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Sample records for 12-year-old school children

  1. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  2. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  3. Caries risk profile of 12 year old school children in an Indian city using Cariogram

    Hebbal, Mamata; Ankola, Anil V.; Metgud, Sharada

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: The present study was conducted with an aim to assess the caries profile of 12 year old Indian children using Cariogram. Study design: Hundred children were interviewed to record any illness, oral hygiene practices and fluoride exposure after obtaining a three day diet diary. Examination was done to record plaque and dental caries status. Stimulated saliva was collected and salivary flow rate, salivary buffering capacity, Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus were assessed. The i...

  4. Oral health status of 12-year-old school children in Khartoum state, the Sudan; a school-based survey

    Ali Raouf

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies have investigated the prevalence of dental caries among school children in the past decades in Sudan rendering it difficult to understand the status and pattern of oral health. Methods A school-based survey was conducted using stratified random cluster sampling in Khartoum state, Sudan. Data was collected through interviews and clinical examination by a single examiner. DMFT was measured according to WHO criteria. Gingival index (GI of Loe & Silness and Plaque index (PI of Silness & Loe were used. Results The mean DMFT for 12-year-olds was found to be 0.42 with a significant caries index (SiC of 1.4. Private school attendees had significantly higher DMFT (0.57 when compared to public school attendees (0.4. The untreated caries prevalence was 30.5%. In multivariate analysis caries experience (DMFT > 0 was found to be significantly and directly associated with socioeconomic status. The mean GI for the six index teeth was found to be 1.05 (CI 1.03 – 1.07 and the mean PI was 1.30 (CI 1.22 – 1.38. Conclusion The prevalence of caries was found to be low. The school children with the higher socioeconomic status formed the high risk group.

  5. Dental Caries and Related Factors among 7-12 Year-old School Children in Yasuj, Iran, in 2014

    M Yousofi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Tooth caries is the most prevalent infectious disease in children. The purpose of this study was to assess carries experience indexes and related factors among 7-12 year-old school children in Yasuj, Iran, in 2014. Materials and methods: In the present Cross-sectional and analytical study, using a two-stage random sampling, 460 students from primary schools of Yasuj city and surrounding villages were selected. The children were clinically examined at their school by a professional calibrated dentistry team. Their demographic and socioeconomic status, mouth health behaviors and teeth carries status and consumed nutritional materials were gathered by a questioner and a dental chart. The data were analyzed using inferential statistical methods. The SPSS software version 22 was used to extract the outputs and &alpha=0.05 was considered as the significant level. Results: The dental caries prevalence of deciduous, permanent and total of  two type of dents were  75.2, 41.1 and  89.8 percent, respectively and the dmft, DMFT and dmft+DMFT indexes were 3.57, 0.87, and 4.44, respectively.. The caries prevalence of permanent teeth and DMFT in girls were significantly higher than boys (p=0.046, but the caries prevalence in total of dents in boys was significantly higher than girls ( p=0.32. Furthermore, the dental caries prevalence in permanent teeth and DMFT in children resident in rural areas were significantly higher than those in urban areas (p0.1.  Conclusions: Prevalence and severity score of dental caries among 7 - 12 year-old Yasuj students were higher than the WHO standards. The tooth caries experiences were more prevalent in boys and in children resident in rural areas, increased with age and decreased with BMI and less prevalent in children with higher family socioeconomic status. Tooth brushing and flossing and consuming dairy foods were protective agents in occurring tooth caries in primary school children in

  6. The age peculiarities of 10 to 12 year-old school-children

    B. B. Badmayeva; Бадмаева, Б. Б.

    2012-01-01

    The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to chi...

  7. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

    B. B. Badmayeva

    2012-01-01

    The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to chi...

  8. Dental pain as a determinant of expressed need for dental care among 12-year-old school children in India

    Kiran Kumar Dandi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We have undertaken a cross-sectional study to assess factors associated with dental pain that determine the expressed needs for dental care among 12-year-old school children in India. Materials and Methods: A total of 2 250 school children were surveyed after being drawn through stratified cluster random sampling. The simultaneous effects of sociodemographic characteristics, pain characteristics, and the impact of pain on the quality of life were studied in association with the expressed needs for dental treatment. Results: Among the studied school children, 71.4% suffered from dental pain, only 27.7% expressed need for dental healthcare. Socioeconomic status (SES was a statistically significant determinant. Pain characteristics like the severity of pain and pain on eating hot and cold foods were significantly associated with expressed needs. Impact characteristics associated with expressed needs were embarrassment in showing teeth, brushing teeth, and difficulty in eating and drinking. Logistic regression analysis yielded a Nagelkerke R 2 value of 0.106. Conclusion: Important determinants of expressed needs for dental care among the studied population were SES, pain intensity, pain on thermal stimuli, impact characteristics like eating/drinking and embarrassment in showing teeth.

  9. Oral health status of 5 years and 12 years old school going children in rural Gurgaon, India: An epidemiological study

    Meenu Mittal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Oral health is an essential component of health throughout life. Hardly any information is available on the oral health status of children in Gurgaon. Thus, the present study was conducted among 5-year-old and 12-years-old children in schools in rural Gurgaon. Materials and Methods: A total of 1003 children were examined of which 619 were in 5 years age group and 384 in 12 years group. The prevalence of dental caries was studied using dentition status and treatment needs index. For dental calculus criteria of Community Periodontal and for dental fluorosis Dean′s index was used. Results: In 5 years age group prevalence of dental caries was 68.5%, dental fluorosis was 22.5% and treatment needs were 63.7%. In 12 year age group prevalence of dental caries was 37.5%, dental fluorosis was 76.04%, highest community periodontal index score was 2, seen in 80.2% and overall treatment needs were 44.3%. Conclusion: Preventive approaches seem to be a viable alternative to tackle the overwhelming problem of dental caries and other oral diseases. Provision of oral health education in schools and school based preventive programs are important for improvement of this situation.

  10. Normative and perceived orthodontic needs among 12 year old school children in Chennai, India - A comparative study

    I. Meignana Arumugham

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Four schools were selected randomly and all 12 year old children were included in the study. A total of 613 school children (334 boys and 279 girls were examined. A self-administered pre-tested questionnaire about perceived need to have their teeth straightened was elicited. Clinical examination was carried using Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI. Chi-square test was done to test the association between normative orthodontic need and perceived orthodontic need. Minor or no anomaly was seen in 350 (57.1% subjects of which 162 (46.3% perceived orthodontic treatment, definite malocclusion was seen in 158 (25.8% subjects of which 75 (47.5% perceived orthodontic treatment, severe malocclusion was seen in 69(11.3 subjects of which 33 (47.8 perceived orthodontic treatment, handicapping malocclusion was seen in 36(5.9% subjects of which 27(75% perceived orthodontic treatment The normative orthodontic needs and perceived orthodontic needs was statistically significant. The assessment of perceived need should be included in the epidemiological studies to the estimate demand for orthodontic treatment in particular regions.

  11. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries to Anterior Teeth of 12-Year-Old School Children in Kashmir, India

    Ain, Tasneem S.; Lingesha Telgi, Ravishankar; Sultan, Saima; Tangade, Pradeep; Ravishankar Telgi, Chaitra; Tirth, Amit; Kumar Pal, Sumit; Gowhar, Owais; Tandon, Vaibhav

    2016-01-01

    Background Traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth are a significant public health problem, not only because their prevalence is relatively high, but also because they have considerable impact on children’s daily lives. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) cause physical and psychological discomfort, pain and other negative impacts, such as tendency to avoid laughing or smiling, which can affect social relationships. Objectives This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth among 12-year-old school children in Kashmir, India. Patients and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in private and government schools of India among 1600 schoolchildren aged 12 years. In addition to recording of the type of trauma (using Ellis and Davey classification of fractures, 1970), over jet, Angle’s molar relation and lip competence were also recorded. The socioeconomic status and academic performance of the study subjects were registered. The data obtained were compiled systematically and then statistically analyzed. The statistical significance for the association between the traumatic injury and the variables was analyzed using the chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to identify potential risk predictors of TDIs. Results The overall prevalence of TDI to anterior teeth was found to be 9.3%. The TDI to anterior teeth in male was more than female, but the difference was statistically nonsignificant (P < 0.01). Falls and sports were the most common causes of trauma in the present study. The highest potential risk factor for the occurrence of trauma was over jet. Academic performance was found to be significantly associated to TDI to anterior teeth, when analyzed in a multiple regression model. Conclusions It was concluded that the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries was 9.3%. Traumatic dental injuries among children exhibit complex interaction between the victims’ oral conditions and their behavior. Therefore

  12. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries to Anterior Teeth of 12-Year-Old School Children in Kashmir, India

    Ain

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth are a significant public health problem, not only because their prevalence is relatively high, but also because they have considerable impact on children’s daily lives. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs cause physical and psychological discomfort, pain and other negative impacts, such as tendency to avoid laughing or smiling, which can affect social relationships. Objectives This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth among 12-year-old school children in Kashmir, India. Patients and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in private and government schools of India among 1600 schoolchildren aged 12 years. In addition to recording of the type of trauma (using Ellis and Davey classification of fractures, 1970, over jet, Angle’s molar relation and lip competence were also recorded. The socioeconomic status and academic performance of the study subjects were registered. The data obtained were compiled systematically and then statistically analyzed. The statistical significance for the association between the traumatic injury and the variables was analyzed using the chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to identify potential risk predictors of TDIs. Results The overall prevalence of TDI to anterior teeth was found to be 9.3%. The TDI to anterior teeth in male was more than female, but the difference was statistically nonsignificant (P < 0.01. Falls and sports were the most common causes of trauma in the present study. The highest potential risk factor for the occurrence of trauma was over jet. Academic performance was found to be significantly associated to TDI to anterior teeth, when analyzed in a multiple regression model. Conclusions It was concluded that the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries was 9.3%. Traumatic dental injuries among children exhibit complex interaction between the victims’ oral conditions and their behavior

  13. Dental caries prevalence in individual tooth in primary and permanent dentition among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

    Vinay Kumar Bhardwaj

    2014-01-01

    Background: Prevalence of dental caries not only varies according to age, gender, and arch but also according to the involvement of individual tooth. The study on individual tooth will help in providing incremental dental care and reducing burden of dental caries in this group of population. Objective: To find out the prevalence of dental caries in individual tooth among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 1,200...

  14. Correlation between diopters and refractive parameters among 5 to 12 years old school-age children of Lanzhou city

    Yu-Ting Li

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the epidemiological status of refractive state among school-age children of 5 to 12 years in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city, and to analyze the correlation with axial length(AL, horizontal and vertical corneal refractive power(K1, K2, anterior chamber depth(ACDand corneal diameter(W-W. METHODS: The value of AL, K1, K2, ACD and W-W of 813 school-age children(1626 eyesaged 8.46±2.30 years old(5-12 yearswere measured by IOL-Master, refractive error was measured by computer refractor. The eyes were divided into 5 groups according to different mean spherical equivalent(SEdiopter: high myopia, moderate myopia, low myopia, emmetropia and hyperopia. The correlation between diopter and different refractive parameters of different ages and different diopter groups were analyzed respectively, the SPSS 19.0 was used for the statistical analysis.RESULTS: There were statistically significant difference(PPPPPr=-0.764, Pr=-0.498, PCONCLUSION: The increase of AL plays an important role in the changes of refractive among school-age children of 5-12 years, AL is the main morphological variable related to myopia. Meanwhile, refractive changes may be affected by corneal refractive power(K1, K2, ACD and corneal diameter(W-W. 7-8 years old can be regarded as the main phase from emmetropization to myopization of school-age children.

  15. Oral health and the impact of socio-behavioural factors in a cross sectional survey of 12-year old school children in Laos

    Petersen Poul

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In recent decades low-income countries experienced an increasing trend in dental caries among children, particularly recorded in 12-year olds, which is the principal WHO indicator age group for children. This increases the risks of negative affects on children's life. Some data exist on the oral health status of children in low-income countries of Southeast Asia. However, information on how oral health is associated with socio-behavioural factors is almost not available. The aims of this study were to: assess the level of oral health of Lao 12-year-olds in urban and semi-urban settings; study the impact of poor oral health on quality of life; analyse the association between oral health and socio-behavioural factors; investigate the relation between obesity and oral health. Methods A cross sectional study of 12-year old schoolchildren chosen by multistage random sampling in Vientiane, Lao P.D.R (hereafter Laos. The final study population comprised 621 children. The study consisted of: clinical registration of caries and periodontal status, and scores for dental trauma according to WHO; structured questionnaire; measurement of anthropometric data. Frequency distributions for bi-variate analysis and logistic regression for multivariate analysis were used for assessment of statistical association between variables. Results Mean DMFT was 1.8 (SEM = 0.09 while caries prevalence was 56% (CI95 = 52-60. Prevalence of gingival bleeding was 99% (CI95 = 98-100 with 47% (CI95 = 45-49 of present teeth affected. Trauma was observed in 7% (CI95 = 5-9 of the children. High decay was seen in children with dental visits and frequent consumption of sweet drinks. Missed school classes, tooth ache and several impairments of daily life activities were associated with a high dD-component. No associations were found between Body Mass Index (BMI and oral health or common risk factors. The multivariate analyses revealed high risk for caries for

  16. Oral health-related knowledge, attitudes and habits in relation to perceived oral symptoms among 12-year-old school children.

    Mattila, Marja-Leena; Tolvanen, Mimmi; Kivelä, Johanna; Pienihäkkinen, Kaisu; Lahti, Satu; Merne-Grafström, Marina

    2016-07-01

    Objective The aim of the study was to investigate oral health-related knowledge, attitudes and habits and their relationship to perceived oral symptoms among 12-year-olds and differences between boys and girls. Material and methods The study population consisted of children (n = 588) in 15 randomly selected elementary schools in Turku, Finland. Associations between oral health-related habits, knowledge and attitudes with perceived oral symptoms and gender differences were evaluated with χ(2)-test, Mann-Whitney U-test and logistic regression analysis. Results Oral health promoting habits but not knowledge or attitudes associated significantly with absence of oral symptoms. Girls reported a higher percentage of several health promotional habits than boys. Girls reported more frequently gingival bleeding and less frequently dental calculus than boys did. The most common oral symptom was gingival bleeding. Conclusions The present findings suggest some gender-related differences in oral health habits, attitudes, as well as perceived oral symptoms in 12-year-olds. There seems, however, not to be gender differences in relation to knowledge or the association of health habits with perceived oral symptoms. It is important to maintain health promotion at schools and additional efforts should be aimed at translating knowledge into action. PMID:26881848

  17. Oral health and the impact of socio-behavioural factors in a cross sectional survey of 12-year old school children in Laos

    Petersen Poul; Jürgensen Nanna

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background In recent decades low-income countries experienced an increasing trend in dental caries among children, particularly recorded in 12-year olds, which is the principal WHO indicator age group for children. This increases the risks of negative affects on children's life. Some data exist on the oral health status of children in low-income countries of Southeast Asia. However, information on how oral health is associated with socio-behavioural factors is almost not available. T...

  18. Comparison of Once a Day and Three Times a Day Iron Treatment in 9-12 Year Old Elementary School Children with Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Gunadi, Dedy; Rosdiana, Nelly; Lubis, Bidasari

    2009-01-01

    Background The compliance of iron deficiency anemia treatment that is administered three times daily in children is low. The compliance will be better if therapy is administered once daily. Objective To compare the iron therapy response of once per day vs. three times a day administration in 9-12 year old children with iron deficiency anemia. Methods Children with iron deficiency anemia were randomly allocated into a ferrous sulfate once-daily group or a ferrous sulfate three times-...

  19. A study of oral hygiene status and prevalence of gingival diseases in 9 and 12-year-old school children of a northern hilly state, India

    Deepak Chauhan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The gingival and overall oral health status is affected by the changes in lifestyle, dietary habits, and aberrant oral hygiene practices. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of gingival diseases among school children of Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 1188 school children in the age group of 9 and 12 years from randomly selected schools of rural and urban areas of Himachal Pradesh and they were included as study subjects. The survey was carried out according to the WHO Oral Health Assessment Form (modified. Community periodontal index was used to assess gingival health, using three indicators: Healthy, gingival bleeding, and calculus. Plaque index was used to assess oral hygiene as poor, fair, and good. Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 15. Results: A total of 1188 children were examined, of these 650 (54.8% were males and 538 (45.2% were females. A total of 564 belonged to the 9 and 624 to 12 years age group. The overall prevalence of gingival disease was 22.9%. The majority (14.2% were presented with calculus and 8.7% showed gingival bleeding ( P < 0.0000001. The most affected 24.3% with gingivitis were females in comparison to 21.7% males that is not statistically significant, P < 0.5. Age wise prevalence showed a linear increase; 12-year-old children were affected more 34.8% as compared to 9.8% in 9-year-old children. Conclusion: There is a need for reinforcement of dental services to difficult and hard areas.

  20. Dental caries prevalence in individual tooth in primary and permanent dentition among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

    Vinay Kumar Bhardwaj

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prevalence of dental caries not only varies according to age, gender, and arch but also according to the involvement of individual tooth. The study on individual tooth will help in providing incremental dental care and reducing burden of dental caries in this group of population. Objective: To find out the prevalence of dental caries in individual tooth among 6-12-year-old school children in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 1,200 school-going children over a span of 5 months from 11 government schools in Shimla city, in the state of Himachal Pradesh in India. Examination was performed using a mouth mirror and blunt sickle-shaped explorer under natural light, according to World Health Organization (WHO oral health survey 1997. Results: Females were having higher prevalence of dental caries than males of the same age-group in both primary and permanent dentition (79.3% vs. 74.9%. First molars were most affected with dental caries than other teeth in both the dentitions (78.69% and 48.93%, respectively. Dental caries prevalence was high in mandibular arch than in the maxillary arch i.e. (80.0% vs. 77.38% in permanent dentition and (51.3% vs. 46.56% in deciduous, dentition respectively. Statistically, this difference was significant (Fischer′s exact test P < 0.05. Conclusion: High prevalence of dental caries among government school children in Shimla city is a cause of concern. There is utmost necessity of regular periodic check-up, application of preventive measures, and treatment modalities as soon as teeth erupt in the oral cavity.

  1. Dental caries and erosion status of 12-year-old Hong Kong children

    Zhang, Shinan; Chau, Alex MH; Lo, Edward CM; Chu, Chun-Hung

    2014-01-01

    Background This study aimed to assess the dental caries and erosion status of 12-year-old Hong Kong children and study the determinants of dental caries and dental erosion of these children. Methods The survey was performed from 2011 to 2012 with ethics approval. Stratified random sampling was adopted to select 12-year-old children in 7 primary schools in Hong Kong. The participating parents were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire concerning their children’s diet and oral hea...

  2. Relationship Between Drinking Water Fluoride Levels, Dental Fluorosis, Dental Caries and Associated Risk Factors in 9-12 Years Old School Children of Nelakondapally Mandal of Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh, India: A Cross-sectional Survey

    Shanthi, M.; Reddy, B Vishnuvardhan; V Venkataramana; Gowrisankar, S; Reddy, B V Thimma; Chennupati, Sireesha

    2014-01-01

    Background: The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between drinking water fluoride (F) levels, dental fluorosis and dental caries among 9-12 years old school children of Nelakondapally Mandal, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 1500 school children aged 9-12 years, selected by stratified random sampling from different areas with different levels of naturally occurring F in ...

  3. Risk factors for obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children

    Andy Japutra; Eddy Fadlyana; Anggraini Alam

    2015-01-01

    Background The causes of obesity in children are multifactorial, including genetics, physiology, metabolism, psychology, socioeconomic status, lifestyle, and culture. Objective To assess for relationships between obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children and maternal nutritional status, maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching, and playing video games. Methods This case-control study included students of Sejahtera Public School aged 6 to 12 yea...

  4. Prevalence of Dental Caries in relation to Body Mass Index, Daily Sugar Intake, and Oral Hygiene Status in 12-Year-Old School Children in Mathura City: A Pilot Study

    Prahlad Gupta; Nidhi Gupta; Harkanwal Preet Singh

    2014-01-01

    Aim. To correlate the prevalence of dental caries to body mass index, daily sugar intake, and oral hygiene status of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city. Material and Methods. The study design was cross-sectional and included 100 school children aged 12 years (n = 50 boys and n = 50 girls) who were randomly selected from two schools based upon inclusion and exclusion criteria. Body weight/height was recorded and BMI was calculated and plotted on CDC-BMI for age growth charts/curves fo...

  5. Prevalence of Dental Caries in relation to Body Mass Index, Daily Sugar Intake, and Oral Hygiene Status in 12-Year-Old School Children in Mathura City: A Pilot Study

    Prahlad Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To correlate the prevalence of dental caries to body mass index, daily sugar intake, and oral hygiene status of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city. Material and Methods. The study design was cross-sectional and included 100 school children aged 12 years (n=50 boys and n=50 girls who were randomly selected from two schools based upon inclusion and exclusion criteria. Body weight/height was recorded and BMI was calculated and plotted on CDC-BMI for age growth charts/curves for boys and girls to obtain percentile ranking. Dental caries was recorded using WHO criteria. Oral hygiene status of the study subjects was assessed using oral hygiene index-simplified. Data regarding the daily sugar intake was recorded using 24-hour recall diet frequency chart. The data obtained was analysed using SPSS version 11.5 for windows. Result. Only 27 subjects were affected by caries. The mean DMFT/dmft was 0.37 ± 0.79 and 0.12 ± 0.60, respectively. Statistical analysis by means of a logistic regression model revealed that only oral hygiene status had a significant effect on caries prevalence (OR = 5.061, P=0.004, whereas daily sugar intake and body mass index had no significant effect. Conclusion. From the analysis, it was concluded that oral hygiene status had a significant effect on caries prevalence of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city.

  6. Cephalometric norms for the upper airway of 12-year-old Chinese children

    Gu, Min; McGrath, Colman PJ; Wong, Ricky WK; Hägg, Urban; Yang, Yanqi

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To establish cephalometric norms for the upper airway of 12-year-old Chinese children, and to assess these norms with regard to gender, age, ethnicity and other craniofacial structures. METHODS: Lateral cephalograms were obtained from a random sample of 425 12-year-old Chinese children (224 boys and 201 girls) to establish the Chinese norms, and from a matched group of 108 12-year-old Caucasian children (61 boys and 47 girls) as an ethnic comparison. Published data on the upper air...

  7. Oral health and the impact of socio-behavioural factors in a cross sectional survey of 12-year old school children in Laos

    Jürgensen, Nanna; Petersen, Poul Erik

    2009-01-01

    bi-variate analysis and logistic regression for multivariate analysis were used for assessment of statistical association between variables. RESULTS: Mean DMFT was 1.8 (SEM = 0.09) while caries prevalence was 56% (CI95 = 52-60). Prevalence of gingival bleeding was 99% (CI95 = 98-100) with 47% (CI95...... hours. Low risk was found for children with good or average perception of own oral health. High risk for gingival bleeding was seen in semi-urban children and boys. CONCLUSION: Although the caries level is low it causes considerable negative impact on daily life. School based health promotion should be...

  8. Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of ‘never’ and ‘always’ cycling to school among 10 to 12 year old children living within a 3.0 km distance from school

    Ducheyne Fabian

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cycling to school has been identified as an important target for increasing physical activity levels in children. However, knowledge about correlates of cycling to school is scarce as many studies did not make a distinction between walking and cycling to school. Moreover, correlates of cycling to school for those who live within a distance, that in theory would allow cycling to school, stay undiscovered. Therefore, this study examined individual, social and physical environmental correlates of never and always cycling to/from school among 10 to 12 year old Belgian children living within a 3.0 km distance from school. Methods 850 parents completed a questionnaire to assess personal, family, behavioral, cognitive, social and physical environmental factors related to the cycling behavior of their children. Parents indicated on a question matrix how many days a week their child (1 walked, (2 cycled, was (3 driven by car or (4 public transport to and from school during fall, winter and spring. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the correlates. Results Overall, 39.3% of children never cycled to school and 16.5% of children always cycled to school. Children with high levels of independent mobility and good cycling skills perceived by their parents were more likely to always cycle to school (resp. OR 1.06; 95% CI 1.04-1.15 and OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.01-1.16 and less likely to never cycle to school (resp. OR 0.84; 95% CI 0.78-0.91 and OR 0.77; 95% CI 0.7-0.84. Children with friends who encourage them to cycle to school were more likely to always cycle to school (OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.01-1.15 and less likely to never cycle to school (OR 0.9; 95% CI 0.83-1.0. In addition, children with parents who encourage them to cycle to school were less likely to never cycle to school (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.7-0.87. Regarding the physical environmental factors, only neighborhood traffic safety was significantly associated with

  9. Vaccination coverage of children aged 4-12 years old in the prefecture of Evritania

    Yannis Getsios

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The last two decades a huge progress has taken place in the field of the primary prevention of infections and many new vaccines have been introduced in the compulsory vaccination program. There is evidence, however, that immunization coverage against some infectious diseases is not adequate. Aim: It was to investigate the level of immunization coverage of Greek and Immigrants' children aged 4-12 years old in the prefecture of Evritania regarding vaccines against pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus (DTaP, poliomyelitis (IPV and measles–mumps–rubella (MMR. Material and methods: The sample of the study consisted of the pupils of all nursing and elementary schools of the prefecture of Evritania , aged 4-12 years old. Children's personal Health Cards were used to evaluate the adequacy of vaccine doses. X2 was usedfor comparisons. Statistics was processed with SPPS 17.0. Results: The boys of the sample were 469 (51.9% and the girls 434 (48.1%. Full vaccination coverage with DTaP, MMR and IPV was 87.3%, 79.9%, and 97.6% respectively. No statistically significant differences were observed between Greek and Immigrants' children. Conclusion: Vaccination coverage against measles, mumps and rubella was inadequate. Immigrants' and Greek children are equally covered. Vaccination coverage with MMR is troublesome.

  10. PLAYgrounds: Effect of a PE playground program in primary schools on PA levels during recess in 6 to 12 year old children. Design of a prospective controlled trial.

    Janssen, Mirka; Toussaint, M.; Mechelen, van, W.; Verhagen, A.L.M., Evert

    2011-01-01

    Background: The relative number of children meeting the minimal required dose of daily physical activity remains execrably low. It has been estimated that in 2015 one out of five children will be overweight. Therefore, low levels of physical activity during early childhood may compromise the current and future health and well-being of the population, and promoting physical activity in younger children is a major public health priority. This study is to gain insight into effects of a Physical ...

  11. The effect of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque Streptococcus mutans count in 6- to 12-year-old school children: An in vivo study

    Neeraja R

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Treating a carious tooth in children with high caries experience by providing a restoration does not cure the disease. If the unfavorable oral environment that caused the cavity persists so will the disease and more restorations will be required in future. Treating the oral infection by reducing the number of cariogenic microorganisms and establishing a favorable oral environment to promote predominantly remineralization of tooth structure over time will stop the caries process. The present study was conducted: (1 To evaluate the efficacy of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque Streptococcus mutans when used as an adjunct to restoration. (2 To compare the anti-microbial effect of 1% povidone-iodine and 0.2% chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque S. mutans count. Study Design: Forty-five study participants in the age group of 6-12 years with dmft (decay component of three or four were selected from one government school in Bangalore city. They were divided into three groups after the restorative treatment. Group-A, Group-B, and Group-C received 1% povidone-iodine mouth rinse, 0.2% chlorhexidine mouth rinse and placebo mouth rinse, respectively, twice daily for 14 days. The plaque sample was collected and S. mutans count was estimated at six phases: (1 Baseline, (2 3 weeks after restoration, (3 First day after mouth rinse therapy, (4 15 days after mouth rinse therapy, (5 1 month and (6 3 months after mouth rinse therapy Results: After the restoration the percentage change in S. mutans count was 28.4%. Immediately after mouth rinse therapy there was significant reduction in S. mutans count in all the three groups. After which the count started to increase gradually and after 3 months the bacterial counts in the povidone-iodine group and placebo group were almost near the postrestorative count. Conclusion: Mouth rinses can be used as adjunct to restoration for short duration as temporary measure in reduction of S

  12. Family- and school-based correlates of energy balance-related behaviours in 10-12-year-old children: a systematic review within the ENERGY (EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth) project

    Verloigne, Maïté; Van Lippevelde, Wendy; Maes, Lea; Brug, Johannes; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To identify family- and school-based correlates of specific energy balance-related behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour, breakfast consumption, soft drink consumption) among 10-12-year-olds, using the EnRG framework (Environmental Research framework for weight Gain prevention). Design: A literature review to identify observational studies exploring at least one family- or school-based correlate of the specific behaviours, resulting in seventy-six articles. Set...

  13. Prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in children with celiac disease compared to healthy 12-year olds.

    vanderPals, Maria; Ivarsson, Anneli; Norström, Fredrik; Högberg, Lotta; Svensson, Johan; Carlsson, Annelie

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. Studies have suggested a correlation between untreated celiac disease and risk for other autoimmune diseases. We investigated the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in 12-year-old children (i) with symptomatic celiac disease diagnosed and treated with a gluten-free diet, (ii) with screening-detected untreated celiac disease, and (iii) without celiac disease. Methods. Blood samples from 12632 children were collected. All celiac disease cases, previously diagnosed and newly screenin...

  14. Prevalence of Thyroid Autoimmunity in Children with Celiac Disease Compared to Healthy 12-Year Olds

    Maria van der Pals; Anneli Ivarsson; Fredrik Norström; Lotta Högberg; Johan Svensson; Annelie Carlsson

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. Studies have suggested a correlation between untreated celiac disease and risk for other autoimmune diseases. We investigated the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in 12-year-old children (i) with symptomatic celiac disease diagnosed and treated with a gluten-free diet, (ii) with screening-detected untreated celiac disease, and (iii) without celiac disease. Methods. Blood samples from 12632 children were collected. All celiac disease cases, previously diagnosed and newly screenin...

  15. Influencing Factors in Nutrition Status of 6-12 Years Old Children

    Siva Hamdani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The nutrition status of school-age children is still poor while the need for balanced nutrition is very important for school children and this is because the public's attention to the nutritional needs only focuses in infants, toddlers, and pregnant women. According to data of Health Research (Riskesdas in 2010, the prevalence stunting in the age group of 6-12 years was 25.6%, underweight prevalence was 11.2% and overweight prevalence was accounted to 9.2%. This study aimed to determine the nutritional status of children by conducting crosssectional descriptive study with the analysis of invariance and bivariate (Chi square. The study was conducted at SDN 05 of grade 1-6 Sirnagalih Bogor with totaling 263 students aged 6-12 years old in November 2014 and assessed the nutritional status of students based on the z-score of the WHO / NCHS and reviewing the primary data (weight and height measurement and secondary data (data or documents and the identity taken from the student attendance. Nutritional status average of children in SDN 05 Sirnagalih was in normal nutritional status at approximately 68.2%. However, it still reflected some nutritional problems (very underweight, underweight and overweight, accounted for 31.8%. In underage group category, there was the nutritional status of malnourishment of 9-12 years age group with the highest number scored 37.5%. By gender, the malnourishment of boys acquired at most 34.9%. Based on parent education, malnourishment was found in students with less educated fathers; it was about 41.6%. Nutritional status of children based on the number of siblings in the family showed the nutritional status of malnourishment, showing by the number of brothers and sisters greater than two sisters and brothers that amounted to 57.9%.

  16. Relatedness and Autonomy Aspects of Self-Concept in 8- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Martin, Cherie

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to look at age-associated changes in relatedness and autonomy in 8- to 12-year-olds. A psychosocial and attachment theory perspective was taken to help explain the integration of relatedness and autonomy issues. The influence of gender, parent involvement, and selected demographic variables was also considered. The sample included 94 children . This excluded those with single fathers or stepmothers. Instruments used were (a) the relatedness, autonomy, and parent ...

  17. Risk factors for obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children

    Andy Japutra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background The causes of obesity in children are multifactorial, including genetics, physiology, metabolism, psychology, socioeconomic status, lifestyle, and culture. Objective To assess for relationships between obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children and maternal nutritional status, maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching, and playing video games. Methods This case-control study included students of Sejahtera Public School aged 6 to 12 years. Questionnaires were distributed to their parents for data on maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching and playing video games. Maternal nutritional status was assessed by one of the researchers. Univariate analysis with Chi–square test was used to assess every risk factor. Those with a P value of <0.25 were subjected to multivariate analysis, performed using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results From June to July 2013, 60 obese children and 60 well-nourished children, as a control group, were enrolled in the study. Obese mothers tended to have obese children [odds ratio/OR 252.48; 95%CI 33.4 to 1908.4]. Children who ate fast food 6–8 times/week, had low physical activity, and watched TV more than 8 hours/week had significantly higher risk for obesity [OR 12.94, 95%CI 1.7 to 100.7; and OR 266.94, 95% CI 7.8 to 9137.7; OR 21.44, 95%CI 2.68 to 171.61; respectively]. Maternal education, eating breakfast, and playing video games were not significant risk factors for childhood obesity. Conclusion Maternal obesity, eating fast food 6-8 times per week, low physical activity and watching TV more than 8 hours/week are risk factors for childhood obesity. [Paediatr Indones. 2015;55:35-9.].

  18. [Weight concerns and dieting among 8 to 12-year-old children].

    Berger, Uwe; Schilke, Carolin; Strauss, Bernhard

    2005-07-01

    According to a recent study it could be shown that more than one third of female high school students and more than 20 % of male students in the age of 14 to 18 years indicated an impaired eating behaviour, expressed as a medium or high risk to develop eating disorders based upon the standardized Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) . The current study tested the prevalence of weight concerns and dieting as an indicator of problematic eating behaviour among younger children. 230 Thuringian female and male students in the 3 (rd) and 4 (th) year (between 8 and 12-years-old) as well as their parents were investigated using standardized and modified instruments. Weight and height were measured directly to determine the Body Mass Index (BMI) that was put into relation to some factors of potential influence such as parents, peers, media and eating behaviours. It could be shown that 42 % of the boys and 53 % of the girls preferred a thin ideal body image; 32 % of the children revealing normal weight expressed the wish to be thinner. 18 % of the boys and 19 % of the girls tried to lose weight at the time of the investigation. Dieting was influenced by the perceived (not actual) dieting behaviour of the parents. The BMI significantly predicted weight concerns: In total, 85 % of the overweight children but also 17 % of the children with normal weight were convinced to be overweight. The girls' eating behaviour was mostly influenced by the peers, the boys' behaviour by criticism of the parents. Generally, a significant influence of the media could be demonstrated. PMID:15986283

  19. Gingival Condition in Children Aged From 6 to 12 Years Old: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

    Ane Stella Salgado XAVIER; Maristela Honório CAYETANO; Elerson Gaetti JARDIM JR; Sosígenes Victor BENFATTI; João BAUSELLS

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the gingival condition and the occurrence of periodontopathogens in 93 children aged from 6 to 12 years old in Araçatuba, Brazil. Method: Clinical examination was performed in accordance to Schour and Massler (1947) while the subgingival plaque samples were obtained though sterilized paper point that were placed into health and inflamed gingival crevice of tooth 54 or 14, 61 or 11, 26, 75 or 35, 82 or 42 and 46, where they were kept for 60 seco...

  20. Prevalência de maloclusão em escolares de 5 a 12 anos de rede municipal de ensino de Araraquara Prevalence of malocclusion in children between 5 and 12 years-old in municipal schools in Araraquara

    Eloisa Marcantonio Boeck

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a prevalência de maloclusões em escolares na faixa etária de cinco a 12 anos, matriculadas em escolas municipais de Araraquara. MÉTODO: com base no número total de crianças (7235 realizou-se o cálculo da amostragem, envolvendo sete escolas, num total de 3380 crianças. Um estudo piloto e a calibração dos examinadores precederam o início da pesquisa. Foram excluídas 1934 crianças da amostra por não atenderem aos critérios de inclusão. Na avaliação clínica, foram analisados, as relações inter-arcos nos sentidos transversal, vertical e sagital, a relação intra-arcos, o perfil e padrão de crescimento, a presença de assimetria, além de hábitos deletérios. RESULTADOS: da amostragem total (1446, 80,29% apresentou maloclusão, sendo mais prevalente no gênero feminino (81,34% e na faixa etária de nove a 12 anos (82,52%. A relação dentária mais prevalente foi a de Classe I (63,27%, o padrão facial mais encontrado foi o Padrão I (92,87%. As alterações oclusais inter-arcos mais encontradas foram a mordida profunda e a mordida aberta, as alterações intra-arcos predominantes foram os diastemas e as giroversões. De acordo com o Teste Qui-quadrado não houve significância entre maloclusão e as variáveis: presença de hábito, assimetria, diastemas e padrão facial. Houve diferença estatisticamente significante na prevalência das variáveis: mordida aberta, mordida profunda, diastemas e dos hábitos de sucção (dedo, chupeta, mamadeira e onicofagia quando comparada as duas faixas etárias estudadas. CONCLUSÃO: as maloclusões acometem a maior parte das crianças nessa faixa etária, tendo origem predominantemente dentária e com pouco ou nenhum comprometimento facial, evidenciando a necessidade da intervenção precoce.PURPOSE: to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion in school children between 5 and 12 years-old enrolled in public schools in Araraquara_S.P. (Brazil. METHOD: based on the total

  1. Changes in Growth Pattern after Adenotonsillectomy in Children under 12 Years Old

    Farnaz Hashemian

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available "nThe aim of the present study was to determine the effects of adenotonsillectomy on height, weight and body mass index (BMI in children under 12 years old, with or without airway obstruction and evaluation of the risk of overweight in them. In this case-control study, 120 children with the age of 2-12 years old were studied; 60 children as case group who underwent adenotonsillectomy and 60 healthy children as control group. After collecting the data related to appetite status and sleep breathing disorder of the case group, height, weight and BMI have been measured for all children in two stages; preoperatively and 6 months later. Also in the case group, BMI percentiles, pre and postoperatively have been calculated. Patients with Low appetite in the initiation and at the end of the study in the case group were 80% and 8.3% respectively (P=0.01. Mean of height, weight and BMI variation after 6 months were significantly different between case and control groups (P<0.05. BMI percentiles in the case group preoperatively were: 20% underweight, 67% healthy weight, 10% at risk of over weight, 3% over weight. Postoperatively, after 6 months BMI percentiles in order of above frequency were: 10%, 57%, 22% and 11% (P=0.02. Analysis of the results showed that adenotonsillectomy can lead to increase of height, weight, BMI and appetite not only in the children with low weight due to airway obstruction but also in the normal weight and over weight children. Therefore risk of overweight should be mentioned as a probable undesirable outcome of adenotonsillectomy.

  2. Using the Debate Method for Teaching Argumentation to 10-12 Year-Old Children

    Y. V. Rybka

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to peculiarities of using the debate method in teaching argumentation to 10–12 year-old children. The research is aimed at identifying the most effective ways and means of applying the given method. According to the author’s hypothesis, regular integration of discussions into the training course of rhetoric should promote learners’ argumentation, changing it from a mere fantasy through egocentric attitudes to the objective position expressed in a conclusive argumentative way. To achieve the research objectives, the experimental training method was developed applying the debate technique in the form of role plays adapted to peculiarities of children’s age. The experimental results indicated the decentration dynamics in the training process and, therefore, the effectiveness of the experimental training course. The presented training program can be used in teaching rhetoric to 10–12 year- olds, as well as in the optional argumentation course based on the debate technique. In addition, the analysis of children’s argumentation position in the context of socio-cognitive approach can give an impetus for further studies of children’s speech and thinking. 

  3. Mozart effect on dental anxiety in 6–12 year old children

    Arlette Suzy Setiawan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Children anxiety in dental treatment often becomes a barrier for dentist to perform optimum dental treatment procedure. Various methods to manage anxiety and fear in children have been applied including listening to classical music during dental treatment. One of the classical music usually used is music by Mozart. Purpose: This study is aimed to discover the role of classical music by Mozart in dental anxiety changes. Method: This study was a quasi experimental study using purposive sampling method. The samples consist of 30 children between 6-12 years old group who were treated at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic, Dental Hospital, Faculty of Dentistry Padjadjaran University. The anxiety data was collected using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS before and after listening on the classical music during treatment. Result: The result of this study showed that there were 23 children (76.67% of subjects who present decreased anxiety, 7 children (23.33% of subjects did not present decreased anxiety and none of of subjects showed increased anxiety. Conclusion: It was concluded that listening to music by Mozart during dental treatment can reduce anxiety in 6-12 year old children.Latar belakang: Kecemasan pada anak saat perawatan gigi seringkali merupakan penghalang bagi dokter gigi untuk melaksanakan prosedurperawatan gigi yang optimal. Berbagai metode untuk mengatasi kecemasan dan rasa takutpada anak telah dilakukan termasuk mendengarkan musik klasik selama perawatan gigi. Salah satu musik klasik yang banyak digunakan adalah music oleh Mozart. Tujuan: Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk menemukan peran music klasik Mozart dalam perubahan kecemasan pada perawatan gigi. Metode: Penelitian ini adalah kuasi eksperimental menggunakan metode pengambilan sampel purposif. Sampel terdiri dari 30 anak antara 6-12 tahun yang dirawat di Klinik Kedokteran Gigi Anak, Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran. Data kecemasan diambil

  4. Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of 'never' and 'always' cycling to school among 10 to 12 year old children living within a 3.0 km distance from school

    Ducheyne Fabian; de Bourdeaudhuij Ilse; Spittaels Heleen; Cardon Greet

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Cycling to school has been identified as an important target for increasing physical activity levels in children. However, knowledge about correlates of cycling to school is scarce as many studies did not make a distinction between walking and cycling to school. Moreover, correlates of cycling to school for those who live within a distance, that in theory would allow cycling to school, stay undiscovered. Therefore, this study examined individual, social and physical enviro...

  5. Analysis of dental casts of 6-8- and 12-year-old Kenyan children.

    Hassanali, J; Odhiambo, J W

    2000-04-01

    Dental plaster casts of 97 6-8-year-old and 173 12-year-old Maasai, Kikuyu, and Kalenjin children were studied. The Kikuyu are Bantu, while Maasai and Kalenjin are Nilo-Hamitic subjects. The variables measured were palatal depth (PD) and length (PL); maxillary and mandibular anterior arc circumferences (AC1) and (AC2), respectively; posterior arc circumferences (PC1) and (PC2), inter-canine (CC1), and (CC2); inter-molar (MM1) and (MM2) distances, and mandibular length (ML). The data were analysed using SPSS package. The mean values of all the variables were generally higher in the males compared with the females and significant sex differences in the means (P Kalenjin. Ethnic and sex differences in the dental arches may be masked by anterior tooth positions that are influenced by the dento-alveolar complex and soft tissues. Corresponding mandibular and maxillary variables were strongly correlated and anterior and posterior arc circumferences were correlated with inter-canine and intermolar distances. Details of the norms for dental arch dimensions and changes with age may allow for appropriate assessment of dental occlusion and treatment planning for Kenyan children. PMID:10822886

  6. Gingival Condition in Children Aged From 6 to 12 Years Old: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

    Ane Stella Salgado XAVIER

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the gingival condition and the occurrence of periodontopathogens in 93 children aged from 6 to 12 years old in Araçatuba, Brazil. Method: Clinical examination was performed in accordance to Schour and Massler (1947 while the subgingival plaque samples were obtained though sterilized paper point that were placed into health and inflamed gingival crevice of tooth 54 or 14, 61 or 11, 26, 75 or 35, 82 or 42 and 46, where they were kept for 60 seconds and tranferred to tubes containing 5 ml of thioglicolate broth. Microorganisms were isolated on blood agar and CVE an agar after incubation under anaerobiosis, at 37ºC, for 10 days. The identification of the isolates was based on their morphological, cellular and biochemical features. Results: 91.40% shows gingivitis while 70.97% presented mild gingivitis. Only 8.6% didn’t presented gingivitis. It was verified that the most of children presented mild gengivitis and was had some periodontopathogens. Conclusion: The gingivitis deteriored with age and only F. nucleatum was related with the deterioration of gengival status.

  7. Conditional factors for untreated caries in 12-year-old children in the city of Sao Paulo

    Raquel Marianna Lopes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to analyze what sociodemographic and economic variables were associated with the presence of untreated caries in 12-year-old children in the city of São Paulo. This cross-sectional study had a complex sample design. It was based on secondary data generated by the Levantamento epidemiológico em saúde bucal (Epidemiological Oral Health Survey in the city of São Paulo, conducted in 2008, whose sample comprised 4,246 12-year-old children from the public and private schools of all the administrative districts of the city. A questionnaire was applied and an epidemiological exam was performed in accordance with the World Health Organization's (WHO recommendations. The variables of interest were categorized into a dependent variable of untreated dental caries (carious component of the DMFT index that corresponds to carious, missing and filled teeth and independent variables related to the socioeconomic and demographic conditions of the children and their families, and to their access to dental services. The EPI-INFO 06 and STATA 10 programs were used for the analysis; the prevalence ratio and a confidence interval of 95% were applied to the population parameters. The Poisson regression model was used, adjusted for sampling of the complex type. Caries was associated with ethnicity (higher rate in black people, p = 0.042, attending public school (p = 0.000, lower average family income (p = 0.002, overcrowded dwellings (p = 0.000 and presence of pain (p = 0.000. Caries is a multifactorial disease influenced by social health determinants that intensify its risk.

  8. Conditional factors for untreated caries in 12-year-old children in the city of São Paulo.

    Lopes, Raquel Marianna; Domingues, Gabrielle Gonsalli; Junqueira, Simone Rennó; Araujo, Maria Ercilia de; Frias, Antônio Carlos

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to analyze what sociodemographic and economic variables were associated with the presence of untreated caries in 12-year-old children in the city of São Paulo. This cross-sectional study had a complex sample design. It was based on secondary data generated by the Levantamento epidemiológico em saúde bucal (Epidemiological Oral Health Survey) in the city of São Paulo, conducted in 2008, whose sample comprised 4,246 12-year-old children from the public and private schools of all the administrative districts of the city. A questionnaire was applied and an epidemiological exam was performed in accordance with the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations. The variables of interest were categorized into a dependent variable of untreated dental caries (carious component of the DMFT index that corresponds to carious, missing and filled teeth) and independent variables related to the socioeconomic and demographic conditions of the children and their families, and to their access to dental services. The EPI-INFO 06 and STATA 10 programs were used for the analysis; the prevalence ratio and a confidence interval of 95% were applied to the population parameters. The Poisson regression model was used, adjusted for sampling of the complex type. Caries was associated with ethnicity (higher rate in black people, p=0.042), attending public school (p=0.000), lower average family income (p=0.002), overcrowded dwellings (p=0.000) and presence of pain (p=0.000). Caries is a multifactorial disease influenced by social health determinants that intensify its risk. PMID:23903864

  9. Immediate and long term evolution of valve replacement in children less than 12 years old

    Atik Fernando Antibas

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was the follow-up and evaluation of valve replacement in children under 12 years of age. METHODS: Forty-four children less than 12 years old were underwent valve replacement at INCOR-HCFMUSP between January 1986 and December 1992. Forty (91% were rheumatic, 39 (88.7% were in functional classes II or IV, 19 (43.2% were operated upon on an emergency basis, and 6 (13.6% had atrial fibrillation. Biological prostheses (BP were employed in 26 patients (59.1%, and mechanical prostheses (MP in 18 (40.9%. Mitral valves were replaced in 30 (68.7%, aortic valves in 8 (18.2%, a tricuspid valve in 1 (2.3%, and double (aortic and mitral valves in 5 (11.4 of the patients. RESULTS: Hospital mortality was of 4.5% (2 cases. The mean follow-up period was 5.8 years. Re-operations occurred in 63.3% of the patients with BP and in 12.5% of those with MP (p=0.002. Infectious endocarditis was present in 26.3% of the BP, but in none of the cases of MP (p=0.049. Thrombosis occurred in 2 (12.5% and hemorrhage in one (6.5% of the patients with a MP. Delayed mortality occurred in 5 (11.9% of the patients over a mean period of 2.6 years; four had had BP and one had a MP (NS. Actuarial survival and re-operation-free curves after 10 years were respectively, 82.5±7.7 (SD% and 20.6±15.9%. CONCLUSION: Patients with MP required fewer re-operation, had less infectious endocarditis and lower late mortality rates compared with patients with bioprostheses. The former, therefore, appear to be the best valve replacement for pediatric patients.

  10. The Effects of Indexical and Phonetic Variation on Vowel Perception in Typically Developing 9- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Jacewicz, Ewa; Fox, Robert Allen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate how linguistic knowledge interacts with indexical knowledge in older children's perception under demanding listening conditions created by extensive talker variability. Method: Twenty-five 9- to 12-year-old children, 12 from North Carolina (NC) and 13 from Wisconsin (WI), identified 12…

  11. Physical activity levels and energy expenditure of 9-year-old – 12-year-old overweight and obese children

    Anita E. Pienaar

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The high occurrence of overweight and obesity amongst children is a disturbing health problem worldwide. Possible causes of increasing childhood obesity are inactivity and energy imbalances. The aim of this study was to analyse the total energy expenditure (TEEand physical activity levels in 9-year-old – 12-year-old overweight and obese children during a weekday and a weekend day, as well as during a weekday morning and afternoon. Twenty-four 9-year-old – 12-year-old children (seven boys and 17 girls, of whom nine were overweight and 15 were obese, were selected from seven public primary schools for this study. Body mass index (BMI cut-off points were used to distinguish between overweight and obese. Each participant wore an ACTICAL™ monitor to determine their physical activity levels and TEE. It was found that the TEE of the children did not differ between a week day and a weekend day, although the TEE of the week day afternoon differed significantly from that of the weekday morning. Unlike the overweight children, none of the obese children met the requirements of 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per day. Strategies should be found to increase the activity levels of overweight and, especially, obese children, specifically during the mornings and over weekends.

    Opsomming

    Die hoë voorkoms van oorgewig en obesiteit onder kinders is wêreldwyd ’n kommerwekkende gesondheidsprobleem. Fisieke onaktiwiteit en energiewanbalanse word as moontlike oorsake van die probleem beskou. Die doel van hierdie studie was om die totale energieverbruik (TEV en fisieke-aktiwiteitsvlakke van 9-jarige – 12-jarige oorgewig- en obese kinders tydens ‘n totale weeksdag en naweekdag te ontleed, asook tydens die oggend en middag van ‘n weeksdag. Vier-en-twintig 9-jarige – 12-jarige kinders (sewe seuns en 17 dogters, waarvan nege oorgewig en 15 obees was, is uit sewe publieke laerskole vir die studie gekies

  12. Parental encouragement is positively associated with outdoor active play outside of school hours among 7-12 year olds.

    Ferrao, Thomas; Janssen, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Background. Physical activity is important for children's physical, mental, and social well-being. Outdoor active play is an important yet unstudied domain of children's physical activity. The objective of this study was to determine if parental encouragement is associated with the frequency that children engage in outdoor active play outside of school hours. Methods. Participants consisted of 514 children aged 7-12 years and one of their parents. Parents completed a survey that included four questions that assessed how frequently they used verbal cues to encourage their child to play outdoors. Points were assigned to each response and averaged across the 4 questions, and based on this average participants were assigned to quintiles. The survey included seven questions that asked parents to assess how frequently their child played outdoors outside of school hours. Points were assigned to each response and summed to create an active outdoor play frequency score. General linear models assessed associations between parental encouragement and outdoor play while controlling for individual, family, and neighborhood covariates. Results. The mean outdoor active play frequency score increased significantly across quintiles of the parental encouragement score as follows: 6.0 (standard error = 0.7) in quintile 1, 9.8 (0.6) in quintile 2, 11.4 (0.6) in quintile 3, 16.2 (0.9) in quintile 4, and 23.3 (1.3) in quintile 5. After adjusting for covariates, the mean outdoor active play frequency score was almost three times higher in the highest parental encouragement quintile than in the lowest quintile (20.4 vs. 7.8). Conclusions. Parents use of verbal cues to encourage their children to play outdoors was independently associated with outdoor active play among 7-12 year olds. PMID:26644990

  13. Effect of Exposure to Positive Images of Dentistry on Dental Anxiety among 7 to 12 Years Old Children

    Gangwal, Rini Rajendra; Rameshchandra Badjatia, Sourabh; Harish Dave, Bhavna

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT% Aim: To evaluate the effect of exposure to positive images of dentistry on dental anxiety among 7 to 12 years old children. Materials and methods: Controlled trial. Assessment of anxiety and analysis of data were conducted blind to experimental condition. Assessment of anxiety was carried out in the waiting room prior intervention, postintervention into the operatory during the treatment and again after the completion of treatment. Anticipatory anxiety was recorded by Venham's pictu...

  14. Untreated severe dental decay: a neglected determinant of low Body Mass Index in 12-year-old Filipino children

    Mulder Jan

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dental decay is the most common childhood disease worldwide and most of the decay remains untreated. In the Philippines caries levels are among the highest in the South East Asian region. Elementary school children suffer from high prevalence of stunting and underweight. The present study aimed to investigate the association between untreated dental decay and Body Mass Index (BMI among 12-year-old Filipino children. Methods Data collection was part of the National Oral Health Survey, a representative cross-sectional study of 1951 11-13-year-old school children using a modified, stratified cluster sampling design based on population classifications of the Philippine National Statistics Office. Caries was scored according to WHO criteria (1997 and odontogenic infections using the PUFA index. Anthropometric measures were performed by trained nurses. Some socio-economic determinants were included as potential confounding factors. Results The overall prevalence of caries (DMFT + dmft > 0 was 82.3% (95%CI; 80.6%-84.0%. The overall prevalence of odontogenic infections due to caries (PUFA + pufa > 0 was 55.7% (95% CI; 53.5%-57.9% The BMI of 27.1% (95%CI; 25.1%-29.1% of children was below normal, 1% (95%CI; 0.5%-1.4% had a BMI above normal. The regression coefficient between BMI and caries was highly significant (p 0 as compared to those without odontogenic infections had an increased risk of a below normal BMI (OR: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.19-1.80. Conclusions This is the first-ever representative survey showing a significant association between caries and BMI and particularly between odontogenic infections and below normal BMI. An expanded model of hypothesised associations is presented that includes progressed forms of dental decay as a significant, yet largely neglected determinant of poor child development.

  15. Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old.

    Diamond, Adele; Lee, Kathleen

    2011-08-19

    To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are executive functions, including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than an impulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children's executive functions: computerized training, noncomputerized games, aerobics, martial arts, yoga, mindfulness, and school curricula. All successful programs involve repeated practice and progressively increase the challenge to executive functions. Children with worse executive functions benefit most from these activities; thus, early executive-function training may avert widening achievement gaps later. To improve executive functions, focusing narrowly on them may not be as effective as also addressing emotional and social development (as do curricula that improve executive functions) and physical development (shown by positive effects of aerobics, martial arts, and yoga). PMID:21852486

  16. The Contribution of the New South Wales Primary Schools Sports Association towards Developing Talent in Australian 12-Year-Old Female Swimmers

    Light, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on a case study that inquired into the influence of the New South Wales Primary Schools Sports Association competitive swimming structure on the development of talented 12-year old female swimmers. The study focused on ten 12-year old girls in the New South Wales team that contested the 2009 national swimming championships…

  17. The effect of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque Streptococcus mutans count in 6- to 12-year-old school children: An in vivo study

    Neeraja R; Anantharaj A; Praveen P; Karthik V; Vinitha M

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: Treating a carious tooth in children with high caries experience by providing a restoration does not cure the disease. If the unfavorable oral environment that caused the cavity persists so will the disease and more restorations will be required in future. Treating the oral infection by reducing the number of cariogenic microorganisms and establishing a favorable oral environment to promote predominantly remineralization of tooth structure over time will stop the caries process. ...

  18. Mozart effect on dental anxiety in 6–12 year old children

    Arlette Suzy Setiawan; Hilnia Zidnia; Inne Suherna Sasmita

    2010-01-01

    Background: Children anxiety in dental treatment often becomes a barrier for dentist to perform optimum dental treatment procedure. Various methods to manage anxiety and fear in children have been applied including listening to classical music during dental treatment. One of the classical music usually used is music by Mozart. Purpose: This study is aimed to discover the role of classical music by Mozart in dental anxiety changes. Method: This study was a quasi experimental study using purpos...

  19. Choroidal thickness in relation to birth parameters in 11- to 12-year-old children

    Li, Xiao Q; Munkholm, Anja; Larsen, Michael;

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: To examine choroidal thickness in a population-based child cohort in relation to birth parameters. METHODS: The Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 Eye Study examined 1406 children aged 11 to 12 years using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), ocular...... weight children (2500-4500 g, n = 1194, mean 361 ± 78 μm), the difference being -37 (CI95 -60 to -15) μm, P = 0.001 after adjusting for age, sex, height, Tanner stage by sex, axial length, anterior chamber depth, and spherical equivalent refractive error. The subfoveal choroid in high birth weight...

  20. Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran

    Inaloo, Soroor; Pegah KATIBEH; GHASEMOF, Masroor

    2016-01-01

    Objective Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive CNS disorder due to an insult to the growing brain, usually occurring in the first two years of life. During the recent years, its etiology has been changed; perinatal and postnatal insults are not considered as its main causes in developed countries any more. The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes of CP in children in southern Iran. Materials & Methods Overall, 200 children with CP aged 1-12 yr old referring to Pediatric Neurology ...

  1. An evaluation of factors of permanent central crown fractures in 7-12 years old children

    Ghandehary- Motlagh M. Assistant Professor

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Central crown fractures of deciduous and permanent teeth lead to unfavorable"npsychological effects on both children and their parents. Moreover, it can cause malocclusion. So,"nrecognizing tooth fracture reasons plays an important role to prevent its side effects."nAim: The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons' of permanent central crown fractures in (7-12"nyears old children."nMaterials and Methods: Records of 218 children, with at least one central tooth fracture, referred to"npediatric department of faculty of dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, from 1999 to"n2000, were studied. All the related information about fracture such as: reason, location, time, type of"nocclusion, and type of fracture were recorded."nResults: It was found that falling down (45.4% and having contact with external objects (21.6% were"nthe main reasons for permanent centrals fractures. The mean age of these children was 9.78±1.24 and"n63.3% of them were boys. It should be noted that 41.3% of them had unsupported lip. The highest rate of"nfractures belonged to upper centrals. Based on Ellis classification, most fractures were of degree 3"n(52.7%. There was no significant relationship between overbite and overjet with the degree of fracture"n(P<0.05."nConclusion: Dental skeletal malocclusions such as CI II, Div I, central incisors protrusion and"ndevelopmental defects of tooth structure should be considered as determinant factors in tooth crown"nfractures.

  2. Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran

    INALOO, Soroor; KATIBEH, Pegah; GHASEMOF, Masroor

    2016-01-01

    Objective Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive CNS disorder due to an insult to the growing brain, usually occurring in the first two years of life. During the recent years, its etiology has been changed; perinatal and postnatal insults are not considered as its main causes in developed countries any more. The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes of CP in children in southern Iran. Materials & Methods Overall, 200 children with CP aged 1-12 yr old referring to Pediatric Neurology Clinic affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran between 2012 and 2013 were enrolled. In addition, 200 healthy age and sex-matched children were considered as the control group. Exclusion criteria were isolated movement disorders with no other evidence of CP, progressive neurologic disorders, metabolic disorders, and incomplete or uncertain past history. After collecting the data on pregnancy period, prenatal history and past medical problems, they were analyzed with appropriate statistical methods. Results Maternal age, medical problems during pregnancy period, route of delivery, head circumference at birth, neonatal admission, neonatal jaundice, and prematurity were the main risk factors for CP. Discussion The distribution of risk factors of CP is different from that of developed countries in our region. Pre- and peri-natal etiologies are still among the common causes of CP in Iran. PMID:27057186

  3. Interventions shown to Aid Executive Function Development in Children 4–12 Years Old *

    Diamond, Adele; Lee, Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are ‘executive functions,’ including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than an impulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children’s executive functions – computerized training, non-computerized games, aerobics, martial arts, yoga, mindfulness, and school curricula. Central to all these is repeated practice and constantly challeng...

  4. Socio Economic and Nutritional Status as Dental Caries Risk Factors in 12 Year Old Children

    Naskova, Sanja; Iljovska, Snezana; Pavlevska, Meri; Alimani - Jakupi, Jetmire

    2016-01-01

    The examined material consisted of 71 examinees from both genders at the age of 12, from which the experimental group consisted of 40 children and the control group consisted of 31 examinees.A survey was carried out in order to assess the socio-economic status of the families, to assess the nutritional status (BMI) of the examinees, to verify the dental health while noting the DMFS, DMFT and the intensity of dental caries. The data that presented the socio-economic status of the e...

  5. ORAL VERSUS NASAL VASOPRESSIN IN THE TREATMENT OF NOCTURNAL ENURESIS IN 5- TO 12-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Abbas TAGHAVI ARDAKANI

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveNocturnal enuresis is a common childhood problem and has various treatments.This study was carried out to compare oral and nasal vasopressin in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis in 5- to 12-year-old children who were referred to the Shahid Beheshti Clinic in 2008.Materials & MethodsThis study included 100 children (62 males and 38 females with nocturnal enuresis. One group (50 patients received 20 mcg nasal vasopressin which increased up to 40 mcg, depending on the patients' response. The other group (50 patients received 0.2 mg oral vasopressin which increased up to 0.4 mg.The patients were followed up for one month after response to the last dose of drug. Data were recorded in prepared forms and analyzed using Chi-Square and Fisher Test.ResultsThe success rate with oral and nasal method was 80% and 92%, respectively (P=0.08. Only 2% of the children had complications during the treatment; one child treated orally developed gastroenteritis and another child treated with the nasal method developed convulsions (P=1. Sixteen percent of the children treated with the oral method and 28% of the children treated with the nasal method had recurrence (P=0.148.ConclusionOral and nasal forms of vasopressin have equal therapeutic effects. However, oral form of the treatment has fewer serious side effects and is easier to use. Therefore, the use of oral medicine is recommended.

  6. The UP4FUN Intervention Effect on Breaking Up Sedentary Time in 10- to 12-Year-Old Belgian Children: The ENERGY-Project.

    Verloigne, Maïté; Berntsen, Sveinung; Ridgers, Nicola D; Cardon, Greet; Chinapaw, Mai; Altenburg, Teatske; Brug, Johannes; Bere, Elling; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Van Lippevelde, Wendy; Maes, Lea

    2015-05-01

    There are currently no studies available reporting intervention effects on breaking up children's sedentary time. This study examined the UP4FUN intervention effect on objectively measured number of breaks in sedentary time, number of sedentary bouts (≥ 10 mins) and total and average amount of time spent in those sedentary bouts among 10- to 12-year-old Belgian children. The total sample included 354 children (mean age: 10.9 ± 0.7 years; 59% girls) with valid ActiGraph accelerometer data at pre- and posttest. Only few and small intervention effects were found, namely on total time spent in sedentary bouts immediately after school hours (4-6PM; β = -3.51mins) and on average time spent in sedentary bouts before school hours (6-8.30AM; β = -4.83mins) and immediately after school hours in favor of children from intervention schools (β = -2.71mins). Unexpectedly, girls from intervention schools decreased the number of breaks during school hours (8.30AM-4PM; β = -23.45breaks) and increased the number of sedentary bouts on a weekend day (β = +0.90bouts), whereas girls in control schools showed an increase in number of breaks and a decrease in number of bouts. In conclusion, UP4FUN did not have a consistent or substantial effect on breaking up children's sedentary time and these data suggest that more intensive and longer lasting interventions are needed. PMID:25389211

  7. Poverty, social exclusion and dental caries of 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in Lima, Peru

    Bernabé Eduardo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Socioeconomic differences in oral health have been reported in many countries. Poverty and social exclusion are two commonly used indicators of socioeconomic position in Latin America. The aim of this study was to explore the associations of poverty and social exclusion with dental caries experience in 12-year-old children. Methods Ninety families, with a child aged 12 years, were selected from 11 underserved communities in Lima (Peru, using a two-stage cluster sampling. Head of households were interviewed with regard to indicators of poverty and social exclusion and their children were clinically examined for dental caries. The associations of poverty and social exclusion with dental caries prevalence were tested in binary logistic regression models. Results Among children in the sample, 84.5% lived in poor households and 30.0% in socially excluded families. Out of all the children, 83.3% had dental caries. Poverty and social exclusion were significantly associated with dental caries in the unadjusted models (p = 0.013 and 0.047 respectively. In the adjusted model, poverty remained significantly related to dental caries (p = 0.008, but the association between social exclusion and dental caries was no longer significant (p = 0.077. Children living in poor households were 2.25 times more likely to have dental caries (95% confidence interval: 1.24; 4.09, compared to those living in non-poor households. Conclusion There was support for an association between poverty and dental caries, but not for an association between social exclusion and dental caries in these children. Some potential explanations for these findings are discussed.

  8. An Investigation on the Correlation between DMFT and OHI- S Indices on 12- Year- Old School Girls in Kashan

    H.Afshar

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: DMFT and OHI- S indices are two of the most important quantitative factors, measuring tooth health and oral hygiene, respectively.Propose: The aim of this study was to study of correlation between these indices in 12-year old school girls of Kashan.Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study on the correlation between these indices were carried out on 242, twelve year- old school girls in Kashan and the results, have been presented in this paper.Results: The findings were as follows:Average and standard deviation of decayed, missed and filled teeth were (1.12, 1.5, (0.05,0.25 and (0.28, 0.92, respectively. Average and standard deviation of DMFT was 1.45 and 1.73, respectively, with 45.5 percent of the cases being caries free (DMFT= O. OHI- S index, on the other hand, showed an average of 1.46 with a standard deviation of 0.42.Conclusion: The result of the c2.test, carried out on the measured data, showed no correlation between the DMFT and OHI-S indices.

  9. ORAL VERSUS NASAL VASOPRESSIN IN THE TREATMENT OF NOCTURNAL ENURESIS IN 5- TO 12-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Abbas TAGHAVI ARDAKANI

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveNocturnal enuresis is a common childhood problem and has various  treatments.This study was carried out to compare oral and nasal vasopressin in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis in 5- to 12-year-old children who were referred to the Shahid Beheshti Clinic in 2008.Materials & MethodsThis study included 100 children (62 males and 38 females with nocturnal enuresis. One group (50 patients received 20 mcg nasal vasopressin which increased up to 40 mcg, depending on the patients' response. The other group (50 patients received 0.2 mg oral vasopressin which increased up to 0.4 mg.The patients were followed up for one month after response to the last dose of drug. Data were recorded in prepared forms and analyzed using Chi-Square and Fisher Test.ResultsThe success rate with oral and nasal method was 80% and 92%, respectively (P=0.08. Only 2% of the children had complications during the treatment; one child treated orally developed gastroenteritis and another child treated with the nasal method developed convulsions (P=1. Sixteen percent of the children treated with the oral method and 28% of the children treated with the nasal method had recurrence (P=0.148.ConclusionOral and nasal forms of vasopressin have equal therapeutic effects. However, oral form of the treatment has fewer serious side effects and is easier to use. Therefore, the use of oral medicine is recommended.Keywords:Nasal vasopressin, Nocturnal enuresis, Oral vasopressin

  10. Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils

    Ernesto Smyth

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a representative sample (n = 1217 of the population of 12-year-old schoolchildren in Galiza (northwest Spain. Independent variables were measured through a questionnaire, and dependent variables were determined through oral examination. Multiple and logistic regression were applied. Results: The decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth/decayed, filled primary teeth (DMFT-dft value in the sample was 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.67-1.98, the DMFT value was 1.53 (95% CI, 1.37-1.67, and the prevalence of caries was 61% (95% CI, 57.7-64.5. The prevalence of caries was directly related to a low frequency of brushing, greater use of toothpaste, and a higher consumption of sweets. The prevalence of caries was higher in rural than in urban areas. In contrast, the higher the mother's level of education and the greater the subject's knowledge of dental health, the lower the prevalence of caries. Conclusions: The main goals of dental health programmes should be to achieve quality brushing every day in children, to reduce the consumption of sweets, and to increase knowledge of dental health.Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados a la prevalencia de caries en escolares de 12 años. Métodos: Estudio transversal sobre una muestra (n = 1.217 de escolares de 12 años de Galicia. Las variables independientes se midieron mediante un cuestionario y las dependientes, a través de exploración bucal. En el análisis estadístico se aplicaron regresión logística y regresión lineal múltiple. Resultados: El índice CAO-co en la muestra fue 1,83 (intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%, 1,67-1,98, el índice CAO 1,53 (IC del 95%, 1,37-1,67, mientras que la prevalencia de caries se situó en el 61% (IC del 95%, 57,7-64,5. La prevalencia de caries estuvo directamente asociada a

  11. The Children’s DEBQ (DEBQ-C) for assessment of restrained, emotional and external eating in 7-12 year old children

    Strien, T. van; Oosterveld, P.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Construct an age adapted version of the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) for measurement of restrained, emotional and external eating in 7- to 12-year-old children: the DEBQ-C. xxx METHOD: The DEBQ-C was constructed and tested for its reliability, factorial validity, factorial

  12. The Discourse of "Development": How 9- to 12-year-old Children Construct "Childish" and "Further Developed" Identities within Their Peer Culture.

    Kelle, Helga

    2001-01-01

    Analyzed the discourse of 9- to 12-year-olds on the subject of their development, creating an ethnographic account of the meaning of development in peer culture. The interviewed children distinguished a linear concept of development as both a natural process and a goal. Their discourse continually reconceptualized the relations between the sexes…

  13. Association between obesity and blood pressure, vital capacity among children aged 7 ~ 12 years old in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou%张家口市卫华小学7~12岁儿童肥胖与血压及肺活量的相关分析

    徐云鹏; 王文栋; 齐文峰; 常晓彤

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children aged 7~12 years old in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou,and analyze their relationships between obesity and blood pressure,vital capacity.[Methods] In September 2012,1 530 children aged 7~ 12 years old were involved by a cluster sampling method in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou.The weight,height,blood pressure,vital capacity,and other related indexes were measured,with body mass index (BMI) being calculated.According to the BMI value,the overweight and obese children were defined.The relationships between obesity and blood pressure levels,vital capacity were also analyzed.[Results] The total prevalence of overweight and obesity in involved children were 13.01 % and 14.25 %,respectively.Among boys and girls,the prevalences were 17.2% and 8.31% for overweight,while 14.23% and 8.59% for obesity,respectively.Both the prevalences of overweight and obesity in boys were significantly higher than those in girls (P<0.01).The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels were higher in overweight and obese children than those in the normal weight children (P<0.01).The detection rates of high blood pressure among overweight,obesity and normal children were 10.55 %,39.95 % and 4.85 %,respectively,which had a significant difference(P<0.01).When the children's BMI was less than 30,BMI was positively correlated with vital capacity,and when the children's BMI was greater than or equal to 30,BMI was negatively correlated with vital capacity.[Conclusions] The prevalences of overweight and obesity are high among children in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou,and higher prevalence is found in the boys.The SBP and DBP levels of children are increasing continuously following by increasing obesity,and the prevalence of high blood pressure is also increasing from normal weight,overweight to obesity.When children's BMI is greater than or equal

  14. The Epidemic of Poor Vitamin D Status among 9-12 Years Old Children in Tehran, 2008, Using HPLC: Need for an Urgent Action

    Maliheh Zahedirad; Bahareh Nikooyeh; Tirang R Neyestani

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is a global health problem. The importance of this problem is doubled in growing children because of their increased need for skeletal growth. This investigation was performed firstly to assess vitamin D status, and secondly to examine its possible relationship with sex, residing area and duration of sun exposure in 9-12 years old children of Tehran. Materials and Methods: We studied 257 randomly selected children out of 1111 ch...

  15. Obesity and related factors in 7-12 year-old elementary school students during 2009-2010 in Sari, Iran

    Salar Behzadnia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim To define the prevalence of obesity and its related factors in 2-7 year-old elementary school students in Sari city (Mazandaran, Iran. Methods In this descriptive cross sectional study, which was conducted in the 2009-2010 period, the study population included7-12 year-old first to fifth grade elementary school students in Sari. Sampling was multi-stage and stratified randomization at level of the target students. Student’s height and weight were measured using stediometer and digital scales. Body Mass Index (BMI was calculated. A questionnaire about feeding habits and socio-economic status(SES of families was used. Data collection was performed using phone interview with parents also the questionnaire’s records. Analysis was done in SPSS16 using appropriate statistical tests, p85% and 78 (12% were obese (BMI> 95%. Higher prevalence of obesity in the children with good socio economic status was found (p=0.001. Significant relationship between usage of fast food and obesity, and between school grade and obesity (p= 0.001 was found. Conclusion The overall prevalence of obesity in studied children was high, which suggests the need for serious attention in the health system, extensive studies, also designing and implementation of interventions with regard to childhood obesity.

  16. Determinants of inclusive education of 8-12 year-old children with cerebral palsy in 9 European regions

    Sentenac, Mariane; Ehlinger, Virginie; Michelsen, Susan Ishøy;

    2013-01-01

    palsy according to the nature and severity of their impairments and the schooling policy in European regions. The aim of this paper is to describe the type of schooling of children with cerebral palsy in various European regions after controlling for relevant individual factors. Children aged 8-12 years...... with cerebral palsy from 9 European regions and their families were interviewed. Our findings support the hypothesis that between-region variations in the type of schooling are still significant after adjustment for individual factors; and that motor function and intellectual ability have different......The principle of inclusive education has been increasingly recognised over recent decades and most countries officially support schooling of children with disabilities in mainstream settings. The SPARCLE study offers the opportunity to report on the schooling practices for children with cerebral...

  17. Overweight and obesity among 12-year-old children in Vestfold county, Norway: Prevalence and associated lifestyle-, socioeconomic-, hereditary-, and health factors

    2010-01-01

    Abstract: Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children is increasing rapidly worldwide, and this poses as a major health concern. Identifying potential risk factors to which preventive strategies can be implemented is of importance. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity in 12-year-old children in Vestfold county, Norway, and to map associated lifestyle-, socioeconomic-, hereditary- and health factors. Methods: This was c...

  18. Self-reported quality of life of 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy

    Dickinson, Heather O; Parkinson, Kathryn N; Ravens-Sieberer, Ulrike;

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Little is known about the quality of life (QoL) of disabled children. We describe self-reported QoL of children with cerebral palsy, factors that influence it, and how it compares with QoL of the general population. METHODS: 1174 children aged 8-12 years were randomly selected from...... eight population-based registers of children with cerebral palsy in six European countries and 743 (63%) agreed to participate; one further region recruited 75 children from multiple sources. Researchers visited these 818 children. 318 (39%) with severe intellectual impairment could not self-report; 500...... cerebral palsy had similar QoL to children in the general population in all domains except schooling, in which evidence was equivocal, and physical wellbeing, in which comparison was not possible. INTERPRETATION: Parents can be reassured that most children aged 8-12 years with cerebral palsy will have...

  19. Dental caries and oral health practices among 12 year old children in Nairobi West and Mathira West Districts, Kenya

    Gathecha, Gladwell; Makokha, Anselimo; Wanzala, Peter; Omolo, Jared; Smith, Perry

    2012-01-01

    Background Dental caries is a common disease in children which causes pain with resultant effect on various physiological and social functions. The main objective of the study was to determine the association between dental caries and oral health knowledge and practice among children in Nairobi West and Mathira West Districts. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 639 children aged 12 years attending public primary schools in Nairobi West and Mathira West districts between Augus...

  20. Comparison of Middle Latency Auditory Evoked Potentials in Learning Disability and Normal 7-12 Year- Old Children

    Shoreh Jalaei

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Learning disability(LD is one of the most prevalent problems among elementary school children. Approximately 10 percent of all elementary school children suffer from this problem. It has been determined that learning disability is predominantly accompanied with subtle impairment in central auditory nervous system. The main idea of this study was to evaluate middle latency auditory evoked potential (MLAEPs in learning disabled children. Materials and Method: This cross-sectional study investigated middle latency auditory evoked potential in children with learning disability (n = 31 compared to normal children (n = 31. Latencies and amplitudes of MLAEPs results with different stimulus intensity and binaural stimulation were compared between two groups. Results: Compared to control group, learning disabled children exhibited smaller amplitudes for all the components except the right ear Na and Pa. There is no significant difference between two groups for latencies of the components. Conclusion: It seems that middle latency auditory evoked potential may be useful in diagnosis and evaluation of learning disabled children although more investigation is required.

  1. Evaluation of the UP4FUN Intervention: A Cluster Randomized Trial to Reduce and Break Up Sitting Time in European 10-12-Year-Old Children

    Vik, Frøydis N.; Lien, Nanna; Berntsen, Sveinung; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Grillenberger, Monika; Manios, Yannis; Kovacs, Eva; Chinapaw, Mai J. M.; Brug, Johannes; Bere, Elling

    2015-01-01

    Background The UP4FUN intervention is a family-involved school-based intervention aiming at reducing and breaking up sitting time at home (with special emphasis on screen time), and breaking up sitting time in school among 10–12 year olds in Europe. The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate its short term effects. Methodology/Principal Findings A total of 3147 pupils from Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary and Norway participated in a school-randomized controlled trial. The intervention included 1–2 school lessons per week for a period of six weeks, along with assignments for the children and their parents. Screen time and breaking up sitting time were registered by self-report and total sedentary time and breaking up sitting time by accelerometry. The effect of the intervention on these behaviors was evaluated by multilevel regression analyses. All analyses were adjusted for baseline values and gender. Significance level was p≤0.01. No significant intervention effects were observed, neither for self-reported TV/DVD or computer/game console time, nor for accelerometer-assessed total sedentary time and number of breaks in sitting time. The intervention group, however, reported more positive attitudes towards (β = 0.25 (95% CI 0.11, 0.38)) and preferences/liking for (β = 0.20 (95% CI 0.08, 0.32)) breaking up sitting time than the control group. Conclusions/Significance No significant intervention effect on self-reported screen time or accelerometer-assessed sedentary time or breaks in sitting time was observed, but positive effects on beliefs regarding breaking up sitting time were found in favor of the intervention group. Overall, these results do not warrant wider dissemination of the present UP4FUN intervention. Trial Registration International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number Registry ISRCTN34562078 PMID:25826704

  2. Evaluation of the UP4FUN intervention: a cluster randomized trial to reduce and break up sitting time in European 10-12-year-old children.

    Frøydis N Vik

    Full Text Available The UP4FUN intervention is a family-involved school-based intervention aiming at reducing and breaking up sitting time at home (with special emphasis on screen time, and breaking up sitting time in school among 10-12 year olds in Europe. The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate its short term effects.A total of 3147 pupils from Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary and Norway participated in a school-randomized controlled trial. The intervention included 1-2 school lessons per week for a period of six weeks, along with assignments for the children and their parents. Screen time and breaking up sitting time were registered by self-report and total sedentary time and breaking up sitting time by accelerometry. The effect of the intervention on these behaviors was evaluated by multilevel regression analyses. All analyses were adjusted for baseline values and gender. Significance level was p≤0.01. No significant intervention effects were observed, neither for self-reported TV/DVD or computer/game console time, nor for accelerometer-assessed total sedentary time and number of breaks in sitting time. The intervention group, however, reported more positive attitudes towards (β = 0.25 (95% CI 0.11, 0.38 and preferences/liking for (β = 0.20 (95% CI 0.08, 0.32 breaking up sitting time than the control group.No significant intervention effect on self-reported screen time or accelerometer-assessed sedentary time or breaks in sitting time was observed, but positive effects on beliefs regarding breaking up sitting time were found in favor of the intervention group. Overall, these results do not warrant wider dissemination of the present UP4FUN intervention.International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number Registry ISRCTN34562078.

  3. Obesity and related factors in 7-12 year-old elementary school students during 2009-2010 in Sari, Iran

    Salar Behzadnia; Koorosh Vahidshahi; Seyyed Hamzeh Hosseini; Shideh Anvari; Sara Ehteshami

    2012-01-01

    Aim To define the prevalence of obesity and its related factors in 2-7 year-old elementary school students in Sari city (Mazandaran, Iran). Methods In this descriptive cross sectional study, which was conducted in the 2009-2010 period, the study population included7-12 year-old first to fifth grade elementary school students in Sari. Sampling was multi-stage and stratified randomization at level of the target students. Student’s height and weight were measured using stediometer and digital sc...

  4. Participation in life situations of 8-12 year old children with cerebral palsy: cross sectional European study

    Fauconnier, Jérôme; Dickinson, Heather O; Beckung, Eva; Marcelli, Marco; McManus, Vicki; Michelsen, Susan I; Parkes, Jackie; Parkinson, Kathryn N.; Thyen, Ute; Arnaud, Catherine; Colver, Allan

    2009-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate how involvement in life situations (participation) in children with cerebral palsy varies with type and severity of impairment and to investigate geographical variation in participation. Design Cross sectional study. Trained interviewers visited parents of children with cerebral palsy; multilevel multivariable regression related participation to impairments, pain, and sociodemographic characteristics. Setting Eight European regions with population registers of children ...

  5. Participation in life situations of 8-12 year old children with cerebral palsy: cross sectional European study

    Fauconnier, Jérôme; Dickinson, Heather O; Beckung, Eva;

    2009-01-01

    cerebral palsy; multilevel multivariable regression related participation to impairments, pain, and sociodemographic characteristics. SETTING: Eight European regions with population registers of children with cerebral palsy; one further region recruited children from multiple sources. PARTICIPANTS: 1174...... with lower participation for specific domains, but the sociodemographic factors examined were not. Impairment and pain accounted for up to a sixth of the variation in participation. Participation on all domains varied substantially between regions: children in east Denmark had consistently higher...

  6. The Development of Cognitive Schemata in Children (Birth to 12 Years Old) of Depressed Parents: A Review of the Literature.

    Barrett, Dean John

    One of the ways in which children of depressed parents are affected is in the area of cognitive schemata. In cognitive behavioral theory, schemata drive emotions and therefore influence behavior. Subsequently, a better understanding of the cognitive schemata of children of depressed parents is attempted in this paper. It offers a review of the…

  7. Micro-RNAs Let7e and 126 in Plasma as Markers of Metabolic Dysfunction in 10 to 12 Years Old Children.

    Bernardo J Krause

    Full Text Available Growing evidence shows that metabolic syndrome (MetS is already starting in childhood however there is no consensus regarding how to diagnose this condition in pediatric population. Studies in adults show that altered levels of specific micro-RNAs are related with components of the MetS.We determined the plasma levels of four MetS-associated micro-RNAs (miR-126, miR-132, mir-145 and Let-7e in 10 to 12 years old children with or without MetS traits.Pediatric subjects were selected from a cohort of 3325 school-age children, and clustered by the absence (control, n = 30, or the presence of 1 (n = 50, 2 (n = 41 or 3 (n = 35 MetS traits according to Cook´s criteria. Micro-RNAs were isolated from plasma, and levels of miR-126, miR-132, miR-145 and Let-7e were determined by Taqman qPCR.Regression analysis of the different MetS traits regarding the different miRNAs analyzed showed that Let-7e presented a negative association with HDL-C levels, but a positive correlation with the number of MetS traits. Levels of miR-126 presented a positive correlation with waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, BMI, and plasma triglycerides and VLDL-C. Levels of miR-132 showed a positive correlation with waist to hip ratio. Plasma levels of Let-7e were increased (~3.4 fold in subjects with 3 MetS traits, and showed significant AUC (0.681; 95%CI = [0.58, 0.78]; p < 0.001 in the ROC analysis which were improved when miR-126 was included in the analysis (AUC 0.729; p < 0.001. In silico analysis of the interaction of proteins derived from mRNAs targeted by Let7 and miR-126 showed an important effect of both Let-7e and miR-126 regulating the insulin signaling pathway.These results suggest that changes in the plasma levels of Let-7e and miR-126 could represent early markers of metabolic dysfunction in children with MetS traits.

  8. Normative Data for the Words-in-Noise Test for 6- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Wilson, Richard H.; Farmer, Nicole M.; Gandhi, Avni; Shelburne, Emily; Weaver, Jamie

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To establish normative data for children on the Words-in-Noise Test (WIN; R. H. Wilson, 2003; R. H. Wilson & R. McArdle, 2007). Method: Forty-two children in each of 7 age groups, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years (n = 294), and 24 young adults (age range: 18-27 years) with normal hearing for pure tones participated. All listeners were…

  9. Empathy and rejection sensitivity in relation to reactive, proactive and relational aggression in 10- to 12-year-old children.

    Reilly, N. L.

    2007-01-01

    The hypothesis that empathy inhibits aggression and therefore that a deficit in empathy may underlie aggressive behaviour (Feshbach, 1978) was investigated in this review. Twenty empirical papers examining the association between empathy and aggression in children and adolescents were reviewed. The studies revealed inconsistent results, particularly in relation to children. Amongst the studies of adolescent samples, there tended to emerge a significant negative association between empathy and...

  10. Exploring the relation between body mass index, diet, and dental caries among 6-12-year-old children

    A Elangovan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Childhood overweight and obesity are becoming a major public health concern all over the world. Change in lifestyles and economic growth have led to sedentary lifestyle and altered dietary patterns. There are conflicting reports in the literature regarding the association between body mass index (BMI and dental caries from various parts of the world. The aim of the present study was to determine if there is an association between BMI-for-age and dental caries in children and to find out the role of diet with respect to BMI-for-age and dental caries. Materials and Methods: Demographics and anthropometric measurements were obtained for 600 children and BMI-for-age was calculated. Clinical examination for dental caries was carried out following WHO criteria. A diet recording sheet was prepared and children/parents were asked to record the dietary intake for 3 days. Data obtained were statistically analyzed using Chi-square, analysis of variance (ANOVA, and multiple linear regression. Results: After excluding improperly filled diet recording sheets, 510 children were included in the study. Caries prevalence was more in obese children than in other BMI groups. Caries scores increased as BMI-for-age increased, though this was not statistically significant. Consumption of fatty foods and snacks was more with obese children compared to other groups. A correlation was found between caries and snacks. Conclusion: Dental caries scores showed no relationship between BMI-for-age in children. Both snacks and fatty food items were consumed more by obese children, which seeks attention.

  11. Etiological features of borderline personality related characteristics in a birth cohort of 12-year-old children

    Belsky, D. W.; Caspi, A.; Arseneault, L; Bleidorn, W.; Fonagy, P.; Goodman, M.; Houts, R.; Moffitt, T.E.

    2012-01-01

    It has been reported that borderline personality related characteristics can be observed in children, and that these characteristics are associated with increased risk for the development of borderline personality disorder. It is not clear whether borderline personality related characteristics in children share etiological features with adult borderline personality disorder. We investigated the etiology of borderline personality related characteristics in a longitudinal cohort study of 1,116 ...

  12. Self-reported mental health in 12-year-old second-generation immigrant children in Sweden

    Dekeyser, Linda; Svedin, Carl Göran; Agnaförs, Sara; Sydsjö, Gunilla

    2011-01-01

     Today 29.3% of all newborns in Sweden are second-generation immigrants. Studies on mental health among these children are few, inconclusive and vary widely with regard to the informant used and the age of the immigrant. The majority of previous studies focus on study groups that cover a wide age span but since mental health varies considerably during the pre-adolescent and adolescent years, more age-specific studies are needed. Additional focus on the health and well-being of these children ...

  13. Is asthma in 2-12 year-old children associated with physician-attended recurrent upper respiratory tract infections?

    Hak, Eelko; Rovers, Maroeska M; Sachs, Alfred P E; Stalman, Wim A B; Verheij, Theo J M

    2003-01-01

    In a prevalence study, we evaluated whether recurrent physician-attended URTI episodes are more common in asthmatic children as compared to age- and gender-matched controls. URTI proneness, defined as > or = 5 episodes of rhinitis/pharyngitis, sinusitis, laryngitis/tracheitis or otitis media in a 24

  14. Gender, Popularity and Notions of In/Authenticity amongst 12-Year-Old to 13-Year-Old School Girls

    Read, Barbara; Francis, Becky; Skelton, Christine

    2011-01-01

    This paper draws on data from a research project investigating gendered identities and interactions of high-achieving students in Year Eight in England (12-13 years old), particularly in relation to students' "popularity" amongst their peers. As part of this study 71 students were interviewed from nine different schools in urban, rural and small…

  15. Exploring the relation between body mass index, diet, and dental caries among 6-12-year-old children

    A Elangovan; J Mungara; Joseph, E

    2012-01-01

    Background and Aim: Childhood overweight and obesity are becoming a major public health concern all over the world. Change in lifestyles and economic growth have led to sedentary lifestyle and altered dietary patterns. There are conflicting reports in the literature regarding the association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries from various parts of the world. The aim of the present study was to determine if there is an association between BMI-for-age and dental caries in children ...

  16. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4-12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4-12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  17. Parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and weight status in 4-12 year-old children: A systematic review of the literature

    Netalie eShloim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and body mass index (BMI in children. Medline (Ovid, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4 to 12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: 7 longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, 1 randomised control trial.. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviours and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal

  18. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4–12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R.; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M.

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4–12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  19. Frequency of participation of 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a multi-centre cross-sectional European study

    Michelsen, Susan I; Flachs, Esben M; Uldall, Peter;

    2008-01-01

    Participation in home, school and community is important for all children; and little is known about the frequency of participation of disabled children. Frequency of participation is a valuable outcome measure for evaluating habilitation programmes for disabled children and for planning social a...... how this regional variation might be explained by the different environments in which children live. Attending a special school or class was not associated with further reduction in participation in most areas of everyday life....

  20. 长春市某小学7~12岁儿童牙周致病菌分布状态调查%Distribution of periodontal pathogens in dental plaque samples from 7 to 12-years-old children of Changchun Ziqiang primary school

    倪雪岩; 伊田博; 鈴木基之; 吕亚林; 魏秀峰; 井上美津子

    2010-01-01

    目的 应用聚合酶链反应(PCR)法对儿童口腔内牙龈卟啉单胞菌(Porphyromonas gingivalis,Pg)、伴放线放线杆菌(Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans,Aa)分布状态进行检测,探讨检出结果与牙周临床指标之间的关系.方法 选取长春市自强小学151名7至12岁儿童为研究对象,选择右上颌中切牙唇面和右上颌第一磨牙颊面为被检部位,取龈上菌斑、记录探诊出血(bleeding on probing,BOP)、探诊深度(probing depth,PD)、牙龈指数(gingival index,GI),应用PCR法对两菌种进行检测.结果 ①儿童龈上菌斑中Pg、Aa检出率为27.6%、54.3%;②6颊面Pg、Aa的检出率(40.0%、57.9%)均高于1 唇面(15.5%、50.7%),Pg检出率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),且与BOP、PD、GI呈正相关;③Pg检出率随年龄增长呈逐渐增高趋势,Aa检出率在11~12岁组最高,其次为7~8岁组和9~10岁组;④BOP阳性部位Pg、Aa检出率(38.3%、65.4%)均高于BOP阴性部位(23.2%、50.5%),P<0.05.在BOP阳性部位,随PD加深Pg检出率逐渐增高,特别是在PD≥4mm时,Pg检出率明显增高(P<0.05),显示Pg检出率与BOP阳性、PD增加呈正相关.结论 7~12岁儿童龈上菌斑中高频度分布着Pg、Aa;上颌前牙区与磨牙区菌丛构成不同,Pg在磨牙区定植更早;两菌种检出率随年龄增长而增加,且与牙周临床指标密切相关,儿童早期采取牙周病的预防措施是非常必要的.%Objective To detect the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans(Aa) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the oral plaque samples from children and investigate the relationship between bacteria and clinical parameters. Methods A total of 151 children aged 7 to 12 years were selected from Changchun Ziqiang primary schooL The supragingival plaque sample was collected from the mesiobuccal and labial surfaces of the right maxillary central incisor and the right maxillary first molar. Extracted DNA from plaque

  1. The Development of Co-Speech Gesture and Its Semantic Integration with Speech in 6- to 12-Year-Old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    So, Wing-Chee; Wong, Miranda Kit-Yi; Lui, Ming; Yip, Virginia

    2015-01-01

    Previous work leaves open the question of whether children with autism spectrum disorders aged 6-12?years have delay in producing gestures compared to their typically developing peers. This study examined gestural production among school-aged children in a naturalistic context and how their gestures are semantically related to the accompanying…

  2. MEANING OF VIOLENCE IN 6 TO 12-YEAR-OLDS FROM A STATE EDUCATIONAL FACILITY

    LAURA ELVIRA PIEDRAHITA S.; DIEGO ANDRÉS MARTÍNEZ; EDNA LUCÍA VINAZCO

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this descriptive - exploratory study was to describe the meaning of violence for school-aged children andpreadolescents in a public school. The sample was comprised of 60 children, 6 to 12 years old. The findings showedchildren attach meaning to violence according to their developmental stage. Common aspects related to violence werefound among the children, such as: low socioeconomic status, history of family violence, and split families. Thesefindings should be considered when ta...

  3. The Diagnostic Accuracy of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Children's Revision for 9- to 12-Year-Old Learning Disabled Children.

    Gerry, David C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Two groups (learning disabled and normal) of 15 children were administered the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Children's Revision and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised. Considering abnormal or borderline profiles as indicative of learning disability was 93.3 percent accurate in discriminating between groups.…

  4. 北京市2011~2012年12岁儿童口腔健康调查分析%Survey of dental health of 12-year-old children in Beijing from 2011 to 2012

    孙鹏; 张辉; 韩永成; 王宇; 朱旻; 陈薇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市12岁儿童的口腔健康状况的动态变化.方法 以北京市12岁儿童作为检测人群,采用分层、整群随机抽样原则,全市16个区县均参与调查,每个区县根据经济水平高低随机各抽取3所中学,按《第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方案》中牙列状况检查标准对恒牙患龋情况、牙周健康状况进行检查.结果 2012年12岁组儿童患龋率为20.5%,龋均0.35,较2011年(患龋率24.8%,龋均0.45)明显降低(P<0.01).2012年充填率(45.0%)较2011年充填率(34.3%)明显增高(P<0.01).2011年城区患龋率明显高于郊区(P<0.01),2012年城、郊区无明显差异(P>0.05).结论 2012年12岁儿童患龋率较2011年下降,充填率明显上升.%Objective To investigate the dental health of 12-year-old children in Beijing from 2011 to 2012.Methods A stratified randomly total sampling design was used to obtain the 12 year-old students' dental health data,which were extracted from the middle schools of 16 districts and counties of Beijing area The caries on the crowns of permanent teeth,the status of gingival bleeding and the dental calculus in all permanent teeth were assessed base on The Guideline for the 3rd National Oral Healthy Survey,and the data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0.Results The caries prevalence rate of 12-year-old was 20.5% with mean DMFT of 0.35 in 2012 which was significantly lower than that of 2011 (caries prevalence rate 24.8%,mean DMFF 0.45,P < 0.01).The filled rate was 45.0% and was also significantly higher than that of 2011 (P <0.01).The caries rate of urban area was significantly higher than that of rural area in 2011 (P <0.01),but there was no significant difference in 2012 between urban area and rural area.Conclusion The caries prevalence rate decreased from 2011 to 2012 with an increase in filled rate.

  5. Validation of the Eating Pattern Inventory for Children in a General Population Sample of 11- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Munkholm, Anja; Bjorner, Jakob B; Petersen, Janne;

    2016-01-01

    . CFA supported the four-factor solution for the EPI-C. Reliability estimates were satisfactory for three of the four scales. DIF with regard to weight was found for an item on weight loss intention. Girls reported higher restrained and emotional eating; overweight children reported higher restrained......, emotional and external eating, while underweight children reported higher parental pressure to eat. The results support the use of EPI-C for measuring eating behaviors in preadolescence....

  6. Prevalence, intensity and extent of Oral Impacts on Daily Performances associated with self-perceived malocclusion in 11-12-year-old children

    Flores-Mir Carlos

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To determine the prevalence, intensity and extent of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances associated with self-perceived malocclusion among Peruvian schoolchildren. Methods Eight hundred and five children aged 11 to 12 years attending 4 of 7 randomly selected schools linked to a Health Centre in Lima, Peru, participated in the study. The Spanish (PeruChild-OIDP was used to assess the prevalence, intensity and extent of oral impacts on 8 daily performances (eating, speaking, teeth cleaning, sleeping, smiling, studying, emotion and social contact. Self-perceived malocclusion included complaints about position of teeth, spacing of teeth and deformity of mouth or face. The prevalence of oral impacts was compared by covariables using the Chi-square test, whereas the intensity and extent of oral impacts were compared by covariables through the Mann-Whitney test. Results Only 15.5% of children reported impacts associated with self-perceived malocclusion during the last 3 months. Of them, 18.4% reported impacts of severe or very severe intensity and 76.0% reported impacts on only one daily performance. Psychosocial activities such as smiling, emotion and social contact were the most frequently and severely impacted everyday activities. Conclusion Impacts of self-perceived malocclusion primarily affected psychological and social everyday activities. These findings provide further evidence to support the importance of psychological and social components of oral health on children's lives.

  7. Associations between Family-Related Factors, Breakfast Consumption and BMI among 10- to 12-Year-Old European Children: The Cross-Sectional ENERGY-Study

    Van Lippevelde, Wendy; te Velde, Saskia J; Verloigne, Maïté; van Stralen, Maartje M; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Manios, Yannis; Bere, Elling; Vik, Froydis N; Jan, Nataša; Fernández Alvira, Juan M.; Chinapaw, Mai J M; Bringolf-Isler, Bettina; Kovacs, Eva; Brug, Johannes; Maes, Lea

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate associations of family-related factors with children's breakfast consumption and BMI-z-score and to examine whether children's breakfast consumption mediates associations between family-related factors and children's BMI-z-score. Subjects: Ten-to twelve-year-old children (n = 6374; mean age = 11.6 +/- 0.7 years, 53.2% girls, mean BMI-z-score = 0.4 +/- 1.2) and one of their parents (n = 6374; mean age = 41.4 +/- 5.3 years, 82.7% female, mean BMI = 24.5 +/- 4.2 kg/...

  8. Assessment of neuropsychological function through use of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery: performance in 4- to 12-year-old children.

    Luciana, Monica; Nelson, Charles A

    2002-01-01

    In this article, children's performance on subtasks from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery (CANTAB) is described. Two samples were recruited, one of which included children who spoke English as a second language. Children in this group also completed subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Revision (WISC-III). Despite the fact that ESL children scored over 1 SD below the norm on the WISC-III Vocabulary subtest, there were no CANTAB performance distinctions between primary versus secondary English-language speakers. In addition, several aspects of CANTAB performance were significantly correlated with verbal and nonverbal IQ. When developmental trends were examined, findings indicated that several aspects of frontal lobe function (memory span, working memory, and planning skills) are not functionally mature, by the age of 12 years. Implications for use of the CANTAB in clinical studies are discussed. PMID:12661972

  9. 黔南州6~12岁苗族和布依族儿童代谢综合征危险因素对比%A comparative study on the risk factors of metabolic syndrome between 6~12-year old children of Miao nationality and 6~12-year old children of Bouyei nationality in Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture

    杨予; 李溥; 班文芬; 班继超; 黄文强

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨黔南州6~12岁苗族和布依族儿童代谢综合征危险因素的特征.方法:2009年1月~2010年12月收集225例代谢综合征儿童为研究对象,按民族分为苗族组(107例)和布依族组(118例),分别进行问卷调查、体格检查及生化指标检测,并对与代谢综合征相关的因素进行分析.结果:1两民族代谢综合征儿童危险因素比较:布依族组在被动吸烟、体重增加、高血压家族史、高血脂家族史等方面与苗族组比较,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论:黔南州布依族和苗族儿童代谢综合征的患病水平存在明显差异,其危险因素为高血压家族史、高血脂家族史、高体重指数、高腰臀比、被动吸烟、膳食口味咸、高碳水化合物饮食、高脂饮食等因素与代谢综合征发病有关.%Objective: To explore the characteristics of risk factors of metabolic syndrome among 6 ~ 12 - year old children of Miao nationality and Bouyei nationality in Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture.Methods: 225 children with metabolic syndrome were collected from January 2009 to December 2010 as study objects, then they were divided into Miao nationality group (107 children) and Bouyei nationality group (118 children) according to different nationalities; questionnaire survey, physical examination and biochemical indicators detection were conducted, and the related factors of metabolic syndrome were analyzed.Results: Comparison of risk factors of metabolic syndrome between Mian nationality group and Bouyei nationality group: there was significant difference in passive smoking, weight gain, family history of hypertension, family history of hyperlipidemia between the two groups (P < 0.01 ).Comparison of dietary structure and other factors between Miao nationality group and Bonyei nationality group: the intakes rates of staple food, pork, fat and lean meat, peanuts, pickles and sweets in Bouyei nationality group were significantly higher than those

  10. Age effect on upper linb kinematics assessed by REAplan robot. A prospective study in healthy children from 3 to 12 years old.

    Gilliaux, Maxime; Dierckx, Floriane; Vanden Berghe, Lola; LEJEUNE, Thierry; Sapin, Julien; Stoquart, Gaetan; Detrembleur, Christine; 19ème congrès de la société Française de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, ESPRM & SOFMER

    2014-01-01

    Introduction : kinematic assessment is recommended to evaluate upper limb movements quantitatively. The aims of this study were to develop norms of upper limb kinematics for healthy children and to determine the effect of age on kinematic indices. Materials and Methods : ninety-three healthy children (3 to 12 years), participated to the study. Five kinematic indices were computed from two unidirectional (i.e., reaching a target and performing a back-and-forth movement) and two geometrical (i....

  11. The role of environmental smoking in smoking-related cognitions and susceptibility to smoking in never-smoking 9-12 year-old children

    Schuck, K.; Otten, R.; Engels, R.C.M.E.; Kleinjan, M.

    2012-01-01

    Environmental smoking has numerous adverse effects on child health, and children are frequently exposed to environmental smoking. In the present study, we investigated the role of environmental smoking (parental smoking, sibling smoking, peer smoking) in smoking-related cognitions (pros of smoking,

  12. Parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and weight status in 4-12 year-old children: A systematic review of the literature

    Netalie eShloim; Edelson, Lisa R.; Nathalie eMartin; Hetherington, Marion M.

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding s...

  13. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4–12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R.; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M.

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding st...

  14. Late results of retrograd intramedullary Küntscher nailing on children between 3-12 years old -Changes on growth of proximal femur-

    Caniklioglu, Mustafa; Yigit, Acarhan; Yazici, Nuzhet; Yalaman, Okan; Parmaksizoglu, Atilla; Mirzanli, Cuneyt

    2004-01-01

    In our clinic, 33 children between 3-12 ages old had been treated by open reduction and retrograd intramedullary Küntscher nailing. Patients were followed up approxiamately 47 months (range 18-84 months). Growth changes and length differences of the proximal femur were evaluated by gage's medhod. All fractures had united and no early complication was seen.On eight patients, no leg lenght discrepancy developed but on the others, mean 9.7 miıimeters (mostly 25 milimeters) length increase develo...

  15. Epidemiological analysis of sexual precocity of children aged 3~ 12 years old in Jiujiang%九江市城区3~12岁儿童性早熟流行病学调查

    胡华燕; 程灏; 王洪通; 汪龙辉; 黎娟娟; 周晓芬; 鲍远军; 秦珊珊; 孟群; 杨培; 涂林

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the morbidity and causes of child sexual precocity in Jiujiang, and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention of this disease. [Methods] In a total of 3 312 children aged 3~12 years old who were recruited by stratified cluster sampling method from three district primary school and 3 kindergartens were stag evaluation with their breast, testis pubes get respondents menarche and spermatorrhea, diet and sleep habits, hobbies and children 's parents adolescent development through the issuance of a parent questionnaire. {Results] The positive rate of children sexual precocity in Jiujiang city was 0. 68% ,the detection rate of girls (1. 25%) was high than boys (0. 11%),the difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 16. 119,P = 0. 000). The beginning age of breast development was (10. 26 ± 2. 34) years old,in which the age of city girls was (9. 91±1. 85) years and earlier than suburban girls whose age was (11. 29 ± 1. 38) years,the diffeience was statistically significant (P = 0. 000). Developmental age of pubic hair was (11. 67 ± 0. 84) years,in which city girls was (11. 68 ± 0. 85) years and suburban girls was (11. 63±0. 86) years without statistical significance. There were significant difference between precocious puberty group and normal one in edible animal food, nutrition tonic, beverage,lack of physical exercise,unhealthy living habits,parents lack of parental knowledge, and genetic factors. [Conclusions] Those factors with often feed animal food,nutrition tonic and beverage,lack of physical exercise,unhealthy living habits,children parents lack of parental knowledge,and genetic factors are promote action in the pathogenesis of precocious puberty.%[目的] 了解九江市儿童性早熟的发病率及发病原因,为该病预防提供理论依据. [方法]采取分层整群抽样方法,以九江市三个区4所小学和3所幼儿园共3 312名3~12岁儿童为调查对象,进行乳房、阴毛、睾丸等分期评定,

  16. Oral hygiene, periodontal status and treatment needs in 12 years old students, Castro-Chile, 2014.

    Mariana Wauters; Stellamary Edith Hernández; Israel Juárez; Gastón Vergara

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT To determine the level of oral hygiene, periodontal status and treatment needs in 12 years old students in Castro City, Los Lagos region, during March and April of 2014, indicating if there are differences between men and women. A cross-sectional study was carried out. 242 12 years old students from Castro´s municipal and subsidized private schools were selected through a stratified random sample from each school. Students were evaluated by a calibrated examiner, to determine the Sim...

  17. Prevalence of dental caries, periodontitis, and oral hygiene status among 12-year-old schoolchildren having normal occlusion and malocclusion in Mathura city: A comparative epidemiological study

    Geetika Arora

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: It was observed from the present study that normal occlusion and malocclusion had no or weak significant effect on overall caries and periodontitis prevalence whereas oral hygiene status had a strong effect on overall periodontitis prevalence but not in relation to prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old school children in Mathura city.

  18. Dental caries prevalence and risk factors among 12-year old schoolchildren from Baghdad, Iraq

    Ahmed, Nibras A M; Astrøm, Anne N; Skaug, Nils;

    2007-01-01

    were 1.7 and 1.3. The rate of caries experience (DMFT > 0) was 62%. DMFT increased significantly with higher education of the mother, not being embarrassed to smile, missing school due to dental pain and between-meals mode of drinking. Increased sugar consumption was associated with being a boy, having......AIM: To examine the prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren from Baghdad after the end of the United Nations' economic sanctions and to investigate related dental caries risk factors including gender, socio-demographic factors, oral hygiene and sugar intake. DESIGN: A cross......-sectional dental caries examination and questionnaire survey was conducted in 10 schools from west Baghdad. METHODS: Dental examinations based on WHO criteria and questionnaire surveys were performed on 392 children. Water samples were collected and fluoride concentration assessed. RESULTS: The mean DMFT and DF...

  19. Medical Care and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old

    ... Tropical Delight: Melon Smoothie Pregnant? Your Baby's Growth Medical Care and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old ... for their own health. If You Suspect a Medical Problem Parents usually can judge if their child ...

  20. Growth and obesity trend analysis of children aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District%西安市临潼区 6 ~12 岁儿童生长发育及肥胖趋势分析

    苏蓉; 肖延凤; 李若春; 刘鑫

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解西安市临潼区6~12岁儿童生长发育情况及超重肥胖检出率. 方法 选取2010年及2014年本地区小学生普查体检报告,筛选6~12岁儿童为研究对象,分析两年中6~12岁儿童各年龄段,不同性别儿童的身高、体重的变化以及超重肥胖的发生情况. 结果 2010年城镇的超重及肥胖检出率分别为14.40%和10.65%,农村分别5.18%和2.38%;2014年城镇的超重及肥胖检出率19.78%和17.62%,农村分别14.00%和7.62%;两年数据比较,农村肥胖增速大于城镇. 两年城镇的超重+肥胖检出率均高于农村(χ2 值分别为981.68、670.32,均P<0.001). 同年龄段超重及肥胖检出率两年相比,差异均具有统计学意义(χ2 值为29.66~275.59,均P<0.001). 同一年内比较,城镇各年龄段男童身高、体重均大于农村( t值为4.51~23.39,均P<0.05);2014年男童的身高、体重均大于2010年(t值为2.91~15.80,均P<0.05). 同一年内比较,城镇各年龄段女童身高均大于农村,除2010年12岁外,其他年龄组差异均有统计学意义( t值为2.80~20.86,均P<0.05);同一年内城镇各年龄段女童体重均大于农村,除2010年及2014年12岁外,其他年龄组差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05). 结论 西安市临潼区6~12岁儿童肥胖检出率明显增加,特点为城镇显著,农村呈追赶趋势;男童高于女童. 呼吁家庭、学校及社会关注儿童肥胖,降低儿童肥胖检出率.%Objective To understand the growth and development of children aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District and the detection rate of overweight and obesity.Methods Medical examination reports of elementary school students aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District in 2010 and 2014 were selected to analyze the height, weight, overweight and obesity of children of different ages and genders.Results The detection rates of overweight and obesity in 2010 were 14.40%and 10.65%in town area and 5.18%and 5.18%in rural area.In 2014 they were 19.78%and 17.62%in

  1. Promoting Oral Health in 6-12 Year-Old Students: A Systematic Review

    Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: The group of 6-12 year-old students are the main target of oral health programs due to the high prevalence of dental caries and the formation of permanent teeth during this age and the lifestyle-shaping nature of the period. Schools provide the easiest and most effective means of accessing this group. The present study was conducted to examine the impact of school-based interventions on improved oral health in 6-12 year-old students. Materials and Methods: The present systematic review searched for its English and Persian keywords in databases such as the Scopus, Proquest, Science Direct, Pubmed, Springer, Biomed Central, Google Scholar, IranMedex and SID and examined studies published between January 2004 and September 2014 about educational interventions aiming to prevent oral diseases and promote associated health behaviors in students. Results: The 17 studies selected for examination were divided into two categories: first, assessing an education based on self-care behaviors and preventive services second, assessing an education based on self-care behaviors only. Those interventions that were consistent in nature, involved the parents and the school personnel, used behavior change models, used a combination of several training methods, used practical experiences and provided preventive services were more effective in promoting knowledge and health behaviors and reducing dental caries and plaque in this group of children. Conclusion: Providing consistent community-based education, using a combination of several organized educational programs, following up on the children's progress, using behavior change theories and models and providing prevention services are the most effective measures for achieving the desired goals.

  2. The effect of the UP4FUN pilot intervention on objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity in 10–12 year old children in Belgium: the ENERGY-project

    Verloigne Maïte

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Bakckground The first aim was to examine the effect of the UP4FUN pilot intervention on children’s total sedentary time. The second aim was to investigate if the intervention had an effect on children’s physical activity (PA level. Finally, we aimed to investigate demographic differences (i.e. age, gender, ethnicity, living status and having siblings between children in the intervention group who improved in sedentary time and PA at post-test and children in the intervention group who worsened in sedentary time and PA at post-test. Methods The six weeks UP4FUN intervention was tested in a randomized controlled trial with pre-test post-test design with five intervention and five control schools in Belgium and included children of the 5th and 6th grade. The children wore accelerometers for seven days at pre- and post-test. Analyses included children with valid accelerometer data for at least two weekdays with minimum 10h-wearing time and one weekend day with 8h-wearing time. Result Final analyses included 372 children (60% girls, mean age = 10.9 ± 0.7 years. There were no significant differences in the change in sedentary time or light PA between intervention and control schools for the total sample or for the subgroup analyses by gender. However, children (specifically girls in the intervention group had a higher decrease in moderate-to-vigorous PA than children in the control group. In the intervention group, children who lived with both parents and children with one or more siblings were less likely to reduce sedentary time after exposure to the intervention. Older children, girls and children who lived with both parents were less likely to increase light PA after the intervention. Conclusion The UP4FUN intervention did not result in an effect on children’s sedentary time. Based on the high amounts of accelerometer-derived sedentary time in this age group, more efforts are needed to develop strategies to reduce children

  3. Understanding Bullying: Using Role-Play with 12-Year-Old Boys in Cyprus

    Kaloyirou, Chrystalla; Lindsay, Geoff

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the use of role-play in order to investigate bullies' intentions, feelings and perceptions through identification and projection. The study was conducted with nine 12-year-old boys that presented high levels of bullying behaviour, according to their teachers and peers, from three state primary schools in Nicosia, Cyprus,…

  4. Cardiomyopathy in 12-year-old girl with Hodgkin's disease

    A case of a 12 year old girl with Hodgkin's disease is described. In the course of her illness congestive cardiomyopathy developed. The authors discuss many possible etiologies of congestive cardiomyopathy in this case with special referral to the car diotoxicity of antineoplastic drugs. (author)

  5. Exposición a plomo en niños de 6 a 12 años de edad Lead exposure in children from 6 to 12 years old

    Carlos Jiménez-Gutiérrez

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar los factores de exposición asociados a las concentraciones de plomo en niños de escuelas primarias públicas y privadas de la ciudad de México. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 340 niños que asistían a la escuela primaria. Las escuelas se seleccionaron por conveniencia y los niños en forma aleatoria. Se aplicó un cuestionario y se tomaron muestras de sangre venosa. Los niveles de plomo se determinaron por espectrofotometría de absorción atómica. Se compararon medias mediante la prueba t de Student-Fisher y ANDEVA; y para el análisis multivariado, regresión lineal múltiple. Debido a que los niveles de plomo no seguían una distribución normal, se transformó con logaritmo neperiano, con la que se trabajó en todo el análisis estadístico. Resultados. Las medias geométricas para escuelas privadas y públicas fueron: MG=8.76 µg/dl, IC95%=9.1-10.5; MG=11.5 µg/dl, IC95%=9.4-13.5, respectivamente. Los niveles de plomo son más elevados en los niños que asisten a la escuela pública y que presentan las siguientes características: ser varones, tener entre seis y ocho años de edad y cursar el primer o segundo grado de primaria; las madres de estos niños son profesionistas; en sus hogares se utiliza la cerámica vidriada y cerca de sus domicilios existen diferentes tipos de talleres contaminantes con plomo. Conclusiones. Los factores de exposición que predicen las concentraciones de plomo en sangre son: tener entre seis y ocho años de edad, la ocupación de la madre, la utilización de cerámica vidriada, la cercanía de diferentes tipos de talleres contaminantes con plomo a los domicilios y cursar el segundo año de primaria.Objective. To identify exposure factors contributing to lead poisoning in school children from Mexico City. Material and methods. Cross-sectional study of 340 children. A convenience sample of schools and a random sample of children were selected. A questionnaire

  6. Prevalência e gravidade da cárie dentária e necessidade de tratamento em crianças de 12 anos de município de pequeno porte inserido no contexto amazônico Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among 12-year-old children in a small-sized municipality in the Amazon region

    Rodrigo Tobias

    2008-12-01

    primary data on the disease. The design was based on the 2003SB-Brazil epidemiological survey. The sample comprised 344 children in homes and schools in the rural and urban zones of the municipality. The general DMF-T index found was 3.73 (± 0.17, with predominance of the decay component. The percentages of children free of caries in the urban and rural zones were 12.5 and 13.6, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between genders or types of locality. In the rural zone there were around twice as many teeth needing treatment as in the urban zone. Restorative treatment was the major treatment needed in this population (86.2%. The prevalence of caries among the 12-year-old population in Rio Preto da Eva was moderate, and the mean DMF-T was above the target level established for the year 2000 by the FDI/WHO. The data show that there is a need to implement oral health care measures that are capable of intervening in relation to determinants of dental caries in the study population.

  7. A Case of Psoriasis Replaced by Allergic Contact Dermatitis in a 12-Year-Old Boy.

    Brown, Margaret E; Browning, John C

    2016-01-01

    Allergic contact dermatitis is a significant clinical problem in children and one that the use of essential oils and natural remedies probably exacerbates. We report a case of chronic plaque psoriasis replaced by allergic contact dermatitis in a 12-year-old boy. We suspect that the immunologic response to a hapten in lavender oil disrupted the pathogenesis of psoriasis, causing the psoriasis to temporarily "disappear." PMID:26646574

  8. Primary Follicular Lymphoma of the Conjunctiva in a 12 Year-Old Male

    Taghipour Zahir, Sh; Miratashi, S A; Nazemian, M; Zand, S. (MSc)

    2013-01-01

    Background Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the second most common adnexal lymphoma of the eye that almost all of them are reported in elderly patients. Primary FL of the eye has been reported in only two children. Pediatric FL appears to be biologically distinct from typical adult FL. In cases without other organ involvement excision alone with close monitoring is a treatment of choiceand the prognosis is excellent. Case presentation A 12 year -old male with a nodular lesion involving the inner c...

  9. Liver abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in a healthy 12-year-old boy

    Da Hye Yoon

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA is rare in healthy children. We report a case of PLA in an immunocompetent 12-year-old boy. Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed for the abscess. In addition, parenteral antibiotics were administered for 3 weeks. Klebsiella pneumoniae was detected in the culture of blood and drained fluid. Here, we present this case and a brief review of the literature on this subject.

  10. Evolución de la prevalencia de caries y gingivitis en niños de 6 y 12 años de Peralillo, VI Región,entre el año 2000 y el 2010 Caries and gingivitis changes among 6 and 12 year-old children of Peralillo, Chile, between 2000 and 2010

    C Cárdenas Espinoza

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Dada la limitada información epidemiológica en Chile sobre las patologías orales más prevalentes y el efecto de los programas de salud instaurados, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios en la prevalencia de caries y gingivitis en una población de 6 y 12 años de la VI Región, entre los años 2000 y 2010. Sujetos y Métodos: 143 sujetos de 6 y 12 años atendidos en el CESFAM de Peralillo fueron examinados clínicamente para detectar caries y diagnosticar gingivitis. Las fichas clínicas de 134 niños de las mismas edades y procedencia atendidos el año 2000 fueron analizadas para comparar los indicadores. Se obtuvo el índice de caries mediante el COPD y el ceod, además del diagnóstico gingival mediante parámetros clínicos. Los resultados de ambos años fueron comparados estadísticamente y las diferencias consideradas significativas si pAim: Given the limited epidemiological information in Chile on the most common oral diseases and the effectiveness of the existent programs, the aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in caries and gingivitis prevalence in a 6 and 12 year-old children from the VI Region, between the years 2000 and 2010. Subjects and Methods: 143 6 and 12 year-old children treated at the CESFAM of Peralillo were clinically examined to detect and diagnose caries and gingivitis. Clinical records of 134 same ages children treated at the same service in the year 2000 were analyzed to compare the indexes. Caries index was obtained by DMFT and dmft and gingivitis was assessed by clinical parameters. Results obtained both years were compared and considered significant if p<0.05. Results: Caries prevalence decreased in the group of 6 year-olds from 89% to 65%, but only DMFT showed a significant reduction from 0.93 to 0.086. In the 12 year-old children, neither caries prevalence nor DMFT showed significant changes within the 10-year period. Conclusions: In spite of a slight decrease, caries

  11. Estudo epidemiológico de disfonias em crianças de 4 a 12 anos Epidemiological study of dysphonia in 4-12 year-old children

    Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre disfonias infantis apontam incidência entre 4,4 a 30,3% das crianças. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência de disfonia em crianças, baseando-se nos julgamentos dos pais, nas ava-liações vocais perceptivas e acústicas, analisar sintomas associados, fatores de risco e achados vide-olaringoscópicos. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Os pais de 2.000 crianças responderam questionário sobre qualidade vocal do filho. As crianças foram submetidas às avaliações vocais perceptiva, acústicas e videolaringoscopias. RESULTADOS: Participaram 1.007 meninos e 993 meninas. Sintomas esporádicos foram reportados por 206 pais e permanentes, por 123. Na avaliação perceptiva, o parâmetro G (Grau de disfonia recebeu escore 0 em 694 vozes, 1 em 1065 e 2 em 228. Houve diminuição de f0 com a idade e os demais parâmetros acústicos mostraram-se mais elevados nas crianças com escore de G em 2. Nas videolaringoscopias, destacaram-se nódulos, espessamentos e inflamação. CONCLUSÕES: O julgamento dos pais indicou prevalência de disfonia em 6,15%, e as análises perceptivas em 11,4%. Os sintomas vocais relacionaram-se à sobrecarga fonatória. Quadros nasossinusais, abuso vocal e ruído foram importantes fatores de risco. As análises acústicas mantiveram relação direta com as perceptivo-auditivas. Lesões laríngeas foram detectadas nas videolaringoscopias, destacando nódulos, espessamentos e inflamação.Children dysphonia studies have reported an incidence of 4.4 to 30.3%. GOALS: To establish the prevalence of dysphonia in children, based on the opinion of the parents, acoustic and vocal-perceptual assessments, associated symptoms, risk factors and videolaryngoscopy findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The parents from 2,000 children answered a questionnaire about the vocal quality of their children, and these children were submitted to perceptual vocal, acoustic and videolaryngoscopy assessments. RESULTS: We had 1,007 boys and 993 girls

  12. Memória de trabalho viso-espacial em crianças de 7 a 12 anos Visuo-spatial working memory in 7-12 year old children

    Ederaldo José Lopes

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os mecanismos de processamento da informação viso-espacial em crianças. Setenta e oito crianças participaram do experimento em que foram manipulados os fatores idade, posição espacial, similaridade visual e cor dos estímulos memorizados. Os resultados mostraram que todos os fatores principais alcançaram significância estatística. As crianças mais velhas tiveram uma freqüência de acertos maior que as crianças mais novas. Os estímulos dos conjuntos com similaridade baixa foram mais bem recordados que os estímulos com similaridade alta. A taxa de recordação foi melhor nas provas em que as letras de um conjunto foram todas apresentadas com a mesma cor, assim como a porcentagem de respostas corretas variou de forma significativa em função da posição espacial dos estímulos. Os resultados foram interpretados de acordo com modelos que enfatizam aspectos do desenvolvimento de estratégias cognitivas ao longo do desenvolvimento humano, especialmente o modelo de memória de trabalho.This study aimed to evaluate the mechanisms of visual-spatial memory in children. Seventy eight children took part in an experiment with four factors: children's age, stimuli spatial position, stimuli visual similarity, stimuli set color. The results have shown that all main factors are statistically meaningful. The oldest children presented a better performance than the youngest ones. Stimuli set formed by low similarity letters were better recollected than the stimuli set formed by high similarity letters. The recall of the spatial position of letters was better in trials where the letters of a set were presented in the same color. The percentage of correct recall changed meaningfully as a function of the spatial position in which the target had been presented. The results were interpreted according to models that emphasize aspects of development of cognitive strategies along with the human development, especially

  13. Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children Determinantes perinatales y paternos asociados al riesgo de sobrepeso en niños de 6 a 12 años

    S. Santiago

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & aims: The identification of determinants of childhood overweight is crucial to early diagnosis and prevention. The aim of this study was to assess perinatal and parental related risk factors concerning children for having excessive body weight. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 3,101 children participating in the programme "Alimenta su salud" conducted in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain. Anthropometric and sociodemographic data were obtained from a general questionnaire. Analysed factors as potential predictors of childhood overweight were sex, age, birth weight, infant feeding, number of siblings, as well as parental marital status, educational level and obesity. Prevalence of overweight stratified by potential determinants was assessed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations between variables and the likelihood of being overweight. Results: The overweight prevalence (including obesity was 30.3% in boys and 28.3% in girls, according to the IOTF criteria. Higher rates in younger subjects and some gender differences were observed. Parental obesity was the most important predictive variable for childhood overweight in both sexes and birth weight over 3,500 g in girls (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.3. Having one or more siblings (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-0.9 and higher paternal education (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.6-0.9 in boys, and older age in girls (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-.09, resulted protective factors against childhood overweight. No independent effects of marital status, maternal education and infant feeding patterns on childhood excess weight were identified. Conclusions: Perinatal and parental factors could contribute to predict the risk of being overweight/obese in children aged 6 to 12 years, which should be considered when formulating obesity prevention and intervention strategies, stressing the importance of targeting obese parents with young children.Objetivos: Identificar los determinantes

  14. Evaluation oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students

    Masoomeh Shirzai; Maryam Ghanbariha

    2011-01-01

    Background: Periodontal disease and dental caries are one of the most important factors of tooth loss and the most common oral health problem, therefore the present study was performed to assess oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students in Zahedan city.Material and Method: In this descriptive-analytical study, Zahedan city (2009) was divided based on socio-economical situation in to two areas and 10 school (boys & girls school) from each area, and 47 students from each school, were ...

  15. Giant Cell Arteritis in a 12-Year-Old Girl Presenting with Nephrotic Syndrome

    Zeinab A. El-Sayed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant cell arteritis (GCA is rare in children. The kidneys are generally spared. We present a case of GCA in a 12-year-old girl with severe headache and tender scalp especially over the right temporal area. The right superficial temporal artery was cord like and nodular and the pulsations were barely felt. Several small tender nodular swellings were felt in the occipital area. She had been previously diagnosed as a case of nephrotic syndrome due to underlying membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. This report is aimed at drawing attention to this rare form of vasculitis in children aiming at decreasing its morbidities.

  16. Primary renal undifferentiated sarcoma as an infiltrative mass in a 12 year old boy

    Undifferentiated sarcomas are rare tumors not classified into any sarcoma subtype. Due to their rarity, imaging findings of undifferentiated sarcomas are poorly characterized. The purpose of this report was to present imaging findings of a pathologically confirmed undifferentiated sarcoma originated from the left kidney of a 12-year-old boy. The mass was infiltrative involving the renal pelvis. It mimicked massive hilar lymphadenopathy with a preserved renal contour visible by both ultrasonography and CT. Renal vein thrombosis was also observed. Although undifferentiated sarcomas are rare, they should be considered in differential diagnosis of infiltrative renal masses with renal pelvis invasion in children

  17. Primary renal undifferentiated sarcoma as an infiltrative mass in a 12 year old boy

    Kim, Yong Hee; Kim, Myung Joon; Lee, Mi Jung [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Children' s Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Se Hwa [Dept. of Pathology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-09-15

    Undifferentiated sarcomas are rare tumors not classified into any sarcoma subtype. Due to their rarity, imaging findings of undifferentiated sarcomas are poorly characterized. The purpose of this report was to present imaging findings of a pathologically confirmed undifferentiated sarcoma originated from the left kidney of a 12-year-old boy. The mass was infiltrative involving the renal pelvis. It mimicked massive hilar lymphadenopathy with a preserved renal contour visible by both ultrasonography and CT. Renal vein thrombosis was also observed. Although undifferentiated sarcomas are rare, they should be considered in differential diagnosis of infiltrative renal masses with renal pelvis invasion in children.

  18. Prevalência de más oclusões em crianças de 9 a 12 anos de idade da cidade de Nova Friburgo (Rio de Janeiro Prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 9 to 12 years old in the city of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

    Daniel Ibrahim Brito

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: o conhecimento da situação epidemiológica da população é importante para o planejamento e execução dos serviços odontológicos. OBJETIVOS: avaliar a prevalência de más oclusões em escolares de 9 a 12 anos de idade da rede municipal de ensino da cidade de Nova Friburgo (Rio de Janeiro. MÉTODOS: a amostra, selecionada aleatoriamente, foi composta por 407 crianças (53,1% do gênero feminino, que foram avaliadas por um profissional treinado, após autorização de seus responsáveis. RESULTADOS: as más oclusões mais prevalentes foram apinhamento (45,5%, sobressaliência exagerada (29,7%, mordida cruzada posterior (19,2%, diastemas anteriores (16,2%, dente parcialmente irrompido (12,0% e sobremordida exagerada (10,8%. A relação molar mais presente foi a de Classe I (76,7%. A presença de diastemas foi maior no gênero feminino e a sobremordida exagerada foi mais prevalente no gênero masculino, ambas na dentição mista. Sobressaliência negativa e presença de dente parcialmente irrompido tiveram maior prevalência na dentição permanente. CONCLUSÃO: observou-se que a simples avaliação da prevalência das más oclusões não revela a gravidade nem a hierarquia da necessidade de tratamento, fatores importantes no planejamento em Saúde Pública.INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of a population's epidemiological situation is important in the planning and provision of dental services. OBJECTIVES: Assess the prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 9 to 12 years old from public schools in the city of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. METHODS: A randomly selected sample consisting of 407 children (53.1% female who were evaluated by a trained professional, after parental consent. RESULTS: The most prevalent malocclusions were crowding (45.5%, excessive overjet (29.7%, posterior crossbite (19.2%, anterior diastema (16.2%, partially erupted teeth (12.0% and excessive overbite (10.8%. Class I molar relationship

  19. Hematuria in a 12-year-old child, a rare case of urothelial papilloma of the urinary bladder

    Alexis Litchinko; Blaise Julien Meyrat; Antoine Nobile; Lara Raffoul; Gezim Dushi; Vanina Estremadoyro

    2016-01-01

    We describe a case of a 12-year-old boy with an isolated macroscopic hematuria. A urinary ultrasound revealed a bladder tumor next to the right ureteric orifice. A biopsy revealed a urothelial papilloma. He underwent a successful resection by cystostomy. This benign tumor is extremely rare in children and its management remains controversial.

  20. Evaluation oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students

    Masoomeh Shirzai

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Periodontal disease and dental caries are one of the most important factors of tooth loss and the most common oral health problem, therefore the present study was performed to assess oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students in Zahedan city.Material and Method: In this descriptive-analytical study, Zahedan city (2009 was divided based on socio-economical situation in to two areas and 10 school (boys & girls school from each area, and 47 students from each school, were selected randomly. Oral hygiene status of 942 12-years-old male and female students was assessed with OHI-S index. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version-15 (t-test and chi-square. Results: The mean OHI-S was 1.43±0.72 and 44.7% persons had well OHI-S, 50.3% had medium OHI-S and 5% had poor OHI-S. The mean OHI-S was 1.42 in boys and 1.44 in girls. Correlation between OHI-S with father occupation (p=0.03 and sequences of tooth brushing (p=0.001 was significant. Conclusion: Oral hygiene status of studied students was in the middle and people who brushes their teeth more time, had higher OHI-S indices

  1. Looking for Ideas: Observation, Interpretation and Hypothesis-Making by 12-Year-Old Pupils Undertaking Science Investigations.

    Tomkins, Stephen P.; Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

    2001-01-01

    Studies English comprehensive secondary school students' interpretation and hypothesis-making while 12 year-old students are observing a bottle ecosystem of brine shrimps without any prior instruction and keeping diaries. Studies students through the task of open-ended diary writing and through small group discussions about the scientific…

  2. Overweight, obesity and risk factors in children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of Shandong Province%山东省3县农村地区儿童超重肥胖的影响因素分析

    林少倩; 何丕山; 李军; 刘大聪; 高莉洁; 贾兴兵; 李慧; 刘冬梅; 王志萍

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解山东省3县农村地区儿童超重和肥胖现况及其影响因素.方法 于2009年9月至2010年1月随机选取山东省3县17个行政村的7~12岁儿童进行横断面研究;采用,检验和非条件Logistic回归模型对儿童超重肥胖的影响因素进行单因素和多因素分析.结果 7 ~12岁儿童超重和肥胖率分别为11.41%和5.86%,男童和女童之间超重率和肥胖率差异均无统计学意义(P<0.05).儿童每天看电视时间(OR=3.062,95%CI:1.708~4.932)、每天睡眠时间(OR=2.693,95%CI:1.136~5.641)、油炸食品的食用频率(OR=2.024,95%CI:1.001~3.570)、膨化食品的食用频率(OR=2.304,95%CI:1.208~5.416)是儿童超重肥胖的主要影响因素,儿童出生体质量(OR=1.615,95%CI:1.013~2.742)以及父亲或母亲是否肥胖(OR=1.846,95%CI:1.109~3.520)也与农村儿童超重肥胖相关联.结论山东省3县农村地区儿童超重肥胖的比例相对较高,控制农村儿童超重肥胖应重点关注儿童日常生活和饮食习惯.%Objective To investigate the risk factors and the prevalence of overweight and obesity for children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of 3 counties in Shandong Province. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 7-12 years old from 17 randomly selected villages of 3 counties in Shandong Province from September 2009 to January 2010. Chi-square test and logistic regression methods were used to analyze the risk factors on overweight and obesity in children. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of Shandong Province were 11.41% and 5. 86% respectively and there was no significant difference in the prevalence of overweight or obesity between boys and girls. Multiple analyses showed that the factors influencing the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children were the time of watching TV( OR = 3.062, 95% CI; 1.708-4. 932), the sleeping time ( OR = 2. 693

  3. Dental caries, salivary parameters and plaque scores as ‎caries risk predictors among 12 year old school children – A ‎follow up study

    Mamata Hebbal; Anil V Ankola; Sharada C Metgud

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Dental caries is a disease with multifactorial etiology and many other factors ‎influence indirectly. The important factors are Streptococci mutans, Lactobacilli counts, saliva ‎flow rate, buffering capacity and past caries experience.‎Objective: To find the association between caries increment and various risk factors: Caries ‎experience, dental plaque, salivary flow rate, buffering capacity, Streptococcus mutans and ‎Lactobacilli counts.‎Method: Dental caries and plaque scores...

  4. Prevalencia de maloclusión en relación con hábitos de succión no nutritivos en niños de 3 a 9 años en Ferrol Prevalence of malocclusion in order to non nutritive sucking habits in children between 3 and 12 years-old in Ferrol

    A. Pipa Vallejo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo entre octubre del 2008 y abril del 2009. Se seleccionaron 368 niños de 3 a 9 años del área sanitaria de Ferrol, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de maloclusión en relación con los hábitos de succión no nutritivos (HSNN, (digital, chupete, biberón y respiración oral. También se realiza una comparación con el resto de estudios sobre el mismo tema, para poder saber cómo estamos actuando, desde el punto de vista preventivo, en la información sobre las consecuencias nocivas de los hábitos de succión no nutritivos en el desarrollo de una buena oclusión dental.A descriptive observational study was carried out between October 2008 and April 2009. 368 children between 3 and 12 years-old were selected in Ferrol Health Board in order to identify the prevalence of the malocclusion related to the following non nutritive oral habits: thumb sucking, dummy and mouth breathing. In addition, a comparison with other studies about the same theme is carried out in order to establish how we are acting, from the preventative point of view, on the information about the harmful consequences of the non nutritive habits in the development of a good dental occlusion.

  5. Changing oral health status of 6- and 12-year-old schoolchildren in Portugal

    de Almeida, César Mexia; Petersen, Poul Erik; André, Sónia Jesus;

    2003-01-01

    to analyse the effect of dental care habits on caries experience. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Clinical examinations of oral health status were carried out in 1999 according to WHO criteria and included dental caries, enamel lesions, oral hygiene status (OHI-S) and Community Periodontal Index (CPI...... dental fluorosis. At age 12, 90% of children had poor oral hygiene, i.e. CPI Score 2 (bleeding and calculus). Toothbrushing twice a day was reported for 31% of 6-year-olds and 55.6% of 12-year-olds; 17.8% of children aged 6 had seen a dentist during the past year and this was found to be 58.3% at age 12...

  6. Oral Health Status Among 6- and 12-year-old Jordanian Schoolchildren

    Rajab, Lamis Darwish; Petersen, Poul Erik; Baqain, Zaid;

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: No nationwide oral health survey has previously been carried out in Jordan. The aims of the study were to assess the burden of dental caries and gingival health among children aged 6 and 12 years in relation to sociodemographic factors and to ascertain the trend over time in the occurrence...... about caries and gingival health status. WHO methodology and criteria were applied. Structured questionnaires were used to collect information about oral hygiene, dental visits, consumption of sugars and parents' level of education. Results: The caries prevalence rates were 76.4% in 6-year-olds and 45...... social classes, the mean caries experience and the amount of untreated dental caries increased over time. Moreover, 17.7% of 6-year-old children and 49.1% of the 12-year-olds had gingival bleeding. Significant differences in gingival health were found by sex, location, geographical areas and...

  7. Mucin ous cystadenoma of the ovary in a 12-year-old girl

    Benign mucinous cystadenomas MCA are rare benign neoplasms in the pediatric age group. Only 19 cases have been described before and they often present as large abdominal masses. We present a 12-year-old patient that had a huge mass arising from the left ovary causing bilateral hydronephrosis and renal insufficiency. The final pathology revealed a benign MCA. Patients with mucinous tumors usually present late, this may lead to renal insufficiency secondary to urinary outflow obstruction. Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is usually sufficient treatment for these cases. The diagnosis of MCA should be considered in children who present with huge pelvi-abdominal masses. Early recognition and intervention are necessary to avoid potential complications. (author)

  8. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre crianças de 4-12 anos no Crato, Estado do Ceará: um problema recorrente de saúde pública = Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among 4- to 12-year-old children in Crato, Ceará State

    Izabel Alencar Barros Vasconcelos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo, foi estimada a frequência de parasitoses intestinais em 383 crianças do bairro Pinto Madeira em Crato, Estado do Ceará. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de inquérito domiciliar e de exame coproparasitológico abrangendo residências com crianças de quatro a 12anos, foram utilizados os métodos de Kato-Katzo e Faust. Foi identificada uma associação de parasitoses intestinais com saneamento, disponibilidade e manuseio da água, com prevalência de Ascaris lumbricoides dentre os helmintos e Entamoeba sp. dentre os protozoários. Os dados obtidos demonstraram ainda a que prevalência de helmintos e protozoários foi significativamente maior para as crianças do sexo masculino de 4-5 anos e feminino de 6-7, filhos de mães com menor escolaridade, residentes nos domicílios com piores condições de abastecimento d’água e menor condições de higiene corporal e saneamento básico. Estes resultados sugerem que investimentos em infraestrutura básica e a adoção de políticas voltadas para melhorar a educação familiar poderiam contribuir significativamente na redução da prevalência das parasitoses intestinais em crianças.In this study, we estimated the frequency of intestinal parasites in 383 children in the Pinto Madeira neighborhood of Crato-Ceará State. A survey was conducted covering households with 4- to 12-year-old children, including interviews and coprological surveys using the Kato-Katz and Faust methods. An association was identified between intestinal parasitosis and sanitation, forms of use and availability of water. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba sp was demonstrated. The data also showed that the prevalence of helminths and protozoa was significantly higher for 4- to 5-year-old boys and6- to 7-year-old girls, children of mothers with less education, living in households with poor conditions of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. These results suggest that investments in sanitary

  9. Synchronously diagnosed eosinophilic granuloma and Hodgkin's disease in a 12-year-old boy: a case report

    Sarmadi Soheila; Heidari Amir B; Sina Amir H; Ehsani Mohammad A

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Synchronous composite tumors are uncommon. Simultaneous, rather than metachronous or consecutive, occurrences of eosinophilic granuloma and Hodgkin's lymphoma in children are very rare. This is the first report of this kind in the medical literature. Case presentation We report the case of a 12-year-old Iranian boy with eosinophilic granuloma localized in his leg around the knee and Hodgkin's lymphoma in a cervical lymph node. The two tumours occurred synchronously befor...

  10. Investigation and Analysis of The Incidence and Related Factors of Dental Caries In 12 Years Old Children in Panzhihua Region%攀枝花地区12岁儿童龋病的发病率及相关因素调查分析

    胡勇

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the incidence and related factors of caries on 12-year-old children in Panzhihua region.Methods:By random sampling method, oral examination and survey were done to understand the incidence of dental caries and oral hygiene in Panzhihua region for 342 children aged 12.Results:Caries incidence was higher in urban than that in rural areas (P<0.05). Caries rate of women was higher than men, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In the factors related to children's oral health behavior, brushing 2 or 3 times per day the caries incidence of was 52.7%and brushing 0 or 1 time per day the incidence of was 32.9%, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Caries incidence of children commonly using fluoride toothpaste was significantly lower than that of children infrequently using fluoride toothpaste (P<0.05). Caries incidence of children with regular dental check was significantly lower than that that of children with rarely or never performed oral examination (P<0.01). Survey showed most children were lack of knowledge of oral health. Only 12.4%(42/339) of children considered it's beneficial to use fluoride toothpaste for preventing caries.Conclusion:Frequency of tooth brushing, application of fluoride toothpaste and oral examination were important factors affecting caries. Medical and health institutions should strengthen the children's oral health education work to further improve young children's oral health awareness.%目的::调查攀枝花地区12岁儿童龋病的发病率及相关因素。方法:按随机抽样的方法,对攀枝花地区342名12岁儿童进行口腔检查和问卷调查,了解龋病发生率和口腔卫生情况。结果:儿童患龋率城市高于农村(P<0.05),女性患龋率均高于男性,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。儿童口腔健康行为的相关因素中,日刷牙次数(2~3)次与(0~1)次两组儿童患龋率分别为52.7%和32.9%,差异具有统计

  11. Creativity, Emotional Intelligence, and School Performance in Children

    Hansenne, Michel; Legrand, Jessica

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that both creativity and emotional intelligence (EI) were related to children school performance. In this study, we investigated the incremental validity of EI over creativity in an elementary school setting. Seventy-three children aged from 9 to 12 years old were recruited to participate in the study. Verbal and…

  12. Individual and contextual determinants of malocclusion in 12-year-old schoolchildren in a Brazilian city

    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro JORDÃO

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to describe malocclusion prevalence and its association with individual and contextual factors among Brazilian 12-year-old schoolchildren. This cross-sectional study included data from an oral health survey carried out in Goiânia, Brazil (n = 2,075, and data from the files of the local health authority. The data were collected through oral clinical examinations. The Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI was used to assess occlusion. The presence of malocclusion (DAI > 25 was used as the dependent variable. The individual independent variables consisted of adolescents’ sex and race and their mothers’ level of schooling. The clinical variables were caries experience and presence of adverse periodontal condition (calculus and/or gingival bleeding. The contextual variables included type of school and the location of schools in the city’s health districts. The Rao-Scott test and multilevel logistic regression were performed. The prevalence of malocclusion was 40.1%. In the final model, significantly higher rates of malocclusion were found among those who attended schools located in less affluent health districts and whose mothers had fewer years of education. Rates were also higher among those presenting calculus and/or gingival bleeding. Malocclusion demonstrated a high prevalence rate and the inequalities in its distribution were determined by individual and contextual factors.

  13. Estado imunitário relativo à poliomielite das crianças de 0-12 anos, residentes no município de São Paulo, Brasil e assistidas pelo Hospital Menino Jesus Immunity status to poliomyelitis of 0-12 years old children living in S. Paulo city, Brazil and using the Menino Jesus Hospital

    Victorio Barbosa

    1975-06-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência dos anticorpos neutralizantes contra os três tipos de poliovírus e os níveis de imunidade para diferentes grupos etários foram determinados, através de um inquérito soro-epidemiológico, numa população de crianças de 0-12 anos de idade, residentes no município de São Paulo, Brasil e assistidas pelo Hospital Menino Jesus. Os resultados mostraram um número elevado de crianças suscetíveis à infecção por poliovírus no primeiro ano de vida, particularmente no grupo etário de 9-12 meses, em que a proporção de crianças completamente desprotegidas (triplo-suscetíveis alcançou 42,5%. Neste grupo, a prevalência de anticorpos dos tipos 1, 2 e 3 foi apenas em torno de 40%. Dentre as crianças do grupo etário de 0-5 anos, que receberam três ou mais doses de vacina oral trivalente, verificou-se a baixa proporção de 60% de duplo mais triplo-imunes. Os resultados mostraram que o estado imunitário das crianças deste grupo foi o mesmo nas três zonas geográficas da Capital, sendo em torno de apenas 50% a proporção de crianças duplo mais triplo-imunes. Estes resultados indicam níveis precários de imunidade, particularmente nas crianças do primeiro ano de vida. Existe, pois, uma necessidade evidente de realizar novos inquéritos sorológicos, além de intensificar e melhorar a vacinação de manutenção contra a poliomielite em nosso meio.The prevalence of neutralizing antibodies for the three types of polioviruses and the immunity levels of different age groups were determined through a seroepidemiological survey, in a population of 0 to 12 year old children, living in the city of S. Paulo and attending the Menino Jesus Hospital. The results showed a high number of children susceptible to infection by polioviruses, mainly in the 9-12 month age bracket where the proportion of individuals completeley susceptible was 42.5%. In this group the prevalence of type 1, 2 and 3 antibodies was only about 40%. For the 0

  14. Scrotal and retroperitoneal lymphangioma of a 12-year-old boy: case report

    Lymphangiomas occurs in children quite frequently. They are most commonly localized in the head, neck, axilla, chest, abdomen, and retroperitoneum. Lymphangiomas of the scrotum are very rare and are usually clinically silent, so they are a challenge for radiologists performing US examination in children. They are obliged to differentiate the following lesions: torsion of the testicle, scrotal hernia, hydrocoele, and epididymal cyst, in addition to the masses of primary extra-testicular localization such as hemagioma, congenital vascular malformations, fibromas, and malignant tumors. Additional difficulties appear in boys who present acute scrotum syndrome. The paper reports the diagnostics and treatment of a huge multicystic lymphangioma situated in he scrotum and retroperitoneum of a 12-year-old boy who had fallen from a bicycle and presented acute scrotum. The lesion of the scrotum was surgically excised. Retroperitoneal lymphangioma was detected during this operation. Subsequent diagnostics was based on ultrasonography, computerized tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging of the abdominal cavity. The lymphangioma of the retroperitoneum was resected. The patient shows no evidence of recurrence after 7 years. Cystic lymphangiomas are rare but benign intra-scrotal, extra-testicular, painless masses in children. They are sonographically multicystic or multiloculated abnormalities and may show infiltrative extension to the perineum, retroperitoneum, or abdomen. Recognition of this entity and its extent is important for correct clinical management and may be for planning treatment. (author)

  15. Prevalence of Malocclusion among 10-12-year-old Schoolchildren in Kozhikode District, Kerala: An Epidemiological Study

    Jeseem, MT; Kumar, TV Anupam

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: A malocclusion is an irregularity of the teeth or a malrelationship of the dental arches beyond the range of what is accepted as normal. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 10-12 years in Kozhikode district of Kerala, South India. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among schoolchildren aged 10-12 years in six schools in Kozhikode district of Kerala, South India. A total of 2,366 children satisfied the inclusion criteria. Occlusal characteristics like crossbite, open bite, deep bite, protrusion of teeth, midline deviations, midline diastema and tooth rotation were recorded. The data were tabulated and analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: The results revealed that the overall prevalence of malocclusion was 83.3%. Of this, 69.8% of the children had Angle’s class I malocclusion, 9.3% had class II malocclusion (division 1 = 8.85%, division 2 = 0.5%) and 4.1% had class III malocclusion; 23.2% showed an increased overjet (>3 mm), 0.4% reverse overjet, 35.6% increased overbite (>3 mm), 0.29% open bite, 7.2% crossbite with 4.6% crossbite of complete anterior teeth, 63.3% deviation of midline, 0.76% midline diastema and 3.25% rotated tooth. No significant differences in gender distributions of malocclusions were noted except for increased overjet and overbite. Conclusion: There is high prevalence of malocclusion among schoolchildren in Kozhikode district of Kerala. Early interception and early correction of these malocclusions will eliminate the potential irregularities and malpositions in the developing dentofacial complex. How to cite this article: Narayanan RK, Jeseem MT, Kumar TVA. Prevalence of Malocclusion among 10-12-year-old Schoolchildren in Kozhikode District, Kerala: An Epidemiological Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):50-55. PMID:27274156

  16. Variações no nível de cárie dentária entre crianças de 5 e 12 anos em Minas Gerais, Brasil Variations in tooth decay rates among children 5 and 12 years old in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Simone Dutra Lucas

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo ecológico o objetivo foi analisar o cumprimento de metas da OMS para a cárie dentária no ano 2000 em Minas Gerais, identificando fatores associados à variação no CPO-D médio e na ocorrência de CPO-D 3, entre crianças de 12 anos, e no percentual de livres de cáries aos cinco anos. Foram utilizados dados secundários de diferentes fontes. As técnicas de regressão linear e regressão logística múltiplas foram aplicadas nas análises das variáveis dependentes numéricas e dicotômica consideradas. Indicadores sócio-econômicos e da oferta/utilização de serviços odontológicos foram empregados como variáveis explicativas potenciais. As metas expressas pelo CPO-D 3 aos 12 anos e pelo percentual mínimo de 50% de crianças livres de cárie aos cinco anos foram atingidas por 37% e 9% dos municípios, respectivamente. De modo geral, as variáveis dependentes mostraram-se associadas ao nível sócio-econômico, não se identificando associações com as variáveis relativas à atenção odontológica. Os resultados não devem ser generalizados, mas indicam iniqüidades na saúde bucal e o papel desempenhado por fatores sócio-econômicos e a fluoretação da água.The aim of this ecological study was to analyze to what extent World Health Organization goals were met in relation to dental caries in 2000 in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, identifying factors associated with variation in DMFT and the occurrence of DMFT 3 among 12-year-old children and in the percentage of caries-free 5-year-olds. Secondary data from different sources were used. Linear regression and multiple logistic regression techniques were applied to the analysis of the numerical and dichotomous dependent variables. Socioeconomic and dental services supply/utilization indicators were used as potential explanatory variables. The goals expressed by DMFT 3 at 12 years and a minimum of 50% caries-free 5-year-olds were met by 37% and 9% of the State

  17. Epidemiological study on Buccal Health in the 12 years old population of Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos.

    Yumaidi Colina Sánchez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The 12 years-old children population is worldwide taken as a reference age to compare the buccal health condition of different countries, by means of various indicators that measure the presence of the main buccal diseases. The knowledge of these epidemiological profiles generates information to guide the services planning policies of the Primary Health Care. Objective: To characterize 12 years-old population's buccal health condition. Methods: Cross- sectional descriptive correlative study with a stratified probabilistic sample of 90 children starting from a universe conformed by the 269 adolescents that constitute the total of the 12 years old population of the Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos municipality. Pearson’s chi-square and Mantel-Haenszel lineal tendency tests were used with the determination of the relative risk and reliance intervals of 95%. Results: The decay prevalence reached 54, 4%. The COP-D index was 2, 45 being the decayed component the major percentage with 4.6%. The periodontal disease was more frequent in boys than in girls, with 54, 9% and 30, 8% respectively. 80,9% of the segments is healthy. In those affected, the calculation prevailed in 11,7%. It was determined that faulty obturations, inheritance and faulty buccal hygiene were the most affecting risk factors for children with decays, while in the periodontal disease it was faulty buccal hygiene. Malocclusions presented a prevalence rate of 40%. Out of which, 55,6% required secondary level attention. Those with habits present a risk 2 times superior of making sick. The sick epidemiological category was present in 77,8% of the total. Conclusions: We emphasize the prevention need as core issue of the primary medical care in the world today; being the General-Integral Dentist a transforming agent that according to his/her formation is capable to assume the existent health problem and to modify it positively, acting from the earliest ages.

  18. Primary intracranial Hodgkin's lymphoma in 12 years old boy

    It is a case study of very rare primary intracranial extra cerebral Hodgkins lymphoma in 12 years old boy, based on clinical and radiological picture meningioma has been supposed. Patient underwent surgery followed with combined oncology treatment - systemic chemotherapy and involved field radiotherapy. The first clinical complete remission has been achieved of 4 months duration at the time of presentation. (author)

  19. Obstructive urolithiasis, unilateral hydronephrosis, and probable nephrolithiasis in a 12-year old Clydesdale gelding

    Macbeth, Bryan J.

    2008-01-01

    A 12-year-old Clydesdale gelding was presented for colic and dysuria. Obstructive urolithiasis and chronic renal disease were diagnosed via transurethral endoscopy and percutaneous ultrasonography. Nephroliths, hydronephrosis, and peri-ureteral fibrosis were present. Surgical intervention was declined and the gelding was managed medically with antibiotics and dietary modification. PMID:18390103

  20. Obstructive urolithiasis, unilateral hydronephrosis, and probable nephrolithiasis in a 12-year old Clydesdale gelding

    Macbeth, Bryan J.

    2008-01-01

    A 12-year-old Clydesdale gelding was presented for colic and dysuria. Obstructive urolithiasis and chronic renal disease were diagnosed via transurethral endoscopy and percutaneous ultrasonography. Nephroliths, hydronephrosis, and peri-ureteral fibrosis were present. Surgical intervention was declined and the gelding was managed medically with antibiotics and dietary modification.

  1. EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN

    ARSLAN, Filiz; Ayse Sevim UNAL; Hamide GULER; Kadriye KARDAS

    2006-01-01

    Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6–12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken...

  2. Indirect cavernous carotid fistula in a 12-year-old girl

    Livi, Francesca; Ndoro, Samuel; Caird, John; Crimmins, Darach

    2016-01-01

    We present a very rare case of indirect cavernous carotid fistula (CCF) in a 12-year-old girl. Indirect CCF is extremely rare in the paediatric population. A 12-year-old girl presented with a 7-month history of frontal headaches and intermittent left-sided proptosis. On examination, she had dilated and engorged scleral veins on the left eye, mild dysdiadochokinesia and past pointing on the left side. A brain computer tomography with contrast, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and interventional radiography (IR) cerebral angiogram confirmed the diagnosis of CCF. The CCF was embolized and a follow-up brain MRI and an IR cerebral angiogram were conducted over the course of 8 months that revealed no evidence of residual CCF. CCF, though rare in the paediatric population, should be highly considered in the differential diagnosis when dilated scleral veins, proptosis and dysdiadokinesis are present in the clinical setting. Prompt treatment has good prognostic results. PMID:27273682

  3. Solitary Atypical Adenomatous Hyperplasia in a 12-Year-Old Girl

    Jin, Moran; Lee, Yang-Haeng; Kim, Bomi; Yoon, Young Chul; Wi, Jin Hong

    2016-01-01

    Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia is a premalignant lesion reflecting a focal proliferation of atypical cells. These lesions are usually observed as incidental findings in lungs that have been resected due to other conditions, such as lung cancer. We report the youngest case of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia on record in a 12-year-old girl. In this patient, the lesion was found in association with pneumothorax.

  4. Solitary Atypical Adenomatous Hyperplasia in a 12-Year-Old Girl

    Jin, Moran; Lee, Yang-Haeng; Kim, Bomi; Yoon, Young Chul; Wi, Jin Hong

    2016-01-01

    Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia is a premalignant lesion reflecting a focal proliferation of atypical cells. These lesions are usually observed as incidental findings in lungs that have been resected due to other conditions, such as lung cancer. We report the youngest case of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia on record in a 12-year-old girl. In this patient, the lesion was found in association with pneumothorax. PMID:27065090

  5. FUNCTIONAL NEUROLOGICAL TREATMENT OF A 12 YEAR OLD GIRL WITH ATAXIA AND POOR POSITION SENSE

    BEATRICE TAPIA-BORGES

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The patient is a 12 year old girl with a history of occasional hand tremors bilaterally. She also complained of “pigeon toes”. She had difficulty riding a bike and considered herself “clumsy” because she occasionally dropped objects. METHODS: Examination revealed reduced right arm swing with dual task. Decomposition of movement with finger to nose test bilaterally. Excessive foot pronation, pes planus, and calcaneus valgus was observed bilaterally during gait and ...

  6. Type and location of findings in dental panoramic tomographs in 7-12-year-old orthodontic patients.

    Pakbaznejad Esmaeili, Elmira; Ekholm, Marja; Haukka, Jari; Waltimo-Sirén, Janna

    2016-05-01

    Objective The Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority in Finland has paid attention to the large numbers of dental panoramic tomographs (DPTs), particularly in 7-12-year-old children. The majority of these radiographs are taken for orthodontic reasons. Because of the high radiosensitivity of children, the size of the irradiated field should be carefully chosen to yield the necessary diagnostic information at the lowest possible dose. The purpose of the present study was, therefore, to assess the outcome of DPTs within this age group in terms of type and location of pathological findings. It was also hypothesized that DPTs of orthodontic patients rarely display unrestored caries. Materials and methods Four hundred and forty-one DPTs, taken of 7-12-year-old children in 2010-2014, were randomly sampled. The 413 of them (94%) that had been taken for orthodontic reasons were analysed. Results All pathologic findings were restricted to the tooth-bearing area and there was no pathology in the bone structure or any incidental findings in the region of temporomandibular joint. Unlike hypothesized, 27% of the orthodontic DPTs showed caries in deciduous teeth and 16% in permanent teeth. A sub-sample of 229 DPTs, analysed for developmental dental and occlusal problems, most commonly displayed crowding (50%), positional anomalies and local problems with tooth eruption (32%), as well as hyperodontia (15%). Conclusion Inclusion of only the actual area of interest in the image field should be considered case-specifically as a means to reduce the radiation dose. PMID:26634313

  7. Analysis of Related Factors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Children between 6 and 12 Years old in LiuZhou%柳州市6-12岁儿童罹患注意力缺陷-多动障碍的情况调查

    刘芳; 廖立红; 蒋宗顺

    2014-01-01

    object: to investigate Liuzhou children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - the prevalence of Method: the parents the SNAP-IV rating scale Liuzhou 6 public elementary school and a private elementary school a total of 1021 pupils aged between 6 and 12 years. Preliminary screening positive for children by child development behavior specialist outpatient follow-up, eliminate body disease of the nervous system disease and other serious mental illness, according to the American psychiatric association’s diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth edition to diagnose ADHD Result: the overall prevalence of 4.31%; Urban children prevalence rate 4.37%; Migrant children incidence of 4.26%, there was no statistically significant difference; Conclusion: the prevalence of ADHD Liuzhou children basic consistent with the national level; The prevalence of urban and rural children no difference.%目的:调查柳州市儿童注意力缺陷-多动障碍的发病情况。方法:采用SNAP-IV父母等级评定量表对柳州市6所公立小学和1所私立小学共计1021名6-12岁的小学生进行注意力缺陷-多动障碍的筛查,由儿童发育行为专科门诊对初步筛查结果呈阳性的儿童进行随访,按照美国精神病研究协会制定的精神障碍诊断标准以及第4版精神疾病的诊断和统计手册判断这些儿童是否患有注意力缺陷-多动障碍。结果:在本组儿童中,罹患ADHD的儿童占4.31%(44/1021)。男孩患此病的几率为5.63%(29/515),女孩患病的几率为2.96%(15/506),二者相比差异显著(X2=4.401,P=0.0360.05)。结论:柳州市儿童多动症的患病率与全国水平基本一致;城乡儿童ADHD的患病率相比较无显著差异。将SNAP-IV量表做为儿童ADHD的筛查量表进行ADHD发病率的调查简便易行,此法值得在基层医院推广使用。

  8. Ovarian Small Cell Carcinoma in a 12-year-old Girl: A Case Report

    Park, Sang Hyun; Kim, Young Tong; Kim, Sang Won; Yang, Seung Ha [Cheonan Hospital, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-05-15

    Small cell carcinoma of the ovary occurs mainly in young women and is extremely rare in a patient younger than 16 years of age. Early distant metastases or recurrence of this type of tumor is common and the response to chemotherapy or radiotherapy has been disappointing. The prognosis of this type of tumor is very poor. We report the ultrasonography, PET/CT and MRI findings of a small cell carcinoma of the ovary with severe peritoneal metastases in a 12-year-old girl.

  9. Ovarian Small Cell Carcinoma in a 12-year-old Girl: A Case Report

    Small cell carcinoma of the ovary occurs mainly in young women and is extremely rare in a patient younger than 16 years of age. Early distant metastases or recurrence of this type of tumor is common and the response to chemotherapy or radiotherapy has been disappointing. The prognosis of this type of tumor is very poor. We report the ultrasonography, PET/CT and MRI findings of a small cell carcinoma of the ovary with severe peritoneal metastases in a 12-year-old girl

  10. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast: a case report of a 12-year-old girl.

    Almohawes, Eman; Khoumais, Nuha; Arafah, Maria

    2015-10-01

    Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) of the breast is a benign lesion, characterized by a dense proliferation of stromal mesenchymal cells of myofibroblastic origin forming empty, slit-like channels. We report PASH in a 12-year-old girl with a huge rapidly enlarged right breast. Biopsy of the mass showed histopathologic features characteristic of PASH. Immunohistochemical studies revealed diffuse positive membranous immunoreactivity to CD34. Although it is a benign lesion, lumpectomy was performed to minimize the damage from developing breast tissue. PMID:26649107

  11. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast: a case report of a 12-year-old girl

    Eman Almohawes, MD

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH of the breast is a benign lesion, characterized by a dense proliferation of stromal mesenchymal cells of myofibroblastic origin forming empty, slit-like channels. We report PASH in a 12-year-old girl with a huge rapidly enlarged right breast. Biopsy of the mass showed histopathologic features characteristic of PASH. Immunohistochemical studies revealed diffuse positive membranous immunoreactivity to CD34. Although it is a benign lesion, lumpectomy was performed to minimize the damage from developing breast tissue.

  12. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre crianças de 4-12 anos no Crato, Estado do Ceará: um problema recorrente de saúde pública - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v33i1.8539 Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among 4- to 12-year-old children in Crato, Ceará State - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v33i1.8539

    Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo, foi estimada a frequência de parasitoses intestinais em 383 crianças do bairro Pinto Madeira em Crato, Estado do Ceará. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de inquérito domiciliar e de exame coproparasitológico abrangendo residências com crianças de quatro a 12 anos, foram utilizados os métodos de Kato-Katzo e Faust. Foi identificada uma associação de parasitoses intestinais com saneamento, disponibilidade e manuseio da água, com prevalência de Ascaris lumbricoides dentre os helmintos e Entamoeba sp. dentre os protozoários. Os dados obtidos demonstraram ainda a que prevalência de helmintos e protozoários foi significativamente maior para as crianças do sexo masculino de 4-5 anos e feminino de 6-7, filhos de mães com menor escolaridade, residentes nos domicílios com piores condições de abastecimento d’água e menor condições de higiene corporal e saneamento básico. Estes resultados sugerem que investimentos em infraestrutura básica e a adoção de políticas voltadas para melhorar a educação familiar poderiam contribuir significativamente na redução da prevalência das parasitoses intestinais em crianças.In this study, we estimated the frequency of intestinal parasites in 383 children in the Pinto Madeira neighborhood of Crato-Ceará State. A survey was conducted covering households with 4- to 12-year-old children, including interviews and coprological surveys using the Kato-Katz and Faust methods. An association was identified between intestinal parasitosis and sanitation, forms of use and availability of water. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba sp was demonstrated. The data also showed that the prevalence of helminths and protozoa was significantly higher for 4- to 5-year-old boys and 6- to 7-year-old girls, children of mothers with less education, living in households with poor conditions of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. These results suggest that investments in sanitary

  13. Determinantes de salud oral en población de 12 años Oral health determinant in 12 year-old population

    C Fernández González

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de caries y factores asociados con historia de caries y autopercepción de salud oral de escolares de 12 años de establecimientos educacionales municipalizados, comparando población urbana y rural en la Región del Maule, Chile. Material y Método: Estudio transversal en una muestra por conveniencia de 285 escolares de cuatro comunas de la Región. El examen clínico fue realizado por un examinador calibrado. Se midieron variables demográficas, índice COPD, Índice de higiene oral, autopercepción del estado de salud oral y última visita al dentista. Resultados: La prevalencia de caries fue 63.9%, sin diferencias significativa por sexo y área residencia. Los niños tienen 3.17 (95% IC 1.62-6.20 veces más riesgo de tener un COPD=0 en relación a las niñas; la higiene oral también se asoció a un COPD=0 (OR=0.24 95% IC 0.10-0.57. La higiene oral se asoció al área de residencia y nivel socioeconómico (NSE; los jóvenes urbanos tienen 5.6 veces más riesgo de tener una higiene óptima (95% IC 2.68-11.95 que los rurales y los jóvenes de NSE medio y bajo están protegidos de tener una higiene óptima (OR= 0.17 95% IC 0.04-0.66. La autopercepción de salud oral no se asoció a las variables estudiadas. Conclusiones: Los niños de establecimientos rurales presentaron los peores indicadores de salud oral. Los resultados evidencian inequidades de salud de los adolescentes de 12 años de los establecimientos educacionales municipalizados estudiados que ameritan el diseño de estrategias promocionales y preventivas acorde a sus necesidades.Aim: To determine caries prevalence and risk factor associated to caries experience and oral health self perception in 12 year-old school children. The study makes comparisons between urban and rural children of Maule Region, Chile. Subjets and Methods: Cross sectional study in a convenience sample of 285 school children from four counties. Oral examinations were carried

  14. Incidental detection of a small solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas after a traffic accident in a 12-year-old girl: a case report

    Kim Y

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Younglim Kim, Suk-Bae MoonDepartment of Surgery, Kangwon National University Hospital, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, South KoreaAbstract: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN is a rare tumor of the pancreas that tends to grow silently in patients at a young age, to a large size and mass. We report here a case of a small-sized SPN detected incidentally in a 12-year-old girl following a traffic accident. The tumor was 3.5 cm in maximal diameter and was found to have hemorrhagic necrosis without a solid component. Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy was performed which cured the patient. SPN is generally accepted to be a low grade malignant tumor, but its clinical behavior is sometimes unpredictable. Tumor size and the proportion of solid portion of the tumor have both recently been identified as predictors of malignancy. Although the initial presentation in this case was that of the traffic accident, the subsequent detection of a small, totally cystic SPN, and then the complete eradication of the lesion, led to a favorable outcome for the patient. Long-term monitoring should prevent any chance of recurrence.Keywords: pancreatic neoplasm, children, distal pancreatectomy

  15. Individual and Contextual Determinants of Periodontal Health in 12-Year-Old Schoolchildren in a Brazilian Capital City

    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro Jordão

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to describe periodontal health status and its association with individual and contextual factors among 12-year-old schoolchildren in a midwest Brazilian capital city. This cross-sectional study included data from an oral health survey carried out in 2010 in the city of Goiania, Brazil and secondary data obtained from the local health authority. Data were collected through oral clinical examinations and interviews. For assessment of periodontal status two components of the community periodontal index (CPI were used: calculus and bleeding after probing. Dependent variable was presence of any periodontal condition. Independent individual variables were the children’s sex and color/race, and their mother’s level of schooling. Contextual variables were related to the schools (type and existence of toothbrushing program and its geographic location in the health districts. Rao-Scott test and multilevel Poisson analysis were performed. The prevalence of calculus and/or bleeding was 7%. Brown color, public schools, and those located in health district with intermediate socioeconomic indicators were associated to a higher prevalence of this condition. The prevalence of adverse periodontal condition was low and the inequalities in its distribution were determined by individual as well as contextual factors related to the schools and the geographic area.

  16. The Need for Orthodontic Treatment among Vietnamese School Children and Young Adults

    Son Minh Nguyen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment among 12-year-old school children and 18-year-olds from Da Nang, Vietnam. Basic Research Design. A random representative sample of 200 12-year-old children from primary schools in Da Nang city was gathered. In addition, 200 18-year-old students were randomly selected from among the 4000 students studying at Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Vietnam. All the subjects were evaluated according to Angle’s molar relationship, the presence of malocclusion, and the components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (Dental Health Component, DHC, and Aesthetic Component, AC. Results. The DHC of index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN for 12-year-olds was in 60% of cases no or little, in 21% of cases moderate, and in 19% of cases definitive, while the prevalence of moderate and definitive need for treatment among the 18-year-olds was 24% and 30.5%, respectively. The prevalence of class III malocclusion, contact point displacement, and crossbite was higher in 18-year-olds than among the 12-year-olds, while the prevalence of increased overjet and increased overbite had decreased in 18-year-olds compared to the group of 12-year-olds. Conclusions. There is a strong need for orthodontic treatment in Vietnam’s population. The need for orthodontic treatment was determined by contact point displacement, crossbite, increased overjet, and increased overbite.

  17. 家庭护理干预对5~12岁单纯性肥胖儿童体重及心理适应行为的影响%The impact of family nursing intervention on body weight and psychological adap-tive behavior of children of 5 -12 years old with simple obesity

    银青梅; 骆成珠; 张雪岚

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨家庭护理干预对单纯性肥胖儿童体重及心理适应行为的影响。方法对50名单纯性肥胖儿童随机分为对照组和干预组,干预组实施家庭护理干预后,比较两组儿童肥胖度和心理适应行为差异。结果干预组儿童的肥胖度和对照组的相比明显下降;干预组儿童的心理适应行为和对照组的相比有明显改善。结论家庭护理干预能有效控制单纯性肥胖儿童体重和改善其心理适应行为。%Objective To investigate the impact of family nursing intervention on body weight and psychological adaptive behavior of children with simple obesity.Methods A total of 50 children with simple obesity were randomly divided into control group and interven-tion group, the intervention group adopted family nursing intervention, two groups were compared with children's obesity degree and psycho-logical adaptation behavior.Results The obesity degree of children with family nursing intervention decreased significantly compared to the control group children;And the psychological adaptive behavior of children with family nursing intervention was significantly improved com-pared to the control group children.Conclusions Family nursing intervention can effectively control the weight of children with simple obesi-ty and improve their psychological adaptive behavior.

  18. Enterococcal cerebellopontine angle abscess in a 12-year-old female

    Sonavane Alka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite advances in imaging and antibiotic treatment, brain abscess is still encountered occasionally. Various aerobic and anaerobic bacteria have been reported as causative agents of brain abscess but only a few cases of enterococcal brain abscesses have been reported. Here we report a case of brain abscess in a 12-year-old female patient, who presented with a history of fever, chills, headache, convulsions since seven days and history of altered sensorium and aphasia since the last two days . The patient had chronic suppurative otitis media of both ears following trauma and presented with ear discharge. The diagnosis of brain abscess was done by computerized tomography scan and the pus was aspirated by left suboccipital burr hole operation. Enterococcus species was cultured from the aspirated pus sample. The patient responded to surgical drainage and antibiotic treatment.

  19. Artificial Grammar Learning in Primary School Children with and without Developmental Dyslexia

    Pavlidou, Elpis V.; Williams, Joanne M.; Kelly, Louise M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores implicit learning in typically developing and primary school children (9-12 years old) with developmental dyslexia using an artificial grammar learning (AGL) task. Two experiments were conducted, which differed in time of presentation and nature of the instructional set (experiment 1-implicit instructions vs experiment…

  20. Distribution of interleukin-6-634C/G promotor gene polymorphism in 8-12-year-old children and its correlation with nutrition%白细胞介素-6基因启动子区域634位点单核苷酸多态性分布及其与儿童营养状况的相关性

    陈鸿; 席卫平; 周永安; 赵瑞; 姚丽英; 张存勖

    2011-01-01

    ,与维生素D缺乏性疾病无关,可能与骨代谢无关.25-羟维生素D与血糖、血脂均无关,与儿童超重及肥胖无关.%Objective To explore the correlation between IL-6-634C/G gene promoter polymorphism and body mass index (BMI),blood sugar (BS),25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH-D),and serum lipid levels by investigating in 8-12-year-old Han children in Shanxi province,China.Methods In Datong city of Shanxi province,214 8-12-year-old children were enrolled after obtaining informed consent from their parents.The weight and height were measured and the BMI was calculated.BS,serum lipids,and 25-OH-D were determined.IL-6-634C/G polymorphism were detected by polymerase chain reaction restricted fragment length polymorphism.The effects of genotype on BMI,BS,serum lipids,and 25-OH-D were also studied.Results The genotypes of IL-6-634C/G polymorphism in 214 cases were GG ( 15% ),GC (40%),and CC (45%).The percentages of C and G allele frequencies were 65% and35%.The genotypes and allele frequencies showed no gender differences ( P > 0.05 ).However,significantly different GG genotypes frequencies were found between overweight and obese children (38.3%) and other children ( normal weight children: 7.3% ; thin children: 10.9% ) (x2 =14.715,P =0.006).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that IL-6-634C/G polymorphisms and triglyceride were correlated with overweight and obesity (P < 0.05 ).25-OH-D was not correlated with BMI (r =0.075,P =0.528),BS ( r =0.018,P =0.880 ),triglyceride ( r =- 0.097,P =0.417 ),high density lipoprotein cholesterin ( r =0.038,P =0.751 ),and low density lipoprotein cholesterin ( r =- 0.028,P =0.817 ).25-OH-D was not significantly different between overweight and obesity children.The distribution of three genotypes showed no correlation with 25-OH-D deficiency (x2 =0.622,P =0.733 ).Conclusions IL-6-634C/G polymorphism exists in Han children in Shanxi province.IL-6 gene 634 GG genetype is a risk factor of

  1. Txt Msg N School Literacy: Does Texting and Knowledge of Text Abbreviations Adversely Affect Children's Literacy Attainment?

    Plester, Beverly; Wood, Clare; Bell, Victoria

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on two studies which investigated the relationship between children's texting behaviour, their knowledge of text abbreviations and their school attainment in written language skills. In Study One, 11-12-year-old children provided information on their texting behaviour. They were also asked to translate a standard English…

  2. Working Memory, Attention, Inhibition, and Their Relation to Adaptive Functioning and Behavioral/Emotional Symptoms in School-Aged Children

    Vuontela, Virve; Carlson, Synnove; Troberg, Anna-Maria; Fontell, Tuija; Simola, Petteri; Saarinen, Suvi; Aronen, Eeva T.

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigated the development of executive functions (EFs) and their associations with performance and behavior at school in 8-12-year-old children. The EFs were measured by computer-based n-back, Continuous Performance and Go/Nogo tasks. School performance was evaluated by Teacher Report Form (TRF) and behavior by TRF and Child…

  3. Genetic and environmental influences on analogical and categorical verbal and spatial reasoning in 12-year old twins.

    Mosing, Miriam A; Mellanby, Jane; Martin, Nicholas G; Wright, Margaret J

    2012-09-01

    Research on the genetic influences on different abstract reasoning skills (fluid intelligence) and their interrelation (especially in childhood/adolescence) has been sparse. A novel cognitive test battery, the Verbal and Spatial Reasoning test for Children (VESPARCH 1), consisting of four matched (in terms of test-procedure and design) subtests assessing verbal [analogical (VA) and categorical (VC)] and spatial [analogical (SA) and categorical (SC)] reasoning, was administered to a population based sample of 12-year old twins (169 pairs). Multivariate analysis was conducted to explore the genetic relationship between the four cognitive sub-domains. Heritabilities were 0.62 (VA), 0.49 (VC), 0.52 (SA), and 0.20 (SC). Genetic influences were due to one common factor with no specific genetic influences. This shared genetic factor also explained almost the entire covariance between the domains, as environmental variance was largely specific to each subtest. The finding of no genetic influences specific to each subtest may be due to the uniquely matched design of the VESPARCH 1, reducing confoundment of different test modalities used in conventional tests. For future research or when interpreting previous studies, our findings highlight the importance of taking such potential artefacts (i.e. different test modalities for different sub-domains) into account when exploring the relationship between cognitive sub-domains. PMID:22552739

  4. Right hepatic vein injury after blunt abdominal trauma in a 12-year-old boy- case report

    Blunt abdominal trauma in children is one of the most frequent causes of hospitalization. We present a rare case of traumatic liver injury. A 12-year-old boy was admitted to the Surgery Department after a bicycle fall and handlebar impact injury to the right infracostal area. At admission he was stable, with no abnormalities except for a subcutaneous hepatoma found in the injured area. Abdominal ultrasound examination revealed free intraperitoneal fluid. Computed tomography (CT) revealed irregular branching laceration of the right superior hepatic segments with extension into the hepatic veins. No active extravasation of contrast material was seen. On the next day, cause of the deterioration of the patient's condition, CT examination was repeated and revealed focal extravasation of contrast material in the portal hilum posterior to the gallbladder. An injury of the right hepatic vein was found on laparotomy. Hepatic vein injury is a rare but very serious complication after blunt liver trauma and it is an indication for surgical treatment. Diagnostic imaging is essential for therapeutic decisions, but its value is sometimes limited.The precise analysis of injury mechanism and localization may be very helpful.CT is currently the modality of choice for the evaluation of blunt liver trauma. If an active bleeding is suspected the delayed scans seem to be recommended. (author)

  5. Prevalência de cárie e necessidades de tratamento em escolares de 6 a 12 anos da rede pública de ensino Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in 6 to 12 year-old schoolchildren at public schools

    Maria do Carmo Matias Freire

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conhecer a prevalência de cárie e necessidades de tratamento em escolares do interior do Estado de Goiás, Brasil. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi constituída de 1.419 escolares de 6 a 12 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos, que freqüentavam 25 escolas públicas na zona urbana de 9 municípios. RESULTADOS: A percentagem de escolares livres de cárie foi muito baixa em todas as idades, sendo 4,4% aos 12 anos. O índice CPO-D variou de 0,41 aos 6 anos a 5,19 aos 12 anos. O índice ceo-d nesta faixa etária variou de 4,93 a 0,29. As necessidades de tratamento superaram as necessidades atendidas, tanto na dentição decídua quanto na permanente. CONCLUSÃO: A alta prevalência de cárie em escolares do interior de Goiás sugere a necessidade de se implantar medidas educativas e preventivas em saúde bucal que intervenham nos reais determinantes da doença na população.OBJECTIVE: To assess dental caries prevalence and treatment needs of schoolchildren in the State of Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: The study population consisted of 6-12-yr-old schoolchildren (n=1,419, male and female, attending 25 public schools located in the urban area of 9 provincial cities in the State of Goiás. RESULTS: Percentage of caries-free schoolchildren was very low at all ages (4.4% at age 12. Mean DMF-T ranged from 0.41 at age 6 to 5.19 at age 12. Mean dmf-t in this age group ranged from 4.93 to 0.29. Treatment needs were higher than the proportion of treated teeth in both deciduous and permanent dentition. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of dental caries found in schoolchildren in the provincial cities of Goiás suggests the need for oral health education and preventive programs targeted at the underlying causes of the disease on a population level.

  6. Sentimento de gratidão em crianças de 5 a 12 anos El sentimiento de gratitud en niños de 5 a 12 años The feeling of gratitude in 5- to 12-year-old children

    Lia Beatriz de Lucca Freitas

    2009-06-01

    el bienfactor. Los datos encontrados, discutidos a la luz de la literatura, sujeren nuevas cuestiones de investigación.Results are presented from a study about the development of the feeling of gratitude in childhood. The participants were 12 children, distributed equally across three age groups (5-6, 7-8, and 11-12 years and by sex. The study used three stories about hypothetical situations, each focusing on a different type of benevolent action. Following each story, a clinical interview was conducted with each child. The results suggest a difference among the age groups in terms of the types of positive feeling attributed to the beneficiary of the action. Although few participants referred explicitly to this, considering the beneficiary's changed feeling state appears to contribute to the understanding of gratitude. The results reveal significant differences among the three age groups in the types of relation established between the satisfaction felt by the beneficiary and the benefactor. These results, discussed in light of the literature, suggest new research questions.

  7. Dental and oral health of 12 years old children from rural-urban arrears in Stip

    Naskova, Sanja; Iljovska, Snezana; Pavlevska, Meri; Denkova, Natasa; Veninov, T

    2013-01-01

    Indivisible part of the body's oral cavity and all that happens in it has multifunctional significance. Every part of this complex has a specific role. Oral and dental health were followed through - registration of oral hygiene index.

  8. Mesenteric pseudoaneurysm in a 12-year-old girl with abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding

    We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with a mesenteric pseudoaneurysm and abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring multiple blood transfusions. The pseudoaneurysm was treated successfully with transarterial microcoil embolization. Pseudoaneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of tuberculosis and understanding the imaging characteristics and treatment options will help to guide appropriate therapy. (orig.)

  9. Mesenteric pseudoaneurysm in a 12-year-old girl with abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding

    Corby, Rodney; Cranford, Caroline; Ha, Thuong Van; Yousefzadeh, David [University of Chicago Hospitals, Department of Radiology, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2006-05-15

    We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with a mesenteric pseudoaneurysm and abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring multiple blood transfusions. The pseudoaneurysm was treated successfully with transarterial microcoil embolization. Pseudoaneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of tuberculosis and understanding the imaging characteristics and treatment options will help to guide appropriate therapy. (orig.)

  10. Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification in a 12-year-old girl presenting as chronic mesenteric ischemia: imaging findings and angioplasty results

    We report an unusual case of chronic mesenteric ischemia presenting in a 12-year-old girl with idiopathic infantile arterial calcinosis (IIAC). This is the first reported case in the literature of chronic mesenteric ischemia in the setting of IIAC. The girl presented with a classical history of postprandial abdominal pain. Imaging demonstrated significant stenoses of the celiac axis, superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). Angioplasty of the celiac axis and SMA was attempted, with successful dilation of the SMA only. At 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-ups, the child's symptoms had almost resolved. This case report has three important ramifications: chronic mesenteric ischemia is a possible clinical presentation in children with IACC, pre-angioplasty imaging is important in guiding treatment approach, and angioplasty was effective in this case of chronic mesenteric ischemia and offers hope for other similarly affected children. (orig.)

  11. A Case of Idiopathic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy in a 12-year-old Male Treated with Bevacizumab

    Kim, Yu Cheol; Kim, Si Dong; Kim, Kwang Soo

    2012-01-01

    A 12-year-old male presented with a chief complaint of a 1-month-history of decreased visual acuity in his right eye. The patient had no past history of steroid use or other systemic diseases. On fundus examination, which included fluorescent angiography (FAG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), the patient was diagnosed with idiopathic central chorioretinopathy, whose clinical course was monitored without any specific treatments. At the time of admission, the best-corrected visual acuity...

  12. Caries Risk Assessment Among School Children in Davangere City Using Cariogram

    Umesh Kemparaj; Sangeeta Chavan; Nagesh Laxminarayan Shetty

    2014-01-01

    Background: To assess the caries risk among 12-years old children using the Cariogram and to evaluate it by comparing with the actual change in DMFT and DMFS over a period of two year. Methods: A two year prospective study was conducted among 12 years age group school going children in Davangere city. At the baseline relevant and required information regarding the oral hygiene, diet, fluoride usage were obtained using a specially prepared pro forma and the saliva samples were collected fr...

  13. Feasibility of microcoria optometry in screening for ametropia in school-age children

    Zhe Su; Lin Xiao; Peng-Fei Liu

    2015-01-01

    AIM:To discuss the feasibility of microcoria optometry in screening for children ametropia. METHODS: Totally 217 school-age children were selected, included 94 first-grade students(6~8 years old)and 123 fourth-grade students(9~12 years old). Refractive diopter was measured with automatic refractor RM-8000 to evaluate the accuracy of micocoria optometry in screening ametropia. RESULTS: After cycloplegia, both the mean sphere diopter and cylinder diopter in grade one students changed significan...

  14. Neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas causing biliary obstruction in a 12 year-old girl: A case report and literature review

    Kimberly A. Bertens

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pancreatic tumors are uncommon in children and rarely result in biliary obstruction. A previously well 12-year old female presented with a one-week history of fatigue, pruritis, and painless jaundice. Abdominal ultrasound demonstrated a mass in the pancreatic head associated with dilation of the common bile duct. Further workup included abdominal MRI, CT and endoscopic retrograde pancreaticogram (ERCP with biliary stenting. Octreotide scan did not reveal uptake in the pancreatic tumor. Percutaneous biopsies were consistent with a grade 2 pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET. Preoperative imaging demonstrated involvement of the portal vein. The patient was brought the operating room for a pancreaticoduodenectomy and portal vein resection. Final pathology revealed a T3N1M0 pancreatic NET. The patient recovered uneventfully.

  15. Factors Influencing Obesity on School-Aged Children

    Soepardi Soedibyo; Tinuk Meilany

    2006-01-01

    School-aged children of 6-12 year old in big cities have less physical activities and relax life style. Fast food and soft drink consumed contain high calorie and protein of protein and carbohydrate sources. Obesity has impact on children’s growth and development especially on psychosocial aspect. The factors that play a role in supporting the obesity occurrence in children include socio-economic condition, behavior and life style and diet. A cross sectional descriptive –analytic study was co...

  16. Orthodontic treatment need in a group of 9-12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren

    Patricia Fernanda Dias; Rogerio Gleiser

    2009-01-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment in Brazilian schoolchildren presenting both late mixed dentition and early permanent dentition as well as to determine the possible factors associated with this necessity. Our randomly selected sample consisted of 407 schoolchildren aged between 9 and 12 years from Nova Friburgo (State of Rio de Janeiro), Brazil. All the children were evaluated according to the two components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOT...

  17. Liver abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in a healthy 12-year-old boy

    Da Hye Yoon

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA is rare in healthy children. We report a case of PLA in an immunocom­ petent 12­year­old boy. Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed for the abscess. In addition, parenteral antibiotics were administered for 3 weeks. Klebsiella pneumoniae was detected in the culture of blood and drained fluid. Here, we present this case and a brief review of the literature on this subject.

  18. Orthodontic treatment need in a group of 9-12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren

    Patricia Fernanda Dias

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment in Brazilian schoolchildren presenting both late mixed dentition and early permanent dentition as well as to determine the possible factors associated with this necessity. Our randomly selected sample consisted of 407 schoolchildren aged between 9 and 12 years from Nova Friburgo (State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. All the children were evaluated according to the two components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN, namely, the Dental Health Component (DHC and the Aesthetic Component (AC. Data analysis involved multiple logistic regression. Definite need for orthodontic treatment was found in 34.2% and 11.3% of the children according to, respectively, DHC and AC. The most prevalent malocclusions included the following: contact point displacement (crowding, crossbite, and increased overjet. Male gender, permanent dentition and aesthetic reasons were factors associated with a great need for orthodontic treatment. It was concluded that about one-third of the children evaluated had a definite need for orthodontic treatment. This necessity was greater in the permanent dentition, thus emphasizing the importance of an early identification of malocclusions and a timely referral of patients for treatment. The correlation between AC and DHC was considered important since they involve distinctive characteristics.

  19. They're My Words--I'll Talk How I Like! Examining Social Class and Linguistic Practice among Primary-School Children

    MacRuairc, Gerry

    2011-01-01

    The central role played by language in mediating school experience and the prestige accorded to standard language varieties within the field of education provide the broad rationale for this paper. This qualitative study, based on a friendship focus-group design, was conducted in two groups of 12-year-old children from contrasting "ideal type",…

  20. Management of a massive choledochal cyst in a 12 year-old girl: Which imaging modalities should be performed preoperatively?

    Shabnam Hamidi; Livingston, Michael H.; Amar Alnaqi; Yasmine Yousef; J. Mark Walton

    2016-01-01

    A previously well 12 year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a three-day history of fatigue, pruritus, and epigastric discomfort. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a cystic mass in the right upper quadrant measuring 17.0 × 13.2 × 11.7 cm. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed the diagnosis of a choledochal cyst and hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scintigraphy demonstrated a communication between the cyst and biliary tree. Percutaneous cholangiography was also perform...

  1. A Rare and Unusual Case of Burkitt's Lymphoma Presenting with a Prostate Mass in a 12-Year-Old Boy

    Sinclair, N.; Babyn, P; Kinloch, M.; R. Sinha

    2014-01-01

    Burkitt’s lymphoma is the most frequent subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in childhood. Radiographic findings are protean and can often overlap with other neoplastic and nonneoplastic processes. We present an unusual case of Burkitt’s lymphoma in a 12-year-old boy presenting with a one-week history of urinary retention, dysuria, and “tailbone pain,” as well as a 4-week history of jaw pain, initially treated as a dental abscess. On dental radiography, the patient was found to have resorption o...

  2. The successful use of extracorporeal photopheresis in a 12-year-old patient with refractory epidermolysis bullosa acquisita

    Liszewski, Walter; Omland, Silje Haukali; Gniadecki, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a rare autoimmune bullous disease of the mucosa and skin characterized by the presence of anti-collagen VII antibodies at the dermoepidermal junction. Most patients respond to immunosuppressive or antiinflammatory agents, although patients whose condition is ref...... refractory to these therapies will require more aggressive treatment. We present a 12-year-old girl with refractory epidermolysis bullosa acquisita who responded to extracorporeal photopheresis.......Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a rare autoimmune bullous disease of the mucosa and skin characterized by the presence of anti-collagen VII antibodies at the dermoepidermal junction. Most patients respond to immunosuppressive or antiinflammatory agents, although patients whose condition is...

  3. Benign sacrococcygeal teratoma incidentally found on routine scoliosis radiographs in a 12-year-old female: a case report

    Cunningham, Kelly M.; Chavhan, Govind B.; Ainsworth, Kelly E.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To describe the imaging characteristics of sacrococcygeal teratomas and to review appropriate diagnostic evaluation and management. Clinical Features: 12-year-old otherwise healthy, asymptomatic female with an incidental pelvic mass found on routine scoliosis radiographs. Intervention and Outcome: The pelvic mass was further evaluated by MRI and CT scan. Management consisted of successful surgical resection with no postoperative complications. Pathology confirmed a mature, benign, sacrococcygeal teratoma. Conclusions: Chiropractors manage patients with scoliosis, which may include radiographic surveillance. Familiarity with the radiographic features of masses such as sacrococcygeal teratomas is important for prompt diagnosis and management. PMID:27069263

  4. Orthodontic treatment need in a 12-year-old population in the Western Sahara.

    Puertes-Fernández, Neus; Montiel-Company, José María; Almerich-Silla, José Manuel; Manzanera, David

    2011-08-01

    The aim of this study was to establish orthodontic treatment need according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and Aesthetic Component (AC) and Dental Health Component (DHC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) and to determine its association with gender among Saharan schoolchildren. The study was carried out in accordance with World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for oral health surveys at 12 years of age. The sample comprised 248 Sahrawi children (135 girls and 113 boys) living in refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. None of the children had previously received any orthodontic treatment. A chi-square test was used to analyse the IOTN results by gender, and a Student's t-test was employed for the DAI results. The mean DAI was 23.32 with a standard deviation of 6.05, 4 percent with a very severe and 9.2 per cent with severe malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment need was 16.1 and 2.0 percent, respectively, according to grades 4 and 5 of the IOTN DHC, 13.7 percent according to the IOTN AC, and 28.6 percent according to the modified IOTN (IOTN DHC grades 4-5 and/or IOTN AC grades 8-10). There were no statistically significant differences by gender. The orthodontic treatment need of Western Saharan schoolchildren is similar to that reported by many recent studies in European and in Sub-Saharan countries. PMID:20926555

  5. A Prospective Study of Adverse Drug Reactions in 1 Month–12 Years Old Pediatric Patients

    Asawari Raut

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Adequate controlled clinical trials in pediatric population, especially in oncology and vaccinations are still insufficient due to ethical considerations. Certain conditions in children in general and in Indian children in particular, suggested the need for Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR monitoring. Thus this study was aimed to investigate the incidence of ADRs in pediatric populations. A prospective spontaneous reporting study was conducted over a period of six months from October 2012 to March 2013 in pediatric inpatients ward of Bharati Hospital in Pune. Reported ADRs were assessed for its causality by using WHO causality assessment scale, and its severity by using Hart wig Severity Scale. A total of 107 suspected ADRs were reported and evaluated from 54 patients, showing an overall incidence of 4.75%. Incidence rate of ADRs during hospitalization was 4.13%, while ADRs induced hospitalization was 0.62%. The gastrointestinal system (48.59% was the most affected, and antibiotics was the most common the drug class associated to ADRs. In term of causality, 55.14% of the reactions were classified as possible, while in term of severity, 64.49% were classified as moderate. Most patients (60.75% recovered from the incidence. Although the prevalence and severity of ADRs in pediatrics populations is reported to be higher than those of in adults, the incidence of ADRs in our study was only 4.75% which is lower than those of reported in adults, this may due to the spontaneous reporting system that used in this study.

  6. Loving and angry? Happy and sad? Understanding and reporting of mixed emotions in mother-child relationships by 6- to 12-year-olds.

    Heubeck, Bernd G; Butcher, Phillipa R; Thorneywork, Kristie; Wood, Jeff

    2016-06-01

    The Evaluative Space Model of emotions allows for the coactivation of positive-appetitive and negative-avoidant systems, but few studies have examined mixed emotions in child development. Existing research suggests children's understanding of opposite valence emotion combinations emerges by approximately 11 years of age. However, it is not yet clear whether various opposite valence combinations are understood at different ages, nor whether children can understand them in others before they have experienced such mixed emotions themselves. Semi-structured interviews with 97 children investigated whether they regarded six combinations of opposite valence mixed emotions as possible, could provide reasons for them, and report their own experience of each in the context of mother-child relationships. Both understanding that such combinations are possible and ability to provide reasons for them increased after age 6 and up to age 11, but were still incomplete in 12-year-olds. Understanding of different opposite valence combinations developed at different rates. At each age, fewer children who showed understanding of these combinations in others reported having had a similar experience themselves. The findings suggest a need to systematically examine a range of mixed emotions in order to develop a comprehensive theory of the development of mixed emotion understanding. They also suggest extending research into adolescence. PMID:26676630

  7. Food habits, physical activities and sedentary lifestyles of eutrophic and obese school children: a case–control study

    Vilchis-Gil, Jenny; Galván-Portillo, Marcia; Klünder-Klünder, Miguel; Cruz, Miguel; Flores-Huerta, Samuel

    2015-01-01

    Background Civilization has produced lifestyle changes; currently, people ingest more calories than are expended, resulting in obesity. This study assessed the association between dietary habits, physical activities, and sedentary behaviors and the risk of obesity in schoolchildren in Mexico City. Methods Of 1,441 children (6–12 years old) screened in elementary schools, 202 obese (BMI ≥95th pc) and 200 normal-weight children (BMI 25th- 75th pc), as defined by the 2000 CDC criteria, were incl...

  8. Association of Obesity with Food Habits and Body Image in School Children of Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand

    AM Alavi Naini; Amini, M; M. Karajibani; AL Khalilian; S Nourisaeedloo; Salimi, M; KH Shafaghi; J Yhoung-aree

    2006-01-01

    In order to assess the relationship between obesity with food habit and body image, this case control study was conducted among 85 urban primary school children male and female aged 10-12 years old, attending Anuban School in Nakhon Pathom Province, in Thailand. Two different questionnaires were used for data collection for caregivers and students. The standard used for definition of overweight and obesity was body mass index [BMI]. Obesity was defined as percentile ≥ 95th of the se...

  9. Sex Differences in Using Spatial and Verbal Abilities Influence Route Learning Performance in a Virtual Environment: A Comparison of 6- to 12-Year Old Boys and Girls.

    Merrill, Edward C; Yang, Yingying; Roskos, Beverly; Steele, Sara

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies have reported sex differences in wayfinding performance among adults. Men are typically better at using Euclidean information and survey strategies while women are better at using landmark information and route strategies. However, relatively few studies have examined sex differences in wayfinding in children. This research investigated relationships between route learning performance and two general abilities: spatial ability and verbal memory in 153 boys and girls between 6- to 12-years-old. Children completed a battery of spatial ability tasks (a two-dimension mental rotation task, a paper folding task, a visuo-spatial working memory task, and a Piagetian water level task) and a verbal memory task. In the route learning task, they had to learn a route through a series of hallways presented via computer. Boys had better overall route learning performance than did girls. In fact, the difference between boys and girls was constant across the age range tested. Structural equation modeling of the children's performance revealed that spatial abilities and verbal memory were significant contributors to route learning performance. However, there were different patterns of correlates for boys and girls. For boys, spatial abilities contributed to route learning while verbal memory did not. In contrast, for girls both spatial abilities and verbal memory contributed to their route learning performance. This difference may reflect the precursor of a strategic difference between boys and girls in wayfinding that is commonly observed in adults. PMID:26941701

  10. Massive low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma presenting as acute respiratory distress in a 12-year-old girl

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare soft-tissue sarcoma that usually presents in young adults as a painless, slow-growing mass. Evans first described LGFMS in 1987 as a spindle-cell sarcoma with bland histological features and paradoxically aggressive behavior. Although young adults are most frequently affected, recent reports describe pediatric cases being increasingly more common. Males and females are affected approximately equally and common locations include the deep soft tissue of the lower extremity, particularly the thigh and trunk. Primary occurrence within the chest cavity is exceedingly rare. Local recurrence and metastasis are not uncommon and present the clinician and radiologist with challenges regarding follow-up recommendations. Review of the literature reveals many cases of slowly progressive symptoms related to a mass effect. We present a healthy 12-year-old African-American girl who interestingly developed acute symptoms of shortness of breath and chest pain while playing with her brother. (orig.)

  11. Massive low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma presenting as acute respiratory distress in a 12-year-old girl

    Steiner, Michael A.; Giles, Henry W. [University of Mississippi, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Jackson, MS (United States); Daley, William P. [University of Mississippi, Department of Pathology, Jackson, MS (United States)

    2009-04-15

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare soft-tissue sarcoma that usually presents in young adults as a painless, slow-growing mass. Evans first described LGFMS in 1987 as a spindle-cell sarcoma with bland histological features and paradoxically aggressive behavior. Although young adults are most frequently affected, recent reports describe pediatric cases being increasingly more common. Males and females are affected approximately equally and common locations include the deep soft tissue of the lower extremity, particularly the thigh and trunk. Primary occurrence within the chest cavity is exceedingly rare. Local recurrence and metastasis are not uncommon and present the clinician and radiologist with challenges regarding follow-up recommendations. Review of the literature reveals many cases of slowly progressive symptoms related to a mass effect. We present a healthy 12-year-old African-American girl who interestingly developed acute symptoms of shortness of breath and chest pain while playing with her brother. (orig.)

  12. GRANULAR CELL TUMOR OF TONGUE IN A 12 YEAR OLD GIRL: A CASE REPORT & REVIEW OF LITERATURE

    Arya

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available : Granular cell tumor (GCT or Abrikossoff’s tumor, variously termed as myoblastoma, granular cell neurofibroma or granular cell schwannoma, is a rare entity, with a reported prevalence ranging from 0.019% to 0.03% of all human neoplasms. It can occur in any region of the body or soft tissues of any organ. It has been found that GCTs of the oral cavity can occur both in pediatric and advanced age, but their incidence usually peaks between the fourth and the sixth decade, while their occurrence before the age of 20 years is very rare. Here we represent a case of GCT affecting tongue of a 12 year old girl, which is a rare occurrence. Clinical & histopathological features have been discussed, also mentioning presence & distribution of immunohistochemical markers & a brief review of recent literature.

  13. Posterior mediastinal biphasic synovial sarcoma in a 12 year-old boy: A case report and review of literature

    Pal Madhumay

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of biphasic synovial sarcoma of the mediastinum, a very rare tumor, in a 12-year-old boy with left-sided chest pain of 3 years duration at presentation. Chest X-ray showed left-sided opacity with loss of cardiac silhouette and the mediastinum deviated to the opposite side. Computed tomography (CT of thorax showed left-sided posterior mediastinal mass with left-sided pleural effusion and pleural thickening. CT guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC from the mass reported it as spindle cell variant of adenocarcinoma. Ultrasonography (USG of the whole abdomen revealed no abnormality. The mediastinal tumor was resected by left thoracotomy and histopathological report confirmed it to be a biphasic synovial sarcoma with capsule invasion at places.

  14. Combined zinc and iron compared with iron supplementation of diets of 6- to 12-year old village schoolchildren in southern Iran.

    Mahloudji, M; Reinhold, J G; Haghshenass, M; Ronaghy, H A; Fox, M R; Halsted, J A

    1975-07-01

    The effects of supplementation of the diets of 6- to 12-year-old children in a village near Shiraz in Iran with zinc plus iron or iron alone, together with the indispensable amino acids in the form of egg white protein, vitamins, minerals, and corn oil have been evaluated. Initially 48 of 59 children had zinc concentrations below the minimum found in well-nourished persons. Eight months of supplementation with zinc plus iron (20 mg daily of elemental zinc as carbonate and 20 mg ferrous iron as fumarate) failed to stimulate growth or bone development or to bring about an increase in plasma zinc concentrations. However, supplementation with iron in the above amount was associated with an acceleration of growth in height and weight. The persistence of low concentrations of zinc in plasma and the failure of supplemental zinc to stimulate growth are attributed to the poor availability of both dietary and supplemental zinc resulting from sequestering action of fiber and phytate present in large amounts in the unleavened whole meal bread consumed by villagers. In addition, the results suggest that simultaneous administration of iron and zinc supplements may impair utilization of the metals. PMID:1146725

  15. Bullied Children: Parent and School Supports

    Honig, Alice Sterling; Zdunowski-Sjoblom, Nicole

    2014-01-01

    Family interviews were conducted with 28 7-12-year-old children who had experienced various forms of bullying and relational aggression by their peers, as well as with their parent and with an older sibling. Interviews explored possible supportive strategies of older siblings, parents, and teachers. All bullied children reported negative feelings…

  16. Factors Influencing Obesity on School-Aged Children

    Soepardi Soedibyo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available School-aged children of 6-12 year old in big cities have less physical activities and relax life style. Fast food and soft drink consumed contain high calorie and protein of protein and carbohydrate sources. Obesity has impact on children’s growth and development especially on psychosocial aspect. The factors that play a role in supporting the obesity occurrence in children include socio-economic condition, behavior and life style and diet. A cross sectional descriptive –analytic study was conducted on elementary school students in Jakarta, to identify factors that play roles on obesity of school-aged children. (Med J Indones 2006; 15:43-54Keywords: childhood obesity, weight shape index, body mass index

  17. Central low-grade osteosarcoma with an unusual localization in the diaphysis of a 12-year old patient

    Low-grade central osteosarcoma is a very rare subtype of osteosarcoma with a predilection for the metaphysis of long bones and a peak incidence in the 3rd decade of life. Absence of specific clinical symptoms and a good prognosis after wide resection are the characteristics of this entity. Chemotherapy is not indicated in this highly differentiated tumour. A 12-year old girl presented with limping, swelling and pain in the mid of the left femur. Radiography showed a 12 cm long intraosseous expansion with lamellated periosteal reaction and contrast medium enhancement in MRI. Although radiology led to the differential diagnoses of Ewing’s sarcoma, osteomyelitis and fibrous dysplasia, the histological specimen showed a hyopocellular spindle-cell proliferation arranged in fascicles with mild cytologic atypia and only single mitotic figures. In synopsis with radiology the diagnosis of low-grade central osteosarcoma was made and confirmed by reference pathology. The tumour was resected with wide margins and reconstruction was performed with a vascularized fibula, a homologous allograft and a plate. Staging was negative for recurrence and metastasis at a follow-up of 16 months. Low-grade osteosarcoma accounts for only 1% of all osteosarcomas with a peak incidence in the 3rd decade. The diaphyseal localization and the young age make this case special. To achieve the correct diagnosis of this rare low-grade entity and thereby the adequate treatment, despite a wide range of differential diagnoses, a multidisciplinary approach is essential

  18. Epidemiology of traumatic injuries to the permanent incisors of 9-12-year-old schoolchildren in Damascus, Syria.

    Marcenes, W; al Beiruti, N; Tayfour, D; Issa, S

    1999-06-01

    This cross-sectional survey was carried out to assess epidemiological data concerning dental injuries to the permanent incisors of Syrian children. It included 1087 children aged 9 to 12 years, of both sexes, randomly selected from public and private primary schools in Damascus. The response rate was 100%. The prevalence of traumatic injuries to the permanent incisors rose from 5.2% at the age of 9 years to 11.7% at the age of 12 years (P = 0.007). The difference in prevalence between boys and girls was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The majority (59.8%) of children who had experienced injuries to the permanent incisors reported that they were not taken to the dentist for evaluation or treatment of the damage. Among those children who had experienced traumatic injuries to the teeth 93.1% presented with untreated damage. Because some injuries were minor, such as small enamel fractures, the proportion of children who needed treatment was 63.2%. There was a tendency for children with an incisal overjet greater than 5 mm to have experienced dental injuries (P = 0.06). Children with inadequate lip coverage were more likely to have experienced dental injuries than those with adequate lip coverage (P = 0.000). The most common reported cause of injuries to the permanent incisors was violence (42.5%), followed by traffic accidents (24.1%), collisions with people or inanimate objects (16.0%) and falls (9.1%). In conclusion, traumatic dental injury may pose a serious dental public health problem. PMID:10530154

  19. Dental fluorosis: prevalence and associated factors in 12-year-old schoolchildren in Goiânia, Goiás

    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro Jordão

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of dental fluorosis, to investigate its association with individual and contextual variables among 12-year-old schoolchildren, and to determine whether there were changes in the prevalence of this condition from 2003 to 2010.METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from an oral health survey carried out in Goiânia, Goiás, in 2010 (n = 2,075, and secondary data from the files of the local health authority. Clinical data were collected through oral examinations in public and private schools. The dependent variable was the presence of dental fluorosis, assessed using the Dean Index. The independent individual variables were sociodemographic characteristics (the child's gender and race, and the mother's level of schooling and those related to clinical conditions (caries experience, evaluated using Decayed, Missing, and Filled teeth index; and presence of periodontal calculus and/or bleeding, evaluated using Community Periodontal Index. The contextual variables were linked to the school (type and existence of toothbrushing program and its geographic location in the city's health districts. The Rao-Scott test was performed, and the percentage difference between the prevalences in the period from 2003 to 2010 was calculated.RESULTS: The prevalence of dental fluorosis in 2010 was 18.7%, being distributed as very mild (11.2%, mild (4.4%, moderate (2.6%, and severe (0.5%. No significant association was found between prevalence of dental fluorosis and the investigated variables. The prevalence of fluorosis increased 230% from 2003 to 2010, and such difference was significant.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental fluorosis was low, predominantly of the very mild degree, has increased over a 7-year period, and was not associated with the individual or contextual factors studied.

  20. Effect of Low-fat Milk Consumption Compared to Apple Juice and Water on the Energy Intake Among 10-12-Year-Old Obese Boys: A Three-way Cross-over Clinical Trial

    Sanaz Mehrabani; Amin Salehi-Abargouei; Mehdi Asemi; Sepideh Mehrabani; Awat Feizi; Seyyed Morteza Safavi

    2014-01-01

    Background: Appetite lowering characteristics of dairy have attracted scientists to look for its effect on energy intake particularly among children. In the present study, we tried to assess the effect of low-fat milk on total and short-term energy intake among obese boys in a randomized three-way cross-over clinical trial. Methods: A total of 34 obese 10-12-year-old boys were randomized to consume three beverages (low-fat milk, apple juice, or water) with a fixed energy breakfast for two...

  1. Interrelation between Obesity, Oral Health, and Life-Style Factors among Turkish School Children

    Cinar, Ayse Basak; Murtomaa, Heikki

    2011-01-01

    Obesity, dental caries, and periodontal diseases are among major public health concerns which may affect children's growth and development. This study seeks any clustering between obesity, oral health, and life-style factors among school children in Istanbul, Turkey. A cross-sectional study...... of children, 10- to 12-year-olds, from a public and a private school was undertaken withquestionnaires for children and their mothers and childoral health data, in Istanbul (n = 611). DMFS (number of decayed, missing, and filled surfaces of permanent teeth), CPI (Community Periodontal Index), body mass index...... (BMI), and life-style factors (tooth-brushing frequency, milk consumption at breakfast and bedtimes on school nights) of children were examined. Data analysis included factor analysis, Student's t-test, and Chi-square tests by cross-tabulation. Public school children were more dentally diseased...

  2. Perfil epidemiológico de cárie dentária em crianças de 12 anos de idade, residentes em cidades fluoretadas e não fluoretadas, na Região Centro-Oeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil An epidemiological profile of dental caries in 12-year-old children residing in cities with and without fluoridated water supply in the central western area of the State of São Paulo, Brazil

    Sílvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo pautou em analisar o perfil epidemiológico de cárie dentária na Região Centro-Oeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, em crianças de 12 anos de idade, segundo o gênero, comparando o índice CPOD em municípios fluoretados e não fluoretados. Foram utilizados os dados do Levantamento Epidemiológico do Estado de São Paulo - 1998, referentes à Direção Regional de Saúde - DIR X, representada por oito municípios. A amostra foi composta por 485 escolares, de ambos os gêneros, distribuídos pelos municípios. Os resultados demonstraram que na cidade de Pederneiras (médio porte, com flúor o CPOD foi igual a 7,06, valor maior do que o encontrado no Brasil em 1986. A maior prevalência de cárie dentária ocorreu nos meninos, quando comparados às meninas, demonstrando uma nova tendência à cárie dentária na região centro-oeste. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre CPOD de municípios de mesmo porte, independente da presença ou ausência de flúor na água, sugerindo o fenômeno da convergência. Possivelmente, pela ação da ingestão de outras fontes de flúor e a presença do efeito "halo". A prevalência de cárie na região esteve "alta", com CPOD igual a 4,82, não atingindo as metas para o ano 2000.This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological profile of dental caries in the central western region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil, focusing on 12-year-old children by gender, comparing the DMFT index in fluoridated and non-fluoridated cities. The study used data from the Epidemiological Surveys in the State of São Paulo, 1998, pertaining to the 10th Regional Health Directorate, including 8 cities. The sample consisted of 485 schoolchildren, both boys and girls, distributed by city. In Pederneiras (a medium-sized city with a fluoridated water supply, DMFT was 7.06, higher than the Brazilian national mean for 1986. Boys showed a higher prevalence of dental caries than girls, showing

  3. The Association Between the Physical Environment of Primary Schools and Active School Transport

    Kann, D.H.H. van; Kremers, S.P.J.; Gubbels, J.S.; Bartelink, N.H.M.; Vries, S.I. de; Vries, N.K. de; Jansen, M.W.J.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between the physical environment characteristics of primary schools and active school transport among 3,438 5- to 12-year-old primary school children in the Netherlands. The environmental characteristics were categorized into four theory-based clusters (function,

  4. The Impact of a Thinking Skills Intervention on Children's Concepts of Intelligence

    Burke, Lynsey A.; Williams, Joanne M.

    2012-01-01

    The study reported was part of a large thinking skills intervention for 11-12-year-old children. This paper focuses on the impact of a thinking skills intervention on children's understandings of intelligence. A total of 178 children (n = 86 girls and n= 92 boys) across six schools participated in the study. Children were individually pre-tested…

  5. Encouraging results of radioiodine therapy in a 12-year-old boy with papillary carcinoma of the thyroid and pulmonary metastases

    The presented case report describes a 12-year-old boy with papillary thyroid carcinoma and lung metastases. Since the performance of primary therapy including surgery and double radioiodine therapy, up to now stable disease has been documented by negative iodine scans, decreasing TG values and normalizing chest X-rays, including CT. (orig.)

  6. Teaching Physics in the first years of Elementary School to children with ADHD

    Capossoli, Eduardo Folco; Fernandes, Sandro Soares

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we report on a Science Fair activity developed at Colegio Pedro II, a traditional Brazilian school, with a group of eight 8-12 years old Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) students. ADHD is usually a condition associated with underachievement at school. As part of working toward scientific literacy for students, we explored the idea of conservation of energy based on STS paradigm. At the same time, the learning experience was designed to stimulate children's poor executive function, or, more specifically, their ability to manage time and planning future tasks.

  7. EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN

    Filiz ARSLAN

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6–12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken education from first step of the Ankara-Cigiltepe Primary Education School. Mean age of school age children who were involved in study was 9.1±1.5. It was detemined that 43% of children (n=43 were watching TV more than 3 hours a day, 54% of them were watching TV to relieve their boredom and 48% of them were watching TV because they like watching. When the spare time activities of children were examined it was determined that they were spending their time by playing and making sportive activities with the highest rate (n=95, 26.1%, and television viewing was in the third order (n=61, 17.3%. In this study, it was determined that most of the children were watching TV under the offered time, children whose mother were not working were watching TV for longer time, and TV watching time of the children were increasing with increasing age. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2006; 5(6.000: 391-401

  8. The Prevalence of Bruxism and Correlated Factors in Children Referred to Dental Schools of Tehran, Based on Parents Report

    Bahman Seraj; Mehdi Shahrabi; Sara Ghadimi; Rahil Ahmadi; Jaleh Nikfarjam; Farid Zayeri; Fatemeh Pour-Taghi; Hadi Zare

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Bruxism is defined as the habitual nonfunctional forceful contact between occlusal tooth surfaces. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of bruxism and correlated factors in children referred to dental schools of Tehran, based on parents' report.Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 600 4-12 year-old children with a mean age of 7.4±2.4 years, who were referred to four dental schools in Tehran. After collecting information with questionnair...

  9. Factors associated with commencing smoking in 12-year-old students in Catalonia (Spain: a cross-sectional population-based study

    Basora Josep

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the last decade notable progress has been made in developed countries on monitoring smoking although experimenting with cigarettes and smoking in young people remains a serious public health problem. This paper reports a cross-sectional study at the beginning of the 3-year follow-up community study TA_BES. The aim was to study the prevalence of smoking in addition to determining predictive factors for when smoking commences in a representative population of 12-year-old first year compulsory secondary education students. Methods Twenty-nine secondary schools (N = 29 from an area of Catalonia participated in the study. In these schools 2245 students answered a questionnaire to study the attitudes, behaviors, and tobacco consumption in the subject's surrounding circle and family in relation to smoking; carbon monoxide measurements were taken by means of co-oximetry on 2 different occasions. A smoker was defined as a student who had smoked daily or occasionally in the last 30 days. For non-smokers the criteria of not considering was set up for those who answered that in the future they would not be smokers and considering those who answered that they did not rule out becoming a smoker in the future. Results Among the total 2245 students included in the analysis 157(7% were classified as smokers. Among non-smokers we differentiated between those not considering smoking 1757 (78.3% and those considering smoking 288 (12.8%. Age is among the factors related to commencing smoking. The risk of becoming a smoker increases 2.27 times/year. The influence of the group of friends with a very high risk for boys OR 149.5 and lower, albeit high, in girls OR 38.1. Tobacco consumption of parents produces different effects in young people. A smoking father does not produce alterations in the smoking behavior of young people. However having a smoking mother or former smoking is a risk factor for boys and a protective factor for girls. We

  10. Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents

    Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

  11. Criterion distances and environmental correlates of active commuting to school in children

    D'Haese Sara

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Active commuting to school can contribute to daily physical activity levels in children. Insight into the determinants of active commuting is needed, to promote such behavior in children living within a feasible commuting distance from school. This study determined feasible distances for walking and cycling to school (criterion distances in 11- to 12-year-old Belgian children. For children living within these criterion distances from school, the correlation between parental perceptions of the environment, the number of motorized vehicles per family and the commuting mode (active/passive to school was investigated. Methods Parents (n = 696 were contacted through 44 randomly selected classes of the final year (sixth grade in elementary schools in East- and West-Flanders. Parental environmental perceptions were obtained using the parent version of Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y. Information about active commuting to school was obtained using a self-reported questionnaire for parents. Distances from the children's home to school were objectively measured with Routenet online route planner. Criterion distances were set at the distance in which at least 85% of the active commuters lived. After the determination of these criterion distances, multilevel analyses were conducted to determine correlates of active commuting to school within these distances. Results Almost sixty percent (59.3% of the total sample commuted actively to school. Criterion distances were set at 1.5 kilometers for walking and 3.0 kilometers for cycling. In the range of 2.01 - 2.50 kilometers household distance from school, the number of passive commuters exceeded the number of active commuters. For children who were living less than 3.0 kilometers away from school, only perceived accessibility by the parents was positively associated with active commuting to school. Within the group of active commuters, a longer distance to school

  12. Sociocultural Influences and Body Image in 9- to 12-Year-Old Girls: The Role of Appearance Schemas

    Clark, Levina; Tiggemann, Marika

    2007-01-01

    This study tested whether an individual's beliefs about the importance of appearance in their life is a mediator of sociocultural influences on body dissatisfaction in young girls. Participants were 265 girls in Grades 4 to 7 (M age = 10.71 years) from 5 private primary schools in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. Girls completed…

  13. Bullying among Primary School Children in Athens, Greece.

    Pateraki, Lena; Houndoumadi, Anastasia

    2001-01-01

    Investigates bullying behavior in 8-12 year old children in Athens (Greece), using a self-report bullying inventory. Reports that 14.7 percent of children reported being victims of bullying, 6.25 percent stated that they were bullies, while 4.8 percent saw themselves as both. States that boys were usually in the latter categories. (CMK)

  14. The Prevalence of Anxiety and its related Factors among School-age Children in South West of Iran

    Zeinab Banaeipour; Shahnaz Rostami; Kourosh Zarea; Bahman Cheraghian

    2016-01-01

    Background Anxiety is one of the most common childhood disorders, so it is necessary to explore extend and its related factors in the students. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anxiety and the related factors of anxiety among the children aged 9-12 years. Materials and Methods At a descriptive-analytic study 623 children aged 9-12 year- old who were studying in the fourth to sixth grade of elementary school in Dezful city, were selected through multistage random samplin...

  15. Dental caries and dental fluorosis in 7-12-year-old schoolchildren in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil Cárie e fluorose dentária em escolares de 7 a 12 anos de idade em Catalão, Goiás, Brasil

    Priscila Ariede Petinuci Bardal; Kelly Polido Kaneshiro Olympio; Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf; José Roberto Magalhães Bastos

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Over the last two decades, the prevalence of dental caries in children has decreased and the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased. Knowledge on the epidemiologic conditions of a population is fundamental for the planning of health programs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among schoolchildren, in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: A random sample of 432 schoolchildren aged 7-12-years old was obtained. WHO (1997) criteria for de...

  16. Cephalometric analysis of hard and soft tissues in a 12-year-old syndromic child: A case report and update on dentofacial features of Crouzon syndrome

    K Nagaraju

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Crouzon syndrome or craniofacial dysostosis is a rare syndrome characterized by craniosynostosis, midfacial hypoplasia and exophthalmia. The abnormalities found in this syndrome change too much from case to case depending on the suture fusion order. We report a case of a 12 year old child and a mother showing variations in the dentofacial tissues clinically and radiographically. Subsequently, the application of digital software [Dolphin Imaging 11] enabled us to solve out the case as Crouzon syndrome by analyzing the skeletal and soft tissue alterations. An update of the effects of this syndrome on various systems and dentofacial features with emphasis on tooth abnormalities is documented.

  17. Dental caries and dental fluorosis in 7-12-year-old schoolchildren in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil Cárie e fluorose dentária em escolares de 7 a 12 anos de idade em Catalão, Goiás, Brasil

    Priscila Ariede Petinuci Bardal

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Over the last two decades, the prevalence of dental caries in children has decreased and the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased. Knowledge on the epidemiologic conditions of a population is fundamental for the planning of health programs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among schoolchildren, in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: A random sample of 432 schoolchildren aged 7-12-years old was obtained. WHO (1997 criteria for dental caries and fluorosis diagnosis were used. RESULTS: The DMFT indexes were 0.97; 1.20; 1.80; 1.62; 2.40 and 2.51 for 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 years old, respectively. Analysis of dental fluorosis for the same ages presented higher prevalence at 12 years old and for the female gender. The percentage of questionable dental fluorosis (Dean's classification was 34.0%. Only 3% of the sample presented dental fluorosis with scores very mild, mild and moderate. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of caries in schoolchildren of Catalão, Goiás, Brazil, was low. In average, private schools showed better results than public schools; however, all schools presented a low DMFT index. In this study, dental fluorosis is not a public health problem and has not damaged dental esthetics.INTRODUÇÃO: Nas últimas duas décadas, a prevalência de cárie dentária tem diminuído e a prevalência de fluorose dentária tem aumentado. Para se planejar programas de saúde é fundamental conhecer o perfil epidemiológico das populações. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência de cárie dentária e fluorose dentária em escolares do município de Catalão, Goiás, Brasil. MÉTODOS: A amostra randomizada foi composta por 432 escolares de 7 a 12 anos de idade. Os critérios utilizados para determinar a prevalência de cárie dentária e fluorose seguiram a metodologia proposta pela OMS, 1997. RESULTADOS: Os valores do Índice CPOD foram de 0,97; 1,20; 1,80; 1,62; 2,40 e 2,51 para as idades de

  18. The Role of Inhibitory Control in Children's Cooperative Behaviors during a Structured Puzzle Task

    Giannotta, Fabrizia; Burk, William J.; Ciairano, Silvia

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the role of inhibitory control (measured by Stroop interference) in children's cooperative behaviors during a structured puzzle task. The sample consisted of 250 8-, 10-, and 12-year-olds (117 girls and 133 boys) attending classrooms in three primary schools in Northern Italy. Children individually completed an elaborated…

  19. Comparison of some physical and physiologic properties of soccer players and badminton players of 10-12 years old group

    Recep Kürkçü

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is aimed to compare some physical characteristics and physiological characteristics of adult footballer and badminton players. The subjects of the study were footballer (18 boys and were badminton players (12 boys who were volunteer at primary school in Şanlıurfa.The volunteers', took part in this study, age, height and the body weight average is determined like this respectively: Footballers: 11,77 ± 0,54 yıl, 151,40 ± 7,35 cm, 41,83 ± 10,27 kgBadminton players: ise11,58 ± 0,66 yıl, 147,37 ± 8,05 cm, 39,08 ± 9,56 kg Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, VC, FVC, FEV1 sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left-right hand gripping strength of subjects were measured. The differences between findings which were obtained by measurements from footballers and badminton players were considered with using "t-test" on SPSS Windows 11. According to the data, differences between age, height, body weight average, diastolic blood pressure VC, FVC, FEV1, sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left hand gripping strength were obtained pointless, in the mean time relaxing heart rate, and sit-reach test (P<0.01, systolic blood pressure and right hand gripping strength values were obtained purposeful on (P<0.05 level. In conclusion, physical and physiological characteristics of footballers and badminton players were affected by their sport branch furthermore, relaxing heart rate, systolic blood pressure, sit -reach 30 meters sprint, right hand gripping strength performance of footballers were obtained preferable.

  20. Comparison of some physical and physiologic properties of soccer players and badminton players of 10-12 years old group

    Recep Kürkçü

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is aimed to compare some physical characteristics and physiological characteristics of adult footballer and badminton players. The subjects of the study were footballer (18 boys and were badminton players (12 boys who were volunteer at primary school in Şanlıurfa. The volunteers', took part in this study, age, height and the body weight average is determined like this respectively:  Footballers: 11,77 ± 0,54 yıl, 151,40 ± 7,35 cm, 41,83 ± 10,27 kgBadminton players: ise11,58 ± 0,66 yıl, 147,37 ± 8,05 cm, 39,08 ± 9,56 kg    Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, VC, FVC, FEV1 sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left-right hand gripping strength of subjects were measured. The differences between findings which were obtained by measurements from footballers and badminton players were considered with using "t-test" on SPSS Windows 11.     According to the data, differences between age, height, body weight average, diastolic blood pressure VC, FVC, FEV1, sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left hand gripping strength were obtained pointless, in the mean time relaxing heart rate, and sit-reach test (P<0.01, systolic blood pressure and right hand gripping strength values were obtained purposeful on (P<0.05 level.     In conclusion,  physical and physiological characteristics of footballers and badminton players were affected by their sport branch furthermore, relaxing heart rate, systolic blood pressure, sit -reach 30 meters sprint, right hand gripping strength performance of footballers were obtained preferable.

  1. An Research on 6~12-years-old Childrens′s Physical Health Constitution in South Gansu Tibetan Area and the Influential Factors of Multidimensional Space%甘南藏区6~12岁儿童体质健康状况与多维空间影响因素研究

    赵亮; 张欢

    2016-01-01

    Research on gannan Tibetan areas 6~12 years old children's physical health consitituion, analysis of gannan Tibetan children's physical health level and the influence factors of multidimensional life space. according to the results of gannan Tibetan area 6~12 years old children's physical shape, physiological function and physical quality index is lower than the national aver-age, among them 6~9 aged male and female children's BMI index and vital capacity are below the national average, significant difference. With the increase of age and school age, these indicators compared with the national average gap is smaller, and there was no significant difference. Physical quality index space is highly relevant to education activities, and with the increase of school age, physical quality improve significantly. Conclusion:gannan Tibetan areas of preschool children's physical health level and the low age by traditional Tibetan society, family and religious life had a greater influence on the space. And physical health level of high age and school age children are greatly influenced by education activities, education activity space improvement of gannan Ti-betan children's physical health level of the most effective factors.%借由对甘南藏区6~12岁年龄段儿童体质健康状况的研究分析甘南藏区儿童体质健康水平与多维生活空间的影响因素。结果显示,甘南藏区6~12岁儿童身体形态、生理机能和身体素质等诸多指标低于全国平均水平,其中6~9岁年龄段男、女儿童BMI指数和肺活量均低于全国平均值,差异显著。随着年龄和学龄的增加,这些指标与全国平均值比较差距越来越小,而且无显著性差异。身体素质指标与教育活动空间高度相关,并随着学龄增加,身体素质提高明显。结论:甘南藏区学龄前和低年龄段儿童体质健康水平受藏区传统社会、家庭和宗教生活空间影响较大。而大年龄段和高学龄儿

  2. PREVALENCIA DE RELACIONES SEXUALES EN ESTUDIANTES DE SECUNDARIA ENTRE 10 Y 12 AñOS SANTA MARTA - COLOMBIA Prevalence of sexual intercourse in students of secondary between 10 and 12 years old in Santa Marta Colombia

    Guillermo Augusto Ceballos

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: la edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales ha disminuido en forma gradual durante las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, no conocemos la prevalencia de relaciones sexuales en estudiantes de secundaria entre 10 y 12 años. Objetivo: establecer la prevalencia de relaciones sexuales en niños y niñas estudiantes de bachillerato entre 10 y 12 años de la ciudad de Santa Marta, Colombia. Material y métodos: una muestra de 298 estudiantes de secundaria, con una edad promedio de 11.5 (DE 0.65, de tres colegios privados escogidos por conveniencia, diligenció en forma anónima una encuesta sobre comportamiento sexual. Mediante un modelo de regresión logística, con el ajuste por posibles variables de confusión, se establecieron los factores protectores para no haber tenido relaciones sexuales. Resultados. La prevalencia de relaciones sexuales fue 7.7% (IC95% 4.7-10.7. Se identificaron como factores protectores significativos no haber fumado (OR 0.12, IC95% 0.04-0.41, no haber consumido alcohol (OR 0.06, IC95% 0.01-0.48 y ser de género femenino (OR 0.22, IC95% 0.07-0.76. Conclusión. Uno de cada 13 estudiantes de bachillerato entre 10 y 12 años informó haber tenido relaciones sexuales. La prevalencia es menor en quienes nunca han fumado o consumido alcohol y en el grupo femenino.Background: the age of starting sexual intercourse has decreased in last decades. However, we do not know the prevalence of sexual relationship in middle-school students aged 10-12 years old. Objective: to establish the prevalence of sexual relationship in middle-school boys and girls students aged 10-12 years old in Santa MartaColombia. Materials and method: a sample of 298 middle-school students, with an average age of 11.5 (DE 0.65, of three private schools were chosen by convenience; these students completed an anonymous survey about sexual behaviors. Logistic regression was used to identify protector factors that were related to not have had sexual

  3. Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD tests in a school-age hearing screening programme – analysis of 76,429 children

    Piotr H. Skarzynski

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available [b]Introduction and objective[/b]. Hearing disorders among school-age children are a current concern. Continuing studies have been performed in Poland since 2008, and on 2 December 2011 the EU Council adopted Conclusions on the Early Detection and Treatment of Communication Disorders in Children, Including the Use of e-Health Tools and innovative Solutions. The discussion now focuses not only on the efficacy of hearing screening programmes in schoolchildren, but what should be its general aim and what tests it should include? This paper makes the case that it is important to include central auditory processing disorder (CAPD tests. One such test is the dichotic digits test (DDT. The aim of the presented study was to evaluate the usefulness of the DDT in detecting central hearing disorders in school-age children. [b]Materials and methods[/b]. During hearing screening programmes conducted in Poland in 2008–2010, exactly 235,664 children (7–12-years-old were screened in 9,325 schools. Of this number, 7,642 were examined using the DDT test for CAPD. Screening programmes were conducted using the Sense Examination Platform. [b]Results.[/b] With the cut-off criterion set at the 5th percentile, results for the DDT applied in a divided attention mode were 11.4% positive for 7-year-olds and 11.3% for 12-year-olds. In the focused attention mode, the comparable result for 12-year-olds was 9.7%. There was a clear right ear advantage. In children with positive DDT results, a higher incidence of other disorders, such as dyslexia, was observed. [b]Conclusions[/b]. A test for CAPD should be included in the hearing screening of school-age children. The results of this study form the basis for developing Polish standards in this area.

  4. Gender Influences on Children's Computer Attitudes and Cognitions.

    North, Alice S.; Noyes, J. M.

    2002-01-01

    This study considers whether technophobia is a transitory phenomenon by assessing computer attitudes and cognition of 11- and 12-year-old children in an English secondary school via self-reporting questionnaires. Results showed a low prevalence of technophobia and that gender did not significantly influence attitudes or cognition towards…

  5. Predictors of Time-Based Prospective Memory in Children

    Mackinlay, Rachael J.; Kliegel, Matthias; Mantyla, Timo

    2009-01-01

    This study identified age differences in time-based prospective memory performance in school-aged children and explored possible cognitive correlates of age-related performance. A total of 56 7- to 12-year-olds performed a prospective memory task in which prospective memory accuracy, ongoing task performance, and time monitoring were assessed.…

  6. Transgender Children in Schools

    Hellen, Mark

    2009-01-01

    This article is intended to provide evidence to suggest that information for teachers regarding transgender children does not represent an adequate picture of transgendered children in schools and that primary schools need to be made more aware of how to deal with transgender children, even if these children do not make themselves known to staff. It will argue that this is probably a contributing factor in transgender children’s underachievement in school. The implications of this research...

  7. Muslim Children's Other School

    Moore, Leslie C.

    2012-01-01

    Millions of Muslim children around the world participate in Qur'anic schooling. For some, this is their only formal schooling experience; others attend both Qur'anic school and secular school. Qur'anic schooling emphasizes memorization and reproduction (recitation, reading, and transcription) of Qur'anic texts without comprehension of their…

  8. Ungual fibroma in 12-year-old boy with hypomelanotic macules, intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder—possible tuberous sclerosis

    Glavan, Nedeljka; Ljubičić-Bistrović, Ivana; Grahovac, Blaženka; Traven, Luka; Sasso, Anton; Jonjić, Nives

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To report a case of a 12-year-old boy with intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, who came to surgery for an examination due to a minor bulge on the left thumb, which had been growing for the previous month. His mother denied any trauma. Methods: After the removal of the clinically ambiguous bulge and a pathohistological confirmation that it was a periungual fibroma, complete patient analysis was performed due to the presence of hypomelanotic macules and a suspected tuberous sclerosis. Results: Considering the presence of hypomelanotic macules, as one of the main criteria, possible TS diagnosis was set. Conclusion: Early detection of the symptoms of TS enables a timely provision of protocols for further patient monitoring, which affects the patient’s morbidity and mortality.

  9. Salvage pneumonectomy for pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in a 12-year-old boy with brain abscess and hemiparesis: A fatal outcome

    Majumdar, Gauranga; Agarwal, Surendra Kumar; Pande, Shantanu; Chandra, Bipin

    2016-01-01

    Large pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) constitute an uncommon cause of central cyanosis with septic embolism and brain abscess. This large right to left shunt can lead to chronic severe hypoxemia and significant morbidity and mortality if untreated. Conservative parenchyma-sparing lung resection was used widely as treatment of choice. However, with the advent of embolotheraphy, it is considered the preferred mode of treatment with less invasiveness. We here report a 12-year-old boy with large aneurysmal pulmonary arteriovenous fistula presented with brain abscess and hemiparesis. He underwent thoracotomy and pneumonectomy for large PAVMs, and it was complicated with bleeding and massive blood transfusion. The patient developed acute renal failure as a postoperative complication and succumbed to it. We suggest proper look out for systemic collateral and their management by embolitheraphy either alone or in combination should be tried first. We also suggest median sternotomy and intrapericardial approach for pneumonectomy in such difficult situation can be helpful. PMID:27051111

  10. Salvage pneumonectomy for pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in a 12-year-old boy with brain abscess and hemiparesis: A fatal outcome

    Gauranga Majumdar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Large pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs constitute an uncommon cause of central cyanosis with septic embolism and brain abscess. This large right to left shunt can lead to chronic severe hypoxemia and significant morbidity and mortality if untreated. Conservative parenchyma-sparing lung resection was used widely as treatment of choice. However, with the advent of embolotheraphy, it is considered the preferred mode of treatment with less invasiveness. We here report a 12-year-old boy with large aneurysmal pulmonary arteriovenous fistula presented with brain abscess and hemiparesis. He underwent thoracotomy and pneumonectomy for large PAVMs, and it was complicated with bleeding and massive blood transfusion. The patient developed acute renal failure as a postoperative complication and succumbed to it. We suggest proper look out for systemic collateral and their management by embolitheraphy either alone or in combination should be tried first. We also suggest median sternotomy and intrapericardial approach for pneumonectomy in such difficult situation can be helpful.

  11. Study on Variation of the Sera Folic Acid, Vitamin B12 and Iron Level in the 6-12 Years Old Patients Infected with Giardia Lamblia in South Tehran

    Mohammad Taghi Haghi-Ashtiani

    Full Text Available Objective: Protozoa Giardia lambelia is caused to diarrhea in human and other mammals in worldwide. Giardia colonizes in duodenum and earliest jejunum. It can cover the intestinal surface and causes the stateorrhea, malabsorbtion syndrome and absorb disorder of vitamins A, E and D. Investigation the effect of Giardia on the vitamin B12, folic acid and iron of patients were the purpose of this study.Material & Methods: A total of 30 children with giardiasis, aged between 6-12 years- old, selected from 3000 patients, who were admitted to the Emam Khomeiny hospital and diagnosed by stool examinations (direct and formalin-ether methods. Blood of patients and control were collected. Amount of vitamin B12 and folic acid were evaluated with radioimmunoassay and iron was evaluated with Ferene method.Findings: According to the data, folic acid in the patient had no significant difference against control but vitamin B12 and iron in the patient with giardiosis was less than control and the differences were significant (P=0.01, P=0.04 respectively.Conclusion: According to the results diagnosis of giardiosis in the early stage may prohibit intestinal damage and clinical symptoms due to vitamins and mineral elements shortage in the children.

  12. Effect of fluoride exposure on the intelligence of school children in Madhya Pradesh, India

    Sudhanshu Saxena

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the relationship between exposure to different drinking water fluoride levels and children′s intelligence in Madhya Pradesh state, India. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 12-year-old school children of Madhya Pradesh state, India. The children were selected from low (0.05. However, a statistically significant difference was observed in the urinary fluoride levels (P 0.000. Reduction in intelligence was observed with an increased water fluoride level (P 0.000. The urinary fluoride level was a significant predictor for intelligence (P 0.000. Conclusion: Children in endemic areas of fluorosis are at risk for impaired development of intelligence.

  13. Augmenting BMI and waist-height ratio for establishing more efficient obesity percentiles among school-going children

    Panjikkaran Seeja

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Research Questions: 1. Are all the existing methods for estimating the obesity and overweight in school going children in India equally efficient? 2. How to derive more efficient obesity percentiles to determine obesity and overweight status in school-going children aged 7-12 years old? Objectives: 1. To investigate and analyze the prevalence rate of obesity and overweight children in India, using the established standards. 2. To compare the efficiency among the tools with the expected levels in the Indian population. 3. To establish and demonstrate the higher efficiency of the proposed percentile chart. Study Design: A cross-sectional study using a completely randomized design. Settings: Government, private-aided, unaided, and central schools in the Thrissur district of Kerala. Participants: A total of 1500 boys and 1500 girls aged 7-12 years old. Results: BMI percentiles, waist circumference percentiles, and waist to height ratio are the ruling methodologies in establishing the obese and overweight relations in school-going children. Each one suffers from the disadvantage of not considering either one or more of the obesity contributing factors in human growth dynamics, the major being waist circumference and weight. A new methodology for mitigating this defect through considering BMI and waist circumference simultaneously for establishing still efficient percentiles to arrive at obesity and overweight status is detailed here. Age-wise centiles for obesity and overweight status separately for boys and girls aged 7-12 years old were established. Comparative efficiency of this methodology over BMI had shown that this could mitigate the inability of BMI to consider waist circumference. Also, this had the advantage of considering body weight in obesity analysis, which is the major handicap in waist to height ratio. An analysis using a population of 1500 boys and 1500 girls has yielded 3.6% obese and 6.2% overweight samples, which is well within

  14. Home-Schooled Children are thinner, leaner, and report better diets relative to traditionally-schooled children

    Cardel, Michelle; Willig, Amanda L.; Dulin-Keita, Akilah; Casazza, Krista; Cherrington, Andrea; Gunnarsdottir, Thrudur; Johnson, Susan L.; Peters, John C.; Hill, James O.; Allison, David B.; Fernández, José R.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine and compare the relationships among diet, physical activity, and adiposity between home-schooled children (HSC) and traditionally-schooled children (TSC). Design and Methods Subjects were HSC (n=47) and TSC (n=48) aged 7 to 12 years old. Dietary intakes were determined via two 24-hour recalls and physical activity was assessed with 7 days of accelerometry. Fat mass (FM), trunk fat, and percent body fat (%BF) were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Results Relative to HSC, TSC demonstrated significantly higher BMI percentiles, FM, trunk fat, and %BF; consumed 120 total kilocalories more per day; and reported increased intakes of trans fats, total sugar, added sugars, calcium, and lower intakes of fiber, fruits, and vegetables (p<0.05). At lunch, TSC consumed significantly more calories, sugar, sodium, potassium, and calcium compared to HSC (p<0.05). Physical activity did not differ between groups. Traditional schooling was associated with increased consumption of trans fat, sugar, calcium (p<.05); lower intakes of fiber, and fruits and vegetables (p<.05); and higher FM, %BF, and trunk fat (p<0.01), after adjustment for covariates. Conclusions These data suggest HSC may consume diets that differ in energy and nutrient density relative to TSC, potentially contributing to differences in weight and adiposity. PMID:24039204

  15. "Good Guys Don't Wear Hats": Children's Talk about the Media.

    Tobin, Joseph

    This book details an ethnographic study focused on how children think and talk about media representations of violence, gender, race, colonialism, and social class. Participating in the study were 162 elementary school students in Hawaii. Groups of 6- to 12-year-olds viewed clips from 2 television commercials and 2 movies and were later…

  16. Predictors of Psychiatric Symptoms in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Gadow, Kenneth D.; DeVincent, Carla; Schneider, Jayne

    2008-01-01

    This study examined mental health risk/protective factors for DSM-IV psychiatric symptoms in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their contribution to functioning separate from ASD symptom severity. Mothers/teachers completed measures of risk/protection and social, adaptive, and school functioning in 6- to 12-year-olds with a…

  17. Giving children a voice: Exploring qualitative perspectives on factors influencing recess physical activity

    Pawlowski, Charlotte Skau; Schipperijn, Jasper; Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine;

    2016-01-01

    11–12-year-old children. The socio-ecological model was used as the overall theoretical framework. Twelve factors were identified as influencing the children’s recess physical activity: bodily self-esteem and ability; gender; gendered school culture; peer influence; conflicts and exclusion; space...

  18. School for beggars' children.

    Eferaro, S; Uloko, S D

    1993-01-01

    The children of blind beggars lead their parents around to beg for alms instead of going to school. 5 years of research however, supported by the Human Development Foundation in Nigeria found that adult beggars want their children to get educated, but did not think it possible. A special school for beggars' children was established by the foundation in 1990 with 30 children aged 6-12 years. The children attend school daily from 2 to 5 P.M. and help their blind parents in the mornings and evenings. Students receive free uniforms, writing materials and books, and are fed free during school hours. This school has attracted the attention of UNICEF which has been offering aid in the form of technical and teaching materials. The program has proved so successful, however, that demand is outpacing the supply of available teachers and teaching space. More room and more teachers are needed. Fund-raisers are being organized to that end. PMID:12318634

  19. Factors associated with dental fluorosis in school children in southern Brazil: a cross-sectional study

    Marina Sousa Azevedo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study assessed risk factors for dental fluorosis (DF among 8- to 12-year-old children in southern Brazil. Children attending 20 schools were randomly selected (n = 1,196. They were interviewed and their parents answered a questionnaire that was sent home. Prevalence of DF was 8.53% (modified Dean’s criteria, and the prevalence of severe DF was 0.17%. The results of multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that DF was associated with a higher frequency of tooth brushing and with initial use of fluoride toothpaste at the emergence of the first tooth. DF does not constitute a public health problem in southern Brazil.

  20. Dental Caries and its Conditioned Factors in Children from a Municipal Public School in Niterói, RJ, Brazil

    Lívia Azeredo A. ANTUNES

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the manifestation of dental caries in 4-12-year-old schoolchildren from a municipal public school at the city of Niterói, RJ, Brazil, in the years 1990 and 2005, and to identify the most frequent feeding and oral hygiene habits among the children in 2005.Method: The study population comprised 370 individuals allocated into 3 groups: Group 1 (G1 with 150 4-12-year-old children of both genders that studied in the referred public school in 1990; Group 2 (G2 was similar to Group 1 but with children that studied in 2005; Group 3 (G3 composed of 70 parents/caregivers of G2 children, who answered a questionnaire arguing on feeding and oral hygiene habits. The mean DMF-T (decayed, missing and filled teeth index, the statistical relationship as detected by Mann-Whitney nonparametric test and the percent frequencies for feeding and oral hygiene habits were calculated.Results: Dental caries was the most expressive value at both studied periods. However, there was decline in caries experience comparing 1990 and 2005 (p0.05. Regarding the feeding and oral hygiene habits, most children were bottle fed up to 1 year of age or a little longer, consumption of sugar-containing foods and drinks occurred 3 to 4 times a day, and the most frequent moment was between meals. In most children, toothbrushing started when the children already had several erupted teeth, the children themselves usually brushed their teeth with their own toothbrush and most of them did not use dental floss.Conclusion: Educational and preventive programs conducted at school are important and should be adjusted to the reality of each population because health is a relevant indicator of life quality.

  1. A cross-sectional descriptive study on oral health promotion and knowledge of dental caries in 11 and 12 year-olds

    Leandra Hormigot Baños

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We performed a cross-sectional study in 90 students at Junior High School Manuel Fajardo Rivero who are seen in Manzanillo Municipal Dental Clinic in the period from September 2010 to September 2011, with the purpose of promoting oral health and raising the level of knowledge about dental caries in children between 11 and 12 years of age. The information was collected by physical examinations and a questionnaire was applied to the students. The variables included were patient age, sex, oral hygiene, cariogenic food intake, and oral hygiene and skill level. Poor oral hygiene and cariogenic food intake, together with second degree caries prevailed in the study group. We were able to raise the level of knowledge in these children.

  2. The impact of development o f the special coordination abilities on the general skill ability for table tennis juniors under 12 years old

    Shawkat Gaber Radwan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Indicates each of Muhama d Allawi (2002, Essam Abdul Khaliq (2003, and Walf Droge (2002 that the coordination abilities are closely related to the development of technical motor skills, and that pra ctitioner athletic activity which determines the quality of this abilities should be developed, where the player can not master the technical skills in the special activity in case lack of special coordination abilities for this activity. Both Manf red Must er (1986, Jürgen Schmicker (2000, Wolfgang and others (2000 and Wohlgefahrt, Karlheinz (2004 refers that the special coordination abilities for table tennis include each of: 1 - The motor adaptation and adjustment ability, 2 - The ability to differentiat e , 3 - reaction speed ability, 4 - orientation ability, 5 - balance ability, 6 - coupling ability, 7 - The ability to sense the rhythm. The aim of this study is design training program to development the special coordination abilities of table tennis and identi fies the impact of this program on the general skill ability for table tennis juniors under 12 years old. The researcher used the experimental method into two groups one experimental and the other control group the strength of each of them is 8 of table te nnis juniors in Ismailia city in Egypt. The duration of the program is three months, three training units a week the duration of each training unit is 90 minutes. The most important results of this study was the training program led to improvement the spec ial coordination abilities of table tennis for the experimental group, which led to high level of the general skill ability in table tennis for the experimental group more than the control group .

  3. Children, urban care, and everyday pavements

    Kim Kullman

    2014-01-01

    This paper takes a mundane piece of urban infrastructure, the pavement, as a starting point, approaching it through the experiences of 7–12-year-old children who journey between home and school in Helsinki, Finland. In doing so, the paper argues that the children and their travel companions are employing pavements to cultivate the caring potential of their city, whether this entails patting dogs, picking up empty bottles, or checking the safety of zebra crossings. Inspired by recent work on t...

  4. A school-based intervention to reduce overweight and inactivity in children aged 6–12 years: study design of a randomized controlled trial

    Reuvers Ivo

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Effective interventions to prevent overweight and obesity in children are urgently needed especially in inner-city neighbourhoods where prevalence of overweight and inactivity among primary school children is high. A school based intervention was developed aiming at the reduction of overweight and inactivity in these children by addressing both behavioural and environmental determinants. Methods/design The main components of the intervention (Lekker Fit! are the re-establishment of a professional physical education teacher; three (instead of two PE classes per week; additional sport and play activities outside school hours; fitness testing; classroom education on healthy nutrition, active living and healthy lifestyle choices; and the involvement of parents. The effectiveness of the intervention is evaluated through a cluster randomized controlled trial in 20 primary schools among grades 3 through 8 (6–12 year olds. Primary outcome measures are BMI, waist circumference and fitness. Secondary outcome measures are assessed in a subgroup of grade 6–8 pupils (9–12 year olds through classroom questionnaires and constitute of nutrition and physical activity behaviours and behavioural determinants. Multilevel regression analyses are used to study differences in outcomes between children in the intervention schools and in control schools, taking clustering of children within schools into account. Discussion Hypotheses are that the intervention results in a lower prevalence of children being overweight and an improved mean fitness score, in comparison with a control group where the intervention is not implemented. The results of our study will contribute to the discussion on the role of physical education and physical activity in the school curriculum. Trial registration [ISRCTN84383524

  5. TP53 mutation p.R337H in gastric cancer tissues of a 12-year-old male child - evidence for chimerism involving a common mutant founder haplotype: case report

    Gastric adenocarcinoma is rare in children and adolescents, with about 17 cases under age 21 in the world's literature. We report a case of invasive well-differentiated metastatic gastric cancer in a Brazilian 12-year-old boy without documented familial history of cancer. The patient, diagnosed with metastatic disease, died seven months after surgery. DNA from intra-surgical specimens revealed a TP53 mutation at codon 337 (p.R337H) in samples with neoplastic cells (dysplasia, tumor and metastasis) but not in non-transformed cells (incomplete intestinal metaplasia and non-involved celiac lymph node). In all mutation-positive tissues, p.R337H occurred on the same background, a founder allele identified by a specific haplotype previously described in Brazilian Li-Fraumeni syndrome patients. The same mutant haplotype, corresponding to a founder mutation present in 0.3% of the general population in Southern Brazil, was found in the genome of the father. Presence of this inherited haplotype in the tumor as well as in the father's germline, suggests a rare case of microchimerism in this patient, who may have harbored a small number of mutant cells originating in another individual, perhaps a dizygotic twin that died early in gestation. This case represents one of the earliest ages at diagnosis of gastric cancer ever reported. It shows that cancer inheritance can occur in the absence of an obvious germline mutation, calling for caution in assessing early cancers in populations with common founder mutations such as p.R337H in Southern Brazil

  6. TP53 mutation p.R337H in gastric cancer tissues of a 12-year-old male child - evidence for chimerism involving a common mutant founder haplotype: case report

    Prolla Patricia A

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Gastric adenocarcinoma is rare in children and adolescents, with about 17 cases under age 21 in the world's literature. We report a case of invasive well-differentiated metastatic gastric cancer in a Brazilian 12-year-old boy without documented familial history of cancer. Case presentation The patient, diagnosed with metastatic disease, died seven months after surgery. DNA from intra-surgical specimens revealed a TP53 mutation at codon 337 (p.R337H in samples with neoplastic cells (dysplasia, tumor and metastasis but not in non-transformed cells (incomplete intestinal metaplasia and non-involved celiac lymph node. In all mutation-positive tissues, p.R337H occurred on the same background, a founder allele identified by a specific haplotype previously described in Brazilian Li-Fraumeni syndrome patients. The same mutant haplotype, corresponding to a founder mutation present in 0.3% of the general population in Southern Brazil, was found in the genome of the father. Presence of this inherited haplotype in the tumor as well as in the father's germline, suggests a rare case of microchimerism in this patient, who may have harbored a small number of mutant cells originating in another individual, perhaps a dizygotic twin that died early in gestation. Conclusion This case represents one of the earliest ages at diagnosis of gastric cancer ever reported. It shows that cancer inheritance can occur in the absence of an obvious germline mutation, calling for caution in assessing early cancers in populations with common founder mutations such as p.R337H in Southern Brazil.

  7. Elementary School Children's Reasoning about Social Class: A Mixed-Methods Study

    Mistry, Rashmita S.; Brown, Christia S.; White, Elizabeth S.; Chow, Kirby A.; Gillen-O'Neel, Cari

    2015-01-01

    The current study examined children's identification and reasoning about their subjective social status (SSS), their beliefs about social class groups (i.e., the poor, middle class, and rich), and the associations between the two. Study participants were 117 10- to 12-year-old children of diverse racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds…

  8. Auditory Temporal-Organization Abilities in School-Age Children with Peripheral Hearing Loss

    Koravand, Amineh; Jutras, Benoit

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The objective was to assess auditory sequential organization (ASO) ability in children with and without hearing loss. Method: Forty children 9 to 12 years old participated in the study: 12 with sensory hearing loss (HL), 12 with central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), and 16 with normal hearing. They performed an ASO task in which…

  9. Dental pain as the predictor for caries experience among school children of Udupi district, south India

    Sravan Kumar Y

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate child-Dental Pain Questionnaire (Child‐ DPQ as the predictor for caries experience. Methods: We conducted a cross‐sectional survey among 10‐15 year old school children of Udupi district, Karnataka. Prior consent from parents and verbal consent from school children was obtained. Permission to conduct the study was obtained from the school authorities. The study was approved by the ethics committee of Manipal University. All the eligible school children completed self-administered Child-DPQ followed by clinical examination for dental caries as per the WHO guidelines under natural day light within the school premises. Results: A total of 306 children participated in the study, of them 56.5% were ≤ 12 years old, 58.8% were males, 50.7% were in government school and 54.9 % were from urban areas. Around 45.1% of the children were caries experienced and the mean child-DPQ was significantly higher among caries experienced children than caries free children (p=0.017. The Area Under the Curve (AUC was 0.567 (p=0.043 and was above the reference line which was suggestive that the curve predicted individuals with disease (caries experience. The optimal cut-off point was considered as 3 points on child –DPQ score with sensitivity of 41.3% and specificity of 70.2% with a positive likelihood ratio of 1.39. Conclusion: The Child–Dental Pain Questionnaire showed to be an acceptable instrument to predict the caries experience among school children.

  10. Is walking to school associated with improved metabolic health?

    Pizarro Andreia Nogueira; Ribeiro José Carlos; Marques Elisa Amélia; Mota Jorge; Santos Maria Paula

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Active commuting to/from school is an important source of physical activity that has been declining over the past years. Although it is an affordable and simple way of increasing physical activity levels it is still unclear whether it has enough potential to improve health. Therefore, the aim of this cross sectional study was to examine the relationship between active commuting to/from school and metabolic risk factors in 10 to 12 year old children. Methods Participants we...

  11. Water safety education among primary school children in Grenada.

    Solomon, Rachele; Giganti, Mark J; Weiner, Allison; Akpinar-Elci, Muge

    2013-01-01

    Drowning is a common cause of death among children. Successful prevention interventions currently used in developed countries are often not transferable into developing countries due to differences in both environment and resources. In this study, we adapted a water safety education programme developed by the American Red Cross for primary school students in Grenada. Water safety knowledge before and after the training session was assessed using a nine-question evaluation tool. Following the training, a survey was administered to all teachers to assess the adaptability and effectiveness of the WHALE Tales training. Fifty-six students (30% males) completed the training. The age range was between 5 and 12 years old. Participants' water safety knowledge increased 15% (p < 0.01). Mean scores of correct answers increased for every grade level, ranging from a 5% increase for first graders to 33% increase for second graders. The findings from this study suggested that implementation of such a programme is effective. With cultural modifications and outsourcing, we believe this adapted programme would be successful in Grenada and other similar settings. PMID:22950942

  12. Pamidronic acid and cabergoline as effective long-term therapy in a 12-year-old girl with extended facial polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, prolactinoma and acromegaly in McCune-Albright syndrome: a case report

    Classen Carl; Mix Monika; Kyank Ulrike; Hauenstein Christina; Haffner Dieter

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Introduction McCune-Albright syndrome is a complex inborn disorder due to early embryonal postzygotic somatic activating mutations in the GNAS1 gene. The phenotype is very heterogeneous and includes polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, typically involving the facial skull, numerous café-au-lait spots and autonomous hyperfunctions of several endocrine systems, leading to hyperthyroidism, hypercortisolism, precocious puberty and acromegaly. Case presentation Here, we describe a 12-year-old C...

  13. IMPACT OF THE BITEWING RADIOGRAPHY EXAM INCLUSION ON THE PREVALENCE OF DENTAL CARIES IN 12-YEAR-OLD STUDENTS IN THE CITY OF FRANCA, SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL

    Soraya Fernandes Mestriner; Luiz Carlos Pardini; Wilson Júnior Mestriner

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The pattern of development of carious lesions has changed. The carious lesion has been progressive and reaches the dentin without showing alterations in the clinical aspects. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old students in the city of Franca - São Paulo, Brazil, during the year of 2003, and to evaluate the additional value of bitewing radiograph to detect hidden carious lesions in permanent molar dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A probabilistic sample ...

  14. The Use of Ethological Principles in Teaching Parent-Child Relations to Elementary School Children

    Cutler, Neal R.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    The problem of teaching the concepts of parenting to 8-12 year old students was approached through the use of ethology, a science which is both familiar and appealing to them. The course conveyed the concepts of parenting to children at a much earlier age than had been done before. (Author/NQ)

  15. The Prevalence of Anxiety and its related Factors among School-age Children in South West of Iran

    Zeinab Banaeipour

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background Anxiety is one of the most common childhood disorders, so it is necessary to explore extend and its related factors in the students. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anxiety and the related factors of anxiety among the children aged 9-12 years. Materials and Methods At a descriptive-analytic study 623 children aged 9-12 year- old who were studying in the fourth to sixth grade of elementary school in Dezful city, were selected through multistage random sampling.  The data were collected using demographic profile questionnaire and School Anxiety Scale (SAS using SPSS-16. Results Of total 623 students, 36.3% were girls. 232 (37.2% students had mild anxiety, 304 students (48.8% had moderate anxiety and 87 students (14% had severe anxiety. There was a significant relationship between the mean score of children anxiety and the number of children in family (P0.0.5. Conclusion This study showed that the prevalence of anxiety was higher in boyes, children who were single children, children who had a family history of hereditary disease, and children who experienced corporal punishment at home. It is recommended arranging programs including training, counseling, and psychotherapy ones for these children and their families.

  16. Association of Obesity with Food Habits and Body Image in School Children of Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand

    AM Alavi Naini

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to assess the relationship between obesity with food habit and body image, this case control study was conducted among 85 urban primary school children male and female aged 10-12 years old, attending Anuban School in Nakhon Pathom Province, in Thailand. Two different questionnaires were used for data collection for caregivers and students. The standard used for definition of overweight and obesity was body mass index [BMI]. Obesity was defined as percentile ≥ 95th of the sex-specific BMI-for-age growth chart, CDC. Obese children commonly (> 4 times per week ate blanched /steamed foods as well as spicy foods. While sugar consumption was the same between the two groups, oil consumption was higher among the obese group. Compared with control children, obese children had more snacks before breakfast as well as during lunch and dinner on weekdays and weekends. Normal students had more foods- except for leafy vegetable and fried BBQ snacks. Two-thirds of the children knew about the food groups, but only one-third of them could classify foods into the food groups. Obese children knew about the food groups and could classify foods better than the way normal children could. Children gained information about foods from their parents, teachers, sisters, books, and television. Most of obese children knew they were obese, and they were not happy with their status. In conclusion, Programs must be designed to improve nutrition and in this way, parents and /or caregivers must be involved.

  17. Gene-Environment Interaction in Teacher-Rated Internalizing and Externalizing Problem Behavior in 7- to 12-Year-Old Twins

    Lamb, Diane J.; Middeldorp, Christel M.; Van Beijsterveldt, Catarina E. M.; Boomsma, Dorret I.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Internalizing and externalizing problem behavior at school can have major consequences for a child and is predictive for disorders later in life. Teacher ratings are important to assess internalizing and externalizing problems at school. Genetic epidemiological studies on teacher-rated problem behavior are relatively scarce and the…

  18. "I Think About It All The Time": A 12-Year-Old Girl's Internal Crisis With Racism and the Effects on her Mental Health

    Masko, Amy L.

    2005-01-01

    I conducted an ethnographic study, situated within the conceptual framework of Critical Race Theory, which illustrates one child's experiences with racism. The study was conducted in an urban after-school program, and explores issues of racism in both the school and community settings. Utilizing the storytelling aspect of Critical Race Theory, I…

  19. A Comparative Study on The Health Problems of School Age Children in Jakarta and Hokkaido

    Risqa Rina Darwita

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Comparison of the prevalence of disabilities and diseases, using the same method for health examination of school age children in Jakarta, Indonesia and Hokkaido, Japan was carried out with a view to develop a health-planning program. Thus, this study describes the differences of the prevalence of disabilities and diseases of 6 to 12-year-old school age children in Jakarta and Hokkaido, and shows that the prevalence of excessive nutrition (2.1%, visual defects (20.3%, conjunctivitis (3.2%, dental caries (93.1% and oral diseases (16.3% in Hokkaido were significantly higher (p<0,0001 than those in Jakarta. By contrast, the prevalence rate of malnutrition (1.2% and infectious skin disease (0.9% in Jakarta were significantly higher (p<0,0001 than those in Hokkaido. These differences indicated that school age children in both areas might be affected by the conditions of climate, GNP, hygiene as well as the education level.

  20. Parental schooling & children's health.

    Zill, N

    1996-01-01

    Nearly one in every four children in the United States is born to a mother who has not finished high school, and more than one in eight is reared by such a mother during the critical preschool period. Large-scale studies show that the health and welfare of children are linked to the education level of their parents, with parent education often being a stronger predictor of child well-being than family income, single parenthood, or family size. Higher parent education levels make it more likel...

  1. Dental subscale of children's fear survey schedule and dental caries prevalence

    J P Beena

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To assess the level of fear of dental procedures among 6-12 year school children and correlate the prevalence of dental caries with their dental fears scores. Materials and Methods: The study sample of 444 school children, comprising of 224 girls and 220 boys in the age group of 6-12 years old from a private English medium school were selected. Each student was asked to independently complete a Children's Fear Survey Schedule – Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) questionnaire. Children havi...

  2. Prevalence of dental caries, periodontitis, and oral hygiene status among 12-year-old schoolchildren having normal occlusion and malocclusion in Mathura city: A comparative epidemiological study

    Geetika Arora; Sumit Bhateja

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The aim was to find the prevalence of dental caries, periodontitis, and oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S) among 12-year schoolchildren having normal occlusion and malocclusion in Mathura city. Materials and Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional study done among the 100 subjects who have been selected from 5 schools in four different geographical locations. The data regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, dental caries status, periodontitis status and o...

  3. Underweight and overweight in primary school children in eThekwini district in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    Threethambal Puckree

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children has been increasing worldwide. South Africa has minimal data on childhood body weight.Objectives: This study determined whether school children in the eThekwini district in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, were underweight or overweight.Method: A survey with quantitative and qualitative components was conducted amongst 120 participants between 10 years and 12 years of age. The participants were randomly selected from six public schools in an urban district of the province. A calibrated Goldline bathroom scale was used to measure body weight and a KDS Freo non-elastic measuring tape was used to measure height. A questionnaire consisting of open and close-ended questions collected demographic and lifestyle information. Body mass index (BMI was calculated from height and weight data. Proportions of obese, overweight and underweight children were calculated and subjected to chi-square tests at the p ≤ 0.05 significance level. All qualitative information was summarised.Results: According to World Health Organization criteria, 66% of the children were underweight, 28% were of normal weight and 5% were overweight. The proportion of underweight children increased with age (64% of children aged between 10 years and 11 years vs 70% for 12-year-olds. Of the underweight children, 41% were female and 51% were Indian.Only one child was obese. BMI was related to dietary patterns and activity levels during and outside school hours.Conclusion: A significant number of primary school children from the six selected public schools in the eThekwini district were underweight. More effort is required to improve the nutritional status of school children in the eThekwini district.

  4. Prevalência de cárie, gengivite e fluorose em escolares de 12 anos de Porto Alegre - RS, Brasil, 1998/1999 Prevalence of dental caries, gingivitis and fluorosis in 12-year-old schoolchildren from Porto Alegre - RS, Brazil, 1998/1999

    Berenice Barbachan e SILVA

    2001-09-01

    fluorosis, 45.9% of the children had TFI 1, 6.1% TFI 2 and 0.9% TFI 3. A polarization of the experience of caries and gingivitis was observed in the studied population. Only 14.4% of the students had DMFS higher than 7. A small percentage of children (12% presented with BI ³ 40%. The experience of caries and gingivitis of 12-year-old schoolchildren in Porto Alegre is comparable to that of children from developed countries. That probably results from the intense utilization of fluoride, which is also causing an increased prevalence of fluorosis. The severity of fluorosis does not justify any public health measure. The results show that the employed public health measures are effective, although part of the population still needs additional care.

  5. Media use, face-to-face communication, media multitasking, and social well-being among 8- to 12-year-old girls.

    Pea, Roy; Nass, Clifford; Meheula, Lyn; Rance, Marcus; Kumar, Aman; Bamford, Holden; Nass, Matthew; Simha, Aneesh; Stillerman, Benjamin; Yang, Steven; Zhou, Michael

    2012-03-01

    An online survey of 3,461 North American girls ages 8-12 conducted in the summer of 2010 through Discovery Girls magazine examined the relationships between social well-being and young girls' media use--including video, video games, music listening, reading/homework, e-mailing/posting on social media sites, texting/instant messaging, and talking on phones/video chatting--and face-to-face communication. This study introduced both a more granular measure of media multitasking and a new comparative measure of media use versus time spent in face-to-face communication. Regression analyses indicated that negative social well-being was positively associated with levels of uses of media that are centrally about interpersonal interaction (e.g., phone, online communication) as well as uses of media that are not (e.g., video, music, and reading). Video use was particularly strongly associated with negative social well-being indicators. Media multitasking was also associated with negative social indicators. Conversely, face-to-face communication was strongly associated with positive social well-being. Cell phone ownership and having a television or computer in one's room had little direct association with children's socioemotional well-being. We hypothesize possible causes for these relationships, call for research designs to address causality, and outline possible implications of such findings for the social well-being of younger adolescents. PMID:22268607

  6. School Adaptation of Roma Children

    Gerganov, Encho; Varbanova, Silvia; Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the degree of school adaptation among Roma children who were included in a program for the desegregation of Roma schools in Bulgaria. More specifically, the program requires Roma children to attend mixed classes with Bulgarian students and Roma teacher assistants to work with them. The Bulgarian version of the Questionnaire on…

  7. Overweight among primary school-age children in Malaysia.

    Naidu, Balkish Mahadir; Mahmud, Siti Zuraidah; Ambak, Rashidah; Sallehuddin, Syafinaz Mohd; Mutalip, Hatta Abdul; Saari, Riyanti; Sahril, Norhafizah; Hamid, Hamizatul Akmal Abdul

    2013-01-01

    This study is a secondary data analysis from the National Health Morbidity Survey III, a population-based study conducted in 2006. A total of 7,749 children between 7 and 12 years old were recruited into the study. This study seeks to report the prevalence of overweight (including obesity) children in Malaysia using international cut-off point and identify its associated key social determinants. The results show that the overall prevalence of overweight children in Malaysia was 19.9%. The urban residents, males, Chinese, those who are wealthy, have overweight or educated guardians showed higher prevalence of overweight. In multivariable analysis, higher likelihood of being overweight was observed among those with advancing age (OR=1.15), urban residents (OR=1.16, 95% CI: 1.01-1.36), the Chinese (OR=1.45, 95% CI: 1.19-1.77), boys (OR=1.23, 95% CI: 1.08-1.41), and those who came from higher income family. In conclusion, one out of five of 7-12 year-old-children in Malaysia were overweight. Locality of residence, ethnicity, gender, guardian education, and overweight guardian were likely to be the predictors of this alarming issue. Societal and public health efforts are needed in order to reduce the burden of disease associated with obesity. PMID:23945411

  8. Child maltreatment experience among primary school children: a large scale survey in Selangor state, Malaysia.

    Ayesha Ahmed

    Full Text Available Official reports of child maltreatment in Malaysia have persistently increased throughout the last decade. However there is a lack of population surveys evaluating the actual burden of child maltreatment, its correlates and its consequences in the country. This cross sectional study employed 2 stage stratified cluster random sampling of public primary schools, to survey 3509 ten to twelve year old school children in Selangor state. It aimed to estimate the prevalence of parental physical and emotional maltreatment, parental neglect and teacher- inflicted physical maltreatment. It further aimed to examine the associations between child maltreatment and important socio-demographic factors; family functioning and symptoms of depression among children. Logistic regression on weighted samples was used to extend results to a population level. Three quarters of 10-12 year olds reported at least one form of maltreatment, with parental physical maltreatment being most common. Males had higher odds of maltreatment in general except for emotional maltreatment. Ethnicity and parental conflict were key factors associated with maltreatment. The study contributes important evidence towards improving public health interventions for child maltreatment prevention in the country.

  9. Child maltreatment experience among primary school children: a large scale survey in Selangor state, Malaysia.

    Ahmed, Ayesha; Wan-Yuen, Choo; Marret, Mary Joseph; Guat-Sim, Cheah; Othman, Sajaratulnisah; Chinna, Karuthan

    2015-01-01

    Official reports of child maltreatment in Malaysia have persistently increased throughout the last decade. However there is a lack of population surveys evaluating the actual burden of child maltreatment, its correlates and its consequences in the country. This cross sectional study employed 2 stage stratified cluster random sampling of public primary schools, to survey 3509 ten to twelve year old school children in Selangor state. It aimed to estimate the prevalence of parental physical and emotional maltreatment, parental neglect and teacher- inflicted physical maltreatment. It further aimed to examine the associations between child maltreatment and important socio-demographic factors; family functioning and symptoms of depression among children. Logistic regression on weighted samples was used to extend results to a population level. Three quarters of 10-12 year olds reported at least one form of maltreatment, with parental physical maltreatment being most common. Males had higher odds of maltreatment in general except for emotional maltreatment. Ethnicity and parental conflict were key factors associated with maltreatment. The study contributes important evidence towards improving public health interventions for child maltreatment prevention in the country. PMID:25786214

  10. Child Maltreatment Experience among Primary School Children: A Large Scale Survey in Selangor State, Malaysia

    Ahmed, Ayesha; Wan-Yuen, Choo; Marret, Mary Joseph; Guat-Sim, Cheah; Othman, Sajaratulnisah; Chinna, Karuthan

    2015-01-01

    Official reports of child maltreatment in Malaysia have persistently increased throughout the last decade. However there is a lack of population surveys evaluating the actual burden of child maltreatment, its correlates and its consequences in the country. This cross sectional study employed 2 stage stratified cluster random sampling of public primary schools, to survey 3509 ten to twelve year old school children in Selangor state. It aimed to estimate the prevalence of parental physical and emotional maltreatment, parental neglect and teacher- inflicted physical maltreatment. It further aimed to examine the associations between child maltreatment and important socio-demographic factors; family functioning and symptoms of depression among children. Logistic regression on weighted samples was used to extend results to a population level. Three quarters of 10–12 year olds reported at least one form of maltreatment, with parental physical maltreatment being most common. Males had higher odds of maltreatment in general except for emotional maltreatment. Ethnicity and parental conflict were key factors associated with maltreatment. The study contributes important evidence towards improving public health interventions for child maltreatment prevention in the country. PMID:25786214

  11. Assessment of dental caries predictors in 6-year-old school children - results from 5-year retrospective cohort study

    Masood Mohd

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This was a retrospective cohort study undertaken to assess the rate and pattern of dental caries development in 6-year-old school children followed-up for a period of 5 years, and to identify baseline risk factors that were associated with 5 years caries experience in Malaysian children. Methods This 5-years retrospective cohort study comprised primary school children initially aged 6 years in 2004. Caries experience of each child was recorded annually using World Health Organization criteria. The rates of dental caries were recorded in prevalence and incidence density of carious lesions from baseline to final examination. Risk assessment was done to assess relative risk for caries after 5 years in children with baseline caries status. Simple and multiple logistic regression analysis were performed to identify significant independent risk factors for caries. Results The sample consisted of 1830 school children. All components of DMFT showed significant differences between baseline and final examination. Filled teeth (FT component of the DMFT showed the greatest increases. Results revealed the initial baseline caries level in permanent dentition was a strong predictor for future caries after 5 years (RR=3.78, 95% CI=3.48-4.10, P0.001. Logistic regression analysis showed significant association between caries occurrence and residence (urban/rural (OR=1.80, Pp observed from baseline and after 5 years was 5.80 persons/100 person-year of observation. The rate of new caries-affected tooth (IDt in the period from baseline and after 5-years was 0.76 teeth/100 teeth-year of observation. Conclusion The majority of 12-year-old school children (70% were caries-free and most of the caries were concentrated in only a small proportion (30% of them. We found that the presence of caries in permanent teeth at the age of 6 years was a strong predictor of future caries development in this population. The strong evidence of early permanent teeth

  12. The Role of Two Reading Strategies in Text Comprehension: An Eye Fixation Study in Primary School Children

    van der Schoot, Menno; Vasbinder, Alain L.; Horsley, Tako M.; van Lieshout, Ernest C. D. M.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined whether 10-12-year-old children use two reading strategies to aid their text comprehension: (1) distinguishing between important and unimportant words; and (2) resolving anaphoric references. Of interest was the question to what extent use of these reading strategies was predictive of reading comprehension skill over and above…

  13. Breakfast, plasma glucose and beta-hydroxybutyrate, body mass index and academic performance in children from Extremadura, Spain Desayuno, glucosa y beta-hidroxibutirato plasmaticos, índice de masa corporal y rendimiento académico en niños de Extremadura, España

    M.ª D. Torres; Carmona, I.; C. Campillo; Pérez, G.; Campillo, J E

    2007-01-01

    Objectives: Nutritional aspects of breakfast, plasma levels of glucose and beta-hydroxybutyrate, body mass index and academic performance have been studied in urban and rural children (Extremadura, Spain). Methods: Representative samples of schoolchildren (3 to 12 years old, random cluster-sampling in schools). Results: Children's mean caloric intake with breakfast was 331 kcal. Rural population ingested more carbohydrates (46,9 ± 12,3% versus 43,3 ± 13,2% of the total caloric i...

  14. An ergonomic study on the biomechanical consequences in children, generated by the use of computers at school.

    Paraizo, Claudia; de Moraes, Anamaria

    2012-01-01

    This research deals with the influence of the computer use in schools related to the children posture, in an ergonomic point of view. The research tries to identify probable causes for the children early postural constraints, relating it to the sedentary behavior and the lack of an ergonomic project in schools. The survey involved 186 children, between 8 and 12 years old, students of a private school in Rio de Janeiro-Brasil. An historical and theoretical school furniture research was conducted as well as a survey with the students and teachers, computer postural evaluation, ergonomic evaluation (RULA method), and observations in the computer classroom. The research dealt with the student's perception with respect to the furniture utilized by him in the classroom during the use of the computer, his body complaint, the time he spent working on the school computer and the possibility of the existence of sedentariness. Also deals with the teachers' perception and knowledge regarding ergonomics with reference to schoolroom furniture and its Regulatory Norms (RN). The purpose of the research work is to highlight the importance of this knowledge, having in view the possibility of the teachers' collaboration in the ergonomic adaptation of the classroom environment and in their conscientious opinion during the purchasing of this furniture. A questionnaire was utilized and its results showed some discontent on the part of the teachers with relation to the schoolroom furniture as well as the teachers' scant knowledge of Ergonomics.We conclude with a survey that despite the children had constraints in postural assessments and school furniture needs a major ergonomic action, the time that children use the computer at school is small compared with the time of use at home and therefore insufficient to be the main cause of quantified commitments, thus the study of computer use at home as a development and continuity of this research. PMID:22316829

  15. School-age children development

    ... work, free play, and structured activities. School-age children should participate in family chores such as setting the table and cleaning up. Limit screen time (television and other media) to 2 hours a day.

  16. The Prevalence of Bruxism and Correlated Factors in Children Referred to Dental Schools of Tehran, Based on Parents Report

    Farid Zayeri

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Bruxism is defined as the habitual nonfunctional forceful contact between occlusal tooth surfaces. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of bruxism and correlated factors in children referred to dental schools of Tehran, based on parents' report.Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 600 4-12 year-old children with a mean age of 7.4±2.4 years, who were referred to four dental schools in Tehran. After collecting information with questionnaire filled out by parents, χ2, Fisher Test, Mann-Whitney and t-Test were used to analyze the data.Findings: The prevalence of bruxism was 26.2%. Bruxism begun in average at the age of 4.9±2 years. Also it occurred 2.6 times more in children who had a family history of bruxism (father-mother, compared to children who didn't have such a history. 87% of children with bruxism had a history of distressing events in their life, and 13% of children with bruxism did not report any history of distressing events in their life. In this study most common oral habit was nail biting. In study of parasomnias, drooling was the most, and snoring the least reported sleep disorder. Bruxism in children with drooling was twice more than in other children. The prevalence of bruxism in children with temporomandibular disorder was 63.6% and in children without TMD was 24.7%.Conclusion: Based on parents' report, 26.2% of children showed bruxism and there was a significant relation between bruxism and mother's job, family history, distressing event in life, parasomnias, especially drooling and sleep walking, TMD, hyperactivity, depression, acrophobia and lygophobia.

  17. Sex-Based Differences in Asthma among Preschool and School-Aged Children in Korea.

    Jang, Yeonsoo; Shin, Anna

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore risk factors related to asthma prevalence among preschool and school-aged children using a representative national dataset from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) conducted from 2009-2011. We evaluated the demographic information, health status, household environment, socioeconomic status, and parents' health status of 3,542 children aged 4-12 years. A sex-stratified multivariate logistic regression was used to obtain adjusted prevalence odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals after accounting for primary sample units, stratification, and sample weights. The sex-specific asthma prevalence in the 4- to 12-year-old children was 7.39% in boys and 6.27% in girls. Boys and girls with comorbid atopic dermatitis were more likely to have asthma than those without atopic dermatitis (boys: OR = 2.20, p = 0.0071; girls: OR = 2.33, p = 0.0031). Boys and girls with ≥1 asthmatic parent were more likely to have asthma than those without asthmatic parents (boys: OR = 3.90, p = 0.0006; girls: OR = 3.65, p = 0.0138). As girls got older, the prevalence of asthma decreased (OR = 0.90, p = 0.0408). Girls residing in rural areas were 60% less likely to have asthma than those residing in urban areas (p = 0.0309). Boys with ≥5 family members were more likely to have asthma than those with ≤3 family members (OR = 2.45, p = 0.0323). The factors related to asthma prevalence may differ depending on sex in preschool and school-aged children. By understanding the characteristics of sex-based differences in asthma, individualized asthma management plans may be established clinically. PMID:26441284

  18. [Young children, toddlers and school age children].

    Heller-Rouassant, Solange; Flores-Quijano, María Eugenia

    2016-09-01

    Cow´s milk represents a very important source of proteins of high biological value and calcium in the child´s diet. The aim of this article is to review the available evidences of its role in nutrition of young children and school age children. Its main benefits are related with effects in linear growth, bone health and oral health, as protein source in early severe malnutrition, and it does not appears to influence metabolic syndrome risk and autism. High protein content in cow´s milk and increased protein consumption by children during the complementary feeding period is associated to the risk of developing a high body mass index and obesity in school-age children; therefore, milk consumption should be mildly restricted during the second year of life and to 480-720 ml/day during the first years of life. Its relationship with some diseases has not been confirmed, and milk consumption is associated with iron deficiency. The use of low-fat cow's milk instead of regular milk in young children remains controversial and its introduction is not advised before 2 to 4 years of age. PMID:27603883

  19. Pamidronic acid and cabergoline as effective long-term therapy in a 12-year-old girl with extended facial polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, prolactinoma and acromegaly in McCune-Albright syndrome: a case report

    Classen Carl

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction McCune-Albright syndrome is a complex inborn disorder due to early embryonal postzygotic somatic activating mutations in the GNAS1 gene. The phenotype is very heterogeneous and includes polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, typically involving the facial skull, numerous café-au-lait spots and autonomous hyperfunctions of several endocrine systems, leading to hyperthyroidism, hypercortisolism, precocious puberty and acromegaly. Case presentation Here, we describe a 12-year-old Caucasian girl with severe facial involvement of fibrous dysplasia, along with massive acromegaly due to growth hormone excess and precocious puberty, with a prolactinoma. Our patient was treated with a bisphosphonate and the prolactin antagonist, cabergoline, resulting in the inhibition of fibrous dysplasia and involution of both the prolactinoma and growth hormone excess. During a follow-up of more than two years, no severe side effects were noted. Conclusion Treatment with bisphosphonates in combination with cabergoline is a suitable option in patients with McCune-Albright syndrome, especially in order to circumvent surgical interventions in patients suffering from polyostotic fibrous dysplasia involving the skull base.

  20. The prevalence of clinical goiter and urinary iodine concentration in 8-12 years old students of Semirom in 2004 (15 years after execution of national program for eliminationof iodine deficiency disorders

    A. Kachouei

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and purpose: With respect to the high prevalence of goiter in Semirom before the initiation of National Program for Elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (NPEIDD, the impact of the program on the prevalence of goiter in 8-12 years old students of Semirom was investigated in this study, after 15 years of sucessful execution of NPEIDD.Materials and Methods: After excluding students with any clinical evidence of hyper- or hypo-thyroidism, 1817 students aged 8-12 years were recruited based on a cluster sampling method. The participants were examined for the presence of goiter by experiencd endocrinologists. Urinary iodine was measured in 182 examined students, too. Chi- Square statistical method was used to analyze the data.Results: Goiter was detected in 36.7% of the students (grade 1: 30.4%, grade 2: 6.3%. The median urinary iodine was 18.5 and mean was 19.37 ± 9.22 μg/dl in collected specimens.Conclusion: The adequacy of urinary iodine in students of Semirom confirms the success of NPEIDD, however, the higher than expected prevalence of goiter in the region suggests the probable role of other goitrogenous or autoimmune factors. Further studies should be performed to investigate the possible causes.

  1. Changes in 10-12 year old's fruit and vegetable intake in Norway from 2001 to 2008 in relation to gender and socioeconomic status - a comparison of two cross-sectional groups

    van Stralen Maartje M

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Norwegian children and adolescents eat less than half of the recommended 5 portions of fruit and vegetables (FV per day. Gender and socioeconomic disparities in FV consumption shows that boys and children of lower socioeconomic status (SES eat less FV than girls and high SES children. We also know that accessibility and preferences has been identified as two important determinants of FV intake. The objectives of this study were to compare FV intake among Norwegian 6th and 7th graders in 2001 and 2008, to explore potential mediated effects of accessibility and preferences on changes in FV over time, to explore whether these changes in FV intake was moderated by gender and/or SES and whether a moderated effect in FV intake was mediated by accessibility and preferences of FV. Methods The baseline survey of the Fruits and Vegetables Make the Marks project was conducted in 2001 at 38 randomly chosen schools in two Norwegian counties. A second survey was conducted at the same schools in 2008. A total of 27 schools participated in both surveys (2001 n = 1488, 2008 n = 1339. FV intake was measured by four food frequency questions (times/week in a questionnaire which the pupils completed at school. SES was based on parents' reports of their own educational level in a separate questionnaire. The main analyses were multilevel linear regression analyses. Results A significant year*parental educational level interaction was observed (p = 0.01. FV intake decreased among pupils of parents with lower educational level (13.9 vs. 12.6 times/week in 2001 and 2008, respectively, but increased among pupils of parents with higher education (14.8 vs. 15.0 times/week, respectively. This increasing SES disparity in FV intake was partly mediated by an increasing SES disparity in accessibility and preferences over time, wherein children with higher educated parents had a steeper increase in accessibility and preferences over time than children with

  2. Twenty years a growing: gains in the intelligence test scores of Irish children over two decades

    Carr, Alan.

    2001-01-01

    Using data from Gill and Byrt's 1972 standardization of the Ravens Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM) on a national sample of Irish primary school children, O'Connor & Ruddle's 1987 survey of a large sample of school children in Clare and Jeffer's and Fitzgerald's 1989 survey of 9-12 year olds in a Dublin suburb, we found that over the period from 1972-1989 the mean gain in IQ points on the RSPM was approximately 9 IQ points. This gain of about 0.6 standard deviations in IQ points has occur...

  3. Enuresis in School Children

    Stehbens, James A.

    1970-01-01

    Studies relating to the more popular explanations of enuresis, are discussed and research relating to each is presented. Evidence supporting, or failing to support, treatment methods is also presented. Research possibilities for the school psychologist are suggested. (Author)

  4. Is body mass index truly related to dental caries? Survey on predisposing factors for overweight among Indian school children

    Md Zabirunnisa Begum

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Globally, non-communicable diseases are increasingly recognized as a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Among them, overweight and obesity are imperative. The problem of overweight and obesity is not confined to adults but also to children and adolescents. The present changing dietary pattern among children is contributing to childhood overweight and on other hand stands as a risk factor in the development of dental caries, hence the study aimed to investigate the relation between overweight and dental caries among school children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-year and 12-year-old school children to evaluate the relation between body mass index (BMI and dental caries. Using stratified random sampling technique 1017 school children were selected. Subjects who have brought consent from their parents were included and subjects who were absent on the day of examination were excluded. A pre-structured questionnaire was prepared to collect data regarding demographic details, oral hygiene practices, dentition status and treatment needs, (BMI, 24-hour diet history, physical activity, and television watching. The data collected were subjected to statistical analysis (SPSS V 16.0 using Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression tests. Results: "Risk of overweight" 20% and an "overweight" of 40% were observed. With BMI, parental overweight (P = 0.001, socioeconomic status (SES (P = 0.001, physical activity (P = 0.001 and television watching (P = 0.001 were found to be statistically related. Body mass index and dental caries were not statistically related. Conclusion: These complex and multifactorial relations like overweight and dental caries may involve many unknown factors which warrant exploration on larger population.

  5. Lexical Ambiguity Resolution in Good and Poor Comprehenders: An Eye Fixation and Self-Paced Reading Study in Primary School Children

    van der Schoot, Menno; Vasbinder, Alain L.; Horsley, Tako M.; Reijntjes, Albert; van Lieshout, Ernest C. D. M.

    2009-01-01

    To investigate the use of context and monitoring of comprehension in lexical ambiguity resolution in children, the authors asked 10- to 12-year-old good and poor comprehenders to read sentences consisting of 2 clauses, 1 containing the ambiguous word and the other the disambiguating information. The order of the clauses was reversed so that…

  6. Prevalence of refractive errors and ocular disorders in preschool and school children of Ibiporã - PR, Brazil (1989 to 1996

    Schimiti Rui Barroso

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To establish the prevalence of refractive errors and ocular disorders in preschool and schoolchildren of Ibiporã, Brazil. Methods: A survey of 6 to 12-year-old children from public and private elementary schools was carried out in Ibiporã between 1989 and 1996. Visual acuity measurements were performed by trained teachers using Snellen's chart. Children with visual acuity <0.7 in at least one eye were referred to a complete ophthalmologic examination. Results: 35,936 visual acuity measurements were performed in 13,471 children. 1.966 children (14.59% were referred to an ophthalmologic examination. Amblyopia was diagnosed in 237 children (1.76%, whereas strabismus was observed in 114 cases (0.84%. Cataract (n=17 (0.12%, chorioretinitis (n=38 (0.28% and eyelid ptosis (n=6 (0.04% were also diagnosed. Among the 614 (4.55% children who were found to have refractive errors, 284 (46.25% had hyperopia (hyperopia or hyperopic astigmatism, 206 (33.55% had myopia (myopia or myopic astigmatism and 124 (20.19% showed mixed astigmatism. Conclusions: The study determined the local prevalence of amblyopia, refractive errors and eye disorders among preschool and schoolchildren.

  7. Governor's Schools: An Alternative for Gifted Children

    Winkler, Daniel L.; Stephenson, Scott; Jolly, Jennifer L.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss Governor's Schools as an alternative for gifted students. When the word school is used, people typically think about traditional schooling. But Governor's Schools are different in the type of schooling provided and the type of students served--they educate predominantly gifted children, teach a wide array of…

  8. Stimulant Treatment of Elementary School Children: Implications for School Counselors.

    Bramlett, Ronald K.; Nelson, Patricia; Reeves, Betty

    1997-01-01

    Determines the percentage of elementary children in the United States who are currently receiving stimulant medication at school. Forty-six states and 246,707 children were represented in the survey. Approximately 3% of children were receiving stimulant medication at school with Ritalin the stimulant most widely used. Explores assessment issues…

  9. Do School Feeding Programs Help Children?

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    Policymakers and development organizations have embraced school feeding programs as a way to help poor children get enough to eat while giving them an incentive to be in school. The programs are not just used in developing countries the United States began implementing school feeding programs in the 19th century and still uses them today for poor children. The popularity of these programs,...

  10. Implementing Children's Human Rights Education in Schools

    Covell, Katherine; Howe, R. Brian; McNeil, Justin K.

    2010-01-01

    Evaluations of a children's rights education initiative in schools in Hampshire, England--consistent with previous research findings--demonstrate the effectiveness of a framework of rights for school policy, practice, and teaching, for promoting rights-respecting attitudes and behaviors among children, and for improving the school ethos. The value…

  11. Children and Celiac Disease: Going Back to School

    ... School Children and Celiac Disease: Going Back to School Going back to school is usually full of excitement and anticipation. For ... of anxiety. Keeping children gluten-free in the school cafeteria and at school parties, classmates’ birthday parties, ...

  12. Unhealthy Behaviours of School Children

    Valeria LAZA

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The objective of the study was to ascertain nutritional customs of pupils in grade schools.Material and Method: Anonymous questionnaires were done to a sample of 380 children, aged 10 to 14, in 20 fourth-to eight grade classes from 2 schools in Cluj-Napoca: one from down-town, the other one from a poorer neighbourhood.Results: Almost half of students revealed to have an irregular diet. In the last month, some of them did not have enough food or money to buy it (much of them come from the poorer neighbourhood. In this latest school, a triple percent of children have a vegetable diet (no meat, in fact. The obsession to lose weight and the irregular diet has conducted to lose appetite in over 30% of girls. About 60% take vitamins or nutritional supplements. Social status as well as the irregular diet is reflected in general status: over one third feel sad, alone, useless or cry without any reason. Some of the pupils which have problems with daily food supply, think the life is hard and do not worth to live it.Conclusions: There is a wide diversity in nutritional customs of children. Some of them are due to inappropriate nutritional knowledge or a wrong perception of being on fashion as well as to social status. Although the economic conditions are difficult to change, we consider that nutrition education should still be a part of health teaching.

  13. Epidemiological study on Buccal Health in the 12 years old population of Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos. Estudio epidemiológico de salud bucal en la población de 12 años del área VIII de salud de Cienfuegos.

    Raúl López Fernández

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Background: The 12 years-old children population is worldwide taken as a reference age to compare the buccal health condition of different countries, by means of various indicators that measure the presence of the main buccal diseases. The knowledge of these epidemiological profiles generates information to guide the services planning policies of the Primary Health Care. Objective: To characterize 12 years-old population's buccal health condition. Methods: Cross- sectional descriptive correlative study with a stratified probabilistic sample of 90 children starting from a universe conformed by the 269 adolescents that constitute the total of the 12 years old population of the Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos municipality. Pearson’s chi-square and Mantel-Haenszel lineal tendency tests were used with the determination of the relative risk and reliance intervals of 95%. Results: The decay prevalence reached 54, 4%. The COP-D index was 2, 45 being the decayed component the major percentage with 4.6%. The periodontal disease was more frequent in boys than in girls, with 54, 9% and 30, 8% respectively. 80,9% of the segments is healthy. In those affected, the calculation prevailed in 11,7%. It was determined that faulty obturations, inheritance and faulty buccal hygiene were the most affecting risk factors for children with decays, while in the periodontal disease it was faulty buccal hygiene. Malocclusions presented a prevalence rate of 40%. Out of which, 55,6% required secondary level attention. Those with habits present a risk 2 times superior of making sick. The sick epidemiological category was present in 77,8% of the total. Conclusions: We emphasize the prevention need as core issue of the primary medical care in the world today; being the General-Integral Dentist a transforming agent that according to his/her formation is capable to assume the existent

  14. Dropout of Children from schools in Nepal

    Wagle, Dhirendra

    2012-01-01

    Nepal, a developing country of the south-asian region has bigger problem of children not completing the full cycle of basic education. In other words, large number of children dropout of schools, especially in the primary and secondary level of schooling. Especially, the situation is worse for those of the backward and socially disadvantaged populations and of the rural and the remote areas. Being in this frame, this study focused on the reasons of dropout of children from schools and the pos...

  15. Gender homophily from spatial behavior in a primary school: a sociometric study

    Stehlé, J; Picard, T; Barrat, C Cattuto A

    2013-01-01

    We investigate gender homophily in the spatial proximity of children (6 to 12 years old) in a French primary school, using time-resolved data on face-to-face proximity recorded by means of wearable sensors. For strong ties, i.e., for pairs of children who interact more than a defined threshold, we find statistical evidence of gender preference that increases with grade. For weak ties, conversely, gender homophily is negatively correlated with grade for girls, and positively correlated with grade for boys. This different evolution with grade of weak and strong ties exposes a contrasted picture of gender homophily.

  16. School maturity of pre-school age visually impaired children

    Gudonis, Vytautas

    2015-01-01

    The sample or research is 310 pre-school age visually impaired children. The average age of the surveyed is 6.3 years, the sharpness of vision is V 0.3–1. The research employed the methods for assessment of children’s maturity for school worked out by G. Gintilienė, D. Butkienė, S. Girdzijauskienė et al. (2005). During the investigation, essential problems of pre-school age visually impaired children have been estimated: a number of hyperactive children increases; also, a number of children w...

  17. Association between pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections disease and tumor necrosis factor-α gene−308 g/a, −850 c/t polymorphisms in 4-12-year-old children in Adana/Turkey

    H Umit Luleyap

    2013-01-01

    Results and Discussion: For −308 polymorphism, 37 of 42 PANDAS patients′ results and for −850 C/T polymorphism, 38 of 42 PANDAS patients′ results were obtained. According to our statistical analysis there is a positive relationship between PANDAS patients for −308 G/A polymorphism but not for −850 C/T polymorphism. There is no positive relationship between −308 G/A polymorphism and antistrep-tolysin O (ASO titers and no relationship between −850 C/T polymorphism and ASO titers. We found, however, positive relationship between genders of patients (boys and the disease. According to our results, we propose that the AA polymorphism of −308 G/A polymorphism can be used as a molecular indicator for PANDAS.

  18. 长沙市3~12岁儿童夜磨牙症流行病学调查%Epidemic Investigation of Bruxism in 3 to 12 Years Old Children in Changsha City

    蒋彦; 李介民; 罗雪梅; 蔡益民; 刘继红

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解长沙市3~12岁儿童夜磨牙症的发生情况及相关影响因素.方法 2006年6月~2007年4月在长沙市5个行政辖区随机抽取2 706名3~12岁儿童,对受试儿童家长就患儿睡眠状况进行问卷调查.采用Excel表格和SPSS 11.5软件进行数据处理.结果 长沙市3~12岁儿童夜磨牙症发病率为9.5%.其中男9.7%,女9.3%,不同性别比较差异无统计学意义(χ2=0.120,P>0.05);3.0~5.9岁组、6.0~8.9岁组和9~12岁组儿童夜磨牙症的发生率分别为11.8%、10.4%和5.5%,不同年龄组间比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=20.588,P<0.01);睡眠姿势仰卧位组、侧卧位组和俯卧位组儿童磨牙症的发生率分别为6.7%、9.7%和11.5%,不同睡眠姿势组间比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=8.924,P<0.05).打鼾、父亲磨牙、母亲磨牙、夜间睡眠中醒来或哭闹、易冲动好动、父亲狂躁或抑郁、无午睡习惯是儿童夜磨牙症发牛的危险因素(P<0.05).结论 长沙市儿童夜磨牙症发病率较高,应引起重视.关注和改善不良影响因素有利于预防和减少夜磨牙症的发生.

  19. Smokeless tobacco consumption among school children

    J Muttapppallymyalil; J Sreedharan; B Divakaran

    2010-01-01

    Background : More than one-third of the tobacco consumed regionally is of smokeless form. Aims : To determine the prevalence and pattern of smokeless tobacco use among school children. Settings and Design : This cross-sectional study was conducted among children in 5 randomly selected high schools in Kannur district, Kerala, India. Materials and Methods : This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1200 children. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Statistic...

  20. Primary School Children's Vision Screening Project

    O'Dwyer, Veronica; Harrington, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    In the final year of the BSc in Optometry, students work with children in local schools to do vision screenings, supervised by DIT lecturers. This project enhances students’ experience of working with children, and ensures that any local children with eye problems are swiftly referred to a specialist.

  1. The influence of advertising on pre-school children in comparison to children in primary school

    Sywalová, Linda

    2015-01-01

    Bachelor thesis The influence of advertising on pre-school children in comparison to children in primary school deals with characteristics of television advertising aimed at children. Targeting ads to this particular group tends to be controversial these days and there is an increasing rate of child protection under the laws of the Czech Republic. This thesis analyses the characteristics of television advertising and its impact on children. The goal is to find differences among children in ki...

  2. Dental anxiety and behavioral problems: A study of prevalence and related factors among a group of Iranian children aged 6-12

    M Paryab; M Hosseinbor

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence and also some related demographic and dental factors of dental anxiety and behavioral problems in school-aged children. Subjects and Methods: A total of 150 children of 6-12 years old were selected according to the inclusion criteria. Prior to the dental visit, the mothers were asked to answer a questionnaire of dental and demographic background and a Corah dental anxiety scale (CDAS). At the same time, a faces version of the modif...

  3. Screening of renal diseases by urine analysis in primary school aged children at El-Gharbiya governorate-Egypt

    Maha Y. Zein El-Abden*, Omaima I. Abo-ElKheir**, Sanaa M.El-Sadek*, Amany M. El-Said***, Marwa A.Awaad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Renal diseases are increasingly common causes of childhood morbidity and mortality. Some of these diseases, if undetected and not treated early lead to debilitating chronic disease. Urinary tract infection are common in childhood ,may be subclinical or present with non specific symptoms and signs and have the potential for long term complication. Objective: to assess the urine examination findings among a group of apparently healthy primary school aged Egyptian children between 5 and 12 years old and to ascertain the magnitude of renal diseases among them. Methodology: a cross-sectional study carried out on 706 (333boys & 373 girls school aged children at primary school at El-Gharbiya governorate Egypt. A stratified random sample was selected from the students. All students enrolled in this study were subjected to complete clinical examination and a urine sample was taken and tested by using a urine dipstick test for protein, blood, glucose, nitrite and leukocyte in urine. Those students with persistent abnormal results with the 2nd urine dipstick test (after 15 days from 1st one were examined by complete microscopic analysis, urine culture with antibiotic sensitivity for those with positive pus cells. Results: with the initial urine dipstick test, we found 116 students (16.4% of 706 (53 boys & 63 girls they had abnormal urinary findings. Second dipstick test done for students with positive findings and revealed that 55 (7.8% of 706 (26 boys & 29 girls had abnormal urinary findings, followed by microscopic urine analysis that revealed that 35 (4.96% students had abnormal urinary findings .Urine culture was done for 24 (3.4% students that had urinary tract infection, 13 students were positive for E-coli and 3 were positive for staphylococci while 8 showed no growth. Abdominal ultrasound was done for the 35 students with urinary abnormalities by microscopic urine analysis ,it showed 3 (0.42% students of 706 had a positive findings (2

  4. Cognition, academic achievement, and epilepsy in school-age children: a case-control study in a developing country.

    Melbourne Chambers, R; Morrison-Levy, N; Chang, S; Tapper, J; Walker, S; Tulloch-Reid, M

    2014-04-01

    We conducted a case-control study of 33 Jamaican children 7 to 12years old with uncomplicated epilepsy and 33 of their classroom peers matched for age and gender to determine whether epilepsy resulted in differences in cognitive ability and school achievement and if socioeconomic status or the environment had a moderating effect on any differences. Intelligence, language, memory, attention, executive function, and mathematics ability were assessed using selected tests from NEPSY, WISCR, TeaCh, WRAT3 - expanded, and Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices. The child's environment at home was measured using the Middle Childhood HOME inventory. Socioeconomic status was determined from a combination of household, crowding, possessions, and sanitation. We compared the characteristics of the cases and controls and used random effects regression models (using the matched pair as the cluster) to examine the relationship between cognition and epilepsy. We found that there was no significant difference in IQ, but children with epilepsy had lower scores on tests of memory (p<0.05), language (p<0.05), and attention (p<0.01) compared with their controls. In random effects models, epilepsy status had a significant effect on memory (coefficient=-0.14, CI: -0.23, -0.05), language (coefficient=-0.13, CI: -0.23, -0.04), and mathematics ability (coefficient=-0.01, CI: -0.02, -0.00). Adjustment for the home environment and socioeconomic status and inclusion of interaction terms for these variables did not alter these effects. In conclusion, we found that epilepsy status in Jamaican children has a significant effect on performance on tests of memory, language, and mathematics and that this effect is not modified or explained by socioeconomic status or the child's home environment. PMID:24632351

  5. Children's rights and school psychology: children's right to participation.

    Lansdown, Gerison; Jimerson, Shane R; Shahroozi, Reza

    2014-02-01

    The Convention on the Rights of the Child detailed an international imperative to fulfilling, protecting, and respecting the rights of every child. In particular, the Convention set out a clear mandate for guaranteeing opportunities for children to be heard on all matters of concern to them. The attainment of these goals involves respecting and valuing children as active participants in the educational process. If fully implemented, the right of children to express views and have them taken seriously, throughout the school environment, would represent one of the most profound transformations in moving towards a culture of respect for children's rights, for their dignity and citizenship, and for their capacities to contribute significantly towards their own well-being. These values and principles are consistent with those of the school psychology profession, thus, school psychologists are encouraged to be at the Center of the process advocating and actualizing the Convention in schools throughout the world. PMID:24495491

  6. Neighborhood perceptions moderate the association between the family environment and children's objectively assessed physical activity.

    D'Haese, Sara; Timperio, Anna; Veitch, Jenny; Cardon, Greet; Van Dyck, Delfien; Salmon, Jo

    2013-11-01

    This study aimed to investigate whether parents' perceptions of the neighborhood environment moderate associations between the family environment and children's moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) outside of school hours. In total, 929 parents of 10-12 year-old children completed a questionnaire concerning the family environment, MVPA levels, and the neighborhood environment. Children wore an Actigraph (AM7164-2.2C) accelerometer. Compared with neighborhood environment factors, the family environment was more frequently associated with children's MVPA. Parental MVPA was positively associated with children's MVPA, but only among children whose parents reported a high presence of sporting venues. Having more restrictive physical activity rules was negatively associated with children's weekday MVPA in neighborhoods with high perceived stranger danger. PMID:24148202

  7. The Socialization of Home-Schooled Children in Rural Utah

    Mecham, Neil A.

    2004-01-01

    Concern over the social development of children who are home schooled has caused parents and educators to question the wisdom of this practice. A review of home-schooling research has not revealed whether a difference exists between the social skills of homeschooled children and children who attend public schools. This study explored the socialization of home-schooled children by comparing Social Skills Rating System scores of home-schooled children with the scores of their mothers and a comp...

  8. School Health Screening of Indochinese Refugee Children.

    Pickwell, Sheila M.

    1981-01-01

    Indochinese children registering for the first time in American schools are appearing with multiple health problems. These frequently include lice and scabies, intestinal parasites, vision and hearing defects, and severe dental decay. (JN)

  9. How Schools Train Children for Political Impotence

    Kozol, Jonathan

    1972-01-01

    The contrast between the real power and the experience of impotence that millions of bright, earnest school children attest to prompts one to enquire into preplanned impotence and self-defeat. (Author)

  10. School bus and children's traffic safety

    PAN Shu-ming; Stephen Hargarten; ZHU Shan-kuan

    2007-01-01

    There is no safer way to transport a child than a school bus. Fatal crashes involving occupants are extremely rare events in the US. In recent years, school bus transportation began to develop in China. We want to bring advanced experience on school bus safety in Western countries such as the US to developing countries.Methods: We searched the papers related to school bus safety from Medline, Chinese Scientific Journals Database and the Web of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).Results: There were only 9 papers related to school bus safety, which showed that higher levels of safety standards on school buses, school bus-related transportation and environmental laws and injury prevention were the primary reasons for the desired outcome. Few school bus is related to deaths and injuries in the developed countries.Conclusions: The developing countries should make strict environmental laws and standards on school bus safety to prevent children's injury and death.

  11. Buying behaviour of children at secondary school

    Snížková, Kateřina

    2016-01-01

    The bachelor thesis deals with buying behaviour of children at secondary school. The aim is to describe their buying behaviour and find out their motivational factors to purchase factors with a focus on advertisement. In the theoretical part is specified buying behaviour and factors influencing consumer. Gen Z and Net generation, in which children at secondary school class, are characterized. It described their buying behaviour and specification that characterize this generation. A part of th...

  12. The Development of Attitude to School by Children Beginning School Attendance

    KŘIŽANOVÁ, Jaroslava

    2009-01-01

    The aim of my diploma thesis is to ascertain how is developed attitude to school by children beginning school attendance. The theoretical part is devoted to pre-school children and primary school children with specialization in socialization in their family and out of it. There is also included concept of primary school. The practical part is devoted to the research of the developmet attitude to school by three children. Information was found out of that three children, their parents and teac...

  13. Effect of Low-fat Milk Consumption Compared to Apple Juice and Water on the Energy Intake Among 10-12-Year-Old Obese Boys: A Three-way Cross-over Clinical Trial

    Sanaz Mehrabani

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: One serving of low-fat milk might affect the energy intake in a short-term period. The possible effect of frequent consumption of dairy products on long-term energy intake among children is needed to be examined.

  14. Prevalence of naevi in school children

    Sharma N; Sharma R

    1991-01-01

    The prevalence of naevi in general and pigmented (melanocytic) naevi in particular was studied in school children. Naevi were seen in 73.6% of the examined children, while 73.1% of them had pigmented naevi. The average number of naevi was 5.4 per child with slight male preponderance. There was complete absence of naevi over palms and soles.

  15. Food price inflation and children's schooling

    M. Grimm (Michael)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractI analyze the impact of food price inflation on parental decisions to send their children to school. Moreover, I use the fact that food crop farmers and cotton farmers were exposed differently to that shock to estimate the income elasticity of school enrolment. The results suggest that t

  16. Ritalin for School Children: The Teachers' Perspective.

    Robin, Stanley S.; Bosco, James J.

    Research in an urban public school system (Grand Rapids, Michigan) was conducted to determine teachers' view of Ritalin for school children. Three questions were addressed: what contact with and information about Ritalin do teachers have; what attitude do teachers express toward Ritalin; and what professional behaviors do teachers report in regard…

  17. The School Children's Development in Language Skills

    史崔丽

    2009-01-01

    @@ During the school years, children's development in cognition enables them to focus their thinking on the facts and relationships less intuitively and more analytically. Growing language abilities complement these cognitive skills. As a result, older children can discuss and explain their world and themselves in ways no presehoolers can. And the ability to plan and follow through on cognitive strategies further distinguishes older children from preschoolers.

  18. Blood Pressure Percentiles for School Children

    İsmail Özanli; Sebahat Tülpar; Yunus Yılmaz; Fatih Yıldız

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The prevalence of hypertension in childhood and adolescence is gradually increasing. We aimed to in­vestigate the blood pressure (BP) values of children aged 7-18 years. Methods: This study was conducted in a total of 3375 (1777 females, 1598 males) children from 27 schools. Blood pressures of children were measured using sphyg­momanometer appropriate to arm circumference. Results: A positive relationship was found between sys­tolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pr...

  19. A population-based study of stimulant drug treatment of ADHD and academic progress in children

    Zoëga, Helga; Rothman, Kenneth J; Huybrechts, Krista F;

    2012-01-01

    We evaluated the hypothesis that later start of stimulant treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder adversely affects academic progress in mathematics and language arts among 9- to 12-year-old children....

  20. Factors Influencing Whether Children Walk to School

    Su, Jason G.; Jerrett, Michael; McCONNELL, ROB; Berhane, Kiros; Dunton, Genevieve; Shankardass, Ketan; reynolds, Kim; Chang, Roger; Wolch, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    Few studies have evaluated multiple levels of influence simultaneously on whether children walk to school. A large cohort of 4,338 subjects from ten communities was used to identify the determinants of walking through (1) a one-level logistic regression model for individual-level variables and (2) a two-level mixed regression model for individual and school-level variables. Walking rates were positively associated with home-to-school proximity, greater age, and living in neighborhoods charact...

  1. Nocturnal enuresis among primary school children

    Hasan Mohamed Aljefri; Omer Abdullah Basurreh; Faisel Yunus; Amen Ahmed Bawazir

    2013-01-01

    To determine the prevalence and personal and family risk factors for nocturnal enuresis (NE) among primary school children in Al-Mukalla City, Yemen, we conducted a cross-sectional survey using a self-administered, three-part structured questionnaire involving 832 school children aged 6 - 15 years between 2007 and 2008. We assessed participants′ socio-demographic factors, family characteristics and factors related to the presence of NE. The mean age of the children was 11.5 (±2.7) years. The ...

  2. Is Healthy Lifestyle a Science Education Topic? – Study of a Healthy Way of Life, Beverages and Meal Choices among Primary School Children

    Golob, Nika; University of Maribor

    2011-01-01

    A healthy lifestyle is a somewhat neglected science topic in the field of science education. In order to provide a more nuanced understanding of young people’s decision-making, this study examines 138 primary school students (from 9 to 12 years old from Maribor, Slovenia) and their decisions regarding a healthy way of living, consumption of liquids and meal choices. A questionnaire with close type questions for pupils served as the research instrument. The results show that an important shift...

  3. Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among kindergarten children

    Sansolios, Sanne; Brandhøj, Mia; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2010-01-01

    intended to increase the children’s courage to taste new types of F&V and consumption of F&V by putting taste into words through food exposure. Methodology: Results from the baseline study in the Periscope project on habitual dietary intake among 360 children, aged 3-6 years, in 14 different kindergartens...... showed limited variation in F&V intake. The Sapere-method was developed further and refine based on prior studies among 11-12 year old Swedish school children. A five day taste workshop in a selected kindergarten was developed and 12 children and two pedagogues participated. The workshop activities......Objectives: The objective of the study was to test the Sapere-method as a method to develop taste awareness for fruits and vegetables among kindergarten aged children. The study aimed at linking consumption of F&V to knowledge and awareness of different senses such as taste and texture. It was also...

  4. Understanding the school 'climate': secondary school children and climate change

    This interdisciplinary study analyzes the production, circulation and reception of messages on climate change in secondary schools in France. The objective is to understand how political and educational policy initiatives influence the ways in which schools contribute to creating youngsters' perceptions and opinions about climate change. In order to study the conditions of production and reception of information about climate change, a survey was conducted in four French secondary schools, in the 'Bas Rhin' and 'Nord' departments, and local political actors in each department were interviewed. The cross disciplinary analytical and methodological approach uses the tools of sociological inquiry, information science, and political science: questionnaires and interviews were conducted with members of the educational and governmental communities of each school and department, semiotic and discursive analyses of corpuses of documents were carried out, in order to characterize documents used by students and teachers at school or in more informal contexts; the nature and extent of the relations between the political contexts and school directives and programs were also discussed. This interdisciplinary approach, combining sociological, communicational, and political methods, was chosen in response to the hypothesis that three types of variables (social, communicational and political) contribute to the structuring and production of messages about climate change in schools. This report offers a contextualized overview of activities developed within the four secondary schools to help sensitize children to the risks associated with climate change. A study of the networks of individuals (teachers, staff, members of associations, etc.) created in and around the school environment is presented. The degree of involvement of these actors in climate change programs is analyzed, as it is related to their motives and objectives, to the school discipline taught, and to the position

  5. School Administrators' Perceptions of Factors that Influence Children's Active Travel to School

    Price, Anna E.; Pluto, Delores M.; Ogoussan, Olga; Banda, Jorge A.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Increasing children's active travel to school may be 1 strategy for addressing the growing prevalence of obesity among school age children. Using the School Travel Survey, we examined South Carolina school district leaders' perceptions of factors that influence elementary and middle school students walking to school. Methods: Frequency…

  6. Variations of salivary flow rates in Brazilian school children Variações do fluxo salivar em crianças brasileiras

    Sandra Regina Torres

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The salivary flow rate (SFR in healthy individuals may vary according to different factors. There is a scarcity of studies from different geographical areas that analyze SFR variations in children. The aim of this study was to verify stimulated salivary flow rate (SFR variations in 6 to 12-year-old children, from four different public schools of Rio de Janeiro and correlate these data to gender, age, type of dentition, and health status. Clinical data were taken from the children's medical records that were kept at those schools. Oral examination and sialometry were performed in every child. Salivary flow rate was obtained by chewing-stimulated whole saliva under standard conditions. There were significant differences in SFR according to age (p = 0.0003. Six and 12-year-old children showed the lowest SFR, and when they were excluded from the analysis, no significant differences were found (p = 0.21. There were also significant differences in SFR among children from different public schools (p = 0.0009. The gender did not show any correlation to SFR, even when children were stratified by age (p = 0.36. Correlation between SFR and deciduous, mixed or permanent dentition was not found as well. These results show that the analyzed clinical variables did not seem to influence SFR in this children population.O fluxo salivar (FS em indivíduos saudáveis pode variar em função de diversos fatores. Dados sobre a análise das variações do FS em crianças de diferentes regiões geográficas são escassos na literatura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar possíveis variações do FS em crianças de quatro escolas públicas do Rio de Janeiro, apresentando entre 6 e 12 anos de idade, além de correlacionar esses dados com gênero, idade, tipo de dentição e estado de saúde. A história médica das crianças foi obtida dos registros nas escolas. Em todas as crianças foram realizados exame bucal e sialometria. O FS foi obtido pelo método de saliva

  7. PREVALENCE OF MYOPIA AMONG URBAN SCHOOL CHILDREN

    Sandeep

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Refractive error is the second leading cause of treatable blindness . 46 . 69% of all ocular morbidity in the country is directly attributed to refractiv e errors and myopia is the commonest type of refractive error . School age children constitute a particularly vulnerable group because uncorrected refractive errors may lead to amblyopia , subnormal binocularity or strabismus resulting in permanent visual lo ss . Studies have shown that there has been an increase in the proportion of myopia among students . In view of the importance of detecting the eye defects in school children in our region where staple food and socio - demography is different from rest of the country an effort has been made in the present study to find out the extent of problem of refractive errors particularly Myopia among school children . OBJECTIVES : To study and evaluate Myopia among School children . METHODS : A cross - sectional study on rando m control sample of school children of 7 - 15 year was carried out in the Hubli city . Visual acuity tests were done all students . Students with 6/6 ( p or less vision were subjected for slit lamp examination , retinoscopy , fundus examination , keratometry and A - scan . RESULTS : 13 . 5% of children had refractive errors . 4 . 54% had Myopia . Myopia was more common in females with a peak in 13 - 15 year group . CONCLUSION : Significant proportion of children of this area had uncorrected refractive errors . Regular screening and correction of refractive error will help to improve vision , prevent further deterioration and hence irreversible changes in the visual system .

  8. Television, school children and their parents

    Žnidarčič, Karin Tanja

    2011-01-01

    In the diploma work I attempt to provide an insight of TV watching habits of school children and eventual parent supervision at such. Mass media, especially television, is an omnipresent element influencing our daily lives. I also mentioned the importance of understanding the affects of TV content on school children in the period of their middle childhood as well as the role of parents or other adults in the supervision of TV programs watched. The fact that not all TV programs are suitable f...

  9. Prevalence of myopia among school going children

    Suresh B. Hittalamani; Vivekanand S. Jivangi

    2015-01-01

    Background: Poor vision in childhood affects performance in school or at work and has a negative influence on the future life of the child. Moreover planning of a youth's career is very much dependent on the visual acuity, especially in jobs for navy, military, railways and aviation. This warrants early detection and treatment of refractive errors to prevent permanent disability. Hence present study was planned with the objective to determine, the prevalence of myopia among school children. ...

  10. COOPERATION OF THE SCHOOL WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN WHO ARE BEGINNING SCHOOL ATTENDANCE

    SLEPIČKOVÁ, Jana

    2011-01-01

    This thesis ?Cooperation of the school with parents of children who are begginning school attendance? describes concrete forms of communicatoin and coopertion of the school with parents of children who are begginning school attendance. The theoretical part is focused on scholar of freshman class, focused on school maturity and readiness, school immaturity, initiation of school attendance and affimnity of family with school. The practical part is focused on concrete forms of communicatoin and ...

  11. Iodine excretion in school children in Copenhagen

    Rasmussen, Lone B; Kirkegaard-Klitbo, Ditte Marie; Laurberg, Peter;

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Studies of dietary habits show a high iodine intake in children in Denmark. Iodine excretion in children has not previously been assessed. Iodine excretion in adults is below the recommended threshold, and it is therefore being discussed to increase the fortification level. The main...... objective of this study was to assess iodine excretion in children living in Copenhagen to establish whether a moderate increase in iodine fortification would lead to excess iodine intake in this group. METHODS: Children in first and fifth grade were recruited through schools in Copenhagen. In total, 244...... according to grade. The UIC was higher in children than in adults from the same area. CONCLUSIONS: The iodine excretion among schoolchildren in Copenhagen, an area with a relatively high iodine content in tap water, was within the recommended range as assessed by the UIC. An increased iodine fortification...

  12. Influence of family socioeconomic status on IQ, language, memory and executive functions of Brazilian children

    Luciane da Rosa Piccolo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effect of family socioeconomic status (SES and parental education on non-verbal IQ and on the processing of oral and written language, working memory, verbal memory and executive functions in children from different age ranges. A total of 419 Brazilian children aged 6–12 years old, attending public and private schools from Porto Alegre, RS participated in the study. Structural equation analyzes revealed that in the general model (for all ages, the SES contributed to cognitive performance – IQ, verbal memory, working memory, oral and written language and executive functions (28, 19, 36, 28 and 25 %, respectively. SES had stronger effects on younger children (up to nine years old, in most cognitive tasks examined. Probably, after this age, a combination of factors such as schooling, living in other social environments, among others, may mitigate the effects of family socioeconomic status.

  13. Scientific Investigations of Elementary School Children

    Valanides, Nicos; Papageorgiou, Maria; Angeli, Charoula

    2014-01-01

    The study provides evidence concerning elementary school children's ability to conduct a scientific investigation. Two hundred and fifty sixth-grade students and 248 fourth-grade students were administered a test, and based on their performance, they were classified into high-ability and low-ability students. The sample of this study was…

  14. Promotion of School Children's Invention in Japan.

    Sakamoto, Takashi

    1989-01-01

    In the late 1980s an American newspaper reported that by one measure--the number of patents cited by successive inventors--Japan overtook the United States in the number of inventions produced during the 1970s. The reasons for this are not clear, but educational efforts promoting creative behaviors in school children are probably essential and…

  15. Perceptions of Elementary School Children's Parents Regarding Sexuality Education

    Fisher, Christine M.; Telljohann, Susan K.; Price, James H.; Dake, Joseph A.; Glassman, Tavis

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the preferences of parents of elementary school-aged children regarding when sexuality topics should be discussed in school and at home. The survey was mailed to a national random sample of parents of elementary school age children. Overall, 92% of parents believed that sexuality education should be taught in schools.…

  16. Families with school-age children.

    Christensen, Kathleen; Schneider, Barbara; Butler, Donnell

    2011-01-01

    Most working parents face a common dilemma--how to care for their children when they are not in school but the parents are at work. In this article Kathleen Christensen, Barbara Schneider, and Donnell Butler describe the predictable and unpredictable scheduling demands school-age children place on working couples and single working parents. The authors assess the potential capacity of schools to help meet the needs of working families through changes in school schedules and after-school programs and conclude that the flexibility parents need to balance family-work responsibilities probably cannot be found in the school setting. They argue that workplaces are better able than schools to offer the flexibility that working parents need to attend to basic needs of their children, as well as to engage in activities that enhance their children's academic performance and emotional and social well-being. Two types of flexible work practices seem especially well suited to parents who work: flextime arrangements that allow parents to coordinate their work schedules with their children's school schedules, and policies that allow workers to take short periods of time off--a few hours or a day or two-to attend a parent-teacher conference, for example, or care for a child who has suddenly fallen ill. Many companies that have instituted such policies have benefited through employees' greater job satisfaction and employee retention. Yet despite these measured benefits to employers, workplaces often fall short of being family friendly. Many employers do not offer such policies or offer them only to employees at certain levels or in certain types of jobs. Flexible work practices are almost nonexistent for low-income workers, who are least able to afford alternative child care and may need flexibility the most. Moreover the authors find that even employees in firms with flexible practices such as telecommuting may be reluctant to take advantage of them, because the workplace culture

  17. SUCCES AT SCHOOL IN VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN

    Stanika DIKIC

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available The research included 200 visually impaired children of primary school during the period from 1992 to 1996. By means of adequate instruments we have tested the relation between the success at school of partially seeing children and hyperkinetic behavior, active and passive vocabulary richness, visuo-motoric coordination and the maturity of handwriting. Besides the already known factors (intellectual level, specific learning disturbances, emotional and neurotic disturbances, cultural deprivation, the success in class depends very much on the intensity of hyperkinetic behavior as well as its features: unstable attention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Visual-motor coordination eye-hand and the maturity of handwriting have a strong influence on their success at school.

  18. Growth performance of 12 year old air layered Madhuca latifolia

    Sangram Bhanudas Chavan

    2014-12-01

    It is concluded that, the growth of air-layered Mahua is better when compared to published literature on seedling originated mahus. Based on this study, it is proved that air layering of mahua is cheap and best method to produce quality planting material. Further large scale investigation on performance of air-layered mahua plantations will provide early returns in terms of flowers and seed to sustain local livelihood. The stature of air layered mahua is well suited for agroforestry plantations.

  19. Fitness and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old

    ... KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Upsetting News Reports? What to Say Vaccines: Which ... they think of fitness. Though there are many advantages to signing a child up for the softball ...

  20. Sports Fitness School for Children.

    Tacha, Karolyn K.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    The Sports Fitness Program developed at Kansas State University offers children a way to develop or improve skills and learn physical education concepts. This summer program is an alternative to traditional sports programs since activities are not competitive and are less structured. Details of program organization are discussed. (DF)

  1. Violence in Children's Cartoons.

    Jarrell, Sue

    A British 12-year-old boy died while imitating the heroic leaps of the cartoon character Batman. Tragic incidents stemming from cartoon imitation such as this one occur with alarming frequency. Still, many people choose to ignore violence in children's cartoons. Even some experts don't recognize that cartoons may be harmful. Researcher Wilbur…

  2. [Alcoholism in school-age children].

    Jasinsky, M

    1975-11-01

    Curiosity motivated consumption of illegal drugs by young people decreased during the last 5 years. At the same time the problem of school-children abusing alcohol increased. This has to be seen against the background of more general epidemiological data of alcohol consumption in the Federal Republic of Germany: --between 1961 and 1974 the expenditure for alcoholic beverages more than doubled; --according to serious estimations there are between 700,000 and 1 million of alcoholics in this country (from these about 8-10% being minors); --the average age of inmates of clinics for alcoholics dropped considerably during the last decade. Main findings of a follow-up survey conducted (size of sample: about 10,000 school-children in Hamburg, age 13-20, representative of a total of 110,000) are: --more than 25% of the above mentioned 110,000 school-children showed a rather excessive drinking behaviour (i.e. having been drunk 1-5 or more than 5 times during a period of 2 months prior to the interviews); --positive correlations were found to exist between excessive drinking habits and certain psycho-social variables (i.e. broken home, suicide-attempts, excessive consumption of alcohol by the parents, etc.); --the subgroup of those school-children who were users of illegal drugs: about 60% of them belong also to the category of "excessive alcohol user". Reasons for the general increase of alcohol consumption in Western Germany are for instance: --a change of drinking habits (more frequently, drinking at home and alone); --a shift of preferances (from relatively low percentage-beverages like beer and wine to so-called hard liquors); --an increase of alcohol consumption among those societal groups--the young and women--who formerly were almost abstinent. Some reasons and causes for the increase of alcohol consumption among school-children are: --being exposed to negative model-behaviour of adults and especially of parents; --peer-group pressure; --the discovery of school-children

  3. How do different components of Effortful Control contribute to children's mathematics achievement?

    Sánchez-Pérez, Noelia; Fuentes, Luis J; Pina, Violeta; López-López, Jose A; González-Salinas, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    This work sought to investigate the specific contribution of two different components of Effortful Control (EC) -attentional focusing (AF) and inhibitory control- to children's mathematics achievement. The sample was composed of 142 children aged 9-12 year-old. EC components were measured through the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ; parent's report); math achievement was measured via teacher's report and through the standard Woodcock-Johnson test. Additionally, the contribution of other cognitive and socio-emotional processes was taken into account. Our results showed that only AF significantly contributed to the variance of children's mathematics achievement; interestingly, mediational models showed that the relationship between effortful attentional self-regulation and mathematics achievement was mediated by academic peer popularity, as well as by intelligence and study skills. Results are discussed in the light of the current theories on the role of children's self-regulation abilities in the context of school. PMID:26441758

  4. Parenting School-Age Children

    ... with their teachers, or they may experience separation anxiety that can interfere with their school attendance. To make your own child's education as positive and productive as possible, closely monitor her academic progress and social adjustment, and get to know her teacher. Discuss ...

  5. Whole body measurements in Bavarian school children

    On behalf of the Bavarian State Ministry for State Development and Environmental Affairs measurements were conducted using the whole body counters at the Institute for Radiation Hygiene (of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection), and the Institute for Radiation Biology (of the GSF Research Centre for Environment and Health). Between September 1988 and July 1990 about 1600 school children from all over Bavaria were investigated for incorporated radiocesium. The aim of these measurements was to evaluate the whole body activity due to regionally differing soil contaminations in Bavaria following the accident in the nuclear power plant in Chernobyl and to assess the effective dose from an intake of radionuclides for the pupils by comparing the results of their WBC measurements with those of reference groups of children which underwent WBC examinations at regular intervals at both institutes since the middle of the year 1986. The results of the WBC measurements of those pupils who had not eaten mushrooms in the days before the measurement are in good agreement with the results of comparative measurements in children living in the regions of Munich and Frankfurt-am-Main. Based on these results an effective dose of 0,2 mSv for the Munich region children and of 0,1 mSv for Nothern Bavarian children can be derived. For children living in the highest contaminated region of Bavaria, i.e. the counties adjacent to the Alps, no comparable reference group results are available, but the amount of incorporated radiocesium is only twice that for pupils in the Munich region. The mean value for the specific activity of radiocesium in South Bavarian school children who consumed mushrooms was found to be twice the value of pupils who did not. This is also true for that group of children whose parents had bought allegedly low contaminated foodstuffs. Other effecs of nutrition habits on the specific whole body activity could not be found. (orig.)

  6. Discrepancies in racial designations of school children in Minneapolis.

    Gillum, R F; Gomez-Marin, O; Prineas, R J

    1988-01-01

    To determine the frequency of inaccuracies in racial designations of school children in a health survey, racial designations were examined for a sample of 1,509 children in Minneapolis public schools who participated in the first home interview of the Minneapolis Children's Blood Pressure Study. The data were obtained from three sources: the school enrollment data based on parentally supplied information and teachers' visual judgments, school survey interviewers participating in a research pr...

  7. Subtypes of Aggression in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Medication Effects and Comparison with Typical Children

    King, Sara; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Pelham, William E.; Frankland, Bradley W.; Corkum, Penny V.; Jacques, Sophie

    2009-01-01

    We examined aggressive behavior in 6- to 12-year-old children, including 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on stimulant medication, 19 children with ADHD on placebo (n = 19), and 32 controls. Children completed a laboratory provocation task designed to measure hostile, instrumental, reactive, and proactive…

  8. School performance and school behavior of children affected by AIDS in China

    Tu, Xiaoming; Lv, Yunfei; Li, Xiaoming; Fang, Xiaoyi; Zhao, Guoxiang; Lin, Xiuyun; Hong, Yan; Zhang, Liying; Stanton, Bonita

    2009-01-01

    It is generally recognized that the AIDS epidemic will have a negative effect on the orphans’ school education. However, few studies have been carried out to examine the school performance and school behavior of AIDS orphans and vulnerable children (children living with HIV-infected parents). Using both self-report and teacher evaluation data of 1625 children from rural central China, we examined the impact of parental HIV/AIDS on children's school performances (academic marks, educational ex...

  9. Nocturnal enuresis among primary school children

    Hasan Mohamed Aljefri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To determine the prevalence and personal and family risk factors for nocturnal enuresis (NE among primary school children in Al-Mukalla City, Yemen, we conducted a cross-sectional survey using a self-administered, three-part structured questionnaire involving 832 school children aged 6 - 15 years between 2007 and 2008. We assessed participants′ socio-demographic factors, family characteristics and factors related to the presence of NE. The mean age of the children was 11.5 (±2.7 years. The overall prevalence of NE was 28.6%, with a predominance of girls, and the prevalence decreased with increasing age (P 0.002 and a higher number of siblings (P = 0.01. Our findings reveal a high prevalence of NE among children in Al-Mukalla City, Yemen, with a higher prevalence in girls than in boys compared with the other studies. Sleep pattern, stressful life events, family history of NE, large family size and more children in the household may act as a risk factor for NE.

  10. A Study of Pre-School Children's School Readiness Related to Scientific Thinking Skills

    UNUTKAN, Ozgul Polat

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare school readiness of children who had pre-school experiences and children without such experiences on the basis of scientific thinking skills. This comparison is held in terms of variables of age, gender, and socio economic status. The questions of the study in relation to the purpose of the study are as follows: Ø Does pre-school education variable influence primary school readiness of pre-school children in terms of scientific thinking skills...

  11. SCHOOL INTEGRATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES

    Lioara-Bianca BUBOIU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The right to education is a fundamental right that should not be and can not be denied to any child regardless of his condition of normality or deviation from it. The historic route of educational policies regarding the children with disabilities experienced a positive evolution, from denying the possibility of attending a mainstream school, to current policies of integration and inclusion based on the idea of equal opportunities The rejection of what is considered atypical, unknown, strange, unusual, is the result of perpetuating stereotypes, prejudices regarding the disability, constituting signs of less advanced societies. Is the duty of society to accept children / people with disabilities as part of the reality that surrounds us, and try by all means not to turn a disable child into one normal child, but to normalize the conditions of his life, to give him the possibility to live the same social and school experiences that live any other typically child.

  12. Maternal Parenting Styles, School Involvement, and Children's School Achievement and Conduct in Singapore

    Stright, Anne Dopkins; Yeo, Kim Lian

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the roles of children's perceptions of maternal parenting styles (warmth, psychological control, and behavioral control) and maternal involvement in school-focused parenting practices (home-based involvement, home-school conferencing, and school-based involvement) predicting children's school achievement and conduct in…

  13. Primary School Children Cognitive Processes Development Research

    Kabylova Almakhan; Kussainova Manshuk

    2014-01-01

    One of the important directions of school psychologist work with children is cognitive area development. Development problem, correction and improvement of learners’ intellect abilities are one of the most important in psychological-pedagogic practice. It is fairly considered that its main way of solution is rational organization of all the educational process. Specially organized game training of thinking can be considered as a supplementary. The paper presents a resea...

  14. SCHOOL INTEGRATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES

    Lioara-Bianca BUBOIU

    2014-01-01

    The right to education is a fundamental right that should not be and can not be denied to any child regardless of his condition of normality or deviation from it. The historic route of educational policies regarding the children with disabilities experienced a positive evolution, from denying the possibility of attending a mainstream school, to current policies of integration and inclusion based on the idea of equal opportunities The rejection of what is considered atypical, unknown,...

  15. Birth Order and Maladaptive Behavior in School-Aged Children.

    Carmichael, Karla D.

    Drawing on Alfred Adler's theories on the effect of birth order on maladaptive behavior in children, this study focused on the relationship between birth order and the referral to counseling of school-aged children with maladaptive disorder. School-aged children (N=217) with academic or behavioral problems, ages 5 to 18, were referred to the staff…

  16. Blood Pressure Percentiles for School Children

    İsmail Özanli

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The prevalence of hypertension in childhood and adolescence is gradually increasing. We aimed to in­vestigate the blood pressure (BP values of children aged 7-18 years. Methods: This study was conducted in a total of 3375 (1777 females, 1598 males children from 27 schools. Blood pressures of children were measured using sphyg­momanometer appropriate to arm circumference. Results: A positive relationship was found between sys­tolic blood pressure (SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP and the body weight, height, age and body mass index (BMI in male and female children. SBP was high­er in males than females after the age of 13. DBP was higher in males than the females after the age of 14. The mean annual increase of SBP was 2.06 mmHg in males and 1.54 mmHg in females. The mean annual increase of DBP was 1.52 mmHg in males and 1.38 mmHg in fe­males. Conclusion: In this study, we identified the threshold val­ues for blood pressure in children between the age of 7 and 18 years in Erzurum province. It is necessary to com­bine and evaluate data obtained from various regions for the identification of BP percentiles according to the age, gender and height percentiles of Turkish children.

  17. School Readiness for Gifted Children: Considering the Issues

    Porath, Marion

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses issues relevant to gifted children's readiness for school. It raises a number of questions that challenge thinking about what is meant by school readiness. Gifted children can often be ready for school entrance before the age traditionally considered appropriate. Their complex developmental profiles challenge accepted notions…

  18. Health Shocks and Children's School Attainments in Rural China

    Sun, Ang; Yao, Yang

    2010-01-01

    Using a long panel dataset of Chinese farm households covering the period of 1987-2002, this paper studies how major health shocks happening to household adults affect children's school attainments. We find that primary school-age children are the most vulnerable to health shocks, with their chances to enter middle school dropping by 9.9…

  19. Children's Physical Activity Behavior during School Recess

    Pawlowski, Charlotte Skau; Andersen, Henriette Bondo; Troelsen, Jens;

    2016-01-01

    Schoolyards are recognized as important settings for physical activity interventions during recess. However, varying results have been reported. This pilot study was conducted to gain in-depth knowledge of children's physical activity behavior during recess using a mixed-methods approach combining...... participated in go-along group interviews, and recess behavior was observed using an ethnographical participant observation approach. All data were analyzed separated systematically answering the Five W Questions. Children were categorized into Low, Middle and High physical activity groups and these groups...... were predominantly staying in three different locations during recess: school building, schoolyard and field, respectively. Mostly girls were in the building remaining in there because of a perceived lack of attractive outdoor play facilities. The children in the schoolyard were predominantly girls who...

  20. Parental warmth, control, and indulgence and their relations to adjustment in Chinese children: a longitudinal study.

    Chen, X; Liu, M; Li, D

    2000-09-01

    A sample of children, initially 12 years old, in the People's Republic of China participated in this 2-year longitudinal study. Data on parental warmth, control, and indulgence were collected from children's self-reports. Information concerning social, academic, and psychological adjustment was obtained from multiple sources. The results indicated that parenting styles might be a function of child gender and change with age. Regression analyses revealed that parenting styles of fathers and mothers predicted different outcomes. Whereas maternal warmth had significant contributions to the prediction of emotional adjustment, paternal warmth significantly predicted later social and school achievement. It was also found that paternal, but not maternal, indulgence significantly predicted children's adjustment difficulties. The contributions of the parenting variables might be moderated by the child's initial conditions. PMID:11025932

  1. HPA axis genetic variation, pubertal status, and sex interact to predict amygdala and hippocampus responses to negative emotional faces in school-age children.

    Pagliaccio, David; Luby, Joan L; Bogdan, Ryan; Agrawal, Arpana; Gaffrey, Michael S; Belden, Andrew C; Botteron, Kelly N; Harms, Michael P; Barch, Deanna M

    2015-04-01

    Accumulating evidence suggests a role for stress exposure, particularly during early life, and for variation in genes involved in stress response pathways in neural responsivity to emotional stimuli. Understanding how individual differences in these factors predict differences in emotional responsivity may be important for understanding both normative emotional development and for understanding the mechanisms underlying internalizing disorders, like anxiety and depression, that have often been related to increased amygdala and hippocampus responses to negatively valenced emotional stimuli. The present study examined whether stress exposure and genetic profile scores (10 single nucleotide polymorphisms within four hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis genes: CRHR1, NR3C2, NR3C1, and FKBP5) predict individual differences in amygdala and hippocampus responses to fearful vs. neutral faces in school-age children (7-12 year olds; N = 107). Experience of more stressful and traumatic life events predicted greater left amygdala responses to negative emotional stimuli. Genetic profile scores interacted with sex and pubertal status to predict amygdala and hippocampus responses. Specifically, genetic profile scores were a stronger predictor of amygdala and hippocampus responses among pubertal vs. prepubertal children where they positively predicted responses to fearful faces among pubertal girls and positively predicted responses to neutral faces among pubertal boys. The current results suggest that genetic and environmental stress-related factors may be important in normative individual differences in responsivity to negative emotional stimuli, a potential mechanism underlying internalizing disorders. Further, sex and pubertal development may be key moderators of the effects of stress-system genetic variation on amygdala and hippocampus responsivity, potentially relating to sex differences in stress-related psychopathology. PMID:25583614

  2. Smokeless tobacco consumption among school children

    J Muttapppallymyalil

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : More than one-third of the tobacco consumed regionally is of smokeless form. Aims : To determine the prevalence and pattern of smokeless tobacco use among school children. Settings and Design : This cross-sectional study was conducted among children in 5 randomly selected high schools in Kannur district, Kerala, India. Materials and Methods : This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1200 children. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Statistical Analysis : PASW 17 software was used for data analysis. Results : The mean age of the students was 14.4 years with a standard deviation (SD of 1.2 years, and 8.5% (CI, 7.1-10.2 of the participants were tobacco users. Smokeless tobacco was used by 2% (CI, 1.2-3.4 of the participants. None of the female students used tobacco products. Among the tobacco users, the mean age at the start of any tobacco use was 12.8 years with an SD of 1.1 years. The minimum age was 12 years and the maximum was 14 years. More than 50% smokeless tobacco users started their habit at the age of 12 years; 38.5% of them started at the age of 13 years and remaining at the age of 14 years. The 84.6% smokeless tobacco users were using it 2-3 times a week and 39% of them revealed that the tobacco products were purchased from shops located near the schools. Among the users, one used to keep the quid in the mouth for more than half an hour. Conclusion : The study concludes that there is a need to educate the children regarding the hazards associated with tobacco consumption.

  3. What a Tangible Digital Installation for Museums Can Offer to Autistic Children and Their Teachers

    Marchetti, Emanuela; Valente, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    This study is a cooperation between the authors and a teacher who works with pupils affected by autism spectrum disorders (9-12 years old) in a primary Danish school. The aim was assess the benefits of game-based learning with respect to teachers' main challenges: facilitating the discussion of...... curricular subjects and enabling learning through conceptual thinking and social interaction. An existing digital and tangible installation called MicroCulture, originally created by the authors to bridge history learning across museums and schools was re-contextualised and placed at the school's disposal......, in a three weeks study involving 15 pupils. Data was gathered unobtrusively, with qualitative methods. Through mediated play and teacher's facilitation, children occasionally engaged in interactions leading to conceptual thinking, cooperation, and forms of role play. The authors present both problems...

  4. Do You See What I See? School Perspectives of Deaf Children, Hearing Children and Their Parents

    Marschark, Marc; Bull, Rebecca; Sapere, Patricia; Nordmann, Emily; Skene, Wendy; Lukomski, Jennifer; Lumsden, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    Perspectives on academic and social aspects of children's school experiences were obtained from deaf and hearing children and their (deaf or hearing) parents. Possible differences between (1) the views of children and their parents and (2) those of hearing children and their parents compared to deaf children and their parents were of particular…

  5. Young children and their digital skills in the Netherlands

    J. de Haan; E. Kuiper; R. Pijpers

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss the digital skills of six to 12 years old children in Netherlands. They said that children must have digital skills for them to be able to search for ways to be conservative in online communication. They cited benefits of online gaming such as educating children

  6. School Personnel Responses to Children Exposed to Violence

    Kenemore, Thomas; Lynch, John; Mann, Kimberly; Steinhaus, Patricia; Thompson, Theodore

    2010-01-01

    Authors explored the experiences of school personnel in their responses to children's exposure to violence. Thirty-one school personnel, including administrators, teachers, counselors, school social workers, and psychologists, were interviewed to obtain data on their experiences related to violence exposure in their schools and the surrounding…

  7. Backpacks and spinal disorders in school children.

    Cardon, G; Balagué, F

    2004-03-01

    The interest on backpacks, particularly with regard to their potential unfavourable effect on spinal disorders in school children, has dramatically increased during the last years. The aim of the present study was to look critically at the recent publications and to qualify some ''common sense-based rules''. In recent studies no or weak associations between spinal disorders in children and backpack use could be identified, which is related to the methodology of the studies. From reviewing the biomechanical and physiological effects of backpack use, it was concluded that there is evidence that carrying a heavy backpack results in trunk forward lean and that there are indications that backpack use can increase metabolic cost and alter gait kinetics in youngsters. However there is no evidence that postural, metabolic or kinetic adaptations to backpack use, cause back disorders at young age. Spinal forces based on the above mentioned postural responses can be presumed. However, the amount of work represented by the school backpacks should be compared with the physical activities performed by the same youngsters during their leisure time and is probably not as dangerous as claimed in some media. Therefore the uproar in medical and educational societies and in the media, to sensitize children, parents and educators, with weight cut-off limitations and other backpack use safety guidelines can not be justified and overmedicalizing this issue should be avoided. PMID:16030489

  8. Exploring the school attendance of children with epilepsy

    Karina Piccin Zanni; Thelma Simões Matsukura; Heber Souza Maia Filho

    2009-01-01

    The childhood epilepsy is a chronic disease that can have an impact in various spheres of life of the child, including academic performance and school attendance. This study aimed to describe and compare the school attendance of children with epilepsy who attend mainstream and special schools. Participants were 56 children aged between 7 and 14 years who attended regular or special schools located in two Brazilian cities of medium size. To collect the information we used two instruments: Data...

  9. Lifestyle riskfactors of noncommunicable diseases: Awareness among school children

    B Divakaran; J Muttapillymyalil; Sreedharan, J; Shalini, K

    2010-01-01

    Background : Currently, the health scenario is riddled with the burden of noncommunicable diseases. Aim : The aim of this study is to assess the awareness of school children regarding the risk factors of noncommunicable diseases (NCD). Setting and Design : Three hundred and seventy-five school children, studying in classes 6 to 10, formed the study subjects. Materials and Methods : The school selected for the study was a government school, located in a rural area. The socioeconomic status ...

  10. FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR

    Evy Damayanthi; Cesilia Meti Dwiriani; Lilik Kustiyah; Dodik Briawan

    2012-01-01

    Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status. One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criter...

  11. Elementary school children's science learning from school field trips

    Glick, Marilyn Petty

    This research examines the impact of classroom anchoring activities on elementary school students' science learning from a school field trip. Although there is prior research demonstrating that students can learn science from school field trips, most of this research is descriptive in nature and does not examine the conditions that enhance or facilitate such learning. The current study draws upon research in psychology and education to create an intervention that is designed to enhance what students learn from school science field trips. The intervention comprises of a set of "anchoring" activities that include: (1) Orientation to context, (2) Discussion to activate prior knowledge and generate questions, (3) Use of field notebooks during the field trip to record observations and answer questions generated prior to field trip, (4) Post-visit discussion of what was learned. The effects of the intervention are examined by comparing two groups of students: an intervention group which receives anchoring classroom activities related to their field trip and an equivalent control group which visits the same field trip site for the same duration but does not receive any anchoring classroom activities. Learning of target concepts in both groups was compared using objective pre and posttests. Additionally, a subset of students in each group were interviewed to obtain more detailed descriptive data on what children learned through their field trip.

  12. Assessing Children's Exposure to Ultrafine Particles and Other Air Pollutants in School Buses and at Schools

    Zhang, Qunfang

    2012-01-01

    Increasing evidence has demonstrated toxic effects of ultrafine particles (UFPs, diameter < 100 nm). Children are particularly at risk due to their immature respiratory systems and greater breathing rates per body weight. This study aims to assess children's exposure to UFPs and other air pollutants in school buses and at schools. 24 school buses were employed to represent commonly used school buses in the United States. UFPs and other air pollutants in and around school buses were measured w...

  13. Extended Music Education Enhances the Quality of School Life

    Eerola, Päivi-Sisko; Eerola, Tuomas

    2014-01-01

    The claim of whether music education can create social benefits in the school environment was tested in 10 Finnish schools with an extended music curricular class and control classes. The quality of school life (QSL) was assessed by a representative sample ("N" = 735) of pupils at years 3 and 6 (9- and 12-years-olds). The results showed…

  14. The Moderating Effects of Parenting Stress on Children's Adjustment in Woman-Abusing Families.

    Levendosky, Alytia A.; Graham-Bermann, Sandra A.

    1998-01-01

    Utilizes sheltered battered women (n=60) and their 7- to 12-year-old children and nonsheltered women (n=61) and their children, to examine the potential moderating effects of maternal parenting stress on children's adjustment in homes with varying levels of domestic violence. Results indicate that children's adjustment was predicted by parenting…

  15. Associations between Family Environment, Parenting Practices, and Executive Functioning of Children with and without ADHD

    Schroeder, Valarie M.; Kelley, Michelle L.

    2009-01-01

    We examined the relationships between executive functioning, family environment, and parenting practices in children diagnosed with ADHD as compared to children without ADHD. Participants were parents (N = 134) of 6- to 12-year-old ADHD and non-ADHD-diagnosed children. Compared to the control group, parents of children diagnosed with ADHD reported…

  16. Voices of Children, Parents and Teachers: How Children Cope with Stress during School Transition

    Wong, Mun

    2015-01-01

    This study explores how children's perceptions of stress factors and coping strategies are constructed over time. Children were interviewed before and after they made the transition from preschool to primary school. This study also explores teachers' and parental strategies in helping children to cope with stress at school. The sample…

  17. Bullying among school children: a case report.

    Benčić, Miro

    2014-12-01

    The case study shows an example of peer violence, a physical attack on a high school student. The attacker was a child his own age attending the same school. Immediately after the attack the victim visited his chosen family doctor accompanying by mother. After interviewing in calm and safe environment and physical examination he was referred to the hospital emergency, because of evident trauma. During the follow up, it was obvious that the patient is interested in talking about the event but is uncomfortable to do so in front of his mother. Having obtained the mother's permission the conversation was carried out alone and the patient revealed all the details regarding the assault as well as his own feelings. The case study contains a description of the incident, the basic information regarding types of abuse amongst children, information on how to approach a victim as well as the obligation to report every type of abuse. PMID:25643552

  18. Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School Readiness of Poor Children. The Social Genome Project

    Isaacs, Julia B.

    2012-01-01

    Poor children in the United States start school at a disadvantage in terms of their early skills, behaviors, and health. Fewer than half (48 percent) of poor children are ready for school at age five, compared to 75 percent of children from families with moderate and high income, a 27 percentage point gap. This paper examines the reasons why poor…

  19. Primary School Attendance and Completion among Lower Secondary School Age Children in Uganda

    Moyi, Peter

    2013-01-01

    At the World Education Forum in Dakar in 2000, governments pledged to achieve education for all by 2015. However, if current enrollment trends continue, the number of out-of-school children could increase from current levels. Greater focus is needed on lower secondary school age (13-16 years) children. These children are not included estimates of…

  20. Effect of School System and Gender on Moral Values and Forgiveness in Pakistani School Children

    Javed, Anam; Kausar, Rukhsana; Khan, Nashi

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted to compare children studying in private and public schools in Pakistan on forgiveness and moral values. It was hypothesized that the type of school and gender of the child are likely to affect forgiveness and moral values in children. A sample of 100 children with equal number of girls and boys was recruited from…

  1. Parent Emotional Expressiveness and Children's Self-Regulation: Associations with Abused Children's School Functioning

    Haskett, Mary E.; Stelter, Rebecca; Proffit, Katie; Nice, Rachel

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Identifying factors associated with school functioning of abused children is important in prevention of long-term negative outcomes associated with school failure. The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which parent emotional expressiveness and children's self-regulation predicted early school behavior of abused…

  2. Dutch Primary Schoolchildren’s Perspectives of Activity-Friendly School Playgrounds: A Participatory Study

    Helena Elisabeth (Elsje Caro

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available School playgrounds are important physical activity (PA environments for children, yet only a small number of children reaches the target of 40% of moderate-to-vigorous PA time during recess. The aim of this study was to explore children’s perspectives (i.e., child-identified determinants of activity-friendly school playgrounds. We conducted participatory research with children as co-researchers, framed as a project to give children the opportunity to discuss their views and ideas about their school playgrounds. At three schools, six children (9–12 years old met over five to seven group meetings. Data analysis included children’s conclusions obtained during the project and the researcher’s analysis of written reports of all meetings. Children indicated a strong desire for fun and active play, with physical playground characteristics and safety, rules and supervision, peer-interactions, and variation in equipment/games as important determinants. Our results indicate that improving activity-friendliness of playgrounds requires an integrated and multi-faceted approach. It also indicates that children, as primary users, are able to identify barriers for active play that are easily overlooked, unknown or differently perceived by adults. Hence, we believe that structural involvement of children in designing, developing and improving playgrounds may increase children’s’ active play and consequently PA levels during recess.

  3. Level of Depression in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children

    Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…

  4. Relations between School Performance and Depressive Symptoms in Spanish Children

    Orgiles, Mireia; Gomez, Marta; Piqueras, Jose A.; Espada, Jose P.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Despite data showing the relationship between depression and decreased school performance, there is a lack of studies with Spanish children. The objective of this research is to examine school performance as a function of depression and gender. Method: Participants were 658 Spanish children aged between 8 and 12 years, 49.6% male,…

  5. Children's Schooling and Parents' Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study

    Alexander M. Gelber; Adam Isen

    2011-01-01

    Parents may have important effects on their children, but little work in economics explores whether children's schooling opportunities crowd out or encourage parents' investment in children. We analyze data from the Head Start Impact Study, which granted randomly-chosen preschool-aged children the opportunity to attend Head Start. We find that Head Start causes a substantial increase in parents' involvement with their children--such as time spent reading to children, math activities, or days ...

  6. Active transport among Czech school-aged children

    Jan Pavelka

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Active transport is a very important factor for increasing the level of physical activity in children, which is significant for both their health and positive physical behaviour in adult age. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish the proportion of Czech children aged 11 to 15 who select active transport to and from school and, at the same time, describe socio-economic and socio-demographic factors influencing active transport to and from school among children. METHODS: To establish the socio-demographic factors affecting active transport, data of a national representative sample of 11 to 15 year-old elementary school children in the Czech Republic (n = 4,425. Research data collection was performed within an international research study called Health Behaviour in School Aged Children in June 2010. Statistical processing of the results was made using a logistic regression analysis in the statistical programme IBM SPSS v 20. RESULTS: Active transport to and from school is opted for in the Czech Republic by approximately 2/3 of children aged 11 to 15. Differences between genders are not statistically significant; most children opting for active transport are aged 11 (69%. An important factor increasing the probability of active transport as much as 16 times is whether a child's place of residence is in the same municipality as the school. Other factors influencing this choice include BMI, time spent using a computer or a privateroom in a family. A significant factor determining active transport by children is safety; safe road crossing, opportunity to leave a bicycle safely at school, no fear of being assaulted on the way or provision of school lockers where children can leave their items. CONCLUSIONS: Active transport plays an important role in increasing the overall level of physical activity in children. Promotion of active transport should focus on children who spend more time using a computer; attention should also be

  7. Self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children

    Srisorrachatr Suwat; Temcharoen Paradee; Ratanopas Wasoontara; Sirikulchayanonta Chutima

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Childhood obesity has become an important public health problem in Thailand. This study aimed to determine the relationship between self discipline and obesity in Bangkok school children. Methods A case control study was conducted. 140 cases (obese children) and 140 controls (normal weight children) were randomly chosen from grades 4-6 students in 4 Bangkok public schools. Questionnaire responses regarding general characteristics and child self-discipline were obtained fro...

  8. Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children

    AJ, Milam; CDM, Furr-Holden; PJ, Leaf

    2010-01-01

    Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population of 3rd-5th grade students in an urban public school system. Community and school safety were assessed using the School Climate Survey, an annual city...

  9. Pre-school education and school maturity of children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds

    Panajotis Cakirpaloglu; Richard Kořínek

    2014-01-01

    The adaptability of children to the school environment and their potential to succeed there is closely linked to the development of their cognitive and social skills. These are primarily linked to personal factors -physical maturity as well as mental or emotional maturity and the environment in which those children grow up. This fact is evident in children growing up in disadvantageous socio-economic conditions. In general the school readiness of children from socially-disadvantaged backgroun...

  10. Transition to school : the role of kindergarten children's behavior regulation

    von Suchodoletz, Antje; Trommsdorff, Gisela; Heikamp, Tobias; Wieber, Frank; Gollwitzer, Peter M.

    2009-01-01

    The transition to school is seen as an extensive process of adaptation during which children need to adjust to school standards. Successful adaptation is reflected in children's classroom behavior (i.e., prosocial behavior rather than behavior problems) and academic performance (Petriwskyj, Thorpe, & Tayler, 2005). It is well documented that cognitive abilities (i.e., IQ) are linked to academic indicators of success in school (e.g., Deary, Strand, Smith, & Fernandes, 2007). Recently, however,...

  11. Children with Down syndrome in mainstream schools : Conditions influencing participation

    Dolva, Anne-Stine

    2009-01-01

    The overall aim of this thesis was to identify and explore conditions influencing school participation of children with Down syndrome in mainstream elementary schools. This thesis comprises four studies, and the research was conducted in Norway. Study I aimed at describing home and community functional performance in 5-year-old children with Down syndrome, to get insight into the level of performance and variability prior to school entry. In study II the aim was to inves...

  12. Teachers’ Perceptions of Sex Education of Primary School Children

    H Taghdissi; E MerghatiKhoei; N Abolghasemi

    2010-01-01

    Background and Aim: Sex education of children, a complex issue in any culture, has always been a controversial subject. Schools can play a vital role in imparting sex education to children, particularly in more conservative communities. The objective of this study was to find out primary school teachers beliefs, attitudes, values, and understandings regarding sex education of school pupils. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study we employed a community-based approach to design the p...

  13. Intestinal parasitosis in school children of Lalitpur district of Nepal

    Tandukar, Sarmila; Ansari, Shamshul; Adhikari, Nabaraj; Shrestha, Anisha; Gautam, Jyotshana; Sharma, Binita; Rajbhandari, Deepak; Gautam, Shikshya; Nepal, Hari Prasad; Sherchand, Jeevan B.

    2013-01-01

    Background Enteric parasites are the most common cause of parasitic diseases and cause significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries like Nepal. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of intestinal parasitic infections among school going children of Lalitpur district of Nepal. Methods A total of 1392 stool samples were collected from school children of two government, two private and two community schools of the same district. T...

  14. Can Future Uncertainty Keep Children Out of School?

    Lilleør, Helene Bie

    2008-01-01

    There is little doubt in the literature, that poverty and liquidity constraints can drive children out of school and into child labour in developing countries. But are there other important explanations for low primary school enrolment rates? The child labour and schooling literature often ignores that uncertainty about future returns results in a need for risk diversification, that children function as old-age security providers when there are no available pension systems, that the human cap...

  15. BREAKFAST HABIT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG SUBURBAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

    Putu Ayu Widyanti; I Gst Lanang Sidiartha

    2013-01-01

    Academic performance is affected by a numbers of factors. Age, gender, nutritional status, and breakfast habits are some factors that have relation with academic performance. Nutritional statues among school children still to be concerned. Breakfast habit is important thing to do before school to maintain enough calories to study and work well. The aim of this study was to determine the association of breakfast habits and academic performance especially in suburban elementary school children....

  16. A Pilot Study Examining Activity Participation, Sensory Responsiveness, and Competence in Children with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Reynolds, Stacey; Bendixen, Roxanna M.; Lawrence, Tami; Lane, Shelly J.

    2011-01-01

    This pilot study explored activity patterns in children with and without ASD and examined the role of sensory responsiveness in determining children's level of competence in activity performance. Twenty-six children with high functioning ASD and twenty-six typically-developing children 6-12 years old were assessed using the Sensory Profile and the…

  17. Personality and Locus of Control among School Children

    Pandya, Archana A.; Jogsan, Yogesh A.

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this investigation is to find out the sex differences in personality traits and locus of control among school children. A total 60 children (30 boys and 30 girls) were taken as a sample. The research tool for personality, children personality questionnaire was used, which was made by Cattell and Porter. Locus of control was…

  18. Effects of Domestic Violence on Children's Adjustment in School.

    Dawud, Samia; And Others

    This study examined the relationship between children's experiences of domestic violence and their adjustment at school. Sixty-three children (28 girls), in Israel, their classmates and teachers took part in the study. Children were divided into four groups: (1) those who were victims of physical abuse; (2) those who witnessed abuse; (3) those who…

  19. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among School Age Palestinian Children

    Khamis, Vivian

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of PTSD among Palestinian school-age children. Variables that distinguish PTSD and non-PTSD children were examined, including child characteristics, socioeconomic status, family environment, and parental style of influence. Method: Participants were 1,000 children aged 12 to 16 years.…

  20. Why do households without children support local public schools? linking house price capitalization to school spending

    Christian A. L. Hilber; Christopher J. Mayer

    2002-01-01

    While residents receive similar benefits from many local public expenditures, only about one-third of all households have children in the public schools. In this paper the authors argue that capitalization of school spending into house prices can encourage residents to support spending on schools, even if the residents themselves will never have children in the schools. To examine this hypothesis, the authors take advantage of differences across communities in the extent of house price capita...

  1. Bringing Nature to Schools to Promote Children's Physical Activity.

    Sharma-Brymer, Vinathe; Bland, Derek

    2016-07-01

    Physical activity (PA) is essential for human health and wellbeing across all age, socioeconomic, and ethnic groups. Engagement with the natural world is a new defining criterion for enhancing the benefits of PA, particularly for children and young people. Interacting with nature benefits children's social and emotional wellbeing, develops resilience, and reduces the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus across all population groups. Governments around the world are now recognizing the importance of children spending more active time outdoors. However, children's outdoor activities, free play, and nature-related exploration are often structured and supervised by adults due to safety concerns and risks. In this context, schools become more accessible and safe options for children to engage in PA outdoors with the presence of nature features. Research on school designs involving young children has revealed that children prefer nature-related features in school environments. Affordances in nature may increase children's interest in physically active behaviors. Given that present school campuses are designed for operational efficiency and economic reasons, there is a need to re-design schools responding to the positive role of nature on human health. If schools were re-designed to incorporate diverse natural features, children's PA and consequent health and wellbeing would likely improve markedly. PMID:26888647

  2. CONSTRUCTION ENVIRONMENT EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN PRE-SCHOOL

    MA. TRAN THI THUY NGA; MA. PHAM THI YEN

    2015-01-01

    Education motor development contribute to the comprehensive development of pre-school children. Building educational environment for young athletes develop in pre-school is one of many issues of concern in the current stage of pre-school education in Vietnam.

  3. Traumatic Symptoms in Sexually Abused Children: Implications for School Counselors

    Brown, Sarah D.; Brack, Greg; Mullis, Frances Y.

    2008-01-01

    School counselors have a duty to formulate strategies that aid in the detection and prevention of child sexual abuse (American School Counselor Association, 2003). School counselors are charged with helping sexually abused children by recognizing sexual abuse indicators based on a child's symptomatology and/or behavior, and understanding how this…

  4. Diagnostics of children's school readiness in scientific studies abroad

    Nazarenko V.V.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the problem of children's school readiness as it is represented in contemporary studies of foreign scholars. It displays a variety of approaches to estimation of school readiness as well as the ways of measuring the levels of child development as relating to school readiness, namely those of them which are in common practice in education.

  5. For Professors' Children, the Case for Home Schooling

    Pannapacker, W. A.

    2005-01-01

    The number of families who home school their children is growing between five and 15% per year and it is believed that home schoolers outperform their public-educated peers, though critics believe that home schooling is a form of religious fanaticism and a means of avoiding diversity. A professor explains how he and his wife, home school their…

  6. Can Schools Promote the Health of Children with Asthma?

    McWhirter, Jenny; McCann, Donna; Coleman, Helen; Calvert, Marguerite; Warner, John

    2008-01-01

    This report describes the evaluation of a whole-school intervention to improve morbidity and psychosocial well-being in pupils with asthma. In all, 193 children with asthma (7-9 years) from 23 primary/junior schools in the south of England participated. Schools (n = 12) randomly assigned to the intervention group (IV) received a staff asthma…

  7. Dutch children and parents' views on active and non-active video gaming.

    De Vet, Emely; Simons, Monique; Wesselman, Maarten

    2014-06-01

    Active video games that require whole body movement to play the game may be an innovative health promotion tool to substitute sedentary pastime with more active time and may therefore contribute to children's health. To inform strategies aimed at reducing sedentary behavior by replacing non-active by active gaming, opinions about active and non-active video games are explored among 8- to 12-year-old children and their parents. Six qualitative, semi-structured focus groups were held with 8- to 12-year-old children (n = 46) and four with their parents (n = 19) at three different primary schools in The Netherlands. The focus groups with children discussed game preferences, gaming context and perceived game-related parenting. The focus groups with parents addressed considerations in purchasing video games, perceived positive and negative consequences of gaming, and game-related parenting. Both children and their parents were very positive about active video games and preferred active games over non-active games. Active video games were considered more social than non-active video games, and active games were played more often together with friends and family than non-active video games. Parenting practices did not differ for active and non-active video games, although some parents were less strict regarding active games. Two conditions for practical implementation were met: children enjoyed active video games, and parents were willing to buy active video games. Active video games were preferred to non-active video games, illustrating that using active video games is a promising health promotion tool to reduce sedentary pastime in youth. PMID:23208151

  8. The state of oral health in children at the age of 12 in Montenegro

    Đuričković Mirjana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Oral health is very important for the function and the quality of human life. The aim of this study was to determine the spread of caries on the permanent teeth, the state of health of the periodontium and the state of oral hygiene in the children at the age of 12 in Montenegro. Methods. The research was carried out within 2006 and included 455 primary school pupils of both sex, the age of 12 in the northern, midlle and southern area of Montenegro. The parameters used to estimate oral health condition were: mean number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth due to caries (DMFT, Significant Caries Index (SiC, Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN, presence of sealants, and to estimate oral hygiene condition: Debris Index (Green-Vermillion and Calculus Index (Green. A dental team clinically examined all the subjects in line with World Health Organization (WHO methodology and criteria. All chosen children from the sample were checked by the standard dental diagnostic equipment (plane dental mirror, dental, standard CPITN periodontal probe under the artificial light on the dry teeth, on the dental chair. Results. The average value of Index DMFT at 12-year-old in Montenegro was 3.43. On average, 88.35% of the examined children had dental caries. The SiC Index was 6.35. Among the examined children, 11.9% had at least one tooth with a fissure sealant. The healty periodontium had 64% of the 12-year-old children. The average value of Debris Index was 1.086, and the average value of Calculus Index was 0.6508. Conclusion. Oral health condition in children at the age of 12 in Montenegro does not satisfy. Thus the importance of the modern preventive measures and programmes should be emphasized and applied through the system of primary oral protection and intensively promote oral health.

  9. Children's Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables: Do School Environment and Policies Affect Choice At School and Away from School?

    Ishdorj, Ariun; Crepinsek, Mary Kay; Jensen, Helen H.

    2013-01-01

    School environment and policies affect children's healthy eating choices both at and away from school. We estimate their effect on fruit and vegetable intakes and control for the endogenous decision to participate in the National School Lunch Program. School meal participants consume more total fruits and vegetables, with relatively more at school and less away from school compared to nonparticipants. The policies had little effect on participation itself. Policies to restrict high fat milks ...

  10. Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised: Psychometric Evaluation.

    Thompson, Martie; Kaslow, Nadine J.; Weiss, Bahr; Nolen-Hoeksema, Susan

    1998-01-01

    The psychometric properties of the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised (CASQ) (N. Kaslow and S. Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991) were studied with 1086 children, 9 to 12 years old. Results indicate the revised version to be somewhat less reliable than the original, but with equivalent criterion-related validity for self-reported depression.…

  11. Relative Weights of the Backpacks of Elementary-Aged Children

    Bryant, Benjamin P.; Bryant, Judith B.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to describe the range of relative backpack weights of one group of elementary-aged children and the extent to which they exceeded recommended levels. A second purpose was to explore whether gender and age help predict the relative weight of children's backpacks. Ninety-five 8- to 12-year-old elementary school…

  12. Influence of Children's Physical Attractiveness on Teacher Expectations.

    Kenealy, Pamela; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Ratings of the physical attractiveness of 11-to-12-year-old children were obtained, and the association between physical attractiveness and teachers' judgements of these children were examined. Teachers revealed a systematic tendency to rate girls higher than boys, and significant sex differences were observed in teachers' ratings of…

  13. Children's Moral Judgments and Moral Emotions Following Exclusion of Children with Disabilities: Relations with Inclusive Education, Age, and Contact Intensity

    Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

    2013-01-01

    We investigated relations between children's moral judgments and moral emotions following disability-based exclusion and inclusive education, age, and contact intensity. Nine- and 12-year-old Swiss children (N = 351) from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms provided moral judgments and moral emotion attributions following six vignettes about…

  14. Children's social/emotional characteristics at entry to school: implications for school nurses.

    Nelson, Helen; Kendall, Garth; Shields, Linda

    2013-09-01

    Children entering school need to build healthy peer relationships; school, however, is the central place for bullying. School nurses have a growing focus on providing care for students with social, emotional and behavioural problems. We examined the relational development of children at school entry in regard to aggression and empathy, showing that teacher-reported aggression decreased between Pre-primary and Year One, while empathy increased between Year One and Year Two classes. No gender difference was found in teacher-reported total, or covert aggression. Understanding how development of empathy can be supported in children at school entry is important, thereby supporting development of pro-social behaviour and decreasing bullying. School nurses must understand the importance of surrounding children with safety in relationships as they begin school. PMID:23455873

  15. Body Composition and Cardiovascular Health in School-aged Children

    Klakk, Heidi

    6th grade) on health related outcomes in children. The objectives are: 1.To describe the Svendborg Project and the CHAMPS study-DK (paper I). 2.To evaluate the effect of four extra PE lessons per week in primary schools on body composition and weight status in children aged 8 to 13 (paper II). 3.To......Background In 2011 the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that more than 40 million children under the age of five were overweight and ten per cent of the world’s school aged children are estimated to carry excess body fat. Childhood obesity is associated with a number of immediate...... Intervention had beneficial, but non significant effect on mean BMI or mean Total Body Fat percentage (TBF%), but a significant beneficial effect on overweight and obesity prevalence, as children at intervention schools had a significant reduced risk of becoming overweight or obese after 2 school years...

  16. Do Mothers in Rural China Practice Gender Equality in Educational Aspirations for Their Children?

    Zhang, Yuping; Kao, Grace; Hannum, Emily

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the authors focus on a poor rural area in northwestern China and investigates whether the gender attitudes of mothers can be linked to their plans for educating their own children in the future. Using recent longitudinal data from the Gansu Survey of Children and Families (GSCF), a survey of rural 9-12-year-old children, families,…

  17. EMOTIONAL ROLE-TAKING ABILITIES OF CHILDREN WITH A PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER NOT OTHERWISE SPECIFIED

    Serra, M.; Minderaa, R.B; Van Geert, P. L. C.; Jackson, A.E.; Althaus, M.; Til, R.

    1995-01-01

    Seven to 12-year-old children with a Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS) were compared with normal, healthy children of the same age and sex on three different emotional role-taking tasks. In these tasks, children had to use person-specific information to make an infere

  18. The Role of Moral Emotions in the Development of Children's Sharing Behavior

    Ongley, Sophia F.; Malti, Tina

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the role of moral emotions in the development of children's sharing behavior (N = 244 4-, 8-, and 12-year-old children). Children's sympathy was measured with both self- and primary caregiver-reports, and participants anticipated their negatively and positively valenced moral emotions (i.e., feeling guilty, sad,…

  19. Socially Anxious Children: An Observational Study of Parent-Child Interaction.

    Hummel, Regina M.; Gross, Alan M.

    2001-01-01

    Differences in rate and quality of parent-child communication in parents of socially anxious and normal children 9-12 years old were examined. Socially anxious children, like the control group, tended to mirror verbalizations of parents. In contrast, socially anxious children did not show the same similarities in responsiveness. (BF)

  20. The Influence of Parental Socialization Factors on Family Farming Plans of Preadolescent Children: An Exploratory Analysis

    Wiley, Angela R.; Bogg, Timothy; Ringo Ho, Moon-Ho

    2005-01-01

    Previous scholarship on farm families emphasizes the importance of socializing children to become farmers. This study is the first to focus on the parental socialization factors that are associated with preadolescent children's attachment to, and plans to take over, the family farm. Forty-seven 7- to 12-year-old children and their farming parents…

  1. Exploring the school attendance of children with epilepsy

    Karina Piccin Zanni

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The childhood epilepsy is a chronic disease that can have an impact in various spheres of life of the child, including academic performance and school attendance. This study aimed to describe and compare the school attendance of children with epilepsy who attend mainstream and special schools. Participants were 56 children aged between 7 and 14 years who attended regular or special schools located in two Brazilian cities of medium size. To collect the information we used two instruments: Data sheet of identification and characterization of the child and Data sheet to record the attendance school. The results showed that children in special schools had higher rates of absenteeism compared to students in regular schools. Additionally, we observed that these children use more drugs and have implications on health more severe than children in regular schools. Thus, it is the childhood epilepsy as a disease complex that brings substantial effects on various areas of children’s lives by reinforcing the need for studies that might expand the knowledge to and the experiences associated with the education of these children.

  2. Scientific Investigations of Elementary School Children

    Valanides, Nicos; Papageorgiou, Maria; Angeli, Charoula

    2013-04-01

    The study provides evidence concerning elementary school children's ability to conduct a scientific investigation. Two hundred and fifty sixth-grade students and 248 fourth-grade students were administered a test, and based on their performance, they were classified into high-ability and low-ability students. The sample of this study was randomly selected and included 80 students, 40 fourth-grade and 40 sixth-grade students of low and high abilities. Students were specifically instructed to investigate the functioning of a device, to think aloud prior and after any experiment with the device, and to keep a record of their experimental results. The results showed that students were inclined to mainly collect evidence from the experimental space and failed to control variables during their investigation. The majority of the students had difficulties with effectively organizing collected data and failed to coordinate hypotheses with evidence. The significant interaction effect that was found between grade level and ability in terms of students' investigation ability indicates that the existing gap between high- and low-ability students becomes bigger as students become older. Undoubtedly, ongoing research efforts for identifying patterns of children's cognitive development will be most valuable as they can have important implications for the design of teaching scenarios and inquiry-based science activities conducive to accelerating students' cognitive growth and scientific investigation abilities.

  3. Empathy, Group Norms and Children's Ethnic Attitudes

    Nesdale, Drew; Griffith, Judith; Durkin, Kevin; Maass, Anne

    2005-01-01

    Two minimal group studies (Ns=150, 123) examined the impact of emotional empathy on the ethnic attitudes of 5 to 12-year old white Anglo-Australian children. Study 1 evaluated the relationship between empathy and attitudes towards a same (Anglo-Australian) versus different ethnicity (Pacific Islander) outgroup. A significant empathy x outgroup…

  4. Home Media and Children's Achievement and Behavior

    Hofferth, Sandra L.

    2010-01-01

    This study provides a national picture of the time American 6- to 12-year-olds spent playing video games, using the computer, and watching TV at home in 1997 and 2003, and the association of early use with their achievement and behavior as adolescents. Girls benefited from computer use more than boys, and Black children benefited more than White…

  5. Ameloblastoma in children; Ameloblastoma u dzieci

    Korzon, M.; Popadiuk, S.; Bohdan, Z. and others [Akademia Medyczna, Gdansk (Poland)

    1993-12-31

    Two cases of ameloblastoma in 3 and 12 year old children are described. The difficulties in the diagnosis and treatment of this rare tumor of the jaws (mandibula) are presented. Only a short remission following chemotherapy was achieved in both cases. (author) 19 refs, 2 figs

  6. Children as Illustrators: A Transcultural Experience.

    Hurwitz, Al

    1980-01-01

    The author discusses his cross cultural study of the painting styles of 9- to 12-year-old children in Australia, New Zealand, and South Korea. He compares their art products--all illustrations of the Noah's Ark story. A sample of the drawings illustrates the text. (SJL)

  7. FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR

    Evy Damayanthi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status. One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not having canteen. Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ and height for age (HAZ were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009. School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years, more girls (54%, and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ. School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana and mother (senior high school.  Almost all school children (99% knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97 with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14, tempe and

  8. Children in Different Activities: Child Schooling and Child Labour

    Rana Ejaz Ali Khan

    2003-01-01

    Using primary data from two districts of Pakistan, this article analyses the supplyside determinants of child labour. The study finds that the birth-order of the child has a significant association with schooling and labour decision of child: first school enrolment of children is delayed; there exists gender disparity in favour of male children; the children from female-headed households are more likely to go to school; the education of the head of household has a positive impact on child’s s...

  9. Blood lead levels in Jamaican school children

    Lalor, G.; Rattray, R.; Vutchkov, M. [International Centre for Environmental and Nuclear Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona, 7 Kingston (Jamaica); Campbell, B.; Lewis-Bell, K. [Epidemiology Unit, Ministry of Health, Kingston (Jamaica)

    2001-03-26

    Blood lead levels are reported for a total of 421 schoolchildren in 13 schools in rural and urban environments in Jamaica, including one highly contaminated community. In the rural areas blood lead levels ranged from 3 to 28.5 {mu}g dl{sup -1}, with a median of 9.2 {mu}g dl{sup -1}; the range and median in the urban schools were 4-34.7 and 16.6 {mu}g dl{sup -1}, respectively. Forty-two percent of the rural and 71% of the urban blood lead levels exceeded the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention intervention level of 10 {mu}g dl{sup -1}. Except in the contaminated area, the relationship between soil lead levels, which in Jamaica are in general typical of tropical lateritic soils, and blood lead levels is not clear-cut. Very high blood lead levels of 18 to >60 {mu}g dl{sup -1} with a median of 35 {mu}g dl{sup -1} were observed among children in the contaminated area, the site of a former lead ore processing plant. These high blood lead levels were significantly reduced, by the implementation of relatively simple mitigation strategies which involved isolation of the lead, education, and a food supplementation programme, to levels similar to those observed in the urban schools. These values, however, remain higher than are desirable and unfortunately, all the sources of lead are not yet identified. The recent discontinuation of the use of leaded petrol is expected to result in significant reductions in exposure to lead.

  10. School Reintegration for Children and Adolescents with Cancer: The Role of School Psychologists

    Harris, Mekel S.

    2009-01-01

    As a result of advancements in medical expertise and technology, children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer now have opportunities to participate in many typical activities, including school. To some extent, school reintegration reflects positive adjustment to their illness. Nevertheless, children and adolescents with cancer may experience…

  11. Parental School Involvement in Relation to Children's Grades and Adaptation to School

    Tan, Edwin T.; Goldberg, Wendy A.

    2008-01-01

    From an ecological perspective, it is important to examine linkages among key settings in the child's life. The current study focuses on parents' involvement in children's education both at school and at home. Ninety-one families with school-aged children (91 fathers and 91 mothers) participated in a survey study assessing the levels of parental…

  12. Individual and School-Level Socioeconomic Gradients in Physical Activity in Australian School children

    Lewis, Lucy; Maher, Carol; Katzmarzyk, Peter; Olds, Timothy

    2016-01-01

    Background: We attempted to determine whether there was a socioeconomic gradient in 9- to 11-year-old Australian children's moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and whether school facilities or policies supporting physical activity were associated with school-level socioeconomic status (SES) and MVPA. Methods: Children (N = 528) from 26…

  13. Impact of the bitewing radiography exam inclusion on the prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old students in the city of Franca, São Paulo, Brazil Impacto da inclusão do exame radiográfico interproximal na prevalência de cárie dentária de escolares aos 12 anos no município de Franca, São Paulo, Brasil

    Soraya Fernandes Mestriner

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The pattern of development of carious lesions has changed. The carious lesion has been progressive and reaches the dentin without showing alterations in the clinical aspects. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old students in the city of Franca - São Paulo, Brazil, during the year of 2003, and to evaluate the additional value of bitewing radiograph to detect hidden carious lesions in permanent molar dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A probabilistic sample composed of two hundred and fifty six (256 students, from public and private schools, was submitted to a cross-sectional study through examination by a calibrated examiner, in order to detect the caries prevalence, using the methodology recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO. For 66% of the sample, bitewing radiographs of the permanent molar region were obtained. The images were analyzed by a calibrated examiner, who established the presence of hidden caries in teeth with radiolucency in dentin, yet considered healthy in the epidemiological survey. RESULTS: The prevalence of dental caries in epidemiological exam without (WHO and with (WHO/R the inclusion of hidden caries lesion was 54% and 64%, and the DMFT index was 1.73 and 1.92 respectively. CONCLUSION: Utilization of the method of bitewing radiographic diagnosis significantly increased (pINTRODUÇÃO: Ocorreram mudanças no padrão de desenvolvimento da lesão de cárie. As lesões tem progredido e atingido a dentina, sem demonstrar alterações nos aspectos clínicos. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência de cárie em escolares de 12 anos no município de Franca - SP, Brasil, no ano de 2003 e avaliar o valor adicional da radiografia interproximal para detecção de lesões de cárie em dentina de molares permanentes na prevalência de cárie. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Desenvolveu-se um estudo transversal com uma amostra probabilística; em que foram realizados exames epidemiológicos por um

  14. 34 CFR 300.130 - Definition of parentally-placed private school children with disabilities.

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definition of parentally-placed private school children... school children with disabilities. Parentally-placed private school children with disabilities means... that meet the definition of elementary school in § 300.13 or secondary school in § 300.36, other...

  15. School-based prevention programs for refugee children.

    Rousseau, Cécile; Guzder, Jaswant

    2008-07-01

    Because refugee families tend to underutilize mental health services, schools have a key mediation role in helping refugee children adapt to their host country and may become the main access point to prevention and treatment services for mental health problems. Many obstacles hamper the development of school-based prevention programs. Despite these difficulties, a review of existing school-based prevention programs points to a number of promising initiatives that are described in this article. More interdisciplinary work is needed to develop and evaluate rigorously joint school-based education and mental health initiatives that can respond to the diverse needs of refugee children. PMID:18558311

  16. More or less dead: explorations about the construction of the concept of death in children / Mais ou menos morto: explorações sobre a formação do conceito de morte em crianças

    Maira Monteiro Roazzi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present project lies on investigating when religious/metaphysical and secular/biological conceptions emerge in the development of a concept of death. A total of 92 children of 6-8 and 10-12 years old, from public and private schools, all from the city of Recife in Brazil were interviewed. Participants were presented to two narratives depicting the death of a grandparent and were further asked to judge if certain bodily and metal functioning cease or not after death. Findings indicate that children from both group ages hold an overall strong secular-biological view of death. In addition, children made distinctions between body and mind, giving secular/biological explanations to body functioning and religious/metaphysical ones to mental functioning.

  17. Awareness of dengue fever among school children: a comparison between private and government schools

    Shivani Kalra; Jasbir Kaur; Suresh Kumar Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Background: Dengue is the mosquito born viral disease spreading its tentacles all over the world. Dengue constitutes for major cause of deaths in children. According to WHO, globally it was estimated that approximately 70-100 million people were infected every year. Therefore, the study has been conducted with the aim to assess knowledge regarding dengue fever among school children. Methodology: Total of 500 children were selected from 9th and 10th class of private and government schools usin...

  18. Cellular telephone use among primary school children in Germany

    Background: There is some concern about potential health risks of cellular telephone use to children. We assessed data on how many children own a cellular telephone and on how often they use it in a population-based sample. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study among children in their fourth elementary school year, with a median-age of 10 years. The study was carried out in Mainz (Germany), a city with about 200,000 inhabitants. The study base comprised all 37 primary schools in Mainz and near surroundings. Altogether, 1933 children from 34 primary schools took part in the survey (participation rate of 87.8%). Results: Roughly a third of all children (n = 671, 34.7%) reported to own a cellular telephone. Overall, 119 (6.2%) children used a cellular telephone for making calls at least once a day, 123 (6.4%) used it several times a week and 876 (45.3%) children used it only once in a while. The remaining 805 (41.6%) children had never used a cellular telephone. The probability of owning a cellular telephone among children was associated with older age, being male, having no siblings, giving full particulars to height and weight, more time spent watching TV and playing computer games, being picked up by their parents from school by car (instead of walking or cycling) and going to bed late. The proportion of cellular telephone owners was somewhat higher in classes with more children from socially disadvantaged families. Conclusions: Our study shows that both ownership of a cellular telephone as well as the regular use of it are already quite frequent among children in the fourth grade of primary school. With regard to potential long-term effects, we recommend follow-up studies with children

  19. Children stories about primary schools: sceneries and (autobiographic research challenges

    Maria da Conceição Passeggi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with 4-10 year-old children stories and analyses how they portrait their experiences at school. It is the outcome of an inter-institutional research project performed at schools in Natal, São Paulo, Recife, Niterói and Boa Vista. To collect data, we opted for conversations of children in groups of five, who would share a conversation with a little alien whose planet lacked schools. The analyses revealed consensus and tensions between scholar cultu - re and childhood cultures, which affect the way children play and learn, make friends or not, remain children or not. When narrating, the child redefines his/her experience and contributes to seize the primary school as a place where he/she becomes (or not a citizen.

  20. Who's in charge of children's environmental health at school?

    Paulson, Jerome; Barnett, Claire

    2010-01-01

    Children spend many hours each week in and around school buildings. Their short- and long-term health outcomes and ability to learn are affected by numerous environmental factors related to the school buildings, the school grounds, the school transportation system, and the use of various products and materials in and around the school. Many school buildings are old, and they-and even newer buildings-can contain multiple environmental health hazards. While some districts self-report they have environmental health policies in place, no independent verification of these policies or their quality exists. Teachers and other staff, but not children who are more vulnerable to hazards than adults, are afforded some protections from hazards by Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations, by their employment contracts, or through adult occupational health services. Major environmental problems include: indoor air quality, lighting, pests and pesticides, heavy metals and chemical management issues, renovation of occupied buildings, noise, and cleaning processes and products. No agency at the federal or state levels is charged with ensuring children's health and safety in and around school buildings. No systematic means exists for collecting data about exposures which occur in the school setting. Recommendations are made for dealing with issues of data collection, federal actions, state and local actions, and for building the capacity of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-designated and funded Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSU) in responding to and evaluating risks to children's environmental health in schools. PMID:20359989

  1. Prevalence of intolerance to food additives among Danish school children

    Fuglsang, G.; Madsen, C.; Saval, P.;

    1993-01-01

    The prevalence of intolerance to food additives was assessed in a group of unselected school children aged 5-16 years. A study group of 271 children was selected on the basis of the results of a questionnaire on atopic disease answered by 4,274 (86%) school children in the municipality of Viborg......, Denmark. The children in the study group followed an elimination diet for two weeks before they were challenged with a mixture of food preservatives, colourings and flavours. The challenge was open and the additives were prepared as a fizzy lemonade. If the open challenge was positive, a double...... hospital clinics, the prevalence of intolerance to food additives in school children is estimated to be 1-2%....

  2. Evaluation of Moyers mixed dentition analysis in school children

    Durgekar Sujala; Naik Vijay

    2009-01-01

    Background and Objective: The purpose of this study is to test the reliability of Moyers mixed dentition analysis in school children. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted on a sample of 150 school children within the age group of 13 to 16 years old who had all permanent teeth that were fully erupted. Dental impressions were taken with alginate impression material and immediately poured with dental stone. Mesiodistal dimensions of permanent mandibular incisors, maxillary and mandibu...

  3. Social adjustment of African children in Icelandic compulsory schools

    Catherine Enyonam Sævarsson

    2011-01-01

    In Icelandic compulsory schools, all nationals are supposed to take teaching instructions in Icelandic. Article 16 of the National Curriculum guide, Compulsory School Act (2008) states that ―Pupils whose mother tongue is not Icelandic are entitled to instruction in Icelandic as second language.‖ The aim of this objective is to empower immigrant children to study and become active participants in Icelandic community. Does the culture of African children serve as a hindrance to adjusting social...

  4. School Satisfaction of Elementary School Children : The Role of Performance, Peer Relations, Ethnicity and Gender

    Verkuyten, Maykel; Thijs, Jochem

    2002-01-01

    The present study examines school satisfaction among 1,090 Dutch and ethnic minority children aged between ten and twelve in relation to their school context. Data were gathered in 51 classes from 26 schools. Individual and classroom variables were examined simultaneously, using multilevel analysis.

  5. Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children

    Milam, A. J.; Furr-Holden, C. D. M.; Leaf, P. J.

    2010-01-01

    Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population…

  6. Meeting the Needs of Texas School Children: The Texas Minimum Foundation School Program

    Morowski, Deborah L.

    2009-01-01

    Throughout the 1920s and early 1930s, the quality of education for school children in Texas was inconsistent and control of public schools resided with local communities. As a result, teachers' salaries across the state were inequitable among the races, as well as among different divisions within a single district. School district spending was…

  7. Parent-School Relationships and Children's Academic and Social Outcomes in Public School Pre-Kindergarten

    Powell, Douglas R.; Son, Seung-Hee; File, Nancy; San Juan, Robert R.

    2010-01-01

    Two dimensions of parent-school relationships, parental school involvement and parents' perceptions of teacher responsiveness to child/parent, were examined in state-funded pre-kindergarten classrooms in a large urban school district. Children's social and academic outcomes were individually assessed in the fall and spring. Hierarchical Linear…

  8. School-Based Primary School Sexuality Education for Migrant Children in Beijing, China

    Liu, Wenli; Su, Yufen

    2014-01-01

    In May 2007, Beijing Normal University launched a programme of school-based sexuality education for migrant children in Xingzhi Primary School in Beijing. Over the past seven years, the project team has developed a school-based sexuality education curriculum using the "International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education" published by…

  9. 1985至2013年北京市学龄儿童健康水平变化趋势%Health trends of school-age children in Beijing,1985-2013

    刘军廷; 侯冬青; 闫银坤; 米杰

    2014-01-01

    of Chinese School Students(1985,1991,1995,2000, 2005,2010)and four studies on school-age children led by Department of Epidemiology,Capital Institute of pediatrics in Beijing (2004,2007,2010,2013),the trend of growth among school-age children was charted,and the change of childrenˊs physique and obesity with the development of economy and growth was observed. Results Since 1985 to 2010,with the increase of GDp per capital,height,and chest circumference of school-age children kept a steady increase. Especially among 12-years old male children,heights(cm)of urban and suburban children increased from 150. 2 and 144. 7 to 159. 6 and 156. 1,respectively. The annual average increasing speed was 0. 24% and 0. 30%. Chest circumferences( cm)of urban and suburban children increased from 69. 6 and 69. 0 to 81. 1 and 78. 1,respectively. The annual average increasing speed was 0. 62% and 0. 49%. During 2005 and 2010,the growth of weight and BMI among children in urban areas changed into declining. The prevalence of obesity among suburban school-age children still showed an upward trend. Especially among 12-years old male children,BMI( kg · m-2 )of urban and suburban children decreased from 19. 6 and 18. 1 to 21. 6 and 20. 6,respectively. The annual average decreased speed was 1. 62% and 2. 23%. The physical fitness of suburban children have been declining,however,the physical fitness of urban children began to be improved,compared with 2005. Conclusion With the rapid development of economy,the growth level of school-age children shows an upward trend. However,suburban children are facing continuous physical decline not as we expected. Obesity and obesity related chronic diseases are in high prevalence,simultaneously and more attention should be paid to the prevention of obesity .

  10. Self-Control in School-Age Children

    Duckworth, Angela L.; Gendler, Tamar Szabó; Gross, James J.

    2014-01-01

    Conflicts between immediately rewarding activities and more enduringly valued goals abound in the lives of school-age children. Such conflicts call upon children to exercise self-control, a competence that depends in part on the mastery of metacognitive, prospective strategies. The "process model of self-control" organizes these…

  11. Kinematic Measures of Imitation Fidelity in Primary School Children

    Williams, Justin H. G.; Casey, Jackie M.; Braadbaart, Lieke; Culmer, Peter R.; Mon-Williams, Mark

    2014-01-01

    We sought to develop a method for measuring imitation accuracy objectively in primary school children. Children imitated a model drawing shapes on the same computer-tablet interface they saw used in video clips, allowing kinematics of model and observers' actions to be directly compared. Imitation accuracy was reported as a correlation…

  12. Corporal Punishment of Children in the Schools. Statement.

    Mornell, Eugene S.

    In a statement issued to the American Psychological Association Task Force on the Rights of Children and Youth the speaker addresses the issue of corporal punishment of children in the schools. He offers personal views on the issues of the use of corporal punishment, and poses three suggestions for consideration: (1) opposition to corporal…

  13. Education, Schooling, and Children's Rights: The Complexity of Homeschooling

    Kunzman, Robert

    2012-01-01

    By blurring the distinction between formal school and education writ large, homeschooling both highlights and complicates the tensions among the interests of parents, children, and the state. In this essay, Robert Kunzman argues for a modest version of children's educational rights, at least in a legal sense that the state has the duty and…

  14. Too Cool for School?: Gifted Children and Homeschooling

    Winstanley, Carrie

    2009-01-01

    Homeschooling can be a last resort for frustrated families where gifted children are not having their complex needs met through mainstream schooling. Unlike many other groups of homeschoolers, parents of highly able children take this option for pragmatic reasons rather than as a kind of moral stance. This article explores some of the ways that…

  15. Primary School Children's Self-Efficacy for Music Learning

    Ritchie, Laura; Williamon, Aaron

    2011-01-01

    The Self-Efficacy for Musical Learning questionnaire was adapted and tested with 404 primary school children, producing a robust Cronbach alpha (0.87) and confirming a single underlying factor through exploratory factor analysis. Test-retest scores showed the measure's stability over a 9-month period. Data were collected on children's prior music…

  16. Head Injuries in School-Age Children Who Play Golf

    Reuter-Rice, Karin; Krebs, Madelyn; Eads, Julia K.

    2016-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in children. We conducted a prospective study, which examined injury characteristics and outcomes of school-age children of 5.0-15.0 years (N = 10) who were admitted to hospital for a TBI. This study evaluated the role of age, gender, the Glasgow Coma Scale, mechanisms and…

  17. Life style and behavior of school children without parental care

    Kvrgić Svetlana T.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Indroduction Life style (behavior is one of the most significant factors affecting health. Although a number of factors participate in creating behavior, family is one the most important. The goal was to analyze the life style of children without parental care. Material and methods The research was done using cross-sectional data from "Children village" in Sremska Kamenica (N=127, and a questionnaire was especially created for this purpose. Results and discussion It was established that 75% of elementary school children and 43% of high school children are physically active. The greatest health risk is smoking (only 50% of students reported never to smoke cigarettes, while 17.5% were daily smokers. The problem is greatest in high school children (43% polled are daily smokers. Alcohol consumption is less common than in the general population of the same age (10% polled drink beer and wine several times a month, while 5% drink spirits - brandy, whisky etc.. Attitudes to sports, smoking and alcohol are mainly positive, but at older age there is an increased number of children with negative attitudes. Knowledge regarding healthy diet is on a lower level comparing with general population, meals are more regular, but with less desirable food. Conclusion From the aspect of health, life style of children without parental care is characterized by risky behavior, particularly in high school children.

  18. School-Age Children in CCDBG: 2012 Update

    Matthews, Hannah; Reeves, Rhiannon

    2014-01-01

    The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) is the primary funding source for federal child care subsidies to low-income working families, as well as improving child care quality. CCDBG provides child care assistance to children from birth to age 13. This fact sheet highlights key information about school-age children and CCDBG. This…

  19. Executive Dysfunction in School-Age Children With ADHD

    Lambek, Rikke; Tannock, Rosemary; Dalsgaard, Søren;

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The study examined executive function deficits (EFD) in school-age children (7 to 14 years) with ADHD. Method: A clinical sample of children diagnosed with ADHD (n = 49) was compared to a population sample (n = 196) on eight executive function (EF) measures. Then, the prevalence of EFD...

  20. Say the Word Islam: School Counselors and Muslim Children

    Saleem, Daa'iyah; Rasheed, Sakinah

    2010-01-01

    Two Muslim women who hold Ph.D.'s, a clinical and developmental psychologist and a teacher educator speak personally and professionally about important information school counselors need to know about Islam and providing services to Muslim children. First, the authors draw from personal experiences in parenting Muslim children who have come of age…

  1. An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings

    Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

  2. School Experiences of the Children of Lesbian and Gay Parents.

    Ray, Vivien; Gregory, Robin

    2001-01-01

    Drew on parent questionnaires, child interviews, and focus groups to investigate school incidents experienced by children of lesbian and gay parents and determine children's feelings of discrimination. Found that youngest students were frustrated by peers' lack of understanding about their families. Teasing/bullying experiences were common between…

  3. Emergent Technological Literacy: What Do Children Bring to School?

    Mawson, W. B.

    2013-01-01

    There has been very little research into children's technological practice in early childhood settings. This article describes four typical examples of the technological activity that occurs on a daily basis in New Zealand early childhood settings. It is suggested that children come to compulsory schooling with well-developed technological…

  4. Anti-Social Behaviour: Children, Schools and Parents

    Riley, Dan

    2007-01-01

    Under Prime Minister Tony Blair's New Labour government, increased criminalisation of previously non-criminal behaviour, anti-social behaviour and greater accountability of children and parents for their behaviour were evident. The article provides an overview of anti-social behaviour legislation and the implications for children, schools and…

  5. School Ecology and the Learning of Young Children.

    Lui, Ping

    2002-01-01

    One Chinese preschool uses the school ecology to address students' culture, prior knowledge, and social experience, thus enhancing learning. The ecology focuses on a theme of love and reflects children's life experiences and the local culture. The program develops all children's potential. It coordinates drawing, speaking, and thinking, prepares…

  6. Developing School Provision for Children with Dyspraxia. A Practical Guide

    Jones, Nichola, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    With a much greater awareness in schools of conditions like dyslexia, dyspraxia and autism, and the effects they have in the context of the educational curriculum, schools are becoming better placed to help children access a curriculum that takes account of the diverse needs of its learners. It has been predicted that as people move through the…

  7. Predictors of Immigrant Children's School Achievement: A Comparative Study

    Moon, Sung Seek; Kang, Suk-Young; An, Soonok

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the predictors and indicators of immigrant children's school achievement, using the two of the most predominant groups of American immigrants (103 Koreans and 100 Mexicans). Regression analyses were conducted to determine which independent variables (acculturation, parenting school involvement, parenting style, parent…

  8. Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and the School Nurse

    Grace, Lisa Goldblatt; Starck, Maureen; Potenza, Jane; Kenney, Patricia A.; Sheetz, Anne H.

    2012-01-01

    As trusted health professionals in the school setting, school nurses are well positioned to identify students who may be victims of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC). However, until recently this issue has been clouded by lack of awareness, stigma, and/or denial. Since nationally the average age of entry for girls into the…

  9. Children's Rights, School Exclusion and Alternative Educational Provision

    McCluskey, Gillean; Riddell, Sheila; Weedon, Elisabet

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines findings from a recent study in Wales of school exclusion and alternative educational provision. Many, but not all, children in alternative provision have been excluded from school. The most recent statistics reveal that nearly 90% of pupils in alternative provision have special educational needs, nearly 70% are entitled to…

  10. Obesity status trajectory groups among elementary school children

    Little is known about patterns in the transition from healthy weight to overweight or obesity during the elementary school years. This study examined whether there were distinct body mass index (BMI) trajectory groups among elementary school children, and predictors of trajectory group membership. T...

  11. Obesity and Other Predictors of Absenteeism in Philadelphia School Children

    Rappaport, Elizabeth B.; Daskalakis, Constantine; Andrel, Jocelyn

    2011-01-01

    Background: Limited data indicate that obese children are absent from school more than their normal-weight peers. We analyzed administrative data from a large urban school district to investigate the association of obesity and student sociodemographic characteristics with absenteeism. Methods: We analyzed 291,040 records, representing 165,056…

  12. School Psychologists Working with Children Affected by Abuse and Neglect

    Dezen, Kristin A.; Gurl, Aaron; Ping, Jenn

    2010-01-01

    School psychologists encounter children regularly who have been affected by abuse and neglect. Maltreatment adversely affects the mental health status and academic achievement of youth, thereby making the topic an area of concern for school psychologists. More recently, child protection laws have been expanded to include mandatory child abuse…

  13. Sleep Disorders in Children: Collaboration for School-Based Intervention

    Everhart, D. Erik

    2011-01-01

    The effects of sleep disturbance on children are wide ranging and include alterations in behavior, mood, cognition, and academic performance. Screening and intervention for pediatric sleep disorders within the schools are not widely implemented, and the concept of integrating school personnel into the multidisciplinary sleep team has yet to be…

  14. Promoting Smooth School Transitions for Children in Foster Care

    Laviolette, Ghyslyn T.

    2011-01-01

    Children in foster care move two times per year on average. School records are not always transferred in a timely manner, which leads to a lack of services. Schools often are not aware of the legal issues surrounding foster care, such as who has legal rights to sign field trip permission slips or consent for educational evaluations. This study led…

  15. Caregivers' perspective of school reintegration in children survivors of burns

    Pan, R.; Santos, B.D.; Van Loey, N.E.E.; Geenen, R.; Rossi, L.A.; Nascimento, L.C.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Pediatric burns are an important reason of treatment and hospitalization. Children victims of burns may interrupt or even abandon school activities. The process of school reintegration of this population has become a point of attention. Aim: To analyze the caregivers’ perspective of th

  16. Management of Chronic Infectious Diseases in School Children. Revised Edition.

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    This manual contains current guidelines for Illinois school personnel to follow when working with children who have infectious diseases. The first chapter focuses on school district development of policies and procedures and program implementation. The next chapter provides information on characteristics, mode of transmission, prevention, and…

  17. Prevalence and factors affecting enuresis amongst primary school children

    De Sousa, Avinash; Kapoor, Hema; Jagtap, Jyoti; Sen, Mercilina

    2007-01-01

    Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of enuresis in school children and to determine contributing factors along with treatment methods used in these children. Materials and Methods: The parents of 1473 children aged between 6-10 years completed a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire. Socio-demographic profiles, enuresis data, medical and psychiatric disorders and family stressors were collected. The data was analyzed and the results presented. R...

  18. Narrative Development in Preschool and School-Age Children

    Hegsted, Sara

    2013-01-01

    Children hear and use narratives in a variety of contexts including school, social situations, and at home. A narrative is a form of discourse that is used to tell the listener what happened in a temporally sequenced, agent-focused way, and these stories can be a production of a real or fictional account. Speech language pathologists take a particular interest in children's narrative abilities because children's story telling capabilities play a large role in language acquisition as well as f...

  19. SCHOOL AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN IN RURAL AREAS

    Podstawski Robert

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : The aim of the study was to assess the level of school and out-of-school physical activity of children living in rural area at the early stage of their education. Material : The research was conducted in 2009 at primary school in Świętajno (a village. The study group consisted of 42 girls and 44 boys from the 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd grade of primary school, aged 7-10. The children were chosen by means of a purposeful selection and surveyed by a questionnaire consisting of five open-ended and five closed-ended questions. Results : The research showed that the children living in the rural area at the early stage of their education eagerly participated in the classes of physical education held at school. The most popular physical activities among the children included: games and plays with the ball and other equipment, running, gymnastics (among girls and matches and competitions (among boys. The outdoor physical activities in which the children were involved outside of school were spontaneous and unorganized including mainly cycling, roller-skating, skating or skiing. Conclusions : A marginal percentage of children participated in out-of-school sports trainings or other physical education-oriented classes (e.g. swimming lessons. A relatively high percentage of children devoted a great deal of their free time to watching television, DVDs or playing on the computer.

  20. The Effects of a School-Based Atopy Care Program for School-Aged Children.

    Ryu, Hosihn; Lee, Youngjin

    2015-08-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based atopy care program (SACP) for children with atopic dermatitis (AD). The program is administered by health teachers who are also school nurses. The study compared groups using a pre- and post-test design. Participants were children with AD and their parents (98 dyads; 32 in the test group and 66 in the control group) sampled from four elementary schools in Seoul. After completing the SACP, parents in the test group had significantly increased knowledge of AD (p = .04) and a greater sense of parental efficacy (p = .02) when compared with the control group. This study derived guidelines that elementary health teachers can use in practice for school-aged children with AD. We concluded that there is sufficient evidence of effectiveness for the SACP to be used as a model for chronic disease management in school-aged children. PMID:24942774