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Sample records for 10m special-purpose family

  1. Test results of NREL 10M, special-purpose family of thin airfoils

    Starcher, K.L.; Nelson, V.C.; Wei, Jun [West Texas A& M Univ., Canyon, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Two 25 kW Carter Wind Systems were tested to determine performance differences between production blades and rotors with NREL Special Purpose Thin Airfoils. Blade design, mold preparation, blade production, and testing were conducted. Design tools were created for computer modeling of the blade. The blades had the same twist, taper, and length as production blades. Flap natural frequency was adjusted to be as similar as possible between rotors, as was blade mass, blade center of gravity and rotor moment of inertia. Data collected were; wind speed at hub height, blade root flap & edgewise loads, main shaft torque, azimuth position, teeter angle, yaw angle and electrical power. These data were collected at 128 Hertz for data sets of eight seconds. This data set was then written to hard disk and the cycle repeated resulting in a file containing five and one half minutes of data. A data run consisted of; preflight checkout/warm-up of equipment, preflight calibration/verification of all sensors on both turbines, collection of five files of data (about thirty minutes of data), post flight calibration/verification of sensors. During this high speed data collection period there were a total of twenty-four data runs collected. Data were collected for wind speeds in the range about 7, 10 and 13 m/s. A data matrix was filled for clean, medium and heavy surface roughness. Baseline power curves, parametric pitch variation runs to establish testing pitch settings, high speed data collection runs with and without applied surface roughness were completed and analyzed. Data were compared using simple arithmetic mean, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis, rainflow counting algorithms and wavelet analysis. The NREL airfoils showed much less sensitivity to surface roughness. There were minimal root bending load differences. Annual energy production during long term operation is being determined. 9 refs., 7 figs.

  2. The Special Purpose Vehicle

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to investigate whether the situation where two companies appear as originators or sponsors behind a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) can be described as a merger, although on micro scale. Are the underlying grounds behind the creation of an SPV much different than thos...

  3. Special purpose vehicles and securitization

    Gary Gorton; Nicholas S. Souleles

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyzes securitization and more generally “special purpose vehicles” (SPVs), which are now pervasive in corporate finance. The first part of the paper provides an overview of the institutional features of SPVs and securitization. The second part provides a model to analyze the motivations for using SPVs and the conditions under which SPVs are sustainable. The authors argue that a key source of value to using SPVs is that they help reduce bankruptcy costs. Off-balance sheet financi...

  4. Special purpose materials for fusion application

    Originally in 1978 the Special Purpose Materials Task Group was concerned with tritium breeding materials, coolants, tritium barriers, graphite and silicon carbide, ceramics, heat-sink materials, and magnet components. Since then several other task groups have been created, so now the category includes only materials for superconducting magnets and ceramics. For the former application copper-stabilized Nb3Sn (Ti) insulated with polyimides will meet the general requirements, so that testing of prototype components is the priority task. Ceramics are required for several critical components of fusion reactors either as dielectrics or as a structural material. Components near the first wall will receive exposures of 5 to 20 MW.year/m"2. Other ceramic applications are well behind the first wall, with lower damage levels. Most insulators operate near room temperature, but ceramic blanket structures may operate up to 10000C. Because of a meager data base, one cannot identify optimum ceramics for structural application; but MgAl2O4 is an attractive dielectric material

  5. Special-purpose fiber type 475--toxicological assessment.

    Bernstein, D M

    2007-02-01

    Type 475 special-purpose glass fiber is rather unique among the family of synthetic mineral fibers. It is used not for insulation but for "high-end" filtration products designed for high and ultra-high purity filtration of air and liquids. The designation for these types of filters varies with country and includes HEPA, ULPA, EU 10-13, EN1822, and S3. In its evaluation, type 475 has been grouped together with E-glass another special-purpose fibre often with little distinction made in terms of its chemistry and corresponding toxicological response. The detailed review of the available toxicology data on type 475 glass fibers clearly shows that following inhalation of this fiber even at relatively high doses, which likely exceed that at which lung overload in the rat is known to occur, type 475 glass fibers are not fibrogenic and do not cause tumors. These data clearly show an important differentiation in potency between type 475 glass fibers and E-glass and support treating these two types of fibers independently and not equating them though the term "special-purpose fibers." Analysis of the intraperitoneal studies taking into account fibre dimensions shows that at 109 fibers injected, there was a 0.3 tumor incidence. While these studies indicate according to the European Commission (EC) classification criteria that 475 should not be fully exonerated as a carcinogen, the results of the inhalation study fully support classification in category 3. The IP results are more difficult to interpret, however, the IP study itself provides no toxicological basis for determining what range of dose-response should correspond to EU category 3 or 2. Following the EC classification criteria, the toxicological data clearly indicate that 475 fibers are appropriately classified in EC category 3. PMID:17169862

  6. 12 CFR 202.8 - Special purpose credit programs.

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Special purpose credit programs. 202.8 Section... CREDIT OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.8 Special purpose credit programs. (a) Standards for programs... to extend special purpose credit to applicants who meet eligibility requirements under the...

  7. Design of Publicity Activity for Special Purpose Airline

    Irina Gerasimenko

    2014-01-01

    The features of publicity activity for special purpose airline are considered in the article. The possible ways of planning of publicity activity for special purpose airline are offered at implementation of agro aviation works. Theoretical bases of advancement of agro aviation works in the agrarian market of Ukraine are presented. The model of planning of advertising is developed in relation to its periodicity.

  8. Design of Publicity Activity for Special Purpose Airline

    Irina Gerasimenko

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The features of publicity activity for special purpose airline are considered in the article. The possible ways of planning of publicity activity for special purpose airline are offered at implementation of agro aviation works. Theoretical bases of advancement of agro aviation works in the agrarian market of Ukraine are presented. The model of planning of advertising is developed in relation to its periodicity.

  9. UTV Expansion Pack: Special-Purpose Rank-Revealing Algorithms

    Fierro, Ricardo D.; Hansen, Per Christian

    2005-01-01

    This collection of Matlab 7.0 software supplements and complements the package UTV Tools from 1999, and includes implementations of special-purpose rank-revealing algorithms developed since the publication of the original package. We provide algorithms for computing and modifying symmetric rank...

  10. Special Purpose Materials annual progress report, October 1, 1979

    The scope of Special Purpose Materials covers fusion reactor materials problems other than the first-wall and blanket structural materials, which are under the purview of the ADIP, DAFS, and PMI task groups. Components that are considered as special purpose materials include breeding materials, coolants, neutron multipliers, barriers for tritium control, materials for compression and OH coils and waveguides, graphite and SiC, heat-sink materials, ceramics, and materials for high-field (> 10-T) superconducting magnets. It is recognized that there will be numerous materials problems that will arise during the design and construction of large magnetic-fusion energy devices such as the Engineering Test Facility (ETF) and Demonstration Reactor (DEMO). Most of these problems will be specific to a particular design or project and are the responsibility of the project, not the Materials and Radiation Effects Branch. Consequently, the Task Group on Special Purpose Materials has limited its concern to crucial and generic materials problems that must be resolved if magnetic-fusion devices are to succeed. Important areas specifically excluded include low-field (8-T) superconductors, fuels for hybrids, and materials for inertial-confinement devices. These areas may be added in the future when funding permits

  11. Internal Ballistics of High Velocity Special Purpose Guns

    V. K. Gupta

    1976-07-01

    Full Text Available More and more conventional guns are being utilized as special purpose guns to achieve very high velocity by using unconventionally high C/W ratios. The existing methods of internal ballistics give satisfactory results only for low (less than one C/W ratios. In the present paper the basic internal ballistic equations have been modified to cater for non-linear rate of burning, cubical form function and a realistic pressure gradient between breech face and the projectile base. The equations have been numerically solved. The results for low and high C/W ratios have been compared with those obtained by using conventional methods.

  12. Econometric Analysis of Factors Affecting Special Purpose Forests in China

    Wang Lanhui; Cai Fei

    2003-01-01

    The forest estate is one of our most important natural resources. It is also the material foundation for sustainable forestry development in China. It is a timely topic of concern within the forestry community and touches the entire society. From a social economic point of view, the sustainable development has been promoted by the efficient use of the forest resources in a continuing improvement of the environment. The objective of the present analysis is to measure the effect of various factors, such as population, economic development and related policies on the use of the forest resources. The 29 provinces of Mainland China are classified in three regions, based largely on their level of economic development. For each region, the factors which affect the area of special purpose forests (SPF) are analyzed. Some recommendations are made for further improvement.

  13. Fusion Reactor Materials Program Plan. Section IV. Special purpose materials

    Components that were considered include breeding materials, coolants, materials for tritium service, graphite (boronated) and silicon carbide, ceramics, heat-sink materials, and magnet materials. The Task Group on Special Purpose Materials has limited its purview to crucial and generic materials problems that must be resolved if a given class of devices such as mirrors or tokamaks is to succeed. For the moment, the materials problems associated with the fusion-reactor balance of plant have been ignored; but it must be recognized that, at a later date, this area could become a major source of problems. Assumptions made in this analysis were that the goal of the program is to demonstrate commercial fusion power by the end of this century; that only pure fusion systems were considered; that only normal operating conditions were considered for long-life applications; and that radioactive waste disposal is a manageable problem

  14. Dense Depth Map Reconstruction Using Special Purpose Hardware

    Distante, A.; Mugnuolo, R.; Stella, E.; Attolico, G.

    1989-02-01

    The advancements in machine vision technology have been substantial in recent years with the introduction of faster processors and the improvements in sensor technology. A depth map can be obtained with both direct and indirect methods. The first ones recover depth directly from ranging devices. The second ones recover 3-D information by means of shape from xxx and stereopsis. Our idea consists of integration of information from two different source: local shading analysis and stereo vision. At present this alternate method has been tested with satisfactory results on conventional hardware but it's impracticable for computing time. The use of advanced parallel hardware is surely suitable to achieve the real time response, but it is not justified for some application fields (where response time is not very critical) because of its cost. An alternate choice can fall on low-cost and simple architectures that allow a configuration to achieve the required speed/cost ratio for a particular vision application by using a combination of standard modules. In this paper our method for depth recover is analyzed in order to enhance the critical steps for computing time. They are expressed in terms of computation suitable for standard and special purpose modules.

  15. 42 CFR 494.120 - Condition: Special purpose renal dialysis facilities.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Condition: Special purpose renal dialysis... RENAL DISEASE FACILITIES Patient Care § 494.120 Condition: Special purpose renal dialysis facilities. A special purpose renal dialysis facility is approved to furnish dialysis on a short-term basis at...

  16. Special-purpose interactive programming shell for the open-quotes POLEclose quotes system

    The development of the theory of R-functions has stimulated the emergence of efficient numerical-analytical methods for a wide class of problems associated with physico-mechanical fields. R-functions are the basis for computer-aided level source language, which is sufficiently close to an ordinary mathematical language. Despite the powerful capabilities of the POLE family systems and the extensive support for the analysis of computation results, these systems are still not widely used in practice, as they assume a user with special mathematical qualifications. It is therefore necessary to develop special-purpose systems that do not require the user to be proficient in mathematical physics, the theory of R-functions, variational methods, etc. In other words, we need systems that are oriented toward technical-profile engineers specializing in design and calculations. In this article, we propose some principles for the construction of a special-purpose interactive programming system POLE-PLAST capable of solving problems in the mechanics of deformable solids of complex shape. As the specific application domain for the description of the system we have chosen problems that deal with bending, stability, and vibration of elements of thin-walled constructions modeled by thin plates

  17. A CLASSROOM BASED RESEARCH PROJECT INCORPORATING ENGLISH FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES (ESP) METHODOLOGY PREPARONG JAPANESE STUDENTS FOR HOMESTAY IN AUSTRALIA

    Nadasdy,Paul Bela

    2010-01-01

    English for Special Purposes (ESP) lesson materials were created for Japanese high school students going on homestay to Cairns, Australia. The lessons were designed specifically for situations that the students would encounter with their homestay families and at the school they would attend regularly during their stay. After teaching the lessons, and after the subsequent homestay, students were interviewed and asked about the effectiveness of the materials. Most said that they and enjoyed the...

  18. IMPACT OF TRANSPORT LAYER PROTOCOLS ON THE EFFICIENCY OF SPECIAL PURPOSE RADIO-COMMUNICATIONS

    NEDELJKOVIC LJUBISA S.

    2014-01-01

    The efficiency of special purpose radio-communications depends on transport layer protocols. Meny factors have an impact on special purpose radio-communications efficiency, as well as TCP and UDP protocols. This paper presents the transport protocols throughput analysis in the HF and VHF radio-communications versus RTT and packet error rate probability. This paper considers a posibility of the application of TCP and UDP protocols in special purpose radio-communications. The following factors ...

  19. NRO 10-m submillimeter telescope

    Ukita, Nobuharu; Kawabe, Ryohei; Ishiguro, Masato; Ezawa, Hajime; Sekimoto, Yutaro; Hasegawa, Tatsuo; Yamamoto, Satoshi; Miyawaki, Keizo; Matsumoto, Soichi

    2000-07-01

    A 10-m submillimeter telescope designed for interferometric observations at bands from 3 to 0.3 mm has constructed at Nobeyama Radio Observatory. The telescope is an engineering model for a large millimeter and sub-millimeter array, and will be operated for developments of sub-millimeter observation techniques at a remote site. We have fabricated lightweight machined aluminum panels (15 kg m-2) that have a surface accuracy of 5 micrometer rms. They have a typical size of 0.8 m X 0.6 m, and are supported with three motorized screws. The back-up structure is constructed of a central hub of low thermal expansion alloy, and CFRP honeycomb boards and tubes. Holography measurements will be made with a nearby transmitter at 3 mm. The overall surface accuracy is expected to be telescope of 10-cm diameter mounted on the center hub will be used to characterize pointing and tracking accuracy. Thermal effects on the pointing and surface accuracy will be investigated using temperature measurements and FEM analyses. The fast position switching capability is also demanded to cancel atmospheric fluctuations. The antenna is able to drive both axes at a maximum velocity of 3 deg s-2 with a maximum acceleration of 6 deg. s-2. The telescope is currently equipped with SIS receivers for 100, 150, 230, and 345 GHz and a continuum backend and an FX-type digital autocorrelator with an instantaneous bandwidth of 512 MHz and 1024 channel outputs.

  20. Fourth annual progress report on special-purpose materials for magnetically confined fusion reactors

    The scope of Special Purpose Materials covers fusion reactor materials problems other than the first-wall and blanket structural materials, which are under the purview of the ADIP, DAFS, and PMI task groups. Components that are considered as special purpose materials include breeding materials, coolants, neutron multipliers, barriers for tritium control, materials for compression and OH coils and waveguides, graphite and SiC, heat-sink materials, ceramics, and materials for high-field (>10-T) superconducting magnets. The Task Group on Special Purpose Materials has limited its concern to crucial and generic materials problems that must be resolved if magnetic-fusion devices are to succeed. Important areas specifically excluded include low-field (8-T) superconductors, fuels for hybrids, and materials for inertial-confinement devices. These areas may be added in the future when funding permits

  1. Indexing, learning and content-based retrieval for special purpose image databases

    Huiskes, Mark; Pauwels, Eric

    2004-01-01

    This chapter deals with content-based image retrieval in special purpose image databases. As image data is amassed ever more effortlessly, building efficient systems for searching and browsing of image databases becomes increasingly urgent. We provide an overview of the current state-of-the art by taking a tour along the entire

  2. Performance Analysis of Direct N-Body Algorithms on Special-Purpose Supercomputers

    Harfst, S; Merritt, D; Spurzem, R; Zwart, S P; Berczik, P; Harfst, Stefan; Gualandris, Alessia; Merritt, David; Spurzem, Rainer; Zwart, Simon Portegies; Berczik, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Direct-summation N-body algorithms compute the gravitational interaction between stars in an exact way and have a computational complexity of O(N^2). Performance can be greatly enhanced via the use of special-purpose accelerator boards like the GRAPE-6A. However the memory of the GRAPE boards is limited. Here, we present a performance analysis of direct N-body codes on two parallel supercomputers that incorporate special-purpose boards, allowing as many as four million particles to be integrated. Both computers employ high-speed, Infiniband interconnects to minimize communication overhead, which can otherwise become significant due to the small number of "active" particles at each time step. We find that the computation time scales well with processor number; for 2*10^6 particles, efficiencies greater than 50% and speeds in excess of 2 TFlops are reached.

  3. Status of the AEI 10 m prototype

    The AEI 10 m prototype will be an ultra-low displacement noise facility consisting of an L-shaped ultra-high vacuum system with about 10 m long arms, excellent seismic isolation, a well-stabilized high power laser and other advanced interferometry techniques. In the first round of experiments an interferometer to measure at the standard quantum limit of classical interferometry will be set up. This paper describes the status of the AEI 10 m prototype and its individual sub-systems as of April 2012. (paper)

  4. Special-purpose materials for magnetically confined fusion reactors. Third annual progress report

    The scope of Special Purpose Materials covers fusion reactor materials problems other than the first-wall and blanket structural materials, which are under the purview of the ADIP, DAFS, and PMI task groups. Components that are considered as special purpose materials include breeding materials, coolants, neutron multipliers, barriers for tritium control, materials for compression and OH coils and waveguides, graphite and SiC, heat-sink materials, ceramics, and materials for high-field (>10-T) superconducting magnets. It is recognized that there will be numerous materials problems that will arise during the design and construction of large magnetic-fusion energy devices such as the Engineering Test Facility (ETF) and Demonstration Reactor (DEMO). Most of these problems will be specific to a particular design or project and are the responsibility of the project, not the Materials and Radiation Effects Branch. Consequently, the Task Group on Special Purpose Materials has limited its concern to crucial and generic materials problems that must be resolved if magnetic-fusion devices are to succeed. Important areas specifically excluded include low-field (8-T) superconductors, fuels for hybrids, and materials for inertial-confinement devices. These areas may be added in the future when funding permits

  5. ElevationOther_HILSHD10M

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Used ElevationDEM_DEM10M and the Arc/Info HILLSHADE command with "Shade", "z_units = .3048", azimuth = 315 degrees and altitude = 45 degrees options to create this...

  6. ElevationOther_ASPECT10M

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Used ElevationDEM_DEM10M and the Arc/Info ASPECT command to create this data layer representing compass direction of the aspect (rounded to whole numbers). Input...

  7. ElevationOther_SLOPE10M

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Used ElevationDEM_DEM10M and the Arc/Info SLOPE command with the "PERCENT_RISE" and ".3048" Z_unit options to create this data layer. Input source dataset is...

  8. 41 CFR 102-73.170 - What types of special purpose space may the Department of Agriculture lease?

    2010-07-01

    ... purpose space may the Department of Agriculture lease? 102-73.170 Section 102-73.170 Public Contracts and... § 102-73.170 What types of special purpose space may the Department of Agriculture lease? The Department of Agriculture is delegated the authority to lease the following types of special purpose space:...

  9. 41 CFR 102-73.200 - What types of special purpose space may the Department of the Interior lease?

    2010-07-01

    ... purpose space may the Department of the Interior lease? 102-73.200 Section 102-73.200 Public Contracts and... § 102-73.200 What types of special purpose space may the Department of the Interior lease? The Department of the Interior is delegated authority to lease the following types of special purpose space:...

  10. GRAPE-6: The massively-parallel special-purpose computer for astrophysical particle simulation

    Makino, Junichiro; Fukushige, Toshiyuki; Koga, Masaki; Namura, Ken

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we describe the architecture and performance of the GRAPE-6 system, a massively-parallel special-purpose computer for astrophysical $N$-body simulations. GRAPE-6 is the successor of GRAPE-4, which was completed in 1995 and achieved the theoretical peak speed of 1.08 Tflops. As was the case with GRAPE-4, the primary application of GRAPE-6 is simulation of collisional systems, though it can be used for collisionless systems. The main differences between GRAPE-4 and GRAPE-6 are (a...

  11. GRAPE-5: A Special-Purpose Computer for N-body Simulation

    Kawai, Atsushi; Fukushige, Toshiyuki; Makino, Junichiro; Taiji, Makoto

    1999-01-01

    We have developed a special-purpose computer for gravitational many-body simulations, GRAPE-5. GRAPE-5 is the successor of GRAPE-3. Both consist of eight custom pipeline chips (G5 chip and GRAPE chip). The difference between GRAPE-5 and GRAPE-3 are: (1) The G5 chip contains two pipelines operating at 80 MHz, while the GRAPE chip had one at 20 MHz. Thus, the calculation speed of the G5 chip and that of GRAPE-5 board are 8 times faster than that of GRAPE chip and GRAPE-3 board. (2) The GRAPE-5 ...

  12. Use of the water supply system of special purpose in buildings

    Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich

    Full Text Available A water supply system of a special purpose is a necessary element in hot and cold shops of the industrial enterprises, office buildings and the medical centers, and also other rooms. The water supply systems of a special purpose, which give subsalty, sparkling water and water sated with oxygen, allow people to prevent, for example, strong dehydration of an organism, which is possible at big losses of water, especially in case of the people working in hot shops. Various elements of special drinking water supply system are given in the article, their main functions are described. Different types of the water folding devices pumping water to consumers, one of which is drinking fountain, are considered. Possible systems of water filtration, which can be established for quality improvement, are transferred. Among them the great role is played by membrane technologies and the return osmosis, which is widely applied now. Today there is a possibility of construction, both the centralized water supply system of a special purpose, and local. Besides, the least is a more preferable option taking into account capital expenditure for construction and operation, and also it can lead to solid resource-saving as a result of the electric energy saving going for water heating in heaters. Automatic machines of drinking water for a local water supply system of a special purpose have indisputable advantages. They are capable to carry out several functions at the same time, and also to distribute water to consumers. It allows placing all the necessary equipment, which will be well in harmony with the environment in their small and compact case, and will fit into any difficult interior of the room. Also they are very easily connected to the systems of an internal water supply system by means of a propylene tube that allows to change their sposition in space and to transfer to any place of the room with fast installation of equipment. Also the ecological effect was

  13. A special purpose computer for the calculation of the electric conductivity of a random resistor network

    The special purpose computer PERCOLA is designed for long numerical simulations on a percolation problem in Statistical Mechanics of disordered media. Our aim is to improve the actual values of the critical exponents characterizing the behaviour of random resistance networks at percolation threshold. The architecture of PERCOLA is based on an efficient iterative algorithm used to compute the electric conductivity of such networks. The calculator has the characteristics of a general purpose 64 bits floating point micro-programmable computer that can run programs for various types of problems with a peak performance of 25 Mflops. This high computing speed is a result of the pipeline architecture based on internal parallelism and separately micro-code controlled units such as: data memories, a micro-code memory, ALUs and multipliers (both WEITEK components), various data paths, a sequencer (ANALOG DEVICES component), address generators and a random number generator. Thus, the special purpose computer runs percolation problem program 10 percent faster than the supercomputer CRAY XMP. (author)

  14. GRAPE-6: The massively-parallel special-purpose computer for astrophysical particle simulation

    Makino, J; Koga, M; Namura, K; Makino, Junichiro; Fukushige, Toshiyuki; Koga, Masaki; Namura, Ken

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we describe the architecture and performance of the GRAPE-6 system, a massively-parallel special-purpose computer for astrophysical $N$-body simulations. GRAPE-6 is the successor of GRAPE-4, which was completed in 1995 and achieved the theoretical peak speed of 1.08 Tflops. As was the case with GRAPE-4, the primary application of GRAPE-6 is simulation of collisional systems, though it can be used for collisionless systems. The main differences between GRAPE-4 and GRAPE-6 are (a) The processor chip of GRAPE-6 integrates 6 force-calculation pipelines, compared to one pipeline of GRAPE-4 (which needed 3 clock cycles to calculate one interaction), (b) the clock speed is increased from 32 to 90 MHz, and (c) the total number of processor chips is increased from 1728 to 2048. These improvements resulted in the peak speed of 64 Tflops. We also discuss the design of the successor of GRAPE-6.

  15. Nuclear data libraries for gamma analysis programs, including special purpose libraries

    A complete set of gamma ray and other data relating to the decay of all known nuclides has been compiled from the literature and electronic sources. The data were critically reviewed, evaluated and the consistency was checked. The total catalogue is comprised of data-sets for 3841 nuclides and isomers with 106,355 gamma ray and 19,347 X ray entries. A subset of 1,627 nuclides with 32,456 gamma ray entries is extracted into a database, which provides the basis for the generation of nuclide libraries for the application in spectrometry programmes. The WINDOWS based program NUCMAN was developed which serves for the updating and editing of the database as well as the generation of task-specific user libraries for special purposes. The literature cut-off date for this catalogue is January 1, 1998. (author)

  16. The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer

    Gossler, S; Bertolini, A; Born, M; Dahl, K; Kranz, O; Lueck, H; Schnabel, R; Wanner, A; Westphal, T [Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Chen, Y; Somiya, K [California Institute of Technology, Theoretical Astrophysics 130-33, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Gering, D; Graef, C; Heinzel, G; Kawazoe, F; Kuehn, G; Mossavi, K; Taylor, J R [Albert-Einstein-Institut, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Hild, S; Strain, K A, E-mail: stefan.gossler@aei.mpg.d [University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2010-04-21

    A 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being set up at the AEI in Hannover, Germany. The prototype interferometer will be housed inside a 100 m{sup 3} ultra-high vacuum envelope. Seismically isolated optical tables inside the vacuum system will be interferometrically interconnected via a suspension platform interferometer. Advanced isolation techniques will be used, such as inverted pendulums and geometrical anti-spring filters in combination with multiple-cascaded pendulum suspensions, containing an all-silica monolithic last stage. The light source is a 35 W Nd:YAG laser, geometrically filtered by passing it through a photonic crystal fibre and a rigid pre-modecleaner cavity. Laser frequency stabilisation will be achieved with the aid of a high finesse suspended reference cavity in conjunction with a molecular iodine reference. Coating thermal noise will be reduced by the use of Khalili cavities as compound end mirrors. Data acquisition and control of the experiments is based on the AdvLIGO digital control and data system. The aim of the project is to test advanced techniques for GEO 600 as well as to conduct experiments in macroscopic quantum mechanics. Reaching standard quantum-limit sensitivity for an interferometer with 100 g mirrors and subsequently breaching this limit, features most prominently among these experiments. In this paper we present the layout and current status of the AEI 10 m Prototype Interferometer project.

  17. The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer

    A 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being set up at the AEI in Hannover, Germany. The prototype interferometer will be housed inside a 100 m3 ultra-high vacuum envelope. Seismically isolated optical tables inside the vacuum system will be interferometrically interconnected via a suspension platform interferometer. Advanced isolation techniques will be used, such as inverted pendulums and geometrical anti-spring filters in combination with multiple-cascaded pendulum suspensions, containing an all-silica monolithic last stage. The light source is a 35 W Nd:YAG laser, geometrically filtered by passing it through a photonic crystal fibre and a rigid pre-modecleaner cavity. Laser frequency stabilisation will be achieved with the aid of a high finesse suspended reference cavity in conjunction with a molecular iodine reference. Coating thermal noise will be reduced by the use of Khalili cavities as compound end mirrors. Data acquisition and control of the experiments is based on the AdvLIGO digital control and data system. The aim of the project is to test advanced techniques for GEO 600 as well as to conduct experiments in macroscopic quantum mechanics. Reaching standard quantum-limit sensitivity for an interferometer with 100 g mirrors and subsequently breaching this limit, features most prominently among these experiments. In this paper we present the layout and current status of the AEI 10 m Prototype Interferometer project.

  18. Application of food irradiation technology in development of future special purposed foods

    Advanced food technologies fused with radiation technology could be applied to the development of various special-purpose foods such space foods, combat rations, emergency foods, and sterile patient meals. In U.S.A, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the U.S. Army Natick Soldier RD and E Center co-developed the hazard analysis of critical control point, which is a essential hygienic control system in food industry. Moreover, strict manufacturing standards to produce shelf-stable foods using radiation (ionizing energy) technology were established. In Korea, the advanced food technologies to sterilize various foods using irradiation technology were expected to be applied as a hygiene process on group meals and ready-to-eat/ready-to cook foods, and to produce foods for patients with high hygienic, nutritional, and organoleptic qualities through the combination treatments with irradiation technology. And, it was considered that the advanced technology would improve the related industries and national economy by introducing the food irradiation technology to the Korean traditional fermented foods to improve their functionality. In conclusion, the advanced food technologies which are preoccupied by some developed countries like U.S.A. and Russia will make a contribution to the development of national science and technology, and competitiveness promotion of industry

  19. Mathematical and numerical models to achieve high speed with special-purpose parallel processors

    Historically, safety analyses and plant dynamic simulations have been and still are being carried out be means of detailed FORTRAN codes on expensive mainframe computers in time-consuming batch processing mode. These codes have grown to be so expensive to execute that their utilization depends increasingly on the availability of very expensive supercomputers. Thus, advanced technology for high-speed, low-cost, and accurate plant dynamic simulations is very much needed. Ideally, a low-cost facility based on a modern minicomputer can be dedicated to the staff of a power plant, which is easy and convenient to use, and which can simulate realistically plant transients at faster than real-time speeds. Such a simulation capability can enhance safety and plant utilization. One such simulation facility that has been developed is the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Plant Analyzer, currently set up for boiling water reactor plant simulations at up to seven times faster than real-time process speeds. The principal hardware components of the BNL Plant Analyzer are two units of special-purpose parallel processors, the AD10 of Applied Dynamics International and a PDP-11/34 host computer

  20. English for special purposes in Serbian vocational high schools from 1996 to 2013

    Đukić Dušica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The processes of globalization, economic cooperation with foreign countries and job opportunities have increased the need for English for Special Purposes (ESP. However, the ESP curriculum is not in accordance with the demand. The curriculum in use before the school year 2013/2014 was outdated, containing little explanations. Although the new curriculum is slightly improved, it still does not comply with the language demands of various professions. The ESP curriculum analysis has revealed that the topics for ESP syllabus are not developed and detailed enough. The reform of high school education has brought a new profession in our educational system - business administrator, with a new subject - business English. The students study ESP with the elements related to other vocational courses. The goal is to increase students’ self-esteem when communicating in English language. The new curriculum has enabled the use of authentic teaching material related to the profession, so the teaching process is not simply regarded as vocabulary learning. Creating new professions and reforming the existing ones enables the students to participate in the labor market offering them a great number of possibilities.

  1. Simulations of diocotron instability using a special-purpose computer, MDGRAPE-2

    The diocotron instability in a low-density non-neutral electron plasma is examined via numerical simulations. For the simulations, a current-vortex filament model and a special-purpose computer, MDGRAPE-2 are used. In the previous work, a simulation method based on the current-vortex filament model, which is called 'current-vortex method', is developed. It is assumed that electric current and vorticity have discontinuous filamentary distributions, and both point electric current and point vortex are confined in a filament, which is called 'current-vortex filament'. In this paper, the current-vortex method with no electric current is applied to simulations of the non-neutral electron plasma. This is equivalent to the traditional point-vortex method. MDGRAPE-2 was originally designed for molecular dynamics simulations. It accelerates calculations of the Coulomb interactions, the van der Waals interactions and so on. It can also be used to accelerate calculations of the Biot-Savart integral. The diocotron modes reproduced by the simulations agree with the result predicted by linear theory. This indicates that the current-vortex method is applicable to problems of the non-neutral plasma. The linear growth rates of the diocotron instability in the simulations also agree with the theoretical ones. This implies that MDGRAPE-2 gives the sufficiently accurate results for the calculations of the current-vortex method. A mechanism of merging of electron clumps is demonstrated by the simulations. It is concluded that the electric field induced by the conducting wall makes the nonlinear stage unstable and causes the clumps to merge

  2. Use of high dose irradiation for development of special purposed foods

    Full text: FAO/WHO Food Safety Committee indicated that food borne disease is one of the most widespread threats to human health and is ever increasing, which requires a national measure against the problems in public health and consequent economic productivity. The increasing demand for convenient foods as well as safer foods needs new technologies with potentials to solve or complement the limitations of existing methods for preserving and improving the food quality and safety. There are various techniques for preserving foods, most of which have problems in terms of effectiveness, quality, safety, economic feasibility, and environmental impact. Food irradiation has been studied more extensively and scientifically than any other food processing technologies. It is a physical method for food treatment comparable to heat pasteurization, canning or freezing. The process involves exposing foods, either packaged or in bulk, to one of three types of ionizing energy: gamma rays, machine-generated electrons or X-rays. Food irradiation is a promising food safety technology that can eliminate spoilage and pathogens from foods. However, low consumer acceptance of irradiated foods has been become an obstacle to make food irradiation technology as widely accepted method. Thus, use of the technology in development of special-purposed foods should be a first step to make irradiation technology as a common decontamination method in food industry. Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has used irradiation technology to develop space foods for astronauts, and four Korean foods (Kimchi: fermented vegetable, Ramen: ready-to-cook noodles, Saengshik bar: raw grain bar, Sujeonggwa: cinnamon beverage) were certificated by Institute of Biomedical Problems, followed by sensory and quality evaluation in International Space Stations. With this previous research experience, KAERI has researched on development of patient foods and military rations. Hospital patients are a special

  3. 41 CFR 102-73.196 - What types of special purpose space may the Department of Homeland Security lease?

    2010-07-01

    ... purpose space may the Department of Homeland Security lease? 102-73.196 Section 102-73.196 Public... Delegations § 102-73.196 What types of special purpose space may the Department of Homeland Security lease? The Department of Homeland Security is delegated authority to lease whatever space its...

  4. UTV Expansion Pack - Special-Purpose Rank Revealing Algorithms (version 1.0 for Matlab 6.5)

    Fierro, Ricardo D.; Hansen, Per Christian

    This collection of Matlab software supplements and complements the package UTV Tools from 1999, and includes implementations of special-purpose rank-revealing algorithms developed since the publication of the original package. We provide algorithms for computing and modifying symmetric rank-revea...... values of a sparse or structured matrix. These new algorithms have applications in signal processing, optimization and LSI information retrieval....

  5. Design of special purpose products made of nanomodified collagen-containing materials with radio-frequency discharge

    Makhotkina, L. Yu; Sharifullin, S. N.

    2016-06-01

    Research results shows that RF-plasma treatment increases the adhesion of the coating film to the leather uppers and resistance to abrasion and repeated bending of uppers, which define the ability of material to preserve its consumer properties and characterize longer safety of special purpose footwear form during its wearing.

  6. An application of queueing theory to the design of channel requirements for special purpose communications satellites. Ph.D. Thesis

    Hein, G. F.

    1974-01-01

    Special purpose satellites are very cost sensitive to the number of broadcast channels, usually will have Poisson arrivals, fairly low utilization (less than 35%), and a very high availability requirement. To solve the problem of determining the effects of limiting C the number of channels, the Poisson arrival, infinite server queueing model will be modified to describe the many server case. The model is predicated on the reproductive property of the Poisson distribution.

  7. Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) of Public Private Partnership Projects in Asia and Mediterranean Middle East: Trends and Techniques

    Abu Naser Chowdhury; Po-Han Chen

    2010-01-01

    One of the main reasons for the success of public private partnership (PPP) projects is the creation of a separate commercial venture named “Special Purpose Vehicle” (SPV). SPV provides a good framework for raising funds, linking participants legally and assuring supply, production and marketing of products. SPV brings together various parties like lenders, financial institutions, public sector and export credit agencies, suppliers and off-takers. There is often a lack of precedents to identi...

  8. UTV Expansion Pack - Special-Purpose Rank Revealing Algorithms (version 1.0 for Matlab 6.5)

    Fierro, Ricardo D.; Hansen, Per Christian

    2004-01-01

    This collection of Matlab software supplements and complements the package UTV Tools from 1999, and includes implementations of special-purpose rank-revealing algorithms developed since the publication of the original package. We provide algorithms for computing and modifying symmetric rank-revealing VSV decompositions, we expand the algorithms for the ULLV decomposition of a matrix pair to handle interference-type problems with a rank deficient covariance matrix, and we provide a robust and ...

  9. Special purpose fund for the promotion of energy efficiency, the use of renewable energy sources and environmental protection (NEP fund)

    The legislation of the Republic of Croatia encourages energy efficiency, the use of renewable energy sources and environmental protection through many of its acts and regulations. The establishment of a system for the efficient use of energy and the utilisation of renewable energy sources largely depends on investments in relevant projects, programmes and initiatives. It is, therefore, necessary to establish special purpose financial mechanisms which would encourage investments in, as well as the realisation of such projects, programmes and initiatives. The article elaborates the model for the development of an extra-budgetary, special purpose fund (NEP fund) for financing energy efficiency, renewable energy and environmental protection programmes, projects and measures. Its organisation, operation, project cycle, revenues and expenditures are elaborated. The proposed organisational model for the fund would not include an institutional framework for its operation. Instead, the fund would be an organisational scheme within the existing structure of commercial banks. It would be an organised system consisting of three basic elements: the Supervisory Board, the Financial Operator and the Professional Operator. The fund's area of operation would include the provision of loans under favourable conditions (interest rate, payback, grace period) for the production of equipment, the construction of energy facilities, the installation of equipment and the realisation of energy efficiency, renewable energy and environmental protection projects. Financing would be available for project implementation, the finalization of initiated projects, project preparation and development, and the reconstruction or adaptation of existing infrastructure, facilities, etc. The elaborated model envisages commercial bank financing (funds earmarked for special purpose financing) and special product charges on fuel and electricity to be the fund's principal sources of income. (author)

  10. Establishment of the foundation for international collaborating research with US NASA FTCSC to develop space, military and special purpose food

    In the space era of 21st century, the advancement of aerospace field is essential for ensuring the national security and raising the national status. Internationally spacefood and space life support system is considered as an limitedly developed technology area. Establishment of the foundation for collaborating study with NASA FTCSC to develop space, military, and special food. Acquirement of the basis of the technology development for safe, long-term preservation of military and special purpose food to ensure national security as well as health and welfare

  11. Simulations of dusty plasmas using a special-purpose computer system for gravitational N-body problems

    Yamamoto, K; Inuzuka, H; Cao, Y; Liu, Y; Yazawa, K; Yamamoto, Keisuke; Mizuno, Yasunori; Inuzuka, Hiroshi; Cao, Yonggao; Liu, Yan; Yazawa, Kenichi

    2004-01-01

    Simulations of dusty plasmas were performed using GRAPE-6, a special-purpose computer designed for gravitational N-body problems. The collective behaviour of dust particles, which are injected into the plasma, was studied by means of three-dimensional computer simulations. As an example of a dusty plasma simulation, we have calculated movement of dust particles in plasmas under microgravity conditions. In this simulation, a dust-free region called the "void" is observed in the dust cloud. Another example was to simulate experiments on Coulomb crystals in plasmas. Formation of a Coulomb crystal was observed under typical laboratory conditions. For the simulation of a dusty plasma in microgravity with 3x10^4 particles, GRAPE-6 can perform the whole operation 1000 times faster than by using a Pentium4-1.6GHz CPU.

  12. Conceptual design studies of special-purpose equipment for Fusion Engineering Device torus-sector remote maintenance

    One of the major maintenance operations anticipated for fusion reactors of the Tokamak configuration is remote removal and replacement of torus sectors. This operation will be difficult due to the massive nature of the sector (375 tonnes), and also due to the precision with which it must be positioned within the fixed structure. The same problem, only to a lesser degree, applies to sub-components of the sector such as the limiter blades, shielding, test assemblies, etc. General and specific design requirements have been generated and trade studies conducted on reactor interfacing details as well as handling machine concepts. On the basis of the design requirements and trade studies, a perferred concept for the sector handling machine was developed. In addition, a similar machine was developed for handling the intermediate sized sector sub-components. While most operations will be performed by special purpose machines such as described above, there is a need for a versatile, relatively high capacity mobile system. A concept suitable for this mobile application was also developed as part of these studies. The general conclusion, to the extent these studies have been completed, was that special single-purpose machines will be required to perform the operations requiring high load capacity and handling precision. The machine concepts developed were felt to be within the state-of-the-art, and will make extensive use of commercially available components. The most serious problem was felt to be development of simple methods to obtain the required precision in positioning massive objects such as the torus sector

  13. Investigation of special-purpose processors for real-time synthetic-aperture-focusing techniques for nondestructive evaluation of nuclear-reactor vessels and piping components

    Progress in the development of a special purpose system for use in a real-time in-service inspection system for reactor vessels and piping components is described in this report. An analysis of the synthetic aperture processing algorithm is presented and new methods of speedup are described. A number of special purpose processor architectures are presented and two of the more promising ones are described in detail and are compared and evaluated. Proposed specifications for an initial field inspection system are presented. A brief description of the capabilities of a laboratory prototype processor (to be fabricated) is given

  14. 10-m platform array telescope design for the AMIBA project

    Martin, Robert N.; Kingsley, Jeffrey S.

    2000-07-01

    We present a unique hexapod platform array for the new Taiwanese AMIBA project. AMIBA is a 90 GHz radio interferometric array consisting of 19 elements mounted on a roughly 10 m diameter platform. A hexapod mount is used to steer this platform. The resulting design is lightweight in comparison to a more conventional mount. The design goals of pointing stability, platform accuracy and reduced cost can be met with this design. A metrology system for pointing is proposed for inclusion in the design.

  15. Highlights from the Whipple 10-m Blazar Monitoring Program

    Pichel, Ana

    2009-01-01

    Approximately 25 blazars are know to emit VHE (E>100 GeV) gamma rays. Understanding these powerful objects requires long-term, intense, monitoring observations since they exhibit strong, rapid and irregular variability across the entire electromagnetic spectrum. The Whipple 10-m Gamma-ray Telescope, the world's fourth most sensitive VHE telescope, is used primarily to perform such monitoring in the VHE band. The 10-m monitoring program focuses in particular on Mrk 421, Mrk 501, H 1426+428, 1ES 1959+650 and 1ES 2344+514, with observations performed every moonless night that each source is visible. Upon detection of a flare, alerts are sent to VERITAS and the astronomical community to trigger ToO observations, as was the case for one of the brightest-ever VHE flares of Mrk 421 in 2008. In addition to flaring alerts, the 10-m program is used to create long-term light curves, with unprecedented VHE sampling, that can be combined with other multi-frequency observations to better understand blazars. Highlights from...

  16. ORNL 10-m small-angle X-ray scattering camera

    Hendricks, R.W.

    1979-12-01

    A new small-angle x-ray scattering camera utilizing a rotating anode x-ray source, crystal monochromatization of the incident beam, pinhole collimation, and a two-dimensional position-sensitive proportional counter was developed. The sample, and the resolution element of the detector are each approximately 1 x 1 mm/sup 2/, the camera was designed so that the focal spot-to-sample and sample-to-detector distances may each be varied in 0.5-m increments up to 5 m to provide a system resolution in the range 0.5 to 4.0 mrad. A large, general-purpose specimen chamber has been provided into which a wide variety of special-purpose specimen holders can be mounted. The detector has an active area of 200 x 200 mm and has up to 200 x 200 resolution elements. The data are recorded in the memory of a minicomputer by a high-speed interface which uses a microprocessor to map the position of an incident photon into an absolute minicomputer memory address. The data recorded in the computer memory can be processed on-line by a variety of programs designed to enhance the user's interaction with the experiment. At the highest angular resolution (0.4 mrad), the flux incident on the specimen is 1.0 x 10/sup 6/ photons/s with the x-ray source operating at 45 kV and 100 mA. SAX and its associated programs OVF and MOT are high-priority, pre-queued, nonresident foreground tasks which run under the ModComp II MAX III operating system to provide complete user control of the ORNL 10-m small-angle x-ray scattering camera.

  17. ORNL 10-m small-angle X-ray scattering camera

    A new small-angle x-ray scattering camera utilizing a rotating anode x-ray source, crystal monochromatization of the incident beam, pinhole collimation, and a two-dimensional position-sensitive proportional counter was developed. The sample, and the resolution element of the detector are each approximately 1 x 1 mm2, the camera was designed so that the focal spot-to-sample and sample-to-detector distances may each be varied in 0.5-m increments up to 5 m to provide a system resolution in the range 0.5 to 4.0 mrad. A large, general-purpose specimen chamber has been provided into which a wide variety of special-purpose specimen holders can be mounted. The detector has an active area of 200 x 200 mm and has up to 200 x 200 resolution elements. The data are recorded in the memory of a minicomputer by a high-speed interface which uses a microprocessor to map the position of an incident photon into an absolute minicomputer memory address. The data recorded in the computer memory can be processed on-line by a variety of programs designed to enhance the user's interaction with the experiment. At the highest angular resolution (0.4 mrad), the flux incident on the specimen is 1.0 x 106 photons/s with the x-ray source operating at 45 kV and 100 mA. SAX and its associated programs OVF and MOT are high-priority, pre-queued, nonresident foreground tasks which run under the ModComp II MAX III operating system to provide complete user control of the ORNL 10-m small-angle x-ray scattering camera

  18. Prueba de Aptitud para el Aprendizaje de Lenguas Extranjeras (PAPALE) Language Aptitude Test (LAT) (First and Second Versions). English for Special Purposes. Emergency Care Attendant.

    Muro, Gertrude

    This book contains two versions of the Language Aptitude Test. It is part of a package of materials developed for use in an English for Special Purposes project, which offers classes in reading, grammar, and emergency care attendant training for limited English proficient students. Introductory material describes the parts of two versions and…

  19. 10m/500 Mbps WDM visible light communication systems.

    Lin, Wen-Yi; Chen, Chia-Yi; Lu, Hai-Han; Chang, Ching-Hung; Lin, Ying-Pyng; Lin, Huang-Chang; Wu, Hsiao-Wen

    2012-04-23

    A wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) visible light communiction (VLC) system employing red and green laser pointer lasers (LPLs) with directly modulating data signals is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. With the assistance of preamplifier and adaptive filter at the receiving sites, low bit error rate (BER) at 10 m/500 Mbps operation is obtained for each wavelength. The use of preamplifier and adaptive filter offer significant improvements for free-space transmission performance. Improved performance of BER of 5m), as well as easy handling and installation. This proposed WDM VLC system reveals a prominent one to present its advancement in simplicity and convenience to be installed. PMID:22535084

  20. Navigating dictionary space: the findability of English collocations in a general learner’s dictionary (LDOCE4) and special-purpose dictionary of collocations (OCD)

    Lew, Robert; Radłowska, Magdalena

    2010-01-01

    The present study undertakes to assess the success with which intermediate pre-university Polish learners of English are able to locate English collocations in two learners’ dictionaries, representing two different dictionary types. The first of these is a general dictionary for learners, Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, fourth edition (LDOCE). The second dictionary is a special-purpose dictionary dealing specifically with collocations, the Oxford Collocations Dic...

  1. Special Purpose Buoys - USACE IENC

    Department of Homeland Security — These inland electronic Navigational charts (IENCs) were developed from available data used in maintenance of Navigation channels. Users of these IENCs should be...

  2. Special-Purpose Public Police.

    Kakalik, James S.; Wildhorn, Sorrel

    This report is the last in a series of five describing a 16-month study of the nature and extent of the police industry in the United States, its problems, its present regulation, and how the law impinges on it. In this volume, certain types of public forces not having general law-enforcement responsibilities are described, including reserve…

  3. Teaching Russian for special purposes in Italy. Some reflections about the book E. Cadorin, I. Kukushkina, Il russo tecnico-scientifico (Hoepli, Milano 2011, pp. 269

    Maria Chiara Ferro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay deals with the problems involved in teaching Russian as a foreign language in Italian Universities, in order to bring university courses into line with market demands in a globalized world.Over the last twenty years educated youngsters looking for jobs in commerce, law or tourism, have been required to have a series of skills, both in the linguistic and technical fields, that they can rarely achieve during academic lessons.The book by E. Cadorin and I. Kukushkina offers a great deal of original material intended for specialised advanced Russian language courses in the fields of natural sciences, technology, commerce, and so on. Appreciation of the book has stimulated reflections on wider questions related to “when, how and where?” Russian for special purposes should be taught in our universities.

  4. Bombom para dietas especiais: avaliação química e sensorial Chocolate confectionery for special purposes: chemical and sensorial evaluation

    Marissol Richter

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Bombom é o produto constituído por massa de chocolate ou por um núcleo formado de recheios diversos, recobertos por uma camada de chocolate. Alimentos para fins especiais (diet são aqueles nos quais ocorrem modificações no conteúdo de nutrientes, adequados à utilização em dietas diferenciadas. O termo light pode ser utilizado quando for cumprido o atributo de redução mínima de 25% no valor energético total ou no conteúdo de nutrientes de alimentos comparados. Foram desenvolvidos um bombom controle e formulações de bombons diet/light, sendo apenas uma formulação selecionada para estudo. Um bombom comercial foi utilizado como referência. Foram elaboradas análises químicas (obtenção do valor calórico e análise sensorial (teste de aceitação com escala hedônica híbrida para avaliação dos produtos. A substituição dos açúcares por edulcorantes e agentes de corpo foi satisfatória, assim como o uso do substituto de gordura Benefat®. Na análise sensorial, o bombom especial obteve altos níveis de intenção de compra, podendo nesta análise ser considerado como um produto de grande potencial de mercado.Chocolate confectionery is a product consisting of either chocolate mass or a nucleus containing several fillings covered with a chocolate layer. Foods for special purposes are those in which modifications are made in what is related to the nutrients content, adapted to the utilization in differentiated diets. The term light is applied to a product providing it fulfils the attribute of a 25% minimum reduction in the total energetic value or nutrients content if compared to a similar, standard product. Two series of chocolate confectionery samples were prepared: a control sample and ten diet and light formulations, and one of these formulations was selected. A commercial chocolate confectionery was used as reference. The chocolate confectionery samples (control and special were compared using chemical and sensorial

  5. CRED 10m Gridded multibeam bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded bathymetry shelf, bank and slope environments of Sarigan Island, CNMI. Bottom coverage was achieved in depths between 7 and 2761 meters, but this 10 m grid...

  6. 10 m Rugosity grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Wake Island, West Central Pacific.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Rugosity is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA ship Hi'ialakai and R/V AHI using the Benthic Terrain Modeler with...

  7. 10 m Slope grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Wake Island, West Central Pacific.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA ship Hi'ialakai and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  8. Experimental Conditions: SE40_S10_M02_D01 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Full Text Available SE40_S10_M02_D01 SE40 Comparison of fruit metabolites among tomato cultivars SE40_S...10 Solanum lycopersicum KTF008 fruit SE40_S10_M02 [MassBase ID] MDLC1_46859 SE40_MS1 LC-Orbitrap-MS ESI posit...ive method 1 SE40_DS1 PowerGet analysis for detection of all peaks 6|ITMS 2 SE40_AM1 PowerGet annotation ...

  9. Precise topographic analysis using 10m grid DEM in the Horonobe area

    The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Horonobe-cho in Northern Hokkaido, Japan. One of the main goals of the URL project is to establish techniques for investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment. As a part of this URL project, we develop the geological environment modeling technique. 10m grid digital elevation model (DEM) had been published by Geographical Survey Institute in 2008. The use of 10m grid DEM has made possible examination of detailed topographical features in wide area. We created eighteen kinds of filtered image data using 10m grid DEM around the Horonobe-cho to obtain the basic information for evaluating topographical and geological features and constructing the geological environment model. A DVD-ROM is attached as an appendix. (J.P.N.)

  10. Towards a Suspension Platform Interferometer for the AEI 10 m Prototype Interferometer

    Currently, the AEI 10 m Prototype is being set up at the Albert Einstein Institute in Hannover, Germany. The Suspension Platform Interferometer (SPI) will be an additional interferometer set up inside the vacuum envelope of the AEI 10 m Prototype. It will interferometrically link the three suspended in-vacuum tables. The inter-table distance will be 11.65 m. The SPI will measure and stabilise the relative motions between these tables for all degrees of freedom, except roll around the optical axis. In this way, all tables can be regarded as one large platform. The design goal is 100 pm/√Hz differential distance stability between 10mHz and 100Hz.

  11. The status of the Whipple 10m GRANITE III upgrade program

    The Whipple Collaboration has been carrying out an upgrade program, GRANITE III, on the 10m telescope atop Mt. Hopkins. The 3 year program, 1996 through 1999, has involved a large field-of-view camera, a hardware pattern recognition trigger, and finally a small pixel camera. Results of the first and second stage of the program indicate that a large field-of-view yield an increased collection area for cosmic-ray triggers and the hardware pattern trigger reduces the energy threshold of the telescope by greatly suppressing night sky accidental triggers over a simple multiplicity coincidence trigger. The final phase of the program, being completed during the summer and fall of 1999, will be the installation of a small pixel camera. The pixel size of ∼0 deg. .12 will yield the lowest threshold energy at which the 10 m Whipple telescope has ever operated

  12. Pembuatan Digital Elevation Model Resolusi 10m dari Peta RBI dan Survei GPS dengan Algoritma Anudem

    Indarto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes the generation of Digital Elevation Model (DEM with spatial resolution of 10m x 10m by re-interpolation of elevation data. Data input for this study includes: (1 digitized datum coordinate from RBI map, (2 sample points surveyed by GPS, (3 digitized contour data fromSRTM DEM and ASTER GDEM2, and (4 digitized stream-network layer from RBI. All collected data were converted to mass point coordinats. On the top of Topogrid-ArcGIS, all points data were interpolated to produce DEM. After that the produced DEM were compared and evaluated to the SRTM and ASTER DEMvisually. The result shows that produced DEM are more accurate to represent the detailed topography of the study areas.

  13. Experimental Conditions: SE37_S10_M1_D1 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Full Text Available opes SE37_S10 18O-labeled Medicago truncatula Jemalong A17 shoot SE37_S10_M1 0.25mg Metabolites were extract...ed from 10.26mg of plant sample. [MassBase ID] MDLC1_43508 SE37_MS1 Metabolites extraction with 80% methanol... and analysis by LC-Orbitrap-MS SE37_DS2 Peak extraction for labeled data 6|ITMS 2 ...

  14. Localization of Aurorae with 10 m High Power Radar Technique, using a Rotating Antenna

    Hellgren, Gösta; Meos, Johan

    2011-01-01

    The paper describes the 10 m high power recorder with a rotating antenna that is used since May 1951 for the localization of aurorae at the Radio Wave Propagation Laboratory of the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory (67.8° N, 20.5° E). Continuous observations during the time May 1951–March 1952 have disclosed periods of auroral activity. The preliminary results from these observations indicate that there is a good correlation between the auroral activity, the magnetic activity, and ...

  15. DISSOLUTION OF PLUTONIUM METAL IN 8-10 M NITRIC ACID

    Rudisill, T.; Pierce, R.

    2012-02-21

    The H-Canyon facility will be used to dissolve Pu metal for subsequent purification and conversion to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) using Phase II of HB-Line. To support the new mission, the development of a Pu metal dissolution flowsheet which utilizes concentrated (8-10 M) nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) solutions containing potassium fluoride (KF) is required. Dissolution of Pu metal in concentrated HNO{sub 3} is desired to eliminate the need to adjust the solution acidity prior to purification by anion exchange. The preferred flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.015-0.07 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd to dissolve the Pu up to 6.75 g/L. An alternate flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.1-0.2 M KF, and 1-2 g/L B to dissolve the Pu. The targeted average Pu metal dissolution rate is 20 mg/min-cm{sup 2}, which is sufficient to dissolve a 'standard' 2250-g Pu metal button in 24 h. Plutonium metal dissolution rate measurements showed that if Gd is used as the nuclear poison, the optimum dissolution conditions occur in 10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.04-0.05 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd at 112 to 116 C (boiling). These conditions will result in an estimated Pu metal dissolution rate of {approx}11-15 mg/min-cm{sup 2} and will result in dissolution times of 36-48 h for standard buttons. The recommended minimum and maximum KF concentrations are 0.03 M and 0.07 M, respectively. The maximum KF concentration is dictated by a potential room-temperature Pu-Gd-F precipitation issue at low Pu concentrations. The purpose of the experimental work described in this report was two-fold. Initially a series of screening experiments was performed to measure the dissolution rate of Pu metal as functions of the HNO{sub 3}, KF, and Gd or B concentrations. The objective of the screening tests was to propose optimized conditions for subsequent flowsheet demonstration tests. Based on the rate measurements, this study found that optimal dissolution conditions in solutions containing 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd

  16. Recent Observations of IC443 with the Whipple 10m Telescope

    We present here the results of recent observations made with the Whipple 10m imaging Cherenkov telescope of the region of the supernova remnant IC443. No evidence for gamma-ray emission was found, and we obtain an upper limit above 500 GeV (99.9% confidence) of 0.6 x 10-7 ph m-2 s-1 (0.11 Crab) at the location of the recently identified X-ray plerion nebula and 0.8 x 10-7 ph m-2 s-1 (0.14 Crab) at the site of the OH maser at the densest part of the molecular cloud

  17. ANIR : Atacama Near-Infrared Camera for the 1.0-m miniTAO Telescope

    Konishi, Masahiro; Motohara, Kentaro; Tateuchi, Ken; TAKAHASHI, Hidenori; Kitagawa, Yutaro; Kato, Natsuko; Sako, Shigeyuki; Uchimoto, Yuka K.; Toshikawa, Koji; Ohsawa, Ryou; Yamamuro, Tomoyasu; Asano, Kentaro; Ita, Yoshifusa; Kamizuka, Takafumi; Komugi, Shinya

    2015-01-01

    We have developed a near-infrared camera called ANIR (Atacama Near-InfraRed camera) for the University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory 1.0m telescope (miniTAO) installed at the summit of Cerro Chajnantor (5640 m above sea level) in northern Chile. The camera provides a field of view of 5'.1 $\\times$ 5'.1 with a spatial resolution of 0".298 /pixel in the wavelength range of 0.95 to 2.4 $\\mu$m. Taking advantage of the dry site, the camera is capable of hydrogen Paschen-$\\alpha$ (Pa$\\alpha$, $\\lamb...

  18. Results from the Blazar Monitoring Campaign at the Whipple 10m Gamma-ray Telescope

    Steele, David; Charlot, P; Kurtanidze, O; Lahteenmaki, A; Montaruli, T; Sadun, A C; Villata, M

    2007-01-01

    In September 2005, the observing program of the Whipple 10 m gamma-ray telescope was redefined to be dedicated almost exclusively to AGN monitoring. Since then the five Northern Hemisphere blazars that had already been detected at Whipple are monitored routinely each night that they are visible. Thanks to the efforts of a large number of multiwavelength collaborators, the first year of this program has been very successful. We report here on the analysis of Markarian 421 observations taken from November, 2005 to May, 2006 in the gamma-ray, X-ray, optical and radio bands.

  19. Bioaerosol sampling by a personal rotating cup sampler CIP 10-M.

    Görner, Peter; Fabriès, Jean-François; Duquenne, Philippe; Witschger, Olivier; Wrobel, Richard

    2006-01-01

    High concentrations of bioaerosols containing bacterial, fungal and biotoxinic matter are encountered in many workplaces, e.g. solid waste treatment plants, waste water treatment plants and sewage networks. A personal bioaerosol sampler, the CIP 10-M (M-microbiologic), has been developed to measure worker exposure to airborne biological agents. This sampler is battery operated; it is light and easy to wear and offers full work shift autonomy. It can sample much higher concentrations than biological impactors and limits the mechanical stress on the microorganisms. Biological particles are collected in 2 ml of liquid medium inside a rotating cup fitted with radial vanes to maintain an air flow rate of 10 l min(-1) at a rotational speed of approximately 7,000 rpm. The rotating cup is made of sterilisable material. The sampled particles follow a helicoidal trajectory as they are pushed to the surface of the liquid by centrifugal force, which creates a thin vertical liquid layer. Sterile water or another collecting liquid can be used. Three particle size selectors allow health-related aerosol fractions to be sampled according to international conventions. The sampled microbiological particles can be easily recovered for counting, incubation or further biochemical analysis, e.g., for airborne endotoxins. Its physical sampling efficiency was laboratory tested and field trials were carried out in industrial waste management conditions. The results indicate satisfactory collection efficiency, whilst experimental application has demonstrated the usefulness of the CIP 10-M personal sampler for individual bioaerosol exposure monitoring. PMID:16395458

  20. Suspension platform interferometer for the AEI 10 m prototype: concept, design and optical layout

    At present a 10 m prototype interferometer facility is being set up at the AEI Hannover. One unique feature of the prototype will be the suspension platform interferometer (SPI). The purpose of the SPI is to monitor and stabilize the relative motion between three seismically isolated optical tables. The in-vacuum tables are suspended in an L-shaped configuration with an arm length of 11.65 m. The design goal of the SPI is to stabilize longitudinal differential displacements to a level of 100 pm/√(Hz) between 10 mHz and 100 Hz and relative angular noise of 10 nrad/√(Hz) in the same frequency band. This paper covers the optical layout, signal processing and design aspects of the SPI, e.g. cross-coupling between the different degrees of freedom and fibre pointing noise are investigated. A simulation is presented which shows that with the chosen optical design of the SPI all degrees of table motion can be sensed in a fully decoupled way. (paper)

  1. A 350GHz SIS Receiver on the Nobeyama 10m Submillimeter Telescope

    Sekimoto, Yutaro; Sakai, Takeshi; Saito, Gaku; Tatematsu, Ken'ichi; Tanaka, Kunihiko; Kohno, Kotaro; Noguchi, Takashi; Iwashita, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Toshikazu; Satou, Naohisa; Yokogawa, Sozo; Sakamoto, Seiichi; Ukita, Nobuharu; Kawabe, Ryohei; Ito, Tetsuya; Maezawa, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Satoshi

    2001-10-01

    We have developed a low-noise submillimeter-wave SIS receiver (320-360GHz) for a 10m submillimeter telescope, which was installed at Nobeyama in 2000 February. This receiver and a millimeter-wave SIS receiver are mounted on the ceiling of the Cassegrain receiver cabin of the 10m telescope. Two curved mirrors couple a shaped Cassegrain beam from the subreflector to mixer horns. The minimum noise temperature measured in front of the receiver was 52K in double sideband (DSB) at a local oscillator (LO) frequency of 354GHz, which corresponds to three-times quantum limits (3hν/kB). This noise temperature contributions are resolved into the optics, mixer, and IF parts. The temperature ripple of a two-stage Gifford-McMahon cryocooler has been reduced to be 2mK peak-to-peak at the mixer block with a helium pot temperature stabilizer. Mechanical vibration (30 μm peak-to-peak) of the cold head degrades the receiver stability.

  2. DISSOLUTION OF PLUTONIUM METAL IN 8-10 M NITRIC ACID

    Rudisill, T. S.; Pierce, R. A.

    2012-07-02

    The H-Canyon facility will be used to dissolve Pu metal for subsequent purification and conversion to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) using Phase II of HB-Line. To support the new mission, the development of a Pu metal dissolution flowsheet which utilizes concentrated (8-10 M) nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) solutions containing potassium fluoride (KF) is required. Dissolution of Pu metal in concentrated HNO{sub 3} is desired to eliminate the need to adjust the solution acidity prior to purification by anion exchange. The preferred flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.015-0.07 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd to dissolve the Pu up to 6.75 g/L. An alternate flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.05-0.2 M KF, and 1-2 g/L B to dissolve the Pu. The targeted average Pu metal dissolution rate is 20 mg/min-cm{sup 2}, which is sufficient to dissolve a “standard” 2250-g Pu metal button in 24 h. Plutonium metal dissolution rate measurements showed that if Gd is used as the nuclear poison, the optimum dissolution conditions occur in 10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.04-0.05 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd at 112 to 116 °C (boiling). These conditions will result in an estimated Pu metal dissolution rate of ~11-15 mg/min-cm{sup 2} and will result in dissolution times of 36-48 h for standard buttons. The recommended minimum and maximum KF concentrations are 0.03 M and 0.07 M, respectively. The data also indicate that lower KF concentrations would yield dissolution rates for B comparable to those observed with Gd at the same HNO{sub 3} concentration and dissolution temperature. To confirm that the optimal conditions identified by the dissolution rate measurements can be used to dissolve Pu metal up to 6.75 g/L in the presence of representative concentrations of Fe and Gd or B, a series of experiments was performed to demonstrate the flowsheets. In three of the five experiments, the offgas generation rate during the dissolution was measured and samples were analyzed for hydrogen gas (H{sub 2}). The use of

  3. Blazar Monitoring with the Whipple 10 m Gamma-ray Telescope

    Since September 2005, the Whipple 10 m Gamma-ray Telescope has been used primarily to monitor known TeV AGN. The five Northern Hemisphere blazars that have been previously detected at Whipple, Markarian 421, H1426+428, Markarian 501, 1ES 1959+650 and 1ES 2344+514, are monitored each night that they are visible. To encourage and coordinate observations of these AGN at other wavelengths, the observing timetable and preliminary light curves for the TeV observations are provided on a publicly accessible website: veritas.sao.arizona.edu/content/blogsection/6/40. A number of multiwavelength observing campaigns have been undertaken by numerous collaborators in conjunction with the Whipple program and a significant amount of data has been accumulated. We report here on the status of these multiwavelength observations and present light curves of radio, optical, X-ray and gamma-ray data

  4. The Preparation of an Electron Beam Machine 500 keV/10 mA Instrumentation

    The preparation of an Electron Beam Machine 500 keV/10 mA instrumentation by using a Distributed Instrumentation System have been done. The system consisting of industrial interfaces PCL-718 ADC 12 bit, PCLD-889 Mux/Prog Gain Amp PCLD-786 Driver Relay with solid state relays, PCL 745 serial com, DC motor 12-24 V/8.6 A with reduction gear 10:1 and a pair of PC's connected with twisted cable and an isolated amplifier AD-210 equipped with high voltage divider. The operation can be done using animation Pascal program on the remote mode using twisted cable and a pair of RS-485 interfaces, some operation sequences such as switch on/off blower unit, water pump cooling unit, filament voltage, anode voltage and some timer's have already been adapted on the computer program. Non intercepting beam monitoring technique have been discussed in this paper. (author)

  5. Features of 10-M-long, 50-MM-Twin-aperture LHC dipole magnet prototypes

    In 1991, the Laboratoire Europeen pour la Physique des particules (CERN) has launched the fabrication in industry of seven 10-m long, 50-mm-twin-aperture dipole magnet prototypes for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Three of these prototypes were built in Italy, in collaboration with the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN, by Ansaldo Energia Spa, two were built in Germany by Noell GmbH, one was built in France by a consortium constituted by Jeumont Industries and GEC Alsthom, and the last one was built by a consortium constituted by Elin in Austria and Holec in the Netherlands. In this paper, we review the design and specific features of the seven LHC dipole magnet prototypes. (author)

  6. Constraining the Bulk Density of 10m-Class Near-Earth Asteroid 2012 LA

    Mommert, Michael; Hora, Joseph; Farnocchia, Davide; Trilling, David; Chesley, Steve; Harris, Alan; Mueller, Migo; Smith, Howard

    2016-08-01

    The physical properties of near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) provide important hints on their origin, as well as their past physical and orbital evolution. Recent observations seem to indicate that small asteroids are different than expected: instead of being monolithic bodies, some of them instead resemble loose conglomerates of smaller rocks, so called 'rubble piles'. This is surprising, since self-gravitation is practically absent in these bodies. Hence, bulk density measurements of small asteroids, from which their internal structure can be estimated, provide unique constraints on asteroid physical models, as well as models for asteroid evolution. We propose Spitzer Space Telescope observations of 10 m-sized NEA 2012 LA, which will allow us to constrain the diameter, albedo, bulk density, macroporosity, and mass of this object. We require 30 hrs of Spitzer time to detect our target with a minimum SNR of 3 in CH2. In order to interpret our observational results, we will use the same analysis technique that we used in our successful observations and analyses of tiny asteroids 2011 MD and 2009 BD. Our science goal, which is the derivation of the target's bulk density and its internal structure, can only be met with Spitzer. Our observations will produce only the third comprehensive physical characterization of an asteroid in the 10m size range (all of which have been carried out by our team, using Spitzer). Knowledge of the physical properties of small NEAs, some of which pose an impact threat to the Earth, is of importance for understanding their evolution and estimating the potential of destruction in case of an impact, as well as for potential manned missions to NEAs for either research or potential commercial uses.

  7. Remote Characterization of Forest Structure Using 5 and 10m SPOT-5 Satellite Data

    Wolter, P. T.; Townsend, P. A.; Sturtevant, B. R.

    2008-12-01

    Comprehensive understanding of forest dynamics at regional or biome scales is linked to our ability to accurately characterize forest ecosystems over increasingly large areas using remote sensing. LIDAR technology, although promising, is currently not yet viable for repeated regional accounting, necessitating the development of methods which take advantage of existing spaceborne assets. As such, our objective is to estimate a comprehensive set of forest structural attributes at a finer spatial grain size (10 m) over a broader area than is currently available. We employ neighborhood statistics (standard deviation, variance, sill variance, and ratios of these metrics at 5 and 10m) calculated from SPOT-5 data and derivatives to estimate and map forest structural characteristics. A partial least squares (PLS) regression approach was used with the local statistics and field data to produce models for pixel-wise estimation and mapping of mean values, respectively, for deciduous and coniferous forest canopy diameter (R2 = 0.82 and 0.93), tree height (R2 = 0.69 and 0.92), height of live crown (R2 = 0.58 and 0.81), canopy closure (R2 = 0.52 and 0.68), bole diameter at breast height (R2 = 0.82 and 0.90), and basal area (R2 = 0.71 and 0.74) for a 3,660 km2 area in northeast Minnesota. This approach for quantifying forest structure is robust in the sense that a detailed forest cover type map is not required at any step in the process. Hence, we show that multi-resolution SPOT-5 data may be used as a practical alternative to LIDAR for regional characterization of forest biophysical parameters.

  8. SPECIAL PURPOSE SHOCK TUBE for BLAST ASSESSMENT

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This device is a specially designed shock tube for testing fabric samples in a controlled environment. The device determines the appropriate types of sensors to be...

  9. Size-frequency distribution of boulders ≥10 m on comet 103P/Hartley 2

    Pajola, Maurizio; Lucchetti, Alice; Bertini, Ivano; Marzari, Francesco; A'Hearn, Michael F.; La Forgia, Fiorangela; Lazzarin, Monica; Naletto, Giampiero; Barbieri, Cesare

    2016-01-01

    Aims: We derive the size-frequency distribution of boulders on comet 103P/Hartley 2, which are computed from the images taken by the Deep Impact/HRI-V imaging system. We indicate the possible physical processes that lead to these boulder size distributions. Methods: We used images acquired by the High Resolution Imager-Visible CCD camera on 4 November 2010. Boulders ≥10 m were identified and manually extracted from the datasets with the software ArcGIS. We derived the global size-frequency distribution of the illuminated side of the comet (~50%) and identified the power-law indexes characterizing the two lobes of 103P. The three-pixel sampling detection, together with the shadowing of the surface, enables unequivocally detection of boulders scattered all over the illuminated surface. Results: We identify 332 boulders ≥10 m on the imaged surface of the comet, with a global number density of nearly 140/km2 and a cumulative size-frequency distribution represented by a power law with index of -2.7 ± 0.2. The two lobes of 103P show similar indexes, i.e., -2.7 ± 0.2 for the bigger lobe (called L1) and -2.6+ 0.2/-0.5 for the smaller lobe (called L2). The similar power-law indexes and similar maximum boulder sizes derived for the two lobes both point toward a similar fracturing/disintegration phenomena of the boulders as well as similar lifting processes that may occur in L1 and L2. The difference in the number of boulders per km2 between L1 and L2 suggests that the more diffuse H2O sublimation on L1 produce twice the boulders per km2 with respect to those produced on L2 (primary activity CO2 driven). The 103P comet has a lower global power-law index (-2.7 vs. -3.6) with respect to 67P. The global differences between the two comets' activities, coupled with a completely different surface geomorphology, make 103P hardly comparable to 67P. A shape distribution analysis of boulders ≥30 m performed on 103P suggests that the cometary boulders show more elongated shapes

  10. ANIR : Atacama Near-Infrared Camera for the 1.0-m miniTAO Telescope

    Konishi, Masahiro; Tateuchi, Ken; Takahashi, Hidenori; Kitagawa, Yutaro; Kato, Natsuko; Sako, Shigeyuki; Uchimoto, Yuka K; Toshikawa, Koji; Ohsawa, Ryou; Yamamuro, Tomoyasu; Asano, Kentaro; Ita, Yoshifusa; Kamizuka, Takafumi; Komugi, Shinya; Koshida, Shintaro; Manabe, Sho; Matsunaga, Noriyuki; Minezaki, Takeo; Morokuma, Tomoki; Nakashima, Asami; Takagi, Toshinobu; Tanabé, Toshihiko; Uchiyama, Mizuho; Aoki, Tsutomu; Doi, Mamoru; Handa, Toshihiro; Kato, Daisuke; Kawara, Kimiaki; Kohno, Kotaro; Miyata, Takashi; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Okada, Kazushi; Soyano, Takao; Tamura, Yoichi; Tanaka, Masuo; Tarusawa, Ken'ichi; Yoshii, Yuzuru

    2015-01-01

    We have developed a near-infrared camera called ANIR (Atacama Near-InfraRed camera) for the University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory 1.0m telescope (miniTAO) installed at the summit of Cerro Chajnantor (5640 m above sea level) in northern Chile. The camera provides a field of view of 5'.1 $\\times$ 5'.1 with a spatial resolution of 0".298 /pixel in the wavelength range of 0.95 to 2.4 $\\mu$m. Taking advantage of the dry site, the camera is capable of hydrogen Paschen-$\\alpha$ (Pa$\\alpha$, $\\lambda=$1.8751 $\\mu$m in air) narrow-band imaging observations, at which wavelength ground-based observations have been quite difficult due to deep atmospheric absorption mainly from water vapor. We have been successfully obtaining Pa$\\alpha$ images of Galactic objects and nearby galaxies since the first-light observation in 2009 with ANIR. The throughputs at the narrow-band filters ($N1875$, $N191$) including the atmospheric absorption show larger dispersion (~10%) than those at broad-band filters (a few %), indicating that ...

  11. A Search for Dark Matter Annihilation with the Whipple 10m Telescope

    Wood, M; Bradbury, S M; Buckley, J H; Byrum, K L; Chow, Y C K; Cui, W; Perez, I de la Calle; Falcone, A D; Fegan, S J; Finley, J P; Grube, J; Hall, J; Hanna, D; Holder, J; Horan, D; Humensky, T B; Kieda, D B; Kildea, J; Konopelko, A; Krawczynski, H; Krennrich, F; Lang, M J; Le Bohec, S; Nagai, T; Ong, R A; Perkins, J S; Pohl, M; Quinn, J; Rose, H J; Sembroski, G H; Vasilev, V V; Wagner, R G; Wakely, S P; Weekes, T C; Weinstein, A

    2008-01-01

    We present observations of the dwarf galaxies Draco and Ursa Minor, the local group galaxies M32 and M33, and the globular cluster M15 conducted with the Whipple 10m gamma-ray telescope to search for the gamma-ray signature of self-annihilating weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) which may constitute astrophysical dark matter (DM). We review the motivations for selecting these sources based on their unique astrophysical environments and report the results of the data analysis which produced upper limits on excess rate of gamma rays for each source. We consider models for the DM distribution in each source based on the available observational constraints and discuss possible scenarios for the enhancement of the gamma-ray luminosity. Limits on the thermally averaged product of the total self-annihilation cross section and velocity of the WIMP, , are derived using conservative estimates for the magnitude of the astrophysical contribution to the gamma-ray flux. Although these limits do not constrain pred...

  12. Observations of the Crab Nebula with the Whipple 10 m Telescope

    Grube, J

    2007-01-01

    Due to the strong and steady TeV gamma-ray emission from the Crab Nebula supernova remnant, its measured flux and energy spectrum can be used to verify the calibration and data reduction methods applied to IACT data acquired over many observing seasons. This gives us confidence in the results obtained on variable TeV sources observed over the same period and in relating the sensitivity of new instruments to historical datasets. Here we present the results of an analysis of 65.3 hours of good quality data taken on the Crab Nebula between October 2000 and March 2006 with the Whipple 10m telescope. The total exposure resulted in a 46 sigma signal with 11886 selected excess events. The energy spectrum was best fit by a power law of the form dN/dE = (3.19 +/- 0.07_stat) x 10^-11 (E/TeV)^(-2.64 +/- 0.03_stat) cm^-2/s/TeV in the energy range 0.49--8 TeV. The systematic uncertainty in the flux was estimated to be 30%, with a systematic error of 0.2 in the photon index. A reasonable agreement is shown for a fit to a c...

  13. Designs of the frequency reference cavity for the AEI 10 m Prototype interferometer

    The AEI 10 m Prototype is in its designing phase and will provide a test-bed for very sensitive interferometric experiments, such as the sub-SQL interferometer. It will test new techniques to reach - and even surpass - the Standard Quantum Limit. The experience and knowledge that can be gained from this experiment can be applied to large-scale interferometric gravitational detectors to improve the detector sensitivities. In order for the sub-SQL interferometer to achieve the required sensitivity all limiting noise sources need to be suppressed sufficiently. Noise sources can include seismic noise, thermal noise, and laser noise; laser frequency noise will be the main focus of this document. The laser frequency noise will be suppressed to a level of 10-4 Hz/√Hz at 20 Hz dropping to below 10-6 Hz/√Hz at 1kHz. The proposed design to suppress the laser frequency noise with a ring cavity is described in this paper.

  14. Designs of the frequency reference cavity for the AEI 10 m Prototype interferometer

    Kawazoe, Fumiko; Taylor, John Robert; Gering, Daniel; Graef, Christian; Heinzel, Gerhard; Mossavi, Kasem [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut), 30167 Hannover (Germany); Bertolini, Alessandro; Born, Michael; Dahl, Katrin; Gossler, Stefan; Kranz, Oliver; Kuehn, Gerrit; Lueck, Harald; Schnabel, Roman; Wanner, Alexander; Westphal, Tobias [Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Chen Yanbei; Somiya, Kentaro [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Hild, Stefan; Strain, Kenneth, E-mail: fumiko.kawazoe@aei.mpg.d [University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2010-05-01

    The AEI 10 m Prototype is in its designing phase and will provide a test-bed for very sensitive interferometric experiments, such as the sub-SQL interferometer. It will test new techniques to reach - and even surpass - the Standard Quantum Limit. The experience and knowledge that can be gained from this experiment can be applied to large-scale interferometric gravitational detectors to improve the detector sensitivities. In order for the sub-SQL interferometer to achieve the required sensitivity all limiting noise sources need to be suppressed sufficiently. Noise sources can include seismic noise, thermal noise, and laser noise; laser frequency noise will be the main focus of this document. The laser frequency noise will be suppressed to a level of 10{sup -4} Hz/{radical}Hz at 20 Hz dropping to below 10{sup -6} Hz/{radical}Hz at 1kHz. The proposed design to suppress the laser frequency noise with a ring cavity is described in this paper.

  15. Development of a 10 m long superconducting multistrand conductor for power transmission cables

    A 10 m long HTS cable conductor was stranded with an industrial winding process from 2 km of Ag/Bi2223 tapes. It was installed in a vacuum cryostat and was force cooled by pressurized liquid nitrogen. DC- and AC-load tests were performed while varying the frequency and amplitude of the current. The critical current of the conductor is 5000 A. This model of a power transmission cable demonstrates very low AC losses of 0.8 W m-1 at 2000 Arms/50 Hz measured both with an electric transport and a calorimetric method. The AC losses vary linearly with frequency, P ∝ f, and have a current dependence slightly lower than P ∝ I3. The magnitude of the losses is clearly lower than predicted by the block model version of the Bean model. The model for uniform current distribution (UCD) improves the quantitative description of the losses. From these experiments we conclude that our low loss winding design of the conductor is an early stage of an economical HTS power transmission cable. (author)

  16. Design of optic system for 500 keV/10 mA electron beam machine

    In the 1995/1996 Research Year design of Electron Beam Machine components i.e. : Electron Source, High Voltage Supply, Accelerator Tube, Focussing System, Steering System, Scanning System, Vacuum System, Radiation Facility and Conveyer System also Electronics and Control System was carried out. This paper describes the design of Focussing, Steering and Scanning System. The Focussing System was an iron sheathed solenoid the Steering System was two sets of electromagnet placed perpendicular each other and the Scanning System was a set of alternating current electromagnet. The first Focussing System was designed to have 1 m focus distance for electron beam of 10 keV energy the second Focussing System was designed to have 1 m focus distance for electron beam of 1 MeV energy, the Steering System was designed to have 30o deflection angle for electron beam of 1 MeV energy and the Scanning System was designed to have 120 cm deflection distance and 20o deflection angle for electron beam of 1 MeV. Using these systems the 500 keV/10 mA Electron Beam Machine could be controlled. (author)

  17. Invited review article: A 10 mK scanning probe microscopy facility.

    Song, Young Jae; Otte, Alexander F; Shvarts, Vladimir; Zhao, Zuyu; Kuk, Young; Blankenship, Steven R; Band, Alan; Hess, Frank M; Stroscio, Joseph A

    2010-12-01

    We describe the design, development and performance of a scanning probe microscopy (SPM) facility operating at a base temperature of 10 mK in magnetic fields up to 15 T. The microscope is cooled by a custom designed, fully ultra-high vacuum (UHV) compatible dilution refrigerator (DR) and is capable of in situ tip and sample exchange. Subpicometer stability at the tip-sample junction is achieved through three independent vibration isolation stages and careful design of the dilution refrigerator. The system can be connected to, or disconnected from, a network of interconnected auxiliary UHV chambers, which include growth chambers for metal and semiconductor samples, a field-ion microscope for tip characterization, and a fully independent additional quick access low temperature scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) system. To characterize the system, we present the cooling performance of the DR, vibrational, tunneling current, and tip-sample displacement noise measurements. In addition, we show the spectral resolution capabilities with tunneling spectroscopy results obtained on an epitaxial graphene sample resolving the quantum Landau levels in a magnetic field, including the sublevels corresponding to the lifting of the electron spin and valley degeneracies. PMID:21198007

  18. High Resolution Imaging of Satellites with Ground-Based 10-m Astronomical Telescopes

    Marois, C

    2007-01-04

    High resolution imaging of artificial satellites can play an important role in current and future space endeavors. One such use is acquiring detailed images that can be used to identify or confirm damage and aid repair plans. It is shown that a 10-m astronomical telescope equipped with an adaptive optics system (AO) to correct for atmospheric turbulence using a natural guide star can acquire high resolution images of satellites in low-orbits using a fast shutter and a near-infrared camera even if the telescope is not capable of tracking satellites. With the telescope pointing towards the satellite projected orbit and less than 30 arcsec away from a guide star, multiple images of the satellite are acquired on the detector using the fast shutter. Images can then be shifted and coadded by post processing to increase the satellite signal to noise ratio. Using the Keck telescope typical Strehl ratio and anisoplanatism angle as well as a simple diffusion/reflection model for a satellite 400 km away observed near Zenith at sunset or sunrise, it is expected that such system will produced > 10{sigma} K-band images at a resolution of 10 cm inside a 60 arcsec diameter field of view. If implemented, such camera could deliver the highest resolution satellite images ever acquired from the ground.

  19. 10 m standpipe tests on oil sands tailings: long-term experimental results and prediction

    Jeeravipoolvarn, S.; Scott, J.D.; Chalaturnyk, R.J. [Alberta Univ., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Canadian Natural Resources Ltd., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Natural Resources Engineering Facility

    2009-08-15

    Large volumes of high water content tailings composed of sand, silt, clay, and bitumen are produced during oil sands mining operations in northern Alberta. The tailings segregate during deposition, with the fines settling into tailings ponds. This paper presented the results of long-term, self-weight consolidation tests at the University of Alberta that were conducted to study material behaviour. Three large 10 m high standpipe tests were set up in 1982 to simulate large-scale compression behaviour of oil sands tailings in a controlled environment. Fine tailings and two mixes of fine tailings and sand were used. This paper presented the experimental results of the behaviour of a class of material that compresses with almost no dissipation of excess pore pressure. The fine tailings in standpipe 1 strained more than 30 per cent over the 25 year monitoring period by self-weight with very little to no effective stress developing. The mix of fine tailings and sand in standpipe 3 compressed with a significant effective stress development. The tailings in standpipe 1 can be regarded as a class of material where a reduction in volume is not governed by a unique relationship between effective stress and void ratio, whereas the tailings in standpipe 3 can be categorized as slurry with conventional behaviour. A numerical model with appropriate material constitutive relationships was developed in order to investigate the capability of the finite strain consolidation theory on these tailings. Numerical results, compared with the performance of the standpipe tests, showed that the theory overestimated the compression behaviour of the standpipe 1 material, but it could predict the standpipe 3 consolidation behaviour. It was concluded that the amount of creep depends on time and the state of the fines void ratio. Further study on compressibility- and hydraulic-conductivity-related phenomena would improve the consolidation prediction for this class of material. 18 refs., 1 tab., 27

  20. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  1. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  2. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Guguan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  3. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Pagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  4. Slope grid derived from 10m gridded bathymetry of Alamagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  5. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  6. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Agrihan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  7. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Wake Island, West Central Pacific.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard R/V...

  8. Rugosity 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Rugosity is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hi'ialakai and R/V AHI, using the Benthic Terrain Modeler with...

  9. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Wake Island, West Central Pacific.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  10. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Supply Reef, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  11. Rugosity 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Rugosity is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI, using the Benthic Terrain Modeler with...

  12. RNase L controls terminal adipocyte differentiation, lipids storage and insulin sensitivity via CHOP10 mRNA regulation

    Fabre, Odile Martine Julie; Salehzada, T; Lambert, K;

    2012-01-01

    Adipose tissue structure is altered during obesity, leading to deregulation of whole-body metabolism. Its function depends on its structure, in particular adipocytes number and differentiation stage. To better understand the mechanisms regulating adipogenesis, we have investigated the role of an...... is associated with CHOP10 mRNA and regulates its stability. CHOP10 expression is conserved in RNase L(-/-)-MEFs, maintaining preadipocyte state while impairing their terminal differentiation. RNase L(-/-)-MEFs have decreased lipids storage capacity, insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake. Expression...... of ectopic RNase L in RNase L(-/-)-MEFs triggers CHOP10 mRNA instability, allowing increased lipids storage, insulin response and glucose uptake. Similarly, downregulation of CHOP10 mRNA with CHOP10 siRNA in RNase L(-/-)-MEFs improves their differentiation in adipocyte. In vivo, aged RNase L...

  13. Design of a conveyor system for 500 keV/10 mA electron beam machine

    A design of Conveyor System of 500 keV/10 mA Electron Beam Machine was carried out. In an irradiation technique using Electron Beam Machine, a conveyor system i.e. an equipment for conveying samples, is required. The design included determination of the speed and width of the system. The doses absorbed by samples depend on the election beam current (I), samples speed (V) and width (W). The system was equipped with moving trails noted by an electric motor that its speed could be controlled according to be the dose and an interface so that it could be operated from a control room. From the design, the conveyor system could be constructed and operated in a 500 keV/10 mA Electron Beam Machine, for either sheet or contained samples (closed). (author)

  14. Adductor Canal Block With 10 mL Versus 30 mL Local Anesthetics and Quadriceps Strength

    Jæger, Pia; Koscielniak-Nielsen, Zbigniew J; Hilsted, Karen Lisa;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adductor canal block (ACB) is predominantly a sensory nerve block, but excess volume may spread to the femoral triangle and reduce quadriceps strength. We hypothesized that reducing the local anesthetic volume from 30 to 10 mL may lead to fewer subjects with quadriceps...... weakness. METHODS: We performed a paired, blinded, randomized trial including healthy men. All subjects received bilateral ACBs with ropivacaine 0.1%; 10 mL in 1 leg and 30 mL in the other leg. The primary outcome was the difference in number of subjects with quadriceps strength reduced by more than 25...... and 30 mL did not have a statistically significant or clinically relevant impact on quadriceps strength....

  15. Expression of Interleukin—10 mRNA in Children with Different Clinical Types of Henoch—Schonlein Purpura Nephritis

    WuYJ; ChenRH

    2002-01-01

    Objective To investigate the role of interleukin-10(IL-10) in the pathogenesis of different clinical types Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis(HSPN).Methods The IL-10 protein was determined by ELISA and the expression of IL-10 mRNA was measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in phytohemagglutinin(PHA)-stimulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCS) in 40 children with HSPN during their acute phase and remission stage.Results:(1)The levels of IL-10 mRNA and protein were significantly increased in patients in acute phase compared with controls[(0.48±0.12)vs(0.39±0.10)and(1023.90±158.78)pg/ml vs(895.51±141.06)pg/ml;P0.05 for both].(2)The IL-10 mRNA and protein of HSPN patients in acute phase with proteinuria,nephrotic syndrome or acute glomerulonephritis syndrome was signficantly higher than that in controls.There was no significant difference between the acute phase of HSPN patients with isolated hematuria and the controls.Conclusion The results suggested that the expression of IL-10 in PBMC was correlated to clinical type of HSPN.IL-10 has protective action in the pathogenesis of HSPN.

  16. Structural and optical characterization of nonpolar (10-10) m-InN/m-GaN epilayers grown by PAMBE

    Mukundan, Shruti; Chandan, Greeshma; Mohan, Lokesh; Roul, Basanta; Krupanidhi, S. B.

    2016-01-01

    Plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy growth of (10-10) m-InN/(10-10) m-GaN was carried out on bare (10-10) m-sapphire substrate. The high resolution X-ray diffraction studies confirmed the orientation of the as-grown films. Nonpolar InN layer was grown at different growth temperatures ranging from 390 °C to 440 °C and the FWHM of rocking curve revealed good quality film at low temperatures. An in-plane relationship was established for the hetrostructures using phi-scan and a perfect alignment was found for the epilayers. Change of morphology of the films grown at different temperatures was observed using an atomic force microscopy technique showing the smoothest film grown at 400 °C. InN optical band gap was found to be vary from 0.79-0.83 eV from absorption spectra. The blue-shift of absorption edge was found to be induced by excess background electron concentration.

  17. The Converted Hydroacoustic Array "MG-10M" - a Basic Module for a Deep Water ν-TELESCOPE

    Karlik, Y.; Svet, V.

    The possibility of converted hydroacoustic arrays to create a module of deep water ν-Telescope is discussed. The array MC-10M is good tool to start the first real ocean experiments to investigate the problem of detecting neutrinos with energy 1018 eV. Technical parameters and systems which are necessary to create the module are presented. The Mediterranean Sea is an appropriate area for the first experiments due to existing of a deep underwater sound channel and stable high temperature. Some estimation of possible detecting volumes is presented. This project is continuation of works of authors in this direction, started in 1997.

  18. Thermometry using 1/8 W carbon resistors in a temperature region around 10 mK

    The resistance-temperature characteristics of 1/8 W carbon resistors of grade ERC-18SG, manufactured by Matsushita, with the nominal values of 48, 82, 100, 220 and 330 Ω have been measured in the region 4.2 K to 25 mK and their application as thermometers in this region is confirmed. For the 82 Ω resistor, measurements were taken at temperatures below 10mK. The temperature dependence of the resistance was found to be linear on the log-log plot over a wide range below 50 mK. The sensitivity remains finite even at 6 mK, but below 10 mK rapid measurements were prevented by a considerable increase in the thermal relaxation time. Measurement of the characteristics of several 100 Ω resistors from two different sets showed that resistors from the same set separate into two groups with different characteristics. This become appreciable at temperatures below 4.2 K, so it is difficult to predict the behaviour of Matsushite resistors below 4.2 K from the characteristics at higher temperatures. (author)

  19. Experimental test of higher-order Laguerre–Gauss modes in the 10 m Glasgow prototype interferometer

    Brownian noise of dielectric mirror coatings is expected to be one of the limiting noise sources, at the peak sensitivity, of next generation ground based interferometric gravitational wave (GW) detectors. The use of higher-order Laguerre–Gauss (LG) beams has been suggested to reduce the effect of coating thermal noise in future generations of gravitational wave detectors. In this paper we describe the first test of interferometry with higher-order LG beams in an environment similar to a full-scale gravitational wave detector. We compare the interferometric performance of higher-order LG modes and the fundamental mode beams, injected into a 10 m long suspended cavity that features a finesse of 612, a value chosen to be typical of future gravitational wave detectors. We found that the expected mode degeneracy of the injected LG3,3 beam was resolved into a multiple peak structure, and that the cavity length control signal featured several nearby zero crossings. The break up of the mode degeneracy is due to an astigmatism (defined as |Rcy − Rcx|) of 5.25 ± 0.5 cm on one of our cavity mirrors with a radius of curvature (Rc) of 15 m. This observation agrees well with numerical simulations developed with the FINESSE software. We also report on how these higher-order mode beams respond to the misalignment and mode mismatch present in our 10 m cavity. In general we found the LG3,3 beam to be considerably more susceptible to astigmatism and mode mismatch than a conventional fundamental mode beam. Therefore the potential application of higher-order Laguerre–Gauss beams in future gravitational wave detectors will impose much more stringent requirements on both mode matching and mirror astigmatism. (paper)

  20. The search for short-term flares in extended VHE Crab Nebula observations with the Whipple 10m telescope

    de Bhroithe, Anna O'Faolain

    2015-01-01

    In 1989, the Whipple 10m telescope achieved the first indisputable detection of a TeV gamma-ray source, the Crab Nebula. Until its decommissioning in 2011, the Whipple telescope took regular measurements of the nebula. With the recent discovery of GeV gamma-ray flaring activity in the Crab Nebula, it is an opportune time to return to the Whipple telescope data set and search its extensive archive for evidence of TeV flares. A data set on the Crab Nebula spanning ten years, 2000 - 2010, is compiled and searched for day-scale flaring activity using a Bayesian-block binning algorithm. No evidence for significant flaring activity is found. Monte Carlo simulations show that low levels of flux increase on short timescales are difficult to detect. Assuming a flare duration of seven days, 99% confidence level upper limits are calculated for the possible frequency of five-fold, two-fold and 1.5-fold flares in the data set. An upper limit of 0.02 flares per year is found for the five-fold flare, and a limit of 0.27 fla...

  1. A 10 mK scanning tunneling microscope operating in ultra high vacuum and high magnetic fields.

    Assig, Maximilian; Etzkorn, Markus; Enders, Axel; Stiepany, Wolfgang; Ast, Christian R; Kern, Klaus

    2013-03-01

    We present design and performance of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) that operates at temperatures down to 10 mK providing ultimate energy resolution on the atomic scale. The STM is attached to a dilution refrigerator with direct access to an ultra high vacuum chamber allowing in situ sample preparation. High magnetic fields of up to 14 T perpendicular and up to 0.5 T parallel to the sample surface can be applied. Temperature sensors mounted directly at the tip and sample position verified the base temperature within a small error margin. Using a superconducting Al tip and a metallic Cu(111) sample, we determined an effective temperature of 38 ± 1 mK from the thermal broadening observed in the tunneling spectra. This results in an upper limit for the energy resolution of ΔE = 3.5 kBT = 11.4 ± 0.3 μeV. The stability between tip and sample is 4 pm at a temperature of 15 mK as demonstrated by topography measurements on a Cu(111) surface. PMID:23556826

  2. Construction and Testing of Window System of 350 keV/10 mA Electron Beam Machine

    The construction and testing of window system of 350 keV/10 mA electron beam machine have been carried out. The function of the window is to separate vacuum chamber of electron beam machine from atmosphere and pass the electron beam from electron gun to the target. The design of window system consist of scanning horn flange, intermediate flange, supporting flange, gasket holder, made of pure aluminium wire material and cooling nozzle. To obtain high vacuum, the pure aluminium wire gasket should be used. But in vacuum testing the pure aluminium wire gasket was replaced with viton and titanium foil window of 50 μm was replaced with bronze plate. Theoretically the loss of energy of 500 keV electron beam at window is 33.32 keV. So that the 20 mA electron beam current will produce power dissipation of 665.2 Watt. For cooling the power dissipation the air speed of 41.553 m/sec is blown to the window surface. Blower with capacity of 0.167 m3/sec was used in this experiment, so that the nozzle around of 3.35 mm is applied. The result of test indicates that the optimal vacuum 5x10-5 mbar was reached, this result was close to the used diffusion pump capacity that is 3.5x10-5 mbar. It can be concluded that there is no leakage on the window construction. (author)

  3. Water Bodies’ Mapping from Sentinel-2 Imagery with Modified Normalized Difference Water Index at 10-m Spatial Resolution Produced by Sharpening the SWIR Band

    Yun Du

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Monitoring open water bodies accurately is an important and basic application in remote sensing. Various water body mapping approaches have been developed to extract water bodies from multispectral images. The method based on the spectral water index, especially the Modified Normalized Difference Water Index (MDNWI calculated from the green and Shortwave-Infrared (SWIR bands, is one of the most popular methods. The recently launched Sentinel-2 satellite can provide fine spatial resolution multispectral images. This new dataset is potentially of important significance for regional water bodies’ mapping, due to its free access and frequent revisit capabilities. It is noted that the green and SWIR bands of Sentinel-2 have different spatial resolutions of 10 m and 20 m, respectively. Straightforwardly, MNDWI can be produced from Sentinel-2 at the spatial resolution of 20 m, by upscaling the 10-m green band to 20 m correspondingly. This scheme, however, wastes the detailed information available at the 10-m resolution. In this paper, to take full advantage of the 10-m information provided by Sentinel-2 images, a novel 10-m spatial resolution MNDWI is produced from Sentinel-2 images by downscaling the 20-m resolution SWIR band to 10 m based on pan-sharpening. Four popular pan-sharpening algorithms, including Principle Component Analysis (PCA, Intensity Hue Saturation (IHS, High Pass Filter (HPF and À Trous Wavelet Transform (ATWT, were applied in this study. The performance of the proposed method was assessed experimentally using a Sentinel-2 image located at the Venice coastland. In the experiment, six water indexes, including 10-m NDWI, 20-m MNDWI and 10-m MNDWI, produced by four pan-sharpening algorithms, were compared. Three levels of results, including the sharpened images, the produced MNDWI images and the finally mapped water bodies, were analysed quantitatively. The results showed that MNDWI can enhance water bodies and suppressbuilt

  4. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  5. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Alamagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  6. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected aboard NOAA...

  7. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  8. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Supply Reef, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  9. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  10. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  11. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  12. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Agrihan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  13. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Pagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  14. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Guguan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  15. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  16. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Guguan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  17. Mosaic of 10 m gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Alamagan Island, Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded multibeam bathymetry is integrated with bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite data. Gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected...

  18. Mosaic of 10 m gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands, USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded multibeam bathymetry is integrated with bathymetry derived from multpectral IKONOS satellite data. Gridded (5m and 10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry...

  19. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Alamagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  20. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Agrihan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  1. Mosaic of 10 m gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands, USA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded multibeam bathymetry is integrated with bathymetry derived from multpectral IKONOS satellite data. Gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected...

  2. Effects of different doses of acitretin on FGF10 mRNA transcription and its protein translation in HaCaT cells

    YU Chun-shui; TAN Sheng-shun; SUI Wei-chi; XI Yan-ping

    2006-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effects of different doses of acitretin on the transcription of FGF10 mRNA and the translation of FGF10 protein in cultured HaCaT cells. Methods: HaCaT cells were treated with different doses of acitretin for 48 h, then the changes on the transcription of FGF10 mRNA and the translation of FGF10 protein in these cells were detected by immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization assay. Results: Compared with the control group, the transcription of FGF10 mRNA and the translation of FGF10 protein were gradually decreased along with the increasing dose of acitretin. There were significant differences between different groups (P<0.01). Conclusion: Acitretin could inhibit the transcription of FGF10 mRNA and the translation of FGF10 protein in HaCaT cells. With the dose of acitretin increased, the stains of both FGF10 mRNA and FGF10 protein in HaCaT cells are reduced.

  3. Special purpose tooling and remote equipment for the nuclear industry

    In order to accommodate elongation of pressure tubes in Pickering NGS 'A' reactors due to radiation enhanced creep effects, Ontario Hydro has implemented a program for shifting the fuel channel assemblies on their support bearings that makes maximum use of existing dimensional allowances. This paper describes the design, manufacture and application of a special machine for completing the shifting program. The machine includes a bank of ten positioning ram-heads mounted on a carriage which is arranged to traverse along the top of the fueling machine bridge. Together with the bridge's vertical motion, all lattice positions on the reactor face can be accessed by machine. The equipment also includes a remote control system and a laser system for control and position indication of the shifted channels. The Fuel Channel Shifting Machine was designed by DSMA ATCON Ltd., a consulting engineering firm, and built by ATCON Services Limited, a firm specializing in test equipment and assembly of precision components. It was designed, developed and delivered in twelve and a half months. Using the machine, trained Pickering NGS personnel were able to relocate reactor fuel channels on Unit 1 at the rate of 10 per eight-hour shift. This rate improved with the shifting program for Units 3 and 4. The concept employed in the design of this machine has since been extended for use in a similar fuel channel repositioning program on Bruce NGS 'A' reactors (Units 1, 2, 3). W.L. Wardrop and Associates Limited has now succeeded the ATCON companies in the design and supply of such equipment

  4. A special purpose vehicle for radiological emergency response

    The scope of this paper encompasses the design and application of a Contamination Control Station (CCS) Response Vehicle. The vehicle is part of emergency response assets at the Department of Energy Pantex Plant, the nation's final assembly and disassembly point for nuclear weapons. The CCS Response Vehicle was designed to satisfy the need for a rapid deployment of equipment for the setup of a Contamination Control Station. This deployment may be either on the Pantex Plant site, or, if directed by the DOE Albuquerque Operations Office, to any location in the US or worldwide to a site having radioactive contamination and needing response assets of this type. Based on the specialized nature of the vehicle and its mission, certain design criteria must be considered. The vehicle must be air transportable. This criteria alone poses size, weight, and material restrictions due to the transporting aircraft and temperature/pressure variations. This paper first focuses on the overall mission of the vehicle, then highlights some of the design considerations

  5. Familial hypertriglyceridemia

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000397.htm Familial hypertriglyceridemia To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Familial hypertriglyceridemia is a common disorder passed down through families. ...

  6. Family Disruptions

    ... Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care ... Life Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Family Disruptions Page Content Article Body No matter how ...

  7. Family History

    Your family history includes health information about you and your close relatives. Families have many factors in common, including their genes, ... as heart disease, stroke, and cancer. Having a family member with a disease raises your risk, but ...

  8. Family Arguments

    ... Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care ... Life Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Family Arguments Page Content Article Body We seem to ...

  9. Family Meals

    ... Story" 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Family Meals KidsHealth > For Parents > Family Meals Print A ... even more important as kids get older. Making Family Meals Happen It can be a big challenge ...

  10. Family Life

    ... Family and Friends > Family Life Request Permissions Family Life Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board , 07/ ... treatment become as overwhelming for others in your life as they are for you. Understanding the potential ...

  11. Different cutoff values for 10-m walking speed simply classification of walking independence in stroke patients with or without cognitive impairment

    Yoshimoto, Yoshinobu; Oyama, Yukitsuna; Tanaka, Mamoru

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the threshold for classifying walking independence in stroke patients with and without cognitive disorders. [Subjects] The subjects were 130 patients with initial stroke hemiplegia. [Methods] The following factors were analyzed for associations with walking independence: Brunnstrom stage, one-leg standing time on the paralytic side, one-leg standing time on the non-paralytic side, and 10-m walking speed. We classified the patients with Mini-Men...

  12. Review of selected coil and collared-coil assembly data from 10-M-long, 50-MM-Twin-aperture LHC dipole magnet prototypes

    In 1991, the Laboratoire Europeen pour la Physique des Particules (CERN) has launched the fabrication in industry of seven 10 m long, 50 mm twin aperture dipole magnet prototypes for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The design and specific features of these magnets have been described elsewhere. In this paper, we review some of the coil and collared-coil assembly data and we analyze the influence of tooling imperfections on magnet assembly. (author)

  13. Family Privilege

    Seita, John R.

    2014-01-01

    Family privilege is defined as "strengths and supports gained through primary caring relationships." A generation ago, the typical family included two parents and a bevy of kids living under one roof. Now, every variation of blended caregiving qualifies as family. But over the long arc of human history, a real family was a…

  14. Prilog ispitivanju korištenja instrumentarija različitih tehničkih izvedbi pri uspostavljanju nivelmanskih mreža posebnih namjena u inženjerskoj geodeziji : Contribution on study possibilities in using instruments of different technical performances in establishing special purposes leveling networks in engineering geodesy

    Nihad Kapetanović

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ispitivanje mogućnosti korištenja geodetskih instrumenata sličnih tehničkih karakteristika, ali različitih tehničkih izvedbi je uvijek zanimljiva geodetska tema. Osnovna svrha ovog istraživanja je analiziranje tačnosti testne nivelmanske mreže, unutar koje su visinske razlike izmjerene nivelirima Koni 007CZJ i Leica DNA 03. Rezultati dobiveni na kraju istraživanja pokazali su da oba nivelira zadovoljavaju kriterije preciznog nivelmana, ali se prednost daje niveliru DNA 03. : Examination of possibilities in using geodetic (survey instruments of the same specifications, but different technical performances is always an interesting geodetic topic. The main purpose of this research is to analyze the accuracy of special purposes leveling networks where height differences were measured with Koni 007 CZJ and Leica DNA 03 levels. Obtained results showed that both leveling results fulfill the required conditions of precision leveling, but the preference is given to level DNA 03.

  15. Release of a 10-m-resolution DEM for the whole Italian territory: a new, freely available resource for research purposes

    Tarquini, S.; Nannipieri, L.; Favalli, M.; Fornaciai, A.; Vinci, S.; Doumaz, F.

    2012-04-01

    Digital elevation models (DEMs) are fundamental in any kind of environmental or morphological study. DEMs are obtained from a variety of sources and generated in several ways. Nowadays, a few global-coverage elevation datasets are available for free (e.g., SRTM, http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/srtm; ASTER, http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/). When the matrix of a DEM is used also for computational purposes, the choice of the elevation dataset which better suits the target of the study is crucial. Recently, the increasing use of DEM-based numerical simulation tools (e.g. for gravity driven mass flows), would largely benefit from the use of a higher resolution/higher accuracy topography than those available at planetary scale. Similar elevation datasets are neither easily nor freely available for all countries worldwide. Here we introduce a new web resource which made available for free (for research purposes only) a 10 m-resolution DEM for the whole Italian territory. The creation of this elevation dataset was presented by Tarquini et al. (2007). This DEM was obtained in triangular irregular network (TIN) format starting from heterogeneous vector datasets, mostly consisting in elevation contour lines and elevation points derived from several sources. The input vector database was carefully cleaned up to obtain an improved seamless TIN refined by using the DEST algorithm, thus improving the Delaunay tessellation. The whole TINITALY/01 DEM was converted in grid format (10-m cell size) according to a tiled structure composed of 193, 50-km side square elements. The grid database consists of more than 3 billions of cells and occupies almost 12 GB of disk memory. A web-GIS has been created (http://tinitaly.pi.ingv.it/ ) where a seamless layer of images in full resolution (10 m) obtained from the whole DEM (both in color-shaded and anaglyph mode) is open for browsing. Accredited navigators are allowed to download the elevation dataset.

  16. Synergism between rare earth cerium(IV) ion and vanillin on the corrosion of cold rolled steel in 1.0 M HCl solution

    The synergism between rare earth cerium(IV) ion and vanillin on the corrosion of cold rolled steel (CRS) in 1.0 M HCl solution was first investigated by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometer (UV-vis), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscope (AFM). The results revealed that vanillin had a moderate inhibitive effect, and the adsorption of vanillin obeyed the Temkin adsorption isotherm. For rare earth Ce4+, it had a negligible effect. However, incorporation of Ce4+ with vanillin significantly improved the inhibition performance, and produced strong synergistic inhibition effect. Depending on the results, the synergism mechanism was proposed

  17. Synergism between rare earth cerium(IV) ion and vanillin on the corrosion of cold rolled steel in 1.0 M HCl solution

    Li Xianghong [Department of Fundamental Courses, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224 (China)], E-mail: xianghong-li@163.com; Deng Shuduan [Department of Wood Science and Technology, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224 (China); Fu Hui [Department of Fundamental Courses, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224 (China); Mu Guannan [Department of Chemistry, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091 (China)

    2008-12-15

    The synergism between rare earth cerium(IV) ion and vanillin on the corrosion of cold rolled steel (CRS) in 1.0 M HCl solution was first investigated by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometer (UV-vis), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscope (AFM). The results revealed that vanillin had a moderate inhibitive effect, and the adsorption of vanillin obeyed the Temkin adsorption isotherm. For rare earth Ce{sup 4+}, it had a negligible effect. However, incorporation of Ce{sup 4+} with vanillin significantly improved the inhibition performance, and produced strong synergistic inhibition effect. Depending on the results, the synergism mechanism was proposed.

  18. Observations of the Unidentified TeV Gamma-Ray Source TeV J2032+4130 with the Whipple Observatory 10 m Telescope

    Konopelko, A; Blaylock, G; Buckley, J H; Butt, Y; Carter-Lewis, D A; Celik, O; Cogan, P; Chow, Y C K; Cui, W; Dowdall, C; Ergin, T; Falcone, A D; Fegan, D J; Fegan, S J; Finley, J P; Fortin, P; Gillanders, G H; Gutíerrez, K J; Hall, J; Hanna, D; Horan, D; Hughes, S B; Humensky, T B; Imran, A; Jung, I; Kaaret, Philip; Kenny, G E; Kertzman, M; Kieda, D B; Kildea, J; Knapp, J; Kosack, K; Krawczynski, H; Krennrich, F; Lang, M J; Le Bohec, S; Moriarty, P; Mukherjee, R; Nagai, T; Ong, R A; Perkins, J S; Pohl, M; Ragan, K; Reynolds, P T; Rose, H J; Sembroski, G H; Schroedter, M; Smith, A W; Steele, D; Syson, A; Swordy, S P; Toner, J A; Valcarcel, L; Vasilev, V V; Wagner, R G; Wakely, S P; Weekes, T C; White, R J; Williams, D A; Zitzer, B

    2006-01-01

    We report on observations of the sky region around the unidentified TeV gamma-ray source TeV J2032+4130 carried out with the Whipple Observatory 10 m atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for a total of 65.5 hrs between 2003 and 2005. The standard two-dimensional analysis developed by the Whipple collaboration for a stand-alone telescope reveals an excess in the field of view at a pre-trials significance level of 6.1 standard deviations. The measured position of this excess is alpha(2000) =20 h 32 m 27 s, delta(2000) = 41 deg 39 min 17 s. The estimated integral flux for this gamma-ray source is about 8% of the Crab-Nebula flux. The data are consistent with a point-like source. Here we present a detailed description of the standard two-dimensional analysis technique used for the analysis of data taken with the Whipple Observatory 10 m telescope and the results for the TeV J2032+4130 campaign. We include a short discussion of the physical mechanisms that may be responsible for the observed gamma-ray emission, based o...

  19. Random comparison study of the clinical response to 153Sm-EDTMP 1.0 mCi/kg and 1.5 mCi/kg

    Sixty-seven patient with painful bone metastases were randomized to two groups. Group 1 (n=34) received 1.0 mCi/kg of 153Sm-EDTMP and group II (n=33) received 1.5 mCi/kg. All of them met inclusion criteria and there was no significantly difference between the basic conditions of two groups. After receiving 153Sm-EDTMP intravenously, all patients were kept in close follow-up weekly with blood counting, physician visiting and collecting patient's self-filling-in diary including pain score, Karnofsky performance scale and analgesic consumption. The follow-up duration was six weeks. The final overall condition assessed by physician were graded into no change (including worse), slight relief, significant relief and complete relief. Only significant relief and complete relief were considered as effectiveness for pain relief. Haematological toxicity grade was evaluated based on the nadir of WBC ad PLT counts. The results indicated that the higher dosage group had a higher effectiveness rate (75.76%) compared to the lower dosage group (67.65%), but without statistic significance (x2=0.5365, 0.25153Sm-EDTMP could be used for those patients with better haematological function and 1.0 mCi/kg used for those patients with poorer haematological function. (author)

  20. Evaluation of 10 mAs and low-contrast CT image optimization based on the multifractal spectrum in brain of infant

    Objective: To analyze scanned image optimization based on the multifractal soectrum and image fractal algorithm of 64-slice spiral CT in brain of infant. Methods: The image data of Toshiba Aquilion 64-slice CT scanning using 10 mAs were imported to image processing toolboxs of Matlab 7.1. The evaluation of multifractal spectrum and image denosing were performed, and compared with image quality of conventional low-dose CT using 50 mAs. Results: The low-contrast scanned image used 10 mAs is the valueless medical image because of serious noise. Image denoise based on the fractal model had superior characteristic of image detail preserving and better contrast-to-noise ratio(CNR). There existed a group difference in the score of image quality between the rude imaging noise and optimized image based on the multifractal spectrum algorithm, though the score was still significantly lower than the normal dosage scanned image (F=38.85, P<0.01). The group difference was also manifested the image quality of infants can achieve basically the request of clinical diagnosis by suitable model denoising algorithm. Conclusions: Image denoising based on the multifractal spectrum model can be used on the low-dose and low-contrast CT image optimization. It improved the CNR of the pathological region. The radiation dose of CT scanning in infants would be declined significantly by its further application in the future. (authors)

  1. Inhibiting effects of some mercapto-triazole derivatives on the corrosion of mild steel in 1.0 M HCl medium

    The effect of some mercapto-triazole derivatives synthesized in the laboratory containing different hetero atoms and substituents in the organic structures on the corrosion and hydrogen permeation of mild steel in 1.0 M HCl was investigated by weight loss and various electrochemical techniques. Results obtained reveal that all the mercapto-triazole derivatives perform excellently as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in 1.0 M HCl. Potentiodynamic polarization studies have shown that all these compounds suppress both the anodic and cathodic process and they behave as mixed-type inhibitors. Double layer capacitance and charge transfer resistance values were derived from Nyquist plots obtained from AC impedance studies. Changes in impedance parameters are indicative of the adsorption of these compounds on the metal surface. The inhibition efficiency mainly depends on the nature of the investigated compounds. The values of the inhibition efficiency calculated from these techniques are in reasonably good agreement. The extent of reduction of hydrogen permeation current through mild steel surface was studied by the hydrogen electropermeation technique. The adsorption of these compounds on mild steel surface is found to obey Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The free energy of adsorption for inhibiting process was determined on the basis of Langmuir adsorption isotherm

  2. Family History

    ... Brain Aneurysm Statistics and Facts Seeking Medical Attention Pediatric Aneurysms Brain Aneurysm Causes and Risk Factors Family History ... Brain Aneurysm Statistics and Facts Seeking Medical Attention Pediatric Aneurysms Brain Aneurysm Causes and Risk Factors Family History ...

  3. Familial gigantism

    Wouter W. de Herder

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Familial GH-secreting tumors are seen in association with three separate hereditary clinical syndromes: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Carney complex, and familial isolated pituitary adenomas.

  4. Familial hypercholesterolemia

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000392.htm Familial hypercholesterolemia To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Familial hypercholesterolemia is a disorder that is passed down through ...

  5. Quantitative study of valence and configuration interaction parameters of the Kondo semiconductors CeM{sub 2}Al{sub 10} (M = Ru, Os and Fe) by means of bulk-sensitive hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

    Strigari, F., E-mail: strigari@ph2.uni-koeln.de [Institute of Physics II, University of Cologne, Zülpicher Straße 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany); Sundermann, M. [Institute of Physics II, University of Cologne, Zülpicher Straße 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany); Muro, Y. [Department of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Toyama Prefectural University, Izumi 939-0398 (Japan); Yutani, K. [Department of Quantum Matter, AdSM, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8530 (Japan); Takabatake, T. [Department of Quantum Matter, AdSM, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8530 (Japan); Institute for Advanced Materials Research, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8530 (Japan); Tsuei, K.-D.; Liao, Y.F. [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu 30077, Taiwan (China); Tanaka, A. [Department of Quantum Matter, AdSM, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8530 (Japan); Thalmeier, P.; Haverkort, M.W.; Tjeng, L.H. [Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Nöthnizer Straße 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Severing, A., E-mail: severing@ph2.uni-koeln.de [Institute of Physics II, University of Cologne, Zülpicher Straße 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany)

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • Bulk-sensitive HAXPES study of 4f occupancy in Kondo semiconducting compounds. • Combination of configuration interaction model and full multiplet calculations. • Accurate correction of plasmon excitations in the core-level photoemission spectra. • Existence of substantial Kondo screening in magnetically ordered systems. - Abstract: The occupancy of the 4f{sup n} contributions in the Kondo semiconductors CeM{sub 2}Al{sub 10} (M = Ru, Os and Fe) has been quantitatively determined by means of bulk-sensitive hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) on the Ce 3d core levels. Combining a configuration interaction scheme with full multiplet calculations allowed to accurately describe the HAXPES data despite the presence of strong plasmon excitations in the spectra. The configuration interaction parameters obtained from this analysis – in particular the hybridization strength V{sub eff} and the effective f binding energy Δ{sub f} – indicate a slightly stronger exchange interaction in CeOs{sub 2}Al{sub 10} compared to CeRu{sub 2}Al{sub 10}, and a significant increase in CeFe{sub 2}Al{sub 10}. This shows the existence of a substantial amount of Kondo screening in these magnetically ordered systems and places the entire CeM{sub 2}Al{sub 10} family in the region of strong exchange interactions.

  6. Quantitative study of valence and configuration interaction parameters of the Kondo semiconductors CeM2Al10 (M = Ru, Os and Fe) by means of bulk-sensitive hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

    Highlights: • Bulk-sensitive HAXPES study of 4f occupancy in Kondo semiconducting compounds. • Combination of configuration interaction model and full multiplet calculations. • Accurate correction of plasmon excitations in the core-level photoemission spectra. • Existence of substantial Kondo screening in magnetically ordered systems. - Abstract: The occupancy of the 4fn contributions in the Kondo semiconductors CeM2Al10 (M = Ru, Os and Fe) has been quantitatively determined by means of bulk-sensitive hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) on the Ce 3d core levels. Combining a configuration interaction scheme with full multiplet calculations allowed to accurately describe the HAXPES data despite the presence of strong plasmon excitations in the spectra. The configuration interaction parameters obtained from this analysis – in particular the hybridization strength Veff and the effective f binding energy Δf – indicate a slightly stronger exchange interaction in CeOs2Al10 compared to CeRu2Al10, and a significant increase in CeFe2Al10. This shows the existence of a substantial amount of Kondo screening in these magnetically ordered systems and places the entire CeM2Al10 family in the region of strong exchange interactions

  7. Elucidation of the Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel in 1.0 M HCl by Catechin Monomers from Commercial Green Tea Extracts

    Nofrizal, S.; Rahim, Afidah A.; Saad, Bahruddin; Bothi Raja, P.; Shah, Affaizza M.; Yahya, S.

    2012-04-01

    The inhibitive action of commercial green tea extracts on mild steel (MS) in a 1.0 M hydrochloric acid solution was investigated by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis showed conclusively that of the eight catechin monomers and caffeine found in the original extracts, only four components were responsible for the inhibition of MS. The decreasing adsorption capacity of monomers on MS is related to the stereochemistry of molecules and the number of phenolic groups, and it is as follows: epigallocatechin gallate > epicatechin gallate > epigallocatechin > epicatechin. Adsorption of green tea extract constituent was found to follow Langmuir adsorption isotherm and the calculated Gibb's free energy values indicated the physisorption of inhibitor over MS surface. Physisorption was supported well by the potential zero charge (PZC) and molecular surface energy-level calculations.

  8. Synergistic interaction of catecholamine hormones and Mycobacterium avium results in the induction of interleukin-10 mRNA expression by murine peritoneal macrophages.

    Chen, L; Boomershine, C; Wang, T; Lafuse, W P; Zwilling, B S

    1999-01-01

    The results of this investigation provides evidence that catecholamine hormones interact with macrophages that are infected with Mycobacterium avium resulting in the induction of IL-10 mRNA and protein. The effect of catecholamine hormones was prevented by treating the cells with the beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist propranolol but not by alpha-adrenergic antagonist phentolamine. The effect of catecholamine stimulation was mimicked by the addition of beta-2 adrenergic agonists and by the addition of cAMP to the infected macrophage cultures. These observations suggest that sympathetic nervous system activation together with microbial infection results in a synergistic interaction that could result in the control of inflammatory processes. PMID:10378878

  9. Construction of electron beam machine 350 keV/10 mA for multipurpose application of thin sample at P3TM-BATAN

    Research and development starting in 1984 of electron beam technology in Indonesia is first briefly presented. BATAN assigned to the Yogyakarta Nuclear Center the project of constructing an electron beam machine of 350 keV/10 mA for multipurpose applications especially for thin samples for duration of five years. The main objective of the project was the young scientists training and demonstration purposes in operation and maintenance of the machine. The engineers have learned through experience of the low energy ion accelerator (150 kV) many techniques to construct the system component such as E-gun, high voltage, vacuum, beam optics, scanning horn and window, beam stopper, and conveyer as well as the embedded control system. Because of the window cooling system, the uses of the machine are limited for irradiating a thin sample of plastics, hydrogel, powder, or liquid. Future plans for modification of the machine are stated. (S. Ohno)

  10. Hybrid master oscillator power amplifier system providing 10 mJ, 32 W, and 50 MW pulses for optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification pumping

    We present a high-energy, high-average-power picosecond laser system based on a hybrid chain in a master oscillator power amplifier configuration. The chain is seeded by a Ti:sapphire oscillator, followed by a Yb doped fiber preamplifier, a Nd:YAG-based regenerate amplifier, and a Nd:YVO4-based single-pass amplifier. The final diode-pumped, solid-state amplifier is detailed and produces pulses with more than 10 mJ energy at 32 W average power with 207 ps duration, corresponding to 50 MW peak power. The picosecond pulse output is seeded and optically synchronized with the sub-5-fs oscillator for optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification pumping. (authors)

  11. Family therapy

    Shaikh Altamash

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Another major force not letting us succeed in the treatment of diabetes remains right inside the patients home, their family members. Hence, it is important to know the perception of the close family members about this simple and strong tool in diabetes, ′insulin′. The drug is nearing its century, it has not fully being accepted gracefully even in todays electronic savvy society. So, we need to strongly discover the reason for its non-acceptance, while trials are out inventing new drugs. One vital thing that can change this attitude is increasing the understanding of this drug, insulin in depth to close people around the patient, the ′family′. Underestimating family′s perception about disease and treatment for diabetes is detrimental to both diseased and the doctor. This consists of a biopsychosocial model; biological, psychological and social factors. Family forms the most important part of it. The strategies in family therapy include psychodynamic, structural, strategic, and cognitive-behavioral component. Diabetes has and will continue to rise, so will be the treatment options. From the clinicians side its to fix fasting first but from patients its fix family first. Family therapy demonstrates the importance of insulin initiation and maintenance in insulin naive patients, and continuation for others. The specific needs of such patients and their impact on family life are met with family therapy. Who needs family therapy? Benefits of family therapy and a case based approach is covered.

  12. My Family

    2012-01-01

    Everyone has a family.We live in it and feel very warm.There are three persons in my family,my mother,father and I.We live together very happily and there are many interesting stories about my family. My father is a hard-working man.He works as a doctor.He always tries his best to help every,patient and make patients comfortable.But sonetimes he works so hard

  13. Family Polymorphism

    Ernst, Erik

    2001-01-01

    safety and flexibility at the level of multi-object systems. We are granted the flexibility of using different families of kinds of objects, and we are guaranteed the safety of the combination. This paper highlights the inability of traditional polymorphism to handle multiple objects, and presents family...... polymorphism as a way to overcome this problem. Family polymorphism has been implemented in the programming language gbeta, a generalized version of Beta, and the source code of this implementation is available under GPL....

  14. Family Finance

    Christopher Kobrak

    2008-01-01

    As Mira Wilkins has argued, there is a curious disconnect between business and financial history. (Wilkins, 2003) Whereas business history literature has rediscovered the importance of family business in many countries and in many sectors of contemporary commercial life, for example, little has been written about family banking as an alternative to joint-stock, management-run financial institutions. This lacuna is odd for many reasons. First, family banking is one of the best-known examples o...

  15. Family literacy

    Sehested, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    I Projekt familielæsning, der er et samarbejde mellem Nationalt Videncenter for Læsning og Hillerød Bibliotek, arbejder vi med at få kontakt til de familier, som biblioteket ellers aldrig ser som brugere og dermed også de børn, der vokser op i familier, for hvem bøger og oplæsningssituationer ikke...... er en selvfølgelig del af barndommen. Det, vi vil undersøge og ønsker at være med til at udvikle hos disse familier, er det, man kan kalde family literacy....

  16. Study on Breeding of Special Purpose for Oatmeal Pro-cessing Variety Jizhangyan 3-and Its Cultivation Technique%麦片加工专用皮燕麦品种冀张燕3号的选育及配套栽培技术研究

    周海涛; 杨晓虹; 李天亮; 张新军; 武永祯; 杨才

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to-introduce the breeding of special purpose for oatmeal processing variety Jizhangyan 3 and its euhivation technique. [Method] Jizhangyan 3 was selected from forty-two oat varieties which were introduced from foreign countries by Zhang, jiakou academy of agricultural sciences. The yield performance and the variety characteristic of Jizhangyan 3 were described and its main eultural techniques were introduced. [Result] The growing period of Jizhangyan 3 was 97.60 days, the thousand kernel weight was 36.63 g, and the rate of producing rice was 76.73%. The content of crude protein and crude lipid was 13.31% and 5.29%, respectively. The highest yield was up to 5 266.95 kg/hm2, and the yield in dry-rice land was 3 753.30 kg/hm2, 33.51% higher than Hongqi 2. [Conclusionl Jizhangyan 3 was suitable to be planted in Bashang of Hebei province and the same ecological areas such as Inner Mongolia and Shanxi province.%【目的】介绍麦片加工专用燕麦品种冀张燕3号的选育及配套栽培技术。【方法】冀张燕3号是张家口市农业科学院从国外引进的42个皮燕麦品种中筛选出的优质麦片加工专用型皮燕麦品种。介绍了该品种的产量表现、品种特征特性和栽培技术要点。[结果】该品种生育期97.60d,千粒重36.63g,出米率为76.73%,粗蛋白含量13.31%,粗脂肪含量5.29%,最高产量可达5266.95kg/hm2,一般旱地种植籽实产量为3753.30kg/hm2,比同类主栽品种红旗2号增产33.51%。【结论】该品种适宜在河北坝上以及周边相同生态类型区的内蒙、山西种植、

  17. Family Potyviridae

    The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses potyvirus study group has revised the description of the family Potyviridae for inclusion in the ICTV 9th report. Characteristic features of each genus within the family is presented. Revised criteria for demarcation and nomenclature of viral sp...

  18. Familial Endometriosis

    Lichtblau, Steven

    1986-01-01

    Although it has been suspected that endometriosis has familial tendencies, systemic studies have not been conducted until relatively recently. The inheritence is not a monogenic, but rather a polygenic multi-factorial process. A case is presented and the clinical significance of the familial endometriosis is discussed.

  19. The very high energy gamma ray spectra of IES 1959+650 and Mrk 421 as measured with the Whipple 10 m telescope

    In observations made with the Whipple 10 m telescope, 1ES 1959+650 (z 0.048) was caught in a high flaring state in May 2002, concurrent with a high X-ray state, and in June 2002, for which there was no corresponding X-ray flare. The spectra for both of those occasions are well fitted by a power law of differential spectral index ∼ -2.8. The relative stability of the spectral index for those flares argues strongly in favour of a two-component model as to the emission zones for the two radiation regimes.Markarian 421 (z = 0.031) was observed to be in a high flaring state, at levels of ≥ 3 Crab, during March and April 2004. The average spectrum over this time period shows evidence for a cut-off in the spectrum at ∼ 5 TeV, similar to a cut-off seen during an equivalently strong episode of flaring activity in 2001. The continued appearance of this feature indicates a long term stability, either in the physical conditions at the source, or in the intervening medium (such as attenuation on the extra-galactic infra-red background radiation)

  20. Annealing temperature effect on the pitting corrosion resistance of plasma arc welded joints of duplex stainless steel UNS S32304 in 1.0 M NaCl

    Tan Hua [Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Wang Zhiyu [Research and Development Center, Baosteel Co., Ltd., Shanghai 201900 (China); Jiang Yiming; Han Dong; Hong Jufeng; Chen Lindou [Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Jiang Laizhu [Research and Development Center, Baosteel Co., Ltd., Shanghai 201900 (China); Li Jin, E-mail: corrosion@fudan.edu.c [Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)

    2011-06-15

    Highlights: {yields} Welding, heat treatment, microstructure and pitting corrosion were studied. {yields} The weakest region of DSS welded joints was determined. {yields} The optimum annealing temperature for DSS welded joints was determined. {yields} Cause of degradation and improvement of pitting corrosion was analyzed. - Abstract: Pitting corrosion resistance of 2304 duplex stainless steels after autogenous plasma-arc welding and subsequent short-time post-weld heat treatment at different temperatures, determined by critical pitting temperature in 1.0 M NaCl solution, has been investigated. The results showed that the as-welded joint displayed impaired pitting corrosion resistance and that pitting preferentially occurred at ferrite grain in heat-affected zone near the fusion line. Short-time annealing treatment at 1020-1120 {sup o}C has a beneficial effect on the pitting corrosion resistance of welded joint. The most favorable annealing temperature for the analyzed welded joints was found to be 1080 {sup o}C, at which the joint restored the pitting corrosion resistance lost during welding entirely.

  1. A Turnover in the Galaxy Main Sequence of Star Formation at $M_{*} \\sim 10^{10} M_{\\odot}$ for Redshifts $z < 1.3$

    Lee, Nicholas; Casey, Caitlin M; Toft, Sune; Scoville, N Z; Hung, Chao-Ling; Floc'h, Emeric Le; Ilbert, Olivier; Zahid, H Jabran; Aussel, Herve; Capak, Peter; Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S; Kewley, Lisa J; Li, Yanxia; Schawinski, Kevin; Sheth, Kartik; Xiao, Quanbao

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between galaxy star formation rates (SFR) and stellar masses ($M_\\ast$) is re-examined using a mass-selected sample of $\\sim$62,000 star-forming galaxies at $z \\le 1.3$ in the COSMOS 2-deg$^2$ field. Using new far-infrared photometry from $Herschel$-PACS and SPIRE and $Spitzer$-MIPS 24 $\\mu$m, along with derived infrared luminosities from the NRK method based on galaxies' locations in the restframe color-color diagram $(NUV - r)$ vs. $(r - K)$, we are able to more accurately determine total SFRs for our complete sample. At all redshifts, the relationship between median $SFR$ and $M_\\ast$ follows a power-law at low stellar masses, and flattens to nearly constant SFR at high stellar masses. We describe a new parameterization that provides the best fit to the main sequence and characterizes the low mass power-law slope, turnover mass, and overall scaling. The turnover in the main sequence occurs at a characteristic mass of about $M_{0} \\sim 10^{10} M_{\\odot}$ at all redshifts. The low mass power...

  2. 10 m/25 Gbps LiFi transmission system based on a two-stage injection-locked 680 nm VCSEL transmitter.

    Lu, Hai-Han; Li, Chung-Yi; Chu, Chien-An; Lu, Ting-Chien; Chen, Bo-Rui; Wu, Chang-Jen; Lin, Dai-Hua

    2015-10-01

    A 10  m/25  Gbps light-based WiFi (LiFi) transmission system based on a two-stage injection-locked 680 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) transmitter is proposed. A LiFi transmission system with a data rate of 25 Gbps is experimentally demonstrated over a 10 m free-space link. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time a two-stage injection-locked 680 nm VCSEL transmitter in a 10  m/25  Gbps LiFi transmission system has been employed. Impressive bit error rate performance and a clear eye diagram are achieved in the proposed systems. Such a 10  m/25  Gbps LiFi transmission system provides the advantage of a communication link for higher data rates that could accelerate the deployment of visible laser light communication. PMID:26421582

  3. High flux coherent supercontinuum soft X-ray source driven by a single-stage 10 mJ, kHz, Ti:sapphire laser amplifier

    Ding, Chengyuan; Fan, Tingting; Hickstein, Daniel D; Popmintchev, Tenio; Zhang, Xiaoshi; Walls, Mike; Murnane, Margaret M; Kapteyn, Henry C

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate the highest flux tabletop source of coherent soft X-rays to date, driven by a single-stage 10 mJ Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier at 1 kHz. We first down-convert the laser to 1.3 um using a parametric amplifier, before up-converting it to soft X-rays using high harmonic generation in a high-pressure, phase matched, hollow waveguide geometry. The resulting optimally phase matched broadband spectrum extends to 200 eV, with a soft X-ray photon flux of > 10^6 photons/pulse/1% bandwidth at 1 kHz, corresponding to > 10^9 photons/s/1% bandwidth, or approximately a three order-of-magnitude increase compared with past work. Finally, using this broad bandwidth X-ray source, we demonstrate X-ray absorption spectroscopy of multiple elements and transitions in molecules in a single spectrum, with a spectral resolution of 0.25 eV, and with the ability to resolve the near edge fine structure.

  4. Family matters

    Kieffer-Kristensen, Rikke; Siersma, Volkert Dirk; Teasdale, Thomas William

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To relate illness and family factors to emotional and behavioural problems in school-age children (7–14 years old) of parents with acquired brain injury and their healthy spouses. PARTICIPANTS, MATERIALS/METHODS: Members of 35 families in which a parent had been diagnosed with acquired...... brain injury participated. Family and brain injury characteristics were reported by the ill and healthy parents. Children self-reported post-traumatic stress symptoms (PSS) using the Child Impact of Events revised (CRIES). Emotional and behavioural problems among the children were also identified by the...... parents using the Achenbach’s Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL). RESULTS: The family stress variables relating to the healthy spouse in all six comparisons were significant (p< = 0.05) or nearly so (p = 0.07) in each case showing higher scores for spouses to be associated with higher CRIES and CBCL total...

  5. FAMILY RHAGIONIDAE.

    Santos, Charles Morphy D; Carmo, Daniel D D

    2016-01-01

    The family Rhagionidae is one of the oldest Brachyeran lineages. Its monophyly is still uncertain. There are four rhagionid genera distributed in Neotropical Region but only three species of Chrysopilus are found in Colombia. PMID:27395270

  6. 我院2010~2012年特殊使用级抗菌药物应用情况分析%Usage Profile of Antibacterial Drugs for Special Purpose in the Inpatient of Our Hospital During 2010~2012

    李明

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解我院2010~2012年病区特殊使用级抗菌药物的应用情况,为临床用药合理化及规范化提供参考。方法:通过医院信息系统,对我院2010~2012年病区特殊使用级抗菌药物销售数量和金额进行统计分析,并计算用药频度( DDDs)。结果:特殊使用级抗菌药物销售金额呈逐年上升趋势,但占病区抗菌药物总销售金额的比例及占病区药品总销售金额的比例没有明显变化甚至呈下降趋势;单环β内酰胺类药物的销售金额、DDDs及构成比均呈明显的下降趋势,而β-内酰胺酶抑制剂及与β-内酰胺类抗生素配伍的复方制剂类则呈现明显的上升趋势;碳青霉烯类抗菌药物的比例逐年增加,其中比阿培南的比例呈明显的上升趋势。结论:该院病区特殊使用级抗菌药物的使用基本合理,但部分品种的使用仍需规范。%Objective:To research the status quo of clinical application of antibiotics which are classified as “special use”category for inpatient ,and to provide a reference basis for the rationalization and standardization of clinical use of antibiotics .Methods:The antibacte-rial drugs for special purpose used in our hospital from 2010 to 2012 were analyzed statistically in terms of drug consumption sum ,sales a-mount, DDDs through hospital information management system.Results:Special use level of antibiotics sales amount is increasing year by year ,but the proportion of antibiotics in total sales amount and the proportion of total sales accounted for the amount of drug control ra -tio did not change significantly or even decline;the amount of sales ,DDDs and constituent ratio of monocyclic βlactams were decreased , while the compound class of βlactam amide enzyme inhibitors and βlactam antibiotics and shows obvious trend of rising;carbapenem an-tibiotics ratio increased year by year , the proportion of biapenem showed a rising trend.Conclusion:The use

  7. Family welfare.

    Sinha, N K

    1992-01-01

    Between 1901-1921, India gained 12.9 million people because mortality remained high. The death rate fell between 1921-1951, but birth rates remained the same. Therefore 110 million people were added--2 times the population increase between 1891-1921. Between 1951-1981, the population increased to 324 million. Socioeconomic development was responsible for most of the downward trend in the birth rate during the 20th century. Even though large families were the norm in early India, religious leaders encouraged small family size. The 1st government family planning clinics in the world opened in Mysore and Bangalore in 1930. Right before Independence, the Bhore Committee made recommendations to reduce population growth such as increasing the age of marriage for girls. Since 1951 there has been a change in measures and policies geared towards population growth with each of the 7 5-Year Plans because policy makers applied what they learned from each previous plan. The 1st 5-Year Plan emphasized the need to understand what factors contribute to population growth. It also integrated family planning services into health services of hospitals and health centers. The government was over zealous in its implementation of the sterilization program (2nd 5-Year Plan, 1956-1961), however, which hurt family planning programs for many years. As of early 1992, sterilization, especially tubectomy, remained the most popular family planning method, however. The 7th 5-Year Plan changed its target of reaching a Net Reproductive Rate of 1 by 2001 to 2006-2011. It set a goal of 100% immunization coverage by 1990 but it did not occur. In 1986, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare planned to make free contraceptives available in urban and rural areas and to involve voluntary organizations. The government needs to instill measures to increase women's status, women's literacy, and age of marriage as well as to eliminate poverty, ensure old age security, and ensure child survival and

  8. Bright features in Neptune on 2013-2015 from ground-based observations with small (40 cm) and large telescopes (10 m)

    Hueso, Ricardo; Delcroix, Marc; Baranec, Christoph; Sánchez-Lavega, Agustín; María Gómez-Forrellad, Josep; Félix Rojas, Jose; Luszcz-Cook, Statia; de Pater, Imke; de Kleer, Katherine; Colas, François; Guarro, Joan; Goczynski, Peter; Jones, Paul; Kivits, Willem; Maxson, Paul; Phillips, Michael; Sussenbach, John; Wesley, Anthony; Hammel, Heidi B.; Pérez-Hoyos, Santiago; Mendikoa, Iñigo; Riddle, Reed; Law, Nicholas M.; Sayanagi, Kunio

    2015-11-01

    Observations of Neptune over the last few years obtained with small telescopes (30-50 cm) have resulted in several detections of bright features on the planet. In 2013, 2014 and 2015, different observers have repeatedly observed features of high contrast at Neptune’s mid-latitudes using long-pass red filters. This success at observing Neptune clouds with such small telescopes is due to the presence of strong methane absorption bands in Neptune’s spectra at red and near infrared wavelengths; these bands provide good contrast for elevated cloud structures. In each case, the atmospheric features identified in the images survived at least a few weeks, but were essentially much more variable and apparently shorter-lived, than the large convective system recently reported on Uranus [de Pater et al. 2015]. The latest and brightest spot on Neptune was first detected on July 13th 2015 with the 2.2m telescope at Calar Alto observatory with the PlanetCam UPV/EHU instrument. The range of wavelengths covered by PlanetCam (from 350 nm to the H band including narrow-band and wide-band filters in and out of methane bands) allows the study of the vertical cloud structure of this bright spot. In particular, the spot is particularly well contrasted at the H band where it accounted to a 40% of the total planet brightness. Observations obtained with small telescopes a few days later provide a good comparison that can be used to scale similar structures in 2013 and 2014 that were observed with 30-50 cm telescopes and the Robo-AO instrument at Palomar observatory. Further high-resolution observations of the 2015 event were obtained in July 25th with the NIRC2 camera in the Keck 2 10-m telescope. These images show the bright spot as a compact bright feature in H band with a longitudinal size of 8,300 km and a latitudinal extension of 5,300 km, well separated from a nearby bright band. The ensemble of observations locate the structure at -41º latitude drifting at about +24.27º/day or

  9. Family therapy.

    Shaikh Altamash

    1987-01-01

    Another major force not letting us succeed in the treatment of diabetes remains right inside the patients home, their family members. Hence, it is important to know the perception of the close family members about this simple and strong tool in diabetes, ′insulin′. The drug is nearing its century, it has not fully being accepted gracefully even in todays electronic savvy society. So, we need to strongly discover the reason for its non-acceptance, while trials are out inventing new drugs. One ...

  10. Family business

    KLUZÁKOVÁ, Lucie

    2012-01-01

    This thesis focuses on family business companies and above all on their problem of succession planning. For the purposes of this work, I have chosen a family business company that is owned by two shareholders. Both shareholders are going to leave the company within next 5 to 10 years. The thesis deals with the succession plan of both shareholders and this concerning the rate of preparedness as well as the rate of coordination of both plans. Prior to the research, two hypotheses were fixed. Th...

  11. The study of storing end utilizing the Micro electrical energy within the range of( 100mV - 200mV, 5mA - 10mA)%关于对(100mV~200mV,5mA~10mA)范围内微电能存储利用的研究

    赵文斌; 张玉宝

    2012-01-01

    针对微弱电能存储和利用方面较难实现的问题,设计了本系统:在不借助外部电源对该系统供电的前提下,对输入端为100mV~200mV、5mA~10mA范围内的微弱电能,利用储能电感和超级电容对微电能进行两个阶段的中间储能,使电能逐级增强,当达到预定值时通过PWM调制电路实现电能平稳快速释放,可最终输出4.2V、355mA稳定的电能,用来为蓄电池充电。%For the problem of storing and utilizing the Micro electrical energy is difficult to achieve,designing a system:under the premise that without the external power supplying electrical energy,for Micro electrical energy within the scope of(100mV-200mV, 5mA-10mA) on the input pad,respectively using the super~capacitors and Energy Storage Inductors to conduct the two--stage intermediate storage energy,and making the electrical energy increase level--wisely,when the energy strength reaches a certain value, the electrical energy would released steadily and rapidly through the PWM modulation circuit,the 4.2V,355mA of power will be outputed on the output pad finally. It will be used to charge a storage battery.

  12. 关于对(100~200mV,5~10mA)范围内微电能存储利用的研究%The study of storing and utilizing the Micro electrical energy within the range of(100~200mY,5-10mA)

    张玉宝

    2012-01-01

    For the problem of storing and utilizing the Micro electrical energy is difficult to achieve, designing a system: under the premise that without the external power supplying electrical energy, for Micro electrical energy within the scope of (100 - 200mV, 5 ~ 10mA) on the input pad , respectively using the super-capacitors and Energy Storage Inductors to conduct the two-stage intermediate storage energy ,and making the electrical energy increase level-wisely, when the energy strength reaches a certain value ,the electrical energy would released steadily and rapidly through the PWM modulation circuit, the 4.2V, 355mA of power will be outputed on the output pad finally. It will be used to charge a storage battery.%针对微弱电能存储和利用方面较难实现的问题,设计了本系统:在不借助外部电源对该系统供电的前提下,对输入端为100~200mV、5~10mA范围内的微弱电能,利用储能电感和超级电容对微电能进行两个阶段的中间储能,使电能逐级增强,当达到预定值时通过PWM调制电路实现电能平稳快速释放,可最终输出4.2V、355mA稳定的电能,用来为蓄电池充电。

  13. Family Hypnotherapy.

    Araoz, Daniel L.; Negley-Parker, Esther

    1985-01-01

    A therapeutic model to help families activate experiential and right hemispheric functioning through hypnosis is presented in detail, together with a clinical illustration. Different situations in which this model is effective are mentioned and one such set of circumstances is described. (Author)

  14. Family Circle

    2006-01-01

    Foster care is conducive to giving orphaned children a better life For most children living in orphanages, having a real home is just a pipe dream. Although they may be well looked after, receive a good education and proper nutrition, the love and care that come from being part of a real family just aren't there.

  15. Family Genericity

    Ernst, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Type abstraction in object-oriented languages embody two techniques, each with its own strenghts and weaknesses. The first technique is extension, yielding abstraction mechanisms with good support for gradual specification. The prime example is inheritance. The second technique is functional abst...... designate the result as family genericity. The presented language design has been implemented....

  16. Familial hyperaldosteronism.

    Stowasser, M; Gordon, R D

    2001-09-01

    Primary aldosteronism (PAL) may be as much as ten times more common than has been traditionally thought, with most patients normokalemic. The study of familial varieties has facilitated a fuller appreciation of the nature and diversity of its clinical, biochemical, morphological and molecular aspects. In familial hyperaldosteronism type I (FH-I), glucocorticoid-remediable PAL is caused by inheritance of an ACTH-regulated, hybrid CYP11B1/CYP11B2 gene. Genetic testing has greatly facilitated diagnosis. Hypertension severity varies widely, demonstrating relationships with gender, affected parent's gender, urinary kallikrein level, degree of biochemical disturbance and hybrid gene crossover point position. Analyses of aldosterone/PRA/cortisol 'day-curves' have revealed that (1) the hybrid gene dominates over wild type CYP11B2 in terms of aldosterone regulation and (2) correction of hypertension in FH-I requires only partial suppression of ACTH, and much smaller glucocorticoid doses than those previously recommended. Familial hyperaldosteronism type II is not glucocorticoid-remediable, and is clinically, biochemically and morphologically indistinguishable from apparently sporadic PAL. In one informative family available for linkage analysis, FH-II does not segregate with either the CYP11B2, AT1 or MEN1 genes, but a genome-wide search has revealed linkage with a locus in chromosome 7. As has already occurred in FH-I, elucidation of causative mutations is likely to facilitate earlier detection of PAL and other curable or specifically treatable forms of hypertension. PMID:11595502

  17. Familial hyperamylasemia

    Koda Yu Kar Ling

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A 7-year-old white boy was referred to us with a history of 3 attacks of hypogastric pain over the previous 2 years and persistently elevated serum amylase concentrations. At physical examination, he was well with no evidence of clinical abnormalities. His weight and height were normal. Laboratory diagnostic investigations were all normal except for the presence of Ascaris lumbricoides in the feces and persistently elevated serum amylase levels. Serum amylase determinations in the family members were normal in his father and maternal grandmother but elevated in his mother, sister, maternal aunt, and uncle, all of whom asymptomatic. Macroamylasemia was excluded in the child and in the mother. The finding of persistently elevated amylasemia in the child and in the other family members spanning 3 generations, and the exclusion of diseases that lead to hyperamilasemia are consistent with the diagnosis of familial hyperamylasemia. Until now, only 1 similar case has been reported. Familial hyperamylasemia must be considered in the differential diagnosis of hyperamylasemias in childhood.

  18. Familial hyperamylasemia.

    Koda, Yu Kar Ling; Vidolin, Eliana

    2002-01-01

    A 7-year-old white boy was referred to us with a history of 3 attacks of hypogastric pain over the previous 2 years and persistently elevated serum amylase concentrations. At physical examination, he was well with no evidence of clinical abnormalities. His weight and height were normal. Laboratory diagnostic investigations were all normal except for the presence of Ascaris lumbricoides in the feces and persistently elevated serum amylase levels. Serum amylase determinations in the family members were normal in his father and maternal grandmother but elevated in his mother, sister, maternal aunt, and uncle, all of whom asymptomatic. Macroamylasemia was excluded in the child and in the mother. The finding of persistently elevated amylasemia in the child and in the other family members spanning 3 generations, and the exclusion of diseases that lead to hyperamilasemia are consistent with the diagnosis of familial hyperamylasemia. Until now, only 1 similar case has been reported. Familial hyperamylasemia must be considered in the differential diagnosis of hyperamylasemias in childhood. PMID:11981589

  19. Family History

    ... risky behaviors (such as smoking) and increasing healthy behaviors (such as regular exercise). Learn more about heart attacts. Q: How can knowing my family health history help lower my risk of disease? A: You ... you can change behaviors that affect your health, such as smoking, inactivity ...

  20. Familial paragangliomas

    Lips CJM

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Paragangliomas are rare tumours of the autonomic nervous system and occur in sporadic and hereditary forms. They are usually benign and have a low mortality. However, they cause significant morbidity related to their mass effect. Genetic predisposition can occur within the familial tumour syndromes multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2, von Hippel-Lindau (VHL and neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1, or be due to mutations in genes specific to the development of paraganglioma only. Compared to sporadic forms, familial paragangliomas tend to present at a younger age and at multiple sites. Tumours should be diagnosed and resected as early as possible, as it has been shown that morbidity is related to tumour size. This article gives an overview of the current literature on the origin of the different forms of paragangliomas, DNA diagnosis, as well as biochemical and radiological screening guidelines.

  1. FAMILY BOMBYLIIDAE.

    Lamas, Carlos José Einicker; Evenhuis, Neal L

    2016-01-01

    Bombyliidae is one of the largest Diptera families with more than 4,500 recognized species worldwide. Their species vary from robust to thin, and may be small to large (2-20mm) and looks like bees or wasps. They also present great variation in color. Adults can often be seen either resting and sunning themselves on trails, rocks or twigs or feeding on flowering plants as they are nectar feeders. All reared bee flies are predators or parasitoids of arthropods. The Colombian fauna of bombyliids comprises at the moment 22 species, and 12 genera, of which, six are endemic species. Nonetheless, this number may be much higher, as Colombia is a megadiverse country and there are not many specimens of this family deposited in collections all over the world. PMID:27395279

  2. Familial hyperamylasemia

    Koda Yu Kar Ling; Vidolin Eliana

    2002-01-01

    A 7-year-old white boy was referred to us with a history of 3 attacks of hypogastric pain over the previous 2 years and persistently elevated serum amylase concentrations. At physical examination, he was well with no evidence of clinical abnormalities. His weight and height were normal. Laboratory diagnostic investigations were all normal except for the presence of Ascaris lumbricoides in the feces and persistently elevated serum amylase levels. Serum amylase determinations in the family memb...

  3. Familial hypercholesterolemia

    Lahiri Koushik; Lahiri Bhabesh Chandra

    2001-01-01

    Familial hypercholesterolemia is a common, inherited disorder of cholesterol metabolism that leads to early cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Statins, ezetimibe, bile acid sequestrants, niacin, lomitapide, mipomersen and LDL apheresis are treatments that can lower LDL cholesterol levels. Early treatment can lead to substantial reduction of cardiovascular events and death in patients with FH. It is important to increase awareness of this disorder in...

  4. Characteristics of family firms with family management

    Søndergaard, Kathrine Lærke; Almli, Line Floan

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we examine what characterizes family firms’ decisions when it comes to having a family member being the CEO or the chairman of the board of the company. We define this as family management, which is the dependent variable in our research. This variable has four non-ordered mutually exclusive values; family CEO, family chairman of the board, family CEO and family chairman of the board, and neither family CEO nor family chairman of the board. Using data from the Center for Corpora...

  5. Roles within the Family

    ... Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care ... Text Size Email Print Share Roles Within the Family Page Content Article Body Families are not democracies. ...

  6. Reclaiming Family Privilege

    Seita, John

    2012-01-01

    The pull for family is strong, almost primeval, most likely it is evolutionary, and for those lacking the benefit of family or Family Privilege, the loss of family is painful and profoundly sad. Young people who struggle to cope without stable family connections are profoundly aware of their lack of "Family Privilege." In this article, the author…

  7. Credentialing Caregivers. Families Matter.

    Dean, Christiana

    The Families Matter series of papers from the Harvard Family Research Project advances the concept of family-centered child care, advocating an approach to early childhood education that addresses the development of the child and family together. Grounded in family support principles, which build on family strengths and work from a community's…

  8. Family Psychology and Family Therapy in Japan.

    Kameguchi, Kenji; Murphy-Shigematsu, Stephen

    2001-01-01

    Reviews the development of family psychology and family therapy in Japan, tracing the origins of these movements, explaining how these fields were activated by the problem of school refusal, and describing an approach to family therapy that has been developed to work with families confronting this problem, as well as preventive programs of family…

  9. Family Law and Family Studies: Professor's Views

    Hicks, Mary W.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    The results of a survey of family studies faculty concerning the inclusion of family law topics in family studies courses are discussed. The professor's needs for training and resources in the area of family and the law are identified and recommendations for meeting these needs are suggested. (Author)

  10. Integrating Family Resilience and Family Stress Theory.

    Patterson, Joan M.

    2002-01-01

    The construct, family resilience, is defined differently by practitioners and researchers. This study tries to clarify the concept of family resilience. The foundation is family stress and coping theory, particularly the stress models that emphasize adaptation processes in families exposed to major adversities. (JDM)

  11. Perbandingan Epidural Volume Extension 5 mL dan 10 mL Salin 0,9% pada Spinal Anestesi dengan Bupivakain 0,5% 10 mg Hiperbarik terhadap Tinggi Blok Sensorik dan Pemulihan Blok Motorik pada Seksio Sesare

    Reza Indra Putra

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Epidural volume extension (EVE is a modified form of combined spinal epidural with normal saline injected into the epidural space after the intrathecal dose. EVE techniques increases the level of sensory block resulting from the volume effects when the volume of fluid in the epidural space suppresses the dural sac and causes the cephalad spread of local anesthetic. The aim of this research was to assess differences in the effects of 5 mL EVE and 10 mL EVE by 0.9% saline with 10 mg 0.5% bupivacaine on sensory block height and motor block recovery in caesarean section patients. This research was carried out from mid September to November 2014 in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. This was a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted on 30 patients who underwent caesarean section (SC and divided randomly into two groups, namely group receiving 10 mL EVE and group receiving 5 mL EVE with a spinal epidural combination anesthesia. The assessment of sensory block height was performed using the pinprick test while bromage score test were used for motor block recovery. The data was analyzed using t test. The results showed a faster recovery of motor block in the research subjects using 10 mL EVE compared to those using 5 mL EVE (p<0.001. The conclusion from this study is that the administration of 10 mL EVE in patients who underwent caesarean section leads to a faster motor block recovery with the same sensory block height.

  12. Opinions of Family Physicians about Family Counseling

    Kenan Taştan1

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: As of mission, Family physician is responsible for all the health problems of the family members. In this sense, it is necessary to counsel individuals and families in need. In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the knowledge and thoughts of family physicians about family counseling in Turkey. Methods: The Research was conducted among the family physicians working in Turkey in 2013. In order to get demographic characteristics, opinions and suggestions of the family physicians about family counseling, a questionnaire was developed by the researchers. The survey was administered to the participants via the internet. Data from 421 participants were evaluated. Results: The mean age of participants was 41.7 ± 7.2 years. 67.1% of them were male and 32.9% female. Of the participants, while 11.3% stated that they received training in family counseling, 88.7% stated not received. When the frequency of family counseling need was questioned, 3.4% of the participants pointed out that they have never needed, 44% is rarely needed, 39.9% frequently needed, 12.7% very frequently needed. Of the family physicians, while 21.7% was thinking that they are competent about solving family problems, 78.3% was not competent. Meanwhile, 76.3% of family physicians wanted to have training on the family counseling, while 23.7% stated that they do not want. Conclusion: It was found that there is a shortage of training of the family physicians on the subject of family counseling. In order to compensate this shortage, it would be beneficial to include the subject of family counseling in the curriculum of medical faculty and arrange in-service training to the family doctors working in the primary care.

  13. ElevationDEM_DEM10m

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — This dataset is derived from the multi-resolution National Elevation Dataset (NED), at resolutions of both 1/3 arc-second (approx. 10 meters) and in limited areas,...

  14. Family Capital: Implications for Interventions with Families

    Belcher, John R.; Peckuonis, Edward V.; Deforge, Bruce R.

    2011-01-01

    Social capital has been extensively discussed in the literature as building blocks that individuals and communities utilize to leverage system resources. Similarly, some families also create capital, which can enable members of the family, such as children, to successfully negotiate the outside world. Families in poverty confront serious…

  15. Normal Functioning Family

    ... Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care ... Español Text Size Email Print Share Normal Functioning Family Page Content Article Body Is there any way ...

  16. Family Adjustment to Aphasia

    ... Public / Speech, Language and Swallowing / Disorders and Diseases Family Adjustment to Aphasia Richard S. was a senior manager ... It also presents a great challenge to the family. There may be tension among family members and ...

  17. PSYCHOLOGY OF FAMILY BUSINESS

    Taylyakova, Feruzahon

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the basic psychological characteristics of family businesses. The author describes the psychological properties that contribute to improve individual and family businesses. The article also discusses mental properties adversely affect the development of a family business.

  18. Family Activities for Fitness

    Grosse, Susan J.

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses how families can increase family togetherness and improve physical fitness. The author provides easy ways to implement family friendly activities for improving and maintaining physical health. These activities include: walking, backyard games, and fitness challenges.

  19. Family Reunion Health Guide

    ... can post this message as a note on Facebook, tagging family members and loved ones. You also may include ... gov . Planning Tip 2. | Develop a Family Reunion Facebook page and help family members stay in touch throughout the year. Share ...

  20. Learning about Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    ... genetic terms used on this page Learning About Familial Hypercholesterolemia What is familial hypercholesterolemia? What are the symptoms ... Hypercholesterolemia Additional Resources About Familial Hypercholesterolemia What is ... hypercholesterolemia is an inherited condition that causes ...

  1. Support and utilization of the LSI-11 processor family at SLAC

    Microcomputer systems based on the DEC LSI-11 processor family have been in use at SLAC for five years. They are used for a wide variety of applications. The support of these systems is divided into three general areas: engineering, maintenance, and software. Engineering specifies the system to match user requirements. SLAC has been able to design one general purpose system which can be tailored to fit many specific requirements. Maintenance provides system and component diagnostic services and repair. Software support includes software consulting services, assistance in systems design, and the development and support of special purpose operating systems and programs. These support functions are handled as subtasks by three teams in the SLAC Electronics Instrumentation Group. Each of these teams utilizes several LSI-11 systems in the performance of its primary tasks. They work closely together to jointly provide overall support for the larger SLAC community

  2. Entrepreneurial Families : From a Family Enterprise to an Entrepreneurial Family

    Sieger, Philipp; Zellweger, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    How do family firms succeed from generation to generation? While this is likely the most important question for the members of a family business, little is known about the central success factors in creating value across the generations. For this reason, our study aims to explore the secrets of family firms with a long, successful track record and to expand the current state of knowledge. In so doing, we want to look not only at «the family firm» but also broaden our scope to the entire entre...

  3. Families and family therapy in Hong Kong.

    Tse, Samson; Ng, Roger M K; Tonsing, Kareen N; Ran, Maosheng

    2012-04-01

    Family therapy views humans not as separate entities, but as embedded in a network of relationships, highlighting the reciprocal influences of one's behaviours on one another. This article gives an overview of family demographics and the implementation of family therapy in Hong Kong. We start with a review of the family demographics in Hong Kong and brief notes on families in mainland China. Demographics show that the landscape has changed markedly in the past decade, with more cross-border marriages, an increased divorce rate, and an ageing overall population - all of which could mean that there is increasing demand for professional family therapy interventions. However, only a limited number of professionals are practising the systems-based approach in Hong Kong. Some possible reasons as to why family therapy is not well disseminated and practised are discussed. These reasons include a lack of mental health policy to support family therapy, a lack of systematic family therapy training, and a shortage of skilled professionals. Furthermore, challenges in applying the western model in Chinese culture are also outlined. We conclude that more future research is warranted to investigate how family therapy can be adapted for Chinese families. PMID:22515459

  4. Calculation of the temperature in the container unit with a modified design for the production of 99Mo at the VVR-Ts research reactor facility (IVV.10M)

    The temperature regime is calculated for two different designs of containers with uranium-bearing material for the upgraded VVR-Ts research reactor facility (IVV.10M). The containers are to be used in the production of 99Mo. It is demonstrated that the modification of the container design leads to a considerable temperature reduction and an increase in the near-wall boiling margin and allows one to raise the amount of material loaded into the container. The calculations were conducted using the international thermohydraulic contour code TRAC intended to analyze the technical safety of water-cooled nuclear power units

  5. Calculation of the temperature in the container unit with a modified design for the production of {sup 99}Mo at the VVR-Ts research reactor facility (IVV.10M)

    Kazantsev, A. A., E-mail: kazantsevanatoly@gmail.com [Experimental Scientific Research and Methodology Center Simulation Systems (Russian Federation); Sergeev, V. V. [Leipunsky Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation); Kochnov, O. Yu. [Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry (Obninsk Branch) (Russian Federation)

    2015-12-15

    The temperature regime is calculated for two different designs of containers with uranium-bearing material for the upgraded VVR-Ts research reactor facility (IVV.10M). The containers are to be used in the production of {sup 99}Mo. It is demonstrated that the modification of the container design leads to a considerable temperature reduction and an increase in the near-wall boiling margin and allows one to raise the amount of material loaded into the container. The calculations were conducted using the international thermohydraulic contour code TRAC intended to analyze the technical safety of water-cooled nuclear power units.

  6. Calculation of the temperature in the container unit with a modified design for the production of 99Mo at the VVR-Ts research reactor facility (IVV.10M)

    Kazantsev, A. A.; Sergeev, V. V.; Kochnov, O. Yu.

    2015-12-01

    The temperature regime is calculated for two different designs of containers with uranium-bearing material for the upgraded VVR-Ts research reactor facility (IVV.10M). The containers are to be used in the production of 99Mo. It is demonstrated that the modification of the container design leads to a considerable temperature reduction and an increase in the near-wall boiling margin and allows one to raise the amount of material loaded into the container. The calculations were conducted using the international thermohydraulic contour code TRAC intended to analyze the technical safety of water-cooled nuclear power units.

  7. Monitoring Cyp2b10 mRNA expression at cessation of 2-year carcinogenesis bioassay in mouse liver provides evidence for a carcinogenic mechanism devoid of human relevance: The dalcetrapib experience

    Hoflack, J-C.; Mueller, L., E-mail: Lutz.Mueller@roche.com; Fowler, S.; Braendli-Baiocco, A.; Flint, N.; Kuhlmann, O.; Singer, T.; Roth, A.

    2012-03-15

    Introduction: Dalcetrapib is a cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) modulator in clinical assessment for cardiovascular outcome benefits. In compliance with regulatory requirements, dalcetrapib was evaluated in rodent 2-year carcinogenesis bioassays. In the mouse bioassay, male mice demonstrated increased liver weight and statistically increased incidences of hepatocellular adenoma/carcinoma. Hepatic cytochrome p450 (Cyp) 2b10 mRNA induction and increased Cyp2b10 enzyme activity signify activation of hepatic nuclear receptor constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), a widely established promoter of rodent-specific hepatic tumors. We therefore monitored hepatic Cyp2b10 mRNA and its enzyme activity in a subset of dalcetrapib-treated male mice from the bioassay. Methods: Liver samples were obtained from ∼ 1/3 of male mice from each dose group including vehicle-controls (mean and earliest study day of death 678 and 459 respectively). Quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to determine Cyp2b10 mRNA expression and Cyp1a-, Cyp2b10- and Cyp3a-selective activities were monitored. Results: Cyp2b10 mRNA was strongly induced by dalcetrapib with an expected wide inter-individual variation (5–1421-fold). Group average fold-induction versus vehicle-controls showed a dose-related increase from 48-fold (250 mg/kg/day) to 160-fold (750 mg/kg/day), which declined slightly at 2000 mg/kg/day (97-fold). Cyp enzyme activities showed approximate doubling of total Cyp P450 content per milligram protein and a 9-fold increase in Cyp2b10-selective pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity (750 mg/kg/day). Discussion: These data from hepatic Cyp2b10 monitoring are strongly suggestive of CAR activation by dalcetrapib, a mechanism devoid of relevance towards hepatocarcinogenesis in humans; results show feasibility of Cyp2b10 as a surrogate marker for this mechanism at cessation of a carcinogenesis bioassay. -- Highlights: ► Liver tumors were induced in male mice by dalcetrapib

  8. Monitoring Cyp2b10 mRNA expression at cessation of 2-year carcinogenesis bioassay in mouse liver provides evidence for a carcinogenic mechanism devoid of human relevance: The dalcetrapib experience

    Introduction: Dalcetrapib is a cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) modulator in clinical assessment for cardiovascular outcome benefits. In compliance with regulatory requirements, dalcetrapib was evaluated in rodent 2-year carcinogenesis bioassays. In the mouse bioassay, male mice demonstrated increased liver weight and statistically increased incidences of hepatocellular adenoma/carcinoma. Hepatic cytochrome p450 (Cyp) 2b10 mRNA induction and increased Cyp2b10 enzyme activity signify activation of hepatic nuclear receptor constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), a widely established promoter of rodent-specific hepatic tumors. We therefore monitored hepatic Cyp2b10 mRNA and its enzyme activity in a subset of dalcetrapib-treated male mice from the bioassay. Methods: Liver samples were obtained from ∼ 1/3 of male mice from each dose group including vehicle-controls (mean and earliest study day of death 678 and 459 respectively). Quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to determine Cyp2b10 mRNA expression and Cyp1a-, Cyp2b10- and Cyp3a-selective activities were monitored. Results: Cyp2b10 mRNA was strongly induced by dalcetrapib with an expected wide inter-individual variation (5–1421-fold). Group average fold-induction versus vehicle-controls showed a dose-related increase from 48-fold (250 mg/kg/day) to 160-fold (750 mg/kg/day), which declined slightly at 2000 mg/kg/day (97-fold). Cyp enzyme activities showed approximate doubling of total Cyp P450 content per milligram protein and a 9-fold increase in Cyp2b10-selective pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase activity (750 mg/kg/day). Discussion: These data from hepatic Cyp2b10 monitoring are strongly suggestive of CAR activation by dalcetrapib, a mechanism devoid of relevance towards hepatocarcinogenesis in humans; results show feasibility of Cyp2b10 as a surrogate marker for this mechanism at cessation of a carcinogenesis bioassay. -- Highlights: ► Liver tumors were induced in male mice by dalcetrapib

  9. Transition from hydrodynamic to ballistic quasiparticle behavior in a Fermi gas: The response of a vibrating-wire resonator in a 3He-4He solution from 0.3 to 10 mK

    Measurements of the frequency shift, δf1, and the damping, δf2, of a vibrating wire in a saturated 3He-4He solution are reported. A transition is observed in the 3He quasiparticle Fermi gas from a hydrodynamic regime at 10 mK to a collisionless excitation gas regime at the lowest temperatures, 1 and δf2 supports the slip theory of Hojgaard Jensen et al. with the recent modification proposed by Carless, Hall, and Hook

  10. Family doctors' involvement with families in Estonia

    Lember Margus

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Family doctors should care for individuals in the context of their family. Family has a powerful influence on health and illness and family interventions have been shown to improve health outcomes for a variety of health problems. The aim of the study was to investigate the Estonian family doctors' (FD attitudes to the patients' family-related issues in their work: to explore the degree of FDs involvement in family matters, their preparedness for management of family-related issues and their self-assessment of the ability to manage different family-related problems. Methods A random sample (n = 236 of all FDs in Estonia was investigated using a postal questionnaire. Altogether 151 FDs responded to the questionnaire (response rate 64%, while five of them were excluded as they did not actually work as FDs. Results Of the respondents, 90% thought that in managing the health problems of patients FDs should communicate and cooperate with family members. Although most of the family doctors agreed that modifying of the health damaging risk factors (smoking, alcohol and drug abuse of their patients and families is their task, one third of them felt that dealing with these problems is ineffective, or perceived themselves as poorly prepared or having too little time for such activities. Of the respondents, 58% (n = 83 were of the opinion that they could modify also relationship problems. Conclusions Estonian family doctors are favourably disposed to involvement in family-related problems, however, they need some additional training, especially in the field of relationship management.

  11. Comparison of 1.0 M gadobutrol and 0.5 M gadopentate dimeglumine-enhanced MRI in 471 patients with known or suspected renal lesions: results of a multicenter, single-blind, interindividual, randomized clinical phase III trial

    Tombach, Bernd [Klinikum Osnabrueck, Roentgen- und Strahlenklinik, Osnabrueck (Germany)]|[Westfaelische Wilhelms-Univ. Muenster, Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie, Muenster (Germany); Bohndorf, Klaus [Klinik fuer Diagnostische Radiologie, Zentralklinikum Augsburg, Augsburg (Germany); Brodtrager, Wolfgang; Hajek, Paul [AOeKH WienerNeustadt, Zentralroentgeninstitut, Wiener Neustadt (Austria); Claussen, Claus D. [Eberhardt-Karls-Univ.ersitaet, Universitaetsklinikum Tuebingen, Abteilung fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Tuebingen (Germany); Dueber, Christoph [Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie, Klinikum Mannheim, Mannheim (Germany); Galanski, Michael [Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Diagnostische Radiologie, Hannover (Germany); Grabbe, Eckhardt [Universitaetsklinikum, Abteilung Roentgendiagnostik I, Georg-August-Univ. Goettingen, Goettingen (Germany); Gortenuti, Giacomo [O.C.M. Verona, Ospedale Maggiore, Servizio di Radiologia, Verona (Italy); Kuhn, Michael; Gross-Fengels, Walter [Abteilung fuer Diagnostik und Interventionelle Radiologie, Allgemeines Krankenhaus Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany); Hammerstingl, Renate; Vogl, Thomas J. [Klinikum der J.-W. Goethe-Univ., Inst. fuer Diag. und Interventionelle Radiologie, Frankfurt (Germany); Happel, Brigitte; Heinz-Peer, Gertraud [AKH Wien, Dept. fuer Radiologie, Wien (Austria); Jung, Gregor [Abteilung fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle, Radiologie, Kliniken der Landeshauptstadt Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf (Germany); Kittner, Thomas [Universitaetsklinikum Carl-Gustav-Carus, TU Dresden, Inst. u. Poliklinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Dresden (Germany); Lagalla, Roberto [Univ. degli Studi di Palermo, Ospedale Policlinico, Istituto di Radiologia ' P.Cignolini' , Palermo (Italy); Lengsfeld, Philipp; Pering, Christiane [Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Global Medical Affairs Diagnostic Imaging, Berlin (Germany); Loose, Reinhard [Inst. fuer Diag. und Interventionelle Radiologie, Klinikum Nord, Nuernberg (Germany)] [and others

    2008-11-15

    The purpose of this phase III clinical trial was to compare two different extracellular contrast agents, 1.0 M gadobutrol and 0.5 M gadopentate dimeglumine, for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with known or suspected focal renal lesions. Using a multicenter, single-blind, interindividual, randomized study design, both contrast agents were compared in a total of 471 patients regarding their diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity to correctly classify focal lesions of the kidney. To test for noninferiority the diagnostic accuracy rates for both contrast agents were compared with CT results based on a blinded reading. The average diagnostic accuracy across the three blinded readers ('average reader') was 83.7% for gadobutrol and 87.3% for gadopentate dimeglumine. The increase in accuracy from precontrast to combined precontrast and postcontrast MRI was 8.0% for gadobutrol and 6.9% for gadopentate dimeglumine. Sensitivity of the average reader was 85.2% for gadobutrol and 88.7% for gadopentate dimeglumine. Specificity of the average reader was 82.1% for gadobutrol and 86.1% for gadopentate dimeglumine. In conclusion, this study documents evidence for the noninferiority of a single i.v. bolus injection of 1.0 M gadobutrol compared with 0.5 M gadopentate dimeglumine in the diagnostic assessment of renal lesions with CE-MRI. (orig.)

  12. Comparison of 1.0 M gadobutrol and 0.5 M gadopentate dimeglumine-enhanced MRI in 471 patients with known or suspected renal lesions: results of a multicenter, single-blind, interindividual, randomized clinical phase III trial

    The purpose of this phase III clinical trial was to compare two different extracellular contrast agents, 1.0 M gadobutrol and 0.5 M gadopentate dimeglumine, for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with known or suspected focal renal lesions. Using a multicenter, single-blind, interindividual, randomized study design, both contrast agents were compared in a total of 471 patients regarding their diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity to correctly classify focal lesions of the kidney. To test for noninferiority the diagnostic accuracy rates for both contrast agents were compared with CT results based on a blinded reading. The average diagnostic accuracy across the three blinded readers ('average reader') was 83.7% for gadobutrol and 87.3% for gadopentate dimeglumine. The increase in accuracy from precontrast to combined precontrast and postcontrast MRI was 8.0% for gadobutrol and 6.9% for gadopentate dimeglumine. Sensitivity of the average reader was 85.2% for gadobutrol and 88.7% for gadopentate dimeglumine. Specificity of the average reader was 82.1% for gadobutrol and 86.1% for gadopentate dimeglumine. In conclusion, this study documents evidence for the noninferiority of a single i.v. bolus injection of 1.0 M gadobutrol compared with 0.5 M gadopentate dimeglumine in the diagnostic assessment of renal lesions with CE-MRI. (orig.)

  13. Families in Transition .

    Bundy, Michael L., Ed.; Gumaer, James, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Focuses on disrupted families and the role of the school counselor in helping children adjust. Describes characteristics of healthy families, and discusses the transition to the blended family, effects of divorce groups on children's classroom behavior, counseling children in stepfamilies, single-parent families, and parenting strengths of single…

  14. [Teaching about Family Law].

    Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

    1992-01-01

    This issue of "Focus on Law Studies""contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and the family", in the form of the following three articles: "Teaching Family Law: Growing Pains and All" (Susan Frelich Appleton); "The Family Goes to Court: Including Law in a Sociological Perspective on the Family" (Mary Ann Lamanna); and Michael Grossberg's…

  15. Pure γ-families

    The subject of this work are pure gamma families consisting of the gamma quanta produced in the early stages of cosmic cascades. The criteria of selecting these families from the all measured families are presented. The characteristics of these families are given and some conclusions about the mechanism of the nuclear-electromagnetic cascades are extracted. (S.B.)

  16. Families and health interactions

    Zdanowicz, Nicolas; Lepièce, Brice; Tordeurs, David; Jacques, Denis; Janne, Pascal; Reynaert, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Background: In recent years, psychologists of health have attempted to understand the relations between family dynamics and health. The aim of our study is not only to study relations inside families and couples (relations between family of origin, nuclear and ideal family, current and ideal couple) but also outside between families and couples and different health indicator (physical and mental health, consumption of medications, and frequency of medical consultations). Subjects and methods:...

  17. Familial breast cancer.

    Phipps, R. F.; Perry, P M

    1988-01-01

    Familial breast cancer is important because of all the known risk factors associated with developing the disease. The one with the most predictability is a positive family history. It is also important because a family history causes anxiety in the families concerned, and young women will often ask their chance of developing the disease. This form of breast cancer accounts for 10% of causes and has factors that distinguish it from the sporadic variety. Relatives of familial breast cancer pati...

  18. Inside the Family Firm

    Bennedsen, Morten; Nielsen, Kasper; Pérez-González, Francisco; Wolfenzon, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This paper uses a unique dataset from Denmark to investigate (1) the role of family characteristics in corporate decision making, and (2) the consequences of these decisions on firm performance. We focus on the decision to appoint either a family or an external chief executive officer (CEO). We show that a departing CEO’s family characteristics have a strong predictive power in explaining CEO succession decisions: family CEOs are more frequently selected the larger the size of the family, the...

  19. Special purpose parallel computer architecture for real-time control and simulation in robotic applications

    Fijany, Amir (Inventor); Bejczy, Antal K. (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    This is a real-time robotic controller and simulator which is a MIMD-SIMD parallel architecture for interfacing with an external host computer and providing a high degree of parallelism in computations for robotic control and simulation. It includes a host processor for receiving instructions from the external host computer and for transmitting answers to the external host computer. There are a plurality of SIMD microprocessors, each SIMD processor being a SIMD parallel processor capable of exploiting fine grain parallelism and further being able to operate asynchronously to form a MIMD architecture. Each SIMD processor comprises a SIMD architecture capable of performing two matrix-vector operations in parallel while fully exploiting parallelism in each operation. There is a system bus connecting the host processor to the plurality of SIMD microprocessors and a common clock providing a continuous sequence of clock pulses. There is also a ring structure interconnecting the plurality of SIMD microprocessors and connected to the clock for providing the clock pulses to the SIMD microprocessors and for providing a path for the flow of data and instructions between the SIMD microprocessors. The host processor includes logic for controlling the RRCS by interpreting instructions sent by the external host computer, decomposing the instructions into a series of computations to be performed by the SIMD microprocessors, using the system bus to distribute associated data among the SIMD microprocessors, and initiating activity of the SIMD microprocessors to perform the computations on the data by procedure call.

  20. Transport of NORM in the Port of Antwerp: From Megaports to a Special Purpose Measurement Methodology

    When nuclear inspections are conducted in the port of Antwerp, many alarms are triggered by NORM. This paper presents an overview and preliminary results of a study taking place in the port of Antwerp and at NORM handling companies. The study aims to get an overview of NORM transport in the port of Antwerp, including quantity, destination, dose rates and activity concentrations. Furthermore, a methodology is being developed to obtain an in situ estimation of the activity concentration of material in containment systems typically used in industry (shipping containers and bulk bags). The preliminary results of the assessment of this methodology are discussed. (author)

  1. Special purpose computer to computer interface. [PDP-15 and SDS-910

    Carter, B.F. III

    1979-01-01

    The specific design criteria for interfacing two dissimilar computers are presented. The discussion also includes hardware and software protocol for communication between the systems. 14 figures, 2 tables.

  2. An Approach to Reading Scientific and Technical English. Languages for Special Purposes, No. 4.

    Trimble, Louis

    This paper, presented in English and in Spanish, presents a method designed to help foreign students in English-speaking universities increase their speed and comprehension while reading scientific and technical matter. The training of these students has often been limited to reading "general" English, which means that they are unable to cope with…

  3. New approach to produce special purpose visual aid glasses : a custom designed 5-axis mill

    Fjelde, Bjørn; Stamsø, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    The thesis problem formulation is given by the company ProVista. ProVistas area of expertise is mainly the rehabilitation of visually impaired. This includes research, training of opticians and sale of supporting materials such as glasses with magni cation. The thesis problem is a part of the research to give their customers a better product with much shorter delivery time. Today the customers normally have to wait several weeks to get their visual aid glasses. The reason for this...

  4. Special Purpose Pulsar Telescope for the Detection of Cosmic Gravitational Waves

    Wang, Shou-Guan; Zhu, Zong-Hong; Zou, Zhen-Long; Zhang, Yuan-Zhong

    2002-01-01

    Pulsars can be used to search for stochastic backgrounds of gravitational waves of cosmological origin within the very low frequency band (VLF), $10^{-7}$ to $10^{-9}$ Hz. We propose to construct a special 50 m radio telescope. Regular timing measurements of about 10 strong millisecond pulsars will perhaps allow the detection of gravitational waves within VLF or at least will give a more stringent upper limits.

  5. 77 FR 1501 - Special Purpose Permit Application; Draft Environmental Assessment; Hawaii-Based Shallow-Set...

    2012-01-10

    ... seabirds (67 FR 34408, 69 FR 17329, 70 FR 75075). These regulations were in place when the fishery was...-Based Shallow-Set Longline Fishery AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... incidental take of migratory birds in the operation of the Hawaii-based shallow-set longline fishery...

  6. Productivity Improvement of a Special Purpose Machine Using DMAIC Principles: A Case Study

    Sunil Dambhare

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Six Sigma is one of the popular methodologies used by the companies to improve the quality and productivity. It uses a detailed analysis of the process to determine the causes of the problem and proposes a successful improvement. Various approaches are adopted while following Six Sigma methodologies and one of them is DMAIC. The successful implementation of DMAIC and FTA is discussed in this paper. In this study, the major problem was of continuous rework up to 16%, which was leading to wastage of man hours and labor cost. Initially, fault tree analysis (FTA was used to detect the key process input variables (KPIVs affecting the output. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to know the possible relationship between the KPIVs and the output. The DMAIC methodology was successfully implemented to reduce the rework from 16% bores per month to 2.20% bores per month. The other problem of nonuniform step bores was also reduced significantly.

  7. Securitization and Special Purpose Vehicles in an International Setting: a Systemic View

    Ramos Munoz, David

    2009-01-01

    The present work tries to display a comprehensive and comparative study of the different legal and regulatory problems involved in international securitization transactions. First, an introduction to securitization is provided, with the basic elements of the transaction, followed by the different varieties of it, including dynamic securitization and synthetic securitization structures. Together with this introduction to the intricacies of the structure, a insight into the influence of securit...

  8. International standard on auditing 800 the auditor`s report on special purpose audit engagements

    JOVANOVA, Blagica

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to show the main characteristics of the international standard on auditing 800. ISA 800 explains requirements by making a report on financial statements prepared in accordance with another comprehensive basis of accounting, on a component of financial statements, on compliance with contractual agreements or reports on summarized financial statements.

  9. 77 FR 45921 - Alaskan Fuel Hauling as a Restricted Category Special Purpose Flight Operation

    2012-08-02

    ... the Federal Register (74 FR 39242) in which the FAA proposed to specify Alaskan fuel hauling as a... Purpose Flight Operation AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), (DOT). ACTION: Notice of policy... submitted was, ``The transport of the fuel could be made safer by limiting the payload on each flight to...

  10. Special Purpose Vehicle selskab – en »mikro fusion«, eller blot en samarbejdsmetode?

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2013-01-01

    Formålet med denne artikel er at undersøge, om det er korrekt at benævne det som en fusion - selvom på en mikroskala - når to selskaber optræder som initiativtagere til og stiftere af et SPV-selskab. Er bagvedliggende grunde ved oprettelsen af et SPV-selskab meget anderledes end dem i en fusion......? Hvad sker der egentlig når to selskaber opretter et SPV-selskab? Hvad adskiller et SPV-selskab fra en joint venture? Eller er det to begreber, som beskriver essentielt det samme?...