WorldWideScience

Sample records for 01-1 introduction cic

  1. Designing and Programming CICS Applications

    Horswill, John

    2011-01-01

    CICS is an application server that delivers industrial-strength, online transaction management for critical enterprise applications. Proven in the market for over 30 years with many of the world's leading businesses, CICS enables today's customers to modernize and extend their applications to take advantage of the opportunities provided by e-business while maximizing the benefits of their existing investments. Designing and Programming CICS Applications will benefit a diverse audience. It introduces new users of IBM's mainframe (OS/390) to CICS features. It shows experienced users how t

  2. Implementation of CIC filter for DUC/DDC

    V Elamaran

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a Cascaded integrated comb (CIC filter, an optimized class of linear filters such as FIR is implemented for digital up conversion (DUC and digital down conversion (DDC for efficienttransmission and reception in multirate system. CIC filters are often used for the purpose of reducing sampling rate (decimation and increasing sampling rate (interpolation . Our work is to show theefficiency of CIC filters over FIR filters in fixed point applications. Single stage CIC filter and multistage CIC filters are realized. Here multirate filter design models are developed using Xilinx system generator. Also multirate filters are further improved by cascading various CIC filter stages.

  3. Implementation of CIC filter for DUC/DDC

    V.Elamaran; R Vaishnavi

    2013-01-01

    In this paper a Cascaded integrated comb (CIC) filter, an optimized class of linear filters such as FIR is implemented for digital up conversion (DUC) and digital down conversion (DDC) for efficienttransmission and reception in multirate system. CIC filters are often used for the purpose of reducing sampling rate (decimation) and increasing sampling rate (interpolation) . Our work is to show theefficiency of CIC filters over FIR filters in fixed point applications. Single stage CIC filter and...

  4. First steps towards cumulative inductive types in CIC: Extended version

    Timany, Amin; Jacobs, Bart

    2015-01-01

    We discuss our on-going research on making inductive types cumulative in the predicative calculus of inductive constructions (pCIC) - the logic of the Coq proof assistant. Having inductive types be cumulative alleviates some problems that occur while working with large inductive types, e.g. the category of small categories, in pCIC. We present the pCuIC system which adds cumulativity for inductive types to pCIC and briefly discuss some of its properties and possible extensions. We, in ad...

  5. Antecedentes del patrimonio estable (c. 1291 del CIC de 1983)

    Zalbidea, D. (Diego)

    2007-01-01

    El patrimonio estable, al menos desde el punto de vista formal, es una novedad introducida en el CIC de 1983. Sus antecedentes están relacionados con el régimen de protección del patrimonio eclesiástico frente a determinadas enajenaciones. El autor ha estudiado fundamentalmente el periodo que va desde la Constitución Apostólica 'Ambitiosae' de 1468 hasta el CIC de 1917, centrando su trabajo en la primera codificación. Los documentos del 'Archivo Secreto Vaticano' han arrojado mucha luz sobre ...

  6. Introduction

    Kørnøv, Lone; Lund, Henrik; Remmen, Arne

    The chapter gives an introduction to the book "Environmental planning and management : tools for a sustainable development".......The chapter gives an introduction to the book "Environmental planning and management : tools for a sustainable development"....

  7. Catalyst for Change: The CIC/CLA Consortium

    Paris, David C.

    2011-01-01

    From the fall of 2008 through the spring of 2011, 47 colleges and universities, organized and supported by the Council of Independent Colleges (CIC), administered the Collegiate Learning Assessment (CLA) to their students. The CLA is a test of critical thinking, analytic reasoning, problem solving, and written communication developed by the…

  8. CICS Region Virtualization for Cost Effective Application Development

    Khan, Kamal Waris

    2012-01-01

    Mainframe is used for hosting large commercial databases, transaction servers and applications that require a greater degree of reliability, scalability and security. Customer Information Control System (CICS) is a mainframe software framework for implementing transaction services. It is designed for rapid, high-volume online processing. In order…

  9. 46 CFR 92.01-1 - Application.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application. 92.01-1 Section 92.01-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CARGO AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS CONSTRUCTION AND ARRANGEMENT Hull Structure § 92.01-1 Application. (a) The provisions of this subpart, with the exception...

  10. Introduction

    Jensen, Rasmus Thybo; Moran, Dermot

    2012-01-01

    An introduction to a special issue of Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences dedicated to empathy and the direct perception approach to other minds......An introduction to a special issue of Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences dedicated to empathy and the direct perception approach to other minds...

  11. Introduction

    Seeberg, Peter

    2015-01-01

    The Introduction briefly presents the ideas behind this collection of articles, namely to analyze popular mobilization and the role of civil society, political parties, and regional organizations in relation to the developments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) over the last years, and to...... states, the Introduction emphasizes the continued relevance of focusing on a repoliticized MENA reality. The Middle East is still on the move away from the established image of unshakeable authoritarianism attributed to the region, which made the upgrading authoritarianism paradigm seem forever relevant...

  12. Introduction

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    The introduction begins with a definition of normativity. Thereafter follows a presentation of the 10 articles of the book. These articles represent three areas: Reception and transformation of the Bible in literature, Reception and transformation of the Bible in philosophy, Reception and...

  13. Introduction

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    story about Esau and Jacob. The rest of the introduction presents the six (revised) papers from the conference that are published in this special issue. The authors of these papers are Marie Vejrup Nielsen, James H. Thrall, Alyda Faber, Hans Jørgen Frederiksen, Stefanie Knauss og Hugh S. Pyper ....

  14. Introduction

    The introduction to the annual report 2006 of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK-CEN highlights the reorganisation of SCK-CEN that became effective in 2006. An overview is given of the principal activities of Institute for Nuclear Materials Science, the Institute for Advanced Nuclear Systems, the Institute for Environment, Health and Safety and the Institute for Communication, Services and Administration

  15. Introduction

    Masdonati, Jonas; Massoudi, Koorosh; Rossier, Jérôme

    2012-01-01

    L’introduction au numéro thématique de L’OSP sur la Suisse décrit quelques particularités institutionnelles, politiques et socioéconomiques de ce pays, afin de situer les différentes contributions. Elle expose également les logiques retenues pour le choix des contributions.

  16. Introduction

    Peder Pedersen, Claus; Dehs, Jørgen

    Introduction to When Architects and Designers Write / Draw / Build / ? This anthology highlights the potentials and challenges for research in architecture and design. The included essays are based on papers given at a symposium held at the Aarhus School of Architecture in 2011 and contain a number...

  17. Introduction

    Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben Rahbek; Thusgaard Pedersen, Janni

    2013-01-01

    An introduction is presented in which the editors discuss various reports within the issue on topics including the shared value concept in the education and business, the role of corporate foundations in establishing cross-sector partnerships, and the mechanisms of governance in the cross-sector ...

  18. Introduction

    de Goede, Marieke; Leander, Anna; Sullivan, Gavin

    2016-01-01

    engage the knowledge practices, governance effects and ways of ordering the world that the list format enables. In other words, the special issue seeks to ‘remain in the register of the list,’ to unpack its technological arrangements and juridical power. This introduction sets out the key themes of this...

  19. Introduction

    Barwell, Richard; Clarkson, Philip; Halai, Anjum;

    2016-01-01

    This chapter provides the introduction to this ICMI Study 21 volume. It includes: a discussion of the place of this study and its topic within ICME; a discussion of what is meant by the study title; and a brief historical account of research on this topic in mathematics education. The chapter als...

  20. Introduction

    The introduction to this monography gives a brief survey of the history of the MHD generator, outlines the fundamental questioning of the research concerned and then deals with the combustion gas MHD generator research programme of the working society MPI for plasma physics (IPP)/Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nuernberg AG (M.A.N.). (GG/LH)

  1. Introduction

    Isaacs, Caroline M.

    1997-01-01

    The Thirteenth Annual PACLIM Workshop was held at the Asilomar Conference Center on April 14-17, 1996. Attended by about 100 registered participants, the workshop included 27 talks and 26 poster presentations. The talks consisted of a one-day theme session of seven 45-minute talks and two featured evening talks. Throughout the remainder of the meeting were nearly 20 shorter, 20-minute presentations. Poster presenters gave a short 1-2 minute introduction to their posters, which were displayed ...

  2. IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT CIC FILTER STRUCTURE FOR DECIMATION

    M. Madheswaran

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper briefs an implementation of different CIC filter architectures for decimation. The different decimation filter structures are implemented using cascaded integrator-comb filter to work for the down sampling ratio of 8. The prototype is designed with MATLAB Simulink model and it is converted to VHDL code using Xilinx system generator. Prototype is implemented in Virtex V- XC5VLX110T-3ff1136 FPGA kit and simulation results and device utilization reports are generated and tabulated. Finally different architectures are compared using number of used LUTs, Registers, Power consumption etc.

  3. HPS Electronic Ballast Based on CIC-CPPFC Technique

    王卫; 苏勤; 高国安

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the application of CIC-CPPFC techniques to high-pressure sodium(HPS) lamp electronic ballast. In order to ensure a unity power factor, different power electronic ballasts are studied by PSpice simulation. A dynamic model of HPS lamp with simple and accurate features is proposed for further study of characteristics. Experimental results verify the feasibility of HPS lamp operating at high frequency. It is shown that the presented electronic ballast has 0.99 power factor and 9% total harmonic distortion(THD).

  4. Introduction

    Naudts, L.

    2010-01-01

    This chapter gives a general overview of the background and importance of bubble-releasing methane seeps and thus the relevance of this thesis. Furthermore the aim of this thesis, the geological setting of the three study areas, the used methods, the project framework as well as the outline of the thesis are briefly discussed. More detailed information about the items dealt with in the introduction is provided in the ‘introduction’, ‘study area’, ‘data and methods’ sections of the subsequent ...

  5. Introduction

    Petersen, Nils Holger; Sandbeck, Lars; Solten, Therese Bering

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to the Special Issue of Literature and Theology publishing articles based on selected papers from the international conference of the International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture (ISRLC) conference held at the Theological Faculty of the University of Copenhagen 19-21 Oc......-21 October 2012 with the theme: Cultures of Transition: Presence, Absence,Memory. The conference was organised by Nils Holger Petersen, Lars Sandbeck and Therese Bering Solten who were invited as guest editors for a volume of Literature and Theology based on the conference....

  6. Introduction

    Pop, Paul; Alistar, Mirela; Stuart, Elena; Madsen, Jan

    This chapter presents an introduction to the microfluidics field and microfluidic biochips. We discuss the main fluid propulsion principles used by modern microfluidic platforms, with a focus on “digital” microfluidic biochips, which are the topic of this book. Digital microfluidic biochips...... manipulate the fluids as small “droplets” using electrokinetics, i.e., electrowetting-on-dielectric. Several application areas for biochips are discussed, and the motivation behind the work presented in this book is introduced. At the end of the chapter, we outline the structure of the book and an overview...

  7. Introduction

    Introduction presents the description of book. The present book is devoted to rational processing of boron- and aluminosilicate ores, including danburite, argillite, kaolin clays , zeolites and bentonite by means of acid and chloric methods. Conducted researches on chloric and acid decomposition of boron- and aluminosilicate ores with chlorine, sulfuric and hydrochloric acids allowed to find the optimal conditions of decomposition of raw materials with high output. Physicochemical properties of initial boron- and aluminosilicate ores were studied by means of X-ray, differential thermal analysis, and silicate analysis methods.

  8. Introduction

    As a result of the popularity of the Agencies report 'Neutron Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels' of 1975, it was decided that another report on this broad subject would be of use. In the introduction the historic context is established, spanning a bow from the first sustained fission reactor in 1942 to contemporary developments. The subjects 'Irradiation Effects on Mechanical Properties', 'Neutron Fluence', 'Irradiation Effect Trends', 'Empirical Modelling of Irradiation Effects' and 'Mechanical Modelling' are addressed. There are also some remarks about the current state of the art, the migration of irradiation effects and about international programmes

  9. Introduction

    Beim, Anne

    2014-01-01

    The introduction maps the most important theories and cultural practices in tectonics of architecture. In an overall perspective, it describes the aim of the book that is to set the grounds for discussions about tectonic strategies as ways to approach the existing challenges in contemporary...... building practice, the point of departure being an ecological approach to the creation of architecture. Ecology is here defined in its widest sense, which besides ecological systems found in nature includes environmental dimensions, the life cycle of resources, social organisation, and the longevity...

  10. Introduction

    Høst, Jeppe Engset

    2015-01-01

    This chapter introduces the notion and theme of market-based fisheries management. The introduction of market mechanisms to distribute and manage fishing quota has internationally occurred since the 1980s but is increasingly on the political agenda. As privatization and transferability are promoted...... internationally, and by big players, it becomes even more crucial to understand its social and environmental implications. This chapter looks at the broader lines in the fisheries research and discusses the diverging views on market-based fisheries management. On one side market mechanisms are promoted for...... efficiency and fleet adaptation, and on the other, quota markets are accused of causing concentration and disturbing social relations....

  11. Introduction

    David Harris

    1990-11-01

    Full Text Available Since its foundation as an independent Institute within the University of London fifty-three years ago, the Institute of Archaeology has contributed to research in many aspects of the developing discipline in many different parts of the world. For the first thirty years of its existence it was exclusively a postgraduate research institution, and it has continued to give high priority to postgraduate studies since the introduction of undergraduate teaching in 1968. Today, one third of the 300 students enrolled at the Institute are postgraduates, over 50 of whom are research students registered for MPhil/PhD degrees. Most of the MA and MSc students also undertake their own research projects as part of the Master's degree. Institute postgraduates are thus involved in a multitude of diverse investigations, in Britain, continental Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas, and each year they make, collectively, a very substantial contribution to archaeological knowledge.

  12. Introduction

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Rasiah, Rajah

    2010-01-01

    each other and establish an identity.’ – Alice Amsden, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US This well-researched book examines the dramatic transformation of Southeast Asian countries from agricultural and mining economies to industrial nations. In doing so, it explores the effects of development......This is a very interesting book. It is topical and is one of the few volumes that attempts to treat Southeast Asia as an integrated whole. The editors are methodologically ambitious, and they skillfully integrate a very large amount of diverse material in their introduction. I imagine that the book...... environmental issues. The distinguished authors present a regional and cross-border focus on transnational actors and institutions, and the policy issues and problems which have a wider impact on spatial configurations in the region. This insightful study will appeal to researchers, academics and policymakers...

  13. Introduction

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Berg, Torsten Rødel

    2012-01-01

    The chapter includes a discussion about the play by Henrik Ibsen from 1879, A Doll's House, how it still proves to be relevant today to gender relations not only in Denmark but in Nepal as well. The introduction explains how Ibsen's play inspired two theater directors from Denmark and Nepal......, respectively to use it as point of departure for the creation of a trans-civilizational and intercultural dialogue. The intention of this chapter is to introduce the background of the collection of chapters, give broader perspectives about globalization and social change linked with debates about changing...... values and cultures in development and social policy and then enters the specific context and development trajectory in Nepal in recent years....

  14. Introduction

    In this introduction to The Third Radiobiological Conference author give a short retrospective review of reactor accidents (26th April 1986, Chernobyl NPP, 1979 in Three Mile Island). In former Czechoslovakia an attention has been paid to the questions of the effects of radiation on organism from the 1950's. After discharge of Commonwealth the Radiobiological Association. that facilitated interchange of the results of research work among various national and foreign institutions. was also abolished. After establishment of the autonomous Slovak Republic the University of Veterinary Medicine (UVM) in Kosice in collaboration with Pavol Jozef Safarik University in Kosice linked to tradition of radiobiology and organized the the First Radiobiological Conference in Slovakia. At this conference 37 lectures of home and 9 of Czech authors were presented. At the end of conference the agreement was made to held this conference every second year. The 2nd Radiobiological Conference was held in 2004 at the occasion of the 55st anniversary of the UVM establishment in Kosice. The 3rd Conference held on 25tb May 2006 in UVM in Kosice was inscribed to the 20th anniversary of Chernobyl disaster. Selected articles dealing with this problem create contents of Supplement inscribed to the 50th anniversary of the scientific journal Folia Veterinaria

  15. Introduction

    Soil erosion and associated sedimentation are natural processes caused by water, wind and ice. Several of man's activities such as deforestation, overgrazing, changes in land use, and non-sustainable farming practices tend to accelerate soil erosion. Soil erosion and sedimentation cause not only on-site degradation of a non-renewable natural resource, but also off-site problems such as downstream sediment deposition in fields, floodplains and water streams. These problems and concern over the degradation of the landscape by erosion, and their impacts on soil fertility and crop productivity in agricultural land, water pollution, and sedimentation in lakes, reservoirs, and floodplains are well documented. Global estimates of economic damage from soil erosion and sedimentation have also been made. Recent focus on sustainability issues has resulted in increased attention on soil-degradation problems, in particular soil erosion and sedimentation. In view of increasing water scarcity and limited land resources to feed an ever-growing world population, there is an urgent need to obtain reliable quantitative data on the extent and rates of soil erosion worldwide to provide a more comprehensive assessment of the problem and to underpin the selection of effective soil-conservation technologies and sedimentation remediation strategies, including assessment of their economic and environmental impacts. This chapter describes the use of fallout 137Cs as a tracer for measuring soil erosion and sedimentation, and the potential use of other radionuclides such as 210Pb, and 7Be for these studies. It provides an overview of the 137Cs technique describing key assumptions and requirements, and advantages and limitations of the technique. Also, applications, recent developments, and future trends of the technique are covered. The chapter is completed with an introduction to the handbook and a list of selected references

  16. Introduction

    Since the Atoms for Peace program in 1950s, peaceful applications of nuclear technology has been at the forefront of the development of many countries. In Malaysia, the development of nuclear technology began in earnest with the setting-up of Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) in 1972, then known as CRANE. More than thirty years later, today, the technology has gained footing and made impact to the development of the country. Her role in regional and international scenes in nuclear-related matters and nuclear technology was noticed and being given due attention. It is time to take stock of this development and assess its impact upon which further developments can be planned and strategized. That was the genesis of this study. This chapter presents a review of the status and development of nuclear technology globally and in Malaysia to provide a background for the report and the study. This is followed by an introduction to the study: its objectives, scope, methods of research, total population, sampling frame, selection procedures, target groups and data analysis. The chapter concludes with a guide to the organization of this report. The study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the impact and contribution of nuclear technology to socio-economic development of the country. It is also expected to identify issues and challenges faced by users of this technology. Even though the applications of nuclear technology encompass diverse human endeavors, this study focuses only in industrial, medical and agriculture sectors. The applications of nuclear technology in both public agencies and private companies in those sectors are considered. This is the first time such a study is being undertaken in Malaysia, and as a starting point, the three year period spanning 2006-2008 are taken as the time frame for discerning trends of nuclear technology development in the country. This study was also in an indirect sense motivated by similar studies conducted in the USA

  17. Introduction

    Klingshirn, C.

    The purpose of this introduction is - after a few general words on ZnO - to inform the reader about the history of ZnO research, the contents of this book and the intentions of the authors. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a IIb-VI compound semiconductor. This group comprises the binary compounds of Zn, Cd and Hg with O, S, Se, Te and their ternary and quaternary alloys. The band gaps of these compounds cover the whole band gap range from E g ≈ 3. 94 eV for hexagonal ZnS down to semimetals (i.e., E g = 0 eV) for most of the mercury compounds. ZnO itself is also a wide gap semiconductor with E g ≈ 3. 436 eV at T = 0 K and (3. 37 ± 0. 01) eV at room temperature. For more details on the band structure, see Chaps. 4 and 6 or for a recent collection of data on ZnO, for example, [Rössler et al. (eds) Landolt-Börnstein, New Series, Group III, Vols. 17 B, 22, and 41B, 1999]. Like most of the compounds of groups IV, III-V, IIb-VI and Ib-VII, ZnO shows a tetrahedral coordination. In contrast to several other IIb-VI compounds, which occur both in the hexagonal wurtzite and the cubic zinc blende type structure such as ZnS, which gave the name to these two modifications, ZnO occurs almost exclusively in the wurtzite type structure. It has a relatively strong ionic binding (see Chap. 2). The exciton binding energy in ZnO is 60 meV [Thomas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 15:86, 1960], the largest among the IIb-VI compounds, but by far not the largest for all semiconductors since, for example, CuCl and CuO have exciton binding energies around 190 and 150 meV, respectively. See, for example, [Rössler et al. (eds) Landolt-Börnstein, New Series, Group III, Vols. 17B, 22, and 41B, 1999; Thomas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 15:86, 1960; Klingshirn and Haug, Phy. Rep. 70:315, 1981; Hönerlage et al., Phys. Rep. 124:161, 1985] and references therein. More details on excitons will be given in Chap. 6. ZnO has a density of about 5. 6 g / cm3 corresponding to 4. 2 × 1022 ZnO molecules per cm3 [Hallwig and

  18. Introduction

    Cohen, E. G. D.

    deduced for irreversible processes (C. Jarzynski). The survey of non-equilibrium steady states in statistical mechanics of classical and quantum systems employs heat bath models and the random matrix theory input. The quantum heat bath analysis and derivation of fluctuation-dissipation theorems is performed by means of the influence functional technique adopted to solve quantum master equations (D. Kusnezov). Chapter II deals with an issue of relaxation and its dynamical theory in both classical and quantum contexts. Pollicott-Ruelle resonance background for the exponential decay scenario is discussed for irreversible processes of diffusion in the Lorentz gas and multibaker models (P. Gaspard). The Pollicott-Ruelle theory reappears as a major inspiration in the survey of the behaviour of ensembles of chaotic systems, with a focus on model systems for which no rigorous results concerning the exponential decay of correlations in time is available (S. Fishman). The observation, that non-equilibrium transport processes in simple classical chaotic systems can be described in terms of fractal structures developing in the system phase space, links their formation and properties with the entropy production in the course of diffusion processes displaying a low dimensional deterministic (chaotic) origin (J. R. Dorfman). Chapter III offers an introduction to the theory of dynamical semigroups. Asymptotic properties of Markov operators and Markov semigroups acting in the set of probability densities (statistical ensemble notion is implicit) are analyzed. Ergodicity, mixing, strong (complete) mixing and sweeping are discussed in the familiar setting of "noise, chaos and fractals" (R. Rudnicki). The next step comprises a passage to quantum dynamical semigroups and completely positive dynamical maps, with an ultimate goal to introduce a consistent framework for the analysis of irreversible phenomena in open quantum systems, where dissipation and decoherence are crucial concepts (R

  19. On Passband and Stopband CIC Improvements Using a Second Order IIR Filter

    Gordana Jovanovic Dolecek

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an efficient second order IIR filter which considerably improves the passband as well as the stopband of the Cascaded-Integrator-Comb (CIC filter. Using the polyphase decomposition of the proposed filte, all filtering can be moved to a lower rate, which is D times less than the high input rate, where D is the decimation factor. The overall phase response of the compensated CIC is approximately linear in the passband. The design parameters are the number of cascaded CIC filter N, the decimator factor D, the passband frequency wp, and a weighted parameter a.

  20. A case report of CIC-rearranged undifferentiated small round cell sarcoma in the cerebrum.

    Ito, Mayumi; Ishikawa, Misawo; Kitajima, Masateru; Narita, Jun; Hattori, Shinya; Endo, Otone; Goto, Keisuke

    2016-10-01

    CIC-rearranged undifferentiated small round cell sarcoma (CIC-rearranged USRCS) is a recently established type of Ewing-like small round cell sarcomas, characterized by CIC gene rearrangement, most commonly CIC-DUX4 fusion. This report presents the second case of CIC-rearranged USRCS arising primarily in the cerebrum. A 64-year-old otherwise healthy woman presented with a 1 × 1 cm sized hemorrhagic subcortical tumor in the left temporo-parietal lobe. The tumor repeatedly recurred, and the patient underwent three surgeries, chemotherapy with doxorubicin and ifosfamide, and radiotherapy, as well as gamma knife surgery. Systemic examination revealed no other extracranial masses. Imprint cytology revealed small to moderate-sized round-to-ovoid tumor cells with mild pleomorphism and variations in size and shape. The nuclei contained finely granular chromatin, and some had easily-recognizable nucleoli. The tumor exhibited a mainly cytoplasmic pattern of CD99 immunostaining, rather than a diffuse membranous pattern. The tumor also exhibited diffuse positivity for calretinin and p16, as well as partial positivity for WT1 (nuclear and cytoplasmic staining pattern) and D2-40. FISH assessment showed CIC split signals. In conclusion, CIC-rearranged USRCSs can occur primarily in the cerebrum. It would be impossible to diagnose them through cytology alone, but cytology would be useful to rule out other small round cell brain tumors including gliomas, lymphomas, carcinomas, and germinoma. Immunohistochemical analysis including tests for CD99, calretinin, and WT1 would help to suggest CIC-rearranged USRCSs and distinguish them from Ewing sarcomas. Additionally, immunohistochemistry for p16 might be useful in the diagnosis. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2016;44:828-832. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:27324529

  1. 46 CFR 57.01-1 - Qualifications and production tests.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Qualifications and production tests. 57.01-1 Section 57.01-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING WELDING AND BRAZING Scope § 57.01-1 Qualifications and production tests. (a) (Replaces QW 101 and QB 101.) The regulations in this part shall apply to...

  2. Mapping the future of CIC Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Final report

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    This report summarizes three scenario-based strategic planning workshops run for the CIC Division of the Los Alamos National Laboratory during November and December, 1995. Each of the two-day meetings was facilitated by Northeast Consulting Resources, Inc. (NCRI) of Boston, MA. using the Future Mapping{reg_sign} methodology.

  3. 33 CFR 3.01-1 - General description.

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 3.01-1 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL COAST... authorities include Search and Rescue Mission Coordinator, Federal Maritime Security Coordinator, Federal On... coordinate systems are geocentric and similar such that they are Global Positioning System (GPS)...

  4. Air quality impacts of a CicLAvia event in Downtown Los Angeles, CA.

    Shu, Shi; Batteate, Christina; Cole, Brian; Froines, John; Zhu, Yifang

    2016-01-01

    CicLAvia in Los Angeles, CA is the open streets program that closes streets to motorized vehicles and invites people to walk, run, play or ride their bicycles on these streets, allowing them to experience the city in a new way and get exercise at the same time. Since the events reduce the motorized traffic flow, which is a significant source of air pollution, on the streets, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the CicLAvia events can reduce the concentrations of traffic-emitted air pollutants during the road closure. This study is the first experiment to test this hypothesis. The on-road and community-wide ultrafine particle (UFP) and PM2.5 were measured on the Event-Sunday (October 5th, 2014) and the Pre- and Post- Sundays (September 28(th) and October 12(th), 2014). Data analysis results showed the on-road UFP and PM2.5 reduction was 21% and 49%, respectively, and the community-wide PM2.5 reduction was 12%. PMID:26493865

  5. BIOCHEMISTRY IN THE SPECIALTY IN VISUAL FUNCTION, AND VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS IN THE CICS UMA-IPN

    Blanca Elisa Pérez-Magaña

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The higher education and postgraduate in Mexico." delivered at the National Polytechnic Institute is located in a period of constant modification and sustained that has led to the creation of new pedagogical proposals aimed at the promotion of learning emphasizing virtual education. The development of ICT (Information Technologies and Communication in the last few years has favored the emergence and consolidation of degrees, diplomas, Specialties, Master's Degrees among other, using the distance learning based on a web environment. This work analyzes the importance that had the Biochemistry course taught in the specialty of Visual Function in the CICS and UMA that allowed both to the students as the teachers try to virtually eliminate the disadvantages theoretical to traditional teaching. The results obtained in addition to the skills and competences acquired the students were highly successful, and it is hoped to be able to continue implementing such environments in other specialties and master's degrees.

  6. Conceptual design of magnets with CIC conductors for LHD-type reactors FFHR2m

    LHD-type reactors have attractive features for fusion power plants, such as no requirement of a current drive and a wide space between the helical coils for the maintenance of in-vessel components. One disadvantage was considered the requirement of a large major radius to attain the self-ignition condition with a sufficient space for blankets. According to the recent reactor studies based on experimental results in LHD, the major radius of plasma is set at 14 to 17 m with the central toroidal field of 6 to 4 T. The stored magnetic energy is estimated at 120 to 130 GJ. Both the major radius and the magnetic energy are three times as large as those for ITER. We intend to summarize the requirements for superconducting magnets of the LHD-type reactors and propose a conceptual design of the magnets with cable-in-conduit (CIC) conductors based on the technology for ITER. (author)

  7. Novel CIC point mutations and an exon-spanning, homozygous deletion identified in oligodendroglial tumors by a comprehensive genomic approach including transcriptome sequencing.

    Sophie Eisenreich

    Full Text Available Oligodendroglial tumors form a distinct subgroup of gliomas, characterized by a better response to treatment and prolonged overall survival. Most oligodendrogliomas and also some oligoastrocytomas are characterized by a unique and typical unbalanced translocation, der(1,19, resulting in a 1p/19q co-deletion. Candidate tumor suppressor genes targeted by these losses, CIC on 19q13.2 and FUBP1 on 1p31.1, were only recently discovered. We analyzed 17 oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas by applying a comprehensive approach consisting of RNA expression analysis, DNA sequencing of CIC, FUBP1, IDH1/2, and array CGH. We confirmed three different genetic subtypes in our samples: i the "oligodendroglial" subtype with 1p/19q co-deletion in twelve out of 17 tumors; ii the "astrocytic" subtype in three tumors; iii the "other" subtype in two tumors. All twelve tumors with the 1p/19q co-deletion carried the most common IDH1 R132H mutation. In seven of these tumors, we found protein-disrupting point mutations in the remaining allele of CIC, four of which are novel. One of these tumors also had a deleterious mutation in FUBP1. Only by integrating RNA expression and array CGH data, were we able to discover an exon-spanning homozygous microdeletion within the remaining allele of CIC in an additional tumor with 1p/19q co-deletion. Therefore we propose that the mutation rate might be underestimated when looking at sequence variants alone. In conclusion, the high frequency and the spectrum of CIC mutations in our 1p/19q-codeleted tumor cohort support the hypothesis that CIC acts as a tumor suppressor in these tumors, whereas FUBP1 might play only a minor role.

  8. Полифазный фильтр-дециматор типа CIC

    Запевалов, В. В.; Zapevalov, V. V.

    2013-01-01

    Предлагается способ построения полифазных децимирующих CIC-фильтров.The article deals with proposed a polyphase architecture for CIC decimation filters.

  9. 17 CFR 256.01-1 - Companies for which this system of accounts is prescribed.

    2010-04-01

    ... SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-1... for use by: (1) Any company operating, or organized to operate, as a mutual service company under the provisions of section 13 of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, and (2) any subsidiary...

  10. A novel, diffusely infiltrative xenograft model of human anaplastic oligodendroglioma with mutations in FUBP1, CIC, and IDH1.

    Barbara Klink

    Full Text Available Oligodendroglioma poses a biological conundrum for malignant adult human gliomas: it is a tumor type that is universally incurable for patients, and yet, only a few of the human tumors have been established as cell populations in vitro or as intracranial xenografts in vivo. Their survival, thus, may emerge only within a specific environmental context. To determine the fate of human oligodendroglioma in an experimental model, we studied the development of an anaplastic tumor after intracranial implantation into enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP positive NOD/SCID mice. Remarkably after nearly nine months, the tumor not only engrafted, but it also retained classic histological and genetic features of human oligodendroglioma, in particular cells with a clear cytoplasm, showing an infiltrative growth pattern, and harboring mutations of IDH1 (R132H and of the tumor suppressor genes, FUBP1 and CIC. The xenografts were highly invasive, exhibiting a distinct migration and growth pattern around neurons, especially in the hippocampus, and following white matter tracts of the corpus callosum with tumor cells accumulating around established vasculature. Although tumors exhibited a high growth fraction in vivo, neither cells from the original patient tumor nor the xenograft exhibited significant growth in vitro over a six-month period. This glioma xenograft is the first to display a pure oligodendroglioma histology and expression of R132H. The unexpected property, that the cells fail to grow in vitro even after passage through the mouse, allows us to uniquely investigate the relationship of this oligodendroglioma with the in vivo microenvironment.

  11. Editor's introduction.

    Walters, LeRoy

    1985-08-01

    An introduction is provided for a journal issue devoted to philosophical questions surrounding new modes of human reproduction, the early stages of human development, and the genetic alteration of human beings. The introduction includes a chart of 16 alternative methods of artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization, showing for each method the source of gametes, site of fertilization, and site of pregnancy. A two-by-two matrix is used to classify the major types of gene therapy, depending on whether it applies to somatic or germline cells and to cell repair or enhancement. PMID:11643819

  12. WELCOME & INTRODUCTION

    Andrew V. Wister; Fox, Graham

    2012-01-01

    This video clip comprises the "Welcome and Introduction" to the 21st Annual John K. Friesen Conference, "Innovations in Home Care: A Public Policy Perspective," MAY 16-17, 2012, Vancouver, BC.  It is well known that jurisdictions with more comprehensive and integrated home care delivery systems are able to extend independent living for older people for longer periods of time, thereby reducing more costly forms of care, such as institutionalization. Better quality home care raises the ...

  13. Introduction pages

    Radu E. Sestras

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Pages and Table of Contents Research ArticlesInsulin Requirements in Relation to Insulin Pump Indications in Type 1 DiabetesPDFGabriela GHIMPEŢEANU,\tSilvia Ş. IANCU,\tGabriela ROMAN,\tAnca M. ALIONESCU259-263Comparative Antibacterial Efficacy of Vitellaria paradoxa (Shea Butter Tree Extracts Against Some Clinical Bacterial IsolatesPDFKamoldeen Abiodun AJIJOLAKEWU,\tFola Jose AWARUN264-268A Murine Effort Model for Studying the Influence of Trichinella on Muscular Activity of MicePDFIonut MARIAN,\tCălin Mircea GHERMAN,\tAndrei Daniel MIHALCA269-271Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Extended-Spectrum β-Lactam-Resistant Enterobacteria in Healthy PigsPDFIfeoma Chinyere UGWU,\tMadubuike Umunna ANYANWU,\tChidozie Clifford UGWU,\tOgbonna Wilfred UGWUANYI272-280Index of Relative Importance of the Dietary Proportions of Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus in Semi-Arid RegionPDFTana P. MEWADA281-288Bioaccumulation Potentials of Momordica charantia L. Medicinal Plant Grown in Lead Polluted Soil under Organic Fertilizer AmendmentPDFOjo Michael OSENI,\tOmotola Esther DADA,\tAdekunle Ajayi ADELUSI289-294Induced Chitinase and Chitosanase Activities in Turmeric Plants by Application of β-D-Glucan NanoparticlesPDFSathiyanarayanan ANUSUYA,\tMuthukrishnan SATHIYABAMA295-298Present or Absent? About a Threatened Fern, Asplenium adulterinum Milde, in South-Eastern Carpathians (RomaniaPDFAttila BARTÓK,\tIrina IRIMIA299-307Comparative Root and Stem Anatomy of Four Rare Onobrychis Mill. (Fabaceae Taxa Endemic in TurkeyPDFMehmet TEKİN,\tGülden YILMAZ308-312Propagation of Threatened Nepenthes khasiana: Methods and PrecautionsPDFJibankumar S. KHURAIJAM,\tRup K. ROY313-315Alleviate Seed Ageing Effects in Silybum marianum by Application of Hormone Seed PrimingPDFSeyed Ata SIADAT,\tSeyed Amir MOOSAVI,\tMehran SHARAFIZADEH316-321The Effect of Halopriming and Salicylic Acid on the Germination of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum under Different Cadmium

  14. THE INVESTIGATION OF COST CONTROL TABLE BASED ON CICS THEORY%CICS应用下的成本控制平台研究

    周迎; 丁烈云

    2007-01-01

    针对建设行业中现有成本管理薄弱的现状,提出了应用CICS(Computer Integrated Construction System)理论构造信息集成化管理的成本控制平台这一新思路--把建设项目视为一系列过程的系统,借助于现代信息技术与管理技术对该系统进行分析和重构,建立以任务为中心的成本计量、控制和考核系统.阐述了成本管理与其他工程管理子系统间的关系,并以深圳地铁五标段为背景,提出了CICS应用下建设项目成本控制平台的设计思路及实施方案.

  15. PET imaging of focal demyelination and remyelination in a rat model of multiple sclerosis: comparison of [{sup 11}C]MeDAS, [{sup 11}C]CIC and [{sup 11}C]PIB

    Paula Faria, Daniele de [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Groningen (Netherlands); University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Neuroscience, Groningen (Netherlands); University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Center of Nuclear Medicine, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Copray, Sjef [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Neuroscience, Groningen (Netherlands); Sijbesma, Jurgen W.A.; Willemsen, Antoon T.M.; Dierckx, Rudi A.J.O.; Vries, Erik F.J. de [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Groningen (Netherlands); Buchpiguel, Carlos A. [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Center of Nuclear Medicine, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2014-05-15

    In this study, we compared the ability of [{sup 11}C]CIC, [{sup 11}C]MeDAS and [{sup 11}C]PIB to reveal temporal changes in myelin content in focal lesions in the lysolecithin rat model of multiple sclerosis. Pharmacokinetic modelling was performed to determine the best method to quantify tracer uptake. Sprague-Dawley rats were stereotactically injected with either 1 % lysolecithin or saline into the corpus callosum and striatum of the right brain hemisphere. Dynamic PET imaging with simultaneous arterial blood sampling was performed 7 days after saline injection (control group), 7 days after lysolecithin injection (demyelination group) and 4 weeks after lysolecithin injection (remyelination group). The kinetics of [{sup 11}C]CIC, [{sup 11}C]MeDAS and [{sup 11}C]PIB was best fitted by Logan graphical analysis, suggesting that tracer binding is reversible. Compartment modelling revealed that all tracers were fitted best with the reversible two-tissue compartment model. Tracer uptake and distribution volume in lesions were in agreement with myelin status. However, the slow kinetics and homogeneous brain uptake of [{sup 11}C]CIC make this tracer less suitable for in vivo PET imaging. [{sup 11}C]PIB showed good uptake in the white matter in the cerebrum, but [{sup 11}C]PIB uptake in the cerebellum was low, despite high myelin density in this region. [{sup 11}C]MeDAS distribution correlated well with myelin density in different brain regions. This study showed that PET imaging of demyelination and remyelination processes in focal lesions is feasible. Our comparison of three myelin tracers showed that [{sup 11}C]MeDAS has more favourable properties for quantitative PET imaging of demyelinated and remyelinated lesions throughout the CNS than [{sup 11}C]CIC and [{sup 11}C]PIB. (orig.)

  16. PET imaging of focal demyelination and remyelination in a rat model of multiple sclerosis: comparison of [11C]MeDAS, [11C]CIC and [11C]PIB

    In this study, we compared the ability of [11C]CIC, [11C]MeDAS and [11C]PIB to reveal temporal changes in myelin content in focal lesions in the lysolecithin rat model of multiple sclerosis. Pharmacokinetic modelling was performed to determine the best method to quantify tracer uptake. Sprague-Dawley rats were stereotactically injected with either 1 % lysolecithin or saline into the corpus callosum and striatum of the right brain hemisphere. Dynamic PET imaging with simultaneous arterial blood sampling was performed 7 days after saline injection (control group), 7 days after lysolecithin injection (demyelination group) and 4 weeks after lysolecithin injection (remyelination group). The kinetics of [11C]CIC, [11C]MeDAS and [11C]PIB was best fitted by Logan graphical analysis, suggesting that tracer binding is reversible. Compartment modelling revealed that all tracers were fitted best with the reversible two-tissue compartment model. Tracer uptake and distribution volume in lesions were in agreement with myelin status. However, the slow kinetics and homogeneous brain uptake of [11C]CIC make this tracer less suitable for in vivo PET imaging. [11C]PIB showed good uptake in the white matter in the cerebrum, but [11C]PIB uptake in the cerebellum was low, despite high myelin density in this region. [11C]MeDAS distribution correlated well with myelin density in different brain regions. This study showed that PET imaging of demyelination and remyelination processes in focal lesions is feasible. Our comparison of three myelin tracers showed that [11C]MeDAS has more favourable properties for quantitative PET imaging of demyelinated and remyelinated lesions throughout the CNS than [11C]CIC and [11C]PIB. (orig.)

  17. Product introduction by SMEs

    Carolien van de Graaff

    2005-01-01

    In recent years a great deal of research has been carried out on the subject of product introductions. However, there has been little research on product introductions by small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Current theory on product introductions might thus not be fully applicable to SMEs. This report therefore aims to answer the question: 'Does the way product introductions are handled by SMEs differ from the way product introductions are described in literature?' We find that there a...

  18. Introduction to graph theory

    Trudeau, Richard J

    1994-01-01

    Preface1. Pure Mathematics Introduction; Euclidean Geometry as Pure Mathematics; Games; Why Study Pure Mathematics?; What's Coming; Suggested Reading2. Graphs Introduction; Sets; Paradox; Graphs; Graph diagrams; Cautions; Common Graphs; Discovery; Complements and Subgraphs; Isomorphism; Recognizing Isomorphic Graphs; Semantics The Number of Graphs Having a Given nu; Exercises; Suggested Reading3. Planar Graphs Introduction; UG, K subscript 5, and the Jordan Curve Theorem; Are there More Nonplanar Graphs?; Expansions; Kuratowski's Theorem; Determining Whether a Graph is Planar or

  19. Introduction to imprecise probabilities

    Augustin, Thomas; de Cooman, Gert; Troffaes, Matthias C M

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the theory has become widely accepted and has been further developed, but a detailed introduction is needed in order to make the material available and accessible to a wide audience. This will be the first book providing such an introduction, covering core theory and recent developments which can be applied to many application areas. All authors of individual chapters are leading researchers on the specific topics, assuring high quality and up-to-date contents. An Introduction to Imprecise Probabilities provides a comprehensive introduction to imprecise probabilities, includin

  20. Environmental Psychology: An Introduction

    Steg, L.; Berg, van den A.E.; Groot, de J.I.M.

    2012-01-01

    Environmental Psychology: An Introduction offers a research-based introduction to the psychological relationship between humans and their built and natural environments and discusses how sustainable environments can be created to the benefit of both people and nature •Explores the environment's effe

  1. Introduction to surveillance studies

    Petersen, JK

    2012-01-01

    Introduction & OverviewIntroduction Brief History of Surveillance Technologies & TechniquesOptical SurveillanceAerial Surveillance Audio Surveillance Radio-Wave SurveillanceGlobal Positioning Systems Sensors Computers & the Internet Data Cards Biochemical Surveillance Animal Surveillance Biometrics Genetics Practical ConsiderationsPrevalence of Surveillance Effectiveness of Surveillance Freedom & Privacy IssuesConstitutional Freedoms Privacy Safeguards & Intrusions ResourcesReferences Glossary Index

  2. Introduction to renewable energy

    Nelson, Vaughn C

    2011-01-01

    IntroductionEnergy and SocietyTypes of EnergyRenewable EnergyAdvantages/DisadvantagesEconomicsGlobal WarmingOrder of Magnitude EstimatesGrowth (Exponential)SolutionsEnergyIntroductionDefinition of Energy and PowerHeatThermodynamicsEnergy Dilemma in Light of the Laws of ThermodynamicsUse of Fossil FuelsNuclearFinite ResourceSummarySunSolar PowerElectromagnetic SpectrumEnergy Balance of the EarthEarth-Sun MotionInsolationSolar ResourceGreenhouse EffectHeat Transfer and StorageIntroductionConductionConvectionRadiationThermal MassSeasonal Heating or CoolingThermal ComfortSolar Heating and CoolingB

  3. Radiation Protection: introduction

    The abstract gives an overview and introduction to the activities of SCK-CEN's Radiation Protection department. Main strategic developments and achievements in the field of life sciences, policy supports and medical applications are summarised

  4. Introduction: Persistent Modelling

    Ayres, Phil

    This introduction to 'Persistent Modelling – an extended role for architectural representation' identifies how the book probes the relationship between representation and the represented, in an architectural context. It discusses how the book presents an examination and discussion of historical...

  5. Introduction to numerical analysis

    Hildebrand, F B

    1987-01-01

    Well-known, respected introduction, updated to integrate concepts and procedures associated with computers. Computation, approximation, interpolation, numerical differentiation and integration, smoothing of data, other topics in lucid presentation. Includes 150 additional problems in this edition. Bibliography.

  6. Entanglement Renormalization: an introduction

    Vidal, Guifre

    2009-01-01

    We present an elementary introduction to entanglement renormalization, a real space renormalization group for quantum lattice systems. This manuscript corresponds to a chapter of the book "Understanding Quantum Phase Transitions", edited by Lincoln D. Carr (Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, 2010)

  7. Introduction to remote sensing

    Cracknell, Arthur P

    2007-01-01

    Addressing the need for updated information in remote sensing, Introduction to Remote Sensing, Second Edition provides a full and authoritative introduction for scientists who need to know the scope, potential, and limitations in the field. The authors discuss the physical principles of common remote sensing systems and examine the processing, interpretation, and applications of data. This new edition features updated and expanded material, including greater coverage of applications from across earth, environmental, atmospheric, and oceanographic sciences. Illustrated with remotely sensed colo

  8. Introduction to parallel computing

    2003-01-01

    Introduction to Parallel Computing is a complete end-to-end source of information on almost all aspects of parallel computing from introduction to architectures to programming paradigms to algorithms to programming standards. It is the only book to have complete coverage of traditional Computer Science algorithms (sorting, graph and matrix algorithms), scientific computing algorithms (FFT, sparse matrix computations, N-body methods), and data intensive algorithms (search, dynamic programming, data-mining).

  9. Plasma physics an introduction

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Plasma Physics: An Introduction is based on a series of university course lectures by a leading name in the field, and thoroughly covers the physics of the fourth state of matter. This book looks at non-relativistic, fully ionized, nondegenerate, quasi-neutral, and weakly coupled plasma. Intended for the student market, the text provides a concise and cohesive introduction to plasma physics theory, and offers a solid foundation for students wishing to take higher level courses in plasma physics.

  10. Stochastic processes an introduction

    Jones, Peter Watts

    2009-01-01

    Some Background on ProbabilityIntroduction Probability Conditional probability and independence Discrete random variables Continuous random variables Mean and variance Some standard discrete probability distributions Some standard continuous probability distributions Generating functions Conditional expectationSome Gambling ProblemsGambler's ruin Probability of ruin Some numerical simulations Duration of the game Some variations of gambler's ruinRandom WalksIntroduction Unrestricted random walks The probability distribution after n steps First returns of the symmetric random walkMarkov ChainsS

  11. Introduction to probability

    Roussas, George G

    2006-01-01

    Roussas's Introduction to Probability features exceptionally clear explanations of the mathematics of probability theory and explores its diverse applications through numerous interesting and motivational examples. It provides a thorough introduction to the subject for professionals and advanced students taking their first course in probability. The content is based on the introductory chapters of Roussas's book, An Intoduction to Probability and Statistical Inference, with additional chapters and revisions. Written by a well-respected author known for great exposition an

  12. The bases of plant introduction

    Karpun Yu N

    2004-01-01

    The main problems of plintroduction are presented as theses. The plants introduction is suggested to regard as process of their cultivation, which has several stages: the mobilization of plant's material, primary test, sec- ond test. The basic terms are offered: introduction point, introduction search, collection number, introduction situation, etc. The peculiarities of plants introduction process are presented. The relationship between native flora and introduction plants are con...

  13. Biophysics an introduction

    Cotteril, Rodney

    2002-01-01

    Biophysics: An Introduction, is a concise balanced introduction to this subject. Written in an accessible and readable style, the book takes a fresh, modern approach with the author successfully combining key concepts and theory with relevant applications and examples drawn from the field as a whole. Beginning with a brief introduction to the origins of biophysics, the book takes the reader through successive levels of complexity, from atoms to molecules, structures, systems and ultimately to the behaviour of organisms. The book also includes extensive coverage of biopolymers, biomembranes, biological energy, and nervous systems. The text not only explores basic ideas, but also discusses recent developments, such as protein folding, DNA/RNA conformations, molecular motors, optical tweezers and the biological origins of consciousness and intelligence.

  14. Introduction to subatomic physics

    This book is made from several lectures given at the French Polytechnique high-school. It offers a simple introduction to contemporaneous elementary particle physics, illustrated with recent results of experiments. From a pedagogical point of view, it follows the quantum mechanics lecture and offers numerous applications of its concepts and techniques in the subatomic physics domain. It give also an introduction to restraint relativity biased towards particle physics and nuclear physics applications. The text is illustrated with several exercises whose solutions are given at the end of the volume. (J.S.)

  15. Introduction to magnetochemistry

    Earnshaw, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to Magnetochemistry provides an introduction to the more important aspects of magnetochemistry. The measurement of magnetic moment has been one of the most consistently useful to coordination chemists. For teaching purposes it provides a simple method of illustrating the ideas of electronic structure, and in research it can provide fundamental information about the bonding and stereochemistry of complexes. The book contains six chapters covering topics such as free atoms and ions, transition metal complexes, crystal field theory, second and third row transition metal complexes, a

  16. Introduction to quantum electronics

    Unger, Hans Georg

    1970-01-01

    Introduction to Quantum Electronics is based on a one-semester lecture of electrical engineering for German students. The book is an introduction to the fundamentals of lasers and masers and a presentation of the principles of physics, their theory, and methods of analysis that seek to analyze, explain, and quantify related important phenomena. The properties of a laser is then discussed, the author comparing it to the properties of the maser. Although masers are based on the same physical properties as that of the lasers, masers amplify microwaves by induced emission. How the laser is amplif

  17. Introduction to adaptive arrays

    Monzingo, Bob; Haupt, Randy

    2011-01-01

    This second edition is an extensive modernization of the bestselling introduction to the subject of adaptive array sensor systems. With the number of applications of adaptive array sensor systems growing each year, this look at the principles and fundamental techniques that are critical to these systems is more important than ever before. Introduction to Adaptive Arrays, 2nd Edition is organized as a tutorial, taking the reader by the hand and leading them through the maze of jargon that often surrounds this highly technical subject. It is easy to read and easy to follow as fundamental concept

  18. Statistics a complete introduction

    Graham, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Statistics: A Complete Introduction is the most comprehensive yet easy-to-use introduction to using Statistics. Written by a leading expert, this book will help you if you are studying for an important exam or essay, or if you simply want to improve your knowledge. The book covers all the key areas of Statistics including graphs, data interpretation, spreadsheets, regression, correlation and probability. Everything you will need is here in this one book. Each chapter includes not only an explanation of the knowledge and skills you need, but also worked examples and test questions.

  19. Introduction to nonimaging optics

    Chaves, Julio

    2015-01-01

    Introduction to Nonimaging Optics covers the theoretical foundations and design methods of nonimaging optics, as well as key concepts from related fields. This fully updated, revised, and expanded Second Edition: Features a new and intuitive introduction with a basic description of the advantages of nonimaging opticsAdds new chapters on wavefronts for a prescribed output (irradiance or intensity), infinitesimal étendue optics (generalization of the aplanatic optics), and Köhler optics and color mixingIncorporates new material on the simultaneous multiple surface (SMS) design method in 3-D, int

  20. Introduction to probability models

    Ross, Sheldon M

    2006-01-01

    Introduction to Probability Models, Tenth Edition, provides an introduction to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes. There are two approaches to the study of probability theory. One is heuristic and nonrigorous, and attempts to develop in students an intuitive feel for the subject that enables him or her to think probabilistically. The other approach attempts a rigorous development of probability by using the tools of measure theory. The first approach is employed in this text. The book begins by introducing basic concepts of probability theory, such as the random v

  1. Fall Protection Introduction, #33462

    Chochoms, Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-06-23

    The proper use of fall prevention and fall protection controls can reduce the risk of deaths and injuries caused by falls. This course, Fall Protection Introduction (#33462), is designed as an introduction to various types of recognized fall prevention and fall protection systems at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), including guardrail systems, safety net systems, fall restraint systems, and fall arrest systems. Special emphasis is given to the components, inspection, care, and storage of personal fall arrest systems (PFASs). This course also presents controls for falling object hazards and emergency planning considerations for persons who have fallen.

  2. Game theory an introduction

    Barron, E N

    2013-01-01

    An exciting new edition of the popular introduction to game theory and its applications The thoroughly expanded Second Edition presents a unique, hands-on approach to game theory. While most books on the subject are too abstract or too basic for mathematicians, Game Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition offers a blend of theory and applications, allowing readers to use theory and software to create and analyze real-world decision-making models. With a rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of mathematics, the book focuses on results that can be used to

  3. Introduction to plasma dynamics

    Morozov, A I

    2013-01-01

    As the twenty-first century progresses, plasma technology will play an increasing role in our lives, providing new sources of energy, ion-plasma processing of materials, wave electromagnetic radiation sources, space plasma thrusters, and more. Studies of the plasma state of matter not only accelerate technological developments but also improve the understanding of natural phenomena. Beginning with an introduction to the characteristics and types of plasmas, Introduction to Plasma Dynamics covers the basic models of classical diffuse plasmas used to describe such phenomena as linear and shock w

  4. Introduction to information processing

    Dietel, Harvey M

    2014-01-01

    An Introduction to Information Processing provides an informal introduction to the computer field. This book introduces computer hardware, which is the actual computing equipment.Organized into three parts encompassing 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the evolution of personal computing and includes detailed case studies on two of the most essential personal computers for the 1980s, namely, the IBM Personal Computer and Apple's Macintosh. This text then traces the evolution of modern computing systems from the earliest mechanical calculating devices to microchips. Other chapte

  5. Applied energy an introduction

    Abdullah, Mohammad Omar

    2012-01-01

    Introduction to Applied EnergyGeneral IntroductionEnergy and Power BasicsEnergy EquationEnergy Generation SystemsEnergy Storage and MethodsEnergy Efficiencies and LossesEnergy industry and Energy Applications in Small -Medium Enterprises (SME) industriesEnergy IndustryEnergy-Intensive industryEnergy Applications in SME Energy industriesEnergy Sources and SupplyEnergy SourcesEnergy Supply and Energy DemandEnergy Flow Visualization and Sankey DiagramEnergy Management and AnalysisEnergy AuditsEnergy Use and Fuel Consumption StudyEnergy Life-Cycle AnalysisEnergy and EnvironmentEnergy Pollutants, S

  6. Introduction to UAV systems

    Fahlstrom, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been widely adopted in the military world over the last decade and the success of these military applications is increasingly driving efforts to establish unmanned aircraft in non-military roles. Introduction to UAV Systems, 4th edition provides a comprehensive introduction to all of the elements of a complete Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS). It addresses the air vehicle, mission planning and control, several types of mission payloads, data links and how they interact with mission performance, and launch and recovery concepts. This

  7. Introduction: perspectives on Porter

    F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction. Relevance of Strategy research: focus on Michael Porter's contributions Strategy is a fascinating field of enquiry, both for managers looking for a sustainable competitive advantage and for academic researchers looking for the reasons behind superior firm performance. Strat

  8. 3.1 Introduction

    Kramer, H.-M.

    This document is part of Subvolume A 'Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection' of Volume 7 'Medical Radiological Physics' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII 'Advanced Materials and Technologies'. It contains the Section '3.1 Introduction' of the Chapter '3 Dosimetry in Diagnostic Radiology and Radiotherapy'.

  9. 2.1 Introduction

    Bernhardt, J. H.; Kasch, K.-U.; Kaul, A.

    This document is part of Subvolume A 'Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection' of Volume 7 'Medical Radiological Physics' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII 'Advanced Materials and Technologies'. It contains the Section '2.1 Introduction' of the Chapter '2 Radiation and Biological Effects'.

  10. 5.1 Introduction

    Almén, A.; Valentin, J.

    This document is part of Subvolume A 'Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection' of Volume 7 'Medical Radiological Physics' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII 'Advanced Materials and Technologies'. It contains the Section '5.1 Introduction' of the Chapter '5 Medical Radiological Protection' with the contents:

  11. 4.1 Introduction

    Noßke, D.; Mattsson, S.; Johansson, L.

    This document is part of Subvolume A 'Fundamentals and Data in Radiobiology, Radiation Biophysics, Dosimetry and Medical Radiological Protection' of Volume 7 'Medical Radiological Physics' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group VIII 'Advanced Materials and Technologies'. It contains the Section '4.1 Introduction' of the Chapter '4 Dosimetry in Nuclear Medicine Diagnosis and Therapy' with the contents:

  12. Labour and Passion. : Introduction

    Hermes, Joke

    2014-01-01

    Abstract In this introduction to the themed section on ‘Labour and passion’, it is argued that work has bled into all areas of life. Political economists and media production researchers have shown how both paid and unpaid labour are singularly important and build upon one another. The set of articl

  13. Introduction to chiral symmetry

    These lectures are an attempt to a pedagogical introduction into the elementary concepts of chiral symmetry in nuclear physics. Effective chiral models such as the linear and nonlinear sigma model will be discussed as well as the essential ideas of chiral perturbation theory. Some applications to the physics of ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions will be presented

  14. Introduction to solitons

    Miki Wadati

    2001-11-01

    As an introduction to the special issue on nonlinear waves, solitons and their significance in physics are reviewed. The soliton is the first universal concept in nonlinear science. Universality and ubiquity of the soliton concept are emphasized.

  15. Introduction to Bioinformatics

    Thampi, Sabu M.

    2009-01-01

    Bioinformatics is a new discipline that addresses the need to manage and interpret the data that in the past decade was massively generated by genomic research. This discipline represents the convergence of genomics, biotechnology and information technology, and encompasses analysis and interpretation of data, modeling of biological phenomena, and development of algorithms and statistics. This article presents an introduction to bioinformatics

  16. Introduction to HACCP.

    Introduction to HACCP Deana R. Jones, Ph.D. Egg Safety and Quality Research Unit USDA-Agricultural Research Service Russell Research Center Athens, GA Deana.Jones@ars.usda.gov HACCP is an acronym for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point and was initially developed by the Pillsbury Company a...

  17. Chemical Safety – Introduction

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    A course of "Chemical Safety – Introduction" will be held in English on 29 May 2009, 9:30-12:00. There are some places left. If you are interested in participating, please register on the Training Catalogue. You will then receive an invitation by email.

  18. Medical Humanities Introduction

    Shapiro, Johanna

    2009-01-01

    As editor the Medical Humanities section, Shapiro provides an introduction and discusses how the articles in this section of the journal use reflective writing in medical education contexts to explore the perspectives and priorities of a range of others - patients, family members, other health care professionals - involved in the clinical encounter.

  19. Introduction to Shakespeare: English.

    Hargraves, Richard

    The "Introduction to Shakespeare" course in the Quinmester Program involves the careful study of the tragedy "Romeo and Juliet" and the comedy "The Taming of the Shrew," emphasizing language, development of character and theme. The course also includes the study of biographical data relevant to the evolution of Shakespeare's literary genius, and…

  20. Introduction to quantum mechanics

    Villaseñor, Eduardo J. S.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this contribution is to give a very brief introduction to Quantum Mechanics for an audience of mathematicians. I will follow Segal's approach to Quantum Mechanics paying special attention to algebraic issues. The usual representation of Quantum Mechanics on Hilbert spaces is also discussed.

  1. Introduction to particle physics

    This book proposes an introduction to particle physics that requires only a high-school level mathematical knowledge. Elementary particles (leptons, quarks, bosons) are presented according to a modern view taking into account of their symmetries and interactions. The author shows how physicists have elaborated the standard model and what are its implications in cosmology. (J.S.)

  2. An Introduction to Psycholinguistics

    Jodai, Hojat

    2011-01-01

    This paper is written to have a preliminary introduction about psycholinguistics. Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the interrelation between linguistic factors and psychological aspects. The main subject of research in psycholinguistics is the study of cognitive processes that underlie the comprehension and production of…

  3. Introduction to number theory

    Vazzana, Anthony; Garth, David

    2007-01-01

    One of the oldest branches of mathematics, number theory is a vast field devoted to studying the properties of whole numbers. Offering a flexible format for a one- or two-semester course, Introduction to Number Theory uses worked examples, numerous exercises, and two popular software packages to describe a diverse array of number theory topics.

  4. Diophantine geometry an introduction

    Hindry, Marc

    2000-01-01

    This is an introduction to diophantine geometry at the advanced graduate level. The book contains a proof of the Mordell conjecture which will make it quite attractive to graduate students and professional mathematicians. In each part of the book, the reader will find numerous exercises.

  5. Introduction to nucleosynthesis

    After a short introduction on stellar evolution, the physical foundations of nucleosynthesis are exposed: H, He, C and O fusion, Si burning and the equilibrium process. The effect of neutrinos in the last stages of stellar evolution and Supernova explosions are treated too. Afterwards the neutron capture process, fast and slow, are considerated concluding with cosmic nucleogenesis and nucleosynthesis in overmasive objects. (author)

  6. Introduction to quantum mechanics

    An introduction is presented to quantum mechanics dealing with fundamental problems, the physics of the atom (central potential, hydrogen atom, angular momentum, spin, and statistics), nuclear physics (theory of scattering, alpha decay, nucleon-nucleon interaction), and the general quantum mechanics theory using the Dirac notation. The mathematical apparatus is deliberately suppressed. Problems are appended to each chapter. (Z.J.)

  7. Introduction and New Aspects

    Nielsen, Steen Brøndsted

    2013-01-01

    This chapter provides a brief introduction to biochromophores encountered in nature, and how their π-conjugated structures determine their excitation energies, i.e., their colour. Perturbations of electronic structure by a microenvironment such as water or charge sites are discussed. These may le...

  8. Introduction au droit commercial

    Thirion, Nicolas; Delvaux, Thierry; Benoit-Moury, Anne

    2009-01-01

    Le cours d'introduction au droit commercial, destiné à des non-juristes, a pour objet de décrire, dans ses grandes lignes, le régime juridique applicable à l'organisation et au fonctionnement de l'économie. Les liens avec des disciplines autres que le droit, notamment l'économie et l'histoire, seront privilégiés, afin d'adapter la matière aux besoins et centres d'intérêts d'étudiants en sciences humaines. Après une introduction générale, le cours s'articule autour de la trilogie fondamentale ...

  9. Mind a brief introduction

    Searle, John R

    2004-01-01

    "The philosophy of mind is unique among contemporary philosophical subjects," writes John Searle, "in that all of the most famous and influential theories are false." One of the world's most eminent thinkers, Searle dismantles these theories as he presents a vividly written, comprehensive introduction to the mind. He begins with a look at the twelve problems of philosophy of mind--which he calls "Descartes and Other Disasters"--problems which he returns to throughout the volume, as he illuminates such topics as materialism, consciousness, the mind-body problem, intentionality, mental causation, free will, and the self. The book offers a refreshingly direct and engaging introduction to one of the most intriguing areas of philosophy.

  10. Introduction to linear elasticity

    Gould, Phillip L

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to Linear Elasticity, 3rd Edition, provides an applications-oriented grounding in the tensor-based theory of elasticity for students in mechanical, civil, aeronautical, and biomedical engineering, as well as materials and earth science. The book is distinct from the traditional text aimed at graduate students in solid mechanics by introducing the subject at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The author's presentation allows students to apply the basic notions of stress analysis and move on to advanced work in continuum mechanics, plasticity, plate and shell theory, composite materials, viscoelasticity and finite method analysis. This book also:  Emphasizes tensor-based approach while still distilling down to explicit notation Provides introduction to theory of plates, theory of shells, wave propagation, viscoelasticity and plasticity accessible to advanced undergraduate students Appropriate for courses following emerging trend of teaching solid mechan...

  11. Introduction to Sporadic Groups

    Boya, Luis J

    2011-01-01

    This is an introduction to finite simple groups, in particular sporadic groups, intended for physicists. After a short review of group theory, we enumerate the $1+1+16=18$ families of finite simple groups, as an introduction to the sporadic groups. These are described next, in three levels of increasing complexity, plus the six isolated "pariah" groups. The (old) five Mathieu groups make up the first, smallest order level. The seven groups related to the Leech lattice, including the three Conway groups, constitute the second level. The third and highest level contains the Monster group $\\mathbb M$, plus seven other related groups. Next a brief mention is made of the remaining six pariah groups, thus completing the $5+7+8+6=26$ sporadic groups. The review ends up with a brief discussion of a few of physical applications of finite groups in physics, including a couple of recent examples which use sporadic groups.

  12. Introduction to Sporadic Groups

    Luis J. Boya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This is an introduction to finite simple groups, in particular sporadic groups, intended for physicists. After a short review of group theory, we enumerate the 1+1+16=18 families of finite simple groups, as an introduction to the sporadic groups. These are described next, in three levels of increasing complexity, plus the six isolated ''pariah'' groups. The (old five Mathieu groups make up the first, smallest order level. The seven groups related to the Leech lattice, including the three Conway groups, constitute the second level. The third and highest level contains the Monster group M, plus seven other related groups. Next a brief mention is made of the remaining six pariah groups, thus completing the 5+7+8+6=26 sporadic groups. The review ends up with a brief discussion of a few of physical applications of finite groups in physics, including a couple of recent examples which use sporadic groups.

  13. Introduction to noncommutative algebra

    Brešar, Matej

    2014-01-01

    Providing an elementary introduction to noncommutative rings and algebras, this textbook begins with the classical theory of finite dimensional algebras. Only after this, modules, vector spaces over division rings, and tensor products are introduced and studied. This is followed by Jacobson's structure theory of rings. The final chapters treat free algebras, polynomial identities, and rings of quotients. Many of the results are not presented in their full generality. Rather, the emphasis is on clarity of exposition and simplicity of the proofs, with several being different from those in other texts on the subject. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum, and new concepts are introduced gradually and are carefully motivated. Introduction to Noncommutative Algebra is therefore accessible to a wide mathematical audience. It is, however, primarily intended for beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students encountering noncommutative algebra for the first time.

  14. Introduction to cosmology

    Roos, Matts

    2015-01-01

    The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Cosmology provides a concise, authoritative study of cosmology at an introductory level. Starting from elementary principles and the early history of cosmology, the text carefully guides the student on to curved spacetimes, special and general relativity, gravitational lensing, the thermal history of the Universe, and cosmological models, including extended gravity models, black holes and Hawking's recent conjectures on the not-so-black holes.

  15. Introduction to quantum groups

    Podles, P.; Muller, E.

    1997-01-01

    We give an elementary introduction to the theory of algebraic and topological quantum groups (in the spirit of S. L. Woronowicz). In particular, we recall the basic facts from Hopf (*-) algebra theory, theory of compact (matrix) quantum groups and the theory of their actions on compact quantum spaces. We also provide the most important examples, including the classification of quantum SL(2)-groups, their real forms and quantum spheres. We also consider quantum SL_q(N)-groups and quantum Loren...

  16. Introduction to Scheduling

    Robert, Yves

    2009-01-01

    Reviewing classical methods, realistic models, and algorithms, this book offers a through introduction to scheduling. Coverage includes fundamental concepts and basic methods, recent research, and applications with a special focus on distributed systems and computational grids. Other topics include online scheduling, stochastic task-resource systems, and platform models. Examples, theorems, and pedagogical proofs create an interactive learning format. Though rigorous, the book provides enough background to be self-contained and fully accessible to computer scientists, mathematicians, and resea

  17. Introduction to Kalman Filtering

    Alazard, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This document is an introduction to Kalman optimal Filtering applied to linear systems. It is assumed that the reader is already aware of linear servo-loop theory, frequency-domain Filtering (continuous and discrete-time) and state-space approach to represent linear systems. Generally, Filtering consists in estimating a useful information (signal) from a measurement (of this information) perturbed by a noise. Frequency-domain Filtering assumes that a frequency-domain separation exists between...

  18. Introduction: perspectives on Porter

    Bosch, Frans

    1997-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction. Relevance of Strategy research: focus on Michael Porter's contributions Strategy is a fascinating field of enquiry, both for managers looking for a sustainable competitive advantage and for academic researchers looking for the reasons behind superior firm performance. Strategy can be a fascinating field of mutual learning as well, if practitioners and researchers communicate with each other, exchange ideas and findings and try to understand each other's perspective. ...

  19. Introduction to electronics

    Korneff, Theodore

    1966-01-01

    Introduction to Electronics focuses on the study of electronics and electronic devices. Composed of 14 chapters, the book starts with discussions on dc circuits, including resistance, voltmeter, ammeter, galvanometer, internal resistance, and positive and negative currents. This topic is followed by discussions on ac circuits, particularly addressing voltage and current, average power, resistive load, complex plane, and parallel circuits. Discussions also focus on filters and tuned circuits, diodes, and power supplies. Particularly given attention are the processes, diagrams, and analyses

  20. Introduction to biomechatronics

    Brooker, Graham

    2012-01-01

    Introduction to Biomechatronics provides fundamental knowledge of mechanical and electronic (mechatronic) components and systems and their interaction with human biology to assist or replace limbs, senses, and even organs damaged by trauma, birth defects, or disease. The first half of the book provides the engineering background to understand all the components of a biomechatronic system: the human subject, stimulus or actuation, transducers and sensors, signal conditioning elements, recording and display, and feedback elements.

  1. Introduction to biomaterials

    Donglu, Shi

    2005-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of biomaterials including ceramics, metals, and polymers.Researchers will benefit from the interdisciplinary perspectives of contributors in diverse areas such as orthopedics, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, materials science, tissue engineering and other related medical fields.Both graduate and undergraduate students will find it a valuable reference on tissue engineering related topics, including biostructures and phase diagrams of complex systems, hard tissue prosthetics, novel biomaterials processing methods, and new

  2. Introduction to group theory

    Canals B.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This chapter is a concise mathematical introduction into the algebra of groups. It is build up in the way that definitions are followed by propositions and proofs. The concepts and the terminology introduced here will serve as a basis for the following chapters that deal with group theory in the stricter sense and its application to problems in physics. The mathematical prerequisites are at the bachelor level.1

  3. Introduction to microprocessors

    Aspinall, D

    1977-01-01

    Introduction to Microprocessors introduces the practicing engineer to microprocessors and covers topics ranging from components for information processing to hardware structures and addressing modes, along with support software and structured programming. General principles are illustrated with examples from commercial microprocessors.Comprised of 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of digital information processing systems and their components, including logic circuits and large scale integration (LSI) digital circuits. A basic microprocessor structure is then described, and case s

  4. Introduction to minimax

    Dem'yanov, V F; Louvish, D

    2014-01-01

    This user-friendly text offers a thorough introduction to the part of optimization theory that lies between approximation theory and mathematical programming, both linear and nonlinear. Written by two distinguished mathematicians, the expert treatment covers the essentials, incorporating important background materials, examples, and extensive notes.Geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematical programming, the text explores best approximation by algebraic polynomials in both discrete and continuous cases; the discrete problem, with and without constraints; the gene

  5. Introduction to Scholarly Communication

    Das, Anup-Kumar

    2015-01-01

    In this Unit, Introduction to scholarly communications, author discusses different aspects of scholarly communication – particularly its genesis, importance and ethics of academic publishing, and different communication channels available in academic publishing. Some of these channels are commonly described as primary sources as they provide first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. Historically, scientific journals were initiated by learned societies and...

  6. Delayed Product Introduction

    Kai-Lung Hui; Qiu-Hong Wang

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the incentives of a monopolistic seller to delay the introduction of a new and improved version of his product. By analyzing a three-period model, we show that the seller may prefer to delay introducing a new product, even though the enabling technologies for the product are already available. The underlying motivation is analogous to that found in the durable goods monopolist literature – the seller suffers from a time inconsistency problem that causes his old and new products...

  7. Introduction to microfabrication

    Franssila, Sami

    2005-01-01

    Microfabrication is the key technology behind integrated circuits, microsensors, photonic crystals, ink jet printers, solar cells and flat panel displays. Microsystems can be complex, but the basic microstructures and processes of microfabrication are fairly simple. Introduction to Microfabrication shows how the common microfabrication concepts can be applied over and over again to create devices with a wide variety of structures and functions.Featuring:* A comprehensive presentation of basic fabrication processes* An emphasis on materials and microstructures, rather than devic

  8. Introduction to superstring theory

    This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS5 x S5. (author)

  9. Differential topology an introduction

    Gauld, David B

    2006-01-01

    Offering classroom-proven results, Differential Topology presents an introduction to point set topology via a naive version of nearness space. Its treatment encompasses a general study of surgery, laying a solid foundation for further study and greatly simplifying the classification of surfaces.This self-contained treatment features 88 helpful illustrations. Its subjects include topological spaces and properties, some advanced calculus, differentiable manifolds, orientability, submanifolds and an embedding theorem, and tangent spaces. Additional topics comprise vector fields and integral curv

  10. Introduction to nanotheranostics

    Tamil Selvan, Subramanian

    2016-01-01

    This book offers readers an introduction to the current status of nanoparticles and other nanomaterials that have potential applications in theranostics. Above all, it highlights the diagnostic and therapeutic applications of metallic (e.g. Au, Ag), semiconducting quantum dots (e.g. CdSe, CdTe), magnetic (e.g. Fe3O4, FePt, Co), and multifunctional (combination of two or three) nanoparticles. .

  11. Introduction to superstring theory

    Nunez, Carmen [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Buenos Aires (Argentina)], e-mail: carmen@iafe.uba.ar

    2009-07-01

    This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS{sub 5} x S5. (author)

  12. Introduction to heat transfer

    SUNDÉN, B

    2012-01-01

    Presenting the basic mechanisms for transfer of heat, Introduction to Heat Transfer gives a deeper and more comprehensive view than existing titles on the subject. Derivation and presentation of analytical and empirical methods are provided for calculation of heat transfer rates and temperature fields as well as pressure drop. The book covers thermal conduction, forced and natural laminar and turbulent convective heat transfer, thermal radiation including participating media, condensation, evaporation and heat exchangers.

  13. Introduction to neutron scattering

    Fischer, W.E. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

    1996-11-01

    We give here an introduction to the theoretical principles of neutron scattering. The relationship between scattering- and correlation-functions is particularly emphasized. Within the framework of linear response theory (justified by the weakness of the basic interaction) the relation between fluctuation and dissipation is discussed. This general framework explains the particular power of neutron scattering as an experimental method. (author) 4 figs., 4 refs.

  14. Introduction to biomedical engineering

    Enderle, John

    2011-01-01

    Introduction to Biomedical Engineering is a comprehensive survey text for biomedical engineering courses. It is the most widely adopted text across the BME course spectrum, valued by instructors and students alike for its authority, clarity and encyclopedic coverage in a single volume. Biomedical engineers need to understand the wide range of topics that are covered in this text, including basic mathematical modeling; anatomy and physiology; electrical engineering, signal processing and instrumentation; biomechanics; biomaterials science and tissue engineering; and medical and engineering e

  15. Combinatorics an introduction

    Faticoni, Theodore G

    2014-01-01

    Bridges combinatorics and probability and uniquely includes detailed formulas and proofs to promote mathematical thinking Combinatorics: An Introduction introduces readers to counting combinatorics, offers examples that feature unique approaches and ideas, and presents case-by-case methods for solving problems. Detailing how combinatorial problems arise in many areas of pure mathematics, most notably in algebra, probability theory, topology, and geometry, this book provides discussion on logic and paradoxes; sets and set notations; power sets and their cardinality; Venn diagrams; the multip

  16. Introduction to Extra Dimensions

    Rizzo, Thomas G.; /SLAC

    2010-04-29

    Extra dimensions provide a very useful tool in addressing a number of the fundamental problems faced by the Standard Model. The following provides a very basic introduction to this very broad subject area as given at the VIII School of the Gravitational and Mathematical Physics Division of the Mexican Physical Society in December 2009. Some prospects for extra dimensional searches at the 7 TeV LHC with {approx}1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity are provided.

  17. Introduction to numerical mathematics

    Stiefel, Eduard L

    1963-01-01

    An Introduction to Numerical Mathematics provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of numerical mathematics. This book covers a variety of topics, including linear programming, linear and nonlinear algebra, polynomials, numerical differentiation, and approximations.Organized into seven chapters, this book begins with an overview of the solution of linear problems wherein numerical mathematics provides very effective algorithms consisting of finitely many computational steps. This text then examines the method for the direct solution of a definite problem. Other chapters conside

  18. Introduction to parallel programming

    Brawer, Steven

    1989-01-01

    Introduction to Parallel Programming focuses on the techniques, processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in parallel programming. The book first offers information on Fortran, hardware and operating system models, and processes, shared memory, and simple parallel programs. Discussions focus on processes and processors, joining processes, shared memory, time-sharing with multiple processors, hardware, loops, passing arguments in function/subroutine calls, program structure, and arithmetic expressions. The text then elaborates on basic parallel programming techniques, barriers and race

  19. Introduction to abstract algebra

    Nicholson, W Keith

    2012-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition ". . . an expository masterpiece of the highest didactic value that has gained additional attractivity through the various improvements . . ."-Zentralblatt MATH The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Abstract Algebra continues to provide an accessible approach to the basic structures of abstract algebra: groups, rings, and fields. The book's unique presentation helps readers advance to abstract theory by presenting concrete examples of induction, number theory, integers modulo n, and permutations before the abstract structures are defined. Readers can immediately be

  20. Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks

    Larsen, Jan

    1999-01-01

    The note addresses introduction to signal analysis and classification based on artificial feed-forward neural networks.......The note addresses introduction to signal analysis and classification based on artificial feed-forward neural networks....

  1. Introduction to subatomic physics

    This new edition is based on several lectures given at the French Polytechnique high-school. It offers a simple introduction to contemporaneous elementary particle physics, illustrated with recent results of experiments. The author presents in a very pedagogical way basic concepts such as: fundamental constituents (quarks and leptons), symmetries, invariants and interactions between particles. It is shown how interaction cross-sections can be deduced from perturbation methods. Hamiltonians, annihilation and creation operators are introduced. The text is illustrated with several exercises whose solutions are given at the end of the volume

  2. An introduction to webs

    White, C. D.

    2016-04-01

    Webs are sets of Feynman diagrams that contribute to the exponents of scattering amplitudes, in the kinematic limit in which emitted radiation is soft. As such, they have a number of phenomenological and formal applications, and offer tantalizing glimpses into the all-order structure of perturbative quantum field theory. This article is based on a series of lectures given to graduate students, and aims to provide a pedagogical introduction to webs. Topics covered include exponentiation in (non-)abelian gauge theories, the web mixing matrix formalism for non-abelian gauge theories, and recent progress on the calculation of web diagrams. Problems are included throughout the text, to aid understanding.

  3. Theoretical Optics An Introduction

    Römer, Hartmann

    2004-01-01

    Starting from basic electrodynamics, this volume provides a solid, yet concise introduction to theoretical optics, containing topics such as nonlinear optics, light-matter interaction, and modern topics in quantum optics, including entanglement, cryptography, and quantum computation. The author, with many years of experience in teaching and research, goes way beyond the scope of traditional lectures, enabling readers to keep up with the current state of knowledge. Both content and presentation make it essential reading for graduate and phD students as well as a valuable reference for researche

  4. Theoretical astrophysics an introduction

    Bartelmann, Matthias

    2013-01-01

    A concise yet comprehensive introduction to the central theoretical concepts of modern astrophysics, presenting hydrodynamics, radiation, and stellar dynamics all in one textbook. Adopting a modular structure, the author illustrates a small number of fundamental physical methods and principles, which are sufficient to describe and understand a wide range of seemingly very diverse astrophysical phenomena and processes. For example, the formulae that define the macroscopic behavior of stellar systems are all derived in the same way from the microscopic distribution function. This function it

  5. Introduction to information science

    Bawden, David

    2012-01-01

    This landmark textbook takes a whole subject approach to Information Science as a discipline. Introduced by leading international scholars and offering a global perspective on the discipline, this is designed to be the standard text for students worldwide. The authors' expert narrative guides you through each of the essential building blocks of information science offering a concise introduction and expertly chosen further reading and resources.Critical topics covered include:foundations: concepts, theories and historical perspectivesorganising and retrieving Information information behaviour,

  6. Introduction to applied thermodynamics

    Helsdon, R M; Walker, G E

    1965-01-01

    Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics is an introductory text on applied thermodynamics and covers topics ranging from energy and temperature to reversibility and entropy, the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and the properties of ideal gases. Standard air cycles and the thermodynamic properties of pure substances are also discussed, together with gas compressors, combustion, and psychrometry. This volume is comprised of 16 chapters and begins with an overview of the concept of energy as well as the macroscopic and molecular approaches to thermodynamics. The following chapters focus o

  7. Introduction to EMC

    Scott, John

    1997-01-01

    This is the clear guide for non-specialists to electromagnetic compatability (EMC), the effects of electromagnetic radiation and the European EMC Directive which is now in force. This book helps by explaining the basic principles of EMC, how it may be controlled in practice through filtering, shielding, appropriate printed circuit board design, and other means. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and surge protection are discussed. The growing concern about the effects of electromagnetic waves and fields on health are examined in detail.This introduction provides beginners, technical and

  8. Introduction to laser technology

    Hitz, C Breck; Hecht, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    The only introductory text on the market today that explains the underlying physics and engineering applicable to all lasersAlthough lasers are becoming increasingly important in our high-tech environment, many of the technicians and engineers who install, operate, and maintain them have had little, if any, formal training in the field of electro-optics. This can result in less efficient usage of these important tools. Introduction to Laser Technology, Fourth Edition provides readers with a good understanding of what a laser is and what it can and cannot do. The book explains what types of las.

  9. Introduction to cluster dynamics

    Reinhard, Paul-Gerhard

    2008-01-01

    Clusters as mesoscopic particles represent an intermediate state of matter between single atoms and solid material. The tendency to miniaturise technical objects requires knowledge about systems which contain a ""small"" number of atoms or molecules only. This is all the more true for dynamical aspects, particularly in relation to the qick development of laser technology and femtosecond spectroscopy. Here, for the first time is a highly qualitative introduction to cluster physics. With its emphasis on cluster dynamics, this will be vital to everyone involved in this interdisciplinary subje

  10. Introduction to communication networks

    Anttalainen, Tarmo

    2014-01-01

    This new book is an introduction to modern communications networks that now rely far less on telephone services and more on cellular and IP networks. The resource is designed to provide answers to the fundamental questions concerning telecommunications networks and services. This includes the structure and main components of a modern telecommunications network; the importance of standardization; and how cellular mobile networks operate; among many others. In addition, you are provided with problems and review questions to work though and help you master the material.

  11. Introduction to continuum mechanics

    Lai, W Michael; Rubin, David

    1996-01-01

    Introduction to Continuum Mechanics is a recently updated and revised text which is perfect for either introductory courses in an undergraduate engineering curriculum or for a beginning graduate course.Continuum Mechanics studies the response of materials to different loading conditions. The concept of tensors is introduced through the idea of linear transformation in a self-contained chapter, and the interrelation of direct notation, indicial notation, and matrix operations is clearly presented. A wide range of idealized materials are considered through simple static and dynamic problems, a

  12. Cartesian tensors an introduction

    Temple, G

    2004-01-01

    This undergraduate text provides an introduction to the theory of Cartesian tensors, defining tensors as multilinear functions of direction, and simplifying many theorems in a manner that lends unity to the subject. The author notes the importance of the analysis of the structure of tensors in terms of spectral sets of projection operators as part of the very substance of quantum theory. He therefore provides an elementary discussion of the subject, in addition to a view of isotropic tensors and spinor analysis within the confines of Euclidean space. The text concludes with an examination of t

  13. Introduction to asymptotics

    Jones, D S

    1997-01-01

    Many branches of science and engineering involve applications of mathematical analysis. An important part of applied analysis is asymptotic approximation which is, therefore, an active area of research with new methods and publications being found constantly. This book gives an introduction to the subject sufficient for scientists and engineers to grasp the fundamental techniques, both those which have been known for some time and those which have been discovered more recently. The asymptotic approximation of both integrals and differential equations is discussed and the discussion includes hy

  14. Introduction to data technologies

    Murrell, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Providing key information on how to work with research data, Introduction to Data Technologies presents ideas and techniques for performing critical, behind-the-scenes tasks that take up so much time and effort yet typically receive little attention in formal education. With a focus on computational tools, the book shows readers how to improve their awareness of what tasks can be achieved and describes the correct approach to perform these tasks. Practical examples demonstrate the most important pointsThe author first discusses how to write computer code using HTML as a concrete example. He th

  15. Introduction to modern cryptography

    Katz, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Praise for the First Edition:""This book is a comprehensive, rigorous introduction to what the authors name 'modern' cryptography. … a novel approach to how cryptography is taught, replacing the older, construction-based approach. … The concepts are clearly stated, both in an intuitive fashion and formally. … I would heartily recommend this book to anyone who is interested in cryptography. … The exercises are challenging and interesting, and can benefit readers of all academic levels.""-IACR Book Reviews, January 2010""Over the past 30 years, cryptography has been transformed from a mysterious

  16. Topology an introduction

    Waldmann, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    This book provides a concise introduction to topology and is necessary for courses in differential geometry, functional analysis, algebraic topology, etc. Topology is a fundamental tool in most branches of pure mathematics and is also omnipresent in more applied parts of mathematics. Therefore students will need fundamental topological notions already at an early stage in their bachelor programs. While there are already many excellent monographs on general topology, most of them are too large for a first bachelor course. Topology fills this gap and can be either used for self-study or as the basis of a topology course.

  17. Introduction to tribology

    Bhushan, Bharat

    2013-01-01

    A fully updated version of the popular Introduction to Tribology, the second edition of this leading tribology text introduces the major developments in the understanding and interpretation of friction, wear and lubrication.  Considerations of friction and wear have been fully revised to include recent analysis and data work, and friction mechanisms have been reappraised in light of current developments.   In this edition, the breakthroughs in tribology at the nano- and micro- level as well as recent developments in nanotechnology and magnetic storage technologies are introduce

  18. Statistics a biomedical introduction

    Brown, Byron Wm

    2009-01-01

    CHAPTER 1: Introduction 1 CHAPTER 2: Elementary Rules of Probability 13 CHAPTER 3: Populations, Samples, and the Distribution of the Sample Mean 37 1. Populations and Distributions 38 2. Sampling from Finite Populations 64 3. The Distribution of the Sample Mean 72 CHAPTER 4: Analysis of Matched Pairs Using Sample Means 85 1. A Confidence Interval for the Treatment Effect 86 2. A Hypothesis Test for the Treatment Effect 96 3. Determining the Sample Size 102 CHAPTER 5: Analysis of the Two-Sample Location Problem Using Sample Means 109 1. A Confidence Interval for the Diffe

  19. Nuclear physics. An introduction

    This book is an introduction to nuclear physics. After a general description of the measurable nuclear properties the most important nuclear models are considered. Then the experimental techniques of nuclear physics are decribed. Thereafter nuclear reactions and decays are considered. Then nuclear forces are discussed by means of the deuteron and the phenomenological nucleon-nucleon potential. Finally the application of nuclear physics to energy production, astrophysics, and some methods in other physical disciplines are described. Every chapter contains exercise problems with solutions. (HSI). 177 figs., 24 tabs., 89 exercises with solutions

  20. Brief introduction to relativity

    A brief, but rigorous and uncondensed, introduction to special relativity is given. The reader is assumed to be familiar with coordinate transformations in general and to have a reasonable grasp of advanced calculus and vector analysis. The subject is presented under the following topics: hypotheses underlying the Lorentz transformation, kinematics and algebraic properties of the Lorentz transformation, vectors and tensors in relativity, the electromagnetic field and Maxwell's equations, the dynamics of a particle and the Lorentz force equation, photons and relativistic optics, and applications of relativistic optics. 3 figures

  1. Introduction into fracture mechanics

    The present report gives an introduction to the basic principles of fracture mechanics. First the behaviour of a linear elastic body containing a crack is described. This is followed by a survey of experimental methods for the determination of fracture mechanics properties, like R-curve and fatigue crack growth. Two chapters deal with the most important parameters affecting stable crack growth and fracture toughness. The knowledge of the limits of applicability of linear eleastic fracture mechanics and of the concepts of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics is of particular importance. The last chapter deals with some basic procedures for the practical application of fracture mechanics. (orig.)

  2. Introduction to cardinal arithmetic

    Holz, M; Weitz, E

    1999-01-01

    This book is an introduction into modern cardinal arithmetic in the frame of the axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory together with the axiom of choice (ZFC). A first part describes the classical theory developed by Bernstein, Cantor, Hausdorff, König and Tarski between 1870 and 1930. Next, the development in the 1970s led by Galvin, Hajnal and Silver is characterized. The third part presents the fundamental investigations in pcf theory which have been worked out by Shelah to answer the questions left open in the 1970s.Reviews:'The authors aim their text at beginners in set theory. They start

  3. An introduction to optimization

    Chong, Edwin K P

    2013-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition "". . . guides and leads the reader through the learning path . . . [e]xamples are stated very clearly and the results are presented with attention to detail.""  -MAA Reviews  Fully updated to reflect new developments in the field, the Fourth Edition of Introduction to Optimization fills the need for accessible treatment of optimization theory and methods with an emphasis on engineering design. Basic definitions and notations are provided in addition to the related fundamental background for linear algebra, geometry, and calculus.  This new

  4. Introduction to combinatorial designs

    Wallis, WD

    2007-01-01

    Combinatorial theory is one of the fastest growing areas of modern mathematics. Focusing on a major part of this subject, Introduction to Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition provides a solid foundation in the classical areas of design theory as well as in more contemporary designs based on applications in a variety of fields. After an overview of basic concepts, the text introduces balanced designs and finite geometries. The author then delves into balanced incomplete block designs, covering difference methods, residual and derived designs, and resolvability. Following a chapter on the e

  5. Mathematical introduction to logic

    Enderton, Herbert

    2001-01-01

    A Mathematical Introduction to Logic, Second Edition, offers increased flexibility with topic coverage, allowing for choice in how to utilize the textbook in a course. The author has made this edition more accessible to better meet the needs of today's undergraduate mathematics and philosophy students. It is intended for the reader who has not studied logic previously, but who has some experience in mathematical reasoning. Material is presented on computer science issues such as computational complexity and database queries, with additional coverage of introductory material such as sets

  6. Introduction to mathematical logic

    Mendelson, Elliott

    2015-01-01

    The new edition of this classic textbook, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, Sixth Edition explores the principal topics of mathematical logic. It covers propositional logic, first-order logic, first-order number theory, axiomatic set theory, and the theory of computability. The text also discusses the major results of Gödel, Church, Kleene, Rosser, and Turing.The sixth edition incorporates recent work on Gödel's second incompleteness theorem as well as restoring an appendix on consistency proofs for first-order arithmetic. This appendix last appeared in the first edition. It is offered in th

  7. Introduction to superconductivity

    Rose-Innes, AC

    1978-01-01

    Introduction to Superconductivity differs from the first edition chiefly in Chapter 11, which has been almost completely rewritten to give a more physically-based picture of the effects arising from the long-range coherence of the electron-waves in superconductors and the operation of quantum interference devices. In this revised second edition, some further modifications have been made to the text and an extra chapter dealing with """"high-temperature"""" superconductors has been added. A vast amount of research has been carried out on these since their discovery in 1986 but the results, both

  8. Introduction to Econophysics

    Mantegna, Rosario N.; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2007-08-01

    Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Efficient market hypothesis; 3. Random walk; 4. Lévy stochastic processes and limit theorems; 5. Scales in financial data; 6. Stationarity and time correlation; 7. Time correlation in financial time series; 8. Stochastic models of price dynamics; 9. Scaling and its breakdown; 10. ARCH and GARCH processes; 11. Financial markets and turbulence; 12. Correlation and anti-correlation between stocks; 13. Taxonomy of a stock portfolio; 14. Options in idealized markets; 15. Options in real markets; Appendix A: notation guide; Appendix B: martingales; References; Index.

  9. Introduction to Coordination Chemistry

    Lawrance, Geoffrey Alan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction to Coordination Chemistry examines and explains how metals and molecules that bind as ligands interact, and the consequences of this assembly process. This book describes the chemical and physical properties and behavior of the complex assemblies that form, and applications that may arise as a result of these properties. Coordination complexes are an important but often hidden part of our world?even part of us?and what they do is probed in this book. This book distills the essence of this topic for undergraduate students and for research scientists.

  10. Computability theory an introduction

    Jones, Neil D

    1973-01-01

    Computability Theory: An Introduction provides information pertinent to the major concepts, constructions, and theorems of the elementary theory of computability of recursive functions. This book provides mathematical evidence for the validity of the Church-Turing thesis.Organized into six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the concept of effective process so that a clear understanding of the effective computability of partial and total functions is obtained. This text then introduces a formal development of the equivalence of Turing machine computability, enumerability, and decida

  11. Introduction to grid computing

    Magoules, Frederic; Tan, Kiat-An; Kumar, Abhinit

    2009-01-01

    A Thorough Overview of the Next Generation in ComputingPoised to follow in the footsteps of the Internet, grid computing is on the verge of becoming more robust and accessible to the public in the near future. Focusing on this novel, yet already powerful, technology, Introduction to Grid Computing explores state-of-the-art grid projects, core grid technologies, and applications of the grid.After comparing the grid with other distributed systems, the book covers two important aspects of a grid system: scheduling of jobs and resource discovery and monitoring in grid. It then discusses existing a

  12. Introduction to Heat Pipes

    Ku, Jentung

    2015-01-01

    This is the presentation file for the short course Introduction to Heat Pipes, to be conducted at the 2015 Thermal Fluids and Analysis Workshop, August 3-7, 2015, Silver Spring, Maryland. NCTS 21070-15. Course Description: This course will present operating principles of the heat pipe with emphases on the underlying physical processes and requirements of pressure and energy balance. Performance characterizations and design considerations of the heat pipe will be highlighted. Guidelines for thermal engineers in the selection of heat pipes as part of the spacecraft thermal control system, testing methodology, and analytical modeling will also be discussed.

  13. Quantum chemistry an introduction

    Kauzmann, Walter

    2013-01-01

    Quantum Chemistry: An Introduction provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. This book presents the theory of partial differentiation equations by using the classical theory of vibrations as a means of developing physical insight into this essential branch of mathematics.Organized into five parts encompassing 16 chapters, this book begins with an overview of how quantum mechanical deductions are made. This text then describes the achievements and limitations of the application of quantum mechanics to chemical problems. Other chapters provide a brief survey

  14. Introduction to complex analysis

    Priestley, H A

    2003-01-01

    Complex analysis is a classic and central area of mathematics, which is studied and exploited in a range of important fields, from number theory to engineering. Introduction to Complex Analysis was first published in 1985, and for this much awaited second edition the text has been considerably expanded, while retaining the style of the original. More detailed presentation is given of elementary topics, to reflect the knowledge base of current students. Exercise sets have beensubstantially revised and enlarged, with carefully graded exercises at the end of each chapter.This is the latest additi

  15. Introduction to real analysis

    Schramm, Michael J

    2008-01-01

    This text forms a bridge between courses in calculus and real analysis. It focuses on the construction of mathematical proofs as well as their final content. Suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students of real analysis, it also provides a vital reference book for advanced courses in mathematics.The four-part treatment begins with an introduction to basic logical structures and techniques of proof, including discussions of the cardinality concept and the algebraic and order structures of the real and rational number systems. Part Two presents in-depth examinations of the compl

  16. Introduction to Numerical Methods

    Schoonover, Joseph A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-06-14

    These are slides for a lecture for the Parallel Computing Summer Research Internship at the National Security Education Center. This gives an introduction to numerical methods. Repetitive algorithms are used to obtain approximate solutions to mathematical problems, using sorting, searching, root finding, optimization, interpolation, extrapolation, least squares regresion, Eigenvalue problems, ordinary differential equations, and partial differential equations. Many equations are shown. Discretizations allow us to approximate solutions to mathematical models of physical systems using a repetitive algorithm and introduce errors that can lead to numerical instabilities if we are not careful.

  17. Introduction to differentiable manifolds

    Auslander, Louis

    2009-01-01

    The first book to treat manifold theory at an introductory level, this text surveys basic concepts in the modern approach to differential geometry. The first six chapters define and illustrate differentiable manifolds, and the final four chapters investigate the roles of differential structures in a variety of situations.Starting with an introduction to differentiable manifolds and their tangent spaces, the text examines Euclidean spaces, their submanifolds, and abstract manifolds. Succeeding chapters explore the tangent bundle and vector fields and discuss their association with ordinary diff

  18. Introduction to Computational Plasticity

    The focus of the book on computational plasticity embodies techniques of relevance not only to academic researchers, but also of interest to industrialists engaged in the production of components using bulk or sheet forming processes. Of particular interest is the guidance on how to create modules for use with the commercial system Abaqus for specific types of material behaviour. The book is in two parts, the first of which contains six chapters, starting with microplasticity, but predominantly on continuum plasticity. The first chapter on microplasticty gives a brief description of the grain structure of metals and the existence of slip systems within the grains. This provides an introduction to the concept of incompressibility during plastic deformation, the nature of plastic yield and the importance of the critically resolved shear stress on the slip planes (Schmid's law). Some knowledge of the notation commonly used to describe slip systems is assumed, which will be familiar to students of metallurgy, but anyone with a more general engineering background may need to undertake additional reading to understand the various descriptions. Chapter two introduces one of several yield criteria, that normally attributed to von Mises (though historians of mechanics might argue over who was first to develop the theory of yielding associated with strain energy density), and its two or three-dimensional representation as a yield surface. The expansion of the yield surface during plastic deformation, its translation due to kinematic hardening and the Bauschinger effect in reversed loading are described with a direct link to the material stress-strain curve. The assumption, that the increment of strain is normal to the yield surface, the normality principle, is introduced. Uniaxial loading of an elastic-plastic material is used as an example in which to develop expressions to describe increments in stress and strain. The full presentation of numerous expressions, tensors and

  19. Introduction au titre I

    2015-01-01

    Dans l’introduction de ses Règles pour former un avocat, Antoine Gaspard Boucher d’Argis donnait de l’avocat un portrait pour le moins flatteur : “un homme de bien, versé dans la jurisprudence et dans l’art de bien dire, qui concourt à l’administration de la justice, soit en aidant de ses conseils ceux qui ont recours à lui, soit en défendant en jugement leurs intérêts de vive voix ou par écrit”. Justement décrit sous sa double fonction de consultant et de défenseur, l’avocat occupe une place...

  20. Introduction to information retrieval

    Manning, Christopher D; Schütze, Hinrich

    2008-01-01

    Class-tested and coherent, this textbook teaches classical and web information retrieval, including web search and the related areas of text classification and text clustering from basic concepts. It gives an up-to-date treatment of all aspects of the design and implementation of systems for gathering, indexing, and searching documents; methods for evaluating systems; and an introduction to the use of machine learning methods on text collections. All the important ideas are explained using examples and figures, making it perfect for introductory courses in information retrieval for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in computer science. Based on feedback from extensive classroom experience, the book has been carefully structured in order to make teaching more natural and effective. Slides and additional exercises (with solutions for lecturers) are also available through the book's supporting website to help course instructors prepare their lectures.

  1. Introduction to Waste Management

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    Solid waste management is as old as human civilization, although only considered an engineering discipline for about one century. The change from the previous focus on public cleansing of the cities to modern waste management was primarily driven by industrialization, which introduced new materials...... and chemicals, dramatically changing the types and composition of waste, and by urbanization making waste management in urban areas a complicated and costly logistic operation. This book focuses on waste that commonly appears in the municipal waste management system. This chapter gives an introduction...... to modern waste management, including issues as waste definition, problems associated with waste, waste management criteria and approaches to waste management. Later chapters introduce aspects of engineering (Chapter 1.2), economics (Chapter 1.3) and regulation (Chapter 1.4)....

  2. Introduction to Complex Plasmas

    Bonitz, Michael; Ludwig, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Complex plasmas differ from traditional plasmas in many ways: these are low-temperature high pressure systems containing nanometer to micrometer size particles which may be highly charged and strongly interacting. The particles may be chemically reacting or be in contact with solid surfaces, and the electrons may show quantum behaviour. These interesting properties have led to many applications of complex plasmas in technology, medicine and science. Yet complex plasmas are extremely complicated, both experimentally and theoretically, and require a variety of new approaches which go beyond standard plasma physics courses. This book fills this gap presenting an introduction to theory, experiment and computer simulation in this field. Based on tutorial lectures at a very successful recent Summer Institute, the presentation is ideally suited for graduate students, plasma physicists and experienced undergraduates.

  3. Introduction to reliability analysis

    Reliability analysis is concerned with the analysis of devices and systems whose individual components are prone to failure. This textbook presents an introduction to reliability analysis of repairable and nonrepairable systems. It is based on courses given to both undergraduate and graduate students of engineering and statistics as well as in workshops for professional engineers and scientists. The book concentrates on the methodology of the subject and on understanding theoretical results rather than on its theoretical development. An intrinsic aspect of reliability analysis is that the failure of components is best modelled using techniques drawn from probability and statistics. The author covers all the basic concepts required from these subjects and covers the main modern reliability analysis techniques thoroughly. These include: the graphical analysis of life data, maximum likelihood estimation, and Bayesian estimation. Throughout, the emphsis is on the practicalities of the subject with numerous examples drawn from industrial and engineering settings. (orig.) With 50 figs

  4. Dark Matter: Introduction

    Rees, Martin J

    2003-01-01

    This short review was prepared as an introduction to the Royal Society's 'Dark Matter' conference. It addresses the embarrassing fact that 95% of the universe is unaccounted for. Favoured dark matter candidates are axions or weakly-interacting particles that have survived from the very early universe, but more exotic options cannot be excluded. Experimental searches are being made for the 'dark' particles but we have indirect clues to their nature too. Comparisons of data (from, eg, gravitational lensing) with numerical simulations of galaxy formation can constrain (eg) the particle velocities and collision cross sections. The mean cosmic density of dark matter (plus baryons) is now pinned down to be only about 30% of the critical density However, other recent evidence -- microwave background anisotropies, complemented by data on distant supernovae -- reveals that our universe actually is 'flat', and that its dominant ingredient (about 70% of the total mass-energy) is something quite unexpected -- 'dark energ...

  5. Introduction to transonic aerodynamics

    Vos, Roelof

    2015-01-01

    Written to teach students the nature of transonic flow and its mathematical foundation, this book offers a much-needed introduction to transonic aerodynamics. The authors present a quantitative and qualitative assessment of subsonic, supersonic, and transonic flow around bodies in two and three dimensions. The book reviews the governing equations and explores their applications and limitations as employed in modeling and computational fluid dynamics.  Some concepts, such as shock and expansion theory, are examined from a numerical perspective. Others, including shock-boundary-layer interaction, are discussed from a qualitative point of view. The book includes 60 examples and more than 200 practice problems. The authors also offer analytical methods such as Method of Characteristics (MOC) that allow readers to practice with the subject matter.  The result is a wealth of insight into transonic flow phenomena and their impact on aircraft design, including compressibility effects, shock and expansion waves, sho...

  6. Semiconductor physics an introduction

    Seeger, Karlheinz

    1999-01-01

    Semiconductor Physics - An Introduction - is suitable for the senior undergraduate or new graduate student majoring in electrical engineering or physics. It will also be useful to solid-state scientists and device engineers involved in semiconductor design and technology. The text provides a lucid account of charge transport, energy transport and optical processes, and a detailed description of many devices. It includes sections on superlattices and quantum well structures, the effects of deep-level impurities on transport, the quantum Hall effect and the calculation of the influence of a magnetic field on the carrier distribution function. This 6th edition has been revised and corrected, and new sections have been added to different chapters.

  7. Introduction to sympersymmetry

    In the present work, supersymmetry is motivated via the Coleman-Mandula Theorem. Next, we build SUSY' algebra and representations (particularly, field representation). We then introduce the conceots of superspace and superfield, as well as supermultiplets and their invariants. Our next step is to examine simple models, in order to study auxiliary fields and the off-shell representations, to calculate the super-current and to show with super-graphs the loops cancelation (Wess-Zumino) and SUSY breaking (O'Raifeartaigh). Next, we obtain the supersymetric extension of the QED Lagrangean in to different ways, and them we are able to investigate symmetry breaking in supersymmetric gauge theories, and the appearance of Goldstone fermions. Finally, we study n-extended SUSY and the role of central charges, and examine SUSY in d > 4 dimensions and dimensional reduction. We end up with an introduction to Lie groups. (author)

  8. Introduction to cosmology

    Ryden, Barbara

    2002-01-01

    Introduction to Cosmology provides a rare combination of a solid foundation of the core physical concepts of cosmology and the most recent astronomical observations. The book is designed for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students and assumes no prior knowledge of general relativity. An emphasis is placed on developing the readers' physical insight rather than losing them with complex math. An approachable writing style and wealth of fresh and imaginative analogies from "everyday" physics are used to make the concepts of cosmology more accessible. The book is unique in that it not only includes recent major developments in cosmology, like the cosmological constant and accelerating universe, but also anticipates key developments expected in the next few years, such as detailed results on the cosmic microwave background.

  9. Introduction to uncertainty quantification

    Sullivan, T J

    2015-01-01

    Uncertainty quantification is a topic of increasing practical importance at the intersection of applied mathematics, statistics, computation, and numerous application areas in science and engineering. This text provides a framework in which the main objectives of the field of uncertainty quantification are defined, and an overview of the range of mathematical methods by which they can be achieved. Complete with exercises throughout, the book will equip readers with both theoretical understanding and practical experience of the key mathematical and algorithmic tools underlying the treatment of uncertainty in modern applied mathematics. Students and readers alike are encouraged to apply the mathematical methods discussed in this book to their own favourite problems to understand their strengths and weaknesses, also making the text suitable as a self-study. This text is designed as an introduction to uncertainty quantification for senior undergraduate and graduate students with a mathematical or statistical back...

  10. Superconductivity an introduction

    Kleiner, Reinhold

    2016-01-01

    The third edition of this proven text has been developed further in both scope and scale to reflect the potential for superconductivity in power engineering to increase efficiency in electricity transmission or engines. The landmark reference remains a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering every aspect from fundamentals to applications, and presenting the latest developments in organic superconductors, superconducting interfaces, quantum coherence, and applications in medicine and industry. Due to its precise language and numerous explanatory illustrations, it is suitable as an introductory textbook, with the level rising smoothly from chapter to chapter, such that readers can build on their newly acquired knowledge. The authors cover basic properties of superconductors and discuss stability and different material groups with reference to the latest and most promising applications, devoting the last third of the book to applications in power engineering, medicine, and low temperature physics. An e...

  11. Photonics an introduction

    Reider, Georg A

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive introduction into photonics, from the electrodynamic and quantum mechanic fundamentals to the level of photonic components and building blocks such as lasers, amplifiers, modulators, waveguides, and detectors. The book will serve both as textbook and as a reference work for the advanced student or scientist. Theoretical results are derived from basic principles with convenient, yet state-of-the-art mathematical tools, providing not only deeper understanding but also familiarization with formalisms used in the relevant technical literature and research articles. Among the subject matters treated are polarization optics, pulse and beam propagation, waveguides, light–matter interaction, stationary and transient behavior of lasers, semiconductor optics and lasers (including low-dimensional systems such as quantum wells), detector technology, photometry, and colorimetry. Nonlinear optics are elaborated comprehensively. The book is intended for both students of physics and elect...

  12. History and General Introduction

    In the domain of analytical mass spectrometry (MS), FT-ICR's place is established as combining particular advantages of extraordinary mass resolution and accuracy, a wide array of sample-ionization techniques, and a uniquely wide range of methods for structure characterization of the primary sample ions. Costs are already attractive compared with other high-performance alternatives, and as both magnets and computers (which comprise much of the expense of FT-ICR hardware) become cheaper and more powerful, the performance/cost ratio for the technique will continue to improve. This paper will provide an introduction to those who have little previous knowledge of the technique; provide an overview of the technique's outstanding areas of scientific and analytical application; and provide some historical perspective on how we reached the present state of the art

  13. I-Introduction

    In this report, each sector starts with an introduction presenting the state of each sector in Lebanon, followed by the methodology adopted in order to compute emissions of greenhouse gases by sources and removals by sinks, in accordance with IPCC guidelines, complemented by experts' assumptions in estimating greenhouse gases and finally accompanied by the IPCC sectoral tables which present the result obtained in each sector. The report ends with an 'Appendices' chapter which includes all worksheets, showing the computations made resulting in emitted or removed greenhouse gas quantities. This executive summary described in the IPCC summary presents the main results obtained in each sector. In the last paragraph, the global warming potential of the greenhouse gases emitted in Lebanon in 1994 is provided for three calculated time horizons, based on the '1995 IPCC technical summary of working group I' report. (au)

  14. Introduction to bosonization

    This is a pedagogical introduction to the general technique of bosonization of one-dimensional systems starting from scratch and assuming very little besides basic quantum mechanics and second quantization. The formalism is developed in a self-contained fashion and applied to the spinless and spin-1/2 Luttinger models, working out both single and two particle correlation functions. The implications of these results for the specific cases of the (anisotropic) Heisenberg and the Hubbard models are discussed. Although everything in these notes can be found in the published literature, detailed and explicit calculations of most of the results are given, which may prove useful to beginning graduate students or researchers in this area. (author)

  15. Part 2: Applications. Introduction

    Mok, G.C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Fission Energy and Systems Safety Program; Chung, H.H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Reactor Engineering Division

    1995-12-01

    As pointed out in the introduction of Part 1, the isolation strategy can be used to effectively decouple a structure from its environment and thus the structure can be protected from damaging seismic loads or unwanted vibrations and noises from the environment. The method has been used for solving vibration and shock problems in machinery and equipment for many years, but its application to the protection of structures from seismic loadings is relatively recent. Owing to the current interest generated by the Northridge and Kobe earthquakes, all but one of the papers in this publication deal with seismic isolation. The authors preview the papers in this section on the following applications of seismic isolation to: buildings, civil structures, industrial facilities, and nuclear plants.

  16. Part 2: Applications. Introduction

    As pointed out in the introduction of Part 1, the isolation strategy can be used to effectively decouple a structure from its environment and thus the structure can be protected from damaging seismic loads or unwanted vibrations and noises from the environment. The method has been used for solving vibration and shock problems in machinery and equipment for many years, but its application to the protection of structures from seismic loadings is relatively recent. Owing to the current interest generated by the Northridge and Kobe earthquakes, all but one of the papers in this publication deal with seismic isolation. The authors preview the papers in this section on the following applications of seismic isolation to: buildings, civil structures, industrial facilities, and nuclear plants

  17. Introduction to singularities

    Ishii, Shihoko

    2014-01-01

    This book is an introduction to singularities for graduate students and researchers. It is said that algebraic geometry originated in the seventeenth century with the famous work Discours de la méthode pour bien conduire sa raison, et chercher la vérité dans les sciences by Descartes. In that book he introduced coordinates to the study of geometry. After its publication, research on algebraic varieties developed steadily. Many beautiful results emerged in mathematicians’ works. Most of them were about non-singular varieties. Singularities were considered “bad” objects that interfered with knowledge of the structure of an algebraic variety. In the past three decades, however, it has become clear that singularities are necessary for us to have a good description of the framework of varieties. For example, it is impossible to formulate minimal model theory for higher-dimensional cases without singularities. Another example is that the moduli spaces of varieties have natural compactification, the boundar...

  18. Solar energy an introduction

    Mackay, Michael E

    2015-01-01

    Solar Energy presents an introduction to all aspects of solar energy, from photovoltaic devices to active and passive solar thermal energy conversion, giving both a detailed and broad perspective of the field. It is aimed at the beginner involved in solar energy or a related field, or for someone wanting to gain a broader perspective of solar energy technologies. A chapter considering solar radiation, basic principles applied to solar energy, semiconductor physics, and light absorption brings the reader on equal footing with the technology of either solar generated electrical current or useful heat. Details of how a solar cell works and then production of current from a photovoltaic device is discussed. Characterization of a solar cell is examined, allowing one the ability to interpret the current-voltage relation, followed by discussion of parameter extraction from this relation. This information can be used to understand what limits the performance of a given solar cell with the potential to optimize its pe...

  19. Introduction to thermoelectricity

    Goldsmid, H Julian

    2010-01-01

    Introduction to Thermoelectricity is the latest work by Professor Julian Goldsmid drawing on his 55 years experience in the field. The theory of the thermoelectric and related phenomena is presented in sufficient detail to enable researchers to understand their observations and develop improved thermoelectric materials. The methods for the selection of materials and their improvement are discussed. Thermoelectric materials for use in refrigeration and electrical generation are reviewed. Experimental techniques for the measurement of properties and for the production of thermoelements are described. Special emphasis is placed on nanotechnology which promises to yield great improvements in the efficiency of thermoelectric devices. Chapters are also devoted to transverse thermoelectric effects and thermionic energy conversion, both techniques offering the promise of important applications in the future.

  20. Morbillivirus Infections: An Introduction

    Rory D. de Vries

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Research on morbillivirus infections has led to exciting developments in recent years. Global measles vaccination coverage has increased, resulting in a significant reduction in measles mortality. In 2011 rinderpest virus was declared globally eradicated – only the second virus to be eradicated by targeted vaccination. Identification of new cellular receptors and implementation of recombinant viruses expressing fluorescent proteins in a range of model systems have provided fundamental new insights into the pathogenesis of morbilliviruses, and their interactions with the host immune system. Nevertheless, both new and well-studied morbilliviruses are associated with significant disease in wildlife and domestic animals. This illustrates the need for robust surveillance and a strategic focus on barriers that restrict cross-species transmission. Recent and ongoing measles outbreaks also demonstrate that maintenance of high vaccination coverage for these highly infectious agents is critical. This introduction briefly summarizes the most important current research topics in this field.

  1. Introduction to variance estimation

    Wolter, Kirk M

    2007-01-01

    We live in the information age. Statistical surveys are used every day to determine or evaluate public policy and to make important business decisions. Correct methods for computing the precision of the survey data and for making inferences to the target population are absolutely essential to sound decision making. Now in its second edition, Introduction to Variance Estimation has for more than twenty years provided the definitive account of the theory and methods for correct precision calculations and inference, including examples of modern, complex surveys in which the methods have been used successfully. The book provides instruction on the methods that are vital to data-driven decision making in business, government, and academe. It will appeal to survey statisticians and other scientists engaged in the planning and conduct of survey research, and to those analyzing survey data and charged with extracting compelling information from such data. It will appeal to graduate students and university faculty who...

  2. Introduction to lattice QCD

    The goal of the lectures on lattice QCD (LQCD) is to provide an overview of both the technical issues and the progress made so far in obtaining phenomenologically useful numbers. The lectures consist of three parts. The author's charter is to provide an introduction to LQCD and outline the scope of LQCD calculations. In the second set of lectures, Guido Martinelli will discuss the progress they have made so far in obtaining results, and their impact on Standard Model phenomenology. Finally, Martin Luescher will discuss the topical subjects of chiral symmetry, improved formulation of lattice QCD, and the impact these improvements will have on the quality of results expected from the next generation of simulations

  3. Introduction to lattice QCD

    Gupta, R.

    1998-12-31

    The goal of the lectures on lattice QCD (LQCD) is to provide an overview of both the technical issues and the progress made so far in obtaining phenomenologically useful numbers. The lectures consist of three parts. The author`s charter is to provide an introduction to LQCD and outline the scope of LQCD calculations. In the second set of lectures, Guido Martinelli will discuss the progress they have made so far in obtaining results, and their impact on Standard Model phenomenology. Finally, Martin Luescher will discuss the topical subjects of chiral symmetry, improved formulation of lattice QCD, and the impact these improvements will have on the quality of results expected from the next generation of simulations.

  4. Sociophysics an introduction

    Sen, Parongama

    2014-01-01

    This book discusses the study and analysis of the physical aspects of social systems and models, inspired by the analogy with familiar models of physical systems and possible applications of statistical physics tools. Unlike the traditional analysis of the physics of macroscopic many-body or condensed matter systems, which is now an established and mature subject, the upsurge in the physical analysis and modelling of social systems, which are clearly many-body dynamical systems, is a recent phenomenon. Though the major developments in sociophysics have taken place only recently, the earliest attempts of proposing "Social Physics" as a discipline are more than one and a half centuries old. Various developments in the mainstream physics of condensed matter systems have inspired and induced the recent growth of sociophysical analysis and models. In spite of the tremendous efforts of many scientists in recent years, the subject is still in its infancy and major challenges are yet to be taken up. An introduction t...

  5. Introduction to thermoelectricity

    Goldsmid, H Julian

    2016-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of thermoelectric energy conversion. It covers both theory and practice. The book is timely as it refers to the many improvements that have come about in the last few years through the use of nanostructures. The concept of semiconductor thermoelements led to major advances during the second half of the twentieth century, making Peltier refrigeration a widely used technique. The latest materials herald thermoelectric generation as the preferred technique for exploiting low-grade heat. The book shows how progress has been made by increasing the thermal resistivity of the lattice until it is almost as large as it is for glass. It points the way towards the attainment of similar improvements in the electronic parameters. It does not neglect practical considerations, such as the desirability of making thermocouples from inexpensive and environmentally acceptable materials. The second edition was extended to also include recent advances in thermoelectric ener...

  6. Introduction to multivariate discrimination

    Kégl Balázs

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Multivariate discrimination or classification is one of the best-studied problem in machine learning, with a plethora of well-tested and well-performing algorithms. There are also several good general textbooks [1–9] on the subject written to an average engineering, computer science, or statistics graduate student; most of them are also accessible for an average physics student with some background on computer science and statistics. Hence, instead of writing a generic introduction, we concentrate here on relating the subject to a practitioner experimental physicist. After a short introduction on the basic setup (Section 1 we delve into the practical issues of complexity regularization, model selection, and hyperparameter optimization (Section 2, since it is this step that makes high-complexity non-parametric fitting so different from low-dimensional parametric fitting. To emphasize that this issue is not restricted to classification, we illustrate the concept on a low-dimensional but non-parametric regression example (Section 2.1. Section 3 describes the common algorithmic-statistical formal framework that unifies the main families of multivariate classification algorithms. We explain here the large-margin principle that partly explains why these algorithms work. Section 4 is devoted to the description of the three main (families of classification algorithms, neural networks, the support vector machine, and AdaBoost. We do not go into the algorithmic details; the goal is to give an overview on the form of the functions these methods learn and on the objective functions they optimize. Besides their technical description, we also make an attempt to put these algorithm into a socio-historical context. We then briefly describe some rather heterogeneous applications to illustrate the pattern recognition pipeline and to show how widespread the use of these methods is (Section 5. We conclude the chapter with three essentially open research problems

  7. Introduction to multivariate discrimination

    Kégl, Balázs

    2013-07-01

    Multivariate discrimination or classification is one of the best-studied problem in machine learning, with a plethora of well-tested and well-performing algorithms. There are also several good general textbooks [1-9] on the subject written to an average engineering, computer science, or statistics graduate student; most of them are also accessible for an average physics student with some background on computer science and statistics. Hence, instead of writing a generic introduction, we concentrate here on relating the subject to a practitioner experimental physicist. After a short introduction on the basic setup (Section 1) we delve into the practical issues of complexity regularization, model selection, and hyperparameter optimization (Section 2), since it is this step that makes high-complexity non-parametric fitting so different from low-dimensional parametric fitting. To emphasize that this issue is not restricted to classification, we illustrate the concept on a low-dimensional but non-parametric regression example (Section 2.1). Section 3 describes the common algorithmic-statistical formal framework that unifies the main families of multivariate classification algorithms. We explain here the large-margin principle that partly explains why these algorithms work. Section 4 is devoted to the description of the three main (families of) classification algorithms, neural networks, the support vector machine, and AdaBoost. We do not go into the algorithmic details; the goal is to give an overview on the form of the functions these methods learn and on the objective functions they optimize. Besides their technical description, we also make an attempt to put these algorithm into a socio-historical context. We then briefly describe some rather heterogeneous applications to illustrate the pattern recognition pipeline and to show how widespread the use of these methods is (Section 5). We conclude the chapter with three essentially open research problems that are either

  8. Introduction to multivariate discrimination

    Multivariate discrimination or classification is one of the best-studied problem in machine learning, with a plethora of well-tested and well-performing algorithms. There are also several good general textbooks [1-9] on the subject written to an average engineering, computer science, or statistics graduate student; most of them are also accessible for an average physics student with some background on computer science and statistics. Hence, instead of writing a generic introduction, we concentrate here on relating the subject to a practitioner experimental physicist. After a short introduction on the basic setup (Section 1) we delve into the practical issues of complexity regularization, model selection, and hyper-parameter optimization (Section 2), since it is this step that makes high-complexity non-parametric fitting so different from low-dimensional parametric fitting. To emphasize that this issue is not restricted to classification, we illustrate the concept on a low-dimensional but non-parametric regression example (Section 2.1). Section 3 describes the common algorithmic-statistical formal framework that unifies the main families of multivariate classification algorithms. We explain here the large-margin principle that partly explains why these algorithms work. Section 4 is devoted to the description of the three main (families of) classification algorithms, neural networks, the support vector machine, and AdaBoost. We do not go into the algorithmic details; the goal is to give an overview on the form of the functions these methods learn and on the objective functions they optimize. Besides their technical description, we also make an attempt to put these algorithm into a socio-historical context. We then briefly describe some rather heterogeneous applications to illustrate the pattern recognition pipeline and to show how widespread the use of these methods is (Section 5). We conclude the chapter with three essentially open research problems that are either

  9. Arctic freshwater synthesis: Introduction

    Prowse, T.; Bring, A.; Mârd, J.; Carmack, E.

    2015-11-01

    In response to a joint request from the World Climate Research Program's Climate and Cryosphere Project, the International Arctic Science Committee, and the Arctic Council's Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program, an updated scientific assessment has been conducted of the Arctic Freshwater System (AFS), entitled the Arctic Freshwater Synthesis (AFSΣ). The major reason for joint request was an increasing concern that changes to the AFS have produced, and could produce even greater, changes to biogeophysical and socioeconomic systems of special importance to northern residents and also produce extra-Arctic climatic effects that will have global consequences. Hence, the key objective of the AFSΣ was to produce an updated, comprehensive, and integrated review of the structure and function of the entire AFS. The AFSΣ was organized around six key thematic areas: atmosphere, oceans, terrestrial hydrology, terrestrial ecology, resources and modeling, and the review of each coauthored by an international group of scientists and published as separate manuscripts in this special issue of Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. This AFSΣ—Introduction reviews the motivations for, and foci of, previous studies of the AFS, discusses criteria used to define the domain of the AFS, and details key characteristics of the definition adopted for the AFSΣ.

  10. Geoenvironment: An Introduction

    Boadu, Fred Kofi

    Geoenvironment: An Introduction looks at the geoenvironment not only from an environmental point of view but also in relation to social and economic factors and the perspective of human life. It is very important that global environment issues be looked at from socioeconomic and to some extent political points of view.The book is written in a way that nonhydrogeologists, nonenvironmental scientists and nonenvironmental engineers can understand the geoenvironment and its impact on human health and life. Theoretical concepts are kept to a minimum while the book conceptually links global contamination of the environment with human health. Based on his longtime experience with the United Nations on health issues, the author makes good efforts in treating the environment from the point of view of the individual's country. This is very desirable since different countries have different environmental policies and regulations as well as socioeconomic conditions. Rules and regulations in effect in developed countries may not be in effect in some third world nations.

  11. Supraconductivité introduction

    Mangin, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    La supraconductivité fait rêver, surtout depuis la découverte de son existence à des températures relativement accessibles. Ses applications sont déjà notables (Imagerie par Résonance Magnétique, futur ITER, NEUROSPIN, SQUID...) et des projets plus futuristes se développent (transport de courant, train en lévitation, moteurs). Le présent ouvrage propose une introduction solide, pour un public assez large. Le lecteur pourra s'initier à la théorie de London et aux équations de Pippard, puis étudier les supraconducteurs de type I et de type II (thermodynamique, magnétisme, dynamique de vortex, transport de courant...), les paires de Cooper et les résultats de la théorie BCS. L'étude de la cohérence et de la quantification du flux conduit à l'effet Josephson qui, avec le SQUID. est un bon exemple d'application. Le lecteur pourra combler certaines de ses lacunes grâce aux compléments, suivre le cheminement d'un modèle et s'approprier les concepts. Environ 250 illustrations en facilitent la...

  12. Chief Editors’ Introduction

    Kerry Carrington

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It has been a great year for the journal:  our most successful ever. This edition marks three years of publication of the International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. In 2015 the journal was selected for inclusion into Scopus and Web of Science data bases. This is a terrific success story and testimony to the high quality of the articles, the editorship, the reviewing and the international readership of the journal. We are grateful as ever to our distinguished International Editorial Board and all our reviewers who are anonymous to readers and authors due to the norms of blind peer reviewing. We also thank the out-going foundational co-editor-in-chief Reece Walters for his efforts in making this journal the success it is. The journal has now surpassed 150,000 abstract views and 100,000 full PDF downloads. This journal is one of only a few in the world of criminology to support fully on-line free-to-download articles, and to promote creative commons copyright: that is, authors’ rights to reproduce their own material. We support the democratisation of knowledge and are delighted to be leaders in high quality international journal publishing.Download the PDF file here for the Chief Editors’ introduction to this issue and be motivated by the eclectic and impressive range of topics offered by our contributors to read further.

  13. Introduction to Geomagnetic Fields

    Hinze, William J.

    Coincidentally, as I sat down in late October 2003 to read and review the second edition of Wallace H. Campbell's text, Introduction to Geomagnetic Fields, we received warnings from the news media of a massive solar flare and its possible effect on power supply systems and satellite communications. News programs briefly explained the source of Sun-Earth interactions. If you are interested in learning more about the physics of the connection between sun spots and power supply systems and their impact on orbiting satellites, I urge you to become acquainted with Campbell's book. It presents an interesting and informative explanation of the geomagnetic field and its applications to a wide variety of topics, including oil exploration, climate change, and fraudulent claims of the utility of magnetic fields for alleviating human pain. Geomagnetism, the study of the nature and processes of the Earth's magnetic fields and its application to the investigation of the Earth, its processes, and history, is a mature science with a well-developed theoretical foundation and a vast array of observations. It is discussed in varied detail in Earth physics books and most entry-level geoscience texts. The latter treatments largely are driven by the need to discuss paleomagnetism as an essential tool in studying plate tectonics. A more thorough explanation of geomagnetism is needed by many interested scientists in related fields and by laypersons. This is the objective of Campbell's book. It is particularly germane in view of a broad range of geomagnetic topics that are at the forefront of today's science, including environmental magnetism, so-called ``jerks'' observed in the Earth's magnetic field, the perplexing magnetic field of Mars, improved satellite magnetic field observations, and the increasing availability of high-quality continental magnetic anomaly maps, to name only a few.

  14. Online, Batch and CICS Social Security Statement

    Social Security Administration — A database that contains client preference information for the SSA initiated Social Security Statement as well as other data including SSN, disposition for paper SS...

  15. Bestseller and Blockbuster Culture. Introduction

    Agger, Gunhild

    2013-01-01

    In cultural communication, the bestseller concept has become a ubiquitous factor – often unnoticed, but ever present. The corresponding concept in feature films is the blockbustster. Introduction to the whole volume.......In cultural communication, the bestseller concept has become a ubiquitous factor – often unnoticed, but ever present. The corresponding concept in feature films is the blockbustster. Introduction to the whole volume....

  16. The “Grep” Command But Not FusionMap, FusionFinder or ChimeraScan Captures the CIC-DUX4 Fusion Gene from Whole Transcriptome Sequencing Data on a Small Round Cell Tumor with t(4;19)(q35;q13)

    Ioannis Panagopoulos; Ludmila Gorunova; Bodil Bjerkehagen; Sverre Heim

    2014-01-01

    Whole transcriptome sequencing was used to study a small round cell tumor in which a t(4;19)(q35;q13) was part of the complex karyotype but where the initial reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) examination did not detect a CIC-DUX4 fusion transcript previously described as the crucial gene-level outcome of this specific translocation. The RNA sequencing data were analysed using the FusionMap, FusionFinder, and ChimeraScan programs which are specifically designed to identify fusion genes. Fusio...

  17. Nuclear reactions. An introduction

    Modern, self-contained introduction to the subject matter. Emphasizes the interplay between theory and experiment. Course-tested tutorial style, contains many derivations. Nuclei and nuclear reactions offer a unique setting for investigating three (and in some cases even all four) of the fundamental forces in nature. Nuclei have been shown - mainly by performing scattering experiments with electrons, muons, and neutrinos - to be extended objects with complex internal structures: constituent quarks; gluons, whose exchange binds the quarks together; sea-quarks, the ubiquitous virtual quark-antiquark pairs and, last but not least, clouds of virtual mesons, surrounding an inner nuclear region, their exchange being the source of the nucleon-nucleon interaction. The interplay between the (mostly attractive) hadronic nucleon-nucleon interaction and the repulsive Coulomb force is responsible for the existence of nuclei; their degree of stability, expressed in the details and limits of the chart of nuclides; their rich structure and the variety of their interactions. Despite the impressive successes of the classical nuclear models and of ab-initio approaches, there is clearly no end in sight for either theoretical or experimental developments as shown e.g. by the recent need to introduce more sophisticated three-body interactions to account for an improved picture of nuclear structure and reactions. Yet, it turns out that the internal structure of the nucleons has comparatively little influence on the behavior of the nucleons in nuclei, and nuclear physics - especially nuclear structure and reactions - is thus a field of science in its own right, without much recourse to subnuclear degrees of freedom. This book collects essential material that was presented in the form of lectures notes in nuclear physics courses for graduate students at the University of Cologne. It follows the course's approach, conveying the subject matter by combining experimental facts and experimental

  18. INTRODUCTION: GRADUATE STUDENT SCHOLARSHIP

    Laverne Jacobs

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice is proud to publish issue 32 (1. This issue features a special section highlighting the scholarship of graduate students. While it is always a pleasure to read promising work by newer scholars in the fields of law and social justice, we are certain that this collection of articles represents some of the finest and thought-provoking scholarship stemming from current graduate students in law. The articles stem from a graduate student essay contest that WYAJ held in 2013 and for which we received many submissions. The collection of selected papers offers a view of legal and interdisciplinary research examining issues that are topically diverse but which are all of deep, long-term importance to the world of access to justice. A reader of the special section on Graduate Student Scholarship will find explorations of access to justice from the perspectives of equality rights, discretion, adjudication and methods of legal service delivery, to name a few. A prize was offered to two papers judged to be of exceptional quality. I am very pleased to announce that the winners of those two prizes are Andrew Pilliar, for his article “Exploring a Law Firm Business Model to Improve Access to Justice” and Blair A. Major, for his contribution, “Religion and Law in R v NS: Finding Space to Re-think the Balancing Analysis”. The Editorial Board thanks all those who submitted papers to the contest and to this final special issue of the Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice. Another notable feature of this issue is the introduction of a section called Research Notes. The Yearbook will periodically publish peer-reviewed research notes that present the findings of empirical (quantitative, qualitative or mixed method research studies. This section aims to contribute to the growing and important body of empirical scholarship within the realm of access to justice socio-legal research. We hope that you enjoy

  19. Fragment screening: an introduction.

    Leach, Andrew R; Hann, Michael M; Burrows, Jeremy N; Griffen, Ed J

    2006-09-01

    There are clearly many different philosophies associated with adapting fragment screening into mainstream Drug Discovery Lead Generation strategies. Scientists at Astex, for instance, focus entirely on strategies involving use of X-ray crystallography and NMR. However, AstraZeneca uses a number of different fragment screening strategies. One approach is to screen a 2000 compound fragment set (with close to "lead-like" complexity) at 100 microM in parallel with every HTS such that the data are obtained on the entire screening collection at 10 microM plus the extra samples at 100 microM; this provides valuable compound potency data in a concentration range that is usually unexplored. The fragments are then screen-specific "privileged structures" that can be searched for in the rest of the HTS output and other databases as well as having synthesis follow-up. A typical workflow for a fragment screen within AstraZeneca is shown below (Figure 24) and highlights the desirability (particularly when screening >100 microM) for NMR and X-ray information to validate weak hits and give information on how to optimise them. In this chapter, we have provided an introduction to the theoretical and practical issues associated with the use of fragment methods and lead-likeness. Fragment-based approaches are still in an early stage of development and are just one of many interrelated techniques that are now used to identify novel lead compounds for drug development. Fragment based screening has some advantages, but like every other drug hunting strategy will not be universally applicable. There are in particular some practical challenges associated with fragment screening that relate to the generally lower level of potency that such compounds initially possess. Considerable synthetic effort has to be applied for post-fragment screening to build the sort of potency that would be expected to be found from a traditional HTS. However, if there are no low-hanging fruit in a screening

  20. An introduction to real analysis

    Ball, Derek G

    1973-01-01

    An Introduction to Real Analysis presents the concepts of real analysis and highlights the problems which necessitate the introduction of these concepts. Topics range from sets, relations, and functions to numbers, sequences, series, derivatives, and the Riemann integral. This volume begins with an introduction to some of the problems which are met in the use of numbers for measuring, and which provide motivation for the creation of real analysis. Attention then turns to real numbers that are built up from natural numbers, with emphasis on integers, rationals, and irrationals. The chapters tha

  1. An introduction to gas discharges

    Howatson, A M

    2013-01-01

    An Introduction to Gas Discharges: Second Edition aims to provide a compact introduction to the subject of gas discharges, which continues to make both scientific and industrial progress. In this second edition, the author has made minor corrections, rewritten and expanded some sections, used SI units and modernized notions, in hopes of making the book more up to date. Included in the book is a short history of the subject, an introduction that enumerates the types of gas discharges, the fundamental processes, and then moves on to the more specific areas such as the breakdown, the self-sustai

  2. Elementary introduction to relativistic kinematics

    This paper includes the most important results and applications of the theory of special relativity to high energy phenomena; it provides an analysis of the kinematics of particle decays and reactions as well as an introduction to the Lorentz group

  3. Introduction to Indoor Air Quality

    ... US Environmental Protection Agency Search Search Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Share Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Contact Us ... Indoor Air Quality An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality IAQ & Health Causes of IAQ Problems Identifying IAQ ...

  4. Introduction to indexing and abstracting

    Cleveland, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Successful information access in the digital information age requires robust systems of indexing and abstracting. This book provides a complete introduction to the subject that covers the many recent changes in the field.

  5. An Introduction to Learning Design

    Koper, Rob

    2005-01-01

    Koper, R. (2005). An Introduction to Learning Design. In: Koper, R. & Tattersall, C., Learning Design: A Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training (pp. 3-20). Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

  6. Introduction to the Human Body

    ... Resources Archived Modules Updates Introduction to the Human Body Human beings are arguably the most complex organisms on ... for the benefit of the total being. The human body is a single structure but it is made ...

  7. Introduction to the quinoa dilemma

    Friis Pedersen, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    Quinoa production and consumption have experienced a boom and may be called a great success. The boom affects economy, ecology and social relations, three important aspects of sustainability. These three key points will be discussed in the present introduction and a humble suggestion for sustainable approaches will be made where contradictions are found. The presentation was a short introduction to a panel taking place in Helsinki 12th of June 2015.

  8. An introduction to number theory.

    Everest, G.; Ward, T.

    2005-01-01

    An Introduction to Number Theory provides an introduction to the main streams of number theory. Starting with the unique factorization property of the integers, the theme of factorization is revisited several times throughout the book to illustrate how the ideas handed down from Euclid continue to reverberate through the subject. In particular, the book shows how the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, handed down from antiquity, informs much of the teaching of modern number theory. The re...

  9. Modern introduction to differential equations

    Ricardo, Henry J

    2009-01-01

    A Modern Introduction to Differential Equations, Second Edition, provides an introduction to the basic concepts of differential equations. The book begins by introducing the basic concepts of differential equations, focusing on the analytical, graphical, and numerical aspects of first-order equations, including slope fields and phase lines. The discussions then cover methods of solving second-order homogeneous and nonhomogeneous linear equations with constant coefficients; systems of linear differential equations; the Laplace transform and its applications to the solution of differential equat

  10. Introduction to wind turbine aerodynamics

    Schaffarczyk, Alois Peter

    2014-01-01

    Wind-Turbine Aerodynamics is a self-contained textbook which shows how to come from the basics of fluid mechanics to modern wind turbine blade design. It presents a fundamentals of fluid dynamics and inflow conditions, and gives a extensive introduction into theories describing the aerodynamics of wind turbines. After introducing experiments the book applies the knowledge to explore the impact on blade design.The book is an introduction for professionals and students of very varying levels.

  11. Introduction to ordinary differential equations

    Rabenstein, Albert L

    1966-01-01

    Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations is a 12-chapter text that describes useful elementary methods of finding solutions using ordinary differential equations. This book starts with an introduction to the properties and complex variable of linear differential equations. Considerable chapters covered topics that are of particular interest in applications, including Laplace transforms, eigenvalue problems, special functions, Fourier series, and boundary-value problems of mathematical physics. Other chapters are devoted to some topics that are not directly concerned with finding solutio

  12. An introduction to electrooptic devices

    Kaminow, Ivan P

    1974-01-01

    An Introduction to Electrooptic Devices aims to present an introduction to the electrooptic effect and to summarize work on devices employing the electrooptic effect. The book provides the necessary background in classical crystal optics. The text then discusses topics including crystal symmetry, the tensor description of linear dielectric properties, propagation in anisotropic media, and passive crystal optic devices. The book also describes the phenomenological description of tensor nonlinear dielectric properties of crystals, with emphasis on the electrooptic effect; device design and appli

  13. Introduction to Drywall. Introduction to Construction Series. Instructor Edition.

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

    This competency-based curriculum guide on the specialty area of drywall is part of the Introduction to Construction series. The series is designed with the flexible training requirements of open shop contractors, preapprenticeship programs, multicraft high school programs, technology education programs, and cooperative education programs in mind.…

  14. Introduction to Concrete Masonry. Introduction to Construction Series. Instructor Edition.

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

    This competency-based curriculum guide on the specialty area of concrete masonry is part of the Introduction to Construction series. The series is designed with the flexible training requirements of open shop contractors, preapprenticeship programs, multicraft high school programs, technology education programs, and cooperative education programs…

  15. An introduction to fire dynamics

    Drysdale, Dougal

    2011-01-01

    "Drysdale's book is by far the most comprehensive - everyone in the office has a copy...now including me. It holds just about everything you need to know about fire science."(Review of An Introduction to Fire Dynamics, 2nd Edition) After 25 years as a bestseller, Dougal Drysdale's classic introduction has been brought up-to-date and expanded to incorporate the latest research and experimental data.  Homework problems are included, with solutions, and others are available on the accompanying website at www.wiley.com/go/drysdale. Essential reading for all involved in the field from undergraduate

  16. An Introduction to TTCN-3

    Willcock, Colin; Tobies, Stephan; Keil, Stefan; Engler, Federico; Schulz, Stephan; Wiles, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    This unique book provides a fully revised and up-to-date treatment of the TTCN-3 language TTCN-3 is an internationally standardised test language with a powerful textual syntax which has established itself as a global, universal testing language. Application of TTCN-3 has been widened beyond telecommunication systems to areas such as the automotive industry, internet protocols, railway signalling, medical systems, and avionics.An Introduction to TTCN-3 gives a solid introduction to the TTCN-3 language and its uses, guiding readers though the TTCN-3 standards, methodologies and tools with examp

  17. Chaos a very short introduction

    Smith, Leonard

    2007-01-01

    Chaos: A Very Short Introduction shows that we all have an intuitive understanding of chaotic systems. It uses accessible maths and physics (replacing complex equations with simple examples like pendulums, railway lines, and tossing coins) to explain the theory, and points to numerous examples in philosophy and literature (Edgar Allen Poe, Chang-Tzu, and Arthur Conan Doyle) that illuminate the problems. The beauty of fractal patterns and their relation to chaos, as well as the history of chaos, and its uses in the real world and implications for the philosophy of science are all discussed in this Very Short Introduction.

  18. Introduction to computers: Reference guide

    Ligon, F.V.

    1995-04-01

    The ``Introduction to Computers`` program establishes formal partnerships with local school districts and community-based organizations, introduces computer literacy to precollege students and their parents, and encourages students to pursue Scientific, Mathematical, Engineering, and Technical careers (SET). Hands-on assignments are given in each class, reinforcing the lesson taught. In addition, the program is designed to broaden the knowledge base of teachers in scientific/technical concepts, and Brookhaven National Laboratory continues to act as a liaison, offering educational outreach to diverse community organizations and groups. This manual contains the teacher`s lesson plans and the student documentation to this introduction to computer course.

  19. Introduction to THz wave photonics

    Zhang, X-C

    2009-01-01

    Introduction to THz Wave Photonics examines the science and technology related to terahertz wave technologies, taking a dual approach between presenting the field 's history while simultaneously providing an overview of existing technology. The latest research in developing THz areas such as electromagnetic waves are presented, along with an introduction to continuous wave THz technology. Authors X.-C. Zhang and Jingzhou Xu place particular emphasis on pulsed THz technology, among many other facets of THz technology including: Complete coverage of THz wave spectroscopy and imagingA discussion

  20. Solid state physics an introduction

    Hofmann, Philip

    2015-01-01

    A must-have textbook for any undergraduate studying solid state physics. This successful brief course in solid state physics is now in its second edition. The clear and concise introduction not only describes all the basic phenomena and concepts, but also such advanced issues as magnetism and superconductivity. Each section starts with a gentle introduction, covering basic principles, progressing to a more advanced level in order to present a comprehensive overview of the subject. The book is providing qualitative discussions that help undergraduates understand concepts even if they can?t foll

  1. Introduction to biomedical engineering technology

    Street, Laurence J

    2011-01-01

    IntroductionHistory of Medical DevicesThe Role of Biomedical Engineering Technologists in Health CareCharacteristics of Human Anatomy and Physiology That Relate to Medical DevicesSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part OnePhysiological Monitoring SystemsThe HeartSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part TwoCirculatory System and BloodRespiratory SystemNervous SystemSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part ThreeDigestive SystemSensory OrgansReproductionSkin, Bone, Muscle, MiscellaneousChapter SummaryQuestionsDiagnostic ImagingIntroductionX-RaysMagnetic Resonance Imaging ScannersPositron Emissio

  2. Introduction

    BRACKE, Maud

    2013-01-01

    The history of Europe in the second half of the twentieth century is the history of the continued search for radical social change. In 1968, two different strands of social protest, in two very different contexts, culminated in an amorphous movement that seemed capable, for a brief moment, of destabilizing the political order on the continent. While in Czechoslovakia the leaders and activists of the Prague Spring experimented with ideas of “socialism with a human face” and alternatives to the...

  3. Introduction

    Hahonou, Eric Komlavi; Lecocq, Baz

    2015-01-01

    This special issue examines the impacts and legacies of the slave trade, domestic slavery, and slave emancipation on social, political, and culturally constructed inequalities in Africa from the late nineteenth to the early twenty-first century. Post-slavery usually refers to studies of the Ameri...

  4. Introduction

    Eric Nachtergaele

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Le numéro 4 de la revue Pyramides était consacré à la motivation au travail dans les services publics. Dans leur éditorial, Thibaut Duvillier et Alexandre Piraux, Coordinateurs de ce numéro, soulignaient ce qu’ils appelaient « le mal-être professionnel et donc la démotivation d’une grande partie du personnel dans les administrations publiques ».Le numéro 8 de la revue se consacre au thème de la « désorientation des services publics » dans le contexte des réformes et des pressions diverses qu’...

  5. Introduction

    Odile Daurmont

    2011-01-01

    Même si sa perception voire son intensité se sont parfois estompées, la politisation est une caractéristique permanente de l'administration publique belge. Il faut dire que ce phénomène n'est pas propre à nos institutions mais est quasi universel.Que la gestion des affaires publiques fasse l'objet de choix politiques, n'est pas répréhensible en soi. Il appartient en effet aux hommes politiques, ministres, bourgmestres... d'opérer de tels choix. Ils sont mandatés à cette fin. Ce qui est illégi...

  6. Introduction

    Daurmont, Odile

    2012-01-01

    Même si sa perception voire son intensité se sont parfois estompées, la politisation est une caractéristique permanente de l'administration publique belge. Il faut dire que ce phénomène n'est pas propre à nos institutions mais est quasi universel. Que la gestion des affaires publiques fasse l'objet de choix politiques, n'est pas répréhensible en soi. Il appartient en effet aux hommes politiques, ministres, bourgmestres... d'opérer de tels choix. Ils sont mandatés à cette fin. Ce qui est illég...

  7. Introduction

    Doquet, Anne; Evrard, Olivier

    2008-01-01

    “(...) -a lonely planet but a crowded stage”. Victor Alneng (2002 : 127) Depuis plusieurs décennies, on assiste un peu partout dans le monde à un développement sans précédent de la mobilité touristique impliquant des flux à la fois humains, techniques, financiers et culturels. Longtemps, deux attitudes ont prévalu au sein des sciences sociales, notamment francophones, à l’égard de ce phénomène. La première considérait le tourisme comme un objet mineur, sinon trivial; la seconde y voyait la si...

  8. Introduction

    Assmann, R. W.; Ferrario, M.

    2016-09-01

    Particle accelerators are a field of continuing and growing success. Today about 30,000 accelerators are operated with various types of particles, including electrons, positrons, protons, neutrinos and various kinds of ions. These particles are used for the investigation of fundamental particles and forces in our universe. In parallel a fast growing field of accelerator-based photon science has developed since the 1970"s. Modern particle beams produce unique photon pulses that are used in ground-breaking studies on fast processes in chemistry and biology, on structures of viruses and bacteria, on the phenomenon of multi-resistivity to medication, on the functioning of photo-synthesis at the electronic level and on other important challenges for human mankind. Last not least, numerous particle accelerators are being used every day for industrial and medical applications, including the irradiation of tumors in human patients.

  9. Introduction

    Forgács, Éva

    2013-01-01

    IN APRIL 1919 the Bauhaus opened Its doors in Weimar, under the directorship of the architect Walter Gropius. It was the successor Institute to the Grand Ducal Saxon Art Academy and the Grand Ducal School of Arts and Crafts, the latter having been shut down at the outbreak of the World War. Our first statement about the Bauhaus already contains the seeds of a conflict: the former Weimar Academy of Fine Arts, with its long tradition of landscape painting, was now renamed and headed by an archi...

  10. Introduction

    Gellereau, Michèle

    2011-01-01

    Le thème de la médiation est vaste et travaillé de manière diversifiée dans les sciences humaines : en sciences et techniques, en sociologie, en sciences politiques, en histoire de l’art, en esthétique, en éducation... Cette notion est depuis quelques années au centre de préoccupations qui, me semble-t-il, convergent dans l’intérêt accordé d’une part à l’évolution des relations entre les humains et les objets dans l’interprétation et la représentation d’un monde commun, d’autre part au rôle j...

  11. Introduction

    Vaillant, Alain

    2014-01-01

    Naguère, à l’exception des travaux, pour ainsi dire obligés et attendus, sur la comédie de l’âge classique ou sur l’ironie romantique, une étude littéraire sur le rire passait pour incongrue et provocatrice – et autant dire suicidaire pour le jeune chercheur qui aurait eu l’audace de l’entreprendre, au moment où, au contraire, on parlait avec un sérieux imperturbable et presque exalté de l’intransitivité mystérieuse du poème ou de la sémiotique narrative. Mais il y eut d’abord les premiers si...

  12. Introduction

    Laurence Caillet

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Nous sommes un petit groupe, à peine une dizaine, convaincus comme bien des ethnologues que le savoir s’élabore en relation avec un autre. Cet autre peut être un informateur, qui n’est pas un simple relais entre un fait qui serait réel et un ethnologue interprète, mais également un constructeur de théories, éventuellement un censeur d’élucubrations conceptuelles. Cet autre peut être un collègue français. Mais il est plus souvent japonais, car, spécialistes du Japon ou ayant affaire à des repr...

  13. Introduction

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available En accord avec le comité de rédaction de la revue, les organisateurs des « Séminaires d’Archéologie de la Région Centre », (service régional de l'Archéologie de la région Centre, l'INRAP et UMR 6173 - Laboratoire Archéologie et Territoire - Université de Tours / CNRS ont souhaité publier les résumés des communications faites lors d’un de ces séminaires. Ces réunions trimestrielles sont l'occasion de faire le point sur des thèmes d'actualité, avec une dimension méthodologique permettant aux a...

  14. Introduction

    Kohler-Koch, Beate; Larat, Fabrice

    2008-01-01

    "'Efficient and Democratic Governance in the European Union' was the topic investigated by the international research project CONNEX during the four years (2004-2008) of its life time. Multi-level governance stands for the high interdependence of political responsibilities executed at regional, national and European levels in close collaboration of public and private actors. Efficiency and democratic legitimacy are not easily attained since multi-level governance incites complexity. Furthermo...

  15. Introduction

    Hansen, Hans Lauge

    Globalisering, sprogfag, filologi, kulturstudier, oversættelse, tværfaglighed, pragmatik, semiotik......Globalisering, sprogfag, filologi, kulturstudier, oversættelse, tværfaglighed, pragmatik, semiotik...

  16. Introduction

    Roncaglia, Sara

    2015-01-01

    This book is an ethnographic analysis of a local workers cooperative in Mumbai: the Nutan Mumbai Tiffin Box Suppliers Charity Trust (NMTBSCT). This enterprise employs up to 5,000 dabbawalas, who have been delivering 200,000 lunch-dabbas daily to students, office workers and factory workers since the end of the nineteenth century. A dabba, also known as a “tiffin”, is a specially designed circular steel box made up of three separate sections that fit together to form a cylinder of about 20 cm ...

  17. Introduction

    Ahonen, Pasi; Alahuhta, Petteri; Daskala, Barbara; Delaitre, Sabine; Hert, Paul De; Lindner, Ralf; Maghiros, Ioannis; Moscibroda, Anna; Schreurs, Wim; Verlinden, Michiel

    The brave new world of ambient intelligence is almost upon us. Ambient intelligence is the phrase coined to describe a world in which "intelligence" is embedded in virtually everything around us. It has been called an Internet of things, where radio frequency identification (RFID) tags are attached to all products. It is a world of smart dust with networked sensors and actuators so small as to be virtually invisible, where the clothes you wear, the paint on your walls, the carpets on your floor, and the paper money in your pocket have a computer communications capability. It is a 4G world where today's mobile phone is transformed into a terminal capable of receiving television, accessing the Internet, downloading music, reading RFIDs, taking pictures, enabling interactive video telephony, and much more. It is a world of convergence, where heterogeneous devices are able to communicate seamlessly across today's disparate networks, a world of machine learning and intelligent software, where computers monitor our activities, routines and behaviours to predict what we will do or want next. In the brave new world of ambient intelligence, we will never have to worry about losing track of our children because they will have a location device implanted under the skin or, if they are squeamish about that, then at least they will have one in their wristwatch.

  18. Introduction

    Dulong de Rosnay, Melanie; Martin, Juan Carlos

    2013-01-01

    In a context of extension of copyright duration and scope, the public domain is at risk, and with it, the vibrant expression of our culture and democracies. A group of academic and think-tank researchers, librarians, government representatives, museum curators, copyright and human rights activists, information technology entrepreneurs and non-profits worked between 2007 and 2011 to understand the notion of the public domain. Often lacking a positive definition, this concept has been poorly re...

  19. Introduction.

    McCullick, Bryan; Byra, Mark

    2002-01-01

    Introduces a collection of articles on the spectrum of teaching styles, a framework of instructional models based on teacher and learner decision making. The article discusses national standards for physical education and reviews the feature articles, which highlight psychomotor, cognitive, and social development spectrum style; maximizing…

  20. Introduction

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms; Bohlinger, Sandra; Haake, Ulrika;

    2015-01-01

    of local communities and workplaces. Current challenges set compelling requirements for the working and learning of the members of communities. Over the past decades of adult, professional and vocational education research, researchers have increasingly addressed globalisation and its political, value...... and the desires of workers” (ibid., p. 5). This book contributes to the current discussion on the global developments of working and learning in the fields of adult, professional and vocational education in Europe. These developments are full of paradoxes and contradictions, as Bratton et al. (2008) point out...... in their critical examination of workplace learning in advanced capitalist economies. It is therefore not an easy task to envision the future work and the learning options it will eventually offer to workers. We are living in times of uncertainty regarding the adult educational challenges on all societal levels...

  1. Introduction

    Centlivres, Pierre; Fabre, Daniel; Zonabend, Françoise

    2015-01-01

    En cette fin de siècle, alors que s’éloignent les « grands récits » historiques avec les idéologies qui les justifiaient, et que la désespérance économique s’installe, bien des discours sur le monde semblent se rallier à une sorte de millénarisme à l’envers. L’apocalypse est en marche, une apocalypse sans éclat, sans espérance et sans messie qui emporte la notion même de grandeur. Aucun homme parmi les hommes ne semble pouvoir se dresser contre le cours des temps, incarner un idéal créateur, ...

  2. Introduction

    Tsetse-borne trypanosomiasis is probably the most important disease of ruminant livestock in the majority of the 37 sub-Saharan countries in Africa affected by this disease. Furthermore, approximately 25,000 cases of human sleeping sickness occur each year and trypanosome-infected livestock play an important part as carriers in the transmission of this disease to humans. This article reviews briefly the economic impacts of trypanosomiasis before discussing how the disease can be diagnosed and its spread controlled. 9 refs

  3. Introduction

    Hansen, Henrik; Andersen, Ole Winckler; White, Howard

    2012-01-01

    The focus on results in development agencies has led to increased focus on impact evaluation to demonstrate the effectiveness of development programmes. A range of methods are available for counterfactual analysis of infrastructure interventions, as illustrated by the variety of papers in this vo...

  4. Introduction

    Martine Azuelos

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available À l’heure de l’avènement de la société de la connaissance, le thème de l’innovation apparaît comme central dans la réflexion sur la croissance et le développement des économies. De ce point de vue, les deux principales économies du monde anglo-saxon présentent un bilan contrasté. Si, depuis leur constitution, les États-Unis se sont attachés à stimuler l’innovation, au point de développer un système dont la performance en a fait, au XXe siècle, un modèle, l’économie britannique, berceau de la ...

  5. Introduction.

    Whyte, William Foote

    1989-01-01

    Defines Participatory Action Research (PAR) as involving practitioners in the research process and building objectives into the research design. Discusses the history of organizational behavior research, listing the lessons learned from the Hawthorne study. Views current research as following either the course of "normal social science" or…

  6. Introduction

    Andersson, Lars Gustaf; Sundholm, John; Vesterlund, Per

    2013-01-01

    Film has often been excluded from the other art forms when cultural policies have been discussedand implemented. This general tendency to place film outside «cultural policies proper» is due toseveral reasons. One is the relationship between industrial production and film art; film productioncompanies or cinema theatres have rather been connected to the sphere of national industry andcommerce, than to the sphere of cultural institutions. Another reason is the early establishment offilm as a m...

  7. Introduction

    Chanteau, Jean-Pierre; Coriat, Benjamin; Labrousse, Agnès; Orsi, Fabienne

    2014-01-01

    Il y a dix-huit mois à peine, le 12 juin 2012, Elinor Ostrom nous quittait. Un an avant, par bonheur, les contributeurs de ce numéro ont eu la chance de la rencontrer et souvent d’échanger directement avec elle, à l’occasion de sa venue en France, à Montpellier d’abord, à Paris ensuite, dans le courant du mois de juin 2011. Des ateliers de travail avaient été organisés à cette occasion. Et plusieurs des textes présentés dans ce dossier l’ont d’abord été dans ces ateliers, ou y ont été conçus....

  8. Introduction

    Bonnenfant, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Les montagnes, cœur de l’Arabie Heureuse, lui donnent sa force et son caractère. Deux fois dans l’année, en mars-avril et en juillet-août, les nuées s’accumulent sur le haut pays et le tonnerre gronde. L’eau dissout les roches et de leur diversité engendre des terroirs fertiles. Vers l’est, elle part vers le grand désert d’Arabie, en de vastes vallées où l’eau tantôt coule sous les sables, tantôt s’épanche en crues subites et redoutables. Le royaume sabéen avait su les dompter, et les ruines ...

  9. Introduction

    Rubin, Olivier; Bruun, Ole

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses various reports publsihed within the issue which includes social repercussions of diverse natural disasters and disaster management policies across Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand and Nepal, impact of the 2004 tsunami on Indonesia and the 2008 cyclone Nargis in Myanmar and South...

  10. Introduction

    Most government believe that the further spread or proliferation of nuclear weapons, particularly to unstable regions such as the Middle East, is a serious threat to global security and, therefore, to national security. Consequently many countries are attempting to evolve national and international means of preventing, or at least limiting, the proliferation of nuclear weapons. This paper reports that any country that has a significant nuclear power program has the expertise and fissile material to produce nuclear weapons. All nuclear reactors produce plutonium as a by-product, and some of the skilled nuclear manpower required to operate and maintain nuclear-power reactors could be diverted to producing nuclear weapons. In addition, as Pakistan, Israel, South Africa and Brazil have shown, Third World countries as well able to master the technology of uranium enrichment by the use of gas ultra-centrifuges. enriched uranium, like plutonium, can be used as the fissile material in nuclear weapons

  11. Introduction

    Villarino Pérez, Montserrat; Ofelia REY CASTELAO; Sánchez Ameijeiras, Rocío

    2008-01-01

    Four years ago, the editorial board of the journal SEMATA decided to devote a special issue to gender studies. This idea came as a recognition of their consolidation in the general context of the humanities, the growing number of researchers working within this field, and their interdisciplinary character. Even if four years ago the planning of such a publication was still received with a certain reticence from some sectors, today the situation is much different. Gender, feminist and women st...

  12. Introduction

    Urbanek, Piotr

    2016-01-01

    The book fits into a multidisciplinary research approach. The articles are the result of research conducted by eminent international economists, authors representing academic centres in different countries. The articles address current phenomena observed in the global economy. The authors do not aspire to comprehensively explain all the very complex and multi-dimensional economic developments, but illustrate many of these phenomena in an original way. The multi-threaded and multi-dimensional ...

  13. Introduction

    Svetlana Cojocaru; Victor Ufnarovski

    2008-01-01

    It is more than 10 years since we have published our first special issue devoted to the Computer Algebra. For us it was a starting point for the development of Computer Algebra in Moldova. Looking back we can say that this was a period during which we have found our own place in this very important part of modern Computer Science. It was, of course, impossible without the help of our colleagues from other countries, without the financial support from INTAS and Swedish Academy of Science. In f...

  14. [Introduction].

    Gerard, Adrienne; van den Bogaard, Alberts

    2008-01-01

    Along with the international trends in history of computing, Dutch contributions over the past twenty years moved away from a focus on machinery to the broader scope of use of computers, appropriation of computing technologies in various traditions, labour relations and professionalisation issues, and, lately, software. It is only natural that an emerging field like computer science sets out to write its genealogy and canonise the important steps in its intellectual endeavour. It is fair to say that a historiography diverging from such "home" interest, started in 1987 with the work of Eda Kranakis--then active in The Netherlands--commissioned by the national bureau for technology assessment, and Gerard Alberts, turning a commemorative volume of the Mathematical Center into a history of the same institute. History of computing in The Netherlands made a major leap in the spring of 1994 when Dirk de Wit, Jan van den Ende and Ellen van Oost defended their dissertations, on the roads towards adoption of computing technology in banking, in science and engineering, and on the gender aspect in computing. Here, history of computing had already moved from machines to the use of computers. The three authors joined Gerard Alberts and Onno de Wit in preparing a volume on the rise of IT in The Netherlands, the sequel of which in now in preparation in a team lead by Adrienne van den Bogaard. Dutch research reflected the international attention for professionalisation issues (Ensmenger, Haigh) very early on in the dissertation by Ruud van Dael, Something to do with computers (2001) revealing how occupations dealing with computers typically escape the pattern of closure by professionalisation as expected by the, thus outdated, sociology of professions. History of computing not only takes use and users into consideration, but finally, as one may say, confronts the technological side of putting the machine to use, software, head on. The groundbreaking works of the 2000 Paderborn meeting and by Martin Campbell-Kelly resonate in work done in The Netherlands and recently in a major research project sponsored by the European Science Foundation: Software for Europe. The four contributions to this issue offer a true cross-section of ongoing history of computing in The Netherlands. Gerard Alberts and Huub de Beer return to the earliest computers at the Mathematical Center. As they do so under the perspective of using the machines, the result is, let us say, remarkable. Adrienne van den Bogaard compares the styles of software as practiced by Van der Poel and Dijkstra: so much had these two pioneers in common, so different the consequences they took. Frank Veraart treats us with an excerpt from his recent dissertation on the domestication of the micro computer technology: appropriation of computing technology is shown by the role of intermediate actors. Onno de Wit, finally, gives an account of the development, prior to internet, of a national data communication network among large scale users and its remarkable persistence under competition with new network technologies. PMID:22586752

  15. Introduction

    Dybska, Aneta; Baudry, Sandrine

    2015-01-01

    In 1968 the French Marxist philosopher Henri Lefebvre defined the right to the city as a right to “urban life, to renewed centrality, to places of encounter and exchange, to life rhythms and time uses, enabling the full and complete usage of these moments and places, etc.” His idea caught on in the Western countries and, in recent years, has been widely used as a critical tool by American urban scholars. The study of urban dwellers’ access to space and greenery, as well as the uses these urba...

  16. Introduction

    Britz, Dieter

    This book is about the application of digital simulation to electrochemical problems. What is digital simulation? The term "simulation" came into wide use with the advent of analog computers, which could produce electrical signals that followed mathematical functions to describe or model a given physical system. When digital computers became common, people began to do these simulations digitally and called this digital simulation. What sort of systems do we simulate in electrochemistry? Most commonly they are electrochemical transport problems that we find difficult to solve, in all but a few model systems - when things get more complicated, as they do in real electrochemical cells, problems may not be solvable algebraically, yet we still want answers.

  17. Introduction

    Kaplinsky, Raphael; Cooper, Charles

    1989-01-01

    Introduces several articles on the technology and development of the industrial revolution in Third World countries. Central roles of the revolutionary character of technological changes; Workshop on the implications of a global technological revolution; Impact of technological change in the international dimensions of production.

  18. Introduction

    Miaux, Sylvie

    2013-01-01

    À l’intérieur des villes, le mouvement est partout ; à chaque coin de rue, voitures, autobus, scooters, piétons, poussettes, cyclistes… se croisent, se frôlent, s’évitent et parfois même s’entrechoquent. La vitesse paraît avoir pris le dessus, à tel point qu’on ne parle plus en termes de distance mais en fonction de la durée du déplacement. La distance n’étant plus considérée comme un obstacle majeur, les relations de l’individu à l’espace ont profondément changé. Les déplacements quotidiens ...

  19. Introduction

    Balding, David J.; Gastwirth, Joseph L.

    2003-01-01

    The word "statistics" derives from the collection and use of data to assist in the administration of a state (nation). The justice system is one of the fundamental pillars of a state, and is central to the political life of most countries. Ideas from probability and statistics have been used to try to model and improve methods of legal decision-making since the earliest days of our discipline in the 16th and 17th centuries. More recently, the debate over the Bayesian statistica...

  20. Introduction

    Yoann Boget

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available « Le conflit est la mouche du coche de la pensée.Il stimule l’observation et la mémoire. »John DeweyLa fin de la guerre froide a marqué l’émergence de nouveaux types de conflictualités : terrorisme (attentats du 11 septembre 2001, guerres « préventives » (en Afghanistan ou en Irak, etc. Les conflits armés prennent des formes nouvelles, interrogent la légitimité de l’action des démocraties impliquées, et obligent à un travail de redéfinition juridique au niveau mondial (Walzer, 1977 et MacMa...

  1. Introduction

    Wotring, Virginia E.; Southern, Sarka O.; Mentzer, Mark A.; Rodriquez-Chavez, Isaac

    2014-01-01

    The 2014 SPIE Sensing Technologies for Global Health, Military Medicine and Environmental Monitoring conference embraced a wealth of state-of-the-art information in basic and applied science. This event covered the latest developments in the following areas: Non-invasive Disease Diagnostics for Global Health- This opening series of two consecutive sessions focused on oral biospecimen based rapid assays and point-of-care devices for the detection of pathogens causing infectious diseases, biomarkers for cancer, and analytes for noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes. They also covered presentations on the human proteasome and microbiome with linkage to human diseases and diagnostic approaches. The sessions were built on the past experience and expertise of the National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Military Medicine I: Traumatic Brain Injury and PTSD-This assembly covered oral-biomarker based diagnostics for brain damage and TBI as well as prevention and rehabilitation technologies. Neurorehabilitation and noninvasive neuromodulation were also discussed as critical approaches for effective functioning. Military Medicine II: Physiology and Medicine of Extreme Environments and Spaceflight-This scientific segment showcased physiological, pharmacological and diagnostic sensing methodologies during spaceflight per the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as well as military-relevant toxicans and future sensing trends per the Department of Defense. It also included latest technologies to determine hydration status in warfighters, eye surgery using the latest laser technologies, and sensing tools for blood analysis. ? Sensing Technologies for Disease Diagnostics and Environmental Monitoring-This closing series of two consecutive sessions provided the venues to learn and discuss more results on the next generation of diagnostic tools and field technologies for diseases, including biomarker detection by digital imaging, multiplex technologies, capillary electrophoresis and molecular platforms serving as labs-on-chips. This conference allowed cross-fertilization of ideas, projects and collaborative work by a multidisciplinary audience of national and international colleagues from the academia, industry and federal government: The National Institutes of Health, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Department of Defense.

  2. Introduction

    Haroche, Serge

    2015-01-01

    Les méthodes d’examen et de diagnostic médical ont beaucoup évolué depuis Laennec, l’inventeur du stéthoscope, qui fut professeur au Collège de France dans les années 1820. À l’appareil acoustique rudimentaire qui permet d’écouter les bruits internes du corps humain ont succédé des procédés d’investigation plus puissants, nous livrant des informations beaucoup plus précises sur ce qui, se passant sous notre enveloppe corporelle, était resté caché depuis les origines de la médecine. Ces inform...

  3. Introduction

    NONE

    1993-01-01

    This section of the report describes the history of the tribology program of the Office of Transportation Materials (OTM) in the Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT). The mission of the Office of Transportation Technology is discussed. OTT`s research objectives focus on (1) automobiles and light-duty trucks and vans and (2) heavy duty trucks and buses. Even small gains in efficiency can produce large paybacks for the tax dollar. The mission of the Office of Transportation Materials is also described. Its research objective is to enable the development and engineering of energy-efficient transportation systems that will make possible the transition of the U.S. transportation sector from dependence on petroleum to alternative fuels and electricity. The mission of the Tibology Program is to provide the base technology to enable savings in annual U.S. energy consumption through tribological advances in the transportation sector. Current task areas are in the fields of advanced lubrication, engineered tribological interfaces, advanced tribomaterials and components, and project management.

  4. Introduction

    The Heavy Ion Laboratory of the Warsaw University is the 'User type' facility, providing heavy ion beams to a number of Polish and foreign research groups and to limited extent for its own research programme. In 2005 the Warsaw cyclotron operated for close to 3000 hours of beam on target. 20 experiments, all recommended by the Program Advisory Committee, were performed by more than one hundred facility users. Their scientific achievements are presented in this Report. Here I would like to mention some highlights of the scientific projects with heavy-ion beams delivered by HIL cyclotron. Search for chirality in medium mass nuclei using OSIRIS-II set-up resulted in vivid discussion among nuclear spectroscopists, both theorists and experimentalists. Studies of the quasi-elastic barrier distributions revealed interesting phenomena, not yet fully explainable. Giant Dipole Resonance project with JANOSIK system yielded many new results. Coulomb Excitation investigation of shape coexistence in nuclei was progressing, providing data complementary to those from radioactive beams from CERN and GANIL. Also interesting results concerning optical-model potential in light nuclei interactions were obtained within Warsaw-Krakow-Kiev collaboration. Besides pure nuclear physics the cyclotron delivered beams for projects in solid-state physics, most notably connected to detector development as well as for biological studies. HIL remained an interdisciplinary user facility, keeping high profile of its scientific output, as can be judged from the list of publications contained in Part D of this Report. At the end of 2005 our experimental equipment started to be substantially enlarged. Thanks to the collaboration with the CNRS centre IRES in Strasbourg their excellent charged particle multidetector set-up ICARE was installed on the 'last-free' beam line of the Warsaw Cyclotron. After the well organized transportation and mechanical mounting by an experts team from IRES in collaboration with our mechanical workshop, this detector is now awaiting to receive the first heavy ion beam and to pass the operation tests. Besides the heavy ion machine, the Laboratory will soon be equipped with the second, low energy (16.5 MeV, p), high current proton - deuteron cyclotron for the production of short lived radiopharmaceuticals for the Positron Emission Tomography. As already presented in the last year Annual Report, this will allow the creation of an interdisciplinary laboratory, the Warsaw Positron Emission Tomography Centre. This project was launched by the Heavy Ion Laboratory and the Nuclear Medicine Department at the Clinical Hospital of the Medical University in Warsaw in 2001. In 2003 the Warsaw Consortium for PET Collaboration (WCPC) was created and presently it plays an active role in the project preparation. The WCPC will possess a single radiopharmaceuticals production unit located at HIL and will be equipped with a commercial proton/deuteron cyclotron, chemical units and a quality control laboratory. The PET CT, PET or adapted SPECT scanners will be successively located in the Warsaw hospital centers, starting with the medical unit closest (500 m) to the radiopharmaceuticals production place. The participation in the WCPC of numerous University and Polish Academy of Sciences units will promote the Warsaw PET Centre activity in research and educational area. The planned purchase of the micro - PET animal scanner will substantially help in this activity. After four years of efforts, in 2004 the Warsaw PET project obtained the financial support from the Ministry of Sciences and Informatization, which allocated 10 MPLN (about 2.4 MEUR) for the equipment of the Radiopharmaceuticals Production Department of the Warsaw PET Centre. At the end of the same year the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency accepted our project of Technical Cooperation with the Agency and allocated almost 0.9 MUS$ for this project. The same year, Ministry of Health reiterated its written engagement to supply in 2006 the Warsaw PET Centre with a PET CT scanner. In 2005 the IAEA launched a tender for a turn - key project of the Heavy Ion Laboratory building adaptation and the supply of PET radiopharmaceuticals production equipment (cyclotron, radiochemistry units, quality control). During the common IAEA and HIL experts meeting in November 2005 the tender offers were evaluated and the Company General Electric Healthcare was selected as a best bidder. The official announcement of the tender results was issued by Agency in February 2006 and the contract negotiations started soon after. In the beginning of 2006 we responded to two calls, asking for the detailed description of our centre to appear in the international surveys of worldwide nuclear or European user type facilities, respectively. The first one was issued by the IUPAP (International Union of Pure and Applied Physics) and the second one by the European Commission, evaluating the European Research Infrastructures. Both questionnaires are included at the end of this Annual Report. (author)

  5. Introduction

    Loriot, François; Plantey, Alain

    2016-01-01

    1. – Le monde contemporain se caractérise par un extraordinaire développement des relations entre les peuples. Les préoccupations, les méthodes, les institutions internationales glissent de la diplomatie vers l’administration, de la négociation des gouvernements vers la gestion des services. Durable, étendu, continu, ce mouvement entraîne une prolifération d’institutions nouvelles et diverses qui en sont le support juridique et qui répondent à des besoins concrets suivant une division et une ...

  6. Introduction

    Margairaz, Michel

    2013-01-01

    Au moment où l’Allemagne vient de nous donner une si éclatante leçon d’organisation scientifique du travail industriel, administratif et militaire (...) où l’on va être contraint de réorganiser l’administration et la production en France, il est impossible de différer les mesures qui leur assureront l’efficience indispensable à leur survie.(Jean Coutrot, octobre 1940.) C’est la présence des Allemands qui nous a donné l’occasion et qui nous donne la possibilité de faire notre réforme intérieur...

  7. Introduction

    Egbert, Maria; Deppermann, Arnulf

    2012-01-01

    Hearing loss is a prevalent communication disability, yet to date there is almost no research on naturally occurring interaction which examines how participants handle hearing loss and the use of hearing aids in communication. In contrast, research focussing on the medical and technological dimen......, interdisciplinary research approach geared at understanding and improving social interaction impacted by hearing loss and (non-)use of hearing technologies. Towards this end, we are integrating Conversation Analysis, audiology and User Centered Design.......Hearing loss is a prevalent communication disability, yet to date there is almost no research on naturally occurring interaction which examines how participants handle hearing loss and the use of hearing aids in communication. In contrast, research focussing on the medical and technological...... dimensions has advanced tremendously. Still, the social reaction to hearing loss is frequently stress, withdrawal and isolation. Despite the enormous technological development, most people who could benefit from a hearing aid do not use it. The goal of this edited volume is to present a theoretically founded...

  8. Introduction

    Everybody who takes an interest in environmental policy knows about the difficulties involved at all levels in reaching the generally accepted goal of integrating environmental protection in other political fields - and the difficulties are even greater in a period of emerging economic recession, since many still mistakenly view environmental protection as an unnecessary extravagance. This holds true for policies not only et EC level but also at the national level. It has been clear now for some time that the task of protecting the natural environment largely transcends individual fields of policy. The cross-section clause in Article 130 r paragraph 2 s. 2 of the EEC Treaty, according to which the demands of environmental protection are an integral part of the other policies of the Community, is a genuine legal innovation. (orig./HSCH)

  9. Introduction

    Breindahl, Charlie; Mackinney-Valentin, Maria; Engholm, Ida;

    2015-01-01

    In this volume of Artifact, we wish to explore design through the design concept, and thereby the societal praxis of designers through the theoretical concept of design. Design is praxis, but it is also formed by the way we frame the concept of design. We have endeavoured to give space for a rath...

  10. Introduction

    Thoraya Ahmed Obaid

    2007-01-01

    I have the great pleasure of introducing this special issue of Forced Migration Review. This edition builds on the momentum generated by the International Symposiumon Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond, convened inJune 2006 in Brussels by the United Nations PopulationFund (UNFPA), the Government of Belgium and theEuropean Commission.

  11. Introduction

    Cassata, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    Francis Galton’s gospel was quickly spread around the world. In 1924, a report of the International Commission of Eugenics published in Eugenical News listed fifteen countries in which eugenics had assumed an institutional form: England, Germany, the United States, Italy, France, Belgium, Switzerland, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Czechoslovakia, Norway, Argentina, Cuba and Russia; countries that were cooperating with the International Commission included Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Mexico, Venezue...

  12. Introduction

    Feltes Thomas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the three-year European-wide research project “Gender-based Violence, Stalking and Fear of Crime” (2009-2011 was to verify this hypothesis and to collect, analyse and compare relevant data in five European countries. The EU project, which has been funded through the program “Prevention of and Fight against Crime” and initiated by the EU Commission on General Justice, Freedom and Security, was coordinated by the Department of Criminology at the Ruhr University Bochum in Germany. In addition, the consortium covers the University of Bologna, Jagiellonian University in Cracow/Poland, Universitát Autonoma de Barcelona/Spain and Keele University in the U.K.The victimisation of young women through sexual harassment, stalking and sexual violence, along with their fear of crime, and their need for support, were the subject of an online questionnaire made available at universities in Germany, Italy, Spain, Poland and Britain.

  13. Introduction

    Feltes Thomas

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the three-year European-wide research project “Gender-based Violence, Stalking and Fear of Crime” (2009-2011) was to verify this hypothesis and to collect, analyse and compare relevant data in five European countries. The EU project, which has been funded through the program “Prevention of and Fight against Crime” and initiated by the EU Commission on General Justice, Freedom and Security, was coordinated by the Department of Criminology at the Ruhr University Bochum in Germany. In...

  14. Introduction

    Zorc Maver, Darja

    2010-01-01

    The articles in this issue were assembled for the purpose of calling attention to the modern trends of the exclusion of young people from various social fields – the labour market and employment, the healthcare system, education – and in this way stir social conscience and encourage a sense of responsibility that society has to these young people.

  15. Introduction

    Gilles Couderc

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Les articles qui suivent sont le fruit du colloque « Réécritures et livrets d’opéra dans le monde anglophone » tenu en novembre 2006 à l’Université de Caen et organisé par l’équipe de recherche « Littératures et Sociétés Anglophones » (LSA. Il s’inscrivait dans le cadre des axes de recherche développés par cette équipe qui s’intéresse aux enjeux non seulement esthétiques mais aussi sociaux de l’opéra, à la sociologie de la musique et aux pratiques culturelles impliquant la musique. Il faisai...

  16. Introduction

    Raphaël Baroni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available On parle souvent de « structure musicale » à propos de l’art romanesque, sans, d’ailleurs, toujours très bien savoir ce que l’on doit exactement entendre par là ; mais on évoque moins souvent l’idée qu’en elle-même la musique se développe selon des schémas comparables à ceux d’une intrigue romanesque. Sans même chercher à tout prix à évoquer la musique « à programme » – dont les liens avec la littérature sont souvent naïfs, quand ils ne sont pas carrément contredits et dépassés par la force m...

  17. Introduction

    Vliet, van B.J.M.; Spaargaren, G.; Oosterveer, P.J.M.

    2010-01-01

    This chapter introduces what the social sciences can offer to sanitation and the challenges that lay ahead of providing sustainable access to sanitation to billions of people in both the Western as well as the developing world. It outlines three social scientific perspectives to the sanitation chall

  18. Introduction

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Notre appel à contributions Institutions, régulation et développement a rencontré un grand intérêt. Aussi, les articles retenus ont-ils donné lieu à un double dossier (numéros 6 et 7. Les contributions se rapportent principalement aux débats en cours et aux perspectives qui animent la recherche académique autour des institutions, de la régulation et du développement. Le volet rétrospectif, consistant à opérer un retour critique sur les travaux de Théorie de la régulation dans l’étude du déve...

  19. Introduction

    Machinal, Hélène

    2016-01-01

    Il est courant de ne connaître de la production littéraire de Sir Arthur Conan Doyle que les nouvelles mettant en scène Sherlock Holmes. Doyle est même un de ces rares auteurs qui créèrent un personnage devenu si familier aux lecteurs que ces derniers en ont oublié le créateur. Ce dernier a disparu parmi les ombres les plus immatérielles depuis le mois de juillet 1930, et pourtant, la créature fictionnelle parade toujours sous les feux de la rampe. Cette présence envahissante du personnage in...

  20. Introduction

    Boom W.H. van, Garde A., Akseli, O.; Boom W.H. van, Garde A., Akseli, O.

    2014-01-01

    In 2005, the EU Directive on Unfair Commercial Practices was adopted. The UCP Directive has the ambitious aim of addressing unfair commercial practices directly related to distorting consumers' economic behaviour concerning transactional decisions. In this introductory chapter to the edited volume "

  1. Introduction

    Robert Moffitt

    1990-01-01

    The effect of government spending on labor supply behavior is critical to predicting the balanced-budget effect of income taxes and to estimating the marginal social cost of public funds. Yet, its very existence, not to mention direction and magnitude, ...

  2. Introduction

    Boyer, Véronique; Le Menestrel, Sara

    2014-01-01

    L’idée d’organiser un colloque sur pareil sujet nous est venue en constatant le recours récurrent et croissant à certaines notions sur nos terrains respectifs. « Race », « ethnie » et « communauté » s’imposaient en effet à nous comme des catégories omniprésentes, et par là même incontournables, sans qu’elles fussent nécessairement au centre de nos objets d’étude. Les discours et les pratiques que nous analysons, qu’ils portent sur la musique en Louisiane (Le Menestrel) ou sur le patrimoine im...

  3. INTRODUCTION

    Chan, L; R. Devakos; G. Mircea

    2005-01-01

    Institutional repositories (IR) represent an innovative solution to many of the challenges encountered in the rapidly evolving world of scholarly publishing, such as open access and the preservation of the growing array of digital content. This workshop is intended to help academic authors, research library and IT directors and their staff plan for the implementation and full deployment of repositories designed to house a diversity of resources, such as articles, data sets, images, video, and...

  4. Introduction

    Lengrand, Anaïs Planchard et Claire

    2015-01-01

    La deuxième partie du colloque est consacrée à l’égalité de genre. Force est de constater le peu d’études réalisées en droit français mobilisant le concept de genre, contrairement aux autres disciplinaires ainsi qu’au monde anglo-saxon. Pourtant, il y a matière à s’emparer du genre comme outil d’analyse du droit, comme le démontre notamment le travail de REGINE. Mais le genre mérite aussi d’avoir sa place dans l’enseignement du droit. En effet, à partir du postulat que le droit est un rapport...

  5. Introduction

    Lund, Birthe; Chemi, Tatiana

    2015-01-01

    In educational contexts, the study of emotions has often, until recently, been neglected. This lack of interest has characterised several domains of knowledge, including the educational one, which is the main topic of the present anthology. The general neglect of emotions in education is regretta...... learning process, and perhaps among the most influential for learning processes, are the students’ and educators’ values and emotions. It is consequently vital to acknowledge emotions in education and educational changes in order to create innovative learning....

  6. Introduction

    Villers, Stéphanie

    2013-01-01

    Vingt décembre 2005 : la Belgique connaît son premier procès pour fait d’avortement depuis la dépénalisation partielle, en 1990, de l’interruption volontaire de grossesse. Ce jour-là, devant le tribunal correctionnel de Bruges, comparaissent deux médecins, une psychologue, une infirmière et une coordinatrice d’un centre de planning familial d’Ostende. Ils sont poursuivis pour avoir avorté, en 2001, une adolescente de quatorze ans sans respecter le délai de six jours entre la première consulta...

  7. Introduction

    Villers, Stéphanie

    2013-01-01

    L’avortement de la première moitié du xxe siècle a désormais un visage. Un visage dont les contours ont été tracés en grande partie grâce aux travaux des moralistes et des démographes de l’époque. Si les traits de l’avortement d’alors sont plus familiers, son poids, lui, reste inconnu. Son importance chiffrée fait défaut. Le recours aux statistiques devient nécessaire. Dans ce domaine, malheureusement, l’avortement souffre de larges ignorances en raison d’un « vide » statistique. Certes, les ...

  8. Introduction

    Barbe, Lionel

    2015-01-01

    L’année 2012 a constitué un tournant important dans l’histoire des sciences. Coup sur coup, Enclopædia Britannica et l’Encyclopédie Universalis ont annoncé la fin de leurs éditions imprimées. La première édition de Britannica avait vu le jour 244 ans plus tôt, en 1768, quelques années après la première édition de l’encyclopédie de Diderot et D’Alembert. Étant inséparable des Lumières dont elle fut le terreau fertile, l’imprimerie a alimenté les innombrables sociétés littéraires et académies d...

  9. Introduction

    El-Bizri, Dalal

    2014-01-01

    Nous les Arabes, détenteurs officiels de la langue de l’islam, eûmes bien des démêlés avec la question des femmes. Depuis un siècle et demi, depuis notre seconde rencontre-choc avec l’Occident... la première s’étant déroulée plusieurs siècles auparavant, et dans des conditions plus choquantes, mais moins embarrassantes... depuis 1798 donc, nous n’arrêtons pas de discourir, commenter, déclamer, et parfois même versifier... – l’éloquence étant notre plus forte faiblesse – à propos des femmes. N...

  10. Introduction

    Some sort of continuation to that meeting and also a continuation to the discussion that we have had here yesterday and today, we are planning to have a consultant's meeting in preparation of the program on research reactor core conversions to use low enriched uranium instead of highly enriched uranium. This exercise has been coordinated with INFCE and it is not the intention that work would be duplicating each other but rather all meeting at the end of November, early December, is something that we would like to look at concrete cases in mainly developing countries that are currently utilizing highly enriched uranium so that we would like to make some sort of a check list or technical evaluation of what must be done in certain country cases to prepare core conversions that would utilize the new fuel designs that have been discussed here yesterday and today. We also hope that during the meeting in about three weeks, we could discuss some demonstration projects or programs that could take place in certain research reactors and perhaps including a demonstration program in developing countries and here these exercises could be organized through the Agency. Perhaps as a coordinating research program, but this is still preliminary thinking and subject to further discussion

  11. Introduction

    Wadi, Shahd; Garraio, Júlia

    2015-01-01

    The camera is like a magic lantern that we embrace to make our dreams come true. It is the tool we use to reclaim our existence, memory, and humanity.Mai Masri (Palestinian movie maker), 2008 In 2011 we organized a cinema and debate cycle entitled ‘Palestinian Women and Cinema’ in Lisbon and Coimbra, Portugal. We wanted to bring to the public a cinematography that is practically unknown, but mostly we were interested in promoting a discussion about cinema, feminism and Palestine. This initia...

  12. Introduction

    Gossman, Lionel

    2015-01-01

    The name of Max, Freiherr von Oppenheim (1860–1946) still rings a bell in two fields of scholarly specialization. Among archaeologists and ethnographers working on ancient Near and Middle Eastern civilizations, he is well known as the discoverer of Tell Halaf, a rich treasure trove of artefacts, some dating from prehistoric times, some from around 1,000 B.C., in Northern Syria, and as an attentive and sympathetic observer and analyst of the customs and social structure of the Bedouins. In the...

  13. Introduction

    Costa, Ana; Rodrigues, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    Este documento é uma tradução do livro publicado em português, “Pobreza e Paz nos PALOP”, Sextante Editora (2009), ISBN 978-989-676-007-6 As the end result of a multidisciplinary investigation project conducted in Africa, this publication about Poverty and Peace in the Portuguese-speaking African Countries1 has the purpose, on one hand, of presenting the main conclusions of the studies conducted in these countries and, on the other, to provide a collection of guidelines for future...

  14. Introduction

    ALESSANDRO RONCAGLIA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This is the first “regular†issue of PSL Quarterly Review, after the two special issues for 2008 and 2009. As an economists’ phoenix, the Review is born out of the ashes of its forerunner, the BNL Quarterly Review, after a change in ownership, from Banca Nazionale del Lavoro to the Associazione Paolo Sylos Labini. The “new†Quarterly retains the editor and the editorial board of the “old†Quarterly, and its orientation towards scientific research and debate in the field of economic theory and policy, with specific but not exclusive attention to monetary and financial issues and with no preconceived choice of field among the different schools of thought. In essence, we have a new series of an old journal.

  15. Introduction

    de Laat, Cees; Develder, Chris; Jukan, Admela; Mambretti, Joe

    This topic is devoted to communication issues in scalable compute and storage systems, such as parallel computers, networks of workstations, and clusters. All aspects of communication in modern systems were solicited, including advances in the design, implementation, and evaluation of interconnection networks, network interfaces, system and storage area networks, on-chip interconnects, communication protocols, routing and communication algorithms, and communication aspects of parallel and distributed algorithms. In total 15 papers were submitted to this topic of which we selected the 7 strongest papers. We grouped the papers in two sessions of 3 papers each and one paper was selected for the best paper session. We noted a number of papers dealing with changing topologies, stability and forwarding convergence in source routing based cluster interconnect network architectures. We grouped these for the first session. The authors of the paper titled: “Implementing a Change Assimilation Mechanism for Source Routing Interconnects” propose a mechanism that can obtain the new topology, and compute and distribute a new set of fabric paths to the source routed network end points to minimize the impact on the forwarding service. The article entitled “Dependability Analysis of a Fault-tolerant Network Reconfiguration Strateg” reports on a case study analyzing the effects of network size, mean time to node failure, mean time to node repair, mean time to network repair and coverage of the failure when using a 2D mesh network with a fault-tolerant mechanism (similar to the one used in the BlueGene/L system), that is able to remove rows and/or columns in the presence of failures. The last paper in this session: “RecTOR: A New and Efficient Method for Dynamic Network Reconfiguration” presents a new dynamic reconfiguration method, that ensures deadlock-freedom during the reconfiguration without causing performance degradation such as increased latency or decreased throughput. The second session groups 3 papers presenting methods, protocols and architectures that enhance capacities in the Networks. The paper titled: “NIC-assisted Cache-Efficient Receive Stack for Message Passing over Ethernet” presents the addition of multiqueue support in the Open-MX receive stack so that all incoming packets for the same process are treated on the same core. It then introduces the idea of binding the target end process near its dedicated receive queue. In general this multiqueue receive stack performs better than the original single queue stack, especially on large communication patterns where multiple processes are involved and manual binding is difficult. The authors of: “A Multipath Fault-Tolerant Routing Method for High-Speed Interconnection Networks” focus on the problem of fault tolerance for high-speed interconnection networks by designing a fault tolerant routing method. The goal was to solve a certain number of link and node failures, considering its impact, and occurrence probability. Their experiments show that their method allows applications to successfully finalize their execution in the presence of several faults, with an average performance value of 97% with respect to the fault-free scenarios. The paper: “Hardware implementation study of the Self-Clocked Fair Queuing Credit Aware (SCFQ-CA) and Deficit Round Robin Credit Aware (DRR-CA) scheduling algorithms” proposes specific implementations of the two schedulers taking into account the characteristics of current high-performance networks. A comparison is presented on the complexity of these two algorithms in terms of silicon area and computation delay. Finally we selected one paper for the special paper session: “A Case Study of Communication Optimizations on 3D Mesh Interconnects”. In this paper the authors present topology aware mapping as a technique to optimize communication on 3-dimensional mesh interconnects and hence improve performance. Results are presented for OpenAtom on up to 16,384 processors of Blue Gene/L, 8,192 processors of Blue Gene/P and 2,0

  16. Introduction

    Andersen, Dorte Jagodic; Sandberg, Marie

    2012-01-01

    of European borders by looking at border practices in the light of the mobility turn, and thus as dynamic, multiple, diverse and best expressed in everyday experiences of people living at and with borders, rather than focusing on static territorial divisions between states and regions at geopolitical...... level. It provides border scholars and researchers as well as policymakers with new empirical and theoretical evidence on the de- and re-bordering processes going on in diverse border regions in Europe, both within and outside of the EU....

  17. Introduction

    The International Youth Nuclear Congress 2000 was a unique, first-of-its-kind event organized by an international group of young people. IYNC 2000 brought together a new generation of nuclear scientists and engineers to discuss current and future issues in the nuclear field. In parallel to the establishment of this international network, a common message on nuclear issues was distilled out of these days of unique interaction and sent to the outside world in the form of 'Y-Notes.' Participants in IYNC 2000 included both the new generation of nuclear scientists and engineers, and established professionals in the various fields of nuclear science and technology. It was expected that all participants shared a desire to think 'outside the box' to consider innovative approaches to the issues facing the nuclear industry now and in the future. Active participation in IYNC 2001 was solicited from students, young professionals, and established professionals in the various fields of nuclear science and technology. A number of paper and poster presentations, plenary sessions, workshops, and informal discussions comprised the interaction from those who were excited about the future of nuclear science and technology

  18. Introduction

    Baumert, Nicolas; Guichard-Anguis, Sylvie

    2015-01-01

    Le séisme du 11 mars 2011 qui a frappé le Japon a provoqué une catastrophe majeure dont les images, largement diffusées dans les médias, ont rappelé par la violence de l’aléa (évalué à 9 sur l’échelle de Richter), la vulnérabilité des sociétés humaines face à l’enchainement des risques naturels et humains. À la succession de destructions ayant fait près de 20 000 victimes, et à l’accident nucléaire de la centrale de Fukushima n° 1 près d’Iwaki, s’est ajoutée une crise alimentaire sévère qui a...

  19. Introduction

    Bensimon, Fabrice; Tombs, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Si on demandait aux historiens britanniques quels sont les historiens français dont les noms leur sont les plus familiers, Marc Bloch et Fernand Braudel figureraient sans doute en bonne place. La question inverse, posée aux spécialistes français du XIXe siècle, appellerait sans doute les noms d’E. P. Thompson et d’Eric Hobsbawm. À juste titre : on verra dans plusieurs des contributions de ce numéro à quel point l’œuvre de ces deux auteurs – qui eurent en commun non seulement d’appartenir à la...

  20. Introduction

    Bennassar, Bartolomé

    2013-01-01

    Pourquoi Valladolid ? Tous les historiens contemporains sont avertis de l’importance de l’histoire de la péninsule ibérique au xvie siècle comme clé de l’histoire européenne des temps modernes. Préparée par les travaux d’Albert Girard, confirmée par ceux d’Earl J. Hamilton, la découverte de cette importance fut consacrée par La Méditerranée de Fernand Braudel : de vieux problèmes étaient résolus mais des hypothèses neuves étaient formulées, des voies inconnues ouvertes, qui appelaient d’autre...

  1. Introduction

    Achim, Viorel

    2013-01-01

    In traditional approaches, the history of Romania could be written without reference to the Gypsies For a long time, history was regarded as being about those who were in the centre of historical events. The Gypsies, however, have never been a part of “History with a capital H”. For centuries, on Romanian territories they were kept in a state of collective slavery. Emancipation from slavery in the mid-nineteenth century did not secure their complete integration into modern Romanian society, ...

  2. Introduction

    Marc Chenetier

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This « concept » or « test » issue  of the European Journal of American Studies gathers a series of presentations on the state of and problems posed by American Studies in a variety of European countries. As we endeavored to take advantage of the potential new dimension that might be given American Studies in Europe thanks to the generous hospitality of the « revues.org » website, it seemed fit to give Americanists and all readers interested in American Studies a general sense of the situatio...

  3. Introduction

    The Heavy Ion Laboratory of the Warsaw University is a user-type facility, providing heavy ion beams to a number of Polish and foreign research groups and, to a limited extent, for its own research programme. In 2007 the Warsaw Cyclotron delivered almost 2000 hours of beam on target. Fifteen experiments were performed following the recommendations of the Programme Advisory Committee and for these studies more than one hundred user accesses to our facility were granted. Among papers, published in 2007 and in the beginning of 2008, one should mention the first '' regular '' publication resulting from work using the Warsaw IGISOL system (Phys. Rev. C76(2007)054320), dealing with the α decay of a newly found isomer in 216Fr. The Lodz-Warsaw collaboration published a detailed description of their recently developed conversion electron spectrometer (NIM A585(2008)155), which is presently coupled to the gamma-ray multidetector system OSIRIS-II in order to investigate properties of long-lived isomeric states in gamma-electron coincidence measurements. Two papers from the Kiev-Krakow-Warsaw collaboration (Eur. Phys. J. A33(2007)317, Nucl. Phys. A785 (2007)293) describe the results of investigation of elastic and inelastic scattering of light heavy ions on light targets. Finally, a paper by visitors from Kielce presents the data obtained using directly the beam from the ECR ion source (Vacuum 81(2007) 1348). The section B of this Report presents on-going research projects. Let me quote a few examples of these contributions. The very active Coulomb Excitation group (based mainly at HIL) presents a new implementation of an algorithm allowing to speed up the data evaluation using the GOSIA code. After years of work with single germanium detectors, operating in coincidence with the CUDAC scattering chamber, the same group eventually migrated to the OSIRIS-II gamma-ray multidetector system, substantially increasing the event statistics in the study of Coulomb excited levels in 100Mo. A team led by Nuclear Physics Division of the Warsaw University continues its research on chiral symmetry breaking in nuclei in the mass region around A=130. Their recent experimental work resulted in a large set of nuclear level lifetimes in 130La measured using the Doppler Shift Attenuation Method The same group proposes a phenomenological classification of the symmetry breaking phenomenon based on the transition probabilities, previously determined using the Warsaw Cyclotron beams. Their achievements were clearly recognized by the Polish scientific community - Dr. Ernest Grodner from this group was awarded in 2007 the prestigious Zdzislaw Szymanski Prize, as well as the Prime Minister Prize for the best PhD thesis in 2006. A young and active team from the Department of Physics, University of Lodz reports on the conversion electron study of the 9 ms isomer in 132Ce. A substantial funding from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in December 2006 allowed us to order a part of the new ECR ion source from the French company PANTECHNIK. The contract between the Warsaw University and the Company was signed in the beginning of 2008. The strong involvement of the Heavy Ion Laboratory in the Warsaw PET Project was continued in 2007 and is described in section A. However, the installation of the Radiopharmaceuticals Production Centre in the Heavy Ion Laboratory building has been substantially delayed due to legal and administrative problems. After a lot of efforts, the deadline for the building adaptation and the equipment installation has been fixed for the beginning of 2009. The idea of constructing in Poland a fourth generation High Temperature Nuclear Reactor (HTR) emerged from our Laboratory. The process of coal to liquid fuels conversion would allow the reduction of CO2 emission. The future of this project, depending on decisions to be made at the governmental level, is still uncertain. However, its reception by at least a part of European atomic energy communities was encouraging. The rich programme of educational and science popularisation activities, in which the Laboratory staff is engaged, was continued in 2007 and is described in Part A of this Report. Another important and time-consuming activity was related to the HIL participation in the European Commission FP7 programmes. Last year, under call FP7-Infrastructures-2007-1 the proposal '' SPIRAL2-Preparatory Phase '' was accepted. Our Laboratory participates in one of the Work Packages of this proposal. Two other proposals were recently prepared by the European nuclear physics community within a similar EC call for 2008. The first one, ENSAR, as a successor of EURONS realized within the FP6 was mainly intended to finance the nuclear physics research via the European Large Scale Facilities. However, the activity and persistence of smaller laboratories from Central and Eastern Europe (operating within the East-West Outreach Network in EURONS) resulted in them being accepted into ENSAR within a common JRA EWIRA (East-West Integrated Research Activity). In addition, our Laboratory participates in one of the Networks of the ENSAR project. The second proposal, called EUCYNET, emanates from the network of small European cyclotrons operating for medical and material research applications. Within this proposal our Laboratory offers the Transnational Access to the presently operating heavy ion cyclotron as well as to the future proton machine. If it is accepted, we will also participate in three Networking Activities of this project. The two above-mentioned proposals were submitted to the EC at the end of February 2008. It is expected that the Evaluation Summary Reports will be sent to proposal coordinators mid-May 2008. (author)

  4. Introduction

    Bainbridge, William Sims

    This brief introductory chapter sets the stage for a broad discussion of many aspects of virtual worlds, by comparing episodes experienced by two avatar researchers, one in Second Life (SL), and the other in Star Wars Galaxies (SWG). Interviewer Wilber attends a medieval dance on an SL island created by Starfleet, an innovative and hard-working group of 500 Star Trek fans, who have created working virtual technology and soaring architecture to make real their fantasies about the human future. Algorithma Teq visits the Mos Eisley Cantina in SWG, where Luke Skywalker originally met Han Solo, and is scrutinized by two Imperial storm troopers, even as she attempts to remain aloof from the Star Wars mythos and simply practice her engineering skills in making droids. It can be useful to distinguish gamelike virtual worlds from non-game worlds, yet as these examples show, they are not distinct categories, and virtual worlds inevitably mix fantasy and reality in complex ways.

  5. Introduction

    Barrientos Tecún, Dante

    2013-01-01

    En 1947, dans les éditions “Cuadernos Cubanos”, José Antonio Portuondo publie un essai, sous forme de livre, intitulé En torno a la novela detectivesca. Dans cet ouvrage de soixante-dix pages, l’auteur propose une analyse du roman policier, genre qui, affirme-t-il, compte à l’époque avec un nombre conséquent de consommateurs ou de ce qu’il nomme « gozadores desinteresados », autrement dit, des lecteurs qui prennent un plaisir désintéressé à lire ce type de production. Le critique cubain bross...

  6. Introduction

    Team, Editorial

    2013-01-01

    CONTEXT / İÇİNDEKİLER   Felsefe Gurubu Dersleri (Psikoloji, Sosyoloji, Mantık) Öğretim Programları ve LYS Sorularının Karşılaştırmalı Analizi Philosophy Comparative Analysis of Philosophy Group Courses (Psychology, Sociology, Logic) Curriculums and Undergraduate Placement Exam (LYS) Questions Baykal BİÇER 1 – 14 Predicting the Geometry Knowledge of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers Sınıf Öğretmeni Adaylarının Geometri Bilgilerinin Yordanması Asuman DUATEPE AKSU 15 – 27 Professional Music ...

  7. Introduction

    Primož Vitez

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cette édition spéciale de Linguistica s'adresse à Vladimir Pogačnik, linguiste, professeur, traducteur et homme de théâtre qui fête cette année son soixante-dixième anniversaire.

  8. Introduction

    Micollier, Evelyne

    2004-01-01

    Using case-studies from East and Southeast Asia, the book examines sexuality and AIDS-related sexual risk in the context of Asian cultures. It offers a complementary perspective, documented with sociological and anthropological data, to historical studies and looks at commercial sex work, kinship systems, matrimonial strategies, gender, power relations, and the relevance of cultural constructs such as Confucianism and Taoism for the analysis of sexual cultures in Asia.

  9. Introduction

    This chapter presents the monograph content. It is defined that rational using of petroleum and its fractions is very important for economy and ecology. It is found that on the basis of sulfur containing compounds it is possible to obtain the ageing and corrosion inhibitors, dyes, floatation agents polymers and other products.

  10. Introduction

    Volant, Christiane

    2013-01-01

    L’importance vitale accordée actuellement aux phénomènes informationnels dans les organisations s’accompagne d’un ensemble de questionnements qui interpelle directement les Sciences de l’Information et de la Communication. Quels que soient les regards portés sur l’information : son management, son utilisation, son partage, ses dispositifs, son caractère stratégique… et le contexte organisationnel : la médiation, le débat, la décision, la mémoire…, le système informationnel devient le pivot de...

  11. Introduction.

    Rosenquist, James Niels

    2016-02-01

    When Thomas Insel announced last year that he was stepping down from his position as director of the National Institute of Mental Health to join Google Life Sciences, some surprise was expressed by my colleagues. Typically, their thinking was that individuals in his position would (should?) return to academia or perhaps work at a pharmaceutical firm developing new therapeutics. As someone familiar with both psychiatry and the technology field, I thought Dr Insel's decision was quite rational given the increasing overlap between both fields and that his move reflected this new paradigm. PMID:26930523

  12. Introduction

    Bart Beaty

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available When we want to be unkind to the tradition of comics studies we compare it to the work accomplished in other disciplines. Academic areas with higher levels of cultural credibility, longer institutional histories, and superior resources continue to dwarf comics studies in almost every imaginable way. Even in a comparison with cinema, an art form that is its rough contemporary, comics pales badly. Indeed, one could argue that comics studies in 2009 exists in a state comparable to film studies i...

  13. Introduction

    Peters, Chris

    2016-01-01

    news media diet of audiences as something clearly distinguishable from other mediated forms of communication is problematic. Similarly, as the temporal and spatial architectures of media use are increasingly unshackled from the distributional constraints of unidirectional, programmatic mass media...... referred to as “everyday life” provides a useful starting point for research into media use. It guides us towards a number of considerations, from how we structure our day through certain habits and patterns of media consumption; to the development of technology and the formation of new rituals; to...... shifting dynamics of communicative flows across societies and their impact; and to the processes whereby the emergent becomes the familiar. Obviously such analyses are not bound to the disciplinary confines of media studies and the term, “everyday life”, enjoys a rich, if vague and complicated, 20th...

  14. Introduction

    Assche, van K.; Beunen, R.; Duineveld, M.

    2014-01-01

    Understanding change has become one of the most important challenges for contemporary governance and its theories. The global economic crisis has shown that researchers and practitioners in many different fields and disciplines face great difficulties in understanding and explaining unexpected event

  15. Introduction

    Roselyne Koren

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Ce premier numéro de la revue Argumentation et Analyse du Discours se donne un triple objectif, qui correspond à un questionnement essentiel dans les domaines concernés.Tout d’abord, il s’agit d’explorer les liens qui unissent l’analyse du discours telle qu’elle se développe actuellement en France, et les théories de l’argumentation issues des travaux pionniers de Chaim Perelman et de Stephen Toulmin dans les années cinquante. La plupart des travaux réunis ici tentent de justifier - sur le pl...

  16. Introduction

    Monod Becquelin, Aurore

    2014-01-01

    L’extérieur est à l’extérieur de l’extérieur,l’intérieur n’est à l’extérieur de rien.L’intérieur est à l’extérieur de l’intérieur.L’extérieur n’est pas à l’extérieur de lui.L’intérieur n’est pas à l’intérieur de l’extérieur.L’intérieur n’est pas à l’intérieur de rien.Novarina, 1989. Un séminaire du GERM Ce numéro est le fruit de deux années du séminaire pluridisciplinaire du Groupe de recherche et d’enseignement maya (GERM) du Laboratoire d’ethnologie et de sociologie comparative, portant sur...

  17. Introduction

    Meizoz, Jérôme

    2006-01-01

    Il suffit de lire la liste des entrées de deux dictionnaires parus la même année 2002, pour constater que les approches de sociologie historique de la littérature et l’analyse du discours de tradition française partagent un certain nombre de questions et de notions communes. Dans le Dictionnaire du littéraire les articles « Discours », « Pragmatique littéraire », « Contexte », « Enoncé et énonciation » abordent plusieurs notions de l’analyse du discours. Dans le Dictionnaire d’analyse du dis...

  18. Introduction

    Jérôme Meizoz

    2006-01-01

    Il suffit de lire la liste des entrées de deux dictionnaires parus la même année 2002, pour constater que les approches de sociologie historique de la littérature et l’analyse du discours de tradition française partagent un certain nombre de questions et de notions communes.Dans le Dictionnaire du littéraire les articles « Discours », « Pragmatique littéraire », « Contexte », « Enoncé et énonciation » abordent plusieurs notions de l’analyse du discours. Dans le Dictionnaire d’analyse du disco...

  19. Introduction

    Jérôme Meizoz

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Il suffit de lire la liste des entrées de deux dictionnaires parus la même année 2002, pour constater que les approches de sociologie historique de la littérature et l’analyse du discours de tradition française partagent un certain nombre de questions et de notions communes.Dans le Dictionnaire du littéraire les articles « Discours », « Pragmatique littéraire », « Contexte », « Enoncé et énonciation » abordent plusieurs notions de l’analyse du discours. Dans le Dictionnaire d’analyse du disco...

  20. Introduction

    Ripoll, Fabrice; Veschambre, Vincent

    2008-01-01

    L’appropriation de l’espace : une problématique à reprendre et développer Au-delà des terrains empiriques ou des thèses défendues dans les différents travaux présentés ici, ce numéro thématique a d’abord pour objectif de défendre cette idée simple que la question de « l’appropriation de l’espace » est incontournable en géographie, a fortiori en géographie sociale. Autrement dit, « l’appropriation de l’espace » non seulement peut mais doit nécessairement se trouver sur le chemin de tout géogra...

  1. Introduction

    Jörg Nagler

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available February 12, 2009, marked the 200th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday. In anticipation of this event, the annual U.S. Embassy Teacher Academy, hosted by the U.S. Embassy, Berlin, from October 2 to 5, 2008 in Potsdam, explored the implications of his presidency on the United States and the world in terms of nation building, democratic development, race relations and civil rights.

  2. Introduction

    Muchie, Mammo; Baskaran, Angathevar

    2006-01-01

    selectively taking in foreign investments, developing nations need to build their own capabilities for innovation. This is a difficult balancing act, and one that requires significant indigenous investments in human capital and in R and D, and sophistication and strenght on the part of the relevant government...

  3. Introduction

    Alexander Streitberger

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The papers in this special issue arise from a conference held at the University of Louvain (UCL in Louvain-la-Neuve in October 2009 under the title Between documentation and fiction – photography in artists’ books. As for the conference, the aim of this publication is to reconsider the functions of photographic images in books created by artistes since the 1960s.

  4. Introduction

    Lahiri, P.; Slud, Eric

    2011-01-01

    The Statistics Consortium at the University of Maryland, College Park, hosted a two-day workshop on Bayesian Methods that Frequentists Should Know during April 30--May 1, 2008. The event was co-sponsored by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS), Office of Research and Methodology, National Center for Health Statistics, Survey Research Methods Section (SRMS) of the American Statistical Association, and Washington Statistical Society. The workshop was intended to bring out the positive...

  5. Introduction

    2013-01-01

    Les paramètres sociaux et humains tels qu'analysés dans la première partie, et les facteurs physiques, décortiqués dans la deuxième partie, se combinent pour expliquer l'évolution des milieux anthropisés de la Sierra Madre occidentale. De fait, l'état des pâturages et de la forêt se ressentent de décennies d'exploitation de type minier. Cette surexploitation du milieu dans la Sierra Madre occidentale (cf. « Trop de bétail et trop de bûcherons. Une économie minière », p. 191) s'est traduite pa...

  6. Introduction

    Gonzalez, Éric

    2009-01-01

    For over a century and in modes ranging from hagiography to protest, popular music has been a prime theatre of observation and representation of the United States on record, in concert and more generally in the performing arts. Studying this field, with its senders—artists and their productions—and its receivers—gatekeepers and audiences—enables us to cast a different light on the USA as a source of inspiration, rejection and attraction for musicians on both sides of the Atlantic in order to ...

  7. Introduction

    Pyka, Andreas; Andersen, Esben Sloth

    2013-01-01

    The general theme of the thirteenth International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society Conference, held during June 21th–24th, 2010 at Aalborg University in Denmark, was the exploration of the interrelated phenomena of innovation, organization, sustainability and crises. By addressing these phenomena an...

  8. Introduction

    Thorn, Ian; Au, Che On

    We published the first edition of this book in 1995 and in the ensuing years change in the pulp and paper industry has continued at great speed. Pulp production, for instance, is moving from the forests of the USA and Nordic countries to South America. Similarly, new capacity in papermaking is moving east to Asia from North America and Europe. The last decade has seen much consolidation amongst both papermakers and their suppliers. In order to survive, the industry has had to rethink its strategies. Cost has become the leading topic of boardrooms throughout the world. Whether this means raw materials, energy, employee numbers or new investment, pressure on existing resources and those serving the industry becomes greater.

  9. Introduction

    de Graauw, T.

    2010-09-01

    As this editorial is written, we have seven antennas at the Chajnantor plateau, the "High Site". Seven antennas means twenty-one baselines, i.e. more than twice as many as we had only two months ago. As you know, the bonus we have in interferometry is that the the number of baselines increases roughly with the square of the available antennas. The image quality can be further enhanced, because the projection of a celestial source onto the existing baselines changes due to the rotation of the Earth. A large number of baselines is important but not sufficient to fulfill one important promise of ALMA, namely to provide crisp images. Unlike the sharp images from the Hubble Space Telescope, images from ground based optical or radio telescopes are blurred by the Earth's atmosphere. It is the Holy Grail of observing astronomy to overcome such atmospheric effects. Recently, ALMA has made a big step toward this goal by using Water Vapor Radiometers operating at 183 GHz to measure the amount of atmospheric water vapor at any instant in the line of sight of each antenna, and applying a corresponding correction to the astronomical data received. This not only improves the image quality, it is essential for using ALMA at its lowest wavelengths of around 0.3mm and at baselines exceeding several kilometers. Achieving this has a been a collaborative effort involving many parts of the project and there are all to be congratulated. JAO has now moved into our new Santiago Central Office in Vitacura next to the ESO premises, ending a phase of two years were Santiago based staff was distributed in two different buildings. This new ALMA office will also host the ALMA archive. Although ALMA users are normally not expected to come to Chile to observe, there will be office space for visitors, since ALMA has been and will always be a cooperation of people from many countries and many fields of science and engineering. This newsletter contains a list of workshops, schools and conferences dealing with ALMA, reflecting the interest of the astronomical community in our project. I invite everybody to join these events in order to discuss the exciting science made possible with ALMA, and to learn how to use this instrument in an efficient way. After all, the first call for ALMA observing proposals will be released very soon. After having served as ALMA Project Engineer since 2004, Rick Murowinski has decided to go back to Canada. We thank him for his important contributions to our project during very crucial years and wish him all the best for his future career.

  10. INTRODUCTION

    Team, Editorial

    2012-01-01

    CONTEXT / İÇİNDEKİLER    Öğretmen Yetiştirmede Kastamonu Kız İlköğretmen Okulu Uygulaması (1956-1975) Kastamonu Teacher’s Training School for Girls in Teacher Training (1956-1975) S. Tunay Kamer 1 – 17   Fen Bilgisi I. Sınıf Öğretmen Adaylarının Elektrik Konusundaki Problemleri Anlama ve Çözme Durumları Üzerine Bir Araştırma An Investigation on Science Students’ Understanding and Solving Of Electric Problems Nevzat Yiğit, Nedim Alev, Güner Tural, M. Şahin Bülbül 18 – 36   9 Yaş Çocuklarını...

  11. Introduction

    Noémie Étienne

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Version françaiseLes textes réunis ici sont issus d’un colloque académique organisé en octobre 2010 à l’Université de Genève. Pour la première fois, des historiens de l’art internationaux ont abordé conjointement un même sujet historique : la restauration des œuvres d’art, entre 1789 et 1815. Ce moment particulier, caractérisé par les conquêtes françaises et la politique de spoliation qui s’en suivit, demandait à être analysé dans une perspective géographique large. Contrairement aux nombreus...

  12. Introduction

    Richey, Lisa Ann

    2015-01-01

    This chapter introduces our critical investigation into what celebrity humanitarianism in North–South relations suggests for contemporary configurations of politics, place and power. The chapter explains why it is important to study celebrity humanitarianism and outlines the knowledge base...... in academic debates. Key concepts of “celebrity”, “North-South relations” and “humanitarianism” are defined. Then, three relevant literatures for the study of celebrity humanitarianism are outlined: 1) the interdisciplinary literature on aid celebrities (international development studies and geography); 2...

  13. Introduction

    Agger, Annika; Damgaard, Bodil; Krogh, Andreas Hagedorn;

    2015-01-01

    unique contribution to developing a new, multi-disciplinary theory of public innovation. The case studies are mainly based on qualitative data; however, the authors note that quantitative studies and mixed methods could potentially advance the research field even further. Nevertheless, the case studies...... collaborative innovation processes; 3) Leadership is important for promoting collaborative innovation; and 4) Collaborative public innovation is relevant at all levels of governance. On these grounds, the chapter concludes that a promising research field is emerging but is still in its infancy and further...

  14. Introduction

    Paugam, Serge; Hachimi Alaoui, Myriam

    2009-01-01

    Dans le long entretien avec Giovanni Busino, publié à la fin de ce volume, Dominique Schnapper insiste sur la joie que lui a procuré le séminaire qu’elle a animé à l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales pendant de nombreuses années. « J’ai aimé former, dit-elle, de jeunes esprits à la sociologie et à la rigueur [….] Mon séminaire n’était pas un lieu de pouvoir et l’atmosphère détendue qui y régnait leur a permis de s’épanouir intellectuellement et de prendre de l’assurance – c’est du ...

  15. Introduction

    Jana S. ROŠKER

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spirituality plays a significant role in shaping the cohesion of communities, their values, and their structures across the globe. Various religious practices and ideational systems are particularly complex in Asia. Home to some of the world major spiritual traditions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism, as well as to a relevant number of practicing Christians, Muslims, and self-identified atheists and agnostics, Asia provides us with an intense and extraordinarily rich tapestry of different religious and spiritual practices...

  16. Introduction

    Švácha, Rostislav

    Prague: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 7-8 ISBN 978-80-87064-09-2 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : sports men * intellectuals * Miroslav Tyrš Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  17. Introduction

    Berliner, David; Herbrand, Cathy

    2010-01-01

    Au-delà du porno Sur la toile, circule ces jours-ci une scène pornographique produite aux états-Unis, qui parodie les questions d’apprentissage et de performance qui nous intéressent dans ce volume. Décliné sous des formes diverses, le script minimal du film est celui d’un jeune couple souffrant de problèmes sexuels. Dans certains cas, la jeune femme y est décrite par son mari comme un « lame fuck » (en argot, un mauvais coup) et dans d’autres, c’est le jeune homme qui est incapable de satisf...

  18. Introduction

    Boner, Patrick J.

    The history of cosmology in medieval and early modern Europe involves an interdisciplinary array of scholars who redefined the nature and knowability of the world. The papers in this volume focus primarily on astronomers who put forward new ways of relating the heavens and earth and our role as cosmic actors. Together, they represent a rich variety of views that brought the heavens and earth closer together as new forms of cosmic continuity reflected new forms of knowledge.1 More than a monolithic response to scholastic philosophy, these views suggest a growing number of voices that spoke to the essence and structure of the cosmos as a whole. Johannes Kepler, among "a new breed of astronomers" who studied the science of the stars in concert with cosmology,2 is a radical example of this emerging enterprise of cosmic synthesis.

  19. Introduction

    Amy Kates

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Organization design is a field that is concerned with both theory and practice. The theme of the Organizational Design Community’s 2013 annual conference – Making Organization Design Knowledge Actionable – was chosen, however, to recognize that theory and practice do not always come together successfully. The researcher-practitioner “gap” is still a problem in our field, and organization design will not be able to realize its full potential until this gap is closed. ODC viewed its 2013 conference as an opportunity to bring together a group of individuals who are interested in making organization design knowledge actionable and to engage in a focused dialogue. The results of the annual conference are the articles published in this Special Issue.

  20. Introduction

    Zakarya, Mona

    2013-01-01

    Dans le Caire actuel, nombreux sont les palais d’époque mameluke qui n’ont pas encore été analysés en détail. Mais la plupart d’entre eux, ont été maintenant relevés par les diverses missions archéologiques qui travaillent sur place. Les publications des Annales Islamologiques (Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale), ou de l’Institut Allemand d’Archéologie, viennent actuellement compléter l’immense travail entrepris sous la direction de A. Lezine, puis de Monsieur A. Raymond, pour l’étude...

  1. Introduction

    Brisseau-Loaiza, Jeannine

    2014-01-01

    Lorsque j’arrivais au Cuzco en Novembre 1967, les problèmes de la terre, de la pauvreté, de la domination interne et externe, venaient de se poser une nouvelle fois de manière tragique ; en Août, Hugo Blanco, le dirigeant du mouvement paysan de la vallée de la Convención avait été condamné à vingt cinq ans de prison dans une île au large de Lima, et Ernesto Ché-Guevarra venait d’être abattu dans la selva bolivienne. C’était donc la fin du mouvement syndicaliste des paysans du Cuzco et l’échec...

  2. Introduction

    Zudová-Lešková, Zlatica

    Praha : Historický ústav AV ČR, v. v. i, 2007 - (Zudová-Lešková, Z.), s. 22-24 ISBN 978-80-7286-115-6. - (Práce Historického ústavu AV ČR, v.v Řada C - Miscellanea. 17). [Židé v boji a odboji. Rezistence československých Židů v letech druhé světové války. Praha (CZ), 17.10.2006-18.10.2006] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80150510 Keywords : Jews * Resistance * History Subject RIV: AB - History

  3. Introduction

    Though fossil fuels today are consumed by billions of tons the global energy flux scheme on earth is still untouched by human interventions to a great extent. It is mainly governed by solar radiation striking the terrestrial atmosphere with a total power of 1.7 x 1017 W. 34% of this radiation is directly reflected back into space, 24% is converted into heat in the atmosphere and on the surface of the earth and 23% is driving the water cycle of the earth by vaporization. 1% of the total radiation is used for wind, waves, currents, and photosynthesis. Only 0.023% of solar radiation (about 4 x 1013 W) is converted in photosynthesis. Compared even to this worldwide rate of photosynthesis human consumption of energy from fossil fuel is small. It corresponds to an average power of almost 1013 W (1980). This energy convertion therefore does not (yet) play a large part in the global heat balance. Locally, however, a measurable effect on the micro-climate, e.g. in large cities and industrial areas, is already found. (orig.)

  4. Introduction

    Cárdenas Beltrán, Melba Libia

    2009-01-01

    We have a profession which is informed by established practice…That practice is challenged by theory and also by the experiences of many practitioners. We must take these challenges seriously. One thing is sure. If teachers are to be able to offer their learners a range of language learning activities, if they want to find out how best to meet the needs of their students, if they are to take full advantage of a range of teaching materials and to keep abreast of new teaching opportunitie...

  5. Introduction

    Michelsen, Anders Ib; Wiegand, Frauke Katharina; Kristensen, Tore

    2013-01-01

    Transvisuality—The Cultural Dimension of Visuality brings together leading scholars from all over the globe to examine what the visual means today. From art to new media, from branding to urban design, visual culture is a fundamental aspect our contemporary life, and the contributors here use the...

  6. Introduction

    In this part of book author gives short description of science elaborations such as: ferrosilicon receiving from wastes, synthetic iron production from scrap in the induction furnace, was elaborated method of local kaolin clays using, on the base of apple pectin was elaborated new medical products and etc

  7. Introduction

    Vidal-Beneyto, José; de Puymège, Gérard

    2000-01-01

    Existe una versión española en la revista valenciana "Contrastes" [Contrastes: Revista Cultural, Nº 8, pp. 79-85]. Además, hay una versión más larga también en español publicada en libro "El Mediterráneo: un espacio común para la cooperación, el desarrollo y el diálogo intercultural " [En: Blanc Altemir, Antonio (Ed.) (1999). El Mediterráneo : un espacio común para la cooperación, el desarrollo y el diálogo intercultural. Madrid: Foca.

  8. Introduction

    This paper reports that the outlook for exploration depends on the economic health of the mining industry and, in turn, general economic conditions. It is too early to determine the overall impact of the cessation of hostilities in the Persian Gulf War. Its conclusion would allow funds to be redirected to individual country's economies. The rebuilding of the war-damaged countries will probably translate into net increases in demand for the minerals industry. A return to stability in energy costs will also benefit the mining industry. Alternatively, the capital requirements to rebuild war-torn countries could put some strain on capital markets and affect the funds available for private commercial investment. Along with increasing the cost of capital to mining operations, a capital shortage could stall recovery of western industrialized economies that are currently in recession

  9. Introduction

    An account is given of the potential hazard associated with the sites of United Kingdom atomic weapon tests at Maralinga and Emu, between 1953 and 1963. Nine major nuclear trials involving atomic explosions and several hundred smaller scale experiments which dispersed radioactive materials, were performed at the two locations. Radioactive contamination on the ground has resulted from both the close-in fall-out and the action of the intense pulse of neutrons on elements in the soil and on residual device material. A brief enunciation of the main radiation surveys and clean-up operations is provided. 14 refs., 2 figs

  10. Introduction

    Jean-Louis Laville

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available L’objet d’un numéro spécial de la revue Interventions économiques sur le renouveau de la pensée polanyienne est de faire le point sur l’apport novateur de chercheurs nord-américains et européens au développement de cette pensée. Le numéro s’inscrit dans le cadre des travaux entourant la réalisation de la Onzième conférence internationale Karl Polanyi –The Relevance of Karl Polanyi for the 21st Century – et du 20e anniversaire de la « Political Economy Conference » de l’Institut Karl Polanyi, ...

  11. Introduction

    Full text: The year 2003 was a consecutive period of a regular activity of the Heavy Ion Laboratory. The Cyclotron was delivering the heavy ion beams ranging from 11B to 40Ar to ten different experiments during more than 2000 hours. A few teams were able to finalize their previous years data collection by papers published in high-ranked journals. Other teams published in the proceedings of the international conferences their invited talks or oral contributions. Thirteen publication in ISI listed journals appeared last year basing on the data obtained using Warsaw machine. A similar number was published by the Laboratory staff using external facilities. The modest technical upgrades presented in this Report were achieved almost with no cost above the salaries. The 15 % decrease of the previous years running subvention from the Ministry of Science and Informatics accompanied by a consecutive refusal to fund the new ECR ion source makes the status of the Laboratory as the nuclear physics center in a very precarious position. The situation looks much more promising with the new project: the creation of an interdisciplinary Laboratory - the Warsaw Positron Emission Tomography Centre, launched by the Heavy Ion Laboratory and the Nuclear Medicine Department at the Clinical Hospital of the Warsaw Academy of Medicine in 2001. In 2003 the Warsaw Consortium for PET Collaboration (WCPC) was created and presently it takes an active role in the project preparation. The WCPC will dispose of a single radiopharmaceuticals production unit located at HIL and equipped with a commercial proton/deuteron cyclotron, chemical units and quality control laboratory. The PET CT, PET or adapted SPECT scanners will be successively located in the Warsaw hospital centers, starting with the medical unit closest (500 m) to the radiopharmaceutical production place. The participation in the WCPC of numerous University and Academy of Sciences units will promote the Warsaw Centre activity in research and education area. The planned purchase of the micro-PET, animal scanner will substantially help in this activity. In 2003 a proposal was submitted to the Technical Co-operation Programme of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for a partial support of the Warsaw PET Centre equipment purchase and activity. This proposal got a strong support and written promises of the local financial contribution from Ministry of Sciences and Informatics and Ministry of Health. It is hoped that the Warsaw PET Centre will begin its diagnostic, research and educational activity in 2006. Starting from this time the Laboratory with its well trained team will operate two cyclotrons, one for research, the another one for radioisotope production. (author)

  12. Introduction

    Rougerie, Jacques; Hincker, Louis

    2008-01-01

    Pour faire un amusant pendant au vieux propos d’Eric Hobsbawm de 1971 : « It is a good moment to be a social historian », Jürgen Kocka note, dans la livraison de l’automne 2003 du Journal of Social History, que : « the impression is widely spread that this is not a good moment to be a social historian ». Avec optimisme pourtant (trop d’optimisme ?), il fait le compte des gains et pertes qu’a faits l’histoire sociale après l’offensive cinglante qu’ont menée contre elle les tenants de la « cult...

  13. Introduction

    It is reported, that the Kazakstan WWR-K research reactor with power of 10 MW was put in operation at the Inst. of Nuclear Physics of Academy of Science of Kazakh Soviet Republic in 1967, November. Since then reactor worked uninterruptedly and accident-free during 21 years. In 1988, October by direction of USSR's Gospromatomnadzor the reactor operation was stopped until fulfillment of requirements on basis of safety reactor operation in high seismic conditions. In accordance with that a great volume of jobs was carried out on increasing of reactor seismic stability and its protection as well as basis of safety operation in high seismic conditions. In 1997 the physical start-up (April) and energetic one (December) were conducted. The reactor belongs to most safety types of reactors by its construction , and to number of best reactors of Common Independent States (CIS) by experimental possibilities and use efficiency. Program of planing scientific researches is presented by following trends: 1. Nuclear physics and atomic power engineering; 2. Radiation physics of solid state matter and reactor materials testing; 3. Production of radioisotopes for medicine and industry; 4. Development and implementation of radiation technologies for medicine, agriculture, food and light industries; 5. Study on creation neutron irradiation channel for treatment of oncologic ills; 6. Diagnostic research by nondestructive structure control for samples, goods, assemblies; 7. Neutron-activation analysis in geology, ecology, metallurgy; 8. Organization study-training center for practical specialists preparation in field of nuclear energy; Principal results of researches on trends on nuclear physics (nuclear interactions; laser with nuclear pumping and nuclear-exited plasma; safety of power nuclear units; new energy converters; reactor materials testing; neutron-activation analysis)

  14. Introduction.

    Dousa, Thomas; Ibekwe-SanJuan, Fidelia

    2013-01-01

    International audience This book addresses some of the key questions that scientists have been asking themselves for centuries: what is knowledge? What is information? How do we know that we know something? How do we construct meaning from the perceptions of things? And how do we communicate this meaning to others--that is to say, inform them? Although no consensus exists on a common definition of the concepts of information and communication, few can reject the hypothesis that information...

  15. Introduction

    Haroche, Serge

    2016-01-01

    The steppes and mountains of Central Asia cover a vast area that is a dream for anyone fascinated by the history of civilizations or simply by adventure and travelling. At the crossroads of Persian, Indian, Slave and Chinese influences, this immense territory now encompassing Afghanistan and the Muslim republics of the former Soviet Union has long been a place of settlement and passage. This is where Zoroastrianism, Persia’s pre-Islamic religion, was born. The famous “Silk Route” taken by tra...

  16. Introduction

    Éric Gonzalez

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available For over a century and in modes ranging from hagiography to protest, popular music has been a prime theatre of observation and representation of the United States on record, in concert and more generally in the performing arts. Studying this field, with its senders—artists and their productions—and its receivers—gatekeepers and audiences—enables us to cast a different light on the USA as a source of inspiration, rejection and attraction for musicians on both sides of the Atlantic in order to ...

  17. Introduction

    Chikalov, Igor

    2011-01-01

    Decision trees appeared in 50-60s of the last century in theoretical computer science [14, 64, 80] and applications [24, 37]. Similar objects are also considered by natural and social sciences, for example, taxonomy keys [30] or questionnaires [63]. Decision trees naturally represent identification and testing algorithms that specify the next test to perform based on the results of the previous tests. A number of particular formulations were generalized by Garey [27] as identification problem that is a problem of distinguishing objects described by a common set of attributes. More general formulation is provided by decision table framework [34, 65] where objects can have incomplete set of attributes and non-unique class labels. In that case, acquiring class label is enough to solve the problem: identifying a particular object is not required. In this context, decision trees found many applications in test theory [39, 45, 46, 81], fault diagnosis [14, 60, 72], rough set theory [61, 62], discrete optimization, non-procedural programming languages [34], analysis of algorithm complexity [38], computer vision [74], computational geometry [69]. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.

  18. Introduction

    Meng, Xiaofeng; Chen, Jidong

    Advances in computer and telecommunication technologies have made mobile computing a reality. In a mobile computing environment, users can access information through wireless connections regardless of their physical location. In the last decade, this new kind of computing paradigm has gained great development and posed new challenges to databases. Mobile data management has attracted considerable attention. Moving objects databases that include the management of location information, has become an enabling technology for many location-based services applications. In this chapter, we introduce some background of moving objects management, including mobile computing and positioning technology, and then describe some applications in location-based services and mobile data management. Finally, we present the main content of moving objects databases technologies.

  19. Introduction

    Wyss-Neel, Hélène

    2013-01-01

    "Le Jutland, comme un bâton runique,Est posé entre deux mers,Les runes sont des dolmensAu milieu de la splendeur de la forêtEt sur la lande à la grandeur sévère,Où demeure le mirage du désert. Jutland, tu es le pays principal,Haute terre solitaire comme une forêt !Sauvagement, à l'ouest, le sable planté d'oyatsS'élève, à la place de montagnes.La Baltique et l'eau de la mer du NordSe confondent sur le sable de Skagen. La lande, certes on ne le croit guère,Mais viens toi-même, regarde-la un peu...

  20. Introduction

    Eury, Pascaline

    2014-01-01

    Située géographiquement, historiquement et politiquement au cœur même des conflits du Moyen-Orient, plus particulièrement concernée par le problème palestinien auquel aucune solution satisfaisante n’a jusqu’à présent été trouvée, la Jordanie doit nécessairement attirer l’attention de tous ceux qui s’intéressent à cette région de "haute turbulence". Au plan intérieur, ce petit État de plus de trois millions d’habitants constitue également une véritable curiosité. Longtemps enfermée dans une dé...

  1. Introduction

    2016-01-01

    « Une kyrielle de vers anémiques » : voilà comment Arthur Piaget jugeait les Pèlerinages de Guillaume de Digulleville ! Charles-Victor Langlois quant à lui évoque un « interminable récitatif » et avoue n’avoir pas eu le courage de les lire intégralement. L’abbé Gouget déjà, au xviii e siècle, regrettait que « ces instructions n’en finissent point ». À ces reproches de longueur et de monotonie, s’ajoutent des critiques sur la confusion du texte ou de la doctrine : le récit serait « plein de mé...

  2. Introduction

    Vermeulen, P.A.M.; Hutte, E.

    2014-01-01

    For over 50 years Western initiatives to alleviate poverty were driven by a dominant logic that was based on the assumption that poor people were victims that needed to be helped by large-scale development aid projects to break the “vicious circle of poverty”. The late Peter Bauer said (1987: 30): “

  3. Introduction

    Marat, Erica

    2011-01-01

    Two decades after the Soviet regime's collapse, military and security institutions of Central Asia play an ever more important role in supporting national regimes and addressing national and regional challenges. After becoming independent in 1991, the leaders of Central Asian countries increased their reliance on the military in address addressing security challenges. Too often, however, decisions over military institutions are concentrated in the hands of individual leaders that like to see ...

  4. Introduction

    Erica Marat

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Two decades after the Soviet regime's collapse, military and security institutions of Central Asia play an ever more important role in supporting national regimes and addressing national and regional challenges. After becoming independent in 1991, the leaders of Central Asian countries increased their reliance on the military in address addressing security challenges. Too often, however, decisions over military institutions are concentrated in the hands of individual leaders that like to see ...

  5. Introduction

    Hašková, Hana; Křížková, Alena

    Praha: Sociologický ústav AV ČR, 2003 - (Hašková, H.; Křížková, A.), s. 9-14. (Sociologické studie/Sociological Studies. 03. 9). ISBN 80-7330-042-7 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7028912 Keywords : women * EU enlargement * civic society Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  6. Introduction

    Renée Dickason

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The photograph chosen to illustrate the homepage of this Revue LISA/LISA e-journal number gives a foretaste of the reflection underlying this collection of contributions chosen for their multiplicity of approaches, of visions, of testimonies and of points of view, all intertwined in the subtle intricacies of the various narratives of History. Published after the end of hostilities in the Second World War, but apparently dating from some three weeks earlier, before the unconditional surrender,...

  7. Introduction

    Renée Dickason

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The content of this inaugural number of La Revue LISA/LISA e-journal falls into two parts. The first, larger, section, entitled IMAGES OF DERISION, IMAGES OF EXALTATION, The British Isles from the 18th to the 20th Century, National Issues, International Perspectives, originated in the colloquium organised by Renée Dickason and Gilbert Millat at the University of Lille III in October 2002. This selection of articles is followed by essays, under the heading of VARIA, which have New York as a co...

  8. Introduction

    Renée Dickason

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available It is fascinating to study history of propaganda in a British setting since it was a word which was used far less in Britain than in many other countries not least during the years leading up to the Second World War. […] Whether or not contemporaries in any generation used the word—and it is a word which itself demands detailed chronological charting— historians are compelled to use it. Sometimes its role is obvious, even crude, whether words or pictures are being employed. At other times its...

  9. Introduction

    Anne Garrait-Bourrier

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Ce numéro de La Revue LISA/LISA e-journal se concentre sur la valeur et l’authenticité du témoignage historique lorsqu’il est véhiculé par une forme littéraire subjective, qu’il s’agisse du témoignage autobiographique né de l’expérience vécue ou bien de l’interprétation subjectivée du témoignage par la fiction littéraire.Le champ scientifique que cette thématique se propose de couvrir est celui des études culturelles américaines des XIXe et XXe siècles directement en lien avec les écritures d...

  10. Introduction

    Gérard Selbach

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Ce numéro de la revue LISA est à juste titre un questionnement tant les termes de la problématique sont polysémiques. Si notre appel à contributions suggérait deux pistes de réflexions – le rôle de l’art pour les minorités et les thèmes et inspirations de leurs œuvres –, le champ d’investigation prêtait à une pluralité de possibles, ce que démontrent les quatre articles et les six entretiens qui composent cet ouvrage.A commencer par la difficulté de donner une définition du mot « art », qu’il...

  11. Introduction

    Bekkouche, Ammara

    2013-01-01

    A compiling of texts rather than a thematic dossier, this is the particularity of the initial objective for this double number. It’s not a question of articles but reports concerning recently defended theses, and which have been preserved intact as a reflection of a community and a rather difficult situation with regard to the events having marked the last decade. They affiliate approximatively to summaries not without imperfections that must be put down to an initiation to writing. They acco...

  12. Introduction

    Merete Anderssen

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The third volume of the 34th edition of Nordlyd contains the proceedings for a workshop on language acquisition that took place at the Twenty Second Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics (SCL 22. The overall theme of the conference was 'brain, mind and language,' and the workshop invited abstracts in first, second and bilingual acquisition related to this theme. SCL 22 was held at the Centre For Linguistics (CFL at the University of Aalborg in Denmark on June 19–22, 2006, under the auspices of the Nordic Association of Linguists (NAL.

  13. Introduction

    Helmig, Christoph; Bonazzi, Mauro

    2007-01-01

    This book examines the important but largely neglected issue of the intricate mutual influences between Platonism and Stoicism in the Hellenistic period, the Imperial Age, and after. Although this interrelationship is often termed "eclecticism," the authors of Platonic Stoicism reveal that the situation is much more complicated. Far from being eclectics, most Stoics and Platonists consciously appropriated material and integrated it into their own philosophical system. The dialogue between Pla...

  14. Introduction

    Keagan LeJeune

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available I heard many stories growing up, ghost stories, buried treasure stories, and stories about family members. I have even heard my share of outlaw legends. Most wouldn’t figure that a young boy in Louisiana would hear many stories of outlaw robbers or gun fights, but throughout America outlaw legends abound, especially the “good outlaw” or heroic criminal. Most, though, do not exactly fit the pattern people are used to seeing in old western movies, but if people learn how to look, the legends are here. In Louisiana, the outlaw might not be a cowboy but a boat captain, and the loot might not be a stagecoach box but bootlegged alcohol. The outlaw may be an oilfield or sawmill worker, an old trapper, or even a computer hacker, but the core story is the same. An underdog fights some oppressive force for the benefit of the common people. That doesn’t mean people are still afraid of these people or that they embrace the life of an outlaw, but they are still fascinated by them and tell their stories. One of my students once wrote an essay about heroes, and his hero was the group of people he grew up with, “river rats,” for him people who live on Louisiana’s rivers and swamps. One of the group’s characteristics he found so appealing was their ability to evade the law, to skirt the rules and regulations that the government established but that the group did not embrace, such as hunting licenses or boat permits. One of the most detailed portions of the essay, and I must admit one of the most fascinating, explained how some of his relatives had developed a method for growing marijuana under the government’s nose by placing the plants in hollow trees trunks located in the vast marsh. He even referred to these figures as “our own Robin Hoods;” after all, in his mind they are defying the rules of an oppressive system for the benefit of the common people.

  15. Introduction

    Manninen, Lea Parjo, Asta; Jeskanen-Sundström, Heli

    2003-01-01

    \\emph{The papers in this issue}} focus on \\emph{Statistics Describing the Information Society}. Most of the papers originate from presentations given during the IAOS Satellite Meeting on Statistics for the Information Society, Tokyo 2001 in connection with the ISI Session in Seoul 2001. However, the authors have further developed and up-dated their papers. The aim of this special issue of the ISR is very much the same as the goal of the above mentioned IAOS Satellite Meeting...

  16. Introduction

    Bagarello, F.; Gazeau, J. P.; Szafraniec, F. H.; Znojil, Miloslav

    Vol. 1. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015, s. 1-4. ISBN 978-1-118-85528-7 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : quantum physics * non-self-adjoint operators * spectral theory Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics

  17. Introduction

    DARQUES, Régis

    2014-01-01

    La revue Méditerranée n’a enregistré que peu de publications au cours de son histoire sur le thème des incendies de forêt. Il faut remonter aux années 1970 ou 1990 pour voir apparaître des références à quelques événements d’ampleur mais, dans l’ensemble, la problématique reste abordée de manière transversale, comme si la réalité des incendies et la récurrence du phénomène constituaient un arrière-plan à d’autres investigations géographiques sans jamais être abordées directement ou globalement...

  18. Introduction

    Dumoulin, Laurence

    2015-01-01

    Le champ juridico-judiciaire est fortement structuré autour de découpages et de catégorisations internes telles que ordre administratif versus ordre judiciaire, droit privé versus droit public… La dichotomie civil/pénal n’est pas la moindre de ces distinctions. Elle est omniprésente dans les facultés de droit comme dans les juridictions et marque très profondément la manière dont les juristes pensent le droit et la justice. Cette coupure fait ainsi l’effet d’un « abîme que rien ne peut comble...

  19. Introduction

    Ribeiro, Gustavo

    2005-01-01

    University Consortium for Environment and Development (DUCED). It concerns their involvement in research and joint courses in the following countries: Thailand, Malaysia, South Africa and Botswana. Such experiences have engaged collaborations and partnerships across cultures. - North-South and have presented...... a number of challenges and limitations as well as new spaces for learning. In putting together the texts that make the present volume, the contributors engaged in a debate about what were the valuable aspects of this cross-cultural academic experience, which could be shared with other researchers......This volume is a documentation of experiences of academics from five institutions of higher education in Denmark (namely Roskilde University, Copenhagen Business School, Technical University of Denmark, Ålborg University and The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts) linked under the so-called Danish...

  20. Introduction

    Mitchell, Claire

    2011-01-01

    Concerns about terrorism, human rights violations and transnational crime have come to predominate in today’s increasingly globalised international community. Yet parallel human rights concerns prevent a State from exposing those alleged to have been involved in such crimes to torture or other gross violations of human rights, both in the custodial State or elsewhere. The potentially contradicting desires to avoid impunity for offenders and to ensure the individual’s entitlement to protection...

  1. Introduction

    Luhmann, J. G.; Tatrallyay, M.

    Venus and Mars, our neighboring planets, have a long history in the human consciousness. Venus, in particular, was notable because of its brightness compared to other star-like objects in the sky. The first observations of Venus on record may be those enscribed by Babylonians on the famous "Venus tablet" in the British museum, which has been dated to ˜1700 BC. Venus has generally been associated with the female gender, except in ancient India. The name comes from the Roman goddess of love and beauty (analogous to the Babylonian Ishtar and the Greek Aphrodite). Venus was first thought by the Greeks to be two objects—a morning star "Phosphorus" and an evening star "Hesperus". Phythagoras, in 6 BC, is credited with being first to recognize they were the same object. Venus has since figured prominently in the history of physics and astronomy. The Greek Aristarchus first suggested (in ˜310-250 BC) that the planets move around the sun, but the idea lost favor to a theory of Ptolemy, which placed Earth at the center of the solar system. In the 9th-15th centuries, Arab astronomers studied Venus, and in the "new world," the Mayas used it in the organization of their calendar. In 1543, Copernicus finally published his own version of Aristarchus' vision of a heliocentric solar system, but it was probably not until Galileo, in ˜1610, telescopically observed that Venus had phases like the moon, that heliocentric theory was widely accepted (despite delays associated with the prevailing religious dogma). He announced that momentous discovery in a coded message to his contemporary Kepler (a usual practice of the time), which translated to "the mother of the loves imitates the phases of Cynthia".

  2. Introduction

    Jensen, Per Anker; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    In this book about research on Facilities Management (FM) leading researchers from the Nordic countries present their ideas and findings: • Past: The historical development and current trends in FM research in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland. • Present: Ongoing FM research within the following...... six themes: Working Environments, Sustainability, Innovation and Usability, Partnerships, Knowledge Implementation, and Added Value. • Future: Identification of future trends, challenges and research agendas for Nordic FM. The book is a result of a Nordic FM Conference arranged by the Centre for...

  3. Introduction

    Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben Rahbek; Gardetti, Miguel Angel

    This special issue has chosen to zoom in on new business models as one component in promoting a more sustainable fashion industry. The business model concept has recently come to the fore as a new, popular metaphor for explaining how companies create, deliver and capture value (Osterwalder and...... Pigneur, 2010). Historically, the literature that bridges business model and sustainability thinking has been relatively scarce (Stubbs and Cocklin, 2008; Schaltegger et al. 2011). However, recently a number of publications and special issues have explored the intersections between sustainability and...... business model thinking (see e.g. Bocken et al., 2014; Michelini and Fiorentino, 2012; Yunus et al., 2010). This special issue makes a contribution to this literature by exploring how sustainability can be a driver for exploring new business models within a single industrial setting....

  4. Introduction

    Z. Lin; G.Y.Fu; J. Q. Dong

    2007-01-01

    @@ After half a century of intense pursuit, magnetic fusion has made tremendous progress toward the goal as an attractive energy solution for the world's increasingly critical energy problem. The key obstacle for reaching the ignition has been the lack of fundamental understanding, and thus the limited ability to control the complex, nonlinear, and dynamical system characteristic of high temperature plasma in fusion toka-mak experiments.

  5. Introduction

    Muchie, Mammo; Baskaran, Angathevar

    2013-01-01

    head on means African countries have to organise their science, technology, engineering and innovation for a development agenda systematically, more in collaboration than in competition with one another. What appears to remain a deficit is the vast collaborative distance that still exists on matters...... of critical importance to the economic transformation of Africa....

  6. Introduction

    Alfred Hornung

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Forty years after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the charismatic leader of the civil rights movement, Barack H. Obama was elected the first African American president of the United States of America in 2008. Although U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy had predicted in 1961 that a black person could be president like his brother “in the next thirty or forty years,” nobody really expected this kind of victory to come true.

  7. Introduction

    Mol, Annemarie

    2013-01-01

    Ce livre oppose deux façons d’envisager la maladie. L’une, la logique du soin, est le sujet central du livre, tandis que l’autre, la logique du choix, fait contraste. Mais laissez-moi d’abord vous raconter quelques histoires. On peut les présenter comme des expériences personnelles ou comme des observations ethnographiques, la différence n’est pas vraiment pertinente. Toutes relatent des événements qui m’ont amenée à écrire ce livre, et elles fournissent une première approche des préoccupatio...

  8. Introduction

    2012-01-01

    in ways not offered by these other thinkers. Bourdieu helps us rediscover the everyday practices. symbolic structures and arenas of conflict that bring many other actors into perspective. rather than just focusing on nation slates that produce (what we call) international politics. All engagement...... activities. In short. Bourdieu helps us to take the discursive, visual and embodied practices in international politics more seriously....

  9. Introduction

    BERKER Thomas; HARTMANN Maren; PUNIE YVES; Ward, Katie

    2005-01-01

    This article is the introductory article of an edited book on domestication of media and technology. The authors of the article are also the editors of the book. The article introduces and discusses the domestication approach. It also introduced the different contributions in the book and contains reflections on the future of domestication (outlook). In the latter, reference is made to EU and IPTS work on Ambient Intelligence.

  10. Introduction

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available L’image des services publics belges s’est gravement détériorée au cours des dernières années. Aux traditionnelles accusations de lourdeurs administratives, de politisation, de manque de motivation et de gaspillage sont venus au fil du temps s’ajouter les soupçons d’incompétence et même de corruption. Cette impression générale de désorganisation et d’inefficacité s’est en quelque sorte cristallisée lors des enquêtes sur la disparition d’enfants et, plus récemment, dans l’affaire de la dioxine....

  11. Introduction

    2011-01-01

    To Perfect VAT Policy Among eight policies and measures to promote the healthy development of the logistics industry, the eighth article refers to improving the agricultural value added tax policy to encourage large enterprises to engage in agricultura

  12. Introduction

    Narlikar, J. V.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.

    2014-03-01

    The ICGC Meetings: 1987-2011 When India became an independent nation in 1947, the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru on the scene, as the Prime Minister was a fortunate circumstance. For, Nehru was a visionary, who believed that the future of the new nation should be guided by science and technology (S & T), and so with like-minded scientists like, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, Homi Bhabha, Meghnad Saha, and Daulatsingh Kothari in leading positions, Nehru set about creating an extensive infrastructure for S & T. The initiatives taken in and around 1947 began to yield dividends in a couple of decades, and by the late 60s and early 70s, major S & T organizations and associated trained human resources were making significant contributions to the country's development, both material and intellectual. Amongst these may be included, the creation of various scientific societies devoted to specific subjects. These came in response to the urge of scientists to meet as a group for discussions in their fields of research. So, it was in 1969, a number of research workers in the field of general relativity and gravitation (GRG), who had gathered for a workshop in Ahmedabad, resolved to form a society for GRG. The initiative was taken by P C Vaidya, who pointed out the advantages of forming such a recognized group, mentioning that the international community of workers in GRG had already formed such a society. The Indian Association for General Relativity and Gravitation (IAGRG), thus, came up in 1969 with the veteran relativist V V Narlikar, as its first President. Some three years later, the astronomical community responding to a similar urge, formed the Astronomical Society of India (ASI), under the presidency of Vainu Bappu, the Founder Director of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore. Since the days of discovery of quasars in 1963, there has been an alliance between gravitation theorists and astrophysicists, resulting in the Texas Symposia, which are held once every two years. The International Society of GRG, referred above, also has a world congress (numbered GR-n) once in four years. The ASI and IAGRG have, naturally, many members in common, and over the years, these organizations have grown. Their national meets take place approximately once in two years. It is customary to invite overseas scientists to these meets, if they happen to be visiting India. In the early 80s, the scientific community in India felt more ambitious, and debated the possibility of hosting a truly international meet in India. Thus, in 1985 the astronomers successfully hosted the General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union. The GRG members, likewise, were pressing for hosting a meeting in the GR-n series. Since the human resources and institutional base of relativists were not as wide and strong as of the astronomers, they were advised to proceed in stages. ''First successfully hold a miniature version of GR-n, and once your credibility and capability are established, bid for the big one.'' This was the advice of some international veterans. That is how the ICGC-series of conferences came about. The first ICGC As the name (International Conference on Gravitation and Cosmology) implies, the conference sought to combine the interests of the Texas Symposia as well as of GR-n. The meetings were planned to be once in four years starting in mid-December 1987. (This was the blank year for the Texas Symposium.) To launch them in an impressive manner, the opening meeting was planned to be in the famous tourist resort state of Goa. As IAGRG lacked the infrastructure to organize such a conference, the main organizational responsibility had to be taken up by one of the research institutes; and the biggest amongst these was the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai. The TIFR, therefore, was approached, and agreed. As the 'most interested person" from TIFR, I was put in charge of the enterprise. Of course, I had the backing of my senior colleague Kumar (S.M.) Chitre and the younger one, Ajit Kembhavi, and the organizational infrastructure of TIFR. In particular, the then administrator dealing with scientific meetings, Parelkar enthusiastically joined me to set up the local boundary conditions in Goa. To get our priorities right, we first picked upon Hotel Mandovi in Panjim (Capital of Goa) as the nodal hotel for catering, accommodation, and arrangements of the academic sessions. We were expecting around 100 participants with 50% from abroad. Kamat, the Manager of Hotel Mandovi, promised all help including beds in nearby hotels to make up any shortfall. Regarding the quality of food, for which Hotel Mandovi was justly famous, its in-charge, Satish Prabhu took care of all our worries. Delegates may still recall the various Goan delicacies featured on the conference menus. Parelkar negotiated the basic deal with the hotels to extract the maximum benefits for the conference. But we were still rather vulnerable in lack of the local conditions. An unexpected helping hand came to make up for our lack of local knowledge. The amateur astronomer organization, called ''Friends of Astronomy in Goa'', led by their venerable President, Percival Noronha offered to run errands for us and play the role of local volunteer. Noronha had been associated with the state government of Goa, since the days when it was a Portuguese colony. His 'inside knowledge' came in useful, especially when he advised us to request the Chief Minister, Pratapsingh Rane to entertain the conference participants in the state catamaran. Somewhat hesitatingly, I wrote a request letter, and to my delightful surprise, the CM agreed. Indeed, the boat-ride followed by the CM's riverside banquet was the entertainment high point of the conference. The food, Goan drinks, and musical entertainment were well appreciated by the participants, and an uninitiated person might be forgiven for thinking that ICGC stood for ''International Conference on Goan Conviviality''. However, it was the academic menu of ICGC-1987 that took precedence over anything else. The Scientific Organizing Committee, consisting of Vishveshwara (Vishu, if your tongue is not up to pronouncing the full name) as the Chairman, and Ashtekar, Barrow, Bertotti, Brill, Carr, Hartle, Hu, Iyer, MacCallum, Narlikar, Novikov, Penrose, and Sciama reflected a nice international mix as well as a mix of active branches of Gravitation and Cosmology. Later meetings The original intention of meeting every four years in some part of India was honoured by the community, and accordingly, the ICGC met in Ahmedabad (1991), Pune (1995), Kharagpur (2000), Cochin (2004), and Pune (2007) before reconvening in Goa in 2011. These meetings were more modestly planned, and instead of trying to cover many fields, each meeting was limited to some specialized topics. Thus, the Kharagpur meeting had highlighted gravitational waves, while the Pune (1995) meeting had emphasized the Raychaudhuri equation and the singularity theorems. These conferences did help to put India firmly on the map of GR and Cosmology, to the extent that the GR-15 was held successfully in Pune with Naresh Dadhich from IUCAA playing the main coordinator's role. It has been a pleasure to see young blood being attracted to these areas of research. Two major developments are on the horizon at the time of writing this piece. The LIGO is planning to set up an extra detector of gravitational waves in India with local help, both in hardware and software. Likewise, steps are being taken for India to join the TMT mega-telescope project as an international partner. These heartening developments help us to bear the loss of old doyens like, V V Narlikar, P C Vaidya, and A K Raychaudhuri. Though 'small is beautiful' is a truism, the decision was taken to return to Goa with a wider and richer academic menu to recall and celebrate the first ICGC. This is how we all find ourselves in Goa and its pleasant surroundings. As they say: ''Your problem is simplified if you choose the right boundary conditions!'' J V Narlikar Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) Post Bag 4, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007, India E-mail: jvn@iucaa.ernet.in

  13. Introduction

    Y. J. Cui

    2010-01-01

    @@ This is the second issue on unsaturated soil mechanics and deep geological nuclear waste disposal, corresponding to the International Symposium UNSAT-WASTE 2009 which was organised by Tongji University, China Three Gorges University, State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Ecole des Ponts ParisTech. This Symposium was held under the supports of TC6 (unsaturated soils) of ISSMGE, Commission on Radioactive Waste Disposal of ISRM, Commission on Underground Waste Disposal of CSRME, the National Natural Science Foundation of China and Earth Products China (EPC) Limited. Different experiences gained by various countries such as China, France, Germany, Belgium and Spain were presented and exchanged at the Symposium.

  14. Introduction

    Beth J. CIESIELSKI

    2000-01-01

    Students in the Faculty of Political Science, Department of Public Administration at Babes – Bolyai University, Cluj–Napoca, Romania wrote the following Non Governmental Organization (NGO) case studies. “NGO Management” was the first course offered NGO management by the university.

  15. Introduction

    This meeting has come at a very auspicious time because although we are fairly well set up in the area of review of safety aspects of licensing, and Steve Ramos will become the contact of all such correspondence and communication in the future relating to this program. There is a real confusion, I'll admit, in the field of safeguards and physical security because of the requirement to continually upgrade this area of our licensing activity to stay abreast of what the Commission perceives to be the need due to a threat of whatever name you want to give to it. For instance, right now among these 70 research reactors, we have some that are doing everything they can to reduce their inventory so that they can get out from under some of our old and new requirements, while we have the anomaly that since General Atomic is about to go out of the business of making FLIP fuel, we have some licensees who want to increase their inventory. However, we have about eight different types of research reactors in here. From higher levels of the GE test reactor (50 MW) to those on down to a fraction of a watt, they have different types of fuel elements, they have different types of enrichment. We have relicensed 21 reactors that use highly enriched uranium which to use right now means anything above 20%. These are the ones who will be affected by this program unless some of the other 50 or so desire in the future to change their way of doing business

  16. Introduction

    Van Heuven, Vincent J.; Quené, Hugo

    2004-01-01

    "Siebout Govaert Nooteboom (Sieb, [sip]) was born 65 years ago (19 April, 1939) in Makassar on the isle of Celebes (now Sulawesi), in the former Dutch East Indies, which is now part of the Republik Indonesia. Nooteboom obtained obtained a BA degree (kandidaats-examen, in 1963) in Dutch Language and Literature at Leiden University, and then specialised in General Linguistics at the same university (MA degree, doctoraal-examen, in 1966). In 1972 Nooteboom defended his doctoral dissertation enti...

  17. Introduction

    Energy has been a central concern to humankind throughout its history. The adequate provision of energy services has become especially important for economic development since the industrial revolution. In recent decades, energy issues have been fundamental components of the conceptual and strategic discussions on sustainable development worldwide. This section introduces the project, Cuba: A Country Profile on Sustainable Energy Development, within its recent political context and starts with a concise overview of the energy related aspects of sustainable development programmes and declarations, followed by a short summary of events and documents explicitly devoted to energy matters. Recent arguments in the debate on sustainability are presented in order to provide the conceptual background for the sustainability assessment of Cuba's energy system. The background, objectives and scope of the project are summarized. Finally, a 'road map' to the report is provided, drawing the attention of different audiences to those sections of interest

  18. Introduction

    Cometti, Geremia

    2011-01-01

    Depuis 1990 déjà, le Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) affirme que le changement climatique risque d’avoir des répercussions sur les migrations humaines en provoquant le déplacement de millions de personnes. Norman Myers, de l’Université d’Oxford, estime que le changement climatique aura provoqué la migration de 200 millions de personnes d’ici 2050. En d’autres termes, 1 individu sur 45 sera forcé de migrer à cause du changement climatique. Notons en outre ...

  19. Introduction

    Jespersen, Jesper; Madsen, Mogens Ove

    Denne bog har gør gældende, at post keynesiansk økonomi har sit egen metodiske og didaktiske grundlag, og dens realistisk analyse er tiltrængt i den aktuelle økonomiske og finansielle krise. På et tidspunkt hvor det oprindelige indhold i Keynes 'General Theory ikke længere er til stede i de flest...

  20. Introduction

    Waugh, Darryn W.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.

    Over the past few decades there has been intensive research into the Earth's stratosphere, which has resulted in major advances in our understanding of its dynamics, transport, and chemistry and its coupling with other parts of the atmosphere. This interest in the stratosphere was originally motivated by concerns regarding the stratospheric ozone layer, which plays a crucial role in shielding Earth's surface from harmful ultraviolet light. In the 1980s the depletion of ozone was first observed, with the Antarctic ozone hole being the most dramatic example, and then linked to increases in chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). These findings led to the signing of the Montreal Protocol, which regulates the production of CFCs and other ozone-depleting substances. Over the subsequent decades, extensive research has led to a much better understanding of the controls on stratospheric ozone and the impact of changes in CFC abundance (including the recovery of the ozone layer as the abundance of CFCs returns to historical levels). More recently, there has been added interest in the stratosphere because of its potential impact on surface climate and weather. This surface impact involves changes in the radiative forcing, the flux of ozone and other trace constituents into the troposphere, and dynamical coupling.

  1. Introduction

    The Atlas is being published in several different forms, the printed hard-cover version and loose sheets, and in electronic form (CD-ROM and DVD). CD-ROM as the electronic book is the exact copy of the printed version in the PDF format. DVD consists from the DVD-Video, which contains the popularised film (∼ 1 hour; Audio languages: Slovak, English, German, Russian, and subtitles: English, Spanish, French) and it supplements the printed cartographic work. The DVD-ROM form with dynamic database application (GIS) facilitates the random combination and interpretation of the information contained in the printed version of the Atlas. The data processed in the form of hybrid DVD (Digital Versatile Disk) medium represent qualitatively new possibilities of presentation of this work. The bilingual version (Slovak and English) makes the Atlas accessible to the majority of the national and foreign users. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic brings comprehensive information applicable in the state administration, scientific institutions, educational sphere, research centres, as well as the designing and planning organisations. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic is a new cartographic feat, which aspires to offer the comprehensive picture of Slovak's territory as the culmination of the scientific efforts concentrated on compilation of all accessible information on the landscape at the beginning of the 3rd millennium. Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic consists of ten chapters: Chapter I: Landscape and its representation; Chapter II: Development of settlement and map representation; Chapter III: Situation; Chapter IV: Primary landscape structure; Chapter V: Secondary landscape structure; Chapter VI: Population and its activities in landscape; Chapter VII: Natural-settlement regions; Chapter VIII: Protected areas and natural resources; Chapter IX: Stress phenomena in landscape; Chapter X: Landscape as the human environment. The beginning of the 3rd millennium is, beside other, perhaps the best moment for reflections over our conduct and its consequences. The correct understanding and interpretation of the landscape means to learn about the effects of the natural factors and the human impact on the landscape. Are we able to assess the reality and to comprehend it in its broader context in order to interpret the landscape as the optimal environment for future generations? One of the most suitable forms of representation of the dynamic and the less variable phenomena in space is map. The map can document the past and the present events, and even the expected developments. The basic principle of such broadly conceived work as the Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic is to reflect the changes of the landscape since the oldest time until the present, and to anticipate the future. Few countries boast such rich map production as the Slovak Republic. The Atlas offers information on landscape, which was not yet published and mapped to such an extent before. It leans on the tradition of map production and its approach to the new situation is modern and uncompromising. The Slovak Republic is undergoing the process of integration into the European structures and this is the principal reason why we want to present our country in the light of the most recent scientific knowledge. The work on this encyclopaedic piece started already in 1996. The preparations were made under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture of the SR and since 1999 the Ministry of Environment of the SR co-ordinated them. The work was managed by the 18-member Editorial Board and the 9-member Executive Board was responsible for the expert aspects of the content of the Atlas. In total 367 national and foreign experts from 85 scientific, university, research and specialised institutions participated in compilation of the Atlas. The Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic is divided from the point of view of the themes into ten chapters with subchapters. (author)

  2. Introduction

    2012-01-01

    Ce chapitre analyse les éléments de contexte, national et international, qui ont encadré le scrutin législatif de juin 2009, en s’intéressant tant aux formes de résiliences qu’aux mutations qui affectent les règles du jeu électoral. Il décrit les enjeux de ces élections pour les différentes forces en présence. Puis, il examine les leçons du vote en termes d’équilibre conjoncturel entre les forces politiques concurrentes, mais aussi en termes d’évolution des leaderships et finalement de renouv...

  3. Introduction

    Blatný, M. (Marek); Millová, K. (Katarína)

    2015-01-01

    Successful development has been systematically studied in psychology since the second half of the 1990s. It is a multidisciplinary area that extends beyond the boundaries of psychology. Advances in the study were partly due to humanistic theories; later, an important source was positive psychology. The first part of the book discusses successful development and its aspects: the psychological dimension, well-being and social dimensions, such as peer relations, partnership or marital relationsh...

  4. Introduction

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2015-01-01

    all are amongst the most creative and thought provoking of this diverse field. The selection covers diverse topics such as theories, concepts, methods, and approaches as well as exploring various modes of mobilities and the relationship to everyday life practices. The pieces also cover the ‘politics...... of mobilities’ from local urban planning schemes to geopolitical issues of refugees and environmental degradation. The spaces and territories marked by mobilities as well as the sites marked by the bypassing of such are explored. Moreover, the architectural and technological dimensions to...... infrastructures and sites of mobilities will be included alongside issues of power, social exclusion, consumption, surveillance and mobilities history, to mention some of the many themes covered by this reference work of the best previously published material. The focus is on the academic contributions to this...

  5. Introduction

    Marc-Éric Bobillier Chaumon

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available L’importance des technologies d’information demeure toujours d’actualité, car elle concerne directement la gestion des activités de travail par les professionnels, les liens avec l’évolution des conditions de travail et les conséquences sur la santé et le bien-être des salariés. De l’informatique des années 1960 aux technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC, fruits de la convergence numérique : où en est-on de la diffusion des TIC dans les entreprises et dans les administrati...

  6. Introduction

    Callegati, Franco; Aracil, Javier; López, Víctor

    At the present time, optical transmission systems are capable of sending data over hundreds of wavelengths on a single fiber thanks to dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) technologies, reaching bit rates on the order of gigabits per second per wavelength and terabits per second per fiber. In the last decade the availability of such a huge bandwidth caused transport networks to be considered as having infinite capacity. The recent massive deployment of Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) and broadband wireless access solutions, as well as the outburst of new multimedia network services (such as Skype, YouTube, Joost, etc.) caused a significant increase of end user traffic and bandwidth demands. Therefore, the apparently “infinite” capacity of optical networks appears much more “finite” today, despite the latest developments in photonic transmission.

  7. Introduction

    Labussière, Olivier; Nadaï, Alain

    2015-01-01

    L’émergence des politiques énergie-climat au cours des années 2000, leur couplage grandissant aux enjeux de croissance, soulignent la nécessité de passer de politiques sectorielles à des politiques plus intégrées. Il ne s’agit plus de raisonner par filières, ni à partir de la simple métrique des capacités productives installées, mais d’orienter les investissements vers des options technologiques qui auront des « effets systémiques » (emploi, compétitivité, soutenabilité…). Cette évolution bou...

  8. Introduction

    Tyler, Stephen

    1989-01-01

    As Eve said to Adam as they passed through the gates of Eden, "It appears that we are entering a period of transition." Yes, we here at the Berkeley Planning journal also seem to be in a perpetual state of transition. This is, one might suppose, the fate of any student publication. Unlike a "real" journal with a permanent staff, our publication is dependent upon the efforts of a group of individuals who are, despite their tendencies toward the contrary, only passing through. In his ...

  9. Introduction

    Kristiansen, Tore; Sandøy, Helge

    2010-01-01

    . Superposed on these intra-Nordic relationships, so to speak, “foreign” cultures and languages — most importantly Latin, German and French — have reached the Nordic area as a whole throughout its history, leaving a similar imprint, with variations, on its languages. The complex linguistic and socio......1. Background: the laboratory As is well-known from the literature on language contact (e.g. Weinreich 1953; Thomason and Kaufman 1988) the factors and forces that are in play in close and longstanding contact between (speakers of ) two languages are both linguistic and social in nature, and...... involve both quantitative and qualitative relationships. Indeed, the outcome of language contact is a question of numbers and frequencies in terms of use and users, of sameness vs. differencein terms of linguistic structure, of dominance vs. subordination in terms of socio-historical contexts, etc. The...

  10. Introduction

    The other parts of our program in the near-term have to do with whole-core demonstrations, and the one that is really planned at this time is the Ford Nuclear Reactor at the University of Michigan. The primary purpose of this demonstration is to have a core in which we can investigate the physics and safety characteristics of <20%-enriched fuel and compare them with those of the 93%-enriched cores. We will also use the data for verification of our analytical methods, so that when these methods are applied in evaluating the potential of other reactors for use of reduced-enrichment fuel, one will have increased confidence in the methods. I point out, of course, that there have been other reactors run with 20%-enriched fuel. However, that fuel was used quite awhile ago, and it's difficult today to obtain the sort of data in which we are really interested. The measurements in the FNR are planned to look at detailed flux distributions in the core and reflectors and at the ends of beam ports. It is also planned to measure the typical sorts of reactor characteristics which are always necessary to show that you're meeting your technical specifications and safety requirements. The Ford Nuclear Reactor is an NRC licensed facility, and, as such, the University of Michigan will have to obtain licensing approval from NRC. We're hoping for the full cooperation of NRC, and we've been basically told that there will be forthcoming. We certainly don't anticipate that there are any new safety issues involved. We say the basis is there, and it's up to use, in cooperation with the University of Michigan, to demonstrate to the NRC that this is true. Out of this work will then come some documents that will be very useful as reference documents for any further near-term conversions using this type of fuel. I conclude my remarks here, and I will be happy to answer any questions

  11. Introduction

    Hill, James

    Newcastle upon Tyne : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010 - (Glombíček, P.; Hill, J.), s. 1-6 ISBN 1-4438-1918-2 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Descartes * mind * consciousness Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  12. Introduction

    Darsø, Lotte; Kerr, Cheryl

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion til special issue om hvordan kunstneriske processer kan bidrage til udvikling af ledelse, management, læring og uddannelse......Introduktion til special issue om hvordan kunstneriske processer kan bidrage til udvikling af ledelse, management, læring og uddannelse...

  13. Introduction

    Andersen, Gisle; Hardt, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Recent decades of research in linguistics have seen a shift towards empirical methods and an increased use of data from corpora as a basis for making claims about language (Sampson 2005). This trend has made its mark on research on the Nordic languages also, and the current special issue aims to ...

  14. Introduction

    Arnold, Steven M.; Wong, Terry T.

    2011-01-01

    It would be hard to argue against the fact that Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) is a fast growing discipline within material science and engineering. A quick scan of the proceedings from conferences such as Aeromat, Material Science and Technology, and the TMS Annual Meeting clearly shows it. What began a few years ago as one symposium has grown into multiple ICME related symposia at each of these conferences. As encouraging as the number of symposia being offered is the attendance at the symposia. For example, one of the ICME symposia at MS&T 10, the symposium in which this book is based, had five sessions which culminated in a panel discussion that was standing room only. In addition to the large, annual materials science and engineering conferences, smaller 1 to 2-day conferences/workshops sponsored by government agencies (e.g. AFRL and NIST) on specific aspects of ICME and by universities promoting their ICME work are regularly offered. And arguably the most significant news with regards to ICME and conferences is the July 2011 First World Congress on ICME. This five day TMS sponsored conference, specifically focused on ICME with an international advisory board of ICME leaders, shows how far ICME has spread across the globe. Evidence for the growth of ICME can also be found in Academia. The University Materials Council (UMC) is composed of department heads for material science and engineering from major U.S. and Canadian universities. Meeting twice a year to share best practices in order to strengthen both the engineering content [1] and the educational process, the UMC s agenda for their Spring 2010 meeting was dedicated to ICME [2]. This meeting was held in response to the growing awareness that the universities play a major role in the success of ICME and therefore need to develop ICME curriculum in order to meet that need. To aid educators in the development of ICME courses, NSF is funding a "Summer School" on ICME to be held at the University of Michigan in 2011 [3]. Northwestern University recently announced a MS Certificate Program in ICME [4]. Course work for this certificate begins in the Fall of 2011. Other signs that ICME is growing comes from the formation of ICME initiatives from work that did not start off with ICME in mind. One of the committees in ASM International is the Materials Properties Database Committee (MPDC). In the 2010 meeting of the MPDC, based on a study by ASM, the committee decided that it would create an ICME sub-committee in order to determine how ASM can meet the growing needs of the ICME community [5]. In 1999, the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) created a consortium, the Metals Affordability Initiative (MAI), with members from both industry and government with a goal of reducing the cost and time to market of producing metal parts for aerospace applications [6].

  15. Introduction

    Petersen, Hanne

    2010-01-01

    Introduktion til Religion in the 21st Century, der indeholder bidrag fra den afsluttende konference i Københavns Universitets satsningsområde 2003-2007 om Religion i det 21. århundrede. Bidrag om 'Political and Intellectual Challenge', 'The Religion and Science Debate', 'Islam and State Politics......', 'Secularism and State Politics' of 'Denmark and the Cartoons'....

  16. Introduction

    J. Agnew; V. Mamadouh; A.J. Secor; J. Sharp

    2015-01-01

    This chapter introduces the new edition of the Companion to Political Geography with a synopsis of the crisis in Kobani, the Kurdish city in Northern Syria near the Turkish border that came under siege from Islamic State in 2014. It situates the crisis in Kobani at the heart of political geographica

  17. Introduction

    Steijn, Arthur; Ion Wille, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    In the spring of 2013 students from the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design and Malmö University were engaged in programs part of the EU project, Musical Experience Design. The EU project is seeking development of innovative experiences within the context of live classical music...... concerts. Three cultural institutions in the Øresund region, Malmö Symphony Orchestra, The Royal Danish Theatre, and Copenhagen Phil, are functioning as laboratories for developing and testing new concepts. Concept development in the project focuses mainly on artistic and technological productions and...... products, as well as sustainable business models. The main concern of the two educational programs was to examine the live format of symphonic music and create visual and/or interaction design that in one way or the other would enrich the experience of the live concert. The key question of the program at...

  18. Introduction

    Öchsner, Andreas; Augustin, Christian

    Nature frequently uses cellular and porous materials for creating load-carrying and weight-optimized structures. Thanks to their cellular design, natural materials such as wood, cork, bones, and honeycombs fulfill structural as well as functional demands. For a long time, the development of artificial cellular materials has been aimed at utilizing the outstanding properties of biological materials in technical applications. As an example, the geometry of honeycombs was identically converted into aluminum structures which have been used since the 1960s as cores of lightweight sandwich elements in the aviation and space industries. Nowadays, in particular, foams made of polymeric materials are widely used in all fields of technology. For example, Styrofoam® and hard polyurethane foams are widely used as packaging materials. Other typical application areas are the fields of heat and sound absorption. During the last few years, techniques for foaming metals and metal alloys and for manufacturing novel metallic cellular structures have been developed. Owing to their specific properties, these cellular materials have considerable potential for applications in the future. The combination of specific mechanical and physical properties distinguishes them from traditional dense metals, and applications with multifunctional requirements are of special interest in the context of such cellular metals. Their high stiffness, in conjunction with a very low specific weight, and their high gas permeability combined with a high thermal conductivity can be mentioned as examples. Cellular materials comprise a wide range of different arrangements and forms of cell structures. Metallic foams are being investigated intensively, and they can be produced with an open- or closed-cell structure, cf. Fig. 1.1. Their main characteristic is their very low density. The most common foams are made of aluminum alloys. Essential limiting factors for the utilization are unevenly distributed material parameters and relatively high production costs.

  19. Introduction

    Thoma, Klaus; Hiller, Daniel

    Security research as a practical discipline has a long-standing history. Faced with myriad hazards throughout its past, mankind has developed sophisticated means to counter such threats. The latter include natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and fires, but also encompass man-made hazards such as military aggression, terrorist attacks or threats resulting from the malicious application of technological developments. Since the end of the Cold War major armed conflicts between nations of the Western hemisphere have become highly unlikely and genuinely different security issues have become the focus of concern. The terrorist attacks of 2001 against the United States, the train bombings of Madrid in 2004 and the bombings of London in 2005 were horrific embodiments of a new security environment that has evolved on a global scale. One could list numerous other examples of both executed attacks and successfully deterred attempts from around the world. Our modern industrial societies are interlinked with infrastructure networks, providing citizens with mobility, energy and information flows, which also open the door to a whole new dimension of vulnerabilities. Security research, once anything but a practical discipline with a capacity for reacting to short-term demands, has in the span of only a few years evolved into an entirely new scientific discipline uniting various fields of research. Today, security research (in Europe) encompasses a broad community of natural/engineering and social sciences.

  20. Introduction

    Whitman, Richard; Hadfield, Amelia; Manners, Ian James

    2015-01-01

    Getting to grips with the modes and methods of foreign policy-making is one of the toughest and most fast-changing areas of study. For scholars and practitioners alike, the challenge of understanding the foreign policy nuances between the European Union (EU) and its twenty-eight Member States pre...

  1. Introduction

    Müller, Philipp

    2013-01-01

    Police practice operates in a setting of communications: interrogations have to be minuted; reports require drafting and submission; names need to be listed; and statistical calculations must be updated. Police authorities are keen to learn and implement new technologies and means of communication in order to improve and facilitate the internal communication of their administrative apparatus. Additionally, the police require the means to promote their institutional performance. Put simply, po...

  2. Introduction

    Pierre-Marc de Biasi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Tu n’avais pas rêvé, disais-tu, que l’amour allât jusque-là… Était-ce de la débauche pourtant ! Qu’était-ce donc ? À Louise Colet, Mercredi soir, 11 h. [Croisset, 21 octobre 1846.]L’œuvre et la Correspondance de Flaubert font à la réflexion sur l’amour et le plaisir sexuel une place presque aussi centrale que l’interrogation sur l’art et l’écriture littéraire. Au point que l’on peut se demander où se situe exactement pour l’écrivain la ligne de partage entre l’un et l’autre : exclusion, inclu...

  3. Introduction

    Ajai R. Singh

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As private investment in biomedical research has increased over the last few decades, both industry capital (venture or otherwise and academia have been quick on the uptake. Huge inflows from the former, and technology transfer offices set up by the latter, have resulted in major academia-industry tie-ups. This is not an isolated phenomenon, for such tie-ups have sprung up in many other fields too. At most places they have been welcomed as the next best thing to technology itself.There are many benefits of this connect. Much of the intellectual talent from academic institutions is getting absorbed in lucrative positions in industry. This is important, as the academic job scenario remains less than optimal. Industry is contributing massive research funds along with huge amounts as taxes, both of which ease pressure on the exchequer. Academia now has clear-cut employment options before it. Students and faculty can look forward to rewarding careers in industry. A general climate of optimism prevails all around. Applied research finds willing collaborators in venture capital funded industry, so a symbiotic growth is ensured for both. [Abstract not available.

  4. Introduction

    Pless, Stephan A; Ahern, Christopher A

    2015-01-01

    the heart beat, support a myriad of neuronal communication pathways, insulin secretion, and are central to the immune response, with more roles being discovered virtually everyday. Thus, ion channel function is a biophysical process that is central to biological life at many levels. And with over 500...... channel-forming subunits known today in humans, this large class of proteins is also increasingly recognised as important drug targets, as inherited or acquired ion channel dysfunction are known causes of disease....

  5. Introduction

    Kornberger, Martin; Justesen, Lise; Mouritsen, Jan;

    2015-01-01

    What if value is neither an intrinsic quality of an object, nor a reflection of a subjects preferencesbut rather something that is organized and brought into existence through mechanisms, technologies and practices of valuation? This edited book addresses the question of valuation theoretically and...... through empirical analyses of diverse objects of valuations, such as university ranking lists, ice skating scoring, wind power, insurances, gold and big data. The theoretical inspiration is interdisciplinary and the volume brings together scholars from economic sociology, accounting, organization studies...

  6. Introduction

    Dahlerup, D.; Leyenaar, M.H.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter introduces the core question of this book: how male dominance has been changed—or not changed—and defines ‘old democracies’. It challenges the time-lag theory. Furthermore, it explains the book’s methodological approach as well as its level of analysis and focus. In the chapter, a new c

  7. Introduction

    Sylvie Mikowski

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The History of the Book is a rapidly developing area of study, which brings together several branches of the humanities, such as history, cultural history, sociology, literary theory and bibliology. Thanks to the study of the modes of production and of distribution of books, and that of the evolution of readership and of modes of reading, the History of the Book introduces a brand new approach to the interpretation of texts. Several national « Histories of the Book » are in the process of bei...

  8. Introduction

    Desbois, Evelyne; Jeanneau, Yves; Mattéi, Bruno

    2014-01-01

    L’immédiat après-guerre fut cette période où se forgea définitivement cette identité sociale et culturelle que nous avons choisi d’appeler « la mythologie du mineur ». Parce que celle-ci est d’abord faite d’images, bordée de discours et de représentations. En 1946 nommer le mineur, c’est désigner un prolétaire prototype, brandi à l’époque comme parangon de la classe ouvrière. La fin de la guerre ne fut pas tant libération que clôture. Comme un dernier tour de vis donné à une histoire centenai...

  9. Introduction

    Leschke, Janine; Jepsen, Maria

    2012-01-01

    governments' policy responses have also been widening labour market inequalities between different groups within countries, the authors argue, as illustrated by the disproportionate growth of youth employment and their specific focus on gender inequality. Cross-national variations in the content and structure...

  10. Introduction

    Caille, Frédéric

    2015-01-01

    La valorisation, l’admiration, la récompense du comportement de l’individu secourable, dévoué et courageux, ne saurait être rapportée trop précipitamment à des catégories psychologiques invariables ou consubstantielles à la nature humaine. En la matière en effet, dans les dernières décennies et notamment sous l’influence des travaux de Michel Foucault, la recherche historique s’est largement convaincue de la nécessité de contextualiser la compréhension des réalités en apparence les plus « nat...

  11. Introduction

    Skeet, Ian

    2005-01-01

    This is the 60th issue of Oxford Energy Forum. You will find its content somewhat different to what you are accustomed. In place of two ‘debates’, a separate article and a Personal Commentary, we have seven articles covering different aspects of the energy scene. We think that they will, each in its own way, give some idea of the changes that have occurred during the life of Forum. There are, of course, many other aspects of change that we might have addressed and which we will hope to look a...

  12. Introduction

    Herbst, Eric

    2016-07-01

    The formation of life remains a mystery. In our three-day scientific event, we will hear talks and see posters concerning what astrochemistry and astrobiology can currently tell us about this mystery. The first subject to be explored by our speakers will be astrochemistry, and what has been learned about the formation of complex molecules in star- and planet-forming regions of the interstellar medium. This topic will be sub-divided into three subjects: astronomical observations, laboratory experiments, and simulations of the chemistry leading to large molecules, both in the gas and on the surfaces of interstellar dust particles. Some introductory remarks will be given about these subjects. We will next learn about the roles of comets and exoplanets. We will hear how comets can produce water and complex molecules, and possibly deliver them to nascent planets such as the early earth, and we will learn what current space probes such as Rosetta can tell us about the chemical make-up of comets. Regarding exoplanets, speakers will explore their likely atmospheres, and what complex molecules can be simulated in them. The last part of the event will be divided into various fields of astrobiology, including synthetic approaches to primitive life, paths to observations of life on other worlds, simulations of the origin of life, and the particular role of hydrothermal environments. In summary, we will learn about significant progress in astrochemistry and astrobiology, and yet we will also learn about how much more must be known before we can solve in its entirety the basic problem of how life arose.

  13. Introduction

    Research utilizing synchrotron radiation was initially carried out parasitically on synchrotrons and storage rings designed and operated for high energy physics. The National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory was one of the first facilities developed as a dedicated synchrotron radiation source. The NSLS facility is comprised of an 80 MeV electron linac which injects into a small (28-m circumference) booster synchrotron which accelerates the electrons up to 750 MeV. The booster serves as a full energy injector for the VUV storage ring, which operates at 750 MeV to provide radiation in the ultraviolet and soft X-ray regions of the spectrum. The booster also is used to inject electrons into the X-ray storage ring which operates at 2.5 GeV providing hard X-rays. Based upon the work of G.K. Green and R. Chasman the NSLS storage rings were designed to maximize the brightness of the synchrotron radiation source, i.e. maximize photons/sec/phase-space volume/unit bandwidth. The fundamental importance of brightness as a figure of merit of the radiation source is that brightness is left invariant by linear focusing optics. The photon beam can be focused to a small spot size at the expense of introducing a large angular divergence, or can be made very parallel at the expense of increasing the spot size. However, if an experiment requires an intense highly parallel photon beam incident on a small sample, then a high brightness source is required. In order to provide a high source brightness, the NSLS storage rings were designed to have small emittance. This was accomplished by using the Chasman-Green lattice design which utilizes achromatic bends with zero-dispersion insertions bounded by quadrupole doublets in the VUV ring and quadrupole triplets in the X-ray ring. The lattice functions for the VUV and X-ray rings are given

  14. Introduction

    The Heavy Ion Laboratory of the Warsaw University is a 'User type' facility, providing heavy ion beams to a number of Polish and foreign research groups and, to limited extent, for its own research programme. In 2006 the Warsaw cyclotron has operated during about 2500 hours of beam on target. 18 experiments, all recommended by the Program Advisory Committee, have been performed by more than one hundred facility users. Their scientific achievements are presented in this Report. This year the publication harvest was slightly smaller as compared to previous years. However, the first Phys. Rev. Letters paper, based completely on the HIL data, should be noticed. The important part of the Laboratory team effort was devoted to educational and science popularization activities, described in details in the following pages of this report. Here, I would like to especially mention the Workshop on Heavy Ion Acceleration and its Application, devoted to physics students of Universities outside Warsaw. The 2006 Workshop was organized for the second time. We do hope, that this workshop will contribute to establishing in Poland more formal recognition for inter-university students and tutors exchange. This, as we hope, will benefit in the Ministry funding of this programme in the future. In 2006 the Laboratory equipment was further developed. The ICARE particle multidetector system was installed on the beam line D and was tested using 16O beam. Work is in progress on improving its characteristics (signal processing and acquisition) and on expanding possible applications by adding the Time-of-Flight components. The project of a new gamma-ray spectrometer with up to 30 Ge detectors was prepared, discussed and preliminary accepted for realization, when necessary funds are available. In the mean time a new particle detector chamber was tested in coincidence with the OSIRIS II set-up, demonstrating a substantially higher efficiency and lower background in the Coulomb excited gamma-ray spectra. An irradiation facility for radiobiological studies described in details in the last year Annual Report was also presented in a recent publication. Finally, after many years of unsuccessful applications, 50% of funds necessary for the acquisition of a new ECR ion source were allocated by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education at the end of 2006. At present commercial offers are evaluated. Besides running of the U-200P cyclotron, educational activity, development of new experimental tools, and participation in experiments using local and European facilities, the Laboratory team is strongly involved in many new projects. Basing on funds allocated by the Ministry of Scientific Research and Information Technology, International Atomic Energy Agency, and the Ministry of Health, the project of the installation in the Laboratory building of a second p/d cyclotron for the production of PET radiopharmaceuticals is in progress. The short history and current situation of this project is presented in the following pages of this report. The Laboratory is also involved in the Polish Hadron-Therapy Consortium, contributing to the preparation of the project of the National Hadron-Therapy Center in Warsaw. European Structural Funds allocated to Poland for 2007-2013 open a possibility to acquire funds for realization of such an initiative. Basing on the same source of funding, plus the resources of 7FP, the Laboratory launched the idea of the preparatory program for constructing in Poland a demonstration facility for High Temperature Nuclear Reactor in synergy with coal. The Consortium of Polish Universities and industrial partners was organized. The project was accepted by Polish Government and placed in the first place of the list of Large Projects in the '' Innovative Economy Programme ''. It will be discussed with European Commission. More information on this project can be found on the Laboratory web pages. (author)

  15. Introduction

    2016-01-01

    Dans sa plaquette Un maire à Paris, Yves Milhoud écrit : « Les rapports entre la Ville et l'Etat posent, pour notre cité, un problème particulièrement délicat. En effet, une certaine complexité naît des rôles multiples et des fonctions diverses remplies par Paris. Capitale de la France, siège de l'Elysée, Paris est aussi une municipalité dont les idées et les expériences peuvent servir de modèle. Une telle situation entraîne de la part de l'Etat une surveillance continuelle et le désir de sug...

  16. Introduction

    Mellah, Faouez

    2016-01-01

    Champ et limites du débat Si, en ce qui concerne l’Etat dans les formations sociales centrales, nous disposons d’une multitude d’hypothèses pour en expliquer la genèse et en décrire les fonctions, nous ne disposons, à ce jour, d’aucune tentative systématique pour expliquer la mondialisation de l’Etat, sa genèse et ses fonctions dans les formations sociales périphériques. Si l’on excepte le positivisme qui constitue une approche empirique — pour ne pas dire pragmatique — du problème, ce vide n...

  17. Introduction

    Bergère, Marc

    2015-01-01

    La multiplicité des structures répressives mises en place confère à l’épuration légale une dimension protéiforme que cette partie restitue à travers des chapitres consacrés à l’épuration judiciaire, à l’internement administratif, aux fonctions publiques (élus et agents de l’État) et au secteur privé (syndicats, entreprises, presse, médecins, Église…). Cette seconde partie embrasse ainsi les formes d’épuration les plus connues comme les plus confidentielles contribuant, par la même occasion, à...

  18. Introduction

    Another aspect that was addressed to a certain extent last night was the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Don't we believe the people who signed the Treaty? Yes, we do. However, even in the Treaty itself there are safeguards to insure the people who have signed the Treaty are abiding by its provisions. There are also a large number of countries that have not signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty. And some of these countries that have not signed are in areas of the world where neighboring countries are not very friendly with each other, and so the fact of non-signature and the world situation in that area makes it one of concern. The NPT also obligates nuclear weapons states to not discriminate against the non-nuclear weapons state to the extent possible. That is one of the reasons that, when we come up with a policy relating to the use of HEU in research reactors, we are attempting to apply this policy equally throughout the world. I guess I should say of those countries that have not signed the NPT, if you ask them why they have not signed, the primary reasons that you get is because the NPT discriminates against non-nuclear weapons states. The US has attempted, with the Special Session on Disarmament recently and the initiatives there, as Dick Lewis pointed out, to try to make an easy as possible the changes in the operation of research reactors that are being more or less pushed by the US. I guess I should say that the US is not alone in pushing for this type of policy and that there are many other countries in the world who also agree that this particular program should continue

  19. Introduction

    Alsedà i Soler, Lluís; Cors Iglesias, Josep Maria; Torregrosa Arús, Joan

    2014-01-01

    In this volume we present the proceedings of the conference "New Trends in Dynamical Systems" held in Salou, Catalonia, from October 1st to 5th, 2012. This international event was devoted to celebrate Jaume Llibre's 60th birthday. The meeting was organized by the Dynamical Systems Group of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, that is leaded by Jaume Llibre and has members distributed over most of the Catalonian universities.

  20. Introduction

    2014-01-01

    Every year, an estimated 25,000 to 50,000 species go extinct on the Earth owing to changes caused by human activity. Many international organisations including the World Conservation Union (IUCN) consider biological invasions to be the second most important cause of biodiversity loss worldwide, coming just after habitat destruction. On small islands, where biodiversity is both exceptionally original and exceptionally vulnerable, it is the main cause of species extinction. The New Caledonian a...

  1. Introduction

    Dreyfus, Michel; Ruffat, Michèle; Viet, Vincent; Voldman, Danièle

    2015-01-01

    Issue d’une enquête réalisée par les correspondants départementaux de l’Institut d’histoire du temps présent (IHTP), cette histoire s’inscrit dans le droit fil des études consacrées à la généalogie raisonnée de la protection sociale. Dans ce domaine où les sciences sociales se font écho depuis une trentaine d’années, l’empreinte des historiens de formation reste à vrai dire modeste. L’histoire de la protection sociale, des États-providence et des politiques sociales s’écrirait même, dans une ...

  2. Introduction

    Angel-Perez, Élisabeth

    2010-01-01

    Du savoir faire technique dont il relève, par étymologie, à la négativité du concept d’artificialité qui lui est contigu, l’artifice a bien du mal à éviter de se penser comme, au mieux, une valeur éthique, au pire un jugement de valeur. L’artificiel, c’est le fabriqué, le factice, l’art, certes, mais dans la tromperie. Le terme d’artifice, dans les domaines littéraires et artistiques, renvoie à une notion ambivalente : si l’artifice transforme la nature, c’est soit pour l’orner, pour l’embell...

  3. Introduction

    Fabio Camilletti

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

     

    Though first explored by Ernst Jentsch in his 1906 essay "On the Psychology of the Uncanny", it is through Freud’s acclaimed study of 1919 that the notion of the uncanny has entered into contemporary critical debate. From the 1960s onwards, the uncanny has become an increasingly protean and floating concept reflecting the various tensions within postmodern conceptions of temporality and subjectivity. Structurally close to other theories of "defamiliarisation" articulated in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (for example the Marxist notions of "alienation" and "commodity fetishism", the Russian formalists’ definition of ostranenie, Heidegger’s Unheimlichkeit, Brecht’s "A-effect", the uncanny has reverberated widely in twentieth-century debate, from psychoanalysis (Lacan to deconstruction (Derrida, Royle, from literary theory (Todorov, Cixous, Kristeva to the philosophy of history (Certeau, and ultimately to the theory of architecture (Vidler.

  4. Introduction

    Fabio Camilletti; Martin Doll; Rupert Gaderer; Jan Niklas Howe; Catherine Smale

    2010-01-01

     

    Though first explored by Ernst Jentsch in his 1906 essay "On the Psychology of the Uncanny", it is through Freud’s acclaimed study of 1919 that the notion of the uncanny has entered into contemporary critical debate. From the 1960s onwards, the uncanny has become an increasingly protean and floating concept reflecting the various tensions within postmodern conceptions of temporality and subjectivity. Structurally ...

  5. Introduction

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca; Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2014-01-01

    ), we develop the framework of postimperial sovereignty games for understanding contemporary Nordic foreign policy and regional dynamics. We shift focus from the ‘large’ Nordic countries to the remnants of Nordic empires: Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Åland. On the one hand, these polities...... the developments towards increased independence and European integration, the article demonstrates the importance of imperial legacies. Firstly, it challenges Norden as a model security community. Secondly, it questions the image of a harmonious Nordic welfare model based on equality and consensus in...

  6. Introduction

    Schubart, Rikke; Gjelsvik, Anne

    2016-01-01

    The anthology offers 11 original contributions about the women in GoT, the transmedial universe of George R.R. Martin's book series A Song of Ice and Fire, the HBO TV series Game of Thrones, computer games and online fan activities. The anthology examines the representation of women, and activity...

  7. Introduction

    Nosch, Marie-Louise Bech; Gillis, Carole

    2007-01-01

    The ntroduction contains a desctition of the conference event and of how during the conference a scientific need bacme evident: the need for an introdution to how to excavate archaeological textiles and how to proceed with the tranport, conservation and preservation of archaeological textiles....

  8. Introduction

    Osaghae, Eghosa E.

    2013-01-01

    After a long period of neglect and apparent abandonment by many scholars, the study of ethnicity in Nigeria and other parts of Africa has been revived, and with as much vigor as that which attended its ascendancy in African studies in the 1960s. The reasons for the reawakening are not surprising: economic depression and consequent migration have forced people back to interest-begotten weapons like ethnicity, in the desperate struggle to survive; democratic processes have resurrected old unset...

  9. Introduction

    Hohmann, Sebastian

    2012-01-01

    Europe’s debt crises of 2009 onward raise at least two challenges for economics. First, the idea of a “graduation” to invulnerability to default looks false. Today’s advanced economies may default less frequently than during earlier centuries or than many developing countries today, but with large enough debt burdens, even they get into trouble. Fundamentals, in other words, still matter. Second, democratically elected governments seem extremely keen to avoid default, even if this implies con...

  10. Introduction

    Hamit Bozarslan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Peut-on parler de l’Irak avec la distance critique consistant à taire sa colère de citoyen par rapport à l’horreur d’aujourd’hui et celle d’hier ? Celle d’aujourd’hui, car comment ne pas constater qu’à un embargo de plus de dix ans et à une occupation autant arrogante qu’imprudente fait désormais suite une violence multiforme détruisant la société irakienne dans ses fondements mêmes ? Et celle d’hier, car comment ne pas se souvenir que le régime renversé laissa derrière lui un pays dévasté pa...

  11. Introduction

    Mintz, Joseph; Aagaard, Morten

    2012-01-01

    We map out the objectives of the HANDS project, with its key focus on developing a suite of mobile apps (the HANDS toolkit) that could help young people with autism spectrum disorders to develop social and daily life skills. They outline the design of the HANDS system, including its innovative use...

  12. Introduction

    Cantens, Thomas; Ireland, Robert; Raballand, Gael

    2015-01-01

    Trading goods is an original human activity that precedes borders (Renfrew, 1969). With the rise of nation-states with demarcated political boundaries, trade that crosses borders became regulated by government institutions such as Customs, with tariffs, quotas, or outright prohibitions. While borders are perhaps not quite “the dead, the fixed, the undialectical, the immobile” (Foucault, 1970, p. 70), they are a formal structure that places less flexibility on trade activities. Focusing on inf...

  13. Introduction

    Stoczkowski, Wiktor

    2013-01-01

    On a coutume de s’étonner quel’esprit humain soit si infini dansses combinaisons et ses portées ;j’avouerai bien bas que je m’étonnequ’il le soit si peu.Ch. A. Sainte-Beuve,Portraits littéraires. L’usage veut que les tableaux représentent les savants célèbres munis de leurs instruments d’observation préférés : Copernic se tient à côté d’un astrolabe, Galilée regarde à la lunette, Pasteur se penche attentivement sur un microscope. Dans l’imaginaire commun, l’homme de science est avant tout un ...

  14. Introduction

    2013-01-01

    « Guidés par un nouveau paradigme, les savants adoptent de nouveaux instruments et leurs regards s’orientent dans une direction nouvelle. Fait encore plus important, durant les révolutions, les scientifiques aperçoivent des choses neuves et différentes, alors qu’ils regardent avec des instruments pourtant familiers dans des endroits qu’ils avaient pourtant examinés. C’est un peu comme si le groupe de spécialistes était transporté soudain sur une autre planète où les objets familiers apparaiss...

  15. Introduction

    Flomenbom, Ophir; Castañeda-Priego, Ramón; Peeters, François

    2014-11-01

    In this document, we present the Special Issue's projects; these include reviews and articles about mathematical solutions and formulations of single-file dynamics (SFD), yet also its computational modeling, experimental evidence, and value in explaining real life occurrences. In particular, we introduce projects focusing on electron dynamics on liquid helium in channels with changing width, on the zig-zag configuration in files with longitudinal movement, on expanding files, on both heterogeneous and slow files, on files with external forces, and on the importance of the interaction potential shape on the particle dynamics along the file. Applications of SFD are of intrinsic value in life sciences, biophysics, physics, and materials science, since they can explain a large diversity of many-body systems, e.g., biological channels, biological motors, membranes, crowding, electron motion in proteins, etc. These systems are explained in all the projects that participate in this topical issue. This Special Issue can therefore intrigue, inspire and advance scientifically young people, yet also those scientists that actively work in this field.

  16. An introduction to financial mathematics

    Mármol, Maite

    2016-01-01

    The present document includes the slides used in the course Mathematics For Finance (International Business and Business Administration and Management). The course content is divided into five units: “Introduction: Some general ideas”, “Financial arrangements”, “Annuities”, “Loans” and “Bonds”

  17. Researching Islamic Law: an introduction

    Spells, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    This article by Sarah Spells from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, focuses on the sources of Islamic law and provides a simple introduction to finding and researching this area, with suggestions of useful and notable resources.

  18. An Introduction to Computational Physics

    Pang, Tao

    2010-07-01

    Preface to first edition; Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. Introduction; 2. Approximation of a function; 3. Numerical calculus; 4. Ordinary differential equations; 5. Numerical methods for matrices; 6. Spectral analysis; 7. Partial differential equations; 8. Molecular dynamics simulations; 9. Modeling continuous systems; 10. Monte Carlo simulations; 11. Genetic algorithm and programming; 12. Numerical renormalization; References; Index.

  19. Introduction to nanomedicine and nanobioengineering

    Prasad, Paras N

    2012-01-01

    This book is an introduction to the emerging field of nanomedicine and its applications to health care. It describes the many multidisciplinary challenges facing nanomedicine and discusses the required collaboration between chemists, physicists, engineers and clinicians. The book introduces the reader to nanomedicine's vast potential to improve and extend human life through the application of nanomaterials in diagnosis and treatment of disease.

  20. Introduction to relativistic cosmology. 4

    A short introduction to the relativistic cosmological models is given. The fundamental observational facts of isotropy and homogeneity leading to the simple Robertson-Walker geometries are explained. The different Friedmann models and their evolution are considered. Finally the observational contacts of these different models are discussed. (author). 3 refs.; 1 fig

  1. Polymeric Materials - introduction and degradation

    Kontogeorgis, Georgios

    1999-01-01

    These notes support the polymer part of the courses 91742 and 91762 (Materials and Corrosion/degradation of materials) taught in IFAKthey contain a short introduction on group contribution methods for estimating properties of polymers, polymer thermodynamics, viscoelasticity models as well as a...

  2. An Introduction to Lattice QCD

    Pène, O

    1995-01-01

    Lattice QCD is the only non-perturbative method based uniquely on the first principles of QCD. After a very simple introduction to the principles of lattice QCD, I discuss its present limitations and the type of processes it can deal with. Then I present some striking results in the light and heavy quarks sectors. Finally I try to guess the prospects.

  3. Freud's "On Narcissism: An Introduction"

    Crockatt, Philip

    2006-01-01

    The author reviews Freud's (1914) seminal paper "On narcissism: an introduction". Freud's paper is briefly set in the historical context of the evolution of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theories, and Freud's metapsychology up to the publication of his Narcissism paper is outlined. A detailed and comprehensive description of the content of the…

  4. Introduction of the risk analysis

    An introduction of risks analysis was given in the exposition which main issues were: food innocuousness, world, regional and national food context,change of paradigms, health definition, risk, codex, standardization, food chain role, trade agreement, codex alimentarius, food transmission diseases cost impact

  5. Introduction to Weeds and Herbicides.

    Hartwig, Nathan L.

    This agriculture extension service publication from Pennsylvania State University is an introduction to weed control and herbicide use. An initial discussion of the characteristics of weeds includes scientific naming, weed competition with crops, weed dispersal and dormancy, and conditions affecting weed seed germination. The main body of the…

  6. Introduction to mathematical fluid dynamics

    Meyer, Richard E

    2010-01-01

    An introduction to the behavior of liquids and gases, this volume provides excellent coverage of kinematics, momentum principle, Newtonian fluid, rotating fluids, compressibility, and more. It is geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics and general science, and it requires a background in calculus and vector analysis. 1971 edition.

  7. An Introduction to Continued Fractions.

    Moore, Charles G.

    Provided is an introduction to the properties of continued fractions for the intellectually curious high school student. Among the topics included are (1) Expansion of Rational Numbers into Simple Continued Fractions, (2) Convergents, (3) Continued Fractions and Linear Diophantine Equations of the Type am + bn = c, (4) Continued Fractions and…

  8. Introduction to Computer Programming Languages.

    Bork, Alfred M.

    1971-01-01

    A brief introduction to computer programing explains the basic grammar of computer language as well as fundamental computer techniques. What constitutes a computer program is made clear, then three simple kinds of statements basic to the computational computer are defined: assignment statements, input-output statements, and branching statements. A…

  9. A Laboratory of Spring. Introduction

    Witold Wachowski

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to a special issue published on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the premiere of 'The Rite of Spring' by Igor Stravinsky. The articles cover the field of musicology as well as history, philosophy, psychology, sociology, ethnography and cognitive science of music.

  10. Introduction to the electroweak theory

    The author gives an introduction to the Weinberg-Salam theory. After a description of the electromagnetic and weak currents the construction of the theory on the base of the Yang-Mills theory using the Higgs mechanisms is described. Then some predictions of this theory are presented. Finally the renormalization is discussed. (HSI)

  11. A General Introduction to Microcomputers.

    Muiznieks, Viktors

    This basic introduction to microcomputers provides the neophyte with the terminology, definitions, and concepts that explain the microcomputer and computing technology in general. Mathematical operations with binary numbers, computer storage, controlling logic, and the concepts of stack and interrupt are explained. (RAO)

  12. AN INTRODUCTION TO HINDI SYNTAX.

    KACHRU, YAMUNA

    AN INTRODUCTION TO HINDI SYNTAX IS PRESENTED FOR TEACHING THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE OF HINDI TO NON-HINDI SPEAKING LEARNERS OF THE LANGUAGE. THE ANALYSIS OF THE ELEMENTS OF THE HINDI SENTENCE AND OF SENTENCE TYPES WAS MADE BY USE OF TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMATICAL THEORY. THE MANUAL IS INTENDED FOR THE USE OF TEACHERS AND STUDENTS WHO ARE ACQUAINTED…

  13. Astrophysics a very short introduction

    Binney, James

    2016-01-01

    Astrophysics is the physics of the stars, and more widely the physics of the Universe. It enables us to understand the structure and evolution of planetary systems, stars, galaxies, interstellar gas, and the cosmos as a whole. In this Very Short Introduction, the leading astrophysicist James Binney shows how the field of astrophysics has expanded rapidly in the past century, with vast quantities of data gathered by telescopes exploiting all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, combined with the rapid advance of computing power, which has allowed increasingly effective mathematical modelling. He illustrates how the application of fundamental principles of physics - the consideration of energy and mass, and momentum - and the two pillars of relativity and quantum mechanics, has provided insights into phenomena ranging from rapidly spinning millisecond pulsars to the collision of giant spiral galaxies. This is a clear, rigorous introduction to astrophysics for those keen to cut their teeth on a conceptual trea...

  14. An introduction to mathematical cryptography

    Hoffstein, Jeffrey; Silverman, Joseph H

    2014-01-01

    This self-contained introduction to modern cryptography emphasizes the mathematics behind the theory of public key cryptosystems and digital signature schemes. The book focuses on these key topics while developing the mathematical tools needed for the construction and security analysis of diverse cryptosystems. Only basic linear algebra is required of the reader; techniques from algebra, number theory, and probability are introduced and developed as required. This text provides an ideal introduction for mathematics and computer science students to the mathematical foundations of modern cryptography. The book includes an extensive bibliography and index; supplementary materials are available online. The book covers a variety of topics that are considered central to mathematical cryptography. Key topics include: classical cryptographic constructions, such as Diffie–Hellmann key exchange, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and digital signatures; fundamental mathematical tools for cr...

  15. Introduction to micromechanisms and microactuators

    Ghosh, Amitabha

    2015-01-01

    This book presents a basic introduction to micromechanisms and microactuators, particularly to their basic configurations and design. This book fills the persisting gap in the published literature on the mechanical manipulative aspects of micromechanisms. It also helps in offering specialized introductory courses on micromechanisms and microactuators not as part of MEMS sensing devices, but as mechanical manipulative systems. The level of the book is suitable for use in both undergraduate and introductory graduate programmes. The book presents an overview of miniaturization and scaling laws, basic design principles of micro-sized mechanisms and actuators, micro-fabrication processes, and some futuristic issues. The volume contains a large number of figures and illustrations for easy understanding by the readers. It will also be useful to researchers and professionals looking for an introduction to the topic.

  16. Complexity a very short introduction

    Holland, John H

    2014-01-01

    The importance of complexity is well-captured by Hawking's comment: "Complexity is the science of the 21st century". From the movement of flocks of birds to the Internet, environmental sustainability, and market regulation, the study and understanding of complex non-linear systems has become highly influential over the last 30 years. In this Very Short Introduction, one of the leading figures in the field, John Holland, introduces the key elements and conceptual framework of complexity. From complex physical systems such as fluid flow and the difficulties of predicting weather, to complex adaptive systems such as the highly diverse and interdependent ecosystems of rainforests, he combines simple, well-known examples - Adam Smith's pin factory, Darwin's comet orchid, and Simon's 'watchmaker' - with an account of the approaches, involving agents and urn models, taken by complexity theory. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost eve...

  17. Introduction to solar cell production

    This book introduces solar cell production. It is made up eight chapters, which are summary of solar cell with structure and prospect of the business, special variable of solar cell on light of the sun and factor causing variable of solar cell, production of solar cell with surface texturing, diffusion, metal printing dry and firing and edge isolation, process of solar cell on silicone wafer for solar cell, forming of electrodes, introduction of thin film solar cell on operating of solar cell, process of production and high efficiency of thin film solar cell, sorting of solar cell and production with background of silicone solar cell and thin film solar cell, structure and production of thin film solar cell and compound solar cell, introduction of solar cell module and the Industrial condition and prospect of solar cell.

  18. An introduction to differential manifolds

    Lafontaine, Jacques

    2015-01-01

    This book is an introduction to differential manifolds. It gives solid preliminaries for more advanced topics: Riemannian manifolds, differential topology, Lie theory. It presupposes little background: the reader is only expected to master basic differential calculus, and a little point-set topology. The book covers the main topics of differential geometry: manifolds, tangent space, vector fields, differential forms, Lie groups, and a few more sophisticated topics such as de Rham cohomology, degree theory and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for surfaces. Its ambition is to give solid foundations. In particular, the introduction of “abstract” notions such as manifolds or differential forms is motivated via questions and examples from mathematics or theoretical physics. More than 150 exercises, some of them easy and classical, some others more sophisticated, will help the beginner as well as the more expert reader. Solutions are provided for most of them. The book should be of interest to various readers: undergra...

  19. A concise introduction to analysis

    Stroock, Daniel W

    2015-01-01

    This book provides an introduction to the basic ideas and tools used in mathematical analysis. It is a hybrid cross between an advanced calculus and a more advanced analysis text and covers topics in both real and complex variables. Considerable space is given to developing Riemann integration theory in higher dimensions, including a rigorous treatment of Fubini's theorem, polar coordinates and the divergence theorem. These are used in the final chapter to derive Cauchy's formula, which is then applied to prove some of the basic properties of analytic functions. Among the unusual features of this book is the treatment of analytic function theory as an application of ideas and results in real analysis. For instance, Cauchy's integral formula for analytic functions is derived as an application of the divergence theorem. The last section of each chapter is devoted to exercises that should be viewed as an integral part of the text. A Concise Introduction to Analysis should appeal to upper level undergraduate math...

  20. An introduction to astrophysical hydrodynamics

    Shore, Steven N

    1992-01-01

    This book is an introduction to astrophysical hydrodynamics for both astronomy and physics students. It provides a comprehensive and unified view of the general problems associated with fluids in a cosmic context, with a discussion of fluid dynamics and plasma physics. It is the only book on hydrodynamics that addresses the astrophysical context. Researchers and students will find this work to be an exceptional reference. Contents include chapters on irrotational and rotational flows, turbulence, magnetohydrodynamics, and instabilities.