considered in the design of adiabatic circuits. The impact of the technology trends on the figures of merit of adiabatic logic, energy saving potential and optimum operating frequency, are investigated, as well as degradation related issues. Adiabatic logic benefits from future devices, is not susceptible to Hot Carrier Injection, and shows less impact of Bias Temperature Instability than static CMOS circuits. Major interest also lies on the efficient generation of the applied power-clock signal. This oscillating power supply can be used to save energy in short idle times by disconnecting circuits. An efficient way to generate the p...

  3. Trends of DC Power Technologies and their Applications

    Hirose, Keiichi

    Renewable energy resources such as photovoltaic panels and wind turbines have been increasing rapidly to prevent global warming. The number of energy storage systems and many types of batteries is also growing to keep supply and demand balance in local areas. Interfaces of these facilities are direct current (DC). Most of modern electrical appliances also use DC power inside them. Therefore, DC power technologies with some features are expected to meet requirements for new electrical power systems, for example smartgrids, microgrids, and other electrical applications. In recent years, DC power applications in data centers, commercial buildings, and dwellings have been developed in Japan, the U.S. European countries, and so on. At the same time, international standardization activities had started. This paper describes trends of DC power technologies and their applications.

  4. Trends in amphibian occupancy in the United States.

    Adams, Michael J; Miller, David A W; Muths, Erin; Corn, Paul Stephen; Grant, Evan H Campbell; Bailey, Larissa L; Fellers, Gary M; Fisher, Robert N; Sadinski, Walter J; Waddle, Hardin; Walls, Susan C

    2013-01-01

    Though a third of amphibian species worldwide are thought to be imperiled, existing assessments simply categorize extinction risk, providing little information on the rate of population losses. We conducted the first analysis of the rate of change in the probability that amphibians occupy ponds and other comparable habitat features across the United States. We found that overall occupancy by amphibians declined 3.7% annually from 2002 to 2011. Species that are Red-listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) declined an average of 11.6% annually. All subsets of data examined had a declining trend including species in the IUCN Least Concern category. This analysis suggests that amphibian declines may be more widespread and severe than previously realized. PMID:23717602

  5. Trends in amphibian occupancy in the United States.

    Michael J Adams

    Full Text Available Though a third of amphibian species worldwide are thought to be imperiled, existing assessments simply categorize extinction risk, providing little information on the rate of population losses. We conducted the first analysis of the rate of change in the probability that amphibians occupy ponds and other comparable habitat features across the United States. We found that overall occupancy by amphibians declined 3.7% annually from 2002 to 2011. Species that are Red-listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN declined an average of 11.6% annually. All subsets of data examined had a declining trend including species in the IUCN Least Concern category. This analysis suggests that amphibian declines may be more widespread and severe than previously realized.

  6. Trends in amphibian occupancy in the United States

    Adams, Michael J.; Miller, David A.W.; Muths, Erin; Corn, Paul Stephen; Grant, Evan H. Campbell; Bailey, Larissa L.; Fellers, Gary M.; Fisher, Robert N.; Sadinski, Walter J.; Waddle, Hardin; Walls, Susan C.

    2013-01-01

    Though a third of amphibian species worldwide are thought to be imperiled, existing assessments simply categorize extinction risk, providing little information on the rate of population losses. We conducted the first analysis of the rate of change in the probability that amphibians occupy ponds and other comparable habitat features across the United States. We found that overall occupancy by amphibians declined 3.7% annually from 2002 to 2011. Species that are Red-listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) declined an average of 11.6% annually. All subsets of data examined had a declining trend including species in the IUCN Least Concern category. This analysis suggests that amphibian declines may be more widespread and severe than previously realized.

  7. Associativity Between Feature Models Across Domains

    Subramani, S; Gurumoorthy, B

    2003-01-01

    Associativity between feature models implies the automatic updating of different feature models of a part after changes are made in one of its feature models. This is an important requirement in a distributed and concurrent design environment, where integrity of part geometry has to be maintained through changes made in different task domains. The proposed algorithm takes multiple feature models of apart as input and modifies other feature models to reflect the changes made to a feature ...

  8. Temporal feature integration for music genre classification

    Meng, Anders; Ahrendt, Peter; Larsen, Jan; Hansen, Lars Kai

    2007-01-01

    Temporal feature integration is the process of combining all the feature vectors in a time window into a single feature vector in order to capture the relevant temporal information in the window. The mean and variance along the temporal dimension are often used for temporal feature integration, but they capture neither the temporal dynamics nor dependencies among the individual feature dimensions. Here, a multivariate autoregressive feature model is proposed to solve this problem for music ge...

  9. Temporal Feature Integration for Music Organisation

    Meng, Anders; Larsen, Jan; Hansen, Lars Kai

    2006-01-01

    This Ph.D. thesis focuses on temporal feature integration for music organisation. Temporal feature integration is the process of combining all the feature vectors of a given time-frame into a single new feature vector in order to capture relevant information in the frame. Several existing methods for handling sequences of features are formulated in the temporal feature integration framework. Two datasets for music genre classification have been considered as valid test-beds for music organisa...

  10. Future trends in picture archiving and communication system (PACS)

    Al-Hajeri, Mona; Clarke, Malcolm

    2015-03-01

    Objective: This research investigates the needs and opinions of radiologists on the use of enhanced information technologies and approaches to improve the functionality of Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS). Method: Six interviews were conducted in the main governmental hospital in Kuwait (AL-Sabah Hospital) with radiologists, including two senior radiologists, two junior radiologists, and two trainee radiologists undertaking the Irish radiology board. Results: The radiologists identified a number of limitations that exist in current PACS and requirements to enhance usability and functionality. However, it was the case that some of the radiologists had little knowledge about the advanced trends in PACS. Four themes emerged from the thematic analysis of the data: (1) limitations of traditional PACS; (2) Features and requirements that can increase PACS functionality; (3) web based solutions of PACS; (4) PACS in mobile phones. Conclusion: It is widely recognized that PACS has limitations. This research has identified themes that, when incorporated, will enhance the functionality of PACS and provide better quality clinical practice. This research has determined the important future trends of PACS. Primarily web based solutions and use in mobile phones. The findings from this research can be used as recommendations to vendors, for product development and medical institutes to consider when undertaking implementation of PACS and training future radiologists.

  11. Interaction between temperature, precipitation and snow cover trends in Norway

    Rizzi, Jonathan; Brox Nilsen, Irene; Stagge, James Howard; Gisnås, Kjersti; Merete Tallaksen, Lena

    2016-04-01

    (mainly November, January and April). This accelerated warming occurs at the critical beginning and end of the snow cover season, where a notable decrease in snow cover also is found. This suggests a positive land-atmosphere feedback between increased air temperatures and reduction in snow cover. The last decade (2000 - 2010) features the smallest snow covered area and lowest values of snow water equivalent. The regional analysis clearly shows a stronger increase in the temperature trend in Northern Norway: in the first 30-year period the trends are negative or around zero, while in the end they are around 1.5 °C/30 years. In the other regions a positive trend is seen in the first period (~1 °C/30 years) increasing to around 1-1.5 °C/30 years in the two last 30-year periods). Finally, precipitation increases in winter, spring and summer (with a lower intensity in the most recent 30-years periods), and decreases in autumn. This contributes to a lower snowfall in the beginning of the snow season, suggesting that the reduced snow cover is due to both a reduction in precipitation as well as an increase in temperature. This study provides an important contribution to the understanding of the driving forces of changes in snow cover.

  12. Trends in computer hardware and software.

    Frankenfeld, F M

    1993-04-01

    Previously identified and current trends in the development of computer systems and in the use of computers for health care applications are reviewed. Trends identified in a 1982 article were increasing miniaturization and archival ability, increasing software costs, increasing software independence, user empowerment through new software technologies, shorter computer-system life cycles, and more rapid development and support of pharmaceutical services. Most of these trends continue today. Current trends in hardware and software include the increasing use of reduced instruction-set computing, migration to the UNIX operating system, the development of large software libraries, microprocessor-based smart terminals that allow remote validation of data, speech synthesis and recognition, application generators, fourth-generation languages, computer-aided software engineering, object-oriented technologies, and artificial intelligence. Current trends specific to pharmacy and hospitals are the withdrawal of vendors of hospital information systems from the pharmacy market, improved linkage of information systems within hospitals, and increased regulation by government. The computer industry and its products continue to undergo dynamic change. Software development continues to lag behind hardware, and its high cost is offsetting the savings provided by hardware. PMID:8470690

  13. TDPA: Trend Detection and Predictive Analytics

    M. Sakthi ganesh

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Text mining is the process of exploratory text analysis either by automatic or semi-automatic means that helps finding previously unknown information. Text mining is a highly interdisciplinary research area, bringing together research insights from the fields of data mining, natural language processing, machine learning, and information retrieval. The amount of textual data available is too huge to be managed manually. An automatic system is needed to analyze and interpret the text. Some of the systems are semi automatic requiring user input to begin processing others are fully automatic producing output from the input corpus without guidance. The review literatures on trend detection indicates that much progress has been made toward automating the process of detecting emerging trends but there is room for improvement. In this work, we propose a Trend Detection and Predictive Analytics (TDPA using Living Analytics to detect emerging trends from live data to cater the needs of various users irrespective of their domain. The system needs to serve asgeneral purpose software that will help the users to identify and visualize current happenings pertaining to any domain in an efficient and user friendly way. The paper also aims at forecasting the future of the trends obtained in helping the users to look forward and make quick decisions.

  14. Some nanostructural features in ceramics.

    Wen, S L

    1987-12-01

    Nanostructural features in some ceramics have been discussed and reviewed. Based on our research results and recent published investigations, many topics, such as grain, grain boundary, interface film, grain boundary engineering, microcrack, microdomain, nanodomain, domain boundary, and phase transformation, etc., have been dealt with; and many materials, such as Si3N4, beta''-Al2O3, MgO, SiC, (Hg, Cd) Te, BNN, ZrO2, PLZT, CdSe, Ca10(PO4)6, (OH)2, etc., have been involved. The results are important to understand the relation between the structure and property of materials and to improve the materials' technology. PMID:3505597

  15. THE FEATURE SUBSET SELECTION ALGORITHM

    Liu Yongguo; Li Xueming; Wu Zhongfu

    2003-01-01

    The motivation of data mining is how to extract effective information from huge data in very large database. However, some redundant and irrelevant attributes, which result in low performance and high computing complexity, are included in the very large database in general.So, Feature Subset Selection (FSS) becomes one important issue in the field of data mining. In this letter, an FSS model based on the filter approach is built, which uses the simulated annealing genetic algorithm. Experimental results show that convergence and stability of this algorithm are adequately achieved.

  16. THE FEATURE SUBSET SELECTION ALGORITHM

    LiuYongguo; LiXueming; 等

    2003-01-01

    The motivation of data mining is how to extract effective information from huge data in very large database.However,some redundant irrelevant attributes,which result in low performance and high computing complexity,are included in the very large database in general.So,Feature Selection(FSS)becomes one important issue in the field of data mining.In this letter,an Fss model based on the filter approach is built,which uses the simulated annealing gentic algorithm.Experimental results show that convergence and stability of this algorithm are adequately achieved.

  17. Language Features of Advertising English

    郑笑怡

    2007-01-01

    1 .Advertising English We live in a world of advertisements. Everyday hundreds of thousands advertisement make an impact on our lives. They imply information of products and services through various media, on the other hand, they play a fundamental and unparalleled role in affecting people's customs, habits, cultural and esthetical values. It's magical power lies between lines. Advertising is a special literary form, it has become an important means of communicating ideas, demonstrating a variety of linguistic features of its own. So, advertising language, playing a role of communication

  18. Linguistic Features of English Advertisements

    于永丽; 朱丽萍

    2008-01-01

    Ad, being a manifestation of language in action, is a widely used medium of communication in modem society. After China's entry into WTO, a lot of English ads come into the domestic market, and at the same time, we should create a lot of English ads for our products marching towards the world market. With some ads appearing in English magazines as examples, this paper aims to discuss the lexical features, and the figures of speech used in advertisement. It aims at providing information on creating and appreciating English ads.

  19. Java 7 New Features Cookbook

    Reese, Richard M

    2012-01-01

    Each recipe comprises step-by-step instructions followed by an analysis of what was done in each task and other useful information. The book is designed so that you can read it chapter by chapter, or look at the list of recipes and refer to them in no particular order. Each example comes with its expected output to make your learning even easier. This book is designed to bring those who are familiar with Java up-to-speed on the new features found in Java 7.

  20. BANKING INDUSTRY OF INDIAAND RECENT TRENDS

    Keshav Lengare

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the trends in financing and investing activities of companies in India in the recent past. While looking at the available trends, we have also tried to give a broad outlook for these in the near future. The first part deals with the financing options available to Indian companies. In the banking field, there has been an unprecedented growth and diversification of banking industry has been so tupendous that it has no parallel in the annals of banking anywhere in the world.The banking industry has experienced a series of significant transformations in the last few decades. Among the most important of them is the change in the type of organizations that dominate the landscape. Since the eighties, banks have increased the scope and scale of their activities and several banks have become very large institutions with a presence in multiple regions of the country.' The paper examines the new trends in commercial banking.

  1. Topological Trends of Internet Content Providers

    Shavitt, Yuval

    2012-01-01

    The Internet is constantly changing, and its hierarchy was recently shown to become flatter. Recent studies of inter-domain traffic showed that large content providers drive this change by bypassing tier-1 networks and reaching closer to their users, enabling them to save transit costs and reduce reliance of transit networks as new services are being deployed, and traffic shaping is becoming increasingly popular. In this paper we take a first look at the evolving connectivity of large content provider networks, from a topological point of view of the autonomous systems (AS) graph. We perform a 5-year longitudinal study of the topological trends of large content providers, by analyzing several large content providers and comparing these trends to those observed for large tier-1 networks. We study trends in the connectivity of the networks, neighbor diversity and geographical spread, their hierarchy, the adoption of IXPs as a convenient method for peering, and their centrality. Our observations indicate that co...

  2. Antiepileptic drugs 2012: recent advances and trends.

    Sirven, Joseph I; Noe, Katherine; Hoerth, Matthew; Drazkowski, Joseph

    2012-09-01

    There are now 24 antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) approved for use in epilepsy in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration. A literature search was conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google for all English-language articles that discuss newly approved AEDs and the use of AEDs in epilepsy in the United States from January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2011. Five new agents were identified that have come onto the market within the past 2 years. Moreover, 3 trends involving AEDs have become clinically important and must be considered by all who treat patients with epilepsy. These trends include issues of generic substitution of AEDs, pharmacogenomics predicting serious adverse events in certain ethnic populations, and the issue of the suicide risk involving the entire class of AEDs. This article discusses the most recent AEDs approved for use in the United States and the 3 important trends shaping the modern medical management of epilepsy. PMID:22958992

  3. Trend Analyses of Nitrate in Danish Groundwater

    Hansen, B.; Thorling, L.; Dalgaard, Tommy;

    2012-01-01

    This presentation assesses the long-term development in the oxic groundwater nitrate concentration and nitrogen (N) loss due to intensive farming in Denmark. Firstly, up to 20-year time-series from the national groundwater monitoring network enable a statistically systematic analysis...... of distribution, trends and trend reversals in the groundwater nitrate concentration. Secondly, knowledge about the N surplus in Danish agriculture since 1950 is used as an indicator of the potential loss of N. Thirdly, groundwater recharge CFC (Chlorofluorocarbon) age determination allows linking of the first...... two dataset. The development in the nitrate concentration of oxic groundwater clearly mirrors the development in the national agricultural N surplus, and a corresponding trend reversal is found in groundwater. Regulation and technical improvements in the intensive farming in Denmark have succeeded...

  4. New trends in computational collective intelligence

    Kim, Sang-Wook; Trawiński, Bogdan

    2015-01-01

    This book consists of 20 chapters in which the authors deal with different theoretical and practical aspects of new trends in Collective Computational Intelligence techniques. Computational Collective Intelligence methods and algorithms are one the current trending research topics from areas related to Artificial Intelligence, Soft Computing or Data Mining among others. Computational Collective Intelligence is a rapidly growing field that is most often understood as an AI sub-field dealing with soft computing methods which enable making group decisions and processing knowledge among autonomous units acting in distributed environments. Web-based Systems, Social Networks, and Multi-Agent Systems very often need these tools for working out consistent knowledge states, resolving conflicts and making decisions. The chapters included in this volume cover a selection of topics and new trends in several domains related to Collective Computational Intelligence: Language and Knowledge Processing, Data Mining Methods an...

  5. Trends and balances: 1985-1990

    This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory

  6. Ambient air quality trends in Alberta

    This document provided an overview of ambient air pollutant trends in Alberta. The report discussed the following pollutants having effect on human and environmental health: carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulphide (H2S), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), fine particulate matter (PM2.5), benzene, and benzopyrene. Each of these pollutants was described. The report provided data on annual average concentration trends and annual 99th percentile concentration as an indicator of peak concentrations. A map illustrating air quality monitoring stations in 2006 was also provided. The findings revealed that mean annual CO levels were the lowest they have been since 1990; hydrogen sulphide concentrations have fluctuated in time since 1990; most Edmonton and Calgary area stations showed significant decreasing trends in annual average NO2 levels since 1990; and higher SO2 concentrations have been found in the industrial areas of Alberta, such as the Redwater and Scotford oil sands locations. tabs., figs

  7. Comparison between global and regional temperature trends

    Variability of the annual temperature data during the last 100 years is analyzed. The basic data consist of annual temperature for 15 stations located in the flat country part of Bulgaria. Data from Warsaw (Poland), Bucharest (Romania), and Thessalonike (Greece) are analyzed, too. Also the annual air temperature for the Northern Hemisphere, computed by Jones and Wigley, by Hansen, Wilson, and Ruedy, and by Vinnikov, Groisman, and Lugina, are used. The temperature series are smoothed by 10-year weighted moving average and fitted by 7-order polynomial. The presence of some form of trend in the temperature time series is examined by Spearman and Mann-Kendall rank statistics. The power spectrum analysis is applied, too. In general, the trend is positive in North Bulgaria (NB) and negative in South Bulgaria (SB). In Warsaw and Thessalonike the air temperature shows a decreasing trend, while in Bucharest it increases

  8. E-Learning Trends and Hypes in Academic Teaching. Methodology and Findings of a Trend Study

    Fischer, Helge; Heise, Linda; Heinz, Matthias; Moebius, Kathrin; Koehler, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    What comes next in the field of academic e-learning? Which e-learning trends will dominate the discourse at universities? Answering such questions is the basis for the adaptation of service strategies and IT-infrastructures within institutions of Higher Education. The present paper therefore introduces methodology and findings of a trend study in…

  9. Coauthorship Patterns and Trends in the Sciences (1980-1998): A Bibliometric Study with Implications for Database Indexing and Search Strategies.

    Glanzel, Wolfgang

    2002-01-01

    Describes the common and distinguishing features of coauthorship trends and patterns in selected science fields. Analyzes the relation between coauthorship schemes and other bibliometric features such as publication activity and citation impact; concludes that the extent of coauthorship varies among fields; and suggests implications for database…

  10. Evolução da ocorrência (1980-1999 da doença de Crohn e da retocolite ulcerativa idiopática e análise das suas características clínicas em um hospital universitário do sudeste do Brasil Trends in the occurrence (1980-1999 and clinical features of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in a university hospital in southeastern Brazil

    Marcellus Henrique L. P. SOUZA

    2002-04-01

    o acometimento de todo o cólon, foram significativamente mais freqüentes nas formas mais graves. Conclusões - Houve aumento da freqüência das doenças inflamatórias intestinais, com a doença de Crohn tornando-se mais comum que a retocolite ulcerativa inespecífica. Tanto uma como outra das afecções, apresentaram-se com as características habituais, destacando-se o predomínio das formas mais graves.Background - Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are regarded as uncommon in developing countries, but studies on their occurrence in Brazil are scarce. Aims - To determine the occurrence of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in a Brazilian university hospital throughout a 20-year period, and analyze the demographical, clinical and evolutive features of these cases. Methods - The frequencies of new cases of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis admitted from January 1980 up to December 1999 were calculated and a descriptive analysis of the features of all cases seen from January 1990 up to December 1999 was performed. Results - A total of 257 new cases (126 with Crohn's disease and 131 with ulcerative colitis was recorded. The frequencies of admissions for both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis have increased progressively from 40 up to 61 cases/10.000 new admissions and Crohn's disease gradually became more common than ulcerative colitis. For both diseases, there was predominance of women, age at admission in the range of 30-40 years, Caucasian origin, married state and non-smokers. Digestive symptoms presented were similar to those already described for both diseases and there were no differences between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis regarding the frequencies of general complaints and extra-intestinal manifestations (29.5% vs 23.3%, including thromboembolism (5.9% vs 5.4%. Obstruction and/or perforation were seen in up to 59.2% of Crohn's disease cases, whereas 53.7% of all ulcerative colitis cases presented as severe forms. In Crohn

  11. Current and future trends in cloud CRM

    Nemček, Sebastian

    2011-01-01

    The diploma thesis is committed to mapping CRM applications available in cloud and trends within. The goal is to describe what CRM is, how it evolved into Cloud CRM, analyze main differences between the two approaches and analyze trends that can be observed in CRM market and CRM applications. This is coupled with description of the most common CRM solutions and products available both on-premises as well as on-demand. In the first part, the thesis introduces theory behind Customer Relationshi...

  12. Trends in UK Mean Sea Level Revisited

    Woodworth, P. L.; Williams, S. D. P.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents estimates of rates of mean sea level (MSL) change around the UK based on a larger tide gauge data set and more accurate analysis methods than have been employed so far. The spatial variation of the trend in MSL is found to be similar to that inferred from geological information and from advanced geodetic techniques, which is a similar conclusion to that arrived at in previous, less precise and complete studies. The tide gauge MSL trends for 1901 onwards are estimated to be...

  13. Trends in UK Mean Sea Level revisited

    Woodworth, P.; Teferle, Felix Norman; Bingley, R. M.; Shennan, I.; Williams, S. D. P.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents estimates of rates of mean sea level (MSL) change around the UK based on a larger tide gauge data set and more accurate analysis methods than have been employed so far. The spatial variation of the trend in MSL is found to be similar to that inferred from geological information and from advanced geodetic techniques, which is a similar conclusion to that arrived at in previous, less precise and complete studies. The tide gauge MSL trends for 1901 onwards are estimated to be...

  14. Persistent collective trend in stock markets

    Balogh, Emeric; Simonsen, Ingve; Nagy, Bálint Zs.; Néda, Zoltán

    2010-12-01

    Empirical evidence is given for a significant difference in the collective trend of the share prices during the stock index rising and falling periods. Data on the Dow Jones Industrial Average and its stock components are studied between 1991 and 2008. Pearson-type correlations are computed between the stocks and averaged over stock pairs and time. The results indicate a general trend: whenever the stock index is falling the stock prices are changing in a more correlated manner than in case the stock index is ascending. A thorough statistical analysis of the data shows that the observed difference is significant, suggesting a constant fear factor among stockholders.

  15. Quantitative Communication Research: Review, Trends, and Critique

    Timothy R. Levine

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Trends in quantitative communication research are reviewed. A content analysis of 48 articles reporting original communication research published in 1988-1991 and 2008-2011 is reported. Survey research and self-report measurement remain common approaches to research. Null hypothesis significance testing remains the dominant approach to statistical analysis. Reporting the shapes of distributions, estimates of statistical power, and confidence intervals remain uncommon. Trends over time include the increased popularity of health communication and computer mediated communication as topics of research, and increased attention to mediator and moderator variables. The implications of these practices for scientific progress are critically discussed, and suggestions for the future are provided.

  16. Recent trends in aviation turbine fuel properties

    Friedman, R.

    1982-01-01

    Plots and tables, compiled from Department of Energy (and predecessor agency) inspection reports from 1969 to 1980, present ranges, averages, extremes, and trends for most of the 22 properties of Jet A aviation turbine fuel. In recent years, average values of aromatics content, mercaptan sulfur content, distillation temperature of 10 percent recovered, smoke point, and freezing point show small but recognizable trends toward their specification limits. About 80 percent of the fuel samples had at least one property near specification, defined as within a standard band about the specification limit. By far the most common near-specification properties were aromatics content, smoke point, and freezing point.

  17. Time trends in human fecundability in Sweden

    Scheike, Thomas H; Rylander, Lars; Carstensen, Lisbeth;

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Trends in biologic fertility are elusive. Possible negative trends in male reproductive health are still debated, and their effect on human fertility might be negligible. Time-to-pregnancy (TTP) is a functional measure of couple fecundability. METHODS: We analyzed data on TTP among 832......,000 primiparous women 20 years of age and older in the nationwide Swedish Medical Birth Registry from 1983 through 2002. This age restriction led to an exclusion of 10% of primiparous pregnancies. Subfertility (TTP > or =1 year) was analyzed as a function of maternal age, calendar time at initiation of attempt...

  18. Changing trends in diabetes mellitus in pregnancy.

    Khalifeh, A

    2014-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify any changing trends in the incidence and caesarean section (CS) rate of pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (DM) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) over a 10- year period, between 1999 and 2008. Although the incidence of pre-gestational DM has not significantly changed over the course of the last 10 years, there is an obvious rising trend in the incidence of GDM. Despite an increase in the overall CS rate during this time period, a parallel increase in the CS rate has not been observed among women whose pregnancies are complicated either by gestational or by pre-gestational diabetes (PGD).

  19. Current economic trends in equine practice.

    Clark, Andrew R

    2009-12-01

    Current economic trends in equine practice are trends of weakness. Most practices, after a decade of double-digit growth, have migrated to survival mode within a few months. Understanding that all regions and disciplines are affected differently, using the Porter five forces model, we can identify changes that must be made in our business models first to survive and then to position ourselves to prosper when the recession ends. If we are to avoid long-term damage to our practices, we must use cost control and work efficiency in addition to price concessions. PMID:19945636

  20. World energy markets - trends and changes

    This paper reviews the broad trends in world markets for primary commercial energy. It assesses, in particular, developments and changes in all primary energies in the period since the oil price decline in 1986. It also presents data on the growth of CO2 emissions from the use of fossil fuels over the same period. The paper then considers the future by querying whether the recent trends can continue into the long term. A range of economic, technological and political forces are assessed. (author)

  1. Hazardous waste market and technology trends

    What forces are currently driving the growth of the hazardous waste remediation market? Which factors will control the development of cleanup technologies during the next decade? At what types of sites are various technologies being applied? In an effort to answer these questions, EPA has produced an overview of trends in the demand for remedial technologies at CERCLA, RCRA corrective action, underground storage tank (UST), and other cleanup sites across the United States. The 160-page document, entitled Cleaning Up the Nation's Waste Sites: Markets and Technology Trends, was developed by EPA's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. Highlights from the report are presented below. 1 ref., 2 figs., 1 tab

  2. Migration trends in Argentina: immigration and exile

    Fernando Osvaldo ESTEBAN

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Through the development of a typology of migration flows, the paper reviews the most important trends in the history of Argentina: the massive European immigration, internal migrations, and immigration from neighbouring countries. The paper then discuss the current process of emigration from Argentina, and the return of old immigrants. The paper assess the economic factors involved through an analysis of unemployment, poverty and income distribution indicators in recent years. Finally, the paper examines the possibility of diminishing the recent emigration trend due to economic reasons.

  3. Current Trends in Nuclear and Radiation Sensing

    This paper provides a brief overview of radiation detector history, a summary of the present state of the art, and some speculation on future developments in this field. Trends in the development of radiation detectors over the years are analyzed. Rapid progress in detection technology was experienced between WWII and the 1970s. Since then, fewer dramatic improvements have been seen. The authors speculate about the reasons for this trend and where the technology might take us in the next 20 years. Requirements for radiation detection equipment have changed drastically since 9/11; this demand is likely to accelerate detector development in the near future

  4. Current Trends in Nuclear and Radiation Sensing

    Harold R. McHugh and William Quam

    2009-05-01

    This paper provides a brief overview of radiation detector history, a summary of the present state of the art, and some speculation on future developments in this field. Trends in the development of radiation detectors over the years are analyzed. Rapid progress in detection technology was experienced between WWII and the 1970s. Since then, fewer dramatic improvements have been seen. The authors speculate about the reasons for this trend and where the technology might take us in the next 20 years. Requirements for radiation detection equipment have changed drastically since 9/11; this demand is likely to accelerate detector development in the near future.

  5. Trends in birth prevalence of cerebral palsy.

    Pharoah, P O; Cooke, T.; Rosenbloom, I; Cooke, R W

    1987-01-01

    A register of children with cerebral palsy born in the period 1966-77 to mothers resident in the Mersey region was compiled from several different data sources. There were 685 cases, with a male:female ratio of 1.4:1. The birth prevalence of cerebral palsy ranged from 1.18 to 1.97 per 1000 live births each year, with a mean of 1.51 per 1000 live births. There was no discernible trend in overall prevalence, but there was a highly significant upward trend in the prevalence of cerebral palsy amo...

  6. CURRENT TRENDS OF ROMANIAN RURAL FAMILY

    Adina IORGA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The profound changes experienced by the Romanian society had a profound social impact on the structure and functions of the rural family. The paper aims to highlight the main trends recorded using a number of indicators: ruralization rate, birth rate, infant mortality rate, percentage of children born outside marriage, fertility rate, percentage of population aged 65 and over. Statistics from censuses and statistical yearbooks were processed to identify the trends of the Romanian rural family: changes in reproductive behavior, increased aging, declining birth rates.

  7. MR features of ectopic pregnancy

    Ectopic pregnancy (EP), in which a fertilized ovum implants outside the uterine cavity, is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death in the first trimester. EP is usually suspected by a positive pregnancy test and an empty uterus on transvaginal sonography (TVS). Although TVS is the initial modality of choice, it may occasionally fail to demonstrate the implantation site. When TVS findings are indeterminate, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may provide better delineation of the focus of EP owing to its excellent tissue contrast. The key MRI features of EP include gestational sac (GS)-like structures that typically appear as a cystic sac-like structure, frequently associated with surrounding acute hematoma of distinct low intensity on T2-weighted images. In tubal pregnancy, an enhanced tubal wall on postcontrast images may be another diagnostic finding. Ruptured EP is inevitably associated with acute hematoma outside these structures. In intrauterine EP, recognition of the relationship between GS-like structure and the myometrium can aid in differentiating from normal pregnancy. Diagnostic pitfalls include heterotopic pregnancy, decidual changes in endometrial cyst and theca lutein cysts mimicking GS-like structures. Knowledge of a spectrum of clinical and MRI features of EP is essential for establishing an accurate diagnosis and determining appropriate management. (orig.)

  8. Neuroimaging features of tuberculous meningitis.

    Sobri, M; Merican, J S; Nordiyana, M; Valarmathi, S; Ai-Edrus, S A

    2006-03-01

    Tuberculous meningitis leads to a high mortality rate. However, it responds well to chemotherapy if the treatment is started early. Neuroimaging is one of the most important initial investigations. There were 42 patients diagnosed with tuberculous meningitis in Kuala Lumpur Hospital based on clinical criteria, cerebrospinal fluid analysis and response to anti-tuberculous treatment over a 7 year period. Relevant information was obtained from patients' medical case notes and neuroimaging findings were evaluated. Male to female ratio was 3:1. The three major ethnics and the immigrant groups in Malaysia were represented in this study. The majority of the cases involved the Malays followed by immigrants, Chinese and Indians. The patients' age ranged from 18 to 62 years old with the mean age of 34.4 years. There were 95.2% (n = 40) of patients who presented with various neuroimaging abnormalities and only 2 (4.8%) patients had normal neuroimaging findings. Hydrocephalus and meningeal enhancement were the two commonest neuroimaging features. Other features include infarction, enhancing lesion, tuberculoma, abcess, oedema and calcification. Contrasted CT scan is an adequate neuroimaging tool to unmask abnormal findings in tuberculous meningitis. PMID:16708732

  9. MR features of ectopic pregnancy

    Tamai, Ken; Togashi, Kaori [Kyoto University, Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto (Japan); Koyama, Takashi [Kyoto University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Kyoto (Japan)

    2007-12-15

    Ectopic pregnancy (EP), in which a fertilized ovum implants outside the uterine cavity, is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death in the first trimester. EP is usually suspected by a positive pregnancy test and an empty uterus on transvaginal sonography (TVS). Although TVS is the initial modality of choice, it may occasionally fail to demonstrate the implantation site. When TVS findings are indeterminate, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may provide better delineation of the focus of EP owing to its excellent tissue contrast. The key MRI features of EP include gestational sac (GS)-like structures that typically appear as a cystic sac-like structure, frequently associated with surrounding acute hematoma of distinct low intensity on T2-weighted images. In tubal pregnancy, an enhanced tubal wall on postcontrast images may be another diagnostic finding. Ruptured EP is inevitably associated with acute hematoma outside these structures. In intrauterine EP, recognition of the relationship between GS-like structure and the myometrium can aid in differentiating from normal pregnancy. Diagnostic pitfalls include heterotopic pregnancy, decidual changes in endometrial cyst and theca lutein cysts mimicking GS-like structures. Knowledge of a spectrum of clinical and MRI features of EP is essential for establishing an accurate diagnosis and determining appropriate management. (orig.)

  10. Minimum feature size preserving decompositions

    Aloupis, Greg; Demaine, Martin L; Dujmovic, Vida; Iacono, John

    2009-01-01

    The minimum feature size of a crossing-free straight line drawing is the minimum distance between a vertex and a non-incident edge. This quantity measures the resolution needed to display a figure or the tool size needed to mill the figure. The spread is the ratio of the diameter to the minimum feature size. While many algorithms (particularly in meshing) depend on the spread of the input, none explicitly consider finding a mesh whose spread is similar to the input. When a polygon is partitioned into smaller regions, such as triangles or quadrangles, the degradation is the ratio of original to final spread (the final spread is always greater). Here we present an algorithm to quadrangulate a simple n-gon, while achieving constant degradation. Note that although all faces have a quadrangular shape, the number of edges bounding each face may be larger. This method uses Theta(n) Steiner points and produces Theta(n) quadrangles. In fact to obtain constant degradation, Omega(n) Steiner points are required by any al...

  11. Some Questions about Feature Re-Assembly

    White, Lydia

    2009-01-01

    In this commentary, differences between feature re-assembly and feature selection are discussed. Lardiere's proposals are compared to existing approaches to grammatical features in second language (L2) acquisition. Questions are raised about the predictive power of the feature re-assembly approach. (Contains 1 footnote.)

  12. LABOUR MARKET TRENDS IN ROMANIA IN THE CONTEXT OF GREEN ECONOMY

    VIOLETA SIMA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of the paper the concept of "green job". The paper continues with the presentation of the main trends manifested in different sectors of the economy, following the fact that it takes ecological characteristics. These features are also transposed at the level of jobs and require new skills and abilities. In our work we tried to capture these aspects. Romania should take into account these changes and formulate appropriate policies and strategies for employment.

  13. Holocene trends in the foraminifer record from the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean

    Andersson, C.; F. S. R. Pausata; E. Jansen; Risebrobakken, B.; Telford, R J

    2010-01-01

    The early to mid-Holocene thermal optimum is a well-known feature in a wide variety of paleoclimate archives from the Northern Hemisphere. Reconstructed summer temperature anomalies from across northern Europe show a clear maximum around 6000 years before present (6 ka). For the marine realm, Holocene trends in sea-surface temperature reconstructions for the North Atlantic and Norwegian Sea do not exhibit a consistent pattern of early to mid-Holocene warmth. Sea-surface temperature records ba...

  14. Current trends and perspectives for automated screening of cardiac murmurs.

    Marascio, Giuseppe; Modesti, Pietro Amedeo

    2013-01-01

    Although in high income countries rheumatic heart disease is now rare, it remains a major burden in low and middle income countries. In these world areas, physicians and expert sonographers are rare, and screening campaigns are usually performed by nomadic caregivers who can only recognise patients in an advanced phase of heart failure with high economic and social costs. Therefore, great interest exists regarding the possibility of developing a simple, low-cost procedure for screening valvular heart disease. With the development of computer science, the cardiac sound signal can be analysed in an automatic way. More precisely, a panel of features characterising the acoustic signal are extracted and sent to a decision-making software able to provide the final diagnosis. Although no system is currently available in the market, the rapid evolution of these technologies recently led to the activation of clinical trials. The aim of this note is to review the state of advancement of this technology (trends in feature selection and automatic diagnostic strategies), data available regarding performance of the technology in the clinical setting and finally what obstacles still need to be overcome before automated systems can be clinically/commercially viable. PMID:27326133

  15. Feature Selection Based on Confidence Machine

    Liu, Chang; Xu, Yi

    2014-01-01

    In machine learning and pattern recognition, feature selection has been a hot topic in the literature. Unsupervised feature selection is challenging due to the loss of labels which would supply the related information.How to define an appropriate metric is the key for feature selection. We propose a filter method for unsupervised feature selection which is based on the Confidence Machine. Confidence Machine offers an estimation of confidence on a feature'reliability. In this paper, we provide...

  16. Robust feature-level multibiometric classification

    Rattani, Ajita; Kisku, Dakshina Ranjan; Bicego, Manuele; Tistarelli, Massimo

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes a robust feature level based fusion classifier for face and fingerprint biometrics. The proposed system fuses the two traits at feature extraction level by first making the feature sets compatible for concatenation and then reducing the feature sets to handle the 'problem of Curse of Dimensionality'; finally the concatenated feature vectors are matched. The system is tested on the database of 50 chimeric users with five samples per trait per person. The results are compare...

  17. Object feature extraction and recognition model

    The characteristics of objects, especially flying objects, are analyzed, which include characteristics of spectrum, image and motion. Feature extraction is also achieved. To improve the speed of object recognition, a feature database is used to simplify the data in the source database. The feature vs. object relationship maps are stored in the feature database. An object recognition model based on the feature database is presented, and the way to achieve object recognition is also explained

  18. Feature Sampling Strategies for Action Recognition

    Zhou, Youjie; Yu, Hongkai; Wang, Song

    2015-01-01

    Although dense local spatial-temporal features with bag-of-features representation achieve state-of-the-art performance for action recognition, the huge feature number and feature size prevent current methods from scaling up to real size problems. In this work, we investigate different types of feature sampling strategies for action recognition, namely dense sampling, uniformly random sampling and selective sampling. We propose two effective selective sampling methods using object proposal te...

  19. Impact of Future Trends on Marketing Strategy

    Dr R. K. Srivastava; S.T. Sakunke

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes how impact of product range, price level, product positioning and technological change can help in formulating optimal business strategy for automotive manufacturers. A key aspect of identifying future trend of market is the key gradient to formulate proper marketing strategy - Mr. Andrew Young (2008).

  20. Trends in testen: modellen en verhalen

    Stoelinga, Mariëlle; Roos, N

    2012-01-01

    De achttiende editie van de Nederlandse Testdag had als thema ‘Boosting the value of testing’. Belangrijkste trends waren de integratie van het testproces binnen Agile en Scrum, het nut van verhalen vertellen en de meerwaarde van modelgebaseerd testen. Mariëlle Stoelinga doet verslag.

  1. Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Delaware

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Delaware students showed consistent gains in math at the basic, proficient, and advanced levels for racial/ethnic subgroups, low income students, and boys and girls. There were mixed results in reading. Achievement gaps narrowed in both reading and math in…

  2. Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Maine

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Maine students had across-the-board gains. There were improvements in both reading and math at the basic, proficient and advanced levels for the subgroups large enough to count, which were white students, low income students, and boys and girls. Results on…

  3. Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Illinois

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Illinois students showed mostly gains in both reading and math at the basic, proficient, and advanced levels for racial/ethnic subgroups, low income students, and boys and girls. There was mixed progress made in narrowing achievement gaps in reading and math…

  4. Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Missouri

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Missouri showed across-the-board gains--improvements in both reading and math at the basic, proficient and advanced levels for all racial/ethnic subgroups, low income students, and boys and girls. Results on achievement gaps were mixed. Comparable data were…

  5. Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Michigan

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Michigan showed across-the-board gains--improvements in both reading and math at the basic, proficient and advanced levels for all racial/ethnic subgroups, low income students, and boys and girls. Results on achievement gaps were mixed. Comparable data were…

  6. Climate Trends and Impacts in China

    Sall, Chris

    2013-01-01

    This discussion paper summarizes observed and projected trends in extreme weather events, present-day climate variability, and future climate change and their impacts on China's different regions. Findings are presented from China's national assessment report on climate change (2007) and second national assessment report on climate change (2011) as well as other studies by Chinese and inte...

  7. DEVELOPMENT TRENDS IN THE GLOBAL DENTAL MARKET

    Veronica BULAT

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the key trends of the market, and segments the global dental equipment and consumables market by components and into various geographic regions in way of market size. It discusses the key market drivers, main players, restraints and opportunities of the global dental equipment and consumables market.

  8. A Globalized Trend Towards EMC Technology

    Fujiwara, Osamu

    The concept of electromagnetic environment and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is briefly described. A globalized trend in the 21th century EMC technology is reviewed from the following point of view : EMI (electromagnetic interference) reduction, immunity improvement, human safety evaluation of elecrtomagnetic fields and standardization of EMC measurement.

  9. Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes

    Anderson, Patricia M.; Butcher, Kristin F.

    2006-01-01

    The increase in childhood obesity over the past several decades, together with the associated health problems and costs, is raising grave concern among health care professionals, policy experts, children's advocates, and parents. Patricia Anderson and Kristin Butcher document trends in children's obesity and examine the possible underlying causes…

  10. Publication Trends in Astronomy: The Lone Author

    Henneken, Edwin A.

    2012-01-01

    In this short communication I highlight how the number of collaborators on papers in the main astronomy journals has evolved over time. We see a trend of moving away from single-author papers. This communication is based on data in the holdings of the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS). The ADS is funded by NASA Grant NNX09AB39G.

  11. Benchmarking 2010: Trends in Education Philanthropy

    Bearman, Jessica

    2010-01-01

    "Benchmarking 2010" offers insights into the current priorities, practices and concerns of education grantmakers. The report is divided into five sections: (1) Mapping the Education Grantmaking Landscape; (2) 2010 Funding Priorities; (3) Strategies for Leveraging Greater Impact; (4) Identifying Significant Trends in Education Funding; and (5)…

  12. From Transnational Trends to Local Practices

    Pacheco Cueva, Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    . Furthermore, using Harvey’s geography of difference approach (2004) and a Gramscian conception of legitimacy, this chapter explores the various ways in which a geographically remote mining community in Papua New Guinea (PNG) replicates some of the global trends in socioeconomic monitoring....

  13. Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: New Jersey

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In New Jersey, achievement gaps narrowed in grade 11 reading and math for all major subgroups, with one exception. Comparable data for grade 11 by subgroup were available for 2002-2009, with a few exceptions. Because the state changed its tests at grades 4 and 8 in recent years, there were too few years of comparable data to determine trends at…

  14. Recent trends in space mapping technology

    Bandler, John W.; Cheng, Qingsha S.; Hailu, Daniel; Mohamed, Achmed S.; Bakr, Mohamed. H.; Madsen, Kaj; Pedersen, Frank

    2004-01-01

    We review recent trends in the art of Space Mapping (SM) technology for modeling and design of engineering devices and systems. The SM approach aims at achieving a satisfactory solution with a handful of computationally expensive so-called "fine" model evaluations. SM procedures iteratively update...

  15. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)

    Bird, L.; Brown, E.

    2006-10-01

    This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  16. Digital library research : current developments and trends

    Shiri, Ali

    2003-01-01

    This column gives an overview of current trends in digital library research under the following headings: digital library architecture, systems, tools and technologies; digital content and collections; metadata; interoperability; standards; knowledge organisation systems; users and usability; legal, organisational, economic, and social issues in digital libraries.

  17. Changing trends in hair restoration surgery

    Venkataram Mysore

    2006-01-01

    Androgenetic alopecia is an important and common cause for baldness. Despite recent advances, the drug therapy of this condition remains unsatisfactory. Surgical hair restoration is the only permanent method of treating this condition. Introduction of recent techniques such as follicular unit transplantation have improved the cosmetic results and patient satisfaction. This article discusses the latest trends in hair restoration surgery.

  18. Trends in Divorce and Effects on Children.

    Moles, Oliver C.

    In this paper an attempt is made to present a comprehensive picture of the effects of separation and divorce on children. After information on trends in divorce is presented to indicate how many families and children are involved, three comprehensive reviews of one-parent families are discussed. Because some detrimental effects are associated with…

  19. PSA results and trends for Spain's NPPs

    The Spain regulatory authority CSN demanded performance of PSA for all Spain nuclear power plants. The specific data analysis carried out as a part of the PSA has contributed to the realistic view on the results which could be achieved by the PSA. The main characteristics of the PSA in Spain and PSA trends in the development are presented in the paper

  20. TESOL Methods: Changing Tracks, Challenging Trends

    Kumaravadivelu, B.

    2006-01-01

    This article traces the major trends in TESOL methods in the past 15 years. It focuses on the TESOL profession's evolving perspectives on language teaching methods in terms of three perceptible shifts: (a) from communicative language teaching to task-based language teaching, (b) from method-based pedagogy to postmethod pedagogy, and (c) from…

  1. Practice of Italian Trend Book in China

    QIAN Xin

    2005-01-01

    Institute offashion design, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051In the past five years, trendy information spread via imported renowned fashion magazines appeared unable to satisfy the industrial needs. Trend books from Milan and Paris have been introduced to big cities in China through official Chinese national agencies, and have gradually drawn more attention within the Chinese fashion industry. Chinese fashion businesses and their designers have difficulties in using the trend book. The main reason is that they don't understand the whole structure re of the book, the true meaning of the instruction and the way to use the book. Most companies are not using the book in the correct way. However, if no one realizes this is not the right key to the real fashion design world, an incorrect design logic and abnormal production chain will appear in China which will directly produce an unhealthy impact to the country. It's only possible to catch up and grasp the real European trend with Europe at the same time when the trend books are used correctly.

  2. Toll Roads : Recent Trends in Private Participation

    Gisele F. Silva

    2000-01-01

    During the 1990s developing countries increasingly turned to the private sector for construction, management, and maintenance of toll roads. Between 1990 and 1999, US$61 billion of private investment was committed to 279 projects in 26 developing countries, comprising 34,369 kilometers of toll highways, bridges and tunnels. This Note analyzes the main trends in private participation in toll ...

  3. Digital Library Education: Global Trends and Issues

    Shem, Magaji

    2015-01-01

    The paper examines trends and issues in digital education programmes globally, drawing examples of developmental growth of Library Information Science (LIS), schools and digital education courses in North America, Britain, and Southern Asia, the slow growth of LIS schools and digital education in Nigeria and some countries in Africa and India. The…

  4. Energy in ICT: trends and research directions

    Van Heddeghem, Ward; Vereecken, Willem; Pickavet, Mario; Demeester, Piet

    2009-01-01

    Power consumption of ICT equipment has a growing impact, both on economic and environmental level. To reduce its energy footprint, drastic actions will be required on four fronts: energy-efficient components, power management techniques, new network paradigms and policy supporting actions. This paper outlines the current trends and research for each category.

  5. The Demographic Wave: Rethinking Hispanic AP Trends

    Edwards, Kelcey; Sawtell, Ellen

    2013-01-01

    Presented at the Advanced Placement Annual Conference (APAC) in Las Vegas, NV in July 2013. This presentation reviews new research examining the AP® experience of Hispanic graduates over the past decade. Topics include an in-depth look at the AP Spanish Language and Culture gateway hypothesis and trends in family characteristics such as parent…

  6. Changing trends in hair restoration surgery

    Venkataram Mysore

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Androgenetic alopecia is an important and common cause for baldness. Despite recent advances, the drug therapy of this condition remains unsatisfactory. Surgical hair restoration is the only permanent method of treating this condition. Introduction of recent techniques such as follicular unit transplantation have improved the cosmetic results and patient satisfaction. This article discusses the latest trends in hair restoration surgery.

  7. Temperature trends in the lower stratosphere

    Križan, Peter; Kozubek, Michal

    EGU, 2013. ISSN 1607-7962. [EGU General Assembly 2013. 07.04.2013-12.04.2013, Vienna] Institutional support: RVO:68378289 Keywords : lower stratosphere * temperature trends Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2013/EGU2013-1913.pdf

  8. Trends in the development of radioisotope batteries

    Improved methods for producing radioisotopes by nuclear fuel reprocessing and the rapid development of microelectronics offer new possibilities for utilizing radioisotope batteries. A review is given of the main principles of conversion of decay energy into electric power. The current state of such energy sources is evaluated. Finally, new fields of application and further trends in the development are indicated. (author)

  9. Trends in chassis and automobile electronics components

    Hackenberg, Ulrich [Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    The rapidly-growing importance of electronics in automobile construction is in part determined by the debate on sustainability and the clear trend towards electric power trains. Another factor, however, is the decisive impact of electronics on the further development of components, e.g. for chassis. Apart from environmental protection, key motivators for component development include comfort, safety, infotainment and driver assistance. (orig.)

  10. Current Educational Technology Research Trends in Japan

    Nakayama, Minoru; Ueno, Maomi

    2009-01-01

    To examine trends in educational practice research, this article conducted a survey and analysis of factors affecting the review of research papers in the field of the educational technology in Japan. Two factors, namely, practical orientation and theoretical orientation, were extracted from 63 survey responses, and scores from members of a…

  11. [Population trends in Andorra and Monaco].

    Lluelles, M J; Sanguin A-l

    1995-01-01

    Population trends in the micro-states of Andorra and Monaco are described and compared. The authors note that the population of Andorra has increased twelvefold since 1947 due to the development of a tax-free economy and a winter sports industry, whereas Monaco, on a much smaller territorial space, has remained relatively demographically stable. PMID:12156750

  12. Recent trends in particle transport theory

    A review of some recent trends and methods in describing neutron and photon transport in a host medium via the stationary linear integrodifferential Boltzmann equation is presented. Specific applications and numerical results are also illustrated for some benchmarck problems of recent formulation. (orig.)

  13. Current Trends in Higher Education Technology: Simulation

    Damewood, Andrea M.

    2016-01-01

    This paper is focused on how technology in use changes over time, and the current trend of simulation technology as a supported classroom technology. Simulation-based training as a learning tool is discussed within the context of adult learning theories, as is the technology used and how today's higher education technology administrators support…

  14. Recent trends in commercial bank loan sales

    Rebecca Demsetz

    1993-01-01

    The dollar volume of commercial bank loan sales rose rapidly in the mid-1980s but has declined equally rapidly over the past few years. This article provides insight into these loan sales trends by looking beyond the aggregate data and separately examining the sales activities of the largest loan sellers and those of all other banks.

  15. Investigating English pronunciation trends and directions

    Mompean, Jose A

    2015-01-01

    This book updates the latest research in the field of 'English pronunciation', providing readers with a number of original contributions that represent trends in the field. Topics include sociophonetic or sound-symbolic aspects of pronunciation English pronunciation teaching and learning.

  16. Challenges and trends in global healthcare missions.

    Tazelaar, Grace

    2011-01-01

    Changes in travel, communications, and technology are impacting how the ministry of healthcare missions is being implemented around the globe. This article discusses five emerging trends in healthcare missions, offering rationale for each and a vision for bringing health and healing among all peoples of the world. PMID:21853716

  17. ASD Academic Transitions: Trends in Parental Perspective

    Lee, Cindy; McCoy, Kathleen M.; Zucker, Stanley H.; Mathur, Sarup R.

    2014-01-01

    Academic transitions are a necessary and important part of an ASD student's life. Parental involvement and perspective is a vital part of each transition planning process. The primary goal of this research was to identify trends in parent perspectives regarding ASD academic transitions through meta-synthesis of current research. The research…

  18. Higher Education Facilities: Issues and Trends

    Marmolejo, Francisco; Gonzalez, Reynold; Gersberg, Nils; Nenonen, Suvi; Calvo-Sotelo, Pablo Campos

    2007-01-01

    Issues that will shape the future of higher education institutions and new trends in campus architecture were the themes of a recent international seminar. Francisco Marmolejo, former consultant to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), presents here an overview of the seminar, explaining changes taking place in the…

  19. Trends in dragonfly occurrence in Belgium (Odonata)

    Knijf, de G.; Anselin, A.; Goffart, P.

    2003-01-01

    Trends in dragonfly occurrence in Belgium (Odonata) The group ‘Gomphus’ collected 65 000 records of 69 species of Odonata, more or less equally scattered over Belgium. The best-investigated areas are the northern part and some river valleys in the south. Most hot spots can be found in the northeaste

  20. Trends in Invasive Infection with MRSA

    2012-07-17

    Dr. James Hadler, Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at the Yale School of Public Health, discusses recent trends in MRSA.  Created: 7/17/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 7/19/2012.