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Sample records for 12-year-old school children

  1. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  2. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  3. Caries risk profile of 12 year old school children in an Indian city using Cariogram

    Hebbal, Mamata; Ankola, Anil V.; Metgud, Sharada

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: The present study was conducted with an aim to assess the caries profile of 12 year old Indian children using Cariogram. Study design: Hundred children were interviewed to record any illness, oral hygiene practices and fluoride exposure after obtaining a three day diet diary. Examination was done to record plaque and dental caries status. Stimulated saliva was collected and salivary flow rate, salivary buffering capacity, Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus were assessed. The i...

  4. Oral health status of 12-year-old school children in Khartoum state, the Sudan; a school-based survey

    Ali Raouf

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies have investigated the prevalence of dental caries among school children in the past decades in Sudan rendering it difficult to understand the status and pattern of oral health. Methods A school-based survey was conducted using stratified random cluster sampling in Khartoum state, Sudan. Data was collected through interviews and clinical examination by a single examiner. DMFT was measured according to WHO criteria. Gingival index (GI of Loe & Silness and Plaque index (PI of Silness & Loe were used. Results The mean DMFT for 12-year-olds was found to be 0.42 with a significant caries index (SiC of 1.4. Private school attendees had significantly higher DMFT (0.57 when compared to public school attendees (0.4. The untreated caries prevalence was 30.5%. In multivariate analysis caries experience (DMFT > 0 was found to be significantly and directly associated with socioeconomic status. The mean GI for the six index teeth was found to be 1.05 (CI 1.03 – 1.07 and the mean PI was 1.30 (CI 1.22 – 1.38. Conclusion The prevalence of caries was found to be low. The school children with the higher socioeconomic status formed the high risk group.

  5. Dental Caries and Related Factors among 7-12 Year-old School Children in Yasuj, Iran, in 2014

    M Yousofi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Tooth caries is the most prevalent infectious disease in children. The purpose of this study was to assess carries experience indexes and related factors among 7-12 year-old school children in Yasuj, Iran, in 2014. Materials and methods: In the present Cross-sectional and analytical study, using a two-stage random sampling, 460 students from primary schools of Yasuj city and surrounding villages were selected. The children were clinically examined at their school by a professional calibrated dentistry team. Their demographic and socioeconomic status, mouth health behaviors and teeth carries status and consumed nutritional materials were gathered by a questioner and a dental chart. The data were analyzed using inferential statistical methods. The SPSS software version 22 was used to extract the outputs and &alpha=0.05 was considered as the significant level. Results: The dental caries prevalence of deciduous, permanent and total of  two type of dents were  75.2, 41.1 and  89.8 percent, respectively and the dmft, DMFT and dmft+DMFT indexes were 3.57, 0.87, and 4.44, respectively.. The caries prevalence of permanent teeth and DMFT in girls were significantly higher than boys (p=0.046, but the caries prevalence in total of dents in boys was significantly higher than girls ( p=0.32. Furthermore, the dental caries prevalence in permanent teeth and DMFT in children resident in rural areas were significantly higher than those in urban areas (p0.1.  Conclusions: Prevalence and severity score of dental caries among 7 - 12 year-old Yasuj students were higher than the WHO standards. The tooth caries experiences were more prevalent in boys and in children resident in rural areas, increased with age and decreased with BMI and less prevalent in children with higher family socioeconomic status. Tooth brushing and flossing and consuming dairy foods were protective agents in occurring tooth caries in primary school children in

  6. The age peculiarities of 10 to 12 year-old school-children

    B. B. Badmayeva; Бадмаева, Б. Б.

    2012-01-01

    The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to chi...

  7. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2012-01-01

    The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to chi...

  8. Dental pain as a determinant of expressed need for dental care among 12-year-old school children in India

    Kiran Kumar Dandi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We have undertaken a cross-sectional study to assess factors associated with dental pain that determine the expressed needs for dental care among 12-year-old school children in India. Materials and Methods: A total of 2 250 school children were surveyed after being drawn through stratified cluster random sampling. The simultaneous effects of sociodemographic characteristics, pain characteristics, and the impact of pain on the quality of life were studied in association with the expressed needs for dental treatment. Results: Among the studied school children, 71.4% suffered from dental pain, only 27.7% expressed need for dental healthcare. Socioeconomic status (SES was a statistically significant determinant. Pain characteristics like the severity of pain and pain on eating hot and cold foods were significantly associated with expressed needs. Impact characteristics associated with expressed needs were embarrassment in showing teeth, brushing teeth, and difficulty in eating and drinking. Logistic regression analysis yielded a Nagelkerke R 2 value of 0.106. Conclusion: Important determinants of expressed needs for dental care among the studied population were SES, pain intensity, pain on thermal stimuli, impact characteristics like eating/drinking and embarrassment in showing teeth.

  9. Oral health status of 5 years and 12 years old school going children in rural Gurgaon, India: An epidemiological study

    Meenu Mittal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Oral health is an essential component of health throughout life. Hardly any information is available on the oral health status of children in Gurgaon. Thus, the present study was conducted among 5-year-old and 12-years-old children in schools in rural Gurgaon. Materials and Methods: A total of 1003 children were examined of which 619 were in 5 years age group and 384 in 12 years group. The prevalence of dental caries was studied using dentition status and treatment needs index. For dental calculus criteria of Community Periodontal and for dental fluorosis Dean′s index was used. Results: In 5 years age group prevalence of dental caries was 68.5%, dental fluorosis was 22.5% and treatment needs were 63.7%. In 12 year age group prevalence of dental caries was 37.5%, dental fluorosis was 76.04%, highest community periodontal index score was 2, seen in 80.2% and overall treatment needs were 44.3%. Conclusion: Preventive approaches seem to be a viable alternative to tackle the overwhelming problem of dental caries and other oral diseases. Provision of oral health education in schools and school based preventive programs are important for improvement of this situation.

  10. Normative and perceived orthodontic needs among 12 year old school children in Chennai, India - A comparative study

    I. Meignana Arumugham

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Four schools were selected randomly and all 12 year old children were included in the study. A total of 613 school children (334 boys and 279 girls were examined. A self-administered pre-tested questionnaire about perceived need to have their teeth straightened was elicited. Clinical examination was carried using Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI. Chi-square test was done to test the association between normative orthodontic need and perceived orthodontic need. Minor or no anomaly was seen in 350 (57.1% subjects of which 162 (46.3% perceived orthodontic treatment, definite malocclusion was seen in 158 (25.8% subjects of which 75 (47.5% perceived orthodontic treatment, severe malocclusion was seen in 69(11.3 subjects of which 33 (47.8 perceived orthodontic treatment, handicapping malocclusion was seen in 36(5.9% subjects of which 27(75% perceived orthodontic treatment The normative orthodontic needs and perceived orthodontic needs was statistically significant. The assessment of perceived need should be included in the epidemiological studies to the estimate demand for orthodontic treatment in particular regions.

  11. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries to Anterior Teeth of 12-Year-Old School Children in Kashmir, India

    Ain, Tasneem S.; Lingesha Telgi, Ravishankar; Sultan, Saima; Tangade, Pradeep; Ravishankar Telgi, Chaitra; Tirth, Amit; Kumar Pal, Sumit; Gowhar, Owais; Tandon, Vaibhav

    2016-01-01

    Background Traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth are a significant public health problem, not only because their prevalence is relatively high, but also because they have considerable impact on children’s daily lives. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) cause physical and psychological discomfort, pain and other negative impacts, such as tendency to avoid laughing or smiling, which can affect social relationships. Objectives This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth among 12-year-old school children in Kashmir, India. Patients and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in private and government schools of India among 1600 schoolchildren aged 12 years. In addition to recording of the type of trauma (using Ellis and Davey classification of fractures, 1970), over jet, Angle’s molar relation and lip competence were also recorded. The socioeconomic status and academic performance of the study subjects were registered. The data obtained were compiled systematically and then statistically analyzed. The statistical significance for the association between the traumatic injury and the variables was analyzed using the chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to identify potential risk predictors of TDIs. Results The overall prevalence of TDI to anterior teeth was found to be 9.3%. The TDI to anterior teeth in male was more than female, but the difference was statistically nonsignificant (P < 0.01). Falls and sports were the most common causes of trauma in the present study. The highest potential risk factor for the occurrence of trauma was over jet. Academic performance was found to be significantly associated to TDI to anterior teeth, when analyzed in a multiple regression model. Conclusions It was concluded that the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries was 9.3%. Traumatic dental injuries among children exhibit complex interaction between the victims’ oral conditions and their behavior. Therefore

  12. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries to Anterior Teeth of 12-Year-Old School Children in Kashmir, India

    Ain

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth are a significant public health problem, not only because their prevalence is relatively high, but also because they have considerable impact on children’s daily lives. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs cause physical and psychological discomfort, pain and other negative impacts, such as tendency to avoid laughing or smiling, which can affect social relationships. Objectives This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth among 12-year-old school children in Kashmir, India. Patients and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in private and government schools of India among 1600 schoolchildren aged 12 years. In addition to recording of the type of trauma (using Ellis and Davey classification of fractures, 1970, over jet, Angle’s molar relation and lip competence were also recorded. The socioeconomic status and academic performance of the study subjects were registered. The data obtained were compiled systematically and then statistically analyzed. The statistical significance for the association between the traumatic injury and the variables was analyzed using the chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to identify potential risk predictors of TDIs. Results The overall prevalence of TDI to anterior teeth was found to be 9.3%. The TDI to anterior teeth in male was more than female, but the difference was statistically nonsignificant (P < 0.01. Falls and sports were the most common causes of trauma in the present study. The highest potential risk factor for the occurrence of trauma was over jet. Academic performance was found to be significantly associated to TDI to anterior teeth, when analyzed in a multiple regression model. Conclusions It was concluded that the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries was 9.3%. Traumatic dental injuries among children exhibit complex interaction between the victims’ oral conditions and their behavior

  13. Dental caries prevalence in individual tooth in primary and permanent dentition among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

    Vinay Kumar Bhardwaj

    2014-01-01

    Background: Prevalence of dental caries not only varies according to age, gender, and arch but also according to the involvement of individual tooth. The study on individual tooth will help in providing incremental dental care and reducing burden of dental caries in this group of population. Objective: To find out the prevalence of dental caries in individual tooth among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 1,200...

  14. Correlation between diopters and refractive parameters among 5 to 12 years old school-age children of Lanzhou city

    Yu-Ting Li

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the epidemiological status of refractive state among school-age children of 5 to 12 years in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city, and to analyze the correlation with axial length(AL, horizontal and vertical corneal refractive power(K1, K2, anterior chamber depth(ACDand corneal diameter(W-W. METHODS: The value of AL, K1, K2, ACD and W-W of 813 school-age children(1626 eyesaged 8.46±2.30 years old(5-12 yearswere measured by IOL-Master, refractive error was measured by computer refractor. The eyes were divided into 5 groups according to different mean spherical equivalent(SEdiopter: high myopia, moderate myopia, low myopia, emmetropia and hyperopia. The correlation between diopter and different refractive parameters of different ages and different diopter groups were analyzed respectively, the SPSS 19.0 was used for the statistical analysis.RESULTS: There were statistically significant difference(PPPPPr=-0.764, Pr=-0.498, PCONCLUSION: The increase of AL plays an important role in the changes of refractive among school-age children of 5-12 years, AL is the main morphological variable related to myopia. Meanwhile, refractive changes may be affected by corneal refractive power(K1, K2, ACD and corneal diameter(W-W. 7-8 years old can be regarded as the main phase from emmetropization to myopization of school-age children.

  15. Oral health and the impact of socio-behavioural factors in a cross sectional survey of 12-year old school children in Laos

    Petersen Poul

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In recent decades low-income countries experienced an increasing trend in dental caries among children, particularly recorded in 12-year olds, which is the principal WHO indicator age group for children. This increases the risks of negative affects on children's life. Some data exist on the oral health status of children in low-income countries of Southeast Asia. However, information on how oral health is associated with socio-behavioural factors is almost not available. The aims of this study were to: assess the level of oral health of Lao 12-year-olds in urban and semi-urban settings; study the impact of poor oral health on quality of life; analyse the association between oral health and socio-behavioural factors; investigate the relation between obesity and oral health. Methods A cross sectional study of 12-year old schoolchildren chosen by multistage random sampling in Vientiane, Lao P.D.R (hereafter Laos. The final study population comprised 621 children. The study consisted of: clinical registration of caries and periodontal status, and scores for dental trauma according to WHO; structured questionnaire; measurement of anthropometric data. Frequency distributions for bi-variate analysis and logistic regression for multivariate analysis were used for assessment of statistical association between variables. Results Mean DMFT was 1.8 (SEM = 0.09 while caries prevalence was 56% (CI95 = 52-60. Prevalence of gingival bleeding was 99% (CI95 = 98-100 with 47% (CI95 = 45-49 of present teeth affected. Trauma was observed in 7% (CI95 = 5-9 of the children. High decay was seen in children with dental visits and frequent consumption of sweet drinks. Missed school classes, tooth ache and several impairments of daily life activities were associated with a high dD-component. No associations were found between Body Mass Index (BMI and oral health or common risk factors. The multivariate analyses revealed high risk for caries for

  16. Oral health-related knowledge, attitudes and habits in relation to perceived oral symptoms among 12-year-old school children.

    Mattila, Marja-Leena; Tolvanen, Mimmi; Kivelä, Johanna; Pienihäkkinen, Kaisu; Lahti, Satu; Merne-Grafström, Marina

    2016-07-01

    Objective The aim of the study was to investigate oral health-related knowledge, attitudes and habits and their relationship to perceived oral symptoms among 12-year-olds and differences between boys and girls. Material and methods The study population consisted of children (n = 588) in 15 randomly selected elementary schools in Turku, Finland. Associations between oral health-related habits, knowledge and attitudes with perceived oral symptoms and gender differences were evaluated with χ(2)-test, Mann-Whitney U-test and logistic regression analysis. Results Oral health promoting habits but not knowledge or attitudes associated significantly with absence of oral symptoms. Girls reported a higher percentage of several health promotional habits than boys. Girls reported more frequently gingival bleeding and less frequently dental calculus than boys did. The most common oral symptom was gingival bleeding. Conclusions The present findings suggest some gender-related differences in oral health habits, attitudes, as well as perceived oral symptoms in 12-year-olds. There seems, however, not to be gender differences in relation to knowledge or the association of health habits with perceived oral symptoms. It is important to maintain health promotion at schools and additional efforts should be aimed at translating knowledge into action. PMID:26881848

  17. Oral health and the impact of socio-behavioural factors in a cross sectional survey of 12-year old school children in Laos

    Petersen Poul; Jürgensen Nanna

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background In recent decades low-income countries experienced an increasing trend in dental caries among children, particularly recorded in 12-year olds, which is the principal WHO indicator age group for children. This increases the risks of negative affects on children's life. Some data exist on the oral health status of children in low-income countries of Southeast Asia. However, information on how oral health is associated with socio-behavioural factors is almost not available. T...

  18. Comparison of Once a Day and Three Times a Day Iron Treatment in 9-12 Year Old Elementary School Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Gunadi, Dedy; Rosdiana, Nelly; Lubis, Bidasari

    2009-01-01

    Background The compliance of iron deficiency anemia treatment that is administered three times daily in children is low. The compliance will be better if therapy is administered once daily. Objective To compare the iron therapy response of once per day vs. three times a day administration in 9-12 year old children with iron deficiency anemia. Methods Children with iron deficiency anemia were randomly allocated into a ferrous sulfate once-daily group or a ferrous sulfate three times-...

  19. A study of oral hygiene status and prevalence of gingival diseases in 9 and 12-year-old school children of a northern hilly state, India

    Deepak Chauhan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The gingival and overall oral health status is affected by the changes in lifestyle, dietary habits, and aberrant oral hygiene practices. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of gingival diseases among school children of Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 1188 school children in the age group of 9 and 12 years from randomly selected schools of rural and urban areas of Himachal Pradesh and they were included as study subjects. The survey was carried out according to the WHO Oral Health Assessment Form (modified. Community periodontal index was used to assess gingival health, using three indicators: Healthy, gingival bleeding, and calculus. Plaque index was used to assess oral hygiene as poor, fair, and good. Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 15. Results: A total of 1188 children were examined, of these 650 (54.8% were males and 538 (45.2% were females. A total of 564 belonged to the 9 and 624 to 12 years age group. The overall prevalence of gingival disease was 22.9%. The majority (14.2% were presented with calculus and 8.7% showed gingival bleeding ( P < 0.0000001. The most affected 24.3% with gingivitis were females in comparison to 21.7% males that is not statistically significant, P < 0.5. Age wise prevalence showed a linear increase; 12-year-old children were affected more 34.8% as compared to 9.8% in 9-year-old children. Conclusion: There is a need for reinforcement of dental services to difficult and hard areas.

  20. Dental caries prevalence in individual tooth in primary and permanent dentition among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

    Vinay Kumar Bhardwaj

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prevalence of dental caries not only varies according to age, gender, and arch but also according to the involvement of individual tooth. The study on individual tooth will help in providing incremental dental care and reducing burden of dental caries in this group of population. Objective: To find out the prevalence of dental caries in individual tooth among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 1,200 school-going children over a span of 5 months from 11 government schools in Shimla city, in the state of Himachal Pradesh in India. Examination was performed using a mouth mirror and blunt sickle-shaped explorer under natural light, according to World Health Organization (WHO oral health survey 1997. Results: Females were having higher prevalence of dental caries than males of the same age-group in both primary and permanent dentition (79.3% vs. 74.9%. First molars were most affected with dental caries than other teeth in both the dentitions (78.69% and 48.93%, respectively. Dental caries prevalence was high in mandibular arch than in the maxillary arch i.e. (80.0% vs. 77.38% in permanent dentition and (51.3% vs. 46.56% in deciduous, dentition respectively. Statistically, this difference was significant (Fischer′s exact test P < 0.05. Conclusion: High prevalence of dental caries among government school children in Shimla city is a cause of concern. There is utmost necessity of regular periodic check-up, application of preventive measures, and treatment modalities as soon as teeth erupt in the oral cavity.

  1. Dental caries and erosion status of 12-year-old Hong Kong children

    Zhang, Shinan; Chau, Alex MH; Lo, Edward CM; Chu, Chun-Hung

    2014-01-01

    Background This study aimed to assess the dental caries and erosion status of 12-year-old Hong Kong children and study the determinants of dental caries and dental erosion of these children. Methods The survey was performed from 2011 to 2012 with ethics approval. Stratified random sampling was adopted to select 12-year-old children in 7 primary schools in Hong Kong. The participating parents were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire concerning their children’s diet and oral hea...

  2. Relationship Between Drinking Water Fluoride Levels, Dental Fluorosis, Dental Caries and Associated Risk Factors in 9-12 Years Old School Children of Nelakondapally Mandal of Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh, India: A Cross-sectional Survey

    Shanthi, M.; Reddy, B Vishnuvardhan; V Venkataramana; Gowrisankar, S; Reddy, B V Thimma; Chennupati, Sireesha

    2014-01-01

    Background: The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between drinking water fluoride (F) levels, dental fluorosis and dental caries among 9-12 years old school children of Nelakondapally Mandal, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 1500 school children aged 9-12 years, selected by stratified random sampling from different areas with different levels of naturally occurring F in ...

  3. Risk factors for obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children

    Andy Japutra; Eddy Fadlyana; Anggraini Alam

    2015-01-01

    Background The causes of obesity in children are multifactorial, including genetics, physiology, metabolism, psychology, socioeconomic status, lifestyle, and culture. Objective To assess for relationships between obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children and maternal nutritional status, maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching, and playing video games. Methods This case-control study included students of Sejahtera Public School aged 6 to 12 yea...

  4. Prevalence of Dental Caries in relation to Body Mass Index, Daily Sugar Intake, and Oral Hygiene Status in 12-Year-Old School Children in Mathura City: A Pilot Study

    Prahlad Gupta; Nidhi Gupta; Harkanwal Preet Singh

    2014-01-01

    Aim. To correlate the prevalence of dental caries to body mass index, daily sugar intake, and oral hygiene status of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city. Material and Methods. The study design was cross-sectional and included 100 school children aged 12 years (n = 50 boys and n = 50 girls) who were randomly selected from two schools based upon inclusion and exclusion criteria. Body weight/height was recorded and BMI was calculated and plotted on CDC-BMI for age growth charts/curves fo...

  5. Prevalence of Dental Caries in relation to Body Mass Index, Daily Sugar Intake, and Oral Hygiene Status in 12-Year-Old School Children in Mathura City: A Pilot Study

    Prahlad Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To correlate the prevalence of dental caries to body mass index, daily sugar intake, and oral hygiene status of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city. Material and Methods. The study design was cross-sectional and included 100 school children aged 12 years (n=50 boys and n=50 girls who were randomly selected from two schools based upon inclusion and exclusion criteria. Body weight/height was recorded and BMI was calculated and plotted on CDC-BMI for age growth charts/curves for boys and girls to obtain percentile ranking. Dental caries was recorded using WHO criteria. Oral hygiene status of the study subjects was assessed using oral hygiene index-simplified. Data regarding the daily sugar intake was recorded using 24-hour recall diet frequency chart. The data obtained was analysed using SPSS version 11.5 for windows. Result. Only 27 subjects were affected by caries. The mean DMFT/dmft was 0.37 ± 0.79 and 0.12 ± 0.60, respectively. Statistical analysis by means of a logistic regression model revealed that only oral hygiene status had a significant effect on caries prevalence (OR = 5.061, P=0.004, whereas daily sugar intake and body mass index had no significant effect. Conclusion. From the analysis, it was concluded that oral hygiene status had a significant effect on caries prevalence of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city.

  6. Cephalometric norms for the upper airway of 12-year-old Chinese children

    Gu, Min; McGrath, Colman PJ; Wong, Ricky WK; Hägg, Urban; Yang, Yanqi

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To establish cephalometric norms for the upper airway of 12-year-old Chinese children, and to assess these norms with regard to gender, age, ethnicity and other craniofacial structures. METHODS: Lateral cephalograms were obtained from a random sample of 425 12-year-old Chinese children (224 boys and 201 girls) to establish the Chinese norms, and from a matched group of 108 12-year-old Caucasian children (61 boys and 47 girls) as an ethnic comparison. Published data on the upper air...

  7. Oral health and the impact of socio-behavioural factors in a cross sectional survey of 12-year old school children in Laos

    Jürgensen, Nanna; Petersen, Poul Erik

    2009-01-01

    bi-variate analysis and logistic regression for multivariate analysis were used for assessment of statistical association between variables. RESULTS: Mean DMFT was 1.8 (SEM = 0.09) while caries prevalence was 56% (CI95 = 52-60). Prevalence of gingival bleeding was 99% (CI95 = 98-100) with 47% (CI95...... hours. Low risk was found for children with good or average perception of own oral health. High risk for gingival bleeding was seen in semi-urban children and boys. CONCLUSION: Although the caries level is low it causes considerable negative impact on daily life. School based health promotion should be...

  8. Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of ‘never’ and ‘always’ cycling to school among 10 to 12 year old children living within a 3.0 km distance from school

    Ducheyne Fabian

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cycling to school has been identified as an important target for increasing physical activity levels in children. However, knowledge about correlates of cycling to school is scarce as many studies did not make a distinction between walking and cycling to school. Moreover, correlates of cycling to school for those who live within a distance, that in theory would allow cycling to school, stay undiscovered. Therefore, this study examined individual, social and physical environmental correlates of never and always cycling to/from school among 10 to 12 year old Belgian children living within a 3.0 km distance from school. Methods 850 parents completed a questionnaire to assess personal, family, behavioral, cognitive, social and physical environmental factors related to the cycling behavior of their children. Parents indicated on a question matrix how many days a week their child (1 walked, (2 cycled, was (3 driven by car or (4 public transport to and from school during fall, winter and spring. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the correlates. Results Overall, 39.3% of children never cycled to school and 16.5% of children always cycled to school. Children with high levels of independent mobility and good cycling skills perceived by their parents were more likely to always cycle to school (resp. OR 1.06; 95% CI 1.04-1.15 and OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.01-1.16 and less likely to never cycle to school (resp. OR 0.84; 95% CI 0.78-0.91 and OR 0.77; 95% CI 0.7-0.84. Children with friends who encourage them to cycle to school were more likely to always cycle to school (OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.01-1.15 and less likely to never cycle to school (OR 0.9; 95% CI 0.83-1.0. In addition, children with parents who encourage them to cycle to school were less likely to never cycle to school (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.7-0.87. Regarding the physical environmental factors, only neighborhood traffic safety was significantly associated with

  9. Vaccination coverage of children aged 4-12 years old in the prefecture of Evritania

    Yannis Getsios

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The last two decades a huge progress has taken place in the field of the primary prevention of infections and many new vaccines have been introduced in the compulsory vaccination program. There is evidence, however, that immunization coverage against some infectious diseases is not adequate. Aim: It was to investigate the level of immunization coverage of Greek and Immigrants' children aged 4-12 years old in the prefecture of Evritania regarding vaccines against pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus (DTaP, poliomyelitis (IPV and measles–mumps–rubella (MMR. Material and methods: The sample of the study consisted of the pupils of all nursing and elementary schools of the prefecture of Evritania , aged 4-12 years old. Children's personal Health Cards were used to evaluate the adequacy of vaccine doses. X2 was usedfor comparisons. Statistics was processed with SPPS 17.0. Results: The boys of the sample were 469 (51.9% and the girls 434 (48.1%. Full vaccination coverage with DTaP, MMR and IPV was 87.3%, 79.9%, and 97.6% respectively. No statistically significant differences were observed between Greek and Immigrants' children. Conclusion: Vaccination coverage against measles, mumps and rubella was inadequate. Immigrants' and Greek children are equally covered. Vaccination coverage with MMR is troublesome.

  10. PLAYgrounds: Effect of a PE playground program in primary schools on PA levels during recess in 6 to 12 year old children. Design of a prospective controlled trial.

    Janssen, Mirka; Toussaint, M.; Mechelen, van, W.; Verhagen, A.L.M., Evert

    2011-01-01

    Background: The relative number of children meeting the minimal required dose of daily physical activity remains execrably low. It has been estimated that in 2015 one out of five children will be overweight. Therefore, low levels of physical activity during early childhood may compromise the current and future health and well-being of the population, and promoting physical activity in younger children is a major public health priority. This study is to gain insight into effects of a Physical ...

  11. The effect of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque Streptococcus mutans count in 6- to 12-year-old school children: An in vivo study

    Neeraja R

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Treating a carious tooth in children with high caries experience by providing a restoration does not cure the disease. If the unfavorable oral environment that caused the cavity persists so will the disease and more restorations will be required in future. Treating the oral infection by reducing the number of cariogenic microorganisms and establishing a favorable oral environment to promote predominantly remineralization of tooth structure over time will stop the caries process. The present study was conducted: (1 To evaluate the efficacy of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque Streptococcus mutans when used as an adjunct to restoration. (2 To compare the anti-microbial effect of 1% povidone-iodine and 0.2% chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque S. mutans count. Study Design: Forty-five study participants in the age group of 6-12 years with dmft (decay component of three or four were selected from one government school in Bangalore city. They were divided into three groups after the restorative treatment. Group-A, Group-B, and Group-C received 1% povidone-iodine mouth rinse, 0.2% chlorhexidine mouth rinse and placebo mouth rinse, respectively, twice daily for 14 days. The plaque sample was collected and S. mutans count was estimated at six phases: (1 Baseline, (2 3 weeks after restoration, (3 First day after mouth rinse therapy, (4 15 days after mouth rinse therapy, (5 1 month and (6 3 months after mouth rinse therapy Results: After the restoration the percentage change in S. mutans count was 28.4%. Immediately after mouth rinse therapy there was significant reduction in S. mutans count in all the three groups. After which the count started to increase gradually and after 3 months the bacterial counts in the povidone-iodine group and placebo group were almost near the postrestorative count. Conclusion: Mouth rinses can be used as adjunct to restoration for short duration as temporary measure in reduction of S

  12. Family- and school-based correlates of energy balance-related behaviours in 10-12-year-old children: a systematic review within the ENERGY (EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth) project

    Verloigne, Maïté; Van Lippevelde, Wendy; Maes, Lea; Brug, Johannes; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To identify family- and school-based correlates of specific energy balance-related behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour, breakfast consumption, soft drink consumption) among 10-12-year-olds, using the EnRG framework (Environmental Research framework for weight Gain prevention). Design: A literature review to identify observational studies exploring at least one family- or school-based correlate of the specific behaviours, resulting in seventy-six articles. Set...

  13. Prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in children with celiac disease compared to healthy 12-year olds.

    vanderPals, Maria; Ivarsson, Anneli; Norström, Fredrik; Högberg, Lotta; Svensson, Johan; Carlsson, Annelie

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. Studies have suggested a correlation between untreated celiac disease and risk for other autoimmune diseases. We investigated the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in 12-year-old children (i) with symptomatic celiac disease diagnosed and treated with a gluten-free diet, (ii) with screening-detected untreated celiac disease, and (iii) without celiac disease. Methods. Blood samples from 12632 children were collected. All celiac disease cases, previously diagnosed and newly screenin...

  14. Prevalence of Thyroid Autoimmunity in Children with Celiac Disease Compared to Healthy 12-Year Olds

    Maria van der Pals; Anneli Ivarsson; Fredrik Norström; Lotta Högberg; Johan Svensson; Annelie Carlsson

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. Studies have suggested a correlation between untreated celiac disease and risk for other autoimmune diseases. We investigated the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in 12-year-old children (i) with symptomatic celiac disease diagnosed and treated with a gluten-free diet, (ii) with screening-detected untreated celiac disease, and (iii) without celiac disease. Methods. Blood samples from 12632 children were collected. All celiac disease cases, previously diagnosed and newly screenin...

  15. Influencing Factors in Nutrition Status of 6-12 Years Old Children

    Siva Hamdani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The nutrition status of school-age children is still poor while the need for balanced nutrition is very important for school children and this is because the public's attention to the nutritional needs only focuses in infants, toddlers, and pregnant women. According to data of Health Research (Riskesdas in 2010, the prevalence stunting in the age group of 6-12 years was 25.6%, underweight prevalence was 11.2% and overweight prevalence was accounted to 9.2%. This study aimed to determine the nutritional status of children by conducting crosssectional descriptive study with the analysis of invariance and bivariate (Chi square. The study was conducted at SDN 05 of grade 1-6 Sirnagalih Bogor with totaling 263 students aged 6-12 years old in November 2014 and assessed the nutritional status of students based on the z-score of the WHO / NCHS and reviewing the primary data (weight and height measurement and secondary data (data or documents and the identity taken from the student attendance. Nutritional status average of children in SDN 05 Sirnagalih was in normal nutritional status at approximately 68.2%. However, it still reflected some nutritional problems (very underweight, underweight and overweight, accounted for 31.8%. In underage group category, there was the nutritional status of malnourishment of 9-12 years age group with the highest number scored 37.5%. By gender, the malnourishment of boys acquired at most 34.9%. Based on parent education, malnourishment was found in students with less educated fathers; it was about 41.6%. Nutritional status of children based on the number of siblings in the family showed the nutritional status of malnourishment, showing by the number of brothers and sisters greater than two sisters and brothers that amounted to 57.9%.

  16. Relatedness and Autonomy Aspects of Self-Concept in 8- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Martin, Cherie

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to look at age-associated changes in relatedness and autonomy in 8- to 12-year-olds. A psychosocial and attachment theory perspective was taken to help explain the integration of relatedness and autonomy issues. The influence of gender, parent involvement, and selected demographic variables was also considered. The sample included 94 children . This excluded those with single fathers or stepmothers. Instruments used were (a) the relatedness, autonomy, and parent ...

  17. Risk factors for obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children

    Andy Japutra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background The causes of obesity in children are multifactorial, including genetics, physiology, metabolism, psychology, socioeconomic status, lifestyle, and culture. Objective To assess for relationships between obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children and maternal nutritional status, maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching, and playing video games. Methods This case-control study included students of Sejahtera Public School aged 6 to 12 years. Questionnaires were distributed to their parents for data on maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching and playing video games. Maternal nutritional status was assessed by one of the researchers. Univariate analysis with Chi–square test was used to assess every risk factor. Those with a P value of <0.25 were subjected to multivariate analysis, performed using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results From June to July 2013, 60 obese children and 60 well-nourished children, as a control group, were enrolled in the study. Obese mothers tended to have obese children [odds ratio/OR 252.48; 95%CI 33.4 to 1908.4]. Children who ate fast food 6–8 times/week, had low physical activity, and watched TV more than 8 hours/week had significantly higher risk for obesity [OR 12.94, 95%CI 1.7 to 100.7; and OR 266.94, 95% CI 7.8 to 9137.7; OR 21.44, 95%CI 2.68 to 171.61; respectively]. Maternal education, eating breakfast, and playing video games were not significant risk factors for childhood obesity. Conclusion Maternal obesity, eating fast food 6-8 times per week, low physical activity and watching TV more than 8 hours/week are risk factors for childhood obesity. [Paediatr Indones. 2015;55:35-9.].

  18. [Weight concerns and dieting among 8 to 12-year-old children].

    Berger, Uwe; Schilke, Carolin; Strauss, Bernhard

    2005-07-01

    According to a recent study it could be shown that more than one third of female high school students and more than 20 % of male students in the age of 14 to 18 years indicated an impaired eating behaviour, expressed as a medium or high risk to develop eating disorders based upon the standardized Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) . The current study tested the prevalence of weight concerns and dieting as an indicator of problematic eating behaviour among younger children. 230 Thuringian female and male students in the 3 (rd) and 4 (th) year (between 8 and 12-years-old) as well as their parents were investigated using standardized and modified instruments. Weight and height were measured directly to determine the Body Mass Index (BMI) that was put into relation to some factors of potential influence such as parents, peers, media and eating behaviours. It could be shown that 42 % of the boys and 53 % of the girls preferred a thin ideal body image; 32 % of the children revealing normal weight expressed the wish to be thinner. 18 % of the boys and 19 % of the girls tried to lose weight at the time of the investigation. Dieting was influenced by the perceived (not actual) dieting behaviour of the parents. The BMI significantly predicted weight concerns: In total, 85 % of the overweight children but also 17 % of the children with normal weight were convinced to be overweight. The girls' eating behaviour was mostly influenced by the peers, the boys' behaviour by criticism of the parents. Generally, a significant influence of the media could be demonstrated. PMID:15986283

  19. Gingival Condition in Children Aged From 6 to 12 Years Old: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

    Ane Stella Salgado XAVIER; Maristela Honório CAYETANO; Elerson Gaetti JARDIM JR; Sosígenes Victor BENFATTI; João BAUSELLS

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the gingival condition and the occurrence of periodontopathogens in 93 children aged from 6 to 12 years old in Araçatuba, Brazil. Method: Clinical examination was performed in accordance to Schour and Massler (1947) while the subgingival plaque samples were obtained though sterilized paper point that were placed into health and inflamed gingival crevice of tooth 54 or 14, 61 or 11, 26, 75 or 35, 82 or 42 and 46, where they were kept for 60 seco...

  20. Prevalência de maloclusão em escolares de 5 a 12 anos de rede municipal de ensino de Araraquara Prevalence of malocclusion in children between 5 and 12 years-old in municipal schools in Araraquara

    Eloisa Marcantonio Boeck

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a prevalência de maloclusões em escolares na faixa etária de cinco a 12 anos, matriculadas em escolas municipais de Araraquara. MÉTODO: com base no número total de crianças (7235 realizou-se o cálculo da amostragem, envolvendo sete escolas, num total de 3380 crianças. Um estudo piloto e a calibração dos examinadores precederam o início da pesquisa. Foram excluídas 1934 crianças da amostra por não atenderem aos critérios de inclusão. Na avaliação clínica, foram analisados, as relações inter-arcos nos sentidos transversal, vertical e sagital, a relação intra-arcos, o perfil e padrão de crescimento, a presença de assimetria, além de hábitos deletérios. RESULTADOS: da amostragem total (1446, 80,29% apresentou maloclusão, sendo mais prevalente no gênero feminino (81,34% e na faixa etária de nove a 12 anos (82,52%. A relação dentária mais prevalente foi a de Classe I (63,27%, o padrão facial mais encontrado foi o Padrão I (92,87%. As alterações oclusais inter-arcos mais encontradas foram a mordida profunda e a mordida aberta, as alterações intra-arcos predominantes foram os diastemas e as giroversões. De acordo com o Teste Qui-quadrado não houve significância entre maloclusão e as variáveis: presença de hábito, assimetria, diastemas e padrão facial. Houve diferença estatisticamente significante na prevalência das variáveis: mordida aberta, mordida profunda, diastemas e dos hábitos de sucção (dedo, chupeta, mamadeira e onicofagia quando comparada as duas faixas etárias estudadas. CONCLUSÃO: as maloclusões acometem a maior parte das crianças nessa faixa etária, tendo origem predominantemente dentária e com pouco ou nenhum comprometimento facial, evidenciando a necessidade da intervenção precoce.PURPOSE: to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion in school children between 5 and 12 years-old enrolled in public schools in Araraquara_S.P. (Brazil. METHOD: based on the total

  1. Changes in Growth Pattern after Adenotonsillectomy in Children under 12 Years Old

    Farnaz Hashemian

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available "nThe aim of the present study was to determine the effects of adenotonsillectomy on height, weight and body mass index (BMI in children under 12 years old, with or without airway obstruction and evaluation of the risk of overweight in them. In this case-control study, 120 children with the age of 2-12 years old were studied; 60 children as case group who underwent adenotonsillectomy and 60 healthy children as control group. After collecting the data related to appetite status and sleep breathing disorder of the case group, height, weight and BMI have been measured for all children in two stages; preoperatively and 6 months later. Also in the case group, BMI percentiles, pre and postoperatively have been calculated. Patients with Low appetite in the initiation and at the end of the study in the case group were 80% and 8.3% respectively (P=0.01. Mean of height, weight and BMI variation after 6 months were significantly different between case and control groups (P<0.05. BMI percentiles in the case group preoperatively were: 20% underweight, 67% healthy weight, 10% at risk of over weight, 3% over weight. Postoperatively, after 6 months BMI percentiles in order of above frequency were: 10%, 57%, 22% and 11% (P=0.02. Analysis of the results showed that adenotonsillectomy can lead to increase of height, weight, BMI and appetite not only in the children with low weight due to airway obstruction but also in the normal weight and over weight children. Therefore risk of overweight should be mentioned as a probable undesirable outcome of adenotonsillectomy.

  2. Using the Debate Method for Teaching Argumentation to 10-12 Year-Old Children

    Y. V. Rybka

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to peculiarities of using the debate method in teaching argumentation to 10–12 year-old children. The research is aimed at identifying the most effective ways and means of applying the given method. According to the author’s hypothesis, regular integration of discussions into the training course of rhetoric should promote learners’ argumentation, changing it from a mere fantasy through egocentric attitudes to the objective position expressed in a conclusive argumentative way. To achieve the research objectives, the experimental training method was developed applying the debate technique in the form of role plays adapted to peculiarities of children’s age. The experimental results indicated the decentration dynamics in the training process and, therefore, the effectiveness of the experimental training course. The presented training program can be used in teaching rhetoric to 10–12 year- olds, as well as in the optional argumentation course based on the debate technique. In addition, the analysis of children’s argumentation position in the context of socio-cognitive approach can give an impetus for further studies of children’s speech and thinking. 

  3. Mozart effect on dental anxiety in 6–12 year old children

    Arlette Suzy Setiawan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Children anxiety in dental treatment often becomes a barrier for dentist to perform optimum dental treatment procedure. Various methods to manage anxiety and fear in children have been applied including listening to classical music during dental treatment. One of the classical music usually used is music by Mozart. Purpose: This study is aimed to discover the role of classical music by Mozart in dental anxiety changes. Method: This study was a quasi experimental study using purposive sampling method. The samples consist of 30 children between 6-12 years old group who were treated at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic, Dental Hospital, Faculty of Dentistry Padjadjaran University. The anxiety data was collected using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS before and after listening on the classical music during treatment. Result: The result of this study showed that there were 23 children (76.67% of subjects who present decreased anxiety, 7 children (23.33% of subjects did not present decreased anxiety and none of of subjects showed increased anxiety. Conclusion: It was concluded that listening to music by Mozart during dental treatment can reduce anxiety in 6-12 year old children.Latar belakang: Kecemasan pada anak saat perawatan gigi seringkali merupakan penghalang bagi dokter gigi untuk melaksanakan prosedurperawatan gigi yang optimal. Berbagai metode untuk mengatasi kecemasan dan rasa takutpada anak telah dilakukan termasuk mendengarkan musik klasik selama perawatan gigi. Salah satu musik klasik yang banyak digunakan adalah music oleh Mozart. Tujuan: Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk menemukan peran music klasik Mozart dalam perubahan kecemasan pada perawatan gigi. Metode: Penelitian ini adalah kuasi eksperimental menggunakan metode pengambilan sampel purposif. Sampel terdiri dari 30 anak antara 6-12 tahun yang dirawat di Klinik Kedokteran Gigi Anak, Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran. Data kecemasan diambil

  4. Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of 'never' and 'always' cycling to school among 10 to 12 year old children living within a 3.0 km distance from school

    Ducheyne Fabian; de Bourdeaudhuij Ilse; Spittaels Heleen; Cardon Greet

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Cycling to school has been identified as an important target for increasing physical activity levels in children. However, knowledge about correlates of cycling to school is scarce as many studies did not make a distinction between walking and cycling to school. Moreover, correlates of cycling to school for those who live within a distance, that in theory would allow cycling to school, stay undiscovered. Therefore, this study examined individual, social and physical enviro...

  5. Analysis of dental casts of 6-8- and 12-year-old Kenyan children.

    Hassanali, J; Odhiambo, J W

    2000-04-01

    Dental plaster casts of 97 6-8-year-old and 173 12-year-old Maasai, Kikuyu, and Kalenjin children were studied. The Kikuyu are Bantu, while Maasai and Kalenjin are Nilo-Hamitic subjects. The variables measured were palatal depth (PD) and length (PL); maxillary and mandibular anterior arc circumferences (AC1) and (AC2), respectively; posterior arc circumferences (PC1) and (PC2), inter-canine (CC1), and (CC2); inter-molar (MM1) and (MM2) distances, and mandibular length (ML). The data were analysed using SPSS package. The mean values of all the variables were generally higher in the males compared with the females and significant sex differences in the means (P Kalenjin. Ethnic and sex differences in the dental arches may be masked by anterior tooth positions that are influenced by the dento-alveolar complex and soft tissues. Corresponding mandibular and maxillary variables were strongly correlated and anterior and posterior arc circumferences were correlated with inter-canine and intermolar distances. Details of the norms for dental arch dimensions and changes with age may allow for appropriate assessment of dental occlusion and treatment planning for Kenyan children. PMID:10822886

  6. Gingival Condition in Children Aged From 6 to 12 Years Old: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

    Ane Stella Salgado XAVIER

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the gingival condition and the occurrence of periodontopathogens in 93 children aged from 6 to 12 years old in Araçatuba, Brazil. Method: Clinical examination was performed in accordance to Schour and Massler (1947 while the subgingival plaque samples were obtained though sterilized paper point that were placed into health and inflamed gingival crevice of tooth 54 or 14, 61 or 11, 26, 75 or 35, 82 or 42 and 46, where they were kept for 60 seconds and tranferred to tubes containing 5 ml of thioglicolate broth. Microorganisms were isolated on blood agar and CVE an agar after incubation under anaerobiosis, at 37ºC, for 10 days. The identification of the isolates was based on their morphological, cellular and biochemical features. Results: 91.40% shows gingivitis while 70.97% presented mild gingivitis. Only 8.6% didn’t presented gingivitis. It was verified that the most of children presented mild gengivitis and was had some periodontopathogens. Conclusion: The gingivitis deteriored with age and only F. nucleatum was related with the deterioration of gengival status.

  7. Conditional factors for untreated caries in 12-year-old children in the city of Sao Paulo

    Raquel Marianna Lopes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to analyze what sociodemographic and economic variables were associated with the presence of untreated caries in 12-year-old children in the city of São Paulo. This cross-sectional study had a complex sample design. It was based on secondary data generated by the Levantamento epidemiológico em saúde bucal (Epidemiological Oral Health Survey in the city of São Paulo, conducted in 2008, whose sample comprised 4,246 12-year-old children from the public and private schools of all the administrative districts of the city. A questionnaire was applied and an epidemiological exam was performed in accordance with the World Health Organization's (WHO recommendations. The variables of interest were categorized into a dependent variable of untreated dental caries (carious component of the DMFT index that corresponds to carious, missing and filled teeth and independent variables related to the socioeconomic and demographic conditions of the children and their families, and to their access to dental services. The EPI-INFO 06 and STATA 10 programs were used for the analysis; the prevalence ratio and a confidence interval of 95% were applied to the population parameters. The Poisson regression model was used, adjusted for sampling of the complex type. Caries was associated with ethnicity (higher rate in black people, p = 0.042, attending public school (p = 0.000, lower average family income (p = 0.002, overcrowded dwellings (p = 0.000 and presence of pain (p = 0.000. Caries is a multifactorial disease influenced by social health determinants that intensify its risk.

  8. Conditional factors for untreated caries in 12-year-old children in the city of São Paulo.

    Lopes, Raquel Marianna; Domingues, Gabrielle Gonsalli; Junqueira, Simone Rennó; Araujo, Maria Ercilia de; Frias, Antônio Carlos

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to analyze what sociodemographic and economic variables were associated with the presence of untreated caries in 12-year-old children in the city of São Paulo. This cross-sectional study had a complex sample design. It was based on secondary data generated by the Levantamento epidemiológico em saúde bucal (Epidemiological Oral Health Survey) in the city of São Paulo, conducted in 2008, whose sample comprised 4,246 12-year-old children from the public and private schools of all the administrative districts of the city. A questionnaire was applied and an epidemiological exam was performed in accordance with the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations. The variables of interest were categorized into a dependent variable of untreated dental caries (carious component of the DMFT index that corresponds to carious, missing and filled teeth) and independent variables related to the socioeconomic and demographic conditions of the children and their families, and to their access to dental services. The EPI-INFO 06 and STATA 10 programs were used for the analysis; the prevalence ratio and a confidence interval of 95% were applied to the population parameters. The Poisson regression model was used, adjusted for sampling of the complex type. Caries was associated with ethnicity (higher rate in black people, p=0.042), attending public school (p=0.000), lower average family income (p=0.002), overcrowded dwellings (p=0.000) and presence of pain (p=0.000). Caries is a multifactorial disease influenced by social health determinants that intensify its risk. PMID:23903864

  9. Immediate and long term evolution of valve replacement in children less than 12 years old

    Atik Fernando Antibas

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was the follow-up and evaluation of valve replacement in children under 12 years of age. METHODS: Forty-four children less than 12 years old were underwent valve replacement at INCOR-HCFMUSP between January 1986 and December 1992. Forty (91% were rheumatic, 39 (88.7% were in functional classes II or IV, 19 (43.2% were operated upon on an emergency basis, and 6 (13.6% had atrial fibrillation. Biological prostheses (BP were employed in 26 patients (59.1%, and mechanical prostheses (MP in 18 (40.9%. Mitral valves were replaced in 30 (68.7%, aortic valves in 8 (18.2%, a tricuspid valve in 1 (2.3%, and double (aortic and mitral valves in 5 (11.4 of the patients. RESULTS: Hospital mortality was of 4.5% (2 cases. The mean follow-up period was 5.8 years. Re-operations occurred in 63.3% of the patients with BP and in 12.5% of those with MP (p=0.002. Infectious endocarditis was present in 26.3% of the BP, but in none of the cases of MP (p=0.049. Thrombosis occurred in 2 (12.5% and hemorrhage in one (6.5% of the patients with a MP. Delayed mortality occurred in 5 (11.9% of the patients over a mean period of 2.6 years; four had had BP and one had a MP (NS. Actuarial survival and re-operation-free curves after 10 years were respectively, 82.5±7.7 (SD% and 20.6±15.9%. CONCLUSION: Patients with MP required fewer re-operation, had less infectious endocarditis and lower late mortality rates compared with patients with bioprostheses. The former, therefore, appear to be the best valve replacement for pediatric patients.

  10. The Effects of Indexical and Phonetic Variation on Vowel Perception in Typically Developing 9- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Jacewicz, Ewa; Fox, Robert Allen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate how linguistic knowledge interacts with indexical knowledge in older children's perception under demanding listening conditions created by extensive talker variability. Method: Twenty-five 9- to 12-year-old children, 12 from North Carolina (NC) and 13 from Wisconsin (WI), identified 12…

  11. Physical activity levels and energy expenditure of 9-year-old – 12-year-old overweight and obese children

    Anita E. Pienaar

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The high occurrence of overweight and obesity amongst children is a disturbing health problem worldwide. Possible causes of increasing childhood obesity are inactivity and energy imbalances. The aim of this study was to analyse the total energy expenditure (TEEand physical activity levels in 9-year-old – 12-year-old overweight and obese children during a weekday and a weekend day, as well as during a weekday morning and afternoon. Twenty-four 9-year-old – 12-year-old children (seven boys and 17 girls, of whom nine were overweight and 15 were obese, were selected from seven public primary schools for this study. Body mass index (BMI cut-off points were used to distinguish between overweight and obese. Each participant wore an ACTICAL™ monitor to determine their physical activity levels and TEE. It was found that the TEE of the children did not differ between a week day and a weekend day, although the TEE of the week day afternoon differed significantly from that of the weekday morning. Unlike the overweight children, none of the obese children met the requirements of 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per day. Strategies should be found to increase the activity levels of overweight and, especially, obese children, specifically during the mornings and over weekends.

    Opsomming

    Die hoë voorkoms van oorgewig en obesiteit onder kinders is wêreldwyd ’n kommerwekkende gesondheidsprobleem. Fisieke onaktiwiteit en energiewanbalanse word as moontlike oorsake van die probleem beskou. Die doel van hierdie studie was om die totale energieverbruik (TEV en fisieke-aktiwiteitsvlakke van 9-jarige – 12-jarige oorgewig- en obese kinders tydens ‘n totale weeksdag en naweekdag te ontleed, asook tydens die oggend en middag van ‘n weeksdag. Vier-en-twintig 9-jarige – 12-jarige kinders (sewe seuns en 17 dogters, waarvan nege oorgewig en 15 obees was, is uit sewe publieke laerskole vir die studie gekies

  12. Parental encouragement is positively associated with outdoor active play outside of school hours among 7-12 year olds.

    Ferrao, Thomas; Janssen, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Background. Physical activity is important for children's physical, mental, and social well-being. Outdoor active play is an important yet unstudied domain of children's physical activity. The objective of this study was to determine if parental encouragement is associated with the frequency that children engage in outdoor active play outside of school hours. Methods. Participants consisted of 514 children aged 7-12 years and one of their parents. Parents completed a survey that included four questions that assessed how frequently they used verbal cues to encourage their child to play outdoors. Points were assigned to each response and averaged across the 4 questions, and based on this average participants were assigned to quintiles. The survey included seven questions that asked parents to assess how frequently their child played outdoors outside of school hours. Points were assigned to each response and summed to create an active outdoor play frequency score. General linear models assessed associations between parental encouragement and outdoor play while controlling for individual, family, and neighborhood covariates. Results. The mean outdoor active play frequency score increased significantly across quintiles of the parental encouragement score as follows: 6.0 (standard error = 0.7) in quintile 1, 9.8 (0.6) in quintile 2, 11.4 (0.6) in quintile 3, 16.2 (0.9) in quintile 4, and 23.3 (1.3) in quintile 5. After adjusting for covariates, the mean outdoor active play frequency score was almost three times higher in the highest parental encouragement quintile than in the lowest quintile (20.4 vs. 7.8). Conclusions. Parents use of verbal cues to encourage their children to play outdoors was independently associated with outdoor active play among 7-12 year olds. PMID:26644990

  13. Effect of Exposure to Positive Images of Dentistry on Dental Anxiety among 7 to 12 Years Old Children

    Gangwal, Rini Rajendra; Rameshchandra Badjatia, Sourabh; Harish Dave, Bhavna

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT% Aim: To evaluate the effect of exposure to positive images of dentistry on dental anxiety among 7 to 12 years old children. Materials and methods: Controlled trial. Assessment of anxiety and analysis of data were conducted blind to experimental condition. Assessment of anxiety was carried out in the waiting room prior intervention, postintervention into the operatory during the treatment and again after the completion of treatment. Anticipatory anxiety was recorded by Venham's pictu...

  14. Untreated severe dental decay: a neglected determinant of low Body Mass Index in 12-year-old Filipino children

    Mulder Jan

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dental decay is the most common childhood disease worldwide and most of the decay remains untreated. In the Philippines caries levels are among the highest in the South East Asian region. Elementary school children suffer from high prevalence of stunting and underweight. The present study aimed to investigate the association between untreated dental decay and Body Mass Index (BMI among 12-year-old Filipino children. Methods Data collection was part of the National Oral Health Survey, a representative cross-sectional study of 1951 11-13-year-old school children using a modified, stratified cluster sampling design based on population classifications of the Philippine National Statistics Office. Caries was scored according to WHO criteria (1997 and odontogenic infections using the PUFA index. Anthropometric measures were performed by trained nurses. Some socio-economic determinants were included as potential confounding factors. Results The overall prevalence of caries (DMFT + dmft > 0 was 82.3% (95%CI; 80.6%-84.0%. The overall prevalence of odontogenic infections due to caries (PUFA + pufa > 0 was 55.7% (95% CI; 53.5%-57.9% The BMI of 27.1% (95%CI; 25.1%-29.1% of children was below normal, 1% (95%CI; 0.5%-1.4% had a BMI above normal. The regression coefficient between BMI and caries was highly significant (p 0 as compared to those without odontogenic infections had an increased risk of a below normal BMI (OR: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.19-1.80. Conclusions This is the first-ever representative survey showing a significant association between caries and BMI and particularly between odontogenic infections and below normal BMI. An expanded model of hypothesised associations is presented that includes progressed forms of dental decay as a significant, yet largely neglected determinant of poor child development.

  15. Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old.

    Diamond, Adele; Lee, Kathleen

    2011-08-19

    To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are executive functions, including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than an impulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children's executive functions: computerized training, noncomputerized games, aerobics, martial arts, yoga, mindfulness, and school curricula. All successful programs involve repeated practice and progressively increase the challenge to executive functions. Children with worse executive functions benefit most from these activities; thus, early executive-function training may avert widening achievement gaps later. To improve executive functions, focusing narrowly on them may not be as effective as also addressing emotional and social development (as do curricula that improve executive functions) and physical development (shown by positive effects of aerobics, martial arts, and yoga). PMID:21852486

  16. The Contribution of the New South Wales Primary Schools Sports Association towards Developing Talent in Australian 12-Year-Old Female Swimmers

    Light, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on a case study that inquired into the influence of the New South Wales Primary Schools Sports Association competitive swimming structure on the development of talented 12-year old female swimmers. The study focused on ten 12-year old girls in the New South Wales team that contested the 2009 national swimming championships…

  17. The effect of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque Streptococcus mutans count in 6- to 12-year-old school children: An in vivo study

    Neeraja R; Anantharaj A; Praveen P; Karthik V; Vinitha M

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: Treating a carious tooth in children with high caries experience by providing a restoration does not cure the disease. If the unfavorable oral environment that caused the cavity persists so will the disease and more restorations will be required in future. Treating the oral infection by reducing the number of cariogenic microorganisms and establishing a favorable oral environment to promote predominantly remineralization of tooth structure over time will stop the caries process. ...

  18. Mozart effect on dental anxiety in 6–12 year old children

    Arlette Suzy Setiawan; Hilnia Zidnia; Inne Suherna Sasmita

    2010-01-01

    Background: Children anxiety in dental treatment often becomes a barrier for dentist to perform optimum dental treatment procedure. Various methods to manage anxiety and fear in children have been applied including listening to classical music during dental treatment. One of the classical music usually used is music by Mozart. Purpose: This study is aimed to discover the role of classical music by Mozart in dental anxiety changes. Method: This study was a quasi experimental study using purpos...

  19. Choroidal thickness in relation to birth parameters in 11- to 12-year-old children

    Li, Xiao Q; Munkholm, Anja; Larsen, Michael;

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: To examine choroidal thickness in a population-based child cohort in relation to birth parameters. METHODS: The Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 Eye Study examined 1406 children aged 11 to 12 years using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), ocular...... weight children (2500-4500 g, n = 1194, mean 361 ± 78 μm), the difference being -37 (CI95 -60 to -15) μm, P = 0.001 after adjusting for age, sex, height, Tanner stage by sex, axial length, anterior chamber depth, and spherical equivalent refractive error. The subfoveal choroid in high birth weight...

  20. Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran

    Inaloo, Soroor; Pegah KATIBEH; GHASEMOF, Masroor

    2016-01-01

    Objective Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive CNS disorder due to an insult to the growing brain, usually occurring in the first two years of life. During the recent years, its etiology has been changed; perinatal and postnatal insults are not considered as its main causes in developed countries any more. The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes of CP in children in southern Iran. Materials & Methods Overall, 200 children with CP aged 1-12 yr old referring to Pediatric Neurology ...

  1. An evaluation of factors of permanent central crown fractures in 7-12 years old children

    Ghandehary- Motlagh M. Assistant Professor

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Central crown fractures of deciduous and permanent teeth lead to unfavorable"npsychological effects on both children and their parents. Moreover, it can cause malocclusion. So,"nrecognizing tooth fracture reasons plays an important role to prevent its side effects."nAim: The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons' of permanent central crown fractures in (7-12"nyears old children."nMaterials and Methods: Records of 218 children, with at least one central tooth fracture, referred to"npediatric department of faculty of dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, from 1999 to"n2000, were studied. All the related information about fracture such as: reason, location, time, type of"nocclusion, and type of fracture were recorded."nResults: It was found that falling down (45.4% and having contact with external objects (21.6% were"nthe main reasons for permanent centrals fractures. The mean age of these children was 9.78±1.24 and"n63.3% of them were boys. It should be noted that 41.3% of them had unsupported lip. The highest rate of"nfractures belonged to upper centrals. Based on Ellis classification, most fractures were of degree 3"n(52.7%. There was no significant relationship between overbite and overjet with the degree of fracture"n(P<0.05."nConclusion: Dental skeletal malocclusions such as CI II, Div I, central incisors protrusion and"ndevelopmental defects of tooth structure should be considered as determinant factors in tooth crown"nfractures.

  2. Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran

    INALOO, Soroor; KATIBEH, Pegah; GHASEMOF, Masroor

    2016-01-01

    Objective Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive CNS disorder due to an insult to the growing brain, usually occurring in the first two years of life. During the recent years, its etiology has been changed; perinatal and postnatal insults are not considered as its main causes in developed countries any more. The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes of CP in children in southern Iran. Materials & Methods Overall, 200 children with CP aged 1-12 yr old referring to Pediatric Neurology Clinic affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran between 2012 and 2013 were enrolled. In addition, 200 healthy age and sex-matched children were considered as the control group. Exclusion criteria were isolated movement disorders with no other evidence of CP, progressive neurologic disorders, metabolic disorders, and incomplete or uncertain past history. After collecting the data on pregnancy period, prenatal history and past medical problems, they were analyzed with appropriate statistical methods. Results Maternal age, medical problems during pregnancy period, route of delivery, head circumference at birth, neonatal admission, neonatal jaundice, and prematurity were the main risk factors for CP. Discussion The distribution of risk factors of CP is different from that of developed countries in our region. Pre- and peri-natal etiologies are still among the common causes of CP in Iran. PMID:27057186

  3. Interventions shown to Aid Executive Function Development in Children 4–12 Years Old *

    Diamond, Adele; Lee, Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are ‘executive functions,’ including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than an impulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children’s executive functions – computerized training, non-computerized games, aerobics, martial arts, yoga, mindfulness, and school curricula. Central to all these is repeated practice and constantly challeng...

  4. Socio Economic and Nutritional Status as Dental Caries Risk Factors in 12 Year Old Children

    Naskova, Sanja; Iljovska, Snezana; Pavlevska, Meri; Alimani - Jakupi, Jetmire

    2016-01-01

    The examined material consisted of 71 examinees from both genders at the age of 12, from which the experimental group consisted of 40 children and the control group consisted of 31 examinees.A survey was carried out in order to assess the socio-economic status of the families, to assess the nutritional status (BMI) of the examinees, to verify the dental health while noting the DMFS, DMFT and the intensity of dental caries. The data that presented the socio-economic status of the e...

  5. ORAL VERSUS NASAL VASOPRESSIN IN THE TREATMENT OF NOCTURNAL ENURESIS IN 5- TO 12-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Abbas TAGHAVI ARDAKANI

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveNocturnal enuresis is a common childhood problem and has various treatments.This study was carried out to compare oral and nasal vasopressin in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis in 5- to 12-year-old children who were referred to the Shahid Beheshti Clinic in 2008.Materials & MethodsThis study included 100 children (62 males and 38 females with nocturnal enuresis. One group (50 patients received 20 mcg nasal vasopressin which increased up to 40 mcg, depending on the patients' response. The other group (50 patients received 0.2 mg oral vasopressin which increased up to 0.4 mg.The patients were followed up for one month after response to the last dose of drug. Data were recorded in prepared forms and analyzed using Chi-Square and Fisher Test.ResultsThe success rate with oral and nasal method was 80% and 92%, respectively (P=0.08. Only 2% of the children had complications during the treatment; one child treated orally developed gastroenteritis and another child treated with the nasal method developed convulsions (P=1. Sixteen percent of the children treated with the oral method and 28% of the children treated with the nasal method had recurrence (P=0.148.ConclusionOral and nasal forms of vasopressin have equal therapeutic effects. However, oral form of the treatment has fewer serious side effects and is easier to use. Therefore, the use of oral medicine is recommended.

  6. The UP4FUN Intervention Effect on Breaking Up Sedentary Time in 10- to 12-Year-Old Belgian Children: The ENERGY-Project.

    Verloigne, Maïté; Berntsen, Sveinung; Ridgers, Nicola D; Cardon, Greet; Chinapaw, Mai; Altenburg, Teatske; Brug, Johannes; Bere, Elling; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Van Lippevelde, Wendy; Maes, Lea

    2015-05-01

    There are currently no studies available reporting intervention effects on breaking up children's sedentary time. This study examined the UP4FUN intervention effect on objectively measured number of breaks in sedentary time, number of sedentary bouts (≥ 10 mins) and total and average amount of time spent in those sedentary bouts among 10- to 12-year-old Belgian children. The total sample included 354 children (mean age: 10.9 ± 0.7 years; 59% girls) with valid ActiGraph accelerometer data at pre- and posttest. Only few and small intervention effects were found, namely on total time spent in sedentary bouts immediately after school hours (4-6PM; β = -3.51mins) and on average time spent in sedentary bouts before school hours (6-8.30AM; β = -4.83mins) and immediately after school hours in favor of children from intervention schools (β = -2.71mins). Unexpectedly, girls from intervention schools decreased the number of breaks during school hours (8.30AM-4PM; β = -23.45breaks) and increased the number of sedentary bouts on a weekend day (β = +0.90bouts), whereas girls in control schools showed an increase in number of breaks and a decrease in number of bouts. In conclusion, UP4FUN did not have a consistent or substantial effect on breaking up children's sedentary time and these data suggest that more intensive and longer lasting interventions are needed. PMID:25389211

  7. Poverty, social exclusion and dental caries of 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in Lima, Peru

    Bernabé Eduardo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Socioeconomic differences in oral health have been reported in many countries. Poverty and social exclusion are two commonly used indicators of socioeconomic position in Latin America. The aim of this study was to explore the associations of poverty and social exclusion with dental caries experience in 12-year-old children. Methods Ninety families, with a child aged 12 years, were selected from 11 underserved communities in Lima (Peru, using a two-stage cluster sampling. Head of households were interviewed with regard to indicators of poverty and social exclusion and their children were clinically examined for dental caries. The associations of poverty and social exclusion with dental caries prevalence were tested in binary logistic regression models. Results Among children in the sample, 84.5% lived in poor households and 30.0% in socially excluded families. Out of all the children, 83.3% had dental caries. Poverty and social exclusion were significantly associated with dental caries in the unadjusted models (p = 0.013 and 0.047 respectively. In the adjusted model, poverty remained significantly related to dental caries (p = 0.008, but the association between social exclusion and dental caries was no longer significant (p = 0.077. Children living in poor households were 2.25 times more likely to have dental caries (95% confidence interval: 1.24; 4.09, compared to those living in non-poor households. Conclusion There was support for an association between poverty and dental caries, but not for an association between social exclusion and dental caries in these children. Some potential explanations for these findings are discussed.

  8. An Investigation on the Correlation between DMFT and OHI- S Indices on 12- Year- Old School Girls in Kashan

    H.Afshar

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: DMFT and OHI- S indices are two of the most important quantitative factors, measuring tooth health and oral hygiene, respectively.Propose: The aim of this study was to study of correlation between these indices in 12-year old school girls of Kashan.Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study on the correlation between these indices were carried out on 242, twelve year- old school girls in Kashan and the results, have been presented in this paper.Results: The findings were as follows:Average and standard deviation of decayed, missed and filled teeth were (1.12, 1.5, (0.05,0.25 and (0.28, 0.92, respectively. Average and standard deviation of DMFT was 1.45 and 1.73, respectively, with 45.5 percent of the cases being caries free (DMFT= O. OHI- S index, on the other hand, showed an average of 1.46 with a standard deviation of 0.42.Conclusion: The result of the c2.test, carried out on the measured data, showed no correlation between the DMFT and OHI-S indices.

  9. ORAL VERSUS NASAL VASOPRESSIN IN THE TREATMENT OF NOCTURNAL ENURESIS IN 5- TO 12-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Abbas TAGHAVI ARDAKANI

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveNocturnal enuresis is a common childhood problem and has various  treatments.This study was carried out to compare oral and nasal vasopressin in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis in 5- to 12-year-old children who were referred to the Shahid Beheshti Clinic in 2008.Materials & MethodsThis study included 100 children (62 males and 38 females with nocturnal enuresis. One group (50 patients received 20 mcg nasal vasopressin which increased up to 40 mcg, depending on the patients' response. The other group (50 patients received 0.2 mg oral vasopressin which increased up to 0.4 mg.The patients were followed up for one month after response to the last dose of drug. Data were recorded in prepared forms and analyzed using Chi-Square and Fisher Test.ResultsThe success rate with oral and nasal method was 80% and 92%, respectively (P=0.08. Only 2% of the children had complications during the treatment; one child treated orally developed gastroenteritis and another child treated with the nasal method developed convulsions (P=1. Sixteen percent of the children treated with the oral method and 28% of the children treated with the nasal method had recurrence (P=0.148.ConclusionOral and nasal forms of vasopressin have equal therapeutic effects. However, oral form of the treatment has fewer serious side effects and is easier to use. Therefore, the use of oral medicine is recommended.Keywords:Nasal vasopressin, Nocturnal enuresis, Oral vasopressin

  10. Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils

    Ernesto Smyth

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a representative sample (n = 1217 of the population of 12-year-old schoolchildren in Galiza (northwest Spain. Independent variables were measured through a questionnaire, and dependent variables were determined through oral examination. Multiple and logistic regression were applied. Results: The decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth/decayed, filled primary teeth (DMFT-dft value in the sample was 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.67-1.98, the DMFT value was 1.53 (95% CI, 1.37-1.67, and the prevalence of caries was 61% (95% CI, 57.7-64.5. The prevalence of caries was directly related to a low frequency of brushing, greater use of toothpaste, and a higher consumption of sweets. The prevalence of caries was higher in rural than in urban areas. In contrast, the higher the mother's level of education and the greater the subject's knowledge of dental health, the lower the prevalence of caries. Conclusions: The main goals of dental health programmes should be to achieve quality brushing every day in children, to reduce the consumption of sweets, and to increase knowledge of dental health.Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados a la prevalencia de caries en escolares de 12 años. Métodos: Estudio transversal sobre una muestra (n = 1.217 de escolares de 12 años de Galicia. Las variables independientes se midieron mediante un cuestionario y las dependientes, a través de exploración bucal. En el análisis estadístico se aplicaron regresión logística y regresión lineal múltiple. Resultados: El índice CAO-co en la muestra fue 1,83 (intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%, 1,67-1,98, el índice CAO 1,53 (IC del 95%, 1,37-1,67, mientras que la prevalencia de caries se situó en el 61% (IC del 95%, 57,7-64,5. La prevalencia de caries estuvo directamente asociada a

  11. The Children’s DEBQ (DEBQ-C) for assessment of restrained, emotional and external eating in 7-12 year old children

    Strien, T. van; Oosterveld, P.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Construct an age adapted version of the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) for measurement of restrained, emotional and external eating in 7- to 12-year-old children: the DEBQ-C. xxx METHOD: The DEBQ-C was constructed and tested for its reliability, factorial validity, factorial

  12. The Discourse of "Development": How 9- to 12-year-old Children Construct "Childish" and "Further Developed" Identities within Their Peer Culture.

    Kelle, Helga

    2001-01-01

    Analyzed the discourse of 9- to 12-year-olds on the subject of their development, creating an ethnographic account of the meaning of development in peer culture. The interviewed children distinguished a linear concept of development as both a natural process and a goal. Their discourse continually reconceptualized the relations between the sexes…

  13. Association between obesity and blood pressure, vital capacity among children aged 7 ~ 12 years old in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou%张家口市卫华小学7~12岁儿童肥胖与血压及肺活量的相关分析

    徐云鹏; 王文栋; 齐文峰; 常晓彤

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children aged 7~12 years old in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou,and analyze their relationships between obesity and blood pressure,vital capacity.[Methods] In September 2012,1 530 children aged 7~ 12 years old were involved by a cluster sampling method in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou.The weight,height,blood pressure,vital capacity,and other related indexes were measured,with body mass index (BMI) being calculated.According to the BMI value,the overweight and obese children were defined.The relationships between obesity and blood pressure levels,vital capacity were also analyzed.[Results] The total prevalence of overweight and obesity in involved children were 13.01 % and 14.25 %,respectively.Among boys and girls,the prevalences were 17.2% and 8.31% for overweight,while 14.23% and 8.59% for obesity,respectively.Both the prevalences of overweight and obesity in boys were significantly higher than those in girls (P<0.01).The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels were higher in overweight and obese children than those in the normal weight children (P<0.01).The detection rates of high blood pressure among overweight,obesity and normal children were 10.55 %,39.95 % and 4.85 %,respectively,which had a significant difference(P<0.01).When the children's BMI was less than 30,BMI was positively correlated with vital capacity,and when the children's BMI was greater than or equal to 30,BMI was negatively correlated with vital capacity.[Conclusions] The prevalences of overweight and obesity are high among children in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou,and higher prevalence is found in the boys.The SBP and DBP levels of children are increasing continuously following by increasing obesity,and the prevalence of high blood pressure is also increasing from normal weight,overweight to obesity.When children's BMI is greater than or equal

  14. The Epidemic of Poor Vitamin D Status among 9-12 Years Old Children in Tehran, 2008, Using HPLC: Need for an Urgent Action

    Maliheh Zahedirad; Bahareh Nikooyeh; Tirang R Neyestani

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is a global health problem. The importance of this problem is doubled in growing children because of their increased need for skeletal growth. This investigation was performed firstly to assess vitamin D status, and secondly to examine its possible relationship with sex, residing area and duration of sun exposure in 9-12 years old children of Tehran. Materials and Methods: We studied 257 randomly selected children out of 1111 ch...

  15. Obesity and related factors in 7-12 year-old elementary school students during 2009-2010 in Sari, Iran

    Salar Behzadnia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim To define the prevalence of obesity and its related factors in 2-7 year-old elementary school students in Sari city (Mazandaran, Iran. Methods In this descriptive cross sectional study, which was conducted in the 2009-2010 period, the study population included7-12 year-old first to fifth grade elementary school students in Sari. Sampling was multi-stage and stratified randomization at level of the target students. Student’s height and weight were measured using stediometer and digital scales. Body Mass Index (BMI was calculated. A questionnaire about feeding habits and socio-economic status(SES of families was used. Data collection was performed using phone interview with parents also the questionnaire’s records. Analysis was done in SPSS16 using appropriate statistical tests, p85% and 78 (12% were obese (BMI> 95%. Higher prevalence of obesity in the children with good socio economic status was found (p=0.001. Significant relationship between usage of fast food and obesity, and between school grade and obesity (p= 0.001 was found. Conclusion The overall prevalence of obesity in studied children was high, which suggests the need for serious attention in the health system, extensive studies, also designing and implementation of interventions with regard to childhood obesity.

  16. Determinants of inclusive education of 8-12 year-old children with cerebral palsy in 9 European regions

    Sentenac, Mariane; Ehlinger, Virginie; Michelsen, Susan Ishøy;

    2013-01-01

    palsy according to the nature and severity of their impairments and the schooling policy in European regions. The aim of this paper is to describe the type of schooling of children with cerebral palsy in various European regions after controlling for relevant individual factors. Children aged 8-12 years...... with cerebral palsy from 9 European regions and their families were interviewed. Our findings support the hypothesis that between-region variations in the type of schooling are still significant after adjustment for individual factors; and that motor function and intellectual ability have different......The principle of inclusive education has been increasingly recognised over recent decades and most countries officially support schooling of children with disabilities in mainstream settings. The SPARCLE study offers the opportunity to report on the schooling practices for children with cerebral...

  17. Overweight and obesity among 12-year-old children in Vestfold county, Norway: Prevalence and associated lifestyle-, socioeconomic-, hereditary-, and health factors

    2010-01-01

    Abstract: Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children is increasing rapidly worldwide, and this poses as a major health concern. Identifying potential risk factors to which preventive strategies can be implemented is of importance. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity in 12-year-old children in Vestfold county, Norway, and to map associated lifestyle-, socioeconomic-, hereditary- and health factors. Methods: This was c...

  18. Self-reported quality of life of 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy

    Dickinson, Heather O; Parkinson, Kathryn N; Ravens-Sieberer, Ulrike;

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Little is known about the quality of life (QoL) of disabled children. We describe self-reported QoL of children with cerebral palsy, factors that influence it, and how it compares with QoL of the general population. METHODS: 1174 children aged 8-12 years were randomly selected from...... eight population-based registers of children with cerebral palsy in six European countries and 743 (63%) agreed to participate; one further region recruited 75 children from multiple sources. Researchers visited these 818 children. 318 (39%) with severe intellectual impairment could not self-report; 500...... cerebral palsy had similar QoL to children in the general population in all domains except schooling, in which evidence was equivocal, and physical wellbeing, in which comparison was not possible. INTERPRETATION: Parents can be reassured that most children aged 8-12 years with cerebral palsy will have...

  19. Dental caries and oral health practices among 12 year old children in Nairobi West and Mathira West Districts, Kenya

    Gathecha, Gladwell; Makokha, Anselimo; Wanzala, Peter; Omolo, Jared; Smith, Perry

    2012-01-01

    Background Dental caries is a common disease in children which causes pain with resultant effect on various physiological and social functions. The main objective of the study was to determine the association between dental caries and oral health knowledge and practice among children in Nairobi West and Mathira West Districts. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 639 children aged 12 years attending public primary schools in Nairobi West and Mathira West districts between Augus...

  20. Comparison of Middle Latency Auditory Evoked Potentials in Learning Disability and Normal 7-12 Year- Old Children

    Shoreh Jalaei

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Learning disability(LD is one of the most prevalent problems among elementary school children. Approximately 10 percent of all elementary school children suffer from this problem. It has been determined that learning disability is predominantly accompanied with subtle impairment in central auditory nervous system. The main idea of this study was to evaluate middle latency auditory evoked potential (MLAEPs in learning disabled children. Materials and Method: This cross-sectional study investigated middle latency auditory evoked potential in children with learning disability (n = 31 compared to normal children (n = 31. Latencies and amplitudes of MLAEPs results with different stimulus intensity and binaural stimulation were compared between two groups. Results: Compared to control group, learning disabled children exhibited smaller amplitudes for all the components except the right ear Na and Pa. There is no significant difference between two groups for latencies of the components. Conclusion: It seems that middle latency auditory evoked potential may be useful in diagnosis and evaluation of learning disabled children although more investigation is required.

  1. Evaluation of the UP4FUN Intervention: A Cluster Randomized Trial to Reduce and Break Up Sitting Time in European 10-12-Year-Old Children

    Vik, Frøydis N.; Lien, Nanna; Berntsen, Sveinung; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Grillenberger, Monika; Manios, Yannis; Kovacs, Eva; Chinapaw, Mai J. M.; Brug, Johannes; Bere, Elling

    2015-01-01

    Background The UP4FUN intervention is a family-involved school-based intervention aiming at reducing and breaking up sitting time at home (with special emphasis on screen time), and breaking up sitting time in school among 10–12 year olds in Europe. The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate its short term effects. Methodology/Principal Findings A total of 3147 pupils from Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary and Norway participated in a school-randomized controlled trial. The intervention included 1–2 school lessons per week for a period of six weeks, along with assignments for the children and their parents. Screen time and breaking up sitting time were registered by self-report and total sedentary time and breaking up sitting time by accelerometry. The effect of the intervention on these behaviors was evaluated by multilevel regression analyses. All analyses were adjusted for baseline values and gender. Significance level was p≤0.01. No significant intervention effects were observed, neither for self-reported TV/DVD or computer/game console time, nor for accelerometer-assessed total sedentary time and number of breaks in sitting time. The intervention group, however, reported more positive attitudes towards (β = 0.25 (95% CI 0.11, 0.38)) and preferences/liking for (β = 0.20 (95% CI 0.08, 0.32)) breaking up sitting time than the control group. Conclusions/Significance No significant intervention effect on self-reported screen time or accelerometer-assessed sedentary time or breaks in sitting time was observed, but positive effects on beliefs regarding breaking up sitting time were found in favor of the intervention group. Overall, these results do not warrant wider dissemination of the present UP4FUN intervention. Trial Registration International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number Registry ISRCTN34562078 PMID:25826704

  2. Evaluation of the UP4FUN intervention: a cluster randomized trial to reduce and break up sitting time in European 10-12-year-old children.

    Frøydis N Vik

    Full Text Available The UP4FUN intervention is a family-involved school-based intervention aiming at reducing and breaking up sitting time at home (with special emphasis on screen time, and breaking up sitting time in school among 10-12 year olds in Europe. The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate its short term effects.A total of 3147 pupils from Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary and Norway participated in a school-randomized controlled trial. The intervention included 1-2 school lessons per week for a period of six weeks, along with assignments for the children and their parents. Screen time and breaking up sitting time were registered by self-report and total sedentary time and breaking up sitting time by accelerometry. The effect of the intervention on these behaviors was evaluated by multilevel regression analyses. All analyses were adjusted for baseline values and gender. Significance level was p≤0.01. No significant intervention effects were observed, neither for self-reported TV/DVD or computer/game console time, nor for accelerometer-assessed total sedentary time and number of breaks in sitting time. The intervention group, however, reported more positive attitudes towards (β = 0.25 (95% CI 0.11, 0.38 and preferences/liking for (β = 0.20 (95% CI 0.08, 0.32 breaking up sitting time than the control group.No significant intervention effect on self-reported screen time or accelerometer-assessed sedentary time or breaks in sitting time was observed, but positive effects on beliefs regarding breaking up sitting time were found in favor of the intervention group. Overall, these results do not warrant wider dissemination of the present UP4FUN intervention.International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number Registry ISRCTN34562078.

  3. Obesity and related factors in 7-12 year-old elementary school students during 2009-2010 in Sari, Iran

    Salar Behzadnia; Koorosh Vahidshahi; Seyyed Hamzeh Hosseini; Shideh Anvari; Sara Ehteshami

    2012-01-01

    Aim To define the prevalence of obesity and its related factors in 2-7 year-old elementary school students in Sari city (Mazandaran, Iran). Methods In this descriptive cross sectional study, which was conducted in the 2009-2010 period, the study population included7-12 year-old first to fifth grade elementary school students in Sari. Sampling was multi-stage and stratified randomization at level of the target students. Student’s height and weight were measured using stediometer and digital sc...

  4. Participation in life situations of 8-12 year old children with cerebral palsy: cross sectional European study

    Fauconnier, Jérôme; Dickinson, Heather O; Beckung, Eva; Marcelli, Marco; McManus, Vicki; Michelsen, Susan I; Parkes, Jackie; Parkinson, Kathryn N.; Thyen, Ute; Arnaud, Catherine; Colver, Allan

    2009-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate how involvement in life situations (participation) in children with cerebral palsy varies with type and severity of impairment and to investigate geographical variation in participation. Design Cross sectional study. Trained interviewers visited parents of children with cerebral palsy; multilevel multivariable regression related participation to impairments, pain, and sociodemographic characteristics. Setting Eight European regions with population registers of children ...

  5. Participation in life situations of 8-12 year old children with cerebral palsy: cross sectional European study

    Fauconnier, Jérôme; Dickinson, Heather O; Beckung, Eva;

    2009-01-01

    cerebral palsy; multilevel multivariable regression related participation to impairments, pain, and sociodemographic characteristics. SETTING: Eight European regions with population registers of children with cerebral palsy; one further region recruited children from multiple sources. PARTICIPANTS: 1174...... with lower participation for specific domains, but the sociodemographic factors examined were not. Impairment and pain accounted for up to a sixth of the variation in participation. Participation on all domains varied substantially between regions: children in east Denmark had consistently higher...

  6. The Development of Cognitive Schemata in Children (Birth to 12 Years Old) of Depressed Parents: A Review of the Literature.

    Barrett, Dean John

    One of the ways in which children of depressed parents are affected is in the area of cognitive schemata. In cognitive behavioral theory, schemata drive emotions and therefore influence behavior. Subsequently, a better understanding of the cognitive schemata of children of depressed parents is attempted in this paper. It offers a review of the…

  7. Micro-RNAs Let7e and 126 in Plasma as Markers of Metabolic Dysfunction in 10 to 12 Years Old Children.

    Bernardo J Krause

    Full Text Available Growing evidence shows that metabolic syndrome (MetS is already starting in childhood however there is no consensus regarding how to diagnose this condition in pediatric population. Studies in adults show that altered levels of specific micro-RNAs are related with components of the MetS.We determined the plasma levels of four MetS-associated micro-RNAs (miR-126, miR-132, mir-145 and Let-7e in 10 to 12 years old children with or without MetS traits.Pediatric subjects were selected from a cohort of 3325 school-age children, and clustered by the absence (control, n = 30, or the presence of 1 (n = 50, 2 (n = 41 or 3 (n = 35 MetS traits according to Cook´s criteria. Micro-RNAs were isolated from plasma, and levels of miR-126, miR-132, miR-145 and Let-7e were determined by Taqman qPCR.Regression analysis of the different MetS traits regarding the different miRNAs analyzed showed that Let-7e presented a negative association with HDL-C levels, but a positive correlation with the number of MetS traits. Levels of miR-126 presented a positive correlation with waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, BMI, and plasma triglycerides and VLDL-C. Levels of miR-132 showed a positive correlation with waist to hip ratio. Plasma levels of Let-7e were increased (~3.4 fold in subjects with 3 MetS traits, and showed significant AUC (0.681; 95%CI = [0.58, 0.78]; p < 0.001 in the ROC analysis which were improved when miR-126 was included in the analysis (AUC 0.729; p < 0.001. In silico analysis of the interaction of proteins derived from mRNAs targeted by Let7 and miR-126 showed an important effect of both Let-7e and miR-126 regulating the insulin signaling pathway.These results suggest that changes in the plasma levels of Let-7e and miR-126 could represent early markers of metabolic dysfunction in children with MetS traits.

  8. Exploring the relation between body mass index, diet, and dental caries among 6-12-year-old children

    A Elangovan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Childhood overweight and obesity are becoming a major public health concern all over the world. Change in lifestyles and economic growth have led to sedentary lifestyle and altered dietary patterns. There are conflicting reports in the literature regarding the association between body mass index (BMI and dental caries from various parts of the world. The aim of the present study was to determine if there is an association between BMI-for-age and dental caries in children and to find out the role of diet with respect to BMI-for-age and dental caries. Materials and Methods: Demographics and anthropometric measurements were obtained for 600 children and BMI-for-age was calculated. Clinical examination for dental caries was carried out following WHO criteria. A diet recording sheet was prepared and children/parents were asked to record the dietary intake for 3 days. Data obtained were statistically analyzed using Chi-square, analysis of variance (ANOVA, and multiple linear regression. Results: After excluding improperly filled diet recording sheets, 510 children were included in the study. Caries prevalence was more in obese children than in other BMI groups. Caries scores increased as BMI-for-age increased, though this was not statistically significant. Consumption of fatty foods and snacks was more with obese children compared to other groups. A correlation was found between caries and snacks. Conclusion: Dental caries scores showed no relationship between BMI-for-age in children. Both snacks and fatty food items were consumed more by obese children, which seeks attention.

  9. Normative Data for the Words-in-Noise Test for 6- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Wilson, Richard H.; Farmer, Nicole M.; Gandhi, Avni; Shelburne, Emily; Weaver, Jamie

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To establish normative data for children on the Words-in-Noise Test (WIN; R. H. Wilson, 2003; R. H. Wilson & R. McArdle, 2007). Method: Forty-two children in each of 7 age groups, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years (n = 294), and 24 young adults (age range: 18-27 years) with normal hearing for pure tones participated. All listeners were…

  10. Empathy and rejection sensitivity in relation to reactive, proactive and relational aggression in 10- to 12-year-old children.

    Reilly, N. L.

    2007-01-01

    The hypothesis that empathy inhibits aggression and therefore that a deficit in empathy may underlie aggressive behaviour (Feshbach, 1978) was investigated in this review. Twenty empirical papers examining the association between empathy and aggression in children and adolescents were reviewed. The studies revealed inconsistent results, particularly in relation to children. Amongst the studies of adolescent samples, there tended to emerge a significant negative association between empathy and...

  11. Etiological features of borderline personality related characteristics in a birth cohort of 12-year-old children

    Belsky, D. W.; Caspi, A.; Arseneault, L; Bleidorn, W.; Fonagy, P.; Goodman, M.; Houts, R.; Moffitt, T.E.

    2012-01-01

    It has been reported that borderline personality related characteristics can be observed in children, and that these characteristics are associated with increased risk for the development of borderline personality disorder. It is not clear whether borderline personality related characteristics in children share etiological features with adult borderline personality disorder. We investigated the etiology of borderline personality related characteristics in a longitudinal cohort study of 1,116 ...

  12. Self-reported mental health in 12-year-old second-generation immigrant children in Sweden

    Dekeyser, Linda; Svedin, Carl Göran; Agnaförs, Sara; Sydsjö, Gunilla

    2011-01-01

     Today 29.3% of all newborns in Sweden are second-generation immigrants. Studies on mental health among these children are few, inconclusive and vary widely with regard to the informant used and the age of the immigrant. The majority of previous studies focus on study groups that cover a wide age span but since mental health varies considerably during the pre-adolescent and adolescent years, more age-specific studies are needed. Additional focus on the health and well-being of these children ...

  13. Is asthma in 2-12 year-old children associated with physician-attended recurrent upper respiratory tract infections?

    Hak, Eelko; Rovers, Maroeska M; Sachs, Alfred P E; Stalman, Wim A B; Verheij, Theo J M

    2003-01-01

    In a prevalence study, we evaluated whether recurrent physician-attended URTI episodes are more common in asthmatic children as compared to age- and gender-matched controls. URTI proneness, defined as > or = 5 episodes of rhinitis/pharyngitis, sinusitis, laryngitis/tracheitis or otitis media in a 24

  14. Gender, Popularity and Notions of In/Authenticity amongst 12-Year-Old to 13-Year-Old School Girls

    Read, Barbara; Francis, Becky; Skelton, Christine

    2011-01-01

    This paper draws on data from a research project investigating gendered identities and interactions of high-achieving students in Year Eight in England (12-13 years old), particularly in relation to students' "popularity" amongst their peers. As part of this study 71 students were interviewed from nine different schools in urban, rural and small…

  15. Exploring the relation between body mass index, diet, and dental caries among 6-12-year-old children

    A Elangovan; J Mungara; Joseph, E

    2012-01-01

    Background and Aim: Childhood overweight and obesity are becoming a major public health concern all over the world. Change in lifestyles and economic growth have led to sedentary lifestyle and altered dietary patterns. There are conflicting reports in the literature regarding the association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries from various parts of the world. The aim of the present study was to determine if there is an association between BMI-for-age and dental caries in children ...

  16. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4–12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R.; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M.

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4–12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  17. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4-12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4-12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  18. Parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and weight status in 4-12 year-old children: A systematic review of the literature

    Netalie eShloim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and body mass index (BMI in children. Medline (Ovid, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4 to 12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: 7 longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, 1 randomised control trial.. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviours and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal

  19. Frequency of participation of 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a multi-centre cross-sectional European study

    Michelsen, Susan I; Flachs, Esben M; Uldall, Peter;

    2008-01-01

    Participation in home, school and community is important for all children; and little is known about the frequency of participation of disabled children. Frequency of participation is a valuable outcome measure for evaluating habilitation programmes for disabled children and for planning social a...... how this regional variation might be explained by the different environments in which children live. Attending a special school or class was not associated with further reduction in participation in most areas of everyday life....

  20. 长春市某小学7~12岁儿童牙周致病菌分布状态调查%Distribution of periodontal pathogens in dental plaque samples from 7 to 12-years-old children of Changchun Ziqiang primary school

    倪雪岩; 伊田博; 鈴木基之; 吕亚林; 魏秀峰; 井上美津子

    2010-01-01

    目的 应用聚合酶链反应(PCR)法对儿童口腔内牙龈卟啉单胞菌(Porphyromonas gingivalis,Pg)、伴放线放线杆菌(Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans,Aa)分布状态进行检测,探讨检出结果与牙周临床指标之间的关系.方法 选取长春市自强小学151名7至12岁儿童为研究对象,选择右上颌中切牙唇面和右上颌第一磨牙颊面为被检部位,取龈上菌斑、记录探诊出血(bleeding on probing,BOP)、探诊深度(probing depth,PD)、牙龈指数(gingival index,GI),应用PCR法对两菌种进行检测.结果 ①儿童龈上菌斑中Pg、Aa检出率为27.6%、54.3%;②6颊面Pg、Aa的检出率(40.0%、57.9%)均高于1 唇面(15.5%、50.7%),Pg检出率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),且与BOP、PD、GI呈正相关;③Pg检出率随年龄增长呈逐渐增高趋势,Aa检出率在11~12岁组最高,其次为7~8岁组和9~10岁组;④BOP阳性部位Pg、Aa检出率(38.3%、65.4%)均高于BOP阴性部位(23.2%、50.5%),P<0.05.在BOP阳性部位,随PD加深Pg检出率逐渐增高,特别是在PD≥4mm时,Pg检出率明显增高(P<0.05),显示Pg检出率与BOP阳性、PD增加呈正相关.结论 7~12岁儿童龈上菌斑中高频度分布着Pg、Aa;上颌前牙区与磨牙区菌丛构成不同,Pg在磨牙区定植更早;两菌种检出率随年龄增长而增加,且与牙周临床指标密切相关,儿童早期采取牙周病的预防措施是非常必要的.%Objective To detect the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans(Aa) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the oral plaque samples from children and investigate the relationship between bacteria and clinical parameters. Methods A total of 151 children aged 7 to 12 years were selected from Changchun Ziqiang primary schooL The supragingival plaque sample was collected from the mesiobuccal and labial surfaces of the right maxillary central incisor and the right maxillary first molar. Extracted DNA from plaque

  1. The Development of Co-Speech Gesture and Its Semantic Integration with Speech in 6- to 12-Year-Old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    So, Wing-Chee; Wong, Miranda Kit-Yi; Lui, Ming; Yip, Virginia

    2015-01-01

    Previous work leaves open the question of whether children with autism spectrum disorders aged 6-12?years have delay in producing gestures compared to their typically developing peers. This study examined gestural production among school-aged children in a naturalistic context and how their gestures are semantically related to the accompanying…

  2. MEANING OF VIOLENCE IN 6 TO 12-YEAR-OLDS FROM A STATE EDUCATIONAL FACILITY

    LAURA ELVIRA PIEDRAHITA S.; DIEGO ANDRÉS MARTÍNEZ; EDNA LUCÍA VINAZCO

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this descriptive - exploratory study was to describe the meaning of violence for school-aged children andpreadolescents in a public school. The sample was comprised of 60 children, 6 to 12 years old. The findings showedchildren attach meaning to violence according to their developmental stage. Common aspects related to violence werefound among the children, such as: low socioeconomic status, history of family violence, and split families. Thesefindings should be considered when ta...

  3. The Diagnostic Accuracy of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Children's Revision for 9- to 12-Year-Old Learning Disabled Children.

    Gerry, David C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Two groups (learning disabled and normal) of 15 children were administered the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Children's Revision and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised. Considering abnormal or borderline profiles as indicative of learning disability was 93.3 percent accurate in discriminating between groups.…

  4. 北京市2011~2012年12岁儿童口腔健康调查分析%Survey of dental health of 12-year-old children in Beijing from 2011 to 2012

    孙鹏; 张辉; 韩永成; 王宇; 朱旻; 陈薇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市12岁儿童的口腔健康状况的动态变化.方法 以北京市12岁儿童作为检测人群,采用分层、整群随机抽样原则,全市16个区县均参与调查,每个区县根据经济水平高低随机各抽取3所中学,按《第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方案》中牙列状况检查标准对恒牙患龋情况、牙周健康状况进行检查.结果 2012年12岁组儿童患龋率为20.5%,龋均0.35,较2011年(患龋率24.8%,龋均0.45)明显降低(P<0.01).2012年充填率(45.0%)较2011年充填率(34.3%)明显增高(P<0.01).2011年城区患龋率明显高于郊区(P<0.01),2012年城、郊区无明显差异(P>0.05).结论 2012年12岁儿童患龋率较2011年下降,充填率明显上升.%Objective To investigate the dental health of 12-year-old children in Beijing from 2011 to 2012.Methods A stratified randomly total sampling design was used to obtain the 12 year-old students' dental health data,which were extracted from the middle schools of 16 districts and counties of Beijing area The caries on the crowns of permanent teeth,the status of gingival bleeding and the dental calculus in all permanent teeth were assessed base on The Guideline for the 3rd National Oral Healthy Survey,and the data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0.Results The caries prevalence rate of 12-year-old was 20.5% with mean DMFT of 0.35 in 2012 which was significantly lower than that of 2011 (caries prevalence rate 24.8%,mean DMFF 0.45,P < 0.01).The filled rate was 45.0% and was also significantly higher than that of 2011 (P <0.01).The caries rate of urban area was significantly higher than that of rural area in 2011 (P <0.01),but there was no significant difference in 2012 between urban area and rural area.Conclusion The caries prevalence rate decreased from 2011 to 2012 with an increase in filled rate.

  5. Validation of the Eating Pattern Inventory for Children in a General Population Sample of 11- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Munkholm, Anja; Bjorner, Jakob B; Petersen, Janne;

    2016-01-01

    . CFA supported the four-factor solution for the EPI-C. Reliability estimates were satisfactory for three of the four scales. DIF with regard to weight was found for an item on weight loss intention. Girls reported higher restrained and emotional eating; overweight children reported higher restrained......, emotional and external eating, while underweight children reported higher parental pressure to eat. The results support the use of EPI-C for measuring eating behaviors in preadolescence....

  6. Prevalence, intensity and extent of Oral Impacts on Daily Performances associated with self-perceived malocclusion in 11-12-year-old children

    Flores-Mir Carlos

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To determine the prevalence, intensity and extent of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances associated with self-perceived malocclusion among Peruvian schoolchildren. Methods Eight hundred and five children aged 11 to 12 years attending 4 of 7 randomly selected schools linked to a Health Centre in Lima, Peru, participated in the study. The Spanish (PeruChild-OIDP was used to assess the prevalence, intensity and extent of oral impacts on 8 daily performances (eating, speaking, teeth cleaning, sleeping, smiling, studying, emotion and social contact. Self-perceived malocclusion included complaints about position of teeth, spacing of teeth and deformity of mouth or face. The prevalence of oral impacts was compared by covariables using the Chi-square test, whereas the intensity and extent of oral impacts were compared by covariables through the Mann-Whitney test. Results Only 15.5% of children reported impacts associated with self-perceived malocclusion during the last 3 months. Of them, 18.4% reported impacts of severe or very severe intensity and 76.0% reported impacts on only one daily performance. Psychosocial activities such as smiling, emotion and social contact were the most frequently and severely impacted everyday activities. Conclusion Impacts of self-perceived malocclusion primarily affected psychological and social everyday activities. These findings provide further evidence to support the importance of psychological and social components of oral health on children's lives.

  7. Associations between Family-Related Factors, Breakfast Consumption and BMI among 10- to 12-Year-Old European Children: The Cross-Sectional ENERGY-Study

    Van Lippevelde, Wendy; te Velde, Saskia J; Verloigne, Maïté; van Stralen, Maartje M; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Manios, Yannis; Bere, Elling; Vik, Froydis N; Jan, Nataša; Fernández Alvira, Juan M.; Chinapaw, Mai J M; Bringolf-Isler, Bettina; Kovacs, Eva; Brug, Johannes; Maes, Lea

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate associations of family-related factors with children's breakfast consumption and BMI-z-score and to examine whether children's breakfast consumption mediates associations between family-related factors and children's BMI-z-score. Subjects: Ten-to twelve-year-old children (n = 6374; mean age = 11.6 +/- 0.7 years, 53.2% girls, mean BMI-z-score = 0.4 +/- 1.2) and one of their parents (n = 6374; mean age = 41.4 +/- 5.3 years, 82.7% female, mean BMI = 24.5 +/- 4.2 kg/...

  8. Assessment of neuropsychological function through use of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery: performance in 4- to 12-year-old children.

    Luciana, Monica; Nelson, Charles A

    2002-01-01

    In this article, children's performance on subtasks from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery (CANTAB) is described. Two samples were recruited, one of which included children who spoke English as a second language. Children in this group also completed subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Revision (WISC-III). Despite the fact that ESL children scored over 1 SD below the norm on the WISC-III Vocabulary subtest, there were no CANTAB performance distinctions between primary versus secondary English-language speakers. In addition, several aspects of CANTAB performance were significantly correlated with verbal and nonverbal IQ. When developmental trends were examined, findings indicated that several aspects of frontal lobe function (memory span, working memory, and planning skills) are not functionally mature, by the age of 12 years. Implications for use of the CANTAB in clinical studies are discussed. PMID:12661972

  9. 黔南州6~12岁苗族和布依族儿童代谢综合征危险因素对比%A comparative study on the risk factors of metabolic syndrome between 6~12-year old children of Miao nationality and 6~12-year old children of Bouyei nationality in Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture

    杨予; 李溥; 班文芬; 班继超; 黄文强

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨黔南州6~12岁苗族和布依族儿童代谢综合征危险因素的特征.方法:2009年1月~2010年12月收集225例代谢综合征儿童为研究对象,按民族分为苗族组(107例)和布依族组(118例),分别进行问卷调查、体格检查及生化指标检测,并对与代谢综合征相关的因素进行分析.结果:1两民族代谢综合征儿童危险因素比较:布依族组在被动吸烟、体重增加、高血压家族史、高血脂家族史等方面与苗族组比较,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论:黔南州布依族和苗族儿童代谢综合征的患病水平存在明显差异,其危险因素为高血压家族史、高血脂家族史、高体重指数、高腰臀比、被动吸烟、膳食口味咸、高碳水化合物饮食、高脂饮食等因素与代谢综合征发病有关.%Objective: To explore the characteristics of risk factors of metabolic syndrome among 6 ~ 12 - year old children of Miao nationality and Bouyei nationality in Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture.Methods: 225 children with metabolic syndrome were collected from January 2009 to December 2010 as study objects, then they were divided into Miao nationality group (107 children) and Bouyei nationality group (118 children) according to different nationalities; questionnaire survey, physical examination and biochemical indicators detection were conducted, and the related factors of metabolic syndrome were analyzed.Results: Comparison of risk factors of metabolic syndrome between Mian nationality group and Bouyei nationality group: there was significant difference in passive smoking, weight gain, family history of hypertension, family history of hyperlipidemia between the two groups (P < 0.01 ).Comparison of dietary structure and other factors between Miao nationality group and Bonyei nationality group: the intakes rates of staple food, pork, fat and lean meat, peanuts, pickles and sweets in Bouyei nationality group were significantly higher than those

  10. Age effect on upper linb kinematics assessed by REAplan robot. A prospective study in healthy children from 3 to 12 years old.

    Gilliaux, Maxime; Dierckx, Floriane; Vanden Berghe, Lola; LEJEUNE, Thierry; Sapin, Julien; Stoquart, Gaetan; Detrembleur, Christine; 19ème congrès de la société Française de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, ESPRM & SOFMER

    2014-01-01

    Introduction : kinematic assessment is recommended to evaluate upper limb movements quantitatively. The aims of this study were to develop norms of upper limb kinematics for healthy children and to determine the effect of age on kinematic indices. Materials and Methods : ninety-three healthy children (3 to 12 years), participated to the study. Five kinematic indices were computed from two unidirectional (i.e., reaching a target and performing a back-and-forth movement) and two geometrical (i....

  11. The role of environmental smoking in smoking-related cognitions and susceptibility to smoking in never-smoking 9-12 year-old children

    Schuck, K.; Otten, R.; Engels, R.C.M.E.; Kleinjan, M.

    2012-01-01

    Environmental smoking has numerous adverse effects on child health, and children are frequently exposed to environmental smoking. In the present study, we investigated the role of environmental smoking (parental smoking, sibling smoking, peer smoking) in smoking-related cognitions (pros of smoking,

  12. Parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and weight status in 4-12 year-old children: A systematic review of the literature

    Netalie eShloim; Edelson, Lisa R.; Nathalie eMartin; Hetherington, Marion M.

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding s...

  13. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4–12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R.; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M.

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding st...

  14. Late results of retrograd intramedullary Küntscher nailing on children between 3-12 years old -Changes on growth of proximal femur-

    Caniklioglu, Mustafa; Yigit, Acarhan; Yazici, Nuzhet; Yalaman, Okan; Parmaksizoglu, Atilla; Mirzanli, Cuneyt

    2004-01-01

    In our clinic, 33 children between 3-12 ages old had been treated by open reduction and retrograd intramedullary Küntscher nailing. Patients were followed up approxiamately 47 months (range 18-84 months). Growth changes and length differences of the proximal femur were evaluated by gage's medhod. All fractures had united and no early complication was seen.On eight patients, no leg lenght discrepancy developed but on the others, mean 9.7 miıimeters (mostly 25 milimeters) length increase develo...

  15. Epidemiological analysis of sexual precocity of children aged 3~ 12 years old in Jiujiang%九江市城区3~12岁儿童性早熟流行病学调查

    胡华燕; 程灏; 王洪通; 汪龙辉; 黎娟娟; 周晓芬; 鲍远军; 秦珊珊; 孟群; 杨培; 涂林

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the morbidity and causes of child sexual precocity in Jiujiang, and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention of this disease. [Methods] In a total of 3 312 children aged 3~12 years old who were recruited by stratified cluster sampling method from three district primary school and 3 kindergartens were stag evaluation with their breast, testis pubes get respondents menarche and spermatorrhea, diet and sleep habits, hobbies and children 's parents adolescent development through the issuance of a parent questionnaire. {Results] The positive rate of children sexual precocity in Jiujiang city was 0. 68% ,the detection rate of girls (1. 25%) was high than boys (0. 11%),the difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 16. 119,P = 0. 000). The beginning age of breast development was (10. 26 ± 2. 34) years old,in which the age of city girls was (9. 91±1. 85) years and earlier than suburban girls whose age was (11. 29 ± 1. 38) years,the diffeience was statistically significant (P = 0. 000). Developmental age of pubic hair was (11. 67 ± 0. 84) years,in which city girls was (11. 68 ± 0. 85) years and suburban girls was (11. 63±0. 86) years without statistical significance. There were significant difference between precocious puberty group and normal one in edible animal food, nutrition tonic, beverage,lack of physical exercise,unhealthy living habits,parents lack of parental knowledge, and genetic factors. [Conclusions] Those factors with often feed animal food,nutrition tonic and beverage,lack of physical exercise,unhealthy living habits,children parents lack of parental knowledge,and genetic factors are promote action in the pathogenesis of precocious puberty.%[目的] 了解九江市儿童性早熟的发病率及发病原因,为该病预防提供理论依据. [方法]采取分层整群抽样方法,以九江市三个区4所小学和3所幼儿园共3 312名3~12岁儿童为调查对象,进行乳房、阴毛、睾丸等分期评定,

  16. Oral hygiene, periodontal status and treatment needs in 12 years old students, Castro-Chile, 2014.

    Mariana Wauters; Stellamary Edith Hernández; Israel Juárez; Gastón Vergara

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT To determine the level of oral hygiene, periodontal status and treatment needs in 12 years old students in Castro City, Los Lagos region, during March and April of 2014, indicating if there are differences between men and women. A cross-sectional study was carried out. 242 12 years old students from Castro´s municipal and subsidized private schools were selected through a stratified random sample from each school. Students were evaluated by a calibrated examiner, to determine the Sim...

  17. Prevalence of dental caries, periodontitis, and oral hygiene status among 12-year-old schoolchildren having normal occlusion and malocclusion in Mathura city: A comparative epidemiological study

    Geetika Arora

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: It was observed from the present study that normal occlusion and malocclusion had no or weak significant effect on overall caries and periodontitis prevalence whereas oral hygiene status had a strong effect on overall periodontitis prevalence but not in relation to prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old school children in Mathura city.

  18. Dental caries prevalence and risk factors among 12-year old schoolchildren from Baghdad, Iraq

    Ahmed, Nibras A M; Astrøm, Anne N; Skaug, Nils;

    2007-01-01

    were 1.7 and 1.3. The rate of caries experience (DMFT > 0) was 62%. DMFT increased significantly with higher education of the mother, not being embarrassed to smile, missing school due to dental pain and between-meals mode of drinking. Increased sugar consumption was associated with being a boy, having......AIM: To examine the prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren from Baghdad after the end of the United Nations' economic sanctions and to investigate related dental caries risk factors including gender, socio-demographic factors, oral hygiene and sugar intake. DESIGN: A cross......-sectional dental caries examination and questionnaire survey was conducted in 10 schools from west Baghdad. METHODS: Dental examinations based on WHO criteria and questionnaire surveys were performed on 392 children. Water samples were collected and fluoride concentration assessed. RESULTS: The mean DMFT and DF...

  19. Medical Care and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old

    ... Tropical Delight: Melon Smoothie Pregnant? Your Baby's Growth Medical Care and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old ... for their own health. If You Suspect a Medical Problem Parents usually can judge if their child ...

  20. Growth and obesity trend analysis of children aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District%西安市临潼区 6 ~12 岁儿童生长发育及肥胖趋势分析

    苏蓉; 肖延凤; 李若春; 刘鑫

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解西安市临潼区6~12岁儿童生长发育情况及超重肥胖检出率. 方法 选取2010年及2014年本地区小学生普查体检报告,筛选6~12岁儿童为研究对象,分析两年中6~12岁儿童各年龄段,不同性别儿童的身高、体重的变化以及超重肥胖的发生情况. 结果 2010年城镇的超重及肥胖检出率分别为14.40%和10.65%,农村分别5.18%和2.38%;2014年城镇的超重及肥胖检出率19.78%和17.62%,农村分别14.00%和7.62%;两年数据比较,农村肥胖增速大于城镇. 两年城镇的超重+肥胖检出率均高于农村(χ2 值分别为981.68、670.32,均P<0.001). 同年龄段超重及肥胖检出率两年相比,差异均具有统计学意义(χ2 值为29.66~275.59,均P<0.001). 同一年内比较,城镇各年龄段男童身高、体重均大于农村( t值为4.51~23.39,均P<0.05);2014年男童的身高、体重均大于2010年(t值为2.91~15.80,均P<0.05). 同一年内比较,城镇各年龄段女童身高均大于农村,除2010年12岁外,其他年龄组差异均有统计学意义( t值为2.80~20.86,均P<0.05);同一年内城镇各年龄段女童体重均大于农村,除2010年及2014年12岁外,其他年龄组差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05). 结论 西安市临潼区6~12岁儿童肥胖检出率明显增加,特点为城镇显著,农村呈追赶趋势;男童高于女童. 呼吁家庭、学校及社会关注儿童肥胖,降低儿童肥胖检出率.%Objective To understand the growth and development of children aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District and the detection rate of overweight and obesity.Methods Medical examination reports of elementary school students aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District in 2010 and 2014 were selected to analyze the height, weight, overweight and obesity of children of different ages and genders.Results The detection rates of overweight and obesity in 2010 were 14.40%and 10.65%in town area and 5.18%and 5.18%in rural area.In 2014 they were 19.78%and 17.62%in

  1. Promoting Oral Health in 6-12 Year-Old Students: A Systematic Review

    Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: The group of 6-12 year-old students are the main target of oral health programs due to the high prevalence of dental caries and the formation of permanent teeth during this age and the lifestyle-shaping nature of the period. Schools provide the easiest and most effective means of accessing this group. The present study was conducted to examine the impact of school-based interventions on improved oral health in 6-12 year-old students. Materials and Methods: The present systematic review searched for its English and Persian keywords in databases such as the Scopus, Proquest, Science Direct, Pubmed, Springer, Biomed Central, Google Scholar, IranMedex and SID and examined studies published between January 2004 and September 2014 about educational interventions aiming to prevent oral diseases and promote associated health behaviors in students. Results: The 17 studies selected for examination were divided into two categories: first, assessing an education based on self-care behaviors and preventive services second, assessing an education based on self-care behaviors only. Those interventions that were consistent in nature, involved the parents and the school personnel, used behavior change models, used a combination of several training methods, used practical experiences and provided preventive services were more effective in promoting knowledge and health behaviors and reducing dental caries and plaque in this group of children. Conclusion: Providing consistent community-based education, using a combination of several organized educational programs, following up on the children's progress, using behavior change theories and models and providing prevention services are the most effective measures for achieving the desired goals.

  2. The effect of the UP4FUN pilot intervention on objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity in 10–12 year old children in Belgium: the ENERGY-project

    Verloigne Maïte

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Bakckground The first aim was to examine the effect of the UP4FUN pilot intervention on children’s total sedentary time. The second aim was to investigate if the intervention had an effect on children’s physical activity (PA level. Finally, we aimed to investigate demographic differences (i.e. age, gender, ethnicity, living status and having siblings between children in the intervention group who improved in sedentary time and PA at post-test and children in the intervention group who worsened in sedentary time and PA at post-test. Methods The six weeks UP4FUN intervention was tested in a randomized controlled trial with pre-test post-test design with five intervention and five control schools in Belgium and included children of the 5th and 6th grade. The children wore accelerometers for seven days at pre- and post-test. Analyses included children with valid accelerometer data for at least two weekdays with minimum 10h-wearing time and one weekend day with 8h-wearing time. Result Final analyses included 372 children (60% girls, mean age = 10.9 ± 0.7 years. There were no significant differences in the change in sedentary time or light PA between intervention and control schools for the total sample or for the subgroup analyses by gender. However, children (specifically girls in the intervention group had a higher decrease in moderate-to-vigorous PA than children in the control group. In the intervention group, children who lived with both parents and children with one or more siblings were less likely to reduce sedentary time after exposure to the intervention. Older children, girls and children who lived with both parents were less likely to increase light PA after the intervention. Conclusion The UP4FUN intervention did not result in an effect on children’s sedentary time. Based on the high amounts of accelerometer-derived sedentary time in this age group, more efforts are needed to develop strategies to reduce children

  3. Understanding Bullying: Using Role-Play with 12-Year-Old Boys in Cyprus

    Kaloyirou, Chrystalla; Lindsay, Geoff

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the use of role-play in order to investigate bullies' intentions, feelings and perceptions through identification and projection. The study was conducted with nine 12-year-old boys that presented high levels of bullying behaviour, according to their teachers and peers, from three state primary schools in Nicosia, Cyprus,…

  4. Cardiomyopathy in 12-year-old girl with Hodgkin's disease

    A case of a 12 year old girl with Hodgkin's disease is described. In the course of her illness congestive cardiomyopathy developed. The authors discuss many possible etiologies of congestive cardiomyopathy in this case with special referral to the car diotoxicity of antineoplastic drugs. (author)

  5. Exposición a plomo en niños de 6 a 12 años de edad Lead exposure in children from 6 to 12 years old

    Carlos Jiménez-Gutiérrez

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar los factores de exposición asociados a las concentraciones de plomo en niños de escuelas primarias públicas y privadas de la ciudad de México. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 340 niños que asistían a la escuela primaria. Las escuelas se seleccionaron por conveniencia y los niños en forma aleatoria. Se aplicó un cuestionario y se tomaron muestras de sangre venosa. Los niveles de plomo se determinaron por espectrofotometría de absorción atómica. Se compararon medias mediante la prueba t de Student-Fisher y ANDEVA; y para el análisis multivariado, regresión lineal múltiple. Debido a que los niveles de plomo no seguían una distribución normal, se transformó con logaritmo neperiano, con la que se trabajó en todo el análisis estadístico. Resultados. Las medias geométricas para escuelas privadas y públicas fueron: MG=8.76 µg/dl, IC95%=9.1-10.5; MG=11.5 µg/dl, IC95%=9.4-13.5, respectivamente. Los niveles de plomo son más elevados en los niños que asisten a la escuela pública y que presentan las siguientes características: ser varones, tener entre seis y ocho años de edad y cursar el primer o segundo grado de primaria; las madres de estos niños son profesionistas; en sus hogares se utiliza la cerámica vidriada y cerca de sus domicilios existen diferentes tipos de talleres contaminantes con plomo. Conclusiones. Los factores de exposición que predicen las concentraciones de plomo en sangre son: tener entre seis y ocho años de edad, la ocupación de la madre, la utilización de cerámica vidriada, la cercanía de diferentes tipos de talleres contaminantes con plomo a los domicilios y cursar el segundo año de primaria.Objective. To identify exposure factors contributing to lead poisoning in school children from Mexico City. Material and methods. Cross-sectional study of 340 children. A convenience sample of schools and a random sample of children were selected. A questionnaire

  6. Prevalência e gravidade da cárie dentária e necessidade de tratamento em crianças de 12 anos de município de pequeno porte inserido no contexto amazônico Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among 12-year-old children in a small-sized municipality in the Amazon region

    Rodrigo Tobias

    2008-12-01

    primary data on the disease. The design was based on the 2003SB-Brazil epidemiological survey. The sample comprised 344 children in homes and schools in the rural and urban zones of the municipality. The general DMF-T index found was 3.73 (± 0.17, with predominance of the decay component. The percentages of children free of caries in the urban and rural zones were 12.5 and 13.6, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between genders or types of locality. In the rural zone there were around twice as many teeth needing treatment as in the urban zone. Restorative treatment was the major treatment needed in this population (86.2%. The prevalence of caries among the 12-year-old population in Rio Preto da Eva was moderate, and the mean DMF-T was above the target level established for the year 2000 by the FDI/WHO. The data show that there is a need to implement oral health care measures that are capable of intervening in relation to determinants of dental caries in the study population.

  7. Liver abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in a healthy 12-year-old boy

    Da Hye Yoon

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA is rare in healthy children. We report a case of PLA in an immunocompetent 12-year-old boy. Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed for the abscess. In addition, parenteral antibiotics were administered for 3 weeks. Klebsiella pneumoniae was detected in the culture of blood and drained fluid. Here, we present this case and a brief review of the literature on this subject.

  8. A Case of Psoriasis Replaced by Allergic Contact Dermatitis in a 12-Year-Old Boy.

    Brown, Margaret E; Browning, John C

    2016-01-01

    Allergic contact dermatitis is a significant clinical problem in children and one that the use of essential oils and natural remedies probably exacerbates. We report a case of chronic plaque psoriasis replaced by allergic contact dermatitis in a 12-year-old boy. We suspect that the immunologic response to a hapten in lavender oil disrupted the pathogenesis of psoriasis, causing the psoriasis to temporarily "disappear." PMID:26646574

  9. Primary Follicular Lymphoma of the Conjunctiva in a 12 Year-Old Male

    Taghipour Zahir, Sh; Miratashi, S A; Nazemian, M; Zand, S. (MSc)

    2013-01-01

    Background Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the second most common adnexal lymphoma of the eye that almost all of them are reported in elderly patients. Primary FL of the eye has been reported in only two children. Pediatric FL appears to be biologically distinct from typical adult FL. In cases without other organ involvement excision alone with close monitoring is a treatment of choiceand the prognosis is excellent. Case presentation A 12 year -old male with a nodular lesion involving the inner c...

  10. Evolución de la prevalencia de caries y gingivitis en niños de 6 y 12 años de Peralillo, VI Región,entre el año 2000 y el 2010 Caries and gingivitis changes among 6 and 12 year-old children of Peralillo, Chile, between 2000 and 2010

    C Cárdenas Espinoza

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Dada la limitada información epidemiológica en Chile sobre las patologías orales más prevalentes y el efecto de los programas de salud instaurados, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios en la prevalencia de caries y gingivitis en una población de 6 y 12 años de la VI Región, entre los años 2000 y 2010. Sujetos y Métodos: 143 sujetos de 6 y 12 años atendidos en el CESFAM de Peralillo fueron examinados clínicamente para detectar caries y diagnosticar gingivitis. Las fichas clínicas de 134 niños de las mismas edades y procedencia atendidos el año 2000 fueron analizadas para comparar los indicadores. Se obtuvo el índice de caries mediante el COPD y el ceod, además del diagnóstico gingival mediante parámetros clínicos. Los resultados de ambos años fueron comparados estadísticamente y las diferencias consideradas significativas si pAim: Given the limited epidemiological information in Chile on the most common oral diseases and the effectiveness of the existent programs, the aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in caries and gingivitis prevalence in a 6 and 12 year-old children from the VI Region, between the years 2000 and 2010. Subjects and Methods: 143 6 and 12 year-old children treated at the CESFAM of Peralillo were clinically examined to detect and diagnose caries and gingivitis. Clinical records of 134 same ages children treated at the same service in the year 2000 were analyzed to compare the indexes. Caries index was obtained by DMFT and dmft and gingivitis was assessed by clinical parameters. Results obtained both years were compared and considered significant if p<0.05. Results: Caries prevalence decreased in the group of 6 year-olds from 89% to 65%, but only DMFT showed a significant reduction from 0.93 to 0.086. In the 12 year-old children, neither caries prevalence nor DMFT showed significant changes within the 10-year period. Conclusions: In spite of a slight decrease, caries

  11. Estudo epidemiológico de disfonias em crianças de 4 a 12 anos Epidemiological study of dysphonia in 4-12 year-old children

    Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre disfonias infantis apontam incidência entre 4,4 a 30,3% das crianças. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência de disfonia em crianças, baseando-se nos julgamentos dos pais, nas ava-liações vocais perceptivas e acústicas, analisar sintomas associados, fatores de risco e achados vide-olaringoscópicos. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Os pais de 2.000 crianças responderam questionário sobre qualidade vocal do filho. As crianças foram submetidas às avaliações vocais perceptiva, acústicas e videolaringoscopias. RESULTADOS: Participaram 1.007 meninos e 993 meninas. Sintomas esporádicos foram reportados por 206 pais e permanentes, por 123. Na avaliação perceptiva, o parâmetro G (Grau de disfonia recebeu escore 0 em 694 vozes, 1 em 1065 e 2 em 228. Houve diminuição de f0 com a idade e os demais parâmetros acústicos mostraram-se mais elevados nas crianças com escore de G em 2. Nas videolaringoscopias, destacaram-se nódulos, espessamentos e inflamação. CONCLUSÕES: O julgamento dos pais indicou prevalência de disfonia em 6,15%, e as análises perceptivas em 11,4%. Os sintomas vocais relacionaram-se à sobrecarga fonatória. Quadros nasossinusais, abuso vocal e ruído foram importantes fatores de risco. As análises acústicas mantiveram relação direta com as perceptivo-auditivas. Lesões laríngeas foram detectadas nas videolaringoscopias, destacando nódulos, espessamentos e inflamação.Children dysphonia studies have reported an incidence of 4.4 to 30.3%. GOALS: To establish the prevalence of dysphonia in children, based on the opinion of the parents, acoustic and vocal-perceptual assessments, associated symptoms, risk factors and videolaryngoscopy findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The parents from 2,000 children answered a questionnaire about the vocal quality of their children, and these children were submitted to perceptual vocal, acoustic and videolaryngoscopy assessments. RESULTS: We had 1,007 boys and 993 girls

  12. Memória de trabalho viso-espacial em crianças de 7 a 12 anos Visuo-spatial working memory in 7-12 year old children

    Ederaldo José Lopes

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os mecanismos de processamento da informação viso-espacial em crianças. Setenta e oito crianças participaram do experimento em que foram manipulados os fatores idade, posição espacial, similaridade visual e cor dos estímulos memorizados. Os resultados mostraram que todos os fatores principais alcançaram significância estatística. As crianças mais velhas tiveram uma freqüência de acertos maior que as crianças mais novas. Os estímulos dos conjuntos com similaridade baixa foram mais bem recordados que os estímulos com similaridade alta. A taxa de recordação foi melhor nas provas em que as letras de um conjunto foram todas apresentadas com a mesma cor, assim como a porcentagem de respostas corretas variou de forma significativa em função da posição espacial dos estímulos. Os resultados foram interpretados de acordo com modelos que enfatizam aspectos do desenvolvimento de estratégias cognitivas ao longo do desenvolvimento humano, especialmente o modelo de memória de trabalho.This study aimed to evaluate the mechanisms of visual-spatial memory in children. Seventy eight children took part in an experiment with four factors: children's age, stimuli spatial position, stimuli visual similarity, stimuli set color. The results have shown that all main factors are statistically meaningful. The oldest children presented a better performance than the youngest ones. Stimuli set formed by low similarity letters were better recollected than the stimuli set formed by high similarity letters. The recall of the spatial position of letters was better in trials where the letters of a set were presented in the same color. The percentage of correct recall changed meaningfully as a function of the spatial position in which the target had been presented. The results were interpreted according to models that emphasize aspects of development of cognitive strategies along with the human development, especially

  13. Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children Determinantes perinatales y paternos asociados al riesgo de sobrepeso en niños de 6 a 12 años

    S. Santiago

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & aims: The identification of determinants of childhood overweight is crucial to early diagnosis and prevention. The aim of this study was to assess perinatal and parental related risk factors concerning children for having excessive body weight. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 3,101 children participating in the programme "Alimenta su salud" conducted in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain. Anthropometric and sociodemographic data were obtained from a general questionnaire. Analysed factors as potential predictors of childhood overweight were sex, age, birth weight, infant feeding, number of siblings, as well as parental marital status, educational level and obesity. Prevalence of overweight stratified by potential determinants was assessed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations between variables and the likelihood of being overweight. Results: The overweight prevalence (including obesity was 30.3% in boys and 28.3% in girls, according to the IOTF criteria. Higher rates in younger subjects and some gender differences were observed. Parental obesity was the most important predictive variable for childhood overweight in both sexes and birth weight over 3,500 g in girls (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.3. Having one or more siblings (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-0.9 and higher paternal education (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.6-0.9 in boys, and older age in girls (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-.09, resulted protective factors against childhood overweight. No independent effects of marital status, maternal education and infant feeding patterns on childhood excess weight were identified. Conclusions: Perinatal and parental factors could contribute to predict the risk of being overweight/obese in children aged 6 to 12 years, which should be considered when formulating obesity prevention and intervention strategies, stressing the importance of targeting obese parents with young children.Objetivos: Identificar los determinantes

  14. Evaluation oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students

    Masoomeh Shirzai; Maryam Ghanbariha

    2011-01-01

    Background: Periodontal disease and dental caries are one of the most important factors of tooth loss and the most common oral health problem, therefore the present study was performed to assess oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students in Zahedan city.Material and Method: In this descriptive-analytical study, Zahedan city (2009) was divided based on socio-economical situation in to two areas and 10 school (boys & girls school) from each area, and 47 students from each school, were ...

  15. Giant Cell Arteritis in a 12-Year-Old Girl Presenting with Nephrotic Syndrome

    Zeinab A. El-Sayed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant cell arteritis (GCA is rare in children. The kidneys are generally spared. We present a case of GCA in a 12-year-old girl with severe headache and tender scalp especially over the right temporal area. The right superficial temporal artery was cord like and nodular and the pulsations were barely felt. Several small tender nodular swellings were felt in the occipital area. She had been previously diagnosed as a case of nephrotic syndrome due to underlying membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. This report is aimed at drawing attention to this rare form of vasculitis in children aiming at decreasing its morbidities.

  16. Primary renal undifferentiated sarcoma as an infiltrative mass in a 12 year old boy

    Undifferentiated sarcomas are rare tumors not classified into any sarcoma subtype. Due to their rarity, imaging findings of undifferentiated sarcomas are poorly characterized. The purpose of this report was to present imaging findings of a pathologically confirmed undifferentiated sarcoma originated from the left kidney of a 12-year-old boy. The mass was infiltrative involving the renal pelvis. It mimicked massive hilar lymphadenopathy with a preserved renal contour visible by both ultrasonography and CT. Renal vein thrombosis was also observed. Although undifferentiated sarcomas are rare, they should be considered in differential diagnosis of infiltrative renal masses with renal pelvis invasion in children

  17. Primary renal undifferentiated sarcoma as an infiltrative mass in a 12 year old boy

    Kim, Yong Hee; Kim, Myung Joon; Lee, Mi Jung [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Children' s Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Se Hwa [Dept. of Pathology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-09-15

    Undifferentiated sarcomas are rare tumors not classified into any sarcoma subtype. Due to their rarity, imaging findings of undifferentiated sarcomas are poorly characterized. The purpose of this report was to present imaging findings of a pathologically confirmed undifferentiated sarcoma originated from the left kidney of a 12-year-old boy. The mass was infiltrative involving the renal pelvis. It mimicked massive hilar lymphadenopathy with a preserved renal contour visible by both ultrasonography and CT. Renal vein thrombosis was also observed. Although undifferentiated sarcomas are rare, they should be considered in differential diagnosis of infiltrative renal masses with renal pelvis invasion in children.

  18. Prevalência de más oclusões em crianças de 9 a 12 anos de idade da cidade de Nova Friburgo (Rio de Janeiro Prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 9 to 12 years old in the city of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

    Daniel Ibrahim Brito

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: o conhecimento da situação epidemiológica da população é importante para o planejamento e execução dos serviços odontológicos. OBJETIVOS: avaliar a prevalência de más oclusões em escolares de 9 a 12 anos de idade da rede municipal de ensino da cidade de Nova Friburgo (Rio de Janeiro. MÉTODOS: a amostra, selecionada aleatoriamente, foi composta por 407 crianças (53,1% do gênero feminino, que foram avaliadas por um profissional treinado, após autorização de seus responsáveis. RESULTADOS: as más oclusões mais prevalentes foram apinhamento (45,5%, sobressaliência exagerada (29,7%, mordida cruzada posterior (19,2%, diastemas anteriores (16,2%, dente parcialmente irrompido (12,0% e sobremordida exagerada (10,8%. A relação molar mais presente foi a de Classe I (76,7%. A presença de diastemas foi maior no gênero feminino e a sobremordida exagerada foi mais prevalente no gênero masculino, ambas na dentição mista. Sobressaliência negativa e presença de dente parcialmente irrompido tiveram maior prevalência na dentição permanente. CONCLUSÃO: observou-se que a simples avaliação da prevalência das más oclusões não revela a gravidade nem a hierarquia da necessidade de tratamento, fatores importantes no planejamento em Saúde Pública.INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of a population's epidemiological situation is important in the planning and provision of dental services. OBJECTIVES: Assess the prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 9 to 12 years old from public schools in the city of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. METHODS: A randomly selected sample consisting of 407 children (53.1% female who were evaluated by a trained professional, after parental consent. RESULTS: The most prevalent malocclusions were crowding (45.5%, excessive overjet (29.7%, posterior crossbite (19.2%, anterior diastema (16.2%, partially erupted teeth (12.0% and excessive overbite (10.8%. Class I molar relationship

  19. Hematuria in a 12-year-old child, a rare case of urothelial papilloma of the urinary bladder

    Alexis Litchinko; Blaise Julien Meyrat; Antoine Nobile; Lara Raffoul; Gezim Dushi; Vanina Estremadoyro

    2016-01-01

    We describe a case of a 12-year-old boy with an isolated macroscopic hematuria. A urinary ultrasound revealed a bladder tumor next to the right ureteric orifice. A biopsy revealed a urothelial papilloma. He underwent a successful resection by cystostomy. This benign tumor is extremely rare in children and its management remains controversial.

  20. Evaluation oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students

    Masoomeh Shirzai

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Periodontal disease and dental caries are one of the most important factors of tooth loss and the most common oral health problem, therefore the present study was performed to assess oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students in Zahedan city.Material and Method: In this descriptive-analytical study, Zahedan city (2009 was divided based on socio-economical situation in to two areas and 10 school (boys & girls school from each area, and 47 students from each school, were selected randomly. Oral hygiene status of 942 12-years-old male and female students was assessed with OHI-S index. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version-15 (t-test and chi-square. Results: The mean OHI-S was 1.43±0.72 and 44.7% persons had well OHI-S, 50.3% had medium OHI-S and 5% had poor OHI-S. The mean OHI-S was 1.42 in boys and 1.44 in girls. Correlation between OHI-S with father occupation (p=0.03 and sequences of tooth brushing (p=0.001 was significant. Conclusion: Oral hygiene status of studied students was in the middle and people who brushes their teeth more time, had higher OHI-S indices

  1. Looking for Ideas: Observation, Interpretation and Hypothesis-Making by 12-Year-Old Pupils Undertaking Science Investigations.

    Tomkins, Stephen P.; Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

    2001-01-01

    Studies English comprehensive secondary school students' interpretation and hypothesis-making while 12 year-old students are observing a bottle ecosystem of brine shrimps without any prior instruction and keeping diaries. Studies students through the task of open-ended diary writing and through small group discussions about the scientific…

  2. Overweight, obesity and risk factors in children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of Shandong Province%山东省3县农村地区儿童超重肥胖的影响因素分析

    林少倩; 何丕山; 李军; 刘大聪; 高莉洁; 贾兴兵; 李慧; 刘冬梅; 王志萍

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解山东省3县农村地区儿童超重和肥胖现况及其影响因素.方法 于2009年9月至2010年1月随机选取山东省3县17个行政村的7~12岁儿童进行横断面研究;采用,检验和非条件Logistic回归模型对儿童超重肥胖的影响因素进行单因素和多因素分析.结果 7 ~12岁儿童超重和肥胖率分别为11.41%和5.86%,男童和女童之间超重率和肥胖率差异均无统计学意义(P<0.05).儿童每天看电视时间(OR=3.062,95%CI:1.708~4.932)、每天睡眠时间(OR=2.693,95%CI:1.136~5.641)、油炸食品的食用频率(OR=2.024,95%CI:1.001~3.570)、膨化食品的食用频率(OR=2.304,95%CI:1.208~5.416)是儿童超重肥胖的主要影响因素,儿童出生体质量(OR=1.615,95%CI:1.013~2.742)以及父亲或母亲是否肥胖(OR=1.846,95%CI:1.109~3.520)也与农村儿童超重肥胖相关联.结论山东省3县农村地区儿童超重肥胖的比例相对较高,控制农村儿童超重肥胖应重点关注儿童日常生活和饮食习惯.%Objective To investigate the risk factors and the prevalence of overweight and obesity for children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of 3 counties in Shandong Province. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 7-12 years old from 17 randomly selected villages of 3 counties in Shandong Province from September 2009 to January 2010. Chi-square test and logistic regression methods were used to analyze the risk factors on overweight and obesity in children. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of Shandong Province were 11.41% and 5. 86% respectively and there was no significant difference in the prevalence of overweight or obesity between boys and girls. Multiple analyses showed that the factors influencing the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children were the time of watching TV( OR = 3.062, 95% CI; 1.708-4. 932), the sleeping time ( OR = 2. 693

  3. Dental caries, salivary parameters and plaque scores as ‎caries risk predictors among 12 year old school children – A ‎follow up study

    Mamata Hebbal; Anil V Ankola; Sharada C Metgud

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Dental caries is a disease with multifactorial etiology and many other factors ‎influence indirectly. The important factors are Streptococci mutans, Lactobacilli counts, saliva ‎flow rate, buffering capacity and past caries experience.‎Objective: To find the association between caries increment and various risk factors: Caries ‎experience, dental plaque, salivary flow rate, buffering capacity, Streptococcus mutans and ‎Lactobacilli counts.‎Method: Dental caries and plaque scores...

  4. Prevalencia de maloclusión en relación con hábitos de succión no nutritivos en niños de 3 a 9 años en Ferrol Prevalence of malocclusion in order to non nutritive sucking habits in children between 3 and 12 years-old in Ferrol

    A. Pipa Vallejo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo entre octubre del 2008 y abril del 2009. Se seleccionaron 368 niños de 3 a 9 años del área sanitaria de Ferrol, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de maloclusión en relación con los hábitos de succión no nutritivos (HSNN, (digital, chupete, biberón y respiración oral. También se realiza una comparación con el resto de estudios sobre el mismo tema, para poder saber cómo estamos actuando, desde el punto de vista preventivo, en la información sobre las consecuencias nocivas de los hábitos de succión no nutritivos en el desarrollo de una buena oclusión dental.A descriptive observational study was carried out between October 2008 and April 2009. 368 children between 3 and 12 years-old were selected in Ferrol Health Board in order to identify the prevalence of the malocclusion related to the following non nutritive oral habits: thumb sucking, dummy and mouth breathing. In addition, a comparison with other studies about the same theme is carried out in order to establish how we are acting, from the preventative point of view, on the information about the harmful consequences of the non nutritive habits in the development of a good dental occlusion.

  5. Changing oral health status of 6- and 12-year-old schoolchildren in Portugal

    de Almeida, César Mexia; Petersen, Poul Erik; André, Sónia Jesus;

    2003-01-01

    to analyse the effect of dental care habits on caries experience. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Clinical examinations of oral health status were carried out in 1999 according to WHO criteria and included dental caries, enamel lesions, oral hygiene status (OHI-S) and Community Periodontal Index (CPI...... dental fluorosis. At age 12, 90% of children had poor oral hygiene, i.e. CPI Score 2 (bleeding and calculus). Toothbrushing twice a day was reported for 31% of 6-year-olds and 55.6% of 12-year-olds; 17.8% of children aged 6 had seen a dentist during the past year and this was found to be 58.3% at age 12...

  6. Oral Health Status Among 6- and 12-year-old Jordanian Schoolchildren

    Rajab, Lamis Darwish; Petersen, Poul Erik; Baqain, Zaid;

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: No nationwide oral health survey has previously been carried out in Jordan. The aims of the study were to assess the burden of dental caries and gingival health among children aged 6 and 12 years in relation to sociodemographic factors and to ascertain the trend over time in the occurrence...... about caries and gingival health status. WHO methodology and criteria were applied. Structured questionnaires were used to collect information about oral hygiene, dental visits, consumption of sugars and parents' level of education. Results: The caries prevalence rates were 76.4% in 6-year-olds and 45...... social classes, the mean caries experience and the amount of untreated dental caries increased over time. Moreover, 17.7% of 6-year-old children and 49.1% of the 12-year-olds had gingival bleeding. Significant differences in gingival health were found by sex, location, geographical areas and...

  7. Mucin ous cystadenoma of the ovary in a 12-year-old girl

    Benign mucinous cystadenomas MCA are rare benign neoplasms in the pediatric age group. Only 19 cases have been described before and they often present as large abdominal masses. We present a 12-year-old patient that had a huge mass arising from the left ovary causing bilateral hydronephrosis and renal insufficiency. The final pathology revealed a benign MCA. Patients with mucinous tumors usually present late, this may lead to renal insufficiency secondary to urinary outflow obstruction. Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is usually sufficient treatment for these cases. The diagnosis of MCA should be considered in children who present with huge pelvi-abdominal masses. Early recognition and intervention are necessary to avoid potential complications. (author)

  8. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre crianças de 4-12 anos no Crato, Estado do Ceará: um problema recorrente de saúde pública = Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among 4- to 12-year-old children in Crato, Ceará State

    Izabel Alencar Barros Vasconcelos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo, foi estimada a frequência de parasitoses intestinais em 383 crianças do bairro Pinto Madeira em Crato, Estado do Ceará. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de inquérito domiciliar e de exame coproparasitológico abrangendo residências com crianças de quatro a 12anos, foram utilizados os métodos de Kato-Katzo e Faust. Foi identificada uma associação de parasitoses intestinais com saneamento, disponibilidade e manuseio da água, com prevalência de Ascaris lumbricoides dentre os helmintos e Entamoeba sp. dentre os protozoários. Os dados obtidos demonstraram ainda a que prevalência de helmintos e protozoários foi significativamente maior para as crianças do sexo masculino de 4-5 anos e feminino de 6-7, filhos de mães com menor escolaridade, residentes nos domicílios com piores condições de abastecimento d’água e menor condições de higiene corporal e saneamento básico. Estes resultados sugerem que investimentos em infraestrutura básica e a adoção de políticas voltadas para melhorar a educação familiar poderiam contribuir significativamente na redução da prevalência das parasitoses intestinais em crianças.In this study, we estimated the frequency of intestinal parasites in 383 children in the Pinto Madeira neighborhood of Crato-Ceará State. A survey was conducted covering households with 4- to 12-year-old children, including interviews and coprological surveys using the Kato-Katz and Faust methods. An association was identified between intestinal parasitosis and sanitation, forms of use and availability of water. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba sp was demonstrated. The data also showed that the prevalence of helminths and protozoa was significantly higher for 4- to 5-year-old boys and6- to 7-year-old girls, children of mothers with less education, living in households with poor conditions of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. These results suggest that investments in sanitary

  9. Synchronously diagnosed eosinophilic granuloma and Hodgkin's disease in a 12-year-old boy: a case report

    Sarmadi Soheila; Heidari Amir B; Sina Amir H; Ehsani Mohammad A

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Synchronous composite tumors are uncommon. Simultaneous, rather than metachronous or consecutive, occurrences of eosinophilic granuloma and Hodgkin's lymphoma in children are very rare. This is the first report of this kind in the medical literature. Case presentation We report the case of a 12-year-old Iranian boy with eosinophilic granuloma localized in his leg around the knee and Hodgkin's lymphoma in a cervical lymph node. The two tumours occurred synchronously befor...

  10. Investigation and Analysis of The Incidence and Related Factors of Dental Caries In 12 Years Old Children in Panzhihua Region%攀枝花地区12岁儿童龋病的发病率及相关因素调查分析

    胡勇

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the incidence and related factors of caries on 12-year-old children in Panzhihua region.Methods:By random sampling method, oral examination and survey were done to understand the incidence of dental caries and oral hygiene in Panzhihua region for 342 children aged 12.Results:Caries incidence was higher in urban than that in rural areas (P<0.05). Caries rate of women was higher than men, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In the factors related to children's oral health behavior, brushing 2 or 3 times per day the caries incidence of was 52.7%and brushing 0 or 1 time per day the incidence of was 32.9%, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Caries incidence of children commonly using fluoride toothpaste was significantly lower than that of children infrequently using fluoride toothpaste (P<0.05). Caries incidence of children with regular dental check was significantly lower than that that of children with rarely or never performed oral examination (P<0.01). Survey showed most children were lack of knowledge of oral health. Only 12.4%(42/339) of children considered it's beneficial to use fluoride toothpaste for preventing caries.Conclusion:Frequency of tooth brushing, application of fluoride toothpaste and oral examination were important factors affecting caries. Medical and health institutions should strengthen the children's oral health education work to further improve young children's oral health awareness.%目的::调查攀枝花地区12岁儿童龋病的发病率及相关因素。方法:按随机抽样的方法,对攀枝花地区342名12岁儿童进行口腔检查和问卷调查,了解龋病发生率和口腔卫生情况。结果:儿童患龋率城市高于农村(P<0.05),女性患龋率均高于男性,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。儿童口腔健康行为的相关因素中,日刷牙次数(2~3)次与(0~1)次两组儿童患龋率分别为52.7%和32.9%,差异具有统计

  11. Creativity, Emotional Intelligence, and School Performance in Children

    Hansenne, Michel; Legrand, Jessica

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that both creativity and emotional intelligence (EI) were related to children school performance. In this study, we investigated the incremental validity of EI over creativity in an elementary school setting. Seventy-three children aged from 9 to 12 years old were recruited to participate in the study. Verbal and…

  12. Individual and contextual determinants of malocclusion in 12-year-old schoolchildren in a Brazilian city

    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro JORDÃO

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to describe malocclusion prevalence and its association with individual and contextual factors among Brazilian 12-year-old schoolchildren. This cross-sectional study included data from an oral health survey carried out in Goiânia, Brazil (n = 2,075, and data from the files of the local health authority. The data were collected through oral clinical examinations. The Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI was used to assess occlusion. The presence of malocclusion (DAI > 25 was used as the dependent variable. The individual independent variables consisted of adolescents’ sex and race and their mothers’ level of schooling. The clinical variables were caries experience and presence of adverse periodontal condition (calculus and/or gingival bleeding. The contextual variables included type of school and the location of schools in the city’s health districts. The Rao-Scott test and multilevel logistic regression were performed. The prevalence of malocclusion was 40.1%. In the final model, significantly higher rates of malocclusion were found among those who attended schools located in less affluent health districts and whose mothers had fewer years of education. Rates were also higher among those presenting calculus and/or gingival bleeding. Malocclusion demonstrated a high prevalence rate and the inequalities in its distribution were determined by individual and contextual factors.

  13. Estado imunitário relativo à poliomielite das crianças de 0-12 anos, residentes no município de São Paulo, Brasil e assistidas pelo Hospital Menino Jesus Immunity status to poliomyelitis of 0-12 years old children living in S. Paulo city, Brazil and using the Menino Jesus Hospital

    Victorio Barbosa

    1975-06-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência dos anticorpos neutralizantes contra os três tipos de poliovírus e os níveis de imunidade para diferentes grupos etários foram determinados, através de um inquérito soro-epidemiológico, numa população de crianças de 0-12 anos de idade, residentes no município de São Paulo, Brasil e assistidas pelo Hospital Menino Jesus. Os resultados mostraram um número elevado de crianças suscetíveis à infecção por poliovírus no primeiro ano de vida, particularmente no grupo etário de 9-12 meses, em que a proporção de crianças completamente desprotegidas (triplo-suscetíveis alcançou 42,5%. Neste grupo, a prevalência de anticorpos dos tipos 1, 2 e 3 foi apenas em torno de 40%. Dentre as crianças do grupo etário de 0-5 anos, que receberam três ou mais doses de vacina oral trivalente, verificou-se a baixa proporção de 60% de duplo mais triplo-imunes. Os resultados mostraram que o estado imunitário das crianças deste grupo foi o mesmo nas três zonas geográficas da Capital, sendo em torno de apenas 50% a proporção de crianças duplo mais triplo-imunes. Estes resultados indicam níveis precários de imunidade, particularmente nas crianças do primeiro ano de vida. Existe, pois, uma necessidade evidente de realizar novos inquéritos sorológicos, além de intensificar e melhorar a vacinação de manutenção contra a poliomielite em nosso meio.The prevalence of neutralizing antibodies for the three types of polioviruses and the immunity levels of different age groups were determined through a seroepidemiological survey, in a population of 0 to 12 year old children, living in the city of S. Paulo and attending the Menino Jesus Hospital. The results showed a high number of children susceptible to infection by polioviruses, mainly in the 9-12 month age bracket where the proportion of individuals completeley susceptible was 42.5%. In this group the prevalence of type 1, 2 and 3 antibodies was only about 40%. For the 0

  14. Scrotal and retroperitoneal lymphangioma of a 12-year-old boy: case report

    Lymphangiomas occurs in children quite frequently. They are most commonly localized in the head, neck, axilla, chest, abdomen, and retroperitoneum. Lymphangiomas of the scrotum are very rare and are usually clinically silent, so they are a challenge for radiologists performing US examination in children. They are obliged to differentiate the following lesions: torsion of the testicle, scrotal hernia, hydrocoele, and epididymal cyst, in addition to the masses of primary extra-testicular localization such as hemagioma, congenital vascular malformations, fibromas, and malignant tumors. Additional difficulties appear in boys who present acute scrotum syndrome. The paper reports the diagnostics and treatment of a huge multicystic lymphangioma situated in he scrotum and retroperitoneum of a 12-year-old boy who had fallen from a bicycle and presented acute scrotum. The lesion of the scrotum was surgically excised. Retroperitoneal lymphangioma was detected during this operation. Subsequent diagnostics was based on ultrasonography, computerized tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging of the abdominal cavity. The lymphangioma of the retroperitoneum was resected. The patient shows no evidence of recurrence after 7 years. Cystic lymphangiomas are rare but benign intra-scrotal, extra-testicular, painless masses in children. They are sonographically multicystic or multiloculated abnormalities and may show infiltrative extension to the perineum, retroperitoneum, or abdomen. Recognition of this entity and its extent is important for correct clinical management and may be for planning treatment. (author)

  15. Prevalence of Malocclusion among 10-12-year-old Schoolchildren in Kozhikode District, Kerala: An Epidemiological Study

    Jeseem, MT; Kumar, TV Anupam

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: A malocclusion is an irregularity of the teeth or a malrelationship of the dental arches beyond the range of what is accepted as normal. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 10-12 years in Kozhikode district of Kerala, South India. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among schoolchildren aged 10-12 years in six schools in Kozhikode district of Kerala, South India. A total of 2,366 children satisfied the inclusion criteria. Occlusal characteristics like crossbite, open bite, deep bite, protrusion of teeth, midline deviations, midline diastema and tooth rotation were recorded. The data were tabulated and analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: The results revealed that the overall prevalence of malocclusion was 83.3%. Of this, 69.8% of the children had Angle’s class I malocclusion, 9.3% had class II malocclusion (division 1 = 8.85%, division 2 = 0.5%) and 4.1% had class III malocclusion; 23.2% showed an increased overjet (>3 mm), 0.4% reverse overjet, 35.6% increased overbite (>3 mm), 0.29% open bite, 7.2% crossbite with 4.6% crossbite of complete anterior teeth, 63.3% deviation of midline, 0.76% midline diastema and 3.25% rotated tooth. No significant differences in gender distributions of malocclusions were noted except for increased overjet and overbite. Conclusion: There is high prevalence of malocclusion among schoolchildren in Kozhikode district of Kerala. Early interception and early correction of these malocclusions will eliminate the potential irregularities and malpositions in the developing dentofacial complex. How to cite this article: Narayanan RK, Jeseem MT, Kumar TVA. Prevalence of Malocclusion among 10-12-year-old Schoolchildren in Kozhikode District, Kerala: An Epidemiological Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):50-55. PMID:27274156

  16. Variações no nível de cárie dentária entre crianças de 5 e 12 anos em Minas Gerais, Brasil Variations in tooth decay rates among children 5 and 12 years old in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Simone Dutra Lucas

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo ecológico o objetivo foi analisar o cumprimento de metas da OMS para a cárie dentária no ano 2000 em Minas Gerais, identificando fatores associados à variação no CPO-D médio e na ocorrência de CPO-D 3, entre crianças de 12 anos, e no percentual de livres de cáries aos cinco anos. Foram utilizados dados secundários de diferentes fontes. As técnicas de regressão linear e regressão logística múltiplas foram aplicadas nas análises das variáveis dependentes numéricas e dicotômica consideradas. Indicadores sócio-econômicos e da oferta/utilização de serviços odontológicos foram empregados como variáveis explicativas potenciais. As metas expressas pelo CPO-D 3 aos 12 anos e pelo percentual mínimo de 50% de crianças livres de cárie aos cinco anos foram atingidas por 37% e 9% dos municípios, respectivamente. De modo geral, as variáveis dependentes mostraram-se associadas ao nível sócio-econômico, não se identificando associações com as variáveis relativas à atenção odontológica. Os resultados não devem ser generalizados, mas indicam iniqüidades na saúde bucal e o papel desempenhado por fatores sócio-econômicos e a fluoretação da água.The aim of this ecological study was to analyze to what extent World Health Organization goals were met in relation to dental caries in 2000 in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, identifying factors associated with variation in DMFT and the occurrence of DMFT 3 among 12-year-old children and in the percentage of caries-free 5-year-olds. Secondary data from different sources were used. Linear regression and multiple logistic regression techniques were applied to the analysis of the numerical and dichotomous dependent variables. Socioeconomic and dental services supply/utilization indicators were used as potential explanatory variables. The goals expressed by DMFT 3 at 12 years and a minimum of 50% caries-free 5-year-olds were met by 37% and 9% of the State

  17. Epidemiological study on Buccal Health in the 12 years old population of Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos.

    Yumaidi Colina Sánchez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The 12 years-old children population is worldwide taken as a reference age to compare the buccal health condition of different countries, by means of various indicators that measure the presence of the main buccal diseases. The knowledge of these epidemiological profiles generates information to guide the services planning policies of the Primary Health Care. Objective: To characterize 12 years-old population's buccal health condition. Methods: Cross- sectional descriptive correlative study with a stratified probabilistic sample of 90 children starting from a universe conformed by the 269 adolescents that constitute the total of the 12 years old population of the Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos municipality. Pearson’s chi-square and Mantel-Haenszel lineal tendency tests were used with the determination of the relative risk and reliance intervals of 95%. Results: The decay prevalence reached 54, 4%. The COP-D index was 2, 45 being the decayed component the major percentage with 4.6%. The periodontal disease was more frequent in boys than in girls, with 54, 9% and 30, 8% respectively. 80,9% of the segments is healthy. In those affected, the calculation prevailed in 11,7%. It was determined that faulty obturations, inheritance and faulty buccal hygiene were the most affecting risk factors for children with decays, while in the periodontal disease it was faulty buccal hygiene. Malocclusions presented a prevalence rate of 40%. Out of which, 55,6% required secondary level attention. Those with habits present a risk 2 times superior of making sick. The sick epidemiological category was present in 77,8% of the total. Conclusions: We emphasize the prevention need as core issue of the primary medical care in the world today; being the General-Integral Dentist a transforming agent that according to his/her formation is capable to assume the existent health problem and to modify it positively, acting from the earliest ages.

  18. Primary intracranial Hodgkin's lymphoma in 12 years old boy

    It is a case study of very rare primary intracranial extra cerebral Hodgkins lymphoma in 12 years old boy, based on clinical and radiological picture meningioma has been supposed. Patient underwent surgery followed with combined oncology treatment - systemic chemotherapy and involved field radiotherapy. The first clinical complete remission has been achieved of 4 months duration at the time of presentation. (author)

  19. Obstructive urolithiasis, unilateral hydronephrosis, and probable nephrolithiasis in a 12-year old Clydesdale gelding

    Macbeth, Bryan J.

    2008-01-01

    A 12-year-old Clydesdale gelding was presented for colic and dysuria. Obstructive urolithiasis and chronic renal disease were diagnosed via transurethral endoscopy and percutaneous ultrasonography. Nephroliths, hydronephrosis, and peri-ureteral fibrosis were present. Surgical intervention was declined and the gelding was managed medically with antibiotics and dietary modification. PMID:18390103

  20. Obstructive urolithiasis, unilateral hydronephrosis, and probable nephrolithiasis in a 12-year old Clydesdale gelding

    Macbeth, Bryan J.

    2008-01-01

    A 12-year-old Clydesdale gelding was presented for colic and dysuria. Obstructive urolithiasis and chronic renal disease were diagnosed via transurethral endoscopy and percutaneous ultrasonography. Nephroliths, hydronephrosis, and peri-ureteral fibrosis were present. Surgical intervention was declined and the gelding was managed medically with antibiotics and dietary modification.

  1. EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN

    ARSLAN, Filiz; Ayse Sevim UNAL; Hamide GULER; Kadriye KARDAS

    2006-01-01

    Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6–12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken...

  2. Indirect cavernous carotid fistula in a 12-year-old girl

    Livi, Francesca; Ndoro, Samuel; Caird, John; Crimmins, Darach

    2016-01-01

    We present a very rare case of indirect cavernous carotid fistula (CCF) in a 12-year-old girl. Indirect CCF is extremely rare in the paediatric population. A 12-year-old girl presented with a 7-month history of frontal headaches and intermittent left-sided proptosis. On examination, she had dilated and engorged scleral veins on the left eye, mild dysdiadochokinesia and past pointing on the left side. A brain computer tomography with contrast, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and interventional radiography (IR) cerebral angiogram confirmed the diagnosis of CCF. The CCF was embolized and a follow-up brain MRI and an IR cerebral angiogram were conducted over the course of 8 months that revealed no evidence of residual CCF. CCF, though rare in the paediatric population, should be highly considered in the differential diagnosis when dilated scleral veins, proptosis and dysdiadokinesis are present in the clinical setting. Prompt treatment has good prognostic results. PMID:27273682

  3. FUNCTIONAL NEUROLOGICAL TREATMENT OF A 12 YEAR OLD GIRL WITH ATAXIA AND POOR POSITION SENSE

    BEATRICE TAPIA-BORGES

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The patient is a 12 year old girl with a history of occasional hand tremors bilaterally. She also complained of “pigeon toes”. She had difficulty riding a bike and considered herself “clumsy” because she occasionally dropped objects. METHODS: Examination revealed reduced right arm swing with dual task. Decomposition of movement with finger to nose test bilaterally. Excessive foot pronation, pes planus, and calcaneus valgus was observed bilaterally during gait and ...

  4. Solitary Atypical Adenomatous Hyperplasia in a 12-Year-Old Girl

    Jin, Moran; Lee, Yang-Haeng; Kim, Bomi; Yoon, Young Chul; Wi, Jin Hong

    2016-01-01

    Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia is a premalignant lesion reflecting a focal proliferation of atypical cells. These lesions are usually observed as incidental findings in lungs that have been resected due to other conditions, such as lung cancer. We report the youngest case of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia on record in a 12-year-old girl. In this patient, the lesion was found in association with pneumothorax.

  5. Solitary Atypical Adenomatous Hyperplasia in a 12-Year-Old Girl

    Jin, Moran; Lee, Yang-Haeng; Kim, Bomi; Yoon, Young Chul; Wi, Jin Hong

    2016-01-01

    Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia is a premalignant lesion reflecting a focal proliferation of atypical cells. These lesions are usually observed as incidental findings in lungs that have been resected due to other conditions, such as lung cancer. We report the youngest case of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia on record in a 12-year-old girl. In this patient, the lesion was found in association with pneumothorax. PMID:27065090

  6. Type and location of findings in dental panoramic tomographs in 7-12-year-old orthodontic patients.

    Pakbaznejad Esmaeili, Elmira; Ekholm, Marja; Haukka, Jari; Waltimo-Sirén, Janna

    2016-05-01

    Objective The Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority in Finland has paid attention to the large numbers of dental panoramic tomographs (DPTs), particularly in 7-12-year-old children. The majority of these radiographs are taken for orthodontic reasons. Because of the high radiosensitivity of children, the size of the irradiated field should be carefully chosen to yield the necessary diagnostic information at the lowest possible dose. The purpose of the present study was, therefore, to assess the outcome of DPTs within this age group in terms of type and location of pathological findings. It was also hypothesized that DPTs of orthodontic patients rarely display unrestored caries. Materials and methods Four hundred and forty-one DPTs, taken of 7-12-year-old children in 2010-2014, were randomly sampled. The 413 of them (94%) that had been taken for orthodontic reasons were analysed. Results All pathologic findings were restricted to the tooth-bearing area and there was no pathology in the bone structure or any incidental findings in the region of temporomandibular joint. Unlike hypothesized, 27% of the orthodontic DPTs showed caries in deciduous teeth and 16% in permanent teeth. A sub-sample of 229 DPTs, analysed for developmental dental and occlusal problems, most commonly displayed crowding (50%), positional anomalies and local problems with tooth eruption (32%), as well as hyperodontia (15%). Conclusion Inclusion of only the actual area of interest in the image field should be considered case-specifically as a means to reduce the radiation dose. PMID:26634313

  7. Analysis of Related Factors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Children between 6 and 12 Years old in LiuZhou%柳州市6-12岁儿童罹患注意力缺陷-多动障碍的情况调查

    刘芳; 廖立红; 蒋宗顺

    2014-01-01

    object: to investigate Liuzhou children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - the prevalence of Method: the parents the SNAP-IV rating scale Liuzhou 6 public elementary school and a private elementary school a total of 1021 pupils aged between 6 and 12 years. Preliminary screening positive for children by child development behavior specialist outpatient follow-up, eliminate body disease of the nervous system disease and other serious mental illness, according to the American psychiatric association’s diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth edition to diagnose ADHD Result: the overall prevalence of 4.31%; Urban children prevalence rate 4.37%; Migrant children incidence of 4.26%, there was no statistically significant difference; Conclusion: the prevalence of ADHD Liuzhou children basic consistent with the national level; The prevalence of urban and rural children no difference.%目的:调查柳州市儿童注意力缺陷-多动障碍的发病情况。方法:采用SNAP-IV父母等级评定量表对柳州市6所公立小学和1所私立小学共计1021名6-12岁的小学生进行注意力缺陷-多动障碍的筛查,由儿童发育行为专科门诊对初步筛查结果呈阳性的儿童进行随访,按照美国精神病研究协会制定的精神障碍诊断标准以及第4版精神疾病的诊断和统计手册判断这些儿童是否患有注意力缺陷-多动障碍。结果:在本组儿童中,罹患ADHD的儿童占4.31%(44/1021)。男孩患此病的几率为5.63%(29/515),女孩患病的几率为2.96%(15/506),二者相比差异显著(X2=4.401,P=0.0360.05)。结论:柳州市儿童多动症的患病率与全国水平基本一致;城乡儿童ADHD的患病率相比较无显著差异。将SNAP-IV量表做为儿童ADHD的筛查量表进行ADHD发病率的调查简便易行,此法值得在基层医院推广使用。

  8. Ovarian Small Cell Carcinoma in a 12-year-old Girl: A Case Report

    Park, Sang Hyun; Kim, Young Tong; Kim, Sang Won; Yang, Seung Ha [Cheonan Hospital, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-05-15

    Small cell carcinoma of the ovary occurs mainly in young women and is extremely rare in a patient younger than 16 years of age. Early distant metastases or recurrence of this type of tumor is common and the response to chemotherapy or radiotherapy has been disappointing. The prognosis of this type of tumor is very poor. We report the ultrasonography, PET/CT and MRI findings of a small cell carcinoma of the ovary with severe peritoneal metastases in a 12-year-old girl.

  9. Ovarian Small Cell Carcinoma in a 12-year-old Girl: A Case Report

    Small cell carcinoma of the ovary occurs mainly in young women and is extremely rare in a patient younger than 16 years of age. Early distant metastases or recurrence of this type of tumor is common and the response to chemotherapy or radiotherapy has been disappointing. The prognosis of this type of tumor is very poor. We report the ultrasonography, PET/CT and MRI findings of a small cell carcinoma of the ovary with severe peritoneal metastases in a 12-year-old girl

  10. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast: a case report of a 12-year-old girl.

    Almohawes, Eman; Khoumais, Nuha; Arafah, Maria

    2015-10-01

    Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) of the breast is a benign lesion, characterized by a dense proliferation of stromal mesenchymal cells of myofibroblastic origin forming empty, slit-like channels. We report PASH in a 12-year-old girl with a huge rapidly enlarged right breast. Biopsy of the mass showed histopathologic features characteristic of PASH. Immunohistochemical studies revealed diffuse positive membranous immunoreactivity to CD34. Although it is a benign lesion, lumpectomy was performed to minimize the damage from developing breast tissue. PMID:26649107

  11. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast: a case report of a 12-year-old girl

    Eman Almohawes, MD

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH of the breast is a benign lesion, characterized by a dense proliferation of stromal mesenchymal cells of myofibroblastic origin forming empty, slit-like channels. We report PASH in a 12-year-old girl with a huge rapidly enlarged right breast. Biopsy of the mass showed histopathologic features characteristic of PASH. Immunohistochemical studies revealed diffuse positive membranous immunoreactivity to CD34. Although it is a benign lesion, lumpectomy was performed to minimize the damage from developing breast tissue.

  12. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre crianças de 4-12 anos no Crato, Estado do Ceará: um problema recorrente de saúde pública - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v33i1.8539 Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among 4- to 12-year-old children in Crato, Ceará State - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v33i1.8539

    Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo, foi estimada a frequência de parasitoses intestinais em 383 crianças do bairro Pinto Madeira em Crato, Estado do Ceará. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de inquérito domiciliar e de exame coproparasitológico abrangendo residências com crianças de quatro a 12 anos, foram utilizados os métodos de Kato-Katzo e Faust. Foi identificada uma associação de parasitoses intestinais com saneamento, disponibilidade e manuseio da água, com prevalência de Ascaris lumbricoides dentre os helmintos e Entamoeba sp. dentre os protozoários. Os dados obtidos demonstraram ainda a que prevalência de helmintos e protozoários foi significativamente maior para as crianças do sexo masculino de 4-5 anos e feminino de 6-7, filhos de mães com menor escolaridade, residentes nos domicílios com piores condições de abastecimento d’água e menor condições de higiene corporal e saneamento básico. Estes resultados sugerem que investimentos em infraestrutura básica e a adoção de políticas voltadas para melhorar a educação familiar poderiam contribuir significativamente na redução da prevalência das parasitoses intestinais em crianças.In this study, we estimated the frequency of intestinal parasites in 383 children in the Pinto Madeira neighborhood of Crato-Ceará State. A survey was conducted covering households with 4- to 12-year-old children, including interviews and coprological surveys using the Kato-Katz and Faust methods. An association was identified between intestinal parasitosis and sanitation, forms of use and availability of water. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba sp was demonstrated. The data also showed that the prevalence of helminths and protozoa was significantly higher for 4- to 5-year-old boys and 6- to 7-year-old girls, children of mothers with less education, living in households with poor conditions of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. These results suggest that investments in sanitary

  13. Determinantes de salud oral en población de 12 años Oral health determinant in 12 year-old population

    C Fernández González

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de caries y factores asociados con historia de caries y autopercepción de salud oral de escolares de 12 años de establecimientos educacionales municipalizados, comparando población urbana y rural en la Región del Maule, Chile. Material y Método: Estudio transversal en una muestra por conveniencia de 285 escolares de cuatro comunas de la Región. El examen clínico fue realizado por un examinador calibrado. Se midieron variables demográficas, índice COPD, Índice de higiene oral, autopercepción del estado de salud oral y última visita al dentista. Resultados: La prevalencia de caries fue 63.9%, sin diferencias significativa por sexo y área residencia. Los niños tienen 3.17 (95% IC 1.62-6.20 veces más riesgo de tener un COPD=0 en relación a las niñas; la higiene oral también se asoció a un COPD=0 (OR=0.24 95% IC 0.10-0.57. La higiene oral se asoció al área de residencia y nivel socioeconómico (NSE; los jóvenes urbanos tienen 5.6 veces más riesgo de tener una higiene óptima (95% IC 2.68-11.95 que los rurales y los jóvenes de NSE medio y bajo están protegidos de tener una higiene óptima (OR= 0.17 95% IC 0.04-0.66. La autopercepción de salud oral no se asoció a las variables estudiadas. Conclusiones: Los niños de establecimientos rurales presentaron los peores indicadores de salud oral. Los resultados evidencian inequidades de salud de los adolescentes de 12 años de los establecimientos educacionales municipalizados estudiados que ameritan el diseño de estrategias promocionales y preventivas acorde a sus necesidades.Aim: To determine caries prevalence and risk factor associated to caries experience and oral health self perception in 12 year-old school children. The study makes comparisons between urban and rural children of Maule Region, Chile. Subjets and Methods: Cross sectional study in a convenience sample of 285 school children from four counties. Oral examinations were carried

  14. Incidental detection of a small solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas after a traffic accident in a 12-year-old girl: a case report

    Kim Y

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Younglim Kim, Suk-Bae MoonDepartment of Surgery, Kangwon National University Hospital, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, South KoreaAbstract: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN is a rare tumor of the pancreas that tends to grow silently in patients at a young age, to a large size and mass. We report here a case of a small-sized SPN detected incidentally in a 12-year-old girl following a traffic accident. The tumor was 3.5 cm in maximal diameter and was found to have hemorrhagic necrosis without a solid component. Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy was performed which cured the patient. SPN is generally accepted to be a low grade malignant tumor, but its clinical behavior is sometimes unpredictable. Tumor size and the proportion of solid portion of the tumor have both recently been identified as predictors of malignancy. Although the initial presentation in this case was that of the traffic accident, the subsequent detection of a small, totally cystic SPN, and then the complete eradication of the lesion, led to a favorable outcome for the patient. Long-term monitoring should prevent any chance of recurrence.Keywords: pancreatic neoplasm, children, distal pancreatectomy

  15. Individual and Contextual Determinants of Periodontal Health in 12-Year-Old Schoolchildren in a Brazilian Capital City

    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro Jordão

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to describe periodontal health status and its association with individual and contextual factors among 12-year-old schoolchildren in a midwest Brazilian capital city. This cross-sectional study included data from an oral health survey carried out in 2010 in the city of Goiania, Brazil and secondary data obtained from the local health authority. Data were collected through oral clinical examinations and interviews. For assessment of periodontal status two components of the community periodontal index (CPI were used: calculus and bleeding after probing. Dependent variable was presence of any periodontal condition. Independent individual variables were the children’s sex and color/race, and their mother’s level of schooling. Contextual variables were related to the schools (type and existence of toothbrushing program and its geographic location in the health districts. Rao-Scott test and multilevel Poisson analysis were performed. The prevalence of calculus and/or bleeding was 7%. Brown color, public schools, and those located in health district with intermediate socioeconomic indicators were associated to a higher prevalence of this condition. The prevalence of adverse periodontal condition was low and the inequalities in its distribution were determined by individual as well as contextual factors related to the schools and the geographic area.

  16. The Need for Orthodontic Treatment among Vietnamese School Children and Young Adults

    Son Minh Nguyen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment among 12-year-old school children and 18-year-olds from Da Nang, Vietnam. Basic Research Design. A random representative sample of 200 12-year-old children from primary schools in Da Nang city was gathered. In addition, 200 18-year-old students were randomly selected from among the 4000 students studying at Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Vietnam. All the subjects were evaluated according to Angle’s molar relationship, the presence of malocclusion, and the components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (Dental Health Component, DHC, and Aesthetic Component, AC. Results. The DHC of index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN for 12-year-olds was in 60% of cases no or little, in 21% of cases moderate, and in 19% of cases definitive, while the prevalence of moderate and definitive need for treatment among the 18-year-olds was 24% and 30.5%, respectively. The prevalence of class III malocclusion, contact point displacement, and crossbite was higher in 18-year-olds than among the 12-year-olds, while the prevalence of increased overjet and increased overbite had decreased in 18-year-olds compared to the group of 12-year-olds. Conclusions. There is a strong need for orthodontic treatment in Vietnam’s population. The need for orthodontic treatment was determined by contact point displacement, crossbite, increased overjet, and increased overbite.

  17. 家庭护理干预对5~12岁单纯性肥胖儿童体重及心理适应行为的影响%The impact of family nursing intervention on body weight and psychological adap-tive behavior of children of 5 -12 years old with simple obesity

    银青梅; 骆成珠; 张雪岚

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨家庭护理干预对单纯性肥胖儿童体重及心理适应行为的影响。方法对50名单纯性肥胖儿童随机分为对照组和干预组,干预组实施家庭护理干预后,比较两组儿童肥胖度和心理适应行为差异。结果干预组儿童的肥胖度和对照组的相比明显下降;干预组儿童的心理适应行为和对照组的相比有明显改善。结论家庭护理干预能有效控制单纯性肥胖儿童体重和改善其心理适应行为。%Objective To investigate the impact of family nursing intervention on body weight and psychological adaptive behavior of children with simple obesity.Methods A total of 50 children with simple obesity were randomly divided into control group and interven-tion group, the intervention group adopted family nursing intervention, two groups were compared with children's obesity degree and psycho-logical adaptation behavior.Results The obesity degree of children with family nursing intervention decreased significantly compared to the control group children;And the psychological adaptive behavior of children with family nursing intervention was significantly improved com-pared to the control group children.Conclusions Family nursing intervention can effectively control the weight of children with simple obesi-ty and improve their psychological adaptive behavior.

  18. Enterococcal cerebellopontine angle abscess in a 12-year-old female

    Sonavane Alka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite advances in imaging and antibiotic treatment, brain abscess is still encountered occasionally. Various aerobic and anaerobic bacteria have been reported as causative agents of brain abscess but only a few cases of enterococcal brain abscesses have been reported. Here we report a case of brain abscess in a 12-year-old female patient, who presented with a history of fever, chills, headache, convulsions since seven days and history of altered sensorium and aphasia since the last two days . The patient had chronic suppurative otitis media of both ears following trauma and presented with ear discharge. The diagnosis of brain abscess was done by computerized tomography scan and the pus was aspirated by left suboccipital burr hole operation. Enterococcus species was cultured from the aspirated pus sample. The patient responded to surgical drainage and antibiotic treatment.

  19. Artificial Grammar Learning in Primary School Children with and without Developmental Dyslexia

    Pavlidou, Elpis V.; Williams, Joanne M.; Kelly, Louise M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores implicit learning in typically developing and primary school children (9-12 years old) with developmental dyslexia using an artificial grammar learning (AGL) task. Two experiments were conducted, which differed in time of presentation and nature of the instructional set (experiment 1-implicit instructions vs experiment…

  20. Distribution of interleukin-6-634C/G promotor gene polymorphism in 8-12-year-old children and its correlation with nutrition%白细胞介素-6基因启动子区域634位点单核苷酸多态性分布及其与儿童营养状况的相关性

    陈鸿; 席卫平; 周永安; 赵瑞; 姚丽英; 张存勖

    2011-01-01

    ,与维生素D缺乏性疾病无关,可能与骨代谢无关.25-羟维生素D与血糖、血脂均无关,与儿童超重及肥胖无关.%Objective To explore the correlation between IL-6-634C/G gene promoter polymorphism and body mass index (BMI),blood sugar (BS),25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH-D),and serum lipid levels by investigating in 8-12-year-old Han children in Shanxi province,China.Methods In Datong city of Shanxi province,214 8-12-year-old children were enrolled after obtaining informed consent from their parents.The weight and height were measured and the BMI was calculated.BS,serum lipids,and 25-OH-D were determined.IL-6-634C/G polymorphism were detected by polymerase chain reaction restricted fragment length polymorphism.The effects of genotype on BMI,BS,serum lipids,and 25-OH-D were also studied.Results The genotypes of IL-6-634C/G polymorphism in 214 cases were GG ( 15% ),GC (40%),and CC (45%).The percentages of C and G allele frequencies were 65% and35%.The genotypes and allele frequencies showed no gender differences ( P > 0.05 ).However,significantly different GG genotypes frequencies were found between overweight and obese children (38.3%) and other children ( normal weight children: 7.3% ; thin children: 10.9% ) (x2 =14.715,P =0.006).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that IL-6-634C/G polymorphisms and triglyceride were correlated with overweight and obesity (P < 0.05 ).25-OH-D was not correlated with BMI (r =0.075,P =0.528),BS ( r =0.018,P =0.880 ),triglyceride ( r =- 0.097,P =0.417 ),high density lipoprotein cholesterin ( r =0.038,P =0.751 ),and low density lipoprotein cholesterin ( r =- 0.028,P =0.817 ).25-OH-D was not significantly different between overweight and obesity children.The distribution of three genotypes showed no correlation with 25-OH-D deficiency (x2 =0.622,P =0.733 ).Conclusions IL-6-634C/G polymorphism exists in Han children in Shanxi province.IL-6 gene 634 GG genetype is a risk factor of

  1. Txt Msg N School Literacy: Does Texting and Knowledge of Text Abbreviations Adversely Affect Children's Literacy Attainment?

    Plester, Beverly; Wood, Clare; Bell, Victoria

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on two studies which investigated the relationship between children's texting behaviour, their knowledge of text abbreviations and their school attainment in written language skills. In Study One, 11-12-year-old children provided information on their texting behaviour. They were also asked to translate a standard English…

  2. Working Memory, Attention, Inhibition, and Their Relation to Adaptive Functioning and Behavioral/Emotional Symptoms in School-Aged Children

    Vuontela, Virve; Carlson, Synnove; Troberg, Anna-Maria; Fontell, Tuija; Simola, Petteri; Saarinen, Suvi; Aronen, Eeva T.

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigated the development of executive functions (EFs) and their associations with performance and behavior at school in 8-12-year-old children. The EFs were measured by computer-based n-back, Continuous Performance and Go/Nogo tasks. School performance was evaluated by Teacher Report Form (TRF) and behavior by TRF and Child…

  3. Genetic and environmental influences on analogical and categorical verbal and spatial reasoning in 12-year old twins.

    Mosing, Miriam A; Mellanby, Jane; Martin, Nicholas G; Wright, Margaret J

    2012-09-01

    Research on the genetic influences on different abstract reasoning skills (fluid intelligence) and their interrelation (especially in childhood/adolescence) has been sparse. A novel cognitive test battery, the Verbal and Spatial Reasoning test for Children (VESPARCH 1), consisting of four matched (in terms of test-procedure and design) subtests assessing verbal [analogical (VA) and categorical (VC)] and spatial [analogical (SA) and categorical (SC)] reasoning, was administered to a population based sample of 12-year old twins (169 pairs). Multivariate analysis was conducted to explore the genetic relationship between the four cognitive sub-domains. Heritabilities were 0.62 (VA), 0.49 (VC), 0.52 (SA), and 0.20 (SC). Genetic influences were due to one common factor with no specific genetic influences. This shared genetic factor also explained almost the entire covariance between the domains, as environmental variance was largely specific to each subtest. The finding of no genetic influences specific to each subtest may be due to the uniquely matched design of the VESPARCH 1, reducing confoundment of different test modalities used in conventional tests. For future research or when interpreting previous studies, our findings highlight the importance of taking such potential artefacts (i.e. different test modalities for different sub-domains) into account when exploring the relationship between cognitive sub-domains. PMID:22552739

  4. Right hepatic vein injury after blunt abdominal trauma in a 12-year-old boy- case report

    Blunt abdominal trauma in children is one of the most frequent causes of hospitalization. We present a rare case of traumatic liver injury. A 12-year-old boy was admitted to the Surgery Department after a bicycle fall and handlebar impact injury to the right infracostal area. At admission he was stable, with no abnormalities except for a subcutaneous hepatoma found in the injured area. Abdominal ultrasound examination revealed free intraperitoneal fluid. Computed tomography (CT) revealed irregular branching laceration of the right superior hepatic segments with extension into the hepatic veins. No active extravasation of contrast material was seen. On the next day, cause of the deterioration of the patient's condition, CT examination was repeated and revealed focal extravasation of contrast material in the portal hilum posterior to the gallbladder. An injury of the right hepatic vein was found on laparotomy. Hepatic vein injury is a rare but very serious complication after blunt liver trauma and it is an indication for surgical treatment. Diagnostic imaging is essential for therapeutic decisions, but its value is sometimes limited.The precise analysis of injury mechanism and localization may be very helpful.CT is currently the modality of choice for the evaluation of blunt liver trauma. If an active bleeding is suspected the delayed scans seem to be recommended. (author)

  5. Prevalência de cárie e necessidades de tratamento em escolares de 6 a 12 anos da rede pública de ensino Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in 6 to 12 year-old schoolchildren at public schools

    Maria do Carmo Matias Freire

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conhecer a prevalência de cárie e necessidades de tratamento em escolares do interior do Estado de Goiás, Brasil. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi constituída de 1.419 escolares de 6 a 12 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos, que freqüentavam 25 escolas públicas na zona urbana de 9 municípios. RESULTADOS: A percentagem de escolares livres de cárie foi muito baixa em todas as idades, sendo 4,4% aos 12 anos. O índice CPO-D variou de 0,41 aos 6 anos a 5,19 aos 12 anos. O índice ceo-d nesta faixa etária variou de 4,93 a 0,29. As necessidades de tratamento superaram as necessidades atendidas, tanto na dentição decídua quanto na permanente. CONCLUSÃO: A alta prevalência de cárie em escolares do interior de Goiás sugere a necessidade de se implantar medidas educativas e preventivas em saúde bucal que intervenham nos reais determinantes da doença na população.OBJECTIVE: To assess dental caries prevalence and treatment needs of schoolchildren in the State of Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: The study population consisted of 6-12-yr-old schoolchildren (n=1,419, male and female, attending 25 public schools located in the urban area of 9 provincial cities in the State of Goiás. RESULTS: Percentage of caries-free schoolchildren was very low at all ages (4.4% at age 12. Mean DMF-T ranged from 0.41 at age 6 to 5.19 at age 12. Mean dmf-t in this age group ranged from 4.93 to 0.29. Treatment needs were higher than the proportion of treated teeth in both deciduous and permanent dentition. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of dental caries found in schoolchildren in the provincial cities of Goiás suggests the need for oral health education and preventive programs targeted at the underlying causes of the disease on a population level.

  6. Sentimento de gratidão em crianças de 5 a 12 anos El sentimiento de gratitud en niños de 5 a 12 años The feeling of gratitude in 5- to 12-year-old children

    Lia Beatriz de Lucca Freitas

    2009-06-01

    el bienfactor. Los datos encontrados, discutidos a la luz de la literatura, sujeren nuevas cuestiones de investigación.Results are presented from a study about the development of the feeling of gratitude in childhood. The participants were 12 children, distributed equally across three age groups (5-6, 7-8, and 11-12 years and by sex. The study used three stories about hypothetical situations, each focusing on a different type of benevolent action. Following each story, a clinical interview was conducted with each child. The results suggest a difference among the age groups in terms of the types of positive feeling attributed to the beneficiary of the action. Although few participants referred explicitly to this, considering the beneficiary's changed feeling state appears to contribute to the understanding of gratitude. The results reveal significant differences among the three age groups in the types of relation established between the satisfaction felt by the beneficiary and the benefactor. These results, discussed in light of the literature, suggest new research questions.

  7. Dental and oral health of 12 years old children from rural-urban arrears in Stip

    Naskova, Sanja; Iljovska, Snezana; Pavlevska, Meri; Denkova, Natasa; Veninov, T

    2013-01-01

    Indivisible part of the body's oral cavity and all that happens in it has multifunctional significance. Every part of this complex has a specific role. Oral and dental health were followed through - registration of oral hygiene index.

  8. Mesenteric pseudoaneurysm in a 12-year-old girl with abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding

    We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with a mesenteric pseudoaneurysm and abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring multiple blood transfusions. The pseudoaneurysm was treated successfully with transarterial microcoil embolization. Pseudoaneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of tuberculosis and understanding the imaging characteristics and treatment options will help to guide appropriate therapy. (orig.)

  9. Mesenteric pseudoaneurysm in a 12-year-old girl with abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding

    Corby, Rodney; Cranford, Caroline; Ha, Thuong Van; Yousefzadeh, David [University of Chicago Hospitals, Department of Radiology, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2006-05-15

    We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with a mesenteric pseudoaneurysm and abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring multiple blood transfusions. The pseudoaneurysm was treated successfully with transarterial microcoil embolization. Pseudoaneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of tuberculosis and understanding the imaging characteristics and treatment options will help to guide appropriate therapy. (orig.)

  10. Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification in a 12-year-old girl presenting as chronic mesenteric ischemia: imaging findings and angioplasty results

    We report an unusual case of chronic mesenteric ischemia presenting in a 12-year-old girl with idiopathic infantile arterial calcinosis (IIAC). This is the first reported case in the literature of chronic mesenteric ischemia in the setting of IIAC. The girl presented with a classical history of postprandial abdominal pain. Imaging demonstrated significant stenoses of the celiac axis, superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). Angioplasty of the celiac axis and SMA was attempted, with successful dilation of the SMA only. At 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-ups, the child's symptoms had almost resolved. This case report has three important ramifications: chronic mesenteric ischemia is a possible clinical presentation in children with IACC, pre-angioplasty imaging is important in guiding treatment approach, and angioplasty was effective in this case of chronic mesenteric ischemia and offers hope for other similarly affected children. (orig.)

  11. Caries Risk Assessment Among School Children in Davangere City Using Cariogram

    Umesh Kemparaj; Sangeeta Chavan; Nagesh Laxminarayan Shetty

    2014-01-01

    Background: To assess the caries risk among 12-years old children using the Cariogram and to evaluate it by comparing with the actual change in DMFT and DMFS over a period of two year. Methods: A two year prospective study was conducted among 12 years age group school going children in Davangere city. At the baseline relevant and required information regarding the oral hygiene, diet, fluoride usage were obtained using a specially prepared pro forma and the saliva samples were collected fr...

  12. Feasibility of microcoria optometry in screening for ametropia in school-age children

    Zhe Su; Lin Xiao; Peng-Fei Liu

    2015-01-01

    AIM:To discuss the feasibility of microcoria optometry in screening for children ametropia. METHODS: Totally 217 school-age children were selected, included 94 first-grade students(6~8 years old)and 123 fourth-grade students(9~12 years old). Refractive diopter was measured with automatic refractor RM-8000 to evaluate the accuracy of micocoria optometry in screening ametropia. RESULTS: After cycloplegia, both the mean sphere diopter and cylinder diopter in grade one students changed significan...

  13. A Case of Idiopathic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy in a 12-year-old Male Treated with Bevacizumab

    Kim, Yu Cheol; Kim, Si Dong; Kim, Kwang Soo

    2012-01-01

    A 12-year-old male presented with a chief complaint of a 1-month-history of decreased visual acuity in his right eye. The patient had no past history of steroid use or other systemic diseases. On fundus examination, which included fluorescent angiography (FAG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), the patient was diagnosed with idiopathic central chorioretinopathy, whose clinical course was monitored without any specific treatments. At the time of admission, the best-corrected visual acuity...

  14. Neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas causing biliary obstruction in a 12 year-old girl: A case report and literature review

    Kimberly A. Bertens

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pancreatic tumors are uncommon in children and rarely result in biliary obstruction. A previously well 12-year old female presented with a one-week history of fatigue, pruritis, and painless jaundice. Abdominal ultrasound demonstrated a mass in the pancreatic head associated with dilation of the common bile duct. Further workup included abdominal MRI, CT and endoscopic retrograde pancreaticogram (ERCP with biliary stenting. Octreotide scan did not reveal uptake in the pancreatic tumor. Percutaneous biopsies were consistent with a grade 2 pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET. Preoperative imaging demonstrated involvement of the portal vein. The patient was brought the operating room for a pancreaticoduodenectomy and portal vein resection. Final pathology revealed a T3N1M0 pancreatic NET. The patient recovered uneventfully.

  15. Factors Influencing Obesity on School-Aged Children

    Soepardi Soedibyo; Tinuk Meilany

    2006-01-01

    School-aged children of 6-12 year old in big cities have less physical activities and relax life style. Fast food and soft drink consumed contain high calorie and protein of protein and carbohydrate sources. Obesity has impact on children’s growth and development especially on psychosocial aspect. The factors that play a role in supporting the obesity occurrence in children include socio-economic condition, behavior and life style and diet. A cross sectional descriptive –analytic study was co...

  16. Orthodontic treatment need in a group of 9-12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren

    Patricia Fernanda Dias; Rogerio Gleiser

    2009-01-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment in Brazilian schoolchildren presenting both late mixed dentition and early permanent dentition as well as to determine the possible factors associated with this necessity. Our randomly selected sample consisted of 407 schoolchildren aged between 9 and 12 years from Nova Friburgo (State of Rio de Janeiro), Brazil. All the children were evaluated according to the two components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOT...

  17. Liver abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in a healthy 12-year-old boy

    Da Hye Yoon

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA is rare in healthy children. We report a case of PLA in an immunocom­ petent 12­year­old boy. Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed for the abscess. In addition, parenteral antibiotics were administered for 3 weeks. Klebsiella pneumoniae was detected in the culture of blood and drained fluid. Here, we present this case and a brief review of the literature on this subject.

  18. Orthodontic treatment need in a group of 9-12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren

    Patricia Fernanda Dias

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment in Brazilian schoolchildren presenting both late mixed dentition and early permanent dentition as well as to determine the possible factors associated with this necessity. Our randomly selected sample consisted of 407 schoolchildren aged between 9 and 12 years from Nova Friburgo (State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. All the children were evaluated according to the two components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN, namely, the Dental Health Component (DHC and the Aesthetic Component (AC. Data analysis involved multiple logistic regression. Definite need for orthodontic treatment was found in 34.2% and 11.3% of the children according to, respectively, DHC and AC. The most prevalent malocclusions included the following: contact point displacement (crowding, crossbite, and increased overjet. Male gender, permanent dentition and aesthetic reasons were factors associated with a great need for orthodontic treatment. It was concluded that about one-third of the children evaluated had a definite need for orthodontic treatment. This necessity was greater in the permanent dentition, thus emphasizing the importance of an early identification of malocclusions and a timely referral of patients for treatment. The correlation between AC and DHC was considered important since they involve distinctive characteristics.

  19. They're My Words--I'll Talk How I Like! Examining Social Class and Linguistic Practice among Primary-School Children

    MacRuairc, Gerry

    2011-01-01

    The central role played by language in mediating school experience and the prestige accorded to standard language varieties within the field of education provide the broad rationale for this paper. This qualitative study, based on a friendship focus-group design, was conducted in two groups of 12-year-old children from contrasting "ideal type",…

  20. A Rare and Unusual Case of Burkitt's Lymphoma Presenting with a Prostate Mass in a 12-Year-Old Boy

    Sinclair, N.; Babyn, P; Kinloch, M.; R. Sinha

    2014-01-01

    Burkitt’s lymphoma is the most frequent subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in childhood. Radiographic findings are protean and can often overlap with other neoplastic and nonneoplastic processes. We present an unusual case of Burkitt’s lymphoma in a 12-year-old boy presenting with a one-week history of urinary retention, dysuria, and “tailbone pain,” as well as a 4-week history of jaw pain, initially treated as a dental abscess. On dental radiography, the patient was found to have resorption o...

  1. The successful use of extracorporeal photopheresis in a 12-year-old patient with refractory epidermolysis bullosa acquisita

    Liszewski, Walter; Omland, Silje Haukali; Gniadecki, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a rare autoimmune bullous disease of the mucosa and skin characterized by the presence of anti-collagen VII antibodies at the dermoepidermal junction. Most patients respond to immunosuppressive or antiinflammatory agents, although patients whose condition is ref...... refractory to these therapies will require more aggressive treatment. We present a 12-year-old girl with refractory epidermolysis bullosa acquisita who responded to extracorporeal photopheresis.......Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a rare autoimmune bullous disease of the mucosa and skin characterized by the presence of anti-collagen VII antibodies at the dermoepidermal junction. Most patients respond to immunosuppressive or antiinflammatory agents, although patients whose condition is...

  2. Benign sacrococcygeal teratoma incidentally found on routine scoliosis radiographs in a 12-year-old female: a case report

    Cunningham, Kelly M.; Chavhan, Govind B.; Ainsworth, Kelly E.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To describe the imaging characteristics of sacrococcygeal teratomas and to review appropriate diagnostic evaluation and management. Clinical Features: 12-year-old otherwise healthy, asymptomatic female with an incidental pelvic mass found on routine scoliosis radiographs. Intervention and Outcome: The pelvic mass was further evaluated by MRI and CT scan. Management consisted of successful surgical resection with no postoperative complications. Pathology confirmed a mature, benign, sacrococcygeal teratoma. Conclusions: Chiropractors manage patients with scoliosis, which may include radiographic surveillance. Familiarity with the radiographic features of masses such as sacrococcygeal teratomas is important for prompt diagnosis and management. PMID:27069263

  3. Management of a massive choledochal cyst in a 12 year-old girl: Which imaging modalities should be performed preoperatively?

    Shabnam Hamidi; Livingston, Michael H.; Amar Alnaqi; Yasmine Yousef; J. Mark Walton

    2016-01-01

    A previously well 12 year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a three-day history of fatigue, pruritus, and epigastric discomfort. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a cystic mass in the right upper quadrant measuring 17.0 × 13.2 × 11.7 cm. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed the diagnosis of a choledochal cyst and hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scintigraphy demonstrated a communication between the cyst and biliary tree. Percutaneous cholangiography was also perform...

  4. Orthodontic treatment need in a 12-year-old population in the Western Sahara.

    Puertes-Fernández, Neus; Montiel-Company, José María; Almerich-Silla, José Manuel; Manzanera, David

    2011-08-01

    The aim of this study was to establish orthodontic treatment need according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and Aesthetic Component (AC) and Dental Health Component (DHC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) and to determine its association with gender among Saharan schoolchildren. The study was carried out in accordance with World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for oral health surveys at 12 years of age. The sample comprised 248 Sahrawi children (135 girls and 113 boys) living in refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. None of the children had previously received any orthodontic treatment. A chi-square test was used to analyse the IOTN results by gender, and a Student's t-test was employed for the DAI results. The mean DAI was 23.32 with a standard deviation of 6.05, 4 percent with a very severe and 9.2 per cent with severe malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment need was 16.1 and 2.0 percent, respectively, according to grades 4 and 5 of the IOTN DHC, 13.7 percent according to the IOTN AC, and 28.6 percent according to the modified IOTN (IOTN DHC grades 4-5 and/or IOTN AC grades 8-10). There were no statistically significant differences by gender. The orthodontic treatment need of Western Saharan schoolchildren is similar to that reported by many recent studies in European and in Sub-Saharan countries. PMID:20926555

  5. A Prospective Study of Adverse Drug Reactions in 1 Month–12 Years Old Pediatric Patients

    Asawari Raut

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Adequate controlled clinical trials in pediatric population, especially in oncology and vaccinations are still insufficient due to ethical considerations. Certain conditions in children in general and in Indian children in particular, suggested the need for Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR monitoring. Thus this study was aimed to investigate the incidence of ADRs in pediatric populations. A prospective spontaneous reporting study was conducted over a period of six months from October 2012 to March 2013 in pediatric inpatients ward of Bharati Hospital in Pune. Reported ADRs were assessed for its causality by using WHO causality assessment scale, and its severity by using Hart wig Severity Scale. A total of 107 suspected ADRs were reported and evaluated from 54 patients, showing an overall incidence of 4.75%. Incidence rate of ADRs during hospitalization was 4.13%, while ADRs induced hospitalization was 0.62%. The gastrointestinal system (48.59% was the most affected, and antibiotics was the most common the drug class associated to ADRs. In term of causality, 55.14% of the reactions were classified as possible, while in term of severity, 64.49% were classified as moderate. Most patients (60.75% recovered from the incidence. Although the prevalence and severity of ADRs in pediatrics populations is reported to be higher than those of in adults, the incidence of ADRs in our study was only 4.75% which is lower than those of reported in adults, this may due to the spontaneous reporting system that used in this study.

  6. Loving and angry? Happy and sad? Understanding and reporting of mixed emotions in mother-child relationships by 6- to 12-year-olds.

    Heubeck, Bernd G; Butcher, Phillipa R; Thorneywork, Kristie; Wood, Jeff

    2016-06-01

    The Evaluative Space Model of emotions allows for the coactivation of positive-appetitive and negative-avoidant systems, but few studies have examined mixed emotions in child development. Existing research suggests children's understanding of opposite valence emotion combinations emerges by approximately 11 years of age. However, it is not yet clear whether various opposite valence combinations are understood at different ages, nor whether children can understand them in others before they have experienced such mixed emotions themselves. Semi-structured interviews with 97 children investigated whether they regarded six combinations of opposite valence mixed emotions as possible, could provide reasons for them, and report their own experience of each in the context of mother-child relationships. Both understanding that such combinations are possible and ability to provide reasons for them increased after age 6 and up to age 11, but were still incomplete in 12-year-olds. Understanding of different opposite valence combinations developed at different rates. At each age, fewer children who showed understanding of these combinations in others reported having had a similar experience themselves. The findings suggest a need to systematically examine a range of mixed emotions in order to develop a comprehensive theory of the development of mixed emotion understanding. They also suggest extending research into adolescence. PMID:26676630

  7. Food habits, physical activities and sedentary lifestyles of eutrophic and obese school children: a case–control study

    Vilchis-Gil, Jenny; Galván-Portillo, Marcia; Klünder-Klünder, Miguel; Cruz, Miguel; Flores-Huerta, Samuel

    2015-01-01

    Background Civilization has produced lifestyle changes; currently, people ingest more calories than are expended, resulting in obesity. This study assessed the association between dietary habits, physical activities, and sedentary behaviors and the risk of obesity in schoolchildren in Mexico City. Methods Of 1,441 children (6–12 years old) screened in elementary schools, 202 obese (BMI ≥95th pc) and 200 normal-weight children (BMI 25th- 75th pc), as defined by the 2000 CDC criteria, were incl...

  8. Association of Obesity with Food Habits and Body Image in School Children of Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand

    AM Alavi Naini; Amini, M; M. Karajibani; AL Khalilian; S Nourisaeedloo; Salimi, M; KH Shafaghi; J Yhoung-aree

    2006-01-01

    In order to assess the relationship between obesity with food habit and body image, this case control study was conducted among 85 urban primary school children male and female aged 10-12 years old, attending Anuban School in Nakhon Pathom Province, in Thailand. Two different questionnaires were used for data collection for caregivers and students. The standard used for definition of overweight and obesity was body mass index [BMI]. Obesity was defined as percentile ≥ 95th of the se...

  9. Sex Differences in Using Spatial and Verbal Abilities Influence Route Learning Performance in a Virtual Environment: A Comparison of 6- to 12-Year Old Boys and Girls.

    Merrill, Edward C; Yang, Yingying; Roskos, Beverly; Steele, Sara

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies have reported sex differences in wayfinding performance among adults. Men are typically better at using Euclidean information and survey strategies while women are better at using landmark information and route strategies. However, relatively few studies have examined sex differences in wayfinding in children. This research investigated relationships between route learning performance and two general abilities: spatial ability and verbal memory in 153 boys and girls between 6- to 12-years-old. Children completed a battery of spatial ability tasks (a two-dimension mental rotation task, a paper folding task, a visuo-spatial working memory task, and a Piagetian water level task) and a verbal memory task. In the route learning task, they had to learn a route through a series of hallways presented via computer. Boys had better overall route learning performance than did girls. In fact, the difference between boys and girls was constant across the age range tested. Structural equation modeling of the children's performance revealed that spatial abilities and verbal memory were significant contributors to route learning performance. However, there were different patterns of correlates for boys and girls. For boys, spatial abilities contributed to route learning while verbal memory did not. In contrast, for girls both spatial abilities and verbal memory contributed to their route learning performance. This difference may reflect the precursor of a strategic difference between boys and girls in wayfinding that is commonly observed in adults. PMID:26941701

  10. Massive low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma presenting as acute respiratory distress in a 12-year-old girl

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare soft-tissue sarcoma that usually presents in young adults as a painless, slow-growing mass. Evans first described LGFMS in 1987 as a spindle-cell sarcoma with bland histological features and paradoxically aggressive behavior. Although young adults are most frequently affected, recent reports describe pediatric cases being increasingly more common. Males and females are affected approximately equally and common locations include the deep soft tissue of the lower extremity, particularly the thigh and trunk. Primary occurrence within the chest cavity is exceedingly rare. Local recurrence and metastasis are not uncommon and present the clinician and radiologist with challenges regarding follow-up recommendations. Review of the literature reveals many cases of slowly progressive symptoms related to a mass effect. We present a healthy 12-year-old African-American girl who interestingly developed acute symptoms of shortness of breath and chest pain while playing with her brother. (orig.)

  11. Massive low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma presenting as acute respiratory distress in a 12-year-old girl

    Steiner, Michael A.; Giles, Henry W. [University of Mississippi, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Jackson, MS (United States); Daley, William P. [University of Mississippi, Department of Pathology, Jackson, MS (United States)

    2009-04-15

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare soft-tissue sarcoma that usually presents in young adults as a painless, slow-growing mass. Evans first described LGFMS in 1987 as a spindle-cell sarcoma with bland histological features and paradoxically aggressive behavior. Although young adults are most frequently affected, recent reports describe pediatric cases being increasingly more common. Males and females are affected approximately equally and common locations include the deep soft tissue of the lower extremity, particularly the thigh and trunk. Primary occurrence within the chest cavity is exceedingly rare. Local recurrence and metastasis are not uncommon and present the clinician and radiologist with challenges regarding follow-up recommendations. Review of the literature reveals many cases of slowly progressive symptoms related to a mass effect. We present a healthy 12-year-old African-American girl who interestingly developed acute symptoms of shortness of breath and chest pain while playing with her brother. (orig.)

  12. GRANULAR CELL TUMOR OF TONGUE IN A 12 YEAR OLD GIRL: A CASE REPORT & REVIEW OF LITERATURE

    Arya

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available : Granular cell tumor (GCT or Abrikossoff’s tumor, variously termed as myoblastoma, granular cell neurofibroma or granular cell schwannoma, is a rare entity, with a reported prevalence ranging from 0.019% to 0.03% of all human neoplasms. It can occur in any region of the body or soft tissues of any organ. It has been found that GCTs of the oral cavity can occur both in pediatric and advanced age, but their incidence usually peaks between the fourth and the sixth decade, while their occurrence before the age of 20 years is very rare. Here we represent a case of GCT affecting tongue of a 12 year old girl, which is a rare occurrence. Clinical & histopathological features have been discussed, also mentioning presence & distribution of immunohistochemical markers & a brief review of recent literature.

  13. Posterior mediastinal biphasic synovial sarcoma in a 12 year-old boy: A case report and review of literature

    Pal Madhumay

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of biphasic synovial sarcoma of the mediastinum, a very rare tumor, in a 12-year-old boy with left-sided chest pain of 3 years duration at presentation. Chest X-ray showed left-sided opacity with loss of cardiac silhouette and the mediastinum deviated to the opposite side. Computed tomography (CT of thorax showed left-sided posterior mediastinal mass with left-sided pleural effusion and pleural thickening. CT guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC from the mass reported it as spindle cell variant of adenocarcinoma. Ultrasonography (USG of the whole abdomen revealed no abnormality. The mediastinal tumor was resected by left thoracotomy and histopathological report confirmed it to be a biphasic synovial sarcoma with capsule invasion at places.

  14. Bullied Children: Parent and School Supports

    Honig, Alice Sterling; Zdunowski-Sjoblom, Nicole

    2014-01-01

    Family interviews were conducted with 28 7-12-year-old children who had experienced various forms of bullying and relational aggression by their peers, as well as with their parent and with an older sibling. Interviews explored possible supportive strategies of older siblings, parents, and teachers. All bullied children reported negative feelings…

  15. Factors Influencing Obesity on School-Aged Children

    Soepardi Soedibyo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available School-aged children of 6-12 year old in big cities have less physical activities and relax life style. Fast food and soft drink consumed contain high calorie and protein of protein and carbohydrate sources. Obesity has impact on children’s growth and development especially on psychosocial aspect. The factors that play a role in supporting the obesity occurrence in children include socio-economic condition, behavior and life style and diet. A cross sectional descriptive –analytic study was conducted on elementary school students in Jakarta, to identify factors that play roles on obesity of school-aged children. (Med J Indones 2006; 15:43-54Keywords: childhood obesity, weight shape index, body mass index

  16. Combined zinc and iron compared with iron supplementation of diets of 6- to 12-year old village schoolchildren in southern Iran.

    Mahloudji, M; Reinhold, J G; Haghshenass, M; Ronaghy, H A; Fox, M R; Halsted, J A

    1975-07-01

    The effects of supplementation of the diets of 6- to 12-year-old children in a village near Shiraz in Iran with zinc plus iron or iron alone, together with the indispensable amino acids in the form of egg white protein, vitamins, minerals, and corn oil have been evaluated. Initially 48 of 59 children had zinc concentrations below the minimum found in well-nourished persons. Eight months of supplementation with zinc plus iron (20 mg daily of elemental zinc as carbonate and 20 mg ferrous iron as fumarate) failed to stimulate growth or bone development or to bring about an increase in plasma zinc concentrations. However, supplementation with iron in the above amount was associated with an acceleration of growth in height and weight. The persistence of low concentrations of zinc in plasma and the failure of supplemental zinc to stimulate growth are attributed to the poor availability of both dietary and supplemental zinc resulting from sequestering action of fiber and phytate present in large amounts in the unleavened whole meal bread consumed by villagers. In addition, the results suggest that simultaneous administration of iron and zinc supplements may impair utilization of the metals. PMID:1146725

  17. Central low-grade osteosarcoma with an unusual localization in the diaphysis of a 12-year old patient

    Low-grade central osteosarcoma is a very rare subtype of osteosarcoma with a predilection for the metaphysis of long bones and a peak incidence in the 3rd decade of life. Absence of specific clinical symptoms and a good prognosis after wide resection are the characteristics of this entity. Chemotherapy is not indicated in this highly differentiated tumour. A 12-year old girl presented with limping, swelling and pain in the mid of the left femur. Radiography showed a 12 cm long intraosseous expansion with lamellated periosteal reaction and contrast medium enhancement in MRI. Although radiology led to the differential diagnoses of Ewing’s sarcoma, osteomyelitis and fibrous dysplasia, the histological specimen showed a hyopocellular spindle-cell proliferation arranged in fascicles with mild cytologic atypia and only single mitotic figures. In synopsis with radiology the diagnosis of low-grade central osteosarcoma was made and confirmed by reference pathology. The tumour was resected with wide margins and reconstruction was performed with a vascularized fibula, a homologous allograft and a plate. Staging was negative for recurrence and metastasis at a follow-up of 16 months. Low-grade osteosarcoma accounts for only 1% of all osteosarcomas with a peak incidence in the 3rd decade. The diaphyseal localization and the young age make this case special. To achieve the correct diagnosis of this rare low-grade entity and thereby the adequate treatment, despite a wide range of differential diagnoses, a multidisciplinary approach is essential

  18. Epidemiology of traumatic injuries to the permanent incisors of 9-12-year-old schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria.

    Marcenes, W; al Beiruti, N; Tayfour, D; Issa, S

    1999-06-01

    This cross-sectional survey was carried out to assess epidemiological data concerning dental injuries to the permanent incisors of Syrian children. It included 1087 children aged 9 to 12 years, of both sexes, randomly selected from public and private primary schools in Damascus. The response rate was 100%. The prevalence of traumatic injuries to the permanent incisors rose from 5.2% at the age of 9 years to 11.7% at the age of 12 years (P = 0.007). The difference in prevalence between boys and girls was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The majority (59.8%) of children who had experienced injuries to the permanent incisors reported that they were not taken to the dentist for evaluation or treatment of the damage. Among those children who had experienced traumatic injuries to the teeth 93.1% presented with untreated damage. Because some injuries were minor, such as small enamel fractures, the proportion of children who needed treatment was 63.2%. There was a tendency for children with an incisal overjet greater than 5 mm to have experienced dental injuries (P = 0.06). Children with inadequate lip coverage were more likely to have experienced dental injuries than those with adequate lip coverage (P = 0.000). The most common reported cause of injuries to the permanent incisors was violence (42.5%), followed by traffic accidents (24.1%), collisions with people or inanimate objects (16.0%) and falls (9.1%). In conclusion, traumatic dental injury may pose a serious dental public health problem. PMID:10530154

  19. Dental fluorosis: prevalence and associated factors in 12-year-old schoolchildren in Goiânia, Goiás

    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro Jordão

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of dental fluorosis, to investigate its association with individual and contextual variables among 12-year-old schoolchildren, and to determine whether there were changes in the prevalence of this condition from 2003 to 2010.METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from an oral health survey carried out in Goiânia, Goiás, in 2010 (n = 2,075, and secondary data from the files of the local health authority. Clinical data were collected through oral examinations in public and private schools. The dependent variable was the presence of dental fluorosis, assessed using the Dean Index. The independent individual variables were sociodemographic characteristics (the child's gender and race, and the mother's level of schooling and those related to clinical conditions (caries experience, evaluated using Decayed, Missing, and Filled teeth index; and presence of periodontal calculus and/or bleeding, evaluated using Community Periodontal Index. The contextual variables were linked to the school (type and existence of toothbrushing program and its geographic location in the city's health districts. The Rao-Scott test was performed, and the percentage difference between the prevalences in the period from 2003 to 2010 was calculated.RESULTS: The prevalence of dental fluorosis in 2010 was 18.7%, being distributed as very mild (11.2%, mild (4.4%, moderate (2.6%, and severe (0.5%. No significant association was found between prevalence of dental fluorosis and the investigated variables. The prevalence of fluorosis increased 230% from 2003 to 2010, and such difference was significant.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental fluorosis was low, predominantly of the very mild degree, has increased over a 7-year period, and was not associated with the individual or contextual factors studied.

  20. Effect of Low-fat Milk Consumption Compared to Apple Juice and Water on the Energy Intake Among 10-12-Year-Old Obese Boys: A Three-way Cross-over Clinical Trial

    Sanaz Mehrabani; Amin Salehi-Abargouei; Mehdi Asemi; Sepideh Mehrabani; Awat Feizi; Seyyed Morteza Safavi

    2014-01-01

    Background: Appetite lowering characteristics of dairy have attracted scientists to look for its effect on energy intake particularly among children. In the present study, we tried to assess the effect of low-fat milk on total and short-term energy intake among obese boys in a randomized three-way cross-over clinical trial. Methods: A total of 34 obese 10-12-year-old boys were randomized to consume three beverages (low-fat milk, apple juice, or water) with a fixed energy breakfast for two...

  1. Interrelation between Obesity, Oral Health, and Life-Style Factors among Turkish School Children

    Cinar, Ayse Basak; Murtomaa, Heikki

    2011-01-01

    Obesity, dental caries, and periodontal diseases are among major public health concerns which may affect children's growth and development. This study seeks any clustering between obesity, oral health, and life-style factors among school children in Istanbul, Turkey. A cross-sectional study...... of children, 10- to 12-year-olds, from a public and a private school was undertaken withquestionnaires for children and their mothers and childoral health data, in Istanbul (n = 611). DMFS (number of decayed, missing, and filled surfaces of permanent teeth), CPI (Community Periodontal Index), body mass index...... (BMI), and life-style factors (tooth-brushing frequency, milk consumption at breakfast and bedtimes on school nights) of children were examined. Data analysis included factor analysis, Student's t-test, and Chi-square tests by cross-tabulation. Public school children were more dentally diseased...

  2. The Association Between the Physical Environment of Primary Schools and Active School Transport

    Kann, D.H.H. van; Kremers, S.P.J.; Gubbels, J.S.; Bartelink, N.H.M.; Vries, S.I. de; Vries, N.K. de; Jansen, M.W.J.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between the physical environment characteristics of primary schools and active school transport among 3,438 5- to 12-year-old primary school children in the Netherlands. The environmental characteristics were categorized into four theory-based clusters (function,

  3. Perfil epidemiológico de cárie dentária em crianças de 12 anos de idade, residentes em cidades fluoretadas e não fluoretadas, na Região Centro-Oeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil An epidemiological profile of dental caries in 12-year-old children residing in cities with and without fluoridated water supply in the central western area of the State of São Paulo, Brazil

    Sílvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo pautou em analisar o perfil epidemiológico de cárie dentária na Região Centro-Oeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, em crianças de 12 anos de idade, segundo o gênero, comparando o índice CPOD em municípios fluoretados e não fluoretados. Foram utilizados os dados do Levantamento Epidemiológico do Estado de São Paulo - 1998, referentes à Direção Regional de Saúde - DIR X, representada por oito municípios. A amostra foi composta por 485 escolares, de ambos os gêneros, distribuídos pelos municípios. Os resultados demonstraram que na cidade de Pederneiras (médio porte, com flúor o CPOD foi igual a 7,06, valor maior do que o encontrado no Brasil em 1986. A maior prevalência de cárie dentária ocorreu nos meninos, quando comparados às meninas, demonstrando uma nova tendência à cárie dentária na região centro-oeste. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre CPOD de municípios de mesmo porte, independente da presença ou ausência de flúor na água, sugerindo o fenômeno da convergência. Possivelmente, pela ação da ingestão de outras fontes de flúor e a presença do efeito "halo". A prevalência de cárie na região esteve "alta", com CPOD igual a 4,82, não atingindo as metas para o ano 2000.This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological profile of dental caries in the central western region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil, focusing on 12-year-old children by gender, comparing the DMFT index in fluoridated and non-fluoridated cities. The study used data from the Epidemiological Surveys in the State of São Paulo, 1998, pertaining to the 10th Regional Health Directorate, including 8 cities. The sample consisted of 485 schoolchildren, both boys and girls, distributed by city. In Pederneiras (a medium-sized city with a fluoridated water supply, DMFT was 7.06, higher than the Brazilian national mean for 1986. Boys showed a higher prevalence of dental caries than girls, showing

  4. The Impact of a Thinking Skills Intervention on Children's Concepts of Intelligence

    Burke, Lynsey A.; Williams, Joanne M.

    2012-01-01

    The study reported was part of a large thinking skills intervention for 11-12-year-old children. This paper focuses on the impact of a thinking skills intervention on children's understandings of intelligence. A total of 178 children (n = 86 girls and n= 92 boys) across six schools participated in the study. Children were individually pre-tested…

  5. Encouraging results of radioiodine therapy in a 12-year-old boy with papillary carcinoma of the thyroid and pulmonary metastases

    The presented case report describes a 12-year-old boy with papillary thyroid carcinoma and lung metastases. Since the performance of primary therapy including surgery and double radioiodine therapy, up to now stable disease has been documented by negative iodine scans, decreasing TG values and normalizing chest X-rays, including CT. (orig.)

  6. Teaching Physics in the first years of Elementary School to children with ADHD

    Capossoli, Eduardo Folco; Fernandes, Sandro Soares

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we report on a Science Fair activity developed at Colegio Pedro II, a traditional Brazilian school, with a group of eight 8-12 years old Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) students. ADHD is usually a condition associated with underachievement at school. As part of working toward scientific literacy for students, we explored the idea of conservation of energy based on STS paradigm. At the same time, the learning experience was designed to stimulate children's poor executive function, or, more specifically, their ability to manage time and planning future tasks.

  7. EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN

    Filiz ARSLAN

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6–12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken education from first step of the Ankara-Cigiltepe Primary Education School. Mean age of school age children who were involved in study was 9.1±1.5. It was detemined that 43% of children (n=43 were watching TV more than 3 hours a day, 54% of them were watching TV to relieve their boredom and 48% of them were watching TV because they like watching. When the spare time activities of children were examined it was determined that they were spending their time by playing and making sportive activities with the highest rate (n=95, 26.1%, and television viewing was in the third order (n=61, 17.3%. In this study, it was determined that most of the children were watching TV under the offered time, children whose mother were not working were watching TV for longer time, and TV watching time of the children were increasing with increasing age. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2006; 5(6.000: 391-401

  8. The Prevalence of Bruxism and Correlated Factors in Children Referred to Dental Schools of Tehran, Based on Parents Report

    Bahman Seraj; Mehdi Shahrabi; Sara Ghadimi; Rahil Ahmadi; Jaleh Nikfarjam; Farid Zayeri; Fatemeh Pour-Taghi; Hadi Zare

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Bruxism is defined as the habitual nonfunctional forceful contact between occlusal tooth surfaces. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of bruxism and correlated factors in children referred to dental schools of Tehran, based on parents' report.Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 600 4-12 year-old children with a mean age of 7.4±2.4 years, who were referred to four dental schools in Tehran. After collecting information with questionnair...

  9. Factors associated with commencing smoking in 12-year-old students in Catalonia (Spain: a cross-sectional population-based study

    Basora Josep

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the last decade notable progress has been made in developed countries on monitoring smoking although experimenting with cigarettes and smoking in young people remains a serious public health problem. This paper reports a cross-sectional study at the beginning of the 3-year follow-up community study TA_BES. The aim was to study the prevalence of smoking in addition to determining predictive factors for when smoking commences in a representative population of 12-year-old first year compulsory secondary education students. Methods Twenty-nine secondary schools (N = 29 from an area of Catalonia participated in the study. In these schools 2245 students answered a questionnaire to study the attitudes, behaviors, and tobacco consumption in the subject's surrounding circle and family in relation to smoking; carbon monoxide measurements were taken by means of co-oximetry on 2 different occasions. A smoker was defined as a student who had smoked daily or occasionally in the last 30 days. For non-smokers the criteria of not considering was set up for those who answered that in the future they would not be smokers and considering those who answered that they did not rule out becoming a smoker in the future. Results Among the total 2245 students included in the analysis 157(7% were classified as smokers. Among non-smokers we differentiated between those not considering smoking 1757 (78.3% and those considering smoking 288 (12.8%. Age is among the factors related to commencing smoking. The risk of becoming a smoker increases 2.27 times/year. The influence of the group of friends with a very high risk for boys OR 149.5 and lower, albeit high, in girls OR 38.1. Tobacco consumption of parents produces different effects in young people. A smoking father does not produce alterations in the smoking behavior of young people. However having a smoking mother or former smoking is a risk factor for boys and a protective factor for girls. We

  10. Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents

    Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

  11. Criterion distances and environmental correlates of active commuting to school in children

    D'Haese Sara

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Active commuting to school can contribute to daily physical activity levels in children. Insight into the determinants of active commuting is needed, to promote such behavior in children living within a feasible commuting distance from school. This study determined feasible distances for walking and cycling to school (criterion distances in 11- to 12-year-old Belgian children. For children living within these criterion distances from school, the correlation between parental perceptions of the environment, the number of motorized vehicles per family and the commuting mode (active/passive to school was investigated. Methods Parents (n = 696 were contacted through 44 randomly selected classes of the final year (sixth grade in elementary schools in East- and West-Flanders. Parental environmental perceptions were obtained using the parent version of Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y. Information about active commuting to school was obtained using a self-reported questionnaire for parents. Distances from the children's home to school were objectively measured with Routenet online route planner. Criterion distances were set at the distance in which at least 85% of the active commuters lived. After the determination of these criterion distances, multilevel analyses were conducted to determine correlates of active commuting to school within these distances. Results Almost sixty percent (59.3% of the total sample commuted actively to school. Criterion distances were set at 1.5 kilometers for walking and 3.0 kilometers for cycling. In the range of 2.01 - 2.50 kilometers household distance from school, the number of passive commuters exceeded the number of active commuters. For children who were living less than 3.0 kilometers away from school, only perceived accessibility by the parents was positively associated with active commuting to school. Within the group of active commuters, a longer distance to school

  12. Bullying among Primary School Children in Athens, Greece.

    Pateraki, Lena; Houndoumadi, Anastasia

    2001-01-01

    Investigates bullying behavior in 8-12 year old children in Athens (Greece), using a self-report bullying inventory. Reports that 14.7 percent of children reported being victims of bullying, 6.25 percent stated that they were bullies, while 4.8 percent saw themselves as both. States that boys were usually in the latter categories. (CMK)

  13. The Prevalence of Anxiety and its related Factors among School-age Children in South West of Iran

    Zeinab Banaeipour; Shahnaz Rostami; Kourosh Zarea; Bahman Cheraghian

    2016-01-01

    Background Anxiety is one of the most common childhood disorders, so it is necessary to explore extend and its related factors in the students. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anxiety and the related factors of anxiety among the children aged 9-12 years. Materials and Methods At a descriptive-analytic study 623 children aged 9-12 year- old who were studying in the fourth to sixth grade of elementary school in Dezful city, were selected through multistage random samplin...

  14. Sociocultural Influences and Body Image in 9- to 12-Year-Old Girls: The Role of Appearance Schemas

    Clark, Levina; Tiggemann, Marika

    2007-01-01

    This study tested whether an individual's beliefs about the importance of appearance in their life is a mediator of sociocultural influences on body dissatisfaction in young girls. Participants were 265 girls in Grades 4 to 7 (M age = 10.71 years) from 5 private primary schools in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. Girls completed…

  15. Dental caries and dental fluorosis in 7-12-year-old schoolchildren in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil Cárie e fluorose dentária em escolares de 7 a 12 anos de idade em Catalão, Goiás, Brasil

    Priscila Ariede Petinuci Bardal; Kelly Polido Kaneshiro Olympio; Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf; José Roberto Magalhães Bastos

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Over the last two decades, the prevalence of dental caries in children has decreased and the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased. Knowledge on the epidemiologic conditions of a population is fundamental for the planning of health programs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among schoolchildren, in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: A random sample of 432 schoolchildren aged 7-12-years old was obtained. WHO (1997) criteria for de...

  16. Cephalometric analysis of hard and soft tissues in a 12-year-old syndromic child: A case report and update on dentofacial features of Crouzon syndrome

    K Nagaraju

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Crouzon syndrome or craniofacial dysostosis is a rare syndrome characterized by craniosynostosis, midfacial hypoplasia and exophthalmia. The abnormalities found in this syndrome change too much from case to case depending on the suture fusion order. We report a case of a 12 year old child and a mother showing variations in the dentofacial tissues clinically and radiographically. Subsequently, the application of digital software [Dolphin Imaging 11] enabled us to solve out the case as Crouzon syndrome by analyzing the skeletal and soft tissue alterations. An update of the effects of this syndrome on various systems and dentofacial features with emphasis on tooth abnormalities is documented.

  17. Dental caries and dental fluorosis in 7-12-year-old schoolchildren in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil Cárie e fluorose dentária em escolares de 7 a 12 anos de idade em Catalão, Goiás, Brasil

    Priscila Ariede Petinuci Bardal

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Over the last two decades, the prevalence of dental caries in children has decreased and the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased. Knowledge on the epidemiologic conditions of a population is fundamental for the planning of health programs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among schoolchildren, in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: A random sample of 432 schoolchildren aged 7-12-years old was obtained. WHO (1997 criteria for dental caries and fluorosis diagnosis were used. RESULTS: The DMFT indexes were 0.97; 1.20; 1.80; 1.62; 2.40 and 2.51 for 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 years old, respectively. Analysis of dental fluorosis for the same ages presented higher prevalence at 12 years old and for the female gender. The percentage of questionable dental fluorosis (Dean's classification was 34.0%. Only 3% of the sample presented dental fluorosis with scores very mild, mild and moderate. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of caries in schoolchildren of Catalão, Goiás, Brazil, was low. In average, private schools showed better results than public schools; however, all schools presented a low DMFT index. In this study, dental fluorosis is not a public health problem and has not damaged dental esthetics.INTRODUÇÃO: Nas últimas duas décadas, a prevalência de cárie dentária tem diminuído e a prevalência de fluorose dentária tem aumentado. Para se planejar programas de saúde é fundamental conhecer o perfil epidemiológico das populações. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência de cárie dentária e fluorose dentária em escolares do município de Catalão, Goiás, Brasil. MÉTODOS: A amostra randomizada foi composta por 432 escolares de 7 a 12 anos de idade. Os critérios utilizados para determinar a prevalência de cárie dentária e fluorose seguiram a metodologia proposta pela OMS, 1997. RESULTADOS: Os valores do Índice CPOD foram de 0,97; 1,20; 1,80; 1,62; 2,40 e 2,51 para as idades de

  18. The Role of Inhibitory Control in Children's Cooperative Behaviors during a Structured Puzzle Task

    Giannotta, Fabrizia; Burk, William J.; Ciairano, Silvia

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the role of inhibitory control (measured by Stroop interference) in children's cooperative behaviors during a structured puzzle task. The sample consisted of 250 8-, 10-, and 12-year-olds (117 girls and 133 boys) attending classrooms in three primary schools in Northern Italy. Children individually completed an elaborated…

  19. Comparison of some physical and physiologic properties of soccer players and badminton players of 10-12 years old group

    Recep Kürkçü

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is aimed to compare some physical characteristics and physiological characteristics of adult footballer and badminton players. The subjects of the study were footballer (18 boys and were badminton players (12 boys who were volunteer at primary school in Şanlıurfa.The volunteers', took part in this study, age, height and the body weight average is determined like this respectively: Footballers: 11,77 ± 0,54 yıl, 151,40 ± 7,35 cm, 41,83 ± 10,27 kgBadminton players: ise11,58 ± 0,66 yıl, 147,37 ± 8,05 cm, 39,08 ± 9,56 kg Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, VC, FVC, FEV1 sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left-right hand gripping strength of subjects were measured. The differences between findings which were obtained by measurements from footballers and badminton players were considered with using "t-test" on SPSS Windows 11. According to the data, differences between age, height, body weight average, diastolic blood pressure VC, FVC, FEV1, sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left hand gripping strength were obtained pointless, in the mean time relaxing heart rate, and sit-reach test (P<0.01, systolic blood pressure and right hand gripping strength values were obtained purposeful on (P<0.05 level. In conclusion, physical and physiological characteristics of footballers and badminton players were affected by their sport branch furthermore, relaxing heart rate, systolic blood pressure, sit -reach 30 meters sprint, right hand gripping strength performance of footballers were obtained preferable.

  20. Comparison of some physical and physiologic properties of soccer players and badminton players of 10-12 years old group

    Recep Kürkçü

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is aimed to compare some physical characteristics and physiological characteristics of adult footballer and badminton players. The subjects of the study were footballer (18 boys and were badminton players (12 boys who were volunteer at primary school in Şanlıurfa. The volunteers', took part in this study, age, height and the body weight average is determined like this respectively:  Footballers: 11,77 ± 0,54 yıl, 151,40 ± 7,35 cm, 41,83 ± 10,27 kgBadminton players: ise11,58 ± 0,66 yıl, 147,37 ± 8,05 cm, 39,08 ± 9,56 kg    Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, VC, FVC, FEV1 sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left-right hand gripping strength of subjects were measured. The differences between findings which were obtained by measurements from footballers and badminton players were considered with using "t-test" on SPSS Windows 11.     According to the data, differences between age, height, body weight average, diastolic blood pressure VC, FVC, FEV1, sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left hand gripping strength were obtained pointless, in the mean time relaxing heart rate, and sit-reach test (P<0.01, systolic blood pressure and right hand gripping strength values were obtained purposeful on (P<0.05 level.     In conclusion,  physical and physiological characteristics of footballers and badminton players were affected by their sport branch furthermore, relaxing heart rate, systolic blood pressure, sit -reach 30 meters sprint, right hand gripping strength performance of footballers were obtained preferable.

  1. An Research on 6~12-years-old Childrens′s Physical Health Constitution in South Gansu Tibetan Area and the Influential Factors of Multidimensional Space%甘南藏区6~12岁儿童体质健康状况与多维空间影响因素研究

    赵亮; 张欢

    2016-01-01

    Research on gannan Tibetan areas 6~12 years old children's physical health consitituion, analysis of gannan Tibetan children's physical health level and the influence factors of multidimensional life space. according to the results of gannan Tibetan area 6~12 years old children's physical shape, physiological function and physical quality index is lower than the national aver-age, among them 6~9 aged male and female children's BMI index and vital capacity are below the national average, significant difference. With the increase of age and school age, these indicators compared with the national average gap is smaller, and there was no significant difference. Physical quality index space is highly relevant to education activities, and with the increase of school age, physical quality improve significantly. Conclusion:gannan Tibetan areas of preschool children's physical health level and the low age by traditional Tibetan society, family and religious life had a greater influence on the space. And physical health level of high age and school age children are greatly influenced by education activities, education activity space improvement of gannan Ti-betan children's physical health level of the most effective factors.%借由对甘南藏区6~12岁年龄段儿童体质健康状况的研究分析甘南藏区儿童体质健康水平与多维生活空间的影响因素。结果显示,甘南藏区6~12岁儿童身体形态、生理机能和身体素质等诸多指标低于全国平均水平,其中6~9岁年龄段男、女儿童BMI指数和肺活量均低于全国平均值,差异显著。随着年龄和学龄的增加,这些指标与全国平均值比较差距越来越小,而且无显著性差异。身体素质指标与教育活动空间高度相关,并随着学龄增加,身体素质提高明显。结论:甘南藏区学龄前和低年龄段儿童体质健康水平受藏区传统社会、家庭和宗教生活空间影响较大。而大年龄段和高学龄儿

  2. PREVALENCIA DE RELACIONES SEXUALES EN ESTUDIANTES DE SECUNDARIA ENTRE 10 Y 12 AñOS SANTA MARTA - COLOMBIA Prevalence of sexual intercourse in students of secondary between 10 and 12 years old in Santa Marta Colombia

    Guillermo Augusto Ceballos

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: la edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales ha disminuido en forma gradual durante las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, no conocemos la prevalencia de relaciones sexuales en estudiantes de secundaria entre 10 y 12 años. Objetivo: establecer la prevalencia de relaciones sexuales en niños y niñas estudiantes de bachillerato entre 10 y 12 años de la ciudad de Santa Marta, Colombia. Material y métodos: una muestra de 298 estudiantes de secundaria, con una edad promedio de 11.5 (DE 0.65, de tres colegios privados escogidos por conveniencia, diligenció en forma anónima una encuesta sobre comportamiento sexual. Mediante un modelo de regresión logística, con el ajuste por posibles variables de confusión, se establecieron los factores protectores para no haber tenido relaciones sexuales. Resultados. La prevalencia de relaciones sexuales fue 7.7% (IC95% 4.7-10.7. Se identificaron como factores protectores significativos no haber fumado (OR 0.12, IC95% 0.04-0.41, no haber consumido alcohol (OR 0.06, IC95% 0.01-0.48 y ser de género femenino (OR 0.22, IC95% 0.07-0.76. Conclusión. Uno de cada 13 estudiantes de bachillerato entre 10 y 12 años informó haber tenido relaciones sexuales. La prevalencia es menor en quienes nunca han fumado o consumido alcohol y en el grupo femenino.Background: the age of starting sexual intercourse has decreased in last decades. However, we do not know the prevalence of sexual relationship in middle-school students aged 10-12 years old. Objective: to establish the prevalence of sexual relationship in middle-school boys and girls students aged 10-12 years old in Santa MartaColombia. Materials and method: a sample of 298 middle-school students, with an average age of 11.5 (DE 0.65, of three private schools were chosen by convenience; these students completed an anonymous survey about sexual behaviors. Logistic regression was used to identify protector factors that were related to not have had sexual

  3. Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD tests in a school-age hearing screening programme – analysis of 76,429 children

    Piotr H. Skarzynski

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available [b]Introduction and objective[/b]. Hearing disorders among school-age children are a current concern. Continuing studies have been performed in Poland since 2008, and on 2 December 2011 the EU Council adopted Conclusions on the Early Detection and Treatment of Communication Disorders in Children, Including the Use of e-Health Tools and innovative Solutions. The discussion now focuses not only on the efficacy of hearing screening programmes in schoolchildren, but what should be its general aim and what tests it should include? This paper makes the case that it is important to include central auditory processing disorder (CAPD tests. One such test is the dichotic digits test (DDT. The aim of the presented study was to evaluate the usefulness of the DDT in detecting central hearing disorders in school-age children. [b]Materials and methods[/b]. During hearing screening programmes conducted in Poland in 2008–2010, exactly 235,664 children (7–12-years-old were screened in 9,325 schools. Of this number, 7,642 were examined using the DDT test for CAPD. Screening programmes were conducted using the Sense Examination Platform. [b]Results.[/b] With the cut-off criterion set at the 5th percentile, results for the DDT applied in a divided attention mode were 11.4% positive for 7-year-olds and 11.3% for 12-year-olds. In the focused attention mode, the comparable result for 12-year-olds was 9.7%. There was a clear right ear advantage. In children with positive DDT results, a higher incidence of other disorders, such as dyslexia, was observed. [b]Conclusions[/b]. A test for CAPD should be included in the hearing screening of school-age children. The results of this study form the basis for developing Polish standards in this area.

  4. Transgender Children in Schools

    Hellen, Mark

    2009-01-01

    This article is intended to provide evidence to suggest that information for teachers regarding transgender children does not represent an adequate picture of transgendered children in schools and that primary schools need to be made more aware of how to deal with transgender children, even if these children do not make themselves known to staff. It will argue that this is probably a contributing factor in transgender children’s underachievement in school. The implications of this research...

  5. Predictors of Time-Based Prospective Memory in Children

    Mackinlay, Rachael J.; Kliegel, Matthias; Mantyla, Timo

    2009-01-01

    This study identified age differences in time-based prospective memory performance in school-aged children and explored possible cognitive correlates of age-related performance. A total of 56 7- to 12-year-olds performed a prospective memory task in which prospective memory accuracy, ongoing task performance, and time monitoring were assessed.…

  6. Gender Influences on Children's Computer Attitudes and Cognitions.

    North, Alice S.; Noyes, J. M.

    2002-01-01

    This study considers whether technophobia is a transitory phenomenon by assessing computer attitudes and cognition of 11- and 12-year-old children in an English secondary school via self-reporting questionnaires. Results showed a low prevalence of technophobia and that gender did not significantly influence attitudes or cognition towards…

  7. Muslim Children's Other School

    Moore, Leslie C.

    2012-01-01

    Millions of Muslim children around the world participate in Qur'anic schooling. For some, this is their only formal schooling experience; others attend both Qur'anic school and secular school. Qur'anic schooling emphasizes memorization and reproduction (recitation, reading, and transcription) of Qur'anic texts without comprehension of their…

  8. Ungual fibroma in 12-year-old boy with hypomelanotic macules, intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder—possible tuberous sclerosis

    Glavan, Nedeljka; Ljubičić-Bistrović, Ivana; Grahovac, Blaženka; Traven, Luka; Sasso, Anton; Jonjić, Nives

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To report a case of a 12-year-old boy with intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, who came to surgery for an examination due to a minor bulge on the left thumb, which had been growing for the previous month. His mother denied any trauma. Methods: After the removal of the clinically ambiguous bulge and a pathohistological confirmation that it was a periungual fibroma, complete patient analysis was performed due to the presence of hypomelanotic macules and a suspected tuberous sclerosis. Results: Considering the presence of hypomelanotic macules, as one of the main criteria, possible TS diagnosis was set. Conclusion: Early detection of the symptoms of TS enables a timely provision of protocols for further patient monitoring, which affects the patient’s morbidity and mortality.

  9. Salvage pneumonectomy for pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in a 12-year-old boy with brain abscess and hemiparesis: A fatal outcome

    Gauranga Majumdar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Large pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs constitute an uncommon cause of central cyanosis with septic embolism and brain abscess. This large right to left shunt can lead to chronic severe hypoxemia and significant morbidity and mortality if untreated. Conservative parenchyma-sparing lung resection was used widely as treatment of choice. However, with the advent of embolotheraphy, it is considered the preferred mode of treatment with less invasiveness. We here report a 12-year-old boy with large aneurysmal pulmonary arteriovenous fistula presented with brain abscess and hemiparesis. He underwent thoracotomy and pneumonectomy for large PAVMs, and it was complicated with bleeding and massive blood transfusion. The patient developed acute renal failure as a postoperative complication and succumbed to it. We suggest proper look out for systemic collateral and their management by embolitheraphy either alone or in combination should be tried first. We also suggest median sternotomy and intrapericardial approach for pneumonectomy in such difficult situation can be helpful.

  10. Salvage pneumonectomy for pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in a 12-year-old boy with brain abscess and hemiparesis: A fatal outcome

    Majumdar, Gauranga; Agarwal, Surendra Kumar; Pande, Shantanu; Chandra, Bipin

    2016-01-01

    Large pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) constitute an uncommon cause of central cyanosis with septic embolism and brain abscess. This large right to left shunt can lead to chronic severe hypoxemia and significant morbidity and mortality if untreated. Conservative parenchyma-sparing lung resection was used widely as treatment of choice. However, with the advent of embolotheraphy, it is considered the preferred mode of treatment with less invasiveness. We here report a 12-year-old boy with large aneurysmal pulmonary arteriovenous fistula presented with brain abscess and hemiparesis. He underwent thoracotomy and pneumonectomy for large PAVMs, and it was complicated with bleeding and massive blood transfusion. The patient developed acute renal failure as a postoperative complication and succumbed to it. We suggest proper look out for systemic collateral and their management by embolitheraphy either alone or in combination should be tried first. We also suggest median sternotomy and intrapericardial approach for pneumonectomy in such difficult situation can be helpful. PMID:27051111